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.\" Copyright (c) 1993
.\"	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
.\"
.\" This code is derived from software contributed to Berkeley by
.\" Paul Borman at Krystal Technologies.
.\"
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\" 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
.\"    must display the following acknowledgement:
.\"	This product includes software developed by the University of
.\"	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
.\" 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
.\"    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
.\"    without specific prior written permission.
.\"
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
.\" ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
.\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
.\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
.\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
.\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
.\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
.\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
.\" SUCH DAMAGE.
.\"
.\"	@(#)utf2.4	8.1 (Berkeley) 6/4/93
.\" $FreeBSD$
.\"
.Dd October 11, 2002
.Dt UTF2 5
.Os
.Sh NAME
.Nm utf2
.Nd "Universal character set Transformation Format encoding of wide characters
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm ENCODING
.Qq UTF2
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Bf Em
The UTF2 encoding has been deprecated in favour of UTF-8.
.Ef
New applications should not use UTF2.
.Pp
The
.Nm UTF2
encoding is based on a proposed X-Open multibyte
\s-1FSS-UCS-TF\s+1 (File System Safe Universal Character Set Transformation Format) encoding as used in
.Sy "Plan 9 from Bell Labs" .
Although it is capable of representing more than 16 bits,
the current implementation is limited to 16 bits as defined by the
Unicode Standard.
.Pp
.Nm UTF2
representation is backwards compatible with ASCII, so 0x00-0x7f refer to the
ASCII character set.
The multibyte encodings of wide characters between
0x0080 and 0xffff
consist entirely of bytes whose high order bit is set.
The actual
encoding is represented by the following table:
.Bd -literal
[0x0000 - 0x007f] [00000000.0bbbbbbb] -> 0bbbbbbb
[0x0080 - 0x07ff] [00000bbb.bbbbbbbb] -> 110bbbbb, 10bbbbbb
[0x0800 - 0xffff] [bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb] -> 1110bbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb
.Ed
.Pp
If more than a single representation of a value exists (for example,
0x00; 0xC0 0x80; 0xE0 0x80 0x80) the shortest representation is always
used (but the longer ones will be correctly decoded).
.Pp
The final three encodings provided by X-Open:
.Bd -literal
[00000000.000bbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb] ->
	11110bbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb

[000000bb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb] ->
	111110bb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb

[0bbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb.bbbbbbbb] ->
	1111110b, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb, 10bbbbbb
.Ed
.Pp
which provides for the entire proposed ISO-10646 31 bit standard are currently
not implemented.
.Sh "SEE ALSO"
.Xr mklocale 1 ,
.Xr setlocale 3 ,
.Xr utf8 5