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//===- InputFiles.cpp -----------------------------------------------------===//
//
// Part of the LLVM Project, under the Apache License v2.0 with LLVM Exceptions.
// See https://llvm.org/LICENSE.txt for license information.
// SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 WITH LLVM-exception
//
//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//

#include "InputFiles.h"
#include "Chunks.h"
#include "Config.h"
#include "DebugTypes.h"
#include "Driver.h"
#include "SymbolTable.h"
#include "Symbols.h"
#include "lld/Common/ErrorHandler.h"
#include "lld/Common/Memory.h"
#include "llvm-c/lto.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Triple.h"
#include "llvm/ADT/Twine.h"
#include "llvm/BinaryFormat/COFF.h"
#include "llvm/DebugInfo/CodeView/DebugSubsectionRecord.h"
#include "llvm/DebugInfo/CodeView/SymbolDeserializer.h"
#include "llvm/DebugInfo/CodeView/SymbolRecord.h"
#include "llvm/DebugInfo/CodeView/TypeDeserializer.h"
#include "llvm/Object/Binary.h"
#include "llvm/Object/COFF.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Casting.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Endian.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Error.h"
#include "llvm/Support/ErrorOr.h"
#include "llvm/Support/FileSystem.h"
#include "llvm/Support/Path.h"
#include "llvm/Target/TargetOptions.h"
#include <cstring>
#include <system_error>
#include <utility>

using namespace llvm;
using namespace llvm::COFF;
using namespace llvm::codeview;
using namespace llvm::object;
using namespace llvm::support::endian;

using llvm::Triple;
using llvm::support::ulittle32_t;

namespace lld {
namespace coff {

std::vector<ObjFile *> ObjFile::instances;
std::vector<ImportFile *> ImportFile::instances;
std::vector<BitcodeFile *> BitcodeFile::instances;

/// Checks that Source is compatible with being a weak alias to Target.
/// If Source is Undefined and has no weak alias set, makes it a weak
/// alias to Target.
static void checkAndSetWeakAlias(SymbolTable *symtab, InputFile *f,
                                 Symbol *source, Symbol *target) {
  if (auto *u = dyn_cast<Undefined>(source)) {
    if (u->weakAlias && u->weakAlias != target) {
      // Weak aliases as produced by GCC are named in the form
      // .weak.<weaksymbol>.<othersymbol>, where <othersymbol> is the name
      // of another symbol emitted near the weak symbol.
      // Just use the definition from the first object file that defined
      // this weak symbol.
      if (config->mingw)
        return;
      symtab->reportDuplicate(source, f);
    }
    u->weakAlias = target;
  }
}

ArchiveFile::ArchiveFile(MemoryBufferRef m) : InputFile(ArchiveKind, m) {}

void ArchiveFile::parse() {
  // Parse a MemoryBufferRef as an archive file.
  file = CHECK(Archive::create(mb), this);

  // Read the symbol table to construct Lazy objects.
  for (const Archive::Symbol &sym : file->symbols())
    symtab->addLazy(this, sym);
}

// Returns a buffer pointing to a member file containing a given symbol.
void ArchiveFile::addMember(const Archive::Symbol *sym) {
  const Archive::Child &c =
      CHECK(sym->getMember(),
            "could not get the member for symbol " + sym->getName());

  // Return an empty buffer if we have already returned the same buffer.
  if (!seen.insert(c.getChildOffset()).second)
    return;

  driver->enqueueArchiveMember(c, sym->getName(), getName());
}

std::vector<MemoryBufferRef> getArchiveMembers(Archive *file) {
  std::vector<MemoryBufferRef> v;
  Error err = Error::success();
  for (const ErrorOr<Archive::Child> &cOrErr : file->children(err)) {
    Archive::Child c =
        CHECK(cOrErr,
              file->getFileName() + ": could not get the child of the archive");
    MemoryBufferRef mbref =
        CHECK(c.getMemoryBufferRef(),
              file->getFileName() +
                  ": could not get the buffer for a child of the archive");
    v.push_back(mbref);
  }
  if (err)
    fatal(file->getFileName() +
          ": Archive::children failed: " + toString(std::move(err)));
  return v;
}

void ObjFile::parse() {
  // Parse a memory buffer as a COFF file.
  std::unique_ptr<Binary> bin = CHECK(createBinary(mb), this);

  if (auto *obj = dyn_cast<COFFObjectFile>(bin.get())) {
    bin.release();
    coffObj.reset(obj);
  } else {
    fatal(toString(this) + " is not a COFF file");
  }

  // Read section and symbol tables.
  initializeChunks();
  initializeSymbols();
  initializeFlags();
  initializeDependencies();
}

const coff_section* ObjFile::getSection(uint32_t i) {
  const coff_section *sec;
  if (auto ec = coffObj->getSection(i, sec))
    fatal("getSection failed: #" + Twine(i) + ": " + ec.message());
  return sec;
}

// We set SectionChunk pointers in the SparseChunks vector to this value
// temporarily to mark comdat sections as having an unknown resolution. As we
// walk the object file's symbol table, once we visit either a leader symbol or
// an associative section definition together with the parent comdat's leader,
// we set the pointer to either nullptr (to mark the section as discarded) or a
// valid SectionChunk for that section.
static SectionChunk *const pendingComdat = reinterpret_cast<SectionChunk *>(1);

void ObjFile::initializeChunks() {
  uint32_t numSections = coffObj->getNumberOfSections();
  chunks.reserve(numSections);
  sparseChunks.resize(numSections + 1);
  for (uint32_t i = 1; i < numSections + 1; ++i) {
    const coff_section *sec = getSection(i);
    if (sec->Characteristics & IMAGE_SCN_LNK_COMDAT)
      sparseChunks[i] = pendingComdat;
    else
      sparseChunks[i] = readSection(i, nullptr, "");
  }
}

SectionChunk *ObjFile::readSection(uint32_t sectionNumber,
                                   const coff_aux_section_definition *def,
                                   StringRef leaderName) {
  const coff_section *sec = getSection(sectionNumber);

  StringRef name;
  if (Expected<StringRef> e = coffObj->getSectionName(sec))
    name = *e;
  else
    fatal("getSectionName failed: #" + Twine(sectionNumber) + ": " +
          toString(e.takeError()));

  if (name == ".drectve") {
    ArrayRef<uint8_t> data;
    cantFail(coffObj->getSectionContents(sec, data));
    directives = StringRef((const char *)data.data(), data.size());
    return nullptr;
  }

  if (name == ".llvm_addrsig") {
    addrsigSec = sec;
    return nullptr;
  }

  // Object files may have DWARF debug info or MS CodeView debug info
  // (or both).
  //
  // DWARF sections don't need any special handling from the perspective
  // of the linker; they are just a data section containing relocations.
  // We can just link them to complete debug info.
  //
  // CodeView needs linker support. We need to interpret debug info,
  // and then write it to a separate .pdb file.

  // Ignore DWARF debug info unless /debug is given.
  if (!config->debug && name.startswith(".debug_"))
    return nullptr;

  if (sec->Characteristics & llvm::COFF::IMAGE_SCN_LNK_REMOVE)
    return nullptr;
  auto *c = make<SectionChunk>(this, sec);
  if (def)
    c->checksum = def->CheckSum;

  // link.exe uses the presence of .rsrc$01 for LNK4078, so match that.
  if (name == ".rsrc$01")
    isResourceObjFile = true;

  // CodeView sections are stored to a different vector because they are not
  // linked in the regular manner.
  if (c->isCodeView())
    debugChunks.push_back(c);
  else if (name == ".gfids$y")
    guardFidChunks.push_back(c);
  else if (name == ".gljmp$y")
    guardLJmpChunks.push_back(c);
  else if (name == ".sxdata")
    sXDataChunks.push_back(c);
  else if (config->tailMerge && sec->NumberOfRelocations == 0 &&
           name == ".rdata" && leaderName.startswith("??_C@"))
    // COFF sections that look like string literal sections (i.e. no
    // relocations, in .rdata, leader symbol name matches the MSVC name mangling
    // for string literals) are subject to string tail merging.
    MergeChunk::addSection(c);
  else
    chunks.push_back(c);

  return c;
}

void ObjFile::readAssociativeDefinition(
    COFFSymbolRef sym, const coff_aux_section_definition *def) {
  readAssociativeDefinition(sym, def, def->getNumber(sym.isBigObj()));
}

void ObjFile::readAssociativeDefinition(COFFSymbolRef sym,
                                        const coff_aux_section_definition *def,
                                        uint32_t parentIndex) {
  SectionChunk *parent = sparseChunks[parentIndex];
  int32_t sectionNumber = sym.getSectionNumber();

  auto diag = [&]() {
    StringRef name, parentName;
    coffObj->getSymbolName(sym, name);

    const coff_section *parentSec = getSection(parentIndex);
    if (Expected<StringRef> e = coffObj->getSectionName(parentSec))
      parentName = *e;
    error(toString(this) + ": associative comdat " + name + " (sec " +
          Twine(sectionNumber) + ") has invalid reference to section " +
          parentName + " (sec " + Twine(parentIndex) + ")");
  };

  if (parent == pendingComdat) {
    // This can happen if an associative comdat refers to another associative
    // comdat that appears after it (invalid per COFF spec) or to a section
    // without any symbols.
    diag();
    return;
  }

  // Check whether the parent is prevailing. If it is, so are we, and we read
  // the section; otherwise mark it as discarded.
  if (parent) {
    SectionChunk *c = readSection(sectionNumber, def, "");
    sparseChunks[sectionNumber] = c;
    if (c) {
      c->selection = IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_ASSOCIATIVE;
      parent->addAssociative(c);
    }
  } else {
    sparseChunks[sectionNumber] = nullptr;
  }
}

void ObjFile::recordPrevailingSymbolForMingw(
    COFFSymbolRef sym, DenseMap<StringRef, uint32_t> &prevailingSectionMap) {
  // For comdat symbols in executable sections, where this is the copy
  // of the section chunk we actually include instead of discarding it,
  // add the symbol to a map to allow using it for implicitly
  // associating .[px]data$<func> sections to it.
  int32_t sectionNumber = sym.getSectionNumber();
  SectionChunk *sc = sparseChunks[sectionNumber];
  if (sc && sc->getOutputCharacteristics() & IMAGE_SCN_MEM_EXECUTE) {
    StringRef name;
    coffObj->getSymbolName(sym, name);
    if (getMachineType() == I386)
      name.consume_front("_");
    prevailingSectionMap[name] = sectionNumber;
  }
}

void ObjFile::maybeAssociateSEHForMingw(
    COFFSymbolRef sym, const coff_aux_section_definition *def,
    const DenseMap<StringRef, uint32_t> &prevailingSectionMap) {
  StringRef name;
  coffObj->getSymbolName(sym, name);
  if (name.consume_front(".pdata$") || name.consume_front(".xdata$") ||
      name.consume_front(".eh_frame$")) {
    // For MinGW, treat .[px]data$<func> and .eh_frame$<func> as implicitly
    // associative to the symbol <func>.
    auto parentSym = prevailingSectionMap.find(name);
    if (parentSym != prevailingSectionMap.end())
      readAssociativeDefinition(sym, def, parentSym->second);
  }
}

Symbol *ObjFile::createRegular(COFFSymbolRef sym) {
  SectionChunk *sc = sparseChunks[sym.getSectionNumber()];
  if (sym.isExternal()) {
    StringRef name;
    coffObj->getSymbolName(sym, name);
    if (sc)
      return symtab->addRegular(this, name, sym.getGeneric(), sc);
    // For MinGW symbols named .weak.* that point to a discarded section,
    // don't create an Undefined symbol. If nothing ever refers to the symbol,
    // everything should be fine. If something actually refers to the symbol
    // (e.g. the undefined weak alias), linking will fail due to undefined
    // references at the end.
    if (config->mingw && name.startswith(".weak."))
      return nullptr;
    return symtab->addUndefined(name, this, false);
  }
  if (sc)
    return make<DefinedRegular>(this, /*Name*/ "", /*IsCOMDAT*/ false,
                                /*IsExternal*/ false, sym.getGeneric(), sc);
  return nullptr;
}

void ObjFile::initializeSymbols() {
  uint32_t numSymbols = coffObj->getNumberOfSymbols();
  symbols.resize(numSymbols);

  SmallVector<std::pair<Symbol *, uint32_t>, 8> weakAliases;
  std::vector<uint32_t> pendingIndexes;
  pendingIndexes.reserve(numSymbols);

  DenseMap<StringRef, uint32_t> prevailingSectionMap;
  std::vector<const coff_aux_section_definition *> comdatDefs(
      coffObj->getNumberOfSections() + 1);

  for (uint32_t i = 0; i < numSymbols; ++i) {
    COFFSymbolRef coffSym = check(coffObj->getSymbol(i));
    bool prevailingComdat;
    if (coffSym.isUndefined()) {
      symbols[i] = createUndefined(coffSym);
    } else if (coffSym.isWeakExternal()) {
      symbols[i] = createUndefined(coffSym);
      uint32_t tagIndex = coffSym.getAux<coff_aux_weak_external>()->TagIndex;
      weakAliases.emplace_back(symbols[i], tagIndex);
    } else if (Optional<Symbol *> optSym =
                   createDefined(coffSym, comdatDefs, prevailingComdat)) {
      symbols[i] = *optSym;
      if (config->mingw && prevailingComdat)
        recordPrevailingSymbolForMingw(coffSym, prevailingSectionMap);
    } else {
      // createDefined() returns None if a symbol belongs to a section that
      // was pending at the point when the symbol was read. This can happen in
      // two cases:
      // 1) section definition symbol for a comdat leader;
      // 2) symbol belongs to a comdat section associated with another section.
      // In both of these cases, we can expect the section to be resolved by
      // the time we finish visiting the remaining symbols in the symbol
      // table. So we postpone the handling of this symbol until that time.
      pendingIndexes.push_back(i);
    }
    i += coffSym.getNumberOfAuxSymbols();
  }

  for (uint32_t i : pendingIndexes) {
    COFFSymbolRef sym = check(coffObj->getSymbol(i));
    if (const coff_aux_section_definition *def = sym.getSectionDefinition()) {
      if (def->Selection == IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_ASSOCIATIVE)
        readAssociativeDefinition(sym, def);
      else if (config->mingw)
        maybeAssociateSEHForMingw(sym, def, prevailingSectionMap);
    }
    if (sparseChunks[sym.getSectionNumber()] == pendingComdat) {
      StringRef name;
      coffObj->getSymbolName(sym, name);
      log("comdat section " + name +
          " without leader and unassociated, discarding");
      continue;
    }
    symbols[i] = createRegular(sym);
  }

  for (auto &kv : weakAliases) {
    Symbol *sym = kv.first;
    uint32_t idx = kv.second;
    checkAndSetWeakAlias(symtab, this, sym, symbols[idx]);
  }
}

Symbol *ObjFile::createUndefined(COFFSymbolRef sym) {
  StringRef name;
  coffObj->getSymbolName(sym, name);
  return symtab->addUndefined(name, this, sym.isWeakExternal());
}

void ObjFile::handleComdatSelection(COFFSymbolRef sym, COMDATType &selection,
                                    bool &prevailing, DefinedRegular *leader) {
  if (prevailing)
    return;
  // There's already an existing comdat for this symbol: `Leader`.
  // Use the comdats's selection field to determine if the new
  // symbol in `Sym` should be discarded, produce a duplicate symbol
  // error, etc.

  SectionChunk *leaderChunk = nullptr;
  COMDATType leaderSelection = IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_ANY;

  if (leader->data) {
    leaderChunk = leader->getChunk();
    leaderSelection = leaderChunk->selection;
  } else {
    // FIXME: comdats from LTO files don't know their selection; treat them
    // as "any".
    selection = leaderSelection;
  }

  if ((selection == IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_ANY &&
       leaderSelection == IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_LARGEST) ||
      (selection == IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_LARGEST &&
       leaderSelection == IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_ANY)) {
    // cl.exe picks "any" for vftables when building with /GR- and
    // "largest" when building with /GR. To be able to link object files
    // compiled with each flag, "any" and "largest" are merged as "largest".
    leaderSelection = selection = IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_LARGEST;
  }

  // Other than that, comdat selections must match.  This is a bit more
  // strict than link.exe which allows merging "any" and "largest" if "any"
  // is the first symbol the linker sees, and it allows merging "largest"
  // with everything (!) if "largest" is the first symbol the linker sees.
  // Making this symmetric independent of which selection is seen first
  // seems better though.
  // (This behavior matches ModuleLinker::getComdatResult().)
  if (selection != leaderSelection) {
    log(("conflicting comdat type for " + toString(*leader) + ": " +
         Twine((int)leaderSelection) + " in " + toString(leader->getFile()) +
         " and " + Twine((int)selection) + " in " + toString(this))
            .str());
    symtab->reportDuplicate(leader, this);
    return;
  }

  switch (selection) {
  case IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_NODUPLICATES:
    symtab->reportDuplicate(leader, this);
    break;

  case IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_ANY:
    // Nothing to do.
    break;

  case IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_SAME_SIZE:
    if (leaderChunk->getSize() != getSection(sym)->SizeOfRawData)
      symtab->reportDuplicate(leader, this);
    break;

  case IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_EXACT_MATCH: {
    SectionChunk newChunk(this, getSection(sym));
    // link.exe only compares section contents here and doesn't complain
    // if the two comdat sections have e.g. different alignment.
    // Match that.
    if (leaderChunk->getContents() != newChunk.getContents())
      symtab->reportDuplicate(leader, this);
    break;
  }

  case IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_ASSOCIATIVE:
    // createDefined() is never called for IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_ASSOCIATIVE.
    // (This means lld-link doesn't produce duplicate symbol errors for
    // associative comdats while link.exe does, but associate comdats
    // are never extern in practice.)
    llvm_unreachable("createDefined not called for associative comdats");

  case IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_LARGEST:
    if (leaderChunk->getSize() < getSection(sym)->SizeOfRawData) {
      // Replace the existing comdat symbol with the new one.
      StringRef name;
      coffObj->getSymbolName(sym, name);
      // FIXME: This is incorrect: With /opt:noref, the previous sections
      // make it into the final executable as well. Correct handling would
      // be to undo reading of the whole old section that's being replaced,
      // or doing one pass that determines what the final largest comdat
      // is for all IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_LARGEST comdats and then reading
      // only the largest one.
      replaceSymbol<DefinedRegular>(leader, this, name, /*IsCOMDAT*/ true,
                                    /*IsExternal*/ true, sym.getGeneric(),
                                    nullptr);
      prevailing = true;
    }
    break;

  case IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_NEWEST:
    llvm_unreachable("should have been rejected earlier");
  }
}

Optional<Symbol *> ObjFile::createDefined(
    COFFSymbolRef sym,
    std::vector<const coff_aux_section_definition *> &comdatDefs,
    bool &prevailing) {
  prevailing = false;
  auto getName = [&]() {
    StringRef s;
    coffObj->getSymbolName(sym, s);
    return s;
  };

  if (sym.isCommon()) {
    auto *c = make<CommonChunk>(sym);
    chunks.push_back(c);
    return symtab->addCommon(this, getName(), sym.getValue(), sym.getGeneric(),
                             c);
  }

  if (sym.isAbsolute()) {
    StringRef name = getName();

    // Skip special symbols.
    if (name == "@comp.id")
      return nullptr;
    if (name == "@feat.00") {
      feat00Flags = sym.getValue();
      return nullptr;
    }

    if (sym.isExternal())
      return symtab->addAbsolute(name, sym);
    return make<DefinedAbsolute>(name, sym);
  }

  int32_t sectionNumber = sym.getSectionNumber();
  if (sectionNumber == llvm::COFF::IMAGE_SYM_DEBUG)
    return nullptr;

  if (llvm::COFF::isReservedSectionNumber(sectionNumber))
    fatal(toString(this) + ": " + getName() +
          " should not refer to special section " + Twine(sectionNumber));

  if ((uint32_t)sectionNumber >= sparseChunks.size())
    fatal(toString(this) + ": " + getName() +
          " should not refer to non-existent section " + Twine(sectionNumber));

  // Comdat handling.
  // A comdat symbol consists of two symbol table entries.
  // The first symbol entry has the name of the section (e.g. .text), fixed
  // values for the other fields, and one auxilliary record.
  // The second symbol entry has the name of the comdat symbol, called the
  // "comdat leader".
  // When this function is called for the first symbol entry of a comdat,
  // it sets comdatDefs and returns None, and when it's called for the second
  // symbol entry it reads comdatDefs and then sets it back to nullptr.

  // Handle comdat leader.
  if (const coff_aux_section_definition *def = comdatDefs[sectionNumber]) {
    comdatDefs[sectionNumber] = nullptr;
    DefinedRegular *leader;

    if (sym.isExternal()) {
      std::tie(leader, prevailing) =
          symtab->addComdat(this, getName(), sym.getGeneric());
    } else {
      leader = make<DefinedRegular>(this, /*Name*/ "", /*IsCOMDAT*/ false,
                                    /*IsExternal*/ false, sym.getGeneric());
      prevailing = true;
    }

    if (def->Selection < (int)IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_NODUPLICATES ||
        // Intentionally ends at IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_LARGEST: link.exe
        // doesn't understand IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_NEWEST either.
        def->Selection > (int)IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_LARGEST) {
      fatal("unknown comdat type " + std::to_string((int)def->Selection) +
            " for " + getName() + " in " + toString(this));
    }
    COMDATType selection = (COMDATType)def->Selection;

    if (leader->isCOMDAT)
      handleComdatSelection(sym, selection, prevailing, leader);

    if (prevailing) {
      SectionChunk *c = readSection(sectionNumber, def, getName());
      sparseChunks[sectionNumber] = c;
      c->sym = cast<DefinedRegular>(leader);
      c->selection = selection;
      cast<DefinedRegular>(leader)->data = &c->repl;
    } else {
      sparseChunks[sectionNumber] = nullptr;
    }
    return leader;
  }

  // Prepare to handle the comdat leader symbol by setting the section's
  // ComdatDefs pointer if we encounter a non-associative comdat.
  if (sparseChunks[sectionNumber] == pendingComdat) {
    if (const coff_aux_section_definition *def = sym.getSectionDefinition()) {
      if (def->Selection != IMAGE_COMDAT_SELECT_ASSOCIATIVE)
        comdatDefs[sectionNumber] = def;
    }
    return None;
  }

  return createRegular(sym);
}

MachineTypes ObjFile::getMachineType() {
  if (coffObj)
    return static_cast<MachineTypes>(coffObj->getMachine());
  return IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_UNKNOWN;
}

ArrayRef<uint8_t> ObjFile::getDebugSection(StringRef secName) {
  if (SectionChunk *sec = SectionChunk::findByName(debugChunks, secName))
    return sec->consumeDebugMagic();
  return {};
}

// OBJ files systematically store critical informations in a .debug$S stream,
// even if the TU was compiled with no debug info. At least two records are
// always there. S_OBJNAME stores a 32-bit signature, which is loaded into the
// PCHSignature member. S_COMPILE3 stores compile-time cmd-line flags. This is
// currently used to initialize the hotPatchable member.
void ObjFile::initializeFlags() {
  ArrayRef<uint8_t> data = getDebugSection(".debug$S");
  if (data.empty())
    return;

  DebugSubsectionArray subsections;

  BinaryStreamReader reader(data, support::little);
  ExitOnError exitOnErr;
  exitOnErr(reader.readArray(subsections, data.size()));

  for (const DebugSubsectionRecord &ss : subsections) {
    if (ss.kind() != DebugSubsectionKind::Symbols)
      continue;

    unsigned offset = 0;

    // Only parse the first two records. We are only looking for S_OBJNAME
    // and S_COMPILE3, and they usually appear at the beginning of the
    // stream.
    for (unsigned i = 0; i < 2; ++i) {
      Expected<CVSymbol> sym = readSymbolFromStream(ss.getRecordData(), offset);
      if (!sym) {
        consumeError(sym.takeError());
        return;
      }
      if (sym->kind() == SymbolKind::S_COMPILE3) {
        auto cs =
            cantFail(SymbolDeserializer::deserializeAs<Compile3Sym>(sym.get()));
        hotPatchable =
            (cs.Flags & CompileSym3Flags::HotPatch) != CompileSym3Flags::None;
      }
      if (sym->kind() == SymbolKind::S_OBJNAME) {
        auto objName = cantFail(SymbolDeserializer::deserializeAs<ObjNameSym>(
            sym.get()));
        pchSignature = objName.Signature;
      }
      offset += sym->length();
    }
  }
}

// Depending on the compilation flags, OBJs can refer to external files,
// necessary to merge this OBJ into the final PDB. We currently support two
// types of external files: Precomp/PCH OBJs, when compiling with /Yc and /Yu.
// And PDB type servers, when compiling with /Zi. This function extracts these
// dependencies and makes them available as a TpiSource interface (see
// DebugTypes.h). Both cases only happen with cl.exe: clang-cl produces regular
// output even with /Yc and /Yu and with /Zi.
void ObjFile::initializeDependencies() {
  if (!config->debug)
    return;

  bool isPCH = false;

  ArrayRef<uint8_t> data = getDebugSection(".debug$P");
  if (!data.empty())
    isPCH = true;
  else
    data = getDebugSection(".debug$T");

  if (data.empty())
    return;

  CVTypeArray types;
  BinaryStreamReader reader(data, support::little);
  cantFail(reader.readArray(types, reader.getLength()));

  CVTypeArray::Iterator firstType = types.begin();
  if (firstType == types.end())
    return;

  debugTypes.emplace(types);

  if (isPCH) {
    debugTypesObj = makePrecompSource(this);
    return;
  }

  if (firstType->kind() == LF_TYPESERVER2) {
    TypeServer2Record ts = cantFail(
        TypeDeserializer::deserializeAs<TypeServer2Record>(firstType->data()));
    debugTypesObj = makeUseTypeServerSource(this, &ts);
    return;
  }

  if (firstType->kind() == LF_PRECOMP) {
    PrecompRecord precomp = cantFail(
        TypeDeserializer::deserializeAs<PrecompRecord>(firstType->data()));
    debugTypesObj = makeUsePrecompSource(this, &precomp);
    return;
  }

  debugTypesObj = makeTpiSource(this);
}

StringRef ltrim1(StringRef s, const char *chars) {
  if (!s.empty() && strchr(chars, s[0]))
    return s.substr(1);
  return s;
}

void ImportFile::parse() {
  const char *buf = mb.getBufferStart();
  const auto *hdr = reinterpret_cast<const coff_import_header *>(buf);

  // Check if the total size is valid.
  if (mb.getBufferSize() != sizeof(*hdr) + hdr->SizeOfData)
    fatal("broken import library");

  // Read names and create an __imp_ symbol.
  StringRef name = saver.save(StringRef(buf + sizeof(*hdr)));
  StringRef impName = saver.save("__imp_" + name);
  const char *nameStart = buf + sizeof(coff_import_header) + name.size() + 1;
  dllName = StringRef(nameStart);
  StringRef extName;
  switch (hdr->getNameType()) {
  case IMPORT_ORDINAL:
    extName = "";
    break;
  case IMPORT_NAME:
    extName = name;
    break;
  case IMPORT_NAME_NOPREFIX:
    extName = ltrim1(name, "?@_");
    break;
  case IMPORT_NAME_UNDECORATE:
    extName = ltrim1(name, "?@_");
    extName = extName.substr(0, extName.find('@'));
    break;
  }

  this->hdr = hdr;
  externalName = extName;

  impSym = symtab->addImportData(impName, this);
  // If this was a duplicate, we logged an error but may continue;
  // in this case, impSym is nullptr.
  if (!impSym)
    return;

  if (hdr->getType() == llvm::COFF::IMPORT_CONST)
    static_cast<void>(symtab->addImportData(name, this));

  // If type is function, we need to create a thunk which jump to an
  // address pointed by the __imp_ symbol. (This allows you to call
  // DLL functions just like regular non-DLL functions.)
  if (hdr->getType() == llvm::COFF::IMPORT_CODE)
    thunkSym = symtab->addImportThunk(
        name, cast_or_null<DefinedImportData>(impSym), hdr->Machine);
}

BitcodeFile::BitcodeFile(MemoryBufferRef mb, StringRef archiveName,
                         uint64_t offsetInArchive)
    : InputFile(BitcodeKind, mb) {
  std::string path = mb.getBufferIdentifier().str();
  if (config->thinLTOIndexOnly)
    path = replaceThinLTOSuffix(mb.getBufferIdentifier());

  // ThinLTO assumes that all MemoryBufferRefs given to it have a unique
  // name. If two archives define two members with the same name, this
  // causes a collision which result in only one of the objects being taken
  // into consideration at LTO time (which very likely causes undefined
  // symbols later in the link stage). So we append file offset to make
  // filename unique.
  MemoryBufferRef mbref(
      mb.getBuffer(),
      saver.save(archiveName + path +
                 (archiveName.empty() ? "" : utostr(offsetInArchive))));

  obj = check(lto::InputFile::create(mbref));
}

void BitcodeFile::parse() {
  std::vector<std::pair<Symbol *, bool>> comdat(obj->getComdatTable().size());
  for (size_t i = 0; i != obj->getComdatTable().size(); ++i)
    // FIXME: lto::InputFile doesn't keep enough data to do correct comdat
    // selection handling.
    comdat[i] = symtab->addComdat(this, saver.save(obj->getComdatTable()[i]));
  for (const lto::InputFile::Symbol &objSym : obj->symbols()) {
    StringRef symName = saver.save(objSym.getName());
    int comdatIndex = objSym.getComdatIndex();
    Symbol *sym;
    if (objSym.isUndefined()) {
      sym = symtab->addUndefined(symName, this, false);
    } else if (objSym.isCommon()) {
      sym = symtab->addCommon(this, symName, objSym.getCommonSize());
    } else if (objSym.isWeak() && objSym.isIndirect()) {
      // Weak external.
      sym = symtab->addUndefined(symName, this, true);
      std::string fallback = objSym.getCOFFWeakExternalFallback();
      Symbol *alias = symtab->addUndefined(saver.save(fallback));
      checkAndSetWeakAlias(symtab, this, sym, alias);
    } else if (comdatIndex != -1) {
      if (symName == obj->getComdatTable()[comdatIndex])
        sym = comdat[comdatIndex].first;
      else if (comdat[comdatIndex].second)
        sym = symtab->addRegular(this, symName);
      else
        sym = symtab->addUndefined(symName, this, false);
    } else {
      sym = symtab->addRegular(this, symName);
    }
    symbols.push_back(sym);
    if (objSym.isUsed())
      config->gcroot.push_back(sym);
  }
  directives = obj->getCOFFLinkerOpts();
}

MachineTypes BitcodeFile::getMachineType() {
  switch (Triple(obj->getTargetTriple()).getArch()) {
  case Triple::x86_64:
    return AMD64;
  case Triple::x86:
    return I386;
  case Triple::arm:
    return ARMNT;
  case Triple::aarch64:
    return ARM64;
  default:
    return IMAGE_FILE_MACHINE_UNKNOWN;
  }
}

std::string replaceThinLTOSuffix(StringRef path) {
  StringRef suffix = config->thinLTOObjectSuffixReplace.first;
  StringRef repl = config->thinLTOObjectSuffixReplace.second;

  if (path.consume_back(suffix))
    return (path + repl).str();
  return path;
}
} // namespace coff
} // namespace lld

// Returns the last element of a path, which is supposed to be a filename.
static StringRef getBasename(StringRef path) {
  return sys::path::filename(path, sys::path::Style::windows);
}

// Returns a string in the format of "foo.obj" or "foo.obj(bar.lib)".
std::string lld::toString(const coff::InputFile *file) {
  if (!file)
    return "<internal>";
  if (file->parentName.empty() || file->kind() == coff::InputFile::ImportKind)
    return file->getName();

  return (getBasename(file->parentName) + "(" + getBasename(file->getName()) +
          ")")
      .str();
}