Diffstat (limited to 'README')
1 files changed, 97 insertions, 98 deletions
@@ -1,5 +1,5 @@
- Version 3.5
+ Version 3.8beta1
and a cast of dozens
@@ -21,46 +21,47 @@ Version 3 has many bug fixes from version 2.5, and it has also been
reorganized in a major way to make it easy to port to other platforms.
All system dependent code is now contained in one file.
-Top now includes a configuration script called "Configure". It helps
-the installer choose the correct parameters for this particular
-installation. This script MUST be run before attempting to compile top.
-Top requires read access to the memory files "/dev/kmem" and "/dev/mem"
-as well as the system image "/vmunix". Some installations have these
-files protected from general access. These sites would have to install
-this program in the same way that programs such as "ps" are installed.
-In addition, on those Unix variants that support the proc filesystem
-(such as SVR4 and Solaris 2), top requires read access to all the files
-in /proc: typically dictating that top be installed setuid to root.
+Starting with version 3.6, top includes a "configure" script generated
+by Gnu's autoconf. This script MUST be run before attempting to
+compile top. It will explore the system and generate approriate
+contents for Makefile, config.h, and top.1.
+On some systems, top requires read access to the memory files
+"/dev/kmem" and "/dev/mem" as well as the system's kernel image. Most
+installations have these files protected from general access. These
+sites would have to install this program in the same way that programs
+such as "ps" are installed. On most systems with a /proc file system,
+top will try to read everything it can from /proc, but may need extra
+permissions to do so. The configure script will determine the
+permissions needed by the top binary, and a "make install" as root
+will get the binary installed correctly. Sometimes this requires that
+the binary be installed with set-group-id privileges and, in rare
+cases, set-user-id to root.
CAVEAT: version 3 of top has internal commands that kill and renice
processes. Although I have taken steps to insure that top makes
appropriate checks with these commands, I cannot guarantee that these
-internal commands are totally secure. IF YOU INSTALL top as a SETUID
-program, you do so AT YOUR OWN RISK! I realize that some operating
-systems will require top to run setuid, and I will do everything I can
-to make sure that top is a secure setuid program.
-Configure will ask you to input values for certain parameters. Before
-each parameter, Configure will display a description of what the
-parameter does. Read the description and choose an appropriate value.
-Sometimes a default will appear in brackets. Typing just return will
-choose the default.
-System support now takes the form of "modules". Adding support for
-a different architecture requires only adding a module. Configure
-asks which module to use when it is configuring top. See the file
-"Porting" for a description of how to write your own module.
+internal commands are totally secure. IF YOU INSTALL top SET-USER-ID
+TO ROOT, YOU DO SO AT YOUR OWN RISK! I realize that some operating
+systems will require top to run setuid root, and I will do everything
+I can to make sure that top is a secure setuid program.
+System support now takes the form of "modules". Adding support for a
+different architecture requires only adding a module. These modules
+are contained in the subdirectory "machine". The "configure" script
+automatically determines which module is approproate. However, it may
+not be able to determine what the correct module is. This can happen
+either because it doesn't know about the system or there is no module
+to support the system. In the former case, if you know which module
+to use, you can force "configure" to choose a particular module with
+the option "--with-module". For example, if you want to force the use
+of the svr4 module (which appears as "machine/m_svr4.c") then use
+"configure --with-module=svr4" to generate the correct Makefile. See
+the file "Porting" for a description of how to write your own module.
To compile and install "top", read the file "INSTALL" and follow the
directions and advice contained therein.
-Once you have created a binary for one particular type of machine, you
-can reconfigure for another type with "./Configure modulename" where
-"modulename" is replaced with the appropriate module name. All other
-parameter values are kept the same. Note that in some cases this may
-not be appropriate.
If you make any kind of change to "top" that you feel would be
beneficial to others who use this program, or if you find and fix a bug,
please send me the change.
@@ -69,33 +70,50 @@ Be sure to read the FAQ enclosed with the distrubution. It contains
answers to the most commonly asked questions about the configuration,
installation, and operation of top.
+Version 3.6 incorporated the idea of using ANSI color sequences to
+enhance information on the screen. By default, no color is used. But
+you can configure the use of color through the environment variable
+TOPCOLORS (or, for compatibility, TOPCOLOURS). The interface is
+identical to the one first implemented by firstname.lastname@example.org, but
+the implementation is entirely different. The option -C can be used
+to diable the feature entirely.
+Any information at the top of the screen can be enhanced with color.
+However, due to implementation difficulties, the per-process area
+cannot be color-enhanced. A complete description of color support can
+be found in the man page. References for ANSI color codes can be
+found all over the Internet, but if you want a handy reference, look
-The latest version of "top" is now being made available via anonymous
-FTP from the host "ftp.groupsys.com" in the directory "/pub/top".
-Additional modules will be made available in the directory
-"/pub/top/m". The site "eecs.nwu.edu" will continue to house copies
-of the distribution as well.
+Note that top is now a sourceforge project! Its project name is
+"unixtop" and you can access its project page here:
-Here are HTML links for the four best "top" archive sites:
+On the project page you can find more information and access the
+official bug and feature request trackers. If you find a bug,
+want to request a feature, or need help, please submit a request
+to the appropriate tracker on sourceforge. Thank you.
-<A HREF="ftp://ftp.groupsys.com/pub/top">Top archive (groupsys.com)</A>
-<A HREF="ftp://eecs.nwu.edu/pub/top">Top archive (eecs.nwu.edu)</A>
-<A HREF="ftp://pharos.dgim.doc.ca/packages/top"> Top mirror (dgim.doc.ca)</A>
-<A HREF="ftp://uiarchive.uiuc.edu/pub/packages/top/">Top mirror (uiuc.edu)</A>
+Subversion access is also provided by Sourceforge. If Subversion is
+installed on your system you can check out the project with the
-New releases will be posted to comp.sources.unix as they become
-available. Sites which arhive that newsgroup will also contain copies
-of the distribution.
+ svn co https://svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/unixtop unixtop
-Announcements about availability will be made to the mailing list
-"email@example.com". This is an open list maintained by
-majordomo. To join the list, send a message containing the word
-"subscribe" to "firstname.lastname@example.org". Addresses of
-subscribers to this list are kept confidential and will never be used
-for any purpose other than as recipients of announements concerning
+There is also a web site dedicated to the project, and it is here:
+The latest version of "top" is available as a download through
+sourceforge. Start here to access the downloadable files:
@@ -115,6 +133,16 @@ make sure the include files you are using are up to date BEFORE
sending me a bug report. Look in the gcc source distribution for the
shell script "fixincludes".
+Since I don't have full time root access to a MacOS X system I cannot
+provide effective support for the platform. MacOS X uses Mach, and it
+is very difficult to extract accurate system and process information
+from the system. It takes a lot of trial and error, along with root
+access. I have included the most up-to-date version of the macosx module
+in the distribution, but I do not claim that it works. If you want to
+try to use it, you can configure with "./configure --with-module=macosx".
In their infinite wisdom, the folks at HP have decided that mere mortals
@@ -127,31 +155,6 @@ information. I have no immediate solution for this problem, but hope to
obtain a sufficiently complete definition of "struct proc" at some point in
the near future. Stay tuned.
-DIGITAL UNIX 4.0 (DECOSF/1 V4.0)
-A user has reported that idle processes are not displayed regardless
-of the flags used when invoking top. We have not had time to track
-this problem down.
-There is a bug either in the module, in utils.c, or in DEC's optimizer that
-is tickled by the decosf1 module when compiled under V3.0 (and perhaps
-earlier versions). Top compiled using DEC's compiler with optimization
-will consistently produce a segmentation fault (in format_next_process
-while calling sprintf). To work around this problem, either compile top
-with gcc or turn off optimization (compile without -O). We think that
-one of the bugs fixed in utils.c fixed this problem as well, but we are
-System V R 4.2
-Load average and memory displays do not work. The problem has been
-traced down to a potential bug in the "mem" driver. The author
-of the svr42 module is working on a fix.
@@ -159,34 +162,30 @@ My perpetual thanks to all the people who have helped me support top
on so many platforms. Without these people, top would not be what it
is. Here is a partial list of contributors and other individuals.
- Robert Boucher <email@example.com>
- Marc Cohen <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- David Cutter <email@example.com>
- Casper Dik <Casper.Dik@Sun.COM>
- Charles Hedrick <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Andrew Herbert <email@example.com>
- Jeff Janvrin <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Torsten Kasch <email@example.com>
- Petri Kutvonen <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- William L. Jones <jones@chpc>
- Tim Pugh <email@example.com>
- Steve Scherf <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Phillip Wu <email@example.com>
+ Robert Boucher, Marc Cohen, David Cutter, Casper Dik,
+ Charles Hedrick, Andrew Herbert, Jeff Janvrin, Torsten Kasch,
+ Petri Kutvonen, William L. Jones, Tim Pugh, Steve Scherf,
+ Phillip Wu
(My apologies if I missed anyone.)
+Top is distributed free of charge under the same terms as the BSD
+license. For an official statement, please refer to the file "LICENSE"
+which should be included with the source distribution.
- William LeFebvre
- Group sys Consulting
+If you wish to contact me, please send a message to the sourceforge
+ William LeFebvre
U.S. Mail address:
- Group sys Consulting
11585 Jones Bridge Road
- Suite 420-139
- Alpharetta, GA 30022
- (770) 813-3224
+ Suite 420 PMB 139
+ Alpharetta, GA 30202