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-rw-r--r--uts/common/fs/zfs/ddt.c1146
1 files changed, 1146 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/uts/common/fs/zfs/ddt.c b/uts/common/fs/zfs/ddt.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..718331496765
--- /dev/null
+++ b/uts/common/fs/zfs/ddt.c
@@ -0,0 +1,1146 @@
+/*
+ * CDDL HEADER START
+ *
+ * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
+ * Common Development and Distribution License (the "License").
+ * You may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
+ *
+ * You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
+ * or http://www.opensolaris.org/os/licensing.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions
+ * and limitations under the License.
+ *
+ * When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
+ * file and include the License file at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE.
+ * If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
+ * fields enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying
+ * information: Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
+ *
+ * CDDL HEADER END
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2009, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
+ */
+
+#include <sys/zfs_context.h>
+#include <sys/spa.h>
+#include <sys/spa_impl.h>
+#include <sys/zio.h>
+#include <sys/ddt.h>
+#include <sys/zap.h>
+#include <sys/dmu_tx.h>
+#include <sys/arc.h>
+#include <sys/dsl_pool.h>
+#include <sys/zio_checksum.h>
+#include <sys/zio_compress.h>
+#include <sys/dsl_scan.h>
+
+/*
+ * Enable/disable prefetching of dedup-ed blocks which are going to be freed.
+ */
+int zfs_dedup_prefetch = 1;
+
+static const ddt_ops_t *ddt_ops[DDT_TYPES] = {
+ &ddt_zap_ops,
+};
+
+static const char *ddt_class_name[DDT_CLASSES] = {
+ "ditto",
+ "duplicate",
+ "unique",
+};
+
+static void
+ddt_object_create(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class,
+ dmu_tx_t *tx)
+{
+ spa_t *spa = ddt->ddt_spa;
+ objset_t *os = ddt->ddt_os;
+ uint64_t *objectp = &ddt->ddt_object[type][class];
+ boolean_t prehash = zio_checksum_table[ddt->ddt_checksum].ci_dedup;
+ char name[DDT_NAMELEN];
+
+ ddt_object_name(ddt, type, class, name);
+
+ ASSERT(*objectp == 0);
+ VERIFY(ddt_ops[type]->ddt_op_create(os, objectp, tx, prehash) == 0);
+ ASSERT(*objectp != 0);
+
+ VERIFY(zap_add(os, DMU_POOL_DIRECTORY_OBJECT, name,
+ sizeof (uint64_t), 1, objectp, tx) == 0);
+
+ VERIFY(zap_add(os, spa->spa_ddt_stat_object, name,
+ sizeof (uint64_t), sizeof (ddt_histogram_t) / sizeof (uint64_t),
+ &ddt->ddt_histogram[type][class], tx) == 0);
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_object_destroy(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class,
+ dmu_tx_t *tx)
+{
+ spa_t *spa = ddt->ddt_spa;
+ objset_t *os = ddt->ddt_os;
+ uint64_t *objectp = &ddt->ddt_object[type][class];
+ char name[DDT_NAMELEN];
+
+ ddt_object_name(ddt, type, class, name);
+
+ ASSERT(*objectp != 0);
+ ASSERT(ddt_object_count(ddt, type, class) == 0);
+ ASSERT(ddt_histogram_empty(&ddt->ddt_histogram[type][class]));
+ VERIFY(zap_remove(os, DMU_POOL_DIRECTORY_OBJECT, name, tx) == 0);
+ VERIFY(zap_remove(os, spa->spa_ddt_stat_object, name, tx) == 0);
+ VERIFY(ddt_ops[type]->ddt_op_destroy(os, *objectp, tx) == 0);
+ bzero(&ddt->ddt_object_stats[type][class], sizeof (ddt_object_t));
+
+ *objectp = 0;
+}
+
+static int
+ddt_object_load(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class)
+{
+ ddt_object_t *ddo = &ddt->ddt_object_stats[type][class];
+ dmu_object_info_t doi;
+ char name[DDT_NAMELEN];
+ int error;
+
+ ddt_object_name(ddt, type, class, name);
+
+ error = zap_lookup(ddt->ddt_os, DMU_POOL_DIRECTORY_OBJECT, name,
+ sizeof (uint64_t), 1, &ddt->ddt_object[type][class]);
+
+ if (error)
+ return (error);
+
+ error = zap_lookup(ddt->ddt_os, ddt->ddt_spa->spa_ddt_stat_object, name,
+ sizeof (uint64_t), sizeof (ddt_histogram_t) / sizeof (uint64_t),
+ &ddt->ddt_histogram[type][class]);
+
+ /*
+ * Seed the cached statistics.
+ */
+ VERIFY(ddt_object_info(ddt, type, class, &doi) == 0);
+
+ ddo->ddo_count = ddt_object_count(ddt, type, class);
+ ddo->ddo_dspace = doi.doi_physical_blocks_512 << 9;
+ ddo->ddo_mspace = doi.doi_fill_count * doi.doi_data_block_size;
+
+ ASSERT(error == 0);
+ return (error);
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_object_sync(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class,
+ dmu_tx_t *tx)
+{
+ ddt_object_t *ddo = &ddt->ddt_object_stats[type][class];
+ dmu_object_info_t doi;
+ char name[DDT_NAMELEN];
+
+ ddt_object_name(ddt, type, class, name);
+
+ VERIFY(zap_update(ddt->ddt_os, ddt->ddt_spa->spa_ddt_stat_object, name,
+ sizeof (uint64_t), sizeof (ddt_histogram_t) / sizeof (uint64_t),
+ &ddt->ddt_histogram[type][class], tx) == 0);
+
+ /*
+ * Cache DDT statistics; this is the only time they'll change.
+ */
+ VERIFY(ddt_object_info(ddt, type, class, &doi) == 0);
+
+ ddo->ddo_count = ddt_object_count(ddt, type, class);
+ ddo->ddo_dspace = doi.doi_physical_blocks_512 << 9;
+ ddo->ddo_mspace = doi.doi_fill_count * doi.doi_data_block_size;
+}
+
+static int
+ddt_object_lookup(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class,
+ ddt_entry_t *dde)
+{
+ if (!ddt_object_exists(ddt, type, class))
+ return (ENOENT);
+
+ return (ddt_ops[type]->ddt_op_lookup(ddt->ddt_os,
+ ddt->ddt_object[type][class], dde));
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_object_prefetch(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class,
+ ddt_entry_t *dde)
+{
+ if (!ddt_object_exists(ddt, type, class))
+ return;
+
+ ddt_ops[type]->ddt_op_prefetch(ddt->ddt_os,
+ ddt->ddt_object[type][class], dde);
+}
+
+int
+ddt_object_update(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class,
+ ddt_entry_t *dde, dmu_tx_t *tx)
+{
+ ASSERT(ddt_object_exists(ddt, type, class));
+
+ return (ddt_ops[type]->ddt_op_update(ddt->ddt_os,
+ ddt->ddt_object[type][class], dde, tx));
+}
+
+static int
+ddt_object_remove(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class,
+ ddt_entry_t *dde, dmu_tx_t *tx)
+{
+ ASSERT(ddt_object_exists(ddt, type, class));
+
+ return (ddt_ops[type]->ddt_op_remove(ddt->ddt_os,
+ ddt->ddt_object[type][class], dde, tx));
+}
+
+int
+ddt_object_walk(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class,
+ uint64_t *walk, ddt_entry_t *dde)
+{
+ ASSERT(ddt_object_exists(ddt, type, class));
+
+ return (ddt_ops[type]->ddt_op_walk(ddt->ddt_os,
+ ddt->ddt_object[type][class], dde, walk));
+}
+
+uint64_t
+ddt_object_count(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class)
+{
+ ASSERT(ddt_object_exists(ddt, type, class));
+
+ return (ddt_ops[type]->ddt_op_count(ddt->ddt_os,
+ ddt->ddt_object[type][class]));
+}
+
+int
+ddt_object_info(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class,
+ dmu_object_info_t *doi)
+{
+ if (!ddt_object_exists(ddt, type, class))
+ return (ENOENT);
+
+ return (dmu_object_info(ddt->ddt_os, ddt->ddt_object[type][class],
+ doi));
+}
+
+boolean_t
+ddt_object_exists(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class)
+{
+ return (!!ddt->ddt_object[type][class]);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_object_name(ddt_t *ddt, enum ddt_type type, enum ddt_class class,
+ char *name)
+{
+ (void) sprintf(name, DMU_POOL_DDT,
+ zio_checksum_table[ddt->ddt_checksum].ci_name,
+ ddt_ops[type]->ddt_op_name, ddt_class_name[class]);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_bp_fill(const ddt_phys_t *ddp, blkptr_t *bp, uint64_t txg)
+{
+ ASSERT(txg != 0);
+
+ for (int d = 0; d < SPA_DVAS_PER_BP; d++)
+ bp->blk_dva[d] = ddp->ddp_dva[d];
+ BP_SET_BIRTH(bp, txg, ddp->ddp_phys_birth);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_bp_create(enum zio_checksum checksum,
+ const ddt_key_t *ddk, const ddt_phys_t *ddp, blkptr_t *bp)
+{
+ BP_ZERO(bp);
+
+ if (ddp != NULL)
+ ddt_bp_fill(ddp, bp, ddp->ddp_phys_birth);
+
+ bp->blk_cksum = ddk->ddk_cksum;
+ bp->blk_fill = 1;
+
+ BP_SET_LSIZE(bp, DDK_GET_LSIZE(ddk));
+ BP_SET_PSIZE(bp, DDK_GET_PSIZE(ddk));
+ BP_SET_COMPRESS(bp, DDK_GET_COMPRESS(ddk));
+ BP_SET_CHECKSUM(bp, checksum);
+ BP_SET_TYPE(bp, DMU_OT_DEDUP);
+ BP_SET_LEVEL(bp, 0);
+ BP_SET_DEDUP(bp, 0);
+ BP_SET_BYTEORDER(bp, ZFS_HOST_BYTEORDER);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_key_fill(ddt_key_t *ddk, const blkptr_t *bp)
+{
+ ddk->ddk_cksum = bp->blk_cksum;
+ ddk->ddk_prop = 0;
+
+ DDK_SET_LSIZE(ddk, BP_GET_LSIZE(bp));
+ DDK_SET_PSIZE(ddk, BP_GET_PSIZE(bp));
+ DDK_SET_COMPRESS(ddk, BP_GET_COMPRESS(bp));
+}
+
+void
+ddt_phys_fill(ddt_phys_t *ddp, const blkptr_t *bp)
+{
+ ASSERT(ddp->ddp_phys_birth == 0);
+
+ for (int d = 0; d < SPA_DVAS_PER_BP; d++)
+ ddp->ddp_dva[d] = bp->blk_dva[d];
+ ddp->ddp_phys_birth = BP_PHYSICAL_BIRTH(bp);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_phys_clear(ddt_phys_t *ddp)
+{
+ bzero(ddp, sizeof (*ddp));
+}
+
+void
+ddt_phys_addref(ddt_phys_t *ddp)
+{
+ ddp->ddp_refcnt++;
+}
+
+void
+ddt_phys_decref(ddt_phys_t *ddp)
+{
+ ASSERT((int64_t)ddp->ddp_refcnt > 0);
+ ddp->ddp_refcnt--;
+}
+
+void
+ddt_phys_free(ddt_t *ddt, ddt_key_t *ddk, ddt_phys_t *ddp, uint64_t txg)
+{
+ blkptr_t blk;
+
+ ddt_bp_create(ddt->ddt_checksum, ddk, ddp, &blk);
+ ddt_phys_clear(ddp);
+ zio_free(ddt->ddt_spa, txg, &blk);
+}
+
+ddt_phys_t *
+ddt_phys_select(const ddt_entry_t *dde, const blkptr_t *bp)
+{
+ ddt_phys_t *ddp = (ddt_phys_t *)dde->dde_phys;
+
+ for (int p = 0; p < DDT_PHYS_TYPES; p++, ddp++) {
+ if (DVA_EQUAL(BP_IDENTITY(bp), &ddp->ddp_dva[0]) &&
+ BP_PHYSICAL_BIRTH(bp) == ddp->ddp_phys_birth)
+ return (ddp);
+ }
+ return (NULL);
+}
+
+uint64_t
+ddt_phys_total_refcnt(const ddt_entry_t *dde)
+{
+ uint64_t refcnt = 0;
+
+ for (int p = DDT_PHYS_SINGLE; p <= DDT_PHYS_TRIPLE; p++)
+ refcnt += dde->dde_phys[p].ddp_refcnt;
+
+ return (refcnt);
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_stat_generate(ddt_t *ddt, ddt_entry_t *dde, ddt_stat_t *dds)
+{
+ spa_t *spa = ddt->ddt_spa;
+ ddt_phys_t *ddp = dde->dde_phys;
+ ddt_key_t *ddk = &dde->dde_key;
+ uint64_t lsize = DDK_GET_LSIZE(ddk);
+ uint64_t psize = DDK_GET_PSIZE(ddk);
+
+ bzero(dds, sizeof (*dds));
+
+ for (int p = 0; p < DDT_PHYS_TYPES; p++, ddp++) {
+ uint64_t dsize = 0;
+ uint64_t refcnt = ddp->ddp_refcnt;
+
+ if (ddp->ddp_phys_birth == 0)
+ continue;
+
+ for (int d = 0; d < SPA_DVAS_PER_BP; d++)
+ dsize += dva_get_dsize_sync(spa, &ddp->ddp_dva[d]);
+
+ dds->dds_blocks += 1;
+ dds->dds_lsize += lsize;
+ dds->dds_psize += psize;
+ dds->dds_dsize += dsize;
+
+ dds->dds_ref_blocks += refcnt;
+ dds->dds_ref_lsize += lsize * refcnt;
+ dds->dds_ref_psize += psize * refcnt;
+ dds->dds_ref_dsize += dsize * refcnt;
+ }
+}
+
+void
+ddt_stat_add(ddt_stat_t *dst, const ddt_stat_t *src, uint64_t neg)
+{
+ const uint64_t *s = (const uint64_t *)src;
+ uint64_t *d = (uint64_t *)dst;
+ uint64_t *d_end = (uint64_t *)(dst + 1);
+
+ ASSERT(neg == 0 || neg == -1ULL); /* add or subtract */
+
+ while (d < d_end)
+ *d++ += (*s++ ^ neg) - neg;
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_stat_update(ddt_t *ddt, ddt_entry_t *dde, uint64_t neg)
+{
+ ddt_stat_t dds;
+ ddt_histogram_t *ddh;
+ int bucket;
+
+ ddt_stat_generate(ddt, dde, &dds);
+
+ bucket = highbit(dds.dds_ref_blocks) - 1;
+ ASSERT(bucket >= 0);
+
+ ddh = &ddt->ddt_histogram[dde->dde_type][dde->dde_class];
+
+ ddt_stat_add(&ddh->ddh_stat[bucket], &dds, neg);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_histogram_add(ddt_histogram_t *dst, const ddt_histogram_t *src)
+{
+ for (int h = 0; h < 64; h++)
+ ddt_stat_add(&dst->ddh_stat[h], &src->ddh_stat[h], 0);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_histogram_stat(ddt_stat_t *dds, const ddt_histogram_t *ddh)
+{
+ bzero(dds, sizeof (*dds));
+
+ for (int h = 0; h < 64; h++)
+ ddt_stat_add(dds, &ddh->ddh_stat[h], 0);
+}
+
+boolean_t
+ddt_histogram_empty(const ddt_histogram_t *ddh)
+{
+ const uint64_t *s = (const uint64_t *)ddh;
+ const uint64_t *s_end = (const uint64_t *)(ddh + 1);
+
+ while (s < s_end)
+ if (*s++ != 0)
+ return (B_FALSE);
+
+ return (B_TRUE);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_get_dedup_object_stats(spa_t *spa, ddt_object_t *ddo_total)
+{
+ /* Sum the statistics we cached in ddt_object_sync(). */
+ for (enum zio_checksum c = 0; c < ZIO_CHECKSUM_FUNCTIONS; c++) {
+ ddt_t *ddt = spa->spa_ddt[c];
+ for (enum ddt_type type = 0; type < DDT_TYPES; type++) {
+ for (enum ddt_class class = 0; class < DDT_CLASSES;
+ class++) {
+ ddt_object_t *ddo =
+ &ddt->ddt_object_stats[type][class];
+ ddo_total->ddo_count += ddo->ddo_count;
+ ddo_total->ddo_dspace += ddo->ddo_dspace;
+ ddo_total->ddo_mspace += ddo->ddo_mspace;
+ }
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* ... and compute the averages. */
+ if (ddo_total->ddo_count != 0) {
+ ddo_total->ddo_dspace /= ddo_total->ddo_count;
+ ddo_total->ddo_mspace /= ddo_total->ddo_count;
+ }
+}
+
+void
+ddt_get_dedup_histogram(spa_t *spa, ddt_histogram_t *ddh)
+{
+ for (enum zio_checksum c = 0; c < ZIO_CHECKSUM_FUNCTIONS; c++) {
+ ddt_t *ddt = spa->spa_ddt[c];
+ for (enum ddt_type type = 0; type < DDT_TYPES; type++) {
+ for (enum ddt_class class = 0; class < DDT_CLASSES;
+ class++) {
+ ddt_histogram_add(ddh,
+ &ddt->ddt_histogram_cache[type][class]);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+void
+ddt_get_dedup_stats(spa_t *spa, ddt_stat_t *dds_total)
+{
+ ddt_histogram_t *ddh_total;
+
+ ddh_total = kmem_zalloc(sizeof (ddt_histogram_t), KM_SLEEP);
+ ddt_get_dedup_histogram(spa, ddh_total);
+ ddt_histogram_stat(dds_total, ddh_total);
+ kmem_free(ddh_total, sizeof (ddt_histogram_t));
+}
+
+uint64_t
+ddt_get_dedup_dspace(spa_t *spa)
+{
+ ddt_stat_t dds_total = { 0 };
+
+ ddt_get_dedup_stats(spa, &dds_total);
+ return (dds_total.dds_ref_dsize - dds_total.dds_dsize);
+}
+
+uint64_t
+ddt_get_pool_dedup_ratio(spa_t *spa)
+{
+ ddt_stat_t dds_total = { 0 };
+
+ ddt_get_dedup_stats(spa, &dds_total);
+ if (dds_total.dds_dsize == 0)
+ return (100);
+
+ return (dds_total.dds_ref_dsize * 100 / dds_total.dds_dsize);
+}
+
+int
+ddt_ditto_copies_needed(ddt_t *ddt, ddt_entry_t *dde, ddt_phys_t *ddp_willref)
+{
+ spa_t *spa = ddt->ddt_spa;
+ uint64_t total_refcnt = 0;
+ uint64_t ditto = spa->spa_dedup_ditto;
+ int total_copies = 0;
+ int desired_copies = 0;
+
+ for (int p = DDT_PHYS_SINGLE; p <= DDT_PHYS_TRIPLE; p++) {
+ ddt_phys_t *ddp = &dde->dde_phys[p];
+ zio_t *zio = dde->dde_lead_zio[p];
+ uint64_t refcnt = ddp->ddp_refcnt; /* committed refs */
+ if (zio != NULL)
+ refcnt += zio->io_parent_count; /* pending refs */
+ if (ddp == ddp_willref)
+ refcnt++; /* caller's ref */
+ if (refcnt != 0) {
+ total_refcnt += refcnt;
+ total_copies += p;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (ditto == 0 || ditto > UINT32_MAX)
+ ditto = UINT32_MAX;
+
+ if (total_refcnt >= 1)
+ desired_copies++;
+ if (total_refcnt >= ditto)
+ desired_copies++;
+ if (total_refcnt >= ditto * ditto)
+ desired_copies++;
+
+ return (MAX(desired_copies, total_copies) - total_copies);
+}
+
+int
+ddt_ditto_copies_present(ddt_entry_t *dde)
+{
+ ddt_phys_t *ddp = &dde->dde_phys[DDT_PHYS_DITTO];
+ dva_t *dva = ddp->ddp_dva;
+ int copies = 0 - DVA_GET_GANG(dva);
+
+ for (int d = 0; d < SPA_DVAS_PER_BP; d++, dva++)
+ if (DVA_IS_VALID(dva))
+ copies++;
+
+ ASSERT(copies >= 0 && copies < SPA_DVAS_PER_BP);
+
+ return (copies);
+}
+
+size_t
+ddt_compress(void *src, uchar_t *dst, size_t s_len, size_t d_len)
+{
+ uchar_t *version = dst++;
+ int cpfunc = ZIO_COMPRESS_ZLE;
+ zio_compress_info_t *ci = &zio_compress_table[cpfunc];
+ size_t c_len;
+
+ ASSERT(d_len >= s_len + 1); /* no compression plus version byte */
+
+ c_len = ci->ci_compress(src, dst, s_len, d_len - 1, ci->ci_level);
+
+ if (c_len == s_len) {
+ cpfunc = ZIO_COMPRESS_OFF;
+ bcopy(src, dst, s_len);
+ }
+
+ *version = (ZFS_HOST_BYTEORDER & DDT_COMPRESS_BYTEORDER_MASK) | cpfunc;
+
+ return (c_len + 1);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_decompress(uchar_t *src, void *dst, size_t s_len, size_t d_len)
+{
+ uchar_t version = *src++;
+ int cpfunc = version & DDT_COMPRESS_FUNCTION_MASK;
+ zio_compress_info_t *ci = &zio_compress_table[cpfunc];
+
+ if (ci->ci_decompress != NULL)
+ (void) ci->ci_decompress(src, dst, s_len, d_len, ci->ci_level);
+ else
+ bcopy(src, dst, d_len);
+
+ if ((version ^ ZFS_HOST_BYTEORDER) & DDT_COMPRESS_BYTEORDER_MASK)
+ byteswap_uint64_array(dst, d_len);
+}
+
+ddt_t *
+ddt_select_by_checksum(spa_t *spa, enum zio_checksum c)
+{
+ return (spa->spa_ddt[c]);
+}
+
+ddt_t *
+ddt_select(spa_t *spa, const blkptr_t *bp)
+{
+ return (spa->spa_ddt[BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp)]);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_enter(ddt_t *ddt)
+{
+ mutex_enter(&ddt->ddt_lock);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_exit(ddt_t *ddt)
+{
+ mutex_exit(&ddt->ddt_lock);
+}
+
+static ddt_entry_t *
+ddt_alloc(const ddt_key_t *ddk)
+{
+ ddt_entry_t *dde;
+
+ dde = kmem_zalloc(sizeof (ddt_entry_t), KM_SLEEP);
+ cv_init(&dde->dde_cv, NULL, CV_DEFAULT, NULL);
+
+ dde->dde_key = *ddk;
+
+ return (dde);
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_free(ddt_entry_t *dde)
+{
+ ASSERT(!dde->dde_loading);
+
+ for (int p = 0; p < DDT_PHYS_TYPES; p++)
+ ASSERT(dde->dde_lead_zio[p] == NULL);
+
+ if (dde->dde_repair_data != NULL)
+ zio_buf_free(dde->dde_repair_data,
+ DDK_GET_PSIZE(&dde->dde_key));
+
+ cv_destroy(&dde->dde_cv);
+ kmem_free(dde, sizeof (*dde));
+}
+
+void
+ddt_remove(ddt_t *ddt, ddt_entry_t *dde)
+{
+ ASSERT(MUTEX_HELD(&ddt->ddt_lock));
+
+ avl_remove(&ddt->ddt_tree, dde);
+ ddt_free(dde);
+}
+
+ddt_entry_t *
+ddt_lookup(ddt_t *ddt, const blkptr_t *bp, boolean_t add)
+{
+ ddt_entry_t *dde, dde_search;
+ enum ddt_type type;
+ enum ddt_class class;
+ avl_index_t where;
+ int error;
+
+ ASSERT(MUTEX_HELD(&ddt->ddt_lock));
+
+ ddt_key_fill(&dde_search.dde_key, bp);
+
+ dde = avl_find(&ddt->ddt_tree, &dde_search, &where);
+ if (dde == NULL) {
+ if (!add)
+ return (NULL);
+ dde = ddt_alloc(&dde_search.dde_key);
+ avl_insert(&ddt->ddt_tree, dde, where);
+ }
+
+ while (dde->dde_loading)
+ cv_wait(&dde->dde_cv, &ddt->ddt_lock);
+
+ if (dde->dde_loaded)
+ return (dde);
+
+ dde->dde_loading = B_TRUE;
+
+ ddt_exit(ddt);
+
+ error = ENOENT;
+
+ for (type = 0; type < DDT_TYPES; type++) {
+ for (class = 0; class < DDT_CLASSES; class++) {
+ error = ddt_object_lookup(ddt, type, class, dde);
+ if (error != ENOENT)
+ break;
+ }
+ if (error != ENOENT)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ ASSERT(error == 0 || error == ENOENT);
+
+ ddt_enter(ddt);
+
+ ASSERT(dde->dde_loaded == B_FALSE);
+ ASSERT(dde->dde_loading == B_TRUE);
+
+ dde->dde_type = type; /* will be DDT_TYPES if no entry found */
+ dde->dde_class = class; /* will be DDT_CLASSES if no entry found */
+ dde->dde_loaded = B_TRUE;
+ dde->dde_loading = B_FALSE;
+
+ if (error == 0)
+ ddt_stat_update(ddt, dde, -1ULL);
+
+ cv_broadcast(&dde->dde_cv);
+
+ return (dde);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_prefetch(spa_t *spa, const blkptr_t *bp)
+{
+ ddt_t *ddt;
+ ddt_entry_t dde;
+
+ if (!zfs_dedup_prefetch || bp == NULL || !BP_GET_DEDUP(bp))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * We only remove the DDT once all tables are empty and only
+ * prefetch dedup blocks when there are entries in the DDT.
+ * Thus no locking is required as the DDT can't disappear on us.
+ */
+ ddt = ddt_select(spa, bp);
+ ddt_key_fill(&dde.dde_key, bp);
+
+ for (enum ddt_type type = 0; type < DDT_TYPES; type++) {
+ for (enum ddt_class class = 0; class < DDT_CLASSES; class++) {
+ ddt_object_prefetch(ddt, type, class, &dde);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+int
+ddt_entry_compare(const void *x1, const void *x2)
+{
+ const ddt_entry_t *dde1 = x1;
+ const ddt_entry_t *dde2 = x2;
+ const uint64_t *u1 = (const uint64_t *)&dde1->dde_key;
+ const uint64_t *u2 = (const uint64_t *)&dde2->dde_key;
+
+ for (int i = 0; i < DDT_KEY_WORDS; i++) {
+ if (u1[i] < u2[i])
+ return (-1);
+ if (u1[i] > u2[i])
+ return (1);
+ }
+
+ return (0);
+}
+
+static ddt_t *
+ddt_table_alloc(spa_t *spa, enum zio_checksum c)
+{
+ ddt_t *ddt;
+
+ ddt = kmem_zalloc(sizeof (*ddt), KM_SLEEP);
+
+ mutex_init(&ddt->ddt_lock, NULL, MUTEX_DEFAULT, NULL);
+ avl_create(&ddt->ddt_tree, ddt_entry_compare,
+ sizeof (ddt_entry_t), offsetof(ddt_entry_t, dde_node));
+ avl_create(&ddt->ddt_repair_tree, ddt_entry_compare,
+ sizeof (ddt_entry_t), offsetof(ddt_entry_t, dde_node));
+ ddt->ddt_checksum = c;
+ ddt->ddt_spa = spa;
+ ddt->ddt_os = spa->spa_meta_objset;
+
+ return (ddt);
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_table_free(ddt_t *ddt)
+{
+ ASSERT(avl_numnodes(&ddt->ddt_tree) == 0);
+ ASSERT(avl_numnodes(&ddt->ddt_repair_tree) == 0);
+ avl_destroy(&ddt->ddt_tree);
+ avl_destroy(&ddt->ddt_repair_tree);
+ mutex_destroy(&ddt->ddt_lock);
+ kmem_free(ddt, sizeof (*ddt));
+}
+
+void
+ddt_create(spa_t *spa)
+{
+ spa->spa_dedup_checksum = ZIO_DEDUPCHECKSUM;
+
+ for (enum zio_checksum c = 0; c < ZIO_CHECKSUM_FUNCTIONS; c++)
+ spa->spa_ddt[c] = ddt_table_alloc(spa, c);
+}
+
+int
+ddt_load(spa_t *spa)
+{
+ int error;
+
+ ddt_create(spa);
+
+ error = zap_lookup(spa->spa_meta_objset, DMU_POOL_DIRECTORY_OBJECT,
+ DMU_POOL_DDT_STATS, sizeof (uint64_t), 1,
+ &spa->spa_ddt_stat_object);
+
+ if (error)
+ return (error == ENOENT ? 0 : error);
+
+ for (enum zio_checksum c = 0; c < ZIO_CHECKSUM_FUNCTIONS; c++) {
+ ddt_t *ddt = spa->spa_ddt[c];
+ for (enum ddt_type type = 0; type < DDT_TYPES; type++) {
+ for (enum ddt_class class = 0; class < DDT_CLASSES;
+ class++) {
+ error = ddt_object_load(ddt, type, class);
+ if (error != 0 && error != ENOENT)
+ return (error);
+ }
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Seed the cached histograms.
+ */
+ bcopy(ddt->ddt_histogram, &ddt->ddt_histogram_cache,
+ sizeof (ddt->ddt_histogram));
+ }
+
+ return (0);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_unload(spa_t *spa)
+{
+ for (enum zio_checksum c = 0; c < ZIO_CHECKSUM_FUNCTIONS; c++) {
+ if (spa->spa_ddt[c]) {
+ ddt_table_free(spa->spa_ddt[c]);
+ spa->spa_ddt[c] = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+boolean_t
+ddt_class_contains(spa_t *spa, enum ddt_class max_class, const blkptr_t *bp)
+{
+ ddt_t *ddt;
+ ddt_entry_t dde;
+
+ if (!BP_GET_DEDUP(bp))
+ return (B_FALSE);
+
+ if (max_class == DDT_CLASS_UNIQUE)
+ return (B_TRUE);
+
+ ddt = spa->spa_ddt[BP_GET_CHECKSUM(bp)];
+
+ ddt_key_fill(&dde.dde_key, bp);
+
+ for (enum ddt_type type = 0; type < DDT_TYPES; type++)
+ for (enum ddt_class class = 0; class <= max_class; class++)
+ if (ddt_object_lookup(ddt, type, class, &dde) == 0)
+ return (B_TRUE);
+
+ return (B_FALSE);
+}
+
+ddt_entry_t *
+ddt_repair_start(ddt_t *ddt, const blkptr_t *bp)
+{
+ ddt_key_t ddk;
+ ddt_entry_t *dde;
+
+ ddt_key_fill(&ddk, bp);
+
+ dde = ddt_alloc(&ddk);
+
+ for (enum ddt_type type = 0; type < DDT_TYPES; type++) {
+ for (enum ddt_class class = 0; class < DDT_CLASSES; class++) {
+ /*
+ * We can only do repair if there are multiple copies
+ * of the block. For anything in the UNIQUE class,
+ * there's definitely only one copy, so don't even try.
+ */
+ if (class != DDT_CLASS_UNIQUE &&
+ ddt_object_lookup(ddt, type, class, dde) == 0)
+ return (dde);
+ }
+ }
+
+ bzero(dde->dde_phys, sizeof (dde->dde_phys));
+
+ return (dde);
+}
+
+void
+ddt_repair_done(ddt_t *ddt, ddt_entry_t *dde)
+{
+ avl_index_t where;
+
+ ddt_enter(ddt);
+
+ if (dde->dde_repair_data != NULL && spa_writeable(ddt->ddt_spa) &&
+ avl_find(&ddt->ddt_repair_tree, dde, &where) == NULL)
+ avl_insert(&ddt->ddt_repair_tree, dde, where);
+ else
+ ddt_free(dde);
+
+ ddt_exit(ddt);
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_repair_entry_done(zio_t *zio)
+{
+ ddt_entry_t *rdde = zio->io_private;
+
+ ddt_free(rdde);
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_repair_entry(ddt_t *ddt, ddt_entry_t *dde, ddt_entry_t *rdde, zio_t *rio)
+{
+ ddt_phys_t *ddp = dde->dde_phys;
+ ddt_phys_t *rddp = rdde->dde_phys;
+ ddt_key_t *ddk = &dde->dde_key;
+ ddt_key_t *rddk = &rdde->dde_key;
+ zio_t *zio;
+ blkptr_t blk;
+
+ zio = zio_null(rio, rio->io_spa, NULL,
+ ddt_repair_entry_done, rdde, rio->io_flags);
+
+ for (int p = 0; p < DDT_PHYS_TYPES; p++, ddp++, rddp++) {
+ if (ddp->ddp_phys_birth == 0 ||
+ ddp->ddp_phys_birth != rddp->ddp_phys_birth ||
+ bcmp(ddp->ddp_dva, rddp->ddp_dva, sizeof (ddp->ddp_dva)))
+ continue;
+ ddt_bp_create(ddt->ddt_checksum, ddk, ddp, &blk);
+ zio_nowait(zio_rewrite(zio, zio->io_spa, 0, &blk,
+ rdde->dde_repair_data, DDK_GET_PSIZE(rddk), NULL, NULL,
+ ZIO_PRIORITY_SYNC_WRITE, ZIO_DDT_CHILD_FLAGS(zio), NULL));
+ }
+
+ zio_nowait(zio);
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_repair_table(ddt_t *ddt, zio_t *rio)
+{
+ spa_t *spa = ddt->ddt_spa;
+ ddt_entry_t *dde, *rdde_next, *rdde;
+ avl_tree_t *t = &ddt->ddt_repair_tree;
+ blkptr_t blk;
+
+ if (spa_sync_pass(spa) > 1)
+ return;
+
+ ddt_enter(ddt);
+ for (rdde = avl_first(t); rdde != NULL; rdde = rdde_next) {
+ rdde_next = AVL_NEXT(t, rdde);
+ avl_remove(&ddt->ddt_repair_tree, rdde);
+ ddt_exit(ddt);
+ ddt_bp_create(ddt->ddt_checksum, &rdde->dde_key, NULL, &blk);
+ dde = ddt_repair_start(ddt, &blk);
+ ddt_repair_entry(ddt, dde, rdde, rio);
+ ddt_repair_done(ddt, dde);
+ ddt_enter(ddt);
+ }
+ ddt_exit(ddt);
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_sync_entry(ddt_t *ddt, ddt_entry_t *dde, dmu_tx_t *tx, uint64_t txg)
+{
+ dsl_pool_t *dp = ddt->ddt_spa->spa_dsl_pool;
+ ddt_phys_t *ddp = dde->dde_phys;
+ ddt_key_t *ddk = &dde->dde_key;
+ enum ddt_type otype = dde->dde_type;
+ enum ddt_type ntype = DDT_TYPE_CURRENT;
+ enum ddt_class oclass = dde->dde_class;
+ enum ddt_class nclass;
+ uint64_t total_refcnt = 0;
+
+ ASSERT(dde->dde_loaded);
+ ASSERT(!dde->dde_loading);
+
+ for (int p = 0; p < DDT_PHYS_TYPES; p++, ddp++) {
+ ASSERT(dde->dde_lead_zio[p] == NULL);
+ ASSERT((int64_t)ddp->ddp_refcnt >= 0);
+ if (ddp->ddp_phys_birth == 0) {
+ ASSERT(ddp->ddp_refcnt == 0);
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (p == DDT_PHYS_DITTO) {
+ if (ddt_ditto_copies_needed(ddt, dde, NULL) == 0)
+ ddt_phys_free(ddt, ddk, ddp, txg);
+ continue;
+ }
+ if (ddp->ddp_refcnt == 0)
+ ddt_phys_free(ddt, ddk, ddp, txg);
+ total_refcnt += ddp->ddp_refcnt;
+ }
+
+ if (dde->dde_phys[DDT_PHYS_DITTO].ddp_phys_birth != 0)
+ nclass = DDT_CLASS_DITTO;
+ else if (total_refcnt > 1)
+ nclass = DDT_CLASS_DUPLICATE;
+ else
+ nclass = DDT_CLASS_UNIQUE;
+
+ if (otype != DDT_TYPES &&
+ (otype != ntype || oclass != nclass || total_refcnt == 0)) {
+ VERIFY(ddt_object_remove(ddt, otype, oclass, dde, tx) == 0);
+ ASSERT(ddt_object_lookup(ddt, otype, oclass, dde) == ENOENT);
+ }
+
+ if (total_refcnt != 0) {
+ dde->dde_type = ntype;
+ dde->dde_class = nclass;
+ ddt_stat_update(ddt, dde, 0);
+ if (!ddt_object_exists(ddt, ntype, nclass))
+ ddt_object_create(ddt, ntype, nclass, tx);
+ VERIFY(ddt_object_update(ddt, ntype, nclass, dde, tx) == 0);
+
+ /*
+ * If the class changes, the order that we scan this bp
+ * changes. If it decreases, we could miss it, so
+ * scan it right now. (This covers both class changing
+ * while we are doing ddt_walk(), and when we are
+ * traversing.)
+ */
+ if (nclass < oclass) {
+ dsl_scan_ddt_entry(dp->dp_scan,
+ ddt->ddt_checksum, dde, tx);
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static void
+ddt_sync_table(ddt_t *ddt, dmu_tx_t *tx, uint64_t txg)
+{
+ spa_t *spa = ddt->ddt_spa;
+ ddt_entry_t *dde;
+ void *cookie = NULL;
+
+ if (avl_numnodes(&ddt->ddt_tree) == 0)
+ return;
+
+ ASSERT(spa->spa_uberblock.ub_version >= SPA_VERSION_DEDUP);
+
+ if (spa->spa_ddt_stat_object == 0) {
+ spa->spa_ddt_stat_object = zap_create(ddt->ddt_os,
+ DMU_OT_DDT_STATS, DMU_OT_NONE, 0, tx);
+ VERIFY(zap_add(ddt->ddt_os, DMU_POOL_DIRECTORY_OBJECT,
+ DMU_POOL_DDT_STATS, sizeof (uint64_t), 1,
+ &spa->spa_ddt_stat_object, tx) == 0);
+ }
+
+ while ((dde = avl_destroy_nodes(&ddt->ddt_tree, &cookie)) != NULL) {
+ ddt_sync_entry(ddt, dde, tx, txg);
+ ddt_free(dde);
+ }
+
+ for (enum ddt_type type = 0; type < DDT_TYPES; type++) {
+ uint64_t count = 0;
+ for (enum ddt_class class = 0; class < DDT_CLASSES; class++) {
+ if (ddt_object_exists(ddt, type, class)) {
+ ddt_object_sync(ddt, type, class, tx);
+ count += ddt_object_count(ddt, type, class);
+ }
+ }
+ for (enum ddt_class class = 0; class < DDT_CLASSES; class++) {
+ if (count == 0 && ddt_object_exists(ddt, type, class))
+ ddt_object_destroy(ddt, type, class, tx);
+ }
+ }
+
+ bcopy(ddt->ddt_histogram, &ddt->ddt_histogram_cache,
+ sizeof (ddt->ddt_histogram));
+}
+
+void
+ddt_sync(spa_t *spa, uint64_t txg)
+{
+ dmu_tx_t *tx;
+ zio_t *rio = zio_root(spa, NULL, NULL,
+ ZIO_FLAG_CANFAIL | ZIO_FLAG_SPECULATIVE);
+
+ ASSERT(spa_syncing_txg(spa) == txg);
+
+ tx = dmu_tx_create_assigned(spa->spa_dsl_pool, txg);
+
+ for (enum zio_checksum c = 0; c < ZIO_CHECKSUM_FUNCTIONS; c++) {
+ ddt_t *ddt = spa->spa_ddt[c];
+ if (ddt == NULL)
+ continue;
+ ddt_sync_table(ddt, tx, txg);
+ ddt_repair_table(ddt, rio);
+ }
+
+ (void) zio_wait(rio);
+
+ dmu_tx_commit(tx);
+}
+
+int
+ddt_walk(spa_t *spa, ddt_bookmark_t *ddb, ddt_entry_t *dde)
+{
+ do {
+ do {
+ do {
+ ddt_t *ddt = spa->spa_ddt[ddb->ddb_checksum];
+ int error = ENOENT;
+ if (ddt_object_exists(ddt, ddb->ddb_type,
+ ddb->ddb_class)) {
+ error = ddt_object_walk(ddt,
+ ddb->ddb_type, ddb->ddb_class,
+ &ddb->ddb_cursor, dde);
+ }
+ dde->dde_type = ddb->ddb_type;
+ dde->dde_class = ddb->ddb_class;
+ if (error == 0)
+ return (0);
+ if (error != ENOENT)
+ return (error);
+ ddb->ddb_cursor = 0;
+ } while (++ddb->ddb_checksum < ZIO_CHECKSUM_FUNCTIONS);
+ ddb->ddb_checksum = 0;
+ } while (++ddb->ddb_type < DDT_TYPES);
+ ddb->ddb_type = 0;
+ } while (++ddb->ddb_class < DDT_CLASSES);
+
+ return (ENOENT);
+}