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path: root/lib/CodeGen/CodeGenTypes.cpp
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//===--- CodeGenTypes.cpp - Type translation for LLVM CodeGen -------------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This is the code that handles AST -> LLVM type lowering.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "CodeGenTypes.h"
#include "clang/AST/ASTContext.h"
#include "clang/AST/DeclObjC.h"
#include "clang/AST/DeclCXX.h"
#include "clang/AST/Expr.h"
#include "clang/AST/RecordLayout.h"
#include "llvm/DerivedTypes.h"
#include "llvm/Module.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetData.h"

#include "CGCall.h"
#include "CGRecordLayoutBuilder.h"

using namespace clang;
using namespace CodeGen;

CodeGenTypes::CodeGenTypes(ASTContext &Ctx, llvm::Module& M,
                           const llvm::TargetData &TD)
  : Context(Ctx), Target(Ctx.Target), TheModule(M), TheTargetData(TD),
    TheABIInfo(0) {
}

CodeGenTypes::~CodeGenTypes() {
  for (llvm::DenseMap<const Type *, CGRecordLayout *>::iterator
         I = CGRecordLayouts.begin(), E = CGRecordLayouts.end();
      I != E; ++I)
    delete I->second;
  CGRecordLayouts.clear();
}

/// ConvertType - Convert the specified type to its LLVM form.
const llvm::Type *CodeGenTypes::ConvertType(QualType T) {
  llvm::PATypeHolder Result = ConvertTypeRecursive(T);

  // Any pointers that were converted defered evaluation of their pointee type,
  // creating an opaque type instead.  This is in order to avoid problems with
  // circular types.  Loop through all these defered pointees, if any, and
  // resolve them now.
  while (!PointersToResolve.empty()) {
    std::pair<QualType, llvm::OpaqueType*> P =
      PointersToResolve.back();
    PointersToResolve.pop_back();
    // We can handle bare pointers here because we know that the only pointers
    // to the Opaque type are P.second and from other types.  Refining the
    // opqaue type away will invalidate P.second, but we don't mind :).
    const llvm::Type *NT = ConvertTypeForMemRecursive(P.first);
    P.second->refineAbstractTypeTo(NT);
  }

  return Result;
}

const llvm::Type *CodeGenTypes::ConvertTypeRecursive(QualType T) {
  T = Context.getCanonicalType(T);

  // See if type is already cached.
  llvm::DenseMap<Type *, llvm::PATypeHolder>::iterator
    I = TypeCache.find(T.getTypePtr());
  // If type is found in map and this is not a definition for a opaque
  // place holder type then use it. Otherwise, convert type T.
  if (I != TypeCache.end())
    return I->second.get();

  const llvm::Type *ResultType = ConvertNewType(T);
  TypeCache.insert(std::make_pair(T.getTypePtr(),
                                  llvm::PATypeHolder(ResultType)));
  return ResultType;
}

const llvm::Type *CodeGenTypes::ConvertTypeForMemRecursive(QualType T) {
  const llvm::Type *ResultType = ConvertTypeRecursive(T);
  if (ResultType == llvm::Type::getInt1Ty(getLLVMContext()))
    return llvm::IntegerType::get(getLLVMContext(),
                                  (unsigned)Context.getTypeSize(T));
  return ResultType;
}

/// ConvertTypeForMem - Convert type T into a llvm::Type.  This differs from
/// ConvertType in that it is used to convert to the memory representation for
/// a type.  For example, the scalar representation for _Bool is i1, but the
/// memory representation is usually i8 or i32, depending on the target.
const llvm::Type *CodeGenTypes::ConvertTypeForMem(QualType T) {
  const llvm::Type *R = ConvertType(T);

  // If this is a non-bool type, don't map it.
  if (R != llvm::Type::getInt1Ty(getLLVMContext()))
    return R;

  // Otherwise, return an integer of the target-specified size.
  return llvm::IntegerType::get(getLLVMContext(),
                                (unsigned)Context.getTypeSize(T));

}

// Code to verify a given function type is complete, i.e. the return type
// and all of the argument types are complete.
static const TagType *VerifyFuncTypeComplete(const Type* T) {
  const FunctionType *FT = cast<FunctionType>(T);
  if (const TagType* TT = FT->getResultType()->getAs<TagType>())
    if (!TT->getDecl()->isDefinition())
      return TT;
  if (const FunctionProtoType *FPT = dyn_cast<FunctionProtoType>(T))
    for (unsigned i = 0; i < FPT->getNumArgs(); i++)
      if (const TagType* TT = FPT->getArgType(i)->getAs<TagType>())
        if (!TT->getDecl()->isDefinition())
          return TT;
  return 0;
}

/// UpdateCompletedType - When we find the full definition for a TagDecl,
/// replace the 'opaque' type we previously made for it if applicable.
void CodeGenTypes::UpdateCompletedType(const TagDecl *TD) {
  const Type *Key = Context.getTagDeclType(TD).getTypePtr();
  llvm::DenseMap<const Type*, llvm::PATypeHolder>::iterator TDTI =
    TagDeclTypes.find(Key);
  if (TDTI == TagDeclTypes.end()) return;

  // Remember the opaque LLVM type for this tagdecl.
  llvm::PATypeHolder OpaqueHolder = TDTI->second;
  assert(isa<llvm::OpaqueType>(OpaqueHolder.get()) &&
         "Updating compilation of an already non-opaque type?");

  // Remove it from TagDeclTypes so that it will be regenerated.
  TagDeclTypes.erase(TDTI);

  // Generate the new type.
  const llvm::Type *NT = ConvertTagDeclType(TD);

  // Refine the old opaque type to its new definition.
  cast<llvm::OpaqueType>(OpaqueHolder.get())->refineAbstractTypeTo(NT);

  // Since we just completed a tag type, check to see if any function types
  // were completed along with the tag type.
  // FIXME: This is very inefficient; if we track which function types depend
  // on which tag types, though, it should be reasonably efficient.
  llvm::DenseMap<const Type*, llvm::PATypeHolder>::iterator i;
  for (i = FunctionTypes.begin(); i != FunctionTypes.end(); ++i) {
    if (const TagType* TT = VerifyFuncTypeComplete(i->first)) {
      // This function type still depends on an incomplete tag type; make sure
      // that tag type has an associated opaque type.
      ConvertTagDeclType(TT->getDecl());
    } else {
      // This function no longer depends on an incomplete tag type; create the
      // function type, and refine the opaque type to the new function type.
      llvm::PATypeHolder OpaqueHolder = i->second;
      const llvm::Type *NFT = ConvertNewType(QualType(i->first, 0));
      cast<llvm::OpaqueType>(OpaqueHolder.get())->refineAbstractTypeTo(NFT);
      FunctionTypes.erase(i);
    }
  }
}

static const llvm::Type* getTypeForFormat(llvm::LLVMContext &VMContext,
                                          const llvm::fltSemantics &format) {
  if (&format == &llvm::APFloat::IEEEsingle)
    return llvm::Type::getFloatTy(VMContext);
  if (&format == &llvm::APFloat::IEEEdouble)
    return llvm::Type::getDoubleTy(VMContext);
  if (&format == &llvm::APFloat::IEEEquad)
    return llvm::Type::getFP128Ty(VMContext);
  if (&format == &llvm::APFloat::PPCDoubleDouble)
    return llvm::Type::getPPC_FP128Ty(VMContext);
  if (&format == &llvm::APFloat::x87DoubleExtended)
    return llvm::Type::getX86_FP80Ty(VMContext);
  assert(0 && "Unknown float format!");
  return 0;
}

const llvm::Type *CodeGenTypes::ConvertNewType(QualType T) {
  const clang::Type &Ty = *Context.getCanonicalType(T);

  switch (Ty.getTypeClass()) {
#define TYPE(Class, Base)
#define ABSTRACT_TYPE(Class, Base)
#define NON_CANONICAL_TYPE(Class, Base) case Type::Class:
#define DEPENDENT_TYPE(Class, Base) case Type::Class:
#include "clang/AST/TypeNodes.def"
    assert(false && "Non-canonical or dependent types aren't possible.");
    break;

  case Type::Builtin: {
    switch (cast<BuiltinType>(Ty).getKind()) {
    default: assert(0 && "Unknown builtin type!");
    case BuiltinType::Void:
    case BuiltinType::ObjCId:
    case BuiltinType::ObjCClass:
      // LLVM void type can only be used as the result of a function call.  Just
      // map to the same as char.
      return llvm::IntegerType::get(getLLVMContext(), 8);

    case BuiltinType::Bool:
      // Note that we always return bool as i1 for use as a scalar type.
      return llvm::Type::getInt1Ty(getLLVMContext());

    case BuiltinType::Char_S:
    case BuiltinType::Char_U:
    case BuiltinType::SChar:
    case BuiltinType::UChar:
    case BuiltinType::Short:
    case BuiltinType::UShort:
    case BuiltinType::Int:
    case BuiltinType::UInt:
    case BuiltinType::Long:
    case BuiltinType::ULong:
    case BuiltinType::LongLong:
    case BuiltinType::ULongLong:
    case BuiltinType::WChar:
    case BuiltinType::Char16:
    case BuiltinType::Char32:
      return llvm::IntegerType::get(getLLVMContext(),
        static_cast<unsigned>(Context.getTypeSize(T)));

    case BuiltinType::Float:
    case BuiltinType::Double:
    case BuiltinType::LongDouble:
      return getTypeForFormat(getLLVMContext(),
                              Context.getFloatTypeSemantics(T));

    case BuiltinType::NullPtr: {
      // Model std::nullptr_t as i8*
      const llvm::Type *Ty = llvm::IntegerType::get(getLLVMContext(), 8);
      return llvm::PointerType::getUnqual(Ty);
    }
        
    case BuiltinType::UInt128:
    case BuiltinType::Int128:
      return llvm::IntegerType::get(getLLVMContext(), 128);
    }
    break;
  }
  case Type::FixedWidthInt:
    return llvm::IntegerType::get(getLLVMContext(),
                                  cast<FixedWidthIntType>(T)->getWidth());
  case Type::Complex: {
    const llvm::Type *EltTy =
      ConvertTypeRecursive(cast<ComplexType>(Ty).getElementType());
    return llvm::StructType::get(TheModule.getContext(), EltTy, EltTy, NULL);
  }
  case Type::LValueReference:
  case Type::RValueReference: {
    const ReferenceType &RTy = cast<ReferenceType>(Ty);
    QualType ETy = RTy.getPointeeType();
    llvm::OpaqueType *PointeeType = llvm::OpaqueType::get(getLLVMContext());
    PointersToResolve.push_back(std::make_pair(ETy, PointeeType));
    return llvm::PointerType::get(PointeeType, ETy.getAddressSpace());
  }
  case Type::Pointer: {
    const PointerType &PTy = cast<PointerType>(Ty);
    QualType ETy = PTy.getPointeeType();
    llvm::OpaqueType *PointeeType = llvm::OpaqueType::get(getLLVMContext());
    PointersToResolve.push_back(std::make_pair(ETy, PointeeType));
    return llvm::PointerType::get(PointeeType, ETy.getAddressSpace());
  }

  case Type::VariableArray: {
    const VariableArrayType &A = cast<VariableArrayType>(Ty);
    assert(A.getIndexTypeCVRQualifiers() == 0 &&
           "FIXME: We only handle trivial array types so far!");
    // VLAs resolve to the innermost element type; this matches
    // the return of alloca, and there isn't any obviously better choice.
    return ConvertTypeForMemRecursive(A.getElementType());
  }
  case Type::IncompleteArray: {
    const IncompleteArrayType &A = cast<IncompleteArrayType>(Ty);
    assert(A.getIndexTypeCVRQualifiers() == 0 &&
           "FIXME: We only handle trivial array types so far!");
    // int X[] -> [0 x int]
    return llvm::ArrayType::get(ConvertTypeForMemRecursive(A.getElementType()), 0);
  }
  case Type::ConstantArray: {
    const ConstantArrayType &A = cast<ConstantArrayType>(Ty);
    const llvm::Type *EltTy = ConvertTypeForMemRecursive(A.getElementType());
    return llvm::ArrayType::get(EltTy, A.getSize().getZExtValue());
  }
  case Type::ExtVector:
  case Type::Vector: {
    const VectorType &VT = cast<VectorType>(Ty);
    return llvm::VectorType::get(ConvertTypeRecursive(VT.getElementType()),
                                 VT.getNumElements());
  }
  case Type::FunctionNoProto:
  case Type::FunctionProto: {
    // First, check whether we can build the full function type.
    if (const TagType* TT = VerifyFuncTypeComplete(&Ty)) {
      // This function's type depends on an incomplete tag type; make sure
      // we have an opaque type corresponding to the tag type.
      ConvertTagDeclType(TT->getDecl());
      // Create an opaque type for this function type, save it, and return it.
      llvm::Type *ResultType = llvm::OpaqueType::get(getLLVMContext());
      FunctionTypes.insert(std::make_pair(&Ty, ResultType));
      return ResultType;
    }
    // The function type can be built; call the appropriate routines to
    // build it.
    if (const FunctionProtoType *FPT = dyn_cast<FunctionProtoType>(&Ty))
      return GetFunctionType(getFunctionInfo(FPT), FPT->isVariadic());

    const FunctionNoProtoType *FNPT = cast<FunctionNoProtoType>(&Ty);
    return GetFunctionType(getFunctionInfo(FNPT), true);
  }

  case Type::ObjCInterface: {
    // Objective-C interfaces are always opaque (outside of the
    // runtime, which can do whatever it likes); we never refine
    // these.
    const llvm::Type *&T = InterfaceTypes[cast<ObjCInterfaceType>(&Ty)];
    if (!T)
        T = llvm::OpaqueType::get(getLLVMContext());
    return T;
  }

  case Type::ObjCObjectPointer: {
    // Protocol qualifications do not influence the LLVM type, we just return a
    // pointer to the underlying interface type. We don't need to worry about
    // recursive conversion.
    const llvm::Type *T =
      ConvertTypeRecursive(cast<ObjCObjectPointerType>(Ty).getPointeeType());
    return llvm::PointerType::getUnqual(T);
  }

  case Type::Record:
  case Type::Enum: {
    const TagDecl *TD = cast<TagType>(Ty).getDecl();
    const llvm::Type *Res = ConvertTagDeclType(TD);

    std::string TypeName(TD->getKindName());
    TypeName += '.';

    // Name the codegen type after the typedef name
    // if there is no tag type name available
    if (TD->getIdentifier())
      // FIXME: We should not have to check for a null decl context here.
      // Right now we do it because the implicit Obj-C decls don't have one.
      TypeName += TD->getDeclContext() ? TD->getQualifiedNameAsString() :
        TD->getNameAsString();
    else if (const TypedefType *TdT = dyn_cast<TypedefType>(T))
      // FIXME: We should not have to check for a null decl context here.
      // Right now we do it because the implicit Obj-C decls don't have one.
      TypeName += TdT->getDecl()->getDeclContext() ? 
        TdT->getDecl()->getQualifiedNameAsString() :
        TdT->getDecl()->getNameAsString();
    else
      TypeName += "anon";

    TheModule.addTypeName(TypeName, Res);
    return Res;
  }

  case Type::BlockPointer: {
    const QualType FTy = cast<BlockPointerType>(Ty).getPointeeType();
    llvm::OpaqueType *PointeeType = llvm::OpaqueType::get(getLLVMContext());
    PointersToResolve.push_back(std::make_pair(FTy, PointeeType));
    return llvm::PointerType::get(PointeeType, FTy.getAddressSpace());
  }

  case Type::MemberPointer: {
    // FIXME: This is ABI dependent. We use the Itanium C++ ABI.
    // http://www.codesourcery.com/public/cxx-abi/abi.html#member-pointers
    // If we ever want to support other ABIs this needs to be abstracted.

    QualType ETy = cast<MemberPointerType>(Ty).getPointeeType();
    if (ETy->isFunctionType()) {
      return llvm::StructType::get(TheModule.getContext(),
                                   ConvertType(Context.getPointerDiffType()),
                                   ConvertType(Context.getPointerDiffType()),
                                   NULL);
    } else
      return ConvertType(Context.getPointerDiffType());
  }

  case Type::TemplateSpecialization:
    assert(false && "Dependent types can't get here");
  }

  // FIXME: implement.
  return llvm::OpaqueType::get(getLLVMContext());
}

/// ConvertTagDeclType - Lay out a tagged decl type like struct or union or
/// enum.
const llvm::Type *CodeGenTypes::ConvertTagDeclType(const TagDecl *TD) {

  // FIXME. This may have to move to a better place.
  if (const CXXRecordDecl *RD = dyn_cast<CXXRecordDecl>(TD)) {
    for (CXXRecordDecl::base_class_const_iterator i = RD->bases_begin(),
         e = RD->bases_end(); i != e; ++i) {
      if (!i->isVirtual()) {
        const CXXRecordDecl *Base =
          cast<CXXRecordDecl>(i->getType()->getAs<RecordType>()->getDecl());
        ConvertTagDeclType(Base);
      }
    }
  }

  // TagDecl's are not necessarily unique, instead use the (clang)
  // type connected to the decl.
  const Type *Key =
    Context.getTagDeclType(TD).getTypePtr();
  llvm::DenseMap<const Type*, llvm::PATypeHolder>::iterator TDTI =
    TagDeclTypes.find(Key);

  // If we've already compiled this tag type, use the previous definition.
  if (TDTI != TagDeclTypes.end())
    return TDTI->second;

  // If this is still a forward definition, just define an opaque type to use
  // for this tagged decl.
  if (!TD->isDefinition()) {
    llvm::Type *ResultType = llvm::OpaqueType::get(getLLVMContext());
    TagDeclTypes.insert(std::make_pair(Key, ResultType));
    return ResultType;
  }

  // Okay, this is a definition of a type.  Compile the implementation now.

  if (TD->isEnum()) {
    // Don't bother storing enums in TagDeclTypes.
    return ConvertTypeRecursive(cast<EnumDecl>(TD)->getIntegerType());
  }

  // This decl could well be recursive.  In this case, insert an opaque
  // definition of this type, which the recursive uses will get.  We will then
  // refine this opaque version later.

  // Create new OpaqueType now for later use in case this is a recursive
  // type.  This will later be refined to the actual type.
  llvm::PATypeHolder ResultHolder = llvm::OpaqueType::get(getLLVMContext());
  TagDeclTypes.insert(std::make_pair(Key, ResultHolder));

  const llvm::Type *ResultType;
  const RecordDecl *RD = cast<const RecordDecl>(TD);

  // Layout fields.
  CGRecordLayout *Layout =
    CGRecordLayoutBuilder::ComputeLayout(*this, RD);

  CGRecordLayouts[Key] = Layout;
  ResultType = Layout->getLLVMType();

  // Refine our Opaque type to ResultType.  This can invalidate ResultType, so
  // make sure to read the result out of the holder.
  cast<llvm::OpaqueType>(ResultHolder.get())
    ->refineAbstractTypeTo(ResultType);

  return ResultHolder.get();
}

/// getLLVMFieldNo - Return llvm::StructType element number
/// that corresponds to the field FD.
unsigned CodeGenTypes::getLLVMFieldNo(const FieldDecl *FD) {
  assert(!FD->isBitField() && "Don't use getLLVMFieldNo on bit fields!");

  llvm::DenseMap<const FieldDecl*, unsigned>::iterator I = FieldInfo.find(FD);
  assert (I != FieldInfo.end()  && "Unable to find field info");
  return I->second;
}

/// addFieldInfo - Assign field number to field FD.
void CodeGenTypes::addFieldInfo(const FieldDecl *FD, unsigned No) {
  FieldInfo[FD] = No;
}

/// getBitFieldInfo - Return the BitFieldInfo  that corresponds to the field FD.
CodeGenTypes::BitFieldInfo CodeGenTypes::getBitFieldInfo(const FieldDecl *FD) {
  llvm::DenseMap<const FieldDecl *, BitFieldInfo>::iterator
    I = BitFields.find(FD);
  assert (I != BitFields.end()  && "Unable to find bitfield info");
  return I->second;
}

/// addBitFieldInfo - Assign a start bit and a size to field FD.
void CodeGenTypes::addBitFieldInfo(const FieldDecl *FD, unsigned FieldNo,
                                   unsigned Start, unsigned Size) {
  BitFields.insert(std::make_pair(FD, BitFieldInfo(FieldNo, Start, Size)));
}

/// getCGRecordLayout - Return record layout info for the given llvm::Type.
const CGRecordLayout &
CodeGenTypes::getCGRecordLayout(const TagDecl *TD) const {
  const Type *Key =
    Context.getTagDeclType(TD).getTypePtr();
  llvm::DenseMap<const Type*, CGRecordLayout *>::iterator I
    = CGRecordLayouts.find(Key);
  assert (I != CGRecordLayouts.end()
          && "Unable to find record layout information for type");
  return *I->second;
}