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authorPhilip Paeps <philip@FreeBSD.org>2018-05-04 10:10:21 +0000
committerPhilip Paeps <philip@FreeBSD.org>2018-05-04 10:10:21 +0000
commite5646a62c8c533e263b4f576f7d153a484b1d6a5 (patch)
treeaedd9d9c1d5c6acaf0b5c8641747fab13d99ac2b
parent52b750c8aece7970ea49bc24b613e73c83b41b24 (diff)
downloadsrc-vendor/tzdata/tzdata2018e.tar.gz
src-vendor/tzdata/tzdata2018e.zip
Import tzdata 2018evendor/tzdata/tzdata2018e
-rw-r--r--Makefile57
-rw-r--r--NEWS66
-rw-r--r--africa43
-rw-r--r--asia18
-rw-r--r--australasia9
-rw-r--r--europe46
-rw-r--r--theory.html117
-rw-r--r--version2
-rw-r--r--ziguard.awk58
9 files changed, 313 insertions, 103 deletions
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index c69e01bcefd4..21fa4889a3e7 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -21,7 +21,7 @@ DATAFORM= main
# Change the line below for your time zone (after finding the zone you want in
# the time zone files, or adding it to a time zone file).
-# Alternately, if you discover you've got the wrong time zone, you can just
+# Alternatively, if you discover you've got the wrong time zone, you can just
# zic -l rightzone
# to correct things.
# Use the command
@@ -38,7 +38,7 @@ LOCALTIME= GMT
# template file are used to determine "spring forward" and "fall back" days and
# times; the environment variable itself specifies UT offsets of standard and
# daylight saving time.
-# Alternately, if you discover you've got the wrong time zone, you can just
+# Alternatively, if you discover you've got the wrong time zone, you can just
# zic -p rightzone
# to correct things.
# Use the command
@@ -236,14 +236,16 @@ GCC_DEBUG_FLAGS = -DGCC_LINT -g3 -O3 -fno-common \
$(GCC_INSTRUMENT) \
-Wall -Wextra \
-Walloc-size-larger-than=100000 -Warray-bounds=2 \
- -Wbad-function-cast -Wcast-align -Wdate-time \
+ -Wbad-function-cast -Wcast-align=strict -Wdate-time \
-Wdeclaration-after-statement -Wdouble-promotion \
-Wformat=2 -Wformat-overflow=2 -Wformat-signedness -Wformat-truncation \
-Winit-self -Wjump-misses-init -Wlogical-op \
-Wmissing-declarations -Wmissing-prototypes -Wnested-externs \
-Wold-style-definition -Woverlength-strings -Wpointer-arith \
- -Wshadow -Wshift-overflow=2 -Wstrict-prototypes -Wstringop-overflow=5 \
+ -Wshadow -Wshift-overflow=2 -Wstrict-prototypes -Wstringop-overflow=4 \
+ -Wstringop-truncation -Wsuggest-attribute=cold \
-Wsuggest-attribute=const -Wsuggest-attribute=format \
+ -Wsuggest-attribute=malloc \
-Wsuggest-attribute=noreturn -Wsuggest-attribute=pure \
-Wtrampolines -Wundef -Wuninitialized -Wunused \
-Wvariadic-macros -Wvla -Wwrite-strings \
@@ -514,6 +516,7 @@ VERSION_DEPS= \
tzfile.5 tzfile.h tzselect.8 tzselect.ksh \
workman.sh yearistype.sh \
zdump.8 zdump.c zic.8 zic.c \
+ ziguard.awk zishrink.awk \
zone.tab zone1970.tab zoneinfo2tdf.pl
# And for the benefit of csh users on systems that assume the user
@@ -559,8 +562,8 @@ version: $(VERSION_DEPS)
# These files can be tailored by setting BACKWARD, PACKRATDATA, etc.
vanguard.zi main.zi rearguard.zi: $(DSTDATA_ZI_DEPS)
- $(AWK) -v outfile='$@' -f ziguard.awk $(TDATA) $(PACKRATDATA) \
- >$@.out
+ $(AWK) -v DATAFORM=`expr $@ : '\(.*\).zi'` -f ziguard.awk \
+ $(TDATA) $(PACKRATDATA) >$@.out
mv $@.out $@
tzdata.zi: $(DATAFORM).zi version
version=`sed 1q version` && \
@@ -900,6 +903,13 @@ check_time_t_alternatives:
done
rm -fr time_t.dir
+TRADITIONAL_ASC = \
+ tzcode$(VERSION).tar.gz.asc \
+ tzdata$(VERSION).tar.gz.asc
+ALL_ASC = $(TRADITIONAL_ASC) \
+ tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.tar.gz.asc \
+ tzdb-$(VERSION).tar.lz.asc
+
tarballs traditional_tarballs signatures traditional_signatures: version
VERSION=`cat version` && \
$(MAKE) VERSION="$$VERSION" $@_version
@@ -907,12 +917,13 @@ tarballs traditional_tarballs signatures traditional_signatures: version
# These *_version rules are intended for use if VERSION is set by some
# other means. Ordinarily these rules are used only by the above
# non-_version rules, which set VERSION on the 'make' command line.
-tarballs_version: traditional_tarballs_version tzdb-$(VERSION).tar.lz
+tarballs_version: traditional_tarballs_version \
+ tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.tar.gz \
+ tzdb-$(VERSION).tar.lz
traditional_tarballs_version: \
tzcode$(VERSION).tar.gz tzdata$(VERSION).tar.gz
-signatures_version: traditional_signatures_version tzdb-$(VERSION).tar.lz.asc
-traditional_signatures_version: \
- tzcode$(VERSION).tar.gz.asc tzdata$(VERSION).tar.gz.asc \
+signatures_version: $(ALL_ASC)
+traditional_signatures_version: $(TRADITIONAL_ASC)
tzcode$(VERSION).tar.gz: set-timestamps.out
LC_ALL=C && export LC_ALL && \
@@ -927,6 +938,26 @@ tzdata$(VERSION).tar.gz: set-timestamps.out
gzip $(GZIPFLAGS) >$@.out
mv $@.out $@
+tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.tar.gz: rearguard.zi set-timestamps.out
+ rm -fr tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.dir
+ mkdir tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.dir
+ ln $(COMMON) $(DATA) $(MISC) tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.dir
+ cd tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.dir && \
+ rm -f $(TDATA) $(PACKRATDATA) version
+ for f in $(TDATA) $(PACKRATDATA); do \
+ rearf=tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.dir/$$f; \
+ $(AWK) -v DATAFORM=rearguard -f ziguard.awk $$f >$$rearf && \
+ touch -cmr `ls -t ziguard.awk $$f` $$rearf || exit; \
+ done
+ sed '1s/$$/-rearguard/' \
+ <version >tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.dir/version
+ touch -cmr version tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.dir/version
+ LC_ALL=C && export LC_ALL && \
+ (cd tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.dir && \
+ tar $(TARFLAGS) -cf - $(COMMON) $(DATA) $(MISC) | \
+ gzip $(GZIPFLAGS)) >$@.out
+ mv $@.out $@
+
tzdb-$(VERSION).tar.lz: set-timestamps.out
rm -fr tzdb-$(VERSION)
mkdir tzdb-$(VERSION)
@@ -937,12 +968,10 @@ tzdb-$(VERSION).tar.lz: set-timestamps.out
mv $@.out $@
tzcode$(VERSION).tar.gz.asc: tzcode$(VERSION).tar.gz
- gpg --armor --detach-sign $?
-
tzdata$(VERSION).tar.gz.asc: tzdata$(VERSION).tar.gz
- gpg --armor --detach-sign $?
-
+tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.tar.gz.asc: tzdata$(VERSION)-rearguard.tar.gz
tzdb-$(VERSION).tar.lz.asc: tzdb-$(VERSION).tar.lz
+$(ALL_ASC):
gpg --armor --detach-sign $?
typecheck:
diff --git a/NEWS b/NEWS
index 8afe3a4db9e4..9c445cd0be87 100644
--- a/NEWS
+++ b/NEWS
@@ -1,5 +1,69 @@
News for the tz database
+Release 2018e - 2018-05-01 23:42:51 -0700
+
+ Briefly:
+
+ North Korea switches back to +09 on 2018-05-05.
+ The main format uses negative DST again, for Ireland etc.
+ 'make tarballs' now also builds a rearguard tarball.
+ New 's' and 'd' suffixes in SAVE columns of Rule and Zone lines.
+
+ Changes to past and future time stamps
+
+ North Korea switches back from +0830 to +09 on 2018-05-05.
+ (Thanks to Kang Seonghoon, Arthur David Olson, Seo Sanghyeon,
+ and Tim Parenti.)
+
+ Bring back the negative-DST changes of 2018a, except be more
+ compatible with data parsers that do not support negative DST.
+ Also, this now affects historical time stamps in Namibia and the
+ former Czechoslovakia, not just Ireland. The main format now uses
+ negative DST to model time stamps in Europe/Dublin (from 1971 on),
+ Europe/Prague (1946/7), and Africa/Windhoek (1994/2017). This
+ does not affect UT offsets, only time zone abbreviations and the
+ tm_isdst flag. Also, this does not affect rearguard or vanguard
+ formats; effectively the main format now uses vanguard instead of
+ rearguard format. Data parsers that do not support negative DST
+ can still use data from the rearguard tarball described below.
+
+ Changes to build procedure
+
+ The command 'make tarballs' now also builds the tarball
+ tzdataVERSION-rearguard.tar.gz, which is like tzdataVERSION.tar.gz
+ except that it uses rearguard format intended for trailing-edge
+ data parsers.
+
+ Changes to data format and to code
+
+ The SAVE column of Rule and Zone lines can now have an 's' or 'd'
+ suffix, which specifies whether the adjusted time is standard time
+ or daylight saving time. If no suffix is given, daylight saving
+ time is used if and only if the SAVE column is nonzero; this is
+ the longstanding behavior. Although this new feature is not used
+ in tzdata, it could be used to specify the legal time in Namibia
+ 1994-2017, as opposed to the popular time (see below).
+
+ Changes to past time stamps
+
+ From 1994 through 2017 Namibia observed DST in winter, not summer.
+ That is, it used negative DST, as Ireland still does. This change
+ does not affect UTC offsets; it affects only the tm_isdst flag and
+ the abbreviation used during summer, which is now CAT, not WAST.
+ Although (as noted by Michael Deckers) summer and winter time were
+ both simply called "standard time" in Namibian law, in common
+ practice winter time was considered to be DST (as noted by Stephen
+ Colebourne). The full effect of this change is only in vanguard
+ format; in rearguard and main format, the tm_isdst flag is still
+ zero in winter and nonzero in summer.
+
+ In 1946/7 Czechoslovakia also observed negative DST in winter.
+ The full effect of this change is only in vanguard format; in
+ rearguard and main formats, it is modeled as plain GMT without
+ daylight saving. Also, the dates of some 1944/5 DST transitions
+ in Czechoslovakia have been changed.
+
+
Release 2018d - 2018-03-22 07:05:46 -0700
Briefly:
@@ -39,7 +103,7 @@ Release 2018d - 2018-03-22 07:05:46 -0700
Enderbury and Kiritimati skipped New Year's Eve 1994, not
New Year's Day 1995. (Thanks to Kerry Shetline.)
- Fix the 1912-01-01 transition for Portugual and its colonies.
+ Fix the 1912-01-01 transition for Portugal and its colonies.
This transition was at 00:00 according to the new UT offset, not
according to the old one. Also assume that Cape Verde switched on
the same date as the rest, not in 1907. This affects
diff --git a/africa b/africa
index 2f7217aee6f9..84e1ce2d5d76 100644
--- a/africa
+++ b/africa
@@ -6,7 +6,7 @@
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
-# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-20):
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):
#
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
@@ -52,7 +52,7 @@
# cannot now come up with solid citations.
#
# I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
-# +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time
+# +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
# +03 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
# +03 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
# +03 EAT East Africa Time
@@ -967,6 +967,10 @@ Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
# commence at OOhOO on Monday 21 March 1994 and shall end at 02h00 on
# Sunday 4 September 1994.
+# From Michael Deckers (2017-04-06):
+# ... both summer and winter time are called "standard"
+# (which differs from the use in Ireland) ...
+
# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30):
# http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html
# While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
@@ -992,19 +996,42 @@ Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
# the same time they would normally start DST, the first Sunday in September:
# https://www.timeanddate.com/news/time/namibia-new-time-zone.html
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-09):
+# Before the change, summer and winter time were both standard time legally.
+# However in common parlance, winter time was considered to be DST. See, e.g.:
+# http://www.nbc.na/news/namibias-winter-time-could-be-scrapped.2706
+# https://zone.my.na/news/times-are-changing-in-namibia
+# https://www.newera.com.na/2017/02/23/namibias-winter-time-might-be-repealed/
+# Use plain "WAT" and "CAT" for the time zone abbreviations, to be compatible
+# with Namibia's neighbors.
+
# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Namibia 1994 2016 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
-Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
+# Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
+Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 -1:00 WAT
+Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 0 CAT
+Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 -1:00 WAT
+# Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
+#Rule Namibia 1994 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 WAT
+#Rule Namibia 1994 2017 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 CAT
+#Rule Namibia 1995 2017 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 WAT
+# End of rearguard section.
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
1:30 - +0130 1903 Mar
2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
- 2:00 - CAT 1994 Mar 21 0:00
- 1:00 Namibia WA%sT 2017 Sep 3 2:00
- 2:00 - CAT
+# Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
+ 2:00 Namibia %s
+# Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
+# 2:00 - CAT 1994 Mar 21 0:00
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-04-07):
+# The official date of the 2017 rule change was 2017-10-24. See:
+# http://www.lac.org.na/laws/annoSTAT/Namibian%20Time%20Act%209%20of%202017.pdf
+# 1:00 Namibia %s 2017 Oct 24
+# 2:00 - CAT
+# End of rearguard section.
# Niger
# See Africa/Lagos.
diff --git a/asia b/asia
index 998a7d44db07..3d3086477260 100644
--- a/asia
+++ b/asia
@@ -1983,6 +1983,19 @@ Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun>=8 3:00 0 S
# There is no common English-language abbreviation for this time zone.
# Use KST, as that's what we already use for 1954-1961 in ROK.
+# From Kang Seonghoon (2018-04-29):
+# North Korea will revert its time zone from UTC+8:30 (PYT; Pyongyang
+# Time) back to UTC+9 (KST; Korea Standard Time).
+#
+# From Seo Sanghyeon (2018-04-30):
+# Rodong Sinmun 2018-04-30 announced Pyongyang Time transition plan.
+# https://www.nknews.org/kcna/wp-content/uploads/sites/5/2018/04/rodong-2018-04-30.pdf
+# ... the transition date is 2018-05-05 ... Citation should be Decree
+# No. 2232 of April 30, 2018, of the Presidium of the Supreme People's
+# Assembly, as published in Rodong Sinmun.
+# From Tim Parenti (2018-04-29):
+# It appears to be the front page story at the top in the right-most column.
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1908 Apr 1
8:30 - KST 1912 Jan 1
@@ -1994,7 +2007,8 @@ Zone Asia/Pyongyang 8:23:00 - LMT 1908 Apr 1
8:30 - KST 1912 Jan 1
9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 24
9:00 - KST 2015 Aug 15 00:00
- 8:30 - KST
+ 8:30 - KST 2018 May 5
+ 9:00 - KST
###############################################################################
@@ -2658,7 +2672,7 @@ Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
# From Sharef Mustafa (2018-03-16):
# Palestine summer time will start on Mar 24th 2018 by advancing the
# clock by 60 minutes as per Palestinian cabinet decision published on
-# the offical website, though the decree did not specify the exact
+# the official website, though the decree did not specify the exact
# time of the time shift.
# http://www.palestinecabinet.gov.ps/Website/AR/NDecrees/ViewFile.ashx?ID=e7a42ab7-ee23-435a-b9c8-a4f7e81f3817
#
diff --git a/australasia b/australasia
index 32ad61e5f5a9..e3e79f19bf88 100644
--- a/australasia
+++ b/australasia
@@ -1085,6 +1085,15 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# (1999-09-27) writes that Giles Meteorological Station uses
# South Australian time even though it's located in Western Australia.
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-04-01):
+# The Guardian Express of Perth, Australia reported today that the
+# government decided to advance the clocks permanently on January 1,
+# 2019, from UT +08 to UT +09. The article noted that an exemption
+# would be made for people aged 61 and over, who "can apply in writing
+# to have the extra hour of sunshine removed from their area." See:
+# Daylight saving coming to WA in 2019. Guardian Express. 2018-04-01.
+# https://www.communitynews.com.au/guardian-express/news/exclusive-daylight-savings-coming-wa-summer-2018/
+
# Queensland
# From Paul Eggert (2018-02-26):
diff --git a/europe b/europe
index 3f092a488cc6..6994ed807eb3 100644
--- a/europe
+++ b/europe
@@ -528,13 +528,13 @@ Link Europe/London Europe/Isle_of_Man
# summer and negative daylight saving time in winter. It is for when
# negative SAVE values are used.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-#Rule Eire 1971 only - Oct 31 2:00u -1:00 GMT
-#Rule Eire 1972 1980 - Mar Sun>=16 2:00u 0 IST
-#Rule Eire 1972 1980 - Oct Sun>=23 2:00u -1:00 GMT
-#Rule Eire 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 0 IST
-#Rule Eire 1981 1989 - Oct Sun>=23 1:00u -1:00 GMT
-#Rule Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u -1:00 GMT
-#Rule Eire 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u -1:00 GMT
+Rule Eire 1971 only - Oct 31 2:00u -1:00 -
+Rule Eire 1972 1980 - Mar Sun>=16 2:00u 0 -
+Rule Eire 1972 1980 - Oct Sun>=23 2:00u -1:00 -
+Rule Eire 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 0 -
+Rule Eire 1981 1989 - Oct Sun>=23 1:00u -1:00 -
+Rule Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u -1:00 -
+Rule Eire 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u -1:00 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:00 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
@@ -548,11 +548,11 @@ Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:00 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
0:00 - GMT 1948 Apr 18 2:00s
0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1968 Oct 27
# The next line is for when negative SAVE values are used.
-# 1:00 Eire IST/GMT
+ 1:00 Eire IST/GMT
# These three lines are for when SAVE values are always nonnegative.
- 1:00 - IST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
- 0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1996
- 0:00 EU GMT/IST
+# 1:00 - IST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
+# 0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1996
+# 0:00 EU GMT/IST
###############################################################################
@@ -970,18 +970,30 @@ Zone Europe/Sofia 1:33:16 - LMT 1880
# Please see the 'asia' file for Asia/Nicosia.
# Czech Republic / Czechia
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-04-15):
+# The source for Czech data is: Kdy začíná a končí letní čas. 2018-04-15.
+# https://kalendar.beda.cz/kdy-zacina-a-konci-letni-cas
+# We know of no English-language name for historical Czech winter time;
+# abbreviate it as "GMT", as it happened to be GMT.
+#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Czech 1945 only - Apr 8 2:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Czech 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 -
+Rule Czech 1945 only - Apr Mon>=1 2:00s 1:00 S
+Rule Czech 1945 only - Oct 1 2:00s 0 -
Rule Czech 1946 only - May 6 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Czech 1946 1949 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-Rule Czech 1947 only - Apr 20 2:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Czech 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S
+Rule Czech 1947 1948 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Czech 1949 only - Apr 9 2:00s 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Prague 0:57:44 - LMT 1850
0:57:44 - PMT 1891 Oct # Prague Mean Time
- 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 17 2:00s
+ 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 9
+ 1:00 Czech CE%sT 1946 Dec 1 3:00
+# Vanguard section, for zic and other parsers that support negative DST.
+ 1:00 -1:00 GMT 1947 Feb 23 2:00
+# Rearguard section, for parsers that do not support negative DST.
+# 0:00 - GMT 1947 Feb 23 2:00
+# End of rearguard section.
1:00 Czech CE%sT 1979
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Use Europe/Prague also for Slovakia.
@@ -2016,7 +2028,7 @@ Rule Neth 1938 1939 - May 15 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Neth 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -
#
-# Amsterdam Mean Time was +00:19:32.13 exactly, but the .13 is omitted
+# Amsterdam Mean Time was +00:19:32.13, but the .13 is omitted
# below because the current format requires GMTOFF to be an integer.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:32 - LMT 1835
diff --git a/theory.html b/theory.html
index 4d8726d5a39e..fc2102b3e3c9 100644
--- a/theory.html
+++ b/theory.html
@@ -32,7 +32,7 @@ all computer-based clocks that track civil time.
It organizes <a href="tz-link.html">time zone and daylight saving time
data</a> by partitioning the world into <a
href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_tz_database_time_zones">regions</a>
-whose clocks all agree about timestamps that occur after the of the <a
+whose clocks all agree about timestamps that occur after the <a
href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_time">POSIX Epoch</a>
(1970-01-01 00:00:00 <a
href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coordinated_Universal_Time"><abbr
@@ -53,7 +53,7 @@ However, the database is not designed for and does not suffice for
applications requiring accurate handling of all past times everywhere,
as it would take far too much effort and guesswork to record all
details of pre-1970 civil timekeeping.
-Athough some information outside the scope of the database is
+Although some information outside the scope of the database is
collected in a file <code>backzone</code> that is distributed along
with the database proper, this file is less reliable and does not
necessarily follow database guidelines.
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ standard for <a
href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix">UNIX</a>-like systems.
As of this writing, the current edition of POSIX is: <a
href="http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/"> The Open
-Group Base Specifications Issue 7</a>, IEEE Std 1003.1-2008, 2016
+Group Base Specifications Issue 7</a>, IEEE Std 1003.1-2017, 2018
Edition.
Because the database's scope encompasses real-world changes to civil
timekeeping, its model for describing time is more complex than the
@@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ flip back and forth between two alternatives, and the rules themselves
can change at times.
Whether and when a <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> region changes its
clock, and even the region's notional base offset from UTC, are variable.
-It doesn't even really make sense to talk about a region's
+It does not always make sense to talk about a region's
"base offset", since it is not necessarily a single number.
</p>
@@ -92,8 +92,8 @@ Each <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> region has a unique name that
corresponds to a set of time zone rules.
Inexperienced users are not expected to select these names unaided.
Distributors should provide documentation and/or a simple selection
-interface that explains the names; for one example, see the 'tzselect'
-program in the <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> code.
+interface that explains the names; for one example, see the
+<code>tzselect</code> program in the <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> code.
The <a href="http://cldr.unicode.org/">Unicode Common Locale Data
Repository</a> contains data that may be useful for other selection
interfaces.
@@ -137,6 +137,9 @@ region.
North and South America share the same area, '<code>America</code>'.
Typical names are '<code>Africa/Cairo</code>',
'<code>America/New_York</code>', and '<code>Pacific/Honolulu</code>'.
+Some names are further qualified to help avoid confusion; for example,
+'<code>America/Indiana/Petersburg</code>' distinguishes Petersburg,
+Indiana from other Petersburgs in America.
</p>
<p>
@@ -159,7 +162,8 @@ in decreasing order of importance:
<code>TZ</code> strings</a>.
A file name component must not exceed 14 characters or start with
'<code>-</code>'.
- E.g., prefer '<code>Brunei</code>' to '<code>Bandar_Seri_Begawan</code>'.
+ E.g., prefer <code>Asia/Brunei</code> to
+ <code>Asia/Bandar_Seri_Begawan</code>.
Exceptions: see the discussion of legacy names below.
</li>
<li>
@@ -177,8 +181,8 @@ in decreasing order of importance:
name <var>AB</var> (ignoring case), then <var>B</var> must not
start with '<code>/</code>', as a regular file cannot have the
same name as a directory in POSIX.
- For example, '<code>America/New_York</code>' precludes
- '<code>America/New_York/Bronx</code>'.
+ For example, <code>America/New_York</code> precludes
+ <code>America/New_York/Bronx</code>.
</li>
<li>
Uninhabited regions like the North Pole and Bouvet Island
@@ -193,50 +197,56 @@ in decreasing order of importance:
</li>
<li>
If all the clocks in a region have agreed since 1970,
- don't bother to include more than one location
+ do not bother to include more than one location
even if subregions' clocks disagreed before 1970.
Otherwise these tables would become annoyingly large.
</li>
<li>
If a name is ambiguous, use a less ambiguous alternative;
e.g., many cities are named San José and Georgetown, so
- prefer '<code>Costa_Rica</code>' to '<code>San_Jose</code>' and
- '<code>Guyana</code>' to '<code>Georgetown</code>'.
+ prefer <code>America/Costa_Rica</code> to
+ <code>America/San_Jose</code> and <code>America/Guyana</code>
+ to <code>America/Georgetown</code>.
</li>
<li>
Keep locations compact.
Use cities or small islands, not countries or regions, so that any
future changes do not split individual locations into different
<code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> regions.
- E.g., prefer '<code>Paris</code>' to '<code>France</code>', since
+ E.g., prefer <code>Europe/Paris</code> to <code>Europe/France</code>,
+ since
<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_in_France#History">France
has had multiple time zones</a>.
</li>
<li>
- Use mainstream English spelling, e.g., prefer '<code>Rome</code>'
- to '<code>Roma</code>', and prefer '<code>Athens</code>' to the
- Greek '<code>Αθήνα</code>' or the Romanized '<code>Athína</code>'.
+ Use mainstream English spelling, e.g., prefer
+ <code>Europe/Rome</code> to <code>Europe/Roma</code>, and
+ prefer <code>Europe/Athens</code> to the Greek
+ <code>Europe/Αθήνα</code> or the Romanized
+ <code>Europe/Athína</code>.
The POSIX file name restrictions encourage this guideline.
</li>
<li>
Use the most populous among locations in a region,
- e.g., prefer '<code>Shanghai</code>' to
- '<code>Beijing</code>'.
+ e.g., prefer <code>Asia/Shanghai</code> to
+ <code>Asia/Beijing</code>.
Among locations with similar populations, pick the best-known
- location, e.g., prefer '<code>Rome</code>' to
- '<code>Milan</code>'.
+ location, e.g., prefer <code>Europe/Rome</code> to
+ <code>Europe/Milan</code>.
</li>
<li>
- Use the singular form, e.g., prefer '<code>Canary</code>' to
- '<code>Canaries</code>'.
+ Use the singular form, e.g., prefer <code>Atlantic/Canary</code> to
+ <code>Atlantic/Canaries</code>.
</li>
<li>
Omit common suffixes like '<code>_Islands</code>' and
'<code>_City</code>', unless that would lead to ambiguity.
- E.g., prefer '<code>Cayman</code>' to
- '<code>Cayman_Islands</code>' and '<code>Guatemala</code>' to
- '<code>Guatemala_City</code>', but prefer
- '<code>Mexico_City</code>' to '<code>Mexico</code>'
+ E.g., prefer <code>America/Cayman</code> to
+ <code>America/Cayman_Islands</code> and
+ <code>America/Guatemala</code> to
+ <code>America/Guatemala_City</code>, but prefer
+ <code>America/Mexico_City</code> to
+ <code>America/Mexico</code>
because <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_in_Mexico">the
country of Mexico has several time zones</a>.
</li>
@@ -245,13 +255,14 @@ in decreasing order of importance:
</li>
<li>
Omit '<code>.</code>' from abbreviations in names.
- E.g., prefer '<code>St_Helena</code>' to '<code>St._Helena</code>'.
+ E.g., prefer <code>Atlantic/St_Helena</code> to
+ <code>Atlantic/St._Helena</code>.
</li>
<li>
Do not change established names if they only marginally violate
the above guidelines.
- For example, don't change the existing name '<code>Rome</code>' to
- '<code>Milan</code>' merely because Milan's population has grown
+ For example, do not change the existing name <code>Europe/Rome</code> to
+ <code>Europe/Milan</code> merely because Milan's population has grown
to be somewhat greater than Rome's.
</li>
<li>
@@ -318,8 +329,10 @@ in decreasing order of importance:
Use three to six characters that are ASCII alphanumerics or
'<code>+</code>' or '<code>-</code>'.
Previous editions of this database also used characters like
- '<code> </code>' and '<code>?</code>', but these characters have a
- special meaning to the shell and cause commands like
+ space and '<code>?</code>', but these characters have a
+ special meaning to the
+ <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unix_shell">UNIX shell</a>
+ and cause commands like
'<code><a href="http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/utilities/V3_chap02.html#set">set</a>
`<a href="http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/utilities/date.html">date</a>`</code>'
to have unexpected effects.
@@ -688,7 +701,7 @@ href="https://www.dissentmagazine.org/blog/booked-a-global-history-of-time-vanes
subsecond accuracy is needed.
</li>
<li>
- Civil time was not based on atomic time before 1972, and we don't
+ Civil time was not based on atomic time before 1972, and we do not
know the history of
<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth's_rotation">earth's
rotation</a> accurately enough to map <a
@@ -720,7 +733,7 @@ href="https://www.dissentmagazine.org/blog/booked-a-global-history-of-time-vanes
Ideally it would contain information about when data entries are
incomplete or dicey.
Partial temporal knowledge is a field of active research, though,
- and it's not clear how to apply it here.
+ and it is not clear how to apply it here.
</li>
</ul>
@@ -764,7 +777,7 @@ an older <code>zic</code>.
Unfortunately, the POSIX
<code>TZ</code> string takes a form that is hard to describe and
is error-prone in practice.
- Also, POSIX <code>TZ</code> strings can't deal with daylight
+ Also, POSIX <code>TZ</code> strings cannot deal with daylight
saving time rules not based on the Gregorian calendar (as in
Iran), or with situations where more than two time zone
abbreviations or <abbr>UT</abbr> offsets are used in an area.
@@ -874,7 +887,7 @@ an older <code>zic</code>.
need access to multiple time zone rulesets.
</li>
<li>
- In POSIX, there's no tamper-proof way for a process to learn the
+ In POSIX, there is no tamper-proof way for a process to learn the
system's best idea of local wall clock.
(This is important for applications that an administrator wants
used only at certain times &ndash; without regard to whether the
@@ -973,14 +986,16 @@ an older <code>zic</code>.
by subsequent calls to <code>localtime</code>.
Source code for portable applications that "must" run on local wall
clock time should call <code>tzsetwall</code>;
- if such code is moved to "old" systems that don't
- provide <code>tzsetwall</code>, you won't be able to generate an
+ if such code is moved to "old" systems that do not
+ provide <code>tzsetwall</code>, you will not be able to generate an
executable program.
(These functions also arrange for local wall clock time to
be used if <code>tzset</code> is called &ndash; directly or
- indirectly &ndash; and there's no <code>TZ</code> environment
+ indirectly &ndash; and there is no <code>TZ</code> environment
variable; portable applications should not, however, rely on this
- behavior since it's not the way SVR2 systems behave.)
+ behavior since it is not the way <a
+ href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/UNIX_System_V#SVR2"><abbr>SVR2</abbr></a>
+ systems behave.)
</li>
<li>
Negative <code>time_t</code> values are supported, on systems
@@ -1040,7 +1055,7 @@ The vestigial <abbr>API</abbr>s are:
<li>
The <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Version_7_Unix">7th Edition
UNIX</a> <code>timezone</code> function is not present in this
- package; it's impossible to reliably map <code>timezone</code>'s
+ package; it is impossible to reliably map <code>timezone</code>'s
arguments (a "minutes west of <abbr>GMT</abbr>" value and a
"daylight saving time in effect" flag) to a time zone
abbreviation, and we refuse to guess.
@@ -1052,7 +1067,9 @@ The vestigial <abbr>API</abbr>s are:
zone abbreviation to use.
</li>
<li>
- The <abbr>4.2BSD</abbr> <code>gettimeofday</code> function is not
+ The <a
+ href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Berkeley_Software_Distribution#4.2BSD"><abbr>4.2BSD</abbr></a>
+ <code>gettimeofday</code> function is not
used in this package.
This formerly let users obtain the current <abbr>UTC</abbr> offset
and <abbr>DST</abbr> flag, but this functionality was removed in
@@ -1061,7 +1078,7 @@ The vestigial <abbr>API</abbr>s are:
<li>
In <abbr>SVR2</abbr>, time conversion fails for near-minimum or
near-maximum <code>time_t</code> values when doing conversions
- for places that don't use <abbr>UT</abbr>.
+ for places that do not use <abbr>UT</abbr>.
This package takes care to do these conversions correctly.
A comment in the source code tells how to get compatibly wrong
results.
@@ -1155,10 +1172,10 @@ based on guesswork and these guesses may be corrected or improved.
Calendrical issues are a bit out of scope for a time zone database,
but they indicate the sort of problems that we would run into if we
extended the time zone database further into the past.
-An excellent resource in this area is Nachum Dershowitz and Edward M.
-Reingold, <cite><a
-href="https://www.cs.tau.ac.il/~nachum/calendar-book/third-edition/">Calendrical
-Calculations: Third Edition</a></cite>, Cambridge University Press (2008).
+An excellent resource in this area is Edward M. Reingold
+and Nachum Dershowitz, <cite><a
+href="https://www.cambridge.org/fr/academic/subjects/computer-science/computing-general-interest/calendrical-calculations-ultimate-edition-4th-edition">Calendrical
+Calculations: The Ultimate Edition</a></cite>, Cambridge University Press (2018).
Other information and sources are given in the file '<code>calendars</code>'
in the <code><abbr>tz</abbr></code> distribution.
They sometimes disagree.
@@ -1170,11 +1187,11 @@ They sometimes disagree.
<p>
Some people's work schedules
use <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timekeeping on Mars">Mars time</a>.
-Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) coordinators have kept Mars time on
-and off at least since 1997 for the
+Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) coordinators kept Mars time on
+and off during the
<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Pathfinder#End_of_mission">Mars
Pathfinder</a> mission.
-Some of their family members have also adapted to Mars time.
+Some of their family members also adapted to Mars time.
Dozens of special Mars watches were built for JPL workers who kept
Mars time during the Mars Exploration Rovers mission (2004).
These timepieces look like normal Seikos and Citizens but use Mars
@@ -1262,7 +1279,7 @@ Sources for time on other planets:
Jia-Rui Chong,
"<a href="http://articles.latimes.com/2004/jan/14/science/sci-marstime14">Workdays
Fit for a Martian</a>", <cite>Los Angeles Times</cite>
- (2004-01-14), pp A1, A20-A21.
+ (2004-01-14), pp A1, A20&ndash;A21.
</li>
<li>
Tom Chmielewski,
diff --git a/version b/version
index ae3ff7cb140f..cc61cea271c9 100644
--- a/version
+++ b/version
@@ -1 +1 @@
-2018d
+2018e
diff --git a/ziguard.awk b/ziguard.awk
index 6da3691f6052..42e29101d94a 100644
--- a/ziguard.awk
+++ b/ziguard.awk
@@ -13,19 +13,30 @@
# rearguard format.
BEGIN {
- dst_type["vanguard.zi"] = 1
- dst_type["main.zi"] = 1
- dst_type["rearguard.zi"] = 1
+ dataform_type["vanguard"] = 1
+ dataform_type["main"] = 1
+ dataform_type["rearguard"] = 1
- # The command line should set OUTFILE to the name of the output file.
- if (!dst_type[outfile]) exit 1
- vanguard = outfile == "vanguard.zi"
+ # The command line should set DATAFORM.
+ if (!dataform_type[DATAFORM]) exit 1
+ vanguard = DATAFORM == "vanguard"
}
/^Zone/ { zone = $2 }
-outfile != "main.zi" {
+DATAFORM != "main" {
in_comment = /^#/
+ uncomment = comment_out = 0
+
+ # If the line should differ due to Czechoslovakia using negative SAVE values,
+ # uncomment the desired version and comment out the undesired one.
+ if (zone == "Europe/Prague" && /1947 Feb 23/) {
+ if (($(in_comment + 2) != "-") == vanguard) {
+ uncomment = in_comment
+ } else {
+ comment_out = !in_comment
+ }
+ }
# If this line should differ due to Ireland using negative SAVE values,
# uncomment the desired version and comment out the undesired one.
@@ -37,11 +48,38 @@ outfile != "main.zi" {
if ((Rule_Eire \
|| (Zone_Dublin_post_1968 && $(in_comment + 3) == "IST/GMT")) \
== vanguard) {
- sub(/^#/, "")
- } else if (/^[^#]/) {
- sub(/^/, "#")
+ uncomment = in_comment
+ } else {
+ comment_out = !in_comment
}
}
+
+ # If this line should differ due to Namibia using Rule SAVE suffixes,
+ # uncomment the desired version and comment out the undesired one.
+ Rule_Namibia = /^#?Rule[\t ]+Namibia[\t ]/
+ Zone_using_Namibia_rule \
+ = (zone == "Africa/Windhoek" \
+ && ($(in_comment + 2) == "Namibia" \
+ || (1994 <= $(in_comment + 4) && $(in_comment + 4) <= 2017) \
+ || in_comment + 3 == NF))
+ if (Rule_Namibia || Zone_using_Namibia_rule) {
+ if ((Rule_Namibia \
+ ? ($(in_comment + 9) ~ /^-/ \
+ || ($(in_comment + 9) == 0 && $(in_comment + 10) == "CAT")) \
+ : $(in_comment + 1) == "2:00" && $(in_comment + 2) == "Namibia") \
+ == vanguard) {
+ uncomment = in_comment
+ } else {
+ comment_out = !in_comment
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (uncomment) {
+ sub(/^#/, "")
+ }
+ if (comment_out) {
+ sub(/^/, "#")
+ }
}
# If a Link line is followed by a Zone line for the same data, comment