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=pod

=head1 NAME

BIO_should_retry, BIO_should_read, BIO_should_write,
BIO_should_io_special, BIO_retry_type, BIO_should_retry,
BIO_get_retry_BIO, BIO_get_retry_reason - BIO retry functions

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/bio.h>

 #define BIO_should_read(a)		((a)->flags & BIO_FLAGS_READ)
 #define BIO_should_write(a)		((a)->flags & BIO_FLAGS_WRITE)
 #define BIO_should_io_special(a)	((a)->flags & BIO_FLAGS_IO_SPECIAL)
 #define BIO_retry_type(a)		((a)->flags & BIO_FLAGS_RWS)
 #define BIO_should_retry(a)		((a)->flags & BIO_FLAGS_SHOULD_RETRY)

 #define BIO_FLAGS_READ		0x01
 #define BIO_FLAGS_WRITE	0x02
 #define BIO_FLAGS_IO_SPECIAL	0x04
 #define BIO_FLAGS_RWS (BIO_FLAGS_READ|BIO_FLAGS_WRITE|BIO_FLAGS_IO_SPECIAL)
 #define BIO_FLAGS_SHOULD_RETRY	0x08

 BIO *	BIO_get_retry_BIO(BIO *bio, int *reason);
 int	BIO_get_retry_reason(BIO *bio);

=head1 DESCRIPTION

These functions determine why a BIO is not able to read or write data.
They will typically be called after a failed BIO_read() or BIO_write()
call.

BIO_should_retry() is true if the call that produced this condition
should then be retried at a later time.

If BIO_should_retry() is false then the cause is an error condition.

BIO_should_read() is true if the cause of the condition is that a BIO
needs to read data.

BIO_should_write() is true if the cause of the condition is that a BIO
needs to read data.

BIO_should_io_special() is true if some "special" condition, that is a
reason other than reading or writing is the cause of the condition.

BIO_get_retry_reason() returns a mask of the cause of a retry condition
consisting of the values B<BIO_FLAGS_READ>, B<BIO_FLAGS_WRITE>,
B<BIO_FLAGS_IO_SPECIAL> though current BIO types will only set one of
these.

BIO_get_retry_BIO() determines the precise reason for the special
condition, it returns the BIO that caused this condition and if 
B<reason> is not NULL it contains the reason code. The meaning of
the reason code and the action that should be taken depends on
the type of BIO that resulted in this condition.

BIO_get_retry_reason() returns the reason for a special condition if
passed the relevant BIO, for example as returned by BIO_get_retry_BIO().

=head1 NOTES

If BIO_should_retry() returns false then the precise "error condition"
depends on the BIO type that caused it and the return code of the BIO
operation. For example if a call to BIO_read() on a socket BIO returns
0 and BIO_should_retry() is false then the cause will be that the
connection closed. A similar condition on a file BIO will mean that it
has reached EOF. Some BIO types may place additional information on
the error queue. For more details see the individual BIO type manual
pages.

If the underlying I/O structure is in a blocking mode almost all current
BIO types will not request a retry, because the underlying I/O
calls will not. If the application knows that the BIO type will never
signal a retry then it need not call BIO_should_retry() after a failed
BIO I/O call. This is typically done with file BIOs.

SSL BIOs are the only current exception to this rule: they can request a
retry even if the underlying I/O structure is blocking, if a handshake
occurs during a call to BIO_read(). An application can retry the failed
call immediately or avoid this situation by setting SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY
on the underlying SSL structure.

While an application may retry a failed non blocking call immediately
this is likely to be very inefficient because the call will fail
repeatedly until data can be processed or is available. An application
will normally wait until the necessary condition is satisfied. How
this is done depends on the underlying I/O structure.

For example if the cause is ultimately a socket and BIO_should_read()
is true then a call to select() may be made to wait until data is
available and then retry the BIO operation. By combining the retry
conditions of several non blocking BIOs in a single select() call
it is possible to service several BIOs in a single thread, though
the performance may be poor if SSL BIOs are present because long delays
can occur during the initial handshake process. 

It is possible for a BIO to block indefinitely if the underlying I/O
structure cannot process or return any data. This depends on the behaviour of
the platforms I/O functions. This is often not desirable: one solution
is to use non blocking I/O and use a timeout on the select() (or
equivalent) call.

=head1 BUGS

The OpenSSL ASN1 functions cannot gracefully deal with non blocking I/O:
that is they cannot retry after a partial read or write. This is usually
worked around by only passing the relevant data to ASN1 functions when
the entire structure can be read or written.

=head1 SEE ALSO

TBA