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/*-
 * Copyright (c) 2003-2007 Tim Kientzle
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR(S) ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR(S) BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include "archive_platform.h"

__FBSDID("$FreeBSD$");


#ifdef HAVE_ERRNO_H
#include <errno.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_STDLIB_H
#include <stdlib.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_STRING_H
#include <string.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_ZLIB_H
#include <zlib.h>
#endif

#include "archive.h"
#include "archive_private.h"
#include "archive_read_private.h"

#ifdef HAVE_ZLIB_H
struct private_data {
	z_stream	 stream;
	char		 in_stream;
	unsigned char	*out_block;
	size_t		 out_block_size;
	int64_t		 total_out;
	unsigned long	 crc;
	char		 eof; /* True = found end of compressed data. */
};

/* Gzip Filter. */
static ssize_t	gzip_filter_read(struct archive_read_filter *, const void **);
static int	gzip_filter_close(struct archive_read_filter *);
#endif

/*
 * Note that we can detect gzip archives even if we can't decompress
 * them.  (In fact, we like detecting them because we can give better
 * error messages.)  So the bid framework here gets compiled even
 * if zlib is unavailable.
 *
 * TODO: If zlib is unavailable, gzip_bidder_init() should
 * use the compress_program framework to try to fire up an external
 * gzip program.
 */
static int	gzip_bidder_bid(struct archive_read_filter_bidder *,
		    struct archive_read_filter *);
static int	gzip_bidder_init(struct archive_read_filter *);

#if ARCHIVE_VERSION_NUMBER < 4000000
/* Deprecated; remove in libarchive 4.0 */
int
archive_read_support_compression_gzip(struct archive *a)
{
	return archive_read_support_filter_gzip(a);
}
#endif

int
archive_read_support_filter_gzip(struct archive *_a)
{
	struct archive_read *a = (struct archive_read *)_a;
	struct archive_read_filter_bidder *bidder;

	archive_check_magic(_a, ARCHIVE_READ_MAGIC,
	    ARCHIVE_STATE_NEW, "archive_read_support_filter_gzip");

	if (__archive_read_get_bidder(a, &bidder) != ARCHIVE_OK)
		return (ARCHIVE_FATAL);

	bidder->data = NULL;
	bidder->name = "gzip";
	bidder->bid = gzip_bidder_bid;
	bidder->init = gzip_bidder_init;
	bidder->options = NULL;
	bidder->free = NULL; /* No data, so no cleanup necessary. */
	/* Signal the extent of gzip support with the return value here. */
#if HAVE_ZLIB_H
	return (ARCHIVE_OK);
#else
	archive_set_error(_a, ARCHIVE_ERRNO_MISC,
	    "Using external gzip program");
	return (ARCHIVE_WARN);
#endif
}

/*
 * Read and verify the header.
 *
 * Returns zero if the header couldn't be validated, else returns
 * number of bytes in header.  If pbits is non-NULL, it receives a
 * count of bits verified, suitable for use by bidder.
 */
static ssize_t
peek_at_header(struct archive_read_filter *filter, int *pbits)
{
	const unsigned char *p;
	ssize_t avail, len;
	int bits = 0;
	int header_flags;

	/* Start by looking at the first ten bytes of the header, which
	 * is all fixed layout. */
	len = 10;
	p = __archive_read_filter_ahead(filter, len, &avail);
	if (p == NULL || avail == 0)
		return (0);
	/* We only support deflation- third byte must be 0x08. */
	if (memcmp(p, "\x1F\x8B\x08", 3) != 0)
		return (0);
	bits += 24;
	if ((p[3] & 0xE0)!= 0)	/* No reserved flags set. */
		return (0);
	bits += 3;
	header_flags = p[3];
	/* Bytes 4-7 are mod time. */
	/* Byte 8 is deflate flags. */
	/* XXXX TODO: return deflate flags back to consume_header for use
	   in initializing the decompressor. */
	/* Byte 9 is OS. */

	/* Optional extra data:  2 byte length plus variable body. */
	if (header_flags & 4) {
		p = __archive_read_filter_ahead(filter, len + 2, &avail);
		if (p == NULL)
			return (0);
		len += ((int)p[len + 1] << 8) | (int)p[len];
		len += 2;
	}

	/* Null-terminated optional filename. */
	if (header_flags & 8) {
		do {
			++len;
			if (avail < len)
				p = __archive_read_filter_ahead(filter,
				    len, &avail);
			if (p == NULL)
				return (0);
		} while (p[len - 1] != 0);
	}

	/* Null-terminated optional comment. */
	if (header_flags & 16) {
		do {
			++len;
			if (avail < len)
				p = __archive_read_filter_ahead(filter,
				    len, &avail);
			if (p == NULL)
				return (0);
		} while (p[len - 1] != 0);
	}

	/* Optional header CRC */
	if ((header_flags & 2)) {
		p = __archive_read_filter_ahead(filter, len + 2, &avail);
		if (p == NULL)
			return (0);
#if 0
	int hcrc = ((int)p[len + 1] << 8) | (int)p[len];
	int crc = /* XXX TODO: Compute header CRC. */;
	if (crc != hcrc)
		return (0);
	bits += 16;
#endif
		len += 2;
	}

	if (pbits != NULL)
		*pbits = bits;
	return (len);
}

/*
 * Bidder just verifies the header and returns the number of verified bits.
 */
static int
gzip_bidder_bid(struct archive_read_filter_bidder *self,
    struct archive_read_filter *filter)
{
	int bits_checked;

	(void)self; /* UNUSED */

	if (peek_at_header(filter, &bits_checked))
		return (bits_checked);
	return (0);
}


#ifndef HAVE_ZLIB_H

/*
 * If we don't have the library on this system, we can't do the
 * decompression directly.  We can, however, try to run "gzip -d"
 * in case that's available.
 */
static int
gzip_bidder_init(struct archive_read_filter *self)
{
	int r;

	r = __archive_read_program(self, "gzip -d");
	/* Note: We set the format here even if __archive_read_program()
	 * above fails.  We do, after all, know what the format is
	 * even if we weren't able to read it. */
	self->code = ARCHIVE_FILTER_GZIP;
	self->name = "gzip";
	return (r);
}

#else

/*
 * Initialize the filter object.
 */
static int
gzip_bidder_init(struct archive_read_filter *self)
{
	struct private_data *state;
	static const size_t out_block_size = 64 * 1024;
	void *out_block;

	self->code = ARCHIVE_FILTER_GZIP;
	self->name = "gzip";

	state = (struct private_data *)calloc(sizeof(*state), 1);
	out_block = (unsigned char *)malloc(out_block_size);
	if (state == NULL || out_block == NULL) {
		free(out_block);
		free(state);
		archive_set_error(&self->archive->archive, ENOMEM,
		    "Can't allocate data for gzip decompression");
		return (ARCHIVE_FATAL);
	}

	self->data = state;
	state->out_block_size = out_block_size;
	state->out_block = out_block;
	self->read = gzip_filter_read;
	self->skip = NULL; /* not supported */
	self->close = gzip_filter_close;

	state->in_stream = 0; /* We're not actually within a stream yet. */

	return (ARCHIVE_OK);
}

static int
consume_header(struct archive_read_filter *self)
{
	struct private_data *state;
	ssize_t avail;
	size_t len;
	int ret;

	state = (struct private_data *)self->data;

	/* If this is a real header, consume it. */
	len = peek_at_header(self->upstream, NULL);
	if (len == 0)
		return (ARCHIVE_EOF);
	__archive_read_filter_consume(self->upstream, len);

	/* Initialize CRC accumulator. */
	state->crc = crc32(0L, NULL, 0);

	/* Initialize compression library. */
	state->stream.next_in = (unsigned char *)(uintptr_t)
	    __archive_read_filter_ahead(self->upstream, 1, &avail);
	state->stream.avail_in = (uInt)avail;
	ret = inflateInit2(&(state->stream),
	    -15 /* Don't check for zlib header */);

	/* Decipher the error code. */
	switch (ret) {
	case Z_OK:
		state->in_stream = 1;
		return (ARCHIVE_OK);
	case Z_STREAM_ERROR:
		archive_set_error(&self->archive->archive,
		    ARCHIVE_ERRNO_MISC,
		    "Internal error initializing compression library: "
		    "invalid setup parameter");
		break;
	case Z_MEM_ERROR:
		archive_set_error(&self->archive->archive, ENOMEM,
		    "Internal error initializing compression library: "
		    "out of memory");
		break;
	case Z_VERSION_ERROR:
		archive_set_error(&self->archive->archive,
		    ARCHIVE_ERRNO_MISC,
		    "Internal error initializing compression library: "
		    "invalid library version");
		break;
	default:
		archive_set_error(&self->archive->archive,
		    ARCHIVE_ERRNO_MISC,
		    "Internal error initializing compression library: "
		    " Zlib error %d", ret);
		break;
	}
	return (ARCHIVE_FATAL);
}

static int
consume_trailer(struct archive_read_filter *self)
{
	struct private_data *state;
	const unsigned char *p;
	ssize_t avail;

	state = (struct private_data *)self->data;

	state->in_stream = 0;
	switch (inflateEnd(&(state->stream))) {
	case Z_OK:
		break;
	default:
		archive_set_error(&self->archive->archive,
		    ARCHIVE_ERRNO_MISC,
		    "Failed to clean up gzip decompressor");
		return (ARCHIVE_FATAL);
	}

	/* GZip trailer is a fixed 8 byte structure. */
	p = __archive_read_filter_ahead(self->upstream, 8, &avail);
	if (p == NULL || avail == 0)
		return (ARCHIVE_FATAL);

	/* XXX TODO: Verify the length and CRC. */

	/* We've verified the trailer, so consume it now. */
	__archive_read_filter_consume(self->upstream, 8);

	return (ARCHIVE_OK);
}

static ssize_t
gzip_filter_read(struct archive_read_filter *self, const void **p)
{
	struct private_data *state;
	size_t decompressed;
	ssize_t avail_in;
	int ret;

	state = (struct private_data *)self->data;

	/* Empty our output buffer. */
	state->stream.next_out = state->out_block;
	state->stream.avail_out = (uInt)state->out_block_size;

	/* Try to fill the output buffer. */
	while (state->stream.avail_out > 0 && !state->eof) {
		/* If we're not in a stream, read a header
		 * and initialize the decompression library. */
		if (!state->in_stream) {
			ret = consume_header(self);
			if (ret == ARCHIVE_EOF) {
				state->eof = 1;
				break;
			}
			if (ret < ARCHIVE_OK)
				return (ret);
		}

		/* Peek at the next available data. */
		/* ZLib treats stream.next_in as const but doesn't declare
		 * it so, hence this ugly cast. */
		state->stream.next_in = (unsigned char *)(uintptr_t)
		    __archive_read_filter_ahead(self->upstream, 1, &avail_in);
		if (state->stream.next_in == NULL) {
			archive_set_error(&self->archive->archive,
			    ARCHIVE_ERRNO_MISC,
			    "truncated gzip input");
			return (ARCHIVE_FATAL);
		}
		state->stream.avail_in = (uInt)avail_in;

		/* Decompress and consume some of that data. */
		ret = inflate(&(state->stream), 0);
		switch (ret) {
		case Z_OK: /* Decompressor made some progress. */
			__archive_read_filter_consume(self->upstream,
			    avail_in - state->stream.avail_in);
			break;
		case Z_STREAM_END: /* Found end of stream. */
			__archive_read_filter_consume(self->upstream,
			    avail_in - state->stream.avail_in);
			/* Consume the stream trailer; release the
			 * decompression library. */
			ret = consume_trailer(self);
			if (ret < ARCHIVE_OK)
				return (ret);
			break;
		default:
			/* Return an error. */
			archive_set_error(&self->archive->archive,
			    ARCHIVE_ERRNO_MISC,
			    "gzip decompression failed");
			return (ARCHIVE_FATAL);
		}
	}

	/* We've read as much as we can. */
	decompressed = state->stream.next_out - state->out_block;
	state->total_out += decompressed;
	if (decompressed == 0)
		*p = NULL;
	else
		*p = state->out_block;
	return (decompressed);
}

/*
 * Clean up the decompressor.
 */
static int
gzip_filter_close(struct archive_read_filter *self)
{
	struct private_data *state;
	int ret;

	state = (struct private_data *)self->data;
	ret = ARCHIVE_OK;

	if (state->in_stream) {
		switch (inflateEnd(&(state->stream))) {
		case Z_OK:
			break;
		default:
			archive_set_error(&(self->archive->archive),
			    ARCHIVE_ERRNO_MISC,
			    "Failed to clean up gzip compressor");
			ret = ARCHIVE_FATAL;
		}
	}

	free(state->out_block);
	free(state);
	return (ret);
}

#endif /* HAVE_ZLIB_H */