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-rw-r--r--africa12
-rw-r--r--antarctica83
-rw-r--r--asia488
-rw-r--r--australasia38
-rw-r--r--backward2
-rw-r--r--etcetera74
-rw-r--r--europe701
-rw-r--r--factory9
-rw-r--r--iso3166.tab6
-rw-r--r--leap-seconds.list13
-rw-r--r--leapseconds6
-rw-r--r--northamerica138
-rw-r--r--southamerica51
-rw-r--r--zone.tab294
-rw-r--r--zone1970.tab303
15 files changed, 1418 insertions, 800 deletions
diff --git a/africa b/africa
index f20d216021b8..d35aaa593e9b 100644
--- a/africa
+++ b/africa
@@ -343,6 +343,12 @@ Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -
# decision to abandon DST permanently. See Ahram Online 2015-04-24.
# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/128509/Egypt/Politics-/Sisi-cancels-daylight-saving-time-in-Egypt.aspx
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2016-04-29):
+# Egypt will have DST from July 7 until the end of October....
+# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContentP/1/204655/Egypt/Daylight-savings-time-returning-to-Egypt-on--July.aspx
+# From Mina Samuel (2016-07-04):
+# Egyptian government took the decision to cancel the DST,
+
Rule Egypt 2008 only - Aug lastThu 24:00 0 -
Rule Egypt 2009 only - Aug 20 24:00 0 -
Rule Egypt 2010 only - Aug 10 24:00 0 -
@@ -458,7 +464,7 @@ Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
# http://www.libyaherald.com/2013/10/24/correction-no-time-change-tomorrow/
#
# From Paul Eggert (2013-10-25):
-# For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UTC+2.
+# For now, assume they're reverting to the pre-2012 rules of permanent UT +02.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Libya 1951 only - Oct 14 2:00 1:00 S
@@ -858,11 +864,11 @@ Rule Morocco 2009 only - Aug 21 0:00 0 -
Rule Morocco 2010 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Morocco 2010 only - Aug 8 0:00 0 -
Rule Morocco 2011 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2011 only - Jul 31 0:00 0 -
Rule Morocco 2012 2013 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
-Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
Rule Morocco 2012 only - Jul 20 3:00 0 -
Rule Morocco 2012 only - Aug 20 2:00 1:00 S
+Rule Morocco 2012 only - Sep 30 3:00 0 -
Rule Morocco 2013 only - Jul 7 3:00 0 -
Rule Morocco 2013 only - Aug 10 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Morocco 2013 max - Oct lastSun 3:00 0 -
diff --git a/antarctica b/antarctica
index 2af088f0b987..0995835752c1 100644
--- a/antarctica
+++ b/antarctica
@@ -10,10 +10,8 @@
# http://www.spri.cam.ac.uk/bob/periant.htm
# for information.
# Unless otherwise specified, we have no time zone information.
-#
-# Except for the French entries,
-# I made up all time zone abbreviations mentioned here; corrections welcome!
-# FORMAT is 'zzz' and GMTOFF is 0 for locations while uninhabited.
+
+# FORMAT is '-00' and GMTOFF is 0 for locations while uninhabited.
# Argentina - year-round bases
# Belgrano II, Confin Coast, -770227-0343737, since 1972-02-05
@@ -29,7 +27,7 @@
# previously sealers and scientific personnel wintered
# Margaret Turner reports
# http://web.archive.org/web/20021204222245/http://www.dstc.qut.edu.au/DST/marg/daylight.html
-# (1999-09-30) that they're UTC+5, with no DST;
+# (1999-09-30) that they're UT +05, with no DST;
# presumably this is when they have visitors.
#
# year-round bases
@@ -67,24 +65,23 @@
# http://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/antartica-time-changes-2010.html
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/Casey 0 - zzz 1969
- 8:00 - AWST 2009 Oct 18 2:00
- # Australian Western Std Time
- 11:00 - CAST 2010 Mar 5 2:00 # Casey Time
- 8:00 - AWST 2011 Oct 28 2:00
- 11:00 - CAST 2012 Feb 21 17:00u
- 8:00 - AWST
-Zone Antarctica/Davis 0 - zzz 1957 Jan 13
- 7:00 - DAVT 1964 Nov # Davis Time
- 0 - zzz 1969 Feb
- 7:00 - DAVT 2009 Oct 18 2:00
- 5:00 - DAVT 2010 Mar 10 20:00u
- 7:00 - DAVT 2011 Oct 28 2:00
- 5:00 - DAVT 2012 Feb 21 20:00u
- 7:00 - DAVT
-Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0 - zzz 1954 Feb 13
- 6:00 - MAWT 2009 Oct 18 2:00 # Mawson Time
- 5:00 - MAWT
+Zone Antarctica/Casey 0 - -00 1969
+ 8:00 - +08 2009 Oct 18 2:00
+ 11:00 - +11 2010 Mar 5 2:00
+ 8:00 - +08 2011 Oct 28 2:00
+ 11:00 - +11 2012 Feb 21 17:00u
+ 8:00 - +08
+Zone Antarctica/Davis 0 - -00 1957 Jan 13
+ 7:00 - +07 1964 Nov
+ 0 - -00 1969 Feb
+ 7:00 - +07 2009 Oct 18 2:00
+ 5:00 - +05 2010 Mar 10 20:00u
+ 7:00 - +07 2011 Oct 28 2:00
+ 5:00 - +05 2012 Feb 21 20:00u
+ 7:00 - +07
+Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0 - -00 1954 Feb 13
+ 6:00 - +06 2009 Oct 18 2:00
+ 5:00 - +05
# References:
# Casey Weather (1998-02-26)
# http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/casey/casey_aws.html
@@ -137,8 +134,8 @@ Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0 - zzz 1954 Feb 13
# fishing stations operated variously 1819/1931
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Kerguelen 0 - zzz 1950 # Port-aux-Français
- 5:00 - TFT # ISO code TF Time
+Zone Indian/Kerguelen 0 - -00 1950 # Port-aux-Français
+ 5:00 - +05
#
# year-round base in the main continent
# Dumont d'Urville, Île des Pétrels, -6640+14001, since 1956-11
@@ -148,10 +145,10 @@ Zone Indian/Kerguelen 0 - zzz 1950 # Port-aux-Français
# It was destroyed by fire on 1952-01-14.
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/DumontDUrville 0 - zzz 1947
- 10:00 - PMT 1952 Jan 14 # Port-Martin Time
- 0 - zzz 1956 Nov
- 10:00 - DDUT # Dumont-d'Urville Time
+Zone Antarctica/DumontDUrville 0 - -00 1947
+ 10:00 - +10 1952 Jan 14
+ 0 - -00 1956 Nov
+ 10:00 - +10
# France & Italy - year-round base
# Concordia, -750600+1232000, since 2005
@@ -176,8 +173,8 @@ Zone Antarctica/DumontDUrville 0 - zzz 1947
# was established on 1957-01-29. Since Syowa station is still the main
# station of Japan, it's appropriate for the principal location.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/Syowa 0 - zzz 1957 Jan 29
- 3:00 - SYOT # Syowa Time
+Zone Antarctica/Syowa 0 - -00 1957 Jan 29
+ 3:00 - +03
# See:
# NIPR Antarctic Research Activities (1999-08-17)
# http://www.nipr.ac.jp/english/ara01.html
@@ -214,19 +211,19 @@ Zone Antarctica/Syowa 0 - zzz 1957 Jan 29
# correct, but they should be quite close to the actual dates.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2014-03-21):
-# The CET-switching Troll rules require zic from tzcode 2014b or later, so as
+# The CET-switching Troll rules require zic from tz 2014b or later, so as
# suggested by Bengt-Inge Larsson comment them out for now, and approximate
# with only UTC and CEST. Uncomment them when 2014b is more prevalent.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-#Rule Troll 2005 max - Mar 1 1:00u 1:00 CET
-Rule Troll 2005 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 2:00 CEST
-#Rule Troll 2005 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 1:00 CET
-#Rule Troll 2004 max - Nov 7 1:00u 0:00 UTC
+#Rule Troll 2005 max - Mar 1 1:00u 1:00 +01
+Rule Troll 2005 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 2:00 +02
+#Rule Troll 2005 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 1:00 +01
+#Rule Troll 2004 max - Nov 7 1:00u 0:00 +00
# Remove the following line when uncommenting the above '#Rule' lines.
-Rule Troll 2004 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0:00 UTC
+Rule Troll 2004 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0:00 +00
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/Troll 0 - zzz 2005 Feb 12
+Zone Antarctica/Troll 0 - -00 2005 Feb 12
0:00 Troll %s
# Poland - year-round base
@@ -265,10 +262,10 @@ Zone Antarctica/Troll 0 - zzz 2005 Feb 12
# changes during the year and does not necessarily correspond to mean
# solar noon. So the Vostok time might have been whatever the clocks
# happened to be during their visit. So we still don't really know what time
-# it is at Vostok. But we'll guess UTC+6.
+# it is at Vostok. But we'll guess +06.
#
-Zone Antarctica/Vostok 0 - zzz 1957 Dec 16
- 6:00 - VOST # Vostok time
+Zone Antarctica/Vostok 0 - -00 1957 Dec 16
+ 6:00 - +06
# S Africa - year-round bases
# Marion Island, -4653+03752
@@ -300,8 +297,8 @@ Zone Antarctica/Vostok 0 - zzz 1957 Dec 16
# <http://webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/g.html> says Rothera is -03 all year.
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/Rothera 0 - zzz 1976 Dec 1
- -3:00 - ROTT # Rothera time
+Zone Antarctica/Rothera 0 - -00 1976 Dec 1
+ -3:00 - -03
# Uruguay - year round base
# Artigas, King George Island, -621104-0585107
diff --git a/asia b/asia
index 5467024db235..71ef8787b508 100644
--- a/asia
+++ b/asia
@@ -79,13 +79,9 @@ Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
Rule E-EurAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule RussiaAsia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
-Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule RussiaAsia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
-Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Mar lastSat 23:00 1:00 S
-Rule RussiaAsia 1992 only - Sep lastSat 23:00 0 -
-Rule RussiaAsia 1993 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
-Rule RussiaAsia 1993 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule RussiaAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
+Rule RussiaAsia 1984 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
+Rule RussiaAsia 1985 2011 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
+Rule RussiaAsia 1996 2011 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
# Afghanistan
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -120,31 +116,37 @@ Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890
# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_armenia03.html
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 3:00 - YERT 1957 Mar # Yerevan Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia YER%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 3:00 1:00 YERST 1991 Sep 23 # independence
- 3:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 1995 Sep 24 2:00s
- 4:00 - AMT 1997
- 4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 2012 Mar 25 2:00s
- 4:00 - AMT
+ 3:00 - +03 1957 Mar
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1995 Sep 24 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 1997
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05
# Azerbaijan
+
# From Rustam Aliyev of the Azerbaijan Internet Forum (2005-10-23):
# According to the resolution of Cabinet of Ministers, 1997
# From Paul Eggert (2015-09-17): It was Resolution No. 21 (1997-03-17).
# http://code.az/files/daylight_res.pdf
+
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2016-03-17):
+# ... the Azerbaijani Cabinet of Ministers has cancelled switching to
+# daylight saving time....
+# http://www.azernews.az/azerbaijan/94137.html
+# http://vestnikkavkaza.net/news/Azerbaijani-Cabinet-of-Ministers-cancels-daylight-saving-time.html
+# http://en.apa.az/xeber_azerbaijan_abolishes_daylight_savings_ti_240862.html
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Azer 1997 max - Mar lastSun 4:00 1:00 S
-Rule Azer 1997 max - Oct lastSun 5:00 0 -
+Rule Azer 1997 2015 - Mar lastSun 4:00 1:00 S
+Rule Azer 1997 2015 - Oct lastSun 5:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Baku 3:19:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 3:00 - BAKT 1957 Mar # Baku Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia BAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 3:00 1:00 BAKST 1991 Aug 30 # independence
- 3:00 RussiaAsia AZ%sT 1992 Sep lastSat 23:00
- 4:00 - AZT 1996 # Azerbaijan Time
- 4:00 EUAsia AZ%sT 1997
- 4:00 Azer AZ%sT
+ 3:00 - +03 1957 Mar
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1992 Sep lastSun 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 1996
+ 4:00 EUAsia +04/+05 1997
+ 4:00 Azer +04/+05
# Bahrain
# See Asia/Qatar.
@@ -263,7 +265,7 @@ Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan
# Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Rangoon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Yangon
+Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon
6:24:40 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time?
6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time
9:00 - JST 1945 May 3
@@ -378,7 +380,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Lewiston (ME) Daily Sun (1939-05-29), p 17, said "Even the time is
# different - the occupied districts going by Tokyo time, an hour
# ahead of that prevailing in the rest of Shanghai." Guess that the
-# Xujiahui Observatory was under French control and stuck with UT+8.
+# Xujiahui Observatory was under French control and stuck with UT +08.
#
# In earlier versions of this file, China had many separate Zone entries, but
# this was based on what were apparently incorrect data in Shanks & Pottenger.
@@ -387,26 +389,26 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Proposed in 1918 and theoretically in effect until 1949 (although in practice
# mainly observed in coastal areas), the five zones were:
#
-# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area) UT+8.5
+# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area) UT +08:30
# Asia/Harbin (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai)
# Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin
#
-# Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time") UT+8
+# Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time") UT +08
# Asia/Shanghai
# most of China
# This currently represents most other zones as well,
# as apparently these regions have been the same since 1970.
# Milne gives 8:05:43.2 for Xujiahui Observatory time; round to nearest.
-# Guo says Shanghai switched to UT+8 "from the end of the 19th century".
+# Guo says Shanghai switched to UT +08 "from the end of the 19th century".
#
-# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of that area) UT+7
+# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of the area) UT +07
# Asia/Chongqing (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai)
# Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Ningxia, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan;
# most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; west Qinghai; and the Guangdong
# counties Deqing, Enping, Kaiping, Luoding, Taishan, Xinxing,
# Yangchun, Yangjiang, Yu'nan, and Yunfu.
#
-# Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time") UT+6
+# Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time") UT +06
# Asia/Urumqi
# This currently represents Kunlun Time as well,
# as apparently the two regions have been the same since 1970.
@@ -419,7 +421,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Shihezi, Changji, Yanqi, Heshuo, Tuokexun, Tulufan, Shanshan, Hami,
# Fukang, Kuitun, Kumukuli, Miquan, Qitai, and Turfan.
#
-# Kunlun Time UT+5.5
+# Kunlun Time UT +05:30
# Asia/Kashgar (currently a link to Asia/Urumqi)
# West Tibet, including Pulan, Aheqi, Shufu, Shule;
# West Xinjiang, including Aksu, Atushi, Yining, Hetian, Cele, Luopu, Nileke,
@@ -435,7 +437,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
#
# On the other hand, ethnic Uyghurs, who make up about half the
# population of Xinjiang, typically use "Xinjiang time" which is two
-# hours behind Beijing time, or UTC +0600. The government of the Xinjiang
+# hours behind Beijing time, or UT +06. The government of the Xinjiang
# Uyghur Autonomous Region, (XAUR, or just Xinjiang for short) as well as
# local governments such as the Ürümqi city government use both times in
# publications, referring to what is popularly called Xinjiang time as
@@ -491,8 +493,8 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# having the same time as Beijing.
# From Paul Eggert (2014-06-30):
-# In the early days of the PRC, Tibet was given its own time zone (UT+6) but
-# this was withdrawn in 1959 and never reinstated; see Tubten Khétsun,
+# In the early days of the PRC, Tibet was given its own time zone (UT +06)
+# but this was withdrawn in 1959 and never reinstated; see Tubten Khétsun,
# Memories of life in Lhasa under Chinese Rule, Columbia U Press, ISBN
# 978-0231142861 (2008), translator's introduction by Matthew Akester, p x.
# As this is before our 1970 cutoff, Tibet doesn't need a separate zone.
@@ -506,12 +508,12 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Republics, the Soviet Union, the Kuomintang, and the People's Republic of
# China, and tracking down all these organizations' timekeeping rules would be
# quite a trick. Approximate this lost history by a transition from LMT to
-# XJT at the start of 1928, the year of accession of the warlord Jin Shuren,
+# UT +06 at the start of 1928, the year of accession of the warlord Jin Shuren,
# which happens to be the date given by Shanks & Pottenger (no doubt as a
-# guess) as the transition from LMT. Ignore the usage of UT+8 before
-# 1986-02-01 under the theory that the transition date to UT+8 is unknown and
+# guess) as the transition from LMT. Ignore the usage of +08 before
+# 1986-02-01 under the theory that the transition date to +08 is unknown and
# that the sort of users who prefer Asia/Urumqi now typically ignored the
-# UT+8 mandate back then.
+# +08 mandate back then.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# Beijing time, used throughout China; represented by Shanghai.
@@ -716,7 +718,7 @@ Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:42 - LMT 1904 Oct 30
# be found from historical government announcement database.
# From Paul Eggert (2014-07-03):
-# As per Yu-Cheng Chuang, say that Taiwan was at UT+9 from 1937-10-01
+# As per Yu-Cheng Chuang, say that Taiwan was at UT +09 from 1937-10-01
# until 1945-09-21 at 01:00, overriding Shanks & Pottenger.
# Likewise, use Yu-Cheng Chuang's data for DST in Taiwan.
@@ -830,16 +832,15 @@ Link Asia/Nicosia Europe/Nicosia
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:11 - LMT 1880
2:59:11 - TBMT 1924 May 2 # Tbilisi Mean Time
- 3:00 - TBIT 1957 Mar # Tbilisi Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia TBI%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 3:00 1:00 TBIST 1991 Apr 9 # independence
- 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 1992 # Georgia Time
- 3:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1994 Sep lastSun
- 4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1996 Oct lastSun
- 4:00 1:00 GEST 1997 Mar lastSun
- 4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 2004 Jun 27
- 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 2005 Mar lastSun 2:00
- 4:00 - GET
+ 3:00 - +03 1957 Mar
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 1992
+ 3:00 E-EurAsia +03/+04 1994 Sep lastSun
+ 4:00 E-EurAsia +04/+05 1996 Oct lastSun
+ 4:00 1:00 +05 1997 Mar lastSun
+ 4:00 E-EurAsia +04/+05 2004 Jun 27
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia +03/+04 2005 Mar lastSun 2:00
+ 4:00 - +04
# East Timor
@@ -874,6 +875,15 @@ Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
9:00 - TLT
# India
+
+# From Ian P. Beacock, in "A brief history of (modern) time", The Atlantic
+# http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/
+# (2015-12-22):
+# In January 1906, several thousand cotton-mill workers rioted on the
+# outskirts of Bombay.... They were protesting the proposed abolition of
+# local time in favor of Indian Standard Time.... Journalists called this
+# dispute the "Battle of the Clocks." It lasted nearly half a century.
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
@@ -907,7 +917,7 @@ Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
# These would be the earliest possible times for a change.
# Régimes horaires pour le monde entier, by Henri Le Corre, (Éditions
# Traditionnelles, 1987, Paris) says that Java and Madura switched
-# from JST to UTC+07:30 on 1945-09-23, and gives 1944-09-01 for Jayapura
+# from UT +09 to +07:30 on 1945-09-23, and gives 1944-09-01 for Jayapura
# (Hollandia). For now, assume all Indonesian locations other than Jayapura
# switched on 1945-09-23.
#
@@ -918,11 +928,11 @@ Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
# summary published by the Time and Frequency Laboratory of the
# Research Center for Calibration, Instrumentation and Metrology,
# Indonesia, <http://time.kim.lipi.go.id/time-eng.php> (2006-09-29).
-# The abbreviations are:
+# The time zone abbreviations and UT offsets are:
#
-# WIB - UTC+7 - Waktu Indonesia Barat (Indonesia western time)
-# WITA - UTC+8 - Waktu Indonesia Tengah (Indonesia central time)
-# WIT - UTC+9 - Waktu Indonesia Timur (Indonesia eastern time)
+# WIB - +07 - Waktu Indonesia Barat (Indonesia western time)
+# WITA - +08 - Waktu Indonesia Tengah (Indonesia central time)
+# WIT - +09 - Waktu Indonesia Timur (Indonesia eastern time)
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# Java, Sumatra
@@ -1084,8 +1094,15 @@ Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
+#
+# The following rules are approximations starting in the year 2038.
+# These are the best post-2037 approximations available, given the
+# restrictions of a single rule using a Gregorian-based data format.
+# At some point this table will need to be extended, though quite
+# possibly Iran will change the rules first.
+Rule Iran 2036 max - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Iran 2036 max - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916
3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time
@@ -1542,23 +1559,6 @@ Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
# Kazakhstan
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
-# Andrew Evtichov (1996-04-13) writes that Kazakhstan
-# stayed in sync with Moscow after 1990, and that Aqtobe (formerly Aktyubinsk)
-# and Aqtau (formerly Shevchenko) are the largest cities in their zones.
-# Guess that Aqtau and Aqtobe diverged in 1995, since that's the first time
-# IATA SSIM mentions a third time zone in Kazakhstan.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# German Iofis, ELSI, Almaty (2001-10-09) reports that Kazakhstan uses
-# RussiaAsia rules, instead of switching at 00:00 as the IATA has it.
-# Go with Shanks & Pottenger, who have them always using RussiaAsia rules.
-# Also go with the following claims of Shanks & Pottenger:
-#
-# - Kazakhstan did not observe DST in 1991.
-# - Qyzylorda switched from +5:00 to +6:00 on 1992-01-19 02:00.
-# - Oral switched from +5:00 to +4:00 in spring 1989.
-
# From Kazakhstan Embassy's News Bulletin No. 11
# <http://www.kazsociety.org.uk/news/2005/03/30.htm> (2005-03-21):
# The Government of Kazakhstan passed a resolution March 15 abolishing
@@ -1575,61 +1575,232 @@ Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
# everything else.... I guess that would make Kazakhstan time zones
# de jure UTC+5 and UTC+6 respectively.
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-27) ([*] means see later comments below):
+# Review of the linked documents from http://adilet.zan.kz/
+# produced the following data for post-1991 Kazakhstan:
+#
+# 0. Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the USSR
+# from 1991-02-04 No. 20
+# http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?docbody=&nd=102010545
+# removed the extra hour ("decree time") on the territory of the USSR
+# starting with the last Sunday of March 1991.
+# It also allowed (but not mandated) Kazakh SSR, Kirghiz SSR, Tajik SSR,
+# Turkmen SSR and Uzbek SSR to not have "summer" time.
+#
+# The 1992-01-13 act also refers to the act of the Cabinet of Ministers
+# of the Kazakh SSR from 1991-03-20 No. 170 "About the act of the Cabinet
+# of Ministers of the USSR from 1991-02-04 No. 20" but I didn't found its
+# text.
+#
+# According to Izvestia newspaper No. 68 (23334) from 1991-03-20
+# (page 6; available at http://libinfo.org/newsr/newsr2574.djvu via
+# http://libinfo.org/index.php?id=58564) on 1991-03-31 at 2:00 during
+# transition to "summer" time:
+# Republic of Georgia, Latvian SSR, Lithuanian SSR, SSR Moldova,
+# Estonian SSR; Komi ASSR; Kaliningrad oblast; Nenets autonomous okrug
+# were to move clocks 1 hour forward.
+# Kazakh SSR (excluding Uralsk oblast); Republic of Kyrgyzstan, Tajik
+# SSR; Andijan, Jizzakh, Namangan, Sirdarya, Tashkent, Fergana oblasts
+# of the Uzbek SSR were to move clocks 1 hour backwards.
+# Other territories were to not move clocks.
+# When the "summer" time would end on 1991-09-29, clocks were to be
+# moved 1 hour backwards on the territory of the USSR excluding
+# Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenia, Tajikistan.
+#
+# Apparently there were last minute changes. Apparently Kazakh act No. 170
+# was one of such changes.
+#
+# https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Декретное время
+# claims that Sovetskaya Rossiya newspaper on 1991-03-29 published that
+# Nenets autonomous okrug, Komi and Kazakhstan (excluding Uralsk oblast)
+# were to not move clocks and Uralsk oblast was to move clocks
+# forward; on 1991-09-29 Kazakhstan was to move clocks backwards.
+# (Probably there were changes even after that publication. There is an
+# article claiming that Kaliningrad oblast decided on 1991-03-29 to not
+# move clocks.)
+#
+# This implies that on 1991-03-31 Asia/Oral remained on +04/+05 while
+# the rest of Kazakhstan switched from +06/+07 to +05/06 or from +05/06
+# to +04/+05. It's unclear how Kzyl-Orda oblast moved into the fifth
+# time belt. (By switching from +04/+05 to +05/+06 on 1991-09-29?) ...
+#
+# 1. Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1992-01-13 No. 28
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P920000028_
+# (text includes modification from the 1996 act)
+# introduced new rules for calculation of time, mirroring Russian
+# 1992-01-08 act. It specified that time would be calculated
+# according to time belts plus extra hour ("decree time"), moved clocks
+# on the whole territory of Kazakhstan 1 hour forward on 1992-01-19 at
+# 2:00, specified DST rules. It acknowledged that Kazakhstan was
+# located in the fourth and the fifth time belts and specified the
+# border between them to be located east of Kustanay and Aktyubinsk
+# oblasts (notably including Turgai and Kzyl-Orda oblasts into the fifth
+# time belt).
+#
+# This means switch on 1992-01-19 at 2:00 from +04/+05 to +05/+06 for
+# Asia/Aqtau, Asia/Aqtobe, Asia/Oral, Atyrau and Kustanay oblasts; from
+# +05/+06 to +06/+07 for Asia/Almaty and Asia/Qyzylorda (and Arkalyk) [*]....
+#
+# 2. Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1992-03-27 No. 284
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P920000284_
+# cancels extra hour ("decree time") for Uralsk and Kzyl-Orda oblasts
+# since the last Sunday of March 1992, while keeping them in the fourth
+# and the fifth time belts respectively.
+#
+# 3. Order of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1994-09-23 No. 384
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/R940000384_
+# cancels the extra hour ("decree time") on the territory of Mangystau
+# oblast since the last Sunday of September 1994 (saying that time on
+# the territory would correspond to the third time belt as a
+# result)....
+#
+# 4. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1996-05-08 No. 575
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P960000575_
+# amends the 1992-01-13 act to end summer time in October instead
+# of September, mirroring identical Russian change from 1996-04-23 act.
+#
+# 5. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 1999-03-26 No. 305
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P990000305_
+# cancels the extra hour ("decree time") for Atyrau oblast since the
+# last Sunday of March 1999 while retaining the oblast in the fourth
+# time belt.
+#
+# This means change from +05/+06 to +04/+05.
+#
+# There is no zone for Atyrau currently (listed under Asia/Aqtau in
+# zone1970.tab).[*]
+#
+# 6. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2000-11-23 No. 1749
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/archive/docs/P000001749_/23.11.2000
+# replaces the previous five documents.
+#
+# The only changes I noticed are in definition of the border between the
+# fourth and the fifth time belts. They account for changes in spelling
+# and administrative division (splitting of Turgai oblast in 1997
+# probably changed time in territories incorporated into Kostanay oblast
+# (including Arkalyk) from +06/+07 to +05/+06) and move Kyzylorda oblast
+# from being in the fifth time belt and not using decree time into the
+# fourth time belt (no change in practice).[*]
+#
+# 7. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2003-12-29 No. 1342
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P030001342_
+# modified the 2000-11-23 act. No relevant changes, apparently.
+#
+# 8. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2004-07-20 No. 775
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/archive/docs/P040000775_/20.07.2004
+# modified the 2000-11-23 act to move Kostanay and Kyzylorda oblasts into
+# the fifth time belt and add Aktobe oblast to the list of regions not
+# using extra hour ("decree time"), leaving Kazakhstan with only 2 time
+# zones (+04/+05 and +06/+07). The changes were to be implemented
+# during DST transitions in 2004 and 2005 but the acts got radically
+# amended before implementation happened.
+#
+# 9. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2004-09-15 No. 1059
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P040001059_
+# modified the 2000-11-23 act to remove exceptions from the "decree time"
+# (leaving Kazakhstan in +05/+06 and +06/+07 zones), amended the
+# 2004-07-20 act to implement changes for Atyrau, West Kazakhstan,
+# Kostanay, Kyzylorda and Mangystau oblasts by not moving clocks
+# during the 2014 transition to "winter" time.
+#
+# This means transition from +04/+05 to +05/+06 for Atyrau oblast (no
+# zone currently), Asia/Oral, Asia/Aqtau and transition from +05/+06 to
+# +06/+07 for Kostanay oblast (Kostanay and Arkalyk, no zones currently)
+# and Asia/Qyzylorda on 2004-10-31 at 3:00....[*]
+#
+# 10. Act of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
+# from 2005-03-15 No. 231
+# http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P050000231_
+# removes DST provisions from the 2000-11-23 act, removes most of the
+# (already implemented) provisions from the 2004-07-20 and 2004-09-15
+# acts, comes into effect 10 days after official publication.
+# The only practical effect seems to be the abolition of the summer
+# time.
+#
+# Unamended version of the act of the Government of the Russian Federation
+# No. 23 from 1992-01-08 [See 'europe' file for details].
+# Kazakh 1992-01-13 act appears to provide the same rules and 1992-03-27
+# act was to be enacted on the last Sunday of March 1992.
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-04-15):
+# The tables below should reflect Stepan Golosunov's remarks above,
+# except for the items marked "[*]" which I haven't gotten to yet.
+# It looks like we will need new zones Asia/Atyrau and Asia/Qostanay
+# to handle changes from 1992 through 2004 that we did not previously
+# know about.
+
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
#
# Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), representing most locations in Kazakhstan
+# This includes KZ-AKM, KZ-ALA, KZ-ALM, KZ-AST, KZ-BAY, KZ-VOS, KZ-ZHA,
+# KZ-KAR, KZ-SEV, KZ-PAV, and KZ-YUZ.
Zone Asia/Almaty 5:07:48 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Alma-Ata
- 5:00 - ALMT 1930 Jun 21 # Alma-Ata Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 1991
- 6:00 - ALMT 1992
- 6:00 RussiaAsia ALM%sT 2005 Mar 15
- 6:00 - ALMT
-# Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.)
+ 5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06
+# Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.) (KZ-KZY)
Zone Asia/Qyzylorda 4:21:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 4:00 - KIZT 1930 Jun 21 # Kizilorda Time
- 5:00 - KIZT 1981 Apr 1
- 5:00 1:00 KIZST 1981 Oct 1
- 6:00 - KIZT 1982 Apr 1
- 5:00 RussiaAsia KIZ%sT 1991
- 5:00 - KIZT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
- 5:00 - QYZT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
- 6:00 RussiaAsia QYZ%sT 2005 Mar 15
- 6:00 - QYZT
-# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Aktyubinsk)
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
+ 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06
+# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Aktyubinsk) (KZ-AKT)
Zone Asia/Aqtobe 3:48:40 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 4:00 - AKTT 1930 Jun 21 # Aktyubinsk Time
- 5:00 - AKTT 1981 Apr 1
- 5:00 1:00 AKTST 1981 Oct 1
- 6:00 - AKTT 1982 Apr 1
- 5:00 RussiaAsia AKT%sT 1991
- 5:00 - AKTT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
- 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 2005 Mar 15 # Aqtobe Time
- 5:00 - AQTT
-# Mangghystau
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
+ 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 - +05
+# Qostanay (KZ-KUS)
+
+# Mangghystau (KZ-MAN)
# Aqtau was not founded until 1963, but it represents an inhabited region,
# so include time stamps before 1963.
Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 4:00 - FORT 1930 Jun 21 # Fort Shevchenko T
- 5:00 - FORT 1963
- 5:00 - SHET 1981 Oct 1 # Shevchenko Time
- 6:00 - SHET 1982 Apr 1
- 5:00 RussiaAsia SHE%sT 1991
- 5:00 - SHET 1991 Dec 16 # independence
- 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 1995 Mar lastSun 2:00 # Aqtau Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 2005 Mar 15
- 5:00 - AQTT
-# West Kazakhstan
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1963
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1994 Sep 25 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 - +05
+
+# West Kazakhstan (KZ-ZAP)
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk
- 4:00 - URAT 1930 Jun 21 # Ural'sk time
- 5:00 - URAT 1981 Apr 1
- 5:00 1:00 URAST 1981 Oct 1
- 6:00 - URAT 1982 Apr 1
- 5:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00
- 4:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1991
- 4:00 - URAT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
- 4:00 RussiaAsia ORA%sT 2005 Mar 15 # Oral Time
- 5:00 - ORAT
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
+ 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 - +05
# Kyrgyzstan (Kirgizstan)
# Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks & Pottenger.
@@ -1650,11 +1821,11 @@ Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:30 1:00 S
Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2004 - Oct lastSun 2:30 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 5:00 - FRUT 1930 Jun 21 # Frunze Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia FRU%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 5:00 1:00 FRUST 1991 Aug 31 2:00 # independence
- 5:00 Kyrgyz KG%sT 2005 Aug 12 # Kyrgyzstan Time
- 6:00 - KGT
+ 5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Aug 31 2:00
+ 5:00 Kyrgyz +05/+06 2005 Aug 12
+ 6:00 - +06
###############################################################################
@@ -1693,25 +1864,24 @@ Rule ROK 1957 1960 - Sep Sun>=18 0:00 0 S
Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun>=8 3:00 0 S
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-30):
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-08-23):
# The Korean Wikipedia entry gives the following sources for UT offsets:
#
-# 1908: Official Journal Article No. 3994 (Edict No. 5)
+# 1908: Official Journal Article No. 3994 (decree No. 5)
# 1912: Governor-General of Korea Official Gazette Issue No. 367
# (Announcement No. 338)
# 1954: Presidential Decree No. 876 (1954-03-17)
# 1961: Law No. 676 (1961-08-07)
-# 1987: Law No. 3919 (1986-12-31)
#
-# The Wikipedia entry also has confusing information about a change
-# to UT+9 in April 1910, but then what would be the point of the later change
-# to UT+9 on 1912-01-01? Omit the 1910 change for now.
+# (Another source "1987: Law No. 3919 (1986-12-31)" was in the 2014-10-30
+# edition of the Korean Wikipedia entry.)
#
# I guessed that time zone abbreviations through 1945 followed the same
# rules as discussed under Taiwan, with nominal switches from JST to KST
# when the respective cities were taken over by the Allies after WWII.
#
-# For Pyongyang we have no information; guess no changes since World War II.
+# For Pyongyang, guess no changes from World War II until 2015, as we
+# have no information otherwise.
# From Steffen Thorsen (2015-08-07):
# According to many news sources, North Korea is going to change to
@@ -1871,7 +2041,7 @@ Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
# Bill Bonnet (2005-05-19) reports that the US Embassy in Ulaanbaatar says
# there is only one time zone and that DST is observed, citing Microsoft
# Windows XP as the source. Risto Nykänen (2005-05-16) reports that
-# travelmongolia.org says there are two time zones (UTC+7, UTC+8) with no DST.
+# travelmongolia.org says there are two time zones (UT +07, +08) with no DST.
# Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-20) reports that the Mongolian Embassy in
# Washington, DC says there are two time zones, with DST observed.
# He also found
@@ -2111,8 +2281,8 @@ Zone Asia/Kathmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920
# http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=99374&Itemid=2
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:01 1:00 S
-Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:01 0 -
+Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:00 1:00 S
+Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:00 0 -
Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Pakistan 2008 2009 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -2380,6 +2550,16 @@ Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
# http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/gaza-strip/gaza
# http://www.timeanddate.com/time/change/west-bank/hebron
+# From Hannah Kreitem (2016-03-09):
+# http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/WebSite/ar/ViewDetails?ID=31728
+# [Google translation]: "The Council also decided to start daylight
+# saving in Palestine as of one o'clock on Saturday morning,
+# 2016-03-26, to provide the clock 60 minutes ahead."
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-12):
+# Predict spring transitions on March's last Saturday at 01:00 from now on.
+# Leave fall predictions alone for now.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
Rule EgyptAsia 1957 1958 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
@@ -2408,7 +2588,8 @@ Rule Palestine 2012 2014 - Mar lastThu 24:00 1:00 S
Rule Palestine 2012 only - Sep 21 1:00 0 -
Rule Palestine 2013 only - Sep Fri>=21 0:00 0 -
Rule Palestine 2014 max - Oct Fri>=21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Palestine 2015 max - Mar lastFri 24:00 1:00 S
+Rule Palestine 2015 only - Mar lastFri 24:00 1:00 S
+Rule Palestine 2016 max - Mar lastSat 1:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct
@@ -2496,7 +2677,7 @@ Link Asia/Qatar Asia/Bahrain
# earlier date.
#
# Shanks & Pottenger also state that until 1968-05-01 Saudi Arabia had two
-# time zones; the other zone, at UTC+4, was in the far eastern part of
+# time zones; the other zone, at UT +04, was in the far eastern part of
# the country. Ignore this, as it's before our 1970 cutoff.
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -2765,10 +2946,10 @@ Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq
# From Shanks & Pottenger.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 5:00 - DUST 1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 5:00 1:00 DUSST 1991 Sep 9 2:00s
- 5:00 - TJT # Tajikistan Time
+ 5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 1:00 +05/+06 1991 Sep 9 2:00s
+ 5:00 - +05
# Thailand
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -2782,11 +2963,10 @@ Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Vientiane # Laos
# From Shanks & Pottenger.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad
- 4:00 - ASHT 1930 Jun 21 # Ashkhabad Time
- 5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
- 4:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Oct 27 # independence
- 4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
- 5:00 - TMT
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00
+ 5:00 - +05
# United Arab Emirates
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -2798,20 +2978,18 @@ Link Asia/Dubai Asia/Muscat # Oman
# Byalokoz 1919 says Uzbekistan was 4:27:53.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:53 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 4:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21 # Samarkand Time
- 5:00 - SAMT 1981 Apr 1
- 5:00 1:00 SAMST 1981 Oct 1
- 6:00 - TAST 1982 Apr 1 # Tashkent Time
- 5:00 RussiaAsia SAM%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
- 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
- 5:00 - UZT
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
+ 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992
+ 5:00 - +05
# Milne says Tashkent was 4:37:10.8; round to nearest.
Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:11 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 5:00 - TAST 1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
- 5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
- 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
- 5:00 - UZT
+ 5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992
+ 5:00 - +05
# Vietnam
diff --git a/australasia b/australasia
index 5c272db3b2c1..f49df1d6e107 100644
--- a/australasia
+++ b/australasia
@@ -60,6 +60,14 @@ Zone Australia/Eucla 8:35:28 - LMT 1895 Dec
# Hamilton is the largest, but there is also a Hamilton in Victoria,
# so use Lindeman.
#
+# From J William Piggott (2016-02-20):
+# There is no location named Holiday Islands in Queensland Australia; holiday
+# islands is a colloquial term used globally. Hayman and Lindeman are at the
+# north and south extremes of the Whitsunday Islands archipelago, and
+# Hamilton is in between; it is reasonable to believe that this time zone
+# applies to all of the Whitsundays.
+# http://www.australia.gov.au/about-australia/australian-story/austn-islands
+#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule AQ 1971 only - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D
Rule AQ 1972 only - Feb lastSun 2:00s 0 S
@@ -235,11 +243,11 @@ Zone Australia/Lord_Howe 10:36:20 - LMT 1895 Feb
# will produce a binary file with an [A]EST-type as the first 32-bit type;
# this is required for correct handling of times before 1916 by
# pre-2013 versions of localtime.
-Zone Antarctica/Macquarie 0 - zzz 1899 Nov
+Zone Antarctica/Macquarie 0 - -00 1899 Nov
10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00
10:00 1:00 AEDT 1917 Feb
10:00 Aus AE%sT 1919 Apr 1 0:00s
- 0 - zzz 1948 Mar 25
+ 0 - -00 1948 Mar 25
10:00 Aus AE%sT 1967
10:00 AT AE%sT 2010 Apr 4 3:00
11:00 - MIST # Macquarie I Standard Time
@@ -537,7 +545,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 - LMT 1880
# Base the Bougainville entry on the Arawa-Kieta region, which appears to have
# the most people even though it was devastated in the Bougainville Civil War.
#
-# Although Shanks gives 1942-03-15 / 1943-11-01 for JST, these dates
+# Although Shanks gives 1942-03-15 / 1943-11-01 for UT +09, these dates
# are apparently rough guesswork from the starts of military campaigns.
# The World War II entries below are instead based on Arawa-Kieta.
# The Japanese occupied Kieta in July 1942,
@@ -545,8 +553,8 @@ Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 - LMT 1880
# http://pwencycl.kgbudge.com/B/o/Bougainville.htm
# and seem to have controlled it until their 1945-08-21 surrender.
#
-# The Autonomous Region of Bougainville plans to switch from UTC+10 to UTC+11
-# on 2014-12-28 at 02:00. They call UTC+11 "Bougainville Standard Time";
+# The Autonomous Region of Bougainville switched from UT +10 to +11
+# on 2014-12-28 at 02:00. They call +11 "Bougainville Standard Time";
# abbreviate this as BST. See:
# http://www.bougainville24.com/bougainville-issues/bougainville-gets-own-timezone/
#
@@ -612,7 +620,7 @@ Link Pacific/Pago_Pago Pacific/Midway # in US minor outlying islands
# From Paul Eggert (2014-06-27):
# The International Date Line Act 2011
# http://www.parliament.gov.ws/images/ACTS/International_Date_Line_Act__2011_-_Eng.pdf
-# changed Samoa from UTC-11 to UTC+13, effective "12 o'clock midnight, on
+# changed Samoa from UT -11 to +13, effective "12 o'clock midnight, on
# Thursday 29th December 2011". The International Date Line was adjusted
# accordingly.
@@ -707,7 +715,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
# 1886-1891; Baker was similar but exact dates are not known.
# Inhabited by civilians 1935-1942; U.S. military bases 1943-1944;
# uninhabited thereafter.
-# Howland observed Hawaii Standard Time (UT-10:30) in 1937;
+# Howland observed Hawaii Standard Time (UT -10:30) in 1937;
# see page 206 of Elgen M. Long and Marie K. Long,
# Amelia Earhart: the Mystery Solved, Simon & Schuster (2000).
# So most likely Howland and Baker observed Hawaii Time from 1935
@@ -1465,7 +1473,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# Zealand time. I understand that is the time they keep locally, anyhow."
# For now, assume this practice goes back to the introduction of standard time
# in New Zealand, as this would make Chatham Islands time almost exactly match
-# LMT back when New Zealand was at UTC+11:30; also, assume Chatham Islands did
+# LMT back when New Zealand was at UT +11:30; also, assume Chatham Islands did
# not observe New Zealand's prewar DST.
###############################################################################
@@ -1521,7 +1529,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# For now, we assume the Ladrones switched at the same time as the Philippines;
# see Asia/Manila.
-# US Public Law 106-564 (2000-12-23) made UTC+10 the official standard time,
+# US Public Law 106-564 (2000-12-23) made UT +10 the official standard time,
# under the name "Chamorro Standard Time". There is no official abbreviation,
# but Congressman Robert A. Underwood, author of the bill that became law,
# wrote in a press release (2000-12-27) that he will seek the use of "ChST".
@@ -1533,15 +1541,15 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# "I am certain, having lived there for the past decade, that 'Truk'
# (now properly known as Chuuk) ... is in the time zone GMT+10."
#
-# Shanks & Pottenger write that Truk switched from UTC+10 to UTC+11
+# Shanks & Pottenger write that Truk switched from UT +10 to +11
# on 1978-10-01; ignore this for now.
# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
# The Federated States of Micronesia Visitors Board writes in
# The Federated States of Micronesia - Visitor Information (1999-01-26)
# http://www.fsmgov.org/info/clocks.html
-# that Truk and Yap are UTC+10, and Ponape and Kosrae are UTC+11.
-# We don't know when Kosrae switched from UTC+12; assume January 1 for now.
+# that Truk and Yap are UT +10, and Ponape and Kosrae are +11.
+# We don't know when Kosrae switched from +12; assume January 1 for now.
# Midway
@@ -1607,11 +1615,11 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# ordaining - by a masterpiece of diplomatic flattery - that
# the Fourth of July should be celebrated twice in that year."
-# Although Shanks & Pottenger says they both switched to UTC-11:30
-# in 1911, and to UTC-11 in 1950. many earlier sources give UTC-11
+# Although Shanks & Pottenger says they both switched to UT -11:30
+# in 1911, and to -11 in 1950. many earlier sources give -11
# for American Samoa, e.g., the US National Bureau of Standards
# circular "Standard Time Throughout the World", 1932.
-# Assume American Samoa switched to UTC-11 in 1911, not 1950,
+# Assume American Samoa switched to -11 in 1911, not 1950,
# and that after 1950 they agreed until (western) Samoa skipped a
# day in 2011. Assume also that the Samoas follow the US and New
# Zealand's "ST"/"DT" style of daylight-saving abbreviations.
diff --git a/backward b/backward
index 8b0fef5825a9..aa23dd844eb5 100644
--- a/backward
+++ b/backward
@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ Link America/Argentina/Mendoza America/Mendoza
Link America/Toronto America/Montreal
Link America/Rio_Branco America/Porto_Acre
Link America/Argentina/Cordoba America/Rosario
+Link America/Tijuana America/Santa_Isabel
Link America/Denver America/Shiprock
Link America/Port_of_Spain America/Virgin
Link Pacific/Auckland Antarctica/South_Pole
@@ -35,6 +36,7 @@ Link Asia/Shanghai Asia/Harbin
Link Asia/Urumqi Asia/Kashgar
Link Asia/Kathmandu Asia/Katmandu
Link Asia/Macau Asia/Macao
+Link Asia/Yangon Asia/Rangoon
Link Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh Asia/Saigon
Link Asia/Jerusalem Asia/Tel_Aviv
Link Asia/Thimphu Asia/Thimbu
diff --git a/etcetera b/etcetera
index c2e25328d5d3..f5fa4c94b483 100644
--- a/etcetera
+++ b/etcetera
@@ -8,6 +8,13 @@
# need now for the entries that are not on UTC are for ships at sea
# that cannot use POSIX TZ settings.
+# Starting with POSIX 1003.1-2001, the entries below are all
+# unnecessary as settings for the TZ environment variable. E.g.,
+# instead of TZ='Etc/GMT+4' one can use the POSIX setting TZ='<-04>+4'.
+#
+# Do not use a POSIX TZ setting like TZ='GMT+4', which is four hours
+# behind GMT but uses the completely misleading abbreviation "GMT".
+
Zone Etc/GMT 0 - GMT
Zone Etc/UTC 0 - UTC
Zone Etc/UCT 0 - UCT
@@ -26,23 +33,13 @@ Link Etc/GMT Etc/GMT-0
Link Etc/GMT Etc/GMT+0
Link Etc/GMT Etc/GMT0
-# We use POSIX-style signs in the Zone names and the output abbreviations,
+# Be consistent with POSIX TZ settings in the Zone names,
# even though this is the opposite of what many people expect.
# POSIX has positive signs west of Greenwich, but many people expect
# positive signs east of Greenwich. For example, TZ='Etc/GMT+4' uses
-# the abbreviation "GMT+4" and corresponds to 4 hours behind UT
+# the abbreviation "-04" and corresponds to 4 hours behind UT
# (i.e. west of Greenwich) even though many people would expect it to
# mean 4 hours ahead of UT (i.e. east of Greenwich).
-#
-# In the draft 5 of POSIX 1003.1-200x, the angle bracket notation allows for
-# TZ='<GMT-4>+4'; if you want time zone abbreviations conforming to
-# ISO 8601 you can use TZ='<-0400>+4'. Thus the commonly-expected
-# offset is kept within the angle bracket (and is used for display)
-# while the POSIX sign is kept outside the angle bracket (and is used
-# for calculation).
-#
-# Do not use a TZ setting like TZ='GMT+4', which is four hours behind
-# GMT but uses the completely misleading abbreviation "GMT".
# Earlier incarnations of this package were not POSIX-compliant,
# and had lines such as
@@ -51,30 +48,31 @@ Link Etc/GMT Etc/GMT0
# way does a
# zic -l GMT-12
# so we moved the names into the Etc subdirectory.
+# Also, the time zone abbreviations are now compatible with %z.
-Zone Etc/GMT-14 14 - GMT-14 # 14 hours ahead of GMT
-Zone Etc/GMT-13 13 - GMT-13
-Zone Etc/GMT-12 12 - GMT-12
-Zone Etc/GMT-11 11 - GMT-11
-Zone Etc/GMT-10 10 - GMT-10
-Zone Etc/GMT-9 9 - GMT-9
-Zone Etc/GMT-8 8 - GMT-8
-Zone Etc/GMT-7 7 - GMT-7
-Zone Etc/GMT-6 6 - GMT-6
-Zone Etc/GMT-5 5 - GMT-5
-Zone Etc/GMT-4 4 - GMT-4
-Zone Etc/GMT-3 3 - GMT-3
-Zone Etc/GMT-2 2 - GMT-2
-Zone Etc/GMT-1 1 - GMT-1
-Zone Etc/GMT+1 -1 - GMT+1
-Zone Etc/GMT+2 -2 - GMT+2
-Zone Etc/GMT+3 -3 - GMT+3
-Zone Etc/GMT+4 -4 - GMT+4
-Zone Etc/GMT+5 -5 - GMT+5
-Zone Etc/GMT+6 -6 - GMT+6
-Zone Etc/GMT+7 -7 - GMT+7
-Zone Etc/GMT+8 -8 - GMT+8
-Zone Etc/GMT+9 -9 - GMT+9
-Zone Etc/GMT+10 -10 - GMT+10
-Zone Etc/GMT+11 -11 - GMT+11
-Zone Etc/GMT+12 -12 - GMT+12
+Zone Etc/GMT-14 14 - +14
+Zone Etc/GMT-13 13 - +13
+Zone Etc/GMT-12 12 - +12
+Zone Etc/GMT-11 11 - +11
+Zone Etc/GMT-10 10 - +10
+Zone Etc/GMT-9 9 - +09
+Zone Etc/GMT-8 8 - +08
+Zone Etc/GMT-7 7 - +07
+Zone Etc/GMT-6 6 - +06
+Zone Etc/GMT-5 5 - +05
+Zone Etc/GMT-4 4 - +04
+Zone Etc/GMT-3 3 - +03
+Zone Etc/GMT-2 2 - +02
+Zone Etc/GMT-1 1 - +01
+Zone Etc/GMT+1 -1 - -01
+Zone Etc/GMT+2 -2 - -02
+Zone Etc/GMT+3 -3 - -03
+Zone Etc/GMT+4 -4 - -04
+Zone Etc/GMT+5 -5 - -05
+Zone Etc/GMT+6 -6 - -06
+Zone Etc/GMT+7 -7 - -07
+Zone Etc/GMT+8 -8 - -08
+Zone Etc/GMT+9 -9 - -09
+Zone Etc/GMT+10 -10 - -10
+Zone Etc/GMT+11 -11 - -11
+Zone Etc/GMT+12 -12 - -12
diff --git a/europe b/europe
index 358a0485f699..6020059f696b 100644
--- a/europe
+++ b/europe
@@ -75,8 +75,7 @@
# 1:00 CET CEST CEMT Central Europe
# 1:00:14 SET Swedish (1879-1899)*
# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern Europe
-# 3:00 FET Further-eastern Europe (2011-2014)*
-# 3:00 MSK MSD MSM* Minsk, Moscow
+# 3:00 MSK MSD Moscow
# From Peter Ilieve (1994-12-04),
# The original six [EU members]: Belgium, France, (West) Germany, Italy,
@@ -583,16 +582,33 @@ Rule E-Eur 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
Rule E-Eur 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
Rule E-Eur 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
+
+# Daylight saving time for Russia and the Soviet Union
+#
+# The 1917-1921 decree URLs are from Alexander Belopolsky (2016-08-23).
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Russia 1917 only - Jul 1 23:00 1:00 MST # Moscow Summer Time
+#
+# Decree No. 142 (1917-12-22) http://istmat.info/node/28137
Rule Russia 1917 only - Dec 28 0:00 0 MMT # Moscow Mean Time
+#
+# Decree No. 497 (1918-05-30) http://istmat.info/node/30001
Rule Russia 1918 only - May 31 22:00 2:00 MDST # Moscow Double Summer Time
Rule Russia 1918 only - Sep 16 1:00 1:00 MST
+#
+# Decree No. 258 (1919-05-29) http://istmat.info/node/37949
Rule Russia 1919 only - May 31 23:00 2:00 MDST
-Rule Russia 1919 only - Jul 1 2:00 1:00 MSD
+#
+Rule Russia 1919 only - Jul 1 0:00u 1:00 MSD
Rule Russia 1919 only - Aug 16 0:00 0 MSK
+#
+# Decree No. 63 (1921-02-03) http://istmat.info/node/45840
Rule Russia 1921 only - Feb 14 23:00 1:00 MSD
-Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 MSM # Midsummer
+#
+# Decree No. 121 (1921-03-07) http://istmat.info/node/45949
+Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 +05
+#
Rule Russia 1921 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 MSD
Rule Russia 1921 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
# Act No. 925 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1980-10-24):
@@ -600,16 +616,40 @@ Rule Russia 1981 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Russia 1981 1983 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
# Act No. 967 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1984-09-13), repeated in
# Act No. 227 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1989-03-14):
-Rule Russia 1984 1991 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-Rule Russia 1985 1991 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
+Rule Russia 1984 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
+Rule Russia 1985 2010 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
#
-Rule Russia 1992 only - Mar lastSat 23:00 1:00 S
-Rule Russia 1992 only - Sep lastSat 23:00 0 -
-Rule Russia 1993 2010 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Russia 1993 1995 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
Rule Russia 1996 2010 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
# As described below, Russia's 2014 change affects Zone data, not Rule data.
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):
+# Wikipedia and other sources refer to the Act of the Council of
+# Ministers of the USSR from 1988-01-04 No. 5 and the Act of the
+# Council of Ministers of the USSR from 1989-03-14 No. 227.
+#
+# I did not find full texts of these acts. For the 1989 one we have
+# title at http://base.garant.ru/70754136/ :
+# "About change in calculation of time on the territories of
+# Lithuanian SSR, Latvian SSR and Estonian SSR, Astrakhan,
+# Kaliningrad, Kirov, Kuybyshev, Ulyanovsk and Uralsk oblasts".
+# And http://astrozet.net/files/Zones/DOC/RU/1980-925.txt appears to
+# contain quotes from both acts: Since last Sunday of March 1988 rules
+# of the second time belt are installed in Volgograd and Saratov
+# oblasts. Since last Sunday of March 1989:
+# a) Lithuanian SSR, Latvian SSR, Estonian SSR, Kaliningrad oblast:
+# second time belt rules without extra hour (Moscow-1);
+# b) Astrakhan, Kirov, Kuybyshev, Ulyanovsk oblasts: second time belt
+# rules (Moscow time)
+# c) Uralsk oblast: third time belt rules (Moscow+1).
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-27):
+# Unamended version of the act of the
+# Government of the Russian Federation No. 23 from 08.01.1992
+# http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?docbody=&nd=102014034&rdk=0
+# says that every year clocks were to be moved forward on last Sunday
+# of March at 2 hours and moved backwards on last Sunday of September
+# at 3 hours. It was amended in 1996 to replace September with October.
+
# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2011-06-14):
# According to Kremlin press service, Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
# signed a federal law "On calculation of time" on June 9, 2011.
@@ -731,6 +771,14 @@ Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Belarus
+#
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-07-02):
+# http://www.lawbelarus.com/repub/sub30/texf9611.htm
+# (Act of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus from
+# 1992-03-25 No. 157) ... says clocks were to be moved forward at 2:00
+# on last Sunday of March and backward at 3:00 on last Sunday of September
+# (the same as previous USSR and contemporary Russian regulations).
+#
# From Yauhen Kharuzhy (2011-09-16):
# By latest Belarus government act Europe/Minsk timezone was changed to
# GMT+3 without DST (was GMT+2 with DST).
@@ -743,8 +791,6 @@ Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr
# From Alexander Bokovoy (2014-10-09):
# Belarussian government decided against changing to winter time....
# http://eng.belta.by/all_news/society/Belarus-decides-against-adjusting-time-in-Russias-wake_i_76335.html
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-08):
-# Hence Belarus can share time zone abbreviations with Moscow again.
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880
@@ -754,12 +800,8 @@ Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jul 3
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990
3:00 - MSK 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
- 2:00 - EET 1992 Mar 29 0:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1992 Sep 27 0:00s
2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 1:00s
- 3:00 - MSK
+ 3:00 - +03
# Belgium
#
@@ -1005,6 +1047,12 @@ Zone Atlantic/Faroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # Tórshavn
# startkart.no says Thule does not observe DST, but this is clearly an error,
# so go with Shanks & Pottenger for Thule transitions until this year.
# For 2007 on assume Thule will stay in sync with US DST rules.
+
+# From J William Piggott (2016-02-20):
+# "Greenland north of the community of Scoresbysund" is officially named
+# "National Park" by Executive Order:
+# http://naalakkersuisut.gl/~/media/Nanoq/Files/Attached%20Files/Engelske-tekster/Legislation/Executive%20Order%20National%20Park.rtf
+# It is their only National Park.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Thule 1991 1992 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
@@ -1030,6 +1078,10 @@ Zone America/Thule -4:35:08 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Pituffik air base
-4:00 Thule A%sT
# Estonia
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+#
# From Peter Ilieve (1994-10-15):
# A relative in Tallinn confirms the accuracy of the data for 1989 onwards
# [through 1994] and gives the legal authority for it,
@@ -1257,7 +1309,7 @@ Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
# http://www.parlament-berlin.de/pds-fraktion.nsf/727459127c8b66ee8525662300459099/defc77cb784f180ac1256c2b0030274b/$FILE/bersarint.pdf
# says that Bersarin issued an order to use Moscow time on May 20.
# However, Moscow did not observe daylight saving in 1945, so
-# this was equivalent to CEMT (GMT+3), not GMT+4.
+# this was equivalent to UT +03, not +04.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -1623,6 +1675,9 @@ Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Vaduz
# Lithuania
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+
# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
# IATA SSIM (1992/1996) says Lithuania uses W-Eur rules, but since it is
# known to be wrong about Estonia and Latvia, assume it's wrong here too.
@@ -1662,8 +1717,8 @@ Zone Europe/Vilnius 1:41:16 - LMT 1880
1:00 - CET 1940 Aug 3
3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 24
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 2:00 Russia EE%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1998
2:00 - EET 1998 Mar 29 1:00u
1:00 EU CE%sT 1999 Oct 31 1:00u
@@ -1728,6 +1783,16 @@ Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 0:00s # Valletta
# Moldova
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):
+# the act of the government of the Republic of Moldova Nr. 132 from 1990-05-04
+# http://lex.justice.md/viewdoc.php?action=view&view=doc&id=298782&lang=2
+# ... says that since 1990-05-06 on the territory of the Moldavian SSR
+# time would be calculated as the standard time of the second time belt
+# plus one hour of the "summer" time. To implement that clocks would be
+# adjusted one hour backwards at 1990-05-06 2:00. After that "summer"
+# time would be cancelled last Sunday of September at 3:00 and
+# reintroduced last Sunday of March at 2:00.
+
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# A previous version of this database followed Shanks & Pottenger, who write
# that Tiraspol switched to Moscow time on 1992-01-19 at 02:00.
@@ -1786,9 +1851,7 @@ Zone Europe/Chisinau 1:55:20 - LMT 1880
2:00 Romania EE%sT 1940 Aug 15
2:00 1:00 EEST 1941 Jul 17
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug 24
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990
- 3:00 - MSK 1990 May 6
- 2:00 - EET 1991
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 May 6 2:00
2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997
# See Romania commentary for the guessed 1997 transition to EU rules.
@@ -2210,7 +2273,6 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia-map-2014-07.html
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# Except for Moscow after 1919-07-01, I invented the time zone abbreviations.
# Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,
# are from Andrey A. Chernov. The rest is from Shanks & Pottenger,
# except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat
@@ -2266,16 +2328,32 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# Europe/Kaliningrad covers...
# 39 RU-KGD Kaliningrad Oblast
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):
+# http://www.rgo.ru/ru/kaliningradskoe-oblastnoe-otdelenie/ob-otdelenii/publikacii/kak-nam-zhilos-bez-letnego-vremeni
+# confirms that the 1989 change to Moscow-1 was implemented.
+# (The article, though, is misattributed to 1990 while saying that
+# summer->winter transition would be done on the 24 of September. But
+# 1990-09-24 was Monday, while 1989-09-24 was Sunday as expected.)
+# ...
+# http://www.kaliningradka.ru/site_pc/cherez/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=40091
+# says that Kaliningrad switched to Moscow-1 on 1989-03-26, avoided
+# at the last moment switch to Moscow-1 on 1991-03-31, switched to
+# Moscow on 1991-11-03, switched to Moscow-1 on 1992-01-19.
+
Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945
2:00 Poland CE%sT 1946
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
2:00 - EET
-# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-02-21), per Tim Parenti (2014-07-03) and
+# Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Europe/Moscow covers...
# 01 RU-AD Adygea, Republic of
# 05 RU-DA Dagestan, Republic of
@@ -2318,12 +2396,102 @@ Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr
# 68 RU-TAM Tambov Oblast
# 69 RU-TVE Tver Oblast
# 71 RU-TUL Tula Oblast
-# 73 RU-ULY Ulyanovsk Oblast
# 76 RU-YAR Yaroslavl Oblast
# 77 RU-MOW Moscow
# 78 RU-SPE Saint Petersburg
# 83 RU-NEN Nenets Autonomous Okrug
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-08-23):
+# The Soviets switched to UT-based time in 1919. Decree No. 59
+# (1919-02-08) http://istmat.info/node/35567 established UT-based time
+# zones, and Decree No. 147 (1919-03-29) http://istmat.info/node/35854
+# specified a transition date of 1919-07-01, apparently at 00:00 UT.
+# No doubt only the Soviet-controlled regions switched on that date;
+# later transitions to UT-based time in other parts of Russia are
+# taken from what appear to be guesses by Shanks.
+# (Thanks to Alexander Belopolsky for pointers to the decrees.)
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):
+# 11. Regions-violators, 1981-1982.
+# Wikipedia refers to
+# http://maps.monetonos.ru/maps/raznoe/Old_Maps/Old_Maps/Articles/022/3_1981.html
+# http://besp.narod.ru/nauka_1981_3.htm
+#
+# The second link provides two articles scanned from the Nauka i Zhizn
+# magazine No. 3, 1981 and a scan of the short article attributed to
+# the Trud newspaper from February 1982. The first link provides the
+# same Nauka i Zhizn articles converted to the text form (but misses
+# time belt changes map).
+#
+# The second Nauka i Zhizn article says that in addition to
+# introduction of summer time on 1981-04-01 there are some time belt
+# border changes on 1981-10-01, mostly affecting Nenets Autonomous
+# Okrug, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Yakutia, Magadan Oblast and Chukotka
+# according to the provided map (colored one). In addition to that
+# "time violators" (regions which were not using rules of the time
+# belts in which they were located) would not be moving off the DST on
+# 1981-10-01 to restore the decree time usage. (Komi ASSR was
+# supposed to repeat that move in October 1982 to account for the 2
+# hour difference.) Map depicting "time violators" before 1981-10-01
+# is also provided.
+#
+# The article from Trud says that 1981-10-01 changes caused problems
+# and some territories would be moved to pre-1981-10-01 time by not
+# moving to summer time on 1982-04-01. Namely: Dagestan,
+# Kabardino-Balkar, Kalmyk, Komi, Mari, Mordovian, North Ossetian,
+# Tatar, Chechen-Ingush and Chuvash ASSR, Krasnodar and Stavropol
+# krais, Arkhangelsk, Vladimir, Vologda, Voronezh, Gorky, Ivanovo,
+# Kostroma, Lipetsk, Penza, Rostov, Ryazan, Tambov, Tyumen and
+# Yaroslavl oblasts, Nenets and Evenk autonomous okrugs, Khatangsky
+# district of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug. As a result Evenk Autonomous
+# Okrug and Khatangsky district of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug would end
+# up on Moscow+4, Tyumen Oblast on Moscow+2 and the rest on Moscow
+# time.
+#
+# http://astrozet.net/files/Zones/DOC/RU/1980-925.txt
+# attributes the 1982 changes to the Act of the Council of Ministers
+# of the USSR No. 126 from 18.02.1982. 1980-925.txt also adds
+# Udmurtia to the list of affected territories and lists Khatangsky
+# district separately from Taymyr Autonomous Okrug. Probably erroneously.
+#
+# The affected territories are currently listed under Europe/Moscow,
+# Asia/Yekaterinburg and Asia/Krasnoyarsk.
+#
+# 12. Udmurtia
+# The fact that Udmurtia is depicted as a violator in the Nauka i
+# Zhizn article hints at Izhevsk being on different time from
+# Kuybyshev before 1981-10-01. Udmurtia is not mentioned in the 1989 act.
+# http://astrozet.net/files/Zones/DOC/RU/1980-925.txt
+# implies Udmurtia was on Moscow time after 1982-04-01.
+# Wikipedia implies Udmurtia being on Moscow+1 until 1991.
+#
+# ...
+#
+# All Russian zones are supposed to have by default a -1 change at
+# 1991-03-31 2:00 (cancellation of the decree time in the USSR) and a +1
+# change at 1992-01-19 2:00 (restoration of the decree time in Russia).
+#
+# There were some exceptions, though.
+# Wikipedia says newspapers listed Astrakhan, Saratov, Kirov, Volgograd,
+# Izhevsk, Grozny, Kazan and Samara as such exceptions for the 1992
+# change. (Different newspapers providing different lists. And some
+# lists found in the internet are quite wild.)
+#
+# And apparently some exceptions were reverted in the last moment.
+# http://www.kaliningradka.ru/site_pc/cherez/index.php?ELEMENT_ID=40091
+# says that Kaliningrad decided not to be an exception 2 days before the
+# 1991-03-31 switch and one person at
+# http://izhevsk.ru/forum_light_message/50/682597-m8369040.html
+# says he remembers that Samara opted out of the 1992-01-19 exception
+# 2 days before the switch.
+#
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Given the above, we appear to be missing some Zone entries for the
+# chaotic early 1980s in Russia. It's not clear what these entries
+# should be. For now, sweep this under the rug and just document the
+# time in Moscow.
+
# From Vladimir Karpinsky (2014-07-08):
# LMT in Moscow (before Jul 3, 1916) is 2:30:17, that was defined by Moscow
# Observatory (coordinates: 55 deg. 45'29.70", 37 deg. 34'05.30")....
@@ -2344,7 +2512,7 @@ Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr
Zone Europe/Moscow 2:30:17 - LMT 1880
2:30:17 - MMT 1916 Jul 3 # Moscow Mean Time
- 2:31:19 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 2:00
+ 2:31:19 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 0:00u
3:00 Russia %s 1921 Oct
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1922 Oct
2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21
@@ -2397,47 +2565,101 @@ Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
3:00 - MSK
-# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
-# Europe/Volgograd covers...
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Europe/Astrakhan covers:
# 30 RU-AST Astrakhan Oblast
+#
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-01-12):
+# On February 10, 2016 Astrakhan Oblast got approval by the Federation
+# Council to change its time zone to UTC+4 (from current UTC+3 Moscow time)....
+# This Federal Law shall enter into force on 27 March 2016 at 02:00.
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-03-09):
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201602150056
+
+Zone Europe/Astrakhan 3:12:12 - LMT 1924 May
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03 2016 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Europe/Volgograd covers:
# 34 RU-VGG Volgograd Oblast
-# 43 RU-KIR Kirov Oblast
# 64 RU-SAR Saratov Oblast
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-05-09):
-# Shanks & Pottenger say Kirov is still at +0400 but Wikipedia says +0300.
-# Perhaps it switched after the others? But we have no data.
+# The 1988 transition is from USSR act No. 5 (1988-01-04).
Zone Europe/Volgograd 2:57:40 - LMT 1920 Jan 3
- 3:00 - TSAT 1925 Apr 6 # Tsaritsyn Time
- 3:00 - STAT 1930 Jun 21 # Stalingrad Time
- 4:00 - STAT 1961 Nov 11
- 4:00 Russia VOL%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Volgograd T
- 3:00 Russia VOL%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 4:00 - VOLT 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 3:00 - MSK
-
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
+ 4:00 - +04 1961 Nov 11
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1988 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Europe/Kirov covers:
+# 43 RU-KIR Kirov Oblast
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+#
+Zone Europe/Kirov 3:18:48 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 0:00u
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Europe/Samara covers...
# 18 RU-UD Udmurt Republic
# 63 RU-SAM Samara Oblast
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
# Byalokoz 1919 says Samara was 3:20:20.
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+
+Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:20 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 0:00u
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
+ 4:00 - +04 1935 Jan 27
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 2:00 Russia +02/+03 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03 1991 Oct 20 3:00
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Europe/Ulyanovsk covers:
+# 73 RU-ULY Ulyanovsk Oblast
-Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:20 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00
- 3:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21
- 4:00 - SAMT 1935 Jan 27
- 4:00 Russia KUY%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Kuybyshev
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 Russia EE%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
- 3:00 - KUYT 1991 Oct 20 3:00
- 4:00 Russia SAM%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s # Samara Time
- 3:00 Russia SAM%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 4:00 - SAMT
-
+# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
+
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-02-17):
+# Ulyanovsk ... on their way to change time zones by March 27, 2016 at 2am.
+# Ulyanovsk Oblast ... from MSK to MSK+1 (UTC+3 to UTC+4) ...
+# 920582-6 ... 02/17/2016 The State Duma passed the bill in the first reading.
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-03-09):
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201603090051
+
+Zone Europe/Ulyanovsk 3:13:36 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 0:00u
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 2:00 Russia +02/+03 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia +03/+04 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 - +03 2016 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - +04
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Yekaterinburg covers...
@@ -2461,47 +2683,140 @@ Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:20 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00
Zone Asia/Yekaterinburg 4:02:33 - LMT 1916 Jul 3
3:45:05 - PMT 1919 Jul 15 4:00
- 4:00 - SVET 1930 Jun 21 # Sverdlovsk Time
- 5:00 Russia SVE%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 4:00 Russia SVE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 5:00 Russia YEK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 6:00 - YEKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 5:00 - YEKT
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 Russia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 Russia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 5:00 Russia +05/+06 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 5:00 - +05
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Omsk covers...
-# 04 RU-AL Altai Republic
-# 22 RU-ALT Altai Krai
# 55 RU-OMS Omsk Oblast
# Byalokoz 1919 says Omsk was 4:53:30.
Zone Asia/Omsk 4:53:30 - LMT 1919 Nov 14
- 5:00 - OMST 1930 Jun 21 # Omsk Time
- 6:00 Russia OMS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 5:00 Russia OMS%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia OMS%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 7:00 - OMST 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 6:00 - OMST
-
+ 5:00 - +05 1930 Jun 21
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 Russia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-02-22):
+# Asia/Barnaul covers:
+# 04 RU-AL Altai Republic
+# 22 RU-ALT Altai Krai
-# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
-# Asia/Novosibirsk covers...
+# Data before 1991 are from Shanks & Pottenger.
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-07):
+# Letter of Bank of Russia from 1995-05-25
+# http://www.bestpravo.ru/rossijskoje/lj-akty/y3a.htm
+# suggests that Altai Republic transitioned to Moscow+3 on
+# 1995-05-28.
+#
+# http://regnum.ru/news/society/1957270.html
+# has some historical data for Altai Krai:
+# before 1957: west part on UTC+6, east on UTC+7
+# after 1957: UTC+7
+# since 1995: UTC+6
+# http://barnaul.rusplt.ru/index/pochemu_altajskij_kraj_okazalsja_v_neprivychnom_chasovom_pojase-17648.html
+# confirms that and provides more details including 1995-05-28 transition date.
+
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-02-17):
+# Altai Krai and Altai Republic on their way to change time zones
+# by March 27, 2016 at 2am....
+# Altai Republic / Gorno-Altaysk MSK+3 to MSK+4 (UTC+6 to UTC+7) ...
+# Altai Krai / Barnaul MSK+3 to MSK+4 (UTC+6 to UTC+7)
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-03-09):
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201603090043
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201603090038
+
+Zone Asia/Barnaul 5:35:00 - LMT 1919 Dec 10
+ 6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1995 May 28
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06 2016 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Asia/Novosibirsk covers:
# 54 RU-NVS Novosibirsk Oblast
-# 70 RU-TOM Tomsk Oblast
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-08-19): I'm guessing about Tomsk here; it's
-# not clear when it switched from +7 to +6.
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-05-30):
+# http://asozd2.duma.gov.ru/main.nsf/(Spravka)?OpenAgent&RN=1085784-6
+# moves Novosibirsk oblast from UTC+6 to UTC+7.
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-07-04):
+# The law was signed yesterday and published today on
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201607040064
Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00
- 6:00 - NOVT 1930 Jun 21 # Novosibirsk Time
- 7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1993 May 23 # say Shanks & P.
- 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 6:00 - NOVT
+ 6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1993 May 23 # say Shanks & P.
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06 2016 Jul 24 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# Asia/Tomsk covers:
+# 70 RU-TOM Tomsk Oblast
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-24):
+# Byalokoz listed Tomsk at 5:39:51.
+
+# From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski (1994-06-29):
+# Tomsk is still 4 hours ahead of Moscow.
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-03-19):
+# http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?docbody=&nd=102075743
+# (fifth time belt being UTC+5+1(decree time)
+# / UTC+5+1(decree time)+1(summer time)) ...
+# Note that time belts (numbered from 2 (Moscow) to 12 according to their
+# GMT/UTC offset and having too many exceptions like regions formally
+# belonging to one belt but using time from another) were replaced
+# with time zones in 2011 with different numbering (there was a
+# 2-hour gap between second and third zones in 2011-2014).
+
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-04-12):
+# http://asozd2.duma.gov.ru/main.nsf/(SpravkaNew)?OpenAgent&RN=1006865-6
+# This bill was approved in the first reading today. It moves Tomsk oblast
+# from UTC+6 to UTC+7 and is supposed to come into effect on 2016-05-29 at
+# 2:00. The bill needs to be approved in the second and the third readings by
+# the State Duma, approved by the Federation Council, signed by the President
+# and published to become a law. Minor changes in the text are to be expected
+# before the second reading (references need to be updated to account for the
+# recent changes).
+#
+# Judging by the ultra-short one-day amendments period, recent similar laws,
+# the State Duma schedule and the Federation Council schedule
+# http://www.duma.gov.ru/legislative/planning/day-shedule/por_vesna_2016/
+# http://council.gov.ru/activity/meetings/schedule/63303
+# I speculate that the final text of the bill will be proposed tomorrow, the
+# bill will be approved in the second and the third readings on Friday,
+# approved by the Federation Council on 2016-04-20, signed by the President and
+# published as a law around 2016-04-26.
+
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-04-26):
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201604260048
+
+Zone Asia/Tomsk 5:39:51 - LMT 1919 Dec 22
+ 6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 2002 May 1 3:00
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06 2016 May 29 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2526,23 +2841,18 @@ Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00
#
# Thus, when Russia will switch to DST on the night of March 28, 2010
# Kemerovo region (Kemerovo oblast') will not change the clock.
-#
-# As a result, Kemerovo oblast' will be in the same time zone as
-# Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Barnaul and Altai Republic.
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-02), per Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-07-02):
# The Kemerovo region will remain at UTC+7 through the 2014-10-26 change, thus
# realigning itself with KRAT.
Zone Asia/Novokuznetsk 5:48:48 - LMT 1924 May 1
- 6:00 - KRAT 1930 Jun 21 # Krasnoyarsk Time
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s # Novosibirsk
- 7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 7:00 - KRAT # Krasnoyarsk Time
-
+ 6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Krasnoyarsk covers...
@@ -2556,12 +2866,12 @@ Zone Asia/Novokuznetsk 5:48:48 - LMT 1924 May 1
# Byalokoz 1919 says Krasnoyarsk was 6:11:26.
Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:26 - LMT 1920 Jan 6
- 6:00 - KRAT 1930 Jun 21 # Krasnoyarsk Time
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 8:00 - KRAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 7:00 - KRAT
+ 6:00 - +06 1930 Jun 21
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia +06/+07 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 8:00 - +08 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 7:00 - +07
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
@@ -2578,12 +2888,12 @@ Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:26 - LMT 1920 Jan 6
Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:05 - LMT 1880
6:57:05 - IMT 1920 Jan 25 # Irkutsk Mean Time
- 7:00 - IRKT 1930 Jun 21 # Irkutsk Time
- 8:00 Russia IRK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia IRK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia IRK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 9:00 - IRKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 8:00 - IRKT
+ 7:00 - +07 1930 Jun 21
+ 8:00 Russia +08/+09 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia +07/+08 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia +08/+09 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 9:00 - +09 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 8:00 - +08
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):
@@ -2593,13 +2903,20 @@ Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:05 - LMT 1880
# Note: Effective 2008-03-01, (75) Chita Oblast and (80) Agin-Buryat
# Autonomous Okrug merged to form (92, RU-ZAB) Zabaykalsky Krai.
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-01-02):
+# [The] time zone in the Trans-Baikal Territory (Zabaykalsky Krai) -
+# Asia/Chita [is changing] from UTC+8 to UTC+9. Effective date will
+# be March 27, 2016 at 2:00am....
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201512300107
+
Zone Asia/Chita 7:33:52 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
- 8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 8:00 - IRKT
+ 8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia +08/+09 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 8:00 - +08 2016 Mar 27 2:00
+ 9:00 - +09
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
@@ -2639,12 +2956,12 @@ Zone Asia/Chita 7:33:52 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
# Byalokoz 1919 says Yakutsk was 8:38:58.
Zone Asia/Yakutsk 8:38:58 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
- 8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 9:00 - YAKT
+ 8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia +08/+09 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 9:00 - +09
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
@@ -2662,12 +2979,12 @@ Zone Asia/Yakutsk 8:38:58 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
# Go with Byalokoz.
Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:31 - LMT 1922 Nov 15
- 9:00 - VLAT 1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time
- 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia VLA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 10:00 - VLAT
+ 9:00 - +09 1930 Jun 21
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2685,14 +3002,14 @@ Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:31 - LMT 1922 Nov 15
# This transition is no doubt wrong, but we have no better info.
Zone Asia/Khandyga 9:02:13 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
- 8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2004
- 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 11:00 - VLAT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
- 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 9:00 - YAKT
+ 8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia +08/+09 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 2004
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
+ 10:00 - +10 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 9:00 - +09
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2701,16 +3018,21 @@ Zone Asia/Khandyga 9:02:13 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
# ...with the exception of:
# 65-11 **** Severo-Kurilsky District (North Kuril Islands)
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-02-22):
+# Asia/Sakhalin is moving (in entirety) from UTC+10 to UTC+11 ...
+# (2016-03-09):
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201603090044
+
# The Zone name should be Asia/Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, but that's too long.
Zone Asia/Sakhalin 9:30:48 - LMT 1905 Aug 23
- 9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 25
- 11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T
- 10:00 Russia SAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia SAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 11:00 - SAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 10:00 - SAKT
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug 25
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10 2016 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
@@ -2724,13 +3046,22 @@ Zone Asia/Sakhalin 9:30:48 - LMT 1905 Aug 23
# until now by Asia/Magadan, will instead move to UTC+11. These regions will
# need their own zone.
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-03-27):
+# ... draft bill 948300-6 to change its time zone from UTC+10 to UTC+11 ...
+# will take ... effect ... on April 24, 2016 at 2 o'clock
+#
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-04-05):
+# ... signed by the President today ...
+# http://publication.pravo.gov.ru/Document/View/0001201604050038
+
Zone Asia/Magadan 10:03:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 10:00 - MAGT
+ 10:00 - +10 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - +12 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10 2016 Apr 24 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):
@@ -2773,17 +3104,14 @@ Zone Asia/Magadan 10:03:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
# in Russian.) In addition, Srednekolymsk appears to be a much older
# settlement and the population of Zyryanka seems to be declining.
# Go with Srednekolymsk.
-#
-# Since Magadan Oblast moves to UTC+10 on 2014-10-26, we cannot keep using MAGT
-# as the abbreviation. Use SRET instead.
Zone Asia/Srednekolymsk 10:14:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 11:00 - SRET # Srednekolymsk Time
+ 10:00 - +10 1930 Jun 21
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - +12 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 11:00 - +11
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2801,14 +3129,14 @@ Zone Asia/Srednekolymsk 10:14:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
# UTC+12 since at least then, too.
Zone Asia/Ust-Nera 9:32:54 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
- 8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAKT 1981 Apr 1
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - MAGT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
- 11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 10:00 - VLAT
+ 8:00 - +08 1930 Jun 21
+ 9:00 Russia +09/+10 1981 Apr 1
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia +10/+11 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - +12 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
+ 11:00 - +11 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 10:00 - +10
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
@@ -2821,12 +3149,12 @@ Zone Asia/Ust-Nera 9:32:54 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
# The Zone name should be Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatski or perhaps
# Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, but these are too long.
Zone Asia/Kamchatka 10:34:36 - LMT 1922 Nov 10
- 11:00 - PETT 1930 Jun 21 # P-K Time
- 12:00 Russia PET%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia PET%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 12:00 Russia PET%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia PET%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - PETT
+ 11:00 - +11 1930 Jun 21
+ 12:00 Russia +12/+13 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 12:00 Russia +12/+13 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - +12
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2834,13 +3162,13 @@ Zone Asia/Kamchatka 10:34:36 - LMT 1922 Nov 10
# 87 RU-CHU Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Zone Asia/Anadyr 11:49:56 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 12:00 - ANAT 1930 Jun 21 # Anadyr Time
- 13:00 Russia ANA%sT 1982 Apr 1 0:00s
- 12:00 Russia ANA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia ANA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 12:00 Russia ANA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia ANA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - ANAT
+ 12:00 - +12 1930 Jun 21
+ 13:00 Russia +13/+14 1982 Apr 1 0:00s
+ 12:00 Russia +12/+13 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 12:00 Russia +12/+13 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia +11/+12 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - +12
# San Marino
@@ -3154,6 +3482,20 @@ Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1853 Jul 16 # See above comment.
# It's officially announced now by the Ministry of Energy.
# Turkey delays winter time to 8th of November 04:00
# http://www.aa.com.tr/tr/turkiye/yaz-saati-uygulamasi-8-kasimda-sona-erecek/362217
+#
+# From BBC News (2015-10-25):
+# Confused Turks are asking "what's the time?" after automatic clocks defied a
+# government decision ... "For the next two weeks #Turkey is on EEST... Erdogan
+# Engineered Standard Time," said Twitter user @aysekarahasan.
+# http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-34631326
+
+# From Burak AYDIN (2016-09-08):
+# Turkey will stay in Daylight Saving Time even in winter....
+# http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2016/09/20160908-2.pdf
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-09-07):
+# The change is permanent, so this is the new standard time in Turkey.
+# It takes effect today, which is not much notice.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Turkey 1916 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -3218,7 +3560,7 @@ Rule Turkey 1996 2006 - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 -
Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880
1:56:56 - IMT 1910 Oct # Istanbul Mean Time?
2:00 Turkey EE%sT 1978 Oct 15
- 3:00 Turkey TR%sT 1985 Apr 20 # Turkey Time
+ 3:00 Turkey +03/+04 1985 Apr 20
2:00 Turkey EE%sT 2007
2:00 EU EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 1:00u
2:00 - EET 2011 Mar 28 1:00u
@@ -3226,7 +3568,8 @@ Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880
2:00 - EET 2014 Mar 31 1:00u
2:00 EU EE%sT 2015 Oct 25 1:00u
2:00 1:00 EEST 2015 Nov 8 1:00u
- 2:00 EU EE%sT
+ 2:00 EU EE%sT 2016 Sep 7
+ 3:00 - +03
Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul # Istanbul is in both continents.
# Ukraine
diff --git a/factory b/factory
index 4304f7cf7bca..75fa4a11c316 100644
--- a/factory
+++ b/factory
@@ -1,9 +1,10 @@
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
-# For companies who don't want to put time zone specification in
-# their installation procedures. When users run date, they'll get the message.
-# Also useful for the "comp.sources" version.
+# For distributors who don't want to put time zone specification in
+# their installation procedures. Users that run 'date' will get the
+# time zone abbreviation "-00", indicating that the actual time zone
+# is unknown.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT
-Zone Factory 0 - "Local time zone must be set--see zic manual page"
+Zone Factory 0 - -00
diff --git a/iso3166.tab b/iso3166.tab
index 0548800e2dc9..7a8df2c7f136 100644
--- a/iso3166.tab
+++ b/iso3166.tab
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@ BL St Barthelemy
BM Bermuda
BN Brunei
BO Bolivia
-BQ Caribbean Netherlands
+BQ Caribbean NL
BR Brazil
BS Bahamas
BT Bhutan
@@ -163,7 +163,7 @@ MA Morocco
MC Monaco
MD Moldova
ME Montenegro
-MF St Martin (French part)
+MF St Martin (French)
MG Madagascar
MH Marshall Islands
MK Macedonia
@@ -233,7 +233,7 @@ SR Suriname
SS South Sudan
ST Sao Tome & Principe
SV El Salvador
-SX St Maarten (Dutch part)
+SX St Maarten (Dutch)
SY Syria
SZ Swaziland
TC Turks & Caicos Is
diff --git a/leap-seconds.list b/leap-seconds.list
index 0a0bacbb9211..22fa78575105 100644
--- a/leap-seconds.list
+++ b/leap-seconds.list
@@ -143,7 +143,7 @@
# Boulder, Colorado
# Judah.Levine@nist.gov
#
-# Last Update of leap second values: 5 January 2015
+# Last Update of leap second values: 8 July 2016
#
# The following line shows this last update date in NTP timestamp
# format. This is the date on which the most recent change to
@@ -151,7 +151,7 @@
# be identified by the unique pair of characters in the first two
# columns as shown below.
#
-#$ 3629404800
+#$ 3676924800
#
# The NTP timestamps are in units of seconds since the NTP epoch,
# which is 1 January 1900, 00:00:00. The Modified Julian Day number
@@ -199,10 +199,10 @@
# current -- the update time stamp, the data and the name of the file
# will not change.
#
-# Updated through IERS Bulletin C50
-# File expires on: 28 June 2016
+# Updated through IERS Bulletin C52
+# File expires on: 28 June 2017
#
-#@ 3676060800
+#@ 3707596800
#
2272060800 10 # 1 Jan 1972
2287785600 11 # 1 Jul 1972
@@ -231,6 +231,7 @@
3439756800 34 # 1 Jan 2009
3550089600 35 # 1 Jul 2012
3644697600 36 # 1 Jul 2015
+3692217600 37 # 1 Jan 2017
#
# the following special comment contains the
# hash value of the data in this file computed
@@ -246,4 +247,4 @@
# the hash line is also ignored in the
# computation.
#
-#h 3d037453 3acade76 570bd8f8 be2b8bc9 55ec6fe8
+#h dacf2c42 2c4765d6 3c797af8 2cf630eb 699c8c67
diff --git a/leapseconds b/leapseconds
index 70ec6d1b535c..b4411f98ca45 100644
--- a/leapseconds
+++ b/leapseconds
@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
# leap-seconds.list file available from most NIST time servers.
# If the URL <ftp://time.nist.gov/pub/leap-seconds.list> does not work,
# you should be able to pick up leap-seconds.list from a secondary NIST server.
+# See <http://tf.nist.gov/tf-cgi/servers.cgi> for a list of secondary servers.
# For more about leap-seconds.list, please see
# The NTP Timescale and Leap Seconds
# http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/leap.html
@@ -55,6 +56,7 @@ Leap 2005 Dec 31 23:59:60 + S
Leap 2008 Dec 31 23:59:60 + S
Leap 2012 Jun 30 23:59:60 + S
Leap 2015 Jun 30 23:59:60 + S
+Leap 2016 Dec 31 23:59:60 + S
-# Updated through IERS Bulletin C50
-# File expires on: 28 June 2016
+# Updated through IERS Bulletin C52
+# File expires on: 28 June 2017
diff --git a/northamerica b/northamerica
index 7658a45e5c8f..0bafb00a22c3 100644
--- a/northamerica
+++ b/northamerica
@@ -325,6 +325,16 @@ Zone America/New_York -4:56:02 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:03:58
# Statue 175 closer in synch with the US Congress' intent....
# http://www.legis.state.wi.us/2007/data/acts/07Act3.pdf
+# From an email administrator of the City of Fort Pierre, SD (2015-12-21):
+# Fort Pierre is technically located in the Mountain time zone as is
+# the rest of Stanley County. Most of Stanley County and Fort Pierre
+# uses the Central time zone due to doing most of their business in
+# Pierre so it simplifies schedules. I have lived in Stanley County
+# all my life and it has been that way since I can remember. (43 years!)
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2015-12-25):
+# Assume this practice predates 1970, so Fort Pierre can use America/Chicago.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
Rule Chicago 1920 only - Jun 13 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Chicago 1920 1921 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
@@ -403,11 +413,42 @@ Zone America/Denver -6:59:56 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:00:04
# north of the Salmon River, and the towns of Burgdorf and Warren),
# Nevada (except West Wendover), Oregon (except the northern 3/4 of
# Malheur county), and Washington
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-08-20):
+# In early February 1948, in response to California's electricity shortage,
+# PG&E changed power frequency from 60 to 59.5 Hz during daylight hours,
+# causing electric clocks to lose six minutes per day. (This did not change
+# legal time, and is not part of the data here.) See:
+# Ross SA. An energy crisis from the past: Northern California in 1948.
+# Working Paper No. 8, Institute of Governmental Studies, UC Berkeley,
+# 1973-11. http://escholarship.org/uc/item/8x22k30c
+#
+# In another measure to save electricity, DST was instituted from 1948-03-14
+# at 02:01 to 1949-01-16 at 02:00, with the governor having the option to move
+# the fallback transition earlier. See pages 3-4 of:
+# http://clerk.assembly.ca.gov/sites/clerk.assembly.ca.gov/files/archive/Statutes/1948/48Vol1_Chapters.pdf
+#
+# In response:
+#
+# Governor Warren received a torrent of objecting mail, and it is not too much
+# to speculate that the objections to Daylight Saving Time were one important
+# factor in the defeat of the Dewey-Warren Presidential ticket in California.
+# -- Ross, p 25
+#
+# On December 8 the governor exercised the option, setting the date to January 1
+# (LA Times 1948-12-09). The transition time was 02:00 (LA Times 1949-01-01).
+#
+# Despite the controversy, in 1949 California voters approved Proposition 12,
+# which established DST from April's last Sunday at 01:00 until September's
+# last Sunday at 02:00. This was amended by 1962's Proposition 6, which changed
+# the fall-back date to October's last Sunday. See:
+# http://repository.uchastings.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1501&context=ca_ballot_props
+# http://repository.uchastings.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1636&context=ca_ballot_props
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
-Rule CA 1948 only - Mar 14 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule CA 1948 only - Mar 14 2:01 1:00 D
Rule CA 1949 only - Jan 1 2:00 0 S
-Rule CA 1950 1966 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule CA 1950 1966 - Apr lastSun 1:00 1:00 D
Rule CA 1950 1961 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule CA 1962 1966 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -481,6 +522,12 @@ Zone America/Los_Angeles -7:52:58 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:07:02
# For lack of better information, assume that Metlakatla's
# abandonment of use of daylight saving resulted from the 1983 vote.
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2015-11-09):
+# It seems Metlakatla did go off PST on Sunday, November 1, changing
+# their time to AKST and are going to follow Alaska's DST, switching
+# between AKST and AKDT from now on....
+# http://www.krbd.org/2015/10/30/annette-island-times-they-are-a-changing/
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Juneau 15:02:19 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-8:57:41 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00
@@ -506,7 +553,8 @@ Zone America/Metlakatla 15:13:42 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-8:00 US P%sT 1946
-8:00 - PST 1969
-8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
- -8:00 - PST
+ -8:00 - PST 2015 Nov 1 2:00
+ -9:00 US AK%sT
Zone America/Yakutat 14:41:05 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-9:18:55 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00
-9:00 - YST 1942
@@ -2174,39 +2222,39 @@ Rule NT_YK 1980 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule NT_YK 1987 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# aka Panniqtuuq
-Zone America/Pangnirtung 0 - zzz 1921 # trading post est.
+Zone America/Pangnirtung 0 - -00 1921 # trading post est.
-4:00 NT_YK A%sT 1995 Apr Sun>=1 2:00
-5:00 Canada E%sT 1999 Oct 31 2:00
-6:00 Canada C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
-5:00 Canada E%sT
# formerly Frobisher Bay
-Zone America/Iqaluit 0 - zzz 1942 Aug # Frobisher Bay est.
+Zone America/Iqaluit 0 - -00 1942 Aug # Frobisher Bay est.
-5:00 NT_YK E%sT 1999 Oct 31 2:00
-6:00 Canada C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
-5:00 Canada E%sT
# aka Qausuittuq
-Zone America/Resolute 0 - zzz 1947 Aug 31 # Resolute founded
+Zone America/Resolute 0 - -00 1947 Aug 31 # Resolute founded
-6:00 NT_YK C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
-5:00 - EST 2001 Apr 1 3:00
-6:00 Canada C%sT 2006 Oct 29 2:00
-5:00 - EST 2007 Mar 11 3:00
-6:00 Canada C%sT
# aka Kangiqiniq
-Zone America/Rankin_Inlet 0 - zzz 1957 # Rankin Inlet founded
+Zone America/Rankin_Inlet 0 - -00 1957 # Rankin Inlet founded
-6:00 NT_YK C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
-5:00 - EST 2001 Apr 1 3:00
-6:00 Canada C%sT
# aka Iqaluktuuttiaq
-Zone America/Cambridge_Bay 0 - zzz 1920 # trading post est.?
+Zone America/Cambridge_Bay 0 - -00 1920 # trading post est.?
-7:00 NT_YK M%sT 1999 Oct 31 2:00
-6:00 Canada C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
-5:00 - EST 2000 Nov 5 0:00
-6:00 - CST 2001 Apr 1 3:00
-7:00 Canada M%sT
-Zone America/Yellowknife 0 - zzz 1935 # Yellowknife founded?
+Zone America/Yellowknife 0 - -00 1935 # Yellowknife founded?
-7:00 NT_YK M%sT 1980
-7:00 Canada M%sT
-Zone America/Inuvik 0 - zzz 1953 # Inuvik founded
+Zone America/Inuvik 0 - -00 1953 # Inuvik founded
-8:00 NT_YK P%sT 1979 Apr lastSun 2:00
-7:00 NT_YK M%sT 1980
-7:00 Canada M%sT
@@ -2458,13 +2506,22 @@ Zone America/Merida -5:58:28 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:01:32
-6:00 - CST 1981 Dec 23
-5:00 - EST 1982 Dec 2
-6:00 Mexico C%sT
-# Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas (near US border)
+# Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas (near US border)
+# This includes the following municipalities:
+# in Coahuila: Ocampo, Acuña, Zaragoza, Jiménez, Piedras Negras, Nava,
+# Guerrero, Hidalgo.
+# in Nuevo León: Anáhuac, Los Aldama.
+# in Tamaulipas: Nuevo Laredo, Guerrero, Mier, Miguel Alemán, Camargo,
+# Gustavo Díaz Ordaz, Reynosa, Río Bravo, Valle Hermoso, Matamoros.
+# See: Inicia mañana Horario de Verano en zona fronteriza, El Universal,
+# 2016-03-12
+# http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/articulo/estados/2016/03/12/inicia-manana-horario-de-verano-en-zona-fronteriza
Zone America/Matamoros -6:40:00 - LMT 1921 Dec 31 23:20:00
-6:00 - CST 1988
-6:00 US C%sT 1989
-6:00 Mexico C%sT 2010
-6:00 US C%sT
-# Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas (away from US border)
+# Durango; Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas (away from US border)
Zone America/Monterrey -6:41:16 - LMT 1921 Dec 31 23:18:44
-6:00 - CST 1988
-6:00 US C%sT 1989
@@ -2480,6 +2537,9 @@ Zone America/Mexico_City -6:36:36 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:23:24
-6:00 - CST 2002 Feb 20
-6:00 Mexico C%sT
# Chihuahua (near US border)
+# This includes the municipalities of Janos, Ascensión, Juárez, Guadalupe,
+# Práxedis G Guerrero, Coyame del Sotol, Ojinaga, and Manuel Benavides.
+# (See the 2016-03-12 El Universal source mentioned above.)
Zone America/Ojinaga -6:57:40 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:02:20
-7:00 - MST 1927 Jun 10 23:00
-6:00 - CST 1930 Nov 15
@@ -2567,7 +2627,7 @@ Zone America/Bahia_Banderas -7:01:00 - LMT 1921 Dec 31 23:59:00
-7:00 Mexico M%sT 2010 Apr 4 2:00
-6:00 Mexico C%sT
-# Baja California (near US border)
+# Baja California
Zone America/Tijuana -7:48:04 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:11:56
-7:00 - MST 1924
-8:00 - PST 1927 Jun 10 23:00
@@ -2587,25 +2647,6 @@ Zone America/Tijuana -7:48:04 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:11:56
-8:00 US P%sT 2002 Feb 20
-8:00 Mexico P%sT 2010
-8:00 US P%sT
-# Baja California (away from US border)
-Zone America/Santa_Isabel -7:39:28 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:20:32
- -7:00 - MST 1924
- -8:00 - PST 1927 Jun 10 23:00
- -7:00 - MST 1930 Nov 15
- -8:00 - PST 1931 Apr 1
- -8:00 1:00 PDT 1931 Sep 30
- -8:00 - PST 1942 Apr 24
- -8:00 1:00 PWT 1945 Aug 14 23:00u
- -8:00 1:00 PPT 1945 Nov 12 # Peace
- -8:00 - PST 1948 Apr 5
- -8:00 1:00 PDT 1949 Jan 14
- -8:00 - PST 1954
- -8:00 CA P%sT 1961
- -8:00 - PST 1976
- -8:00 US P%sT 1996
- -8:00 Mexico P%sT 2001
- -8:00 US P%sT 2002 Feb 20
- -8:00 Mexico P%sT
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# Formerly there was an America/Ensenada zone, which differed from
# America/Tijuana only in that it did not observe DST from 1976
@@ -2618,6 +2659,13 @@ Zone America/Santa_Isabel -7:39:28 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:20:32
# other than America/Tijuana for Baja, but it's not clear yet what its
# name or contents should be.
#
+# From Paul Eggert (2015-10-08):
+# Formerly there was an America/Santa_Isabel zone, but this appears to
+# have come from a misreading of
+# http://dof.gob.mx/nota_detalle.php?codigo=5127480&fecha=06/01/2010
+# It has been moved to the 'backward' file.
+#
+#
# Revillagigedo Is
# no information
@@ -2692,17 +2740,7 @@ Zone Atlantic/Bermuda -4:19:18 - LMT 1930 Jan 1 2:00 # Hamilton
-4:00 US A%sT
# Cayman Is
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2015-05-15):
-# The Cayman government has decided to introduce DST in 2016, the idea being
-# to keep in sync with New York. The legislation hasn't passed but the change
-# seems quite likely. See: Meade B. Cayman 27.
-# http://www.cayman27.com.ky/2015/05/15/clock-ticks-toward-daylight-saving-time-in-cayman
-
-Zone America/Cayman -5:25:32 - LMT 1890 # Georgetown
- -5:07:11 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time
- -5:00 - EST 2016
- -5:00 US E%sT
+# See America/Panama.
# Costa Rica
@@ -3065,6 +3103,13 @@ Zone America/Guatemala -6:02:04 - LMT 1918 Oct 5
# http://radiovision2000haiti.net/public/haiti-avis-changement-dheure-dimanche/
# http://www.canalplushaiti.net/?p=6714
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2016-03-12):
+# Jean Antoine, editor of www.haiti-reference.com informed us that Haiti
+# are not going on DST this year. Several other resources confirm this: ...
+# http://www.radiotelevisioncaraibes.com/presse/heure_d_t_pas_de_changement_d_heure_pr_vu_pour_cet_ann_e.html
+# http://www.vantbefinfo.com/changement-dheure-pas-pour-haiti/
+# http://news.anmwe.com/haiti-lheure-nationale-ne-sera-ni-avancee-ni-reculee-cette-annee/
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Haiti 1983 only - May 8 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Haiti 1984 1987 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 D
@@ -3075,8 +3120,8 @@ Rule Haiti 1988 1997 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 D
Rule Haiti 1988 1997 - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 S
Rule Haiti 2005 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Haiti 2005 2006 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 S
-Rule Haiti 2012 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Haiti 2012 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
+Rule Haiti 2012 2015 - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Haiti 2012 2015 - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Port-au-Prince -4:49:20 - LMT 1890
-4:49 - PPMT 1917 Jan 24 12:00 # P-a-P MT
@@ -3225,6 +3270,7 @@ Zone America/Managua -5:45:08 - LMT 1890
Zone America/Panama -5:18:08 - LMT 1890
-5:19:36 - CMT 1908 Apr 22 # Colón Mean Time
-5:00 - EST
+Link America/Panama America/Cayman
# Puerto Rico
# There are too many San Juans elsewhere, so we'll use 'Puerto_Rico'.
@@ -3266,7 +3312,7 @@ Zone America/Miquelon -3:44:40 - LMT 1911 May 15 # St Pierre
# indicating that the normal ET rules are followed.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-19):
-# The 2014-08-13 Cabinet meeting decided to stay on UTC-4 year-round. See:
+# The 2014-08-13 Cabinet meeting decided to stay on UT -04 year-round. See:
# http://tcweeklynews.com/daylight-savings-time-to-be-maintained-p5353-127.htm
# Model this as a switch from EST/EDT to AST ...
# From Chris Walton (2014-11-04):
diff --git a/southamerica b/southamerica
index 50d118ebfa6a..532145172f0a 100644
--- a/southamerica
+++ b/southamerica
@@ -410,9 +410,9 @@ Rule Arg 2008 only - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
# stuck on Summer daylight savings time even though the summer is over.
# From Paul Eggert (2013-09-05):
-# Perhaps San Luis operates on the legal fiction that it is at UTC-4
+# Perhaps San Luis operates on the legal fiction that it is at -04
# with perpetual summer time, but ordinary usage typically seems to
-# just say it's at UTC-3; see, for example,
+# just say it's at -03; see, for example,
# http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hora_oficial_argentina
# We've documented similar situations as being plain changes to
# standard time, so let's do that here too. This does not change UTC
@@ -1221,6 +1221,20 @@ Zone America/Rio_Branco -4:31:12 - LMT 1914
# From Paul Eggert (2015-03-03):
# For now, assume that the extension will persist indefinitely.
+# From Juan Correa (2016-03-18):
+# The decree regarding DST has been published in today's Official Gazette:
+# http://www.diariooficial.interior.gob.cl/versiones-anteriores/do/20160318/
+# http://www.leychile.cl/Navegar?idNorma=1088502
+# It does consider the second Saturday of May and August as the dates
+# for the transition; and it lists DST dates until 2019, but I think
+# this scheme will stick.
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
+# For now, assume the pattern holds for the indefinite future.
+# The decree says transitions occur at 24:00; in practice this appears
+# to mean 24:00 mainland time, not 24:00 local time, so that Easter
+# Island is always two hours behind the mainland.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Chile 1927 1931 - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Chile 1928 1932 - Apr 1 0:00 0 -
@@ -1252,8 +1266,10 @@ Rule Chile 2009 only - Mar Sun>=9 3:00u 0 -
Rule Chile 2010 only - Apr Sun>=1 3:00u 0 -
Rule Chile 2011 only - May Sun>=2 3:00u 0 -
Rule Chile 2011 only - Aug Sun>=16 4:00u 1:00 S
-Rule Chile 2012 2015 - Apr Sun>=23 3:00u 0 -
+Rule Chile 2012 2014 - Apr Sun>=23 3:00u 0 -
Rule Chile 2012 2014 - Sep Sun>=2 4:00u 1:00 S
+Rule Chile 2016 max - May Sun>=9 3:00u 0 -
+Rule Chile 2016 max - Aug Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S
# IATA SSIM anomalies: (1992-02) says 1992-03-14;
# (1996-09) says 1998-03-08. Ignore these.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -1270,13 +1286,11 @@ Zone America/Santiago -4:42:46 - LMT 1890
-4:00 1:00 CLST 1946 Sep 1 # central Chile
-4:00 - CLT 1947 Apr 1
-5:00 - CLT 1947 May 21 23:00
- -4:00 Chile CL%sT 2015 Apr 26 3:00u
- -3:00 - CLT
+ -4:00 Chile CL%sT
Zone Pacific/Easter -7:17:28 - LMT 1890
-7:17:28 - EMT 1932 Sep # Easter Mean Time
-7:00 Chile EAS%sT 1982 Mar 14 3:00u # Easter Time
- -6:00 Chile EAS%sT 2015 Apr 26 3:00u
- -5:00 - EAST
+ -6:00 Chile EAS%sT
#
# Salas y Gómez Island is uninhabited.
# Other Chilean locations, including Juan Fernández Is, Desventuradas Is,
@@ -1295,11 +1309,10 @@ Zone Pacific/Easter -7:17:28 - LMT 1890
# Palmer used to be supplied from Argentina.
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Antarctica/Palmer 0 - zzz 1965
+Zone Antarctica/Palmer 0 - -00 1965
-4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
-3:00 Arg AR%sT 1982 May
- -4:00 Chile CL%sT 2015 Apr 26 3:00u
- -3:00 - CLT
+ -4:00 Chile CL%sT
# Colombia
@@ -1742,9 +1755,25 @@ Zone America/Montevideo -3:44:44 - LMT 1898 Jun 28
# resolution publication)
# http://www.globovision.com/news.php?nid=72208
+# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2016-04-15):
+# https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/204758-venezuela-modificar-huso-horario-sequia-elnino
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-04-15):
+# Clocks advance 30 minutes on 2016-05-01 at 02:30....
+# "'Venezuela's new time-zone: hours without light, hours without water,
+# hours of presidential broadcasts, hours of lines,' quipped comedian
+# Jean Mary Curró ...". See: Cawthorne A, Kai D. Venezuela scraps
+# half-hour time difference set by Chavez. Reuters 2016-04-15 14:50 -0400
+# http://www.reuters.com/article/us-venezuela-timezone-idUSKCN0XC2BE
+#
+# From Matt Johnson (2016-04-20):
+# ... published in the official Gazette [2016-04-18], here:
+# http://historico.tsj.gob.ve/gaceta_ext/abril/1842016/E-1842016-4551.pdf
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Caracas -4:27:44 - LMT 1890
-4:27:40 - CMT 1912 Feb 12 # Caracas Mean Time?
-4:30 - VET 1965 Jan 1 0:00 # Venezuela T.
-4:00 - VET 2007 Dec 9 3:00
- -4:30 - VET
+ -4:30 - VET 2016 May 1 2:30
+ -4:00 - VET
diff --git a/zone.tab b/zone.tab
index 935143f523c4..cf774b5dc20c 100644
--- a/zone.tab
+++ b/zone.tab
@@ -30,22 +30,22 @@ AI +1812-06304 America/Anguilla
AL +4120+01950 Europe/Tirane
AM +4011+04430 Asia/Yerevan
AO -0848+01314 Africa/Luanda
-AQ -7750+16636 Antarctica/McMurdo McMurdo, South Pole, Scott (New Zealand time)
-AQ -6734-06808 Antarctica/Rothera Rothera Station, Adelaide Island
-AQ -6448-06406 Antarctica/Palmer Palmer Station, Anvers Island
-AQ -6736+06253 Antarctica/Mawson Mawson Station, Holme Bay
-AQ -6835+07758 Antarctica/Davis Davis Station, Vestfold Hills
-AQ -6617+11031 Antarctica/Casey Casey Station, Bailey Peninsula
-AQ -7824+10654 Antarctica/Vostok Vostok Station, Lake Vostok
-AQ -6640+14001 Antarctica/DumontDUrville Dumont-d'Urville Station, Adelie Land
-AQ -690022+0393524 Antarctica/Syowa Syowa Station, E Ongul I
-AQ -720041+0023206 Antarctica/Troll Troll Station, Queen Maud Land
+AQ -7750+16636 Antarctica/McMurdo New Zealand time - McMurdo, South Pole
+AQ -6617+11031 Antarctica/Casey Casey
+AQ -6835+07758 Antarctica/Davis Davis
+AQ -6640+14001 Antarctica/DumontDUrville Dumont-d'Urville
+AQ -6736+06253 Antarctica/Mawson Mawson
+AQ -6448-06406 Antarctica/Palmer Palmer
+AQ -6734-06808 Antarctica/Rothera Rothera
+AQ -690022+0393524 Antarctica/Syowa Syowa
+AQ -720041+0023206 Antarctica/Troll Troll
+AQ -7824+10654 Antarctica/Vostok Vostok
AR -3436-05827 America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires Buenos Aires (BA, CF)
-AR -3124-06411 America/Argentina/Cordoba most locations (CB, CC, CN, ER, FM, MN, SE, SF)
-AR -2447-06525 America/Argentina/Salta (SA, LP, NQ, RN)
+AR -3124-06411 America/Argentina/Cordoba Argentina (most areas: CB, CC, CN, ER, FM, MN, SE, SF)
+AR -2447-06525 America/Argentina/Salta Salta (SA, LP, NQ, RN)
AR -2411-06518 America/Argentina/Jujuy Jujuy (JY)
AR -2649-06513 America/Argentina/Tucuman Tucuman (TM)
-AR -2828-06547 America/Argentina/Catamarca Catamarca (CT), Chubut (CH)
+AR -2828-06547 America/Argentina/Catamarca Catamarca (CT); Chubut (CH)
AR -2926-06651 America/Argentina/La_Rioja La Rioja (LR)
AR -3132-06831 America/Argentina/San_Juan San Juan (SJ)
AR -3253-06849 America/Argentina/Mendoza Mendoza (MZ)
@@ -56,17 +56,17 @@ AS -1416-17042 Pacific/Pago_Pago
AT +4813+01620 Europe/Vienna
AU -3133+15905 Australia/Lord_Howe Lord Howe Island
AU -5430+15857 Antarctica/Macquarie Macquarie Island
-AU -4253+14719 Australia/Hobart Tasmania - most locations
-AU -3956+14352 Australia/Currie Tasmania - King Island
+AU -4253+14719 Australia/Hobart Tasmania (most areas)
+AU -3956+14352 Australia/Currie Tasmania (King Island)
AU -3749+14458 Australia/Melbourne Victoria
-AU -3352+15113 Australia/Sydney New South Wales - most locations
-AU -3157+14127 Australia/Broken_Hill New South Wales - Yancowinna
-AU -2728+15302 Australia/Brisbane Queensland - most locations
-AU -2016+14900 Australia/Lindeman Queensland - Holiday Islands
+AU -3352+15113 Australia/Sydney New South Wales (most areas)
+AU -3157+14127 Australia/Broken_Hill New South Wales (Yancowinna)
+AU -2728+15302 Australia/Brisbane Queensland (most areas)
+AU -2016+14900 Australia/Lindeman Queensland (Whitsunday Islands)
AU -3455+13835 Australia/Adelaide South Australia
AU -1228+13050 Australia/Darwin Northern Territory
-AU -3157+11551 Australia/Perth Western Australia - most locations
-AU -3143+12852 Australia/Eucla Western Australia - Eucla area
+AU -3157+11551 Australia/Perth Western Australia (most areas)
+AU -3143+12852 Australia/Eucla Western Australia (Eucla)
AW +1230-06958 America/Aruba
AX +6006+01957 Europe/Mariehamn
AZ +4023+04951 Asia/Baku
@@ -85,63 +85,63 @@ BN +0456+11455 Asia/Brunei
BO -1630-06809 America/La_Paz
BQ +120903-0681636 America/Kralendijk
BR -0351-03225 America/Noronha Atlantic islands
-BR -0127-04829 America/Belem Amapa, E Para
-BR -0343-03830 America/Fortaleza NE Brazil (MA, PI, CE, RN, PB)
+BR -0127-04829 America/Belem Para (east); Amapa
+BR -0343-03830 America/Fortaleza Brazil (northeast: MA, PI, CE, RN, PB)
BR -0803-03454 America/Recife Pernambuco
BR -0712-04812 America/Araguaina Tocantins
BR -0940-03543 America/Maceio Alagoas, Sergipe
BR -1259-03831 America/Bahia Bahia
-BR -2332-04637 America/Sao_Paulo S & SE Brazil (GO, DF, MG, ES, RJ, SP, PR, SC, RS)
+BR -2332-04637 America/Sao_Paulo Brazil (southeast: GO, DF, MG, ES, RJ, SP, PR, SC, RS)
BR -2027-05437 America/Campo_Grande Mato Grosso do Sul
BR -1535-05605 America/Cuiaba Mato Grosso
-BR -0226-05452 America/Santarem W Para
+BR -0226-05452 America/Santarem Para (west)
BR -0846-06354 America/Porto_Velho Rondonia
BR +0249-06040 America/Boa_Vista Roraima
-BR -0308-06001 America/Manaus E Amazonas
-BR -0640-06952 America/Eirunepe W Amazonas
+BR -0308-06001 America/Manaus Amazonas (east)
+BR -0640-06952 America/Eirunepe Amazonas (west)
BR -0958-06748 America/Rio_Branco Acre
BS +2505-07721 America/Nassau
BT +2728+08939 Asia/Thimphu
BW -2439+02555 Africa/Gaborone
BY +5354+02734 Europe/Minsk
BZ +1730-08812 America/Belize
-CA +4734-05243 America/St_Johns Newfoundland Time, including SE Labrador
-CA +4439-06336 America/Halifax Atlantic Time - Nova Scotia (peninsula), PEI
-CA +4612-05957 America/Glace_Bay Atlantic Time - Nova Scotia (Cape Breton)
-CA +4606-06447 America/Moncton Atlantic Time - New Brunswick
-CA +5320-06025 America/Goose_Bay Atlantic Time - Labrador - most locations
-CA +5125-05707 America/Blanc-Sablon Atlantic Standard Time - Quebec - Lower North Shore
-CA +4339-07923 America/Toronto Eastern Time - Ontario & Quebec - most locations
-CA +4901-08816 America/Nipigon Eastern Time - Ontario & Quebec - places that did not observe DST 1967-1973
-CA +4823-08915 America/Thunder_Bay Eastern Time - Thunder Bay, Ontario
-CA +6344-06828 America/Iqaluit Eastern Time - east Nunavut - most locations
-CA +6608-06544 America/Pangnirtung Eastern Time - Pangnirtung, Nunavut
-CA +744144-0944945 America/Resolute Central Time - Resolute, Nunavut
-CA +484531-0913718 America/Atikokan Eastern Standard Time - Atikokan, Ontario and Southampton I, Nunavut
-CA +624900-0920459 America/Rankin_Inlet Central Time - central Nunavut
-CA +4953-09709 America/Winnipeg Central Time - Manitoba & west Ontario
-CA +4843-09434 America/Rainy_River Central Time - Rainy River & Fort Frances, Ontario
-CA +5024-10439 America/Regina Central Standard Time - Saskatchewan - most locations
-CA +5017-10750 America/Swift_Current Central Standard Time - Saskatchewan - midwest
-CA +5333-11328 America/Edmonton Mountain Time - Alberta, east British Columbia & west Saskatchewan
-CA +690650-1050310 America/Cambridge_Bay Mountain Time - west Nunavut
-CA +6227-11421 America/Yellowknife Mountain Time - central Northwest Territories
-CA +682059-1334300 America/Inuvik Mountain Time - west Northwest Territories
-CA +4906-11631 America/Creston Mountain Standard Time - Creston, British Columbia
-CA +5946-12014 America/Dawson_Creek Mountain Standard Time - Dawson Creek & Fort Saint John, British Columbia
-CA +5848-12242 America/Fort_Nelson Mountain Standard Time - Fort Nelson, British Columbia
-CA +4916-12307 America/Vancouver Pacific Time - west British Columbia
-CA +6043-13503 America/Whitehorse Pacific Time - south Yukon
-CA +6404-13925 America/Dawson Pacific Time - north Yukon
+CA +4734-05243 America/St_Johns Newfoundland; Labrador (southeast)
+CA +4439-06336 America/Halifax Atlantic - NS (most areas); PE
+CA +4612-05957 America/Glace_Bay Atlantic - NS (Cape Breton)
+CA +4606-06447 America/Moncton Atlantic - New Brunswick
+CA +5320-06025 America/Goose_Bay Atlantic - Labrador (most areas)
+CA +5125-05707 America/Blanc-Sablon AST - QC (Lower North Shore)
+CA +4339-07923 America/Toronto Eastern - ON, QC (most areas)
+CA +4901-08816 America/Nipigon Eastern - ON, QC (no DST 1967-73)
+CA +4823-08915 America/Thunder_Bay Eastern - ON (Thunder Bay)
+CA +6344-06828 America/Iqaluit Eastern - NU (most east areas)
+CA +6608-06544 America/Pangnirtung Eastern - NU (Pangnirtung)
+CA +484531-0913718 America/Atikokan EST - ON (Atikokan); NU (Coral H)
+CA +4953-09709 America/Winnipeg Central - ON (west); Manitoba
+CA +4843-09434 America/Rainy_River Central - ON (Rainy R, Ft Frances)
+CA +744144-0944945 America/Resolute Central - NU (Resolute)
+CA +624900-0920459 America/Rankin_Inlet Central - NU (central)
+CA +5024-10439 America/Regina CST - SK (most areas)
+CA +5017-10750 America/Swift_Current CST - SK (midwest)
+CA +5333-11328 America/Edmonton Mountain - AB; BC (E); SK (W)
+CA +690650-1050310 America/Cambridge_Bay Mountain - NU (west)
+CA +6227-11421 America/Yellowknife Mountain - NT (central)
+CA +682059-1334300 America/Inuvik Mountain - NT (west)
+CA +4906-11631 America/Creston MST - BC (Creston)
+CA +5946-12014 America/Dawson_Creek MST - BC (Dawson Cr, Ft St John)
+CA +5848-12242 America/Fort_Nelson MST - BC (Ft Nelson)
+CA +4916-12307 America/Vancouver Pacific - BC (most areas)
+CA +6043-13503 America/Whitehorse Pacific - Yukon (south)
+CA +6404-13925 America/Dawson Pacific - Yukon (north)
CC -1210+09655 Indian/Cocos
-CD -0418+01518 Africa/Kinshasa west Dem. Rep. of Congo
-CD -1140+02728 Africa/Lubumbashi east Dem. Rep. of Congo
+CD -0418+01518 Africa/Kinshasa Dem. Rep. of Congo (west)
+CD -1140+02728 Africa/Lubumbashi Dem. Rep. of Congo (east)
CF +0422+01835 Africa/Bangui
CG -0416+01517 Africa/Brazzaville
CH +4723+00832 Europe/Zurich
CI +0519-00402 Africa/Abidjan
CK -2114-15946 Pacific/Rarotonga
-CL -3327-07040 America/Santiago most locations
+CL -3327-07040 America/Santiago Chile (most areas)
CL -2709-10926 Pacific/Easter Easter Island
CM +0403+00942 Africa/Douala
CN +3114+12128 Asia/Shanghai Beijing Time
@@ -154,28 +154,28 @@ CW +1211-06900 America/Curacao
CX -1025+10543 Indian/Christmas
CY +3510+03322 Asia/Nicosia
CZ +5005+01426 Europe/Prague
-DE +5230+01322 Europe/Berlin most locations
+DE +5230+01322 Europe/Berlin Germany (most areas)
DE +4742+00841 Europe/Busingen Busingen
DJ +1136+04309 Africa/Djibouti
DK +5540+01235 Europe/Copenhagen
DM +1518-06124 America/Dominica
DO +1828-06954 America/Santo_Domingo
DZ +3647+00303 Africa/Algiers
-EC -0210-07950 America/Guayaquil mainland
+EC -0210-07950 America/Guayaquil Ecuador (mainland)
EC -0054-08936 Pacific/Galapagos Galapagos Islands
EE +5925+02445 Europe/Tallinn
EG +3003+03115 Africa/Cairo
EH +2709-01312 Africa/El_Aaiun
ER +1520+03853 Africa/Asmara
-ES +4024-00341 Europe/Madrid mainland
-ES +3553-00519 Africa/Ceuta Ceuta & Melilla
+ES +4024-00341 Europe/Madrid Spain (mainland)
+ES +3553-00519 Africa/Ceuta Ceuta, Melilla
ES +2806-01524 Atlantic/Canary Canary Islands
ET +0902+03842 Africa/Addis_Ababa
FI +6010+02458 Europe/Helsinki
FJ -1808+17825 Pacific/Fiji
FK -5142-05751 Atlantic/Stanley
-FM +0725+15147 Pacific/Chuuk Chuuk (Truk) and Yap
-FM +0658+15813 Pacific/Pohnpei Pohnpei (Ponape)
+FM +0725+15147 Pacific/Chuuk Chuuk/Truk, Yap
+FM +0658+15813 Pacific/Pohnpei Pohnpei/Ponape
FM +0519+16259 Pacific/Kosrae Kosrae
FO +6201-00646 Atlantic/Faroe
FR +4852+00220 Europe/Paris
@@ -187,10 +187,10 @@ GF +0456-05220 America/Cayenne
GG +4927-00232 Europe/Guernsey
GH +0533-00013 Africa/Accra
GI +3608-00521 Europe/Gibraltar
-GL +6411-05144 America/Godthab most locations
-GL +7646-01840 America/Danmarkshavn east coast, north of Scoresbysund
-GL +7029-02158 America/Scoresbysund Scoresbysund / Ittoqqortoormiit
-GL +7634-06847 America/Thule Thule / Pituffik
+GL +6411-05144 America/Godthab Greenland (most areas)
+GL +7646-01840 America/Danmarkshavn National Park (east coast)
+GL +7029-02158 America/Scoresbysund Scoresbysund/Ittoqqortoormiit
+GL +7634-06847 America/Thule Thule/Pituffik
GM +1328-01639 Africa/Banjul
GN +0931-01343 Africa/Conakry
GP +1614-06132 America/Guadeloupe
@@ -206,10 +206,10 @@ HN +1406-08713 America/Tegucigalpa
HR +4548+01558 Europe/Zagreb
HT +1832-07220 America/Port-au-Prince
HU +4730+01905 Europe/Budapest
-ID -0610+10648 Asia/Jakarta Java & Sumatra
-ID -0002+10920 Asia/Pontianak west & central Borneo
-ID -0507+11924 Asia/Makassar east & south Borneo, Sulawesi (Celebes), Bali, Nusa Tengarra, west Timor
-ID -0232+14042 Asia/Jayapura west New Guinea (Irian Jaya) & Malukus (Moluccas)
+ID -0610+10648 Asia/Jakarta Java, Sumatra
+ID -0002+10920 Asia/Pontianak Borneo (west, central)
+ID -0507+11924 Asia/Makassar Borneo (east, south); Sulawesi/Celebes, Bali, Nusa Tengarra; Timor (west)
+ID -0232+14042 Asia/Jayapura New Guinea (West Papua / Irian Jaya); Malukus/Moluccas
IE +5320-00615 Europe/Dublin
IL +314650+0351326 Asia/Jerusalem
IM +5409-00428 Europe/Isle_of_Man
@@ -235,10 +235,10 @@ KP +3901+12545 Asia/Pyongyang
KR +3733+12658 Asia/Seoul
KW +2920+04759 Asia/Kuwait
KY +1918-08123 America/Cayman
-KZ +4315+07657 Asia/Almaty most locations
-KZ +4448+06528 Asia/Qyzylorda Qyzylorda (Kyzylorda, Kzyl-Orda)
-KZ +5017+05710 Asia/Aqtobe Aqtobe (Aktobe)
-KZ +4431+05016 Asia/Aqtau Atyrau (Atirau, Gur'yev), Mangghystau (Mankistau)
+KZ +4315+07657 Asia/Almaty Kazakhstan (most areas)
+KZ +4448+06528 Asia/Qyzylorda Qyzylorda/Kyzylorda/Kzyl-Orda
+KZ +5017+05710 Asia/Aqtobe Aqtobe/Aktobe
+KZ +4431+05016 Asia/Aqtau Atyrau/Atirau/Gur'yev, Mangghystau/Mankistau
KZ +5113+05121 Asia/Oral West Kazakhstan
LA +1758+10236 Asia/Vientiane
LB +3353+03530 Asia/Beirut
@@ -257,12 +257,12 @@ MD +4700+02850 Europe/Chisinau
ME +4226+01916 Europe/Podgorica
MF +1804-06305 America/Marigot
MG -1855+04731 Indian/Antananarivo
-MH +0709+17112 Pacific/Majuro most locations
+MH +0709+17112 Pacific/Majuro Marshall Islands (most areas)
MH +0905+16720 Pacific/Kwajalein Kwajalein
MK +4159+02126 Europe/Skopje
ML +1239-00800 Africa/Bamako
-MM +1647+09610 Asia/Rangoon
-MN +4755+10653 Asia/Ulaanbaatar most locations
+MM +1647+09610 Asia/Yangon
+MN +4755+10653 Asia/Ulaanbaatar Mongolia (most areas)
MN +4801+09139 Asia/Hovd Bayan-Olgiy, Govi-Altai, Hovd, Uvs, Zavkhan
MN +4804+11430 Asia/Choibalsan Dornod, Sukhbaatar
MO +2214+11335 Asia/Macau
@@ -274,20 +274,19 @@ MT +3554+01431 Europe/Malta
MU -2010+05730 Indian/Mauritius
MV +0410+07330 Indian/Maldives
MW -1547+03500 Africa/Blantyre
-MX +1924-09909 America/Mexico_City Central Time - most locations
+MX +1924-09909 America/Mexico_City Central Time
MX +2105-08646 America/Cancun Eastern Standard Time - Quintana Roo
MX +2058-08937 America/Merida Central Time - Campeche, Yucatan
-MX +2540-10019 America/Monterrey Mexican Central Time - Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas away from US border
-MX +2550-09730 America/Matamoros US Central Time - Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas near US border
-MX +2313-10625 America/Mazatlan Mountain Time - S Baja, Nayarit, Sinaloa
-MX +2838-10605 America/Chihuahua Mexican Mountain Time - Chihuahua away from US border
-MX +2934-10425 America/Ojinaga US Mountain Time - Chihuahua near US border
+MX +2540-10019 America/Monterrey Central Time - Durango; Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas (most areas)
+MX +2550-09730 America/Matamoros Central Time US - Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas (US border)
+MX +2313-10625 America/Mazatlan Mountain Time - Baja California Sur, Nayarit, Sinaloa
+MX +2838-10605 America/Chihuahua Mountain Time - Chihuahua (most areas)
+MX +2934-10425 America/Ojinaga Mountain Time US - Chihuahua (US border)
MX +2904-11058 America/Hermosillo Mountain Standard Time - Sonora
-MX +3232-11701 America/Tijuana US Pacific Time - Baja California near US border
-MX +3018-11452 America/Santa_Isabel Mexican Pacific Time - Baja California away from US border
-MX +2048-10515 America/Bahia_Banderas Mexican Central Time - Bahia de Banderas
-MY +0310+10142 Asia/Kuala_Lumpur peninsular Malaysia
-MY +0133+11020 Asia/Kuching Sabah & Sarawak
+MX +3232-11701 America/Tijuana Pacific Time US - Baja California
+MX +2048-10515 America/Bahia_Banderas Central Time - Bahia de Banderas
+MY +0310+10142 Asia/Kuala_Lumpur Malaysia (peninsula)
+MY +0133+11020 Asia/Kuching Sabah, Sarawak
MZ -2558+03235 Africa/Maputo
NA -2234+01706 Africa/Windhoek
NC -2216+16627 Pacific/Noumea
@@ -300,7 +299,7 @@ NO +5955+01045 Europe/Oslo
NP +2743+08519 Asia/Kathmandu
NR -0031+16655 Pacific/Nauru
NU -1901-16955 Pacific/Niue
-NZ -3652+17446 Pacific/Auckland most locations
+NZ -3652+17446 Pacific/Auckland New Zealand (most areas)
NZ -4357-17633 Pacific/Chatham Chatham Islands
OM +2336+05835 Asia/Muscat
PA +0858-07932 America/Panama
@@ -308,7 +307,7 @@ PE -1203-07703 America/Lima
PF -1732-14934 Pacific/Tahiti Society Islands
PF -0900-13930 Pacific/Marquesas Marquesas Islands
PF -2308-13457 Pacific/Gambier Gambier Islands
-PG -0930+14710 Pacific/Port_Moresby most locations
+PG -0930+14710 Pacific/Port_Moresby Papua New Guinea (most areas)
PG -0613+15534 Pacific/Bougainville Bougainville
PH +1435+12100 Asia/Manila
PK +2452+06703 Asia/Karachi
@@ -318,7 +317,7 @@ PN -2504-13005 Pacific/Pitcairn
PR +182806-0660622 America/Puerto_Rico
PS +3130+03428 Asia/Gaza Gaza Strip
PS +313200+0350542 Asia/Hebron West Bank
-PT +3843-00908 Europe/Lisbon mainland
+PT +3843-00908 Europe/Lisbon Portugal (mainland)
PT +3238-01654 Atlantic/Madeira Madeira Islands
PT +3744-02540 Atlantic/Azores Azores
PW +0720+13429 Pacific/Palau
@@ -327,27 +326,32 @@ QA +2517+05132 Asia/Qatar
RE -2052+05528 Indian/Reunion
RO +4426+02606 Europe/Bucharest
RS +4450+02030 Europe/Belgrade
-RU +5443+02030 Europe/Kaliningrad Moscow-01 - Kaliningrad
-RU +554521+0373704 Europe/Moscow Moscow+00 - west Russia
-RU +4457+03406 Europe/Simferopol Moscow+00 - Crimea
-RU +4844+04425 Europe/Volgograd Moscow+00 - Caspian Sea
-RU +5312+05009 Europe/Samara Moscow+00 (Moscow+01 after 2014-10-26) - Samara, Udmurtia
-RU +5651+06036 Asia/Yekaterinburg Moscow+02 - Urals
-RU +5500+07324 Asia/Omsk Moscow+03 - west Siberia
-RU +5502+08255 Asia/Novosibirsk Moscow+03 - Novosibirsk
-RU +5345+08707 Asia/Novokuznetsk Moscow+03 (Moscow+04 after 2014-10-26) - Kemerovo
-RU +5601+09250 Asia/Krasnoyarsk Moscow+04 - Yenisei River
-RU +5216+10420 Asia/Irkutsk Moscow+05 - Lake Baikal
-RU +5203+11328 Asia/Chita Moscow+06 (Moscow+05 after 2014-10-26) - Zabaykalsky
-RU +6200+12940 Asia/Yakutsk Moscow+06 - Lena River
-RU +623923+1353314 Asia/Khandyga Moscow+06 - Tomponsky, Ust-Maysky
-RU +4310+13156 Asia/Vladivostok Moscow+07 - Amur River
-RU +4658+14242 Asia/Sakhalin Moscow+07 - Sakhalin Island
-RU +643337+1431336 Asia/Ust-Nera Moscow+07 - Oymyakonsky
-RU +5934+15048 Asia/Magadan Moscow+08 (Moscow+07 after 2014-10-26) - Magadan
-RU +6728+15343 Asia/Srednekolymsk Moscow+08 - E Sakha, N Kuril Is
-RU +5301+15839 Asia/Kamchatka Moscow+08 (Moscow+09 after 2014-10-26) - Kamchatka
-RU +6445+17729 Asia/Anadyr Moscow+08 (Moscow+09 after 2014-10-26) - Bering Sea
+RU +5443+02030 Europe/Kaliningrad MSK-01 - Kaliningrad
+RU +554521+0373704 Europe/Moscow MSK+00 - Moscow area
+RU +4457+03406 Europe/Simferopol MSK+00 - Crimea
+RU +4844+04425 Europe/Volgograd MSK+00 - Volgograd, Saratov
+RU +5836+04939 Europe/Kirov MSK+00 - Kirov
+RU +4621+04803 Europe/Astrakhan MSK+01 - Astrakhan
+RU +5312+05009 Europe/Samara MSK+01 - Samara, Udmurtia
+RU +5420+04824 Europe/Ulyanovsk MSK+01 - Ulyanovsk
+RU +5651+06036 Asia/Yekaterinburg MSK+02 - Urals
+RU +5500+07324 Asia/Omsk MSK+03 - Omsk
+RU +5502+08255 Asia/Novosibirsk MSK+03 - Novosibirsk
+RU +5322+08345 Asia/Barnaul MSK+04 - Altai
+RU +5630+08458 Asia/Tomsk MSK+04 - Tomsk
+RU +5345+08707 Asia/Novokuznetsk MSK+04 - Kemerovo
+RU +5601+09250 Asia/Krasnoyarsk MSK+04 - Krasnoyarsk area
+RU +5216+10420 Asia/Irkutsk MSK+05 - Irkutsk, Buryatia
+RU +5203+11328 Asia/Chita MSK+06 - Zabaykalsky
+RU +6200+12940 Asia/Yakutsk MSK+06 - Lena River
+RU +623923+1353314 Asia/Khandyga MSK+06 - Tomponsky, Ust-Maysky
+RU +4310+13156 Asia/Vladivostok MSK+07 - Amur River
+RU +643337+1431336 Asia/Ust-Nera MSK+07 - Oymyakonsky
+RU +5934+15048 Asia/Magadan MSK+08 - Magadan
+RU +4658+14242 Asia/Sakhalin MSK+08 - Sakhalin Island
+RU +6728+15343 Asia/Srednekolymsk MSK+08 - Sakha (E); North Kuril Is
+RU +5301+15839 Asia/Kamchatka MSK+09 - Kamchatka
+RU +6445+17729 Asia/Anadyr MSK+09 - Bering Sea
RW -0157+03004 Africa/Kigali
SA +2438+04643 Asia/Riyadh
SB -0932+16012 Pacific/Guadalcanal
@@ -386,45 +390,45 @@ TT +1039-06131 America/Port_of_Spain
TV -0831+17913 Pacific/Funafuti
TW +2503+12130 Asia/Taipei
TZ -0648+03917 Africa/Dar_es_Salaam
-UA +5026+03031 Europe/Kiev most locations
+UA +5026+03031 Europe/Kiev Ukraine (most areas)
UA +4837+02218 Europe/Uzhgorod Ruthenia
-UA +4750+03510 Europe/Zaporozhye Zaporozh'ye, E Lugansk / Zaporizhia, E Luhansk
+UA +4750+03510 Europe/Zaporozhye Zaporozh'ye/Zaporizhia; Lugansk/Luhansk (east)
UG +0019+03225 Africa/Kampala
UM +1645-16931 Pacific/Johnston Johnston Atoll
UM +2813-17722 Pacific/Midway Midway Islands
UM +1917+16637 Pacific/Wake Wake Island
-US +404251-0740023 America/New_York Eastern Time
-US +421953-0830245 America/Detroit Eastern Time - Michigan - most locations
-US +381515-0854534 America/Kentucky/Louisville Eastern Time - Kentucky - Louisville area
-US +364947-0845057 America/Kentucky/Monticello Eastern Time - Kentucky - Wayne County
-US +394606-0860929 America/Indiana/Indianapolis Eastern Time - Indiana - most locations
-US +384038-0873143 America/Indiana/Vincennes Eastern Time - Indiana - Daviess, Dubois, Knox & Martin Counties
-US +410305-0863611 America/Indiana/Winamac Eastern Time - Indiana - Pulaski County
-US +382232-0862041 America/Indiana/Marengo Eastern Time - Indiana - Crawford County
-US +382931-0871643 America/Indiana/Petersburg Eastern Time - Indiana - Pike County
-US +384452-0850402 America/Indiana/Vevay Eastern Time - Indiana - Switzerland County
-US +415100-0873900 America/Chicago Central Time
-US +375711-0864541 America/Indiana/Tell_City Central Time - Indiana - Perry County
-US +411745-0863730 America/Indiana/Knox Central Time - Indiana - Starke County
-US +450628-0873651 America/Menominee Central Time - Michigan - Dickinson, Gogebic, Iron & Menominee Counties
-US +470659-1011757 America/North_Dakota/Center Central Time - North Dakota - Oliver County
-US +465042-1012439 America/North_Dakota/New_Salem Central Time - North Dakota - Morton County (except Mandan area)
-US +471551-1014640 America/North_Dakota/Beulah Central Time - North Dakota - Mercer County
-US +394421-1045903 America/Denver Mountain Time
-US +433649-1161209 America/Boise Mountain Time - south Idaho & east Oregon
-US +332654-1120424 America/Phoenix Mountain Standard Time - Arizona (except Navajo)
-US +340308-1181434 America/Los_Angeles Pacific Time
-US +550737-1313435 America/Metlakatla Pacific Standard Time - Annette Island, Alaska
-US +611305-1495401 America/Anchorage Alaska Time
-US +581807-1342511 America/Juneau Alaska Time - Alaska panhandle
-US +571035-1351807 America/Sitka Alaska Time - southeast Alaska panhandle
-US +593249-1394338 America/Yakutat Alaska Time - Alaska panhandle neck
-US +643004-1652423 America/Nome Alaska Time - west Alaska
+US +404251-0740023 America/New_York Eastern (most areas)
+US +421953-0830245 America/Detroit Eastern - MI (most areas)
+US +381515-0854534 America/Kentucky/Louisville Eastern - KY (Louisville area)
+US +364947-0845057 America/Kentucky/Monticello Eastern - KY (Wayne)
+US +394606-0860929 America/Indiana/Indianapolis Eastern - IN (most areas)
+US +384038-0873143 America/Indiana/Vincennes Eastern - IN (Da, Du, K, Mn)
+US +410305-0863611 America/Indiana/Winamac Eastern - IN (Pulaski)
+US +382232-0862041 America/Indiana/Marengo Eastern - IN (Crawford)
+US +382931-0871643 America/Indiana/Petersburg Eastern - IN (Pike)
+US +384452-0850402 America/Indiana/Vevay Eastern - IN (Switzerland)
+US +415100-0873900 America/Chicago Central (most areas)
+US +375711-0864541 America/Indiana/Tell_City Central - IN (Perry)
+US +411745-0863730 America/Indiana/Knox Central - IN (Starke)
+US +450628-0873651 America/Menominee Central - MI (Wisconsin border)
+US +470659-1011757 America/North_Dakota/Center Central - ND (Oliver)
+US +465042-1012439 America/North_Dakota/New_Salem Central - ND (Morton rural)
+US +471551-1014640 America/North_Dakota/Beulah Central - ND (Mercer)
+US +394421-1045903 America/Denver Mountain (most areas)
+US +433649-1161209 America/Boise Mountain - ID (south); OR (east)
+US +332654-1120424 America/Phoenix MST - Arizona (except Navajo)
+US +340308-1181434 America/Los_Angeles Pacific
+US +611305-1495401 America/Anchorage Alaska (most areas)
+US +581807-1342511 America/Juneau Alaska - Juneau area
+US +571035-1351807 America/Sitka Alaska - Sitka area
+US +550737-1313435 America/Metlakatla Alaska - Annette Island
+US +593249-1394338 America/Yakutat Alaska - Yakutat
+US +643004-1652423 America/Nome Alaska (west)
US +515248-1763929 America/Adak Aleutian Islands
US +211825-1575130 Pacific/Honolulu Hawaii
UY -3453-05611 America/Montevideo
-UZ +3940+06648 Asia/Samarkand west Uzbekistan
-UZ +4120+06918 Asia/Tashkent east Uzbekistan
+UZ +3940+06648 Asia/Samarkand Uzbekistan (west)
+UZ +4120+06918 Asia/Tashkent Uzbekistan (east)
VA +415408+0122711 Europe/Vatican
VC +1309-06114 America/St_Vincent
VE +1030-06656 America/Caracas
diff --git a/zone1970.tab b/zone1970.tab
index 1e1b7e79ea94..b7372cf671b8 100644
--- a/zone1970.tab
+++ b/zone1970.tab
@@ -38,21 +38,21 @@ AE,OM +2518+05518 Asia/Dubai
AF +3431+06912 Asia/Kabul
AL +4120+01950 Europe/Tirane
AM +4011+04430 Asia/Yerevan
-AQ -6734-06808 Antarctica/Rothera Rothera Station, Adelaide Island
-AQ -6448-06406 Antarctica/Palmer Palmer Station, Anvers Island
-AQ -6736+06253 Antarctica/Mawson Mawson Station, Holme Bay
-AQ -6835+07758 Antarctica/Davis Davis Station, Vestfold Hills
-AQ -6617+11031 Antarctica/Casey Casey Station, Bailey Peninsula
-AQ -7824+10654 Antarctica/Vostok Vostok Station, Lake Vostok
-AQ -6640+14001 Antarctica/DumontDUrville Dumont-d'Urville Station, Adélie Land
-AQ -690022+0393524 Antarctica/Syowa Syowa Station, E Ongul I
-AQ -720041+0023206 Antarctica/Troll Troll Station, Queen Maud Land
+AQ -6617+11031 Antarctica/Casey Casey
+AQ -6835+07758 Antarctica/Davis Davis
+AQ -6640+14001 Antarctica/DumontDUrville Dumont-d'Urville
+AQ -6736+06253 Antarctica/Mawson Mawson
+AQ -6448-06406 Antarctica/Palmer Palmer
+AQ -6734-06808 Antarctica/Rothera Rothera
+AQ -690022+0393524 Antarctica/Syowa Syowa
+AQ -720041+0023206 Antarctica/Troll Troll
+AQ -7824+10654 Antarctica/Vostok Vostok
AR -3436-05827 America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires Buenos Aires (BA, CF)
-AR -3124-06411 America/Argentina/Cordoba most locations (CB, CC, CN, ER, FM, MN, SE, SF)
-AR -2447-06525 America/Argentina/Salta (SA, LP, NQ, RN)
+AR -3124-06411 America/Argentina/Cordoba Argentina (most areas: CB, CC, CN, ER, FM, MN, SE, SF)
+AR -2447-06525 America/Argentina/Salta Salta (SA, LP, NQ, RN)
AR -2411-06518 America/Argentina/Jujuy Jujuy (JY)
AR -2649-06513 America/Argentina/Tucuman Tucumán (TM)
-AR -2828-06547 America/Argentina/Catamarca Catamarca (CT), Chubut (CH)
+AR -2828-06547 America/Argentina/Catamarca Catamarca (CT); Chubut (CH)
AR -2926-06651 America/Argentina/La_Rioja La Rioja (LR)
AR -3132-06831 America/Argentina/San_Juan San Juan (SJ)
AR -3253-06849 America/Argentina/Mendoza Mendoza (MZ)
@@ -63,17 +63,17 @@ AS,UM -1416-17042 Pacific/Pago_Pago Samoa, Midway
AT +4813+01620 Europe/Vienna
AU -3133+15905 Australia/Lord_Howe Lord Howe Island
AU -5430+15857 Antarctica/Macquarie Macquarie Island
-AU -4253+14719 Australia/Hobart Tasmania - most locations
-AU -3956+14352 Australia/Currie Tasmania - King Island
+AU -4253+14719 Australia/Hobart Tasmania (most areas)
+AU -3956+14352 Australia/Currie Tasmania (King Island)
AU -3749+14458 Australia/Melbourne Victoria
-AU -3352+15113 Australia/Sydney New South Wales - most locations
-AU -3157+14127 Australia/Broken_Hill New South Wales - Yancowinna
-AU -2728+15302 Australia/Brisbane Queensland - most locations
-AU -2016+14900 Australia/Lindeman Queensland - Holiday Islands
+AU -3352+15113 Australia/Sydney New South Wales (most areas)
+AU -3157+14127 Australia/Broken_Hill New South Wales (Yancowinna)
+AU -2728+15302 Australia/Brisbane Queensland (most areas)
+AU -2016+14900 Australia/Lindeman Queensland (Whitsunday Islands)
AU -3455+13835 Australia/Adelaide South Australia
AU -1228+13050 Australia/Darwin Northern Territory
-AU -3157+11551 Australia/Perth Western Australia - most locations
-AU -3143+12852 Australia/Eucla Western Australia - Eucla area
+AU -3157+11551 Australia/Perth Western Australia (most areas)
+AU -3143+12852 Australia/Eucla Western Australia (Eucla)
AZ +4023+04951 Asia/Baku
BB +1306-05937 America/Barbados
BD +2343+09025 Asia/Dhaka
@@ -83,58 +83,58 @@ BM +3217-06446 Atlantic/Bermuda
BN +0456+11455 Asia/Brunei
BO -1630-06809 America/La_Paz
BR -0351-03225 America/Noronha Atlantic islands
-BR -0127-04829 America/Belem Amapá, E Pará
-BR -0343-03830 America/Fortaleza NE Brazil (MA, PI, CE, RN, PB)
+BR -0127-04829 America/Belem Pará (east); Amapá
+BR -0343-03830 America/Fortaleza Brazil (northeast: MA, PI, CE, RN, PB)
BR -0803-03454 America/Recife Pernambuco
BR -0712-04812 America/Araguaina Tocantins
BR -0940-03543 America/Maceio Alagoas, Sergipe
BR -1259-03831 America/Bahia Bahia
-BR -2332-04637 America/Sao_Paulo S & SE Brazil (GO, DF, MG, ES, RJ, SP, PR, SC, RS)
+BR -2332-04637 America/Sao_Paulo Brazil (southeast: GO, DF, MG, ES, RJ, SP, PR, SC, RS)
BR -2027-05437 America/Campo_Grande Mato Grosso do Sul
BR -1535-05605 America/Cuiaba Mato Grosso
-BR -0226-05452 America/Santarem W Pará
+BR -0226-05452 America/Santarem Pará (west)
BR -0846-06354 America/Porto_Velho Rondônia
BR +0249-06040 America/Boa_Vista Roraima
-BR -0308-06001 America/Manaus E Amazonas
-BR -0640-06952 America/Eirunepe W Amazonas
+BR -0308-06001 America/Manaus Amazonas (east)
+BR -0640-06952 America/Eirunepe Amazonas (west)
BR -0958-06748 America/Rio_Branco Acre
BS +2505-07721 America/Nassau
BT +2728+08939 Asia/Thimphu
BY +5354+02734 Europe/Minsk
BZ +1730-08812 America/Belize
-CA +4734-05243 America/St_Johns Newfoundland Time, including SE Labrador
-CA +4439-06336 America/Halifax Atlantic Time - Nova Scotia (peninsula), PEI
-CA +4612-05957 America/Glace_Bay Atlantic Time - Nova Scotia (Cape Breton)
-CA +4606-06447 America/Moncton Atlantic Time - New Brunswick
-CA +5320-06025 America/Goose_Bay Atlantic Time - Labrador - most locations
-CA +5125-05707 America/Blanc-Sablon Atlantic Standard Time - Quebec - Lower North Shore
-CA +4339-07923 America/Toronto Eastern Time - Ontario & Quebec - most locations
-CA +4901-08816 America/Nipigon Eastern Time - Ontario & Quebec - places that did not observe DST 1967-1973
-CA +4823-08915 America/Thunder_Bay Eastern Time - Thunder Bay, Ontario
-CA +6344-06828 America/Iqaluit Eastern Time - east Nunavut - most locations
-CA +6608-06544 America/Pangnirtung Eastern Time - Pangnirtung, Nunavut
-CA +744144-0944945 America/Resolute Central Time - Resolute, Nunavut
-CA +484531-0913718 America/Atikokan Eastern Standard Time - Atikokan, Ontario and Southampton I, Nunavut
-CA +624900-0920459 America/Rankin_Inlet Central Time - central Nunavut
-CA +4953-09709 America/Winnipeg Central Time - Manitoba & west Ontario
-CA +4843-09434 America/Rainy_River Central Time - Rainy River & Fort Frances, Ontario
-CA +5024-10439 America/Regina Central Standard Time - Saskatchewan - most locations
-CA +5017-10750 America/Swift_Current Central Standard Time - Saskatchewan - midwest
-CA +5333-11328 America/Edmonton Mountain Time - Alberta, east British Columbia & west Saskatchewan
-CA +690650-1050310 America/Cambridge_Bay Mountain Time - west Nunavut
-CA +6227-11421 America/Yellowknife Mountain Time - central Northwest Territories
-CA +682059-1334300 America/Inuvik Mountain Time - west Northwest Territories
-CA +4906-11631 America/Creston Mountain Standard Time - Creston, British Columbia
-CA +5946-12014 America/Dawson_Creek Mountain Standard Time - Dawson Creek & Fort Saint John, British Columbia
-CA +5848-12242 America/Fort_Nelson Mountain Standard Time - Fort Nelson, British Columbia
-CA +4916-12307 America/Vancouver Pacific Time - west British Columbia
-CA +6043-13503 America/Whitehorse Pacific Time - south Yukon
-CA +6404-13925 America/Dawson Pacific Time - north Yukon
+CA +4734-05243 America/St_Johns Newfoundland; Labrador (southeast)
+CA +4439-06336 America/Halifax Atlantic - NS (most areas); PE
+CA +4612-05957 America/Glace_Bay Atlantic - NS (Cape Breton)
+CA +4606-06447 America/Moncton Atlantic - New Brunswick
+CA +5320-06025 America/Goose_Bay Atlantic - Labrador (most areas)
+CA +5125-05707 America/Blanc-Sablon AST - QC (Lower North Shore)
+CA +4339-07923 America/Toronto Eastern - ON, QC (most areas)
+CA +4901-08816 America/Nipigon Eastern - ON, QC (no DST 1967-73)
+CA +4823-08915 America/Thunder_Bay Eastern - ON (Thunder Bay)
+CA +6344-06828 America/Iqaluit Eastern - NU (most east areas)
+CA +6608-06544 America/Pangnirtung Eastern - NU (Pangnirtung)
+CA +484531-0913718 America/Atikokan EST - ON (Atikokan); NU (Coral H)
+CA +4953-09709 America/Winnipeg Central - ON (west); Manitoba
+CA +4843-09434 America/Rainy_River Central - ON (Rainy R, Ft Frances)
+CA +744144-0944945 America/Resolute Central - NU (Resolute)
+CA +624900-0920459 America/Rankin_Inlet Central - NU (central)
+CA +5024-10439 America/Regina CST - SK (most areas)
+CA +5017-10750 America/Swift_Current CST - SK (midwest)
+CA +5333-11328 America/Edmonton Mountain - AB; BC (E); SK (W)
+CA +690650-1050310 America/Cambridge_Bay Mountain - NU (west)
+CA +6227-11421 America/Yellowknife Mountain - NT (central)
+CA +682059-1334300 America/Inuvik Mountain - NT (west)
+CA +4906-11631 America/Creston MST - BC (Creston)
+CA +5946-12014 America/Dawson_Creek MST - BC (Dawson Cr, Ft St John)
+CA +5848-12242 America/Fort_Nelson MST - BC (Ft Nelson)
+CA +4916-12307 America/Vancouver Pacific - BC (most areas)
+CA +6043-13503 America/Whitehorse Pacific - Yukon (south)
+CA +6404-13925 America/Dawson Pacific - Yukon (north)
CC -1210+09655 Indian/Cocos
CH,DE,LI +4723+00832 Europe/Zurich Swiss time
CI,BF,GM,GN,ML,MR,SH,SL,SN,ST,TG +0519-00402 Africa/Abidjan
CK -2114-15946 Pacific/Rarotonga
-CL -3327-07040 America/Santiago most locations
+CL -3327-07040 America/Santiago Chile (most areas)
CL -2709-10926 Pacific/Easter Easter Island
CN +3114+12128 Asia/Shanghai Beijing Time
CN +4348+08735 Asia/Urumqi Xinjiang Time
@@ -146,23 +146,23 @@ CW,AW,BQ,SX +1211-06900 America/Curacao
CX -1025+10543 Indian/Christmas
CY +3510+03322 Asia/Nicosia
CZ,SK +5005+01426 Europe/Prague
-DE +5230+01322 Europe/Berlin Berlin time
+DE +5230+01322 Europe/Berlin Germany (most areas)
DK +5540+01235 Europe/Copenhagen
DO +1828-06954 America/Santo_Domingo
DZ +3647+00303 Africa/Algiers
-EC -0210-07950 America/Guayaquil mainland
+EC -0210-07950 America/Guayaquil Ecuador (mainland)
EC -0054-08936 Pacific/Galapagos Galápagos Islands
EE +5925+02445 Europe/Tallinn
EG +3003+03115 Africa/Cairo
EH +2709-01312 Africa/El_Aaiun
-ES +4024-00341 Europe/Madrid mainland
-ES +3553-00519 Africa/Ceuta Ceuta & Melilla
+ES +4024-00341 Europe/Madrid Spain (mainland)
+ES +3553-00519 Africa/Ceuta Ceuta, Melilla
ES +2806-01524 Atlantic/Canary Canary Islands
FI,AX +6010+02458 Europe/Helsinki
FJ -1808+17825 Pacific/Fiji
FK -5142-05751 Atlantic/Stanley
-FM +0725+15147 Pacific/Chuuk Chuuk (Truk) and Yap
-FM +0658+15813 Pacific/Pohnpei Pohnpei (Ponape)
+FM +0725+15147 Pacific/Chuuk Chuuk/Truk, Yap
+FM +0658+15813 Pacific/Pohnpei Pohnpei/Ponape
FM +0519+16259 Pacific/Kosrae Kosrae
FO +6201-00646 Atlantic/Faroe
FR +4852+00220 Europe/Paris
@@ -171,10 +171,10 @@ GE +4143+04449 Asia/Tbilisi
GF +0456-05220 America/Cayenne
GH +0533-00013 Africa/Accra
GI +3608-00521 Europe/Gibraltar
-GL +6411-05144 America/Godthab most locations
-GL +7646-01840 America/Danmarkshavn east coast, north of Scoresbysund
-GL +7029-02158 America/Scoresbysund Scoresbysund / Ittoqqortoormiit
-GL +7634-06847 America/Thule Thule / Pituffik
+GL +6411-05144 America/Godthab Greenland (most areas)
+GL +7646-01840 America/Danmarkshavn National Park (east coast)
+GL +7029-02158 America/Scoresbysund Scoresbysund/Ittoqqortoormiit
+GL +7634-06847 America/Thule Thule/Pituffik
GR +3758+02343 Europe/Athens
GS -5416-03632 Atlantic/South_Georgia
GT +1438-09031 America/Guatemala
@@ -185,10 +185,10 @@ HK +2217+11409 Asia/Hong_Kong
HN +1406-08713 America/Tegucigalpa
HT +1832-07220 America/Port-au-Prince
HU +4730+01905 Europe/Budapest
-ID -0610+10648 Asia/Jakarta Java & Sumatra
-ID -0002+10920 Asia/Pontianak west & central Borneo
-ID -0507+11924 Asia/Makassar east & south Borneo, Sulawesi (Celebes), Bali, Nusa Tengarra, west Timor
-ID -0232+14042 Asia/Jayapura west New Guinea (Irian Jaya) & Malukus (Moluccas)
+ID -0610+10648 Asia/Jakarta Java, Sumatra
+ID -0002+10920 Asia/Pontianak Borneo (west, central)
+ID -0507+11924 Asia/Makassar Borneo (east, south); Sulawesi/Celebes, Bali, Nusa Tengarra; Timor (west)
+ID -0232+14042 Asia/Jayapura New Guinea (West Papua / Irian Jaya); Malukus/Moluccas
IE +5320-00615 Europe/Dublin
IL +314650+0351326 Asia/Jerusalem
IN +2232+08822 Asia/Kolkata
@@ -207,11 +207,10 @@ KI -0308-17105 Pacific/Enderbury Phoenix Islands
KI +0152-15720 Pacific/Kiritimati Line Islands
KP +3901+12545 Asia/Pyongyang
KR +3733+12658 Asia/Seoul
-KY +1918-08123 America/Cayman
-KZ +4315+07657 Asia/Almaty most locations
-KZ +4448+06528 Asia/Qyzylorda Qyzylorda (Kyzylorda, Kzyl-Orda)
-KZ +5017+05710 Asia/Aqtobe Aqtobe (Aktobe)
-KZ +4431+05016 Asia/Aqtau Atyrau (Atirau, Gur'yev), Mangghystau (Mankistau)
+KZ +4315+07657 Asia/Almaty Kazakhstan (most areas)
+KZ +4448+06528 Asia/Qyzylorda Qyzylorda/Kyzylorda/Kzyl-Orda
+KZ +5017+05710 Asia/Aqtobe Aqtobe/Aktobe
+KZ +4431+05016 Asia/Aqtau Atyrau/Atirau/Gur'yev, Mangghystau/Mankistau
KZ +5113+05121 Asia/Oral West Kazakhstan
LB +3353+03530 Asia/Beirut
LK +0656+07951 Asia/Colombo
@@ -223,10 +222,10 @@ LY +3254+01311 Africa/Tripoli
MA +3339-00735 Africa/Casablanca
MC +4342+00723 Europe/Monaco
MD +4700+02850 Europe/Chisinau
-MH +0709+17112 Pacific/Majuro most locations
+MH +0709+17112 Pacific/Majuro Marshall Islands (most areas)
MH +0905+16720 Pacific/Kwajalein Kwajalein
-MM +1647+09610 Asia/Rangoon
-MN +4755+10653 Asia/Ulaanbaatar most locations
+MM +1647+09610 Asia/Yangon
+MN +4755+10653 Asia/Ulaanbaatar Mongolia (most areas)
MN +4801+09139 Asia/Hovd Bayan-Ölgii, Govi-Altai, Hovd, Uvs, Zavkhan
MN +4804+11430 Asia/Choibalsan Dornod, Sükhbaatar
MO +2214+11335 Asia/Macau
@@ -234,25 +233,24 @@ MQ +1436-06105 America/Martinique
MT +3554+01431 Europe/Malta
MU -2010+05730 Indian/Mauritius
MV +0410+07330 Indian/Maldives
-MX +1924-09909 America/Mexico_City Central Time - most locations
+MX +1924-09909 America/Mexico_City Central Time
MX +2105-08646 America/Cancun Eastern Standard Time - Quintana Roo
MX +2058-08937 America/Merida Central Time - Campeche, Yucatán
-MX +2540-10019 America/Monterrey Mexican Central Time - Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas away from US border
-MX +2550-09730 America/Matamoros US Central Time - Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas near US border
-MX +2313-10625 America/Mazatlan Mountain Time - S Baja, Nayarit, Sinaloa
-MX +2838-10605 America/Chihuahua Mexican Mountain Time - Chihuahua away from US border
-MX +2934-10425 America/Ojinaga US Mountain Time - Chihuahua near US border
+MX +2540-10019 America/Monterrey Central Time - Durango; Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas (most areas)
+MX +2550-09730 America/Matamoros Central Time US - Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas (US border)
+MX +2313-10625 America/Mazatlan Mountain Time - Baja California Sur, Nayarit, Sinaloa
+MX +2838-10605 America/Chihuahua Mountain Time - Chihuahua (most areas)
+MX +2934-10425 America/Ojinaga Mountain Time US - Chihuahua (US border)
MX +2904-11058 America/Hermosillo Mountain Standard Time - Sonora
-MX +3232-11701 America/Tijuana US Pacific Time - Baja California near US border
-MX +3018-11452 America/Santa_Isabel Mexican Pacific Time - Baja California away from US border
-MX +2048-10515 America/Bahia_Banderas Mexican Central Time - Bahía de Banderas
-MY +0310+10142 Asia/Kuala_Lumpur peninsular Malaysia
-MY +0133+11020 Asia/Kuching Sabah & Sarawak
-MZ,BI,BW,CD,MW,RW,ZM,ZW -2558+03235 Africa/Maputo Central Africa Time (UTC+2)
+MX +3232-11701 America/Tijuana Pacific Time US - Baja California
+MX +2048-10515 America/Bahia_Banderas Central Time - Bahía de Banderas
+MY +0310+10142 Asia/Kuala_Lumpur Malaysia (peninsula)
+MY +0133+11020 Asia/Kuching Sabah, Sarawak
+MZ,BI,BW,CD,MW,RW,ZM,ZW -2558+03235 Africa/Maputo Central Africa Time
NA -2234+01706 Africa/Windhoek
NC -2216+16627 Pacific/Noumea
NF -2903+16758 Pacific/Norfolk
-NG,AO,BJ,CD,CF,CG,CM,GA,GQ,NE +0627+00324 Africa/Lagos West Africa Time (UTC+1)
+NG,AO,BJ,CD,CF,CG,CM,GA,GQ,NE +0627+00324 Africa/Lagos West Africa Time
NI +1209-08617 America/Managua
NL +5222+00454 Europe/Amsterdam
NO,SJ +5955+01045 Europe/Oslo
@@ -261,12 +259,12 @@ NR -0031+16655 Pacific/Nauru
NU -1901-16955 Pacific/Niue
NZ,AQ -3652+17446 Pacific/Auckland New Zealand time
NZ -4357-17633 Pacific/Chatham Chatham Islands
-PA +0858-07932 America/Panama
+PA,KY +0858-07932 America/Panama
PE -1203-07703 America/Lima
PF -1732-14934 Pacific/Tahiti Society Islands
PF -0900-13930 Pacific/Marquesas Marquesas Islands
PF -2308-13457 Pacific/Gambier Gambier Islands
-PG -0930+14710 Pacific/Port_Moresby most locations
+PG -0930+14710 Pacific/Port_Moresby Papua New Guinea (most areas)
PG -0613+15534 Pacific/Bougainville Bougainville
PH +1435+12100 Asia/Manila
PK +2452+06703 Asia/Karachi
@@ -276,36 +274,41 @@ PN -2504-13005 Pacific/Pitcairn
PR +182806-0660622 America/Puerto_Rico
PS +3130+03428 Asia/Gaza Gaza Strip
PS +313200+0350542 Asia/Hebron West Bank
-PT +3843-00908 Europe/Lisbon mainland
+PT +3843-00908 Europe/Lisbon Portugal (mainland)
PT +3238-01654 Atlantic/Madeira Madeira Islands
PT +3744-02540 Atlantic/Azores Azores
PW +0720+13429 Pacific/Palau
PY -2516-05740 America/Asuncion
QA,BH +2517+05132 Asia/Qatar
-RE,TF -2052+05528 Indian/Reunion Réunion, Crozet Is, Scattered Is
+RE,TF -2052+05528 Indian/Reunion Réunion, Crozet, Scattered Islands
RO +4426+02606 Europe/Bucharest
RS,BA,HR,ME,MK,SI +4450+02030 Europe/Belgrade
-RU +5443+02030 Europe/Kaliningrad Moscow-01 - Kaliningrad
-RU +554521+0373704 Europe/Moscow Moscow+00 - west Russia
-RU +4457+03406 Europe/Simferopol Moscow+00 - Crimea
-RU +4844+04425 Europe/Volgograd Moscow+00 - Caspian Sea
-RU +5312+05009 Europe/Samara Moscow+00 (Moscow+01 after 2014-10-26) - Samara, Udmurtia
-RU +5651+06036 Asia/Yekaterinburg Moscow+02 - Urals
-RU +5500+07324 Asia/Omsk Moscow+03 - west Siberia
-RU +5502+08255 Asia/Novosibirsk Moscow+03 - Novosibirsk
-RU +5345+08707 Asia/Novokuznetsk Moscow+03 (Moscow+04 after 2014-10-26) - Kemerovo
-RU +5601+09250 Asia/Krasnoyarsk Moscow+04 - Yenisei River
-RU +5216+10420 Asia/Irkutsk Moscow+05 - Lake Baikal
-RU +5203+11328 Asia/Chita Moscow+06 (Moscow+05 after 2014-10-26) - Zabaykalsky
-RU +6200+12940 Asia/Yakutsk Moscow+06 - Lena River
-RU +623923+1353314 Asia/Khandyga Moscow+06 - Tomponsky, Ust-Maysky
-RU +4310+13156 Asia/Vladivostok Moscow+07 - Amur River
-RU +4658+14242 Asia/Sakhalin Moscow+07 - Sakhalin Island
-RU +643337+1431336 Asia/Ust-Nera Moscow+07 - Oymyakonsky
-RU +5934+15048 Asia/Magadan Moscow+08 (Moscow+07 after 2014-10-26) - Magadan
-RU +6728+15343 Asia/Srednekolymsk Moscow+08 - E Sakha, N Kuril Is
-RU +5301+15839 Asia/Kamchatka Moscow+08 (Moscow+09 after 2014-10-26) - Kamchatka
-RU +6445+17729 Asia/Anadyr Moscow+08 (Moscow+09 after 2014-10-26) - Bering Sea
+RU +5443+02030 Europe/Kaliningrad MSK-01 - Kaliningrad
+RU +554521+0373704 Europe/Moscow MSK+00 - Moscow area
+RU +4457+03406 Europe/Simferopol MSK+00 - Crimea
+RU +4844+04425 Europe/Volgograd MSK+00 - Volgograd, Saratov
+RU +5836+04939 Europe/Kirov MSK+00 - Kirov
+RU +4621+04803 Europe/Astrakhan MSK+01 - Astrakhan
+RU +5312+05009 Europe/Samara MSK+01 - Samara, Udmurtia
+RU +5420+04824 Europe/Ulyanovsk MSK+01 - Ulyanovsk
+RU +5651+06036 Asia/Yekaterinburg MSK+02 - Urals
+RU +5500+07324 Asia/Omsk MSK+03 - Omsk
+RU +5502+08255 Asia/Novosibirsk MSK+03 - Novosibirsk
+RU +5322+08345 Asia/Barnaul MSK+04 - Altai
+RU +5630+08458 Asia/Tomsk MSK+04 - Tomsk
+RU +5345+08707 Asia/Novokuznetsk MSK+04 - Kemerovo
+RU +5601+09250 Asia/Krasnoyarsk MSK+04 - Krasnoyarsk area
+RU +5216+10420 Asia/Irkutsk MSK+05 - Irkutsk, Buryatia
+RU +5203+11328 Asia/Chita MSK+06 - Zabaykalsky
+RU +6200+12940 Asia/Yakutsk MSK+06 - Lena River
+RU +623923+1353314 Asia/Khandyga MSK+06 - Tomponsky, Ust-Maysky
+RU +4310+13156 Asia/Vladivostok MSK+07 - Amur River
+RU +643337+1431336 Asia/Ust-Nera MSK+07 - Oymyakonsky
+RU +5934+15048 Asia/Magadan MSK+08 - Magadan
+RU +4658+14242 Asia/Sakhalin MSK+08 - Sakhalin Island
+RU +6728+15343 Asia/Srednekolymsk MSK+08 - Sakha (E); North Kuril Is
+RU +5301+15839 Asia/Kamchatka MSK+09 - Kamchatka
+RU +6445+17729 Asia/Anadyr MSK+09 - Bering Sea
SA,KW,YE +2438+04643 Asia/Riyadh
SB -0932+16012 Pacific/Guadalcanal
SC -0440+05528 Indian/Mahe
@@ -317,8 +320,8 @@ SV +1342-08912 America/El_Salvador
SY +3330+03618 Asia/Damascus
TC +2128-07108 America/Grand_Turk
TD +1207+01503 Africa/Ndjamena
-TF -492110+0701303 Indian/Kerguelen Kerguelen, St Paul I, Amsterdam I
-TH,KH,LA,VN +1345+10031 Asia/Bangkok most of Indochina
+TF -492110+0701303 Indian/Kerguelen Kerguelen, St Paul Island, Amsterdam Island
+TH,KH,LA,VN +1345+10031 Asia/Bangkok Indochina (most areas)
TJ +3835+06848 Asia/Dushanbe
TK -0922-17114 Pacific/Fakaofo
TL -0833+12535 Asia/Dili
@@ -329,44 +332,44 @@ TR +4101+02858 Europe/Istanbul
TT,AG,AI,BL,DM,GD,GP,KN,LC,MF,MS,VC,VG,VI +1039-06131 America/Port_of_Spain
TV -0831+17913 Pacific/Funafuti
TW +2503+12130 Asia/Taipei
-UA +5026+03031 Europe/Kiev most locations
+UA +5026+03031 Europe/Kiev Ukraine (most areas)
UA +4837+02218 Europe/Uzhgorod Ruthenia
-UA +4750+03510 Europe/Zaporozhye Zaporozh'ye, E Lugansk / Zaporizhia, E Luhansk
+UA +4750+03510 Europe/Zaporozhye Zaporozh'ye/Zaporizhia; Lugansk/Luhansk (east)
UM +1917+16637 Pacific/Wake Wake Island
-US +404251-0740023 America/New_York Eastern Time
-US +421953-0830245 America/Detroit Eastern Time - Michigan - most locations
-US +381515-0854534 America/Kentucky/Louisville Eastern Time - Kentucky - Louisville area
-US +364947-0845057 America/Kentucky/Monticello Eastern Time - Kentucky - Wayne County
-US +394606-0860929 America/Indiana/Indianapolis Eastern Time - Indiana - most locations
-US +384038-0873143 America/Indiana/Vincennes Eastern Time - Indiana - Daviess, Dubois, Knox & Martin Counties
-US +410305-0863611 America/Indiana/Winamac Eastern Time - Indiana - Pulaski County
-US +382232-0862041 America/Indiana/Marengo Eastern Time - Indiana - Crawford County
-US +382931-0871643 America/Indiana/Petersburg Eastern Time - Indiana - Pike County
-US +384452-0850402 America/Indiana/Vevay Eastern Time - Indiana - Switzerland County
-US +415100-0873900 America/Chicago Central Time
-US +375711-0864541 America/Indiana/Tell_City Central Time - Indiana - Perry County
-US +411745-0863730 America/Indiana/Knox Central Time - Indiana - Starke County
-US +450628-0873651 America/Menominee Central Time - Michigan - Dickinson, Gogebic, Iron & Menominee Counties
-US +470659-1011757 America/North_Dakota/Center Central Time - North Dakota - Oliver County
-US +465042-1012439 America/North_Dakota/New_Salem Central Time - North Dakota - Morton County (except Mandan area)
-US +471551-1014640 America/North_Dakota/Beulah Central Time - North Dakota - Mercer County
-US +394421-1045903 America/Denver Mountain Time
-US +433649-1161209 America/Boise Mountain Time - south Idaho & east Oregon
-US +332654-1120424 America/Phoenix Mountain Standard Time - Arizona (except Navajo)
-US +340308-1181434 America/Los_Angeles Pacific Time
-US +550737-1313435 America/Metlakatla Pacific Standard Time - Annette Island, Alaska
-US +611305-1495401 America/Anchorage Alaska Time
-US +581807-1342511 America/Juneau Alaska Time - Alaska panhandle
-US +571035-1351807 America/Sitka Alaska Time - southeast Alaska panhandle
-US +593249-1394338 America/Yakutat Alaska Time - Alaska panhandle neck
-US +643004-1652423 America/Nome Alaska Time - west Alaska
+US +404251-0740023 America/New_York Eastern (most areas)
+US +421953-0830245 America/Detroit Eastern - MI (most areas)
+US +381515-0854534 America/Kentucky/Louisville Eastern - KY (Louisville area)
+US +364947-0845057 America/Kentucky/Monticello Eastern - KY (Wayne)
+US +394606-0860929 America/Indiana/Indianapolis Eastern - IN (most areas)
+US +384038-0873143 America/Indiana/Vincennes Eastern - IN (Da, Du, K, Mn)
+US +410305-0863611 America/Indiana/Winamac Eastern - IN (Pulaski)
+US +382232-0862041 America/Indiana/Marengo Eastern - IN (Crawford)
+US +382931-0871643 America/Indiana/Petersburg Eastern - IN (Pike)
+US +384452-0850402 America/Indiana/Vevay Eastern - IN (Switzerland)
+US +415100-0873900 America/Chicago Central (most areas)
+US +375711-0864541 America/Indiana/Tell_City Central - IN (Perry)
+US +411745-0863730 America/Indiana/Knox Central - IN (Starke)
+US +450628-0873651 America/Menominee Central - MI (Wisconsin border)
+US +470659-1011757 America/North_Dakota/Center Central - ND (Oliver)
+US +465042-1012439 America/North_Dakota/New_Salem Central - ND (Morton rural)
+US +471551-1014640 America/North_Dakota/Beulah Central - ND (Mercer)
+US +394421-1045903 America/Denver Mountain (most areas)
+US +433649-1161209 America/Boise Mountain - ID (south); OR (east)
+US +332654-1120424 America/Phoenix MST - Arizona (except Navajo)
+US +340308-1181434 America/Los_Angeles Pacific
+US +611305-1495401 America/Anchorage Alaska (most areas)
+US +581807-1342511 America/Juneau Alaska - Juneau area
+US +571035-1351807 America/Sitka Alaska - Sitka area
+US +550737-1313435 America/Metlakatla Alaska - Annette Island
+US +593249-1394338 America/Yakutat Alaska - Yakutat
+US +643004-1652423 America/Nome Alaska (west)
US +515248-1763929 America/Adak Aleutian Islands
-US,UM +211825-1575130 Pacific/Honolulu Hawaii time
+US,UM +211825-1575130 Pacific/Honolulu Hawaii
UY -3453-05611 America/Montevideo
-UZ +3940+06648 Asia/Samarkand west Uzbekistan
-UZ +4120+06918 Asia/Tashkent east Uzbekistan
+UZ +3940+06648 Asia/Samarkand Uzbekistan (west)
+UZ +4120+06918 Asia/Tashkent Uzbekistan (east)
VE +1030-06656 America/Caracas
-VN +1045+10640 Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh south Vietnam
+VN +1045+10640 Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh Vietnam (south)
VU -1740+16825 Pacific/Efate
WF -1318-17610 Pacific/Wallis
WS -1350-17144 Pacific/Apia