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1 files changed, 333 insertions, 155 deletions
diff --git a/asia b/asia
index 5467024db235..71ef8787b508 100644
--- a/asia
+++ b/asia
@@ -79,13 +79,9 @@ Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
Rule E-EurAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
-Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule RussiaAsia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
-Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Mar lastSat 23:00 1:00 S
-Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Sep lastSat 23:00 0 -
-Rule RussiaAsia 1993 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
-Rule RussiaAsia 1993 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule RussiaAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
+Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
+Rule RussiaAsia 1985 2011 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
+Rule RussiaAsia 1996 2011 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
# Afghanistan
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -120,31 +116,37 @@ Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890
# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_armenia03.html
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 3:00 - YERT 1957 Mar # Yerevan Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia YER%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 3:00 1:00 YERST 1991 Sep 23 # independence
- 3:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 1995 Sep 24 2:00s
- 4:00 - AMT 1997
- 4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 2012 Mar 25 2:00s
- 4:00 - AMT
+ 3:00 - +03 1957 Mar
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1995 Sep 24 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 1997
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05
# Azerbaijan
+
# From Rustam Aliyev of the Azerbaijan Internet Forum (2005-10-23):
# According to the resolution of Cabinet of Ministers, 1997
# From Paul Eggert (2015-09-17): It was Resolution No. 21 (1997-03-17).
# http://code.az/files/daylight_res.pdf
+
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2016-03-17):
+# ... the Azerbaijani Cabinet of Ministers has cancelled switching to
+# daylight saving time....
+# http://www.azernews.az/azerbaijan/94137.html
+# http://vestnikkavkaza.net/news/Azerbaijani-Cabinet-of-Ministers-cancels-daylight-saving-time.html
+# http://en.apa.az/xeber_azerbaijan_abolishes_daylight_savings_ti_240862.html
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Azer 1997 max - Mar lastSun 4:00 1:00 S
-Rule Azer 1997 max - Oct lastSun 5:00 0 -
+Rule Azer 1997 2015 - Mar lastSun 4:00 1:00 S
+Rule Azer 1997 2015 - Oct lastSun 5:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Baku 3:19:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 3:00 - BAKT 1957 Mar # Baku Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia BAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 3:00 1:00 BAKST 1991 Aug 30 # independence
- 3:00 RussiaAsia AZ%sT 1992 Sep lastSat 23:00
- 4:00 - AZT 1996 # Azerbaijan Time
- 4:00 EUAsia AZ%sT 1997
- 4:00 Azer AZ%sT
+ 3:00 - +03 1957 Mar
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1992 Sep lastSun 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 1996
+ 4:00 EUAsia +04/+05 1997
+ 4:00 Azer +04/+05
# Bahrain
# See Asia/Qatar.
@@ -263,7 +265,7 @@ Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan
# Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Rangoon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Yangon
+Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon
6:24:40 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time?
6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time
9:00 - JST 1945 May 3
@@ -378,7 +380,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Lewiston (ME) Daily Sun (1939-05-29), p 17, said "Even the time is
# different - the occupied districts going by Tokyo time, an hour
# ahead of that prevailing in the rest of Shanghai." Guess that the
-# Xujiahui Observatory was under French control and stuck with UT+8.
+# Xujiahui Observatory was under French control and stuck with UT +08.
#
# In earlier versions of this file, China had many separate Zone entries, but
# this was based on what were apparently incorrect data in Shanks & Pottenger.
@@ -387,26 +389,26 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Proposed in 1918 and theoretically in effect until 1949 (although in practice
# mainly observed in coastal areas), the five zones were:
#
-# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area) UT+8.5
+# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area) UT +08:30
# Asia/Harbin (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai)
# Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin
#
-# Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time") UT+8
+# Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time") UT +08
# Asia/Shanghai
# most of China
# This currently represents most other zones as well,
# as apparently these regions have been the same since 1970.
# Milne gives 8:05:43.2 for Xujiahui Observatory time; round to nearest.
-# Guo says Shanghai switched to UT+8 "from the end of the 19th century".
+# Guo says Shanghai switched to UT +08 "from the end of the 19th century".
#
-# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of that area) UT+7
+# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of the area) UT +07
# Asia/Chongqing (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai)
# Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Ningxia, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan;
# most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; west Qinghai; and the Guangdong
# counties Deqing, Enping, Kaiping, Luoding, Taishan, Xinxing,
# Yangchun, Yangjiang, Yu'nan, and Yunfu.
#
-# Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time") UT+6
+# Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time") UT +06
# Asia/Urumqi
# This currently represents Kunlun Time as well,
# as apparently the two regions have been the same since 1970.
@@ -419,7 +421,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Shihezi, Changji, Yanqi, Heshuo, Tuokexun, Tulufan, Shanshan, Hami,
# Fukang, Kuitun, Kumukuli, Miquan, Qitai, and Turfan.
#
-# Kunlun Time UT+5.5
+# Kunlun Time UT +05:30
# Asia/Kashgar (currently a link to Asia/Urumqi)
# West Tibet, including Pulan, Aheqi, Shufu, Shule;
# West Xinjiang, including Aksu, Atushi, Yining, Hetian, Cele, Luopu, Nileke,
@@ -435,7 +437,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
#
# On the other hand, ethnic Uyghurs, who make up about half the
# population of Xinjiang, typically use "Xinjiang time" which is two
-# hours behind Beijing time, or UTC +0600. The government of the Xinjiang
+# hours behind Beijing time, or UT +06. The government of the Xinjiang
# Uyghur Autonomous Region, (XAUR, or just Xinjiang for short) as well as
# local governments such as the Ürümqi city government use both times in
# publications, referring to what is popularly called Xinjiang time as
@@ -491,8 +493,8 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# having the same time as Beijing.
# From Paul Eggert (2014-06-30):
-# In the early days of the PRC, Tibet was given its own time zone (UT+6) but
-# this was withdrawn in 1959 and never reinstated; see Tubten Khétsun,
+# In the early days of the PRC, Tibet was given its own time zone (UT +06)
+# but this was withdrawn in 1959 and never reinstated; see Tubten Khétsun,
# Memories of life in Lhasa under Chinese Rule, Columbia U Press, ISBN
# 978-0231142861 (2008), translator's introduction by Matthew Akester, p x.
# As this is before our 1970 cutoff, Tibet doesn't need a separate zone.
@@ -506,12 +508,12 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Republics, the Soviet Union, the Kuomintang, and the People's Republic of
# China, and tracking down all these organizations' timekeeping rules would be
# quite a trick. Approximate this lost history by a transition from LMT to
-# XJT at the start of 1928, the year of accession of the warlord Jin Shuren,
+# UT +06 at the start of 1928, the year of accession of the warlord Jin Shuren,
# which happens to be the date given by Shanks & Pottenger (no doubt as a
-# guess) as the transition from LMT. Ignore the usage of UT+8 before
-# 1986-02-01 under the theory that the transition date to UT+8 is unknown and
+# guess) as the transition from LMT. Ignore the usage of +08 before
+# 1986-02-01 under the theory that the transition date to +08 is unknown and
# that the sort of users who prefer Asia/Urumqi now typically ignored the
-# UT+8 mandate back then.
+# +08 mandate back then.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# Beijing time, used throughout China; represented by Shanghai.
@@ -716,7 +718,7 @@ Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:42 - LMT 1904 Oct 30
# be found from historical government announcement database.
# From Paul Eggert (2014-07-03):
-# As per Yu-Cheng Chuang, say that Taiwan was at UT+9 from 1937-10-01
+# As per Yu-Cheng Chuang, say that Taiwan was at UT +09 from 1937-10-01
# until 1945-09-21 at 01:00, overriding Shanks & Pottenger.
# Likewise, use Yu-Cheng Chuang's data for DST in Taiwan.
@@ -830,16 +832,15 @@ Link Asia/Nicosia Europe/Nicosia
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:11 - LMT 1880
2:59:11 - TBMT 1924 May 2 # Tbilisi Mean Time
- 3:00 - TBIT 1957 Mar # Tbilisi Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia TBI%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 3:00 1:00 TBIST 1991 Apr 9 # independence
- 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 1992 # Georgia Time
- 3:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1994 Sep lastSun
- 4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1996 Oct lastSun
- 4:00 1:00 GEST 1997 Mar lastSun
- 4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 2004 Jun 27
- 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 2005 Mar lastSun 2:00
- 4:00 - GET
+ 3:00 - +03 1957 Mar
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1992
+ 3:00 E-EurAsia +03/+04 1994 Sep lastSun
+ 4:00 E-EurAsia +04/+05 1996 Oct lastSun
+ 4:00 1:00 +05 1997 Mar lastSun
+ 4:00 E-EurAsia +04/+05 2004 Jun 27
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 2005 Mar lastSun 2:00
+ 4:00 - +04
# East Timor
@@ -874,6 +875,15 @@ Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
9:00 - TLT
# India
+
+# From Ian P. Beacock, in "A brief history of (modern) time", The Atlantic
+# http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/
+# (2015-12-22):
+# In January 1906, several thousand cotton-mill workers rioted on the
+# outskirts of Bombay.... They were protesting the proposed abolition of
+# local time in favor of Indian Standard Time.... Journalists called this
+# dispute the "Battle of the Clocks." It lasted nearly half a century.
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
@@ -907,7 +917,7 @@ Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
# These would be the earliest possible times for a change.
# Régimes horaires pour le monde entier, by Henri Le Corre, (Éditions
# Traditionnelles, 1987, Paris) says that Java and Madura switched
-# from JST to UTC+07:30 on 1945-09-23, and gives 1944-09-01 for Jayapura
+# from UT +09 to +07:30 on 1945-09-23, and gives 1944-09-01 for Jayapura
# (Hollandia). For now, assume all Indonesian locations other than Jayapura
# switched on 1945-09-23.
#
@@ -918,11 +928,11 @@ Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
# summary published by the Time and Frequency Laboratory of the
# Research Center for Calibration, Instrumentation and Metrology,
# Indonesia, <http://time.kim.lipi.go.id/time-eng.php> (2006-09-29).
-# The abbreviations are:
+# The time zone abbreviations and UT offsets are:
#
-# WIB - UTC+7 - Waktu Indonesia Barat (Indonesia western time)
-# WITA - UTC+8 - Waktu Indonesia Tengah (Indonesia central time)
-# WIT - UTC+9 - Waktu Indonesia Timur (Indonesia eastern time)
+# WIB - +07 - Waktu Indonesia Barat (Indonesia western time)
+# WITA - +08 - Waktu Indonesia Tengah (Indonesia central time)
+# WIT - +09 - Waktu Indonesia Timur (Indonesia eastern time)
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# Java, Sumatra
@@ -1084,8 +1094,15 @@ Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
+#
+# The following rules are approximations starting in the year 2038.
+# These are the best post-2037 approximations available, given the
+# restrictions of a single rule using a Gregorian-based data format.
+# At some point this table will need to be extended, though quite
+# possibly Iran will change the rules first.
+Rule Iran 2036 max - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Iran 2036 max - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916
3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time
@@ -1542,23 +1559,6 @@ Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
# Kazakhstan
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
-# Andrew Evtichov (1996-04-13) writes that Kazakhstan
-# stayed in sync with Moscow after 1990, and that Aqtobe (formerly Aktyubinsk)
-# and Aqtau (formerly Shevchenko) are the largest cities in their zones.
-# Guess that Aqtau and Aqtobe diverged in 1995, since that's the first time
-# IATA SSIM mentions a third time zone in Kazakhstan.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# German Iofis, ELSI, Almaty (2001-10-09) reports that Kazakhstan uses
-# RussiaAsia rules, instead of switching at 00:00 as the IATA has it.
-# Go with Shanks & Pottenger, who have them always using RussiaAsia rules.
-# Also go with the following claims of Shanks & Pottenger:
-#
-# - Kazakhstan did not observe DST in 1991.
-# - Qyzylorda switched from +5:00 to +6:00 on 1992-01-19 02:00.
-# - Oral switched from +5:00 to +4:00 in spring 1989.
-
# From Kazakhstan Embassy's News Bulletin No. 11
# <http://www.kazsociety.org.uk/news/2005/03/30.htm> (2005-03-21):
# The Government of Kazakhstan passed a resolution March 15 abolishing
@@ -1575,61 +1575,232 @@ Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
# everything else.... I guess that would make Kazakhstan time zones
# de jure UTC+5 and UTC+6 respectively.
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-27) ([*] means see later comments below):
+# Review of the linked documents from http://adilet.zan.kz/
+# produced the following data for post-1991 Kazakhstan:
+#
+# 0. Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR
+# from 1991-02-04 No. 20
+# http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?docbody=&nd=102010545
+# removed the extra hour ("decree time") on the territory of the USSR
+# starting with the last Sunday of March 1991.
+# It also allowed (but not mandated) Kazakh SSR, Kirghiz SSR, Tajik SSR,
+# Turkmen SSR and Uzbek SSR to not have "summer" time.
+#
+# The 1992-01-13 act also refers to the act of the Cabinet of Ministers
+# of the Kazakh SSR from 1991-03-20 No. 170 "About the act of the Cabinet
+# of Ministers of the USSR from 1991-02-04 No. 20" but I didn't found its
+# text.
+#
+# According to Izvestia newspaper No. 68 (23334) from 1991-03-20
+# (page 6; available at http://libinfo.org/newsr/newsr2574.djvu via
+# http://libinfo.org/index.php?id=58564) on 1991-03-31 at 2:00 during
+# transition to "summer" time:
+# Republic of Georgia, Latvian SSR, Lithuanian SSR, SSR Moldova,
+# Estonian SSR; Komi ASSR; Kaliningrad oblast; Nenets autonomous okrug
+# were to move clocks 1 hour forward.
+# Kazakh SSR (excluding Uralsk oblast); Republic of Kyrgyzstan, Tajik
+# SSR; Andijan, Jizzakh, Namangan, Sirdarya, Tashkent, Fergana oblasts
+# of the Uzbek SSR were to move clocks 1 hour backwards.
+# Other territories were to not move clocks.
+# When the "summer" time would end on 1991-09-29, clocks were to be
+# moved 1 hour backwards on the territory of the USSR excluding
+# Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenia, Tajikistan.
+#
+# Apparently there were last minute changes. Apparently Kazakh act No. 170
+# was one of such changes.
+#
+# https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Декретное время
+# claims that Sovetskaya Rossiya newspaper on 1991-03-29 published that
+# Nenets autonomous okrug, Komi and Kazakhstan (excluding Uralsk oblast)
+# were to not move clocks and Uralsk oblast was to move clocks
+# forward; on 1991-09-29 Kazakhstan was to move clocks backwards.
+# (Probably there were changes even after that publication. There is an
+# article claiming that Kaliningrad oblast decided on 1991-03-29 to not
+# move clocks.)
+#
+# This implies that on 1991-03-31 Asia/Oral remained on +04/+05 while
+# the rest of Kazakhstan switched from +06/+07 to +05/06 or from +05/06
+# to +04/+05. It's unclear how Kzyl-Orda oblast moved into the fifth
+# time belt. (By switching from +04/+05 to +05/+06 on 1991-09-29?) ...
+#
+# 1. Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1992-01-13 No. 28
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P920000028_
+# (text includes modification from the 1996 act)
+# introduced new rules for calculation of time, mirroring Russian
+# 1992-01-08 act. It specified that time would be calculated
+# according to time belts plus extra hour ("decree time"), moved clocks
+# on the whole territory of Kazakhstan 1 hour forward on 1992-01-19 at
+# 2:00, specified DST rules. It acknowledged that Kazakhstan was
+# located in the fourth and the fifth time belts and specified the
+# border between them to be located east of Kustanay and Aktyubinsk
+# oblasts (notably including Turgai and Kzyl-Orda oblasts into the fifth
+# time belt).
+#
+# This means switch on 1992-01-19 at 2:00 from +04/+05 to +05/+06 for
+# Asia/Aqtau, Asia/Aqtobe, Asia/Oral, Atyrau and Kustanay oblasts; from
+# +05/+06 to +06/+07 for Asia/Almaty and Asia/Qyzylorda (and Arkalyk) [*]....
+#
+# 2. Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1992-03-27 No. 284
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P920000284_
+# cancels extra hour ("decree time") for Uralsk and Kzyl-Orda oblasts
+# since the last Sunday of March 1992, while keeping them in the fourth
+# and the fifth time belts respectively.
+#
+# 3. Order of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1994-09-23 No. 384
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/R940000384_
+# cancels the extra hour ("decree time") on the territory of Mangystau
+# oblast since the last Sunday of September 1994 (saying that time on
+# the territory would correspond to the third time belt as a
+# result)....
+#
+# 4. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1996-05-08 No. 575
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P960000575_
+# amends the 1992-01-13 act to end summer time in October instead
+# of September, mirroring identical Russian change from 1996-04-23 act.
+#
+# 5. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1999-03-26 No. 305
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P990000305_
+# cancels the extra hour ("decree time") for Atyrau oblast since the
+# last Sunday of March 1999 while retaining the oblast in the fourth
+# time belt.
+#
+# This means change from +05/+06 to +04/+05.
+#
+# There is no zone for Atyrau currently (listed under Asia/Aqtau in
+# zone1970.tab).[*]
+#
+# 6. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2000-11-23 No. 1749
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/archive/docs/P000001749_/23.11.2000
+# replaces the previous five documents.
+#
+# The only changes I noticed are in definition of the border between the
+# fourth and the fifth time belts. They account for changes in spelling
+# and administrative division (splitting of Turgai oblast in 1997
+# probably changed time in territories incorporated into Kostanay oblast
+# (including Arkalyk) from +06/+07 to +05/+06) and move Kyzylorda oblast
+# from being in the fifth time belt and not using decree time into the
+# fourth time belt (no change in practice).[*]
+#
+# 7. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2003-12-29 No. 1342
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P030001342_
+# modified the 2000-11-23 act. No relevant changes, apparently.
+#
+# 8. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2004-07-20 No. 775
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/archive/docs/P040000775_/20.07.2004
+# modified the 2000-11-23 act to move Kostanay and Kyzylorda oblasts into
+# the fifth time belt and add Aktobe oblast to the list of regions not
+# using extra hour ("decree time"), leaving Kazakhstan with only 2 time
+# zones (+04/+05 and +06/+07). The changes were to be implemented
+# during DST transitions in 2004 and 2005 but the acts got radically
+# amended before implementation happened.
+#
+# 9. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2004-09-15 No. 1059
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P040001059_
+# modified the 2000-11-23 act to remove exceptions from the "decree time"
+# (leaving Kazakhstan in +05/+06 and +06/+07 zones), amended the
+# 2004-07-20 act to implement changes for Atyrau, West Kazakhstan,
+# Kostanay, Kyzylorda and Mangystau oblasts by not moving clocks
+# during the 2014 transition to "winter" time.
+#
+# This means transition from +04/+05 to +05/+06 for Atyrau oblast (no
+# zone currently), Asia/Oral, Asia/Aqtau and transition from +05/+06 to
+# +06/+07 for Kostanay oblast (Kostanay and Arkalyk, no zones currently)
+# and Asia/Qyzylorda on 2004-10-31 at 3:00....[*]
+#
+# 10. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2005-03-15 No. 231
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P050000231_
+# removes DST provisions from the 2000-11-23 act, removes most of the
+# (already implemented) provisions from the 2004-07-20 and 2004-09-15
+# acts, comes into effect 10 days after official publication.
+# The only practical effect seems to be the abolition of the summer
+# time.
+#
+# Unamended version of the act of the Government of the Russian Federation
+# No. 23 from 1992-01-08 [See 'europe' file for details].
+# Kazakh 1992-01-13 act appears to provide the same rules and 1992-03-27
+# act was to be enacted on the last Sunday of March 1992.
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-04-15):
+# The tables below should reflect Stepan Golosunov's remarks above,
+# except for the items marked "[*]" which I haven't gotten to yet.
+# It looks like we will need new zones Asia/Atyrau and Asia/Qostanay
+# to handle changes from 1992 through 2004 that we did not previously
+# know about.
+
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
#
# Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), representing most locations in Kazakhstan
+# This includes KZ-AKM, KZ-ALA, KZ-ALM, KZ-AST, KZ-BAY, KZ-VOS, KZ-ZHA,
+# KZ-KAR, KZ-SEV, KZ-PAV, and KZ-YUZ.
Zone Asia/Almaty 5:07:48 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Alma-Ata
- 5:00 - ALMT 1930 Jun 21 # Alma-Ata Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 1991
- 6:00 - ALMT 1992
- 6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 2005 Mar 15
- 6:00 - ALMT
-# Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.)
+ 5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06
+# Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.) (KZ-KZY)
Zone Asia/Qyzylorda 4:21:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 4:00 - KIZT 1930 Jun 21 # Kizilorda Time
- 5:00 - KIZT 1981 Apr 1
- 5:00 1:00 KIZST 1981 Oct 1
- 6:00 - KIZT 1982 Apr 1
- 5:00 RussiaAsia KIZ%sT 1991
- 5:00 - KIZT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
- 5:00 - QYZT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
- 6:00 RussiaAsia QYZ%sT 2005 Mar 15
- 6:00 - QYZT
-# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Aktyubinsk)
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
+ 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06
+# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Aktyubinsk) (KZ-AKT)
Zone Asia/Aqtobe 3:48:40 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 4:00 - AKTT 1930 Jun 21 # Aktyubinsk Time
- 5:00 - AKTT 1981 Apr 1
- 5:00 1:00 AKTST 1981 Oct 1
- 6:00 - AKTT 1982 Apr 1
- 5:00 RussiaAsia AKT%sT 1991
- 5:00 - AKTT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
- 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 2005 Mar 15 # Aqtobe Time
- 5:00 - AQTT
-# Mangghystau
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
+ 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 - +05
+# Qostanay (KZ-KUS)
+
+# Mangghystau (KZ-MAN)
# Aqtau was not founded until 1963, but it represents an inhabited region,
# so include time stamps before 1963.
Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 4:00 - FORT 1930 Jun 21 # Fort Shevchenko T
- 5:00 - FORT 1963
- 5:00 - SHET 1981 Oct 1 # Shevchenko Time
- 6:00 - SHET 1982 Apr 1
- 5:00 RussiaAsia SHE%sT 1991
- 5:00 - SHET 1991 Dec 16 # independence
- 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 1995 Mar lastSun 2:00 # Aqtau Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 2005 Mar 15
- 5:00 - AQTT
-# West Kazakhstan
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1963
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1994 Sep 25 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 - +05
+
+# West Kazakhstan (KZ-ZAP)
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk
- 4:00 - URAT 1930 Jun 21 # Ural'sk time
- 5:00 - URAT 1981 Apr 1
- 5:00 1:00 URAST 1981 Oct 1
- 6:00 - URAT 1982 Apr 1
- 5:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00
- 4:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1991
- 4:00 - URAT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
- 4:00 RussiaAsia ORA%sT 2005 Mar 15 # Oral Time
- 5:00 - ORAT
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
+ 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 - +05
# Kyrgyzstan (Kirgizstan)
# Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks & Pottenger.
@@ -1650,11 +1821,11 @@ Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:30 1:00 S
Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2004 - Oct lastSun 2:30 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 5:00 - FRUT 1930 Jun 21 # Frunze Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia FRU%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 5:00 1:00 FRUST 1991 Aug 31 2:00 # independence
- 5:00 Kyrgyz KG%sT 2005 Aug 12 # Kyrgyzstan Time
- 6:00 - KGT
+ 5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Aug 31 2:00
+ 5:00 Kyrgyz +05/+06 2005 Aug 12
+ 6:00 - +06
###############################################################################
@@ -1693,25 +1864,24 @@ Rule ROK 1957 1960 - Sep Sun>=18 0:00 0 S
Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun>=8 3:00 0 S
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-30):
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-08-23):
# The Korean Wikipedia entry gives the following sources for UT offsets:
#
-# 1908: Official Journal Article No. 3994 (Edict No. 5)
+# 1908: Official Journal Article No. 3994 (decree No. 5)
# 1912: Governor-General of Korea Official Gazette Issue No. 367
# (Announcement No. 338)
# 1954: Presidential Decree No. 876 (1954-03-17)
# 1961: Law No. 676 (1961-08-07)
-# 1987: Law No. 3919 (1986-12-31)
#
-# The Wikipedia entry also has confusing information about a change
-# to UT+9 in April 1910, but then what would be the point of the later change
-# to UT+9 on 1912-01-01? Omit the 1910 change for now.
+# (Another source "1987: Law No. 3919 (1986-12-31)" was in the 2014-10-30
+# edition of the Korean Wikipedia entry.)
#
# I guessed that time zone abbreviations through 1945 followed the same
# rules as discussed under Taiwan, with nominal switches from JST to KST
# when the respective cities were taken over by the Allies after WWII.
#
-# For Pyongyang we have no information; guess no changes since World War II.
+# For Pyongyang, guess no changes from World War II until 2015, as we
+# have no information otherwise.
# From Steffen Thorsen (2015-08-07):
# According to many news sources, North Korea is going to change to
@@ -1871,7 +2041,7 @@ Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
# Bill Bonnet (2005-05-19) reports that the US Embassy in Ulaanbaatar says
# there is only one time zone and that DST is observed, citing Microsoft
# Windows XP as the source. Risto Nykänen (2005-05-16) reports that
-# travelmongolia.org says there are two time zones (UTC+7, UTC+8) with no DST.
+# travelmongolia.org says there are two time zones (UT +07, +08) with no DST.
# Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-20) reports that the Mongolian Embassy in
# Washington, DC says there are two time zones, with DST observed.
# He also found
@@ -2111,8 +2281,8 @@ Zone Asia/Kathmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920
# http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=99374&Itemid=2
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:01 1:00 S
-Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:01 0 -
+Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:00 1:00 S
+Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:00 0 -
Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Pakistan 2008 2009 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -2380,6 +2550,16 @@ Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
# http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/gaza-strip/gaza
# http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/hebron
+# From Hannah Kreitem (2016-03-09):
+# http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/WebSite/ar/ViewDetails?ID=31728
+# [Google translation]: "The Council also decided to start daylight
+# saving in Palestine as of one o'clock on Saturday morning,
+# 2016-03-26, to provide the clock 60 minutes ahead."
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-12):
+# Predict spring transitions on March's last Saturday at 01:00 from now on.
+# Leave fall predictions alone for now.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
Rule EgyptAsia 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
@@ -2408,7 +2588,8 @@ Rule Palestine 2012 2014 - Mar lastThu 24:00 1:00 S
Rule Palestine 2012 only - Sep 21 1:00 0 -
Rule Palestine 2013 only - Sep Fri>=21 0:00 0 -
Rule Palestine 2014 max - Oct Fri>=21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Palestine 2015 max - Mar lastFri 24:00 1:00 S
+Rule Palestine 2015 only - Mar lastFri 24:00 1:00 S
+Rule Palestine 2016 max - Mar lastSat 1:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct
@@ -2496,7 +2677,7 @@ Link Asia/Qatar Asia/Bahrain
# earlier date.
#
# Shanks & Pottenger also state that until 1968-05-01 Saudi Arabia had two
-# time zones; the other zone, at UTC+4, was in the far eastern part of
+# time zones; the other zone, at UT +04, was in the far eastern part of
# the country. Ignore this, as it's before our 1970 cutoff.
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -2765,10 +2946,10 @@ Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq
# From Shanks & Pottenger.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 5:00 - DUST 1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 5:00 1:00 DUSST 1991 Sep 9 2:00s
- 5:00 - TJT # Tajikistan Time
+ 5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 1:00 +05/+06 1991 Sep 9 2:00s
+ 5:00 - +05
# Thailand
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -2782,11 +2963,10 @@ Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Vientiane # Laos
# From Shanks & Pottenger.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad
- 4:00 - ASHT 1930 Jun 21 # Ashkhabad Time
- 5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
- 4:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Oct 27 # independence
- 4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
- 5:00 - TMT
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00
+ 5:00 - +05
# United Arab Emirates
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -2798,20 +2978,18 @@ Link Asia/Dubai Asia/Muscat # Oman
# Byalokoz 1919 says Uzbekistan was 4:27:53.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:53 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 4:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21 # Samarkand Time
- 5:00 - SAMT 1981 Apr 1
- 5:00 1:00 SAMST 1981 Oct 1
- 6:00 - TAST 1982 Apr 1 # Tashkent Time
- 5:00 RussiaAsia SAM%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
- 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
- 5:00 - UZT
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
+ 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992
+ 5:00 - +05
# Milne says Tashkent was 4:37:10.8; round to nearest.
Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:11 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 5:00 - TAST 1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
- 5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
- 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
- 5:00 - UZT
+ 5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992
+ 5:00 - +05
# Vietnam