aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
path: root/sbin/ddb/ddb.8
blob: bfd6ccd1a721be5fdc342627a7338b53d9a9997f (plain) (blame)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
.\"-
.\" Copyright (c) 2007-2008 Robert N. M. Watson
.\" All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
.\" ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
.\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
.\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
.\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
.\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
.\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
.\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
.\" SUCH DAMAGE.
.\"
.\" $FreeBSD$
.\"
.Dd April 24, 2008
.Dt DDB 8
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm ddb
.Nd "configure DDB kernel debugger properties"
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
.Cm capture
.Op Fl M core
.Op Fl N system
.Cm print
.Nm
.Cm capture
.Op Fl M core
.Op Fl N system
.Cm status
.Nm
.Cm script
.Ar scriptname
.Nm
.Cm script
.Ar scriptname Ns = Ns Ar script
.Nm
.Cm scripts
.Nm
.Cm unscript
.Ar scriptname
.Nm
.Ar pathname
.Sh DESCRIPTION
The
.Nm
utility configures certain aspects of the
.Xr ddb 4
kernel debugger from user space that are not configured at compile-time or
easily via
.Xr sysctl 8
MIB entries.
.Pp
To ease configuration, commands can be put in a file which is processed using
.Nm
as shown in the last synopsis line.
An absolute
.Ar pathname
must be used.
The file will be read line by line and applied as arguments to the
.Nm
utility.
Whitespace at the beginning of lines will be ignored as will lines where the
first non-whitespace character is
.Ql # .
.Sh OUTPUT CAPTURE
The
.Nm
utility can be used to extract the contents of the
.Xr ddb 4
output capture buffer of the current live kernel, or from the crash dump of a
kernel on disk.
The following debugger commands are available from the command line:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Xo
.Ic Cm capture
.Op Fl M Ar core
.Op Fl N Ar system
.Cm print
.Xc
Print the current contents of the
.Xr ddb 4
output capture buffer.
.It Xo
.Ic Cm capture
.Op Fl M Ar core
.Op Fl N Ar system
.Cm status
.Xc
Print the current status of the
.Xr ddb 4
output capture buffer.
.Sh SCRIPTING
The
.Nm
utility can be used to configure aspects of
.Xr ddb 4
scripting from user space; scripting support is described in more detail in
.Xr ddb 4 .
Each of the debugger commands is available from the command line:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Cm script Ar scriptname
Print the script named
.Ar scriptname .
.It Cm script Ar scriptname Ns = Ns Ar script
Define a script named
.Ar scriptname .
As many scripts contain characters interpreted in special ways by the shell,
it is advisable to enclose
.Ar script
in quotes.
.It Cm scripts
List currently defined scripts.
.It Cm unset Ar scriptname
Delete the script named
.Ar scriptname .
.El
.Sh EXIT STATUS
.Ex -std
.Sh EXAMPLES
The following example defines a script that will execute when the kernel
debugger is entered as a result of a break signal:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
ddb script kdb.enter.break="show pcpu; bt"
.Ed
.Pp
The following example will delete the script:
.Pp
.Dl "ddb unscript kdb.enter.break"
.Pp
For further examples, see the
.Xr ddb 4
and
.Xr textdump 4
manual pages.
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr ddb 4 ,
.Xr textdump 4 ,
.Xr sysctl 8
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Nm
utility first appeared in
.Fx 7.1 .
.Sh AUTHORS
.An Robert N M Watson
.Sh BUGS
Ideally,
.Nm
would not exist, as all pertinent aspects of
.Xr ddb 4
could be configured directly via
.Xr sysctl 8 .