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/* crypto/rand/randfile.c */
/* Copyright (C) 1995-1998 Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * This package is an SSL implementation written
 * by Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com).
 * The implementation was written so as to conform with Netscapes SSL.
 *
 * This library is free for commercial and non-commercial use as long as
 * the following conditions are aheared to.  The following conditions
 * apply to all code found in this distribution, be it the RC4, RSA,
 * lhash, DES, etc., code; not just the SSL code.  The SSL documentation
 * included with this distribution is covered by the same copyright terms
 * except that the holder is Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 * Copyright remains Eric Young's, and as such any Copyright notices in
 * the code are not to be removed.
 * If this package is used in a product, Eric Young should be given attribution
 * as the author of the parts of the library used.
 * This can be in the form of a textual message at program startup or
 * in documentation (online or textual) provided with the package.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *    "This product includes cryptographic software written by
 *     Eric Young (eay@cryptsoft.com)"
 *    The word 'cryptographic' can be left out if the rouines from the library
 *    being used are not cryptographic related :-).
 * 4. If you include any Windows specific code (or a derivative thereof) from
 *    the apps directory (application code) you must include an acknowledgement:
 *    "This product includes software written by Tim Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY ERIC YOUNG ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * The licence and distribution terms for any publically available version or
 * derivative of this code cannot be changed.  i.e. this code cannot simply be
 * copied and put under another distribution licence
 * [including the GNU Public Licence.]
 */

#include <errno.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "e_os.h"
#include <openssl/crypto.h>
#include <openssl/rand.h>
#include <openssl/buffer.h>

#ifdef OPENSSL_SYS_VMS
# include <unixio.h>
#endif
#ifndef NO_SYS_TYPES_H
# include <sys/types.h>
#endif
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_POSIX_IO
# include <sys/stat.h>
# include <fcntl.h>
/*
 * Following should not be needed, and we could have been stricter
 * and demand S_IS*. But some systems just don't comply... Formally
 * below macros are "anatomically incorrect", because normally they
 * would look like ((m) & MASK == TYPE), but since MASK availability
 * is as questionable, we settle for this poor-man fallback...
 */
# if !defined(S_ISBLK)
#  if defined(_S_IFBLK)
#   define S_ISBLK(m) ((m) & _S_IFBLK)
#  elif defined(S_IFBLK)
#   define S_ISBLK(m) ((m) & S_IFBLK)
#  elif defined(_WIN32)
#   define S_ISBLK(m) 0 /* no concept of block devices on Windows */
#  endif
# endif
# if !defined(S_ISCHR)
#  if defined(_S_IFCHR)
#   define S_ISCHR(m) ((m) & _S_IFCHR)
#  elif defined(S_IFCHR)
#   define S_ISCHR(m) ((m) & S_IFCHR)
#  endif
# endif
#endif

#ifdef _WIN32
# define stat    _stat
# define chmod   _chmod
# define open    _open
# define fdopen  _fdopen
#endif

#undef BUFSIZE
#define BUFSIZE 1024
#define RAND_DATA 1024

#if (defined(OPENSSL_SYS_VMS) && (defined(__alpha) || defined(__ia64)))
/*
 * This declaration is a nasty hack to get around vms' extension to fopen for
 * passing in sharing options being disabled by our /STANDARD=ANSI89
 */
static FILE *(*const vms_fopen)(const char *, const char *, ...) =
    (FILE *(*)(const char *, const char *, ...))fopen;
# define VMS_OPEN_ATTRS "shr=get,put,upd,del","ctx=bin,stm","rfm=stm","rat=none","mrs=0"
#endif

/* #define RFILE ".rnd" - defined in ../../e_os.h */

/*
 * Note that these functions are intended for seed files only. Entropy
 * devices and EGD sockets are handled in rand_unix.c
 */

int RAND_load_file(const char *file, long bytes)
{
    /*-
     * If bytes >= 0, read up to 'bytes' bytes.
     * if bytes == -1, read complete file.
     */

    MS_STATIC unsigned char buf[BUFSIZE];
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_POSIX_IO
    struct stat sb;
#endif
    int i, ret = 0, n;
/*
 * If setvbuf() is to be called, then the FILE pointer
 * to it must be 32 bit.
*/

#if !defined OPENSSL_NO_SETVBUF_IONBF && defined(OPENSSL_SYS_VMS) && defined(__VMS_VER) && (__VMS_VER >= 70000000)
    /* For 64-bit-->32 bit API Support*/
#if __INITIAL_POINTER_SIZE == 64
#pragma __required_pointer_size __save
#pragma __required_pointer_size 32
#endif
    FILE *in; /* setvbuf() requires 32-bit pointers */
#if __INITIAL_POINTER_SIZE == 64
#pragma __required_pointer_size __restore
#endif
#else
    FILE *in;
#endif /* OPENSSL_SYS_VMS */

    if (file == NULL)
        return (0);

#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_POSIX_IO
# ifdef PURIFY
    /*
     * struct stat can have padding and unused fields that may not be
     * initialized in the call to stat(). We need to clear the entire
     * structure before calling RAND_add() to avoid complaints from
     * applications such as Valgrind.
     */
    memset(&sb, 0, sizeof(sb));
# endif
    if (stat(file, &sb) < 0)
        return (0);
    RAND_add(&sb, sizeof(sb), 0.0);
#endif
    if (bytes == 0)
        return (ret);

#ifdef OPENSSL_SYS_VMS
    in = vms_fopen(file, "rb", VMS_OPEN_ATTRS);
#else
    in = fopen(file, "rb");
#endif
    if (in == NULL)
        goto err;
#if defined(S_ISBLK) && defined(S_ISCHR) && !defined(OPENSSL_NO_POSIX_IO)
    if (S_ISBLK(sb.st_mode) || S_ISCHR(sb.st_mode)) {
        /*
         * this file is a device. we don't want read an infinite number of
         * bytes from a random device, nor do we want to use buffered I/O
         * because we will waste system entropy.
         */
        bytes = (bytes == -1) ? 2048 : bytes; /* ok, is 2048 enough? */
# ifndef OPENSSL_NO_SETVBUF_IONBF
        setvbuf(in, NULL, _IONBF, 0); /* don't do buffered reads */
# endif                         /* ndef OPENSSL_NO_SETVBUF_IONBF */
    }
#endif
    for (;;) {
        if (bytes > 0)
            n = (bytes < BUFSIZE) ? (int)bytes : BUFSIZE;
        else
            n = BUFSIZE;
        i = fread(buf, 1, n, in);
        if (i <= 0)
            break;
#ifdef PURIFY
        RAND_add(buf, i, (double)i);
#else
        /* even if n != i, use the full array */
        RAND_add(buf, n, (double)i);
#endif
        ret += i;
        if (bytes > 0) {
            bytes -= n;
            if (bytes <= 0)
                break;
        }
    }
    fclose(in);
    OPENSSL_cleanse(buf, BUFSIZE);
 err:
    return (ret);
}

int RAND_write_file(const char *file)
{
    unsigned char buf[BUFSIZE];
    int i, ret = 0, rand_err = 0;
    FILE *out = NULL;
    int n;
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_POSIX_IO
    struct stat sb;

    i = stat(file, &sb);
    if (i != -1) {
# if defined(S_ISBLK) && defined(S_ISCHR)
        if (S_ISBLK(sb.st_mode) || S_ISCHR(sb.st_mode)) {
            /*
             * this file is a device. we don't write back to it. we
             * "succeed" on the assumption this is some sort of random
             * device. Otherwise attempting to write to and chmod the device
             * causes problems.
             */
            return (1);
        }
# endif
    }
#endif

#if defined(O_CREAT) && !defined(OPENSSL_NO_POSIX_IO) && !defined(OPENSSL_SYS_VMS)
    {
# ifndef O_BINARY
#  define O_BINARY 0
# endif
        /*
         * chmod(..., 0600) is too late to protect the file, permissions
         * should be restrictive from the start
         */
        int fd = open(file, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_BINARY, 0600);
        if (fd != -1)
            out = fdopen(fd, "wb");
    }
#endif

#if (defined(OPENSSL_SYS_VMS) && (defined(__alpha) || defined(__ia64)))
    /*
     * VMS NOTE: Prior versions of this routine created a _new_ version of
     * the rand file for each call into this routine, then deleted all
     * existing versions named ;-1, and finally renamed the current version
     * as ';1'. Under concurrent usage, this resulted in an RMS race
     * condition in rename() which could orphan files (see vms message help
     * for RMS$_REENT). With the fopen() calls below, openssl/VMS now shares
     * the top-level version of the rand file. Note that there may still be
     * conditions where the top-level rand file is locked. If so, this code
     * will then create a new version of the rand file. Without the delete
     * and rename code, this can result in ascending file versions that stop
     * at version 32767, and this routine will then return an error. The
     * remedy for this is to recode the calling application to avoid
     * concurrent use of the rand file, or synchronize usage at the
     * application level. Also consider whether or not you NEED a persistent
     * rand file in a concurrent use situation.
     */

    out = vms_fopen(file, "rb+", VMS_OPEN_ATTRS);
    if (out == NULL)
        out = vms_fopen(file, "wb", VMS_OPEN_ATTRS);
#else
    if (out == NULL)
        out = fopen(file, "wb");
#endif
    if (out == NULL)
        goto err;

#ifndef NO_CHMOD
    chmod(file, 0600);
#endif
    n = RAND_DATA;
    for (;;) {
        i = (n > BUFSIZE) ? BUFSIZE : n;
        n -= BUFSIZE;
        if (RAND_bytes(buf, i) <= 0)
            rand_err = 1;
        i = fwrite(buf, 1, i, out);
        if (i <= 0) {
            ret = 0;
            break;
        }
        ret += i;
        if (n <= 0)
            break;
    }

    fclose(out);
    OPENSSL_cleanse(buf, BUFSIZE);
 err:
    return (rand_err ? -1 : ret);
}

const char *RAND_file_name(char *buf, size_t size)
{
    char *s = NULL;
#ifdef __OpenBSD__
    struct stat sb;
#endif

    if (OPENSSL_issetugid() == 0)
        s = getenv("RANDFILE");
    if (s != NULL && *s && strlen(s) + 1 < size) {
        if (BUF_strlcpy(buf, s, size) >= size)
            return NULL;
    } else {
        if (OPENSSL_issetugid() == 0)
            s = getenv("HOME");
#ifdef DEFAULT_HOME
        if (s == NULL) {
            s = DEFAULT_HOME;
        }
#endif
        if (s && *s && strlen(s) + strlen(RFILE) + 2 < size) {
            BUF_strlcpy(buf, s, size);
#ifndef OPENSSL_SYS_VMS
            BUF_strlcat(buf, "/", size);
#endif
            BUF_strlcat(buf, RFILE, size);
        } else
            buf[0] = '\0';      /* no file name */
    }

#ifdef __OpenBSD__
    /*
     * given that all random loads just fail if the file can't be seen on a
     * stat, we stat the file we're returning, if it fails, use /dev/arandom
     * instead. this allows the user to use their own source for good random
     * data, but defaults to something hopefully decent if that isn't
     * available.
     */

    if (!buf[0])
        if (BUF_strlcpy(buf, "/dev/arandom", size) >= size) {
            return (NULL);
        }
    if (stat(buf, &sb) == -1)
        if (BUF_strlcpy(buf, "/dev/arandom", size) >= size) {
            return (NULL);
        }
#endif
    return (buf);
}