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=pod

=head1 NAME

X509_get0_extensions, X509_CRL_get0_extensions, X509_REVOKED_get0_extensions,
X509V3_get_d2i, X509V3_add1_i2d, X509V3_EXT_d2i, X509V3_EXT_i2d,
X509_get_ext_d2i, X509_add1_ext_i2d, X509_CRL_get_ext_d2i,
X509_CRL_add1_ext_i2d, X509_REVOKED_get_ext_d2i,
X509_REVOKED_add1_ext_i2d - X509 extension decode and encode functions

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/x509v3.h>

 void *X509V3_get_d2i(const STACK_OF(X509_EXTENSION) *x, int nid, int *crit,
                      int *idx);
 int X509V3_add1_i2d(STACK_OF(X509_EXTENSION) **x, int nid, void *value,
                     int crit, unsigned long flags);

 void *X509V3_EXT_d2i(X509_EXTENSION *ext);
 X509_EXTENSION *X509V3_EXT_i2d(int ext_nid, int crit, void *ext);

 void *X509_get_ext_d2i(const X509 *x, int nid, int *crit, int *idx);
 int X509_add1_ext_i2d(X509 *x, int nid, void *value, int crit,
                       unsigned long flags);

 void *X509_CRL_get_ext_d2i(const X509_CRL *crl, int nid, int *crit, int *idx);
 int X509_CRL_add1_ext_i2d(X509_CRL *crl, int nid, void *value, int crit,
                           unsigned long flags);

 void *X509_REVOKED_get_ext_d2i(const X509_REVOKED *r, int nid, int *crit, int *idx);
 int X509_REVOKED_add1_ext_i2d(X509_REVOKED *r, int nid, void *value, int crit,
                               unsigned long flags);

 const STACK_OF(X509_EXTENSION) *X509_get0_extensions(const X509 *x);
 const STACK_OF(X509_EXTENSION) *X509_CRL_get0_extensions(const X509_CRL *crl);
 const STACK_OF(X509_EXTENSION) *X509_REVOKED_get0_extensions(const X509_REVOKED *r);

=head1 DESCRIPTION

X509V3_get_ext_d2i() looks for an extension with OID B<nid> in the extensions
B<x> and, if found, decodes it. If B<idx> is B<NULL> then only one
occurrence of an extension is permissible otherwise the first extension after
index B<*idx> is returned and B<*idx> updated to the location of the extension.
If B<crit> is not B<NULL> then B<*crit> is set to a status value: -2 if the
extension occurs multiple times (this is only returned if B<idx> is B<NULL>),
-1 if the extension could not be found, 0 if the extension is found and is
not critical and 1 if critical. A pointer to an extension specific structure
or B<NULL> is returned.

X509V3_add1_i2d() adds extension B<value> to STACK B<*x> (allocating a new
STACK if necessary) using OID B<nid> and criticality B<crit> according
to B<flags>.

X509V3_EXT_d2i() attempts to decode the ASN.1 data contained in extension
B<ext> and returns a pointer to an extension specific structure or B<NULL>
if the extension could not be decoded (invalid syntax or not supported).

X509V3_EXT_i2d() encodes the extension specific structure B<ext>
with OID B<ext_nid> and criticality B<crit>.

X509_get_ext_d2i() and X509_add1_ext_i2d() operate on the extensions of
certificate B<x>, they are otherwise identical to X509V3_get_d2i() and
X509V3_add_i2d().

X509_CRL_get_ext_d2i() and X509_CRL_add1_ext_i2d() operate on the extensions
of CRL B<crl>, they are otherwise identical to X509V3_get_d2i() and
X509V3_add_i2d().

X509_REVOKED_get_ext_d2i() and X509_REVOKED_add1_ext_i2d() operate on the
extensions of B<X509_REVOKED> structure B<r> (i.e for CRL entry extensions),
they are otherwise identical to X509V3_get_d2i() and X509V3_add_i2d().

X509_get0_extensions(), X509_CRL_get0_extensions() and
X509_REVOKED_get0_extensions() return a stack of all the extensions
of a certificate a CRL or a CRL entry respectively.

=head1 NOTES

In almost all cases an extension can occur at most once and multiple
occurrences is an error. Therefore the B<idx> parameter is usually B<NULL>.

The B<flags> parameter may be one of the following values.

B<X509V3_ADD_DEFAULT> appends a new extension only if the extension does
not already exist. An error is returned if the extension does already
exist.

B<X509V3_ADD_APPEND> appends a new extension, ignoring whether the extension
already exists.

B<X509V3_ADD_REPLACE> replaces an extension if it exists otherwise appends
a new extension.

B<X509V3_ADD_REPLACE_EXISTING> replaces an existing extension if it exists
otherwise returns an error.

B<X509V3_ADD_KEEP_EXISTING> appends a new extension only if the extension does
not already exist. An error B<is not> returned if the extension does already
exist.

B<X509V3_ADD_DELETE> extension B<nid> is deleted: no new extension is added.

If B<X509V3_ADD_SILENT> is ored with B<flags>: any error returned will not
be added to the error queue.

The function X509V3_get_d2i() will return B<NULL> if the extension is not
found, occurs multiple times or cannot be decoded. It is possible to
determine the precise reason by checking the value of B<*crit>.

=head1 SUPPORTED EXTENSIONS

The following sections contain a list of all supported extensions
including their name and NID.

=head2 PKIX Certificate Extensions

The following certificate extensions are defined in PKIX standards such as
RFC5280.

 Basic Constraints                  NID_basic_constraints
 Key Usage                          NID_key_usage
 Extended Key Usage                 NID_ext_key_usage

 Subject Key Identifier             NID_subject_key_identifier
 Authority Key Identifier           NID_authority_key_identifier

 Private Key Usage Period           NID_private_key_usage_period

 Subject Alternative Name           NID_subject_alt_name
 Issuer Alternative Name            NID_issuer_alt_name

 Authority Information Access       NID_info_access
 Subject Information Access         NID_sinfo_access

 Name Constraints                   NID_name_constraints

 Certificate Policies               NID_certificate_policies
 Policy Mappings                    NID_policy_mappings
 Policy Constraints                 NID_policy_constraints
 Inhibit Any Policy                 NID_inhibit_any_policy

 TLS Feature                        NID_tlsfeature

=head2 Netscape Certificate Extensions

The following are (largely obsolete) Netscape certificate extensions.

 Netscape Cert Type                 NID_netscape_cert_type
 Netscape Base Url                  NID_netscape_base_url
 Netscape Revocation Url            NID_netscape_revocation_url
 Netscape CA Revocation Url         NID_netscape_ca_revocation_url
 Netscape Renewal Url               NID_netscape_renewal_url
 Netscape CA Policy Url             NID_netscape_ca_policy_url
 Netscape SSL Server Name           NID_netscape_ssl_server_name
 Netscape Comment                   NID_netscape_comment

=head2 Miscellaneous Certificate Extensions

 Strong Extranet ID                 NID_sxnet
 Proxy Certificate Information      NID_proxyCertInfo

=head2 PKIX CRL Extensions

The following are CRL extensions from PKIX standards such as RFC5280.

 CRL Number                         NID_crl_number
 CRL Distribution Points            NID_crl_distribution_points
 Delta CRL Indicator                NID_delta_crl
 Freshest CRL                       NID_freshest_crl
 Invalidity Date                    NID_invalidity_date
 Issuing Distribution Point         NID_issuing_distribution_point

The following are CRL entry extensions from PKIX standards such as RFC5280.

 CRL Reason Code                    NID_crl_reason
 Certificate Issuer                 NID_certificate_issuer

=head2 OCSP Extensions

 OCSP Nonce                         NID_id_pkix_OCSP_Nonce
 OCSP CRL ID                        NID_id_pkix_OCSP_CrlID
 Acceptable OCSP Responses          NID_id_pkix_OCSP_acceptableResponses
 OCSP No Check                      NID_id_pkix_OCSP_noCheck
 OCSP Archive Cutoff                NID_id_pkix_OCSP_archiveCutoff
 OCSP Service Locator               NID_id_pkix_OCSP_serviceLocator
 Hold Instruction Code              NID_hold_instruction_code

=head2 Certificate Transparency Extensions

The following extensions are used by certificate transparency, RFC6962

 CT Precertificate SCTs             NID_ct_precert_scts
 CT Certificate SCTs                NID_ct_cert_scts

=head1 RETURN VALUES

X509V3_EXT_d2i() and *X509V3_get_d2i() return a pointer to an extension
specific structure of B<NULL> if an error occurs.

X509V3_EXT_i2d() returns a pointer to an B<X509_EXTENSION> structure
or B<NULL> if an error occurs.

X509V3_add1_i2d() returns 1 if the operation is successful and 0 if it
fails due to a non-fatal error (extension not found, already exists,
cannot be encoded) or -1 due to a fatal error such as a memory allocation
failure.

X509_get0_extensions(), X509_CRL_get0_extensions() and
X509_REVOKED_get0_extensions() return a stack of extensions. They return
NULL if no extensions are present.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<d2i_X509(3)>,
L<ERR_get_error(3)>,
L<X509_CRL_get0_by_serial(3)>,
L<X509_get0_signature(3)>,
L<X509_get_ext_d2i(3)>,
L<X509_get_extension_flags(3)>,
L<X509_get_pubkey(3)>,
L<X509_get_subject_name(3)>,
L<X509_get_version(3)>,
L<X509_NAME_add_entry_by_txt(3)>,
L<X509_NAME_ENTRY_get_object(3)>,
L<X509_NAME_get_index_by_NID(3)>,
L<X509_NAME_print_ex(3)>,
L<X509_new(3)>,
L<X509_sign(3)>,
L<X509_verify_cert(3)>

=head1 COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2015-2016 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use
this file except in compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy
in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at
L<https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.

=cut