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=pod

=head1 NAME

HMAC,
HMAC_CTX_new,
HMAC_CTX_reset,
HMAC_CTX_free,
HMAC_Init,
HMAC_Init_ex,
HMAC_Update,
HMAC_Final,
HMAC_CTX_copy,
HMAC_CTX_set_flags,
HMAC_CTX_get_md,
HMAC_size
- HMAC message authentication code

=head1 SYNOPSIS

 #include <openssl/hmac.h>

 unsigned char *HMAC(const EVP_MD *evp_md, const void *key,
                     int key_len, const unsigned char *d, int n,
                     unsigned char *md, unsigned int *md_len);

 HMAC_CTX *HMAC_CTX_new(void);
 int HMAC_CTX_reset(HMAC_CTX *ctx);

 int HMAC_Init_ex(HMAC_CTX *ctx, const void *key, int key_len,
                  const EVP_MD *md, ENGINE *impl);
 int HMAC_Update(HMAC_CTX *ctx, const unsigned char *data, int len);
 int HMAC_Final(HMAC_CTX *ctx, unsigned char *md, unsigned int *len);

 void HMAC_CTX_free(HMAC_CTX *ctx);

 int HMAC_CTX_copy(HMAC_CTX *dctx, HMAC_CTX *sctx);
 void HMAC_CTX_set_flags(HMAC_CTX *ctx, unsigned long flags);
 const EVP_MD *HMAC_CTX_get_md(const HMAC_CTX *ctx);

 size_t HMAC_size(const HMAC_CTX *e);

Deprecated:

 #if OPENSSL_API_COMPAT < 0x10100000L
 int HMAC_Init(HMAC_CTX *ctx, const void *key, int key_len,
               const EVP_MD *md);
 #endif

=head1 DESCRIPTION

HMAC is a MAC (message authentication code), i.e. a keyed hash
function used for message authentication, which is based on a hash
function.

HMAC() computes the message authentication code of the B<n> bytes at
B<d> using the hash function B<evp_md> and the key B<key> which is
B<key_len> bytes long.

It places the result in B<md> (which must have space for the output of
the hash function, which is no more than B<EVP_MAX_MD_SIZE> bytes).
If B<md> is NULL, the digest is placed in a static array.  The size of
the output is placed in B<md_len>, unless it is B<NULL>. Note: passing a NULL
value for B<md>  to use the static array is not thread safe.

B<evp_md> is a message digest such as EVP_sha1(), EVP_ripemd160() etc. HMAC does
not support variable output length digests such as EVP_shake128() and
EVP_shake256().

HMAC_CTX_new() creates a new HMAC_CTX in heap memory.

HMAC_CTX_reset() zeroes an existing B<HMAC_CTX> and associated
resources, making it suitable for new computations as if it was newly
created with HMAC_CTX_new().

HMAC_CTX_free() erases the key and other data from the B<HMAC_CTX>,
releases any associated resources and finally frees the B<HMAC_CTX>
itself.

The following functions may be used if the message is not completely
stored in memory:

HMAC_Init_ex() initializes or reuses a B<HMAC_CTX> structure to use the hash
function B<evp_md> and key B<key>. If both are NULL, or if B<key> is NULL
and B<evp_md> is the same as the previous call, then the
existing key is
reused. B<ctx> must have been created with HMAC_CTX_new() before the first use
of an B<HMAC_CTX> in this function.

If HMAC_Init_ex() is called with B<key> NULL and B<evp_md> is not the
same as the previous digest used by B<ctx> then an error is returned
because reuse of an existing key with a different digest is not supported.

HMAC_Init() initializes a B<HMAC_CTX> structure to use the hash
function B<evp_md> and the key B<key> which is B<key_len> bytes
long.

HMAC_Update() can be called repeatedly with chunks of the message to
be authenticated (B<len> bytes at B<data>).

HMAC_Final() places the message authentication code in B<md>, which
must have space for the hash function output.

HMAC_CTX_copy() copies all of the internal state from B<sctx> into B<dctx>.

HMAC_CTX_set_flags() applies the specified flags to the internal EVP_MD_CTXs.
These flags have the same meaning as for L<EVP_MD_CTX_set_flags(3)>.

HMAC_CTX_get_md() returns the EVP_MD that has previously been set for the
supplied HMAC_CTX.

HMAC_size() returns the length in bytes of the underlying hash function output.

=head1 RETURN VALUES

HMAC() returns a pointer to the message authentication code or NULL if
an error occurred.

HMAC_CTX_new() returns a pointer to a new B<HMAC_CTX> on success or
B<NULL> if an error occurred.

HMAC_CTX_reset(), HMAC_Init_ex(), HMAC_Update(), HMAC_Final() and
HMAC_CTX_copy() return 1 for success or 0 if an error occurred.

HMAC_CTX_get_md() return the EVP_MD previously set for the supplied HMAC_CTX or
NULL if no EVP_MD has been set.

HMAC_size() returns the length in bytes of the underlying hash function output
or zero on error.

=head1 CONFORMING TO

RFC 2104

=head1 SEE ALSO

L<SHA1(3)>, L<evp(7)>

=head1 HISTORY

HMAC_CTX_init() was replaced with HMAC_CTX_reset() in OpenSSL 1.1.0.

HMAC_CTX_cleanup() existed in OpenSSL before version 1.1.0.

HMAC_CTX_new(), HMAC_CTX_free() and HMAC_CTX_get_md() are new in OpenSSL 1.1.0.

HMAC_Init_ex(), HMAC_Update() and HMAC_Final() did not return values in
OpenSSL before version 1.0.0.

=head1 COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2000-2019 The OpenSSL Project Authors. All Rights Reserved.

Licensed under the OpenSSL license (the "License").  You may not use
this file except in compliance with the License.  You can obtain a copy
in the file LICENSE in the source distribution or at
L<https://www.openssl.org/source/license.html>.

=cut