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//===---------- emutls.c - Implements __emutls_get_address ---------------===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "int_lib.h"

#ifdef __BIONIC__
// There are 4 pthread key cleanup rounds on Bionic. Delay emutls deallocation
// to round 2. We need to delay deallocation because:
//  - Android versions older than M lack __cxa_thread_atexit_impl, so apps
//    use a pthread key destructor to call C++ destructors.
//  - Apps might use __thread/thread_local variables in pthread destructors.
// We can't wait until the final two rounds, because jemalloc needs two rounds
// after the final malloc/free call to free its thread-specific data (see
// https://reviews.llvm.org/D46978#1107507).
#define EMUTLS_SKIP_DESTRUCTOR_ROUNDS 1
#else
#define EMUTLS_SKIP_DESTRUCTOR_ROUNDS 0
#endif

#if defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__clang__)
// MSVC raises a warning about a nonstandard extension being used for the 0
// sized element in this array. Disable this for warn-as-error builds.
#pragma warning(push)
#pragma warning(disable : 4206)
#endif

typedef struct emutls_address_array {
  uintptr_t skip_destructor_rounds;
  uintptr_t size; // number of elements in the 'data' array
  void *data[];
} emutls_address_array;

#if defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__clang__)
#pragma warning(pop)
#endif

static void emutls_shutdown(emutls_address_array *array);

#ifndef _WIN32

#include <pthread.h>

static pthread_mutex_t emutls_mutex = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
static pthread_key_t emutls_pthread_key;
static bool emutls_key_created = false;

typedef unsigned int gcc_word __attribute__((mode(word)));
typedef unsigned int gcc_pointer __attribute__((mode(pointer)));

// Default is not to use posix_memalign, so systems like Android
// can use thread local data without heavier POSIX memory allocators.
#ifndef EMUTLS_USE_POSIX_MEMALIGN
#define EMUTLS_USE_POSIX_MEMALIGN 0
#endif

static __inline void *emutls_memalign_alloc(size_t align, size_t size) {
  void *base;
#if EMUTLS_USE_POSIX_MEMALIGN
  if (posix_memalign(&base, align, size) != 0)
    abort();
#else
#define EXTRA_ALIGN_PTR_BYTES (align - 1 + sizeof(void *))
  char *object;
  if ((object = (char *)malloc(EXTRA_ALIGN_PTR_BYTES + size)) == NULL)
    abort();
  base = (void *)(((uintptr_t)(object + EXTRA_ALIGN_PTR_BYTES)) &
                  ~(uintptr_t)(align - 1));

  ((void **)base)[-1] = object;
#endif
  return base;
}

static __inline void emutls_memalign_free(void *base) {
#if EMUTLS_USE_POSIX_MEMALIGN
  free(base);
#else
  // The mallocated address is in ((void**)base)[-1]
  free(((void **)base)[-1]);
#endif
}

static __inline void emutls_setspecific(emutls_address_array *value) {
  pthread_setspecific(emutls_pthread_key, (void *)value);
}

static __inline emutls_address_array *emutls_getspecific() {
  return (emutls_address_array *)pthread_getspecific(emutls_pthread_key);
}

static void emutls_key_destructor(void *ptr) {
  emutls_address_array *array = (emutls_address_array *)ptr;
  if (array->skip_destructor_rounds > 0) {
    // emutls is deallocated using a pthread key destructor. These
    // destructors are called in several rounds to accommodate destructor
    // functions that (re)initialize key values with pthread_setspecific.
    // Delay the emutls deallocation to accommodate other end-of-thread
    // cleanup tasks like calling thread_local destructors (e.g. the
    // __cxa_thread_atexit fallback in libc++abi).
    array->skip_destructor_rounds--;
    emutls_setspecific(array);
  } else {
    emutls_shutdown(array);
    free(ptr);
  }
}

static __inline void emutls_init(void) {
  if (pthread_key_create(&emutls_pthread_key, emutls_key_destructor) != 0)
    abort();
  emutls_key_created = true;
}

static __inline void emutls_init_once(void) {
  static pthread_once_t once = PTHREAD_ONCE_INIT;
  pthread_once(&once, emutls_init);
}

static __inline void emutls_lock() { pthread_mutex_lock(&emutls_mutex); }

static __inline void emutls_unlock() { pthread_mutex_unlock(&emutls_mutex); }

#else // _WIN32

#include <assert.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <windows.h>

static LPCRITICAL_SECTION emutls_mutex;
static DWORD emutls_tls_index = TLS_OUT_OF_INDEXES;

typedef uintptr_t gcc_word;
typedef void *gcc_pointer;

static void win_error(DWORD last_err, const char *hint) {
  char *buffer = NULL;
  if (FormatMessageA(FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER |
                         FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
                         FORMAT_MESSAGE_MAX_WIDTH_MASK,
                     NULL, last_err, 0, (LPSTR)&buffer, 1, NULL)) {
    fprintf(stderr, "Windows error: %s\n", buffer);
  } else {
    fprintf(stderr, "Unkown Windows error: %s\n", hint);
  }
  LocalFree(buffer);
}

static __inline void win_abort(DWORD last_err, const char *hint) {
  win_error(last_err, hint);
  abort();
}

static __inline void *emutls_memalign_alloc(size_t align, size_t size) {
  void *base = _aligned_malloc(size, align);
  if (!base)
    win_abort(GetLastError(), "_aligned_malloc");
  return base;
}

static __inline void emutls_memalign_free(void *base) { _aligned_free(base); }

static void emutls_exit(void) {
  if (emutls_mutex) {
    DeleteCriticalSection(emutls_mutex);
    _aligned_free(emutls_mutex);
    emutls_mutex = NULL;
  }
  if (emutls_tls_index != TLS_OUT_OF_INDEXES) {
    emutls_shutdown((emutls_address_array *)TlsGetValue(emutls_tls_index));
    TlsFree(emutls_tls_index);
    emutls_tls_index = TLS_OUT_OF_INDEXES;
  }
}

#pragma warning(push)
#pragma warning(disable : 4100)
static BOOL CALLBACK emutls_init(PINIT_ONCE p0, PVOID p1, PVOID *p2) {
  emutls_mutex =
      (LPCRITICAL_SECTION)_aligned_malloc(sizeof(CRITICAL_SECTION), 16);
  if (!emutls_mutex) {
    win_error(GetLastError(), "_aligned_malloc");
    return FALSE;
  }
  InitializeCriticalSection(emutls_mutex);

  emutls_tls_index = TlsAlloc();
  if (emutls_tls_index == TLS_OUT_OF_INDEXES) {
    emutls_exit();
    win_error(GetLastError(), "TlsAlloc");
    return FALSE;
  }
  atexit(&emutls_exit);
  return TRUE;
}

static __inline void emutls_init_once(void) {
  static INIT_ONCE once;
  InitOnceExecuteOnce(&once, emutls_init, NULL, NULL);
}

static __inline void emutls_lock() { EnterCriticalSection(emutls_mutex); }

static __inline void emutls_unlock() { LeaveCriticalSection(emutls_mutex); }

static __inline void emutls_setspecific(emutls_address_array *value) {
  if (TlsSetValue(emutls_tls_index, (LPVOID)value) == 0)
    win_abort(GetLastError(), "TlsSetValue");
}

static __inline emutls_address_array *emutls_getspecific() {
  LPVOID value = TlsGetValue(emutls_tls_index);
  if (value == NULL) {
    const DWORD err = GetLastError();
    if (err != ERROR_SUCCESS)
      win_abort(err, "TlsGetValue");
  }
  return (emutls_address_array *)value;
}

// Provide atomic load/store functions for emutls_get_index if built with MSVC.
#if !defined(__ATOMIC_RELEASE)
#include <intrin.h>

enum { __ATOMIC_ACQUIRE = 2, __ATOMIC_RELEASE = 3 };

static __inline uintptr_t __atomic_load_n(void *ptr, unsigned type) {
  assert(type == __ATOMIC_ACQUIRE);
  // These return the previous value - but since we do an OR with 0,
  // it's equivalent to a plain load.
#ifdef _WIN64
  return InterlockedOr64(ptr, 0);
#else
  return InterlockedOr(ptr, 0);
#endif
}

static __inline void __atomic_store_n(void *ptr, uintptr_t val, unsigned type) {
  assert(type == __ATOMIC_RELEASE);
  InterlockedExchangePointer((void *volatile *)ptr, (void *)val);
}

#endif // __ATOMIC_RELEASE

#pragma warning(pop)

#endif // _WIN32

static size_t emutls_num_object = 0; // number of allocated TLS objects

// Free the allocated TLS data
static void emutls_shutdown(emutls_address_array *array) {
  if (array) {
    uintptr_t i;
    for (i = 0; i < array->size; ++i) {
      if (array->data[i])
        emutls_memalign_free(array->data[i]);
    }
  }
}

// For every TLS variable xyz,
// there is one __emutls_control variable named __emutls_v.xyz.
// If xyz has non-zero initial value, __emutls_v.xyz's "value"
// will point to __emutls_t.xyz, which has the initial value.
typedef struct __emutls_control {
  // Must use gcc_word here, instead of size_t, to match GCC.  When
  // gcc_word is larger than size_t, the upper extra bits are all
  // zeros.  We can use variables of size_t to operate on size and
  // align.
  gcc_word size;  // size of the object in bytes
  gcc_word align; // alignment of the object in bytes
  union {
    uintptr_t index; // data[index-1] is the object address
    void *address;   // object address, when in single thread env
  } object;
  void *value; // null or non-zero initial value for the object
} __emutls_control;

// Emulated TLS objects are always allocated at run-time.
static __inline void *emutls_allocate_object(__emutls_control *control) {
  // Use standard C types, check with gcc's emutls.o.
  COMPILE_TIME_ASSERT(sizeof(uintptr_t) == sizeof(gcc_pointer));
  COMPILE_TIME_ASSERT(sizeof(uintptr_t) == sizeof(void *));

  size_t size = control->size;
  size_t align = control->align;
  void *base;
  if (align < sizeof(void *))
    align = sizeof(void *);
  // Make sure that align is power of 2.
  if ((align & (align - 1)) != 0)
    abort();

  base = emutls_memalign_alloc(align, size);
  if (control->value)
    memcpy(base, control->value, size);
  else
    memset(base, 0, size);
  return base;
}

// Returns control->object.index; set index if not allocated yet.
static __inline uintptr_t emutls_get_index(__emutls_control *control) {
  uintptr_t index = __atomic_load_n(&control->object.index, __ATOMIC_ACQUIRE);
  if (!index) {
    emutls_init_once();
    emutls_lock();
    index = control->object.index;
    if (!index) {
      index = ++emutls_num_object;
      __atomic_store_n(&control->object.index, index, __ATOMIC_RELEASE);
    }
    emutls_unlock();
  }
  return index;
}

// Updates newly allocated thread local emutls_address_array.
static __inline void emutls_check_array_set_size(emutls_address_array *array,
                                                 uintptr_t size) {
  if (array == NULL)
    abort();
  array->size = size;
  emutls_setspecific(array);
}

// Returns the new 'data' array size, number of elements,
// which must be no smaller than the given index.
static __inline uintptr_t emutls_new_data_array_size(uintptr_t index) {
  // Need to allocate emutls_address_array with extra slots
  // to store the header.
  // Round up the emutls_address_array size to multiple of 16.
  uintptr_t header_words = sizeof(emutls_address_array) / sizeof(void *);
  return ((index + header_words + 15) & ~((uintptr_t)15)) - header_words;
}

// Returns the size in bytes required for an emutls_address_array with
// N number of elements for data field.
static __inline uintptr_t emutls_asize(uintptr_t N) {
  return N * sizeof(void *) + sizeof(emutls_address_array);
}

// Returns the thread local emutls_address_array.
// Extends its size if necessary to hold address at index.
static __inline emutls_address_array *
emutls_get_address_array(uintptr_t index) {
  emutls_address_array *array = emutls_getspecific();
  if (array == NULL) {
    uintptr_t new_size = emutls_new_data_array_size(index);
    array = (emutls_address_array *)malloc(emutls_asize(new_size));
    if (array) {
      memset(array->data, 0, new_size * sizeof(void *));
      array->skip_destructor_rounds = EMUTLS_SKIP_DESTRUCTOR_ROUNDS;
    }
    emutls_check_array_set_size(array, new_size);
  } else if (index > array->size) {
    uintptr_t orig_size = array->size;
    uintptr_t new_size = emutls_new_data_array_size(index);
    array = (emutls_address_array *)realloc(array, emutls_asize(new_size));
    if (array)
      memset(array->data + orig_size, 0,
             (new_size - orig_size) * sizeof(void *));
    emutls_check_array_set_size(array, new_size);
  }
  return array;
}

void *__emutls_get_address(__emutls_control *control) {
  uintptr_t index = emutls_get_index(control);
  emutls_address_array *array = emutls_get_address_array(index--);
  if (array->data[index] == NULL)
    array->data[index] = emutls_allocate_object(control);
  return array->data[index];
}

#ifdef __BIONIC__
// Called by Bionic on dlclose to delete the emutls pthread key.
__attribute__((visibility("hidden"))) void __emutls_unregister_key(void) {
  if (emutls_key_created) {
    pthread_key_delete(emutls_pthread_key);
    emutls_key_created = false;
  }
}
#endif