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-rw-r--r--europe701
1 files changed, 522 insertions, 179 deletions
diff --git a/europe b/europe
index 358a0485f699..6020059f696b 100644
--- a/europe
+++ b/europe
@@ -75,8 +75,7 @@
# 1:00 CET CEST CEMT Central Europe
# 1:00:14 SET Swedish (1879-1899)*
# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern Europe
-# 3:00 FET Further-eastern Europe (2011-2014)*
-# 3:00 MSK MSD MSM* Minsk, Moscow
+# 3:00 MSK MSD Moscow
# From Peter Ilieve (1994-12-04),
# The original six [EU members]: Belgium, France, (West) Germany, Italy,
@@ -583,16 +582,33 @@ Rule E-Eur 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
Rule E-Eur 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
Rule E-Eur 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
+
+# Daylight saving time for Russia and the Soviet Union
+#
+# The 1917-1921 decree URLs are from Alexander Belopolsky (2016-08-23).
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Russia 1917 only - Jul 1 23:00 1:00 MST # Moscow Summer Time
+#
+# Decree No. 142 (1917-12-22) http://istmat.info/node/28137
Rule Russia 1917 only - Dec 28 0:00 0 MMT # Moscow Mean Time
+#
+# Decree No. 497 (1918-05-30) http://istmat.info/node/30001
Rule Russia 1918 only - May 31 22:00 2:00 MDST # Moscow Double Summer Time
Rule Russia 1918 only - Sep 16 1:00 1:00 MST
+#
+# Decree No. 258 (1919-05-29) http://istmat.info/node/37949
Rule Russia 1919 only - May 31 23:00 2:00 MDST
-Rule Russia 1919 only - Jul 1 2:00 1:00 MSD
+#
+Rule Russia 1919 only - Jul 1 0:00u 1:00 MSD
Rule Russia 1919 only - Aug 16 0:00 0 MSK
+#
+# Decree No. 63 (1921-02-03) http://istmat.info/node/45840
Rule Russia 1921 only - Feb 14 23:00 1:00 MSD
-Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 MSM # Midsummer
+#
+# Decree No. 121 (1921-03-07) http://istmat.info/node/45949
+Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 +05
+#
Rule Russia 1921 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 MSD
Rule Russia 1921 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
# Act No. 925 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1980-10-24):
@@ -600,16 +616,40 @@ Rule Russia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Russia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
# Act No. 967 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1984-09-13), repeated in
# Act No. 227 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1989-03-14):
-Rule Russia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule Russia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
+Rule Russia 1984 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
+Rule Russia 1985 2010 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
#
-Rule Russia 1992 only - Mar lastSat 23:00 1:00 S
-Rule Russia 1992 only - Sep lastSat 23:00 0 -
-Rule Russia 1993 2010 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Russia 1993 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
Rule Russia 1996 2010 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
# As described below, Russia's 2014 change affects Zone data, not Rule data.
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):
+# Wikipedia and other sources refer to the Act of the Council of
+# Ministers of the USSR from 1988-01-04 No. 5 and the Act of the
+# Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1989-03-14 No. 227.
+#
+# I did not find full texts of these acts. For the 1989 one we have
+# title at http://base.garant.ru/70754136/ :
+# "About change in calculation of time on the territories of
+# Lithuanian SSR, Latvian SSR and Estonian SSR, Astrakhan,
+# Kaliningrad, Kirov, Kuybyshev, Ulyanovsk and Uralsk oblasts".
+# And http://astrozet.net/files/Zones/DOC/RU/1980-925.txt appears to
+# contain quotes from both acts: Since last Sunday of March 1988 rules
+# of the second time belt are installed in Volgograd and Saratov
+# oblasts. Since last Sunday of March 1989:
+# a) Lithuanian SSR, Latvian SSR, Estonian SSR, Kaliningrad oblast:
+# second time belt rules without extra hour (Moscow-1);
+# b) Astrakhan, Kirov, Kuybyshev, Ulyanovsk oblasts: second time belt
+# rules (Moscow time)
+# c) Uralsk oblast: third time belt rules (Moscow+1).
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-27):
+# Unamended version of the act of the
+# Government of the Russian Federation No. 23 from 08.01.1992
+# http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?docbody=&nd=102014034&rdk=0
+# says that every year clocks were to be moved forward on last Sunday
+# of March at 2 hours and moved backwards on last Sunday of September
+# at 3 hours. It was amended in 1996 to replace September with October.
+
# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-06-14):
# According to Kremlin press service, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
# signed a federal law "On calculation of time" on June 9, 2011.
@@ -731,6 +771,14 @@ Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Belarus
+#
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-07-02):
+# http://www.lawbelarus.com/repub/sub30/texf9611.htm
+# (Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus from
+# 1992-03-25 No. 157) ... says clocks were to be moved forward at 2:00
+# on last Sunday of March and backward at 3:00 on last Sunday of September
+# (the same as previous USSR and contemporary Russian regulations).
+#
# From Yauhen Kharuzhy (2011-09-16):
# By latest Belarus government act Europe/Minsk timezone was changed to
# GMT+3 without DST (was GMT+2 with DST).
@@ -743,8 +791,6 @@ Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr
# From Alexander Bokovoy (2014-10-09):
# Belarussian government decided against changing to winter time....
# http://eng.belta.by/all_news/society/Belarus-decides-against-adjusting-time-in-Russias-wake_i_76335.html
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-08):
-# Hence Belarus can share time zone abbreviations with Moscow again.
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880
@@ -754,12 +800,8 @@ Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jul 3
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990
3:00 - MSK 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
- 2:00 - EET 1992 Mar 29 0:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1992 Sep 27 0:00s
2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 1:00s
- 3:00 - MSK
+ 3:00 - +03
# Belgium
#
@@ -1005,6 +1047,12 @@ Zone Atlantic/Faroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # T├│rshavn
# startkart.no says Thule does not observe DST, but this is clearly an error,
# so go with Shanks & Pottenger for Thule transitions until this year.
# For 2007 on assume Thule will stay in sync with US DST rules.
+
+# From J William Piggott (2016-02-20):
+# "Greenland north of the community of Scoresbysund" is officially named
+# "National Park" by Executive Order:
+# http://naalakkersuisut.gl/~/media/Nanoq/Files/Attached%20Files/Engelske-tekster/Legislation/Executive%20Order%20National%20Park.rtf
+# It is their only National Park.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Thule 1991 1992 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
@@ -1030,6 +1078,10 @@ Zone America/Thule -4:35:08 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Pituffik air base
-4:00 Thule A%sT
# Estonia
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+#
# From Peter Ilieve (1994-10-15):
# A relative in Tallinn confirms the accuracy of the data for 1989 onwards
# [through 1994] and gives the legal authority for it,
@@ -1257,7 +1309,7 @@ Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
# http://www.parlament-berlin.de/pds-fraktion.nsf/727459127c8b66ee8525662300459099/defc77cb784f180ac1256c2b0030274b/$FILE/bersarint.pdf
# says that Bersarin issued an order to use Moscow time on May 20.
# However, Moscow did not observe daylight saving in 1945, so
-# this was equivalent to CEMT (GMT+3), not GMT+4.
+# this was equivalent to UT +03, not +04.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -1623,6 +1675,9 @@ Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Vaduz
# Lithuania
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+
# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
# IATA SSIM (1992/1996) says Lithuania uses W-Eur rules, but since it is
# known to be wrong about Estonia and Latvia, assume it's wrong here too.
@@ -1662,8 +1717,8 @@ Zone Europe/Vilnius 1:41:16 - LMT 1880
1:00 - CET 1940 Aug 3
3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 24
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 2:00 Russia EE%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1998
2:00 - EET 1998 Mar 29 1:00u
1:00 EU CE%sT 1999 Oct 31 1:00u
@@ -1728,6 +1783,16 @@ Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 0:00s # Valletta
# Moldova
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):
+# the act of the government of the Republic of Moldova Nr. 132 from 1990-05-04
+# http://lex.justice.md/viewdoc.php?action=view&view=doc&id=298782&lang=2
+# ... says that since 1990-05-06 on the territory of the Moldavian SSR
+# time would be calculated as the standard time of the second time belt
+# plus one hour of the "summer" time. To implement that clocks would be
+# adjusted one hour backwards at 1990-05-06 2:00. After that "summer"
+# time would be cancelled last Sunday of September at 3:00 and
+# reintroduced last Sunday of March at 2:00.
+
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# A previous version of this database followed Shanks & Pottenger, who write
# that Tiraspol switched to Moscow time on 1992-01-19 at 02:00.
@@ -1786,9 +1851,7 @@ Zone Europe/Chisinau 1:55:20 - LMT 1880
2:00 Romania EE%sT 1940 Aug 15
2:00 1:00 EEST 1941 Jul 17
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug 24
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990
- 3:00 - MSK 1990 May 6
- 2:00 - EET 1991
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 May 6 2:00
2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997
# See Romania commentary for the guessed 1997 transition to EU rules.
@@ -2210,7 +2273,6 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia-map-2014-07.html
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# Except for Moscow after 1919-07-01, I invented the time zone abbreviations.
# Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,
# are from Andrey A. Chernov. The rest is from Shanks & Pottenger,
# except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat
@@ -2266,16 +2328,32 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# Europe/Kaliningrad covers...
# 39 RU-KGD Kaliningrad Oblast
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):
+# http://www.rgo.ru/ru/kaliningradskoe-oblastnoe-otdelenie/ob-otdelenii/publikacii/kak-nam-zhilos-bez-letnego-vremeni
+# confirms that the 1989 change to Moscow-1 was implemented.
+# (The article, though, is misattributed to 1990 while saying that
+# summer->winter transition would be done on the 24 of September. But
+# 1990-09-24 was Monday, while 1989-09-24 was Sunday as expected.)
+# ...
+# http://www.kaliningradka.ru/site_pc/cherez/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=40091
+# says that Kaliningrad switched to Moscow-1 on 1989-03-26, avoided
+# at the last moment switch to Moscow-1 on 1991-03-31, switched to
+# Moscow on 1991-11-03, switched to Moscow-1 on 1992-01-19.
+
Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945
2:00 Poland CE%sT 1946
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
2:00 - EET
-# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-02-21), per Tim Parenti (2014-07-03) and
+# Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Europe/Moscow covers...
# 01 RU-AD Adygea, Republic of
# 05 RU-DA Dagestan, Republic of
@@ -2318,12 +2396,102 @@ Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr
# 68 RU-TAM Tambov Oblast
# 69 RU-TVE Tver Oblast
# 71 RU-TUL Tula Oblast
-# 73 RU-ULY Ulyanovsk Oblast
# 76 RU-YAR Yaroslavl Oblast
# 77 RU-MOW Moscow
# 78 RU-SPE Saint Petersburg
# 83 RU-NEN Nenets Autonomous Okrug
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-08-23):
+# The Soviets switched to UT-based time in 1919. Decree No. 59
+# (1919-02-08) http://istmat.info/node/35567 established UT-based time
+# zones, and Decree No. 147 (1919-03-29) http://istmat.info/node/35854
+# specified a transition date of 1919-07-01, apparently at 00:00 UT.
+# No doubt only the Soviet-controlled regions switched on that date;
+# later transitions to UT-based time in other parts of Russia are
+# taken from what appear to be guesses by Shanks.
+# (Thanks to Alexander Belopolsky for pointers to the decrees.)
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):
+# 11. Regions-violators, 1981-1982.
+# Wikipedia refers to
+# http://maps.monetonos.ru/maps/raznoe/Old_Maps/Old_Maps/Articles/022/3_1981.html
+# http://besp.narod.ru/nauka_1981_3.htm
+#
+# The second link provides two articles scanned from the Nauka i Zhizn
+# magazine No. 3, 1981 and a scan of the short article attributed to
+# the Trud newspaper from February 1982. The first link provides the
+# same Nauka i Zhizn articles converted to the text form (but misses
+# time belt changes map).
+#
+# The second Nauka i Zhizn article says that in addition to
+# introduction of summer time on 1981-04-01 there are some time belt
+# border changes on 1981-10-01, mostly affecting Nenets Autonomous
+# Okrug, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Yakutia, Magadan Oblast and Chukotka
+# according to the provided map (colored one). In addition to that
+# "time violators" (regions which were not using rules of the time
+# belts in which they were located) would not be moving off the DST on
+# 1981-10-01 to restore the decree time usage. (Komi ASSR was
+# supposed to repeat that move in October 1982 to account for the 2
+# hour difference.) Map depicting "time violators" before 1981-10-01
+# is also provided.
+#
+# The article from Trud says that 1981-10-01 changes caused problems
+# and some territories would be moved to pre-1981-10-01 time by not
+# moving to summer time on 1982-04-01. Namely: Dagestan,
+# Kabardino-Balkar, Kalmyk, Komi, Mari, Mordovian, North Ossetian,
+# Tatar, Chechen-Ingush and Chuvash ASSR, Krasnodar and Stavropol
+# krais, Arkhangelsk, Vladimir, Vologda, Voronezh, Gorky, Ivanovo,
+# Kostroma, Lipetsk, Penza, Rostov, Ryazan, Tambov, Tyumen and
+# Yaroslavl oblasts, Nenets and Evenk autonomous okrugs, Khatangsky
+# district of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug. As a result Evenk Autonomous
+# Okrug and Khatangsky district of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug would end
+# up on Moscow+4, Tyumen Oblast on Moscow+2 and the rest on Moscow
+# time.
+#
+# http://astrozet.net/files/Zones/DOC/RU/1980-925.txt
+# attributes the 1982 changes to the Act of the Council of Ministers
+# of the USSR No. 126 from 18.02.1982. 1980-925.txt also adds
+# Udmurtia to the list of affected territories and lists Khatangsky
+# district separately from Taymyr Autonomous Okrug. Probably erroneously.
+#
+# The affected territories are currently listed under Europe/Moscow,
+# Asia/Yekaterinburg and Asia/Krasnoyarsk.
+#
+# 12. Udmurtia
+# The fact that Udmurtia is depicted as a violator in the Nauka i
+# Zhizn article hints at Izhevsk being on different time from
+# Kuybyshev before 1981-10-01. Udmurtia is not mentioned in the 1989 act.
+# http://astrozet.net/files/Zones/DOC/RU/1980-925.txt
+# implies Udmurtia was on Moscow time after 1982-04-01.
+# Wikipedia implies Udmurtia being on Moscow+1 until 1991.
+#
+# ...
+#
+# All Russian zones are supposed to have by default a -1 change at
+# 1991-03-31 2:00 (cancellation of the decree time in the USSR) and a +1
+# change at 1992-01-19 2:00 (restoration of the decree time in Russia).
+#
+# There were some exceptions, though.
+# Wikipedia says newspapers listed Astrakhan, Saratov, Kirov, Volgograd,
+# Izhevsk, Grozny, Kazan and Samara as such exceptions for the 1992
+# change. (Different newspapers providing different lists. And some
+# lists found in the internet are quite wild.)
+#
+# And apparently some exceptions were reverted in the last moment.
+# http://www.kaliningradka.ru/site_pc/cherez/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=40091
+# says that Kaliningrad decided not to be an exception 2 days before the
+# 1991-03-31 switch and one person at
+# http://izhevsk.ru/forum_light_message/50/682597-m8369040.html
+# says he remembers that Samara opted out of the 1992-01-19 exception
+# 2 days before the switch.
+#
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Given the above, we appear to be missing some Zone entries for the
+# chaotic early 1980s in Russia. It's not clear what these entries
+# should be. For now, sweep this under the rug and just document the
+# time in Moscow.
+
# From Vladimir Karpinsky (2014-07-08):
# LMT in Moscow (before Jul 3, 1916) is 2:30:17, that was defined by Moscow
# Observatory (coordinates: 55 deg. 45'29.70", 37 deg. 34'05.30")....
@@ -2344,7 +2512,7 @@ Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr
Zone Europe/Moscow 2:30:17 - LMT 1880
2:30:17 - MMT 1916 Jul 3 # Moscow Mean Time
- 2:31:19 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 2:00
+ 2:31:19 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 0:00u
3:00 Russia %s 1921 Oct
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1922 Oct
2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21
@@ -2397,47 +2565,101 @@ Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
3:00 - MSK
-# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
-# Europe/Volgograd covers...
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Europe/Astrakhan covers:
# 30 RU-AST Astrakhan Oblast
+#
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-01-12):
+# On February 10, 2016 Astrakhan Oblast got approval by the Federation
+# Council to change its time zone to UTC+4 (from current UTC+3 Moscow time)....
+# This Federal Law shall enter into force on 27 March 2016 at 02:00.
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-03-09):
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201602150056
+
+Zone Europe/Astrakhan 3:12:12 - LMT 1924 May
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03 2016 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Europe/Volgograd covers:
# 34 RU-VGG Volgograd Oblast
-# 43 RU-KIR Kirov Oblast
# 64 RU-SAR Saratov Oblast
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-05-09):
-# Shanks & Pottenger say Kirov is still at +0400 but Wikipedia says +0300.
-# Perhaps it switched after the others? But we have no data.
+# The 1988 transition is from USSR act No. 5 (1988-01-04).
Zone Europe/Volgograd 2:57:40 - LMT 1920 Jan 3
- 3:00 - TSAT 1925 Apr 6 # Tsaritsyn Time
- 3:00 - STAT 1930 Jun 21 # Stalingrad Time
- 4:00 - STAT 1961 Nov 11
- 4:00 Russia VOL%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Volgograd T
- 3:00 Russia VOL%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 4:00 - VOLT 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 3:00 - MSK
-
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
+ 4:00 - +04 1961 Nov 11
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1988 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Europe/Kirov covers:
+# 43 RU-KIR Kirov Oblast
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+#
+Zone Europe/Kirov 3:18:48 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 0:00u
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Europe/Samara covers...
# 18 RU-UD Udmurt Republic
# 63 RU-SAM Samara Oblast
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
# Byalokoz 1919 says Samara was 3:20:20.
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+
+Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:20 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 0:00u
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
+ 4:00 - +04 1935 Jan 27
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 2:00 Russia +02/+03 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03 1991 Oct 20 3:00
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Europe/Ulyanovsk covers:
+# 73 RU-ULY Ulyanovsk Oblast
-Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:20 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00
- 3:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21
- 4:00 - SAMT 1935 Jan 27
- 4:00 Russia KUY%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Kuybyshev
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 Russia EE%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
- 3:00 - KUYT 1991 Oct 20 3:00
- 4:00 Russia SAM%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s # Samara Time
- 3:00 Russia SAM%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 4:00 - SAMT
-
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-02-17):
+# Ulyanovsk ... on their way to change time zones by March 27, 2016 at 2am.
+# Ulyanovsk Oblast ... from MSK to MSK+1 (UTC+3 to UTC+4) ...
+# 920582-6 ... 02/17/2016 The State Duma passed the bill in the first reading.
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-03-09):
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201603090051
+
+Zone Europe/Ulyanovsk 3:13:36 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 0:00u
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 2:00 Russia +02/+03 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03 2016 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Yekaterinburg covers...
@@ -2461,47 +2683,140 @@ Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:20 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00
Zone Asia/Yekaterinburg 4:02:33 - LMT 1916 Jul 3
3:45:05 - PMT 1919 Jul 15 4:00
- 4:00 - SVET 1930 Jun 21 # Sverdlovsk Time
- 5:00 Russia SVE%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 4:00 Russia SVE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 5:00 Russia YEK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 6:00 - YEKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 5:00 - YEKT
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 Russia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 5:00 Russia +05/+06 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 5:00 - +05
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Omsk covers...
-# 04 RU-AL Altai Republic
-# 22 RU-ALT Altai Krai
# 55 RU-OMS Omsk Oblast
# Byalokoz 1919 says Omsk was 4:53:30.
Zone Asia/Omsk 4:53:30 - LMT 1919 Nov 14
- 5:00 - OMST 1930 Jun 21 # Omsk Time
- 6:00 Russia OMS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 5:00 Russia OMS%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia OMS%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 7:00 - OMST 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 6:00 - OMST
-
+ 5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 Russia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-02-22):
+# Asia/Barnaul covers:
+# 04 RU-AL Altai Republic
+# 22 RU-ALT Altai Krai
-# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
-# Asia/Novosibirsk covers...
+# Data before 1991 are from Shanks & Pottenger.
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):
+# Letter of Bank of Russia from 1995-05-25
+# http://www.bestpravo.ru/rossijskoje/lj-akty/y3a.htm
+# suggests that Altai Republic transitioned to Moscow+3 on
+# 1995-05-28.
+#
+# http://regnum.ru/news/society/1957270.html
+# has some historical data for Altai Krai:
+# before 1957: west part on UTC+6, east on UTC+7
+# after 1957: UTC+7
+# since 1995: UTC+6
+# http://barnaul.rusplt.ru/index/pochemu_altajskij_kraj_okazalsja_v_neprivychnom_chasovom_pojase-17648.html
+# confirms that and provides more details including 1995-05-28 transition date.
+
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-02-17):
+# Altai Krai and Altai Republic on their way to change time zones
+# by March 27, 2016 at 2am....
+# Altai Republic / Gorno-Altaysk MSK+3 to MSK+4 (UTC+6 to UTC+7) ...
+# Altai Krai / Barnaul MSK+3 to MSK+4 (UTC+6 to UTC+7)
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-03-09):
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201603090043
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201603090038
+
+Zone Asia/Barnaul 5:35:00 - LMT 1919 Dec 10
+ 6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1995 May 28
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06 2016 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Asia/Novosibirsk covers:
# 54 RU-NVS Novosibirsk Oblast
-# 70 RU-TOM Tomsk Oblast
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-08-19): I'm guessing about Tomsk here; it's
-# not clear when it switched from +7 to +6.
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-05-30):
+# http://asozd2.duma.gov.ru/main.nsf/(Spravka)?OpenAgent&RN=1085784-6
+# moves Novosibirsk oblast from UTC+6 to UTC+7.
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-07-04):
+# The law was signed yesterday and published today on
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201607040064
Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00
- 6:00 - NOVT 1930 Jun 21 # Novosibirsk Time
- 7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1993 May 23 # say Shanks & P.
- 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 6:00 - NOVT
+ 6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1993 May 23 # say Shanks & P.
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06 2016 Jul 24 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Asia/Tomsk covers:
+# 70 RU-TOM Tomsk Oblast
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-24):
+# Byalokoz listed Tomsk at 5:39:51.
+
+# From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski (1994-06-29):
+# Tomsk is still 4 hours ahead of Moscow.
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-19):
+# http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?docbody=&nd=102075743
+# (fifth time belt being UTC+5+1(decree time)
+# / UTC+5+1(decree time)+1(summer time)) ...
+# Note that time belts (numbered from 2 (Moscow) to 12 according to their
+# GMT/UTC offset and having too many exceptions like regions formally
+# belonging to one belt but using time from another) were replaced
+# with time zones in 2011 with different numbering (there was a
+# 2-hour gap between second and third zones in 2011-2014).
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-04-12):
+# http://asozd2.duma.gov.ru/main.nsf/(SpravkaNew)?OpenAgent&RN=1006865-6
+# This bill was approved in the first reading today. It moves Tomsk oblast
+# from UTC+6 to UTC+7 and is supposed to come into effect on 2016-05-29 at
+# 2:00. The bill needs to be approved in the second and the third readings by
+# the State Duma, approved by the Federation Council, signed by the President
+# and published to become a law. Minor changes in the text are to be expected
+# before the second reading (references need to be updated to account for the
+# recent changes).
+#
+# Judging by the ultra-short one-day amendments period, recent similar laws,
+# the State Duma schedule and the Federation Council schedule
+# http://www.duma.gov.ru/legislative/planning/day-shedule/por_vesna_2016/
+# http://council.gov.ru/activity/meetings/schedule/63303
+# I speculate that the final text of the bill will be proposed tomorrow, the
+# bill will be approved in the second and the third readings on Friday,
+# approved by the Federation Council on 2016-04-20, signed by the President and
+# published as a law around 2016-04-26.
+
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-04-26):
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201604260048
+
+Zone Asia/Tomsk 5:39:51 - LMT 1919 Dec 22
+ 6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 2002 May 1 3:00
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06 2016 May 29 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2526,23 +2841,18 @@ Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00
#
# Thus, when Russia will switch to DST on the night of March 28, 2010
# Kemerovo region (Kemerovo oblast') will not change the clock.
-#
-# As a result, Kemerovo oblast' will be in the same time zone as
-# Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Barnaul and Altai Republic.
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-02), per Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-07-02):
# The Kemerovo region will remain at UTC+7 through the 2014-10-26 change, thus
# realigning itself with KRAT.
Zone Asia/Novokuznetsk 5:48:48 - LMT 1924 May 1
- 6:00 - KRAT 1930 Jun 21 # Krasnoyarsk Time
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s # Novosibirsk
- 7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 7:00 - KRAT # Krasnoyarsk Time
-
+ 6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Krasnoyarsk covers...
@@ -2556,12 +2866,12 @@ Zone Asia/Novokuznetsk 5:48:48 - LMT 1924 May 1
# Byalokoz 1919 says Krasnoyarsk was 6:11:26.
Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:26 - LMT 1920 Jan 6
- 6:00 - KRAT 1930 Jun 21 # Krasnoyarsk Time
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 8:00 - KRAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 7:00 - KRAT
+ 6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 8:00 - +08 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
@@ -2578,12 +2888,12 @@ Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:26 - LMT 1920 Jan 6
Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:05 - LMT 1880
6:57:05 - IMT 1920 Jan 25 # Irkutsk Mean Time
- 7:00 - IRKT 1930 Jun 21 # Irkutsk Time
- 8:00 Russia IRK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia IRK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia IRK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 9:00 - IRKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 8:00 - IRKT
+ 7:00 - +07 1930 Jun 21
+ 8:00 Russia +08/+09 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia +08/+09 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 9:00 - +09 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 8:00 - +08
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):
@@ -2593,13 +2903,20 @@ Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:05 - LMT 1880
# Note: Effective 2008-03-01, (75) Chita Oblast and (80) Agin-Buryat
# Autonomous Okrug merged to form (92, RU-ZAB) Zabaykalsky Krai.
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-01-02):
+# [The] time zone in the Trans-Baikal Territory (Zabaykalsky Krai) -
+# Asia/Chita [is changing] from UTC+8 to UTC+9. Effective date will
+# be March 27, 2016 at 2:00am....
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201512300107
+
Zone Asia/Chita 7:33:52 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
- 8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 8:00 - IRKT
+ 8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia +08/+09 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 8:00 - +08 2016 Mar 27 2:00
+ 9:00 - +09
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
@@ -2639,12 +2956,12 @@ Zone Asia/Chita 7:33:52 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
# Byalokoz 1919 says Yakutsk was 8:38:58.
Zone Asia/Yakutsk 8:38:58 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
- 8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 9:00 - YAKT
+ 8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia +08/+09 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 9:00 - +09
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
@@ -2662,12 +2979,12 @@ Zone Asia/Yakutsk 8:38:58 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
# Go with Byalokoz.
Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:31 - LMT 1922 Nov 15
- 9:00 - VLAT 1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time
- 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia VLA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 10:00 - VLAT
+ 9:00 - +09 1930 Jun 21
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2685,14 +3002,14 @@ Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:31 - LMT 1922 Nov 15
# This transition is no doubt wrong, but we have no better info.
Zone Asia/Khandyga 9:02:13 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
- 8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2004
- 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 11:00 - VLAT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
- 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 9:00 - YAKT
+ 8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia +08/+09 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 2004
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
+ 10:00 - +10 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 9:00 - +09
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2701,16 +3018,21 @@ Zone Asia/Khandyga 9:02:13 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
# ...with the exception of:
# 65-11 **** Severo-Kurilsky District (North Kuril Islands)
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-02-22):
+# Asia/Sakhalin is moving (in entirety) from UTC+10 to UTC+11 ...
+# (2016-03-09):
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201603090044
+
# The Zone name should be Asia/Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.
Zone Asia/Sakhalin 9:30:48 - LMT 1905 Aug 23
- 9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 25
- 11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T
- 10:00 Russia SAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia SAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 11:00 - SAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 10:00 - SAKT
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug 25
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10 2016 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
@@ -2724,13 +3046,22 @@ Zone Asia/Sakhalin 9:30:48 - LMT 1905 Aug 23
# until now by Asia/Magadan, will instead move to UTC+11. These regions will
# need their own zone.
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-03-27):
+# ... draft bill 948300-6 to change its time zone from UTC+10 to UTC+11 ...
+# will take ... effect ... on April 24, 2016 at 2 o'clock
+#
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-04-05):
+# ... signed by the President today ...
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201604050038
+
Zone Asia/Magadan 10:03:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 10:00 - MAGT
+ 10:00 - +10 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - +12 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10 2016 Apr 24 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):
@@ -2773,17 +3104,14 @@ Zone Asia/Magadan 10:03:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
# in Russian.) In addition, Srednekolymsk appears to be a much older
# settlement and the population of Zyryanka seems to be declining.
# Go with Srednekolymsk.
-#
-# Since Magadan Oblast moves to UTC+10 on 2014-10-26, we cannot keep using MAGT
-# as the abbreviation. Use SRET instead.
Zone Asia/Srednekolymsk 10:14:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 11:00 - SRET # Srednekolymsk Time
+ 10:00 - +10 1930 Jun 21
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - +12 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2801,14 +3129,14 @@ Zone Asia/Srednekolymsk 10:14:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
# UTC+12 since at least then, too.
Zone Asia/Ust-Nera 9:32:54 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
- 8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAKT 1981 Apr 1
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - MAGT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
- 11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 10:00 - VLAT
+ 8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 1981 Apr 1
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - +12 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
+ 11:00 - +11 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
@@ -2821,12 +3149,12 @@ Zone Asia/Ust-Nera 9:32:54 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
# The Zone name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski or perhaps
# Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, but these are too long.
Zone Asia/Kamchatka 10:34:36 - LMT 1922 Nov 10
- 11:00 - PETT 1930 Jun 21 # P-K Time
- 12:00 Russia PET%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia PET%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 12:00 Russia PET%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia PET%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - PETT
+ 11:00 - +11 1930 Jun 21
+ 12:00 Russia +12/+13 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 12:00 Russia +12/+13 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - +12
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2834,13 +3162,13 @@ Zone Asia/Kamchatka 10:34:36 - LMT 1922 Nov 10
# 87 RU-CHU Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Zone Asia/Anadyr 11:49:56 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 12:00 - ANAT 1930 Jun 21 # Anadyr Time
- 13:00 Russia ANA%sT 1982 Apr 1 0:00s
- 12:00 Russia ANA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia ANA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 12:00 Russia ANA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia ANA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - ANAT
+ 12:00 - +12 1930 Jun 21
+ 13:00 Russia +13/+14 1982 Apr 1 0:00s
+ 12:00 Russia +12/+13 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 12:00 Russia +12/+13 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - +12
# San Marino
@@ -3154,6 +3482,20 @@ Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1853 Jul 16 # See above comment.
# It's officially announced now by the Ministry of Energy.
# Turkey delays winter time to 8th of November 04:00
# http://www.aa.com.tr/tr/turkiye/yaz-saati-uygulamasi-8-kasimda-sona-erecek/362217
+#
+# From BBC News (2015-10-25):
+# Confused Turks are asking "what's the time?" after automatic clocks defied a
+# government decision ... "For the next two weeks #Turkey is on EEST... Erdogan
+# Engineered Standard Time," said Twitter user @aysekarahasan.
+# http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-34631326
+
+# From Burak AYDIN (2016-09-08):
+# Turkey will stay in Daylight Saving Time even in winter....
+# http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2016/09/20160908-2.pdf
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-09-07):
+# The change is permanent, so this is the new standard time in Turkey.
+# It takes effect today, which is not much notice.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Turkey 1916 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -3218,7 +3560,7 @@ Rule Turkey 1996 2006 - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 -
Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880
1:56:56 - IMT 1910 Oct # Istanbul Mean Time?
2:00 Turkey EE%sT 1978 Oct 15
- 3:00 Turkey TR%sT 1985 Apr 20 # Turkey Time
+ 3:00 Turkey +03/+04 1985 Apr 20
2:00 Turkey EE%sT 2007
2:00 EU EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 1:00u
2:00 - EET 2011 Mar 28 1:00u
@@ -3226,7 +3568,8 @@ Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880
2:00 - EET 2014 Mar 31 1:00u
2:00 EU EE%sT 2015 Oct 25 1:00u
2:00 1:00 EEST 2015 Nov 8 1:00u
- 2:00 EU EE%sT
+ 2:00 EU EE%sT 2016 Sep 7
+ 3:00 - +03
Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul # Istanbul is in both continents.
# Ukraine