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=pod

=head1 NAME

EC_GROUP_get_ecparameters,
EC_GROUP_get_ecpkparameters,
EC_GROUP_new,
EC_GROUP_new_from_ecparameters,
EC_GROUP_new_from_ecpkparameters,
EC_GROUP_free,
EC_GROUP_clear_free,
EC_GROUP_new_curve_GFp,
EC_GROUP_new_curve_GF2m,
EC_GROUP_new_by_curve_name,
EC_GROUP_set_curve,
EC_GROUP_get_curve,
EC_GROUP_set_curve_GFp,
EC_GROUP_get_curve_GFp,
EC_GROUP_set_curve_GF2m,
EC_GROUP_get_curve_GF2m,
EC_get_builtin_curves - Functions for creating and destroying EC_GROUP
objects

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/ec.h>

 EC_GROUP *EC_GROUP_new(const EC_METHOD *meth);
 EC_GROUP *EC_GROUP_new_from_ecparameters(const ECPARAMETERS *params)
 EC_GROUP *EC_GROUP_new_from_ecpkparameters(const ECPKPARAMETERS *params)
 void EC_GROUP_free(EC_GROUP *group);
 void EC_GROUP_clear_free(EC_GROUP *group);

 EC_GROUP *EC_GROUP_new_curve_GFp(const BIGNUM *p, const BIGNUM *a,
                                  const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);
 EC_GROUP *EC_GROUP_new_curve_GF2m(const BIGNUM *p, const BIGNUM *a,
                                   const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);
 EC_GROUP *EC_GROUP_new_by_curve_name(int nid);

 int EC_GROUP_set_curve(EC_GROUP *group, const BIGNUM *p, const BIGNUM *a,
                        const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);
 int EC_GROUP_get_curve(const EC_GROUP *group, BIGNUM *p, BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b,
                        BN_CTX *ctx);
 int EC_GROUP_set_curve_GFp(EC_GROUP *group, const BIGNUM *p,
                            const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);
 int EC_GROUP_get_curve_GFp(const EC_GROUP *group, BIGNUM *p,
                            BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);
 int EC_GROUP_set_curve_GF2m(EC_GROUP *group, const BIGNUM *p,
                             const BIGNUM *a, const BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);
 int EC_GROUP_get_curve_GF2m(const EC_GROUP *group, BIGNUM *p,
                             BIGNUM *a, BIGNUM *b, BN_CTX *ctx);

 ECPARAMETERS *EC_GROUP_get_ecparameters(const EC_GROUP *group, ECPARAMETERS *params)
 ECPKPARAMETERS *EC_GROUP_get_ecpkparameters(const EC_GROUP *group, ECPKPARAMETERS *params)

 size_t EC_get_builtin_curves(EC_builtin_curve *r, size_t nitems);

=head1 DESCRIPTION

Within the library there are two forms of elliptic curve that are of interest.
The first form is those defined over the prime field Fp. The elements of Fp are
the integers 0 to p-1, where p is a prime number. This gives us a revised
elliptic curve equation as follows:

y^2 mod p = x^3 +ax + b mod p

The second form is those defined over a binary field F2^m where the elements of
the field are integers of length at most m bits. For this form the elliptic
curve equation is modified to:

y^2 + xy = x^3 + ax^2 + b (where b != 0)

Operations in a binary field are performed relative to an B<irreducible
polynomial>. All such curves with OpenSSL use a trinomial or a pentanomial for
this parameter.

A new curve can be constructed by calling EC_GROUP_new(), using the
implementation provided by B<meth> (see L<EC_GFp_simple_method(3)>). It is then
necessary to call EC_GROUP_set_curve() to set the curve parameters.
EC_GROUP_new_from_ecparameters() will create a group from the specified
B<params> and EC_GROUP_new_from_ecpkparameters() will create a group from the
specific PK B<params>.

EC_GROUP_set_curve() sets the curve parameters B<p>, B<a> and B<b>. For a curve
over Fp B<p> is the prime for the field. For a curve over F2^m B<p> represents
the irreducible polynomial - each bit represents a term in the polynomial.
Therefore there will either be three or five bits set dependent on whether the
polynomial is a trinomial or a pentanomial.
In either case, B<a> and B<b> represents the coefficients a and b from the
relevant equation introduced above.

EC_group_get_curve() obtains the previously set curve parameters.

EC_GROUP_set_curve_GFp() and EC_GROUP_set_curve_GF2m() are synonyms for
EC_GROUP_set_curve(). They are defined for backwards compatibility only and
should not be used.

EC_GROUP_get_curve_GFp() and EC_GROUP_get_curve_GF2m() are synonyms for
EC_GROUP_get_curve(). They are defined for backwards compatibility only and
should not be used.

The functions EC_GROUP_new_curve_GFp() and EC_GROUP_new_curve_GF2m() are
shortcuts for calling EC_GROUP_new() and then the EC_GROUP_set_curve() function.
An appropriate default implementation method will be used.

Whilst the library can be used to create any curve using the functions described
above, there are also a number of predefined curves that are available. In order
to obtain a list of all of the predefined curves, call the function
EC_get_builtin_curves(). The parameter B<r> should be an array of
EC_builtin_curve structures of size B<nitems>. The function will populate the
B<r> array with information about the builtin curves. If B<nitems> is less than
the total number of curves available, then the first B<nitems> curves will be
returned. Otherwise the total number of curves will be provided. The return
value is the total number of curves available (whether that number has been
populated in B<r> or not). Passing a NULL B<r>, or setting B<nitems> to 0 will
do nothing other than return the total number of curves available.
The EC_builtin_curve structure is defined as follows:

 typedef struct {
        int nid;
        const char *comment;
        } EC_builtin_curve;

Each EC_builtin_curve item has a unique integer id (B<nid>), and a human
readable comment string describing the curve.

In order to construct a builtin curve use the function
EC_GROUP_new_by_curve_name() and provide the B<nid> of the curve to
be constructed.

EC_GROUP_free() frees the memory associated with the EC_GROUP.
If B<group> is NULL nothing is done.

EC_GROUP_clear_free() destroys any sensitive data held within the EC_GROUP and
then frees its memory. If B<group> is NULL nothing is done.

=head1 RETURN VALUES

All EC_GROUP_new* functions return a pointer to the newly constructed group, or
NULL on error.

EC_get_builtin_curves() returns the number of builtin curves that are available.

EC_GROUP_set_curve_GFp(), EC_GROUP_get_curve_GFp(), EC_GROUP_set_curve_GF2m(),
EC_GROUP_get_curve_GF2m() return 1 on success or 0 on error.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<crypto(7)>, L<EC_GROUP_copy(3)>,
L<EC_POINT_new(3)>, L<EC_POINT_add(3)>, L<EC_KEY_new(3)>,
L<EC_GFp_simple_method(3)>, L<d2i_ECPKParameters(3)>

=head1 COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2013-2019 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use
this file except in compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy
in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at
L<https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.

=cut