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#! @PATH_PERL@ -w

# Copyright (C) 2015 Network Time Foundation
# Author: Harlan Stenn

# Original shell version:
# Copyright (C) 2014 Timothe Litt litt at acm dot org

# This script may be freely copied, used and modified providing that
# this notice and the copyright statement are included in all copies
# and derivative works.  No warranty is offered, and use is entirely at
# your own risk.  Bugfixes and improvements would be appreciated by the
# author.

use strict;

use Digest::SHA qw(sha1_hex);
use File::Copy qw(move);
use File::Fetch;
use Getopt::Long qw(:config auto_help no_ignore_case bundling);
use Sys::Syslog;

my $VERSION="1.003";

# leap-seconds file manager/updater

# ########## Default configuration ##########
#

my $CRONJOB = $ENV{'CRONJOB'};
$CRONJOB = "" unless defined($CRONJOB);
my $LOGGER;
my $QUIET = "";
my $VERBOSE = "";

# Where to get the file
# Choices:
#	https://www.ietf.org/timezones/data/leap-seconds.list
#	ftp://time.nist.gov/pub/leap-seconds.list
my $LEAPSRC="https://www.ietf.org/timezones/data/leap-seconds.list";
my $LEAPFILE;

# How many times to try to download new file
my $MAXTRIES=6;
my $INTERVAL=10;

# Where to find ntp config file
my $NTPCONF="/etc/ntp.conf";

# How long (in days) before expiration to get updated file
my $PREFETCH="60";

# How to restart NTP - older NTP: service ntpd? try-restart | condrestart
# Recent NTP checks for new file daily, so there's nothing to do
my $RESTART="";

my $EXPIRES;
my $FORCE = "";

# Where to put temporary copy before it's validated
my $TMPFILE="/tmp/leap-seconds.$$.tmp";

# Syslog facility
my $LOGFAC="daemon";

# ###########################################

=item update-leap

Usage: $0 [options] [leapfile]

Verifies and if necessary, updates leap-second definition file

All arguments are optional:  Default (or current value) shown:
    -s    Specify the URL of the master copy to download
          $LEAPSRC
    -d    Specify the filename on the local system
          $LEAPFILE
    -e    Specify how long (in days) before expiration the file is to be
    	  refreshed.  Note that larger values imply more frequent refreshes.
          "$PREFETCH"
    -f    Specify location of ntp.conf (used to make sure leapfile directive is
          present and to default  leapfile)
          $NTPCONF
    -F    Force update even if current file is OK and not close to expiring.
    -r    Specify number of times to retry on get failure
          $MAXTRIES
    -i    Specify number of minutes between retries
          $INTERVAL
    -l    Use syslog for output (Implied if CRONJOB is set)
    -L    Don't use syslog for output
    -P    Specify the syslog facility for logging
          $LOGFAC
    -t    Name of temporary file used in validation
          $TMPFILE
    -q    Only report errors to stdout
    -v    Verbose output

The following options are not (yet) implemented in the perl version:
    -4    Use only IPv4
    -6    Use only IPv6
    -c    Command to restart NTP after installing a new file
          <none> - ntpd checks file daily
    -p 4|6
          Prefer IPv4 or IPv6 (as specified) addresses, but use either
    -z    Specify path for utilities
          $PATHLIST
    -Z    Only use system path

$0 will validate the file currently on the local system

Ordinarily, the file is found using the "leapfile" directive in $NTPCONF.
However, an alternate location can be specified on the command line.

If the file does not exist, is not valid, has expired, or is expiring soon,
a new copy will be downloaded.  If the new copy validates, it is installed and
NTP is (optionally) restarted.

If the current file is acceptable, no download or restart occurs.

-c can also be used to invoke another script to perform administrative
functions, e.g. to copy the file to other local systems.

This can be run as a cron job.  As the file is rarely updated, and leap
seconds are announced at least one month in advance (usually longer), it
need not be run more frequently than about once every three weeks.

For cron-friendly behavior, define CRONJOB=1 in the crontab.

Version $VERSION
=cut

# Default: Use syslog for logging if running under cron

my $SYSLOG = $CRONJOB;

# Parse options

our(%opt);

GetOptions(\%opt,
	'c=s',
	'e:60',
	'F',
	'f=s',
	'i:10',
	'L',
	'l',
	'P=s',
	'q',
	'r:6',
	's=s',
	't=s',
	'v'
	);

$LOGFAC=$opt{P} if (defined($opt{P}));
$LEAPSRC=$opt{s} if (defined($opt{s}));
$PREFETCH=$opt{e} if (defined($opt{e}));
$NTPCONF=$opt{f} if (defined($opt{f}));
$FORCE="Y" if (defined($opt{F}));
$RESTART=$opt{c} if (defined($opt{c}));
$MAXTRIES=$opt{r} if (defined($opt{r}));
$INTERVAL=$opt{i} if (defined($opt{i}));
$TMPFILE=$opt{t} if (defined($opt{t}));
$SYSLOG="Y" if (defined($opt{l}));
$SYSLOG="" if (defined($opt{L}));
$QUIET="Y" if (defined($opt{q}));
$VERBOSE="Y" if (defined($opt{v}));

# export PATH="$PATHLIST$PATH"

# Handle logging

openlog($0, 'pid', $LOGFAC);

sub logger {
    my ($priority, $message) = @_;

    # "priority" "message"
    #
    # Stdout unless syslog specified or logger isn't available
    #
    if ($SYSLOG eq "" or $LOGGER eq "") {
	if ($QUIET ne "" and ( $priority eq "info" or $priority eq "notice" or $priority eq "debug" ) ) {
	    return 0
	}
	printf "%s: $message\n", uc $priority;
	return 0;
    }

    # Also log to stdout if cron job && notice or higher
    if (($CRONJOB ne "" and ($priority ne "info" ) and ($priority ne "debug" )) || ($VERBOSE ne "")) {
	# Log to stderr as well
	print STDERR "$0: $priority: $message\n";
    }
    syslog($priority, $message);
}

# Verify interval
# INTERVAL=$(( $INTERVAL *1 ))

# Validate a leap-seconds file checksum
#
# File format: (full description in files)
# # marks comments, except:
# #$ number : the NTP date of the last update
# #@ number : the NTP date that the file expires
# Date (seconds since 1900) leaps : leaps is the # of seconds to add for times >= Date
# Date lines have comments.
# #h hex hex hex hex hex is the SHA-1 checksum of the data & dates, excluding whitespace w/o leading zeroes
#
# Returns:
#   0	File is valid
#   1	Invalid Checksum
#   2	Expired

sub verifySHA {
    my ($file, $verbose) = @_;

    my $raw = "";
    my $data = "";
    my $FSHA;

    # Remove comments, except those that are markers for last update,
    # expires and hash

    unless (open(LF, $file)) {
	warn "Can't open <$file>: $!\n";
	print "Will try and create that file.\n";
	return 1;
    };
    while (<LF>) {
	if (/^#\$/) {
		$raw .= $_;
		s/^..//;
		$data .= $_;
	}
	elsif (/^#\@/) {
		$raw .= $_;
		s/^..//;
		$data .= $_;
		s/\s+//g;
		$EXPIRES = $_ - 2208988800;
	}
	elsif (/^#h\s+([[:xdigit:]]+)\s+([[:xdigit:]]+)\s+([[:xdigit:]]+)\s+([[:xdigit:]]+)\s+([[:xdigit:]]+)/) {
		chomp;
		$raw .= $_;
		$FSHA = sprintf("%08s%08s%08s%08s%08s", $1, $2, $3, $4, $5);
	}
	elsif (/^#/) {
		# ignore it
	}
	elsif (/^\d/) {
		s/#.*$//;
		$raw .= $_;
		$data .= $_;
	} else {
		chomp;
		print "Unexpected line: <$_>\n";
	}
    }
    close LF;

    # Remove all white space
    $data =~ s/\s//g;

    # Compute the SHA hash of the data, removing the marker and filename
    # Computed in binary mode, which shouldn't matter since whitespace has been removed

    my $DSHA = sha1_hex($data);

    # Extract the file's hash. Restore any leading zeroes in hash segments.

    if ( ( "$FSHA" ne "" ) && ( $FSHA eq $DSHA ) ) {
        if ( $verbose ne "" ) {
            logger("info", "Checksum of $file validated");
        }
    } else {
        logger("error", "Checksum of $file is invalid:");
	$FSHA="(no checksum record found in file)"
	    if ( $FSHA eq "");
        logger("error", "EXPECTED: $FSHA");
        logger("error", "COMPUTED: $DSHA");
        return 1;
    }

    # Check the expiration date, converting NTP epoch to Unix epoch used by date

    if ( $EXPIRES < time() ) {
        logger("notice", "File expired on " . gmtime($EXPIRES));
        return 2;
    }
    return 0;
}

# Verify ntp.conf

-r $NTPCONF || die "Missing ntp configuration: $NTPCONF\n";

# Parse ntp.conf for leapfile directive

open(LF, $NTPCONF) || die "Can't open <$NTPCONF>: $!\n";
while (<LF>) {
    chomp;
    if (/^ *leapfile\s+"(\S+)"/) {
	$LEAPFILE = $1;
    }
}
close LF;

-s $LEAPFILE || warn "$NTPCONF specifies $LEAPFILE as a leapfile, which is empty.\n";

# Allow placing the file someplace else - testing

if ( defined $ARGV[0] ) {
    if ( $ARGV[0] ne $LEAPFILE ) {
	logger("notice", "Requested install to $ARGV[0], but $NTPCONF specifies $LEAPFILE");
    }
    $LEAPFILE = $ARGV[0];
}

# Verify the current file
# If it is missing, doesn't validate or expired
# Or is expiring soon
#  Download a new one

if ( $FORCE ne "" || verifySHA($LEAPFILE, $VERBOSE) || ( $EXPIRES lt ( $PREFETCH * 86400 + time() ) )) {
    my $TRY = 0;
    my $ff = File::Fetch->new(uri => $LEAPSRC) || die "Fetch failed.\n";
    while (1) {
	++$TRY;
	logger("info", "Attempting download from $LEAPSRC, try $TRY..")
	    if ($VERBOSE ne "");
	my $where = $ff->fetch( to => '/tmp' );

        if ($where) {
            logger("info", "Download of $LEAPSRC succeeded");

            if ( verifySHA($where, $VERBOSE )) {
		# There is no point in retrying, as the file on the
		# server is almost certainly corrupt.

                logger("warning", "Downloaded file $where rejected -- saved for diagnosis");
                exit 1;
            }

	    # While the shell script version will set correct permissions
	    # on temporary file, for the perl version that's harder, so
	    # for now at least one should run this script as the
	    # appropriate user.

	    # REFFILE="$LEAPFILE"
            # if [ ! -f $LEAPFILE ]; then
	    # 	logger "notice" "$LEAPFILE was missing, creating new copy - check permissions"
            #   touch $LEAPFILE
	    # 	# Can't copy permissions from old file, copy from NTPCONF instead
	    # 	REFFILE="$NTPCONF"
            # fi
            # chmod --reference $REFFILE $TMPFILE
            # chown --reference $REFFILE $TMPFILE
	    # ( which selinuxenabled && selinuxenabled && which chcon ) >/dev/null 2>&1
            # if  [ $? == 0 ] ; then
            #     chcon --reference $REFFILE $TMPFILE
            # fi

	    # Replace current file with validated new one

	    if ( move $where, $LEAPFILE ) {
                logger("notice", "Installed new $LEAPFILE from $LEAPSRC");
            } else {
                logger("error", "Install $where => $LEAPFILE failed -- saved for diagnosis: $!");
                exit 1;
            }

	    # Restart NTP (or whatever else is specified)

	    if ( $RESTART ne "" ) {
		if ( $VERBOSE ne "" ) {
		    logger("info", "Attempting restart action: $RESTART");
		}

# XXX
		#R="$( 2>&1 $RESTART )"
		#if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
		#    logger "notice" "Restart action succeeded"
		#    if [ -n "$VERBOSE" -a -n "$R" ]; then
		#	logger "info" "$R"
		#    fi
		#else
		#    logger "error" "Restart action failed"
		#    if [ -n "$R" ]; then
		#	logger "error" "$R"
		#    fi
		#    exit 2
		#fi
	    }
            exit 0;
	}

	# Failed to download.  See about trying again

        # rm -f $TMPFILE
        if ( $TRY ge $MAXTRIES ) {
            last;
        }
        if ( $VERBOSE ne "" ) {
            logger("info", "Waiting $INTERVAL minutes before retrying...");
        }
        sleep $INTERVAL * 60 ;
    }

    # Failed and out of retries

    logger("warning", "Download from $LEAPSRC failed after $TRY attempts");
    exit 1;
}

print "FORCE is <$FORCE>\n";
print "verifySHA is " . verifySHA($LEAPFILE, "") . "\n";
print "EXPIRES <$EXPIRES>  vs ". ( $PREFETCH * 86400 + time() ) . "\n";

logger("info", "Not time to replace $LEAPFILE");

exit 0;

# EOF