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path: root/crypto/openssh/kex.c
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/* $OpenBSD: kex.c,v 1.117 2016/02/08 10:57:07 djm Exp $ */
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2000, 2001 Markus Friedl.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */

#include "includes.h"

#include <sys/param.h>	/* MAX roundup */

#include <signal.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#ifdef WITH_OPENSSL
#include <openssl/crypto.h>
#endif

#include "ssh2.h"
#include "packet.h"
#include "compat.h"
#include "cipher.h"
#include "sshkey.h"
#include "kex.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "mac.h"
#include "match.h"
#include "misc.h"
#include "dispatch.h"
#include "monitor.h"

#include "ssherr.h"
#include "sshbuf.h"
#include "digest.h"

#if OPENSSL_VERSION_NUMBER >= 0x00907000L
# if defined(HAVE_EVP_SHA256)
# define evp_ssh_sha256 EVP_sha256
# else
extern const EVP_MD *evp_ssh_sha256(void);
# endif
#endif

/* prototype */
static int kex_choose_conf(struct ssh *);
static int kex_input_newkeys(int, u_int32_t, void *);

static const char *proposal_names[PROPOSAL_MAX] = {
	"KEX algorithms",
	"host key algorithms",
	"ciphers ctos",
	"ciphers stoc",
	"MACs ctos",
	"MACs stoc",
	"compression ctos",
	"compression stoc",
	"languages ctos",
	"languages stoc",
};

struct kexalg {
	char *name;
	u_int type;
	int ec_nid;
	int hash_alg;
};
static const struct kexalg kexalgs[] = {
#ifdef WITH_OPENSSL
	{ KEX_DH1, KEX_DH_GRP1_SHA1, 0, SSH_DIGEST_SHA1 },
	{ KEX_DH14, KEX_DH_GRP14_SHA1, 0, SSH_DIGEST_SHA1 },
	{ KEX_DHGEX_SHA1, KEX_DH_GEX_SHA1, 0, SSH_DIGEST_SHA1 },
#ifdef HAVE_EVP_SHA256
	{ KEX_DHGEX_SHA256, KEX_DH_GEX_SHA256, 0, SSH_DIGEST_SHA256 },
#endif /* HAVE_EVP_SHA256 */
#ifdef OPENSSL_HAS_ECC
	{ KEX_ECDH_SHA2_NISTP256, KEX_ECDH_SHA2,
	    NID_X9_62_prime256v1, SSH_DIGEST_SHA256 },
	{ KEX_ECDH_SHA2_NISTP384, KEX_ECDH_SHA2, NID_secp384r1,
	    SSH_DIGEST_SHA384 },
# ifdef OPENSSL_HAS_NISTP521
	{ KEX_ECDH_SHA2_NISTP521, KEX_ECDH_SHA2, NID_secp521r1,
	    SSH_DIGEST_SHA512 },
# endif /* OPENSSL_HAS_NISTP521 */
#endif /* OPENSSL_HAS_ECC */
#endif /* WITH_OPENSSL */
#if defined(HAVE_EVP_SHA256) || !defined(WITH_OPENSSL)
	{ KEX_CURVE25519_SHA256, KEX_C25519_SHA256, 0, SSH_DIGEST_SHA256 },
#endif /* HAVE_EVP_SHA256 || !WITH_OPENSSL */
	{ NULL, -1, -1, -1},
};

char *
kex_alg_list(char sep)
{
	char *ret = NULL, *tmp;
	size_t nlen, rlen = 0;
	const struct kexalg *k;

	for (k = kexalgs; k->name != NULL; k++) {
		if (ret != NULL)
			ret[rlen++] = sep;
		nlen = strlen(k->name);
		if ((tmp = realloc(ret, rlen + nlen + 2)) == NULL) {
			free(ret);
			return NULL;
		}
		ret = tmp;
		memcpy(ret + rlen, k->name, nlen + 1);
		rlen += nlen;
	}
	return ret;
}

static const struct kexalg *
kex_alg_by_name(const char *name)
{
	const struct kexalg *k;

	for (k = kexalgs; k->name != NULL; k++) {
		if (strcmp(k->name, name) == 0)
			return k;
	}
	return NULL;
}

/* Validate KEX method name list */
int
kex_names_valid(const char *names)
{
	char *s, *cp, *p;

	if (names == NULL || strcmp(names, "") == 0)
		return 0;
	if ((s = cp = strdup(names)) == NULL)
		return 0;
	for ((p = strsep(&cp, ",")); p && *p != '\0';
	    (p = strsep(&cp, ","))) {
		if (kex_alg_by_name(p) == NULL) {
			error("Unsupported KEX algorithm \"%.100s\"", p);
			free(s);
			return 0;
		}
	}
	debug3("kex names ok: [%s]", names);
	free(s);
	return 1;
}

/*
 * Concatenate algorithm names, avoiding duplicates in the process.
 * Caller must free returned string.
 */
char *
kex_names_cat(const char *a, const char *b)
{
	char *ret = NULL, *tmp = NULL, *cp, *p;
	size_t len;

	if (a == NULL || *a == '\0')
		return NULL;
	if (b == NULL || *b == '\0')
		return strdup(a);
	if (strlen(b) > 1024*1024)
		return NULL;
	len = strlen(a) + strlen(b) + 2;
	if ((tmp = cp = strdup(b)) == NULL ||
	    (ret = calloc(1, len)) == NULL) {
		free(tmp);
		return NULL;
	}
	strlcpy(ret, a, len);
	for ((p = strsep(&cp, ",")); p && *p != '\0'; (p = strsep(&cp, ","))) {
		if (match_list(ret, p, NULL) != NULL)
			continue; /* Algorithm already present */
		if (strlcat(ret, ",", len) >= len ||
		    strlcat(ret, p, len) >= len) {
			free(tmp);
			free(ret);
			return NULL; /* Shouldn't happen */
		}
	}
	free(tmp);
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Assemble a list of algorithms from a default list and a string from a
 * configuration file. The user-provided string may begin with '+' to
 * indicate that it should be appended to the default.
 */
int
kex_assemble_names(const char *def, char **list)
{
	char *ret;

	if (list == NULL || *list == NULL || **list == '\0') {
		*list = strdup(def);
		return 0;
	}
	if (**list != '+') {
		return 0;
	}

	if ((ret = kex_names_cat(def, *list + 1)) == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
	free(*list);
	*list = ret;
	return 0;
}

/* put algorithm proposal into buffer */
int
kex_prop2buf(struct sshbuf *b, char *proposal[PROPOSAL_MAX])
{
	u_int i;
	int r;

	sshbuf_reset(b);

	/*
	 * add a dummy cookie, the cookie will be overwritten by
	 * kex_send_kexinit(), each time a kexinit is set
	 */
	for (i = 0; i < KEX_COOKIE_LEN; i++) {
		if ((r = sshbuf_put_u8(b, 0)) != 0)
			return r;
	}
	for (i = 0; i < PROPOSAL_MAX; i++) {
		if ((r = sshbuf_put_cstring(b, proposal[i])) != 0)
			return r;
	}
	if ((r = sshbuf_put_u8(b, 0)) != 0 ||	/* first_kex_packet_follows */
	    (r = sshbuf_put_u32(b, 0)) != 0)	/* uint32 reserved */
		return r;
	return 0;
}

/* parse buffer and return algorithm proposal */
int
kex_buf2prop(struct sshbuf *raw, int *first_kex_follows, char ***propp)
{
	struct sshbuf *b = NULL;
	u_char v;
	u_int i;
	char **proposal = NULL;
	int r;

	*propp = NULL;
	if ((proposal = calloc(PROPOSAL_MAX, sizeof(char *))) == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
	if ((b = sshbuf_fromb(raw)) == NULL) {
		r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
		goto out;
	}
	if ((r = sshbuf_consume(b, KEX_COOKIE_LEN)) != 0) /* skip cookie */
		goto out;
	/* extract kex init proposal strings */
	for (i = 0; i < PROPOSAL_MAX; i++) {
		if ((r = sshbuf_get_cstring(b, &(proposal[i]), NULL)) != 0)
			goto out;
		debug2("%s: %s", proposal_names[i], proposal[i]);
	}
	/* first kex follows / reserved */
	if ((r = sshbuf_get_u8(b, &v)) != 0 ||	/* first_kex_follows */
	    (r = sshbuf_get_u32(b, &i)) != 0)	/* reserved */
		goto out;
	if (first_kex_follows != NULL)
		*first_kex_follows = v;
	debug2("first_kex_follows %d ", v);
	debug2("reserved %u ", i);
	r = 0;
	*propp = proposal;
 out:
	if (r != 0 && proposal != NULL)
		kex_prop_free(proposal);
	sshbuf_free(b);
	return r;
}

void
kex_prop_free(char **proposal)
{
	u_int i;

	if (proposal == NULL)
		return;
	for (i = 0; i < PROPOSAL_MAX; i++)
		free(proposal[i]);
	free(proposal);
}

/* ARGSUSED */
static int
kex_protocol_error(int type, u_int32_t seq, void *ctxt)
{
	struct ssh *ssh = active_state; /* XXX */
	int r;

	error("kex protocol error: type %d seq %u", type, seq);
	if ((r = sshpkt_start(ssh, SSH2_MSG_UNIMPLEMENTED)) != 0 ||
	    (r = sshpkt_put_u32(ssh, seq)) != 0 ||
	    (r = sshpkt_send(ssh)) != 0)
		return r;
	return 0;
}

static void
kex_reset_dispatch(struct ssh *ssh)
{
	ssh_dispatch_range(ssh, SSH2_MSG_TRANSPORT_MIN,
	    SSH2_MSG_TRANSPORT_MAX, &kex_protocol_error);
	ssh_dispatch_set(ssh, SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT, &kex_input_kexinit);
}

static int
kex_send_ext_info(struct ssh *ssh)
{
	int r;

	if ((r = sshpkt_start(ssh, SSH2_MSG_EXT_INFO)) != 0 ||
	    (r = sshpkt_put_u32(ssh, 1)) != 0 ||
	    (r = sshpkt_put_cstring(ssh, "server-sig-algs")) != 0 ||
	    (r = sshpkt_put_cstring(ssh, "rsa-sha2-256,rsa-sha2-512")) != 0 ||
	    (r = sshpkt_send(ssh)) != 0)
		return r;
	return 0;
}

int
kex_send_newkeys(struct ssh *ssh)
{
	int r;

	kex_reset_dispatch(ssh);
	if ((r = sshpkt_start(ssh, SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS)) != 0 ||
	    (r = sshpkt_send(ssh)) != 0)
		return r;
	debug("SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS sent");
	debug("expecting SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS");
	ssh_dispatch_set(ssh, SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS, &kex_input_newkeys);
	if (ssh->kex->ext_info_c)
		if ((r = kex_send_ext_info(ssh)) != 0)
			return r;
	return 0;
}

int
kex_input_ext_info(int type, u_int32_t seq, void *ctxt)
{
	struct ssh *ssh = ctxt;
	struct kex *kex = ssh->kex;
	u_int32_t i, ninfo;
	char *name, *val, *found;
	int r;

	debug("SSH2_MSG_EXT_INFO received");
	ssh_dispatch_set(ssh, SSH2_MSG_EXT_INFO, &kex_protocol_error);
	if ((r = sshpkt_get_u32(ssh, &ninfo)) != 0)
		return r;
	for (i = 0; i < ninfo; i++) {
		if ((r = sshpkt_get_cstring(ssh, &name, NULL)) != 0)
			return r;
		if ((r = sshpkt_get_cstring(ssh, &val, NULL)) != 0) {
			free(name);
			return r;
		}
		debug("%s: %s=<%s>", __func__, name, val);
		if (strcmp(name, "server-sig-algs") == 0) {
			found = match_list("rsa-sha2-256", val, NULL);
			if (found) {
				kex->rsa_sha2 = 256;
				free(found);
			}
			found = match_list("rsa-sha2-512", val, NULL);
			if (found) {
				kex->rsa_sha2 = 512;
				free(found);
			}
		}
		free(name);
		free(val);
	}
	return sshpkt_get_end(ssh);
}

static int
kex_input_newkeys(int type, u_int32_t seq, void *ctxt)
{
	struct ssh *ssh = ctxt;
	struct kex *kex = ssh->kex;
	int r;

	debug("SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS received");
	ssh_dispatch_set(ssh, SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS, &kex_protocol_error);
	if ((r = sshpkt_get_end(ssh)) != 0)
		return r;
	kex->done = 1;
	sshbuf_reset(kex->peer);
	/* sshbuf_reset(kex->my); */
	kex->flags &= ~KEX_INIT_SENT;
	free(kex->name);
	kex->name = NULL;
	return 0;
}

int
kex_send_kexinit(struct ssh *ssh)
{
	u_char *cookie;
	struct kex *kex = ssh->kex;
	int r;

	if (kex == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
	if (kex->flags & KEX_INIT_SENT)
		return 0;
	kex->done = 0;

	/* generate a random cookie */
	if (sshbuf_len(kex->my) < KEX_COOKIE_LEN)
		return SSH_ERR_INVALID_FORMAT;
	if ((cookie = sshbuf_mutable_ptr(kex->my)) == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
	arc4random_buf(cookie, KEX_COOKIE_LEN);

	if ((r = sshpkt_start(ssh, SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT)) != 0 ||
	    (r = sshpkt_putb(ssh, kex->my)) != 0 ||
	    (r = sshpkt_send(ssh)) != 0)
		return r;
	debug("SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT sent");
	kex->flags |= KEX_INIT_SENT;
	return 0;
}

/* ARGSUSED */
int
kex_input_kexinit(int type, u_int32_t seq, void *ctxt)
{
	struct ssh *ssh = ctxt;
	struct kex *kex = ssh->kex;
	const u_char *ptr;
	u_int i;
	size_t dlen;
	int r;

	debug("SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT received");
	if (kex == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_INVALID_ARGUMENT;

	ssh_dispatch_set(ssh, SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT, NULL);
	ptr = sshpkt_ptr(ssh, &dlen);
	if ((r = sshbuf_put(kex->peer, ptr, dlen)) != 0)
		return r;

	/* discard packet */
	for (i = 0; i < KEX_COOKIE_LEN; i++)
		if ((r = sshpkt_get_u8(ssh, NULL)) != 0)
			return r;
	for (i = 0; i < PROPOSAL_MAX; i++)
		if ((r = sshpkt_get_string(ssh, NULL, NULL)) != 0)
			return r;
	/*
	 * XXX RFC4253 sec 7: "each side MAY guess" - currently no supported
	 * KEX method has the server move first, but a server might be using
	 * a custom method or one that we otherwise don't support. We should
	 * be prepared to remember first_kex_follows here so we can eat a
	 * packet later.
	 * XXX2 - RFC4253 is kind of ambiguous on what first_kex_follows means
	 * for cases where the server *doesn't* go first. I guess we should
	 * ignore it when it is set for these cases, which is what we do now.
	 */
	if ((r = sshpkt_get_u8(ssh, NULL)) != 0 ||	/* first_kex_follows */
	    (r = sshpkt_get_u32(ssh, NULL)) != 0 ||	/* reserved */
	    (r = sshpkt_get_end(ssh)) != 0)
			return r;

	if (!(kex->flags & KEX_INIT_SENT))
		if ((r = kex_send_kexinit(ssh)) != 0)
			return r;
	if ((r = kex_choose_conf(ssh)) != 0)
		return r;

	if (kex->kex_type < KEX_MAX && kex->kex[kex->kex_type] != NULL)
		return (kex->kex[kex->kex_type])(ssh);

	return SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
}

int
kex_new(struct ssh *ssh, char *proposal[PROPOSAL_MAX], struct kex **kexp)
{
	struct kex *kex;
	int r;

	*kexp = NULL;
	if ((kex = calloc(1, sizeof(*kex))) == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
	if ((kex->peer = sshbuf_new()) == NULL ||
	    (kex->my = sshbuf_new()) == NULL) {
		r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
		goto out;
	}
	if ((r = kex_prop2buf(kex->my, proposal)) != 0)
		goto out;
	kex->done = 0;
	kex_reset_dispatch(ssh);
	r = 0;
	*kexp = kex;
 out:
	if (r != 0)
		kex_free(kex);
	return r;
}

void
kex_free_newkeys(struct newkeys *newkeys)
{
	if (newkeys == NULL)
		return;
	if (newkeys->enc.key) {
		explicit_bzero(newkeys->enc.key, newkeys->enc.key_len);
		free(newkeys->enc.key);
		newkeys->enc.key = NULL;
	}
	if (newkeys->enc.iv) {
		explicit_bzero(newkeys->enc.iv, newkeys->enc.iv_len);
		free(newkeys->enc.iv);
		newkeys->enc.iv = NULL;
	}
	free(newkeys->enc.name);
	explicit_bzero(&newkeys->enc, sizeof(newkeys->enc));
	free(newkeys->comp.name);
	explicit_bzero(&newkeys->comp, sizeof(newkeys->comp));
	mac_clear(&newkeys->mac);
	if (newkeys->mac.key) {
		explicit_bzero(newkeys->mac.key, newkeys->mac.key_len);
		free(newkeys->mac.key);
		newkeys->mac.key = NULL;
	}
	free(newkeys->mac.name);
	explicit_bzero(&newkeys->mac, sizeof(newkeys->mac));
	explicit_bzero(newkeys, sizeof(*newkeys));
	free(newkeys);
}

void
kex_free(struct kex *kex)
{
	u_int mode;

#ifdef WITH_OPENSSL
	if (kex->dh)
		DH_free(kex->dh);
#ifdef OPENSSL_HAS_ECC
	if (kex->ec_client_key)
		EC_KEY_free(kex->ec_client_key);
#endif /* OPENSSL_HAS_ECC */
#endif /* WITH_OPENSSL */
	for (mode = 0; mode < MODE_MAX; mode++) {
		kex_free_newkeys(kex->newkeys[mode]);
		kex->newkeys[mode] = NULL;
	}
	sshbuf_free(kex->peer);
	sshbuf_free(kex->my);
	free(kex->session_id);
	free(kex->client_version_string);
	free(kex->server_version_string);
	free(kex->failed_choice);
	free(kex->hostkey_alg);
	free(kex->name);
	free(kex);
}

int
kex_setup(struct ssh *ssh, char *proposal[PROPOSAL_MAX])
{
	int r;

	if ((r = kex_new(ssh, proposal, &ssh->kex)) != 0)
		return r;
	if ((r = kex_send_kexinit(ssh)) != 0) {		/* we start */
		kex_free(ssh->kex);
		ssh->kex = NULL;
		return r;
	}
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Request key re-exchange, returns 0 on success or a ssherr.h error
 * code otherwise. Must not be called if KEX is incomplete or in-progress.
 */
int
kex_start_rekex(struct ssh *ssh)
{
	if (ssh->kex == NULL) {
		error("%s: no kex", __func__);
		return SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
	}
	if (ssh->kex->done == 0) {
		error("%s: requested twice", __func__);
		return SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
	}
	ssh->kex->done = 0;
	return kex_send_kexinit(ssh);
}

static int
choose_enc(struct sshenc *enc, char *client, char *server)
{
	char *name = match_list(client, server, NULL);

	if (name == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_NO_CIPHER_ALG_MATCH;
	if ((enc->cipher = cipher_by_name(name)) == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
	enc->name = name;
	enc->enabled = 0;
	enc->iv = NULL;
	enc->iv_len = cipher_ivlen(enc->cipher);
	enc->key = NULL;
	enc->key_len = cipher_keylen(enc->cipher);
	enc->block_size = cipher_blocksize(enc->cipher);
	return 0;
}

static int
choose_mac(struct ssh *ssh, struct sshmac *mac, char *client, char *server)
{
	char *name = match_list(client, server, NULL);

	if (name == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_NO_MAC_ALG_MATCH;
	if (mac_setup(mac, name) < 0)
		return SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
	/* truncate the key */
	if (ssh->compat & SSH_BUG_HMAC)
		mac->key_len = 16;
	mac->name = name;
	mac->key = NULL;
	mac->enabled = 0;
	return 0;
}

static int
choose_comp(struct sshcomp *comp, char *client, char *server)
{
	char *name = match_list(client, server, NULL);

	if (name == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_NO_COMPRESS_ALG_MATCH;
	if (strcmp(name, "zlib@openssh.com") == 0) {
		comp->type = COMP_DELAYED;
	} else if (strcmp(name, "zlib") == 0) {
		comp->type = COMP_ZLIB;
	} else if (strcmp(name, "none") == 0) {
		comp->type = COMP_NONE;
	} else {
		return SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
	}
	comp->name = name;
	return 0;
}

static int
choose_kex(struct kex *k, char *client, char *server)
{
	const struct kexalg *kexalg;

	k->name = match_list(client, server, NULL);

	debug("kex: algorithm: %s", k->name ? k->name : "(no match)");
	if (k->name == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_NO_KEX_ALG_MATCH;
	if ((kexalg = kex_alg_by_name(k->name)) == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
	k->kex_type = kexalg->type;
	k->hash_alg = kexalg->hash_alg;
	k->ec_nid = kexalg->ec_nid;
	return 0;
}

static int
choose_hostkeyalg(struct kex *k, char *client, char *server)
{
	k->hostkey_alg = match_list(client, server, NULL);

	debug("kex: host key algorithm: %s",
	    k->hostkey_alg ? k->hostkey_alg : "(no match)");
	if (k->hostkey_alg == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_NO_HOSTKEY_ALG_MATCH;
	k->hostkey_type = sshkey_type_from_name(k->hostkey_alg);
	if (k->hostkey_type == KEY_UNSPEC)
		return SSH_ERR_INTERNAL_ERROR;
	k->hostkey_nid = sshkey_ecdsa_nid_from_name(k->hostkey_alg);
	return 0;
}

static int
proposals_match(char *my[PROPOSAL_MAX], char *peer[PROPOSAL_MAX])
{
	static int check[] = {
		PROPOSAL_KEX_ALGS, PROPOSAL_SERVER_HOST_KEY_ALGS, -1
	};
	int *idx;
	char *p;

	for (idx = &check[0]; *idx != -1; idx++) {
		if ((p = strchr(my[*idx], ',')) != NULL)
			*p = '\0';
		if ((p = strchr(peer[*idx], ',')) != NULL)
			*p = '\0';
		if (strcmp(my[*idx], peer[*idx]) != 0) {
			debug2("proposal mismatch: my %s peer %s",
			    my[*idx], peer[*idx]);
			return (0);
		}
	}
	debug2("proposals match");
	return (1);
}

static int
kex_choose_conf(struct ssh *ssh)
{
	struct kex *kex = ssh->kex;
	struct newkeys *newkeys;
	char **my = NULL, **peer = NULL;
	char **cprop, **sprop;
	int nenc, nmac, ncomp;
	u_int mode, ctos, need, dh_need, authlen;
	int r, first_kex_follows;

	debug2("local %s KEXINIT proposal", kex->server ? "server" : "client");
	if ((r = kex_buf2prop(kex->my, NULL, &my)) != 0)
		goto out;
	debug2("peer %s KEXINIT proposal", kex->server ? "client" : "server");
	if ((r = kex_buf2prop(kex->peer, &first_kex_follows, &peer)) != 0)
		goto out;

	if (kex->server) {
		cprop=peer;
		sprop=my;
	} else {
		cprop=my;
		sprop=peer;
	}

	/* Check whether client supports ext_info_c */
	if (kex->server) {
		char *ext;

		ext = match_list("ext-info-c", peer[PROPOSAL_KEX_ALGS], NULL);
		if (ext) {
			kex->ext_info_c = 1;
			free(ext);
		}
	}

	/* Algorithm Negotiation */
	if ((r = choose_kex(kex, cprop[PROPOSAL_KEX_ALGS],
	    sprop[PROPOSAL_KEX_ALGS])) != 0) {
		kex->failed_choice = peer[PROPOSAL_KEX_ALGS];
		peer[PROPOSAL_KEX_ALGS] = NULL;
		goto out;
	}
	if ((r = choose_hostkeyalg(kex, cprop[PROPOSAL_SERVER_HOST_KEY_ALGS],
	    sprop[PROPOSAL_SERVER_HOST_KEY_ALGS])) != 0) {
		kex->failed_choice = peer[PROPOSAL_SERVER_HOST_KEY_ALGS];
		peer[PROPOSAL_SERVER_HOST_KEY_ALGS] = NULL;
		goto out;
	}
	for (mode = 0; mode < MODE_MAX; mode++) {
		if ((newkeys = calloc(1, sizeof(*newkeys))) == NULL) {
			r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
			goto out;
		}
		kex->newkeys[mode] = newkeys;
		ctos = (!kex->server && mode == MODE_OUT) ||
		    (kex->server && mode == MODE_IN);
		nenc  = ctos ? PROPOSAL_ENC_ALGS_CTOS  : PROPOSAL_ENC_ALGS_STOC;
		nmac  = ctos ? PROPOSAL_MAC_ALGS_CTOS  : PROPOSAL_MAC_ALGS_STOC;
		ncomp = ctos ? PROPOSAL_COMP_ALGS_CTOS : PROPOSAL_COMP_ALGS_STOC;
		if ((r = choose_enc(&newkeys->enc, cprop[nenc],
		    sprop[nenc])) != 0) {
			kex->failed_choice = peer[nenc];
			peer[nenc] = NULL;
			goto out;
		}
		authlen = cipher_authlen(newkeys->enc.cipher);
		/* ignore mac for authenticated encryption */
		if (authlen == 0 &&
		    (r = choose_mac(ssh, &newkeys->mac, cprop[nmac],
		    sprop[nmac])) != 0) {
			kex->failed_choice = peer[nmac];
			peer[nmac] = NULL;
			goto out;
		}
		if ((r = choose_comp(&newkeys->comp, cprop[ncomp],
		    sprop[ncomp])) != 0) {
			kex->failed_choice = peer[ncomp];
			peer[ncomp] = NULL;
			goto out;
		}
		debug("kex: %s cipher: %s MAC: %s compression: %s",
		    ctos ? "client->server" : "server->client",
		    newkeys->enc.name,
		    authlen == 0 ? newkeys->mac.name : "<implicit>",
		    newkeys->comp.name);
	}
	need = dh_need = 0;
	for (mode = 0; mode < MODE_MAX; mode++) {
		newkeys = kex->newkeys[mode];
		need = MAX(need, newkeys->enc.key_len);
		need = MAX(need, newkeys->enc.block_size);
		need = MAX(need, newkeys->enc.iv_len);
		need = MAX(need, newkeys->mac.key_len);
		dh_need = MAX(dh_need, cipher_seclen(newkeys->enc.cipher));
		dh_need = MAX(dh_need, newkeys->enc.block_size);
		dh_need = MAX(dh_need, newkeys->enc.iv_len);
		dh_need = MAX(dh_need, newkeys->mac.key_len);
	}
	/* XXX need runden? */
	kex->we_need = need;
	kex->dh_need = dh_need;

	/* ignore the next message if the proposals do not match */
	if (first_kex_follows && !proposals_match(my, peer) &&
	    !(ssh->compat & SSH_BUG_FIRSTKEX))
		ssh->dispatch_skip_packets = 1;
	r = 0;
 out:
	kex_prop_free(my);
	kex_prop_free(peer);
	return r;
}

static int
derive_key(struct ssh *ssh, int id, u_int need, u_char *hash, u_int hashlen,
    const struct sshbuf *shared_secret, u_char **keyp)
{
	struct kex *kex = ssh->kex;
	struct ssh_digest_ctx *hashctx = NULL;
	char c = id;
	u_int have;
	size_t mdsz;
	u_char *digest;
	int r;

	if ((mdsz = ssh_digest_bytes(kex->hash_alg)) == 0)
		return SSH_ERR_INVALID_ARGUMENT;
	if ((digest = calloc(1, roundup(need, mdsz))) == NULL) {
		r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
		goto out;
	}

	/* K1 = HASH(K || H || "A" || session_id) */
	if ((hashctx = ssh_digest_start(kex->hash_alg)) == NULL ||
	    ssh_digest_update_buffer(hashctx, shared_secret) != 0 ||
	    ssh_digest_update(hashctx, hash, hashlen) != 0 ||
	    ssh_digest_update(hashctx, &c, 1) != 0 ||
	    ssh_digest_update(hashctx, kex->session_id,
	    kex->session_id_len) != 0 ||
	    ssh_digest_final(hashctx, digest, mdsz) != 0) {
		r = SSH_ERR_LIBCRYPTO_ERROR;
		goto out;
	}
	ssh_digest_free(hashctx);
	hashctx = NULL;

	/*
	 * expand key:
	 * Kn = HASH(K || H || K1 || K2 || ... || Kn-1)
	 * Key = K1 || K2 || ... || Kn
	 */
	for (have = mdsz; need > have; have += mdsz) {
		if ((hashctx = ssh_digest_start(kex->hash_alg)) == NULL ||
		    ssh_digest_update_buffer(hashctx, shared_secret) != 0 ||
		    ssh_digest_update(hashctx, hash, hashlen) != 0 ||
		    ssh_digest_update(hashctx, digest, have) != 0 ||
		    ssh_digest_final(hashctx, digest + have, mdsz) != 0) {
			r = SSH_ERR_LIBCRYPTO_ERROR;
			goto out;
		}
		ssh_digest_free(hashctx);
		hashctx = NULL;
	}
#ifdef DEBUG_KEX
	fprintf(stderr, "key '%c'== ", c);
	dump_digest("key", digest, need);
#endif
	*keyp = digest;
	digest = NULL;
	r = 0;
 out:
	free(digest);
	ssh_digest_free(hashctx);
	return r;
}

#define NKEYS	6
int
kex_derive_keys(struct ssh *ssh, u_char *hash, u_int hashlen,
    const struct sshbuf *shared_secret)
{
	struct kex *kex = ssh->kex;
	u_char *keys[NKEYS];
	u_int i, j, mode, ctos;
	int r;

	for (i = 0; i < NKEYS; i++) {
		if ((r = derive_key(ssh, 'A'+i, kex->we_need, hash, hashlen,
		    shared_secret, &keys[i])) != 0) {
			for (j = 0; j < i; j++)
				free(keys[j]);
			return r;
		}
	}
	for (mode = 0; mode < MODE_MAX; mode++) {
		ctos = (!kex->server && mode == MODE_OUT) ||
		    (kex->server && mode == MODE_IN);
		kex->newkeys[mode]->enc.iv  = keys[ctos ? 0 : 1];
		kex->newkeys[mode]->enc.key = keys[ctos ? 2 : 3];
		kex->newkeys[mode]->mac.key = keys[ctos ? 4 : 5];
	}
	return 0;
}

#ifdef WITH_OPENSSL
int
kex_derive_keys_bn(struct ssh *ssh, u_char *hash, u_int hashlen,
    const BIGNUM *secret)
{
	struct sshbuf *shared_secret;
	int r;

	if ((shared_secret = sshbuf_new()) == NULL)
		return SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
	if ((r = sshbuf_put_bignum2(shared_secret, secret)) == 0)
		r = kex_derive_keys(ssh, hash, hashlen, shared_secret);
	sshbuf_free(shared_secret);
	return r;
}
#endif

#ifdef WITH_SSH1
int
derive_ssh1_session_id(BIGNUM *host_modulus, BIGNUM *server_modulus,
    u_int8_t cookie[8], u_int8_t id[16])
{
	u_int8_t hbuf[2048], sbuf[2048], obuf[SSH_DIGEST_MAX_LENGTH];
	struct ssh_digest_ctx *hashctx = NULL;
	size_t hlen, slen;
	int r;

	hlen = BN_num_bytes(host_modulus);
	slen = BN_num_bytes(server_modulus);
	if (hlen < (512 / 8) || (u_int)hlen > sizeof(hbuf) ||
	    slen < (512 / 8) || (u_int)slen > sizeof(sbuf))
		return SSH_ERR_KEY_BITS_MISMATCH;
	if (BN_bn2bin(host_modulus, hbuf) <= 0 ||
	    BN_bn2bin(server_modulus, sbuf) <= 0) {
		r = SSH_ERR_LIBCRYPTO_ERROR;
		goto out;
	}
	if ((hashctx = ssh_digest_start(SSH_DIGEST_MD5)) == NULL) {
		r = SSH_ERR_ALLOC_FAIL;
		goto out;
	}
	if (ssh_digest_update(hashctx, hbuf, hlen) != 0 ||
	    ssh_digest_update(hashctx, sbuf, slen) != 0 ||
	    ssh_digest_update(hashctx, cookie, 8) != 0 ||
	    ssh_digest_final(hashctx, obuf, sizeof(obuf)) != 0) {
		r = SSH_ERR_LIBCRYPTO_ERROR;
		goto out;
	}
	memcpy(id, obuf, ssh_digest_bytes(SSH_DIGEST_MD5));
	r = 0;
 out:
	ssh_digest_free(hashctx);
	explicit_bzero(hbuf, sizeof(hbuf));
	explicit_bzero(sbuf, sizeof(sbuf));
	explicit_bzero(obuf, sizeof(obuf));
	return r;
}
#endif

#if defined(DEBUG_KEX) || defined(DEBUG_KEXDH) || defined(DEBUG_KEXECDH)
void
dump_digest(char *msg, u_char *digest, int len)
{
	fprintf(stderr, "%s\n", msg);
	sshbuf_dump_data(digest, len, stderr);
}
#endif