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/* crypto/ec/ec2_oct.c */
/* ====================================================================
 * Copyright 2002 Sun Microsystems, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
 *
 * The Elliptic Curve Public-Key Crypto Library (ECC Code) included
 * herein is developed by SUN MICROSYSTEMS, INC., and is contributed
 * to the OpenSSL project.
 *
 * The ECC Code is licensed pursuant to the OpenSSL open source
 * license provided below.
 *
 * The software is originally written by Sheueling Chang Shantz and
 * Douglas Stebila of Sun Microsystems Laboratories.
 *
 */
/* ====================================================================
 * Copyright (c) 1998-2005 The OpenSSL Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.openssl.org/)"
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenSSL Toolkit" and "OpenSSL Project" must not be used to
 *    endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    openssl-core@openssl.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenSSL"
 *    nor may "OpenSSL" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenSSL Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.openssl.org/)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenSSL PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenSSL PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 */

#include <openssl/err.h>

#include "ec_lcl.h"

#ifndef OPENSSL_NO_EC2M

/*-
 * Calculates and sets the affine coordinates of an EC_POINT from the given
 * compressed coordinates.  Uses algorithm 2.3.4 of SEC 1.
 * Note that the simple implementation only uses affine coordinates.
 *
 * The method is from the following publication:
 *
 *     Harper, Menezes, Vanstone:
 *     "Public-Key Cryptosystems with Very Small Key Lengths",
 *     EUROCRYPT '92, Springer-Verlag LNCS 658,
 *     published February 1993
 *
 * US Patents 6,141,420 and 6,618,483 (Vanstone, Mullin, Agnew) describe
 * the same method, but claim no priority date earlier than July 29, 1994
 * (and additionally fail to cite the EUROCRYPT '92 publication as prior art).
 */
int ec_GF2m_simple_set_compressed_coordinates(const EC_GROUP *group,
                                              EC_POINT *point,
                                              const BIGNUM *x_, int y_bit,
                                              BN_CTX *ctx)
{
    BN_CTX *new_ctx = NULL;
    BIGNUM *tmp, *x, *y, *z;
    int ret = 0, z0;

    /* clear error queue */
    ERR_clear_error();

    if (ctx == NULL) {
        ctx = new_ctx = BN_CTX_new();
        if (ctx == NULL)
            return 0;
    }

    y_bit = (y_bit != 0) ? 1 : 0;

    BN_CTX_start(ctx);
    tmp = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    x = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    y = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    z = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    if (z == NULL)
        goto err;

    if (!BN_GF2m_mod_arr(x, x_, group->poly))
        goto err;
    if (BN_is_zero(x)) {
        if (!BN_GF2m_mod_sqrt_arr(y, &group->b, group->poly, ctx))
            goto err;
    } else {
        if (!group->meth->field_sqr(group, tmp, x, ctx))
            goto err;
        if (!group->meth->field_div(group, tmp, &group->b, tmp, ctx))
            goto err;
        if (!BN_GF2m_add(tmp, &group->a, tmp))
            goto err;
        if (!BN_GF2m_add(tmp, x, tmp))
            goto err;
        if (!BN_GF2m_mod_solve_quad_arr(z, tmp, group->poly, ctx)) {
            unsigned long err = ERR_peek_last_error();

            if (ERR_GET_LIB(err) == ERR_LIB_BN
                && ERR_GET_REASON(err) == BN_R_NO_SOLUTION) {
                ERR_clear_error();
                ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_SET_COMPRESSED_COORDINATES,
                      EC_R_INVALID_COMPRESSED_POINT);
            } else
                ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_SET_COMPRESSED_COORDINATES,
                      ERR_R_BN_LIB);
            goto err;
        }
        z0 = (BN_is_odd(z)) ? 1 : 0;
        if (!group->meth->field_mul(group, y, x, z, ctx))
            goto err;
        if (z0 != y_bit) {
            if (!BN_GF2m_add(y, y, x))
                goto err;
        }
    }

    if (!EC_POINT_set_affine_coordinates_GF2m(group, point, x, y, ctx))
        goto err;

    ret = 1;

 err:
    BN_CTX_end(ctx);
    if (new_ctx != NULL)
        BN_CTX_free(new_ctx);
    return ret;
}

/*
 * Converts an EC_POINT to an octet string. If buf is NULL, the encoded
 * length will be returned. If the length len of buf is smaller than required
 * an error will be returned.
 */
size_t ec_GF2m_simple_point2oct(const EC_GROUP *group, const EC_POINT *point,
                                point_conversion_form_t form,
                                unsigned char *buf, size_t len, BN_CTX *ctx)
{
    size_t ret;
    BN_CTX *new_ctx = NULL;
    int used_ctx = 0;
    BIGNUM *x, *y, *yxi;
    size_t field_len, i, skip;

    if ((form != POINT_CONVERSION_COMPRESSED)
        && (form != POINT_CONVERSION_UNCOMPRESSED)
        && (form != POINT_CONVERSION_HYBRID)) {
        ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_POINT2OCT, EC_R_INVALID_FORM);
        goto err;
    }

    if (EC_POINT_is_at_infinity(group, point)) {
        /* encodes to a single 0 octet */
        if (buf != NULL) {
            if (len < 1) {
                ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_POINT2OCT, EC_R_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL);
                return 0;
            }
            buf[0] = 0;
        }
        return 1;
    }

    /* ret := required output buffer length */
    field_len = (EC_GROUP_get_degree(group) + 7) / 8;
    ret =
        (form ==
         POINT_CONVERSION_COMPRESSED) ? 1 + field_len : 1 + 2 * field_len;

    /* if 'buf' is NULL, just return required length */
    if (buf != NULL) {
        if (len < ret) {
            ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_POINT2OCT, EC_R_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL);
            goto err;
        }

        if (ctx == NULL) {
            ctx = new_ctx = BN_CTX_new();
            if (ctx == NULL)
                return 0;
        }

        BN_CTX_start(ctx);
        used_ctx = 1;
        x = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
        y = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
        yxi = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
        if (yxi == NULL)
            goto err;

        if (!EC_POINT_get_affine_coordinates_GF2m(group, point, x, y, ctx))
            goto err;

        buf[0] = form;
        if ((form != POINT_CONVERSION_UNCOMPRESSED) && !BN_is_zero(x)) {
            if (!group->meth->field_div(group, yxi, y, x, ctx))
                goto err;
            if (BN_is_odd(yxi))
                buf[0]++;
        }

        i = 1;

        skip = field_len - BN_num_bytes(x);
        if (skip > field_len) {
            ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_POINT2OCT, ERR_R_INTERNAL_ERROR);
            goto err;
        }
        while (skip > 0) {
            buf[i++] = 0;
            skip--;
        }
        skip = BN_bn2bin(x, buf + i);
        i += skip;
        if (i != 1 + field_len) {
            ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_POINT2OCT, ERR_R_INTERNAL_ERROR);
            goto err;
        }

        if (form == POINT_CONVERSION_UNCOMPRESSED
            || form == POINT_CONVERSION_HYBRID) {
            skip = field_len - BN_num_bytes(y);
            if (skip > field_len) {
                ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_POINT2OCT, ERR_R_INTERNAL_ERROR);
                goto err;
            }
            while (skip > 0) {
                buf[i++] = 0;
                skip--;
            }
            skip = BN_bn2bin(y, buf + i);
            i += skip;
        }

        if (i != ret) {
            ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_POINT2OCT, ERR_R_INTERNAL_ERROR);
            goto err;
        }
    }

    if (used_ctx)
        BN_CTX_end(ctx);
    if (new_ctx != NULL)
        BN_CTX_free(new_ctx);
    return ret;

 err:
    if (used_ctx)
        BN_CTX_end(ctx);
    if (new_ctx != NULL)
        BN_CTX_free(new_ctx);
    return 0;
}

/*
 * Converts an octet string representation to an EC_POINT. Note that the
 * simple implementation only uses affine coordinates.
 */
int ec_GF2m_simple_oct2point(const EC_GROUP *group, EC_POINT *point,
                             const unsigned char *buf, size_t len,
                             BN_CTX *ctx)
{
    point_conversion_form_t form;
    int y_bit;
    BN_CTX *new_ctx = NULL;
    BIGNUM *x, *y, *yxi;
    size_t field_len, enc_len;
    int ret = 0;

    if (len == 0) {
        ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_OCT2POINT, EC_R_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL);
        return 0;
    }
    form = buf[0];
    y_bit = form & 1;
    form = form & ~1U;
    if ((form != 0) && (form != POINT_CONVERSION_COMPRESSED)
        && (form != POINT_CONVERSION_UNCOMPRESSED)
        && (form != POINT_CONVERSION_HYBRID)) {
        ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_OCT2POINT, EC_R_INVALID_ENCODING);
        return 0;
    }
    if ((form == 0 || form == POINT_CONVERSION_UNCOMPRESSED) && y_bit) {
        ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_OCT2POINT, EC_R_INVALID_ENCODING);
        return 0;
    }

    if (form == 0) {
        if (len != 1) {
            ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_OCT2POINT, EC_R_INVALID_ENCODING);
            return 0;
        }

        return EC_POINT_set_to_infinity(group, point);
    }

    field_len = (EC_GROUP_get_degree(group) + 7) / 8;
    enc_len =
        (form ==
         POINT_CONVERSION_COMPRESSED) ? 1 + field_len : 1 + 2 * field_len;

    if (len != enc_len) {
        ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_OCT2POINT, EC_R_INVALID_ENCODING);
        return 0;
    }

    if (ctx == NULL) {
        ctx = new_ctx = BN_CTX_new();
        if (ctx == NULL)
            return 0;
    }

    BN_CTX_start(ctx);
    x = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    y = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    yxi = BN_CTX_get(ctx);
    if (yxi == NULL)
        goto err;

    if (!BN_bin2bn(buf + 1, field_len, x))
        goto err;
    if (BN_ucmp(x, &group->field) >= 0) {
        ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_OCT2POINT, EC_R_INVALID_ENCODING);
        goto err;
    }

    if (form == POINT_CONVERSION_COMPRESSED) {
        if (!EC_POINT_set_compressed_coordinates_GF2m
            (group, point, x, y_bit, ctx))
            goto err;
    } else {
        if (!BN_bin2bn(buf + 1 + field_len, field_len, y))
            goto err;
        if (BN_ucmp(y, &group->field) >= 0) {
            ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_OCT2POINT, EC_R_INVALID_ENCODING);
            goto err;
        }
        if (form == POINT_CONVERSION_HYBRID) {
            if (!group->meth->field_div(group, yxi, y, x, ctx))
                goto err;
            if (y_bit != BN_is_odd(yxi)) {
                ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_OCT2POINT, EC_R_INVALID_ENCODING);
                goto err;
            }
        }

        if (!EC_POINT_set_affine_coordinates_GF2m(group, point, x, y, ctx))
            goto err;
    }

    /* test required by X9.62 */
    if (!EC_POINT_is_on_curve(group, point, ctx)) {
        ECerr(EC_F_EC_GF2M_SIMPLE_OCT2POINT, EC_R_POINT_IS_NOT_ON_CURVE);
        goto err;
    }

    ret = 1;

 err:
    BN_CTX_end(ctx);
    if (new_ctx != NULL)
        BN_CTX_free(new_ctx);
    return ret;
}
#endif