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=pod

=head1 NAME

UI_METHOD,
UI_create_method, UI_destroy_method, UI_method_set_opener,
UI_method_set_writer, UI_method_set_flusher, UI_method_set_reader,
UI_method_set_closer, UI_method_set_data_duplicator,
UI_method_set_prompt_constructor, UI_method_set_ex_data,
UI_method_get_opener, UI_method_get_writer, UI_method_get_flusher,
UI_method_get_reader, UI_method_get_closer,
UI_method_get_data_duplicator, UI_method_get_data_destructor,
UI_method_get_prompt_constructor, UI_method_get_ex_data - user
interface method creation and destruction

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/ui.h>

 typedef struct ui_method_st UI_METHOD;

 UI_METHOD *UI_create_method(const char *name);
 void UI_destroy_method(UI_METHOD *ui_method);
 int UI_method_set_opener(UI_METHOD *method, int (*opener) (UI *ui));
 int UI_method_set_writer(UI_METHOD *method,
                          int (*writer) (UI *ui, UI_STRING *uis));
 int UI_method_set_flusher(UI_METHOD *method, int (*flusher) (UI *ui));
 int UI_method_set_reader(UI_METHOD *method,
                          int (*reader) (UI *ui, UI_STRING *uis));
 int UI_method_set_closer(UI_METHOD *method, int (*closer) (UI *ui));
 int UI_method_set_data_duplicator(UI_METHOD *method,
                                   void *(*duplicator) (UI *ui, void *ui_data),
                                   void (*destructor)(UI *ui, void *ui_data));
 int UI_method_set_prompt_constructor(UI_METHOD *method,
                                      char *(*prompt_constructor) (UI *ui,
                                                                   const char
                                                                   *object_desc,
                                                                   const char
                                                                   *object_name));
 int UI_method_set_ex_data(UI_METHOD *method, int idx, void *data);
 int (*UI_method_get_opener(const UI_METHOD *method)) (UI *);
 int (*UI_method_get_writer(const UI_METHOD *method)) (UI *, UI_STRING *);
 int (*UI_method_get_flusher(const UI_METHOD *method)) (UI *);
 int (*UI_method_get_reader(const UI_METHOD *method)) (UI *, UI_STRING *);
 int (*UI_method_get_closer(const UI_METHOD *method)) (UI *);
 char *(*UI_method_get_prompt_constructor(const UI_METHOD *method))
     (UI *, const char *, const char *);
 void *(*UI_method_get_data_duplicator(const UI_METHOD *method)) (UI *, void *);
 void (*UI_method_get_data_destructor(const UI_METHOD *method)) (UI *, void *);
 const void *UI_method_get_ex_data(const UI_METHOD *method, int idx);

=head1 DESCRIPTION

A method contains a few functions that implement the low-level of the
User Interface.
These functions are:

=over 4

=item an opener

This function takes a reference to a UI and starts a session, for
example by opening a channel to a tty, or by creating a dialog box.

=item a writer

This function takes a reference to a UI and a UI String, and writes
the string where appropriate, maybe to the tty, maybe added as a field
label in a dialog box.
Note that this gets fed all strings associated with a UI, one after
the other, so care must be taken which ones it actually uses.

=item a flusher

This function takes a reference to a UI, and flushes everything that
has been output so far.
For example, if the method builds up a dialog box, this can be used to
actually display it and accepting input ended with a pressed button.

=item a reader

This function takes a reference to a UI and a UI string and reads off
the given prompt, maybe from the tty, maybe from a field in a dialog
box.
Note that this gets fed all strings associated with a UI, one after
the other, so care must be taken which ones it actually uses.

=item a closer

This function takes a reference to a UI, and closes the session, maybe
by closing the channel to the tty, maybe by destroying a dialog box.

=back

All of these functions are expected to return 0 on error, 1 on
success, or -1 on out-off-band events, for example if some prompting
has been cancelled (by pressing Ctrl-C, for example).
Only the flusher or the reader are expected to return -1.
If returned by another of the functions, it's treated as if 0 was
returned.

Regarding the writer and the reader, don't assume the former should
only write and don't assume the latter should only read.
This depends on the needs of the method.

For example, a typical tty reader wouldn't write the prompts in the
write, but would rather do so in the reader, because of the sequential
nature of prompting on a tty.
This is how the UI_OpenSSL() method does it.

In contrast, a method that builds up a dialog box would add all prompt
text in the writer, have all input read in the flusher and store the
results in some temporary buffer, and finally have the reader just
fetch those results.

The central function that uses these method functions is UI_process(),
and it does it in five steps:

=over 4

=item 1.

Open the session using the opener function if that one's defined.
If an error occurs, jump to 5.

=item 2.

For every UI String associated with the UI, call the writer function
if that one's defined.
If an error occurs, jump to 5.

=item 3.

Flush everything using the flusher function if that one's defined.
If an error occurs, jump to 5.

=item 4.

For every UI String associated with the UI, call the reader function
if that one's defined.
If an error occurs, jump to 5.

=item 5.

Close the session using the closer function if that one's defined.

=back

UI_create_method() creates a new UI method with a given B<name>.

UI_destroy_method() destroys the given UI method B<ui_method>.

UI_method_set_opener(), UI_method_set_writer(),
UI_method_set_flusher(), UI_method_set_reader() and
UI_method_set_closer() set the five main method function to the given
function pointer.

UI_method_set_data_duplicator() sets the user data duplicator and destructor.
See L<UI_dup_user_data(3)>.

UI_method_set_prompt_constructor() sets the prompt constructor.
See L<UI_construct_prompt(3)>.

UI_method_set_ex_data() sets application specific data with a given
EX_DATA index.
See L<CRYPTO_get_ex_new_index(3)> for general information on how to
get that index.

UI_method_get_opener(), UI_method_get_writer(),
UI_method_get_flusher(), UI_method_get_reader(),
UI_method_get_closer(), UI_method_get_data_duplicator(),
UI_method_get_data_destructor() and UI_method_get_prompt_constructor()
return the different method functions.

UI_method_get_ex_data() returns the application data previously stored
with UI_method_set_ex_data().

=head1 RETURN VALUES

UI_create_method() returns a UI_METHOD pointer on success, NULL on
error.

UI_method_set_opener(), UI_method_set_writer(),
UI_method_set_flusher(), UI_method_set_reader(),
UI_method_set_closer(), UI_method_set_data_duplicator() and
UI_method_set_prompt_constructor()
return 0 on success, -1 if the given B<method> is NULL.

UI_method_set_ex_data() returns 1 on success and 0 on error (because
CRYPTO_set_ex_data() does so).

UI_method_get_opener(), UI_method_get_writer(),
UI_method_get_flusher(), UI_method_get_reader(),
UI_method_get_closer(), UI_method_get_data_duplicator(),
UI_method_get_data_destructor() and UI_method_get_prompt_constructor()
return the requested function pointer if it's set in the method,
otherwise NULL.

UI_method_get_ex_data() returns a pointer to the application specific
data associated with the method.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<UI(3)>, L<CRYPTO_get_ex_data(3)>, L<UI_STRING(3)>

=head1 HISTORY

The UI_method_set_data_duplicator(), UI_method_get_data_duplicator()
and UI_method_get_data_destructor() functions were added in OpenSSL 1.1.1.

=head1 COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2001-2020 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use
this file except in compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy
in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at
L<https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.

=cut