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-rw-r--r--europe71
1 files changed, 43 insertions, 28 deletions
diff --git a/europe b/europe
index c64c41bec952..6b89b6e1f28e 100644
--- a/europe
+++ b/europe
@@ -193,11 +193,14 @@
# republished in Finest Hour (Spring 2002) 1(114):26
# http://www.winstonchurchill.org/images/finesthour/Vol.01%20No.114.pdf
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):
+# From Paul Eggert (2015-08-08):
# The OED Supplement says that the English originally said "Daylight Saving"
# when they were debating the adoption of DST in 1908; but by 1916 this
# term appears only in quotes taken from DST's opponents, whereas the
# proponents (who eventually won the argument) are quoted as using "Summer".
+# The term "Summer Time" was introduced by Herbert Samuel, Home Secretary; see:
+# Viscount Samuel. Leisure in a Democracy. Cambridge University Press
+# ISBN 978-1-107-49471-8 (1949, reissued 2015), p 8.
# From Arthur David Olson (1989-01-19):
# A source at the British Information Office in New York avers that it's
@@ -343,7 +346,7 @@
# From an anonymous contributor (1996-06-02):
# The law governing time in Ireland is under Statutory Instrument SI 395/94,
-# which gives force to European Union 7th Council Directive # 94/21/EC.
+# which gives force to European Union 7th Council Directive No. 94/21/EC.
# Under this directive, the Minister for Justice in Ireland makes appropriate
# regulations. I spoke this morning with the Secretary of the Department of
# Justice (tel +353 1 678 9711) who confirmed to me that the correct name is
@@ -592,11 +595,11 @@ Rule Russia 1921 only - Feb 14 23:00 1:00 MSD
Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 MSM # Midsummer
Rule Russia 1921 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 MSD
Rule Russia 1921 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
-# Act No.925 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1980-10-24):
+# Act No. 925 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1980-10-24):
Rule Russia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Russia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
-# Act No.967 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1984-09-13), repeated in
-# Act No.227 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1989-03-14):
+# Act No. 967 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1984-09-13), repeated in
+# Act No. 227 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1989-03-14):
Rule Russia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
Rule Russia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
#
@@ -828,7 +831,7 @@ Zone Europe/Brussels 0:17:30 - LMT 1880
# Bulgaria
#
# From Plamen Simenov via Steffen Thorsen (1999-09-09):
-# A document of Government of Bulgaria (No.94/1997) says:
+# A document of Government of Bulgaria (No. 94/1997) says:
# EET -> EETDST is in 03:00 Local time in last Sunday of March ...
# EETDST -> EET is in 04:00 Local time in last Sunday of October
#
@@ -845,7 +848,7 @@ Zone Europe/Sofia 1:33:16 - LMT 1880
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945
1:00 - CET 1945 Apr 2 3:00
2:00 - EET 1979 Mar 31 23:00
- 2:00 Bulg EE%sT 1982 Sep 26 2:00
+ 2:00 Bulg EE%sT 1982 Sep 26 3:00
2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1991
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997
2:00 EU EE%sT
@@ -1062,8 +1065,8 @@ Zone America/Thule -4:35:08 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Pituffik air base
# after that.
# From Mart Oruaas (2000-01-29):
-# Regulation no. 301 (1999-10-12) obsoletes previous regulation
-# no. 206 (1998-09-22) and thus sticks Estonia to +02:00 GMT for all
+# Regulation No. 301 (1999-10-12) obsoletes previous regulation
+# No. 206 (1998-09-22) and thus sticks Estonia to +02:00 GMT for all
# the year round. The regulation is effective 1999-11-01.
# From Toomas Soome (2002-02-21):
@@ -1084,7 +1087,7 @@ Zone Europe/Tallinn 1:39:00 - LMT 1880
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep 24 2:00s
2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1998 Sep 22
- 2:00 EU EE%sT 1999 Nov 1
+ 2:00 EU EE%sT 1999 Oct 31 4:00
2:00 - EET 2002 Feb 21
2:00 EU EE%sT
@@ -1527,21 +1530,21 @@ Link Europe/Rome Europe/San_Marino
# correct data in juridical acts and I found some juridical documents about
# changes in the counting of time in Latvia from 1981....
#
-# Act No.35 of the Council of Ministers of Latvian SSR of 1981-01-22 ...
-# according to the Act No.925 of the Council of Ministers of USSR of 1980-10-24
+# Act No. 35 of the Council of Ministers of Latvian SSR of 1981-01-22 ...
+# according to the Act No. 925 of the Council of Ministers of USSR of 1980-10-24
# ...: all year round the time of 2nd time zone + 1 hour, in addition turning
# the hands of the clock 1 hour forward on 1 April at 00:00 (GMT 31 March 21:00)
# and 1 hour backward on the 1 October at 00:00 (GMT 30 September 20:00).
#
-# Act No.592 of the Council of Ministers of Latvian SSR of 1984-09-24 ...
-# according to the Act No.967 of the Council of Ministers of USSR of 1984-09-13
+# Act No. 592 of the Council of Ministers of Latvian SSR of 1984-09-24 ...
+# according to the Act No. 967 of the Council of Ministers of USSR of 1984-09-13
# ...: all year round the time of 2nd time zone + 1 hour, in addition turning
# the hands of the clock 1 hour forward on the last Sunday of March at 02:00
# (GMT 23:00 on the previous day) and 1 hour backward on the last Sunday of
# September at 03:00 (GMT 23:00 on the previous day).
#
-# Act No.81 of the Council of Ministers of Latvian SSR of 1989-03-22 ...
-# according to the Act No.227 of the Council of Ministers of USSR of 1989-03-14
+# Act No. 81 of the Council of Ministers of Latvian SSR of 1989-03-22 ...
+# according to the Act No. 227 of the Council of Ministers of USSR of 1989-03-14
# ...: since the last Sunday of March 1989 in Lithuanian SSR, Latvian SSR,
# Estonian SSR and Kaliningrad region of Russian Federation all year round the
# time of 2nd time zone (Moscow time minus one hour). On the territory of Latvia
@@ -1558,7 +1561,7 @@ Link Europe/Rome Europe/San_Marino
# From Andrei Ivanov (2000-03-06):
# This year Latvia will not switch to Daylight Savings Time (as specified in
# The Regulations of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Rep. of Latvia of
-# 29-Feb-2000 (#79) <http://www.lv-laiks.lv/wwwraksti/2000/071072/vd4.htm>,
+# 29-Feb-2000 (No. 79) <http://www.lv-laiks.lv/wwwraksti/2000/071072/vd4.htm>,
# in Latvian for subscribers only).
# From RFE/RL Newsline
@@ -1763,6 +1766,18 @@ Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 0:00s # Valletta
# News from Moldova (in russian):
# http://ru.publika.md/link_317061.html
+# From Roman Tudos (2015-07-02):
+# http://lex.justice.md/index.php?action=view&view=doc&lang=1&id=355077
+# From Paul Eggert (2015-07-01):
+# The abovementioned official link to IGO1445-868/2014 states that
+# 2014-10-26's fallback transition occurred at 03:00 local time. Also,
+# http://www.trm.md/en/social/la-30-martie-vom-trece-la-ora-de-vara
+# says the 2014-03-30 spring-forward transition was at 02:00 local time.
+# Guess that since 1997 Moldova has switched one hour before the EU.
+
+# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
+Rule Moldova 1997 max - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
+Rule Moldova 1997 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Chisinau 1:55:20 - LMT 1880
@@ -1777,7 +1792,7 @@ Zone Europe/Chisinau 1:55:20 - LMT 1880
2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997
# See Romania commentary for the guessed 1997 transition to EU rules.
- 2:00 EU EE%sT
+ 2:00 Moldova EE%sT
# Monaco
# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
@@ -2123,7 +2138,7 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# Russia
# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-09-15):
-# Based on last Russian Government Decree # 725 on August 31, 2011
+# Based on last Russian Government Decree No. 725 on August 31, 2011
# (Government document
# http://www.government.ru/gov/results/16355/print/
# in Russian)
@@ -2133,7 +2148,7 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia36.htm
# From Sanjeev Gupta (2011-09-27):
-# Scans of [Decree #23 of January 8, 1992] are available at:
+# Scans of [Decree No. 23 of January 8, 1992] are available at:
# http://government.consultant.ru/page.aspx?1223966
# They are in Cyrillic letters (presumably Russian).
@@ -2144,19 +2159,19 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# One source is
# http://government.ru/gov/results/16355/
# which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Decree of August 31,
-# 2011 No 725" and contains no other dates or "effective date" information.
+# 2011 No. 725" and contains no other dates or "effective date" information.
#
# Another source is
# http://www.rg.ru/2011/09/06/chas-zona-dok.html
# which, according to translate.google.com, begins "Resolution of the
# Government of the Russian Federation on August 31, 2011 N 725" and also
# contains "Date first official publication: September 6, 2011 Posted on:
-# in the 'RG' - Federal Issue number 5573 September 6, 2011" but which
+# in the 'RG' - Federal Issue No. 5573 September 6, 2011" but which
# does not contain any "effective date" information.
#
# Another source is
# http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oymyakonsky_District#cite_note-RuTime-7
-# which, in note 8, contains "Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011...
+# which, in note 8, contains "Resolution No. 725 of August 31, 2011...
# Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication"
# but which does not contain any reference to September 6, 2011.
#
@@ -2364,7 +2379,7 @@ Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
# changed in May.
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1994 May
# From IATA SSIM (1994/1997), which also says that Kerch is still like Kiev.
- 3:00 E-Eur MSK/MSD 1996 Mar 31 3:00s
+ 3:00 E-Eur MSK/MSD 1996 Mar 31 0:00s
3:00 1:00 MSD 1996 Oct 27 3:00s
# IATA SSIM (1997-09) says Crimea switched to EET/EEST.
# Assume it happened in March by not changing the clocks.
@@ -2499,7 +2514,7 @@ Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00
# from current Russia Zone 6 - Krasnoyarsk Time Zone (KRA) UTC +0700
# to Russia Zone 5 - Novosibirsk Time Zone (NOV) UTC +0600
#
-# This is according to Government of Russia decree # 740, on September
+# This is according to Government of Russia decree No. 740, on September
# 14, 2009 "Application in the territory of the Kemerovo region the Fifth
# time zone." ("Russia Zone 5" or old "USSR Zone 5" is GMT +0600)
#
@@ -2922,7 +2937,7 @@ Zone Africa/Ceuta -0:21:16 - LMT 1901
Zone Atlantic/Canary -1:01:36 - LMT 1922 Mar # Las Palmas de Gran C.
-1:00 - CANT 1946 Sep 30 1:00 # Canaries T
0:00 - WET 1980 Apr 6 0:00s
- 0:00 1:00 WEST 1980 Sep 28 0:00s
+ 0:00 1:00 WEST 1980 Sep 28 1:00u
0:00 EU WE%sT
# IATA SSIM (1996-09) says the Canaries switch at 2:00u, not 1:00u.
# Ignore this for now, as the Canaries are part of the EU.
@@ -3212,7 +3227,7 @@ Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul # Istanbul is in both continents.
# From Igor Karpov, who works for the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice,
# via Garrett Wollman (2003-01-27):
# BTW, I've found the official document on this matter. It's government
-# regulations number 509, May 13, 1996. In my poor translation it says:
+# regulations No. 509, May 13, 1996. In my poor translation it says:
# "Time in Ukraine is set to second timezone (Kiev time). Each last Sunday
# of March at 3am the time is changing to 4am and each last Sunday of
# October the time at 4am is changing to 3am"
@@ -3221,7 +3236,7 @@ Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul # Istanbul is in both continents.
# On September 20, 2011 the deputies of the Verkhovna Rada agreed to
# abolish the transfer clock to winter time.
#
-# Bill number 8330 of MP from the Party of Regions Oleg Nadoshi got
+# Bill No. 8330 of MP from the Party of Regions Oleg Nadoshi got
# approval from 266 deputies.
#
# Ukraine abolishes transfer back to the winter time (in Russian)