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+ - Notes on Perl
+ - Notes on Perl on Windows
+ - Notes on Perl modules we use
+ - Notes on installing a perl module
+ Notes on Perl
+ For our scripts, we rely quite a bit on Perl, and increasingly on
+ some core Perl modules. These Perl modules are part of the Perl
+ source, so if you build Perl on your own, you should be set.
+ However, if you install Perl as binary packages, the outcome might
+ differ, and you may have to check that you do get the core modules
+ installed properly. We do not claim to know them all, but experience
+ has told us the following:
+ - on Linux distributions based on Debian, the package 'perl' will
+ install the core Perl modules as well, so you will be fine.
+ - on Linux distributions based on RPMs, you will need to install
+ 'perl-core' rather than just 'perl'.
+ You MUST have at least Perl version 5.10.0 installed. This minimum
+ requirement is due to our use of regexp backslash sequence \R among
+ other features that didn't exist in core Perl before that version.
+ Notes on Perl on Windows
+ There are a number of build targets that can be viewed as "Windows".
+ Indeed, there are VC-* configs targeting VisualStudio C, as well as
+ MinGW and Cygwin. The key recommendation is to use "matching" Perl,
+ one that matches build environment. For example, if you will build
+ on Cygwin be sure to use the Cygwin package manager to install Perl.
+ For MSYS builds use the MSYS provided Perl. For VC-* builds we
+ recommend ActiveState Perl, available from
+ Notes on Perl on VMS
+ You will need to install Perl separately. One way to do so is to
+ download the source from http://perl.org/, unpacking it, reading
+ README.vms and follow the instructions. Another way is to download a
+ .PCSI file from http://www.vmsperl.com/ and install it using the
+ POLYCENTER install tool.
+ Notes on Perl modules we use
+ We make increasing use of Perl modules, and do our best to limit
+ ourselves to core Perl modules to keep the requirements down. There
+ are just a few exceptions:
+ Test::More We require the minimum version to be 0.96, which
+ appeared in Perl 5.13.4, because that version was
+ the first to have all the features we're using.
+ This module is required for testing only! If you
+ don't plan on running the tests, you don't need to
+ bother with this one.
+ Text::Template This module is not part of the core Perl modules.
+ As a matter of fact, the core Perl modules do not
+ include any templating module to date.
+ This module is absolutely needed, configuration
+ depends on it.
+ To avoid unnecessary initial hurdles, we have bundled a copy of the
+ following modules in our source. They will work as fallbacks if
+ these modules aren't already installed on the system.
+ Notes on installing a perl module
+ There are a number of ways to install a perl module. In all
+ descriptions below, Text::Template will server as an example.
+ 1. for Linux users, the easiest is to install with the use of your
+ favorite package manager. Usually, all you need to do is search
+ for the module name and to install the package that comes up.
+ On Debian based Linux distributions, it would go like this:
+ $ apt-cache search Text::Template
+ libtext-template-perl - perl module to process text templates
+ $ sudo apt-get install libtext-template-perl
+ Perl modules in Debian based distributions use package names like
+ the name of the module in question, with "lib" prepended and
+ "-perl" appended.
+ 2. Install using CPAN. This is very easy, but usually requires root
+ $ cpan -i Text::Template
+ Note that this runs all the tests that the module to be installed
+ comes with. This is usually a smooth operation, but there are
+ platforms where a failure is indicated even though the actual tests
+ were successful. Should that happen, you can force an
+ installation regardless (that should be safe since you've already
+ seen the tests succeed!):
+ $ cpan -f -i Text::Template
+ Note: on VMS, you must quote any argument that contains upper case
+ characters, so the lines above would be:
+ $ cpan -i "Text::Template"
+ $ cpan -f -i "Text::Template"