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=pod

=head1 NAME

SSL_CTX_new - create a new SSL_CTX object as framework for TLS/SSL enabled functions

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/ssl.h>

 SSL_CTX *SSL_CTX_new(const SSL_METHOD *method);

=head1 DESCRIPTION

SSL_CTX_new() creates a new B<SSL_CTX> object as framework to establish
TLS/SSL enabled connections.

=head1 NOTES

The SSL_CTX object uses B<method> as connection method. The methods exist
in a generic type (for client and server use), a server only type, and a
client only type. B<method> can be of the following types:

=over 4

=item SSLv2_method(void), SSLv2_server_method(void), SSLv2_client_method(void)

A TLS/SSL connection established with these methods will only understand
the SSLv2 protocol. A client will send out SSLv2 client hello messages
and will also indicate that it only understand SSLv2. A server will only
understand SSLv2 client hello messages.

=item SSLv3_method(void), SSLv3_server_method(void), SSLv3_client_method(void)

A TLS/SSL connection established with these methods will only understand the
SSLv3 protocol. A client will send out SSLv3 client hello messages
and will indicate that it only understands SSLv3. A server will only understand
SSLv3 client hello messages. This especially means, that it will
not understand SSLv2 client hello messages which are widely used for
compatibility reasons, see SSLv23_*_method().

=item TLSv1_method(void), TLSv1_server_method(void), TLSv1_client_method(void)

A TLS/SSL connection established with these methods will only understand the
TLSv1 protocol. A client will send out TLSv1 client hello messages
and will indicate that it only understands TLSv1. A server will only understand
TLSv1 client hello messages. This especially means, that it will
not understand SSLv2 client hello messages which are widely used for
compatibility reasons, see SSLv23_*_method(). It will also not understand
SSLv3 client hello messages.

=item SSLv23_method(void), SSLv23_server_method(void), SSLv23_client_method(void)

A TLS/SSL connection established with these methods may understand the SSLv2,
SSLv3, TLSv1, TLSv1.1 and TLSv1.2 protocols.

If the cipher list does not contain any SSLv2 ciphersuites (the default
cipher list does not) or extensions are required (for example server name)
a client will send out TLSv1 client hello messages including extensions and
will indicate that it also understands TLSv1.1, TLSv1.2 and permits a
fallback to SSLv3. A server will support SSLv3, TLSv1, TLSv1.1 and TLSv1.2
protocols. This is the best choice when compatibility is a concern.

If any SSLv2 ciphersuites are included in the cipher list and no extensions
are required then SSLv2 compatible client hellos will be used by clients and
SSLv2 will be accepted by servers. This is B<not> recommended due to the
insecurity of SSLv2 and the limited nature of the SSLv2 client hello
prohibiting the use of extensions.

=back

The list of protocols available can later be limited using the SSL_OP_NO_SSLv2,
SSL_OP_NO_SSLv3, SSL_OP_NO_TLSv1, SSL_OP_NO_TLSv1_1 and SSL_OP_NO_TLSv1_2
options of the SSL_CTX_set_options() or SSL_set_options() functions.
Using these options it is possible to choose e.g. SSLv23_server_method() and
be able to negotiate with all possible clients, but to only allow newer
protocols like TLSv1, TLSv1.1 or TLS v1.2.

Applications which never want to support SSLv2 (even is the cipher string
is configured to use SSLv2 ciphersuites) can set SSL_OP_NO_SSLv2.

SSL_CTX_new() initializes the list of ciphers, the session cache setting,
the callbacks, the keys and certificates and the options to its default
values.

=head1 RETURN VALUES

The following return values can occur:

=over 4

=item NULL

The creation of a new SSL_CTX object failed. Check the error stack to
find out the reason.

=item Pointer to an SSL_CTX object

The return value points to an allocated SSL_CTX object.

=back

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<SSL_CTX_free(3)|SSL_CTX_free(3)>, L<SSL_accept(3)|SSL_accept(3)>,
L<ssl(3)|ssl(3)>,  L<SSL_set_connect_state(3)|SSL_set_connect_state(3)>

=cut