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/*
 * CDDL HEADER START
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
 * Common Development and Distribution License (the "License").
 * You may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *
 * You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
 * or http://www.opensolaris.org/os/licensing.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions
 * and limitations under the License.
 *
 * When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
 * file and include the License file at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE.
 * If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
 * fields enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying
 * information: Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
 *
 * CDDL HEADER END
 */
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2005, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2011, 2020 by Delphix. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright 2011 Nexenta Systems, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2014 Spectra Logic Corporation, All rights reserved.
 * Copyright 2013 Saso Kiselkov. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2014 Integros [integros.com]
 * Copyright 2017 Joyent, Inc.
 * Copyright (c) 2017, 2019, Datto Inc. All rights reserved.
 * Copyright (c) 2017, Intel Corporation.
 * Copyright (c) 2019, Allan Jude
 * Copyright (c) 2019, Klara Inc.
 */

#ifndef _SYS_SPA_H
#define	_SYS_SPA_H

#include <sys/avl.h>
#include <sys/zfs_context.h>
#include <sys/kstat.h>
#include <sys/nvpair.h>
#include <sys/sysmacros.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/fs/zfs.h>
#include <sys/spa_checksum.h>
#include <sys/dmu.h>
#include <sys/space_map.h>
#include <sys/bitops.h>

#ifdef	__cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/*
 * Forward references that lots of things need.
 */
typedef struct spa spa_t;
typedef struct vdev vdev_t;
typedef struct metaslab metaslab_t;
typedef struct metaslab_group metaslab_group_t;
typedef struct metaslab_class metaslab_class_t;
typedef struct zio zio_t;
typedef struct zilog zilog_t;
typedef struct spa_aux_vdev spa_aux_vdev_t;
typedef struct ddt ddt_t;
typedef struct ddt_entry ddt_entry_t;
typedef struct zbookmark_phys zbookmark_phys_t;

struct bpobj;
struct bplist;
struct dsl_pool;
struct dsl_dataset;
struct dsl_crypto_params;

/*
 * We currently support block sizes from 512 bytes to 16MB.
 * The benefits of larger blocks, and thus larger IO, need to be weighed
 * against the cost of COWing a giant block to modify one byte, and the
 * large latency of reading or writing a large block.
 *
 * Note that although blocks up to 16MB are supported, the recordsize
 * property can not be set larger than zfs_max_recordsize (default 1MB).
 * See the comment near zfs_max_recordsize in dsl_dataset.c for details.
 *
 * Note that although the LSIZE field of the blkptr_t can store sizes up
 * to 32MB, the dnode's dn_datablkszsec can only store sizes up to
 * 32MB - 512 bytes.  Therefore, we limit SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE to 16MB.
 */
#define	SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT	9
#define	SPA_OLD_MAXBLOCKSHIFT	17
#define	SPA_MAXBLOCKSHIFT	24
#define	SPA_MINBLOCKSIZE	(1ULL << SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT)
#define	SPA_OLD_MAXBLOCKSIZE	(1ULL << SPA_OLD_MAXBLOCKSHIFT)
#define	SPA_MAXBLOCKSIZE	(1ULL << SPA_MAXBLOCKSHIFT)

/*
 * Alignment Shift (ashift) is an immutable, internal top-level vdev property
 * which can only be set at vdev creation time. Physical writes are always done
 * according to it, which makes 2^ashift the smallest possible IO on a vdev.
 *
 * We currently allow values ranging from 512 bytes (2^9 = 512) to 64 KiB
 * (2^16 = 65,536).
 */
#define	ASHIFT_MIN		9
#define	ASHIFT_MAX		16

/*
 * Size of block to hold the configuration data (a packed nvlist)
 */
#define	SPA_CONFIG_BLOCKSIZE	(1ULL << 14)

/*
 * The DVA size encodings for LSIZE and PSIZE support blocks up to 32MB.
 * The ASIZE encoding should be at least 64 times larger (6 more bits)
 * to support up to 4-way RAID-Z mirror mode with worst-case gang block
 * overhead, three DVAs per bp, plus one more bit in case we do anything
 * else that expands the ASIZE.
 */
#define	SPA_LSIZEBITS		16	/* LSIZE up to 32M (2^16 * 512)	*/
#define	SPA_PSIZEBITS		16	/* PSIZE up to 32M (2^16 * 512)	*/
#define	SPA_ASIZEBITS		24	/* ASIZE up to 64 times larger	*/

#define	SPA_COMPRESSBITS	7
#define	SPA_VDEVBITS		24
#define	SPA_COMPRESSMASK	((1U << SPA_COMPRESSBITS) - 1)

/*
 * All SPA data is represented by 128-bit data virtual addresses (DVAs).
 * The members of the dva_t should be considered opaque outside the SPA.
 */
typedef struct dva {
	uint64_t	dva_word[2];
} dva_t;


/*
 * Some checksums/hashes need a 256-bit initialization salt. This salt is kept
 * secret and is suitable for use in MAC algorithms as the key.
 */
typedef struct zio_cksum_salt {
	uint8_t		zcs_bytes[32];
} zio_cksum_salt_t;

/*
 * Each block is described by its DVAs, time of birth, checksum, etc.
 * The word-by-word, bit-by-bit layout of the blkptr is as follows:
 *
 *	64	56	48	40	32	24	16	8	0
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 0	|  pad  |	  vdev1         | GRID  |	  ASIZE		|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 1	|G|			 offset1				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 2	|  pad  |	  vdev2         | GRID  |	  ASIZE		|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 3	|G|			 offset2				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 4	|  pad  |	  vdev3         | GRID  |	  ASIZE		|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 5	|G|			 offset3				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 6	|BDX|lvl| type	| cksum |E| comp|    PSIZE	|     LSIZE	|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 7	|			padding					|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 8	|			padding					|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 9	|			physical birth txg			|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * a	|			logical birth txg			|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * b	|			fill count				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * c	|			checksum[0]				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * d	|			checksum[1]				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * e	|			checksum[2]				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * f	|			checksum[3]				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 *
 * Legend:
 *
 * vdev		virtual device ID
 * offset	offset into virtual device
 * LSIZE	logical size
 * PSIZE	physical size (after compression)
 * ASIZE	allocated size (including RAID-Z parity and gang block headers)
 * GRID		RAID-Z layout information (reserved for future use)
 * cksum	checksum function
 * comp		compression function
 * G		gang block indicator
 * B		byteorder (endianness)
 * D		dedup
 * X		encryption
 * E		blkptr_t contains embedded data (see below)
 * lvl		level of indirection
 * type		DMU object type
 * phys birth	txg when dva[0] was written; zero if same as logical birth txg
 *              note that typically all the dva's would be written in this
 *              txg, but they could be different if they were moved by
 *              device removal.
 * log. birth	transaction group in which the block was logically born
 * fill count	number of non-zero blocks under this bp
 * checksum[4]	256-bit checksum of the data this bp describes
 */

/*
 * The blkptr_t's of encrypted blocks also need to store the encryption
 * parameters so that the block can be decrypted. This layout is as follows:
 *
 *	64	56	48	40	32	24	16	8	0
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 0	|		vdev1		| GRID  |	  ASIZE		|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 1	|G|			 offset1				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 2	|		vdev2		| GRID  |	  ASIZE		|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 3	|G|			 offset2				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 4	|			salt					|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 5	|			IV1					|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 6	|BDX|lvl| type	| cksum |E| comp|    PSIZE	|     LSIZE	|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 7	|			padding					|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 8	|			padding					|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 9	|			physical birth txg			|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * a	|			logical birth txg			|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * b	|		IV2		|	    fill count		|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * c	|			checksum[0]				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * d	|			checksum[1]				|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * e	|			MAC[0]					|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * f	|			MAC[1]					|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 *
 * Legend:
 *
 * salt		Salt for generating encryption keys
 * IV1		First 64 bits of encryption IV
 * X		Block requires encryption handling (set to 1)
 * E		blkptr_t contains embedded data (set to 0, see below)
 * fill count	number of non-zero blocks under this bp (truncated to 32 bits)
 * IV2		Last 32 bits of encryption IV
 * checksum[2]	128-bit checksum of the data this bp describes
 * MAC[2]	128-bit message authentication code for this data
 *
 * The X bit being set indicates that this block is one of 3 types. If this is
 * a level 0 block with an encrypted object type, the block is encrypted
 * (see BP_IS_ENCRYPTED()). If this is a level 0 block with an unencrypted
 * object type, this block is authenticated with an HMAC (see
 * BP_IS_AUTHENTICATED()). Otherwise (if level > 0), this bp will use the MAC
 * words to store a checksum-of-MACs from the level below (see
 * BP_HAS_INDIRECT_MAC_CKSUM()). For convenience in the code, BP_IS_PROTECTED()
 * refers to both encrypted and authenticated blocks and BP_USES_CRYPT()
 * refers to any of these 3 kinds of blocks.
 *
 * The additional encryption parameters are the salt, IV, and MAC which are
 * explained in greater detail in the block comment at the top of zio_crypt.c.
 * The MAC occupies half of the checksum space since it serves a very similar
 * purpose: to prevent data corruption on disk. The only functional difference
 * is that the checksum is used to detect on-disk corruption whether or not the
 * encryption key is loaded and the MAC provides additional protection against
 * malicious disk tampering. We use the 3rd DVA to store the salt and first
 * 64 bits of the IV. As a result encrypted blocks can only have 2 copies
 * maximum instead of the normal 3. The last 32 bits of the IV are stored in
 * the upper bits of what is usually the fill count. Note that only blocks at
 * level 0 or -2 are ever encrypted, which allows us to guarantee that these
 * 32 bits are not trampled over by other code (see zio_crypt.c for details).
 * The salt and IV are not used for authenticated bps or bps with an indirect
 * MAC checksum, so these blocks can utilize all 3 DVAs and the full 64 bits
 * for the fill count.
 */

/*
 * "Embedded" blkptr_t's don't actually point to a block, instead they
 * have a data payload embedded in the blkptr_t itself.  See the comment
 * in blkptr.c for more details.
 *
 * The blkptr_t is laid out as follows:
 *
 *	64	56	48	40	32	24	16	8	0
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 0	|      payload                                                  |
 * 1	|      payload                                                  |
 * 2	|      payload                                                  |
 * 3	|      payload                                                  |
 * 4	|      payload                                                  |
 * 5	|      payload                                                  |
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 6	|BDX|lvl| type	| etype |E| comp| PSIZE|              LSIZE	|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * 7	|      payload                                                  |
 * 8	|      payload                                                  |
 * 9	|      payload                                                  |
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * a	|			logical birth txg			|
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 * b	|      payload                                                  |
 * c	|      payload                                                  |
 * d	|      payload                                                  |
 * e	|      payload                                                  |
 * f	|      payload                                                  |
 *	+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+-------+
 *
 * Legend:
 *
 * payload		contains the embedded data
 * B (byteorder)	byteorder (endianness)
 * D (dedup)		padding (set to zero)
 * X			encryption (set to zero)
 * E (embedded)		set to one
 * lvl			indirection level
 * type			DMU object type
 * etype		how to interpret embedded data (BP_EMBEDDED_TYPE_*)
 * comp			compression function of payload
 * PSIZE		size of payload after compression, in bytes
 * LSIZE		logical size of payload, in bytes
 *			note that 25 bits is enough to store the largest
 *			"normal" BP's LSIZE (2^16 * 2^9) in bytes
 * log. birth		transaction group in which the block was logically born
 *
 * Note that LSIZE and PSIZE are stored in bytes, whereas for non-embedded
 * bp's they are stored in units of SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT.
 * Generally, the generic BP_GET_*() macros can be used on embedded BP's.
 * The B, D, X, lvl, type, and comp fields are stored the same as with normal
 * BP's so the BP_SET_* macros can be used with them.  etype, PSIZE, LSIZE must
 * be set with the BPE_SET_* macros.  BP_SET_EMBEDDED() should be called before
 * other macros, as they assert that they are only used on BP's of the correct
 * "embedded-ness". Encrypted blkptr_t's cannot be embedded because they use
 * the payload space for encryption parameters (see the comment above on
 * how encryption parameters are stored).
 */

#define	BPE_GET_ETYPE(bp)	\
	(ASSERT(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)), \
	BF64_GET((bp)->blk_prop, 40, 8))
#define	BPE_SET_ETYPE(bp, t)	do { \
	ASSERT(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)); \
	BF64_SET((bp)->blk_prop, 40, 8, t); \
_NOTE(CONSTCOND) } while (0)

#define	BPE_GET_LSIZE(bp)	\
	(ASSERT(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)), \
	BF64_GET_SB((bp)->blk_prop, 0, 25, 0, 1))
#define	BPE_SET_LSIZE(bp, x)	do { \
	ASSERT(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)); \
	BF64_SET_SB((bp)->blk_prop, 0, 25, 0, 1, x); \
_NOTE(CONSTCOND) } while (0)

#define	BPE_GET_PSIZE(bp)	\
	(ASSERT(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)), \
	BF64_GET_SB((bp)->blk_prop, 25, 7, 0, 1))
#define	BPE_SET_PSIZE(bp, x)	do { \
	ASSERT(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)); \
	BF64_SET_SB((bp)->blk_prop, 25, 7, 0, 1, x); \
_NOTE(CONSTCOND) } while (0)

typedef enum bp_embedded_type {
	BP_EMBEDDED_TYPE_DATA,
	BP_EMBEDDED_TYPE_RESERVED, /* Reserved for Delphix byteswap feature. */
	BP_EMBEDDED_TYPE_REDACTED,
	NUM_BP_EMBEDDED_TYPES
} bp_embedded_type_t;

#define	BPE_NUM_WORDS 14
#define	BPE_PAYLOAD_SIZE (BPE_NUM_WORDS * sizeof (uint64_t))
#define	BPE_IS_PAYLOADWORD(bp, wp) \
	((wp) != &(bp)->blk_prop && (wp) != &(bp)->blk_birth)

#define	SPA_BLKPTRSHIFT	7		/* blkptr_t is 128 bytes	*/
#define	SPA_DVAS_PER_BP	3		/* Number of DVAs in a bp	*/
#define	SPA_SYNC_MIN_VDEVS 3		/* min vdevs to update during sync */

/*
 * A block is a hole when it has either 1) never been written to, or
 * 2) is zero-filled. In both cases, ZFS can return all zeroes for all reads
 * without physically allocating disk space. Holes are represented in the
 * blkptr_t structure by zeroed blk_dva. Correct checking for holes is
 * done through the BP_IS_HOLE macro. For holes, the logical size, level,
 * DMU object type, and birth times are all also stored for holes that
 * were written to at some point (i.e. were punched after having been filled).
 */
typedef struct blkptr {
	dva_t		blk_dva[SPA_DVAS_PER_BP]; /* Data Virtual Addresses */
	uint64_t	blk_prop;	/* size, compression, type, etc	    */
	uint64_t	blk_pad[2];	/* Extra space for the future	    */
	uint64_t	blk_phys_birth;	/* txg when block was allocated	    */
	uint64_t	blk_birth;	/* transaction group at birth	    */
	uint64_t	blk_fill;	/* fill count			    */
	zio_cksum_t	blk_cksum;	/* 256-bit checksum		    */
} blkptr_t;

/*
 * Macros to get and set fields in a bp or DVA.
 */
#define	DVA_GET_ASIZE(dva)	\
	BF64_GET_SB((dva)->dva_word[0], 0, SPA_ASIZEBITS, SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT, 0)
#define	DVA_SET_ASIZE(dva, x)	\
	BF64_SET_SB((dva)->dva_word[0], 0, SPA_ASIZEBITS, \
	SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT, 0, x)

#define	DVA_GET_GRID(dva)	BF64_GET((dva)->dva_word[0], 24, 8)
#define	DVA_SET_GRID(dva, x)	BF64_SET((dva)->dva_word[0], 24, 8, x)

#define	DVA_GET_VDEV(dva)	BF64_GET((dva)->dva_word[0], 32, SPA_VDEVBITS)
#define	DVA_SET_VDEV(dva, x)	\
	BF64_SET((dva)->dva_word[0], 32, SPA_VDEVBITS, x)

#define	DVA_GET_OFFSET(dva)	\
	BF64_GET_SB((dva)->dva_word[1], 0, 63, SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT, 0)
#define	DVA_SET_OFFSET(dva, x)	\
	BF64_SET_SB((dva)->dva_word[1], 0, 63, SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT, 0, x)

#define	DVA_GET_GANG(dva)	BF64_GET((dva)->dva_word[1], 63, 1)
#define	DVA_SET_GANG(dva, x)	BF64_SET((dva)->dva_word[1], 63, 1, x)

#define	BP_GET_LSIZE(bp)	\
	(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) ?	\
	(BPE_GET_ETYPE(bp) == BP_EMBEDDED_TYPE_DATA ? BPE_GET_LSIZE(bp) : 0): \
	BF64_GET_SB((bp)->blk_prop, 0, SPA_LSIZEBITS, SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT, 1))
#define	BP_SET_LSIZE(bp, x)	do { \
	ASSERT(!BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)); \
	BF64_SET_SB((bp)->blk_prop, \
	    0, SPA_LSIZEBITS, SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT, 1, x); \
_NOTE(CONSTCOND) } while (0)

#define	BP_GET_PSIZE(bp)	\
	(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) ? 0 : \
	BF64_GET_SB((bp)->blk_prop, 16, SPA_PSIZEBITS, SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT, 1))
#define	BP_SET_PSIZE(bp, x)	do { \
	ASSERT(!BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)); \
	BF64_SET_SB((bp)->blk_prop, \
	    16, SPA_PSIZEBITS, SPA_MINBLOCKSHIFT, 1, x); \
_NOTE(CONSTCOND) } while (0)

#define	BP_GET_COMPRESS(bp)		\
	BF64_GET((bp)->blk_prop, 32, SPA_COMPRESSBITS)
#define	BP_SET_COMPRESS(bp, x)		\
	BF64_SET((bp)->blk_prop, 32, SPA_COMPRESSBITS, x)

#define	BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)		BF64_GET((bp)->blk_prop, 39, 1)
#define	BP_SET_EMBEDDED(bp, x)		BF64_SET((bp)->blk_prop, 39, 1, x)

#define	BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp)		\
	(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) ? ZIO_CHECKSUM_OFF : \
	BF64_GET((bp)->blk_prop, 40, 8))
#define	BP_SET_CHECKSUM(bp, x)		do { \
	ASSERT(!BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)); \
	BF64_SET((bp)->blk_prop, 40, 8, x); \
_NOTE(CONSTCOND) } while (0)

#define	BP_GET_TYPE(bp)			BF64_GET((bp)->blk_prop, 48, 8)
#define	BP_SET_TYPE(bp, x)		BF64_SET((bp)->blk_prop, 48, 8, x)

#define	BP_GET_LEVEL(bp)		BF64_GET((bp)->blk_prop, 56, 5)
#define	BP_SET_LEVEL(bp, x)		BF64_SET((bp)->blk_prop, 56, 5, x)

/* encrypted, authenticated, and MAC cksum bps use the same bit */
#define	BP_USES_CRYPT(bp)		BF64_GET((bp)->blk_prop, 61, 1)
#define	BP_SET_CRYPT(bp, x)		BF64_SET((bp)->blk_prop, 61, 1, x)

#define	BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp)			\
	(BP_USES_CRYPT(bp) &&			\
	BP_GET_LEVEL(bp) <= 0 &&		\
	DMU_OT_IS_ENCRYPTED(BP_GET_TYPE(bp)))

#define	BP_IS_AUTHENTICATED(bp)			\
	(BP_USES_CRYPT(bp) &&			\
	BP_GET_LEVEL(bp) <= 0 &&		\
	!DMU_OT_IS_ENCRYPTED(BP_GET_TYPE(bp)))

#define	BP_HAS_INDIRECT_MAC_CKSUM(bp)		\
	(BP_USES_CRYPT(bp) && BP_GET_LEVEL(bp) > 0)

#define	BP_IS_PROTECTED(bp)			\
	(BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp) || BP_IS_AUTHENTICATED(bp))

#define	BP_GET_DEDUP(bp)		BF64_GET((bp)->blk_prop, 62, 1)
#define	BP_SET_DEDUP(bp, x)		BF64_SET((bp)->blk_prop, 62, 1, x)

#define	BP_GET_BYTEORDER(bp)		BF64_GET((bp)->blk_prop, 63, 1)
#define	BP_SET_BYTEORDER(bp, x)		BF64_SET((bp)->blk_prop, 63, 1, x)

#define	BP_GET_FREE(bp)			BF64_GET((bp)->blk_fill, 0, 1)
#define	BP_SET_FREE(bp, x)		BF64_SET((bp)->blk_fill, 0, 1, x)

#define	BP_PHYSICAL_BIRTH(bp)		\
	(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) ? 0 : \
	(bp)->blk_phys_birth ? (bp)->blk_phys_birth : (bp)->blk_birth)

#define	BP_SET_BIRTH(bp, logical, physical)	\
{						\
	ASSERT(!BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp));		\
	(bp)->blk_birth = (logical);		\
	(bp)->blk_phys_birth = ((logical) == (physical) ? 0 : (physical)); \
}

#define	BP_GET_FILL(bp)				\
	((BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp)) ? BF64_GET((bp)->blk_fill, 0, 32) : \
	((BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)) ? 1 : (bp)->blk_fill))

#define	BP_SET_FILL(bp, fill)			\
{						\
	if (BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp))			\
		BF64_SET((bp)->blk_fill, 0, 32, fill); \
	else					\
		(bp)->blk_fill = fill;		\
}

#define	BP_GET_IV2(bp)				\
	(ASSERT(BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp)),		\
	BF64_GET((bp)->blk_fill, 32, 32))
#define	BP_SET_IV2(bp, iv2)			\
{						\
	ASSERT(BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp));		\
	BF64_SET((bp)->blk_fill, 32, 32, iv2);	\
}

#define	BP_IS_METADATA(bp)	\
	(BP_GET_LEVEL(bp) > 0 || DMU_OT_IS_METADATA(BP_GET_TYPE(bp)))

#define	BP_GET_ASIZE(bp)	\
	(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) ? 0 : \
	DVA_GET_ASIZE(&(bp)->blk_dva[0]) + \
	DVA_GET_ASIZE(&(bp)->blk_dva[1]) + \
	(DVA_GET_ASIZE(&(bp)->blk_dva[2]) * !BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp)))

#define	BP_GET_UCSIZE(bp)	\
	(BP_IS_METADATA(bp) ? BP_GET_PSIZE(bp) : BP_GET_LSIZE(bp))

#define	BP_GET_NDVAS(bp)	\
	(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) ? 0 : \
	!!DVA_GET_ASIZE(&(bp)->blk_dva[0]) + \
	!!DVA_GET_ASIZE(&(bp)->blk_dva[1]) + \
	(!!DVA_GET_ASIZE(&(bp)->blk_dva[2]) * !BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp)))

#define	BP_COUNT_GANG(bp)	\
	(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) ? 0 : \
	(DVA_GET_GANG(&(bp)->blk_dva[0]) + \
	DVA_GET_GANG(&(bp)->blk_dva[1]) + \
	(DVA_GET_GANG(&(bp)->blk_dva[2]) * !BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp))))

#define	DVA_EQUAL(dva1, dva2)	\
	((dva1)->dva_word[1] == (dva2)->dva_word[1] && \
	(dva1)->dva_word[0] == (dva2)->dva_word[0])

#define	BP_EQUAL(bp1, bp2)	\
	(BP_PHYSICAL_BIRTH(bp1) == BP_PHYSICAL_BIRTH(bp2) &&	\
	(bp1)->blk_birth == (bp2)->blk_birth &&			\
	DVA_EQUAL(&(bp1)->blk_dva[0], &(bp2)->blk_dva[0]) &&	\
	DVA_EQUAL(&(bp1)->blk_dva[1], &(bp2)->blk_dva[1]) &&	\
	DVA_EQUAL(&(bp1)->blk_dva[2], &(bp2)->blk_dva[2]))


#define	DVA_IS_VALID(dva)	(DVA_GET_ASIZE(dva) != 0)

#define	BP_IDENTITY(bp)		(ASSERT(!BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)), &(bp)->blk_dva[0])
#define	BP_IS_GANG(bp)		\
	(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) ? B_FALSE : DVA_GET_GANG(BP_IDENTITY(bp)))
#define	DVA_IS_EMPTY(dva)	((dva)->dva_word[0] == 0ULL &&	\
				(dva)->dva_word[1] == 0ULL)
#define	BP_IS_HOLE(bp) \
	(!BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) && DVA_IS_EMPTY(BP_IDENTITY(bp)))

#define	BP_SET_REDACTED(bp) \
{							\
	BP_SET_EMBEDDED(bp, B_TRUE);			\
	BPE_SET_ETYPE(bp, BP_EMBEDDED_TYPE_REDACTED);	\
}
#define	BP_IS_REDACTED(bp) \
	(BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp) && BPE_GET_ETYPE(bp) == BP_EMBEDDED_TYPE_REDACTED)

/* BP_IS_RAIDZ(bp) assumes no block compression */
#define	BP_IS_RAIDZ(bp)		(DVA_GET_ASIZE(&(bp)->blk_dva[0]) > \
				BP_GET_PSIZE(bp))

#define	BP_ZERO(bp)				\
{						\
	(bp)->blk_dva[0].dva_word[0] = 0;	\
	(bp)->blk_dva[0].dva_word[1] = 0;	\
	(bp)->blk_dva[1].dva_word[0] = 0;	\
	(bp)->blk_dva[1].dva_word[1] = 0;	\
	(bp)->blk_dva[2].dva_word[0] = 0;	\
	(bp)->blk_dva[2].dva_word[1] = 0;	\
	(bp)->blk_prop = 0;			\
	(bp)->blk_pad[0] = 0;			\
	(bp)->blk_pad[1] = 0;			\
	(bp)->blk_phys_birth = 0;		\
	(bp)->blk_birth = 0;			\
	(bp)->blk_fill = 0;			\
	ZIO_SET_CHECKSUM(&(bp)->blk_cksum, 0, 0, 0, 0);	\
}

#ifdef _ZFS_BIG_ENDIAN
#define	ZFS_HOST_BYTEORDER	(0ULL)
#else
#define	ZFS_HOST_BYTEORDER	(1ULL)
#endif

#define	BP_SHOULD_BYTESWAP(bp)	(BP_GET_BYTEORDER(bp) != ZFS_HOST_BYTEORDER)

#define	BP_SPRINTF_LEN	400

/*
 * This macro allows code sharing between zfs, libzpool, and mdb.
 * 'func' is either snprintf() or mdb_snprintf().
 * 'ws' (whitespace) can be ' ' for single-line format, '\n' for multi-line.
 */

#define	SNPRINTF_BLKPTR(func, ws, buf, size, bp, type, checksum, compress) \
{									\
	static const char *copyname[] =					\
	    { "zero", "single", "double", "triple" };			\
	int len = 0;							\
	int copies = 0;							\
	const char *crypt_type;						\
	if (bp != NULL) {						\
		if (BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp)) {				\
			crypt_type = "encrypted";			\
			/* LINTED E_SUSPICIOUS_COMPARISON */		\
		} else if (BP_IS_AUTHENTICATED(bp)) {			\
			crypt_type = "authenticated";			\
		} else if (BP_HAS_INDIRECT_MAC_CKSUM(bp)) {		\
			crypt_type = "indirect-MAC";			\
		} else {						\
			crypt_type = "unencrypted";			\
		}							\
	}								\
	if (bp == NULL) {						\
		len += func(buf + len, size - len, "<NULL>");		\
	} else if (BP_IS_HOLE(bp)) {					\
		len += func(buf + len, size - len,			\
		    "HOLE [L%llu %s] "					\
		    "size=%llxL birth=%lluL",				\
		    (u_longlong_t)BP_GET_LEVEL(bp),			\
		    type,						\
		    (u_longlong_t)BP_GET_LSIZE(bp),			\
		    (u_longlong_t)bp->blk_birth);			\
	} else if (BP_IS_EMBEDDED(bp)) {				\
		len = func(buf + len, size - len,			\
		    "EMBEDDED [L%llu %s] et=%u %s "			\
		    "size=%llxL/%llxP birth=%lluL",			\
		    (u_longlong_t)BP_GET_LEVEL(bp),			\
		    type,						\
		    (int)BPE_GET_ETYPE(bp),				\
		    compress,						\
		    (u_longlong_t)BPE_GET_LSIZE(bp),			\
		    (u_longlong_t)BPE_GET_PSIZE(bp),			\
		    (u_longlong_t)bp->blk_birth);			\
	} else if (BP_IS_REDACTED(bp)) {				\
		len += func(buf + len, size - len,			\
		    "REDACTED [L%llu %s] size=%llxL birth=%lluL",	\
		    (u_longlong_t)BP_GET_LEVEL(bp),			\
		    type,						\
		    (u_longlong_t)BP_GET_LSIZE(bp),			\
		    (u_longlong_t)bp->blk_birth);			\
	} else {							\
		for (int d = 0; d < BP_GET_NDVAS(bp); d++) {		\
			const dva_t *dva = &bp->blk_dva[d];		\
			if (DVA_IS_VALID(dva))				\
				copies++;				\
			len += func(buf + len, size - len,		\
			    "DVA[%d]=<%llu:%llx:%llx>%c", d,		\
			    (u_longlong_t)DVA_GET_VDEV(dva),		\
			    (u_longlong_t)DVA_GET_OFFSET(dva),		\
			    (u_longlong_t)DVA_GET_ASIZE(dva),		\
			    ws);					\
		}							\
		if (BP_IS_ENCRYPTED(bp)) {				\
			len += func(buf + len, size - len,		\
			    "salt=%llx iv=%llx:%llx%c",			\
			    (u_longlong_t)bp->blk_dva[2].dva_word[0],	\
			    (u_longlong_t)bp->blk_dva[2].dva_word[1],	\
			    (u_longlong_t)BP_GET_IV2(bp),		\
			    ws);					\
		}							\
		if (BP_IS_GANG(bp) &&					\
		    DVA_GET_ASIZE(&bp->blk_dva[2]) <=			\
		    DVA_GET_ASIZE(&bp->blk_dva[1]) / 2)			\
			copies--;					\
		len += func(buf + len, size - len,			\
		    "[L%llu %s] %s %s %s %s %s %s %s%c"			\
		    "size=%llxL/%llxP birth=%lluL/%lluP fill=%llu%c"	\
		    "cksum=%llx:%llx:%llx:%llx",			\
		    (u_longlong_t)BP_GET_LEVEL(bp),			\
		    type,						\
		    checksum,						\
		    compress,						\
		    crypt_type,						\
		    BP_GET_BYTEORDER(bp) == 0 ? "BE" : "LE",		\
		    BP_IS_GANG(bp) ? "gang" : "contiguous",		\
		    BP_GET_DEDUP(bp) ? "dedup" : "unique",		\
		    copyname[copies],					\
		    ws,							\
		    (u_longlong_t)BP_GET_LSIZE(bp),			\
		    (u_longlong_t)BP_GET_PSIZE(bp),			\
		    (u_longlong_t)bp->blk_birth,			\
		    (u_longlong_t)BP_PHYSICAL_BIRTH(bp),		\
		    (u_longlong_t)BP_GET_FILL(bp),			\
		    ws,							\
		    (u_longlong_t)bp->blk_cksum.zc_word[0],		\
		    (u_longlong_t)bp->blk_cksum.zc_word[1],		\
		    (u_longlong_t)bp->blk_cksum.zc_word[2],		\
		    (u_longlong_t)bp->blk_cksum.zc_word[3]);		\
	}								\
	ASSERT(len < size);						\
}

#define	BP_GET_BUFC_TYPE(bp)						\
	(BP_IS_METADATA(bp) ? ARC_BUFC_METADATA : ARC_BUFC_DATA)

typedef enum spa_import_type {
	SPA_IMPORT_EXISTING,
	SPA_IMPORT_ASSEMBLE
} spa_import_type_t;

typedef enum spa_mode {
	SPA_MODE_UNINIT = 0,
	SPA_MODE_READ = 1,
	SPA_MODE_WRITE = 2,
} spa_mode_t;

/*
 * Send TRIM commands in-line during normal pool operation while deleting.
 *	OFF: no
 *	ON: yes
 * NB: IN_FREEBSD_BASE is defined within the FreeBSD sources.
 */
typedef enum {
	SPA_AUTOTRIM_OFF = 0,	/* default */
	SPA_AUTOTRIM_ON,
#ifdef IN_FREEBSD_BASE
	SPA_AUTOTRIM_DEFAULT = SPA_AUTOTRIM_ON,
#else
	SPA_AUTOTRIM_DEFAULT = SPA_AUTOTRIM_OFF,
#endif
} spa_autotrim_t;

/*
 * Reason TRIM command was issued, used internally for accounting purposes.
 */
typedef enum trim_type {
	TRIM_TYPE_MANUAL = 0,
	TRIM_TYPE_AUTO = 1,
	TRIM_TYPE_SIMPLE = 2
} trim_type_t;

/* state manipulation functions */
extern int spa_open(const char *pool, spa_t **, void *tag);
extern int spa_open_rewind(const char *pool, spa_t **, void *tag,
    nvlist_t *policy, nvlist_t **config);
extern int spa_get_stats(const char *pool, nvlist_t **config, char *altroot,
    size_t buflen);
extern int spa_create(const char *pool, nvlist_t *nvroot, nvlist_t *props,
    nvlist_t *zplprops, struct dsl_crypto_params *dcp);
extern int spa_import(char *pool, nvlist_t *config, nvlist_t *props,
    uint64_t flags);
extern nvlist_t *spa_tryimport(nvlist_t *tryconfig);
extern int spa_destroy(char *pool);
extern int spa_checkpoint(const char *pool);
extern int spa_checkpoint_discard(const char *pool);
extern int spa_export(char *pool, nvlist_t **oldconfig, boolean_t force,
    boolean_t hardforce);
extern int spa_reset(char *pool);
extern void spa_async_request(spa_t *spa, int flag);
extern void spa_async_unrequest(spa_t *spa, int flag);
extern void spa_async_suspend(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_async_resume(spa_t *spa);
extern int spa_async_tasks(spa_t *spa);
extern spa_t *spa_inject_addref(char *pool);
extern void spa_inject_delref(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_scan_stat_init(spa_t *spa);
extern int spa_scan_get_stats(spa_t *spa, pool_scan_stat_t *ps);
extern int bpobj_enqueue_alloc_cb(void *arg, const blkptr_t *bp, dmu_tx_t *tx);
extern int bpobj_enqueue_free_cb(void *arg, const blkptr_t *bp, dmu_tx_t *tx);

#define	SPA_ASYNC_CONFIG_UPDATE			0x01
#define	SPA_ASYNC_REMOVE			0x02
#define	SPA_ASYNC_PROBE				0x04
#define	SPA_ASYNC_RESILVER_DONE			0x08
#define	SPA_ASYNC_RESILVER			0x10
#define	SPA_ASYNC_AUTOEXPAND			0x20
#define	SPA_ASYNC_REMOVE_DONE			0x40
#define	SPA_ASYNC_REMOVE_STOP			0x80
#define	SPA_ASYNC_INITIALIZE_RESTART		0x100
#define	SPA_ASYNC_TRIM_RESTART			0x200
#define	SPA_ASYNC_AUTOTRIM_RESTART		0x400
#define	SPA_ASYNC_L2CACHE_REBUILD		0x800
#define	SPA_ASYNC_L2CACHE_TRIM			0x1000
#define	SPA_ASYNC_REBUILD_DONE			0x2000

/* device manipulation */
extern int spa_vdev_add(spa_t *spa, nvlist_t *nvroot);
extern int spa_vdev_attach(spa_t *spa, uint64_t guid, nvlist_t *nvroot,
    int replacing, int rebuild);
extern int spa_vdev_detach(spa_t *spa, uint64_t guid, uint64_t pguid,
    int replace_done);
extern int spa_vdev_remove(spa_t *spa, uint64_t guid, boolean_t unspare);
extern boolean_t spa_vdev_remove_active(spa_t *spa);
extern int spa_vdev_initialize(spa_t *spa, nvlist_t *nv, uint64_t cmd_type,
    nvlist_t *vdev_errlist);
extern int spa_vdev_trim(spa_t *spa, nvlist_t *nv, uint64_t cmd_type,
    uint64_t rate, boolean_t partial, boolean_t secure, nvlist_t *vdev_errlist);
extern int spa_vdev_setpath(spa_t *spa, uint64_t guid, const char *newpath);
extern int spa_vdev_setfru(spa_t *spa, uint64_t guid, const char *newfru);
extern int spa_vdev_split_mirror(spa_t *spa, char *newname, nvlist_t *config,
    nvlist_t *props, boolean_t exp);

/* spare state (which is global across all pools) */
extern void spa_spare_add(vdev_t *vd);
extern void spa_spare_remove(vdev_t *vd);
extern boolean_t spa_spare_exists(uint64_t guid, uint64_t *pool, int *refcnt);
extern void spa_spare_activate(vdev_t *vd);

/* L2ARC state (which is global across all pools) */
extern void spa_l2cache_add(vdev_t *vd);
extern void spa_l2cache_remove(vdev_t *vd);
extern boolean_t spa_l2cache_exists(uint64_t guid, uint64_t *pool);
extern void spa_l2cache_activate(vdev_t *vd);
extern void spa_l2cache_drop(spa_t *spa);

/* scanning */
extern int spa_scan(spa_t *spa, pool_scan_func_t func);
extern int spa_scan_stop(spa_t *spa);
extern int spa_scrub_pause_resume(spa_t *spa, pool_scrub_cmd_t flag);

/* spa syncing */
extern void spa_sync(spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg); /* only for DMU use */
extern void spa_sync_allpools(void);

extern int zfs_sync_pass_deferred_free;

/* spa namespace global mutex */
extern kmutex_t spa_namespace_lock;

/*
 * SPA configuration functions in spa_config.c
 */

#define	SPA_CONFIG_UPDATE_POOL	0
#define	SPA_CONFIG_UPDATE_VDEVS	1

extern void spa_write_cachefile(spa_t *, boolean_t, boolean_t);
extern void spa_config_load(void);
extern nvlist_t *spa_all_configs(uint64_t *);
extern void spa_config_set(spa_t *spa, nvlist_t *config);
extern nvlist_t *spa_config_generate(spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd, uint64_t txg,
    int getstats);
extern void spa_config_update(spa_t *spa, int what);
extern int spa_config_parse(spa_t *spa, vdev_t **vdp, nvlist_t *nv,
    vdev_t *parent, uint_t id, int atype);


/*
 * Miscellaneous SPA routines in spa_misc.c
 */

/* Namespace manipulation */
extern spa_t *spa_lookup(const char *name);
extern spa_t *spa_add(const char *name, nvlist_t *config, const char *altroot);
extern void spa_remove(spa_t *spa);
extern spa_t *spa_next(spa_t *prev);

/* Refcount functions */
extern void spa_open_ref(spa_t *spa, void *tag);
extern void spa_close(spa_t *spa, void *tag);
extern void spa_async_close(spa_t *spa, void *tag);
extern boolean_t spa_refcount_zero(spa_t *spa);

#define	SCL_NONE	0x00
#define	SCL_CONFIG	0x01
#define	SCL_STATE	0x02
#define	SCL_L2ARC	0x04		/* hack until L2ARC 2.0 */
#define	SCL_ALLOC	0x08
#define	SCL_ZIO		0x10
#define	SCL_FREE	0x20
#define	SCL_VDEV	0x40
#define	SCL_LOCKS	7
#define	SCL_ALL		((1 << SCL_LOCKS) - 1)
#define	SCL_STATE_ALL	(SCL_STATE | SCL_L2ARC | SCL_ZIO)

/* Historical pool statistics */
typedef struct spa_history_kstat {
	kmutex_t		lock;
	uint64_t		count;
	uint64_t		size;
	kstat_t			*kstat;
	void			*priv;
	list_t			list;
} spa_history_kstat_t;

typedef struct spa_history_list {
	uint64_t		size;
	procfs_list_t		procfs_list;
} spa_history_list_t;

typedef struct spa_stats {
	spa_history_list_t	read_history;
	spa_history_list_t	txg_history;
	spa_history_kstat_t	tx_assign_histogram;
	spa_history_kstat_t	io_history;
	spa_history_list_t	mmp_history;
	spa_history_kstat_t	state;		/* pool state */
	spa_history_kstat_t	iostats;
} spa_stats_t;

typedef enum txg_state {
	TXG_STATE_BIRTH		= 0,
	TXG_STATE_OPEN		= 1,
	TXG_STATE_QUIESCED	= 2,
	TXG_STATE_WAIT_FOR_SYNC	= 3,
	TXG_STATE_SYNCED	= 4,
	TXG_STATE_COMMITTED	= 5,
} txg_state_t;

typedef struct txg_stat {
	vdev_stat_t		vs1;
	vdev_stat_t		vs2;
	uint64_t		txg;
	uint64_t		ndirty;
} txg_stat_t;

/* Assorted pool IO kstats */
typedef struct spa_iostats {
	kstat_named_t	trim_extents_written;
	kstat_named_t	trim_bytes_written;
	kstat_named_t	trim_extents_skipped;
	kstat_named_t	trim_bytes_skipped;
	kstat_named_t	trim_extents_failed;
	kstat_named_t	trim_bytes_failed;
	kstat_named_t	autotrim_extents_written;
	kstat_named_t	autotrim_bytes_written;
	kstat_named_t	autotrim_extents_skipped;
	kstat_named_t	autotrim_bytes_skipped;
	kstat_named_t	autotrim_extents_failed;
	kstat_named_t	autotrim_bytes_failed;
	kstat_named_t	simple_trim_extents_written;
	kstat_named_t	simple_trim_bytes_written;
	kstat_named_t	simple_trim_extents_skipped;
	kstat_named_t	simple_trim_bytes_skipped;
	kstat_named_t	simple_trim_extents_failed;
	kstat_named_t	simple_trim_bytes_failed;
} spa_iostats_t;

extern void spa_stats_init(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_stats_destroy(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_read_history_add(spa_t *spa, const zbookmark_phys_t *zb,
    uint32_t aflags);
extern void spa_txg_history_add(spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg, hrtime_t birth_time);
extern int spa_txg_history_set(spa_t *spa,  uint64_t txg,
    txg_state_t completed_state, hrtime_t completed_time);
extern txg_stat_t *spa_txg_history_init_io(spa_t *, uint64_t,
    struct dsl_pool *);
extern void spa_txg_history_fini_io(spa_t *, txg_stat_t *);
extern void spa_tx_assign_add_nsecs(spa_t *spa, uint64_t nsecs);
extern int spa_mmp_history_set_skip(spa_t *spa, uint64_t mmp_kstat_id);
extern int spa_mmp_history_set(spa_t *spa, uint64_t mmp_kstat_id, int io_error,
    hrtime_t duration);
extern void spa_mmp_history_add(spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg, uint64_t timestamp,
    uint64_t mmp_delay, vdev_t *vd, int label, uint64_t mmp_kstat_id,
    int error);
extern void spa_iostats_trim_add(spa_t *spa, trim_type_t type,
    uint64_t extents_written, uint64_t bytes_written,
    uint64_t extents_skipped, uint64_t bytes_skipped,
    uint64_t extents_failed, uint64_t bytes_failed);
extern void spa_import_progress_add(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_import_progress_remove(uint64_t spa_guid);
extern int spa_import_progress_set_mmp_check(uint64_t pool_guid,
    uint64_t mmp_sec_remaining);
extern int spa_import_progress_set_max_txg(uint64_t pool_guid,
    uint64_t max_txg);
extern int spa_import_progress_set_state(uint64_t pool_guid,
    spa_load_state_t spa_load_state);

/* Pool configuration locks */
extern int spa_config_tryenter(spa_t *spa, int locks, void *tag, krw_t rw);
extern void spa_config_enter(spa_t *spa, int locks, const void *tag, krw_t rw);
extern void spa_config_exit(spa_t *spa, int locks, const void *tag);
extern int spa_config_held(spa_t *spa, int locks, krw_t rw);

/* Pool vdev add/remove lock */
extern uint64_t spa_vdev_enter(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_vdev_detach_enter(spa_t *spa, uint64_t guid);
extern uint64_t spa_vdev_config_enter(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_vdev_config_exit(spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd, uint64_t txg,
    int error, char *tag);
extern int spa_vdev_exit(spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd, uint64_t txg, int error);

/* Pool vdev state change lock */
extern void spa_vdev_state_enter(spa_t *spa, int oplock);
extern int spa_vdev_state_exit(spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd, int error);

/* Log state */
typedef enum spa_log_state {
	SPA_LOG_UNKNOWN = 0,	/* unknown log state */
	SPA_LOG_MISSING,	/* missing log(s) */
	SPA_LOG_CLEAR,		/* clear the log(s) */
	SPA_LOG_GOOD,		/* log(s) are good */
} spa_log_state_t;

extern spa_log_state_t spa_get_log_state(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_set_log_state(spa_t *spa, spa_log_state_t state);
extern int spa_reset_logs(spa_t *spa);

/* Log claim callback */
extern void spa_claim_notify(zio_t *zio);
extern void spa_deadman(void *);

/* Accessor functions */
extern boolean_t spa_shutting_down(spa_t *spa);
extern struct dsl_pool *spa_get_dsl(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_is_initializing(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_indirect_vdevs_loaded(spa_t *spa);
extern blkptr_t *spa_get_rootblkptr(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_set_rootblkptr(spa_t *spa, const blkptr_t *bp);
extern void spa_altroot(spa_t *, char *, size_t);
extern int spa_sync_pass(spa_t *spa);
extern char *spa_name(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_guid(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_load_guid(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_last_synced_txg(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_first_txg(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_syncing_txg(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_final_dirty_txg(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_version(spa_t *spa);
extern pool_state_t spa_state(spa_t *spa);
extern spa_load_state_t spa_load_state(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_freeze_txg(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_get_worst_case_asize(spa_t *spa, uint64_t lsize);
extern uint64_t spa_get_dspace(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_get_checkpoint_space(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_get_slop_space(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_update_dspace(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_version(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_deflate(spa_t *spa);
extern metaslab_class_t *spa_normal_class(spa_t *spa);
extern metaslab_class_t *spa_log_class(spa_t *spa);
extern metaslab_class_t *spa_special_class(spa_t *spa);
extern metaslab_class_t *spa_dedup_class(spa_t *spa);
extern metaslab_class_t *spa_preferred_class(spa_t *spa, uint64_t size,
    dmu_object_type_t objtype, uint_t level, uint_t special_smallblk);

extern void spa_evicting_os_register(spa_t *, objset_t *os);
extern void spa_evicting_os_deregister(spa_t *, objset_t *os);
extern void spa_evicting_os_wait(spa_t *spa);
extern int spa_max_replication(spa_t *spa);
extern int spa_prev_software_version(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_get_failmode(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_get_deadman_failmode(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_set_deadman_failmode(spa_t *spa, const char *failmode);
extern boolean_t spa_suspended(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_bootfs(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_delegation(spa_t *spa);
extern objset_t *spa_meta_objset(spa_t *spa);
extern space_map_t *spa_syncing_log_sm(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_deadman_synctime(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_deadman_ziotime(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_dirty_data(spa_t *spa);
extern spa_autotrim_t spa_get_autotrim(spa_t *spa);

/* Miscellaneous support routines */
extern void spa_load_failed(spa_t *spa, const char *fmt, ...);
extern void spa_load_note(spa_t *spa, const char *fmt, ...);
extern void spa_activate_mos_feature(spa_t *spa, const char *feature,
    dmu_tx_t *tx);
extern void spa_deactivate_mos_feature(spa_t *spa, const char *feature);
extern spa_t *spa_by_guid(uint64_t pool_guid, uint64_t device_guid);
extern boolean_t spa_guid_exists(uint64_t pool_guid, uint64_t device_guid);
extern char *spa_strdup(const char *);
extern void spa_strfree(char *);
extern uint64_t spa_get_random(uint64_t range);
extern uint64_t spa_generate_guid(spa_t *spa);
extern void snprintf_blkptr(char *buf, size_t buflen, const blkptr_t *bp);
extern void spa_freeze(spa_t *spa);
extern int spa_change_guid(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_upgrade(spa_t *spa, uint64_t version);
extern void spa_evict_all(void);
extern vdev_t *spa_lookup_by_guid(spa_t *spa, uint64_t guid,
    boolean_t l2cache);
extern boolean_t spa_has_spare(spa_t *, uint64_t guid);
extern uint64_t dva_get_dsize_sync(spa_t *spa, const dva_t *dva);
extern uint64_t bp_get_dsize_sync(spa_t *spa, const blkptr_t *bp);
extern uint64_t bp_get_dsize(spa_t *spa, const blkptr_t *bp);
extern boolean_t spa_has_slogs(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_is_root(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_writeable(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_has_pending_synctask(spa_t *spa);
extern int spa_maxblocksize(spa_t *spa);
extern int spa_maxdnodesize(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_has_checkpoint(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_importing_readonly_checkpoint(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_suspend_async_destroy(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_min_claim_txg(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t zfs_dva_valid(spa_t *spa, const dva_t *dva,
    const blkptr_t *bp);
typedef void (*spa_remap_cb_t)(uint64_t vdev, uint64_t offset, uint64_t size,
    void *arg);
extern boolean_t spa_remap_blkptr(spa_t *spa, blkptr_t *bp,
    spa_remap_cb_t callback, void *arg);
extern uint64_t spa_get_last_removal_txg(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_trust_config(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_missing_tvds_allowed(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_set_missing_tvds(spa_t *spa, uint64_t missing);
extern boolean_t spa_top_vdevs_spacemap_addressable(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t spa_total_metaslabs(spa_t *spa);
extern boolean_t spa_multihost(spa_t *spa);
extern uint32_t spa_get_hostid(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_activate_allocation_classes(spa_t *, dmu_tx_t *);
extern boolean_t spa_livelist_delete_check(spa_t *spa);

extern spa_mode_t spa_mode(spa_t *spa);
extern uint64_t zfs_strtonum(const char *str, char **nptr);

extern char *spa_his_ievent_table[];

extern void spa_history_create_obj(spa_t *spa, dmu_tx_t *tx);
extern int spa_history_get(spa_t *spa, uint64_t *offset, uint64_t *len_read,
    char *his_buf);
extern int spa_history_log(spa_t *spa, const char *his_buf);
extern int spa_history_log_nvl(spa_t *spa, nvlist_t *nvl);
extern void spa_history_log_version(spa_t *spa, const char *operation,
    dmu_tx_t *tx);
extern void spa_history_log_internal(spa_t *spa, const char *operation,
    dmu_tx_t *tx, const char *fmt, ...) __printflike(4, 5);
extern void spa_history_log_internal_ds(struct dsl_dataset *ds, const char *op,
    dmu_tx_t *tx, const char *fmt, ...)  __printflike(4, 5);
extern void spa_history_log_internal_dd(dsl_dir_t *dd, const char *operation,
    dmu_tx_t *tx, const char *fmt, ...) __printflike(4, 5);

extern const char *spa_state_to_name(spa_t *spa);

/* error handling */
struct zbookmark_phys;
extern void spa_log_error(spa_t *spa, const zbookmark_phys_t *zb);
extern int zfs_ereport_post(const char *clazz, spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd,
    const zbookmark_phys_t *zb, zio_t *zio, uint64_t state);
extern boolean_t zfs_ereport_is_valid(const char *clazz, spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd,
    zio_t *zio);
extern void zfs_ereport_taskq_fini(void);
extern nvlist_t *zfs_event_create(spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd, const char *type,
    const char *name, nvlist_t *aux);
extern void zfs_post_remove(spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd);
extern void zfs_post_state_change(spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd, uint64_t laststate);
extern void zfs_post_autoreplace(spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vd);
extern uint64_t spa_get_errlog_size(spa_t *spa);
extern int spa_get_errlog(spa_t *spa, void *uaddr, size_t *count);
extern void spa_errlog_rotate(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_errlog_drain(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_errlog_sync(spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg);
extern void spa_get_errlists(spa_t *spa, avl_tree_t *last, avl_tree_t *scrub);

/* vdev cache */
extern void vdev_cache_stat_init(void);
extern void vdev_cache_stat_fini(void);

/* vdev mirror */
extern void vdev_mirror_stat_init(void);
extern void vdev_mirror_stat_fini(void);

/* Initialization and termination */
extern void spa_init(spa_mode_t mode);
extern void spa_fini(void);
extern void spa_boot_init(void);

/* properties */
extern int spa_prop_set(spa_t *spa, nvlist_t *nvp);
extern int spa_prop_get(spa_t *spa, nvlist_t **nvp);
extern void spa_prop_clear_bootfs(spa_t *spa, uint64_t obj, dmu_tx_t *tx);
extern void spa_configfile_set(spa_t *, nvlist_t *, boolean_t);

/* asynchronous event notification */
extern void spa_event_notify(spa_t *spa, vdev_t *vdev, nvlist_t *hist_nvl,
    const char *name);

/* waiting for pool activities to complete */
extern int spa_wait(const char *pool, zpool_wait_activity_t activity,
    boolean_t *waited);
extern int spa_wait_tag(const char *name, zpool_wait_activity_t activity,
    uint64_t tag, boolean_t *waited);
extern void spa_notify_waiters(spa_t *spa);
extern void spa_wake_waiters(spa_t *spa);

/* module param call functions */
int param_set_deadman_ziotime(ZFS_MODULE_PARAM_ARGS);
int param_set_deadman_synctime(ZFS_MODULE_PARAM_ARGS);
int param_set_slop_shift(ZFS_MODULE_PARAM_ARGS);
int param_set_deadman_failmode(ZFS_MODULE_PARAM_ARGS);

#ifdef ZFS_DEBUG
#define	dprintf_bp(bp, fmt, ...) do {				\
	if (zfs_flags & ZFS_DEBUG_DPRINTF) {			\
	char *__blkbuf = kmem_alloc(BP_SPRINTF_LEN, KM_SLEEP);	\
	snprintf_blkptr(__blkbuf, BP_SPRINTF_LEN, (bp));	\
	dprintf(fmt " %s\n", __VA_ARGS__, __blkbuf);		\
	kmem_free(__blkbuf, BP_SPRINTF_LEN);			\
	} \
_NOTE(CONSTCOND) } while (0)
#else
#define	dprintf_bp(bp, fmt, ...)
#endif

extern spa_mode_t spa_mode_global;
extern int zfs_deadman_enabled;
extern unsigned long zfs_deadman_synctime_ms;
extern unsigned long zfs_deadman_ziotime_ms;
extern unsigned long zfs_deadman_checktime_ms;

#ifdef	__cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif	/* _SYS_SPA_H */