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/* crypto/ecdsa/ecs_ossl.c */
/*
 * Written by Nils Larsch for the OpenSSL project
 */
/* ====================================================================
 * Copyright (c) 1998-2004 The OpenSSL Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.OpenSSL.org/)"
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenSSL Toolkit" and "OpenSSL Project" must not be used to
 *    endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    openssl-core@OpenSSL.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenSSL"
 *    nor may "OpenSSL" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenSSL Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.OpenSSL.org/)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenSSL PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenSSL PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 */

#include "ecs_locl.h"
#include <openssl/err.h>
#include <openssl/obj_mac.h>
#include <openssl/bn.h>

static ECDSA_SIG *ecdsa_do_sign(const unsigned char *dgst, int dlen,
                                const BIGNUM *, const BIGNUM *,
                                EC_KEY *eckey);
static int ecdsa_sign_setup(EC_KEY *eckey, BN_CTX *ctx_in, BIGNUM **kinvp,
                            BIGNUM **rp);
static int ecdsa_do_verify(const unsigned char *dgst, int dgst_len,
                           const ECDSA_SIG *sig, EC_KEY *eckey);

static ECDSA_METHOD openssl_ecdsa_meth = {
    "OpenSSL ECDSA method",
    ecdsa_do_sign,
    ecdsa_sign_setup,
    ecdsa_do_verify,
#if 0
    NULL,                       /* init */
    NULL,                       /* finish */
#endif
    0,                          /* flags */
    NULL                        /* app_data */
};

const ECDSA_METHOD *ECDSA_OpenSSL(void)
{
    return &openssl_ecdsa_meth;
}

static int ecdsa_sign_setup(EC_KEY *eckey, BN_CTX *ctx_in, BIGNUM **kinvp,
                            BIGNUM **rp)
{
    BN_CTX *ctx = NULL;
    BIGNUM *k = NULL, *r = NULL, *order = NULL, *X = NULL;
    EC_POINT *tmp_point = NULL;
    const EC_GROUP *group;
    int ret = 0;
    int order_bits;

    if (eckey == NULL || (group = EC_KEY_get0_group(eckey)) == NULL) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_PASSED_NULL_PARAMETER);
        return 0;
    }

    if (ctx_in == NULL) {
        if ((ctx = BN_CTX_new()) == NULL) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
            return 0;
        }
    } else
        ctx = ctx_in;

    k = BN_new();               /* this value is later returned in *kinvp */
    r = BN_new();               /* this value is later returned in *rp */
    order = BN_new();
    X = BN_new();
    if (!k || !r || !order || !X) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
        goto err;
    }
    if ((tmp_point = EC_POINT_new(group)) == NULL) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_EC_LIB);
        goto err;
    }
    if (!EC_GROUP_get_order(group, order, ctx)) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_EC_LIB);
        goto err;
    }

    /* Preallocate space */
    order_bits = BN_num_bits(order);
    if (!BN_set_bit(k, order_bits)
        || !BN_set_bit(r, order_bits)
        || !BN_set_bit(X, order_bits))
        goto err;

    do {
        /* get random k */
        do
            if (!BN_rand_range(k, order)) {
                ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP,
                         ECDSA_R_RANDOM_NUMBER_GENERATION_FAILED);
                goto err;
            }
        while (BN_is_zero(k)) ;

        /*
         * We do not want timing information to leak the length of k, so we
         * compute G*k using an equivalent scalar of fixed bit-length.
         *
         * We unconditionally perform both of these additions to prevent a
         * small timing information leakage.  We then choose the sum that is
         * one bit longer than the order.  This guarantees the code
         * path used in the constant time implementations elsewhere.
         *
         * TODO: revisit the BN_copy aiming for a memory access agnostic
         * conditional copy.
         */
        if (!BN_add(r, k, order)
            || !BN_add(X, r, order)
            || !BN_copy(k, BN_num_bits(r) > order_bits ? r : X))
            goto err;

        /* compute r the x-coordinate of generator * k */
        if (!EC_POINT_mul(group, tmp_point, k, NULL, NULL, ctx)) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_EC_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
        if (EC_METHOD_get_field_type(EC_GROUP_method_of(group)) ==
            NID_X9_62_prime_field) {
            if (!EC_POINT_get_affine_coordinates_GFp
                (group, tmp_point, X, NULL, ctx)) {
                ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_EC_LIB);
                goto err;
            }
        }
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_EC2M
        else {                  /* NID_X9_62_characteristic_two_field */

            if (!EC_POINT_get_affine_coordinates_GF2m(group,
                                                      tmp_point, X, NULL,
                                                      ctx)) {
                ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_EC_LIB);
                goto err;
            }
        }
#endif
        if (!BN_nnmod(r, X, order, ctx)) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
    }
    while (BN_is_zero(r));

    /* compute the inverse of k */
    if (EC_GROUP_get_mont_data(group) != NULL) {
        /*
         * We want inverse in constant time, therefore we utilize the fact
         * order must be prime and use Fermats Little Theorem instead.
         */
        if (!BN_set_word(X, 2)) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
        if (!BN_mod_sub(X, order, X, order, ctx)) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
        BN_set_flags(X, BN_FLG_CONSTTIME);
        if (!BN_mod_exp_mont_consttime
            (k, k, X, order, ctx, EC_GROUP_get_mont_data(group))) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
    } else {
        if (!BN_mod_inverse(k, k, order, ctx)) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_SIGN_SETUP, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
    }

    /* clear old values if necessary */
    if (*rp != NULL)
        BN_clear_free(*rp);
    if (*kinvp != NULL)
        BN_clear_free(*kinvp);
    /* save the pre-computed values  */
    *rp = r;
    *kinvp = k;
    ret = 1;
 err:
    if (!ret) {
        if (k != NULL)
            BN_clear_free(k);
        if (r != NULL)
            BN_clear_free(r);
    }
    if (ctx_in == NULL)
        BN_CTX_free(ctx);
    if (order != NULL)
        BN_free(order);
    if (tmp_point != NULL)
        EC_POINT_free(tmp_point);
    if (X)
        BN_clear_free(X);
    return (ret);
}

static ECDSA_SIG *ecdsa_do_sign(const unsigned char *dgst, int dgst_len,
                                const BIGNUM *in_kinv, const BIGNUM *in_r,
                                EC_KEY *eckey)
{
    int ok = 0, i;
    BIGNUM *kinv = NULL, *s, *m = NULL, *tmp = NULL, *order = NULL;
    const BIGNUM *ckinv;
    BN_CTX *ctx = NULL;
    const EC_GROUP *group;
    ECDSA_SIG *ret;
    ECDSA_DATA *ecdsa;
    const BIGNUM *priv_key;

    ecdsa = ecdsa_check(eckey);
    group = EC_KEY_get0_group(eckey);
    priv_key = EC_KEY_get0_private_key(eckey);

    if (group == NULL || priv_key == NULL || ecdsa == NULL) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_PASSED_NULL_PARAMETER);
        return NULL;
    }

    ret = ECDSA_SIG_new();
    if (!ret) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
        return NULL;
    }
    s = ret->s;

    if ((ctx = BN_CTX_new()) == NULL || (order = BN_new()) == NULL ||
        (tmp = BN_new()) == NULL || (m = BN_new()) == NULL) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
        goto err;
    }

    if (!EC_GROUP_get_order(group, order, ctx)) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_EC_LIB);
        goto err;
    }
    i = BN_num_bits(order);
    /*
     * Need to truncate digest if it is too long: first truncate whole bytes.
     */
    if (8 * dgst_len > i)
        dgst_len = (i + 7) / 8;
    if (!BN_bin2bn(dgst, dgst_len, m)) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
        goto err;
    }
    /* If still too long truncate remaining bits with a shift */
    if ((8 * dgst_len > i) && !BN_rshift(m, m, 8 - (i & 0x7))) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
        goto err;
    }
    do {
        if (in_kinv == NULL || in_r == NULL) {
            if (!ECDSA_sign_setup(eckey, ctx, &kinv, &ret->r)) {
                ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_ECDSA_LIB);
                goto err;
            }
            ckinv = kinv;
        } else {
            ckinv = in_kinv;
            if (BN_copy(ret->r, in_r) == NULL) {
                ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
                goto err;
            }
        }

        if (!BN_mod_mul(tmp, priv_key, ret->r, order, ctx)) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
        if (!BN_mod_add_quick(s, tmp, m, order)) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
        if (!BN_mod_mul(s, s, ckinv, order, ctx)) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
        if (BN_is_zero(s)) {
            /*
             * if kinv and r have been supplied by the caller don't to
             * generate new kinv and r values
             */
            if (in_kinv != NULL && in_r != NULL) {
                ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_SIGN,
                         ECDSA_R_NEED_NEW_SETUP_VALUES);
                goto err;
            }
        } else
            /* s != 0 => we have a valid signature */
            break;
    }
    while (1);

    ok = 1;
 err:
    if (!ok) {
        ECDSA_SIG_free(ret);
        ret = NULL;
    }
    if (ctx)
        BN_CTX_free(ctx);
    if (m)
        BN_clear_free(m);
    if (tmp)
        BN_clear_free(tmp);
    if (order)
        BN_free(order);
    if (kinv)
        BN_clear_free(kinv);
    return ret;
}

static int ecdsa_do_verify(const unsigned char *dgst, int dgst_len,
                           const ECDSA_SIG *sig, EC_KEY *eckey)
{
    int ret = -1, i;
    BN_CTX *ctx;
    BIGNUM *order, *u1, *u2, *m, *X;
    EC_POINT *point = NULL;
    const EC_GROUP *group;
    const EC_POINT *pub_key;

    /* check input values */
    if (eckey == NULL || (group = EC_KEY_get0_group(eckey)) == NULL ||
        (pub_key = EC_KEY_get0_public_key(eckey)) == NULL || sig == NULL) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ECDSA_R_MISSING_PARAMETERS);
        return -1;
    }

    ctx = BN_CTX_new();
    if (!ctx) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
        return -1;
    }
    BN_CTX_start(ctx);
    order = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    u1 = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    u2 = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    m = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    X = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    if (!X) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
        goto err;
    }

    if (!EC_GROUP_get_order(group, order, ctx)) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_EC_LIB);
        goto err;
    }

    if (BN_is_zero(sig->r) || BN_is_negative(sig->r) ||
        BN_ucmp(sig->r, order) >= 0 || BN_is_zero(sig->s) ||
        BN_is_negative(sig->s) || BN_ucmp(sig->s, order) >= 0) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ECDSA_R_BAD_SIGNATURE);
        ret = 0;                /* signature is invalid */
        goto err;
    }
    /* calculate tmp1 = inv(S) mod order */
    if (!BN_mod_inverse(u2, sig->s, order, ctx)) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
        goto err;
    }
    /* digest -> m */
    i = BN_num_bits(order);
    /*
     * Need to truncate digest if it is too long: first truncate whole bytes.
     */
    if (8 * dgst_len > i)
        dgst_len = (i + 7) / 8;
    if (!BN_bin2bn(dgst, dgst_len, m)) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
        goto err;
    }
    /* If still too long truncate remaining bits with a shift */
    if ((8 * dgst_len > i) && !BN_rshift(m, m, 8 - (i & 0x7))) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
        goto err;
    }
    /* u1 = m * tmp mod order */
    if (!BN_mod_mul(u1, m, u2, order, ctx)) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
        goto err;
    }
    /* u2 = r * w mod q */
    if (!BN_mod_mul(u2, sig->r, u2, order, ctx)) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
        goto err;
    }

    if ((point = EC_POINT_new(group)) == NULL) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
        goto err;
    }
    if (!EC_POINT_mul(group, point, u1, pub_key, u2, ctx)) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_EC_LIB);
        goto err;
    }
    if (EC_METHOD_get_field_type(EC_GROUP_method_of(group)) ==
        NID_X9_62_prime_field) {
        if (!EC_POINT_get_affine_coordinates_GFp(group, point, X, NULL, ctx)) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_EC_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
    }
#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_EC2M
    else {                      /* NID_X9_62_characteristic_two_field */

        if (!EC_POINT_get_affine_coordinates_GF2m(group, point, X, NULL, ctx)) {
            ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_EC_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
    }
#endif
    if (!BN_nnmod(u1, X, order, ctx)) {
        ECDSAerr(ECDSA_F_ECDSA_DO_VERIFY, ERR_R_BN_LIB);
        goto err;
    }
    /*  if the signature is correct u1 is equal to sig->r */
    ret = (BN_ucmp(u1, sig->r) == 0);
 err:
    BN_CTX_end(ctx);
    BN_CTX_free(ctx);
    if (point)
        EC_POINT_free(point);
    return ret;
}