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//===- RISCV.cpp ----------------------------------------------------------===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "InputFiles.h"
#include "SyntheticSections.h"
#include "Target.h"

using namespace llvm;
using namespace llvm::object;
using namespace llvm::support::endian;
using namespace llvm::ELF;

namespace lld {
namespace elf {

namespace {

class RISCV final : public TargetInfo {
public:
  RISCV();
  uint32_t calcEFlags() const override;
  void writeGotHeader(uint8_t *buf) const override;
  void writeGotPlt(uint8_t *buf, const Symbol &s) const override;
  void writePltHeader(uint8_t *buf) const override;
  void writePlt(uint8_t *buf, uint64_t gotPltEntryAddr, uint64_t pltEntryAddr,
                int32_t index, unsigned relOff) const override;
  RelType getDynRel(RelType type) const override;
  RelExpr getRelExpr(RelType type, const Symbol &s,
                     const uint8_t *loc) const override;
  void relocateOne(uint8_t *loc, RelType type, uint64_t val) const override;
};

} // end anonymous namespace

const uint64_t dtpOffset = 0x800;

enum Op {
  ADDI = 0x13,
  AUIPC = 0x17,
  JALR = 0x67,
  LD = 0x3003,
  LW = 0x2003,
  SRLI = 0x5013,
  SUB = 0x40000033,
};

enum Reg {
  X_RA = 1,
  X_T0 = 5,
  X_T1 = 6,
  X_T2 = 7,
  X_T3 = 28,
};

static uint32_t hi20(uint32_t val) { return (val + 0x800) >> 12; }
static uint32_t lo12(uint32_t val) { return val & 4095; }

static uint32_t itype(uint32_t op, uint32_t rd, uint32_t rs1, uint32_t imm) {
  return op | (rd << 7) | (rs1 << 15) | (imm << 20);
}
static uint32_t rtype(uint32_t op, uint32_t rd, uint32_t rs1, uint32_t rs2) {
  return op | (rd << 7) | (rs1 << 15) | (rs2 << 20);
}
static uint32_t utype(uint32_t op, uint32_t rd, uint32_t imm) {
  return op | (rd << 7) | (imm << 12);
}

RISCV::RISCV() {
  copyRel = R_RISCV_COPY;
  noneRel = R_RISCV_NONE;
  pltRel = R_RISCV_JUMP_SLOT;
  relativeRel = R_RISCV_RELATIVE;
  if (config->is64) {
    symbolicRel = R_RISCV_64;
    tlsModuleIndexRel = R_RISCV_TLS_DTPMOD64;
    tlsOffsetRel = R_RISCV_TLS_DTPREL64;
    tlsGotRel = R_RISCV_TLS_TPREL64;
  } else {
    symbolicRel = R_RISCV_32;
    tlsModuleIndexRel = R_RISCV_TLS_DTPMOD32;
    tlsOffsetRel = R_RISCV_TLS_DTPREL32;
    tlsGotRel = R_RISCV_TLS_TPREL32;
  }
  gotRel = symbolicRel;

  // .got[0] = _DYNAMIC
  gotBaseSymInGotPlt = false;
  gotHeaderEntriesNum = 1;

  // .got.plt[0] = _dl_runtime_resolve, .got.plt[1] = link_map
  gotPltHeaderEntriesNum = 2;

  pltEntrySize = 16;
  pltHeaderSize = 32;
}

static uint32_t getEFlags(InputFile *f) {
  if (config->is64)
    return cast<ObjFile<ELF64LE>>(f)->getObj().getHeader()->e_flags;
  return cast<ObjFile<ELF32LE>>(f)->getObj().getHeader()->e_flags;
}

uint32_t RISCV::calcEFlags() const {
  assert(!objectFiles.empty());

  uint32_t target = getEFlags(objectFiles.front());

  for (InputFile *f : objectFiles) {
    uint32_t eflags = getEFlags(f);
    if (eflags & EF_RISCV_RVC)
      target |= EF_RISCV_RVC;

    if ((eflags & EF_RISCV_FLOAT_ABI) != (target & EF_RISCV_FLOAT_ABI))
      error(toString(f) +
            ": cannot link object files with different floating-point ABI");

    if ((eflags & EF_RISCV_RVE) != (target & EF_RISCV_RVE))
      error(toString(f) +
            ": cannot link object files with different EF_RISCV_RVE");
  }

  return target;
}

void RISCV::writeGotHeader(uint8_t *buf) const {
  if (config->is64)
    write64le(buf, mainPart->dynamic->getVA());
  else
    write32le(buf, mainPart->dynamic->getVA());
}

void RISCV::writeGotPlt(uint8_t *buf, const Symbol &s) const {
  if (config->is64)
    write64le(buf, in.plt->getVA());
  else
    write32le(buf, in.plt->getVA());
}

void RISCV::writePltHeader(uint8_t *buf) const {
  // 1: auipc t2, %pcrel_hi(.got.plt)
  // sub t1, t1, t3
  // l[wd] t3, %pcrel_lo(1b)(t2); t3 = _dl_runtime_resolve
  // addi t1, t1, -pltHeaderSize-12; t1 = &.plt[i] - &.plt[0]
  // addi t0, t2, %pcrel_lo(1b)
  // srli t1, t1, (rv64?1:2); t1 = &.got.plt[i] - &.got.plt[0]
  // l[wd] t0, Wordsize(t0); t0 = link_map
  // jr t3
  uint32_t offset = in.gotPlt->getVA() - in.plt->getVA();
  uint32_t load = config->is64 ? LD : LW;
  write32le(buf + 0, utype(AUIPC, X_T2, hi20(offset)));
  write32le(buf + 4, rtype(SUB, X_T1, X_T1, X_T3));
  write32le(buf + 8, itype(load, X_T3, X_T2, lo12(offset)));
  write32le(buf + 12, itype(ADDI, X_T1, X_T1, -target->pltHeaderSize - 12));
  write32le(buf + 16, itype(ADDI, X_T0, X_T2, lo12(offset)));
  write32le(buf + 20, itype(SRLI, X_T1, X_T1, config->is64 ? 1 : 2));
  write32le(buf + 24, itype(load, X_T0, X_T0, config->wordsize));
  write32le(buf + 28, itype(JALR, 0, X_T3, 0));
}

void RISCV::writePlt(uint8_t *buf, uint64_t gotPltEntryAddr,
                     uint64_t pltEntryAddr, int32_t index,
                     unsigned relOff) const {
  // 1: auipc t3, %pcrel_hi(f@.got.plt)
  // l[wd] t3, %pcrel_lo(1b)(t3)
  // jalr t1, t3
  // nop
  uint32_t offset = gotPltEntryAddr - pltEntryAddr;
  write32le(buf + 0, utype(AUIPC, X_T3, hi20(offset)));
  write32le(buf + 4, itype(config->is64 ? LD : LW, X_T3, X_T3, lo12(offset)));
  write32le(buf + 8, itype(JALR, X_T1, X_T3, 0));
  write32le(buf + 12, itype(ADDI, 0, 0, 0));
}

RelType RISCV::getDynRel(RelType type) const {
  return type == target->symbolicRel ? type
                                     : static_cast<RelType>(R_RISCV_NONE);
}

RelExpr RISCV::getRelExpr(const RelType type, const Symbol &s,
                          const uint8_t *loc) const {
  switch (type) {
  case R_RISCV_ADD8:
  case R_RISCV_ADD16:
  case R_RISCV_ADD32:
  case R_RISCV_ADD64:
  case R_RISCV_SET6:
  case R_RISCV_SET8:
  case R_RISCV_SET16:
  case R_RISCV_SET32:
  case R_RISCV_SUB6:
  case R_RISCV_SUB8:
  case R_RISCV_SUB16:
  case R_RISCV_SUB32:
  case R_RISCV_SUB64:
    return R_RISCV_ADD;
  case R_RISCV_JAL:
  case R_RISCV_BRANCH:
  case R_RISCV_PCREL_HI20:
  case R_RISCV_RVC_BRANCH:
  case R_RISCV_RVC_JUMP:
  case R_RISCV_32_PCREL:
    return R_PC;
  case R_RISCV_CALL:
  case R_RISCV_CALL_PLT:
    return R_PLT_PC;
  case R_RISCV_GOT_HI20:
    return R_GOT_PC;
  case R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_I:
  case R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_S:
    return R_RISCV_PC_INDIRECT;
  case R_RISCV_TLS_GD_HI20:
    return R_TLSGD_PC;
  case R_RISCV_TLS_GOT_HI20:
    config->hasStaticTlsModel = true;
    return R_GOT_PC;
  case R_RISCV_TPREL_HI20:
  case R_RISCV_TPREL_LO12_I:
  case R_RISCV_TPREL_LO12_S:
    return R_TLS;
  case R_RISCV_RELAX:
  case R_RISCV_ALIGN:
  case R_RISCV_TPREL_ADD:
    return R_HINT;
  default:
    return R_ABS;
  }
}

// Extract bits V[Begin:End], where range is inclusive, and Begin must be < 63.
static uint32_t extractBits(uint64_t v, uint32_t begin, uint32_t end) {
  return (v & ((1ULL << (begin + 1)) - 1)) >> end;
}

void RISCV::relocateOne(uint8_t *loc, const RelType type,
                        const uint64_t val) const {
  const unsigned bits = config->wordsize * 8;

  switch (type) {
  case R_RISCV_32:
    write32le(loc, val);
    return;
  case R_RISCV_64:
    write64le(loc, val);
    return;

  case R_RISCV_RVC_BRANCH: {
    checkInt(loc, static_cast<int64_t>(val) >> 1, 8, type);
    checkAlignment(loc, val, 2, type);
    uint16_t insn = read16le(loc) & 0xE383;
    uint16_t imm8 = extractBits(val, 8, 8) << 12;
    uint16_t imm4_3 = extractBits(val, 4, 3) << 10;
    uint16_t imm7_6 = extractBits(val, 7, 6) << 5;
    uint16_t imm2_1 = extractBits(val, 2, 1) << 3;
    uint16_t imm5 = extractBits(val, 5, 5) << 2;
    insn |= imm8 | imm4_3 | imm7_6 | imm2_1 | imm5;

    write16le(loc, insn);
    return;
  }

  case R_RISCV_RVC_JUMP: {
    checkInt(loc, static_cast<int64_t>(val) >> 1, 11, type);
    checkAlignment(loc, val, 2, type);
    uint16_t insn = read16le(loc) & 0xE003;
    uint16_t imm11 = extractBits(val, 11, 11) << 12;
    uint16_t imm4 = extractBits(val, 4, 4) << 11;
    uint16_t imm9_8 = extractBits(val, 9, 8) << 9;
    uint16_t imm10 = extractBits(val, 10, 10) << 8;
    uint16_t imm6 = extractBits(val, 6, 6) << 7;
    uint16_t imm7 = extractBits(val, 7, 7) << 6;
    uint16_t imm3_1 = extractBits(val, 3, 1) << 3;
    uint16_t imm5 = extractBits(val, 5, 5) << 2;
    insn |= imm11 | imm4 | imm9_8 | imm10 | imm6 | imm7 | imm3_1 | imm5;

    write16le(loc, insn);
    return;
  }

  case R_RISCV_RVC_LUI: {
    int64_t imm = SignExtend64(val + 0x800, bits) >> 12;
    checkInt(loc, imm, 6, type);
    if (imm == 0) { // `c.lui rd, 0` is illegal, convert to `c.li rd, 0`
      write16le(loc, (read16le(loc) & 0x0F83) | 0x4000);
    } else {
      uint16_t imm17 = extractBits(val + 0x800, 17, 17) << 12;
      uint16_t imm16_12 = extractBits(val + 0x800, 16, 12) << 2;
      write16le(loc, (read16le(loc) & 0xEF83) | imm17 | imm16_12);
    }
    return;
  }

  case R_RISCV_JAL: {
    checkInt(loc, static_cast<int64_t>(val) >> 1, 20, type);
    checkAlignment(loc, val, 2, type);

    uint32_t insn = read32le(loc) & 0xFFF;
    uint32_t imm20 = extractBits(val, 20, 20) << 31;
    uint32_t imm10_1 = extractBits(val, 10, 1) << 21;
    uint32_t imm11 = extractBits(val, 11, 11) << 20;
    uint32_t imm19_12 = extractBits(val, 19, 12) << 12;
    insn |= imm20 | imm10_1 | imm11 | imm19_12;

    write32le(loc, insn);
    return;
  }

  case R_RISCV_BRANCH: {
    checkInt(loc, static_cast<int64_t>(val) >> 1, 12, type);
    checkAlignment(loc, val, 2, type);

    uint32_t insn = read32le(loc) & 0x1FFF07F;
    uint32_t imm12 = extractBits(val, 12, 12) << 31;
    uint32_t imm10_5 = extractBits(val, 10, 5) << 25;
    uint32_t imm4_1 = extractBits(val, 4, 1) << 8;
    uint32_t imm11 = extractBits(val, 11, 11) << 7;
    insn |= imm12 | imm10_5 | imm4_1 | imm11;

    write32le(loc, insn);
    return;
  }

  // auipc + jalr pair
  case R_RISCV_CALL:
  case R_RISCV_CALL_PLT: {
    int64_t hi = SignExtend64(val + 0x800, bits) >> 12;
    checkInt(loc, hi, 20, type);
    if (isInt<20>(hi)) {
      relocateOne(loc, R_RISCV_PCREL_HI20, val);
      relocateOne(loc + 4, R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_I, val);
    }
    return;
  }

  case R_RISCV_GOT_HI20:
  case R_RISCV_PCREL_HI20:
  case R_RISCV_TLS_GD_HI20:
  case R_RISCV_TLS_GOT_HI20:
  case R_RISCV_TPREL_HI20:
  case R_RISCV_HI20: {
    uint64_t hi = val + 0x800;
    checkInt(loc, SignExtend64(hi, bits) >> 12, 20, type);
    write32le(loc, (read32le(loc) & 0xFFF) | (hi & 0xFFFFF000));
    return;
  }

  case R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_I:
  case R_RISCV_TPREL_LO12_I:
  case R_RISCV_LO12_I: {
    uint64_t hi = (val + 0x800) >> 12;
    uint64_t lo = val - (hi << 12);
    write32le(loc, (read32le(loc) & 0xFFFFF) | ((lo & 0xFFF) << 20));
    return;
  }

  case R_RISCV_PCREL_LO12_S:
  case R_RISCV_TPREL_LO12_S:
  case R_RISCV_LO12_S: {
    uint64_t hi = (val + 0x800) >> 12;
    uint64_t lo = val - (hi << 12);
    uint32_t imm11_5 = extractBits(lo, 11, 5) << 25;
    uint32_t imm4_0 = extractBits(lo, 4, 0) << 7;
    write32le(loc, (read32le(loc) & 0x1FFF07F) | imm11_5 | imm4_0);
    return;
  }

  case R_RISCV_ADD8:
    *loc += val;
    return;
  case R_RISCV_ADD16:
    write16le(loc, read16le(loc) + val);
    return;
  case R_RISCV_ADD32:
    write32le(loc, read32le(loc) + val);
    return;
  case R_RISCV_ADD64:
    write64le(loc, read64le(loc) + val);
    return;
  case R_RISCV_SUB6:
    *loc = (*loc & 0xc0) | (((*loc & 0x3f) - val) & 0x3f);
    return;
  case R_RISCV_SUB8:
    *loc -= val;
    return;
  case R_RISCV_SUB16:
    write16le(loc, read16le(loc) - val);
    return;
  case R_RISCV_SUB32:
    write32le(loc, read32le(loc) - val);
    return;
  case R_RISCV_SUB64:
    write64le(loc, read64le(loc) - val);
    return;
  case R_RISCV_SET6:
    *loc = (*loc & 0xc0) | (val & 0x3f);
    return;
  case R_RISCV_SET8:
    *loc = val;
    return;
  case R_RISCV_SET16:
    write16le(loc, val);
    return;
  case R_RISCV_SET32:
  case R_RISCV_32_PCREL:
    write32le(loc, val);
    return;

  case R_RISCV_TLS_DTPREL32:
    write32le(loc, val - dtpOffset);
    break;
  case R_RISCV_TLS_DTPREL64:
    write64le(loc, val - dtpOffset);
    break;

  case R_RISCV_ALIGN:
  case R_RISCV_RELAX:
    return; // Ignored (for now)
  case R_RISCV_NONE:
    return; // Do nothing

  // These are handled by the dynamic linker
  case R_RISCV_RELATIVE:
  case R_RISCV_COPY:
  case R_RISCV_JUMP_SLOT:
  // GP-relative relocations are only produced after relaxation, which
  // we don't support for now
  case R_RISCV_GPREL_I:
  case R_RISCV_GPREL_S:
  default:
    error(getErrorLocation(loc) +
          "unimplemented relocation: " + toString(type));
    return;
  }
}

TargetInfo *getRISCVTargetInfo() {
  static RISCV target;
  return &target;
}

} // namespace elf
} // namespace lld