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=pod

=head1 NAME

BN_set_bit, BN_clear_bit, BN_is_bit_set, BN_mask_bits, BN_lshift,
BN_lshift1, BN_rshift, BN_rshift1 - bit operations on BIGNUMs

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/bn.h>

 int BN_set_bit(BIGNUM *a, int n);
 int BN_clear_bit(BIGNUM *a, int n);

 int BN_is_bit_set(const BIGNUM *a, int n);

 int BN_mask_bits(BIGNUM *a, int n);

 int BN_lshift(BIGNUM *r, const BIGNUM *a, int n);
 int BN_lshift1(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a);

 int BN_rshift(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a, int n);
 int BN_rshift1(BIGNUM *r, BIGNUM *a);

=head1 DESCRIPTION

BN_set_bit() sets bit B<n> in B<a> to 1 (C<a|=(1E<lt>E<lt>n)>). The
number is expanded if necessary.

BN_clear_bit() sets bit B<n> in B<a> to 0 (C<a&=~(1E<lt>E<lt>n)>). An
error occurs if B<a> is shorter than B<n> bits.

BN_is_bit_set() tests if bit B<n> in B<a> is set.

BN_mask_bits() truncates B<a> to an B<n> bit number
(C<a&=~((~0)E<gt>E<gt>n)>).  An error occurs if B<a> already is
shorter than B<n> bits.

BN_lshift() shifts B<a> left by B<n> bits and places the result in
B<r> (C<r=a*2^n>). BN_lshift1() shifts B<a> left by one and places
the result in B<r> (C<r=2*a>).

BN_rshift() shifts B<a> right by B<n> bits and places the result in
B<r> (C<r=a/2^n>). BN_rshift1() shifts B<a> right by one and places
the result in B<r> (C<r=a/2>).

For the shift functions, B<r> and B<a> may be the same variable.

=head1 RETURN VALUES

BN_is_bit_set() returns 1 if the bit is set, 0 otherwise.

All other functions return 1 for success, 0 on error. The error codes
can be obtained by L<ERR_get_error(3)|ERR_get_error(3)>.

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<bn(3)|bn(3)>, L<BN_num_bytes(3)|BN_num_bytes(3)>, L<BN_add(3)|BN_add(3)>

=head1 HISTORY

BN_set_bit(), BN_clear_bit(), BN_is_bit_set(), BN_mask_bits(),
BN_lshift(), BN_lshift1(), BN_rshift(), and BN_rshift1() are available
in all versions of SSLeay and OpenSSL.

=cut