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path: root/sys/pci/if_de.c
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/*-
 * Copyright (c) 1994 Matt Thomas (thomas@lkg.dec.com)
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote products
 *    derived from this software withough specific prior written permission
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * $Id: if_de.c,v 1.6 1994/10/11 18:20:10 thomas Exp $
 *
 * $Log: if_de.c,v $
 * Revision 1.6  1994/10/11  18:20:10  thomas
 * new pci interface
 * new 100mb/s prelim support
 *
 * Revision 1.5  1994/10/01  16:10:24  thomas
 * Modifications for FreeBSD 2.0
 *
 * Revision 1.4  1994/09/09  21:10:05  thomas
 * mbuf debugging code
 * transmit fifo owkraroudns
 *
 * Revision 1.3  1994/08/16  20:40:56  thomas
 * New README files (one per driver)
 * Minor updates to drivers (DEPCA support and add pass to attach
 * output)
 *
 * Revision 1.2  1994/08/15  20:41:22  thomas
 * Support AUI and TP.  Autosense either.
 * Revamp receive logic to use private kmem_alloc'ed 64K region.
 * Some cleanup
 *
 * Revision 1.1  1994/08/12  21:01:18  thomas
 * Initial revision
 *
 */

/*
 * DEC DC21040 PCI Ethernet Controller
 *
 * Written by Matt Thomas
 * BPF support code stolen directly from if_ec.c
 *
 *   This driver supports the DEC DE435 or any other PCI
 *   board which support DC21040.
 */

#include <de.h>
#if NDE > 0

#include <param.h>
#include <systm.h>
#include <mbuf.h>
#include <protosw.h>
#include <socket.h>
#include <ioctl.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <syslog.h>

#include <net/if.h>
#include <net/if_types.h>
#include <net/if_dl.h>
#include <net/route.h>

#include <bpfilter.h>
#if NBPFILTER > 0
#include <net/bpf.h>
#include <net/bpfdesc.h>
#endif


#ifdef INET
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/in_systm.h>
#include <netinet/in_var.h>
#include <netinet/ip.h>
#include <netinet/if_ether.h>
#endif

#ifdef NS
#include <netns/ns.h>
#include <netns/ns_if.h>
#endif

#include <vm/vm.h>
#include <vm/vm_kern.h>
#include <vm/vm_param.h>


#include <pci.h>
#if NPCI > 0
#include <i386/pci/pcireg.h>
#endif
#include <i386/isa/icu.h>
#include <i386/pci/dc21040.h>

/*
 * This module supports the DEC DC21040 PCI Ethernet Controller.
 */

typedef struct {
    unsigned long addr;
    unsigned long length;
} tulip_addrvec_t;

typedef struct {
    tulip_desc_t *ri_first;
    tulip_desc_t *ri_last;
    tulip_desc_t *ri_nextin;
    tulip_desc_t *ri_nextout;
    int ri_max;
    int ri_free;
} tulip_ringinfo_t;

typedef struct {
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_busmode;		/* CSR0 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_txpoll;		/* CSR1 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_rxpoll;		/* CSR2 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_rxlist;		/* CSR3 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_txlist;		/* CSR4 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_status;		/* CSR5 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_command;		/* CSR6 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_intr;			/* CSR7 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_missed_frame;		/* CSR8 */
    volatile tulip_sint32_t *csr_enetrom;		/* CSR9 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_reserved;		/* CSR10 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_full_duplex;		/* CSR11 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_sia_status;		/* CSR12 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_sia_connectivity;	/* CSR13 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_sia_tx_rx;		/* CSR14 */
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *csr_sia_general;		/* CSR15 */
} tulip_regfile_t;

/*
 * The DC21040 has a stupid restriction in that the receive
 * buffers must be longword aligned.  But since Ethernet
 * headers are not a multiple of longwords in size this forces
 * the data to non-longword aligned.  Since IP requires the
 * data to be longword aligned, we can to copy it after it has
 * been DMA'ed in our memory.
 *
 * Since we have to copy it anyways, we might as well as allocate
 * dedicated receive space for the input.  This allows to use a
 * small receive buffer size and more ring entries to be able to
 * better keep with a foold of tiny Ethernet packets.
 *
 * The receive space MUST ALWAYS be a multiple of the page size.
 * And the number of receive descriptors multiplied by the size
 * of the receive buffers must equal the recevive space.  This
 * is that we can manipulate the page tables so that even if a
 * packet wraps around the end of the receive space, we can 
 * treat it as virtually contiguous.
 */
#define	TULIP_RXBUFSIZE		512
#define	TULIP_RXDESCS		128
#define	TULIP_RXSPACE		(TULIP_RXBUFSIZE * TULIP_RXDESCS)
#define	TULIP_TXDESCS		128

typedef struct {
    struct arpcom tulip_ac;
    tulip_regfile_t tulip_csrs;
    vm_offset_t tulip_rxspace;
    unsigned tulip_high_intrspins;
    unsigned tulip_flags;
#define	TULIP_WANTSETUP		0x01
#define	TULIP_WANTHASH		0x02
#define	TULIP_DOINGSETUP	0x04
#define	TULIP_ALTPHYS		0x08	/* use AUI */
    unsigned char tulip_rombuf[32];
    tulip_uint32_t tulip_setupbuf[192/sizeof(tulip_uint32_t)];
    tulip_uint32_t tulip_setupdata[192/sizeof(tulip_uint32_t)];
    tulip_uint32_t tulip_intrmask;
    tulip_uint32_t tulip_cmdmode;
    tulip_uint32_t tulip_revinfo;
#if NBPFILTER > 0
    caddr_t tulip_bpf;			/* BPF context */
#endif
    struct ifqueue tulip_txq;
    tulip_ringinfo_t tulip_rxinfo;
    tulip_ringinfo_t tulip_txinfo;
} tulip_softc_t;

#ifndef IFF_ALTPHYS
#define	IFF_ALTPHYS	IFF_LINK0		/* In case it isn't defined */
#endif
typedef enum { TULIP_DC21040, TULIP_DC21140 } tulip_chipid_t;
const char *tulip_chipdescs[] = { 
    "DC21040 [10Mb/s]",
    "DC21140 [100Mb/s]",
};

tulip_softc_t *tulips[NDE];
tulip_chipid_t tulip_chipids[NDE];
unsigned tulip_intrs[NDE];

#define	tulip_if	tulip_ac.ac_if
#define	tulip_unit	tulip_ac.ac_if.if_unit
#define	tulip_name	tulip_ac.ac_if.if_name
#define	tulip_hwaddr	tulip_ac.ac_enaddr

#define	TULIP_CRC32_POLY	0xEDB88320UL	/* CRC-32 Poly -- Little Endian */
#define	TULIP_CHECK_RXCRC	0
#define	TULIP_MAX_TXSEG		32

#define	TULIP_ADDREQUAL(a1, a2) \
	(((u_short *)a1)[0] == ((u_short *)a2)[0] \
	 || ((u_short *)a1)[1] == ((u_short *)a2)[1] \
	 || ((u_short *)a1)[2] == ((u_short *)a2)[2])
#define	TULIP_ADDRBRDCST(a1) \
	(((u_short *)a1)[0] == 0xFFFFU \
	 || ((u_short *)a1)[1] == 0xFFFFU \
	 || ((u_short *)a1)[2] == 0xFFFFU)

static void tulip_start(struct ifnet *ifp);
static void tulip_addr_filter(tulip_softc_t *sc);

#if __FreeBSD__ > 1
#define	TULIP_IFRESET_ARGS	int unit
#define	TULIP_RESET(sc)		tulip_reset((sc)->tulip_unit)
#else
#define	TULIP_IFRESET_ARGS	int unit, int uban
#define	TULIP_RESET(sc)		tulip_reset((sc)->tulip_unit, 0)
#endif

static void
tulip_reset(
    TULIP_IFRESET_ARGS)
{
    tulip_softc_t *sc = tulips[unit];
    tulip_ringinfo_t *ri;
    tulip_desc_t *di;
    vm_offset_t vmoff;

    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_busmode = TULIP_BUSMODE_SWRESET;
    DELAY(10);	/* Wait 10 microsends (actually 50 PCI cycles but at 
		   33MHz that comes to two microseconds but wait a
		   bit longer anyways) */

    /*
     * Use the 
     */
    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_connectivity = TULIP_SIACONN_RESET;
    if (sc->tulip_if.if_flags & IFF_ALTPHYS) {
	if ((sc->tulip_flags & TULIP_ALTPHYS) == 0)
	    printf("%s%d: enabling Thinwire/AUI port\n",
		   sc->tulip_if.if_name, sc->tulip_if.if_unit);
	*sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_connectivity = TULIP_SIACONN_AUI;
	sc->tulip_flags |= TULIP_ALTPHYS;
    } else {
	if (sc->tulip_flags & TULIP_ALTPHYS)
	    printf("%s%d: enabling 10baseT/UTP port\n",
		   sc->tulip_if.if_name, sc->tulip_if.if_unit);
	*sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_connectivity = TULIP_SIACONN_10BASET;
	sc->tulip_flags &= ~TULIP_ALTPHYS;
    }
    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_txlist = vtophys(&sc->tulip_txinfo.ri_first[0]);
    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_rxlist = vtophys(&sc->tulip_rxinfo.ri_first[0]);
    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_intr = 0;
    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_busmode = 0x4800;

    sc->tulip_txq.ifq_maxlen = TULIP_TXDESCS;
    /*
     * Free all the mbufs that were on the transmit ring.
     */
    for (;;) {
	struct mbuf *m;
	IF_DEQUEUE(&sc->tulip_txq, m);
	if (m == NULL)
	    break;
	m_freem(m);
    }

    ri = &sc->tulip_txinfo;
    ri->ri_nextin = ri->ri_nextout = ri->ri_first;
    ri->ri_free = ri->ri_max;
    for (di = ri->ri_first; di < ri->ri_last; di++)
	di->d_status = 0;

    /*
     * We need to collect all the mbufs were on the 
     * receive ring before we reinit it either to put
     * them back on or to know if we have to allocate
     * more.
     */
    ri = &sc->tulip_rxinfo;
    ri->ri_nextin = ri->ri_nextout = ri->ri_first;
    ri->ri_free = ri->ri_max;
    for (vmoff = vtophys(sc->tulip_rxspace), di = ri->ri_first;
	    di < ri->ri_last; di++, vmoff += TULIP_RXBUFSIZE) {
	di->d_status |= TULIP_DSTS_OWNER;
	di->d_length1 = TULIP_RXBUFSIZE; di->d_addr1 = vmoff;
	di->d_length2 = 0; di->d_addr2 = 0;
    }

    sc->tulip_intrmask = TULIP_STS_NORMALINTR|TULIP_STS_RXINTR|TULIP_STS_TXINTR
	|TULIP_STS_ABNRMLINTR|TULIP_STS_SYSERROR|TULIP_STS_TXSTOPPED
	    |TULIP_STS_TXBABBLE|TULIP_STS_LINKFAIL|TULIP_STS_RXSTOPPED;
    sc->tulip_flags &= ~(TULIP_DOINGSETUP|TULIP_WANTSETUP);
    tulip_addr_filter(sc);
}

static void
tulip_init(
    int unit)
{
    tulip_softc_t *sc = tulips[unit];

    if (sc->tulip_if.if_flags & IFF_UP) {
	sc->tulip_if.if_flags |= IFF_RUNNING;
	if (sc->tulip_if.if_flags & IFF_PROMISC) {
	    sc->tulip_cmdmode |= TULIP_CMD_PROMISCUOUS;
	} else {
	    sc->tulip_cmdmode &= ~TULIP_CMD_PROMISCUOUS;
	    if (sc->tulip_if.if_flags & IFF_ALLMULTI) {
		sc->tulip_cmdmode |= TULIP_CMD_ALLMULTI;
	    } else {
		sc->tulip_cmdmode &= ~TULIP_CMD_ALLMULTI;
	    }
	}
	sc->tulip_cmdmode |= TULIP_CMD_TXRUN;
	if ((sc->tulip_flags & TULIP_WANTSETUP) == 0) {
	    sc->tulip_cmdmode |= TULIP_CMD_RXRUN;
	    sc->tulip_intrmask |= TULIP_STS_RXSTOPPED;
	} else {
	    sc->tulip_intrmask &= ~TULIP_STS_RXSTOPPED;
	    tulip_start(&sc->tulip_if);
	}
	sc->tulip_cmdmode |= TULIP_CMD_THRSHLD160;
	*sc->tulip_csrs.csr_intr = sc->tulip_intrmask;
	*sc->tulip_csrs.csr_command = sc->tulip_cmdmode;
    } else {
	TULIP_RESET(sc);
	sc->tulip_if.if_flags &= ~IFF_RUNNING;
    }
}

static struct {
    unsigned notwhole;
    unsigned rxerror;
    unsigned nombufs[2];
    unsigned rcvs;
#if TULIP_CHECK_RXCRC
    unsigned badcrc;
#endif
    unsigned badsop;
} tulip_rx;

#if TULIP_CHECK_RXCRC
static unsigned
tulip_crc32(
    u_char *addr,
    int len)
{
    unsigned int crc = 0xFFFFFFFF;
    static unsigned int crctbl[256];
    int idx;
    static int done;
    /*
     * initialize the multicast address CRC table
     */
    for (idx = 0; !done && idx < 256; idx++) {
	unsigned int tmp = idx;
	tmp = (tmp >> 1) ^ (tmp & 1 ? TULIP_CRC32_POLY : 0);	/* XOR */
	tmp = (tmp >> 1) ^ (tmp & 1 ? TULIP_CRC32_POLY : 0);	/* XOR */
	tmp = (tmp >> 1) ^ (tmp & 1 ? TULIP_CRC32_POLY : 0);	/* XOR */
	tmp = (tmp >> 1) ^ (tmp & 1 ? TULIP_CRC32_POLY : 0);	/* XOR */
	tmp = (tmp >> 1) ^ (tmp & 1 ? TULIP_CRC32_POLY : 0);	/* XOR */
	tmp = (tmp >> 1) ^ (tmp & 1 ? TULIP_CRC32_POLY : 0);	/* XOR */
	tmp = (tmp >> 1) ^ (tmp & 1 ? TULIP_CRC32_POLY : 0);	/* XOR */
	tmp = (tmp >> 1) ^ (tmp & 1 ? TULIP_CRC32_POLY : 0);	/* XOR */
	crctbl[idx] = tmp;
    }
    done = 1;

    while (len-- > 0)
	crc = (crc >> 8) ^ crctbl[*addr++] ^ crctbl[crc & 0xFF];

    return crc;
}
#endif

static void
tulip_rx_intr(
    tulip_softc_t *sc)
{
    tulip_ringinfo_t *ri = &sc->tulip_rxinfo;

    for (;; tulip_rx.rcvs++) {
	tulip_desc_t *eop;
	int total_len, ndescs;
	caddr_t bufaddr = (caddr_t) sc->tulip_rxspace;

	for (ndescs = 1, eop = ri->ri_nextin;; ndescs++) {
	    if (((volatile tulip_desc_t *) eop)->d_status & TULIP_DSTS_OWNER)
		return;
	
	    if ((eop->d_status & TULIP_DSTS_RxFIRSTDESC) && eop != ri->ri_nextin) {
		tulip_rx.badsop++;
	    }
	    if (eop->d_status & TULIP_DSTS_RxLASTDESC)
		break;
	    if (++eop == ri->ri_last)
		eop = ri->ri_first;
	}

	bufaddr += TULIP_RXBUFSIZE * (ri->ri_nextin - ri->ri_first);
	total_len = ((eop->d_status >> 16) & 0x7FF) - 4;
	
	if ((eop->d_status & TULIP_DSTS_ERRSUM) == 0) {
	    struct ether_header eh;
	    struct mbuf *m;

#if TULIP_CHECK_RXCRC
	    unsigned crc = tulip_crc32(bufaddr, total_len);
	    if (~crc != *((unsigned *) &bufaddr[total_len])) {
		printf("de0: %d: bad rx crc: %08x [rx] != %08x\n",
		       tulip_rx.rcvs,
		       *((unsigned *) &bufaddr[total_len]), ~crc);
		goto next;
	    }
#endif
	    eh = *(struct ether_header *) bufaddr;
	    eh.ether_type = ntohs(eh.ether_type);
#if NBPFILTER > 0
	    if (sc->tulip_bpf != NULL) {
		bpf_tap(sc->tulip_bpf, bufaddr, total_len);
		if (eh.ether_type != ETHERTYPE_IP && eh.ether_type != ETHERTYPE_ARP)
		    goto next;
		if ((eh.ether_dhost[0] & 1) == 0 &&
		    !TULIP_ADDREQUAL(eh.ether_dhost, sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr))
		    goto next;
	    } else if (!TULIP_ADDREQUAL(eh.ether_dhost, sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr)
		    && !TULIP_ADDRBRDCST(eh.ether_dhost)) {
		    goto next;
	    }
#endif
	    MGETHDR(m, M_DONTWAIT, MT_DATA);
	    if (m != NULL) {
		total_len -= sizeof(eh);
		if (total_len > MHLEN) {
		    MCLGET(m, M_DONTWAIT);
		    if ((m->m_flags & M_EXT) == 0) {
			m_freem(m);
			tulip_rx.nombufs[1]++;
			sc->tulip_if.if_ierrors++;
			goto next;
		    }
		}
		bcopy(bufaddr + sizeof(eh), mtod(m, caddr_t), total_len);
		m->m_len = m->m_pkthdr.len = total_len;
		ether_input(&sc->tulip_if, &eh, m);
	    } else {
		tulip_rx.nombufs[0]++;
		sc->tulip_if.if_ierrors++;
	    }
	} else {
	    tulip_rx.rxerror++;
	    sc->tulip_if.if_ierrors++;
	}
next:
	sc->tulip_if.if_ipackets++;
	while (ndescs-- > 0) {
	    ri->ri_nextin->d_status |= TULIP_DSTS_OWNER;
	    if (++ri->ri_nextin == ri->ri_last)
		ri->ri_nextin = ri->ri_first;
	}
    }
}

static int
tulip_tx_intr(
    tulip_softc_t *sc)
{
    tulip_ringinfo_t *ri = &sc->tulip_txinfo;
    struct mbuf *m;
    int xmits = 0;

    while (ri->ri_free < ri->ri_max) {
	if (((volatile tulip_desc_t *) ri->ri_nextin)->d_status & TULIP_DSTS_OWNER)
	    break;

	if (ri->ri_nextin->d_flag & TULIP_DFLAG_TxLASTSEG) {
	    if (ri->ri_nextin->d_flag & TULIP_DFLAG_TxSETUPPKT) {
		/*
		 * We've just finished processing a setup packet.
		 * Mark that we can finished it.  If there's not
		 * another pending, startup the TULIP receiver.
		 */
		sc->tulip_flags &= ~TULIP_DOINGSETUP;
		if ((sc->tulip_flags & TULIP_WANTSETUP) == 0) {
		    sc->tulip_cmdmode |= TULIP_CMD_RXRUN;
		    sc->tulip_intrmask |= TULIP_STS_RXSTOPPED;
		    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_command = sc->tulip_cmdmode;
		    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_intr = sc->tulip_intrmask;
		}
	   } else {
		IF_DEQUEUE(&sc->tulip_txq, m);
		m_freem(m);
		sc->tulip_if.if_collisions +=
		    (ri->ri_nextin->d_status & TULIP_DSTS_TxCOLLMASK)
			>> TULIP_DSTS_V_TxCOLLCNT;
		if (ri->ri_nextin->d_status & TULIP_DSTS_ERRSUM)
		    sc->tulip_if.if_oerrors++;
		xmits++;
	    }
	}

	if (++ri->ri_nextin == ri->ri_last)
	    ri->ri_nextin = ri->ri_first;
	ri->ri_free++;
	sc->tulip_if.if_flags &= ~IFF_OACTIVE;
    }
    sc->tulip_if.if_opackets += xmits;
    return xmits;
}

static int
tulip_txsegment(
    tulip_softc_t *sc,
    struct mbuf *m,
    tulip_addrvec_t *avp,
    size_t maxseg)
{
    int segcnt;

    for (segcnt = 0; m; m = m->m_next) {
	int len = m->m_len;
	caddr_t addr = mtod(m, caddr_t);
	unsigned clsize = CLBYTES - (((u_long) addr) & (CLBYTES-1));

	while (len > 0) {
	    unsigned slen = min(len, clsize);
	    if (segcnt < maxseg) {
		avp->addr = vtophys(addr);
		avp->length = slen;
	    }
	    len -= slen;
	    addr += slen;
	    clsize = CLBYTES;
	    avp++;
	    segcnt++;
	}
    }
    if (segcnt >= maxseg) {
	printf("%s%d: tulip_txsegment: extremely fragmented packet dropped (%d segments)\n",
	       sc->tulip_name, sc->tulip_unit, segcnt);
	return -1;
    }
    avp->addr = 0;
    avp->length = 0;
    return segcnt;
}

static void
tulip_start(
    struct ifnet *ifp)
{
    tulip_softc_t *sc = (tulip_softc_t *) ifp;
    struct ifqueue *ifq = &ifp->if_snd;
    tulip_ringinfo_t *ri = &sc->tulip_txinfo;
    tulip_desc_t *sop, *eop;
    struct mbuf *m;
    tulip_addrvec_t addrvec[TULIP_MAX_TXSEG+1], *avp;
    int segcnt;
    tulip_uint32_t d_status;

    if ((ifp->if_flags & IFF_RUNNING) == 0)
	return;

    for (;;) {
	if (sc->tulip_flags & TULIP_WANTSETUP) {
	    if ((sc->tulip_flags & TULIP_DOINGSETUP) || ri->ri_free == 1) {
		ifp->if_flags |= IFF_OACTIVE;
		return;
	    }
	    bcopy(sc->tulip_setupdata, sc->tulip_setupbuf,
		   sizeof(sc->tulip_setupbuf));
	    sc->tulip_flags &= ~TULIP_WANTSETUP;
	    sc->tulip_flags |= TULIP_DOINGSETUP;
	    ri->ri_free--;
	    ri->ri_nextout->d_flag &= TULIP_DFLAG_ENDRING|TULIP_DFLAG_CHAIN;
	    ri->ri_nextout->d_flag |= TULIP_DFLAG_TxFIRSTSEG|TULIP_DFLAG_TxLASTSEG
		    |TULIP_DFLAG_TxSETUPPKT|TULIP_DFLAG_TxWANTINTR;
	    if (sc->tulip_flags & TULIP_WANTHASH)
		ri->ri_nextout->d_flag |= TULIP_DFLAG_TxHASHFILT;
	    ri->ri_nextout->d_length1 = sizeof(sc->tulip_setupbuf);
	    ri->ri_nextout->d_addr1 = vtophys(sc->tulip_setupbuf);
	    ri->ri_nextout->d_length2 = 0;
	    ri->ri_nextout->d_addr2 = 0;
	    ri->ri_nextout->d_status = TULIP_DSTS_OWNER;
	    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_txpoll = 1;
	    /*
	     * Advance the ring for the next transmit packet.
	     */
	    if (++ri->ri_nextout == ri->ri_last)
		ri->ri_nextout = ri->ri_first;
	}
	    
	IF_DEQUEUE(ifq, m);
	if (m == NULL)
	    break;

	/*
	 * First find out how many and which different pages
	 * the mbuf data occupies.  Then check to see if we
	 * have enough descriptor space in our transmit ring
	 * to actually send it.
	 */
	segcnt = tulip_txsegment(sc, m, addrvec,
				 min(ri->ri_max - 1, TULIP_MAX_TXSEG));
	if (segcnt < 0) {
#if 0
	    struct mbuf *m0;
	    MGETHDR(m0, M_DONTWAIT, MT_DATA);
	    if (m0 != NULL) {
		if (m->m_pkthdr.len > MHLEN) {
		    MCLGET(m0, M_DONTWAIT);
		    if ((m0->m_flags & M_EXT) == 0) {
			m_freem(m);
			continue;
		    }
		}
		m_copydata(m, 0, mtod(m0, caddr_t), m->m_pkthdr.len);
		m0->m_pkthdr.len = m0->m_len = m->m_pkthdr.len;
		m_freem(m);
		IF_PREPEND(ifq, m0);
		continue;
	    } else {
#endif
		m_freem(m);
		continue;
#if 0
	    }
#endif
	}
	if (ri->ri_free - 2 <= (segcnt + 1) / 2)
	    break;

	ri->ri_free -= (segcnt + 1) / 2;
	/*
	 * Now we fill in our transmit descriptors.  This is
	 * a bit reminiscent of going on the Ark two by two
	 * since each descriptor for the TULIP can describe
	 * two buffers.  So we advance through the address
	 * vector two entries at a time to to fill each
	 * descriptor.  Clear the first and last segment bits
	 * in each descriptor (actually just clear everything
	 * but the end-of-ring or chain bits) to make sure
	 * we don't get messed up by previously sent packets.
	 */
	sop = ri->ri_nextout;
	d_status = 0;
	avp = addrvec;
	do {
	    eop = ri->ri_nextout;
	    eop->d_flag &= TULIP_DFLAG_ENDRING|TULIP_DFLAG_CHAIN;
	    eop->d_status = d_status;
	    eop->d_addr1 = avp->addr; eop->d_length1 = avp->length; avp++;
	    eop->d_addr2 = avp->addr; eop->d_length2 = avp->length; avp++;
	    d_status = TULIP_DSTS_OWNER;
	    if (++ri->ri_nextout == ri->ri_last)
		ri->ri_nextout = ri->ri_first;
	} while ((segcnt -= 2) > 0);

	/*
	 * The descriptors have been filled in.  Mark the first
	 * and last segments, indicate we want a transmit complete
	 * interrupt, give the descriptors to the TULIP, and tell
	 * it to transmit!
	 */
	IF_ENQUEUE(&sc->tulip_txq, m);
	eop->d_flag |= TULIP_DFLAG_TxLASTSEG|TULIP_DFLAG_TxWANTINTR;
	sop->d_flag |= TULIP_DFLAG_TxFIRSTSEG;
	sop->d_status = TULIP_DSTS_OWNER;

	*sc->tulip_csrs.csr_txpoll = 1;
    }
    if (m != NULL) {
	ifp->if_flags |= IFF_OACTIVE;
	IF_PREPEND(ifq, m);
    }
}

static int
tulip_intr(
    tulip_softc_t *sc)
{
    tulip_uint32_t csr;
    unsigned spins = 0;

    tulip_intrs[sc->tulip_unit]++;

    while ((csr = *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_status) & (TULIP_STS_NORMALINTR|TULIP_STS_ABNRMLINTR)) {
	*sc->tulip_csrs.csr_status = csr & sc->tulip_intrmask;
	spins++;

	if (csr & TULIP_STS_SYSERROR) {
	    if ((csr & TULIP_STS_ERRORMASK) == TULIP_STS_ERR_PARITY) {
		TULIP_RESET(sc);
		tulip_init(sc->tulip_unit);
		return 1;
	    }
	}
	if (csr & TULIP_STS_RXINTR)
	    tulip_rx_intr(sc);
	if (sc->tulip_txinfo.ri_free < sc->tulip_txinfo.ri_max) {
	    tulip_tx_intr(sc);
	    tulip_start(&sc->tulip_if);
	}
	if (csr & TULIP_STS_ABNRMLINTR) {
	    printf("%s%d: abnormal interrupt: 0x%05x [0x%05x]\n",
		   sc->tulip_name, sc->tulip_unit, csr, csr & sc->tulip_intrmask);
	    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_command = sc->tulip_cmdmode;
	}
    }
    if (spins > sc->tulip_high_intrspins)
	sc->tulip_high_intrspins = spins;
    return 1;
}

/*
 *  This is the standard method of reading the DEC Address ROMS.
 */
static int
tulip_read_macaddr(
    tulip_softc_t *sc)
{
    int cksum, rom_cksum, idx;
    tulip_sint32_t csr;
    unsigned char tmpbuf[8];
    static u_char testpat[] = { 0xFF, 0, 0x55, 0xAA, 0xFF, 0, 0x55, 0xAA };

    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_enetrom = 1;
    for (idx = 0; idx < 32; idx++) {
	int cnt = 0;
	while ((csr = *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_enetrom) < 0 && cnt < 10000)
	    cnt++;
	sc->tulip_rombuf[idx] = csr & 0xFF;
    }

    if (bcmp(&sc->tulip_rombuf[0], &sc->tulip_rombuf[16], 8) != 0)
	return -4;
    if (bcmp(&sc->tulip_rombuf[24], testpat, 8) != 0)
	return -3;

    tmpbuf[0] = sc->tulip_rombuf[15]; tmpbuf[1] = sc->tulip_rombuf[14];
    tmpbuf[2] = sc->tulip_rombuf[13]; tmpbuf[3] = sc->tulip_rombuf[12];
    tmpbuf[4] = sc->tulip_rombuf[11]; tmpbuf[5] = sc->tulip_rombuf[10];
    tmpbuf[6] = sc->tulip_rombuf[9];  tmpbuf[7] = sc->tulip_rombuf[8];
    if (bcmp(&sc->tulip_rombuf[0], tmpbuf, 8) != 0)
	return -2;

    bcopy(sc->tulip_rombuf, sc->tulip_hwaddr, 6);

    cksum = *(u_short *) &sc->tulip_hwaddr[0];
    cksum *= 2;
    if (cksum > 65535) cksum -= 65535;
    cksum += *(u_short *) &sc->tulip_hwaddr[2];
    if (cksum > 65535) cksum -= 65535;
    cksum *= 2;
    if (cksum > 65535) cksum -= 65535;
    cksum += *(u_short *) &sc->tulip_hwaddr[4];
    if (cksum >= 65535) cksum -= 65535;

    rom_cksum = *(u_short *) &sc->tulip_rombuf[6];
	
    if (cksum != rom_cksum)
	return -1;
    return 0;
}

#ifdef MULTICAST
static unsigned
tulip_mchash(
    unsigned char *mca)
{
    u_int idx, bit, data, crc = 0xFFFFFFFFUL;

#ifdef __alpha
    for (data = *(__unaligned u_long *) mca, bit = 0; bit < 48; bit++, data >>= 
1)
        crc = (crc >> 1) ^ (((crc ^ data) & 1) ? TULIP_CRC32_POLY : 0);
#else
    for (idx = 0; idx < 6; idx++)
        for (data = *mca++, bit = 0; bit < 8; bit++, data >>= 1)
            crc = (crc >> 1) ^ (((crc ^ data) & 1) ? TULIP_CRC32_POLY : 0);
#endif
    return crc & 0x1FF;
}
#endif MULTICAST

static void
tulip_addr_filter(
    tulip_softc_t *sc)
{
    tulip_uint32_t *sp = sc->tulip_setupdata;
#ifdef MULTICAST
    struct ether_multistep step;
    struct ether_multi *enm;
#endif
    int i;

    sc->tulip_flags &= ~TULIP_WANTHASH;
    sc->tulip_flags |= TULIP_WANTSETUP;
    sc->tulip_cmdmode &= ~TULIP_CMD_RXRUN;
    sc->tulip_intrmask &= ~TULIP_STS_RXSTOPPED;
#ifdef MULTICAST
    if (sc->tulip_ac.ac_multicnt > 14) {
	unsigned hash;
	/*
	 * If we have more than 14 multicasts, we have
	 * go into hash perfect mode (512 bit multicast
	 * hash and one perfect hardware).
	 */

	bzero(sc->tulip_setupdata, sizeof(sc->tulip_setupdata));
	hash = tulip_mchash(etherbroadcastaddr);
	sp[hash >> 4] |= 1 << (hash & 0xF);
	ETHER_FIRST_MULTI(step, &sc->tulip_ac, enm);
	while (enm != NULL) {
	    hash = tulip_mchash(enm->enm_addrlo);
	    sp[hash >> 4] |= 1 << (hash & 0xF);
	    ETHER_NEXT_MULTI(step, enm);
	}
	sc->tulip_cmdmode |= TULIP_WANTHASH;
	sp[40] = ((u_short *) sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr)[0]; 
	sp[41] = ((u_short *) sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr)[1]; 
	sp[42] = ((u_short *) sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr)[2];
    } else {
#endif
	/*
	 * Else can get perfect filtering for 16 addresses.
	 */
	i = 0;
#ifdef MULTICAST
	ETHER_FIRST_MULTI(step, &sc->tulip_ac, enm);
	for (; enm != NULL; i++) {
	    *sp++ = ((u_short *) enm->enm_addrlo)[0]; 
	    *sp++ = ((u_short *) enm->enm_addrlo)[1]; 
	    *sp++ = ((u_short *) enm->enm_addrlo)[2];
	    ETHER_NEXT_MULTI(step, enm);
	}
#endif
	/*
	 * If an IP address is enabled, turn on broadcast
	 */
	if (sc->tulip_ac.ac_ipaddr.s_addr != 0) {
	    i++;
	    *sp++ = 0xFFFF;
	    *sp++ = 0xFFFF;
	    *sp++ = 0xFFFF;
	}
	/*
	 * Pad the rest with our hardware address
	 */
	for (; i < 16; i++) {
	    *sp++ = ((u_short *) sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr)[0]; 
	    *sp++ = ((u_short *) sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr)[1]; 
	    *sp++ = ((u_short *) sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr)[2];
	}
#ifdef MULTICAST
    }
#endif
}

static int
tulip_ioctl(
    struct ifnet *ifp,
    int cmd,
    caddr_t data)
{
    tulip_softc_t *sc = tulips[ifp->if_unit];
    int s, error = 0;

    s = splimp();

    switch (cmd) {
	case SIOCSIFADDR: {
	    struct ifaddr *ifa = (struct ifaddr *)data;

	    ifp->if_flags |= IFF_UP;
	    switch(ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family) {
#ifdef INET
		case AF_INET: {
		    ((struct arpcom *)ifp)->ac_ipaddr = IA_SIN(ifa)->sin_addr;
		    (*ifp->if_init)(ifp->if_unit);
		    arpwhohas((struct arpcom *)ifp, &IA_SIN(ifa)->sin_addr);
		    break;
		}
#endif /* INET */

#ifdef NS
		/* This magic copied from if_is.c; I don't use XNS,
		 * so I have no way of telling if this actually
		 * works or not.
		 */
		case AF_NS: {
		    struct ns_addr *ina = &(IA_SNS(ifa)->sns_addr);
		    if (ns_nullhost(*ina)) {
			ina->x_host = *(union ns_host *)(sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr);
		    } else {
			ifp->if_flags &= ~IFF_RUNNING;
			bcopy((caddr_t)ina->x_host.c_host,
			      (caddr_t)sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr,
			      sizeof sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr);
		    }

		    (*ifp->if_init)(ifp->if_unit);
		    break;
		}
#endif /* NS */

		default: {
		    (*ifp->if_init)(ifp->if_unit);
		    break;
		}
	    }
	    break;
	}

	case SIOCSIFFLAGS: {
	    /*
	     * Changing the connection forces a reset.
	     */
	    if (sc->tulip_flags & TULIP_ALTPHYS) {
		if ((ifp->if_flags & IFF_ALTPHYS) == 0)
		    TULIP_RESET(sc);
	    } else {
		if (ifp->if_flags & IFF_ALTPHYS)
		    TULIP_RESET(sc);
	    }
	    (*ifp->if_init)(ifp->if_unit);
	    break;
	}

#ifdef MULTICAST
	case SIOCADDMULTI:
	case SIOCDELMULTI: {
	    /*
	     * Update multicast listeners
	     */
	    if (cmd == SIOCADDMULTI)
		error = ether_addmulti((struct ifreq *)data, &sc->tulip_ac);
	    else
		error = ether_delmulti((struct ifreq *)data, &sc->tulip_ac);

	    if (error == ENETRESET) {
		tulip_addr_filter(sc);		/* reset multicast filtering */
		(*ifp->if_init)(ifp->if_unit);
		error = 0;
	    }
	    break;
	}
#endif /* MULTICAST */

	default: {
	    error = EINVAL;
	    break;
	}
    }

    splx(s);
    return error;
}

static void
tulip_attach(
    tulip_softc_t *sc)
{
    struct ifnet *ifp = &sc->tulip_if;
    struct ifaddr *ifa = ifp->if_addrlist;
    int cnt;

    ifp->if_flags = IFF_BROADCAST | IFF_SIMPLEX | IFF_NOTRAILERS;
#ifdef MULTICAST
    ifp->if_flags |= IFF_MULTICAST;
#endif /* MULTICAST */

    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_connectivity = 0;
    *sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_connectivity = TULIP_SIACONN_10BASET;
    for (cnt = 0; cnt < 240000; cnt++) {
	if ((*sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_status & TULIP_SIASTS_LINKFAIL) == 0)
	    break;
	DELAY(10);
    }
    if (*sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_status & TULIP_SIASTS_LINKFAIL) {
	ifp->if_flags |= IFF_ALTPHYS;
    } else {
	sc->tulip_flags |= TULIP_ALTPHYS;
    }
    TULIP_RESET(sc);

    ifp->if_init = tulip_init;
    ifp->if_ioctl = tulip_ioctl;
    ifp->if_output = ether_output;
    ifp->if_reset = tulip_reset;
    ifp->if_start = tulip_start;
    ifp->if_mtu = ETHERMTU;
    ifp->if_type = IFT_ETHER;
    ifp->if_addrlen = 6;
    ifp->if_hdrlen = 14;
  
    printf("%s%d: %s pass %d.%d ethernet address %s\n", 
	   sc->tulip_name, sc->tulip_unit,
	   tulip_chipdescs[tulip_chipids[sc->tulip_unit]],
	   (sc->tulip_revinfo & 0xF0) >> 4,
	   sc->tulip_revinfo & 0x0F,
	   ether_sprintf(sc->tulip_hwaddr));

#if NBPFILTER > 0
    bpfattach(&sc->tulip_bpf, ifp, DLT_EN10MB, sizeof(struct ether_header));
#endif

    if_attach(ifp);

    while (ifa && ifa->ifa_addr && ifa->ifa_addr->sa_family != AF_LINK)
	ifa = ifa->ifa_next;

    if (ifa != NULL && ifa->ifa_addr != NULL) {
	struct sockaddr_dl *sdl;
	/*
	 * Provide our ether address to the higher layers
	 */
	sdl = (struct sockaddr_dl *) ifa->ifa_addr;
	sdl->sdl_type = IFT_ETHER;
	sdl->sdl_alen = 6;
	sdl->sdl_slen = 0;
	bcopy(sc->tulip_ac.ac_enaddr, LLADDR(sdl), 6);
    }
}

static void
tulip_initcsrs(
    tulip_softc_t *sc,
    volatile tulip_uint32_t *va_csrs,
    size_t csr_size)
{
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_busmode		= va_csrs +  0 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_txpoll		= va_csrs +  1 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_rxpoll		= va_csrs +  2 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_rxlist		= va_csrs +  3 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_txlist		= va_csrs +  4 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_status		= va_csrs +  5 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_command		= va_csrs +  6 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_intr		= va_csrs +  7 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_missed_frame	= va_csrs +  8 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_enetrom		= va_csrs +  9 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_reserved		= va_csrs + 10 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_full_duplex	= va_csrs + 11 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_status	= va_csrs + 12 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_connectivity	= va_csrs + 13 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_tx_rx 	= va_csrs + 14 * csr_size;
    sc->tulip_csrs.csr_sia_general	= va_csrs + 15 * csr_size;
}

static void
tulip_initring(
    tulip_softc_t *sc,
    tulip_ringinfo_t *ri,
    tulip_desc_t *descs,
    int ndescs)
{
    ri->ri_max = ndescs;
    ri->ri_first = descs;
    ri->ri_last = ri->ri_first + ri->ri_max;
    bzero((caddr_t) ri->ri_first, sizeof(ri->ri_first[0]) * ri->ri_max);
    ri->ri_last[-1].d_flag = TULIP_DFLAG_ENDRING;
}

#if NPCI > 0
/*
 * This is the PCI configuration support.  Since the DC21040 is available
 * on both EISA and PCI boards, one must be careful in how defines the
 * DC21040 in the config file.
 */
static char* tulip_pci_probe (pcici_t config_id, pcidi_t device_id);
static void  tulip_pci_attach(pcici_t config_id, int unit);
static u_long tulip_count;

struct pci_driver dedevice = {
    tulip_pci_probe,
    tulip_pci_attach,
   &tulip_count,
};

#define	PCI_CFID	0x00	/* Configuration ID */
#define	PCI_CFCS	0x04	/* Configurtion Command/Status */
#define	PCI_CFRV	0x08	/* Configuration Revision */
#define	PCI_CFLT	0x0c	/* Configuration Latency Timer */
#define	PCI_CBIO	0x10	/* Configuration Base IO Address */
#define	PCI_CBMA	0x14	/* Configuration Base Memory Address */
#define	PCI_CFIT	0x3c	/* Configuration Interrupt */
#define	PCI_CFDA	0x40	/* Configuration Driver Area */

#define	TULIP_PCI_CSRSIZE	(8 / sizeof(tulip_uint32_t))
static char*
tulip_pci_probe(
    pcici_t config_id,
    pcidi_t device_id)
{
    int idx;
    for (idx = 0; idx < NDE; idx++) {
	if (tulips[idx] == NULL) {
	    if (device_id == 0x00021011ul) {
		tulip_chipids[idx] = TULIP_DC21040;
		return "digital dc21040 ethernet";
	    }
	    if (device_id == 0x00091011ul) {
		tulip_chipids[idx] = TULIP_DC21140;
		return "digital dc21140 fast ethernet";
	    }
	    return NULL;
	}
    }
    return NULL;
}

static void
tulip_pci_attach(
    pcici_t config_id,
    int unit)
{
    tulip_softc_t *sc;
    int retval, idx;
    vm_offset_t va_csrs, pa_csrs;
    tulip_desc_t *rxdescs, *txdescs;

    sc = (tulip_softc_t *) malloc(sizeof(*sc), M_DEVBUF, M_NOWAIT);
    if (sc == NULL)
	return;

    rxdescs = (tulip_desc_t *)
	malloc(sizeof(tulip_desc_t) * TULIP_RXDESCS, M_DEVBUF, M_NOWAIT);
    if (rxdescs == NULL) {
	free((caddr_t) sc, M_DEVBUF);
	return;
    }

    txdescs = (tulip_desc_t *)
	malloc(sizeof(tulip_desc_t) * TULIP_TXDESCS, M_DEVBUF, M_NOWAIT);
    if (txdescs == NULL) {
	free((caddr_t) rxdescs, M_DEVBUF);
	free((caddr_t) sc, M_DEVBUF);
	return;
    }

    bzero(sc, sizeof(sc));				/* Zero out the softc*/
    sc->tulip_rxspace = kmem_alloc(kernel_map, TULIP_RXSPACE + NBPG);
    /*
     * We've allocated an extra page of receive space so we can double map
     * the first page of the receive space into the page after the last page
     * of the receive space.  This means that even if a receive wraps around
     * the end of the receive space, it will still virtually contiguous and
     * that greatly simplifies the recevie logic.
     */
    pmap_enter(pmap_kernel(), sc->tulip_rxspace + TULIP_RXSPACE,
	       vtophys(sc->tulip_rxspace), VM_PROT_READ, TRUE);

    sc->tulip_unit = unit;
    sc->tulip_name = "de";
    retval = pci_map_mem(config_id, PCI_CBMA, &va_csrs, &pa_csrs);
    if (!retval) {
	kmem_free(kernel_map, sc->tulip_rxspace, TULIP_RXSPACE + NBPG);
	free((caddr_t) txdescs, M_DEVBUF);
	free((caddr_t) rxdescs, M_DEVBUF);
	free((caddr_t) sc, M_DEVBUF);
	return;
    }
    tulips[unit] = sc;
    tulip_initcsrs(sc, (volatile tulip_uint32_t *) va_csrs, TULIP_PCI_CSRSIZE);
    tulip_initring(sc, &sc->tulip_rxinfo, rxdescs, TULIP_RXDESCS);
    tulip_initring(sc, &sc->tulip_txinfo, txdescs, TULIP_TXDESCS);
    sc->tulip_revinfo = pci_conf_read(config_id, PCI_CFRV);
    if ((retval = tulip_read_macaddr(sc)) < 0) {
	printf("de%d: can't read ENET ROM (why=%d) (", sc->tulip_unit, retval);
	for (idx = 0; idx < 32; idx++)
	    printf("%02x", sc->tulip_rombuf[idx]);
	printf("\n");
	printf("%s%d: %s %d.%d ethernet address %s\n",
	       sc->tulip_name, sc->tulip_unit,
	       tulip_chipdescs[tulip_chipids[sc->tulip_unit]],
	       (sc->tulip_revinfo & 0xF0) >> 4, sc->tulip_revinfo & 0x0F,
	       "unknown");
    } else {
	pci_map_int (config_id, tulip_intr, (void*) sc, &net_imask);
	TULIP_RESET(sc);
	tulip_attach(sc);
    }
}
#endif /* NPCI > 0 */
#endif /* NDE > 0 */