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/* crypto/bio/bss_bio.c  */
/* ====================================================================
 * Copyright (c) 1998-2003 The OpenSSL Project.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
 *    software must display the following acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit. (http://www.openssl.org/)"
 *
 * 4. The names "OpenSSL Toolkit" and "OpenSSL Project" must not be used to
 *    endorse or promote products derived from this software without
 *    prior written permission. For written permission, please contact
 *    openssl-core@openssl.org.
 *
 * 5. Products derived from this software may not be called "OpenSSL"
 *    nor may "OpenSSL" appear in their names without prior written
 *    permission of the OpenSSL Project.
 *
 * 6. Redistributions of any form whatsoever must retain the following
 *    acknowledgment:
 *    "This product includes software developed by the OpenSSL Project
 *    for use in the OpenSSL Toolkit (http://www.openssl.org/)"
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE OpenSSL PROJECT ``AS IS'' AND ANY
 * EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
 * PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE OpenSSL PROJECT OR
 * ITS CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
 * LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT,
 * STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
 * ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED
 * OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 * ====================================================================
 *
 * This product includes cryptographic software written by Eric Young
 * (eay@cryptsoft.com).  This product includes software written by Tim
 * Hudson (tjh@cryptsoft.com).
 *
 */

/*
 * Special method for a BIO where the other endpoint is also a BIO of this
 * kind, handled by the same thread (i.e. the "peer" is actually ourselves,
 * wearing a different hat). Such "BIO pairs" are mainly for using the SSL
 * library with I/O interfaces for which no specific BIO method is available.
 * See ssl/ssltest.c for some hints on how this can be used.
 */

/* BIO_DEBUG implies BIO_PAIR_DEBUG */
#ifdef BIO_DEBUG
# ifndef BIO_PAIR_DEBUG
#  define BIO_PAIR_DEBUG
# endif
#endif

/* disable assert() unless BIO_PAIR_DEBUG has been defined */
#ifndef BIO_PAIR_DEBUG
# ifndef NDEBUG
#  define NDEBUG
# endif
#endif

#include <assert.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <openssl/bio.h>
#include <openssl/err.h>
#include <openssl/crypto.h>

#include "e_os.h"

/* VxWorks defines SSIZE_MAX with an empty value causing compile errors */
#if defined(OPENSSL_SYS_VXWORKS)
# undef SSIZE_MAX
#endif
#ifndef SSIZE_MAX
# define SSIZE_MAX INT_MAX
#endif

static int bio_new(BIO *bio);
static int bio_free(BIO *bio);
static int bio_read(BIO *bio, char *buf, int size);
static int bio_write(BIO *bio, const char *buf, int num);
static long bio_ctrl(BIO *bio, int cmd, long num, void *ptr);
static int bio_puts(BIO *bio, const char *str);

static int bio_make_pair(BIO *bio1, BIO *bio2);
static void bio_destroy_pair(BIO *bio);

static BIO_METHOD methods_biop = {
    BIO_TYPE_BIO,
    "BIO pair",
    bio_write,
    bio_read,
    bio_puts,
    NULL /* no bio_gets */ ,
    bio_ctrl,
    bio_new,
    bio_free,
    NULL                        /* no bio_callback_ctrl */
};

BIO_METHOD *BIO_s_bio(void)
{
    return &methods_biop;
}

struct bio_bio_st {
    BIO *peer;                  /* NULL if buf == NULL. If peer != NULL, then
                                 * peer->ptr is also a bio_bio_st, and its
                                 * "peer" member points back to us. peer !=
                                 * NULL iff init != 0 in the BIO. */
    /* This is for what we write (i.e. reading uses peer's struct): */
    int closed;                 /* valid iff peer != NULL */
    size_t len;                 /* valid iff buf != NULL; 0 if peer == NULL */
    size_t offset;              /* valid iff buf != NULL; 0 if len == 0 */
    size_t size;
    char *buf;                  /* "size" elements (if != NULL) */
    size_t request;             /* valid iff peer != NULL; 0 if len != 0,
                                 * otherwise set by peer to number of bytes
                                 * it (unsuccessfully) tried to read, never
                                 * more than buffer space (size-len)
                                 * warrants. */
};

static int bio_new(BIO *bio)
{
    struct bio_bio_st *b;

    b = OPENSSL_malloc(sizeof *b);
    if (b == NULL)
        return 0;

    b->peer = NULL;
    /* enough for one TLS record (just a default) */
    b->size = 17 * 1024;
    b->buf = NULL;

    bio->ptr = b;
    return 1;
}

static int bio_free(BIO *bio)
{
    struct bio_bio_st *b;

    if (bio == NULL)
        return 0;
    b = bio->ptr;

    assert(b != NULL);

    if (b->peer)
        bio_destroy_pair(bio);

    if (b->buf != NULL) {
        OPENSSL_free(b->buf);
    }

    OPENSSL_free(b);

    return 1;
}

static int bio_read(BIO *bio, char *buf, int size_)
{
    size_t size = size_;
    size_t rest;
    struct bio_bio_st *b, *peer_b;

    BIO_clear_retry_flags(bio);

    if (!bio->init)
        return 0;

    b = bio->ptr;
    assert(b != NULL);
    assert(b->peer != NULL);
    peer_b = b->peer->ptr;
    assert(peer_b != NULL);
    assert(peer_b->buf != NULL);

    peer_b->request = 0;        /* will be set in "retry_read" situation */

    if (buf == NULL || size == 0)
        return 0;

    if (peer_b->len == 0) {
        if (peer_b->closed)
            return 0;           /* writer has closed, and no data is left */
        else {
            BIO_set_retry_read(bio); /* buffer is empty */
            if (size <= peer_b->size)
                peer_b->request = size;
            else
                /*
                 * don't ask for more than the peer can deliver in one write
                 */
                peer_b->request = peer_b->size;
            return -1;
        }
    }

    /* we can read */
    if (peer_b->len < size)
        size = peer_b->len;

    /* now read "size" bytes */

    rest = size;

    assert(rest > 0);
    do {                        /* one or two iterations */
        size_t chunk;

        assert(rest <= peer_b->len);
        if (peer_b->offset + rest <= peer_b->size)
            chunk = rest;
        else
            /* wrap around ring buffer */
            chunk = peer_b->size - peer_b->offset;
        assert(peer_b->offset + chunk <= peer_b->size);

        memcpy(buf, peer_b->buf + peer_b->offset, chunk);

        peer_b->len -= chunk;
        if (peer_b->len) {
            peer_b->offset += chunk;
            assert(peer_b->offset <= peer_b->size);
            if (peer_b->offset == peer_b->size)
                peer_b->offset = 0;
            buf += chunk;
        } else {
            /* buffer now empty, no need to advance "buf" */
            assert(chunk == rest);
            peer_b->offset = 0;
        }
        rest -= chunk;
    }
    while (rest);

    return size;
}

/*-
 * non-copying interface: provide pointer to available data in buffer
 *    bio_nread0:  return number of available bytes
 *    bio_nread:   also advance index
 * (example usage:  bio_nread0(), read from buffer, bio_nread()
 *  or just         bio_nread(), read from buffer)
 */
/*
 * WARNING: The non-copying interface is largely untested as of yet and may
 * contain bugs.
 */
static ossl_ssize_t bio_nread0(BIO *bio, char **buf)
{
    struct bio_bio_st *b, *peer_b;
    ossl_ssize_t num;

    BIO_clear_retry_flags(bio);

    if (!bio->init)
        return 0;

    b = bio->ptr;
    assert(b != NULL);
    assert(b->peer != NULL);
    peer_b = b->peer->ptr;
    assert(peer_b != NULL);
    assert(peer_b->buf != NULL);

    peer_b->request = 0;

    if (peer_b->len == 0) {
        char dummy;

        /* avoid code duplication -- nothing available for reading */
        return bio_read(bio, &dummy, 1); /* returns 0 or -1 */
    }

    num = peer_b->len;
    if (peer_b->size < peer_b->offset + num)
        /* no ring buffer wrap-around for non-copying interface */
        num = peer_b->size - peer_b->offset;
    assert(num > 0);

    if (buf != NULL)
        *buf = peer_b->buf + peer_b->offset;
    return num;
}

static ossl_ssize_t bio_nread(BIO *bio, char **buf, size_t num_)
{
    struct bio_bio_st *b, *peer_b;
    ossl_ssize_t num, available;

    if (num_ > SSIZE_MAX)
        num = SSIZE_MAX;
    else
        num = (ossl_ssize_t) num_;

    available = bio_nread0(bio, buf);
    if (num > available)
        num = available;
    if (num <= 0)
        return num;

    b = bio->ptr;
    peer_b = b->peer->ptr;

    peer_b->len -= num;
    if (peer_b->len) {
        peer_b->offset += num;
        assert(peer_b->offset <= peer_b->size);
        if (peer_b->offset == peer_b->size)
            peer_b->offset = 0;
    } else
        peer_b->offset = 0;

    return num;
}

static int bio_write(BIO *bio, const char *buf, int num_)
{
    size_t num = num_;
    size_t rest;
    struct bio_bio_st *b;

    BIO_clear_retry_flags(bio);

    if (!bio->init || buf == NULL || num == 0)
        return 0;

    b = bio->ptr;
    assert(b != NULL);
    assert(b->peer != NULL);
    assert(b->buf != NULL);

    b->request = 0;
    if (b->closed) {
        /* we already closed */
        BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_WRITE, BIO_R_BROKEN_PIPE);
        return -1;
    }

    assert(b->len <= b->size);

    if (b->len == b->size) {
        BIO_set_retry_write(bio); /* buffer is full */
        return -1;
    }

    /* we can write */
    if (num > b->size - b->len)
        num = b->size - b->len;

    /* now write "num" bytes */

    rest = num;

    assert(rest > 0);
    do {                        /* one or two iterations */
        size_t write_offset;
        size_t chunk;

        assert(b->len + rest <= b->size);

        write_offset = b->offset + b->len;
        if (write_offset >= b->size)
            write_offset -= b->size;
        /* b->buf[write_offset] is the first byte we can write to. */

        if (write_offset + rest <= b->size)
            chunk = rest;
        else
            /* wrap around ring buffer */
            chunk = b->size - write_offset;

        memcpy(b->buf + write_offset, buf, chunk);

        b->len += chunk;

        assert(b->len <= b->size);

        rest -= chunk;
        buf += chunk;
    }
    while (rest);

    return num;
}

/*-
 * non-copying interface: provide pointer to region to write to
 *   bio_nwrite0:  check how much space is available
 *   bio_nwrite:   also increase length
 * (example usage:  bio_nwrite0(), write to buffer, bio_nwrite()
 *  or just         bio_nwrite(), write to buffer)
 */
static ossl_ssize_t bio_nwrite0(BIO *bio, char **buf)
{
    struct bio_bio_st *b;
    size_t num;
    size_t write_offset;

    BIO_clear_retry_flags(bio);

    if (!bio->init)
        return 0;

    b = bio->ptr;
    assert(b != NULL);
    assert(b->peer != NULL);
    assert(b->buf != NULL);

    b->request = 0;
    if (b->closed) {
        BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_NWRITE0, BIO_R_BROKEN_PIPE);
        return -1;
    }

    assert(b->len <= b->size);

    if (b->len == b->size) {
        BIO_set_retry_write(bio);
        return -1;
    }

    num = b->size - b->len;
    write_offset = b->offset + b->len;
    if (write_offset >= b->size)
        write_offset -= b->size;
    if (write_offset + num > b->size)
        /*
         * no ring buffer wrap-around for non-copying interface (to fulfil
         * the promise by BIO_ctrl_get_write_guarantee, BIO_nwrite may have
         * to be called twice)
         */
        num = b->size - write_offset;

    if (buf != NULL)
        *buf = b->buf + write_offset;
    assert(write_offset + num <= b->size);

    return num;
}

static ossl_ssize_t bio_nwrite(BIO *bio, char **buf, size_t num_)
{
    struct bio_bio_st *b;
    ossl_ssize_t num, space;

    if (num_ > SSIZE_MAX)
        num = SSIZE_MAX;
    else
        num = (ossl_ssize_t) num_;

    space = bio_nwrite0(bio, buf);
    if (num > space)
        num = space;
    if (num <= 0)
        return num;
    b = bio->ptr;
    assert(b != NULL);
    b->len += num;
    assert(b->len <= b->size);

    return num;
}

static long bio_ctrl(BIO *bio, int cmd, long num, void *ptr)
{
    long ret;
    struct bio_bio_st *b = bio->ptr;

    assert(b != NULL);

    switch (cmd) {
        /* specific CTRL codes */

    case BIO_C_SET_WRITE_BUF_SIZE:
        if (b->peer) {
            BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_CTRL, BIO_R_IN_USE);
            ret = 0;
        } else if (num == 0) {
            BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_CTRL, BIO_R_INVALID_ARGUMENT);
            ret = 0;
        } else {
            size_t new_size = num;

            if (b->size != new_size) {
                if (b->buf) {
                    OPENSSL_free(b->buf);
                    b->buf = NULL;
                }
                b->size = new_size;
            }
            ret = 1;
        }
        break;

    case BIO_C_GET_WRITE_BUF_SIZE:
        ret = (long)b->size;
        break;

    case BIO_C_MAKE_BIO_PAIR:
        {
            BIO *other_bio = ptr;

            if (bio_make_pair(bio, other_bio))
                ret = 1;
            else
                ret = 0;
        }
        break;

    case BIO_C_DESTROY_BIO_PAIR:
        /*
         * Affects both BIOs in the pair -- call just once! Or let
         * BIO_free(bio1); BIO_free(bio2); do the job.
         */
        bio_destroy_pair(bio);
        ret = 1;
        break;

    case BIO_C_GET_WRITE_GUARANTEE:
        /*
         * How many bytes can the caller feed to the next write without
         * having to keep any?
         */
        if (b->peer == NULL || b->closed)
            ret = 0;
        else
            ret = (long)b->size - b->len;
        break;

    case BIO_C_GET_READ_REQUEST:
        /*
         * If the peer unsuccessfully tried to read, how many bytes were
         * requested? (As with BIO_CTRL_PENDING, that number can usually be
         * treated as boolean.)
         */
        ret = (long)b->request;
        break;

    case BIO_C_RESET_READ_REQUEST:
        /*
         * Reset request.  (Can be useful after read attempts at the other
         * side that are meant to be non-blocking, e.g. when probing SSL_read
         * to see if any data is available.)
         */
        b->request = 0;
        ret = 1;
        break;

    case BIO_C_SHUTDOWN_WR:
        /* similar to shutdown(..., SHUT_WR) */
        b->closed = 1;
        ret = 1;
        break;

    case BIO_C_NREAD0:
        /* prepare for non-copying read */
        ret = (long)bio_nread0(bio, ptr);
        break;

    case BIO_C_NREAD:
        /* non-copying read */
        ret = (long)bio_nread(bio, ptr, (size_t)num);
        break;

    case BIO_C_NWRITE0:
        /* prepare for non-copying write */
        ret = (long)bio_nwrite0(bio, ptr);
        break;

    case BIO_C_NWRITE:
        /* non-copying write */
        ret = (long)bio_nwrite(bio, ptr, (size_t)num);
        break;

        /* standard CTRL codes follow */

    case BIO_CTRL_RESET:
        if (b->buf != NULL) {
            b->len = 0;
            b->offset = 0;
        }
        ret = 0;
        break;

    case BIO_CTRL_GET_CLOSE:
        ret = bio->shutdown;
        break;

    case BIO_CTRL_SET_CLOSE:
        bio->shutdown = (int)num;
        ret = 1;
        break;

    case BIO_CTRL_PENDING:
        if (b->peer != NULL) {
            struct bio_bio_st *peer_b = b->peer->ptr;

            ret = (long)peer_b->len;
        } else
            ret = 0;
        break;

    case BIO_CTRL_WPENDING:
        if (b->buf != NULL)
            ret = (long)b->len;
        else
            ret = 0;
        break;

    case BIO_CTRL_DUP:
        /* See BIO_dup_chain for circumstances we have to expect. */
        {
            BIO *other_bio = ptr;
            struct bio_bio_st *other_b;

            assert(other_bio != NULL);
            other_b = other_bio->ptr;
            assert(other_b != NULL);

            assert(other_b->buf == NULL); /* other_bio is always fresh */

            other_b->size = b->size;
        }

        ret = 1;
        break;

    case BIO_CTRL_FLUSH:
        ret = 1;
        break;

    case BIO_CTRL_EOF:
        {
            BIO *other_bio = ptr;

            if (other_bio) {
                struct bio_bio_st *other_b = other_bio->ptr;

                assert(other_b != NULL);
                ret = other_b->len == 0 && other_b->closed;
            } else
                ret = 1;
        }
        break;

    default:
        ret = 0;
    }
    return ret;
}

static int bio_puts(BIO *bio, const char *str)
{
    return bio_write(bio, str, strlen(str));
}

static int bio_make_pair(BIO *bio1, BIO *bio2)
{
    struct bio_bio_st *b1, *b2;

    assert(bio1 != NULL);
    assert(bio2 != NULL);

    b1 = bio1->ptr;
    b2 = bio2->ptr;

    if (b1->peer != NULL || b2->peer != NULL) {
        BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_MAKE_PAIR, BIO_R_IN_USE);
        return 0;
    }

    if (b1->buf == NULL) {
        b1->buf = OPENSSL_malloc(b1->size);
        if (b1->buf == NULL) {
            BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_MAKE_PAIR, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
            return 0;
        }
        b1->len = 0;
        b1->offset = 0;
    }

    if (b2->buf == NULL) {
        b2->buf = OPENSSL_malloc(b2->size);
        if (b2->buf == NULL) {
            BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_MAKE_PAIR, ERR_R_MALLOC_FAILURE);
            return 0;
        }
        b2->len = 0;
        b2->offset = 0;
    }

    b1->peer = bio2;
    b1->closed = 0;
    b1->request = 0;
    b2->peer = bio1;
    b2->closed = 0;
    b2->request = 0;

    bio1->init = 1;
    bio2->init = 1;

    return 1;
}

static void bio_destroy_pair(BIO *bio)
{
    struct bio_bio_st *b = bio->ptr;

    if (b != NULL) {
        BIO *peer_bio = b->peer;

        if (peer_bio != NULL) {
            struct bio_bio_st *peer_b = peer_bio->ptr;

            assert(peer_b != NULL);
            assert(peer_b->peer == bio);

            peer_b->peer = NULL;
            peer_bio->init = 0;
            assert(peer_b->buf != NULL);
            peer_b->len = 0;
            peer_b->offset = 0;

            b->peer = NULL;
            bio->init = 0;
            assert(b->buf != NULL);
            b->len = 0;
            b->offset = 0;
        }
    }
}

/* Exported convenience functions */
int BIO_new_bio_pair(BIO **bio1_p, size_t writebuf1,
                     BIO **bio2_p, size_t writebuf2)
{
    BIO *bio1 = NULL, *bio2 = NULL;
    long r;
    int ret = 0;

    bio1 = BIO_new(BIO_s_bio());
    if (bio1 == NULL)
        goto err;
    bio2 = BIO_new(BIO_s_bio());
    if (bio2 == NULL)
        goto err;

    if (writebuf1) {
        r = BIO_set_write_buf_size(bio1, writebuf1);
        if (!r)
            goto err;
    }
    if (writebuf2) {
        r = BIO_set_write_buf_size(bio2, writebuf2);
        if (!r)
            goto err;
    }

    r = BIO_make_bio_pair(bio1, bio2);
    if (!r)
        goto err;
    ret = 1;

 err:
    if (ret == 0) {
        if (bio1) {
            BIO_free(bio1);
            bio1 = NULL;
        }
        if (bio2) {
            BIO_free(bio2);
            bio2 = NULL;
        }
    }

    *bio1_p = bio1;
    *bio2_p = bio2;
    return ret;
}

size_t BIO_ctrl_get_write_guarantee(BIO *bio)
{
    return BIO_ctrl(bio, BIO_C_GET_WRITE_GUARANTEE, 0, NULL);
}

size_t BIO_ctrl_get_read_request(BIO *bio)
{
    return BIO_ctrl(bio, BIO_C_GET_READ_REQUEST, 0, NULL);
}

int BIO_ctrl_reset_read_request(BIO *bio)
{
    return (BIO_ctrl(bio, BIO_C_RESET_READ_REQUEST, 0, NULL) != 0);
}

/*
 * BIO_nread0/nread/nwrite0/nwrite are available only for BIO pairs for now
 * (conceivably some other BIOs could allow non-copying reads and writes
 * too.)
 */
int BIO_nread0(BIO *bio, char **buf)
{
    long ret;

    if (!bio->init) {
        BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_NREAD0, BIO_R_UNINITIALIZED);
        return -2;
    }

    ret = BIO_ctrl(bio, BIO_C_NREAD0, 0, buf);
    if (ret > INT_MAX)
        return INT_MAX;
    else
        return (int)ret;
}

int BIO_nread(BIO *bio, char **buf, int num)
{
    int ret;

    if (!bio->init) {
        BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_NREAD, BIO_R_UNINITIALIZED);
        return -2;
    }

    ret = (int)BIO_ctrl(bio, BIO_C_NREAD, num, buf);
    if (ret > 0)
        bio->num_read += ret;
    return ret;
}

int BIO_nwrite0(BIO *bio, char **buf)
{
    long ret;

    if (!bio->init) {
        BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_NWRITE0, BIO_R_UNINITIALIZED);
        return -2;
    }

    ret = BIO_ctrl(bio, BIO_C_NWRITE0, 0, buf);
    if (ret > INT_MAX)
        return INT_MAX;
    else
        return (int)ret;
}

int BIO_nwrite(BIO *bio, char **buf, int num)
{
    int ret;

    if (!bio->init) {
        BIOerr(BIO_F_BIO_NWRITE, BIO_R_UNINITIALIZED);
        return -2;
    }

    ret = BIO_ctrl(bio, BIO_C_NWRITE, num, buf);
    if (ret > 0)
        bio->num_write += ret;
    return ret;
}