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/*
 * Copyright (c) 2006 - 2007 Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan
 * (Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden).
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Portions Copyright (c) 2009 Apple Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * 3. Neither the name of the Institute nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE INSTITUTE AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE INSTITUTE OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include <config.h>

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <rand.h>
#include <randi.h>

#include <roken.h>

#ifndef O_BINARY
#define O_BINARY 0
#endif

#ifdef _WIN32
#include<shlobj.h>
#endif

/**
 * @page page_rand RAND - random number
 *
 * See the library functions here: @ref hcrypto_rand
 */

const static RAND_METHOD *selected_meth = NULL;
static ENGINE *selected_engine = NULL;

static void
init_method(void)
{
    if (selected_meth != NULL)
	return;
#if defined(_WIN32)
    selected_meth = &hc_rand_w32crypto_method;
#elif defined(__APPLE__)
    selected_meth = &hc_rand_unix_method;
#else
    selected_meth = &hc_rand_fortuna_method;
#endif
}

/**
 * Seed that random number generator. Secret material can securely be
 * feed into the function, they will never be returned.
 *
 * @param indata seed data
 * @param size length seed data
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

void
RAND_seed(const void *indata, size_t size)
{
    init_method();
    (*selected_meth->seed)(indata, size);
}

/**
 * Get a random block from the random generator, can be used for key material.
 *
 * @param outdata random data
 * @param size length random data
 *
 * @return 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */
int
RAND_bytes(void *outdata, size_t size)
{
    if (size == 0)
	return 1;
    init_method();
    return (*selected_meth->bytes)(outdata, size);
}

/**
 * Reset and free memory used by the random generator.
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

void
RAND_cleanup(void)
{
    const RAND_METHOD *meth = selected_meth;
    ENGINE *engine = selected_engine;

    selected_meth = NULL;
    selected_engine = NULL;

    if (meth)
	(*meth->cleanup)();
    if (engine)
	ENGINE_finish(engine);
}

/**
 * Seed that random number generator. Secret material can securely be
 * feed into the function, they will never be returned.
 *
 * @param indata the input data.
 * @param size size of in data.
 * @param entropi entropi in data.
 *
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

void
RAND_add(const void *indata, size_t size, double entropi)
{
    init_method();
    (*selected_meth->add)(indata, size, entropi);
}

/**
 * Get a random block from the random generator, should NOT be used for key material.
 *
 * @param outdata random data
 * @param size length random data
 *
 * @return 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

int
RAND_pseudo_bytes(void *outdata, size_t size)
{
    init_method();
    return (*selected_meth->pseudorand)(outdata, size);
}

/**
 * Return status of the random generator
 *
 * @return 1 if the random generator can deliver random data.
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

int
RAND_status(void)
{
    init_method();
    return (*selected_meth->status)();
}

/**
 * Set the default random method.
 *
 * @param meth set the new default method.
 *
 * @return 1 on success.
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

int
RAND_set_rand_method(const RAND_METHOD *meth)
{
    const RAND_METHOD *old = selected_meth;
    selected_meth = meth;
    if (old)
	(*old->cleanup)();
    if (selected_engine) {
	ENGINE_finish(selected_engine);
	selected_engine = NULL;
    }
    return 1;
}

/**
 * Get the default random method.
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

const RAND_METHOD *
RAND_get_rand_method(void)
{
    init_method();
    return selected_meth;
}

/**
 * Set the default random method from engine.
 *
 * @param engine use engine, if NULL is passed it, old method and engine is cleared.
 *
 * @return 1 on success, 0 on failure.
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

int
RAND_set_rand_engine(ENGINE *engine)
{
    const RAND_METHOD *meth, *old = selected_meth;

    if (engine) {
	ENGINE_up_ref(engine);
	meth = ENGINE_get_RAND(engine);
	if (meth == NULL) {
	    ENGINE_finish(engine);
	    return 0;
	}
    } else {
	meth = NULL;
    }

    if (old)
	(*old->cleanup)();

    if (selected_engine)
	ENGINE_finish(selected_engine);

    selected_engine = engine;
    selected_meth = meth;

    return 1;
}

#define RAND_FILE_SIZE 1024

/**
 * Load a a file and feed it into RAND_seed().
 *
 * @param filename name of file to read.
 * @param size minimum size to read.
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

int
RAND_load_file(const char *filename, size_t size)
{
    unsigned char buf[128];
    size_t len;
    ssize_t slen;
    int fd;

    fd = open(filename, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY, 0600);
    if (fd < 0)
	return 0;
    rk_cloexec(fd);
    len = 0;
    while(len < size) {
	slen = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
	if (slen <= 0)
	    break;
	RAND_seed(buf, slen);
	len += slen;
    }
    close(fd);

    return len ? 1 : 0;
}

/**
 * Write of random numbers to a file to store for later initiation with RAND_load_file().
 *
 * @param filename name of file to write.
 *
 * @return 1 on success and non-one on failure.
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

int
RAND_write_file(const char *filename)
{
    unsigned char buf[128];
    size_t len;
    int res = 0, fd;

    fd = open(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_BINARY, 0600);
    if (fd < 0)
	return 0;
    rk_cloexec(fd);

    len = 0;
    while(len < RAND_FILE_SIZE) {
	res = RAND_bytes(buf, sizeof(buf));
	if (res != 1)
	    break;
	if (write(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)) != sizeof(buf)) {
	    res = 0;
	    break;
	}
	len += sizeof(buf);
    }

    close(fd);

    return res;
}

/**
 * Return the default random state filename for a user to use for
 * RAND_load_file(), and RAND_write_file().
 *
 * @param filename buffer to hold file name.
 * @param size size of buffer filename.
 *
 * @return the buffer filename or NULL on failure.
 *
 * @ingroup hcrypto_rand
 */

const char *
RAND_file_name(char *filename, size_t size)
{
    const char *e = NULL;
    int pathp = 0, ret;

    if (!issuid()) {
	e = getenv("RANDFILE");
	if (e == NULL)
	    e = getenv("HOME");
	if (e)
	    pathp = 1;
    }

#ifndef _WIN32
    /*
     * Here we really want to call getpwuid(getuid()) but this will
     * cause recursive lookups if the nss library uses
     * gssapi/krb5/hcrypto to authenticate to the ldap servers.
     *
     * So at least return the unix /dev/random if we have one
     */
    if (e == NULL) {
	int fd;

	fd = _hc_unix_device_fd(O_RDONLY, &e);
	if (fd >= 0)
	    close(fd);
    }
#else  /* Win32 */

    if (e == NULL) {
	char profile[MAX_PATH];

	if (SHGetFolderPath(NULL, CSIDL_LOCAL_APPDATA, NULL,
			    SHGFP_TYPE_CURRENT, profile) == S_OK) {
	    ret = snprintf(filename, size, "%s\\.rnd", profile);

	    if (ret > 0 && ret < size)
		return filename;
	}
    }

#endif

    if (e == NULL)
	return NULL;

    if (pathp)
	ret = snprintf(filename, size, "%s/.rnd", e);
    else
	ret = snprintf(filename, size, "%s", e);

    if (ret <= 0 || ret >= size)
	return NULL;

    return filename;
}