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<!DOCTYPE article PUBLIC "-//FreeBSD//DTD DocBook V4.1-Based Extension//EN" [
<!ENTITY % articles.ent PUBLIC "-//FreeBSD//ENTITIES DocBook FreeBSD Articles Entity Set//EN">
%articles.ent;

<!ENTITY % release PUBLIC "-//FreeBSD//ENTITIES Release Specification//EN">
%release;
<!ENTITY % devauto PUBLIC "-//FreeBSD//ENTITIES Auto Generated Device Lists//EN">
%devauto;

<!-- Text constants which probably don't need to be changed.-->

]>

<article>

<articleinfo>
  <title>&os; &release.current; Hardware Notes</title>

  <corpauthor>The &os; Documentation Project</corpauthor>

  <pubdate>$FreeBSD$</pubdate>

  <copyright>
    <year>2000</year>
    <year>2001</year>
    <year>2002</year>
    <year>2003</year>
    <year>2004</year>
    <year>2005</year>
    <year>2006</year>
    <year>2007</year>
    <year>2008</year>
    <year>2009</year>
    <holder role="mailto:doc@FreeBSD.org">The &os; Documentation Project</holder>
  </copyright>

  <legalnotice id="trademarks" role="trademarks">
    &tm-attrib.freebsd;
    &tm-attrib.amd;
    &tm-attrib.ibm;
    &tm-attrib.intel;
    &tm-attrib.sparc;
    &tm-attrib.sun;
    &tm-attrib.general;
  </legalnotice>

</articleinfo>

<sect1 id="intro">
  <title>Introduction</title>

  <para>This document contains the hardware compatibility notes for
  &os; &release.current;.
  It lists the hardware platforms supported by &os;, as well as the
  various types of hardware devices (storage controllers, network
  interfaces, and so on), along with known working instances of these
  devices.</para>

</sect1>

<sect1 id="proc">
  <title>Supported Processors and System Boards</title>

  <para>This section provides some architecture-specific information
    about the specific processors and systems that are supported by
    each architecture.</para>

<sect2 id="proc-amd64">
  <title>amd64</title>

  <para>Since mid-2003 &os;/&arch.amd64; has supported the AMD64
    (<quote>Hammer</quote>) and &intel; EM64T architecture,
    and is now one of the Tier-1 platforms (fully
    supported architecture), which are expected to be Production
    Quality with respects to all aspects of the &os; operating system,
    including installation and development environments.</para>

  <para>Note that there are two names for this architecture,
    AMD64 (AMD) and Intel EM64T (Extended Memory 64-bit Technology).
    64-bit mode of the two architectures are almost compatible
    with each other, and &os;/&arch.amd64; should support them both.</para>

  <para>As of this writing, the following processors are
    supported:</para>

  <itemizedlist>
    <listitem>
      <para>&amd.athlon;64 (<quote>Clawhammer</quote>).</para>
    </listitem>

    <listitem>
      <para>&amd.opteron; (<quote>Sledgehammer</quote>).</para>
    </listitem>

    <listitem>
      <para>All multi-core &intel; &xeon; processors except
        Sossaman have EM64T support.</para>
    </listitem>

    <listitem>
      <para>The single-core &intel; &xeon;
        processors <quote>Nocona</quote>, <quote>Irwindale</quote>,
        <quote>Potomac</quote>, and <quote>Cranford</quote> have
        EM64T support.</para>
    </listitem>

    <listitem>
      <para>All &intel; Core 2 (not Core Duo) and later
        processors</para>
    </listitem>

    <listitem>
      <para>All &intel; &pentium; D processors</para>
    </listitem>

    <listitem>
      <para>&intel; &pentium; 4s and Celeron Ds using
        the <quote>Cedar Mill</quote> core have EM64T
        support.</para>
    </listitem>

    <listitem>
      <para>Some &intel; &pentium; 4s and Celeron Ds using
        the <quote>Prescott</quote> core have EM64T support.  See
        the <ulink url="http://processorfinder.intel.com">Intel
        Processor Spec Finder</ulink> for the definitive answer about
        EM64T support in Intel processors.</para>
    </listitem>

  </itemizedlist>

  <para>&intel; EM64T is an extended version of IA-32 (x86) and
    different from &intel; IA-64 (Itanium) architecture, which &os;/ia64
    supports.  Some &intel;'s old documentation refers to &intel; EM64T as
    <quote>64-bit extension technology</quote> or <quote>IA-32e</quote>.</para>

  <para>The largest tested
    memory configuration to date is 32GB.  SMP support has been
    recently completed and is reasonably robust.</para>

  <para>In many respects, &os;/&arch.amd64; is similar to &os;/&arch.i386;, in
    terms of drivers supported.  There may be some issues with 64-bit
    cleanliness in some (particularly older) drivers.  Generally,
    drivers that already function correctly on other 64-bit platforms
    should work.</para>

  <para>&os;/&arch.amd64; is a very young platform on &os;.  While the
    core &os; kernel and base system components are generally
    fairly robust, there are likely to still be rough edges,
    particularly with third party packages.</para>

</sect2>

<sect2 id="proc-i386">
  <title>i386</title>

  <para>&os;/&arch.i386; runs on a wide variety of <quote>IBM PC
    compatible</quote> machines.  Due to the wide range of hardware
    available for this architecture, it is impossible to exhaustively
    list all combinations of equipment supported by &os;.
    Nevertheless, some general guidelines are presented here.</para>

  <para>Almost all &i386;-compatible processors with a floating point unit
    are supported.  All
    &intel; processors beginning with the 80486 are supported, including
    the 80486, &pentium;, &pentium; Pro, &pentium; II, &pentium; III,
    &pentium; 4, and variants thereof, such as the &xeon; and &celeron;
    processors.  All &i386;-compatible AMD
    processors are also supported, including the &am486;, &am5x86;, K5, &amd.k6;
    (and variants), &amd.athlon; (including Athlon-MP, Athlon-XP, Athlon-4,
    and Athlon Thunderbird), and &amd.duron; processors.  The AMD
    &Eacute;lan SC520 embedded processor is supported.  The Transmeta
    Crusoe is recognized and supported, as are &i386;-compatible
    processors from Cyrix and NexGen.</para>

  <para>There is a wide variety of motherboards available for this
    architecture.  Motherboards using the ISA, VLB, EISA, AGP, and PCI
    expansion busses are well-supported.  There is some limited
    support for the MCA (<quote>MicroChannel</quote>) expansion bus
    used in the IBM PS/2 line of PCs.</para>

  <para>Symmetric multi-processor (SMP) systems are generally
    supported by &os;, although in some cases, BIOS or motherboard
    bugs may generate some problems.  Perusal of the archives of the
    &a.smp; may yield some clues.</para>

  <para>&os; will take advantage of HyperThreading (HTT) support on
    &intel; CPUs that support this feature.  A kernel with the
    <literal>options&nbsp;SMP</literal> feature enabled will
    automatically detect the additional logical processors.  The
    default &os; scheduler treats the logical processors the same as
    additional physical processors; in other words, no attempt is made
    to optimize scheduling decisions given the shared resources
    between logical processors within the same CPU.  Because this
    naive scheduling can result in suboptimal performance, under
    certain circumstances it may be useful to disable the logical
    processors with the
    the <varname>machdep.hlt_logical_cpus</varname> sysctl variable.
    It is also possible to halt any CPU in the idle loop with the
    <varname>machdep.hlt_cpus</varname> sysctl variable.  The
    &man.smp.4; manual page has more details.</para>

  <para>&os; will take advantage of Physical Address Extensions (PAE)
    support on CPUs that support this feature.  A kernel with the
    <literal>PAE</literal> feature enabled will detect memory above
    4 gigabytes and allow it to be used by the system.  This feature
    places constraints on the device drivers and other features of
    &os; which may be used; consult the &man.pae.4; manpage for more
    details.</para>

  <para>&os; will generally run on i386-based laptops, albeit with
    varying levels of support for certain hardware features such as
    sound, graphics, power management, and PCCARD expansion slots.
    These features tend to vary in idiosyncratic ways between
    machines, and frequently require special-case support in &os; to
    work around hardware bugs or other oddities.  When in doubt, a
    search of the archives of the &a.mobile; may be useful.</para>

  <para>Most modern laptops (as well as many desktops) use the
    Advanced Configuration and Power Management (ACPI) standard.  &os;
    supports ACPI via the ACPI Component Architecture reference
    implementation from &intel;, as described in the &man.acpi.4; manual
    page.  The use of ACPI causes instabilities on some machines and it
    may be necessary to disable the ACPI driver, which is normally
    loaded via a kernel module.  This may be accomplished by adding
    the following line to <filename>/boot/device.hints</filename>:</para>

  <programlisting>hint.acpi.0.disabled="1"</programlisting>

  <para>Users debugging ACPI-related problems may find it useful to
    disable portions of the ACPI functionality.  The &man.acpi.4;
    manual page has more information on how to do this via loader
    tunables.</para>

  <para>ACPI depends on a Differentiated System Descriptor Table
    (DSDT) provided by each machine's BIOS.  Some machines have bad or
    incomplete DSDTs, which prevents ACPI from functioning correctly.
    Replacement DSDTs for some machines can be found at the <ulink
    url="http://acpi.sourceforge.net/dsdt/index.php">DSDT</ulink>
    section of the <ulink
    url="http://acpi.sourceforge.net/">ACPI4Linux</ulink> project Web
    site.  &os; can use these DSDTs to override the DSDT provided by
    the BIOS; see the &man.acpi.4; manual page for more
    information.</para>
</sect2>

<sect2 id="proc-ia64">
  <title>ia64</title>

  <para>Currently supported processors are the
    <ulink url="http://people.freebsd.org/~marcel/refs/ia64/itanium/24532003.pdf">
    &itanium;</ulink> and the
    <ulink url="http://people.freebsd.org/~marcel/refs/ia64/itanium2/25111003.pdf">
    &itanium; 2</ulink>.</para>

  <para>Supported chipsets include:</para>
   <itemizedlist>
     <listitem>
       <para>HP zx1</para>
     </listitem>
     <listitem>
       <para>&intel; 460GX</para>
     </listitem>
     <listitem>
       <para>&intel; E8870</para>
     </listitem>
   </itemizedlist>

  <para>Both Uniprocessor (UP) and Symmetric Multi-processor (SMP)
    configurations are supported.</para>

    <para>Most devices that can be found in or are compatible with
      &arch.ia64; machines are fully supported.  The notable exception
      is the VGA console. The &os; support for VGA consoles is at
      this time too much based on PC hardware and not all &arch.ia64;
      machines have chipsets that provide sufficient PC legacy
      support. As such &man.syscons.4; can not be enabled and the
      use of a serial console is required.</para>

</sect2>

<sect2 id="proc-pc98">
  <title>pc98</title>

  <para>NEC PC-9801/9821 series with almost all &i386;-compatible processors,
    including 80486, &pentium;, &pentium; Pro, &pentium; II, and variants.
    All &i386;-compatible processors by AMD, Cyrix, IBM, and IDT
    are also supported.</para>

  <para>NEC FC-9801/9821 series, and NEC SV-98 series
    (both of them are compatible with PC-9801/9821 series)
    should be supported.</para>

  <para>EPSON PC-386/486/586 series, which are
    compatible with NEC PC-9801 series are supported.</para>

  <para>High-resolution mode is not supported.
    NEC PC-98XA/XL/RL/XL^2, and NEC PC-H98 series
    are supported in normal (PC-9801 compatible) mode only.</para>

  <para>Although there are some multi-processor systems
    (such as Rs20/B20), SMP-related features of &os;
    are not supported yet.</para>

  <para>PC-9801/9821 standard bus (called C-Bus),
    PC-9801NOTE expansion bus (110pin),
    and PCI bus are supported.
    New Extend Standard Architecture (NESA) bus
    (used in PC-H98, SV-H98, and FC-H98 series) is not supported.</para>

</sect2>

<sect2 id="proc-powerpc">
  <title>powerpc</title>

  <para>The information for this paragraph has yet to be compiled.</para>

</sect2>

<sect2 id="proc-sparc64">
  <title>sparc64</title>

  <para>This section describes the systems currently known to be supported
    by &os; on the &ultrasparc; platform.  For background information on the
    various hardware designs see the <ulink url="http://sunsolve.sun.com/handbook_pub/">Sun System Handbook</ulink>.</para>

  <para>SMP is supported on all systems with more than 1 processor.</para>

  <para>When using the <filename>GENERIC</filename> kernel,
    &os;/&arch.sparc64; systems not equipped with a framebuffer
    supported by the &man.creator.4; (&sun; Creator, &sun; Creator3D
    and &sun; Elite3D) or &man.machfb.4; (&sun; PGX and &sun; PGX64
    as well as the ATI Mach64 chips found onboard in for example
    &sun.blade; 100, &sun.blade; 150, &sun.ultra; 5 and &sun.ultra; 10)
    driver must use the serial console.</para>

  <para>If you have a system that is not listed here, it may not have
    been tested with &os; &release.current;.  We encourage you to
    try it and send a note to the &a.sparc; with your results,
    including which devices work and which do not.</para>

    <para>The following systems are fully supported by &os;:</para>

      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.blade; 100</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.blade; 150</para>
        </listitem>
 	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.enterprise; 100</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.enterprise; 220R</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.enterprise; 250</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.enterprise; 420R</para>
        </listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.enterprise; 450</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.fire; V100</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.fire; V120</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&netra; t1 105</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&netra; T1 AC200/DC200</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&netra; t 1100</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&netra; t 1120</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&netra; t 1125</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&netra; t 1400/1405</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&netra; 120</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&netra; X1</para>
        </listitem>
 	<listitem>
	  <para>&sparcengine; Ultra AX1105</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sparcengine; Ultra AXe</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sparcengine; Ultra AXi</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sparcengine; Ultra AXmp</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.ultra; 1</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.ultra; 1E</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.ultra; 2</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.ultra; 5</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.ultra; 10</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.ultra; 30</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.ultra; 60</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.ultra; 80</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.ultra; 450</para>
        </listitem>
      </itemizedlist>

  <para>The following systems are partially supported by &os;.  In
    particular the fibre channel controllers in SBus-based systems are not
    supported.  However, it is possible to use these with a SCSI controller
    supported by the &man.esp.4 driver (&sun; ESP SCSI, &sun; FAS Fast-SCSI
    and &sun; FAS366 Fast-Wide SCSI controllers).</para>

      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.enterprise; 3500</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>&sun.enterprise; 4500</para>
        </listitem>
      </itemizedlist>

  <para>Starting with 7.2-RELEASE, &arch.sparc64; systems based on
    &ultrasparc; III and beyond are also supported by &os;, which includes
    the following known working systems:</para>

      <itemizedlist>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.blade; 1000</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.blade; 1500</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.blade; 2000</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.fire; 280R</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.fire; V210</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.fire; V440 (except for the on-board NICs)</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.fire; V880</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&netra; 20/&netra; T4</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>

  <para>The following &ultrasparc; IIIi systems are not tested but
    believed to be also supported by &os;:</para>

      <itemizedlist>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.fire; V125</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>&sun.fire; V240</para>
 	</listitem>
       </itemizedlist>
</sect2>

</sect1>

<!--

	The "Supported Devices" section of the release notes.
	Generally processor-independent, with conditional text
	inclusion handling any architecture-dependent text.

	Within each subsection describing a class of hardware
	(i.e. Ethernet interfaces), list broad groups of devices
	alphabetically as paragraphs sorted alphabetically (frequently
	these groups will be arranged by manufacturer, i.e. 3Com
	Ethernet interfaces).

	Where applicable, a "Miscellaneous" section may follow all
	other named sections.

	These guidelines are not hard-and-fast rules, and exceptions
	will occur.  Following these guidelines (vague as they may be)
	is highly recommended to try to keep the formatting of
	this section consistent.

	We give manpage references using the &man entities where
	possible.  If a driver has no manpage (and consequently no
	&man entity, we simply give the name of the driver).
	Please avoid doing &man entity conversions unless you
	know for sure that an entity and manpage exist; sweeps through
	this file to fix "missed" conversions are likely to break the
	build.
-->

<sect1 id="support">
  <title>Supported Devices</title>

  <para>This section describes the devices currently known to be
  supported by &os;.  Other configurations
  may also work, but simply have not been tested yet.  Feedback,
  updates, and corrections to this list are encouraged.</para>

  <para>Where possible, the drivers applicable to each device or class
  of devices is listed.  If the driver in question has a manual page
  in the &os; base distribution (most should), it is referenced here.
  Information on specific models of supported devices, controllers,
  etc. can be found in the manual pages.</para>

  <note>
    <para>The device lists in this document are being generated
      automatically from &os; manual pages.  This means that some
      devices, which are supported by multiple drivers, may appear
      multiple times.</para>
  </note>

  <sect2 id="disk">
    <title>Disk Controllers</title>

    <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98,sparc64">IDE/ATA controllers (&man.ata.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="pc98">IDE/ATA controllers (wdc driver)
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>On-board IDE controller</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    &hwlist.aac;

    &hwlist.adv;

    &hwlist.adw;

    &hwlist.aha;

    &hwlist.ahb;

    &hwlist.ahc;

    &hwlist.ahd;

    &hwlist.aic;

    &hwlist.amd;

    &hwlist.amr;

    &hwlist.arcmsr;

    &hwlist.asr;

    &hwlist.bt;

    &hwlist.ciss;

    &hwlist.ct;

    &hwlist.dpt;
      <note>
	<para arch="amd64,i386">Booting from these controllers is supported.  EISA
	adapters are not supported.</para>
      </note>

    &hwlist.esp;

    &hwlist.hptiop;

    &hwlist.hptmv;

    &hwlist.hptrr;

    &hwlist.ida;

    &hwlist.iir;

    &hwlist.ips;

    &hwlist.isp;

    &hwlist.mfi;

    &hwlist.mlx;

      <note>
	<para arch="amd64,i386">Booting from these controllers is supported. EISA adapters
	are not supported.</para>
      </note>

    &hwlist.mly;

    &hwlist.mpt;

    &hwlist.ncr;

    &hwlist.ncv;

    &hwlist.nsp;

    &hwlist.pst;

    &hwlist.stg;

    &hwlist.sym;

    &hwlist.trm;

    &hwlist.twa;

    &hwlist.twe;

    &hwlist.vpo;

    <para arch="i386">The wds(4) driver supports the WD7000 SCSI
      controller.</para>

    <para>With all supported SCSI controllers, full support is
    provided for SCSI-I, SCSI-II, and SCSI-III peripherals, including
    hard disks, optical disks, tape drives (including DAT, 8mm
    Exabyte, Mammoth, and DLT), medium changers, processor target
    devices and CD-ROM drives.  WORM devices that support CD-ROM
    commands are supported for read-only access by the CD-ROM drivers
    (such as &man.cd.4;).  WORM/CD-R/CD-RW writing support is provided
    by &man.cdrecord.1;, which is a part of the
    <filename role="package">sysutils/cdrtools</filename> port in the Ports Collection.</para>

    <para>The following CD-ROM type systems are supported at this
    time:
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
          <para>SCSI interface (also includes ProAudio Spectrum and
          SoundBlaster SCSI) (&man.cd.4;)</para>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <para arch="i386">Sony proprietary interface (all models) (&man.scd.4;)</para>
	</listitem>

	<listitem>
	  <para>ATAPI IDE interface (&man.acd.4;)</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    <para arch="i386">The following device is unmaintained:
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Mitsumi proprietary CD-ROM interface (all
	  models) (&man.mcd.4;)</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

  </sect2>
  <sect2 id="ethernet">
    <title>Ethernet Interfaces</title>

    &hwlist.ale;

    &hwlist.aue;

    &hwlist.axe;

    &hwlist.bce;

    <para arch="amd64,i386">Broadcom BCM4401 based Fast Ethernet adapters
      (&man.bfe.4; driver)</para>

    &hwlist.bge;

    &hwlist.cdce;

    <para arch="amd64,i386">Crystal Semiconductor CS89x0-based NICs
    (&man.cs.4; driver)
    </para>

    &hwlist.cue;

    &hwlist.cxgb;

    &hwlist.dc;

    &hwlist.de;

    &hwlist.ed;

    &hwlist.em;

    &hwlist.ep;

    &hwlist.ex;

    &hwlist.fe;

    &hwlist.fxp;

    &hwlist.gem;

    &hwlist.hme;

    &hwlist.ie;

    &hwlist.igb;

    &hwlist.ixgb;

    &hwlist.kue;

    &hwlist.lge;

    &hwlist.msk;

    &hwlist.mxge;

    &hwlist.my;

    &hwlist.nfe;

    &hwlist.nge;

    &hwlist.nve;

    &hwlist.nxge;

    &hwlist.pcn;

    &hwlist.re;

    &hwlist.rl;

    &hwlist.rue;

    &hwlist.sf;

    &hwlist.sis;

    &hwlist.sk;

    &hwlist.sn;

    &hwlist.snc;

    &hwlist.ste;

    &hwlist.stge;

    &hwlist.ti;

    &hwlist.tl;

    <para arch="amd64,i386,pc98">SMC 83c17x (EPIC)-based Ethernet NICs (&man.tx.4; driver)
    </para>

    &hwlist.txp;

    &hwlist.udav;

    &hwlist.vge;

    &hwlist.vr;

    &hwlist.vx;

    &hwlist.wb;

    &hwlist.xe;

    &hwlist.xl;

  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="tokenring">
    <title>Token Ring Interfaces</title>

    &hwlist.oltr;

  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="fddi">
    <title>FDDI Interfaces</title>
    <para arch="i386,pc98">DEC DEFPA PCI (&man.fpa.4; driver)</para>
    <para>arch="i386">DEC DEFEA EISA (&man.fpa.4; driver)</para>
  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="atm">
    <title>ATM Interfaces</title>

    <para arch="i386,pc98">Midway-based ATM interfaces (&man.en.4;
      driver)</para>

    <para arch="i386,pc98,sparc64">FORE Systems, Inc. PCA-200E ATM PCI
      Adapters (hfa and &man.fatm.4; drivers)</para>

    <para arch="i386,pc98">IDT NICStAR 77201/211-based ATM Adapters (&man.idt.4;
    driver)</para>

    <para arch="i386,pc98,sparc64">FORE Systems, Inc. HE155 and HE622
      ATM interfaces (&man.hatm.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="i386,pc98">IDT77252-based ATM cards (&man.patm.4;
      driver)</para>

  </sect2>
  <sect2 id="wlan">
    <title>Wireless Network Interfaces</title>

    <para arch="amd64,i386,pc98">Cisco/Aironet 802.11b wireless adapters (&man.an.4; driver)
    </para>

    &hwlist.ath;

    &hwlist.awi;

    &hwlist.cnw;

    <para arch="i386,amd64">Intel PRO/Wireless 2100 MiniPCI network
      adapter (&man.ipw.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="i386,amd64">Intel PRO/Wireless 2200BG/2915ABG MiniPCI
      and 2225BG PCI network adapters (&man.iwi.4; driver)</para>

    &hwlist.ral;

    <para arch="i386,pc98">Raytheon Raylink 2.4GHz wireless adapters (&man.ray.4; driver)
    </para>

    &hwlist.rum;

    &hwlist.ural;

    <para arch="amd64,i386,pc98">Lucent Technologies WaveLAN/IEEE 802.11b
      wireless network
      adapters and workalikes using the Lucent Hermes, Intersil
      PRISM-II, Intersil PRISM-2.5, Intersil Prism-3, and Symbol
      Spectrum24 chipsets (&man.wi.4; driver)
    </para>

    <para arch="i386">NCR / AT&amp;T / Lucent Technologies WaveLan T1-speed
    ISA/radio LAN cards (&man.wl.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="i386,amd64">Intel PRO/Wireless 3945ABG MiniPCI
      network adapters (&man.wpi.4; driver)</para>

    &hwlist.zyd;

  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="misc-network">
    <title>Miscellaneous Networks</title>

    &hwlist.ce;

    &hwlist.cx;

    &hwlist.cp;

    &hwlist.ctau;

    <para arch="i386">Granch SBNI12 point-to-point communications
    adapters (&man.sbni.4; driver)
    </para>

    <para arch="i386">Granch SBNI16 SHDSL modems (&man.sbsh.4;
      driver)</para>

    &hwlist.cm;

  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="isdn">
    <title>ISDN Interfaces</title>
    <para arch="i386">AcerISDN P10 ISA PnP (experimental)</para>
    <para arch="i386">Asuscom ISDNlink 128K ISA</para>
    <para arch="i386">ASUSCOM P-IN100-ST-D (and other Winbond W6692-based cards)</para>
    <para arch="i386">AVM
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>A1</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>B1 ISA (tested with V2.0)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>B1 PCI (tested with V4.0)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Fritz!Card classic</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Fritz!Card PnP</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Fritz!Card PCI</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Fritz!Card PCI, Version 2</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>T1</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>
    <para arch="i386">Creatix
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>ISDN-S0</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>ISDN-S0 P&amp;P</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>
    <para arch="i386">Compaq Microcom 610 ISDN (Compaq series PSB2222I) ISA PnP</para>
    <para arch="i386">Dr. Neuhaus Niccy Go@ and compatibles</para>
    <para arch="i386">Dynalink IS64PPH and IS64PPH+</para>
    <para arch="i386">Eicon Diehl DIVA 2.0 and 2.02</para>
    <para arch="i386">ELSA
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>ELSA PCC-16</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>QuickStep 1000pro ISA</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>MicroLink ISDN/PCI</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>QuickStep 1000pro PCI</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>
    <para arch="i386">ITK ix1 Micro ( &lt; V.3, non-PnP version )</para>
    <para arch="i386">Sedlbauer Win Speed</para>
    <para arch="i386">Siemens I-Surf 2.0</para>
    <para arch="i386">TELEINT ISDN SPEED No.1 (experimental)</para>
    <para arch="i386">Teles
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>S0/8</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>S0/16</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>S0/16.3</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>S0/16.3 PnP</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>16.3c ISA PnP (experimental)</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>Teles PCI-TJ</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>
    <para arch="i386">Traverse Technologies NETjet-S PCI</para>
    <para arch="i386">USRobotics Sportster ISDN TA intern</para>
    <para arch="i386">Winbond W6692 based PCI cards</para>
  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="serial">
    <title>Serial Interfaces</title>

    <para arch="amd64,i386"><quote>PC standard</quote> 8250, 16450, and 16550-based serial ports (&man.sio.4; driver)</para>

    &hwlist.uart;

    &hwlist.scc;

    <para arch="amd64,i386">AST 4 port serial card using shared IRQ</para>

    <para arch="i386">ARNET serial cards (&man.ar.4; driver)
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>ARNET 8 port serial card using shared IRQ</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>ARNET (now Digiboard) Sync 570/i high-speed serial</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    <para arch="i386">Boca multi-port serial cards
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Boca BB1004 4-Port serial card (Modems
	  <emphasis>not</emphasis> supported)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Boca IOAT66 6-Port serial card (Modems supported)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Boca BB1008 8-Port serial card (Modems
	  <emphasis>not</emphasis> supported)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Boca BB2016 16-Port serial card (Modems supported)</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    <para arch="i386">Comtrol Rocketport card (&man.rp.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="i386">Cyclades Cyclom-Y serial board (&man.cy.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="i386">STB 4 port card using shared IRQ</para>

    <para arch="i386">DigiBoard intelligent serial cards (digi driver)
    </para>

    <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64">PCI-Based multi-port serial boards (&man.puc.4;
    driver)
      <itemizedlist>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Actiontech 56K PCI</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Avlab Technology, PCI IO 2S and PCI IO 4S</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Comtrol RocketPort 550</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Decision Computers PCCOM 4-port serial and dual port RS232/422/485</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="ia64">Diva Serial (GSP) Multiport UART</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Dolphin Peripherals 4025/4035/4036</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">IC Book Labs Dreadnought 16x Lite and Pro</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Lava Computers 2SP-PCI/DSerial-PCI/Quattro-PCI/Octopus-550</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Middle Digital, Weasle serial port</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Moxa Industio CP-114, Smartio C104H-PCI and C168H/PCI</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">NEC PK-UG-X001 and PK-UG-X008</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Netmos NM9835 PCI-2S-550</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Oxford Semiconductor OX16PCI954 PCI UART</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Syba Tech SD-LAB PCI-4S2P-550-ECP</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">SIIG Cyber I/O PCI 16C550/16C650/16C850</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">SIIG Cyber 2P1S PCI 16C550/16C650/16C850</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">SIIG Cyber 2S1P PCI 16C550/16C650/16C850</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">SIIG Cyber 4S PCI 16C550/16C650/16C850</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">SIIG Cyber Serial (Single and Dual) PCI 16C550/16C650/16C850</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Syba Tech Ltd. PCI-4S2P-550-ECP</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">Titan PCI-200H and PCI-800H</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">US Robotics (3Com) 3CP5609 modem</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">VScom PCI-400 and PCI-800</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    &hwlist.rc;

    &hwlist.sr;

    <para arch="i386,amd64">Specialix SI/XIO/SX multiport serial cards, with both the
    older SIHOST2.x and the <quote>enhanced</quote> (transputer
    based, aka JET) host cards (ISA, EISA and PCI) are supported.
    Note that the newer SX+ PCI cards are not currently supported.
    (&man.si.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="pc98">Internel serial interfaces (&man.sio.4; driver)
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>PC-9801 on-board</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>PC-9821 2'nd CCU (flags 0x12000000)</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    <para arch="pc98">NEC PC-9861K, PC-9801-101 and Midori-Denshi MDC-926Rs (&man.sio.4; driver)
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>COM2 (flags 0x01000000)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>COM3 (flags 0x02000000)</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    <para arch="pc98">NEC PC-9801-120 (&man.sio.4; driver)</para>
      <note>
        <para>"flags 0x11000000" is necessary in kernel configuration.</para>
      </note>

    <para arch="pc98">Microcore MC-16550, MC-16550II, MC-RS98 (&man.sio.4; driver)</para>
      <note>
        <para>"flags 0x14000?01" is necessary in kernel configuration.</para>
      </note>

    <para arch="pc98">Media Intelligent RSB-2000, RSB-3000 and AIWA B98-02 (&man.sio.4; driver)</para>
      <note>
        <para>"flags 0x15000?01" is necessary in kernel configuration.</para>
      </note>

    <para arch="pc98">Media Intelligent RSB-384 (&man.sio.4; driver)</para>
      <note>
        <para>"flags 0x16000001" is necessary in kernel configuration.</para>
      </note>

    <para arch="pc98">I-O DATA RSA-98III (&man.sio.4; driver)</para>
      <note>
        <para>"flags 0x18000?01" is necessary in kernel configuration.</para>
      </note>

    <para arch="pc98">Hayes ESP98 (&man.sio.4; driver)</para>
      <note>
        <para>"options COM_ESP" and "flags 0x19000000" are necessary in kernel configuration.</para>
      </note>

  </sect2>
  <sect2 id="sound">
    <title>Sound Devices</title>

    &hwlist.snd.ad1816;

    &hwlist.snd.als4000;

    &hwlist.snd.atiixp;

    &hwlist.snd.audiocs;

    &hwlist.snd.cmi;

    &hwlist.snd.cs4281;

    &hwlist.snd.csa;

    &hwlist.snd.ds1;

    &hwlist.snd.emu10k1;

    &hwlist.snd.emu10kx;

    &hwlist.snd.envy24;

    &hwlist.snd.envy24ht;

    &hwlist.snd.es137x;

    &hwlist.snd.ess;

    &hwlist.snd.fm801;

    &hwlist.snd.gusc;

    &hwlist.snd.hda;

    &hwlist.snd.ich;

    &hwlist.snd.maestro;

    &hwlist.snd.maestro3;

    &hwlist.snd.mss;

    &hwlist.snd.neomagic;

    &hwlist.snd.sbc;

    &hwlist.snd.solo;

    &hwlist.snd.spicds;

    &hwlist.snd.t4dwave;

    &hwlist.snd.via8233;

    &hwlist.snd.via82c686;

    &hwlist.snd.vibes;

    <para arch="pc98">NEC PC-9801-73, 86 and compatibles (nss driver)
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
          <para>NEC A-MATE internal sound</para>
        </listitem>
        <listitem>
          <para>Q-Vision WaveStar, WaveMaster</para>
        </listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    <para arch="pc98">NEC X-MATE, CanBe, ValueStar internal (mss driver)</para>

    <para arch="pc98">Creative Technologies SoundBlaster(98) (&man.sb.4;
    driver)</para>

    <para arch="pc98">I-O DATA CD-BOX (&man.sb.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="pc98">MPU-401 and compatible interfaces (mpu driver)
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
          <para>Q-Vision WaveStar</para>
        </listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>
  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="camera">
    <title>Camera and Video Capture Devices</title>

    &hwlist.bktr;

    <para arch="i386">Connectix QuickCam</para>
  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="usb">
    <title>USB Devices</title>

    <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">A range of USB peripherals are supported; devices known to
    work are listed in this section.  Owing to the
    generic nature of most USB devices, with some exceptions any
    device of a given class will be supported, even if not explicitly
    listed here.</para>

    <note>
      <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">USB Ethernet adapters can be found in the section listing <link
      linkend="ethernet">Ethernet interfaces</link>.</para>
    </note>

    <note>
      <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">USB Bluetooth adapters can be found in <link
      linkend="bluetooth">Bluetooth</link> section.</para>
    </note>

    &hwlist.ohci;

    &hwlist.uhci;

    <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">USB 2.0 controllers using the EHCI
      interface (&man.ehci.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">Hubs
    </para>
    <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">Keyboards (&man.ukbd.4; driver)
    </para>
    <para arch="amd64,i386,pc98">Miscellaneous
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Assist Computer Systems PC Camera C-M1</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>ActiveWire I/O Board</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Creative Technology Video Blaster WebCam Plus</para>
	</listitem>
	<listitem>
	  <para>D-Link DSB-R100 USB Radio (&man.ufm.4; driver)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Mirunet AlphaCam Plus</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    &hwlist.urio;

    &hwlist.umodem;

    <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">Mice (&man.ums.4; driver)
    </para>

    &hwlist.ulpt;

    &hwlist.ubsa;

    &hwlist.ubser;

    &hwlist.uftdi;

    &hwlist.uplcom;

    &hwlist.umct;

    &hwlist.uscanner;

    &hwlist.umass;

    <para arch="amd64,i386,pc98">Audio Devices (&man.uaudio.4; driver)
    </para>

    &hwlist.uvisor;

 </sect2>

  <sect2 id="firewire">
    <title>IEEE 1394 (Firewire) Devices</title>

    &hwlist.fwohci;

    <para arch="amd64,i386,sparc64">Serial Bus Protocol 2 (SBP-2)
      storage devices (&man.sbp.4; driver)</para>

  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="bluetooth">
    <title>Bluetooth Devices</title>

    &hwlist.ng.bt3c;

    &hwlist.ng.ubt;

  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="crypto-accel">
    <title>Cryptographic Accelerators</title>

    &hwlist.hifn;

    &hwlist.safe;

    &hwlist.ubsec;
  </sect2>

  <sect2 id="misc">
    <title>Miscellaneous</title>

    <para arch="amd64,i386,pc98">FAX-Modem/PCCARD
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>MELCO IGM-PCM56K/IGM-PCM56KH</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Nokia Card Phone 2.0 (gsm900/dcs1800 HSCSD terminal)</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    <para arch="amd64,i386,pc98">Floppy drives (&man.fdc.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="amd64,i386">VGA-compatible video cards
      (&man.vga.4; driver)

      <note>
	<para>Information regarding specific video cards and
	  compatibility with <application>Xorg</application> can be
	  found at <ulink
	  url="http://www.x.org/"></ulink>.</para>
      </note>

      </para>

    <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">Keyboards including:
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="i386">AT-style keyboards (&man.atkbd.4; driver)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">PS/2 keyboards (&man.atkbd.4; driver)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="pc98">Standard keyboards</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">USB keyboards (&man.ukbd.4; driver)</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">Pointing devices including:
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386,pc98">Bus mice and compatible devices (&man.mse.4; driver)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386">PS/2 mice and compatible devices, including many laptop
	    pointing devices (&man.psm.4; driver)</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Serial mice and compatible devices</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para arch="amd64,i386,ia64,pc98">USB mice (&man.ums.4; driver)</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>

      <note>
	<para>&man.moused.8; has more information on using pointing
	  devices with &os;.  Information on using pointing devices
	  with <application>Xorg</application> can be found at
	  <ulink url="http://www.x.org/"></ulink>.</para>
      </note>
    </para>

    <para arch="amd64,i386"><quote>PC standard</quote> parallel ports (&man.ppc.4; driver)</para>
    <para arch="pc98"><quote>PC-9821 standard</quote> parallel ports (&man.ppc.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="i386,amd64">PC-compatible joysticks (&man.joy.4; driver)</para>

    <para arch="pc98">Joystick port of SoundBlaster(98) (&man.joy.4;
    driver)</para>

    <para arch="i386,pc98">PHS Data Communication Card/PCCARD
      <itemizedlist>
        <listitem>
	  <para>NTT DoCoMo P-in Comp@ct</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>Panasonic KX-PH405</para>
	</listitem>
        <listitem>
	  <para>SII MC-P200</para>
	</listitem>
      </itemizedlist>
    </para>

    <para arch="i386">Xilinx XC6200-based reconfigurable hardware cards compatible
    with the HOT1 from <ulink url="http://www.vcc.com/">Virtual
    Computers</ulink> (xrpu driver).</para>

    <para arch="pc98">Power Management Controller of NEC PC-98 Note (pmc
    driver)</para>

  </sect2>
</sect1>

</article>