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/*
 * svnserve.c :  Main control function for svnserve
 *
 * ====================================================================
 *    Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one
 *    or more contributor license agreements.  See the NOTICE file
 *    distributed with this work for additional information
 *    regarding copyright ownership.  The ASF licenses this file
 *    to you under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the
 *    "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance
 *    with the License.  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *    Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing,
 *    software distributed under the License is distributed on an
 *    "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY
 *    KIND, either express or implied.  See the License for the
 *    specific language governing permissions and limitations
 *    under the License.
 * ====================================================================
 */



#define APR_WANT_STRFUNC
#include <apr_want.h>
#include <apr_general.h>
#include <apr_getopt.h>
#include <apr_network_io.h>
#include <apr_signal.h>
#include <apr_thread_proc.h>
#include <apr_portable.h>

#include <locale.h>

#include "svn_cmdline.h"
#include "svn_types.h"
#include "svn_pools.h"
#include "svn_error.h"
#include "svn_ra_svn.h"
#include "svn_utf.h"
#include "svn_dirent_uri.h"
#include "svn_path.h"
#include "svn_opt.h"
#include "svn_repos.h"
#include "svn_string.h"
#include "svn_cache_config.h"
#include "svn_version.h"
#include "svn_io.h"
#include "svn_hash.h"

#include "svn_private_config.h"

#include "private/svn_dep_compat.h"
#include "private/svn_cmdline_private.h"
#include "private/svn_atomic.h"
#include "private/svn_mutex.h"
#include "private/svn_subr_private.h"

#if APR_HAS_THREADS
#    include <apr_thread_pool.h>
#endif

#include "winservice.h"

#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>   /* For getpid() */
#endif

#include "server.h"
#include "logger.h"

/* The strategy for handling incoming connections.  Some of these may be
   unavailable due to platform limitations. */
enum connection_handling_mode {
  connection_mode_fork,   /* Create a process per connection */
  connection_mode_thread, /* Create a thread per connection */
  connection_mode_single  /* One connection at a time in this process */
};

/* The mode in which to run svnserve */
enum run_mode {
  run_mode_unspecified,
  run_mode_inetd,
  run_mode_daemon,
  run_mode_tunnel,
  run_mode_listen_once,
  run_mode_service
};

#if APR_HAS_FORK
#if APR_HAS_THREADS

#define CONNECTION_DEFAULT connection_mode_fork
#define CONNECTION_HAVE_THREAD_OPTION

#else /* ! APR_HAS_THREADS */

#define CONNECTION_DEFAULT connection_mode_fork

#endif /* ! APR_HAS_THREADS */
#elif APR_HAS_THREADS /* and ! APR_HAS_FORK */

#define CONNECTION_DEFAULT connection_mode_thread

#else /* ! APR_HAS_THREADS and ! APR_HAS_FORK */

#define CONNECTION_DEFAULT connection_mode_single

#endif

/* Parameters for the worker thread pool used in threaded mode. */

/* Have at least this many worker threads (even if there are no requests
 * to handle).
 *
 * A 0 value is legal but increases the latency for the next incoming
 * request.  Higher values may be useful for servers that experience short
 * bursts of concurrent requests followed by longer idle periods.
 */
#define THREADPOOL_MIN_SIZE 1

/* Maximum number of worker threads.  If there are more concurrent requests
 * than worker threads, the extra requests get queued.
 *
 * Since very slow connections will hog a full thread for a potentially
 * long time before timing out, be sure to not set this limit too low.
 *
 * On the other hand, keep in mind that every thread will allocate up to
 * 4MB of unused RAM in the APR allocator of its root pool.  32 bit servers
 * must hence do with fewer threads.
 */
#if (APR_SIZEOF_VOIDP <= 4)
#define THREADPOOL_MAX_SIZE 64
#else
#define THREADPOOL_MAX_SIZE 256
#endif

/* Number of microseconds that an unused thread remains in the pool before
 * being terminated.
 *
 * Higher values are useful if clients frequently send small requests and
 * you want to minimize the latency for those.
 */
#define THREADPOOL_THREAD_IDLE_LIMIT 1000000

/* Number of client to server connections that may concurrently in the
 * TCP 3-way handshake state, i.e. are in the process of being created.
 *
 * Larger values improve scalability with lots of small requests coming
 * on over long latency networks.
 *
 * The OS may actually use a lower limit than specified here.
 */
#define ACCEPT_BACKLOG 128

/* Default limit to the client request size in MBytes.  This effectively
 * limits the size of a paths and individual property values to about
 * this value.
 *
 * Note that (MAX_REQUEST_SIZE + 4M) * THREADPOOL_MAX_SIZE is roughly
 * the peak memory usage of the RA layer.
 */
#define MAX_REQUEST_SIZE 16

#ifdef WIN32
static apr_os_sock_t winservice_svnserve_accept_socket = INVALID_SOCKET;

/* The SCM calls this function (on an arbitrary thread, not the main()
   thread!) when it wants to stop the service.

   For now, our strategy is to close the listener socket, in order to
   unblock main() and cause it to exit its accept loop.  We cannot use
   apr_socket_close, because that function deletes the apr_socket_t
   structure, as well as closing the socket handle.  If we called
   apr_socket_close here, then main() will also call apr_socket_close,
   resulting in a double-free.  This way, we just close the kernel
   socket handle, which causes the accept() function call to fail,
   which causes main() to clean up the socket.  So, memory gets freed
   only once.

   This isn't pretty, but it's better than a lot of other options.
   Currently, there is no "right" way to shut down svnserve.

   We store the OS handle rather than a pointer to the apr_socket_t
   structure in order to eliminate any possibility of illegal memory
   access. */
void winservice_notify_stop(void)
{
  if (winservice_svnserve_accept_socket != INVALID_SOCKET)
    closesocket(winservice_svnserve_accept_socket);
}
#endif /* _WIN32 */


/* Option codes and descriptions for svnserve.
 *
 * The entire list must be terminated with an entry of nulls.
 *
 * APR requires that options without abbreviations
 * have codes greater than 255.
 */
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_LISTEN_PORT     256
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_LISTEN_HOST     257
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_FOREGROUND      258
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_TUNNEL_USER     259
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_VERSION         260
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_PID_FILE        261
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_SERVICE         262
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_CONFIG_FILE     263
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_LOG_FILE        264
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_TXDELTAS  265
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_FULLTEXTS 266
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_REVPROPS  267
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_SINGLE_CONN     268
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_CLIENT_SPEED    269
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_VIRTUAL_HOST    270
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_MIN_THREADS     271
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_MAX_THREADS     272
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_BLOCK_READ      273
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_MAX_REQUEST     274
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_MAX_RESPONSE    275
#define SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_NODEPROPS 276

/* Text macro because we can't use #ifdef sections inside a N_("...")
   macro expansion. */
#ifdef CONNECTION_HAVE_THREAD_OPTION
#define ONLY_AVAILABLE_WITH_THEADS \
        "\n" \
        "                             "\
        "[used only with --threads]"
#else
#define ONLY_AVAILABLE_WITH_THEADS ""
#endif

static const apr_getopt_option_t svnserve__options[] =
  {
    {"daemon",           'd', 0, N_("daemon mode")},
    {"inetd",            'i', 0, N_("inetd mode")},
    {"tunnel",           't', 0, N_("tunnel mode")},
    {"listen-once",      'X', 0, N_("listen-once mode (useful for debugging)")},
#ifdef WIN32
    {"service",          SVNSERVE_OPT_SERVICE, 0,
     N_("Windows service mode (Service Control Manager)")},
#endif
    {"root",             'r', 1, N_("root of directory to serve")},
    {"read-only",        'R', 0,
     N_("force read only, overriding repository config file")},
    {"config-file",      SVNSERVE_OPT_CONFIG_FILE, 1,
     N_("read configuration from file ARG")},
    {"listen-port",       SVNSERVE_OPT_LISTEN_PORT, 1,
#ifdef WIN32
     N_("listen port. The default port is 3690.\n"
        "                             "
        "[mode: daemon, service, listen-once]")},
#else
     N_("listen port. The default port is 3690.\n"
        "                             "
        "[mode: daemon, listen-once]")},
#endif
    {"listen-host",       SVNSERVE_OPT_LISTEN_HOST, 1,
#ifdef WIN32
     N_("listen hostname or IP address\n"
        "                             "
        "By default svnserve listens on all addresses.\n"
        "                             "
        "[mode: daemon, service, listen-once]")},
#else
     N_("listen hostname or IP address\n"
        "                             "
        "By default svnserve listens on all addresses.\n"
        "                             "
        "[mode: daemon, listen-once]")},
#endif
    {"prefer-ipv6",      '6', 0,
     N_("prefer IPv6 when resolving the listen hostname\n"
        "                             "
        "[IPv4 is preferred by default. Using IPv4 and IPv6\n"
        "                             "
        "at the same time is not supported in daemon mode.\n"
        "                             "
        "Use inetd mode or tunnel mode if you need this.]")},
    {"compression",      'c', 1,
     N_("compression level to use for network transmissions\n"
        "                             "
        "[0 .. no compression, 5 .. default, \n"
        "                             "
        " 9 .. maximum compression]")},
    {"memory-cache-size", 'M', 1,
     N_("size of the extra in-memory cache in MB used to\n"
        "                             "
        "minimize redundant operations.\n"
        "                             "
        "Default is 16.\n"
        "                             "
        "0 switches to dynamically sized caches.\n"
        "                             "
        "[used for FSFS and FSX repositories only]")},
    {"cache-txdeltas", SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_TXDELTAS, 1,
     N_("enable or disable caching of deltas between older\n"
        "                             "
        "revisions.\n"
        "                             "
        "Default is yes.\n"
        "                             "
        "[used for FSFS and FSX repositories only]")},
    {"cache-fulltexts", SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_FULLTEXTS, 1,
     N_("enable or disable caching of file contents\n"
        "                             "
        "Default is yes.\n"
        "                             "
        "[used for FSFS and FSX repositories only]")},
    {"cache-revprops", SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_REVPROPS, 1,
     N_("enable or disable caching of revision properties.\n"
        "                             "
        "Consult the documentation before activating this.\n"
        "                             "
        "Default is no.\n"
        "                             "
        "[used for FSFS and FSX repositories only]")},
    {"cache-nodeprops", SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_NODEPROPS, 1,
     N_("enable or disable caching of node properties\n"
        "                             "
        "Default is yes.\n"
        "                             "
        "[used for FSFS repositories only]")},
    {"client-speed", SVNSERVE_OPT_CLIENT_SPEED, 1,
     N_("Optimize network handling based on the assumption\n"
        "                             "
        "that most clients are connected with a bitrate of\n"
        "                             "
        "ARG Mbit/s.\n"
        "                             "
        "Default is 0 (optimizations disabled).")},
    {"block-read", SVNSERVE_OPT_BLOCK_READ, 1,
     N_("Parse and cache all data found in block instead\n"
        "                             "
        "of just the requested item.\n"
        "                             "
        "Default is no.\n"
        "                             "
        "[used for FSFS repositories in 1.9 format only]")},
#ifdef CONNECTION_HAVE_THREAD_OPTION
    /* ### Making the assumption here that WIN32 never has fork and so
     * ### this option never exists when --service exists. */
    {"threads",          'T', 0, N_("use threads instead of fork "
                                    "[mode: daemon]")},
#endif
#if APR_HAS_THREADS
    {"min-threads",      SVNSERVE_OPT_MIN_THREADS, 1,
     N_("Minimum number of server threads, even if idle.\n"
        "                             "
        "Capped to max-threads; minimum value is 0.\n"
        "                             "
        "Default is 1."
        ONLY_AVAILABLE_WITH_THEADS)},
    {"max-threads",      SVNSERVE_OPT_MAX_THREADS, 1,
     N_("Maximum number of server threads, even if there\n"
        "                             "
        "are more connections.  Minimum value is 1.\n"
        "                             "
        "Default is " APR_STRINGIFY(THREADPOOL_MAX_SIZE) "."
        ONLY_AVAILABLE_WITH_THEADS)},
#endif
    {"max-request-size", SVNSERVE_OPT_MAX_REQUEST, 1,
     N_("Maximum acceptable size of a client request in MB.\n"
        "                             "
        "This implicitly limits the length of paths and\n"
        "                             "
        "property values that can be sent to the server.\n"
        "                             "
        "Also the peak memory usage for protocol handling\n"
        "                             "
        "per server thread or sub-process.\n"
        "                             "
        "0 disables the size check; default is "
        APR_STRINGIFY(MAX_REQUEST_SIZE) ".")},
    {"max-response-size", SVNSERVE_OPT_MAX_RESPONSE, 1,
     N_("Maximum acceptable server response size in MB.\n"
        "                             "
        "Longer responses get truncated and return an\n"
        "                             "
        "error.  This limits the server load e.g. when\n"
        "                             "
        "checking out at the wrong path level.\n"
        "                             "
        "Default is 0 (disabled).")},
    {"foreground",        SVNSERVE_OPT_FOREGROUND, 0,
     N_("run in foreground (useful for debugging)\n"
        "                             "
        "[mode: daemon]")},
    {"single-thread",    SVNSERVE_OPT_SINGLE_CONN, 0,
     N_("handle one connection at a time in the parent\n"
        "                             "
        "process (useful for debugging)")},
    {"log-file",         SVNSERVE_OPT_LOG_FILE, 1,
     N_("svnserve log file")},
    {"pid-file",         SVNSERVE_OPT_PID_FILE, 1,
#ifdef WIN32
     N_("write server process ID to file ARG\n"
        "                             "
        "[mode: daemon, listen-once, service]")},
#else
     N_("write server process ID to file ARG\n"
        "                             "
        "[mode: daemon, listen-once]")},
#endif
    {"tunnel-user",      SVNSERVE_OPT_TUNNEL_USER, 1,
     N_("tunnel username (default is current uid's name)\n"
        "                             "
        "[mode: tunnel]")},
    {"help",             'h', 0, N_("display this help")},
    {"virtual-host",     SVNSERVE_OPT_VIRTUAL_HOST, 0,
     N_("virtual host mode (look for repo in directory\n"
        "                             "
        "of provided hostname)")},
    {"version",           SVNSERVE_OPT_VERSION, 0,
     N_("show program version information")},
    {"quiet",            'q', 0,
     N_("no progress (only errors) to stderr")},
    {0,                  0,   0, 0}
  };

static void usage(const char *progname, apr_pool_t *pool)
{
  if (!progname)
    progname = "svnserve";

  svn_error_clear(svn_cmdline_fprintf(stderr, pool,
                                      _("Type '%s --help' for usage.\n"),
                                      progname));
}

static void help(apr_pool_t *pool)
{
  apr_size_t i;

#ifdef WIN32
  svn_error_clear(svn_cmdline_fputs(_("usage: svnserve [-d | -i | -t | -X "
                                      "| --service] [options]\n"
                                      "Subversion repository server.\n"
                                      "Type 'svnserve --version' to see the "
                                      "program version.\n"
                                      "\n"
                                      "Valid options:\n"),
                                      stdout, pool));
#else
  svn_error_clear(svn_cmdline_fputs(_("usage: svnserve [-d | -i | -t | -X] "
                                      "[options]\n"
                                      "Subversion repository server.\n"
                                      "Type 'svnserve --version' to see the "
                                      "program version.\n"
                                      "\n"
                                      "Valid options:\n"),
                                      stdout, pool));
#endif
  for (i = 0; svnserve__options[i].name && svnserve__options[i].optch; i++)
    {
      const char *optstr;
      svn_opt_format_option(&optstr, svnserve__options + i, TRUE, pool);
      svn_error_clear(svn_cmdline_fprintf(stdout, pool, "  %s\n", optstr));
    }
  svn_error_clear(svn_cmdline_fprintf(stdout, pool, "\n"));
}

static svn_error_t * version(svn_boolean_t quiet, apr_pool_t *pool)
{
  const char *fs_desc_start
    = _("The following repository back-end (FS) modules are available:\n\n");

  svn_stringbuf_t *version_footer;

  version_footer = svn_stringbuf_create(fs_desc_start, pool);
  SVN_ERR(svn_fs_print_modules(version_footer, pool));

#ifdef SVN_HAVE_SASL
  svn_stringbuf_appendcstr(version_footer,
                           _("\nCyrus SASL authentication is available.\n"));
#endif

  return svn_opt_print_help5(NULL, "svnserve", TRUE, quiet, FALSE,
                             version_footer->data,
                             NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, pool);
}


#if APR_HAS_FORK
static void sigchld_handler(int signo)
{
  /* Nothing to do; we just need to interrupt the accept(). */
}
#endif

/* Redirect stdout to stderr.  ARG is the pool.
 *
 * In tunnel or inetd mode, we don't want hook scripts corrupting the
 * data stream by sending data to stdout, so we need to redirect
 * stdout somewhere else.  Sending it to stderr is acceptable; sending
 * it to /dev/null is another option, but apr doesn't provide a way to
 * do that without also detaching from the controlling terminal.
 */
static apr_status_t redirect_stdout(void *arg)
{
  apr_pool_t *pool = arg;
  apr_file_t *out_file, *err_file;
  apr_status_t apr_err;

  if ((apr_err = apr_file_open_stdout(&out_file, pool)))
    return apr_err;
  if ((apr_err = apr_file_open_stderr(&err_file, pool)))
    return apr_err;
  return apr_file_dup2(out_file, err_file, pool);
}

/* Wait for the next client connection to come in from SOCK.  Allocate
 * the connection in a root pool from CONNECTION_POOLS and assign PARAMS.
 * Return the connection object in *CONNECTION.
 *
 * Use HANDLING_MODE for proper internal cleanup.
 */
static svn_error_t *
accept_connection(connection_t **connection,
                  apr_socket_t *sock,
                  serve_params_t *params,
                  enum connection_handling_mode handling_mode,
                  apr_pool_t *pool)
{
  apr_status_t status;

  /* Non-standard pool handling.  The main thread never blocks to join
   *         the connection threads so it cannot clean up after each one.  So
   *         separate pools that can be cleared at thread exit are used. */

  apr_pool_t *connection_pool = svn_pool_create(pool);
  *connection = apr_pcalloc(connection_pool, sizeof(**connection));
  (*connection)->pool = connection_pool;
  (*connection)->params = params;
  (*connection)->ref_count = 1;

  do
    {
      #ifdef WIN32
      if (winservice_is_stopping())
        exit(0);
      #endif

      status = apr_socket_accept(&(*connection)->usock, sock,
                                 connection_pool);
      if (handling_mode == connection_mode_fork)
        {
          apr_proc_t proc;

          /* Collect any zombie child processes. */
          while (apr_proc_wait_all_procs(&proc, NULL, NULL, APR_NOWAIT,
            connection_pool) == APR_CHILD_DONE)
            ;
        }
    }
  while (APR_STATUS_IS_EINTR(status)
    || APR_STATUS_IS_ECONNABORTED(status)
    || APR_STATUS_IS_ECONNRESET(status));

  return status
       ? svn_error_wrap_apr(status, _("Can't accept client connection"))
       : SVN_NO_ERROR;
}

/* Add a reference to CONNECTION, i.e. keep it and it's pool valid unless
 * that reference gets released using release_shared_pool().
 */
static void
attach_connection(connection_t *connection)
{
  svn_atomic_inc(&connection->ref_count);
}

/* Release a reference to CONNECTION.  If there are no more references,
 * the connection will be
 */
static void
close_connection(connection_t *connection)
{
  /* this will automatically close USOCK */
  if (svn_atomic_dec(&connection->ref_count) == 0)
    svn_pool_destroy(connection->pool);
}

/* Wrapper around serve() that takes a socket instead of a connection.
 * This is to off-load work from the main thread in threaded and fork modes.
 *
 * If an error occurs, log it and also return it.
 */
static svn_error_t *
serve_socket(connection_t *connection,
             apr_pool_t *pool)
{
  /* process the actual request and log errors */
  svn_error_t *err = serve_interruptable(NULL, connection, NULL, pool);
  if (err)
    logger__log_error(connection->params->logger, err, NULL,
                      get_client_info(connection->conn, connection->params,
                                      pool));

  return svn_error_trace(err);
}

#if APR_HAS_THREADS

/* allocate and recycle root pools for connection objects.
   There should be at most THREADPOOL_MAX_SIZE such pools. */
static svn_root_pools__t *connection_pools;

/* The global thread pool serving all connections. */
static apr_thread_pool_t *threads;

/* Very simple load determination callback for serve_interruptable:
   With less than half the threads in THREADS in use, we can afford to
   wait in the socket read() function.  Otherwise, poll them round-robin. */
static svn_boolean_t
is_busy(connection_t *connection)
{
  return apr_thread_pool_threads_count(threads) * 2
       > apr_thread_pool_thread_max_get(threads);
}

/* Serve the connection given by DATA.  Under high load, serve only
   the current command (if any) and then put the connection back into
   THREAD's task pool. */
static void * APR_THREAD_FUNC serve_thread(apr_thread_t *tid, void *data)
{
  svn_boolean_t done;
  connection_t *connection = data;
  svn_error_t *err;

  apr_pool_t *pool = svn_root_pools__acquire_pool(connection_pools);

  /* process the actual request and log errors */
  err = serve_interruptable(&done, connection, is_busy, pool);
  if (err)
    {
      logger__log_error(connection->params->logger, err, NULL,
                        get_client_info(connection->conn, connection->params,
                                        pool));
      svn_error_clear(err);
      done = TRUE;
    }
  svn_root_pools__release_pool(pool, connection_pools);

  /* Close or re-schedule connection. */
  if (done)
    close_connection(connection);
  else
    apr_thread_pool_push(threads, serve_thread, connection, 0, NULL);

  return NULL;
}

#endif

/* Write the PID of the current process as a decimal number, followed by a
   newline to the file FILENAME, using POOL for temporary allocations. */
static svn_error_t *write_pid_file(const char *filename, apr_pool_t *pool)
{
  apr_file_t *file;
  const char *contents = apr_psprintf(pool, "%" APR_PID_T_FMT "\n",
                                             getpid());

  SVN_ERR(svn_io_remove_file2(filename, TRUE, pool));
  SVN_ERR(svn_io_file_open(&file, filename,
                           APR_WRITE | APR_CREATE | APR_EXCL,
                           APR_OS_DEFAULT, pool));
  SVN_ERR(svn_io_file_write_full(file, contents, strlen(contents), NULL,
                                 pool));

  SVN_ERR(svn_io_file_close(file, pool));

  return SVN_NO_ERROR;
}

/* Version compatibility check */
static svn_error_t *
check_lib_versions(void)
{
  static const svn_version_checklist_t checklist[] =
    {
      { "svn_subr",  svn_subr_version },
      { "svn_repos", svn_repos_version },
      { "svn_fs",    svn_fs_version },
      { "svn_delta", svn_delta_version },
      { "svn_ra_svn", svn_ra_svn_version },
      { NULL, NULL }
    };
  SVN_VERSION_DEFINE(my_version);

  return svn_ver_check_list2(&my_version, checklist, svn_ver_equal);
}


/*
 * On success, leave *EXIT_CODE untouched and return SVN_NO_ERROR. On error,
 * either return an error to be displayed, or set *EXIT_CODE to non-zero and
 * return SVN_NO_ERROR.
 */
static svn_error_t *
sub_main(int *exit_code, int argc, const char *argv[], apr_pool_t *pool)
{
  enum run_mode run_mode = run_mode_unspecified;
  svn_boolean_t foreground = FALSE;
  apr_socket_t *sock;
  apr_sockaddr_t *sa;
  svn_error_t *err;
  apr_getopt_t *os;
  int opt;
  serve_params_t params;
  const char *arg;
  apr_status_t status;
#ifndef WIN32
  apr_proc_t proc;
#endif
  svn_boolean_t is_multi_threaded;
  enum connection_handling_mode handling_mode = CONNECTION_DEFAULT;
  svn_boolean_t cache_fulltexts = TRUE;
  svn_boolean_t cache_nodeprops = TRUE;
  svn_boolean_t cache_txdeltas = TRUE;
  svn_boolean_t cache_revprops = FALSE;
  svn_boolean_t use_block_read = FALSE;
  apr_uint16_t port = SVN_RA_SVN_PORT;
  const char *host = NULL;
  int family = APR_INET;
  apr_int32_t sockaddr_info_flags = 0;
#if APR_HAVE_IPV6
  svn_boolean_t prefer_v6 = FALSE;
#endif
  svn_boolean_t quiet = FALSE;
  svn_boolean_t is_version = FALSE;
  int mode_opt_count = 0;
  int handling_opt_count = 0;
  const char *config_filename = NULL;
  const char *pid_filename = NULL;
  const char *log_filename = NULL;
  svn_node_kind_t kind;
  apr_size_t min_thread_count = THREADPOOL_MIN_SIZE;
  apr_size_t max_thread_count = THREADPOOL_MAX_SIZE;
#ifdef SVN_HAVE_SASL
  SVN_ERR(cyrus_init(pool));
#endif

  /* Check library versions */
  SVN_ERR(check_lib_versions());

  /* Initialize the FS library. */
  SVN_ERR(svn_fs_initialize(pool));

  /* Initialize the efficient Authz support. */
  SVN_ERR(svn_repos_authz_initialize(pool));

  SVN_ERR(svn_cmdline__getopt_init(&os, argc, argv, pool));

  params.root = "/";
  params.tunnel = FALSE;
  params.tunnel_user = NULL;
  params.read_only = FALSE;
  params.base = NULL;
  params.cfg = NULL;
  params.compression_level = SVN_DELTA_COMPRESSION_LEVEL_DEFAULT;
  params.logger = NULL;
  params.config_pool = NULL;
  params.fs_config = NULL;
  params.vhost = FALSE;
  params.username_case = CASE_ASIS;
  params.memory_cache_size = (apr_uint64_t)-1;
  params.zero_copy_limit = 0;
  params.error_check_interval = 4096;
  params.max_request_size = MAX_REQUEST_SIZE * 0x100000;
  params.max_response_size = 0;

  while (1)
    {
      status = apr_getopt_long(os, svnserve__options, &opt, &arg);
      if (APR_STATUS_IS_EOF(status))
        break;
      if (status != APR_SUCCESS)
        {
          usage(argv[0], pool);
          *exit_code = EXIT_FAILURE;
          return SVN_NO_ERROR;
        }
      switch (opt)
        {
        case '6':
#if APR_HAVE_IPV6
          prefer_v6 = TRUE;
#endif
          /* ### Maybe error here if we don't have IPV6 support? */
          break;

        case 'h':
          help(pool);
          return SVN_NO_ERROR;

        case 'q':
          quiet = TRUE;
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_VERSION:
          is_version = TRUE;
          break;

        case 'd':
          if (run_mode != run_mode_daemon)
            {
              run_mode = run_mode_daemon;
              mode_opt_count++;
            }
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_FOREGROUND:
          foreground = TRUE;
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_SINGLE_CONN:
          handling_mode = connection_mode_single;
          handling_opt_count++;
          break;

        case 'i':
          if (run_mode != run_mode_inetd)
            {
              run_mode = run_mode_inetd;
              mode_opt_count++;
            }
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_LISTEN_PORT:
          {
            apr_uint64_t val;

            err = svn_cstring_strtoui64(&val, arg, 0, APR_UINT16_MAX, 10);
            if (err)
              return svn_error_createf(SVN_ERR_CL_ARG_PARSING_ERROR, err,
                                       _("Invalid port '%s'"), arg);
            port = (apr_uint16_t)val;
          }
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_LISTEN_HOST:
          host = arg;
          break;

        case 't':
          if (run_mode != run_mode_tunnel)
            {
              run_mode = run_mode_tunnel;
              mode_opt_count++;
            }
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_TUNNEL_USER:
          params.tunnel_user = arg;
          break;

        case 'X':
          if (run_mode != run_mode_listen_once)
            {
              run_mode = run_mode_listen_once;
              mode_opt_count++;
            }
          break;

        case 'r':
          SVN_ERR(svn_utf_cstring_to_utf8(&params.root, arg, pool));

          SVN_ERR(svn_io_check_resolved_path(params.root, &kind, pool));
          if (kind != svn_node_dir)
            {
              return svn_error_createf(SVN_ERR_ILLEGAL_TARGET, NULL,
                       _("Root path '%s' does not exist "
                         "or is not a directory"), params.root);
            }

          params.root = svn_dirent_internal_style(params.root, pool);
          SVN_ERR(svn_dirent_get_absolute(&params.root, params.root, pool));
          break;

        case 'R':
          params.read_only = TRUE;
          break;

        case 'T':
          handling_mode = connection_mode_thread;
          handling_opt_count++;
          break;

        case 'c':
          params.compression_level = atoi(arg);
          if (params.compression_level < SVN_DELTA_COMPRESSION_LEVEL_NONE)
            params.compression_level = SVN_DELTA_COMPRESSION_LEVEL_NONE;
          if (params.compression_level > SVN_DELTA_COMPRESSION_LEVEL_MAX)
            params.compression_level = SVN_DELTA_COMPRESSION_LEVEL_MAX;
          break;

        case 'M':
          {
            apr_uint64_t sz_val;
            SVN_ERR(svn_cstring_atoui64(&sz_val, arg));

            params.memory_cache_size = 0x100000 * sz_val;
          }
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_TXDELTAS:
          cache_txdeltas = svn_tristate__from_word(arg) == svn_tristate_true;
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_FULLTEXTS:
          cache_fulltexts = svn_tristate__from_word(arg) == svn_tristate_true;
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_REVPROPS:
          cache_revprops = svn_tristate__from_word(arg) == svn_tristate_true;
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_CACHE_NODEPROPS:
          cache_nodeprops = svn_tristate__from_word(arg) == svn_tristate_true;
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_BLOCK_READ:
          use_block_read = svn_tristate__from_word(arg) == svn_tristate_true;
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_CLIENT_SPEED:
          {
            apr_size_t bandwidth = (apr_size_t)apr_strtoi64(arg, NULL, 0);

            /* for slower clients, don't try anything fancy */
            if (bandwidth >= 1000)
              {
                /* block other clients for at most 1 ms (at full bandwidth).
                   Note that the send buffer is 16kB anyways. */
                params.zero_copy_limit = bandwidth * 120;

                /* check for aborted connections at the same rate */
                params.error_check_interval = bandwidth * 120;
              }
          }
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_MAX_REQUEST:
          params.max_request_size = 0x100000 * apr_strtoi64(arg, NULL, 0);
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_MAX_RESPONSE:
          params.max_response_size = 0x100000 * apr_strtoi64(arg, NULL, 0);
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_MIN_THREADS:
          min_thread_count = (apr_size_t)apr_strtoi64(arg, NULL, 0);
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_MAX_THREADS:
          max_thread_count = (apr_size_t)apr_strtoi64(arg, NULL, 0);
          break;

#ifdef WIN32
        case SVNSERVE_OPT_SERVICE:
          if (run_mode != run_mode_service)
            {
              run_mode = run_mode_service;
              mode_opt_count++;
            }
          break;
#endif

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_CONFIG_FILE:
          SVN_ERR(svn_utf_cstring_to_utf8(&config_filename, arg, pool));
          config_filename = svn_dirent_internal_style(config_filename, pool);
          SVN_ERR(svn_dirent_get_absolute(&config_filename, config_filename,
                                          pool));
          break;

        case SVNSERVE_OPT_PID_FILE:
          SVN_ERR(svn_utf_cstring_to_utf8(&pid_filename, arg, pool));
          pid_filename = svn_dirent_internal_style(pid_filename, pool);
          SVN_ERR(svn_dirent_get_absolute(&pid_filename, pid_filename, pool));
          break;

         case SVNSERVE_OPT_VIRTUAL_HOST:
           params.vhost = TRUE;
           break;

         case SVNSERVE_OPT_LOG_FILE:
          SVN_ERR(svn_utf_cstring_to_utf8(&log_filename, arg, pool));
          log_filename = svn_dirent_internal_style(log_filename, pool);
          SVN_ERR(svn_dirent_get_absolute(&log_filename, log_filename, pool));
          break;

        }
    }

  if (is_version)
    {
      SVN_ERR(version(quiet, pool));
      return SVN_NO_ERROR;
    }

  if (os->ind != argc)
    {
      usage(argv[0], pool);
      *exit_code = EXIT_FAILURE;
      return SVN_NO_ERROR;
    }

  if (mode_opt_count != 1)
    {
      svn_error_clear(svn_cmdline_fputs(
#ifdef WIN32
                      _("You must specify exactly one of -d, -i, -t, "
                        "--service or -X.\n"),
#else
                      _("You must specify exactly one of -d, -i, -t or -X.\n"),
#endif
                       stderr, pool));
      usage(argv[0], pool);
      *exit_code = EXIT_FAILURE;
      return SVN_NO_ERROR;
    }

  if (handling_opt_count > 1)
    {
      svn_error_clear(svn_cmdline_fputs(
                      _("You may only specify one of -T or --single-thread\n"),
                      stderr, pool));
      usage(argv[0], pool);
      *exit_code = EXIT_FAILURE;
      return SVN_NO_ERROR;
    }

  /* construct object pools */
  is_multi_threaded = handling_mode == connection_mode_thread;
  params.fs_config = apr_hash_make(pool);
  svn_hash_sets(params.fs_config, SVN_FS_CONFIG_FSFS_CACHE_DELTAS,
                cache_txdeltas ? "1" :"0");
  svn_hash_sets(params.fs_config, SVN_FS_CONFIG_FSFS_CACHE_FULLTEXTS,
                cache_fulltexts ? "1" :"0");
  svn_hash_sets(params.fs_config, SVN_FS_CONFIG_FSFS_CACHE_NODEPROPS,
                cache_nodeprops ? "1" :"0");
  svn_hash_sets(params.fs_config, SVN_FS_CONFIG_FSFS_CACHE_REVPROPS,
                cache_revprops ? "2" :"0");
  svn_hash_sets(params.fs_config, SVN_FS_CONFIG_FSFS_BLOCK_READ,
                use_block_read ? "1" :"0");

  SVN_ERR(svn_repos__config_pool_create(&params.config_pool,
                                        is_multi_threaded,
                                        pool));

  /* If a configuration file is specified, load it and any referenced
   * password and authorization files. */
  if (config_filename)
    {
      params.base = svn_dirent_dirname(config_filename, pool);

      SVN_ERR(svn_repos__config_pool_get(&params.cfg,
                                         params.config_pool,
                                         config_filename,
                                         TRUE, /* must_exist */
                                         NULL,
                                         pool));
    }

  if (log_filename)
    SVN_ERR(logger__create(&params.logger, log_filename, pool));
  else if (run_mode == run_mode_listen_once)
    SVN_ERR(logger__create_for_stderr(&params.logger, pool));

  if (params.tunnel_user && run_mode != run_mode_tunnel)
    {
      return svn_error_create(SVN_ERR_CL_ARG_PARSING_ERROR, NULL,
               _("Option --tunnel-user is only valid in tunnel mode"));
    }

  if (run_mode == run_mode_inetd || run_mode == run_mode_tunnel)
    {
      apr_pool_t *connection_pool;
      svn_ra_svn_conn_t *conn;
      svn_stream_t *stdin_stream;
      svn_stream_t *stdout_stream;

      params.tunnel = (run_mode == run_mode_tunnel);
      apr_pool_cleanup_register(pool, pool, apr_pool_cleanup_null,
                                redirect_stdout);

      /* We are an interactive server, i.e. can't use APR buffering on
       * stdin. */
      SVN_ERR(svn_stream_for_stdin2(&stdin_stream, FALSE, pool));
      SVN_ERR(svn_stream_for_stdout(&stdout_stream, pool));

      /* Use a subpool for the connection to ensure that if SASL is used
       * the pool cleanup handlers that call sasl_dispose() (connection_pool)
       * and sasl_done() (pool) are run in the right order. See issue #3664. */
      connection_pool = svn_pool_create(pool);
      conn = svn_ra_svn_create_conn5(NULL, stdin_stream, stdout_stream,
                                     params.compression_level,
                                     params.zero_copy_limit,
                                     params.error_check_interval,
                                     params.max_request_size,
                                     params.max_response_size,
                                     connection_pool);
      err = serve(conn, &params, connection_pool);
      svn_pool_destroy(connection_pool);

      return err;
    }

#ifdef WIN32
  /* If svnserve needs to run as a Win32 service, then we need to
     coordinate with the Service Control Manager (SCM) before
     continuing.  This function call registers the svnserve.exe
     process with the SCM, waits for the "start" command from the SCM
     (which will come very quickly), and confirms that those steps
     succeeded.

     After this call succeeds, the service is free to run.  At some
     point in the future, the SCM will send a message to the service,
     requesting that it stop.  This is translated into a call to
     winservice_notify_stop().  The service is then responsible for
     cleanly terminating.

     We need to do this before actually starting the service logic
     (opening files, sockets, etc.) because the SCM wants you to
     connect *first*, then do your service-specific logic.  If the
     service process takes too long to connect to the SCM, then the
     SCM will decide that the service is busted, and will give up on
     it.
     */
  if (run_mode == run_mode_service)
    {
      err = winservice_start();
      if (err)
        {
          svn_handle_error2(err, stderr, FALSE, "svnserve: ");

          /* This is the most common error.  It means the user started
             svnserve from a shell, and specified the --service
             argument.  svnserve cannot be started, as a service, in
             this way.  The --service argument is valid only valid if
             svnserve is started by the SCM. */
          if (err->apr_err ==
              APR_FROM_OS_ERROR(ERROR_FAILED_SERVICE_CONTROLLER_CONNECT))
            {
              svn_error_clear(svn_cmdline_fprintf(stderr, pool,
                  _("svnserve: The --service flag is only valid if the"
                    " process is started by the Service Control Manager.\n")));
            }

          svn_error_clear(err);
          *exit_code = EXIT_FAILURE;
          return SVN_NO_ERROR;
        }

      /* The service is now in the "starting" state.  Before the SCM will
         consider the service "started", this thread must call the
         winservice_running() function. */
    }
#endif /* WIN32 */

  /* Make sure we have IPV6 support first before giving apr_sockaddr_info_get
     APR_UNSPEC, because it may give us back an IPV6 address even if we can't
     create IPV6 sockets. */

#if APR_HAVE_IPV6
#ifdef MAX_SECS_TO_LINGER
  /* ### old APR interface */
  status = apr_socket_create(&sock, APR_INET6, SOCK_STREAM, pool);
#else
  status = apr_socket_create(&sock, APR_INET6, SOCK_STREAM, APR_PROTO_TCP,
                             pool);
#endif
  if (status == 0)
    {
      apr_socket_close(sock);
      family = APR_UNSPEC;

      if (prefer_v6)
        {
          if (host == NULL)
            host = "::";
          sockaddr_info_flags = APR_IPV6_ADDR_OK;
        }
      else
        {
          if (host == NULL)
            host = "0.0.0.0";
          sockaddr_info_flags = APR_IPV4_ADDR_OK;
        }
    }
#endif

  status = apr_sockaddr_info_get(&sa, host, family, port,
                                 sockaddr_info_flags, pool);
  if (status)
    {
      return svn_error_wrap_apr(status, _("Can't get address info"));
    }


#ifdef MAX_SECS_TO_LINGER
  /* ### old APR interface */
  status = apr_socket_create(&sock, sa->family, SOCK_STREAM, pool);
#else
  status = apr_socket_create(&sock, sa->family, SOCK_STREAM, APR_PROTO_TCP,
                             pool);
#endif
  if (status)
    {
      return svn_error_wrap_apr(status, _("Can't create server socket"));
    }

  /* Prevents "socket in use" errors when server is killed and quickly
   * restarted. */
  status = apr_socket_opt_set(sock, APR_SO_REUSEADDR, 1);
  if (status)
    {
      return svn_error_wrap_apr(status, _("Can't set options on server socket"));
    }

  status = apr_socket_bind(sock, sa);
  if (status)
    {
      return svn_error_wrap_apr(status, _("Can't bind server socket"));
    }

  status = apr_socket_listen(sock, ACCEPT_BACKLOG);
  if (status)
    {
      return svn_error_wrap_apr(status, _("Can't listen on server socket"));
    }

#if APR_HAS_FORK
  if (run_mode != run_mode_listen_once && !foreground)
    /* ### ignoring errors... */
    apr_proc_detach(APR_PROC_DETACH_DAEMONIZE);

  apr_signal(SIGCHLD, sigchld_handler);
#endif

#ifdef SIGPIPE
  /* Disable SIGPIPE generation for the platforms that have it. */
  apr_signal(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
#endif

#ifdef SIGXFSZ
  /* Disable SIGXFSZ generation for the platforms that have it, otherwise
   * working with large files when compiled against an APR that doesn't have
   * large file support will crash the program, which is uncool. */
  apr_signal(SIGXFSZ, SIG_IGN);
#endif

  if (pid_filename)
    SVN_ERR(write_pid_file(pid_filename, pool));

#ifdef WIN32
  status = apr_os_sock_get(&winservice_svnserve_accept_socket, sock);
  if (status)
    winservice_svnserve_accept_socket = INVALID_SOCKET;

  /* At this point, the service is "running".  Notify the SCM. */
  if (run_mode == run_mode_service)
    winservice_running();
#endif

  /* Configure FS caches for maximum efficiency with svnserve.
   * For pre-forked (i.e. multi-processed) mode of operation,
   * keep the per-process caches smaller than the default.
   * Also, apply the respective command line parameters, if given. */
  {
    svn_cache_config_t settings = *svn_cache_config_get();

    if (params.memory_cache_size != -1)
      settings.cache_size = params.memory_cache_size;

    settings.single_threaded = TRUE;
    if (handling_mode == connection_mode_thread)
      {
#if APR_HAS_THREADS
        settings.single_threaded = FALSE;
#else
        /* No requests will be processed at all
         * (see "switch (handling_mode)" code further down).
         * But if they were, some other synchronization code
         * would need to take care of securing integrity of
         * APR-based structures. That would include our caches.
         */
#endif
      }

    svn_cache_config_set(&settings);
  }

#if APR_HAS_THREADS
  SVN_ERR(svn_root_pools__create(&connection_pools));

  if (handling_mode == connection_mode_thread)
    {
      /* create the thread pool with a valid range of threads */
      if (max_thread_count < 1)
        max_thread_count = 1;
      if (min_thread_count > max_thread_count)
        min_thread_count = max_thread_count;

      status = apr_thread_pool_create(&threads,
                                      min_thread_count,
                                      max_thread_count,
                                      pool);
      if (status)
        {
          return svn_error_wrap_apr(status, _("Can't create thread pool"));
        }

      /* let idle threads linger for a while in case more requests are
         coming in */
      apr_thread_pool_idle_wait_set(threads, THREADPOOL_THREAD_IDLE_LIMIT);

      /* don't queue requests unless we reached the worker thread limit */
      apr_thread_pool_threshold_set(threads, 0);
    }
  else
    {
      threads = NULL;
    }
#endif

  while (1)
    {
      connection_t *connection = NULL;
      SVN_ERR(accept_connection(&connection, sock, &params, handling_mode,
                                pool));
      if (run_mode == run_mode_listen_once)
        {
          err = serve_socket(connection, connection->pool);
          close_connection(connection);
          return err;
        }

      switch (handling_mode)
        {
        case connection_mode_fork:
#if APR_HAS_FORK
          status = apr_proc_fork(&proc, connection->pool);
          if (status == APR_INCHILD)
            {
              /* the child would't listen to the main server's socket */
              apr_socket_close(sock);

              /* serve_socket() logs any error it returns, so ignore it. */
              svn_error_clear(serve_socket(connection, connection->pool));
              close_connection(connection);
              return SVN_NO_ERROR;
            }
          else if (status != APR_INPARENT)
            {
              err = svn_error_wrap_apr(status, "apr_proc_fork");
              logger__log_error(params.logger, err, NULL, NULL);
              svn_error_clear(err);
            }
#endif
          break;

        case connection_mode_thread:
          /* Create a detached thread for each connection.  That's not a
             particularly sophisticated strategy for a threaded server, it's
             little different from forking one process per connection. */
#if APR_HAS_THREADS
          attach_connection(connection);

          status = apr_thread_pool_push(threads, serve_thread, connection,
                                        0, NULL);
          if (status)
            {
              return svn_error_wrap_apr(status, _("Can't push task"));
            }
#endif
          break;

        case connection_mode_single:
          /* Serve one connection at a time. */
          /* serve_socket() logs any error it returns, so ignore it. */
          svn_error_clear(serve_socket(connection, connection->pool));
        }

      close_connection(connection);
    }

  /* NOTREACHED */
}

int
main(int argc, const char *argv[])
{
  apr_pool_t *pool;
  int exit_code = EXIT_SUCCESS;
  svn_error_t *err;

  /* Initialize the app. */
  if (svn_cmdline_init("svnserve", stderr) != EXIT_SUCCESS)
    return EXIT_FAILURE;

  /* Create our top-level pool. */
  pool = apr_allocator_owner_get(svn_pool_create_allocator(TRUE));

  err = sub_main(&exit_code, argc, argv, pool);

  /* Flush stdout and report if it fails. It would be flushed on exit anyway
     but this makes sure that output is not silently lost if it fails. */
  err = svn_error_compose_create(err, svn_cmdline_fflush(stdout));

  if (err)
    {
      exit_code = EXIT_FAILURE;
      svn_cmdline_handle_exit_error(err, NULL, "svnserve: ");
    }

#if APR_HAS_THREADS
  /* Explicitly wait for all threads to exit.  As we found out with similar
     code in our C test framework, the memory pool cleanup below cannot be
     trusted to do the right thing. */
  if (threads)
    apr_thread_pool_destroy(threads);
#endif

  /* this will also close the server's socket */
  svn_pool_destroy(pool);
  return exit_code;
}