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//===- InstructionSimplify.cpp - Fold instruction operands ----------------===//
//
//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
//
// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// This file implements routines for folding instructions into simpler forms
// that do not require creating new instructions.  This does constant folding
// ("add i32 1, 1" -> "2") but can also handle non-constant operands, either
// returning a constant ("and i32 %x, 0" -> "0") or an already existing value
// ("and i32 %x, %x" -> "%x").  All operands are assumed to have already been
// simplified: This is usually true and assuming it simplifies the logic (if
// they have not been simplified then results are correct but maybe suboptimal).
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "llvm/Analysis/InstructionSimplify.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SetVector.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Statistic.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/AliasAnalysis.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/AssumptionCache.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/CaptureTracking.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/CmpInstAnalysis.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/ConstantFolding.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/LoopAnalysisManager.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/MemoryBuiltins.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/ValueTracking.h"
#include "llvm/Analysis/VectorUtils.h"
#include "llvm/IR/ConstantRange.h"
#include "llvm/IR/DataLayout.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Dominators.h"
#include "llvm/IR/GetElementPtrTypeIterator.h"
#include "llvm/IR/GlobalAlias.h"
#include "llvm/IR/Operator.h"
#include "llvm/IR/PatternMatch.h"
#include "llvm/IR/ValueHandle.h"
#include "llvm/Support/KnownBits.h"
#include <algorithm>
using namespace llvm;
using namespace llvm::PatternMatch;

#define DEBUG_TYPE "instsimplify"

enum { RecursionLimit = 3 };

STATISTIC(NumExpand,  "Number of expansions");
STATISTIC(NumReassoc, "Number of reassociations");

static Value *SimplifyAndInst(Value *, Value *, const SimplifyQuery &, unsigned);
static Value *SimplifyBinOp(unsigned, Value *, Value *, const SimplifyQuery &,
                            unsigned);
static Value *SimplifyFPBinOp(unsigned, Value *, Value *, const FastMathFlags &,
                              const SimplifyQuery &, unsigned);
static Value *SimplifyCmpInst(unsigned, Value *, Value *, const SimplifyQuery &,
                              unsigned);
static Value *SimplifyICmpInst(unsigned Predicate, Value *LHS, Value *RHS,
                               const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse);
static Value *SimplifyOrInst(Value *, Value *, const SimplifyQuery &, unsigned);
static Value *SimplifyXorInst(Value *, Value *, const SimplifyQuery &, unsigned);
static Value *SimplifyCastInst(unsigned, Value *, Type *,
                               const SimplifyQuery &, unsigned);
static Value *SimplifyGEPInst(Type *, ArrayRef<Value *>, const SimplifyQuery &,
                              unsigned);

static Value *foldSelectWithBinaryOp(Value *Cond, Value *TrueVal,
                                     Value *FalseVal) {
  BinaryOperator::BinaryOps BinOpCode;
  if (auto *BO = dyn_cast<BinaryOperator>(Cond))
    BinOpCode = BO->getOpcode();
  else
    return nullptr;

  CmpInst::Predicate ExpectedPred, Pred1, Pred2;
  if (BinOpCode == BinaryOperator::Or) {
    ExpectedPred = ICmpInst::ICMP_NE;
  } else if (BinOpCode == BinaryOperator::And) {
    ExpectedPred = ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ;
  } else
    return nullptr;

  // %A = icmp eq %TV, %FV
  // %B = icmp eq %X, %Y (and one of these is a select operand)
  // %C = and %A, %B
  // %D = select %C, %TV, %FV
  // -->
  // %FV

  // %A = icmp ne %TV, %FV
  // %B = icmp ne %X, %Y (and one of these is a select operand)
  // %C = or %A, %B
  // %D = select %C, %TV, %FV
  // -->
  // %TV
  Value *X, *Y;
  if (!match(Cond, m_c_BinOp(m_c_ICmp(Pred1, m_Specific(TrueVal),
                                      m_Specific(FalseVal)),
                             m_ICmp(Pred2, m_Value(X), m_Value(Y)))) ||
      Pred1 != Pred2 || Pred1 != ExpectedPred)
    return nullptr;

  if (X == TrueVal || X == FalseVal || Y == TrueVal || Y == FalseVal)
    return BinOpCode == BinaryOperator::Or ? TrueVal : FalseVal;

  return nullptr;
}

/// For a boolean type or a vector of boolean type, return false or a vector
/// with every element false.
static Constant *getFalse(Type *Ty) {
  return ConstantInt::getFalse(Ty);
}

/// For a boolean type or a vector of boolean type, return true or a vector
/// with every element true.
static Constant *getTrue(Type *Ty) {
  return ConstantInt::getTrue(Ty);
}

/// isSameCompare - Is V equivalent to the comparison "LHS Pred RHS"?
static bool isSameCompare(Value *V, CmpInst::Predicate Pred, Value *LHS,
                          Value *RHS) {
  CmpInst *Cmp = dyn_cast<CmpInst>(V);
  if (!Cmp)
    return false;
  CmpInst::Predicate CPred = Cmp->getPredicate();
  Value *CLHS = Cmp->getOperand(0), *CRHS = Cmp->getOperand(1);
  if (CPred == Pred && CLHS == LHS && CRHS == RHS)
    return true;
  return CPred == CmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(Pred) && CLHS == RHS &&
    CRHS == LHS;
}

/// Does the given value dominate the specified phi node?
static bool valueDominatesPHI(Value *V, PHINode *P, const DominatorTree *DT) {
  Instruction *I = dyn_cast<Instruction>(V);
  if (!I)
    // Arguments and constants dominate all instructions.
    return true;

  // If we are processing instructions (and/or basic blocks) that have not been
  // fully added to a function, the parent nodes may still be null. Simply
  // return the conservative answer in these cases.
  if (!I->getParent() || !P->getParent() || !I->getFunction())
    return false;

  // If we have a DominatorTree then do a precise test.
  if (DT)
    return DT->dominates(I, P);

  // Otherwise, if the instruction is in the entry block and is not an invoke,
  // then it obviously dominates all phi nodes.
  if (I->getParent() == &I->getFunction()->getEntryBlock() &&
      !isa<InvokeInst>(I))
    return true;

  return false;
}

/// Simplify "A op (B op' C)" by distributing op over op', turning it into
/// "(A op B) op' (A op C)".  Here "op" is given by Opcode and "op'" is
/// given by OpcodeToExpand, while "A" corresponds to LHS and "B op' C" to RHS.
/// Also performs the transform "(A op' B) op C" -> "(A op C) op' (B op C)".
/// Returns the simplified value, or null if no simplification was performed.
static Value *ExpandBinOp(Instruction::BinaryOps Opcode, Value *LHS, Value *RHS,
                          Instruction::BinaryOps OpcodeToExpand,
                          const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  // Recursion is always used, so bail out at once if we already hit the limit.
  if (!MaxRecurse--)
    return nullptr;

  // Check whether the expression has the form "(A op' B) op C".
  if (BinaryOperator *Op0 = dyn_cast<BinaryOperator>(LHS))
    if (Op0->getOpcode() == OpcodeToExpand) {
      // It does!  Try turning it into "(A op C) op' (B op C)".
      Value *A = Op0->getOperand(0), *B = Op0->getOperand(1), *C = RHS;
      // Do "A op C" and "B op C" both simplify?
      if (Value *L = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, A, C, Q, MaxRecurse))
        if (Value *R = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, B, C, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
          // They do! Return "L op' R" if it simplifies or is already available.
          // If "L op' R" equals "A op' B" then "L op' R" is just the LHS.
          if ((L == A && R == B) || (Instruction::isCommutative(OpcodeToExpand)
                                     && L == B && R == A)) {
            ++NumExpand;
            return LHS;
          }
          // Otherwise return "L op' R" if it simplifies.
          if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(OpcodeToExpand, L, R, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
            ++NumExpand;
            return V;
          }
        }
    }

  // Check whether the expression has the form "A op (B op' C)".
  if (BinaryOperator *Op1 = dyn_cast<BinaryOperator>(RHS))
    if (Op1->getOpcode() == OpcodeToExpand) {
      // It does!  Try turning it into "(A op B) op' (A op C)".
      Value *A = LHS, *B = Op1->getOperand(0), *C = Op1->getOperand(1);
      // Do "A op B" and "A op C" both simplify?
      if (Value *L = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, A, B, Q, MaxRecurse))
        if (Value *R = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, A, C, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
          // They do! Return "L op' R" if it simplifies or is already available.
          // If "L op' R" equals "B op' C" then "L op' R" is just the RHS.
          if ((L == B && R == C) || (Instruction::isCommutative(OpcodeToExpand)
                                     && L == C && R == B)) {
            ++NumExpand;
            return RHS;
          }
          // Otherwise return "L op' R" if it simplifies.
          if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(OpcodeToExpand, L, R, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
            ++NumExpand;
            return V;
          }
        }
    }

  return nullptr;
}

/// Generic simplifications for associative binary operations.
/// Returns the simpler value, or null if none was found.
static Value *SimplifyAssociativeBinOp(Instruction::BinaryOps Opcode,
                                       Value *LHS, Value *RHS,
                                       const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                       unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  assert(Instruction::isAssociative(Opcode) && "Not an associative operation!");

  // Recursion is always used, so bail out at once if we already hit the limit.
  if (!MaxRecurse--)
    return nullptr;

  BinaryOperator *Op0 = dyn_cast<BinaryOperator>(LHS);
  BinaryOperator *Op1 = dyn_cast<BinaryOperator>(RHS);

  // Transform: "(A op B) op C" ==> "A op (B op C)" if it simplifies completely.
  if (Op0 && Op0->getOpcode() == Opcode) {
    Value *A = Op0->getOperand(0);
    Value *B = Op0->getOperand(1);
    Value *C = RHS;

    // Does "B op C" simplify?
    if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, B, C, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
      // It does!  Return "A op V" if it simplifies or is already available.
      // If V equals B then "A op V" is just the LHS.
      if (V == B) return LHS;
      // Otherwise return "A op V" if it simplifies.
      if (Value *W = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, A, V, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
        ++NumReassoc;
        return W;
      }
    }
  }

  // Transform: "A op (B op C)" ==> "(A op B) op C" if it simplifies completely.
  if (Op1 && Op1->getOpcode() == Opcode) {
    Value *A = LHS;
    Value *B = Op1->getOperand(0);
    Value *C = Op1->getOperand(1);

    // Does "A op B" simplify?
    if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, A, B, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
      // It does!  Return "V op C" if it simplifies or is already available.
      // If V equals B then "V op C" is just the RHS.
      if (V == B) return RHS;
      // Otherwise return "V op C" if it simplifies.
      if (Value *W = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, V, C, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
        ++NumReassoc;
        return W;
      }
    }
  }

  // The remaining transforms require commutativity as well as associativity.
  if (!Instruction::isCommutative(Opcode))
    return nullptr;

  // Transform: "(A op B) op C" ==> "(C op A) op B" if it simplifies completely.
  if (Op0 && Op0->getOpcode() == Opcode) {
    Value *A = Op0->getOperand(0);
    Value *B = Op0->getOperand(1);
    Value *C = RHS;

    // Does "C op A" simplify?
    if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, C, A, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
      // It does!  Return "V op B" if it simplifies or is already available.
      // If V equals A then "V op B" is just the LHS.
      if (V == A) return LHS;
      // Otherwise return "V op B" if it simplifies.
      if (Value *W = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, V, B, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
        ++NumReassoc;
        return W;
      }
    }
  }

  // Transform: "A op (B op C)" ==> "B op (C op A)" if it simplifies completely.
  if (Op1 && Op1->getOpcode() == Opcode) {
    Value *A = LHS;
    Value *B = Op1->getOperand(0);
    Value *C = Op1->getOperand(1);

    // Does "C op A" simplify?
    if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, C, A, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
      // It does!  Return "B op V" if it simplifies or is already available.
      // If V equals C then "B op V" is just the RHS.
      if (V == C) return RHS;
      // Otherwise return "B op V" if it simplifies.
      if (Value *W = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, B, V, Q, MaxRecurse)) {
        ++NumReassoc;
        return W;
      }
    }
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/// In the case of a binary operation with a select instruction as an operand,
/// try to simplify the binop by seeing whether evaluating it on both branches
/// of the select results in the same value. Returns the common value if so,
/// otherwise returns null.
static Value *ThreadBinOpOverSelect(Instruction::BinaryOps Opcode, Value *LHS,
                                    Value *RHS, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                    unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  // Recursion is always used, so bail out at once if we already hit the limit.
  if (!MaxRecurse--)
    return nullptr;

  SelectInst *SI;
  if (isa<SelectInst>(LHS)) {
    SI = cast<SelectInst>(LHS);
  } else {
    assert(isa<SelectInst>(RHS) && "No select instruction operand!");
    SI = cast<SelectInst>(RHS);
  }

  // Evaluate the BinOp on the true and false branches of the select.
  Value *TV;
  Value *FV;
  if (SI == LHS) {
    TV = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, SI->getTrueValue(), RHS, Q, MaxRecurse);
    FV = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, SI->getFalseValue(), RHS, Q, MaxRecurse);
  } else {
    TV = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, LHS, SI->getTrueValue(), Q, MaxRecurse);
    FV = SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, LHS, SI->getFalseValue(), Q, MaxRecurse);
  }

  // If they simplified to the same value, then return the common value.
  // If they both failed to simplify then return null.
  if (TV == FV)
    return TV;

  // If one branch simplified to undef, return the other one.
  if (TV && isa<UndefValue>(TV))
    return FV;
  if (FV && isa<UndefValue>(FV))
    return TV;

  // If applying the operation did not change the true and false select values,
  // then the result of the binop is the select itself.
  if (TV == SI->getTrueValue() && FV == SI->getFalseValue())
    return SI;

  // If one branch simplified and the other did not, and the simplified
  // value is equal to the unsimplified one, return the simplified value.
  // For example, select (cond, X, X & Z) & Z -> X & Z.
  if ((FV && !TV) || (TV && !FV)) {
    // Check that the simplified value has the form "X op Y" where "op" is the
    // same as the original operation.
    Instruction *Simplified = dyn_cast<Instruction>(FV ? FV : TV);
    if (Simplified && Simplified->getOpcode() == unsigned(Opcode)) {
      // The value that didn't simplify is "UnsimplifiedLHS op UnsimplifiedRHS".
      // We already know that "op" is the same as for the simplified value.  See
      // if the operands match too.  If so, return the simplified value.
      Value *UnsimplifiedBranch = FV ? SI->getTrueValue() : SI->getFalseValue();
      Value *UnsimplifiedLHS = SI == LHS ? UnsimplifiedBranch : LHS;
      Value *UnsimplifiedRHS = SI == LHS ? RHS : UnsimplifiedBranch;
      if (Simplified->getOperand(0) == UnsimplifiedLHS &&
          Simplified->getOperand(1) == UnsimplifiedRHS)
        return Simplified;
      if (Simplified->isCommutative() &&
          Simplified->getOperand(1) == UnsimplifiedLHS &&
          Simplified->getOperand(0) == UnsimplifiedRHS)
        return Simplified;
    }
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/// In the case of a comparison with a select instruction, try to simplify the
/// comparison by seeing whether both branches of the select result in the same
/// value. Returns the common value if so, otherwise returns null.
static Value *ThreadCmpOverSelect(CmpInst::Predicate Pred, Value *LHS,
                                  Value *RHS, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                  unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  // Recursion is always used, so bail out at once if we already hit the limit.
  if (!MaxRecurse--)
    return nullptr;

  // Make sure the select is on the LHS.
  if (!isa<SelectInst>(LHS)) {
    std::swap(LHS, RHS);
    Pred = CmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(Pred);
  }
  assert(isa<SelectInst>(LHS) && "Not comparing with a select instruction!");
  SelectInst *SI = cast<SelectInst>(LHS);
  Value *Cond = SI->getCondition();
  Value *TV = SI->getTrueValue();
  Value *FV = SI->getFalseValue();

  // Now that we have "cmp select(Cond, TV, FV), RHS", analyse it.
  // Does "cmp TV, RHS" simplify?
  Value *TCmp = SimplifyCmpInst(Pred, TV, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse);
  if (TCmp == Cond) {
    // It not only simplified, it simplified to the select condition.  Replace
    // it with 'true'.
    TCmp = getTrue(Cond->getType());
  } else if (!TCmp) {
    // It didn't simplify.  However if "cmp TV, RHS" is equal to the select
    // condition then we can replace it with 'true'.  Otherwise give up.
    if (!isSameCompare(Cond, Pred, TV, RHS))
      return nullptr;
    TCmp = getTrue(Cond->getType());
  }

  // Does "cmp FV, RHS" simplify?
  Value *FCmp = SimplifyCmpInst(Pred, FV, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse);
  if (FCmp == Cond) {
    // It not only simplified, it simplified to the select condition.  Replace
    // it with 'false'.
    FCmp = getFalse(Cond->getType());
  } else if (!FCmp) {
    // It didn't simplify.  However if "cmp FV, RHS" is equal to the select
    // condition then we can replace it with 'false'.  Otherwise give up.
    if (!isSameCompare(Cond, Pred, FV, RHS))
      return nullptr;
    FCmp = getFalse(Cond->getType());
  }

  // If both sides simplified to the same value, then use it as the result of
  // the original comparison.
  if (TCmp == FCmp)
    return TCmp;

  // The remaining cases only make sense if the select condition has the same
  // type as the result of the comparison, so bail out if this is not so.
  if (Cond->getType()->isVectorTy() != RHS->getType()->isVectorTy())
    return nullptr;
  // If the false value simplified to false, then the result of the compare
  // is equal to "Cond && TCmp".  This also catches the case when the false
  // value simplified to false and the true value to true, returning "Cond".
  if (match(FCmp, m_Zero()))
    if (Value *V = SimplifyAndInst(Cond, TCmp, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;
  // If the true value simplified to true, then the result of the compare
  // is equal to "Cond || FCmp".
  if (match(TCmp, m_One()))
    if (Value *V = SimplifyOrInst(Cond, FCmp, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;
  // Finally, if the false value simplified to true and the true value to
  // false, then the result of the compare is equal to "!Cond".
  if (match(FCmp, m_One()) && match(TCmp, m_Zero()))
    if (Value *V =
        SimplifyXorInst(Cond, Constant::getAllOnesValue(Cond->getType()),
                        Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  return nullptr;
}

/// In the case of a binary operation with an operand that is a PHI instruction,
/// try to simplify the binop by seeing whether evaluating it on the incoming
/// phi values yields the same result for every value. If so returns the common
/// value, otherwise returns null.
static Value *ThreadBinOpOverPHI(Instruction::BinaryOps Opcode, Value *LHS,
                                 Value *RHS, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                 unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  // Recursion is always used, so bail out at once if we already hit the limit.
  if (!MaxRecurse--)
    return nullptr;

  PHINode *PI;
  if (isa<PHINode>(LHS)) {
    PI = cast<PHINode>(LHS);
    // Bail out if RHS and the phi may be mutually interdependent due to a loop.
    if (!valueDominatesPHI(RHS, PI, Q.DT))
      return nullptr;
  } else {
    assert(isa<PHINode>(RHS) && "No PHI instruction operand!");
    PI = cast<PHINode>(RHS);
    // Bail out if LHS and the phi may be mutually interdependent due to a loop.
    if (!valueDominatesPHI(LHS, PI, Q.DT))
      return nullptr;
  }

  // Evaluate the BinOp on the incoming phi values.
  Value *CommonValue = nullptr;
  for (Value *Incoming : PI->incoming_values()) {
    // If the incoming value is the phi node itself, it can safely be skipped.
    if (Incoming == PI) continue;
    Value *V = PI == LHS ?
      SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, Incoming, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse) :
      SimplifyBinOp(Opcode, LHS, Incoming, Q, MaxRecurse);
    // If the operation failed to simplify, or simplified to a different value
    // to previously, then give up.
    if (!V || (CommonValue && V != CommonValue))
      return nullptr;
    CommonValue = V;
  }

  return CommonValue;
}

/// In the case of a comparison with a PHI instruction, try to simplify the
/// comparison by seeing whether comparing with all of the incoming phi values
/// yields the same result every time. If so returns the common result,
/// otherwise returns null.
static Value *ThreadCmpOverPHI(CmpInst::Predicate Pred, Value *LHS, Value *RHS,
                               const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  // Recursion is always used, so bail out at once if we already hit the limit.
  if (!MaxRecurse--)
    return nullptr;

  // Make sure the phi is on the LHS.
  if (!isa<PHINode>(LHS)) {
    std::swap(LHS, RHS);
    Pred = CmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(Pred);
  }
  assert(isa<PHINode>(LHS) && "Not comparing with a phi instruction!");
  PHINode *PI = cast<PHINode>(LHS);

  // Bail out if RHS and the phi may be mutually interdependent due to a loop.
  if (!valueDominatesPHI(RHS, PI, Q.DT))
    return nullptr;

  // Evaluate the BinOp on the incoming phi values.
  Value *CommonValue = nullptr;
  for (Value *Incoming : PI->incoming_values()) {
    // If the incoming value is the phi node itself, it can safely be skipped.
    if (Incoming == PI) continue;
    Value *V = SimplifyCmpInst(Pred, Incoming, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse);
    // If the operation failed to simplify, or simplified to a different value
    // to previously, then give up.
    if (!V || (CommonValue && V != CommonValue))
      return nullptr;
    CommonValue = V;
  }

  return CommonValue;
}

static Constant *foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::BinaryOps Opcode,
                                       Value *&Op0, Value *&Op1,
                                       const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  if (auto *CLHS = dyn_cast<Constant>(Op0)) {
    if (auto *CRHS = dyn_cast<Constant>(Op1))
      return ConstantFoldBinaryOpOperands(Opcode, CLHS, CRHS, Q.DL);

    // Canonicalize the constant to the RHS if this is a commutative operation.
    if (Instruction::isCommutative(Opcode))
      std::swap(Op0, Op1);
  }
  return nullptr;
}

/// Given operands for an Add, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyAddInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool IsNSW, bool IsNUW,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::Add, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  // X + undef -> undef
  if (match(Op1, m_Undef()))
    return Op1;

  // X + 0 -> X
  if (match(Op1, m_Zero()))
    return Op0;

  // If two operands are negative, return 0.
  if (isKnownNegation(Op0, Op1))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // X + (Y - X) -> Y
  // (Y - X) + X -> Y
  // Eg: X + -X -> 0
  Value *Y = nullptr;
  if (match(Op1, m_Sub(m_Value(Y), m_Specific(Op0))) ||
      match(Op0, m_Sub(m_Value(Y), m_Specific(Op1))))
    return Y;

  // X + ~X -> -1   since   ~X = -X-1
  Type *Ty = Op0->getType();
  if (match(Op0, m_Not(m_Specific(Op1))) ||
      match(Op1, m_Not(m_Specific(Op0))))
    return Constant::getAllOnesValue(Ty);

  // add nsw/nuw (xor Y, signmask), signmask --> Y
  // The no-wrapping add guarantees that the top bit will be set by the add.
  // Therefore, the xor must be clearing the already set sign bit of Y.
  if ((IsNSW || IsNUW) && match(Op1, m_SignMask()) &&
      match(Op0, m_Xor(m_Value(Y), m_SignMask())))
    return Y;

  // add nuw %x, -1  ->  -1, because %x can only be 0.
  if (IsNUW && match(Op1, m_AllOnes()))
    return Op1; // Which is -1.

  /// i1 add -> xor.
  if (MaxRecurse && Op0->getType()->isIntOrIntVectorTy(1))
    if (Value *V = SimplifyXorInst(Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
      return V;

  // Try some generic simplifications for associative operations.
  if (Value *V = SimplifyAssociativeBinOp(Instruction::Add, Op0, Op1, Q,
                                          MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // Threading Add over selects and phi nodes is pointless, so don't bother.
  // Threading over the select in "A + select(cond, B, C)" means evaluating
  // "A+B" and "A+C" and seeing if they are equal; but they are equal if and
  // only if B and C are equal.  If B and C are equal then (since we assume
  // that operands have already been simplified) "select(cond, B, C)" should
  // have been simplified to the common value of B and C already.  Analysing
  // "A+B" and "A+C" thus gains nothing, but costs compile time.  Similarly
  // for threading over phi nodes.

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyAddInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool IsNSW, bool IsNUW,
                             const SimplifyQuery &Query) {
  return ::SimplifyAddInst(Op0, Op1, IsNSW, IsNUW, Query, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Compute the base pointer and cumulative constant offsets for V.
///
/// This strips all constant offsets off of V, leaving it the base pointer, and
/// accumulates the total constant offset applied in the returned constant. It
/// returns 0 if V is not a pointer, and returns the constant '0' if there are
/// no constant offsets applied.
///
/// This is very similar to GetPointerBaseWithConstantOffset except it doesn't
/// follow non-inbounds geps. This allows it to remain usable for icmp ult/etc.
/// folding.
static Constant *stripAndComputeConstantOffsets(const DataLayout &DL, Value *&V,
                                                bool AllowNonInbounds = false) {
  assert(V->getType()->isPtrOrPtrVectorTy());

  Type *IntPtrTy = DL.getIntPtrType(V->getType())->getScalarType();
  APInt Offset = APInt::getNullValue(IntPtrTy->getIntegerBitWidth());

  // Even though we don't look through PHI nodes, we could be called on an
  // instruction in an unreachable block, which may be on a cycle.
  SmallPtrSet<Value *, 4> Visited;
  Visited.insert(V);
  do {
    if (GEPOperator *GEP = dyn_cast<GEPOperator>(V)) {
      if ((!AllowNonInbounds && !GEP->isInBounds()) ||
          !GEP->accumulateConstantOffset(DL, Offset))
        break;
      V = GEP->getPointerOperand();
    } else if (Operator::getOpcode(V) == Instruction::BitCast) {
      V = cast<Operator>(V)->getOperand(0);
    } else if (GlobalAlias *GA = dyn_cast<GlobalAlias>(V)) {
      if (GA->isInterposable())
        break;
      V = GA->getAliasee();
    } else {
      if (auto CS = CallSite(V))
        if (Value *RV = CS.getReturnedArgOperand()) {
          V = RV;
          continue;
        }
      break;
    }
    assert(V->getType()->isPtrOrPtrVectorTy() && "Unexpected operand type!");
  } while (Visited.insert(V).second);

  Constant *OffsetIntPtr = ConstantInt::get(IntPtrTy, Offset);
  if (V->getType()->isVectorTy())
    return ConstantVector::getSplat(V->getType()->getVectorNumElements(),
                                    OffsetIntPtr);
  return OffsetIntPtr;
}

/// Compute the constant difference between two pointer values.
/// If the difference is not a constant, returns zero.
static Constant *computePointerDifference(const DataLayout &DL, Value *LHS,
                                          Value *RHS) {
  Constant *LHSOffset = stripAndComputeConstantOffsets(DL, LHS);
  Constant *RHSOffset = stripAndComputeConstantOffsets(DL, RHS);

  // If LHS and RHS are not related via constant offsets to the same base
  // value, there is nothing we can do here.
  if (LHS != RHS)
    return nullptr;

  // Otherwise, the difference of LHS - RHS can be computed as:
  //    LHS - RHS
  //  = (LHSOffset + Base) - (RHSOffset + Base)
  //  = LHSOffset - RHSOffset
  return ConstantExpr::getSub(LHSOffset, RHSOffset);
}

/// Given operands for a Sub, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifySubInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool isNSW, bool isNUW,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::Sub, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  // X - undef -> undef
  // undef - X -> undef
  if (match(Op0, m_Undef()) || match(Op1, m_Undef()))
    return UndefValue::get(Op0->getType());

  // X - 0 -> X
  if (match(Op1, m_Zero()))
    return Op0;

  // X - X -> 0
  if (Op0 == Op1)
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // Is this a negation?
  if (match(Op0, m_Zero())) {
    // 0 - X -> 0 if the sub is NUW.
    if (isNUW)
      return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

    KnownBits Known = computeKnownBits(Op1, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
    if (Known.Zero.isMaxSignedValue()) {
      // Op1 is either 0 or the minimum signed value. If the sub is NSW, then
      // Op1 must be 0 because negating the minimum signed value is undefined.
      if (isNSW)
        return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

      // 0 - X -> X if X is 0 or the minimum signed value.
      return Op1;
    }
  }

  // (X + Y) - Z -> X + (Y - Z) or Y + (X - Z) if everything simplifies.
  // For example, (X + Y) - Y -> X; (Y + X) - Y -> X
  Value *X = nullptr, *Y = nullptr, *Z = Op1;
  if (MaxRecurse && match(Op0, m_Add(m_Value(X), m_Value(Y)))) { // (X + Y) - Z
    // See if "V === Y - Z" simplifies.
    if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Sub, Y, Z, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
      // It does!  Now see if "X + V" simplifies.
      if (Value *W = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Add, X, V, Q, MaxRecurse-1)) {
        // It does, we successfully reassociated!
        ++NumReassoc;
        return W;
      }
    // See if "V === X - Z" simplifies.
    if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Sub, X, Z, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
      // It does!  Now see if "Y + V" simplifies.
      if (Value *W = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Add, Y, V, Q, MaxRecurse-1)) {
        // It does, we successfully reassociated!
        ++NumReassoc;
        return W;
      }
  }

  // X - (Y + Z) -> (X - Y) - Z or (X - Z) - Y if everything simplifies.
  // For example, X - (X + 1) -> -1
  X = Op0;
  if (MaxRecurse && match(Op1, m_Add(m_Value(Y), m_Value(Z)))) { // X - (Y + Z)
    // See if "V === X - Y" simplifies.
    if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Sub, X, Y, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
      // It does!  Now see if "V - Z" simplifies.
      if (Value *W = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Sub, V, Z, Q, MaxRecurse-1)) {
        // It does, we successfully reassociated!
        ++NumReassoc;
        return W;
      }
    // See if "V === X - Z" simplifies.
    if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Sub, X, Z, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
      // It does!  Now see if "V - Y" simplifies.
      if (Value *W = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Sub, V, Y, Q, MaxRecurse-1)) {
        // It does, we successfully reassociated!
        ++NumReassoc;
        return W;
      }
  }

  // Z - (X - Y) -> (Z - X) + Y if everything simplifies.
  // For example, X - (X - Y) -> Y.
  Z = Op0;
  if (MaxRecurse && match(Op1, m_Sub(m_Value(X), m_Value(Y)))) // Z - (X - Y)
    // See if "V === Z - X" simplifies.
    if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Sub, Z, X, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
      // It does!  Now see if "V + Y" simplifies.
      if (Value *W = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Add, V, Y, Q, MaxRecurse-1)) {
        // It does, we successfully reassociated!
        ++NumReassoc;
        return W;
      }

  // trunc(X) - trunc(Y) -> trunc(X - Y) if everything simplifies.
  if (MaxRecurse && match(Op0, m_Trunc(m_Value(X))) &&
      match(Op1, m_Trunc(m_Value(Y))))
    if (X->getType() == Y->getType())
      // See if "V === X - Y" simplifies.
      if (Value *V = SimplifyBinOp(Instruction::Sub, X, Y, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
        // It does!  Now see if "trunc V" simplifies.
        if (Value *W = SimplifyCastInst(Instruction::Trunc, V, Op0->getType(),
                                        Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
          // It does, return the simplified "trunc V".
          return W;

  // Variations on GEP(base, I, ...) - GEP(base, i, ...) -> GEP(null, I-i, ...).
  if (match(Op0, m_PtrToInt(m_Value(X))) &&
      match(Op1, m_PtrToInt(m_Value(Y))))
    if (Constant *Result = computePointerDifference(Q.DL, X, Y))
      return ConstantExpr::getIntegerCast(Result, Op0->getType(), true);

  // i1 sub -> xor.
  if (MaxRecurse && Op0->getType()->isIntOrIntVectorTy(1))
    if (Value *V = SimplifyXorInst(Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
      return V;

  // Threading Sub over selects and phi nodes is pointless, so don't bother.
  // Threading over the select in "A - select(cond, B, C)" means evaluating
  // "A-B" and "A-C" and seeing if they are equal; but they are equal if and
  // only if B and C are equal.  If B and C are equal then (since we assume
  // that operands have already been simplified) "select(cond, B, C)" should
  // have been simplified to the common value of B and C already.  Analysing
  // "A-B" and "A-C" thus gains nothing, but costs compile time.  Similarly
  // for threading over phi nodes.

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifySubInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool isNSW, bool isNUW,
                             const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifySubInst(Op0, Op1, isNSW, isNUW, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for a Mul, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyMulInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                              unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::Mul, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  // X * undef -> 0
  // X * 0 -> 0
  if (match(Op1, m_CombineOr(m_Undef(), m_Zero())))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // X * 1 -> X
  if (match(Op1, m_One()))
    return Op0;

  // (X / Y) * Y -> X if the division is exact.
  Value *X = nullptr;
  if (match(Op0, m_Exact(m_IDiv(m_Value(X), m_Specific(Op1)))) || // (X / Y) * Y
      match(Op1, m_Exact(m_IDiv(m_Value(X), m_Specific(Op0)))))   // Y * (X / Y)
    return X;

  // i1 mul -> and.
  if (MaxRecurse && Op0->getType()->isIntOrIntVectorTy(1))
    if (Value *V = SimplifyAndInst(Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
      return V;

  // Try some generic simplifications for associative operations.
  if (Value *V = SimplifyAssociativeBinOp(Instruction::Mul, Op0, Op1, Q,
                                          MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // Mul distributes over Add. Try some generic simplifications based on this.
  if (Value *V = ExpandBinOp(Instruction::Mul, Op0, Op1, Instruction::Add,
                             Q, MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // If the operation is with the result of a select instruction, check whether
  // operating on either branch of the select always yields the same value.
  if (isa<SelectInst>(Op0) || isa<SelectInst>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverSelect(Instruction::Mul, Op0, Op1, Q,
                                         MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // If the operation is with the result of a phi instruction, check whether
  // operating on all incoming values of the phi always yields the same value.
  if (isa<PHINode>(Op0) || isa<PHINode>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverPHI(Instruction::Mul, Op0, Op1, Q,
                                      MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyMulInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyMulInst(Op0, Op1, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Check for common or similar folds of integer division or integer remainder.
/// This applies to all 4 opcodes (sdiv/udiv/srem/urem).
static Value *simplifyDivRem(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool IsDiv) {
  Type *Ty = Op0->getType();

  // X / undef -> undef
  // X % undef -> undef
  if (match(Op1, m_Undef()))
    return Op1;

  // X / 0 -> undef
  // X % 0 -> undef
  // We don't need to preserve faults!
  if (match(Op1, m_Zero()))
    return UndefValue::get(Ty);

  // If any element of a constant divisor vector is zero or undef, the whole op
  // is undef.
  auto *Op1C = dyn_cast<Constant>(Op1);
  if (Op1C && Ty->isVectorTy()) {
    unsigned NumElts = Ty->getVectorNumElements();
    for (unsigned i = 0; i != NumElts; ++i) {
      Constant *Elt = Op1C->getAggregateElement(i);
      if (Elt && (Elt->isNullValue() || isa<UndefValue>(Elt)))
        return UndefValue::get(Ty);
    }
  }

  // undef / X -> 0
  // undef % X -> 0
  if (match(Op0, m_Undef()))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Ty);

  // 0 / X -> 0
  // 0 % X -> 0
  if (match(Op0, m_Zero()))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // X / X -> 1
  // X % X -> 0
  if (Op0 == Op1)
    return IsDiv ? ConstantInt::get(Ty, 1) : Constant::getNullValue(Ty);

  // X / 1 -> X
  // X % 1 -> 0
  // If this is a boolean op (single-bit element type), we can't have
  // division-by-zero or remainder-by-zero, so assume the divisor is 1.
  // Similarly, if we're zero-extending a boolean divisor, then assume it's a 1.
  Value *X;
  if (match(Op1, m_One()) || Ty->isIntOrIntVectorTy(1) ||
      (match(Op1, m_ZExt(m_Value(X))) && X->getType()->isIntOrIntVectorTy(1)))
    return IsDiv ? Op0 : Constant::getNullValue(Ty);

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given a predicate and two operands, return true if the comparison is true.
/// This is a helper for div/rem simplification where we return some other value
/// when we can prove a relationship between the operands.
static bool isICmpTrue(ICmpInst::Predicate Pred, Value *LHS, Value *RHS,
                       const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, LHS, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse);
  Constant *C = dyn_cast_or_null<Constant>(V);
  return (C && C->isAllOnesValue());
}

/// Return true if we can simplify X / Y to 0. Remainder can adapt that answer
/// to simplify X % Y to X.
static bool isDivZero(Value *X, Value *Y, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                      unsigned MaxRecurse, bool IsSigned) {
  // Recursion is always used, so bail out at once if we already hit the limit.
  if (!MaxRecurse--)
    return false;

  if (IsSigned) {
    // |X| / |Y| --> 0
    //
    // We require that 1 operand is a simple constant. That could be extended to
    // 2 variables if we computed the sign bit for each.
    //
    // Make sure that a constant is not the minimum signed value because taking
    // the abs() of that is undefined.
    Type *Ty = X->getType();
    const APInt *C;
    if (match(X, m_APInt(C)) && !C->isMinSignedValue()) {
      // Is the variable divisor magnitude always greater than the constant
      // dividend magnitude?
      // |Y| > |C| --> Y < -abs(C) or Y > abs(C)
      Constant *PosDividendC = ConstantInt::get(Ty, C->abs());
      Constant *NegDividendC = ConstantInt::get(Ty, -C->abs());
      if (isICmpTrue(CmpInst::ICMP_SLT, Y, NegDividendC, Q, MaxRecurse) ||
          isICmpTrue(CmpInst::ICMP_SGT, Y, PosDividendC, Q, MaxRecurse))
        return true;
    }
    if (match(Y, m_APInt(C))) {
      // Special-case: we can't take the abs() of a minimum signed value. If
      // that's the divisor, then all we have to do is prove that the dividend
      // is also not the minimum signed value.
      if (C->isMinSignedValue())
        return isICmpTrue(CmpInst::ICMP_NE, X, Y, Q, MaxRecurse);

      // Is the variable dividend magnitude always less than the constant
      // divisor magnitude?
      // |X| < |C| --> X > -abs(C) and X < abs(C)
      Constant *PosDivisorC = ConstantInt::get(Ty, C->abs());
      Constant *NegDivisorC = ConstantInt::get(Ty, -C->abs());
      if (isICmpTrue(CmpInst::ICMP_SGT, X, NegDivisorC, Q, MaxRecurse) &&
          isICmpTrue(CmpInst::ICMP_SLT, X, PosDivisorC, Q, MaxRecurse))
        return true;
    }
    return false;
  }

  // IsSigned == false.
  // Is the dividend unsigned less than the divisor?
  return isICmpTrue(ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT, X, Y, Q, MaxRecurse);
}

/// These are simplifications common to SDiv and UDiv.
static Value *simplifyDiv(Instruction::BinaryOps Opcode, Value *Op0, Value *Op1,
                          const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Opcode, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  if (Value *V = simplifyDivRem(Op0, Op1, true))
    return V;

  bool IsSigned = Opcode == Instruction::SDiv;

  // (X * Y) / Y -> X if the multiplication does not overflow.
  Value *X;
  if (match(Op0, m_c_Mul(m_Value(X), m_Specific(Op1)))) {
    auto *Mul = cast<OverflowingBinaryOperator>(Op0);
    // If the Mul does not overflow, then we are good to go.
    if ((IsSigned && Mul->hasNoSignedWrap()) ||
        (!IsSigned && Mul->hasNoUnsignedWrap()))
      return X;
    // If X has the form X = A / Y, then X * Y cannot overflow.
    if ((IsSigned && match(X, m_SDiv(m_Value(), m_Specific(Op1)))) ||
        (!IsSigned && match(X, m_UDiv(m_Value(), m_Specific(Op1)))))
      return X;
  }

  // (X rem Y) / Y -> 0
  if ((IsSigned && match(Op0, m_SRem(m_Value(), m_Specific(Op1)))) ||
      (!IsSigned && match(Op0, m_URem(m_Value(), m_Specific(Op1)))))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // (X /u C1) /u C2 -> 0 if C1 * C2 overflow
  ConstantInt *C1, *C2;
  if (!IsSigned && match(Op0, m_UDiv(m_Value(X), m_ConstantInt(C1))) &&
      match(Op1, m_ConstantInt(C2))) {
    bool Overflow;
    (void)C1->getValue().umul_ov(C2->getValue(), Overflow);
    if (Overflow)
      return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());
  }

  // If the operation is with the result of a select instruction, check whether
  // operating on either branch of the select always yields the same value.
  if (isa<SelectInst>(Op0) || isa<SelectInst>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverSelect(Opcode, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // If the operation is with the result of a phi instruction, check whether
  // operating on all incoming values of the phi always yields the same value.
  if (isa<PHINode>(Op0) || isa<PHINode>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverPHI(Opcode, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  if (isDivZero(Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse, IsSigned))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  return nullptr;
}

/// These are simplifications common to SRem and URem.
static Value *simplifyRem(Instruction::BinaryOps Opcode, Value *Op0, Value *Op1,
                          const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Opcode, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  if (Value *V = simplifyDivRem(Op0, Op1, false))
    return V;

  // (X % Y) % Y -> X % Y
  if ((Opcode == Instruction::SRem &&
       match(Op0, m_SRem(m_Value(), m_Specific(Op1)))) ||
      (Opcode == Instruction::URem &&
       match(Op0, m_URem(m_Value(), m_Specific(Op1)))))
    return Op0;

  // (X << Y) % X -> 0
  if ((Opcode == Instruction::SRem &&
       match(Op0, m_NSWShl(m_Specific(Op1), m_Value()))) ||
      (Opcode == Instruction::URem &&
       match(Op0, m_NUWShl(m_Specific(Op1), m_Value()))))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // If the operation is with the result of a select instruction, check whether
  // operating on either branch of the select always yields the same value.
  if (isa<SelectInst>(Op0) || isa<SelectInst>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverSelect(Opcode, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // If the operation is with the result of a phi instruction, check whether
  // operating on all incoming values of the phi always yields the same value.
  if (isa<PHINode>(Op0) || isa<PHINode>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverPHI(Opcode, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // If X / Y == 0, then X % Y == X.
  if (isDivZero(Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse, Opcode == Instruction::SRem))
    return Op0;

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given operands for an SDiv, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifySDivInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                               unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  // If two operands are negated and no signed overflow, return -1.
  if (isKnownNegation(Op0, Op1, /*NeedNSW=*/true))
    return Constant::getAllOnesValue(Op0->getType());

  return simplifyDiv(Instruction::SDiv, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse);
}

Value *llvm::SimplifySDivInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifySDivInst(Op0, Op1, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for a UDiv, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyUDivInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                               unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  return simplifyDiv(Instruction::UDiv, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse);
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyUDivInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyUDivInst(Op0, Op1, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for an SRem, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifySRemInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                               unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  // If the divisor is 0, the result is undefined, so assume the divisor is -1.
  // srem Op0, (sext i1 X) --> srem Op0, -1 --> 0
  Value *X;
  if (match(Op1, m_SExt(m_Value(X))) && X->getType()->isIntOrIntVectorTy(1))
    return ConstantInt::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // If the two operands are negated, return 0.
  if (isKnownNegation(Op0, Op1))
    return ConstantInt::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  return simplifyRem(Instruction::SRem, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse);
}

Value *llvm::SimplifySRemInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifySRemInst(Op0, Op1, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for a URem, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyURemInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                               unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  return simplifyRem(Instruction::URem, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse);
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyURemInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyURemInst(Op0, Op1, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Returns true if a shift by \c Amount always yields undef.
static bool isUndefShift(Value *Amount) {
  Constant *C = dyn_cast<Constant>(Amount);
  if (!C)
    return false;

  // X shift by undef -> undef because it may shift by the bitwidth.
  if (isa<UndefValue>(C))
    return true;

  // Shifting by the bitwidth or more is undefined.
  if (ConstantInt *CI = dyn_cast<ConstantInt>(C))
    if (CI->getValue().getLimitedValue() >=
        CI->getType()->getScalarSizeInBits())
      return true;

  // If all lanes of a vector shift are undefined the whole shift is.
  if (isa<ConstantVector>(C) || isa<ConstantDataVector>(C)) {
    for (unsigned I = 0, E = C->getType()->getVectorNumElements(); I != E; ++I)
      if (!isUndefShift(C->getAggregateElement(I)))
        return false;
    return true;
  }

  return false;
}

/// Given operands for an Shl, LShr or AShr, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyShift(Instruction::BinaryOps Opcode, Value *Op0,
                            Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Opcode, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  // 0 shift by X -> 0
  if (match(Op0, m_Zero()))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // X shift by 0 -> X
  // Shift-by-sign-extended bool must be shift-by-0 because shift-by-all-ones
  // would be poison.
  Value *X;
  if (match(Op1, m_Zero()) ||
      (match(Op1, m_SExt(m_Value(X))) && X->getType()->isIntOrIntVectorTy(1)))
    return Op0;

  // Fold undefined shifts.
  if (isUndefShift(Op1))
    return UndefValue::get(Op0->getType());

  // If the operation is with the result of a select instruction, check whether
  // operating on either branch of the select always yields the same value.
  if (isa<SelectInst>(Op0) || isa<SelectInst>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverSelect(Opcode, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // If the operation is with the result of a phi instruction, check whether
  // operating on all incoming values of the phi always yields the same value.
  if (isa<PHINode>(Op0) || isa<PHINode>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverPHI(Opcode, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // If any bits in the shift amount make that value greater than or equal to
  // the number of bits in the type, the shift is undefined.
  KnownBits Known = computeKnownBits(Op1, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
  if (Known.One.getLimitedValue() >= Known.getBitWidth())
    return UndefValue::get(Op0->getType());

  // If all valid bits in the shift amount are known zero, the first operand is
  // unchanged.
  unsigned NumValidShiftBits = Log2_32_Ceil(Known.getBitWidth());
  if (Known.countMinTrailingZeros() >= NumValidShiftBits)
    return Op0;

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given operands for an Shl, LShr or AShr, see if we can
/// fold the result.  If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyRightShift(Instruction::BinaryOps Opcode, Value *Op0,
                                 Value *Op1, bool isExact, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                 unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Value *V = SimplifyShift(Opcode, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // X >> X -> 0
  if (Op0 == Op1)
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // undef >> X -> 0
  // undef >> X -> undef (if it's exact)
  if (match(Op0, m_Undef()))
    return isExact ? Op0 : Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // The low bit cannot be shifted out of an exact shift if it is set.
  if (isExact) {
    KnownBits Op0Known = computeKnownBits(Op0, Q.DL, /*Depth=*/0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
    if (Op0Known.One[0])
      return Op0;
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given operands for an Shl, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyShlInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool isNSW, bool isNUW,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Value *V = SimplifyShift(Instruction::Shl, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // undef << X -> 0
  // undef << X -> undef if (if it's NSW/NUW)
  if (match(Op0, m_Undef()))
    return isNSW || isNUW ? Op0 : Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // (X >> A) << A -> X
  Value *X;
  if (match(Op0, m_Exact(m_Shr(m_Value(X), m_Specific(Op1)))))
    return X;

  // shl nuw i8 C, %x  ->  C  iff C has sign bit set.
  if (isNUW && match(Op0, m_Negative()))
    return Op0;
  // NOTE: could use computeKnownBits() / LazyValueInfo,
  // but the cost-benefit analysis suggests it isn't worth it.

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyShlInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool isNSW, bool isNUW,
                             const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyShlInst(Op0, Op1, isNSW, isNUW, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for an LShr, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyLShrInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool isExact,
                               const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Value *V = SimplifyRightShift(Instruction::LShr, Op0, Op1, isExact, Q,
                                    MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // (X << A) >> A -> X
  Value *X;
  if (match(Op0, m_NUWShl(m_Value(X), m_Specific(Op1))))
    return X;

  // ((X << A) | Y) >> A -> X  if effective width of Y is not larger than A.
  // We can return X as we do in the above case since OR alters no bits in X.
  // SimplifyDemandedBits in InstCombine can do more general optimization for
  // bit manipulation. This pattern aims to provide opportunities for other
  // optimizers by supporting a simple but common case in InstSimplify.
  Value *Y;
  const APInt *ShRAmt, *ShLAmt;
  if (match(Op1, m_APInt(ShRAmt)) &&
      match(Op0, m_c_Or(m_NUWShl(m_Value(X), m_APInt(ShLAmt)), m_Value(Y))) &&
      *ShRAmt == *ShLAmt) {
    const KnownBits YKnown = computeKnownBits(Y, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
    const unsigned Width = Op0->getType()->getScalarSizeInBits();
    const unsigned EffWidthY = Width - YKnown.countMinLeadingZeros();
    if (EffWidthY <= ShRAmt->getZExtValue())
      return X;
  }

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyLShrInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool isExact,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyLShrInst(Op0, Op1, isExact, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for an AShr, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyAShrInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool isExact,
                               const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Value *V = SimplifyRightShift(Instruction::AShr, Op0, Op1, isExact, Q,
                                    MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // all ones >>a X -> -1
  // Do not return Op0 because it may contain undef elements if it's a vector.
  if (match(Op0, m_AllOnes()))
    return Constant::getAllOnesValue(Op0->getType());

  // (X << A) >> A -> X
  Value *X;
  if (match(Op0, m_NSWShl(m_Value(X), m_Specific(Op1))))
    return X;

  // Arithmetic shifting an all-sign-bit value is a no-op.
  unsigned NumSignBits = ComputeNumSignBits(Op0, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
  if (NumSignBits == Op0->getType()->getScalarSizeInBits())
    return Op0;

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyAShrInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool isExact,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyAShrInst(Op0, Op1, isExact, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Commuted variants are assumed to be handled by calling this function again
/// with the parameters swapped.
static Value *simplifyUnsignedRangeCheck(ICmpInst *ZeroICmp,
                                         ICmpInst *UnsignedICmp, bool IsAnd) {
  Value *X, *Y;

  ICmpInst::Predicate EqPred;
  if (!match(ZeroICmp, m_ICmp(EqPred, m_Value(Y), m_Zero())) ||
      !ICmpInst::isEquality(EqPred))
    return nullptr;

  ICmpInst::Predicate UnsignedPred;
  if (match(UnsignedICmp, m_ICmp(UnsignedPred, m_Value(X), m_Specific(Y))) &&
      ICmpInst::isUnsigned(UnsignedPred))
    ;
  else if (match(UnsignedICmp,
                 m_ICmp(UnsignedPred, m_Specific(Y), m_Value(X))) &&
           ICmpInst::isUnsigned(UnsignedPred))
    UnsignedPred = ICmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(UnsignedPred);
  else
    return nullptr;

  // X < Y && Y != 0  -->  X < Y
  // X < Y || Y != 0  -->  Y != 0
  if (UnsignedPred == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT && EqPred == ICmpInst::ICMP_NE)
    return IsAnd ? UnsignedICmp : ZeroICmp;

  // X >= Y || Y != 0  -->  true
  // X >= Y || Y == 0  -->  X >= Y
  if (UnsignedPred == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE && !IsAnd) {
    if (EqPred == ICmpInst::ICMP_NE)
      return getTrue(UnsignedICmp->getType());
    return UnsignedICmp;
  }

  // X < Y && Y == 0  -->  false
  if (UnsignedPred == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT && EqPred == ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ &&
      IsAnd)
    return getFalse(UnsignedICmp->getType());

  return nullptr;
}

/// Commuted variants are assumed to be handled by calling this function again
/// with the parameters swapped.
static Value *simplifyAndOfICmpsWithSameOperands(ICmpInst *Op0, ICmpInst *Op1) {
  ICmpInst::Predicate Pred0, Pred1;
  Value *A ,*B;
  if (!match(Op0, m_ICmp(Pred0, m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) ||
      !match(Op1, m_ICmp(Pred1, m_Specific(A), m_Specific(B))))
    return nullptr;

  // We have (icmp Pred0, A, B) & (icmp Pred1, A, B).
  // If Op1 is always implied true by Op0, then Op0 is a subset of Op1, and we
  // can eliminate Op1 from this 'and'.
  if (ICmpInst::isImpliedTrueByMatchingCmp(Pred0, Pred1))
    return Op0;

  // Check for any combination of predicates that are guaranteed to be disjoint.
  if ((Pred0 == ICmpInst::getInversePredicate(Pred1)) ||
      (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ && ICmpInst::isFalseWhenEqual(Pred1)) ||
      (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT) ||
      (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT))
    return getFalse(Op0->getType());

  return nullptr;
}

/// Commuted variants are assumed to be handled by calling this function again
/// with the parameters swapped.
static Value *simplifyOrOfICmpsWithSameOperands(ICmpInst *Op0, ICmpInst *Op1) {
  ICmpInst::Predicate Pred0, Pred1;
  Value *A ,*B;
  if (!match(Op0, m_ICmp(Pred0, m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) ||
      !match(Op1, m_ICmp(Pred1, m_Specific(A), m_Specific(B))))
    return nullptr;

  // We have (icmp Pred0, A, B) | (icmp Pred1, A, B).
  // If Op1 is always implied true by Op0, then Op0 is a subset of Op1, and we
  // can eliminate Op0 from this 'or'.
  if (ICmpInst::isImpliedTrueByMatchingCmp(Pred0, Pred1))
    return Op1;

  // Check for any combination of predicates that cover the entire range of
  // possibilities.
  if ((Pred0 == ICmpInst::getInversePredicate(Pred1)) ||
      (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_NE && ICmpInst::isTrueWhenEqual(Pred1)) ||
      (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE) ||
      (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE))
    return getTrue(Op0->getType());

  return nullptr;
}

/// Test if a pair of compares with a shared operand and 2 constants has an
/// empty set intersection, full set union, or if one compare is a superset of
/// the other.
static Value *simplifyAndOrOfICmpsWithConstants(ICmpInst *Cmp0, ICmpInst *Cmp1,
                                                bool IsAnd) {
  // Look for this pattern: {and/or} (icmp X, C0), (icmp X, C1)).
  if (Cmp0->getOperand(0) != Cmp1->getOperand(0))
    return nullptr;

  const APInt *C0, *C1;
  if (!match(Cmp0->getOperand(1), m_APInt(C0)) ||
      !match(Cmp1->getOperand(1), m_APInt(C1)))
    return nullptr;

  auto Range0 = ConstantRange::makeExactICmpRegion(Cmp0->getPredicate(), *C0);
  auto Range1 = ConstantRange::makeExactICmpRegion(Cmp1->getPredicate(), *C1);

  // For and-of-compares, check if the intersection is empty:
  // (icmp X, C0) && (icmp X, C1) --> empty set --> false
  if (IsAnd && Range0.intersectWith(Range1).isEmptySet())
    return getFalse(Cmp0->getType());

  // For or-of-compares, check if the union is full:
  // (icmp X, C0) || (icmp X, C1) --> full set --> true
  if (!IsAnd && Range0.unionWith(Range1).isFullSet())
    return getTrue(Cmp0->getType());

  // Is one range a superset of the other?
  // If this is and-of-compares, take the smaller set:
  // (icmp sgt X, 4) && (icmp sgt X, 42) --> icmp sgt X, 42
  // If this is or-of-compares, take the larger set:
  // (icmp sgt X, 4) || (icmp sgt X, 42) --> icmp sgt X, 4
  if (Range0.contains(Range1))
    return IsAnd ? Cmp1 : Cmp0;
  if (Range1.contains(Range0))
    return IsAnd ? Cmp0 : Cmp1;

  return nullptr;
}

static Value *simplifyAndOrOfICmpsWithZero(ICmpInst *Cmp0, ICmpInst *Cmp1,
                                           bool IsAnd) {
  ICmpInst::Predicate P0 = Cmp0->getPredicate(), P1 = Cmp1->getPredicate();
  if (!match(Cmp0->getOperand(1), m_Zero()) ||
      !match(Cmp1->getOperand(1), m_Zero()) || P0 != P1)
    return nullptr;

  if ((IsAnd && P0 != ICmpInst::ICMP_NE) || (!IsAnd && P1 != ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ))
    return nullptr;

  // We have either "(X == 0 || Y == 0)" or "(X != 0 && Y != 0)".
  Value *X = Cmp0->getOperand(0);
  Value *Y = Cmp1->getOperand(0);

  // If one of the compares is a masked version of a (not) null check, then
  // that compare implies the other, so we eliminate the other. Optionally, look
  // through a pointer-to-int cast to match a null check of a pointer type.

  // (X == 0) || (([ptrtoint] X & ?) == 0) --> ([ptrtoint] X & ?) == 0
  // (X == 0) || ((? & [ptrtoint] X) == 0) --> (? & [ptrtoint] X) == 0
  // (X != 0) && (([ptrtoint] X & ?) != 0) --> ([ptrtoint] X & ?) != 0
  // (X != 0) && ((? & [ptrtoint] X) != 0) --> (? & [ptrtoint] X) != 0
  if (match(Y, m_c_And(m_Specific(X), m_Value())) ||
      match(Y, m_c_And(m_PtrToInt(m_Specific(X)), m_Value())))
    return Cmp1;

  // (([ptrtoint] Y & ?) == 0) || (Y == 0) --> ([ptrtoint] Y & ?) == 0
  // ((? & [ptrtoint] Y) == 0) || (Y == 0) --> (? & [ptrtoint] Y) == 0
  // (([ptrtoint] Y & ?) != 0) && (Y != 0) --> ([ptrtoint] Y & ?) != 0
  // ((? & [ptrtoint] Y) != 0) && (Y != 0) --> (? & [ptrtoint] Y) != 0
  if (match(X, m_c_And(m_Specific(Y), m_Value())) ||
      match(X, m_c_And(m_PtrToInt(m_Specific(Y)), m_Value())))
    return Cmp0;

  return nullptr;
}

static Value *simplifyAndOfICmpsWithAdd(ICmpInst *Op0, ICmpInst *Op1) {
  // (icmp (add V, C0), C1) & (icmp V, C0)
  ICmpInst::Predicate Pred0, Pred1;
  const APInt *C0, *C1;
  Value *V;
  if (!match(Op0, m_ICmp(Pred0, m_Add(m_Value(V), m_APInt(C0)), m_APInt(C1))))
    return nullptr;

  if (!match(Op1, m_ICmp(Pred1, m_Specific(V), m_Value())))
    return nullptr;

  auto *AddInst = cast<BinaryOperator>(Op0->getOperand(0));
  if (AddInst->getOperand(1) != Op1->getOperand(1))
    return nullptr;

  Type *ITy = Op0->getType();
  bool isNSW = AddInst->hasNoSignedWrap();
  bool isNUW = AddInst->hasNoUnsignedWrap();

  const APInt Delta = *C1 - *C0;
  if (C0->isStrictlyPositive()) {
    if (Delta == 2) {
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT)
        return getFalse(ITy);
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT && isNSW)
        return getFalse(ITy);
    }
    if (Delta == 1) {
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT)
        return getFalse(ITy);
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT && isNSW)
        return getFalse(ITy);
    }
  }
  if (C0->getBoolValue() && isNUW) {
    if (Delta == 2)
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT)
        return getFalse(ITy);
    if (Delta == 1)
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT)
        return getFalse(ITy);
  }

  return nullptr;
}

static Value *simplifyAndOfICmps(ICmpInst *Op0, ICmpInst *Op1) {
  if (Value *X = simplifyUnsignedRangeCheck(Op0, Op1, /*IsAnd=*/true))
    return X;
  if (Value *X = simplifyUnsignedRangeCheck(Op1, Op0, /*IsAnd=*/true))
    return X;

  if (Value *X = simplifyAndOfICmpsWithSameOperands(Op0, Op1))
    return X;
  if (Value *X = simplifyAndOfICmpsWithSameOperands(Op1, Op0))
    return X;

  if (Value *X = simplifyAndOrOfICmpsWithConstants(Op0, Op1, true))
    return X;

  if (Value *X = simplifyAndOrOfICmpsWithZero(Op0, Op1, true))
    return X;

  if (Value *X = simplifyAndOfICmpsWithAdd(Op0, Op1))
    return X;
  if (Value *X = simplifyAndOfICmpsWithAdd(Op1, Op0))
    return X;

  return nullptr;
}

static Value *simplifyOrOfICmpsWithAdd(ICmpInst *Op0, ICmpInst *Op1) {
  // (icmp (add V, C0), C1) | (icmp V, C0)
  ICmpInst::Predicate Pred0, Pred1;
  const APInt *C0, *C1;
  Value *V;
  if (!match(Op0, m_ICmp(Pred0, m_Add(m_Value(V), m_APInt(C0)), m_APInt(C1))))
    return nullptr;

  if (!match(Op1, m_ICmp(Pred1, m_Specific(V), m_Value())))
    return nullptr;

  auto *AddInst = cast<BinaryOperator>(Op0->getOperand(0));
  if (AddInst->getOperand(1) != Op1->getOperand(1))
    return nullptr;

  Type *ITy = Op0->getType();
  bool isNSW = AddInst->hasNoSignedWrap();
  bool isNUW = AddInst->hasNoUnsignedWrap();

  const APInt Delta = *C1 - *C0;
  if (C0->isStrictlyPositive()) {
    if (Delta == 2) {
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE)
        return getTrue(ITy);
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE && isNSW)
        return getTrue(ITy);
    }
    if (Delta == 1) {
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE)
        return getTrue(ITy);
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE && isNSW)
        return getTrue(ITy);
    }
  }
  if (C0->getBoolValue() && isNUW) {
    if (Delta == 2)
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE)
        return getTrue(ITy);
    if (Delta == 1)
      if (Pred0 == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT && Pred1 == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE)
        return getTrue(ITy);
  }

  return nullptr;
}

static Value *simplifyOrOfICmps(ICmpInst *Op0, ICmpInst *Op1) {
  if (Value *X = simplifyUnsignedRangeCheck(Op0, Op1, /*IsAnd=*/false))
    return X;
  if (Value *X = simplifyUnsignedRangeCheck(Op1, Op0, /*IsAnd=*/false))
    return X;

  if (Value *X = simplifyOrOfICmpsWithSameOperands(Op0, Op1))
    return X;
  if (Value *X = simplifyOrOfICmpsWithSameOperands(Op1, Op0))
    return X;

  if (Value *X = simplifyAndOrOfICmpsWithConstants(Op0, Op1, false))
    return X;

  if (Value *X = simplifyAndOrOfICmpsWithZero(Op0, Op1, false))
    return X;

  if (Value *X = simplifyOrOfICmpsWithAdd(Op0, Op1))
    return X;
  if (Value *X = simplifyOrOfICmpsWithAdd(Op1, Op0))
    return X;

  return nullptr;
}

static Value *simplifyAndOrOfFCmps(FCmpInst *LHS, FCmpInst *RHS, bool IsAnd) {
  Value *LHS0 = LHS->getOperand(0), *LHS1 = LHS->getOperand(1);
  Value *RHS0 = RHS->getOperand(0), *RHS1 = RHS->getOperand(1);
  if (LHS0->getType() != RHS0->getType())
    return nullptr;

  FCmpInst::Predicate PredL = LHS->getPredicate(), PredR = RHS->getPredicate();
  if ((PredL == FCmpInst::FCMP_ORD && PredR == FCmpInst::FCMP_ORD && IsAnd) ||
      (PredL == FCmpInst::FCMP_UNO && PredR == FCmpInst::FCMP_UNO && !IsAnd)) {
    // (fcmp ord NNAN, X) & (fcmp ord X, Y) --> fcmp ord X, Y
    // (fcmp ord NNAN, X) & (fcmp ord Y, X) --> fcmp ord Y, X
    // (fcmp ord X, NNAN) & (fcmp ord X, Y) --> fcmp ord X, Y
    // (fcmp ord X, NNAN) & (fcmp ord Y, X) --> fcmp ord Y, X
    // (fcmp uno NNAN, X) | (fcmp uno X, Y) --> fcmp uno X, Y
    // (fcmp uno NNAN, X) | (fcmp uno Y, X) --> fcmp uno Y, X
    // (fcmp uno X, NNAN) | (fcmp uno X, Y) --> fcmp uno X, Y
    // (fcmp uno X, NNAN) | (fcmp uno Y, X) --> fcmp uno Y, X
    if ((isKnownNeverNaN(LHS0) && (LHS1 == RHS0 || LHS1 == RHS1)) ||
        (isKnownNeverNaN(LHS1) && (LHS0 == RHS0 || LHS0 == RHS1)))
      return RHS;

    // (fcmp ord X, Y) & (fcmp ord NNAN, X) --> fcmp ord X, Y
    // (fcmp ord Y, X) & (fcmp ord NNAN, X) --> fcmp ord Y, X
    // (fcmp ord X, Y) & (fcmp ord X, NNAN) --> fcmp ord X, Y
    // (fcmp ord Y, X) & (fcmp ord X, NNAN) --> fcmp ord Y, X
    // (fcmp uno X, Y) | (fcmp uno NNAN, X) --> fcmp uno X, Y
    // (fcmp uno Y, X) | (fcmp uno NNAN, X) --> fcmp uno Y, X
    // (fcmp uno X, Y) | (fcmp uno X, NNAN) --> fcmp uno X, Y
    // (fcmp uno Y, X) | (fcmp uno X, NNAN) --> fcmp uno Y, X
    if ((isKnownNeverNaN(RHS0) && (RHS1 == LHS0 || RHS1 == LHS1)) ||
        (isKnownNeverNaN(RHS1) && (RHS0 == LHS0 || RHS0 == LHS1)))
      return LHS;
  }

  return nullptr;
}

static Value *simplifyAndOrOfCmps(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, bool IsAnd) {
  // Look through casts of the 'and' operands to find compares.
  auto *Cast0 = dyn_cast<CastInst>(Op0);
  auto *Cast1 = dyn_cast<CastInst>(Op1);
  if (Cast0 && Cast1 && Cast0->getOpcode() == Cast1->getOpcode() &&
      Cast0->getSrcTy() == Cast1->getSrcTy()) {
    Op0 = Cast0->getOperand(0);
    Op1 = Cast1->getOperand(0);
  }

  Value *V = nullptr;
  auto *ICmp0 = dyn_cast<ICmpInst>(Op0);
  auto *ICmp1 = dyn_cast<ICmpInst>(Op1);
  if (ICmp0 && ICmp1)
    V = IsAnd ? simplifyAndOfICmps(ICmp0, ICmp1) :
                simplifyOrOfICmps(ICmp0, ICmp1);

  auto *FCmp0 = dyn_cast<FCmpInst>(Op0);
  auto *FCmp1 = dyn_cast<FCmpInst>(Op1);
  if (FCmp0 && FCmp1)
    V = simplifyAndOrOfFCmps(FCmp0, FCmp1, IsAnd);

  if (!V)
    return nullptr;
  if (!Cast0)
    return V;

  // If we looked through casts, we can only handle a constant simplification
  // because we are not allowed to create a cast instruction here.
  if (auto *C = dyn_cast<Constant>(V))
    return ConstantExpr::getCast(Cast0->getOpcode(), C, Cast0->getType());

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given operands for an And, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyAndInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                              unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::And, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  // X & undef -> 0
  if (match(Op1, m_Undef()))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // X & X = X
  if (Op0 == Op1)
    return Op0;

  // X & 0 = 0
  if (match(Op1, m_Zero()))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // X & -1 = X
  if (match(Op1, m_AllOnes()))
    return Op0;

  // A & ~A  =  ~A & A  =  0
  if (match(Op0, m_Not(m_Specific(Op1))) ||
      match(Op1, m_Not(m_Specific(Op0))))
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // (A | ?) & A = A
  if (match(Op0, m_c_Or(m_Specific(Op1), m_Value())))
    return Op1;

  // A & (A | ?) = A
  if (match(Op1, m_c_Or(m_Specific(Op0), m_Value())))
    return Op0;

  // A mask that only clears known zeros of a shifted value is a no-op.
  Value *X;
  const APInt *Mask;
  const APInt *ShAmt;
  if (match(Op1, m_APInt(Mask))) {
    // If all bits in the inverted and shifted mask are clear:
    // and (shl X, ShAmt), Mask --> shl X, ShAmt
    if (match(Op0, m_Shl(m_Value(X), m_APInt(ShAmt))) &&
        (~(*Mask)).lshr(*ShAmt).isNullValue())
      return Op0;

    // If all bits in the inverted and shifted mask are clear:
    // and (lshr X, ShAmt), Mask --> lshr X, ShAmt
    if (match(Op0, m_LShr(m_Value(X), m_APInt(ShAmt))) &&
        (~(*Mask)).shl(*ShAmt).isNullValue())
      return Op0;
  }

  // A & (-A) = A if A is a power of two or zero.
  if (match(Op0, m_Neg(m_Specific(Op1))) ||
      match(Op1, m_Neg(m_Specific(Op0)))) {
    if (isKnownToBeAPowerOfTwo(Op0, Q.DL, /*OrZero*/ true, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI,
                               Q.DT))
      return Op0;
    if (isKnownToBeAPowerOfTwo(Op1, Q.DL, /*OrZero*/ true, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI,
                               Q.DT))
      return Op1;
  }

  if (Value *V = simplifyAndOrOfCmps(Op0, Op1, true))
    return V;

  // Try some generic simplifications for associative operations.
  if (Value *V = SimplifyAssociativeBinOp(Instruction::And, Op0, Op1, Q,
                                          MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // And distributes over Or.  Try some generic simplifications based on this.
  if (Value *V = ExpandBinOp(Instruction::And, Op0, Op1, Instruction::Or,
                             Q, MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // And distributes over Xor.  Try some generic simplifications based on this.
  if (Value *V = ExpandBinOp(Instruction::And, Op0, Op1, Instruction::Xor,
                             Q, MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // If the operation is with the result of a select instruction, check whether
  // operating on either branch of the select always yields the same value.
  if (isa<SelectInst>(Op0) || isa<SelectInst>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverSelect(Instruction::And, Op0, Op1, Q,
                                         MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // If the operation is with the result of a phi instruction, check whether
  // operating on all incoming values of the phi always yields the same value.
  if (isa<PHINode>(Op0) || isa<PHINode>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverPHI(Instruction::And, Op0, Op1, Q,
                                      MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // Assuming the effective width of Y is not larger than A, i.e. all bits
  // from X and Y are disjoint in (X << A) | Y,
  // if the mask of this AND op covers all bits of X or Y, while it covers
  // no bits from the other, we can bypass this AND op. E.g.,
  // ((X << A) | Y) & Mask -> Y,
  //     if Mask = ((1 << effective_width_of(Y)) - 1)
  // ((X << A) | Y) & Mask -> X << A,
  //     if Mask = ((1 << effective_width_of(X)) - 1) << A
  // SimplifyDemandedBits in InstCombine can optimize the general case.
  // This pattern aims to help other passes for a common case.
  Value *Y, *XShifted;
  if (match(Op1, m_APInt(Mask)) &&
      match(Op0, m_c_Or(m_CombineAnd(m_NUWShl(m_Value(X), m_APInt(ShAmt)),
                                     m_Value(XShifted)),
                        m_Value(Y)))) {
    const unsigned ShftCnt = ShAmt->getZExtValue();
    const KnownBits YKnown = computeKnownBits(Y, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
    const unsigned Width = Op0->getType()->getScalarSizeInBits();
    const unsigned EffWidthY = Width - YKnown.countMinLeadingZeros();
    if (EffWidthY <= ShftCnt) {
      const KnownBits XKnown = computeKnownBits(X, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI,
                                                Q.DT);
      const unsigned EffWidthX = Width - XKnown.countMinLeadingZeros();
      const APInt EffBitsY = APInt::getLowBitsSet(Width, EffWidthY);
      const APInt EffBitsX = APInt::getLowBitsSet(Width, EffWidthX) << ShftCnt;
      // If the mask is extracting all bits from X or Y as is, we can skip
      // this AND op.
      if (EffBitsY.isSubsetOf(*Mask) && !EffBitsX.intersects(*Mask))
        return Y;
      if (EffBitsX.isSubsetOf(*Mask) && !EffBitsY.intersects(*Mask))
        return XShifted;
    }
  }

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyAndInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyAndInst(Op0, Op1, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for an Or, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyOrInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                             unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::Or, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  // X | undef -> -1
  // X | -1 = -1
  // Do not return Op1 because it may contain undef elements if it's a vector.
  if (match(Op1, m_Undef()) || match(Op1, m_AllOnes()))
    return Constant::getAllOnesValue(Op0->getType());

  // X | X = X
  // X | 0 = X
  if (Op0 == Op1 || match(Op1, m_Zero()))
    return Op0;

  // A | ~A  =  ~A | A  =  -1
  if (match(Op0, m_Not(m_Specific(Op1))) ||
      match(Op1, m_Not(m_Specific(Op0))))
    return Constant::getAllOnesValue(Op0->getType());

  // (A & ?) | A = A
  if (match(Op0, m_c_And(m_Specific(Op1), m_Value())))
    return Op1;

  // A | (A & ?) = A
  if (match(Op1, m_c_And(m_Specific(Op0), m_Value())))
    return Op0;

  // ~(A & ?) | A = -1
  if (match(Op0, m_Not(m_c_And(m_Specific(Op1), m_Value()))))
    return Constant::getAllOnesValue(Op1->getType());

  // A | ~(A & ?) = -1
  if (match(Op1, m_Not(m_c_And(m_Specific(Op1), m_Value()))))
    return Constant::getAllOnesValue(Op0->getType());

  Value *A, *B;
  // (A & ~B) | (A ^ B) -> (A ^ B)
  // (~B & A) | (A ^ B) -> (A ^ B)
  // (A & ~B) | (B ^ A) -> (B ^ A)
  // (~B & A) | (B ^ A) -> (B ^ A)
  if (match(Op1, m_Xor(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
      (match(Op0, m_c_And(m_Specific(A), m_Not(m_Specific(B)))) ||
       match(Op0, m_c_And(m_Not(m_Specific(A)), m_Specific(B)))))
    return Op1;

  // Commute the 'or' operands.
  // (A ^ B) | (A & ~B) -> (A ^ B)
  // (A ^ B) | (~B & A) -> (A ^ B)
  // (B ^ A) | (A & ~B) -> (B ^ A)
  // (B ^ A) | (~B & A) -> (B ^ A)
  if (match(Op0, m_Xor(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
      (match(Op1, m_c_And(m_Specific(A), m_Not(m_Specific(B)))) ||
       match(Op1, m_c_And(m_Not(m_Specific(A)), m_Specific(B)))))
    return Op0;

  // (A & B) | (~A ^ B) -> (~A ^ B)
  // (B & A) | (~A ^ B) -> (~A ^ B)
  // (A & B) | (B ^ ~A) -> (B ^ ~A)
  // (B & A) | (B ^ ~A) -> (B ^ ~A)
  if (match(Op0, m_And(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
      (match(Op1, m_c_Xor(m_Specific(A), m_Not(m_Specific(B)))) ||
       match(Op1, m_c_Xor(m_Not(m_Specific(A)), m_Specific(B)))))
    return Op1;

  // (~A ^ B) | (A & B) -> (~A ^ B)
  // (~A ^ B) | (B & A) -> (~A ^ B)
  // (B ^ ~A) | (A & B) -> (B ^ ~A)
  // (B ^ ~A) | (B & A) -> (B ^ ~A)
  if (match(Op1, m_And(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
      (match(Op0, m_c_Xor(m_Specific(A), m_Not(m_Specific(B)))) ||
       match(Op0, m_c_Xor(m_Not(m_Specific(A)), m_Specific(B)))))
    return Op0;

  if (Value *V = simplifyAndOrOfCmps(Op0, Op1, false))
    return V;

  // Try some generic simplifications for associative operations.
  if (Value *V = SimplifyAssociativeBinOp(Instruction::Or, Op0, Op1, Q,
                                          MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // Or distributes over And.  Try some generic simplifications based on this.
  if (Value *V = ExpandBinOp(Instruction::Or, Op0, Op1, Instruction::And, Q,
                             MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // If the operation is with the result of a select instruction, check whether
  // operating on either branch of the select always yields the same value.
  if (isa<SelectInst>(Op0) || isa<SelectInst>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverSelect(Instruction::Or, Op0, Op1, Q,
                                         MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // (A & C1)|(B & C2)
  const APInt *C1, *C2;
  if (match(Op0, m_And(m_Value(A), m_APInt(C1))) &&
      match(Op1, m_And(m_Value(B), m_APInt(C2)))) {
    if (*C1 == ~*C2) {
      // (A & C1)|(B & C2)
      // If we have: ((V + N) & C1) | (V & C2)
      // .. and C2 = ~C1 and C2 is 0+1+ and (N & C2) == 0
      // replace with V+N.
      Value *N;
      if (C2->isMask() && // C2 == 0+1+
          match(A, m_c_Add(m_Specific(B), m_Value(N)))) {
        // Add commutes, try both ways.
        if (MaskedValueIsZero(N, *C2, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT))
          return A;
      }
      // Or commutes, try both ways.
      if (C1->isMask() &&
          match(B, m_c_Add(m_Specific(A), m_Value(N)))) {
        // Add commutes, try both ways.
        if (MaskedValueIsZero(N, *C1, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT))
          return B;
      }
    }
  }

  // If the operation is with the result of a phi instruction, check whether
  // operating on all incoming values of the phi always yields the same value.
  if (isa<PHINode>(Op0) || isa<PHINode>(Op1))
    if (Value *V = ThreadBinOpOverPHI(Instruction::Or, Op0, Op1, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyOrInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyOrInst(Op0, Op1, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for a Xor, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyXorInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                              unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::Xor, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  // A ^ undef -> undef
  if (match(Op1, m_Undef()))
    return Op1;

  // A ^ 0 = A
  if (match(Op1, m_Zero()))
    return Op0;

  // A ^ A = 0
  if (Op0 == Op1)
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // A ^ ~A  =  ~A ^ A  =  -1
  if (match(Op0, m_Not(m_Specific(Op1))) ||
      match(Op1, m_Not(m_Specific(Op0))))
    return Constant::getAllOnesValue(Op0->getType());

  // Try some generic simplifications for associative operations.
  if (Value *V = SimplifyAssociativeBinOp(Instruction::Xor, Op0, Op1, Q,
                                          MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // Threading Xor over selects and phi nodes is pointless, so don't bother.
  // Threading over the select in "A ^ select(cond, B, C)" means evaluating
  // "A^B" and "A^C" and seeing if they are equal; but they are equal if and
  // only if B and C are equal.  If B and C are equal then (since we assume
  // that operands have already been simplified) "select(cond, B, C)" should
  // have been simplified to the common value of B and C already.  Analysing
  // "A^B" and "A^C" thus gains nothing, but costs compile time.  Similarly
  // for threading over phi nodes.

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyXorInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyXorInst(Op0, Op1, Q, RecursionLimit);
}


static Type *GetCompareTy(Value *Op) {
  return CmpInst::makeCmpResultType(Op->getType());
}

/// Rummage around inside V looking for something equivalent to the comparison
/// "LHS Pred RHS". Return such a value if found, otherwise return null.
/// Helper function for analyzing max/min idioms.
static Value *ExtractEquivalentCondition(Value *V, CmpInst::Predicate Pred,
                                         Value *LHS, Value *RHS) {
  SelectInst *SI = dyn_cast<SelectInst>(V);
  if (!SI)
    return nullptr;
  CmpInst *Cmp = dyn_cast<CmpInst>(SI->getCondition());
  if (!Cmp)
    return nullptr;
  Value *CmpLHS = Cmp->getOperand(0), *CmpRHS = Cmp->getOperand(1);
  if (Pred == Cmp->getPredicate() && LHS == CmpLHS && RHS == CmpRHS)
    return Cmp;
  if (Pred == CmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(Cmp->getPredicate()) &&
      LHS == CmpRHS && RHS == CmpLHS)
    return Cmp;
  return nullptr;
}

// A significant optimization not implemented here is assuming that alloca
// addresses are not equal to incoming argument values. They don't *alias*,
// as we say, but that doesn't mean they aren't equal, so we take a
// conservative approach.
//
// This is inspired in part by C++11 5.10p1:
//   "Two pointers of the same type compare equal if and only if they are both
//    null, both point to the same function, or both represent the same
//    address."
//
// This is pretty permissive.
//
// It's also partly due to C11 6.5.9p6:
//   "Two pointers compare equal if and only if both are null pointers, both are
//    pointers to the same object (including a pointer to an object and a
//    subobject at its beginning) or function, both are pointers to one past the
//    last element of the same array object, or one is a pointer to one past the
//    end of one array object and the other is a pointer to the start of a
//    different array object that happens to immediately follow the first array
//    object in the address space.)
//
// C11's version is more restrictive, however there's no reason why an argument
// couldn't be a one-past-the-end value for a stack object in the caller and be
// equal to the beginning of a stack object in the callee.
//
// If the C and C++ standards are ever made sufficiently restrictive in this
// area, it may be possible to update LLVM's semantics accordingly and reinstate
// this optimization.
static Constant *
computePointerICmp(const DataLayout &DL, const TargetLibraryInfo *TLI,
                   const DominatorTree *DT, CmpInst::Predicate Pred,
                   AssumptionCache *AC, const Instruction *CxtI,
                   Value *LHS, Value *RHS) {
  // First, skip past any trivial no-ops.
  LHS = LHS->stripPointerCasts();
  RHS = RHS->stripPointerCasts();

  // A non-null pointer is not equal to a null pointer.
  if (llvm::isKnownNonZero(LHS, DL) && isa<ConstantPointerNull>(RHS) &&
      (Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_EQ || Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_NE))
    return ConstantInt::get(GetCompareTy(LHS),
                            !CmpInst::isTrueWhenEqual(Pred));

  // We can only fold certain predicates on pointer comparisons.
  switch (Pred) {
  default:
    return nullptr;

    // Equality comaprisons are easy to fold.
  case CmpInst::ICMP_EQ:
  case CmpInst::ICMP_NE:
    break;

    // We can only handle unsigned relational comparisons because 'inbounds' on
    // a GEP only protects against unsigned wrapping.
  case CmpInst::ICMP_UGT:
  case CmpInst::ICMP_UGE:
  case CmpInst::ICMP_ULT:
  case CmpInst::ICMP_ULE:
    // However, we have to switch them to their signed variants to handle
    // negative indices from the base pointer.
    Pred = ICmpInst::getSignedPredicate(Pred);
    break;
  }

  // Strip off any constant offsets so that we can reason about them.
  // It's tempting to use getUnderlyingObject or even just stripInBoundsOffsets
  // here and compare base addresses like AliasAnalysis does, however there are
  // numerous hazards. AliasAnalysis and its utilities rely on special rules
  // governing loads and stores which don't apply to icmps. Also, AliasAnalysis
  // doesn't need to guarantee pointer inequality when it says NoAlias.
  Constant *LHSOffset = stripAndComputeConstantOffsets(DL, LHS);
  Constant *RHSOffset = stripAndComputeConstantOffsets(DL, RHS);

  // If LHS and RHS are related via constant offsets to the same base
  // value, we can replace it with an icmp which just compares the offsets.
  if (LHS == RHS)
    return ConstantExpr::getICmp(Pred, LHSOffset, RHSOffset);

  // Various optimizations for (in)equality comparisons.
  if (Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_EQ || Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_NE) {
    // Different non-empty allocations that exist at the same time have
    // different addresses (if the program can tell). Global variables always
    // exist, so they always exist during the lifetime of each other and all
    // allocas. Two different allocas usually have different addresses...
    //
    // However, if there's an @llvm.stackrestore dynamically in between two
    // allocas, they may have the same address. It's tempting to reduce the
    // scope of the problem by only looking at *static* allocas here. That would
    // cover the majority of allocas while significantly reducing the likelihood
    // of having an @llvm.stackrestore pop up in the middle. However, it's not
    // actually impossible for an @llvm.stackrestore to pop up in the middle of
    // an entry block. Also, if we have a block that's not attached to a
    // function, we can't tell if it's "static" under the current definition.
    // Theoretically, this problem could be fixed by creating a new kind of
    // instruction kind specifically for static allocas. Such a new instruction
    // could be required to be at the top of the entry block, thus preventing it
    // from being subject to a @llvm.stackrestore. Instcombine could even
    // convert regular allocas into these special allocas. It'd be nifty.
    // However, until then, this problem remains open.
    //
    // So, we'll assume that two non-empty allocas have different addresses
    // for now.
    //
    // With all that, if the offsets are within the bounds of their allocations
    // (and not one-past-the-end! so we can't use inbounds!), and their
    // allocations aren't the same, the pointers are not equal.
    //
    // Note that it's not necessary to check for LHS being a global variable
    // address, due to canonicalization and constant folding.
    if (isa<AllocaInst>(LHS) &&
        (isa<AllocaInst>(RHS) || isa<GlobalVariable>(RHS))) {
      ConstantInt *LHSOffsetCI = dyn_cast<ConstantInt>(LHSOffset);
      ConstantInt *RHSOffsetCI = dyn_cast<ConstantInt>(RHSOffset);
      uint64_t LHSSize, RHSSize;
      ObjectSizeOpts Opts;
      Opts.NullIsUnknownSize =
          NullPointerIsDefined(cast<AllocaInst>(LHS)->getFunction());
      if (LHSOffsetCI && RHSOffsetCI &&
          getObjectSize(LHS, LHSSize, DL, TLI, Opts) &&
          getObjectSize(RHS, RHSSize, DL, TLI, Opts)) {
        const APInt &LHSOffsetValue = LHSOffsetCI->getValue();
        const APInt &RHSOffsetValue = RHSOffsetCI->getValue();
        if (!LHSOffsetValue.isNegative() &&
            !RHSOffsetValue.isNegative() &&
            LHSOffsetValue.ult(LHSSize) &&
            RHSOffsetValue.ult(RHSSize)) {
          return ConstantInt::get(GetCompareTy(LHS),
                                  !CmpInst::isTrueWhenEqual(Pred));
        }
      }

      // Repeat the above check but this time without depending on DataLayout
      // or being able to compute a precise size.
      if (!cast<PointerType>(LHS->getType())->isEmptyTy() &&
          !cast<PointerType>(RHS->getType())->isEmptyTy() &&
          LHSOffset->isNullValue() &&
          RHSOffset->isNullValue())
        return ConstantInt::get(GetCompareTy(LHS),
                                !CmpInst::isTrueWhenEqual(Pred));
    }

    // Even if an non-inbounds GEP occurs along the path we can still optimize
    // equality comparisons concerning the result. We avoid walking the whole
    // chain again by starting where the last calls to
    // stripAndComputeConstantOffsets left off and accumulate the offsets.
    Constant *LHSNoBound = stripAndComputeConstantOffsets(DL, LHS, true);
    Constant *RHSNoBound = stripAndComputeConstantOffsets(DL, RHS, true);
    if (LHS == RHS)
      return ConstantExpr::getICmp(Pred,
                                   ConstantExpr::getAdd(LHSOffset, LHSNoBound),
                                   ConstantExpr::getAdd(RHSOffset, RHSNoBound));

    // If one side of the equality comparison must come from a noalias call
    // (meaning a system memory allocation function), and the other side must
    // come from a pointer that cannot overlap with dynamically-allocated
    // memory within the lifetime of the current function (allocas, byval
    // arguments, globals), then determine the comparison result here.
    SmallVector<Value *, 8> LHSUObjs, RHSUObjs;
    GetUnderlyingObjects(LHS, LHSUObjs, DL);
    GetUnderlyingObjects(RHS, RHSUObjs, DL);

    // Is the set of underlying objects all noalias calls?
    auto IsNAC = [](ArrayRef<Value *> Objects) {
      return all_of(Objects, isNoAliasCall);
    };

    // Is the set of underlying objects all things which must be disjoint from
    // noalias calls. For allocas, we consider only static ones (dynamic
    // allocas might be transformed into calls to malloc not simultaneously
    // live with the compared-to allocation). For globals, we exclude symbols
    // that might be resolve lazily to symbols in another dynamically-loaded
    // library (and, thus, could be malloc'ed by the implementation).
    auto IsAllocDisjoint = [](ArrayRef<Value *> Objects) {
      return all_of(Objects, [](Value *V) {
        if (const AllocaInst *AI = dyn_cast<AllocaInst>(V))
          return AI->getParent() && AI->getFunction() && AI->isStaticAlloca();
        if (const GlobalValue *GV = dyn_cast<GlobalValue>(V))
          return (GV->hasLocalLinkage() || GV->hasHiddenVisibility() ||
                  GV->hasProtectedVisibility() || GV->hasGlobalUnnamedAddr()) &&
                 !GV->isThreadLocal();
        if (const Argument *A = dyn_cast<Argument>(V))
          return A->hasByValAttr();
        return false;
      });
    };

    if ((IsNAC(LHSUObjs) && IsAllocDisjoint(RHSUObjs)) ||
        (IsNAC(RHSUObjs) && IsAllocDisjoint(LHSUObjs)))
        return ConstantInt::get(GetCompareTy(LHS),
                                !CmpInst::isTrueWhenEqual(Pred));

    // Fold comparisons for non-escaping pointer even if the allocation call
    // cannot be elided. We cannot fold malloc comparison to null. Also, the
    // dynamic allocation call could be either of the operands.
    Value *MI = nullptr;
    if (isAllocLikeFn(LHS, TLI) &&
        llvm::isKnownNonZero(RHS, DL, 0, nullptr, CxtI, DT))
      MI = LHS;
    else if (isAllocLikeFn(RHS, TLI) &&
             llvm::isKnownNonZero(LHS, DL, 0, nullptr, CxtI, DT))
      MI = RHS;
    // FIXME: We should also fold the compare when the pointer escapes, but the
    // compare dominates the pointer escape
    if (MI && !PointerMayBeCaptured(MI, true, true))
      return ConstantInt::get(GetCompareTy(LHS),
                              CmpInst::isFalseWhenEqual(Pred));
  }

  // Otherwise, fail.
  return nullptr;
}

/// Fold an icmp when its operands have i1 scalar type.
static Value *simplifyICmpOfBools(CmpInst::Predicate Pred, Value *LHS,
                                  Value *RHS, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  Type *ITy = GetCompareTy(LHS); // The return type.
  Type *OpTy = LHS->getType();   // The operand type.
  if (!OpTy->isIntOrIntVectorTy(1))
    return nullptr;

  // A boolean compared to true/false can be simplified in 14 out of the 20
  // (10 predicates * 2 constants) possible combinations. Cases not handled here
  // require a 'not' of the LHS, so those must be transformed in InstCombine.
  if (match(RHS, m_Zero())) {
    switch (Pred) {
    case CmpInst::ICMP_NE:  // X !=  0 -> X
    case CmpInst::ICMP_UGT: // X >u  0 -> X
    case CmpInst::ICMP_SLT: // X <s  0 -> X
      return LHS;

    case CmpInst::ICMP_ULT: // X <u  0 -> false
    case CmpInst::ICMP_SGT: // X >s  0 -> false
      return getFalse(ITy);

    case CmpInst::ICMP_UGE: // X >=u 0 -> true
    case CmpInst::ICMP_SLE: // X <=s 0 -> true
      return getTrue(ITy);

    default: break;
    }
  } else if (match(RHS, m_One())) {
    switch (Pred) {
    case CmpInst::ICMP_EQ:  // X ==   1 -> X
    case CmpInst::ICMP_UGE: // X >=u  1 -> X
    case CmpInst::ICMP_SLE: // X <=s -1 -> X
      return LHS;

    case CmpInst::ICMP_UGT: // X >u   1 -> false
    case CmpInst::ICMP_SLT: // X <s  -1 -> false
      return getFalse(ITy);

    case CmpInst::ICMP_ULE: // X <=u  1 -> true
    case CmpInst::ICMP_SGE: // X >=s -1 -> true
      return getTrue(ITy);

    default: break;
    }
  }

  switch (Pred) {
  default:
    break;
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE:
    if (isImpliedCondition(RHS, LHS, Q.DL).getValueOr(false))
      return getTrue(ITy);
    break;
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE:
    /// For signed comparison, the values for an i1 are 0 and -1
    /// respectively. This maps into a truth table of:
    /// LHS | RHS | LHS >=s RHS   | LHS implies RHS
    ///  0  |  0  |  1 (0 >= 0)   |  1
    ///  0  |  1  |  1 (0 >= -1)  |  1
    ///  1  |  0  |  0 (-1 >= 0)  |  0
    ///  1  |  1  |  1 (-1 >= -1) |  1
    if (isImpliedCondition(LHS, RHS, Q.DL).getValueOr(false))
      return getTrue(ITy);
    break;
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE:
    if (isImpliedCondition(LHS, RHS, Q.DL).getValueOr(false))
      return getTrue(ITy);
    break;
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/// Try hard to fold icmp with zero RHS because this is a common case.
static Value *simplifyICmpWithZero(CmpInst::Predicate Pred, Value *LHS,
                                   Value *RHS, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  if (!match(RHS, m_Zero()))
    return nullptr;

  Type *ITy = GetCompareTy(LHS); // The return type.
  switch (Pred) {
  default:
    llvm_unreachable("Unknown ICmp predicate!");
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT:
    return getFalse(ITy);
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE:
    return getTrue(ITy);
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ:
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE:
    if (isKnownNonZero(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT))
      return getFalse(ITy);
    break;
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_NE:
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT:
    if (isKnownNonZero(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT))
      return getTrue(ITy);
    break;
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT: {
    KnownBits LHSKnown = computeKnownBits(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
    if (LHSKnown.isNegative())
      return getTrue(ITy);
    if (LHSKnown.isNonNegative())
      return getFalse(ITy);
    break;
  }
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE: {
    KnownBits LHSKnown = computeKnownBits(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
    if (LHSKnown.isNegative())
      return getTrue(ITy);
    if (LHSKnown.isNonNegative() &&
        isKnownNonZero(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT))
      return getFalse(ITy);
    break;
  }
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE: {
    KnownBits LHSKnown = computeKnownBits(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
    if (LHSKnown.isNegative())
      return getFalse(ITy);
    if (LHSKnown.isNonNegative())
      return getTrue(ITy);
    break;
  }
  case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT: {
    KnownBits LHSKnown = computeKnownBits(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
    if (LHSKnown.isNegative())
      return getFalse(ITy);
    if (LHSKnown.isNonNegative() &&
        isKnownNonZero(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT))
      return getTrue(ITy);
    break;
  }
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/// Many binary operators with a constant operand have an easy-to-compute
/// range of outputs. This can be used to fold a comparison to always true or
/// always false.
static void setLimitsForBinOp(BinaryOperator &BO, APInt &Lower, APInt &Upper) {
  unsigned Width = Lower.getBitWidth();
  const APInt *C;
  switch (BO.getOpcode()) {
  case Instruction::Add:
    if (match(BO.getOperand(1), m_APInt(C)) && !C->isNullValue()) {
      // FIXME: If we have both nuw and nsw, we should reduce the range further.
      if (BO.hasNoUnsignedWrap()) {
        // 'add nuw x, C' produces [C, UINT_MAX].
        Lower = *C;
      } else if (BO.hasNoSignedWrap()) {
        if (C->isNegative()) {
          // 'add nsw x, -C' produces [SINT_MIN, SINT_MAX - C].
          Lower = APInt::getSignedMinValue(Width);
          Upper = APInt::getSignedMaxValue(Width) + *C + 1;
        } else {
          // 'add nsw x, +C' produces [SINT_MIN + C, SINT_MAX].
          Lower = APInt::getSignedMinValue(Width) + *C;
          Upper = APInt::getSignedMaxValue(Width) + 1;
        }
      }
    }
    break;

  case Instruction::And:
    if (match(BO.getOperand(1), m_APInt(C)))
      // 'and x, C' produces [0, C].
      Upper = *C + 1;
    break;

  case Instruction::Or:
    if (match(BO.getOperand(1), m_APInt(C)))
      // 'or x, C' produces [C, UINT_MAX].
      Lower = *C;
    break;

  case Instruction::AShr:
    if (match(BO.getOperand(1), m_APInt(C)) && C->ult(Width)) {
      // 'ashr x, C' produces [INT_MIN >> C, INT_MAX >> C].
      Lower = APInt::getSignedMinValue(Width).ashr(*C);
      Upper = APInt::getSignedMaxValue(Width).ashr(*C) + 1;
    } else if (match(BO.getOperand(0), m_APInt(C))) {
      unsigned ShiftAmount = Width - 1;
      if (!C->isNullValue() && BO.isExact())
        ShiftAmount = C->countTrailingZeros();
      if (C->isNegative()) {
        // 'ashr C, x' produces [C, C >> (Width-1)]
        Lower = *C;
        Upper = C->ashr(ShiftAmount) + 1;
      } else {
        // 'ashr C, x' produces [C >> (Width-1), C]
        Lower = C->ashr(ShiftAmount);
        Upper = *C + 1;
      }
    }
    break;

  case Instruction::LShr:
    if (match(BO.getOperand(1), m_APInt(C)) && C->ult(Width)) {
      // 'lshr x, C' produces [0, UINT_MAX >> C].
      Upper = APInt::getAllOnesValue(Width).lshr(*C) + 1;
    } else if (match(BO.getOperand(0), m_APInt(C))) {
      // 'lshr C, x' produces [C >> (Width-1), C].
      unsigned ShiftAmount = Width - 1;
      if (!C->isNullValue() && BO.isExact())
        ShiftAmount = C->countTrailingZeros();
      Lower = C->lshr(ShiftAmount);
      Upper = *C + 1;
    }
    break;

  case Instruction::Shl:
    if (match(BO.getOperand(0), m_APInt(C))) {
      if (BO.hasNoUnsignedWrap()) {
        // 'shl nuw C, x' produces [C, C << CLZ(C)]
        Lower = *C;
        Upper = Lower.shl(Lower.countLeadingZeros()) + 1;
      } else if (BO.hasNoSignedWrap()) { // TODO: What if both nuw+nsw?
        if (C->isNegative()) {
          // 'shl nsw C, x' produces [C << CLO(C)-1, C]
          unsigned ShiftAmount = C->countLeadingOnes() - 1;
          Lower = C->shl(ShiftAmount);
          Upper = *C + 1;
        } else {
          // 'shl nsw C, x' produces [C, C << CLZ(C)-1]
          unsigned ShiftAmount = C->countLeadingZeros() - 1;
          Lower = *C;
          Upper = C->shl(ShiftAmount) + 1;
        }
      }
    }
    break;

  case Instruction::SDiv:
    if (match(BO.getOperand(1), m_APInt(C))) {
      APInt IntMin = APInt::getSignedMinValue(Width);
      APInt IntMax = APInt::getSignedMaxValue(Width);
      if (C->isAllOnesValue()) {
        // 'sdiv x, -1' produces [INT_MIN + 1, INT_MAX]
        //    where C != -1 and C != 0 and C != 1
        Lower = IntMin + 1;
        Upper = IntMax + 1;
      } else if (C->countLeadingZeros() < Width - 1) {
        // 'sdiv x, C' produces [INT_MIN / C, INT_MAX / C]
        //    where C != -1 and C != 0 and C != 1
        Lower = IntMin.sdiv(*C);
        Upper = IntMax.sdiv(*C);
        if (Lower.sgt(Upper))
          std::swap(Lower, Upper);
        Upper = Upper + 1;
        assert(Upper != Lower && "Upper part of range has wrapped!");
      }
    } else if (match(BO.getOperand(0), m_APInt(C))) {
      if (C->isMinSignedValue()) {
        // 'sdiv INT_MIN, x' produces [INT_MIN, INT_MIN / -2].
        Lower = *C;
        Upper = Lower.lshr(1) + 1;
      } else {
        // 'sdiv C, x' produces [-|C|, |C|].
        Upper = C->abs() + 1;
        Lower = (-Upper) + 1;
      }
    }
    break;

  case Instruction::UDiv:
    if (match(BO.getOperand(1), m_APInt(C)) && !C->isNullValue()) {
      // 'udiv x, C' produces [0, UINT_MAX / C].
      Upper = APInt::getMaxValue(Width).udiv(*C) + 1;
    } else if (match(BO.getOperand(0), m_APInt(C))) {
      // 'udiv C, x' produces [0, C].
      Upper = *C + 1;
    }
    break;

  case Instruction::SRem:
    if (match(BO.getOperand(1), m_APInt(C))) {
      // 'srem x, C' produces (-|C|, |C|).
      Upper = C->abs();
      Lower = (-Upper) + 1;
    }
    break;

  case Instruction::URem:
    if (match(BO.getOperand(1), m_APInt(C)))
      // 'urem x, C' produces [0, C).
      Upper = *C;
    break;

  default:
    break;
  }
}

static Value *simplifyICmpWithConstant(CmpInst::Predicate Pred, Value *LHS,
                                       Value *RHS) {
  Type *ITy = GetCompareTy(RHS); // The return type.

  Value *X;
  // Sign-bit checks can be optimized to true/false after unsigned
  // floating-point casts:
  // icmp slt (bitcast (uitofp X)),  0 --> false
  // icmp sgt (bitcast (uitofp X)), -1 --> true
  if (match(LHS, m_BitCast(m_UIToFP(m_Value(X))))) {
    if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT && match(RHS, m_Zero()))
      return ConstantInt::getFalse(ITy);
    if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT && match(RHS, m_AllOnes()))
      return ConstantInt::getTrue(ITy);
  }

  const APInt *C;
  if (!match(RHS, m_APInt(C)))
    return nullptr;

  // Rule out tautological comparisons (eg., ult 0 or uge 0).
  ConstantRange RHS_CR = ConstantRange::makeExactICmpRegion(Pred, *C);
  if (RHS_CR.isEmptySet())
    return ConstantInt::getFalse(ITy);
  if (RHS_CR.isFullSet())
    return ConstantInt::getTrue(ITy);

  // Find the range of possible values for binary operators.
  unsigned Width = C->getBitWidth();
  APInt Lower = APInt(Width, 0);
  APInt Upper = APInt(Width, 0);
  if (auto *BO = dyn_cast<BinaryOperator>(LHS))
    setLimitsForBinOp(*BO, Lower, Upper);

  ConstantRange LHS_CR =
      Lower != Upper ? ConstantRange(Lower, Upper) : ConstantRange(Width, true);

  if (auto *I = dyn_cast<Instruction>(LHS))
    if (auto *Ranges = I->getMetadata(LLVMContext::MD_range))
      LHS_CR = LHS_CR.intersectWith(getConstantRangeFromMetadata(*Ranges));

  if (!LHS_CR.isFullSet()) {
    if (RHS_CR.contains(LHS_CR))
      return ConstantInt::getTrue(ITy);
    if (RHS_CR.inverse().contains(LHS_CR))
      return ConstantInt::getFalse(ITy);
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/// TODO: A large part of this logic is duplicated in InstCombine's
/// foldICmpBinOp(). We should be able to share that and avoid the code
/// duplication.
static Value *simplifyICmpWithBinOp(CmpInst::Predicate Pred, Value *LHS,
                                    Value *RHS, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                    unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  Type *ITy = GetCompareTy(LHS); // The return type.

  BinaryOperator *LBO = dyn_cast<BinaryOperator>(LHS);
  BinaryOperator *RBO = dyn_cast<BinaryOperator>(RHS);
  if (MaxRecurse && (LBO || RBO)) {
    // Analyze the case when either LHS or RHS is an add instruction.
    Value *A = nullptr, *B = nullptr, *C = nullptr, *D = nullptr;
    // LHS = A + B (or A and B are null); RHS = C + D (or C and D are null).
    bool NoLHSWrapProblem = false, NoRHSWrapProblem = false;
    if (LBO && LBO->getOpcode() == Instruction::Add) {
      A = LBO->getOperand(0);
      B = LBO->getOperand(1);
      NoLHSWrapProblem =
          ICmpInst::isEquality(Pred) ||
          (CmpInst::isUnsigned(Pred) && LBO->hasNoUnsignedWrap()) ||
          (CmpInst::isSigned(Pred) && LBO->hasNoSignedWrap());
    }
    if (RBO && RBO->getOpcode() == Instruction::Add) {
      C = RBO->getOperand(0);
      D = RBO->getOperand(1);
      NoRHSWrapProblem =
          ICmpInst::isEquality(Pred) ||
          (CmpInst::isUnsigned(Pred) && RBO->hasNoUnsignedWrap()) ||
          (CmpInst::isSigned(Pred) && RBO->hasNoSignedWrap());
    }

    // icmp (X+Y), X -> icmp Y, 0 for equalities or if there is no overflow.
    if ((A == RHS || B == RHS) && NoLHSWrapProblem)
      if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, A == RHS ? B : A,
                                      Constant::getNullValue(RHS->getType()), Q,
                                      MaxRecurse - 1))
        return V;

    // icmp X, (X+Y) -> icmp 0, Y for equalities or if there is no overflow.
    if ((C == LHS || D == LHS) && NoRHSWrapProblem)
      if (Value *V =
              SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, Constant::getNullValue(LHS->getType()),
                               C == LHS ? D : C, Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
        return V;

    // icmp (X+Y), (X+Z) -> icmp Y,Z for equalities or if there is no overflow.
    if (A && C && (A == C || A == D || B == C || B == D) && NoLHSWrapProblem &&
        NoRHSWrapProblem) {
      // Determine Y and Z in the form icmp (X+Y), (X+Z).
      Value *Y, *Z;
      if (A == C) {
        // C + B == C + D  ->  B == D
        Y = B;
        Z = D;
      } else if (A == D) {
        // D + B == C + D  ->  B == C
        Y = B;
        Z = C;
      } else if (B == C) {
        // A + C == C + D  ->  A == D
        Y = A;
        Z = D;
      } else {
        assert(B == D);
        // A + D == C + D  ->  A == C
        Y = A;
        Z = C;
      }
      if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, Y, Z, Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
        return V;
    }
  }

  {
    Value *Y = nullptr;
    // icmp pred (or X, Y), X
    if (LBO && match(LBO, m_c_Or(m_Value(Y), m_Specific(RHS)))) {
      if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT)
        return getFalse(ITy);
      if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE)
        return getTrue(ITy);

      if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT || Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE) {
        KnownBits RHSKnown = computeKnownBits(RHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
        KnownBits YKnown = computeKnownBits(Y, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
        if (RHSKnown.isNonNegative() && YKnown.isNegative())
          return Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT ? getTrue(ITy) : getFalse(ITy);
        if (RHSKnown.isNegative() || YKnown.isNonNegative())
          return Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT ? getFalse(ITy) : getTrue(ITy);
      }
    }
    // icmp pred X, (or X, Y)
    if (RBO && match(RBO, m_c_Or(m_Value(Y), m_Specific(LHS)))) {
      if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE)
        return getTrue(ITy);
      if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT)
        return getFalse(ITy);

      if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT || Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE) {
        KnownBits LHSKnown = computeKnownBits(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
        KnownBits YKnown = computeKnownBits(Y, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
        if (LHSKnown.isNonNegative() && YKnown.isNegative())
          return Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT ? getTrue(ITy) : getFalse(ITy);
        if (LHSKnown.isNegative() || YKnown.isNonNegative())
          return Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT ? getFalse(ITy) : getTrue(ITy);
      }
    }
  }

  // icmp pred (and X, Y), X
  if (LBO && match(LBO, m_c_And(m_Value(), m_Specific(RHS)))) {
    if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT)
      return getFalse(ITy);
    if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE)
      return getTrue(ITy);
  }
  // icmp pred X, (and X, Y)
  if (RBO && match(RBO, m_c_And(m_Value(), m_Specific(LHS)))) {
    if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE)
      return getTrue(ITy);
    if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT)
      return getFalse(ITy);
  }

  // 0 - (zext X) pred C
  if (!CmpInst::isUnsigned(Pred) && match(LHS, m_Neg(m_ZExt(m_Value())))) {
    if (ConstantInt *RHSC = dyn_cast<ConstantInt>(RHS)) {
      if (RHSC->getValue().isStrictlyPositive()) {
        if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT)
          return ConstantInt::getTrue(RHSC->getContext());
        if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE)
          return ConstantInt::getFalse(RHSC->getContext());
        if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ)
          return ConstantInt::getFalse(RHSC->getContext());
        if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_NE)
          return ConstantInt::getTrue(RHSC->getContext());
      }
      if (RHSC->getValue().isNonNegative()) {
        if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE)
          return ConstantInt::getTrue(RHSC->getContext());
        if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT)
          return ConstantInt::getFalse(RHSC->getContext());
      }
    }
  }

  // icmp pred (urem X, Y), Y
  if (LBO && match(LBO, m_URem(m_Value(), m_Specific(RHS)))) {
    switch (Pred) {
    default:
      break;
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE: {
      KnownBits Known = computeKnownBits(RHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
      if (!Known.isNonNegative())
        break;
      LLVM_FALLTHROUGH;
    }
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE:
      return getFalse(ITy);
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE: {
      KnownBits Known = computeKnownBits(RHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
      if (!Known.isNonNegative())
        break;
      LLVM_FALLTHROUGH;
    }
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_NE:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE:
      return getTrue(ITy);
    }
  }

  // icmp pred X, (urem Y, X)
  if (RBO && match(RBO, m_URem(m_Value(), m_Specific(LHS)))) {
    switch (Pred) {
    default:
      break;
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE: {
      KnownBits Known = computeKnownBits(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
      if (!Known.isNonNegative())
        break;
      LLVM_FALLTHROUGH;
    }
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_NE:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE:
      return getTrue(ITy);
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE: {
      KnownBits Known = computeKnownBits(LHS, Q.DL, 0, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT);
      if (!Known.isNonNegative())
        break;
      LLVM_FALLTHROUGH;
    }
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT:
    case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE:
      return getFalse(ITy);
    }
  }

  // x >> y <=u x
  // x udiv y <=u x.
  if (LBO && (match(LBO, m_LShr(m_Specific(RHS), m_Value())) ||
              match(LBO, m_UDiv(m_Specific(RHS), m_Value())))) {
    // icmp pred (X op Y), X
    if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT)
      return getFalse(ITy);
    if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE)
      return getTrue(ITy);
  }

  // x >=u x >> y
  // x >=u x udiv y.
  if (RBO && (match(RBO, m_LShr(m_Specific(LHS), m_Value())) ||
              match(RBO, m_UDiv(m_Specific(LHS), m_Value())))) {
    // icmp pred X, (X op Y)
    if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT)
      return getFalse(ITy);
    if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE)
      return getTrue(ITy);
  }

  // handle:
  //   CI2 << X == CI
  //   CI2 << X != CI
  //
  //   where CI2 is a power of 2 and CI isn't
  if (auto *CI = dyn_cast<ConstantInt>(RHS)) {
    const APInt *CI2Val, *CIVal = &CI->getValue();
    if (LBO && match(LBO, m_Shl(m_APInt(CI2Val), m_Value())) &&
        CI2Val->isPowerOf2()) {
      if (!CIVal->isPowerOf2()) {
        // CI2 << X can equal zero in some circumstances,
        // this simplification is unsafe if CI is zero.
        //
        // We know it is safe if:
        // - The shift is nsw, we can't shift out the one bit.
        // - The shift is nuw, we can't shift out the one bit.
        // - CI2 is one
        // - CI isn't zero
        if (LBO->hasNoSignedWrap() || LBO->hasNoUnsignedWrap() ||
            CI2Val->isOneValue() || !CI->isZero()) {
          if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ)
            return ConstantInt::getFalse(RHS->getContext());
          if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_NE)
            return ConstantInt::getTrue(RHS->getContext());
        }
      }
      if (CIVal->isSignMask() && CI2Val->isOneValue()) {
        if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT)
          return ConstantInt::getFalse(RHS->getContext());
        if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE)
          return ConstantInt::getTrue(RHS->getContext());
      }
    }
  }

  if (MaxRecurse && LBO && RBO && LBO->getOpcode() == RBO->getOpcode() &&
      LBO->getOperand(1) == RBO->getOperand(1)) {
    switch (LBO->getOpcode()) {
    default:
      break;
    case Instruction::UDiv:
    case Instruction::LShr:
      if (ICmpInst::isSigned(Pred) || !LBO->isExact() || !RBO->isExact())
        break;
      if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, LBO->getOperand(0),
                                      RBO->getOperand(0), Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
          return V;
      break;
    case Instruction::SDiv:
      if (!ICmpInst::isEquality(Pred) || !LBO->isExact() || !RBO->isExact())
        break;
      if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, LBO->getOperand(0),
                                      RBO->getOperand(0), Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
        return V;
      break;
    case Instruction::AShr:
      if (!LBO->isExact() || !RBO->isExact())
        break;
      if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, LBO->getOperand(0),
                                      RBO->getOperand(0), Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
        return V;
      break;
    case Instruction::Shl: {
      bool NUW = LBO->hasNoUnsignedWrap() && RBO->hasNoUnsignedWrap();
      bool NSW = LBO->hasNoSignedWrap() && RBO->hasNoSignedWrap();
      if (!NUW && !NSW)
        break;
      if (!NSW && ICmpInst::isSigned(Pred))
        break;
      if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, LBO->getOperand(0),
                                      RBO->getOperand(0), Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
        return V;
      break;
    }
    }
  }
  return nullptr;
}

/// Simplify integer comparisons where at least one operand of the compare
/// matches an integer min/max idiom.
static Value *simplifyICmpWithMinMax(CmpInst::Predicate Pred, Value *LHS,
                                     Value *RHS, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                     unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  Type *ITy = GetCompareTy(LHS); // The return type.
  Value *A, *B;
  CmpInst::Predicate P = CmpInst::BAD_ICMP_PREDICATE;
  CmpInst::Predicate EqP; // Chosen so that "A == max/min(A,B)" iff "A EqP B".

  // Signed variants on "max(a,b)>=a -> true".
  if (match(LHS, m_SMax(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) && (A == RHS || B == RHS)) {
    if (A != RHS)
      std::swap(A, B);       // smax(A, B) pred A.
    EqP = CmpInst::ICMP_SGE; // "A == smax(A, B)" iff "A sge B".
    // We analyze this as smax(A, B) pred A.
    P = Pred;
  } else if (match(RHS, m_SMax(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
             (A == LHS || B == LHS)) {
    if (A != LHS)
      std::swap(A, B);       // A pred smax(A, B).
    EqP = CmpInst::ICMP_SGE; // "A == smax(A, B)" iff "A sge B".
    // We analyze this as smax(A, B) swapped-pred A.
    P = CmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(Pred);
  } else if (match(LHS, m_SMin(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
             (A == RHS || B == RHS)) {
    if (A != RHS)
      std::swap(A, B);       // smin(A, B) pred A.
    EqP = CmpInst::ICMP_SLE; // "A == smin(A, B)" iff "A sle B".
    // We analyze this as smax(-A, -B) swapped-pred -A.
    // Note that we do not need to actually form -A or -B thanks to EqP.
    P = CmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(Pred);
  } else if (match(RHS, m_SMin(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
             (A == LHS || B == LHS)) {
    if (A != LHS)
      std::swap(A, B);       // A pred smin(A, B).
    EqP = CmpInst::ICMP_SLE; // "A == smin(A, B)" iff "A sle B".
    // We analyze this as smax(-A, -B) pred -A.
    // Note that we do not need to actually form -A or -B thanks to EqP.
    P = Pred;
  }
  if (P != CmpInst::BAD_ICMP_PREDICATE) {
    // Cases correspond to "max(A, B) p A".
    switch (P) {
    default:
      break;
    case CmpInst::ICMP_EQ:
    case CmpInst::ICMP_SLE:
      // Equivalent to "A EqP B".  This may be the same as the condition tested
      // in the max/min; if so, we can just return that.
      if (Value *V = ExtractEquivalentCondition(LHS, EqP, A, B))
        return V;
      if (Value *V = ExtractEquivalentCondition(RHS, EqP, A, B))
        return V;
      // Otherwise, see if "A EqP B" simplifies.
      if (MaxRecurse)
        if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(EqP, A, B, Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
          return V;
      break;
    case CmpInst::ICMP_NE:
    case CmpInst::ICMP_SGT: {
      CmpInst::Predicate InvEqP = CmpInst::getInversePredicate(EqP);
      // Equivalent to "A InvEqP B".  This may be the same as the condition
      // tested in the max/min; if so, we can just return that.
      if (Value *V = ExtractEquivalentCondition(LHS, InvEqP, A, B))
        return V;
      if (Value *V = ExtractEquivalentCondition(RHS, InvEqP, A, B))
        return V;
      // Otherwise, see if "A InvEqP B" simplifies.
      if (MaxRecurse)
        if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(InvEqP, A, B, Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
          return V;
      break;
    }
    case CmpInst::ICMP_SGE:
      // Always true.
      return getTrue(ITy);
    case CmpInst::ICMP_SLT:
      // Always false.
      return getFalse(ITy);
    }
  }

  // Unsigned variants on "max(a,b)>=a -> true".
  P = CmpInst::BAD_ICMP_PREDICATE;
  if (match(LHS, m_UMax(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) && (A == RHS || B == RHS)) {
    if (A != RHS)
      std::swap(A, B);       // umax(A, B) pred A.
    EqP = CmpInst::ICMP_UGE; // "A == umax(A, B)" iff "A uge B".
    // We analyze this as umax(A, B) pred A.
    P = Pred;
  } else if (match(RHS, m_UMax(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
             (A == LHS || B == LHS)) {
    if (A != LHS)
      std::swap(A, B);       // A pred umax(A, B).
    EqP = CmpInst::ICMP_UGE; // "A == umax(A, B)" iff "A uge B".
    // We analyze this as umax(A, B) swapped-pred A.
    P = CmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(Pred);
  } else if (match(LHS, m_UMin(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
             (A == RHS || B == RHS)) {
    if (A != RHS)
      std::swap(A, B);       // umin(A, B) pred A.
    EqP = CmpInst::ICMP_ULE; // "A == umin(A, B)" iff "A ule B".
    // We analyze this as umax(-A, -B) swapped-pred -A.
    // Note that we do not need to actually form -A or -B thanks to EqP.
    P = CmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(Pred);
  } else if (match(RHS, m_UMin(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
             (A == LHS || B == LHS)) {
    if (A != LHS)
      std::swap(A, B);       // A pred umin(A, B).
    EqP = CmpInst::ICMP_ULE; // "A == umin(A, B)" iff "A ule B".
    // We analyze this as umax(-A, -B) pred -A.
    // Note that we do not need to actually form -A or -B thanks to EqP.
    P = Pred;
  }
  if (P != CmpInst::BAD_ICMP_PREDICATE) {
    // Cases correspond to "max(A, B) p A".
    switch (P) {
    default:
      break;
    case CmpInst::ICMP_EQ:
    case CmpInst::ICMP_ULE:
      // Equivalent to "A EqP B".  This may be the same as the condition tested
      // in the max/min; if so, we can just return that.
      if (Value *V = ExtractEquivalentCondition(LHS, EqP, A, B))
        return V;
      if (Value *V = ExtractEquivalentCondition(RHS, EqP, A, B))
        return V;
      // Otherwise, see if "A EqP B" simplifies.
      if (MaxRecurse)
        if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(EqP, A, B, Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
          return V;
      break;
    case CmpInst::ICMP_NE:
    case CmpInst::ICMP_UGT: {
      CmpInst::Predicate InvEqP = CmpInst::getInversePredicate(EqP);
      // Equivalent to "A InvEqP B".  This may be the same as the condition
      // tested in the max/min; if so, we can just return that.
      if (Value *V = ExtractEquivalentCondition(LHS, InvEqP, A, B))
        return V;
      if (Value *V = ExtractEquivalentCondition(RHS, InvEqP, A, B))
        return V;
      // Otherwise, see if "A InvEqP B" simplifies.
      if (MaxRecurse)
        if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(InvEqP, A, B, Q, MaxRecurse - 1))
          return V;
      break;
    }
    case CmpInst::ICMP_UGE:
      // Always true.
      return getTrue(ITy);
    case CmpInst::ICMP_ULT:
      // Always false.
      return getFalse(ITy);
    }
  }

  // Variants on "max(x,y) >= min(x,z)".
  Value *C, *D;
  if (match(LHS, m_SMax(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
      match(RHS, m_SMin(m_Value(C), m_Value(D))) &&
      (A == C || A == D || B == C || B == D)) {
    // max(x, ?) pred min(x, ?).
    if (Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_SGE)
      // Always true.
      return getTrue(ITy);
    if (Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_SLT)
      // Always false.
      return getFalse(ITy);
  } else if (match(LHS, m_SMin(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
             match(RHS, m_SMax(m_Value(C), m_Value(D))) &&
             (A == C || A == D || B == C || B == D)) {
    // min(x, ?) pred max(x, ?).
    if (Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_SLE)
      // Always true.
      return getTrue(ITy);
    if (Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_SGT)
      // Always false.
      return getFalse(ITy);
  } else if (match(LHS, m_UMax(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
             match(RHS, m_UMin(m_Value(C), m_Value(D))) &&
             (A == C || A == D || B == C || B == D)) {
    // max(x, ?) pred min(x, ?).
    if (Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_UGE)
      // Always true.
      return getTrue(ITy);
    if (Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_ULT)
      // Always false.
      return getFalse(ITy);
  } else if (match(LHS, m_UMin(m_Value(A), m_Value(B))) &&
             match(RHS, m_UMax(m_Value(C), m_Value(D))) &&
             (A == C || A == D || B == C || B == D)) {
    // min(x, ?) pred max(x, ?).
    if (Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_ULE)
      // Always true.
      return getTrue(ITy);
    if (Pred == CmpInst::ICMP_UGT)
      // Always false.
      return getFalse(ITy);
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given operands for an ICmpInst, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyICmpInst(unsigned Predicate, Value *LHS, Value *RHS,
                               const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  CmpInst::Predicate Pred = (CmpInst::Predicate)Predicate;
  assert(CmpInst::isIntPredicate(Pred) && "Not an integer compare!");

  if (Constant *CLHS = dyn_cast<Constant>(LHS)) {
    if (Constant *CRHS = dyn_cast<Constant>(RHS))
      return ConstantFoldCompareInstOperands(Pred, CLHS, CRHS, Q.DL, Q.TLI);

    // If we have a constant, make sure it is on the RHS.
    std::swap(LHS, RHS);
    Pred = CmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(Pred);
  }

  Type *ITy = GetCompareTy(LHS); // The return type.

  // icmp X, X -> true/false
  // icmp X, undef -> true/false because undef could be X.
  if (LHS == RHS || isa<UndefValue>(RHS))
    return ConstantInt::get(ITy, CmpInst::isTrueWhenEqual(Pred));

  if (Value *V = simplifyICmpOfBools(Pred, LHS, RHS, Q))
    return V;

  if (Value *V = simplifyICmpWithZero(Pred, LHS, RHS, Q))
    return V;

  if (Value *V = simplifyICmpWithConstant(Pred, LHS, RHS))
    return V;

  // If both operands have range metadata, use the metadata
  // to simplify the comparison.
  if (isa<Instruction>(RHS) && isa<Instruction>(LHS)) {
    auto RHS_Instr = cast<Instruction>(RHS);
    auto LHS_Instr = cast<Instruction>(LHS);

    if (RHS_Instr->getMetadata(LLVMContext::MD_range) &&
        LHS_Instr->getMetadata(LLVMContext::MD_range)) {
      auto RHS_CR = getConstantRangeFromMetadata(
          *RHS_Instr->getMetadata(LLVMContext::MD_range));
      auto LHS_CR = getConstantRangeFromMetadata(
          *LHS_Instr->getMetadata(LLVMContext::MD_range));

      auto Satisfied_CR = ConstantRange::makeSatisfyingICmpRegion(Pred, RHS_CR);
      if (Satisfied_CR.contains(LHS_CR))
        return ConstantInt::getTrue(RHS->getContext());

      auto InversedSatisfied_CR = ConstantRange::makeSatisfyingICmpRegion(
                CmpInst::getInversePredicate(Pred), RHS_CR);
      if (InversedSatisfied_CR.contains(LHS_CR))
        return ConstantInt::getFalse(RHS->getContext());
    }
  }

  // Compare of cast, for example (zext X) != 0 -> X != 0
  if (isa<CastInst>(LHS) && (isa<Constant>(RHS) || isa<CastInst>(RHS))) {
    Instruction *LI = cast<CastInst>(LHS);
    Value *SrcOp = LI->getOperand(0);
    Type *SrcTy = SrcOp->getType();
    Type *DstTy = LI->getType();

    // Turn icmp (ptrtoint x), (ptrtoint/constant) into a compare of the input
    // if the integer type is the same size as the pointer type.
    if (MaxRecurse && isa<PtrToIntInst>(LI) &&
        Q.DL.getTypeSizeInBits(SrcTy) == DstTy->getPrimitiveSizeInBits()) {
      if (Constant *RHSC = dyn_cast<Constant>(RHS)) {
        // Transfer the cast to the constant.
        if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, SrcOp,
                                        ConstantExpr::getIntToPtr(RHSC, SrcTy),
                                        Q, MaxRecurse-1))
          return V;
      } else if (PtrToIntInst *RI = dyn_cast<PtrToIntInst>(RHS)) {
        if (RI->getOperand(0)->getType() == SrcTy)
          // Compare without the cast.
          if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, SrcOp, RI->getOperand(0),
                                          Q, MaxRecurse-1))
            return V;
      }
    }

    if (isa<ZExtInst>(LHS)) {
      // Turn icmp (zext X), (zext Y) into a compare of X and Y if they have the
      // same type.
      if (ZExtInst *RI = dyn_cast<ZExtInst>(RHS)) {
        if (MaxRecurse && SrcTy == RI->getOperand(0)->getType())
          // Compare X and Y.  Note that signed predicates become unsigned.
          if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(ICmpInst::getUnsignedPredicate(Pred),
                                          SrcOp, RI->getOperand(0), Q,
                                          MaxRecurse-1))
            return V;
      }
      // Turn icmp (zext X), Cst into a compare of X and Cst if Cst is extended
      // too.  If not, then try to deduce the result of the comparison.
      else if (ConstantInt *CI = dyn_cast<ConstantInt>(RHS)) {
        // Compute the constant that would happen if we truncated to SrcTy then
        // reextended to DstTy.
        Constant *Trunc = ConstantExpr::getTrunc(CI, SrcTy);
        Constant *RExt = ConstantExpr::getCast(CastInst::ZExt, Trunc, DstTy);

        // If the re-extended constant didn't change then this is effectively
        // also a case of comparing two zero-extended values.
        if (RExt == CI && MaxRecurse)
          if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(ICmpInst::getUnsignedPredicate(Pred),
                                        SrcOp, Trunc, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
            return V;

        // Otherwise the upper bits of LHS are zero while RHS has a non-zero bit
        // there.  Use this to work out the result of the comparison.
        if (RExt != CI) {
          switch (Pred) {
          default: llvm_unreachable("Unknown ICmp predicate!");
          // LHS <u RHS.
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ:
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT:
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE:
            return ConstantInt::getFalse(CI->getContext());

          case ICmpInst::ICMP_NE:
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT:
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE:
            return ConstantInt::getTrue(CI->getContext());

          // LHS is non-negative.  If RHS is negative then LHS >s LHS.  If RHS
          // is non-negative then LHS <s RHS.
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT:
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE:
            return CI->getValue().isNegative() ?
              ConstantInt::getTrue(CI->getContext()) :
              ConstantInt::getFalse(CI->getContext());

          case ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT:
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE:
            return CI->getValue().isNegative() ?
              ConstantInt::getFalse(CI->getContext()) :
              ConstantInt::getTrue(CI->getContext());
          }
        }
      }
    }

    if (isa<SExtInst>(LHS)) {
      // Turn icmp (sext X), (sext Y) into a compare of X and Y if they have the
      // same type.
      if (SExtInst *RI = dyn_cast<SExtInst>(RHS)) {
        if (MaxRecurse && SrcTy == RI->getOperand(0)->getType())
          // Compare X and Y.  Note that the predicate does not change.
          if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, SrcOp, RI->getOperand(0),
                                          Q, MaxRecurse-1))
            return V;
      }
      // Turn icmp (sext X), Cst into a compare of X and Cst if Cst is extended
      // too.  If not, then try to deduce the result of the comparison.
      else if (ConstantInt *CI = dyn_cast<ConstantInt>(RHS)) {
        // Compute the constant that would happen if we truncated to SrcTy then
        // reextended to DstTy.
        Constant *Trunc = ConstantExpr::getTrunc(CI, SrcTy);
        Constant *RExt = ConstantExpr::getCast(CastInst::SExt, Trunc, DstTy);

        // If the re-extended constant didn't change then this is effectively
        // also a case of comparing two sign-extended values.
        if (RExt == CI && MaxRecurse)
          if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(Pred, SrcOp, Trunc, Q, MaxRecurse-1))
            return V;

        // Otherwise the upper bits of LHS are all equal, while RHS has varying
        // bits there.  Use this to work out the result of the comparison.
        if (RExt != CI) {
          switch (Pred) {
          default: llvm_unreachable("Unknown ICmp predicate!");
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ:
            return ConstantInt::getFalse(CI->getContext());
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_NE:
            return ConstantInt::getTrue(CI->getContext());

          // If RHS is non-negative then LHS <s RHS.  If RHS is negative then
          // LHS >s RHS.
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGT:
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE:
            return CI->getValue().isNegative() ?
              ConstantInt::getTrue(CI->getContext()) :
              ConstantInt::getFalse(CI->getContext());
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT:
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_SLE:
            return CI->getValue().isNegative() ?
              ConstantInt::getFalse(CI->getContext()) :
              ConstantInt::getTrue(CI->getContext());

          // If LHS is non-negative then LHS <u RHS.  If LHS is negative then
          // LHS >u RHS.
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGT:
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_UGE:
            // Comparison is true iff the LHS <s 0.
            if (MaxRecurse)
              if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(ICmpInst::ICMP_SLT, SrcOp,
                                              Constant::getNullValue(SrcTy),
                                              Q, MaxRecurse-1))
                return V;
            break;
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULT:
          case ICmpInst::ICMP_ULE:
            // Comparison is true iff the LHS >=s 0.
            if (MaxRecurse)
              if (Value *V = SimplifyICmpInst(ICmpInst::ICMP_SGE, SrcOp,
                                              Constant::getNullValue(SrcTy),
                                              Q, MaxRecurse-1))
                return V;
            break;
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

  // icmp eq|ne X, Y -> false|true if X != Y
  if (ICmpInst::isEquality(Pred) &&
      isKnownNonEqual(LHS, RHS, Q.DL, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, Q.DT)) {
    return Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_NE ? getTrue(ITy) : getFalse(ITy);
  }

  if (Value *V = simplifyICmpWithBinOp(Pred, LHS, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  if (Value *V = simplifyICmpWithMinMax(Pred, LHS, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  // Simplify comparisons of related pointers using a powerful, recursive
  // GEP-walk when we have target data available..
  if (LHS->getType()->isPointerTy())
    if (auto *C = computePointerICmp(Q.DL, Q.TLI, Q.DT, Pred, Q.AC, Q.CxtI, LHS,
                                     RHS))
      return C;
  if (auto *CLHS = dyn_cast<PtrToIntOperator>(LHS))
    if (auto *CRHS = dyn_cast<PtrToIntOperator>(RHS))
      if (Q.DL.getTypeSizeInBits(CLHS->getPointerOperandType()) ==
              Q.DL.getTypeSizeInBits(CLHS->getType()) &&
          Q.DL.getTypeSizeInBits(CRHS->getPointerOperandType()) ==
              Q.DL.getTypeSizeInBits(CRHS->getType()))
        if (auto *C = computePointerICmp(Q.DL, Q.TLI, Q.DT, Pred, Q.AC, Q.CxtI,
                                         CLHS->getPointerOperand(),
                                         CRHS->getPointerOperand()))
          return C;

  if (GetElementPtrInst *GLHS = dyn_cast<GetElementPtrInst>(LHS)) {
    if (GEPOperator *GRHS = dyn_cast<GEPOperator>(RHS)) {
      if (GLHS->getPointerOperand() == GRHS->getPointerOperand() &&
          GLHS->hasAllConstantIndices() && GRHS->hasAllConstantIndices() &&
          (ICmpInst::isEquality(Pred) ||
           (GLHS->isInBounds() && GRHS->isInBounds() &&
            Pred == ICmpInst::getSignedPredicate(Pred)))) {
        // The bases are equal and the indices are constant.  Build a constant
        // expression GEP with the same indices and a null base pointer to see
        // what constant folding can make out of it.
        Constant *Null = Constant::getNullValue(GLHS->getPointerOperandType());
        SmallVector<Value *, 4> IndicesLHS(GLHS->idx_begin(), GLHS->idx_end());
        Constant *NewLHS = ConstantExpr::getGetElementPtr(
            GLHS->getSourceElementType(), Null, IndicesLHS);

        SmallVector<Value *, 4> IndicesRHS(GRHS->idx_begin(), GRHS->idx_end());
        Constant *NewRHS = ConstantExpr::getGetElementPtr(
            GLHS->getSourceElementType(), Null, IndicesRHS);
        return ConstantExpr::getICmp(Pred, NewLHS, NewRHS);
      }
    }
  }

  // If the comparison is with the result of a select instruction, check whether
  // comparing with either branch of the select always yields the same value.
  if (isa<SelectInst>(LHS) || isa<SelectInst>(RHS))
    if (Value *V = ThreadCmpOverSelect(Pred, LHS, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // If the comparison is with the result of a phi instruction, check whether
  // doing the compare with each incoming phi value yields a common result.
  if (isa<PHINode>(LHS) || isa<PHINode>(RHS))
    if (Value *V = ThreadCmpOverPHI(Pred, LHS, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyICmpInst(unsigned Predicate, Value *LHS, Value *RHS,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyICmpInst(Predicate, LHS, RHS, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for an FCmpInst, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyFCmpInst(unsigned Predicate, Value *LHS, Value *RHS,
                               FastMathFlags FMF, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                               unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  CmpInst::Predicate Pred = (CmpInst::Predicate)Predicate;
  assert(CmpInst::isFPPredicate(Pred) && "Not an FP compare!");

  if (Constant *CLHS = dyn_cast<Constant>(LHS)) {
    if (Constant *CRHS = dyn_cast<Constant>(RHS))
      return ConstantFoldCompareInstOperands(Pred, CLHS, CRHS, Q.DL, Q.TLI);

    // If we have a constant, make sure it is on the RHS.
    std::swap(LHS, RHS);
    Pred = CmpInst::getSwappedPredicate(Pred);
  }

  // Fold trivial predicates.
  Type *RetTy = GetCompareTy(LHS);
  if (Pred == FCmpInst::FCMP_FALSE)
    return getFalse(RetTy);
  if (Pred == FCmpInst::FCMP_TRUE)
    return getTrue(RetTy);

  // UNO/ORD predicates can be trivially folded if NaNs are ignored.
  if (FMF.noNaNs()) {
    if (Pred == FCmpInst::FCMP_UNO)
      return getFalse(RetTy);
    if (Pred == FCmpInst::FCMP_ORD)
      return getTrue(RetTy);
  }

  // NaN is unordered; NaN is not ordered.
  assert((FCmpInst::isOrdered(Pred) || FCmpInst::isUnordered(Pred)) &&
         "Comparison must be either ordered or unordered");
  if (match(RHS, m_NaN()))
    return ConstantInt::get(RetTy, CmpInst::isUnordered(Pred));

  // fcmp pred x, undef  and  fcmp pred undef, x
  // fold to true if unordered, false if ordered
  if (isa<UndefValue>(LHS) || isa<UndefValue>(RHS)) {
    // Choosing NaN for the undef will always make unordered comparison succeed
    // and ordered comparison fail.
    return ConstantInt::get(RetTy, CmpInst::isUnordered(Pred));
  }

  // fcmp x,x -> true/false.  Not all compares are foldable.
  if (LHS == RHS) {
    if (CmpInst::isTrueWhenEqual(Pred))
      return getTrue(RetTy);
    if (CmpInst::isFalseWhenEqual(Pred))
      return getFalse(RetTy);
  }

  // Handle fcmp with constant RHS.
  const APFloat *C;
  if (match(RHS, m_APFloat(C))) {
    // Check whether the constant is an infinity.
    if (C->isInfinity()) {
      if (C->isNegative()) {
        switch (Pred) {
        case FCmpInst::FCMP_OLT:
          // No value is ordered and less than negative infinity.
          return getFalse(RetTy);
        case FCmpInst::FCMP_UGE:
          // All values are unordered with or at least negative infinity.
          return getTrue(RetTy);
        default:
          break;
        }
      } else {
        switch (Pred) {
        case FCmpInst::FCMP_OGT:
          // No value is ordered and greater than infinity.
          return getFalse(RetTy);
        case FCmpInst::FCMP_ULE:
          // All values are unordered with and at most infinity.
          return getTrue(RetTy);
        default:
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if (C->isZero()) {
      switch (Pred) {
      case FCmpInst::FCMP_UGE:
        if (CannotBeOrderedLessThanZero(LHS, Q.TLI))
          return getTrue(RetTy);
        break;
      case FCmpInst::FCMP_OLT:
        // X < 0
        if (CannotBeOrderedLessThanZero(LHS, Q.TLI))
          return getFalse(RetTy);
        break;
      default:
        break;
      }
    } else if (C->isNegative()) {
      assert(!C->isNaN() && "Unexpected NaN constant!");
      // TODO: We can catch more cases by using a range check rather than
      //       relying on CannotBeOrderedLessThanZero.
      switch (Pred) {
      case FCmpInst::FCMP_UGE:
      case FCmpInst::FCMP_UGT:
      case FCmpInst::FCMP_UNE:
        // (X >= 0) implies (X > C) when (C < 0)
        if (CannotBeOrderedLessThanZero(LHS, Q.TLI))
          return getTrue(RetTy);
        break;
      case FCmpInst::FCMP_OEQ:
      case FCmpInst::FCMP_OLE:
      case FCmpInst::FCMP_OLT:
        // (X >= 0) implies !(X < C) when (C < 0)
        if (CannotBeOrderedLessThanZero(LHS, Q.TLI))
          return getFalse(RetTy);
        break;
      default:
        break;
      }
    }
  }

  // If the comparison is with the result of a select instruction, check whether
  // comparing with either branch of the select always yields the same value.
  if (isa<SelectInst>(LHS) || isa<SelectInst>(RHS))
    if (Value *V = ThreadCmpOverSelect(Pred, LHS, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  // If the comparison is with the result of a phi instruction, check whether
  // doing the compare with each incoming phi value yields a common result.
  if (isa<PHINode>(LHS) || isa<PHINode>(RHS))
    if (Value *V = ThreadCmpOverPHI(Pred, LHS, RHS, Q, MaxRecurse))
      return V;

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyFCmpInst(unsigned Predicate, Value *LHS, Value *RHS,
                              FastMathFlags FMF, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyFCmpInst(Predicate, LHS, RHS, FMF, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// See if V simplifies when its operand Op is replaced with RepOp.
static const Value *SimplifyWithOpReplaced(Value *V, Value *Op, Value *RepOp,
                                           const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                           unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  // Trivial replacement.
  if (V == Op)
    return RepOp;

  // We cannot replace a constant, and shouldn't even try.
  if (isa<Constant>(Op))
    return nullptr;

  auto *I = dyn_cast<Instruction>(V);
  if (!I)
    return nullptr;

  // If this is a binary operator, try to simplify it with the replaced op.
  if (auto *B = dyn_cast<BinaryOperator>(I)) {
    // Consider:
    //   %cmp = icmp eq i32 %x, 2147483647
    //   %add = add nsw i32 %x, 1
    //   %sel = select i1 %cmp, i32 -2147483648, i32 %add
    //
    // We can't replace %sel with %add unless we strip away the flags.
    if (isa<OverflowingBinaryOperator>(B))
      if (B->hasNoSignedWrap() || B->hasNoUnsignedWrap())
        return nullptr;
    if (isa<PossiblyExactOperator>(B))
      if (B->isExact())
        return nullptr;

    if (MaxRecurse) {
      if (B->getOperand(0) == Op)
        return SimplifyBinOp(B->getOpcode(), RepOp, B->getOperand(1), Q,
                             MaxRecurse - 1);
      if (B->getOperand(1) == Op)
        return SimplifyBinOp(B->getOpcode(), B->getOperand(0), RepOp, Q,
                             MaxRecurse - 1);
    }
  }

  // Same for CmpInsts.
  if (CmpInst *C = dyn_cast<CmpInst>(I)) {
    if (MaxRecurse) {
      if (C->getOperand(0) == Op)
        return SimplifyCmpInst(C->getPredicate(), RepOp, C->getOperand(1), Q,
                               MaxRecurse - 1);
      if (C->getOperand(1) == Op)
        return SimplifyCmpInst(C->getPredicate(), C->getOperand(0), RepOp, Q,
                               MaxRecurse - 1);
    }
  }

  // Same for GEPs.
  if (auto *GEP = dyn_cast<GetElementPtrInst>(I)) {
    if (MaxRecurse) {
      SmallVector<Value *, 8> NewOps(GEP->getNumOperands());
      transform(GEP->operands(), NewOps.begin(),
                [&](Value *V) { return V == Op ? RepOp : V; });
      return SimplifyGEPInst(GEP->getSourceElementType(), NewOps, Q,
                             MaxRecurse - 1);
    }
  }

  // TODO: We could hand off more cases to instsimplify here.

  // If all operands are constant after substituting Op for RepOp then we can
  // constant fold the instruction.
  if (Constant *CRepOp = dyn_cast<Constant>(RepOp)) {
    // Build a list of all constant operands.
    SmallVector<Constant *, 8> ConstOps;
    for (unsigned i = 0, e = I->getNumOperands(); i != e; ++i) {
      if (I->getOperand(i) == Op)
        ConstOps.push_back(CRepOp);
      else if (Constant *COp = dyn_cast<Constant>(I->getOperand(i)))
        ConstOps.push_back(COp);
      else
        break;
    }

    // All operands were constants, fold it.
    if (ConstOps.size() == I->getNumOperands()) {
      if (CmpInst *C = dyn_cast<CmpInst>(I))
        return ConstantFoldCompareInstOperands(C->getPredicate(), ConstOps[0],
                                               ConstOps[1], Q.DL, Q.TLI);

      if (LoadInst *LI = dyn_cast<LoadInst>(I))
        if (!LI->isVolatile())
          return ConstantFoldLoadFromConstPtr(ConstOps[0], LI->getType(), Q.DL);

      return ConstantFoldInstOperands(I, ConstOps, Q.DL, Q.TLI);
    }
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/// Try to simplify a select instruction when its condition operand is an
/// integer comparison where one operand of the compare is a constant.
static Value *simplifySelectBitTest(Value *TrueVal, Value *FalseVal, Value *X,
                                    const APInt *Y, bool TrueWhenUnset) {
  const APInt *C;

  // (X & Y) == 0 ? X & ~Y : X  --> X
  // (X & Y) != 0 ? X & ~Y : X  --> X & ~Y
  if (FalseVal == X && match(TrueVal, m_And(m_Specific(X), m_APInt(C))) &&
      *Y == ~*C)
    return TrueWhenUnset ? FalseVal : TrueVal;

  // (X & Y) == 0 ? X : X & ~Y  --> X & ~Y
  // (X & Y) != 0 ? X : X & ~Y  --> X
  if (TrueVal == X && match(FalseVal, m_And(m_Specific(X), m_APInt(C))) &&
      *Y == ~*C)
    return TrueWhenUnset ? FalseVal : TrueVal;

  if (Y->isPowerOf2()) {
    // (X & Y) == 0 ? X | Y : X  --> X | Y
    // (X & Y) != 0 ? X | Y : X  --> X
    if (FalseVal == X && match(TrueVal, m_Or(m_Specific(X), m_APInt(C))) &&
        *Y == *C)
      return TrueWhenUnset ? TrueVal : FalseVal;

    // (X & Y) == 0 ? X : X | Y  --> X
    // (X & Y) != 0 ? X : X | Y  --> X | Y
    if (TrueVal == X && match(FalseVal, m_Or(m_Specific(X), m_APInt(C))) &&
        *Y == *C)
      return TrueWhenUnset ? TrueVal : FalseVal;
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/// An alternative way to test if a bit is set or not uses sgt/slt instead of
/// eq/ne.
static Value *simplifySelectWithFakeICmpEq(Value *CmpLHS, Value *CmpRHS,
                                           ICmpInst::Predicate Pred,
                                           Value *TrueVal, Value *FalseVal) {
  Value *X;
  APInt Mask;
  if (!decomposeBitTestICmp(CmpLHS, CmpRHS, Pred, X, Mask))
    return nullptr;

  return simplifySelectBitTest(TrueVal, FalseVal, X, &Mask,
                               Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ);
}

/// Try to simplify a select instruction when its condition operand is an
/// integer comparison.
static Value *simplifySelectWithICmpCond(Value *CondVal, Value *TrueVal,
                                         Value *FalseVal, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                         unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  ICmpInst::Predicate Pred;
  Value *CmpLHS, *CmpRHS;
  if (!match(CondVal, m_ICmp(Pred, m_Value(CmpLHS), m_Value(CmpRHS))))
    return nullptr;

  if (ICmpInst::isEquality(Pred) && match(CmpRHS, m_Zero())) {
    Value *X;
    const APInt *Y;
    if (match(CmpLHS, m_And(m_Value(X), m_APInt(Y))))
      if (Value *V = simplifySelectBitTest(TrueVal, FalseVal, X, Y,
                                           Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ))
        return V;
  }

  // Check for other compares that behave like bit test.
  if (Value *V = simplifySelectWithFakeICmpEq(CmpLHS, CmpRHS, Pred,
                                              TrueVal, FalseVal))
    return V;

  // If we have an equality comparison, then we know the value in one of the
  // arms of the select. See if substituting this value into the arm and
  // simplifying the result yields the same value as the other arm.
  if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_EQ) {
    if (SimplifyWithOpReplaced(FalseVal, CmpLHS, CmpRHS, Q, MaxRecurse) ==
            TrueVal ||
        SimplifyWithOpReplaced(FalseVal, CmpRHS, CmpLHS, Q, MaxRecurse) ==
            TrueVal)
      return FalseVal;
    if (SimplifyWithOpReplaced(TrueVal, CmpLHS, CmpRHS, Q, MaxRecurse) ==
            FalseVal ||
        SimplifyWithOpReplaced(TrueVal, CmpRHS, CmpLHS, Q, MaxRecurse) ==
            FalseVal)
      return FalseVal;
  } else if (Pred == ICmpInst::ICMP_NE) {
    if (SimplifyWithOpReplaced(TrueVal, CmpLHS, CmpRHS, Q, MaxRecurse) ==
            FalseVal ||
        SimplifyWithOpReplaced(TrueVal, CmpRHS, CmpLHS, Q, MaxRecurse) ==
            FalseVal)
      return TrueVal;
    if (SimplifyWithOpReplaced(FalseVal, CmpLHS, CmpRHS, Q, MaxRecurse) ==
            TrueVal ||
        SimplifyWithOpReplaced(FalseVal, CmpRHS, CmpLHS, Q, MaxRecurse) ==
            TrueVal)
      return TrueVal;
  }

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given operands for a SelectInst, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifySelectInst(Value *Cond, Value *TrueVal, Value *FalseVal,
                                 const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (auto *CondC = dyn_cast<Constant>(Cond)) {
    if (auto *TrueC = dyn_cast<Constant>(TrueVal))
      if (auto *FalseC = dyn_cast<Constant>(FalseVal))
        return ConstantFoldSelectInstruction(CondC, TrueC, FalseC);

    // select undef, X, Y -> X or Y
    if (isa<UndefValue>(CondC))
      return isa<Constant>(FalseVal) ? FalseVal : TrueVal;

    // TODO: Vector constants with undef elements don't simplify.

    // select true, X, Y  -> X
    if (CondC->isAllOnesValue())
      return TrueVal;
    // select false, X, Y -> Y
    if (CondC->isNullValue())
      return FalseVal;
  }

  // select ?, X, X -> X
  if (TrueVal == FalseVal)
    return TrueVal;

  if (isa<UndefValue>(TrueVal))   // select ?, undef, X -> X
    return FalseVal;
  if (isa<UndefValue>(FalseVal))   // select ?, X, undef -> X
    return TrueVal;

  if (Value *V =
          simplifySelectWithICmpCond(Cond, TrueVal, FalseVal, Q, MaxRecurse))
    return V;

  if (Value *V = foldSelectWithBinaryOp(Cond, TrueVal, FalseVal))
    return V;

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifySelectInst(Value *Cond, Value *TrueVal, Value *FalseVal,
                                const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifySelectInst(Cond, TrueVal, FalseVal, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for an GetElementPtrInst, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyGEPInst(Type *SrcTy, ArrayRef<Value *> Ops,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned) {
  // The type of the GEP pointer operand.
  unsigned AS =
      cast<PointerType>(Ops[0]->getType()->getScalarType())->getAddressSpace();

  // getelementptr P -> P.
  if (Ops.size() == 1)
    return Ops[0];

  // Compute the (pointer) type returned by the GEP instruction.
  Type *LastType = GetElementPtrInst::getIndexedType(SrcTy, Ops.slice(1));
  Type *GEPTy = PointerType::get(LastType, AS);
  if (VectorType *VT = dyn_cast<VectorType>(Ops[0]->getType()))
    GEPTy = VectorType::get(GEPTy, VT->getNumElements());
  else if (VectorType *VT = dyn_cast<VectorType>(Ops[1]->getType()))
    GEPTy = VectorType::get(GEPTy, VT->getNumElements());

  if (isa<UndefValue>(Ops[0]))
    return UndefValue::get(GEPTy);

  if (Ops.size() == 2) {
    // getelementptr P, 0 -> P.
    if (match(Ops[1], m_Zero()) && Ops[0]->getType() == GEPTy)
      return Ops[0];

    Type *Ty = SrcTy;
    if (Ty->isSized()) {
      Value *P;
      uint64_t C;
      uint64_t TyAllocSize = Q.DL.getTypeAllocSize(Ty);
      // getelementptr P, N -> P if P points to a type of zero size.
      if (TyAllocSize == 0 && Ops[0]->getType() == GEPTy)
        return Ops[0];

      // The following transforms are only safe if the ptrtoint cast
      // doesn't truncate the pointers.
      if (Ops[1]->getType()->getScalarSizeInBits() ==
          Q.DL.getIndexSizeInBits(AS)) {
        auto PtrToIntOrZero = [GEPTy](Value *P) -> Value * {
          if (match(P, m_Zero()))
            return Constant::getNullValue(GEPTy);
          Value *Temp;
          if (match(P, m_PtrToInt(m_Value(Temp))))
            if (Temp->getType() == GEPTy)
              return Temp;
          return nullptr;
        };

        // getelementptr V, (sub P, V) -> P if P points to a type of size 1.
        if (TyAllocSize == 1 &&
            match(Ops[1], m_Sub(m_Value(P), m_PtrToInt(m_Specific(Ops[0])))))
          if (Value *R = PtrToIntOrZero(P))
            return R;

        // getelementptr V, (ashr (sub P, V), C) -> Q
        // if P points to a type of size 1 << C.
        if (match(Ops[1],
                  m_AShr(m_Sub(m_Value(P), m_PtrToInt(m_Specific(Ops[0]))),
                         m_ConstantInt(C))) &&
            TyAllocSize == 1ULL << C)
          if (Value *R = PtrToIntOrZero(P))
            return R;

        // getelementptr V, (sdiv (sub P, V), C) -> Q
        // if P points to a type of size C.
        if (match(Ops[1],
                  m_SDiv(m_Sub(m_Value(P), m_PtrToInt(m_Specific(Ops[0]))),
                         m_SpecificInt(TyAllocSize))))
          if (Value *R = PtrToIntOrZero(P))
            return R;
      }
    }
  }

  if (Q.DL.getTypeAllocSize(LastType) == 1 &&
      all_of(Ops.slice(1).drop_back(1),
             [](Value *Idx) { return match(Idx, m_Zero()); })) {
    unsigned IdxWidth =
        Q.DL.getIndexSizeInBits(Ops[0]->getType()->getPointerAddressSpace());
    if (Q.DL.getTypeSizeInBits(Ops.back()->getType()) == IdxWidth) {
      APInt BasePtrOffset(IdxWidth, 0);
      Value *StrippedBasePtr =
          Ops[0]->stripAndAccumulateInBoundsConstantOffsets(Q.DL,
                                                            BasePtrOffset);

      // gep (gep V, C), (sub 0, V) -> C
      if (match(Ops.back(),
                m_Sub(m_Zero(), m_PtrToInt(m_Specific(StrippedBasePtr))))) {
        auto *CI = ConstantInt::get(GEPTy->getContext(), BasePtrOffset);
        return ConstantExpr::getIntToPtr(CI, GEPTy);
      }
      // gep (gep V, C), (xor V, -1) -> C-1
      if (match(Ops.back(),
                m_Xor(m_PtrToInt(m_Specific(StrippedBasePtr)), m_AllOnes()))) {
        auto *CI = ConstantInt::get(GEPTy->getContext(), BasePtrOffset - 1);
        return ConstantExpr::getIntToPtr(CI, GEPTy);
      }
    }
  }

  // Check to see if this is constant foldable.
  if (!all_of(Ops, [](Value *V) { return isa<Constant>(V); }))
    return nullptr;

  auto *CE = ConstantExpr::getGetElementPtr(SrcTy, cast<Constant>(Ops[0]),
                                            Ops.slice(1));
  if (auto *CEFolded = ConstantFoldConstant(CE, Q.DL))
    return CEFolded;
  return CE;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyGEPInst(Type *SrcTy, ArrayRef<Value *> Ops,
                             const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyGEPInst(SrcTy, Ops, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for an InsertValueInst, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyInsertValueInst(Value *Agg, Value *Val,
                                      ArrayRef<unsigned> Idxs, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                      unsigned) {
  if (Constant *CAgg = dyn_cast<Constant>(Agg))
    if (Constant *CVal = dyn_cast<Constant>(Val))
      return ConstantFoldInsertValueInstruction(CAgg, CVal, Idxs);

  // insertvalue x, undef, n -> x
  if (match(Val, m_Undef()))
    return Agg;

  // insertvalue x, (extractvalue y, n), n
  if (ExtractValueInst *EV = dyn_cast<ExtractValueInst>(Val))
    if (EV->getAggregateOperand()->getType() == Agg->getType() &&
        EV->getIndices() == Idxs) {
      // insertvalue undef, (extractvalue y, n), n -> y
      if (match(Agg, m_Undef()))
        return EV->getAggregateOperand();

      // insertvalue y, (extractvalue y, n), n -> y
      if (Agg == EV->getAggregateOperand())
        return Agg;
    }

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyInsertValueInst(Value *Agg, Value *Val,
                                     ArrayRef<unsigned> Idxs,
                                     const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyInsertValueInst(Agg, Val, Idxs, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyInsertElementInst(Value *Vec, Value *Val, Value *Idx,
                                       const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  // Try to constant fold.
  auto *VecC = dyn_cast<Constant>(Vec);
  auto *ValC = dyn_cast<Constant>(Val);
  auto *IdxC = dyn_cast<Constant>(Idx);
  if (VecC && ValC && IdxC)
    return ConstantFoldInsertElementInstruction(VecC, ValC, IdxC);

  // Fold into undef if index is out of bounds.
  if (auto *CI = dyn_cast<ConstantInt>(Idx)) {
    uint64_t NumElements = cast<VectorType>(Vec->getType())->getNumElements();
    if (CI->uge(NumElements))
      return UndefValue::get(Vec->getType());
  }

  // If index is undef, it might be out of bounds (see above case)
  if (isa<UndefValue>(Idx))
    return UndefValue::get(Vec->getType());

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given operands for an ExtractValueInst, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyExtractValueInst(Value *Agg, ArrayRef<unsigned> Idxs,
                                       const SimplifyQuery &, unsigned) {
  if (auto *CAgg = dyn_cast<Constant>(Agg))
    return ConstantFoldExtractValueInstruction(CAgg, Idxs);

  // extractvalue x, (insertvalue y, elt, n), n -> elt
  unsigned NumIdxs = Idxs.size();
  for (auto *IVI = dyn_cast<InsertValueInst>(Agg); IVI != nullptr;
       IVI = dyn_cast<InsertValueInst>(IVI->getAggregateOperand())) {
    ArrayRef<unsigned> InsertValueIdxs = IVI->getIndices();
    unsigned NumInsertValueIdxs = InsertValueIdxs.size();
    unsigned NumCommonIdxs = std::min(NumInsertValueIdxs, NumIdxs);
    if (InsertValueIdxs.slice(0, NumCommonIdxs) ==
        Idxs.slice(0, NumCommonIdxs)) {
      if (NumIdxs == NumInsertValueIdxs)
        return IVI->getInsertedValueOperand();
      break;
    }
  }

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyExtractValueInst(Value *Agg, ArrayRef<unsigned> Idxs,
                                      const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyExtractValueInst(Agg, Idxs, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// Given operands for an ExtractElementInst, see if we can fold the result.
/// If not, this returns null.
static Value *SimplifyExtractElementInst(Value *Vec, Value *Idx, const SimplifyQuery &,
                                         unsigned) {
  if (auto *CVec = dyn_cast<Constant>(Vec)) {
    if (auto *CIdx = dyn_cast<Constant>(Idx))
      return ConstantFoldExtractElementInstruction(CVec, CIdx);

    // The index is not relevant if our vector is a splat.
    if (auto *Splat = CVec->getSplatValue())
      return Splat;

    if (isa<UndefValue>(Vec))
      return UndefValue::get(Vec->getType()->getVectorElementType());
  }

  // If extracting a specified index from the vector, see if we can recursively
  // find a previously computed scalar that was inserted into the vector.
  if (auto *IdxC = dyn_cast<ConstantInt>(Idx)) {
    if (IdxC->getValue().uge(Vec->getType()->getVectorNumElements()))
      // definitely out of bounds, thus undefined result
      return UndefValue::get(Vec->getType()->getVectorElementType());
    if (Value *Elt = findScalarElement(Vec, IdxC->getZExtValue()))
      return Elt;
  }

  // An undef extract index can be arbitrarily chosen to be an out-of-range
  // index value, which would result in the instruction being undef.
  if (isa<UndefValue>(Idx))
    return UndefValue::get(Vec->getType()->getVectorElementType());

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyExtractElementInst(Value *Vec, Value *Idx,
                                        const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyExtractElementInst(Vec, Idx, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// See if we can fold the given phi. If not, returns null.
static Value *SimplifyPHINode(PHINode *PN, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  // If all of the PHI's incoming values are the same then replace the PHI node
  // with the common value.
  Value *CommonValue = nullptr;
  bool HasUndefInput = false;
  for (Value *Incoming : PN->incoming_values()) {
    // If the incoming value is the phi node itself, it can safely be skipped.
    if (Incoming == PN) continue;
    if (isa<UndefValue>(Incoming)) {
      // Remember that we saw an undef value, but otherwise ignore them.
      HasUndefInput = true;
      continue;
    }
    if (CommonValue && Incoming != CommonValue)
      return nullptr;  // Not the same, bail out.
    CommonValue = Incoming;
  }

  // If CommonValue is null then all of the incoming values were either undef or
  // equal to the phi node itself.
  if (!CommonValue)
    return UndefValue::get(PN->getType());

  // If we have a PHI node like phi(X, undef, X), where X is defined by some
  // instruction, we cannot return X as the result of the PHI node unless it
  // dominates the PHI block.
  if (HasUndefInput)
    return valueDominatesPHI(CommonValue, PN, Q.DT) ? CommonValue : nullptr;

  return CommonValue;
}

static Value *SimplifyCastInst(unsigned CastOpc, Value *Op,
                               Type *Ty, const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (auto *C = dyn_cast<Constant>(Op))
    return ConstantFoldCastOperand(CastOpc, C, Ty, Q.DL);

  if (auto *CI = dyn_cast<CastInst>(Op)) {
    auto *Src = CI->getOperand(0);
    Type *SrcTy = Src->getType();
    Type *MidTy = CI->getType();
    Type *DstTy = Ty;
    if (Src->getType() == Ty) {
      auto FirstOp = static_cast<Instruction::CastOps>(CI->getOpcode());
      auto SecondOp = static_cast<Instruction::CastOps>(CastOpc);
      Type *SrcIntPtrTy =
          SrcTy->isPtrOrPtrVectorTy() ? Q.DL.getIntPtrType(SrcTy) : nullptr;
      Type *MidIntPtrTy =
          MidTy->isPtrOrPtrVectorTy() ? Q.DL.getIntPtrType(MidTy) : nullptr;
      Type *DstIntPtrTy =
          DstTy->isPtrOrPtrVectorTy() ? Q.DL.getIntPtrType(DstTy) : nullptr;
      if (CastInst::isEliminableCastPair(FirstOp, SecondOp, SrcTy, MidTy, DstTy,
                                         SrcIntPtrTy, MidIntPtrTy,
                                         DstIntPtrTy) == Instruction::BitCast)
        return Src;
    }
  }

  // bitcast x -> x
  if (CastOpc == Instruction::BitCast)
    if (Op->getType() == Ty)
      return Op;

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyCastInst(unsigned CastOpc, Value *Op, Type *Ty,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyCastInst(CastOpc, Op, Ty, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

/// For the given destination element of a shuffle, peek through shuffles to
/// match a root vector source operand that contains that element in the same
/// vector lane (ie, the same mask index), so we can eliminate the shuffle(s).
static Value *foldIdentityShuffles(int DestElt, Value *Op0, Value *Op1,
                                   int MaskVal, Value *RootVec,
                                   unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (!MaxRecurse--)
    return nullptr;

  // Bail out if any mask value is undefined. That kind of shuffle may be
  // simplified further based on demanded bits or other folds.
  if (MaskVal == -1)
    return nullptr;

  // The mask value chooses which source operand we need to look at next.
  int InVecNumElts = Op0->getType()->getVectorNumElements();
  int RootElt = MaskVal;
  Value *SourceOp = Op0;
  if (MaskVal >= InVecNumElts) {
    RootElt = MaskVal - InVecNumElts;
    SourceOp = Op1;
  }

  // If the source operand is a shuffle itself, look through it to find the
  // matching root vector.
  if (auto *SourceShuf = dyn_cast<ShuffleVectorInst>(SourceOp)) {
    return foldIdentityShuffles(
        DestElt, SourceShuf->getOperand(0), SourceShuf->getOperand(1),
        SourceShuf->getMaskValue(RootElt), RootVec, MaxRecurse);
  }

  // TODO: Look through bitcasts? What if the bitcast changes the vector element
  // size?

  // The source operand is not a shuffle. Initialize the root vector value for
  // this shuffle if that has not been done yet.
  if (!RootVec)
    RootVec = SourceOp;

  // Give up as soon as a source operand does not match the existing root value.
  if (RootVec != SourceOp)
    return nullptr;

  // The element must be coming from the same lane in the source vector
  // (although it may have crossed lanes in intermediate shuffles).
  if (RootElt != DestElt)
    return nullptr;

  return RootVec;
}

static Value *SimplifyShuffleVectorInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, Constant *Mask,
                                        Type *RetTy, const SimplifyQuery &Q,
                                        unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (isa<UndefValue>(Mask))
    return UndefValue::get(RetTy);

  Type *InVecTy = Op0->getType();
  unsigned MaskNumElts = Mask->getType()->getVectorNumElements();
  unsigned InVecNumElts = InVecTy->getVectorNumElements();

  SmallVector<int, 32> Indices;
  ShuffleVectorInst::getShuffleMask(Mask, Indices);
  assert(MaskNumElts == Indices.size() &&
         "Size of Indices not same as number of mask elements?");

  // Canonicalization: If mask does not select elements from an input vector,
  // replace that input vector with undef.
  bool MaskSelects0 = false, MaskSelects1 = false;
  for (unsigned i = 0; i != MaskNumElts; ++i) {
    if (Indices[i] == -1)
      continue;
    if ((unsigned)Indices[i] < InVecNumElts)
      MaskSelects0 = true;
    else
      MaskSelects1 = true;
  }
  if (!MaskSelects0)
    Op0 = UndefValue::get(InVecTy);
  if (!MaskSelects1)
    Op1 = UndefValue::get(InVecTy);

  auto *Op0Const = dyn_cast<Constant>(Op0);
  auto *Op1Const = dyn_cast<Constant>(Op1);

  // If all operands are constant, constant fold the shuffle.
  if (Op0Const && Op1Const)
    return ConstantFoldShuffleVectorInstruction(Op0Const, Op1Const, Mask);

  // Canonicalization: if only one input vector is constant, it shall be the
  // second one.
  if (Op0Const && !Op1Const) {
    std::swap(Op0, Op1);
    ShuffleVectorInst::commuteShuffleMask(Indices, InVecNumElts);
  }

  // A shuffle of a splat is always the splat itself. Legal if the shuffle's
  // value type is same as the input vectors' type.
  if (auto *OpShuf = dyn_cast<ShuffleVectorInst>(Op0))
    if (isa<UndefValue>(Op1) && RetTy == InVecTy &&
        OpShuf->getMask()->getSplatValue())
      return Op0;

  // Don't fold a shuffle with undef mask elements. This may get folded in a
  // better way using demanded bits or other analysis.
  // TODO: Should we allow this?
  if (find(Indices, -1) != Indices.end())
    return nullptr;

  // Check if every element of this shuffle can be mapped back to the
  // corresponding element of a single root vector. If so, we don't need this
  // shuffle. This handles simple identity shuffles as well as chains of
  // shuffles that may widen/narrow and/or move elements across lanes and back.
  Value *RootVec = nullptr;
  for (unsigned i = 0; i != MaskNumElts; ++i) {
    // Note that recursion is limited for each vector element, so if any element
    // exceeds the limit, this will fail to simplify.
    RootVec =
        foldIdentityShuffles(i, Op0, Op1, Indices[i], RootVec, MaxRecurse);

    // We can't replace a widening/narrowing shuffle with one of its operands.
    if (!RootVec || RootVec->getType() != RetTy)
      return nullptr;
  }
  return RootVec;
}

/// Given operands for a ShuffleVectorInst, fold the result or return null.
Value *llvm::SimplifyShuffleVectorInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, Constant *Mask,
                                       Type *RetTy, const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyShuffleVectorInst(Op0, Op1, Mask, RetTy, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

static Constant *propagateNaN(Constant *In) {
  // If the input is a vector with undef elements, just return a default NaN.
  if (!In->isNaN())
    return ConstantFP::getNaN(In->getType());

  // Propagate the existing NaN constant when possible.
  // TODO: Should we quiet a signaling NaN?
  return In;
}

static Constant *simplifyFPBinop(Value *Op0, Value *Op1) {
  if (isa<UndefValue>(Op0) || isa<UndefValue>(Op1))
    return ConstantFP::getNaN(Op0->getType());

  if (match(Op0, m_NaN()))
    return propagateNaN(cast<Constant>(Op0));
  if (match(Op1, m_NaN()))
    return propagateNaN(cast<Constant>(Op1));

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given operands for an FAdd, see if we can fold the result.  If not, this
/// returns null.
static Value *SimplifyFAddInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, FastMathFlags FMF,
                               const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::FAdd, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  if (Constant *C = simplifyFPBinop(Op0, Op1))
    return C;

  // fadd X, -0 ==> X
  if (match(Op1, m_NegZeroFP()))
    return Op0;

  // fadd X, 0 ==> X, when we know X is not -0
  if (match(Op1, m_PosZeroFP()) &&
      (FMF.noSignedZeros() || CannotBeNegativeZero(Op0, Q.TLI)))
    return Op0;

  // With nnan: (+/-0.0 - X) + X --> 0.0 (and commuted variant)
  // We don't have to explicitly exclude infinities (ninf): INF + -INF == NaN.
  // Negative zeros are allowed because we always end up with positive zero:
  // X = -0.0: (-0.0 - (-0.0)) + (-0.0) == ( 0.0) + (-0.0) == 0.0
  // X = -0.0: ( 0.0 - (-0.0)) + (-0.0) == ( 0.0) + (-0.0) == 0.0
  // X =  0.0: (-0.0 - ( 0.0)) + ( 0.0) == (-0.0) + ( 0.0) == 0.0
  // X =  0.0: ( 0.0 - ( 0.0)) + ( 0.0) == ( 0.0) + ( 0.0) == 0.0
  if (FMF.noNaNs() && (match(Op0, m_FSub(m_AnyZeroFP(), m_Specific(Op1))) ||
                       match(Op1, m_FSub(m_AnyZeroFP(), m_Specific(Op0)))))
    return ConstantFP::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given operands for an FSub, see if we can fold the result.  If not, this
/// returns null.
static Value *SimplifyFSubInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, FastMathFlags FMF,
                               const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::FSub, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  if (Constant *C = simplifyFPBinop(Op0, Op1))
    return C;

  // fsub X, +0 ==> X
  if (match(Op1, m_PosZeroFP()))
    return Op0;

  // fsub X, -0 ==> X, when we know X is not -0
  if (match(Op1, m_NegZeroFP()) &&
      (FMF.noSignedZeros() || CannotBeNegativeZero(Op0, Q.TLI)))
    return Op0;

  // fsub -0.0, (fsub -0.0, X) ==> X
  Value *X;
  if (match(Op0, m_NegZeroFP()) &&
      match(Op1, m_FSub(m_NegZeroFP(), m_Value(X))))
    return X;

  // fsub 0.0, (fsub 0.0, X) ==> X if signed zeros are ignored.
  if (FMF.noSignedZeros() && match(Op0, m_AnyZeroFP()) &&
      match(Op1, m_FSub(m_AnyZeroFP(), m_Value(X))))
    return X;

  // fsub nnan x, x ==> 0.0
  if (FMF.noNaNs() && Op0 == Op1)
    return Constant::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  return nullptr;
}

/// Given the operands for an FMul, see if we can fold the result
static Value *SimplifyFMulInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, FastMathFlags FMF,
                               const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned MaxRecurse) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::FMul, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  if (Constant *C = simplifyFPBinop(Op0, Op1))
    return C;

  // fmul X, 1.0 ==> X
  if (match(Op1, m_FPOne()))
    return Op0;

  // fmul nnan nsz X, 0 ==> 0
  if (FMF.noNaNs() && FMF.noSignedZeros() && match(Op1, m_AnyZeroFP()))
    return ConstantFP::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  // sqrt(X) * sqrt(X) --> X, if we can:
  // 1. Remove the intermediate rounding (reassociate).
  // 2. Ignore non-zero negative numbers because sqrt would produce NAN.
  // 3. Ignore -0.0 because sqrt(-0.0) == -0.0, but -0.0 * -0.0 == 0.0.
  Value *X;
  if (Op0 == Op1 && match(Op0, m_Intrinsic<Intrinsic::sqrt>(m_Value(X))) &&
      FMF.allowReassoc() && FMF.noNaNs() && FMF.noSignedZeros())
    return X;

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyFAddInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, FastMathFlags FMF,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyFAddInst(Op0, Op1, FMF, Q, RecursionLimit);
}


Value *llvm::SimplifyFSubInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, FastMathFlags FMF,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyFSubInst(Op0, Op1, FMF, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyFMulInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, FastMathFlags FMF,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyFMulInst(Op0, Op1, FMF, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

static Value *SimplifyFDivInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, FastMathFlags FMF,
                               const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::FDiv, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  if (Constant *C = simplifyFPBinop(Op0, Op1))
    return C;

  // X / 1.0 -> X
  if (match(Op1, m_FPOne()))
    return Op0;

  // 0 / X -> 0
  // Requires that NaNs are off (X could be zero) and signed zeroes are
  // ignored (X could be positive or negative, so the output sign is unknown).
  if (FMF.noNaNs() && FMF.noSignedZeros() && match(Op0, m_AnyZeroFP()))
    return ConstantFP::getNullValue(Op0->getType());

  if (FMF.noNaNs()) {
    // X / X -> 1.0 is legal when NaNs are ignored.
    // We can ignore infinities because INF/INF is NaN.
    if (Op0 == Op1)
      return ConstantFP::get(Op0->getType(), 1.0);

    // (X * Y) / Y --> X if we can reassociate to the above form.
    Value *X;
    if (FMF.allowReassoc() && match(Op0, m_c_FMul(m_Value(X), m_Specific(Op1))))
      return X;

    // -X /  X -> -1.0 and
    //  X / -X -> -1.0 are legal when NaNs are ignored.
    // We can ignore signed zeros because +-0.0/+-0.0 is NaN and ignored.
    if ((BinaryOperator::isFNeg(Op0, /*IgnoreZeroSign=*/true) &&
         BinaryOperator::getFNegArgument(Op0) == Op1) ||
        (BinaryOperator::isFNeg(Op1, /*IgnoreZeroSign=*/true) &&
         BinaryOperator::getFNegArgument(Op1) == Op0))
      return ConstantFP::get(Op0->getType(), -1.0);
  }

  return nullptr;
}

Value *llvm::SimplifyFDivInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, FastMathFlags FMF,
                              const SimplifyQuery &Q) {
  return ::SimplifyFDivInst(Op0, Op1, FMF, Q, RecursionLimit);
}

static Value *SimplifyFRemInst(Value *Op0, Value *Op1, FastMathFlags FMF,
                               const SimplifyQuery &Q, unsigned) {
  if (Constant *C = foldOrCommuteConstant(Instruction::FRem, Op0, Op1, Q))
    return C;

  if (Constant *C = simplifyFPBinop(Op0, Op1))
    return C;

  // Unlike fdiv, the result of frem always matches the sign of the dividend.
  // The constant match may include undef elements in a vector, so return a full
  // zero constant as the result.
  if (FMF.noNaNs()) {
    // +0 % X -> 0
    if (match(Op0, m_PosZeroFP()))
      return ConstantFP::getNullValue(Op0->getType());<