aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorEdwin Groothuis <edwin@FreeBSD.org>2014-10-23 06:11:16 +0000
committerEdwin Groothuis <edwin@FreeBSD.org>2014-10-23 06:11:16 +0000
commitc7fb19f00f2478b059fd448bf9eb4f72a8953956 (patch)
tree9676f4a24e744d9dff358bb1b070ecff646f5940
parent9c3022b6773b00ab56d27870065e730da50c25f2 (diff)
downloadsrc-c7fb19f00f2478b059fd448bf9eb4f72a8953956.tar.gz
src-c7fb19f00f2478b059fd448bf9eb4f72a8953956.zip
Lots of historical data Pacific/Fiji will go into DST from 2014-11-02 to 2015-01-18 Pacific/Bougainville will go from UTC+10 to UTC+11. Europe/Minsk will go from FET to MSK. Obtained from: ftp://ftp.iana.org/tz/releases/
Notes
Notes: svn path=/vendor/tzdata/dist/; revision=273518 svn path=/vendor/tzdata/tzdata2014i/; revision=273519; tag=vendor/tzdata/tzdata2014i
-rw-r--r--africa202
-rw-r--r--antarctica40
-rw-r--r--asia308
-rw-r--r--australasia198
-rw-r--r--backward1
-rw-r--r--europe702
-rw-r--r--northamerica404
-rw-r--r--southamerica119
-rw-r--r--zone.tab9
-rw-r--r--zone1970.tab14
10 files changed, 1055 insertions, 942 deletions
diff --git a/africa b/africa
index 4ace7e9557fa..b17c62b7e31a 100644
--- a/africa
+++ b/africa
@@ -1,9 +1,10 @@
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
-# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
+# This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
-# tz@iana.org for general use in the future).
+# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
+# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
#
@@ -25,8 +26,8 @@
# I found in the UCLA library.
#
# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
-# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
-# <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
+# http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
#
# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
@@ -93,9 +94,9 @@ Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
# more precise 0:09:21.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
- 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
- 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
+Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
+ 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
+ 0:00 Algeria WE%sT 1940 Feb 25 2:00
1:00 Algeria CE%sT 1946 Oct 7
0:00 - WET 1956 Jan 29
1:00 - CET 1963 Apr 14
@@ -105,82 +106,57 @@ Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
1:00 - CET
# Angola
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
- 0:52:04 - AOT 1911 May 26 # Angola Time
- 1:00 - WAT
-
# Benin
-# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934;
-# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912
- 0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
- 1:00 - WAT
+# See Africa/Lagos.
# Botswana
-# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
-# Milne says they were regulated by the Cape Town Signal in 1899;
-# assume they switched to 2:00 when Cape Town did.
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Gaborone 1:43:40 - LMT 1885
- 1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
- 2:00 - CAT 1943 Sep 19 2:00
- 2:00 1:00 CAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
- 2:00 - CAT
+# See Africa/Maputo.
# Burkina Faso
# See Africa/Abidjan.
# Burundi
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
- 2:00 - CAT
+# See Africa/Maputo.
# Cameroon
-# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
- 1:00 - WAT
+# See Africa/Lagos.
# Cape Verde
+#
+# Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to CVT.
+# Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
+# http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
+# merely made it official?
+#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
+Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
-2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep
-2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
- -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
+ -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
-1:00 - CVT
# Central African Republic
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912
- 1:00 - WAT
+# See Africa/Lagos.
# Chad
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena
+Zone Africa/Ndjamena 1:00:12 - LMT 1912 # N'Djamena
1:00 - WAT 1979 Oct 14
1:00 1:00 WAST 1980 Mar 8
1:00 - WAT
# Comoros
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro
+Zone Indian/Comoro 2:53:04 - LMT 1911 Jul # Moroni, Gran Comoro
3:00 - EAT
-# Democratic Republic of Congo
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Kinshasa 1:01:12 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
- 1:00 - WAT
-Zone Africa/Lubumbashi 1:49:52 - LMT 1897 Nov 9
- 2:00 - CAT
+# Democratic Republic of the Congo
+# See Africa/Lagos for the western part and Africa/Maputo for the eastern.
# Republic of the Congo
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Brazzaville 1:01:08 - LMT 1912
- 1:00 - WAT
+# See Africa/Lagos.
-# Côte D'Ivoire / Ivory Coast
+# Côte d'Ivoire / Ivory Coast
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Abidjan -0:16:08 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT
@@ -327,7 +303,7 @@ Rule Egypt 2007 only - Sep Thu>=1 24:00 0 -
# Egypt is to change back to Daylight system on May 15
# http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/100735/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-government-to-reapply-daylight-saving-time-.aspx
-# From Gunther Vermier (2015-05-13):
+# From Gunther Vermier (2014-05-13):
# our Egypt office confirms that the change will be at 15 May "midnight" (24:00)
# From Imed Chihi (2014-06-04):
@@ -408,16 +384,13 @@ Zone Africa/Cairo 2:05:09 - LMT 1900 Oct
2:00 Egypt EE%sT
# Equatorial Guinea
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Malabo 0:35:08 - LMT 1912
- 0:00 - GMT 1963 Dec 15
- 1:00 - WAT
+# See Africa/Lagos.
# Eritrea
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
- 2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time
- 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
+ 2:35:32 - AMT 1890 # Asmara Mean Time
+ 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
3:00 - EAT
# Ethiopia
@@ -429,16 +402,15 @@ Zone Africa/Asmara 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
# Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time
# zones between 1870 and 1890, that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in
# 1890, and that they switched to 3:00 on 1936-05-05. Perhaps 38E50
-# was for Adis Dera. Quite likely the Shanks data are wrong anyway.
+# was for Adis Dera. Quite likely the Shanks data entries are wrong
+# anyway.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870
- 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
+ 2:35:20 - ADMT 1936 May 5 # Adis Dera MT
3:00 - EAT
# Gabon
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Libreville 0:37:48 - LMT 1912
- 1:00 - WAT
+# See Africa/Lagos.
# Gambia
# See Africa/Abidjan.
@@ -461,8 +433,14 @@ Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
# See Africa/Abidjan.
# Guinea-Bissau
+#
+# Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
+# evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
+# http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
+# with the date that it took effect, namely 1912-01-01.
+#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1911 May 26
+Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
-1:00 - WAT 1975
0:00 - GMT
@@ -475,11 +453,7 @@ Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
3:00 - EAT
# Lesotho
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
- 2:00 - SAST 1943 Sep 19 2:00
- 2:00 1:00 SAST 1944 Mar 19 2:00
- 2:00 - SAST
+# See Africa/Johannesburg.
# Liberia
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
@@ -546,11 +520,11 @@ Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
2:00 - EET 1982
1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
# The 1996 and 1997 entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
-# the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors.
+# the IATA SSIM data entries contain some obvious errors.
2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
1:00 Libya CE%sT 1997 Oct 4
- 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00
- 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00
+ 2:00 - EET 2012 Nov 10 2:00
+ 1:00 Libya CE%sT 2013 Oct 25 2:00
2:00 - EET
# Madagascar
@@ -561,9 +535,7 @@ Zone Indian/Antananarivo 3:10:04 - LMT 1911 Jul
3:00 - EAT
# Malawi
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
- 2:00 - CAT
+# See Africa/Maputo.
# Mali
# Mauritania
@@ -606,7 +578,7 @@ Zone Africa/Blantyre 2:20:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-07-11):
# Seems that English language article "The revival of daylight saving
-# time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
+# time: Energy conservation?"-# No. 16578 (07/11/2008) was originally
# published on Monday, June 30, 2008...
#
# I guess that article in French "Le gouvernement avance l'introduction
@@ -657,14 +629,14 @@ Rule Mauritius 1983 only - Mar 21 0:00 0 -
Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
+Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time
# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
# Mayotte
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
+Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
3:00 - EAT
# Morocco
@@ -682,7 +654,8 @@ Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
# http://en.afrik.com/news11892.html
# From Alex Krivenyshev (2008-05-09):
-# The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe Presse:
+# The Morocco time change can be confirmed on Morocco web site Maghreb Arabe
+# Presse:
# http://www.map.ma/eng/sections/box3/morocco_shifts_to_da/view
#
# Morocco shifts to daylight time on June 1st through September 27, Govt.
@@ -760,8 +733,8 @@ Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
# From Dan Abitol (2011-03-30):
# ...Rules for Africa/Casablanca are the following (24h format)
-# The 3rd april 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd april 1:00:00
-# The 31th july 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31th July 00:00:00
+# The 3rd April 2011 at 00:00:00, [it] will be 3rd April 01:00:00
+# The 31st July 2011 at 00:59:59, [it] will be 31st July 00:00:00
# ...Official links of change in morocco
# The change was broadcast on the FM Radio
# I ve called ANRT (telecom regulations in Morocco) at
@@ -831,7 +804,7 @@ Zone Indian/Mayotte 3:00:56 - LMT 1911 Jul # Mamoutzou
# announced a bit in advance. On 2012-07-11 the Moroccan government
# announced that year's Ramadan daylight-saving transitions would be
# 2012-07-20 and 2012-08-20; see
-# <http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288>.
+# http://www.mmsp.gov.ma/fr/actualites.aspx?id=288
# From Andrew Paprocki (2013-07-02):
# Morocco announced that the year's Ramadan daylight-savings
@@ -963,16 +936,29 @@ Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
0:00 Morocco WE%sT
# Mozambique
+#
+# Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
+# Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
+# http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
+# merely made it official?
+#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
2:00 - CAT
+Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Blantyre # Malawi
+Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Bujumbura # Burundi
+Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Gaborone # Botswana
+Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Harare # Zimbabwe
+Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Kigali # Rwanda
+Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lubumbashi # E Dem. Rep. of Congo
+Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
# Namibia
# The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
# Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
-# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30) in
-# <http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html>:
+# From Petronella Sibeene (2007-03-30):
+# http://allafrica.com/stories/200703300178.html
# While the entire country changes its time, Katima Mulilo and other
# settlements in Caprivi unofficially will not because the sun there
# rises and sets earlier compared to other regions. Chief of
@@ -989,28 +975,33 @@ Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
- 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
- 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
- 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
+ 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
+ 2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
+ 2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
2:00 - CAT 1994 Apr 3
1:00 Namibia WA%sT
# Niger
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912
- -1:00 - WAT 1934 Feb 26
- 0:00 - GMT 1960
- 1:00 - WAT
+# See Africa/Lagos.
# Nigeria
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Lagos 0:13:36 - LMT 1919 Sep
1:00 - WAT
+Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Bangui # Central African Republic
+Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Brazzaville # Rep. of the Congo
+Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Douala # Cameroon
+Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Kinshasa # Dem. Rep. of the Congo (west)
+Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Libreville # Gabon
+Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Luanda # Angola
+Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Malabo # Equatorial Guinea
+Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Niamey # Niger
+Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin
# Réunion
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
+Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
4:00 - RET # Réunion Time
#
# Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file.
@@ -1028,9 +1019,7 @@ Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
# Tromelin - inhabited until at least 1958
# Rwanda
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun
- 2:00 - CAT
+# See Africa/Maputo.
# St Helena
# See Africa/Abidjan.
@@ -1047,7 +1036,7 @@ Zone Africa/Kigali 2:00:16 - LMT 1935 Jun
# Seychelles
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
+Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
@@ -1074,6 +1063,9 @@ Rule SA 1943 1944 - Mar Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
Zone Africa/Johannesburg 1:52:00 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
1:30 - SAST 1903 Mar
2:00 SA SAST
+Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Maseru # Lesotho
+Link Africa/Johannesburg Africa/Mbabane # Swaziland
+#
# Marion and Prince Edward Is
# scientific station since 1947
# no information
@@ -1101,9 +1093,7 @@ Zone Africa/Khartoum 2:10:08 - LMT 1931
Link Africa/Khartoum Africa/Juba
# Swaziland
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Mbabane 2:04:24 - LMT 1903 Mar
- 2:00 - SAST
+# See Africa/Johannesburg.
# Tanzania
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -1128,7 +1118,7 @@ Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931
#
# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-02):
# La Presse, the first national daily newspaper ...
-# <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html>
+# http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html
# ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
# 1h standard time.
#
@@ -1212,7 +1202,7 @@ Rule Tunisia 2006 2008 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
# Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
- 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
+ 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
1:00 Tunisia CE%sT
# Uganda
@@ -1224,11 +1214,5 @@ Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul
3:00 - EAT
# Zambia
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Lusaka 1:53:08 - LMT 1903 Mar
- 2:00 - CAT
-
# Zimbabwe
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Africa/Harare 2:04:12 - LMT 1903 Mar
- 2:00 - CAT
+# See Africa/Maputo.
diff --git a/antarctica b/antarctica
index 912232a5e1bf..1deff8e4ed09 100644
--- a/antarctica
+++ b/antarctica
@@ -4,10 +4,10 @@
# From Paul Eggert (1999-11-15):
# To keep things manageable, we list only locations occupied year-round; see
# COMNAP - Stations and Bases
-# <http://www.comnap.aq/comnap/comnap.nsf/P/Stations/>
+# http://www.comnap.aq/comnap/comnap.nsf/P/Stations/
# and
# Summary of the Peri-Antarctic Islands (1998-07-23)
-# <http://www.spri.cam.ac.uk/bob/periant.htm>
+# http://www.spri.cam.ac.uk/bob/periant.htm
# for information.
# Unless otherwise specified, we have no time zone information.
#
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ Rule ChileAQ 2012 max - Sep Sun>=2 4:00u 1:00 S
# Heard Island, McDonald Islands (uninhabited)
# previously sealers and scientific personnel wintered
# Margaret Turner reports
-# <http://web.archive.org/web/20021204222245/http://www.dstc.qut.edu.au/DST/marg/daylight.html>
+# http://web.archive.org/web/20021204222245/http://www.dstc.qut.edu.au/DST/marg/daylight.html
# (1999-09-30) that they're UTC+5, with no DST;
# presumably this is when they have visitors.
#
@@ -103,32 +103,30 @@ Rule ChileAQ 2012 max - Sep Sun>=2 4:00u 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Antarctica/Casey 0 - zzz 1969
- 8:00 - AWST 2009 Oct 18 2:00
+ 8:00 - AWST 2009 Oct 18 2:00
# Australian Western Std Time
- 11:00 - CAST 2010 Mar 5 2:00
- # Casey Time
- 8:00 - AWST 2011 Oct 28 2:00
+ 11:00 - CAST 2010 Mar 5 2:00 # Casey Time
+ 8:00 - AWST 2011 Oct 28 2:00
11:00 - CAST 2012 Feb 21 17:00u
8:00 - AWST
Zone Antarctica/Davis 0 - zzz 1957 Jan 13
- 7:00 - DAVT 1964 Nov # Davis Time
+ 7:00 - DAVT 1964 Nov # Davis Time
0 - zzz 1969 Feb
- 7:00 - DAVT 2009 Oct 18 2:00
+ 7:00 - DAVT 2009 Oct 18 2:00
5:00 - DAVT 2010 Mar 10 20:00u
- 7:00 - DAVT 2011 Oct 28 2:00
+ 7:00 - DAVT 2011 Oct 28 2:00
5:00 - DAVT 2012 Feb 21 20:00u
7:00 - DAVT
Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0 - zzz 1954 Feb 13
- 6:00 - MAWT 2009 Oct 18 2:00
- # Mawson Time
+ 6:00 - MAWT 2009 Oct 18 2:00 # Mawson Time
5:00 - MAWT
# References:
# Casey Weather (1998-02-26)
-# <http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/casey/casey_aws.html>
+# http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/casey/casey_aws.html
# Davis Station, Antarctica (1998-02-26)
-# <http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/davis/video.html>
+# http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/davis/video.html
# Mawson Station, Antarctica (1998-02-25)
-# <http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/mawson/video.html>
+# http://www.antdiv.gov.au/aad/exop/sfo/mawson/video.html
# Belgium - year-round base
# Princess Elisabeth, Queen Maud Land, -713412+0231200, since 2007
@@ -154,7 +152,7 @@ Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0 - zzz 1954 Feb 13
# France - year-round bases (also see "France & Italy")
#
# From Antoine Leca (1997-01-20):
-# Time data are from Nicole Pailleau at the IFRTP
+# Time data entries are from Nicole Pailleau at the IFRTP
# (French Institute for Polar Research and Technology).
# She confirms that French Southern Territories and Terre Adélie bases
# don't observe daylight saving time, even if Terre Adélie supplies came
@@ -174,7 +172,7 @@ Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0 - zzz 1954 Feb 13
# fishing stations operated variously 1819/1931
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Kerguelen 0 - zzz 1950 # Port-aux-Français
+Zone Indian/Kerguelen 0 - zzz 1950 # Port-aux-Français
5:00 - TFT # ISO code TF Time
#
# year-round base in the main continent
@@ -217,7 +215,7 @@ Zone Antarctica/Syowa 0 - zzz 1957 Jan 29
3:00 - SYOT # Syowa Time
# See:
# NIPR Antarctic Research Activities (1999-08-17)
-# <http://www.nipr.ac.jp/english/ara01.html>
+# http://www.nipr.ac.jp/english/ara01.html
# S Korea - year-round base
# Jang Bogo, Terra Nova Bay, -743700+1641205 since 2014
@@ -264,7 +262,7 @@ Rule Troll 2005 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 2:00 CEST
Rule Troll 2004 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0:00 UTC
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Antarctica/Troll 0 - zzz 2005 Feb 12
- 0:00 Troll %s
+ 0:00 Troll %s
# Poland - year-round base
# Arctowski, King George Island, -620945-0582745, since 1977
@@ -281,8 +279,8 @@ Zone Antarctica/Troll 0 - zzz 2005 Feb 12
# year-round from 1960/61 to 1992
# Vostok, since 1957-12-16, temporarily closed 1994-02/1994-11
-# From Craig Mundell (1994-12-15)
-# <http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/antarctica/QA/computers/Directions,Time,ZIP>:
+# From Craig Mundell (1994-12-15):
+# http://quest.arc.nasa.gov/antarctica/QA/computers/Directions,Time,ZIP
# Vostok, which is one of the Russian stations, is set on the same
# time as Moscow, Russia.
#
diff --git a/asia b/asia
index 6130e5926efc..37b2c88e0ed1 100644
--- a/asia
+++ b/asia
@@ -1,9 +1,10 @@
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
-# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
+# This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
-# tz@iana.org for general use in the future).
+# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
+# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
# From Paul Eggert (2013-08-11):
#
@@ -25,8 +26,12 @@
# I found in the UCLA library.
#
# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
-# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
-# <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
+# http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
+#
+# For Russian data circa 1919, a source is:
+# Byalokoz EL. New Counting of Time in Russia since July 1, 1919.
+# (See the 'europe' file for a fuller citation.)
#
# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
@@ -42,10 +47,11 @@
# 3:30 IRST IRDT Iran
# 4:00 GST Gulf*
# 5:30 IST India
-# 7:00 ICT Indochina*
+# 7:00 ICT Indochina, most times and locations*
# 7:00 WIB west Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Barat)
# 8:00 WITA central Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Tengah)
# 8:00 CST China
+# 8:00 IDT Indochina, 1943-45, 1947-55, 1960-75 (some locations)*
# 8:00 JWST Western Standard Time (Japan, 1896/1937)*
# 9:00 JCST Central Standard Time (Japan, 1896/1937)
# 9:00 WIT east Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Timur)
@@ -115,11 +121,11 @@ Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Yerevan 2:58:00 - LMT 1924 May 2
3:00 - YERT 1957 Mar # Yerevan Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia YER%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia YER%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
3:00 1:00 YERST 1991 Sep 23 # independence
- 3:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 1995 Sep 24 2:00s
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 1995 Sep 24 2:00s
4:00 - AMT 1997
- 4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 2012 Mar 25 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia AM%sT 2012 Mar 25 2:00s
4:00 - AMT
# Azerbaijan
@@ -132,16 +138,16 @@ Rule Azer 1997 max - Oct lastSun 5:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Baku 3:19:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
3:00 - BAKT 1957 Mar # Baku Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia BAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia BAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
3:00 1:00 BAKST 1991 Aug 30 # independence
3:00 RussiaAsia AZ%sT 1992 Sep lastSat 23:00
- 4:00 - AZT 1996 # Azerbaijan time
+ 4:00 - AZT 1996 # Azerbaijan Time
4:00 EUAsia AZ%sT 1997
4:00 Azer AZ%sT
# Bahrain
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Manamah
+Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Manamah
4:00 - GST 1972 Jun
3:00 - AST
@@ -219,7 +225,7 @@ Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Manamah
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Jun 19 23:00 1:00 S
-Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Dec 31 23:59 0 -
+Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Dec 31 24:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Dhaka 6:01:40 - LMT 1890
@@ -250,7 +256,7 @@ Zone Indian/Chagos 4:49:40 - LMT 1907
# Brunei
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan
+Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan
7:30 - BNT 1933
8:00 - BNT
@@ -259,19 +265,15 @@ Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan
# Milne says 6:24:40 was the meridian of the time ball observatory at Rangoon.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Rangoon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Yangon
- 6:24:40 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time?
- 6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time
- 9:00 - JST 1945 May 3
- 6:30 - MMT # Myanmar Time
+Zone Asia/Rangoon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Yangon
+ 6:24:40 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time?
+ 6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time
+ 9:00 - JST 1945 May 3
+ 6:30 - MMT # Myanmar Time
# Cambodia
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Phnom_Penh 6:59:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9
- 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
- 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
- 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
- 7:00 - ICT
+# See Asia/Bangkok.
+
# China
@@ -356,8 +358,8 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# * The Republic of China instituted Beijing mean solar time effective
# the official calendar book of 1914.
# * The French Concession in Shanghai set up signal stations in
-# French docks in the 1890s, controled by Xujiahui (Zikawei)
-# Obervatory and set to local mean time.
+# French docks in the 1890s, controlled by Xujiahui (Zikawei)
+# Observatory and set to local mean time.
# * "From the end of the 19th century" it changed to UT+8.
# * Chinese Customs (by then reduced to a tool of foreign powers)
# eventually standardized on this time for all ports, and it
@@ -381,7 +383,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Xujiahui Observatory was under French control and stuck with UT+8.
#
# In earlier versions of this file, China had many separate Zone entries, but
-# this was based on what was apparently incorrect data in Shanks & Pottenger.
+# this was based on what were apparently incorrect data in Shanks & Pottenger.
# This has now been simplified to the two entries Asia/Shanghai and
# Asia/Urumqi, with the others being links for backward compatibility.
# Proposed in 1918 and theoretically in effect until 1949 (although in practice
@@ -501,7 +503,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# "The Working-Calendar for The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Government"
# <http://www.sinkiang.gov.cn/service/ourworking/> (2014-04-22).
# Unfortunately, we have no good records of time in Xinjiang before 1986.
-# During the 20th century parts of Xinjiang were ruled by the Qing dyansty,
+# During the 20th century parts of Xinjiang were ruled by the Qing dynasty,
# the Republic of China, various warlords, the First and Second East Turkestan
# Republics, the Soviet Union, the Kuomintang, and the People's Republic of
# China, and tracking down all these organizations' timekeeping rules would be
@@ -698,19 +700,19 @@ Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:42 - LMT 1904 Oct 30
# Central Weather Bureau website was not correct.
#
# Original Bulletin:
-# <http://subtpg.tpg.gov.tw/og/image2.asp?f=03502F0AKM1AF>
-# <http://subtpg.tpg.gov.tw/og/image2.asp?f=0350300AKM1B0> (cont.)
+# http://subtpg.tpg.gov.tw/og/image2.asp?f=03502F0AKM1AF
+# http://subtpg.tpg.gov.tw/og/image2.asp?f=0350300AKM1B0 (cont.)
#
# In 1947, DST in Taiwan was expanded to Oct 31. There is a backup of that
# telegram announcement from Taiwan Province Government:
#
-# <http://subtpg.tpg.gov.tw/og/image2.asp?f=0360310AKZ431>
+# http://subtpg.tpg.gov.tw/og/image2.asp?f=0360310AKZ431
#
# Here is a brief translation:
#
# The Summer Time this year is adopted from midnight Apr 15 until Sep 20
# midnight. To save (energy?) consumption, we're expanding Summer Time
-# adption till Oct 31 midnight.
+# adoption till Oct 31 midnight.
#
# The Central Weather Bureau website didn't mention that, however it can
# be found from historical government announcement database.
@@ -741,7 +743,7 @@ Rule Taiwan 1979 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
# Taipei or Taibei or T'ai-pei
Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 Jan 1
8:00 - JWST 1937 Oct 1
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 21 01:00
+ 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 21 1:00
8:00 Taiwan C%sT
# Macau (Macao, Aomen)
@@ -761,7 +763,7 @@ Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 S
Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1912
+Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
8:00 Macau MO%sT 1999 Dec 20 # return to China
8:00 PRC C%sT
@@ -823,20 +825,22 @@ Link Asia/Nicosia Europe/Nicosia
# I don't know what can be done, especially knowing that some years ago our
# DST rules where changed THREE TIMES during one month.
-# Milne says Tbilisi (Tiflis) time was 2:59:05.7; round to nearest.)
+# Milne 1899 says Tbilisi (Tiflis) time was 2:59:05.7.
+# Byalokoz 1919 says Georgia was 2:59:11.
+# Go with Byalokoz.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:06 - LMT 1880
- 2:59:06 - TBMT 1924 May 2 # Tbilisi Mean Time
+Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:11 - LMT 1880
+ 2:59:11 - TBMT 1924 May 2 # Tbilisi Mean Time
3:00 - TBIT 1957 Mar # Tbilisi Time
- 4:00 RussiaAsia TBI%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia TBI%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
3:00 1:00 TBIST 1991 Apr 9 # independence
- 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 1992 # Georgia Time
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 1992 # Georgia Time
3:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1994 Sep lastSun
4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 1996 Oct lastSun
4:00 1:00 GEST 1997 Mar lastSun
4:00 E-EurAsia GE%sT 2004 Jun 27
- 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 2005 Mar lastSun 2:00
+ 3:00 RussiaAsia GE%sT 2005 Mar lastSun 2:00
4:00 - GET
# East Timor
@@ -864,16 +868,16 @@ Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:06 - LMT 1880
# midnight on Saturday, September 16.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912
+Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
8:00 - TLT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time
9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
9:00 - TLT 1976 May 3
- 8:00 - WITA 2000 Sep 17 00:00
+ 8:00 - WITA 2000 Sep 17 0:00
9:00 - TLT
# India
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
+Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time
5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
@@ -886,8 +890,12 @@ Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
# Indonesia
#
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-09-06):
+# The 1876 Report of the Secretary of the [US] Navy, p 306 says that Batavia
+# civil time was 7:07:12.5; round to even for Jakarta.
+#
# From Gwillim Law (2001-05-28), overriding Shanks & Pottenger:
-# <http://www.sumatera-inc.com/go_to_invest/about_indonesia.asp#standtime>
+# http://www.sumatera-inc.com/go_to_invest/about_indonesia.asp#standtime
# says that Indonesia's time zones changed on 1988-01-01. Looking at some
# time zone maps, I think that must refer to Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat
# and Kalimantan Tengah) switching from UTC+8 to UTC+7.
@@ -924,7 +932,7 @@ Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10
# Shanks & Pottenger say the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,
# but this must be a typo.
7:07:12 - BMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Batavia
- 7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time
+ 7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time
7:30 - WIB 1942 Mar 23
9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
7:30 - WIB 1948 May
@@ -1082,7 +1090,7 @@ Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916
- 3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time
+ 3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time
3:30 - IRST 1977 Nov
4:00 Iran IR%sT 1979
3:30 Iran IR%sT
@@ -1127,7 +1135,7 @@ Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D
Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890
- 2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time?
+ 2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time?
3:00 - AST 1982 May
3:00 Iraq A%sT
@@ -1355,7 +1363,7 @@ Rule Zion 2013 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Jerusalem 2:20:54 - LMT 1880
- 2:20:40 - JMT 1918 # Jerusalem Mean Time?
+ 2:20:40 - JMT 1918 # Jerusalem Mean Time?
2:00 Zion I%sT
@@ -1371,8 +1379,8 @@ Zone Asia/Jerusalem 2:20:54 - LMT 1880
# daylight saving between 1948 and 1951, but "the system was discontinued
# because the public believed it would lead to longer working hours."
-# From Mayumi Negishi in the 2005-08-10 Japan Times
-# <http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nn20050810f2.htm>:
+# From Mayumi Negishi in the 2005-08-10 Japan Times:
+# http://www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?nn20050810f2.htm
# Occupation authorities imposed daylight-saving time on Japan on
# [1948-05-01].... But lack of prior debate and the execution of
# daylight-saving time just three days after the bill was passed generated
@@ -1396,7 +1404,8 @@ Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
# From Hideyuki Suzuki (1998-11-09):
# 'Tokyo' usually stands for the former location of Tokyo Astronomical
-# Observatory: 139 degrees 44' 40.90" E (9h 18m 58.727s), 35 degrees 39' 16.0" N.
+# Observatory: 139 degrees 44' 40.90" E (9h 18m 58.727s),
+# 35 degrees 39' 16.0" N.
# This data is from 'Rika Nenpyou (Chronological Scientific Tables) 1996'
# edited by National Astronomical Observatory of Japan....
# JST (Japan Standard Time) has been used since 1888-01-01 00:00 (JST).
@@ -1586,10 +1595,10 @@ Zone Asia/Qyzylorda 4:21:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
6:00 - KIZT 1982 Apr 1
5:00 RussiaAsia KIZ%sT 1991
5:00 - KIZT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
- 5:00 - QYZT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
+ 5:00 - QYZT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
6:00 RussiaAsia QYZ%sT 2005 Mar 15
6:00 - QYZT
-# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Akt'ubinsk)
+# Aqtobe (aka Aktobe, formerly Aktyubinsk)
Zone Asia/Aqtobe 3:48:40 - LMT 1924 May 2
4:00 - AKTT 1930 Jun 21 # Aktyubinsk Time
5:00 - AKTT 1981 Apr 1
@@ -1609,7 +1618,7 @@ Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2
6:00 - SHET 1982 Apr 1
5:00 RussiaAsia SHE%sT 1991
5:00 - SHET 1991 Dec 16 # independence
- 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 1995 Mar lastSun 2:00 # Aqtau Time
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 1995 Mar lastSun 2:00 # Aqtau Time
4:00 RussiaAsia AQT%sT 2005 Mar 15
5:00 - AQTT
# West Kazakhstan
@@ -1618,7 +1627,7 @@ Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk
5:00 - URAT 1981 Apr 1
5:00 1:00 URAST 1981 Oct 1
6:00 - URAT 1982 Apr 1
- 5:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00
4:00 RussiaAsia URA%sT 1991
4:00 - URAT 1991 Dec 16 # independence
4:00 RussiaAsia ORA%sT 2005 Mar 15 # Oral Time
@@ -1629,7 +1638,7 @@ Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk
# From Paul Eggert (2005-08-15):
# According to an article dated today in the Kyrgyzstan Development Gateway
-# <http://eng.gateway.kg/cgi-bin/page.pl?id=1&story_name=doc9979.shtml>
+# http://eng.gateway.kg/cgi-bin/page.pl?id=1&story_name=doc9979.shtml
# Kyrgyzstan is canceling the daylight saving time system. I take the article
# to mean that they will leave their clocks at 6 hours ahead of UTC.
# From Malik Abdugaliev (2005-09-21):
@@ -1644,17 +1653,17 @@ Rule Kyrgyz 1997 2004 - Oct lastSun 2:30 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
5:00 - FRUT 1930 Jun 21 # Frunze Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia FRU%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 5:00 1:00 FRUST 1991 Aug 31 2:00 # independence
- 5:00 Kyrgyz KG%sT 2005 Aug 12 # Kyrgyzstan Time
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia FRU%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 1:00 FRUST 1991 Aug 31 2:00 # independence
+ 5:00 Kyrgyz KG%sT 2005 Aug 12 # Kyrgyzstan Time
6:00 - KGT
###############################################################################
# Korea (North and South)
-# From Annie I. Bang (2006-07-10) in
-# <http://www.koreaherald.co.kr/SITE/data/html_dir/2006/07/10/200607100012.asp>:
+# From Annie I. Bang (2006-07-10):
+# http://www.koreaherald.co.kr/SITE/data/html_dir/2006/07/10/200607100012.asp
# The Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy has already
# commissioned a research project [to reintroduce DST] and has said
# the system may begin as early as 2008.... Korea ran a daylight
@@ -1702,12 +1711,8 @@ Zone Asia/Kuwait 3:11:56 - LMT 1950
3:00 - AST
# Laos
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Vientiane 6:50:24 - LMT 1906 Jun 9 # or Viangchan
- 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
- 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
- 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
- 7:00 - ICT
+# See Asia/Bangkok.
+
# Lebanon
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -1745,8 +1750,8 @@ Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Sep 14 0:00 0:20 TS # one-Third Summer
Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Dec 14 0:00 0 -
#
# peninsular Malaysia
-# The data here are taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)
-# <http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html>.
+# taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)
+# http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:46 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T.
@@ -1758,12 +1763,12 @@ Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:46 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
7:30 - MALT 1982 Jan 1
8:00 - MYT # Malaysia Time
# Sabah & Sarawak
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# The data here are mostly from Shanks & Pottenger, but the 1942, 1945 and 1982
-# transition dates are from Mok Ly Yng.
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-12):
+# The data entries here are mostly from Shanks & Pottenger, but the 1942, 1945
+# and 1982 transition dates are from Mok Ly Yng.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar
- 7:30 - BORT 1933 # Borneo Time
+ 7:30 - BORT 1933 # Borneo Time
8:00 NBorneo BOR%sT 1942 Feb 16
9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12
8:00 - BORT 1982 Jan 1
@@ -1771,9 +1776,9 @@ Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar
# Maldives
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
- 4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Male Mean Time
- 5:00 - MVT # Maldives Time
+Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
+ 4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Male Mean Time
+ 5:00 - MVT # Maldives Time
# Mongolia
@@ -1835,7 +1840,7 @@ Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
# Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-05-20) reports that the Mongolian Embassy in
# Washington, DC says there are two time zones, with DST observed.
# He also found
-# <http://ubpost.mongolnews.mn/index.php?subaction=showcomments&id=1111634894&archive=&start_from=&ucat=1&>
+# http://ubpost.mongolnews.mn/index.php?subaction=showcomments&id=1111634894&archive=&start_from=&ucat=1&
# which also says that there is DST, and which has a comment by "Toddius"
# (2005-03-31 06:05 +0700) saying "Mongolia actually has 3.5 time zones.
# The West (OLGII) is +7 GMT, most of the country is ULAT is +8 GMT
@@ -1903,13 +1908,13 @@ Rule Mongol 2002 2006 - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# Hovd, a.k.a. Chovd, Dund-Us, Dzhargalant, Khovd, Jirgalanta
Zone Asia/Hovd 6:06:36 - LMT 1905 Aug
- 6:00 - HOVT 1978 # Hovd Time
+ 6:00 - HOVT 1978 # Hovd Time
7:00 Mongol HOV%sT
# Ulaanbaatar, a.k.a. Ulan Bataar, Ulan Bator, Urga
Zone Asia/Ulaanbaatar 7:07:32 - LMT 1905 Aug
- 7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time
+ 7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time
8:00 Mongol ULA%sT
-# Choibalsan, a.k.a. Bajan Tuemen, Bajan Tumen, Chojbalsan,
+# Choibalsan, a.k.a. Bajan Tümen, Bajan Tumen, Chojbalsan,
# Choybalsan, Sanbejse, Tchoibalsan
Zone Asia/Choibalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug
7:00 - ULAT 1978
@@ -1973,10 +1978,9 @@ Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:24 - LMT 1920
# Here is an article that Pakistan plan to introduce Daylight Saving Time
# on June 1, 2008 for 3 months.
#
-# "... The federal cabinet on Wednesday announced a new conservation plan to help
-# reduce load shedding by approving the closure of commercial centres at 9pm and
-# moving clocks forward by one hour for the next three months.
-# ...."
+# "... The federal cabinet on Wednesday announced a new conservation plan to
+# help reduce load shedding by approving the closure of commercial centres at
+# 9pm and moving clocks forward by one hour for the next three months. ...."
#
# http://www.worldtimezone.net/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan01.html
# http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=2008%5C05%5C15%5Cstory_15-5-2008_pg1_4
@@ -2023,19 +2027,14 @@ Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:24 - LMT 1920
# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-09-28):
# According to Associated Press Of Pakistan, it is confirmed that
-# Pakistan clocks across the country would be turned back by an hour from October
-# 1, 2009.
+# Pakistan clocks across the country would be turned back by an hour from
+# October 1, 2009.
#
# "Clocks to go back one hour from 1 Oct"
# http://www.app.com.pk/en_/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=86715&Itemid=2
# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_pakistan07.htm
-
-# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-09-29):
-# Alexander Krivenyshev wrote:
-# > According to Associated Press Of Pakistan, it is confirmed that
-# > Pakistan clocks across the country would be turned back by an hour from October
-# > 1, 2009.
#
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2009-09-29):
# Now they seem to have changed their mind, November 1 is the new date:
# http://www.thenews.com.pk/top_story_detail.asp?Id=24742
# "The country's clocks will be reversed by one hour on November 1.
@@ -2076,9 +2075,8 @@ Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:24 - LMT 1920
Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Apr Sun>=2 0:01 1:00 S
Rule Pakistan 2002 only - Oct Sun>=2 0:01 0 -
Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule Pakistan 2008 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
+Rule Pakistan 2008 2009 - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
@@ -2153,7 +2151,7 @@ Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
# From Paul Eggert (1999-09-20):
# Daoud Kuttab writes in Holiday havoc
-# <http://www.jpost.com/com/Archive/22.Apr.1999/Opinion/Article-2.html>
+# http://www.jpost.com/com/Archive/22.Apr.1999/Opinion/Article-2.html
# (Jerusalem Post, 1999-04-22) that
# the Palestinian National Authority changed to DST on 1999-04-15.
# I vaguely recall that they switch back in October (sorry, forgot the source).
@@ -2371,10 +2369,10 @@ Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct
2:00 EgyptAsia EE%sT 1967 Jun 5
2:00 Zion I%sT 1996
2:00 Jordan EE%sT 1999
- 2:00 Palestine EE%sT 2008 Aug 29 0:00
+ 2:00 Palestine EE%sT 2008 Aug 29 0:00
2:00 - EET 2008 Sep
2:00 Palestine EE%sT 2010
- 2:00 - EET 2010 Mar 27 0:01
+ 2:00 - EET 2010 Mar 27 0:01
2:00 Palestine EE%sT 2011 Aug 1
2:00 - EET 2012
2:00 Palestine EE%sT
@@ -2394,22 +2392,23 @@ Zone Asia/Hebron 2:20:23 - LMT 1900 Oct
# Philippines, issued a proclamation announcing that 1844-12-30 was to
# be immediately followed by 1845-01-01; see R.H. van Gent's
# History of the International Date Line
-# <http://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/idl/idl_philippines.htm>.
-# The rest of the data are from Shanks & Pottenger.
+# http://www.staff.science.uu.nl/~gent0113/idl/idl_philippines.htm
+# The rest of the data entries are from Shanks & Pottenger.
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-04-25):
-# Tomorrow's Manila Standard reports that the Philippines Department of
-# Trade and Industry is considering adopting DST this June when the
-# rainy season begins. See
-# <http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/?page=politics02_april26_2006>.
-# For now, we'll ignore this, since it's not definite and we lack details.
-#
# From Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2006-04-26):
# ... claims that Philippines had DST last time in 1990:
# http://story.philippinetimes.com/p.x/ct/9/id/145be20cc6b121c0/cid/3e5bbccc730d258c/
# [a story dated 2006-04-25 by Cris Larano of Dow Jones Newswires,
# but no details]
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-14):
+# The following source says DST may be instituted November-January and again
+# March-June, but this is not definite. It also says DST was last proclaimed
+# during the Ramos administration (1992-1998); but again, no details.
+# Carcamo D. PNoy urged to declare use of daylight saving time.
+# Philippine Star 2014-08-05
+# http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2014/08/05/1354152/pnoy-urged-declare-use-daylight-saving-time
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 -
@@ -2426,7 +2425,7 @@ Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
# Qatar
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Qatar 3:26:08 - LMT 1920 # Al Dawhah / Doha
+Zone Asia/Qatar 3:26:08 - LMT 1920 # Al Dawhah / Doha
4:00 - GST 1972 Jun
3:00 - AST
@@ -2457,8 +2456,8 @@ Zone Asia/Riyadh 3:06:52 - LMT 1947 Mar 14
3:00 - AST
# Singapore
-# The data here are taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)
-# <http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html>.
+# taken from Mok Ly Yng (2003-10-30)
+# http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/teaching/timezone.html
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T.
@@ -2501,7 +2500,7 @@ Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
# at present, become 2400 hours of April 14, 2006 (midnight of April 14, 2006).
# From Peter Apps and Ranga Sirila of Reuters (2006-04-12) in:
-# <http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=scienceNews&storyID=2006-04-12T172228Z_01_COL295762_RTRIDST_0_SCIENCE-SRILANKA-TIME-DC.XML>
+# http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=scienceNews&storyID=2006-04-12T172228Z_01_COL295762_RTRIDST_0_SCIENCE-SRILANKA-TIME-DC.XML
# [The Tamil Tigers] never accepted the original 1996 time change and simply
# kept their clocks set five and a half hours ahead of Greenwich Mean
# Time (GMT), in line with neighbor India.
@@ -2540,13 +2539,13 @@ Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880
- 5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time
+ 5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time
5:30 - IST 1942 Jan 5
5:30 0:30 IHST 1942 Sep
- 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 16 2:00
- 5:30 - IST 1996 May 25 0:00
- 6:30 - LKT 1996 Oct 26 0:30
- 6:00 - LKT 2006 Apr 15 0:30
+ 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 16 2:00
+ 5:30 - IST 1996 May 25 0:00
+ 6:30 - LKT 1996 Oct 26 0:30
+ 6:00 - LKT 2006 Apr 15 0:30
5:30 - IST
# Syria
@@ -2622,8 +2621,7 @@ Rule Syria 2007 only - Nov Fri>=1 0:00 0 -
# From Stephen Colebourne (2008-03-17):
# For everyone's info, I saw an IATA time zone change for [Syria] for
-# this month (March 2008) in the last day or so...This is the data IATA
-# are now using:
+# this month (March 2008) in the last day or so....
# Country Time Standard --- DST Start --- --- DST End --- DST
# Name Zone Variation Time Date Time Date
# Variation
@@ -2710,7 +2708,7 @@ Rule Syria 2012 max - Mar lastFri 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Syria 2009 max - Oct lastFri 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq
+Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq
2:00 Syria EE%sT
# Tajikistan
@@ -2718,24 +2716,26 @@ Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
5:00 - DUST 1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 5:00 1:00 DUSST 1991 Sep 9 2:00s
- 5:00 - TJT # Tajikistan Time
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia DUS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 1:00 DUSST 1991 Sep 9 2:00s
+ 5:00 - TJT # Tajikistan Time
# Thailand
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Bangkok 6:42:04 - LMT 1880
6:42:04 - BMT 1920 Apr # Bangkok Mean Time
7:00 - ICT
+Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Phnom_Penh # Cambodia
+Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Vientiane # Laos
# Turkmenistan
# From Shanks & Pottenger.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad
4:00 - ASHT 1930 Jun 21 # Ashkhabad Time
- 5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
4:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Oct 27 # independence
- 4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
5:00 - TMT
# United Arab Emirates
@@ -2744,8 +2744,9 @@ Zone Asia/Dubai 3:41:12 - LMT 1920
4:00 - GST
# Uzbekistan
+# Byalokoz 1919 says Uzbekistan was 4:27:53.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
+Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:53 - LMT 1924 May 2
4:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21 # Samarkand Time
5:00 - SAMT 1981 Apr 1
5:00 1:00 SAMST 1981 Oct 1
@@ -2756,29 +2757,72 @@ Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
# Milne says Tashkent was 4:37:10.8; round to nearest.
Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:11 - LMT 1924 May 2
5:00 - TAST 1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
5:00 - UZT
# Vietnam
-# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-04):
# Milne gives 7:16:56 for the meridian of Saigon in 1899, as being
# used in Lower Laos, Cambodia, and Annam. But this is quite a ways
# from Saigon's location. For now, ignore this and stick with Shanks
-# and Pottenger.
+# and Pottenger for LMT before 1906.
# From Arthur David Olson (2008-03-18):
# The English-language name of Vietnam's most populous city is "Ho Chi Minh
# City"; use Ho_Chi_Minh below to avoid a name of more than 14 characters.
-# From Shanks & Pottenger:
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-21) after a heads-up from Trần Ngọc Quân:
+# Trần Tiến Bình's authoritative book "Lịch Việt Nam: thế kỷ XX-XXI (1901-2100)"
+# (Nhà xuất bản Văn Hoá - Thông Tin, Hanoi, 2005), pp 49-50,
+# is quoted verbatim in:
+# http://www.thoigian.com.vn/?mPage=P80D01
+# is translated by Brian Inglis in:
+# http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-October/021654.html
+# and is the basis for the information below.
+#
+# The 1906 transition was effective July 1 and standardized Indochina to
+# Phù Liễn Observatory, legally 104 deg. 17'17" east of Paris.
+# It's unclear whether this meant legal Paris Mean Time (00:09:21) or
+# the Paris Meridian (2 deg. 20'14.03" E); the former yields 07:06:30.1333...
+# and the latter 07:06:29.333... so either way it rounds to 07:06:30,
+# which is used below even though the modern-day Phù Liễn Observatory
+# is closer to 07:06:31. Abbreviate Phù Liễn Mean Time as PLMT.
+#
+# The following transitions occurred in Indochina in general (before 1954)
+# and in South Vietnam in particular (after 1954):
+# To 07:00 on 1911-05-01.
+# To 08:00 on 1942-12-31 at 23:00.
+# To 09:00 in 1945-03-14 at 23:00.
+# To 07:00 on 1945-09-02 in Vietnam.
+# To 08:00 on 1947-04-01 in French-controlled Indochina.
+# To 07:00 on 1955-07-01 in South Vietnam.
+# To 08:00 on 1959-12-31 at 23:00 in South Vietnam.
+# To 07:00 on 1975-06-13 in South Vietnam.
+#
+# Trần cites the following sources; it's unclear which supplied the info above.
+#
+# Hoàng Xuân Hãn: "Lịch và lịch Việt Nam". Tập san Khoa học Xã hội,
+# No. 9, Paris, February 1982.
+#
+# Lê Thành Lân: "Lịch và niên biểu lịch sử hai mươi thế kỷ (0001-2010)",
+# NXB Thống kê, Hanoi, 2000.
+#
+# Lê Thành Lân: "Lịch hai thế kỷ (1802-2010) và các lịch vĩnh cửu",
+# NXB Thuận Hoá, Huế, 1995.
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9
- 7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
- 7:00 - ICT 1912 May
- 8:00 - ICT 1931 May
+Zone Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jul 1
+ 7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1
+ 7:00 - ICT 1942 Dec 31 23:00
+ 8:00 - IDT 1945 Mar 14 23:00
+ 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2
+ 7:00 - ICT 1947 Apr 1
+ 8:00 - IDT 1955 Jul 1
+ 7:00 - ICT 1959 Dec 31 23:00
+ 8:00 - IDT 1975 Jun 13
7:00 - ICT
# Yemen
diff --git a/australasia b/australasia
index 4911e8db6d16..8efe56fd2a24 100644
--- a/australasia
+++ b/australasia
@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@ Zone Australia/Adelaide 9:14:20 - LMT 1895 Feb
# Tasmania
#
# From Paul Eggert (2005-08-16):
-# <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml>
+# http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml
# says King Island didn't observe DST from WWII until late 1971.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -126,12 +126,12 @@ Rule AT 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S
Rule AT 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Australia/Hobart 9:49:16 - LMT 1895 Sep
- 10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00
+ 10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00
10:00 1:00 AEDT 1917 Feb
10:00 Aus AE%sT 1967
10:00 AT AE%sT
Zone Australia/Currie 9:35:28 - LMT 1895 Sep
- 10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00
+ 10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00
10:00 1:00 AEDT 1917 Feb
10:00 Aus AE%sT 1971 Jul
10:00 AT AE%sT
@@ -220,8 +220,8 @@ Zone Australia/Lord_Howe 10:36:20 - LMT 1895 Feb
# Permanent occupation (scientific station) 1911-1915 and since 25 March 1948;
# sealing and penguin oil station operated Nov 1899 to Apr 1919. See the
# Tasmania Parks & Wildlife Service history of sealing at Macquarie Island
-# <http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=1828>
-# <http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=1831>.
+# http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=1828
+# http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/index.aspx?base=1831
# Guess that it was like Australia/Hobart while inhabited before 2010.
#
# From Steffen Thorsen (2010-03-10):
@@ -236,12 +236,12 @@ Zone Australia/Lord_Howe 10:36:20 - LMT 1895 Feb
# this is required for correct handling of times before 1916 by
# pre-2013 versions of localtime.
Zone Antarctica/Macquarie 0 - zzz 1899 Nov
- 10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00
+ 10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00
10:00 1:00 AEDT 1917 Feb
- 10:00 Aus AE%sT 1919 Apr 1 0:00s
+ 10:00 Aus AE%sT 1919 Apr 1 0:00s
0 - zzz 1948 Mar 25
10:00 Aus AE%sT 1967
- 10:00 AT AE%sT 2010 Apr 4 3:00
+ 10:00 AT AE%sT 2010 Apr 4 3:00
11:00 - MIST # Macquarie I Standard Time
# Christmas
@@ -331,31 +331,38 @@ Zone Indian/Cocos 6:27:40 - LMT 1900
# Fiji will end DST on 2014-01-19 02:00:
# http://www.fiji.gov.fj/Media-Center/Press-Releases/DAYLIGHT-SAVINGS-TO-END-THIS-MONTH-%281%29.aspx
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-01-10):
-# For now, guess that Fiji springs forward the Sunday before the fourth
-# Monday in October, and springs back the penultimate Sunday in January.
-# This is ad hoc, but matches recent practice.
+# From Ken Rylander (2014-10-20):
+# DST will start Nov. 2 this year.
+# http://www.fiji.gov.fj/Media-Center/Press-Releases/DAYLIGHT-SAVING-STARTS-ON-SUNDAY,-NOVEMBER-2ND.aspx
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-20):
+# For now, guess DST from 02:00 the first Sunday in November to
+# 03:00 the first Sunday on or after January 18. Although ad hoc, it
+# matches this year's plan and seems more likely to match future
+# practice than guessing no DST.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Fiji 1998 1999 - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Fiji 1999 2000 - Feb lastSun 3:00 0 -
Rule Fiji 2009 only - Nov 29 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Fiji 2010 only - Mar lastSun 3:00 0 -
-Rule Fiji 2010 max - Oct Sun>=21 2:00 1:00 S
+Rule Fiji 2010 2013 - Oct Sun>=21 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Fiji 2011 only - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 -
Rule Fiji 2012 2013 - Jan Sun>=18 3:00 0 -
-Rule Fiji 2014 max - Jan Sun>=18 2:00 0 -
+Rule Fiji 2014 only - Jan Sun>=18 2:00 0 -
+Rule Fiji 2014 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
+Rule Fiji 2015 max - Jan Sun>=18 3:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Fiji 11:55:44 - LMT 1915 Oct 26 # Suva
+Zone Pacific/Fiji 11:55:44 - LMT 1915 Oct 26 # Suva
12:00 Fiji FJ%sT # Fiji Time
# French Polynesia
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Gambier -8:59:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Rikitea
+Zone Pacific/Gambier -8:59:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Rikitea
-9:00 - GAMT # Gambier Time
Zone Pacific/Marquesas -9:18:00 - LMT 1912 Oct
-9:30 - MART # Marquesas Time
-Zone Pacific/Tahiti -9:58:16 - LMT 1912 Oct # Papeete
+Zone Pacific/Tahiti -9:58:16 - LMT 1912 Oct # Papeete
-10:00 - TAHT # Tahiti Time
# Clipperton (near North America) is administered from French Polynesia;
# it is uninhabited.
@@ -363,14 +370,14 @@ Zone Pacific/Tahiti -9:58:16 - LMT 1912 Oct # Papeete
# Guam
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Guam -14:21:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
- 9:39:00 - LMT 1901 # Agana
- 10:00 - GST 2000 Dec 23 # Guam
+ 9:39:00 - LMT 1901 # Agana
+ 10:00 - GST 2000 Dec 23 # Guam
10:00 - ChST # Chamorro Standard Time
# Kiribati
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Tarawa 11:32:04 - LMT 1901 # Bairiki
- 12:00 - GILT # Gilbert Is Time
+Zone Pacific/Tarawa 11:32:04 - LMT 1901 # Bairiki
+ 12:00 - GILT # Gilbert Is Time
Zone Pacific/Enderbury -11:24:20 - LMT 1901
-12:00 - PHOT 1979 Oct # Phoenix Is Time
-11:00 - PHOT 1995
@@ -384,7 +391,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Kiritimati -10:29:20 - LMT 1901
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Saipan -14:17:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
9:43:00 - LMT 1901
- 9:00 - MPT 1969 Oct # N Mariana Is Time
+ 9:00 - MPT 1969 Oct # N Mariana Is Time
10:00 - MPT 2000 Dec 23
10:00 - ChST # Chamorro Standard Time
@@ -395,24 +402,24 @@ Zone Pacific/Majuro 11:24:48 - LMT 1901
12:00 - MHT
Zone Pacific/Kwajalein 11:09:20 - LMT 1901
11:00 - MHT 1969 Oct
- -12:00 - KWAT 1993 Aug 20 # Kwajalein Time
+ -12:00 - KWAT 1993 Aug 20 # Kwajalein Time
12:00 - MHT
# Micronesia
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Chuuk 10:07:08 - LMT 1901
- 10:00 - CHUT # Chuuk Time
-Zone Pacific/Pohnpei 10:32:52 - LMT 1901 # Kolonia
- 11:00 - PONT # Pohnpei Time
+ 10:00 - CHUT # Chuuk Time
+Zone Pacific/Pohnpei 10:32:52 - LMT 1901 # Kolonia
+ 11:00 - PONT # Pohnpei Time
Zone Pacific/Kosrae 10:51:56 - LMT 1901
- 11:00 - KOST 1969 Oct # Kosrae Time
+ 11:00 - KOST 1969 Oct # Kosrae Time
12:00 - KOST 1999
11:00 - KOST
# Nauru
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Nauru 11:07:40 - LMT 1921 Jan 15 # Uaobe
- 11:30 - NRT 1942 Mar 15 # Nauru Time
+Zone Pacific/Nauru 11:07:40 - LMT 1921 Jan 15 # Uaobe
+ 11:30 - NRT 1942 Mar 15 # Nauru Time
9:00 - JST 1944 Aug 15
11:30 - NRT 1979 May
12:00 - NRT
@@ -489,8 +496,8 @@ Rule Cook 1978 only - Nov 12 0:00 0:30 HS
Rule Cook 1979 1991 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
Rule Cook 1979 1990 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 HS
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Rarotonga -10:39:04 - LMT 1901 # Avarua
- -10:30 - CKT 1978 Nov 12 # Cook Is Time
+Zone Pacific/Rarotonga -10:39:04 - LMT 1901 # Avarua
+ -10:30 - CKT 1978 Nov 12 # Cook Is Time
-10:00 Cook CK%sT
###############################################################################
@@ -498,40 +505,64 @@ Zone Pacific/Rarotonga -10:39:04 - LMT 1901 # Avarua
# Niue
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Niue -11:19:40 - LMT 1901 # Alofi
- -11:20 - NUT 1951 # Niue Time
- -11:30 - NUT 1978 Oct 1
+Zone Pacific/Niue -11:19:40 - LMT 1901 # Alofi
+ -11:20 - NUT 1951 # Niue Time
+ -11:30 - NUT 1978 Oct 1
-11:00 - NUT
# Norfolk
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Norfolk 11:11:52 - LMT 1901 # Kingston
- 11:12 - NMT 1951 # Norfolk Mean Time
- 11:30 - NFT # Norfolk Time
+Zone Pacific/Norfolk 11:11:52 - LMT 1901 # Kingston
+ 11:12 - NMT 1951 # Norfolk Mean Time
+ 11:30 - NFT # Norfolk Time
# Palau (Belau)
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Palau 8:57:56 - LMT 1901 # Koror
+Zone Pacific/Palau 8:57:56 - LMT 1901 # Koror
9:00 - PWT # Palau Time
# Papua New Guinea
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 - LMT 1880
- 9:48:32 - PMMT 1895 # Port Moresby Mean Time
- 10:00 - PGT # Papua New Guinea Time
+ 9:48:32 - PMMT 1895 # Port Moresby Mean Time
+ 10:00 - PGT # Papua New Guinea Time
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-13):
+# Base the Bougainville entry on the Arawa-Kieta region, which appears to have
+# the most people even though it was devastated in the Bougainville Civil War.
+#
+# Although Shanks gives 1942-03-15 / 1943-11-01 for JST, these dates
+# are apparently rough guesswork from the starts of military campaigns.
+# The World War II entries below are instead based on Arawa-Kieta.
+# The Japanese occupied Kieta in July 1942,
+# according to the Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
+# http://pwencycl.kgbudge.com/B/o/Bougainville.htm
+# and seem to have controlled it until their 1945-08-21 surrender.
+#
+# The Autonomous Region of Bougainville plans to switch from UTC+10 to UTC+11
+# on 2014-12-28 at 02:00. They call UTC+11 "Bougainville Standard Time";
+# abbreviate this as BST. See:
+# http://www.bougainville24.com/bougainville-issues/bougainville-gets-own-timezone/
+#
+Zone Pacific/Bougainville 10:22:16 - LMT 1880
+ 9:48:32 - PMMT 1895
+ 10:00 - PGT 1942 Jul
+ 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 21
+ 10:00 - PGT 2014 Dec 28 2:00
+ 11:00 - BST
# Pitcairn
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Pitcairn -8:40:20 - LMT 1901 # Adamstown
- -8:30 - PNT 1998 Apr 27 00:00
+Zone Pacific/Pitcairn -8:40:20 - LMT 1901 # Adamstown
+ -8:30 - PNT 1998 Apr 27 0:00
-8:00 - PST # Pitcairn Standard Time
# American Samoa
Zone Pacific/Pago_Pago 12:37:12 - LMT 1879 Jul 5
-11:22:48 - LMT 1911
- -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr # N=Nome
- -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering
- -11:00 - SST # S=Samoa
+ -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr # N=Nome
+ -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering
+ -11:00 - SST # S=Samoa
# Samoa (formerly and also known as Western Samoa)
@@ -617,7 +648,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Apia 12:33:04 - LMT 1879 Jul 5
# Solomon Is
# excludes Bougainville, for which see Papua New Guinea
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Guadalcanal 10:39:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Honiara
+Zone Pacific/Guadalcanal 10:39:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Honiara
11:00 - SBT # Solomon Is Time
# Tokelau Is
@@ -641,7 +672,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Guadalcanal 10:39:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Honiara
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Fakaofo -11:24:56 - LMT 1901
- -11:00 - TKT 2011 Dec 30 # Tokelau Time
+ -11:00 - TKT 2011 Dec 30 # Tokelau Time
13:00 - TKT
# Tonga
@@ -701,8 +732,8 @@ Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
# time from Operation Newsreel (Hardtack I/Teak shot, 1958-08-01) to the last
# Operation Fishbowl shot (Tightrope, 1962-11-04).... [See] Herman Hoerlin,
# "The United States High-Altitude Test Experience: A Review Emphasizing the
-# Impact on the Environment", Los Alamos LA-6405, Oct 1976
-# <http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/lanl/docs1/00322994.pdf>.
+# Impact on the Environment", Los Alamos LA-6405, Oct 1976.
+# http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/lanl/docs1/00322994.pdf
# See the table on page 4 where he lists GMT and local times for the tests; a
# footnote for the JI tests reads that local time is "JI time = Hawaii Time
# Minus One Hour".
@@ -717,7 +748,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
# From Mark Brader (2005-01-23):
# [Fallacies and Fantasies of Air Transport History, by R.E.G. Davies,
# published 1994 by Paladwr Press, McLean, VA, USA; ISBN 0-9626483-5-3]
-# reproduced a Pan American Airways timeables from 1936, for their weekly
+# reproduced a Pan American Airways timetable from 1936, for their weekly
# "Orient Express" flights between San Francisco and Manila, and connecting
# flights to Chicago and the US East Coast. As it uses some time zone
# designations that I've never seen before:....
@@ -727,9 +758,9 @@ Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
Zone Pacific/Midway -11:49:28 - LMT 1901
-11:00 - NST 1956 Jun 3
-11:00 1:00 NDT 1956 Sep 2
- -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr # N=Nome
- -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering
- -11:00 - SST # S=Samoa
+ -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr # N=Nome
+ -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering
+ -11:00 - SST # S=Samoa
# Palmyra
# uninhabited since World War II; was probably like Pacific/Kiritimati
@@ -749,7 +780,7 @@ Rule Vanuatu 1985 1991 - Sep Sun>=23 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Vanuatu 1992 1993 - Jan Sun>=23 0:00 0 -
Rule Vanuatu 1992 only - Oct Sun>=23 0:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Efate 11:13:16 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 # Vila
+Zone Pacific/Efate 11:13:16 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 # Vila
11:00 Vanuatu VU%sT # Vanuatu Time
# Wallis and Futuna
@@ -761,9 +792,10 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# NOTES
-# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
+# This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
-# tz@iana.org for general use in the future).
+# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
+# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
@@ -784,8 +816,8 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# I found in the UCLA library.
#
# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
-# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
-# <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
+# http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
#
# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
@@ -802,6 +834,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# 10:00 AEST AEDT Eastern Australia
# 10:00 ChST Chamorro
# 10:30 LHST LHDT Lord Howe*
+# 11:00 BST Bougainville*
# 11:30 NZMT NZST New Zealand through 1945
# 12:00 NZST NZDT New Zealand 1946-present
# 12:15 CHAST Chatham through 1945*
@@ -834,12 +867,12 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# From Paul Eggert (2005-12-08):
# Implementation Dates of Daylight Saving Time within Australia
-# <http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml>
+# http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/dst_times.shtml
# summarizes daylight saving issues in Australia.
# From Arthur David Olson (2005-12-12):
# Lawlink NSW:Daylight Saving in New South Wales
-# <http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/Corporate/ll_agdinfo.nsf/pages/community_relations_daylight_saving>
+# http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/Corporate/ll_agdinfo.nsf/pages/community_relations_daylight_saving
# covers New South Wales in particular.
# From John Mackin (1991-03-06):
@@ -976,13 +1009,13 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
#
# NSW (including LHI and Broken Hill):
# Standard Time Act 1987 (updated 1995-04-04)
-# <http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/sta1987137/index.html>
+# http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/sta1987137/index.html
# ACT
# Standard Time and Summer Time Act 1972
-# <http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/act/consol_act/stasta1972279/index.html>
+# http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/act/consol_act/stasta1972279/index.html
# SA
# Standard Time Act, 1898
-# <http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/sa/consol_act/sta1898137/index.html>
+# http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/sa/consol_act/sta1898137/index.html
# From David Grosz (2005-06-13):
# It was announced last week that Daylight Saving would be extended by
@@ -1048,7 +1081,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# it matches what was used in the past.
# The Australian Bureau of Meteorology FAQ
-# <http://www.bom.gov.au/faq/faqgen.htm>
+# http://www.bom.gov.au/faq/faqgen.htm
# (1999-09-27) writes that Giles Meteorological Station uses
# South Australian time even though it's located in Western Australia.
@@ -1092,7 +1125,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# From Christopher Hunt (2006-11-21), after an advance warning
# from Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2006-11-01):
# WA are trialing DST for three years.
-# <http://www.parliament.wa.gov.au/parliament/bills.nsf/9A1B183144403DA54825721200088DF1/$File/Bill175-1B.pdf>
+# http://www.parliament.wa.gov.au/parliament/bills.nsf/9A1B183144403DA54825721200088DF1/$File/Bill175-1B.pdf
# From Rives McDow (2002-04-09):
# The most interesting region I have found consists of three towns on the
@@ -1106,7 +1139,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# From Paul Eggert (2002-04-09):
# This is confirmed by the section entitled
# "What's the deal with time zones???" in
-# <http://www.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/~awatkins/null.html>.
+# http://www.earthsci.unimelb.edu.au/~awatkins/null.html
#
# From Alex Livingston (2006-12-07):
# ... it was just on four years ago that I drove along the Eyre Highway,
@@ -1262,33 +1295,32 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# From Eric Ulevik (1999-05-26):
# DST will start in NSW on the last Sunday of August, rather than the usual
-# October in 2000. [See: Matthew Moore,
-# Two months more daylight saving
-# Sydney Morning Herald (1999-05-26)
-# <http://www.smh.com.au/news/9905/26/pageone/pageone4.html>]
+# October in 2000. See: Matthew Moore,
+# Two months more daylight saving, Sydney Morning Herald (1999-05-26).
+# http://www.smh.com.au/news/9905/26/pageone/pageone4.html
# From Paul Eggert (1999-09-27):
# See the following official NSW source:
# Daylight Saving in New South Wales.
-# <http://dir.gis.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/genobject/document/other/daylightsaving/tigGmZ>
+# http://dir.gis.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/genobject/document/other/daylightsaving/tigGmZ
#
# Narrabri Shire (NSW) council has announced it will ignore the extension of
# daylight saving next year. See:
# Narrabri Council to ignore daylight saving
-# <http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/neweng/monthly/regeng-22jul1999-1.htm>
+# http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/neweng/monthly/regeng-22jul1999-1.htm
# (1999-07-22). For now, we'll wait to see if this really happens.
#
# Victoria will following NSW. See:
# Vic to extend daylight saving (1999-07-28)
-# <http://abc.net.au/local/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990728112314_1.htm>
+# http://abc.net.au/local/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990728112314_1.htm
#
# However, South Australia rejected the DST request. See:
# South Australia rejects Olympics daylight savings request (1999-07-19)
-# <http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990719151754_1.htm>
+# http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/07/item19990719151754_1.htm
#
# Queensland also will not observe DST for the Olympics. See:
# Qld says no to daylight savings for Olympics
-# <http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/06/item19990601114608_1.htm>
+# http://abc.net.au/news/olympics/1999/06/item19990601114608_1.htm
# (1999-06-01), which quotes Queensland Premier Peter Beattie as saying
# "Look you've got to remember in my family when this came up last time
# I voted for it, my wife voted against it and she said to me it's all very
@@ -1298,7 +1330,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
#
# Broken Hill will stick with South Australian time in 2000. See:
# Broken Hill to be behind the times (1999-07-21)
-# <http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/brokenh/monthly/regbrok-21jul1999-6.htm>
+# http://abc.net.au/news/regionals/brokenh/monthly/regbrok-21jul1999-6.htm
# IATA SSIM (1998-09) says that the spring 2000 change for Australian
# Capital Territory, New South Wales except Lord Howe Island and Broken
@@ -1434,8 +1466,8 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# From Paul Eggert (2014-07-14):
# Chatham Island time was formally standardized on 1957-01-01 by
-# New Zealand's Standard Time Amendment Act 1956 (1956-10-26)
-# <http://www.austlii.edu.au/nz/legis/hist_act/staa19561956n100244.pdf>.
+# New Zealand's Standard Time Amendment Act 1956 (1956-10-26).
+# http://www.austlii.edu.au/nz/legis/hist_act/staa19561956n100244.pdf
# According to Google Books snippet view, a speaker in the New Zealand
# parliamentary debates in 1956 said "Clause 78 makes provision for standard
# time in the Chatham Islands. The time there is 45 minutes in advance of New
@@ -1516,7 +1548,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
# The Federated States of Micronesia Visitors Board writes in
# The Federated States of Micronesia - Visitor Information (1999-01-26)
-# <http://www.fsmgov.org/info/clocks.html>
+# http://www.fsmgov.org/info/clocks.html
# that Truk and Yap are UTC+10, and Ponape and Kosrae are UTC+11.
# We don't know when Kosrae switched from UTC+12; assume January 1 for now.
@@ -1587,9 +1619,9 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# Since Kiribati has moved the Date Line it's not clear what Tonga will do.
# Don Mundell writes in the 1997-02-20 Tonga Chronicle
-# How Tonga became 'The Land where Time Begins'
-# <http://www.tongatapu.net.to/tonga/homeland/timebegins.htm>:
-
+# How Tonga became 'The Land where Time Begins':
+# http://www.tongatapu.net.to/tonga/homeland/timebegins.htm
+#
# Until 1941 Tonga maintained a standard time 50 minutes ahead of NZST
# 12 hours and 20 minutes ahead of GMT. When New Zealand adjusted its
# standard time in 1940s, Tonga had the choice of subtracting from its
@@ -1723,6 +1755,6 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# (2005-03-20):
#
# The American Practical Navigator (2002)
-# <http://pollux.nss.nima.mil/pubs/pubs_j_apn_sections.html?rid=187>
+# http://pollux.nss.nima.mil/pubs/pubs_j_apn_sections.html?rid=187
# talks only about the 180-degree meridian with respect to ships in
# international waters; it ignores the international date line.
diff --git a/backward b/backward
index 36f6aba0f3fa..00cbfc416426 100644
--- a/backward
+++ b/backward
@@ -4,6 +4,7 @@
# This file provides links between current names for time zones
# and their old names. Many names changed in late 1993.
+# Link TARGET LINK-NAME
Link Africa/Asmara Africa/Asmera
Link Africa/Abidjan Africa/Timbuktu
Link America/Argentina/Catamarca America/Argentina/ComodRivadavia
diff --git a/europe b/europe
index 3ab6b0f2b436..27a8b30ea3ea 100644
--- a/europe
+++ b/europe
@@ -1,9 +1,10 @@
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
-# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
+# This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
-# tz@iana.org for general use in the future).
+# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
+# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
# From Paul Eggert (2014-05-31):
# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
@@ -38,6 +39,16 @@
# may be sent to Mr. John Milne, Royal Geographical Society,
# Savile Row, London." Nowadays please email them to tz@iana.org.
#
+# Byalokoz EL. New Counting of Time in Russia since July 1, 1919.
+# This Russian-language source was consulted by Vladimir Karpinsky; see
+# http://mm.icann.org/pipermail/tz/2014-August/021320.html
+# The full Russian citation is:
+# Бялокоз, Евгений Людвигович. Новый счет времени в течении суток
+# введенный декретом Совета народных комиссаров для всей России с 1-го
+# июля 1919 г. / Изд. 2-е Междуведомственной комиссии. - Петроград:
+# Десятая гос. тип., 1919.
+# http://resolver.gpntb.ru/purl?docushare/dsweb/Get/Resource-2011/Byalokoz__E.L.__Novyy__schet__vremeni__v__techenie__sutok__izd__2(1).pdf
+#
# Brazil's Divisão Serviço da Hora (DSHO),
# History of Summer Time
# <http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm>
@@ -57,10 +68,11 @@
# 0:00 WET WEST WEMT Western Europe
# 0:19:32.13 AMT NST Amsterdam, Netherlands Summer (1835-1937)*
# 0:20 NET NEST Netherlands (1937-1940)*
+# 1:00 BST British Standard (1968-1971)
# 1:00 CET CEST CEMT Central Europe
# 1:00:14 SET Swedish (1879-1899)*
# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern Europe
-# 3:00 FET Further-eastern Europe*
+# 3:00 FET Further-eastern Europe (2011-2014)*
# 3:00 MSK MSD MSM* Moscow
# From Peter Ilieve (1994-12-04),
@@ -174,8 +186,9 @@
# between 160 and 170 hours more daylight leisure, to a war which
# plunged Europe into darkness for four years, and shook the
# foundations of civilization throughout the world.
-# <http://www.winstonchurchill.org/images/finesthour/Vol.01%20No.114.pdf>
-# "A Silent Toast to William Willett", Pictorial Weekly
+# -- "A Silent Toast to William Willett", Pictorial Weekly;
+# republished in Finest Hour (Spring 2002) 1(114):26
+# http://www.winstonchurchill.org/images/finesthour/Vol.01%20No.114.pdf
# From Paul Eggert (1996-09-03):
# The OED Supplement says that the English originally said "Daylight Saving"
@@ -210,8 +223,8 @@
# official designation; the reply of the 21st was that there wasn't
# but he couldn't think of anything better than the "Double British
# Summer Time" that the BBC had been using informally.
-# http://student.cusu.cam.ac.uk/~jsm28/british-time/bbc-19410418.png
-# http://student.cusu.cam.ac.uk/~jsm28/british-time/ho-19410421.png
+# http://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/bbc-19410418.png
+# http://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/ho-19410421.png
# From Sir Alexander Maxwell in the above-mentioned letter (1941-04-21):
# [N]o official designation has as far as I know been adopted for the time
@@ -228,15 +241,13 @@
# the history of summer time legislation in the United Kingdom.
# Since 1998 Joseph S. Myers has been updating
# and extending this list, which can be found in
-# http://student.cusu.cam.ac.uk/~jsm28/british-time/
-# History of legal time in Britain
# http://www.polyomino.org.uk/british-time/
# From Joseph S. Myers (1998-01-06):
#
# The legal time in the UK outside of summer time is definitely GMT, not UTC;
# see Lord Tanlaw's speech
-# <http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/ld199697/ldhansrd/pdvn/lds97/text/70611-20.htm#70611-20_head0>
+# http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld199798/ldhansrd/vo970611/text/70611-10.htm#70611-10_head0
# (Lords Hansard 11 June 1997 columns 964 to 976).
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
@@ -440,25 +451,27 @@ Rule GB-Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u 0 GMT
# Use Europe/London for Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1 0:00s
+Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1 0:00s
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27
- 1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
+ 1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
0:00 EU GMT/BST
Link Europe/London Europe/Jersey
Link Europe/London Europe/Guernsey
Link Europe/London Europe/Isle_of_Man
+
+# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:00 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
- -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00
- -0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s
+ -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00
+ -0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1921 Dec 6 # independence
- 0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00
- 0:00 1:00 IST 1946 Oct 6 2:00
- 0:00 - GMT 1947 Mar 16 2:00
- 0:00 1:00 IST 1947 Nov 2 2:00
- 0:00 - GMT 1948 Apr 18 2:00
+ 0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00
+ 0:00 1:00 IST 1946 Oct 6 2:00
+ 0:00 - GMT 1947 Mar 16 2:00
+ 0:00 1:00 IST 1947 Nov 2 2:00
+ 0:00 - GMT 1948 Apr 18 2:00
0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1968 Oct 27
- 1:00 - IST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
+ 1:00 - IST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1996
0:00 EU GMT/IST
@@ -479,7 +492,7 @@ Rule EU 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -
# The most recent directive covers the years starting in 2002. See:
# Directive 2000/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
# of 19 January 2001 on summer-time arrangements.
-# <http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32000L0084:EN:NOT>
+# http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX:32000L0084:EN:NOT
# W-Eur differs from EU only in that W-Eur uses standard time.
Rule W-Eur 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 S
@@ -513,7 +526,7 @@ Rule C-Eur 1944 only - Oct 2 2:00s 0 -
# 0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00
#
# Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15
-# 0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00
+# 0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00
#
# Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884
# 1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
@@ -557,15 +570,15 @@ Rule E-Eur 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
Rule E-Eur 1996 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 -
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Russia 1917 only - Jul 1 23:00 1:00 MST # Moscow Summer Time
-Rule Russia 1917 only - Dec 28 0:00 0 MMT # Moscow Mean Time
-Rule Russia 1918 only - May 31 22:00 2:00 MDST # Moscow Double Summer Time
+Rule Russia 1917 only - Jul 1 23:00 1:00 MST # Moscow Summer Time
+Rule Russia 1917 only - Dec 28 0:00 0 MMT # Moscow Mean Time
+Rule Russia 1918 only - May 31 22:00 2:00 MDST # Moscow Double Summer Time
Rule Russia 1918 only - Sep 16 1:00 1:00 MST
Rule Russia 1919 only - May 31 23:00 2:00 MDST
Rule Russia 1919 only - Jul 1 2:00 1:00 MSD
Rule Russia 1919 only - Aug 16 0:00 0 MSK
Rule Russia 1921 only - Feb 14 23:00 1:00 MSD
-Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 MSM # Midsummer
+Rule Russia 1921 only - Mar 20 23:00 2:00 MSM # Midsummer
Rule Russia 1921 only - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 MSD
Rule Russia 1921 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
# Act No.925 of the Council of Ministers of the USSR (1980-10-24):
@@ -669,7 +682,7 @@ Zone Europe/Tirane 1:19:20 - LMT 1914
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Andorra 0:06:04 - LMT 1901
0:00 - WET 1946 Sep 30
- 1:00 - CET 1985 Mar 31 2:00
+ 1:00 - CET 1985 Mar 31 2:00
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Austria
@@ -695,9 +708,9 @@ Rule Austria 1980 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1920
- 1:00 Austria CE%sT 1940 Apr 1 2:00s
- 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s
- 1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Apr 12 2:00s
+ 1:00 Austria CE%sT 1940 Apr 1 2:00s
+ 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s
+ 1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Apr 12 2:00s
1:00 - CET 1946
1:00 Austria CE%sT 1981
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -711,19 +724,27 @@ Zone Europe/Vienna 1:05:21 - LMT 1893 Apr
# http://www.belta.by/ru/all_news/society/V-Belarusi-otmenjaetsja-perexod-na-sezonnoe-vremja_i_572952.html
# http://naviny.by/rubrics/society/2011/09/16/ic_articles_116_175144/
# http://news.tut.by/society/250578.html
+#
+# From Alexander Bokovoy (2014-10-09):
+# Belarussian government decided against changing to winter time....
+# http://eng.belta.by/all_news/society/Belarus-decides-against-adjusting-time-in-Russias-wake_i_76335.html
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-08):
+# Hence Belarus can share time zone abbreviations with Moscow again.
+#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Minsk 1:50:16 - LMT 1880
- 1:50 - MMT 1924 May 2 # Minsk Mean Time
+ 1:50 - MMT 1924 May 2 # Minsk Mean Time
2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21
3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 28
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jul 3
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990
- 3:00 - MSK 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
- 2:00 - EET 1992 Mar 29 0:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1992 Sep 27 0:00s
- 2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 3:00 - FET
+ 3:00 - MSK 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
+ 2:00 - EET 1992 Mar 29 0:00s
+ 2:00 1:00 EEST 1992 Sep 27 0:00s
+ 2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 1:00s
+ 3:00 - MSK
# Belgium
#
@@ -780,7 +801,7 @@ Rule Belgium 1946 only - May 19 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Belgium 1946 only - Oct 7 2:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Brussels 0:17:30 - LMT 1880
- 0:17:30 - BMT 1892 May 1 12:00 # Brussels MT
+ 0:17:30 - BMT 1892 May 1 12:00 # Brussels MT
0:00 - WET 1914 Nov 8
1:00 - CET 1916 May 1 0:00
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Nov 11 11:00u
@@ -810,7 +831,7 @@ Zone Europe/Sofia 1:33:16 - LMT 1880
1:56:56 - IMT 1894 Nov 30 # Istanbul MT?
2:00 - EET 1942 Nov 2 3:00
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945
- 1:00 - CET 1945 Apr 2 3:00
+ 1:00 - CET 1945 Apr 2 3:00
2:00 - EET 1979 Mar 31 23:00
2:00 Bulg EE%sT 1982 Sep 26 2:00
2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1991
@@ -834,8 +855,8 @@ Rule Czech 1948 only - Apr 18 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Czech 1949 only - Apr 9 2:00s 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Prague 0:57:44 - LMT 1850
- 0:57:44 - PMT 1891 Oct # Prague Mean Time
- 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 17 2:00s
+ 0:57:44 - PMT 1891 Oct # Prague Mean Time
+ 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 17 2:00s
1:00 Czech CE%sT 1979
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Use Europe/Prague also for Slovakia.
@@ -891,11 +912,11 @@ Rule Denmark 1948 only - Aug 8 2:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Copenhagen 0:50:20 - LMT 1890
0:50:20 - CMT 1894 Jan 1 # Copenhagen MT
- 1:00 Denmark CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
- 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00
+ 1:00 Denmark CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
+ 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Denmark CE%sT 1980
1:00 EU CE%sT
-Zone Atlantic/Faroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # Tórshavn
+Zone Atlantic/Faroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # Tórshavn
0:00 - WET 1981
0:00 EU WE%sT
#
@@ -980,15 +1001,15 @@ Rule Thule 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Danmarkshavn -1:14:40 - LMT 1916 Jul 28
- -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
+ -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
-3:00 EU WG%sT 1996
0:00 - GMT
Zone America/Scoresbysund -1:27:52 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Ittoqqortoormiit
- -2:00 - CGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
+ -2:00 - CGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
-2:00 C-Eur CG%sT 1981 Mar 29
-1:00 EU EG%sT
Zone America/Godthab -3:26:56 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Nuuk
- -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
+ -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
-3:00 EU WG%sT
Zone America/Thule -4:35:08 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Pituffik air base
-4:00 Thule A%sT
@@ -1011,7 +1032,7 @@ Zone America/Thule -4:35:08 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Pituffik air base
# From Peter Ilieve (1998-11-04), heavily edited:
# The 1998-09-22 Estonian time law
-# <http://trip.rk.ee/cgi-bin/thw?${BASE}=akt&${OOHTML}=rtd&TA=1998&TO=1&AN=1390>
+# http://trip.rk.ee/cgi-bin/thw?${BASE}=akt&${OOHTML}=rtd&TA=1998&TO=1&AN=1390
# refers to the Eighth Directive and cites the association agreement between
# the EU and Estonia, ratified by the Estonian law (RT II 1995, 22-27, 120).
#
@@ -1042,14 +1063,14 @@ Zone America/Thule -4:35:08 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Pituffik air base
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Tallinn 1:39:00 - LMT 1880
- 1:39:00 - TMT 1918 Feb # Tallinn Mean Time
+ 1:39:00 - TMT 1918 Feb # Tallinn Mean Time
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1919 Jul
1:39:00 - TMT 1921 May
2:00 - EET 1940 Aug 6
3:00 - MSK 1941 Sep 15
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Sep 22
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep 24 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar 26 2:00s
+ 2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep 24 2:00s
2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1998 Sep 22
2:00 EU EE%sT 1999 Nov 1
2:00 - EET 2002 Feb 21
@@ -1195,7 +1216,7 @@ Rule France 1976 only - Sep 26 1:00 0 -
# on PMT-0:09:21 until 1978-08-09, when the time base finally switched to UTC.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
- 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Paris MT
+ 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Paris MT
# Shanks & Pottenger give 1940 Jun 14 0:00; go with Excoffier and Le Corre.
0:00 France WE%sT 1940 Jun 14 23:00
# Le Corre says Paris stuck with occupied-France time after the liberation;
@@ -1214,7 +1235,7 @@ Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
# From Jörg Schilling (2002-10-23):
# In 1945, Berlin was switched to Moscow Summer time (GMT+4) by
-# <http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/BersarinNikolai/>
+# http://www.dhm.de/lemo/html/biografien/BersarinNikolai/
# General [Nikolai] Bersarin.
# From Paul Eggert (2003-03-08):
@@ -1243,7 +1264,7 @@ Rule SovietZone 1945 only - Nov 18 2:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Berlin 0:53:28 - LMT 1893 Apr
- 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 24 2:00
+ 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 May 24 2:00
1:00 SovietZone CE%sT 1946
1:00 Germany CE%sT 1980
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -1259,7 +1280,7 @@ Zone Europe/Berlin 0:53:28 - LMT 1893 Apr
# http://www.srf.ch/player/video?id=c012c029-03b7-4c2b-9164-aa5902cd58d3
# From Arthur David Olson (2012-03-03):
-# Busingen and Zurich have shared clocks since 1970.
+# Büsingen and Zurich have shared clocks since 1970.
Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Busingen
@@ -1270,8 +1291,8 @@ Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Busingen
# Gibraltar
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Gibraltar -0:21:24 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 0:00s
- 0:00 GB-Eire %s 1957 Apr 14 2:00
+Zone Europe/Gibraltar -0:21:24 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 0:00s
+ 0:00 GB-Eire %s 1957 Apr 14 2:00
1:00 - CET 1982
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -1302,7 +1323,7 @@ Rule Greece 1980 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Greece 1980 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Athens 1:34:52 - LMT 1895 Sep 14
- 1:34:52 - AMT 1916 Jul 28 0:01 # Athens MT
+ 1:34:52 - AMT 1916 Jul 28 0:01 # Athens MT
2:00 Greece EE%sT 1941 Apr 30
1:00 Greece CE%sT 1944 Apr 4
2:00 Greece EE%sT 1981
@@ -1403,7 +1424,7 @@ Rule Iceland 1967 only - Oct 29 1:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:27:24 - LMT 1837
-1:27:48 - RMT 1908 # Reykjavik Mean Time?
- -1:00 Iceland IS%sT 1968 Apr 7 1:00s
+ -1:00 Iceland IS%sT 1968 Apr 7 1:00s
0:00 - GMT
# Italy
@@ -1419,7 +1440,7 @@ Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:27:24 - LMT 1837
# For Italian DST we have three sources: Shanks & Pottenger, Whitman, and
# F. Pollastri
# Day-light Saving Time in Italy (2006-02-03)
-# <http://toi.iriti.cnr.it/uk/ienitlt.html>
+# http://toi.iriti.cnr.it/uk/ienitlt.html
# ('FP' below), taken from an Italian National Electrotechnical Institute
# publication. When the three sources disagree, guess who's right, as follows:
#
@@ -1479,8 +1500,8 @@ Rule Italy 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
Rule Italy 1979 only - Sep 30 0:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Rome 0:49:56 - LMT 1866 Sep 22
- 0:49:56 - RMT 1893 Nov 1 0:00s # Rome Mean
- 1:00 Italy CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
+ 0:49:56 - RMT 1893 Nov 1 0:00s # Rome Mean
+ 1:00 Italy CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jul
1:00 Italy CE%sT 1980
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -1532,13 +1553,13 @@ Link Europe/Rome Europe/San_Marino
# in Latvian for subscribers only).
# From RFE/RL Newsline
-# <http://www.rferl.org/newsline/2001/01/3-CEE/cee-030101.html>
+# http://www.rferl.org/newsline/2001/01/3-CEE/cee-030101.html
# (2001-01-03), noted after a heads-up by Rives McDow:
# The Latvian government on 2 January decided that the country will
# institute daylight-saving time this spring, LETA reported.
# Last February the three Baltic states decided not to turn back their
# clocks one hour in the spring....
-# Minister of Economy Aigars Kalvitis noted that Latvia had too few
+# Minister of Economy Aigars Kalvītis noted that Latvia had too few
# daylight hours and thus decided to comply with a draft European
# Commission directive that provides for instituting daylight-saving
# time in EU countries between 2002 and 2006. The Latvian government
@@ -1549,20 +1570,22 @@ Link Europe/Rome Europe/San_Marino
Rule Latvia 1989 1996 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Latvia 1989 1996 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
-# Milne says Riga time was 1:36:28 (Polytechnique House time).
+# Milne 1899 says Riga was 1:36:28 (Polytechnique House time).
+# Byalokoz 1919 says Latvia was 1:36:34.
+# Go with Byalokoz.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Riga 1:36:28 - LMT 1880
- 1:36:28 - RMT 1918 Apr 15 2:00 #Riga Mean Time
- 1:36:28 1:00 LST 1918 Sep 16 3:00 #Latvian Summer
- 1:36:28 - RMT 1919 Apr 1 2:00
- 1:36:28 1:00 LST 1919 May 22 3:00
- 1:36:28 - RMT 1926 May 11
+Zone Europe/Riga 1:36:34 - LMT 1880
+ 1:36:34 - RMT 1918 Apr 15 2:00 # Riga MT
+ 1:36:34 1:00 LST 1918 Sep 16 3:00 # Latvian ST
+ 1:36:34 - RMT 1919 Apr 1 2:00
+ 1:36:34 1:00 LST 1919 May 22 3:00
+ 1:36:34 - RMT 1926 May 11
2:00 - EET 1940 Aug 5
3:00 - MSK 1941 Jul
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Oct 13
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar lastSun 2:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep lastSun 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1989 Mar lastSun 2:00s
+ 2:00 1:00 EEST 1989 Sep lastSun 2:00s
2:00 Latvia EE%sT 1997 Jan 21
2:00 EU EE%sT 2000 Feb 29
2:00 - EET 2001 Jan 2
@@ -1620,18 +1643,18 @@ Link Europe/Zurich Europe/Vaduz
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Vilnius 1:41:16 - LMT 1880
- 1:24:00 - WMT 1917 # Warsaw Mean Time
+ 1:24:00 - WMT 1917 # Warsaw Mean Time
1:35:36 - KMT 1919 Oct 10 # Kaunas Mean Time
1:00 - CET 1920 Jul 12
2:00 - EET 1920 Oct 9
1:00 - CET 1940 Aug 3
3:00 - MSK 1941 Jun 24
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1998
- 2:00 - EET 1998 Mar 29 1:00u
- 1:00 EU CE%sT 1999 Oct 31 1:00u
+ 2:00 - EET 1998 Mar 29 1:00u
+ 1:00 EU CE%sT 1999 Oct 31 1:00u
2:00 - EET 2003 Jan 1
2:00 EU EE%sT
@@ -1665,9 +1688,9 @@ Rule Lux 1929 only - Apr 20 23:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Luxembourg 0:24:36 - LMT 1904 Jun
1:00 Lux CE%sT 1918 Nov 25
- 0:00 Lux WE%sT 1929 Oct 6 2:00s
- 0:00 Belgium WE%sT 1940 May 14 3:00
- 1:00 C-Eur WE%sT 1944 Sep 18 3:00
+ 0:00 Lux WE%sT 1929 Oct 6 2:00s
+ 0:00 Belgium WE%sT 1940 May 14 3:00
+ 1:00 C-Eur WE%sT 1944 Sep 18 3:00
1:00 Belgium CE%sT 1977
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -1684,9 +1707,9 @@ Rule Malta 1975 1979 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Malta 1975 1980 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
Rule Malta 1980 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 0:00s # Valletta
- 1:00 Italy CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
- 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s
+Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 0:00s # Valletta
+ 1:00 Italy CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
+ 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s
1:00 Italy CE%sT 1973 Mar 31
1:00 Malta CE%sT 1981
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -1752,8 +1775,8 @@ Zone Europe/Chisinau 1:55:20 - LMT 1880
# more precise 0:09:21.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15
- 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
- 0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00
+ 0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
+ 0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00
1:00 France CE%sT 1977
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -1797,8 +1820,8 @@ Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15
# was not until 1866 when they were all required by law to observe
# Amsterdam mean time.
-# The data before 1945 are taken from
-# <http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/wettijd/wettijd.htm>.
+# The data entries before 1945 are taken from
+# http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/wettijd/wettijd.htm
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Neth 1916 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 NST # Netherlands Summer Time
@@ -1829,8 +1852,8 @@ Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:32 - LMT 1835
0:19:32 Neth %s 1937 Jul 1
- 0:20 Neth NE%sT 1940 May 16 0:00 # Dutch Time
- 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00
+ 0:20 Neth NE%sT 1940 May 16 0:00 # Dutch Time
+ 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Neth CE%sT 1977
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -1893,7 +1916,7 @@ Zone Europe/Oslo 0:43:00 - LMT 1895 Jan 1
# <http://www.svalbard.com/SvalbardFAQ.html> says that the Germans were
# expelled on 1942-05-14. However, small parties of Germans did return,
# and according to Wilhelm Dege's book "War North of 80" (1954)
-# <http://www.ucalgary.ca/UofC/departments/UP/1-55238/1-55238-110-2.html>
+# http://www.ucalgary.ca/UofC/departments/UP/1-55238/1-55238-110-2.html
# the German armed forces at the Svalbard weather station code-named
# Haudegen did not surrender to the Allies until September 1945.
#
@@ -1917,7 +1940,7 @@ Rule Poland 1945 only - Apr 29 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Poland 1945 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
# For 1946 on the source is Kazimierz Borkowski,
# Toruń Center for Astronomy, Dept. of Radio Astronomy, Nicolaus Copernicus U.,
-# <http://www.astro.uni.torun.pl/~kb/Artykuly/U-PA/Czas2.htm#tth_tAb1>
+# http://www.astro.uni.torun.pl/~kb/Artykuly/U-PA/Czas2.htm#tth_tAb1
# Thanks to Przemysław Augustyniak (2005-05-28) for this reference.
# He also gives these further references:
# Mon Pol nr 13, poz 162 (1995) <http://www.abc.com.pl/serwis/mp/1995/0162.htm>
@@ -1938,10 +1961,10 @@ Rule Poland 1961 1964 - May lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S
Rule Poland 1962 1964 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Warsaw 1:24:00 - LMT 1880
- 1:24:00 - WMT 1915 Aug 5 # Warsaw Mean Time
- 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Sep 16 3:00
+ 1:24:00 - WMT 1915 Aug 5 # Warsaw Mean Time
+ 1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1918 Sep 16 3:00
2:00 Poland EE%sT 1922 Jun
- 1:00 Poland CE%sT 1940 Jun 23 2:00
+ 1:00 Poland CE%sT 1940 Jun 23 2:00
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Oct
1:00 Poland CE%sT 1977
1:00 W-Eur CE%sT 1988
@@ -1949,6 +1972,14 @@ Zone Europe/Warsaw 1:24:00 - LMT 1880
# Portugal
#
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-11), after a heads-up from Stephen Colebourne:
+# According to a Portuguese decree (1911-05-26)
+# http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
+# Lisbon was at -0:36:44.68, but switched to GMT on 1912-01-01 at 00:00.
+# Round the old offset to -0:36:45. This agrees with Willett but disagrees
+# with Shanks, who says the transition occurred on 1911-05-24 at 00:00 for
+# Europe/Lisbon, Atlantic/Azores, and Atlantic/Madeira.
+#
# From Rui Pedro Salgueiro (1992-11-12):
# Portugal has recently (September, 27) changed timezone
# (from WET to MET or CET) to harmonize with EEC.
@@ -2028,28 +2059,27 @@ Rule Port 1979 1982 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 -
Rule Port 1980 only - Mar lastSun 0:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1981 1982 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1983 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
+#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-# Shanks & Pottenger say the transition from LMT to WET occurred 1911-05-24;
-# Willett says 1912-01-01. Go with Willett.
-Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:32 - LMT 1884
- -0:36:32 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 # Lisbon Mean Time
- 0:00 Port WE%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00
- 1:00 - CET 1976 Sep 26 1:00
- 0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
- 0:00 W-Eur WE%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s
- 1:00 EU CE%sT 1996 Mar 31 1:00u
+Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:45 - LMT 1884
+ -0:36:45 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 # Lisbon Mean Time
+ 0:00 Port WE%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00
+ 1:00 - CET 1976 Sep 26 1:00
+ 0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
+ 0:00 W-Eur WE%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s
+ 1:00 EU CE%sT 1996 Mar 31 1:00u
0:00 EU WE%sT
-Zone Atlantic/Azores -1:42:40 - LMT 1884 # Ponta Delgada
- -1:54:32 - HMT 1911 May 24 # Horta Mean Time
- -2:00 Port AZO%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Azores Time
- -1:00 Port AZO%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
- -1:00 W-Eur AZO%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s
- 0:00 EU WE%sT 1993 Mar 28 1:00u
+Zone Atlantic/Azores -1:42:40 - LMT 1884 # Ponta Delgada
+ -1:54:32 - HMT 1912 Jan 1 # Horta Mean Time
+ -2:00 Port AZO%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Azores Time
+ -1:00 Port AZO%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
+ -1:00 W-Eur AZO%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s
+ 0:00 EU WE%sT 1993 Mar 28 1:00u
-1:00 EU AZO%sT
-Zone Atlantic/Madeira -1:07:36 - LMT 1884 # Funchal
- -1:07:36 - FMT 1911 May 24 # Funchal Mean Time
- -1:00 Port MAD%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Madeira Time
- 0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
+Zone Atlantic/Madeira -1:07:36 - LMT 1884 # Funchal
+ -1:07:36 - FMT 1912 Jan 1 # Funchal Mean Time
+ -1:00 Port MAD%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Madeira Time
+ 0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
0:00 EU WE%sT
# Romania
@@ -2073,8 +2103,8 @@ Rule Romania 1991 1993 - Mar lastSun 0:00s 1:00 S
Rule Romania 1991 1993 - Sep lastSun 0:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
- 1:44:24 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT
- 2:00 Romania EE%sT 1981 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 1:44:24 - BMT 1931 Jul 24 # Bucharest MT
+ 2:00 Romania EE%sT 1981 Mar 29 2:00s
2:00 C-Eur EE%sT 1991
2:00 Romania EE%sT 1994
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1997
@@ -2210,73 +2240,73 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
# Europe/Kaliningrad covers...
-# 39 RU-KGD Kaliningrad Oblast
+# 39 RU-KGD Kaliningrad Oblast
Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945
2:00 Poland CE%sT 1946
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 2:00 Russia EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 3:00 - FET 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
2:00 - EET
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Europe/Moscow covers...
-# 01 RU-AD Adygea, Republic of
-# 05 RU-DA Dagestan, Republic of
-# 06 RU-IN Ingushetia, Republic of
-# 07 RU-KB Kabardino-Balkar Republic
-# 08 RU-KL Kalmykia, Republic of
-# 09 RU-KC Karachay-Cherkess Republic
-# 10 RU-KR Karelia, Republic of
-# 11 RU-KO Komi Republic
-# 12 RU-ME Mari El Republic
-# 13 RU-MO Mordovia, Republic of
-# 15 RU-SE North Ossetia-Alania, Republic of
-# 16 RU-TA Tatarstan, Republic of
-# 20 RU-CE Chechen Republic
-# 21 RU-CU Chuvash Republic
-# 23 RU-KDA Krasnodar Krai
-# 26 RU-STA Stavropol Krai
-# 29 RU-ARK Arkhangelsk Oblast
-# 31 RU-BEL Belgorod Oblast
-# 32 RU-BRY Bryansk Oblast
-# 33 RU-VLA Vladimir Oblast
-# 35 RU-VLG Vologda Oblast
-# 36 RU-VOR Voronezh Oblast
-# 37 RU-IVA Ivanovo Oblast
-# 40 RU-KLU Kaluga Oblast
-# 44 RU-KOS Kostroma Oblast
-# 46 RU-KRS Kursk Oblast
-# 47 RU-LEN Leningrad Oblast
-# 48 RU-LIP Lipetsk Oblast
-# 50 RU-MOS Moscow Oblast
-# 51 RU-MUR Murmansk Oblast
-# 52 RU-NIZ Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
-# 53 RU-NGR Novgorod Oblast
-# 57 RU-ORL Oryol Oblast
-# 58 RU-PNZ Penza Oblast
-# 60 RU-PSK Pskov Oblast
-# 61 RU-ROS Rostov Oblast
-# 62 RU-RYA Ryazan Oblast
-# 67 RU-SMO Smolensk Oblast
-# 68 RU-TAM Tambov Oblast
-# 69 RU-TVE Tver Oblast
-# 71 RU-TUL Tula Oblast
-# 73 RU-ULY Ulyanovsk Oblast
-# 76 RU-YAR Yaroslavl Oblast
-# 77 RU-MOW Moscow
-# 78 RU-SPE Saint Petersburg
-# 83 RU-NEN Nenets Autonomous Okrug
+# 01 RU-AD Adygea, Republic of
+# 05 RU-DA Dagestan, Republic of
+# 06 RU-IN Ingushetia, Republic of
+# 07 RU-KB Kabardino-Balkar Republic
+# 08 RU-KL Kalmykia, Republic of
+# 09 RU-KC Karachay-Cherkess Republic
+# 10 RU-KR Karelia, Republic of
+# 11 RU-KO Komi Republic
+# 12 RU-ME Mari El Republic
+# 13 RU-MO Mordovia, Republic of
+# 15 RU-SE North Ossetia-Alania, Republic of
+# 16 RU-TA Tatarstan, Republic of
+# 20 RU-CE Chechen Republic
+# 21 RU-CU Chuvash Republic
+# 23 RU-KDA Krasnodar Krai
+# 26 RU-STA Stavropol Krai
+# 29 RU-ARK Arkhangelsk Oblast
+# 31 RU-BEL Belgorod Oblast
+# 32 RU-BRY Bryansk Oblast
+# 33 RU-VLA Vladimir Oblast
+# 35 RU-VLG Vologda Oblast
+# 36 RU-VOR Voronezh Oblast
+# 37 RU-IVA Ivanovo Oblast
+# 40 RU-KLU Kaluga Oblast
+# 44 RU-KOS Kostroma Oblast
+# 46 RU-KRS Kursk Oblast
+# 47 RU-LEN Leningrad Oblast
+# 48 RU-LIP Lipetsk Oblast
+# 50 RU-MOS Moscow Oblast
+# 51 RU-MUR Murmansk Oblast
+# 52 RU-NIZ Nizhny Novgorod Oblast
+# 53 RU-NGR Novgorod Oblast
+# 57 RU-ORL Oryol Oblast
+# 58 RU-PNZ Penza Oblast
+# 60 RU-PSK Pskov Oblast
+# 61 RU-ROS Rostov Oblast
+# 62 RU-RYA Ryazan Oblast
+# 67 RU-SMO Smolensk Oblast
+# 68 RU-TAM Tambov Oblast
+# 69 RU-TVE Tver Oblast
+# 71 RU-TUL Tula Oblast
+# 73 RU-ULY Ulyanovsk Oblast
+# 76 RU-YAR Yaroslavl Oblast
+# 77 RU-MOW Moscow
+# 78 RU-SPE Saint Petersburg
+# 83 RU-NEN Nenets Autonomous Okrug
# From Vladimir Karpinsky (2014-07-08):
# LMT in Moscow (before Jul 3, 1916) is 2:30:17, that was defined by Moscow
# Observatory (coordinates: 55 deg. 45'29.70", 37 deg. 34'05.30")....
# LMT in Moscow since Jul 3, 1916 is 2:31:01 as a result of new standard.
-# (The info is from the book by Byalokoz E.L. New Counting of Time in Russia
-# since July 1, 1919, p. 18.) The time in St. Petersburg as capital of Russia
-# was defined by Pulkov observatory, near St. Petersburg. In 1916 LMT Moscow
+# (The info is from the book by Byalokoz ... p. 18.)
+# The time in St. Petersburg as capital of Russia was defined by
+# Pulkov observatory, near St. Petersburg. In 1916 LMT Moscow
# was synchronized with LMT St. Petersburg (+30 minutes), (Pulkov observatory
# coordinates: 59 deg. 46'18.70", 30 deg. 19'40.70") so 30 deg. 19'40.70" >
# 2h01m18.7s = 2:01:19. LMT Moscow = LMT St.Petersburg + 30m 2:01:19 + 0:30 =
@@ -2290,14 +2320,14 @@ Zone Europe/Kaliningrad 1:22:00 - LMT 1893 Apr
Zone Europe/Moscow 2:30:17 - LMT 1880
2:30:17 - MMT 1916 Jul 3 # Moscow Mean Time
- 2:31:19 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 2:00
+ 2:31:19 Russia %s 1919 Jul 1 2:00
3:00 Russia %s 1921 Oct
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1922 Oct
2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 2:00 Russia EE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
3:00 - MSK
@@ -2312,7 +2342,7 @@ Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
3:00 - MSK 1941 Nov
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Apr 13
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990
- 3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00
+ 3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00
2:00 - EET 1992
# Central Crimea used Moscow time 1994/1997.
#
@@ -2325,12 +2355,12 @@ Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
# changed in May.
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1994 May
# From IATA SSIM (1994/1997), which also says that Kerch is still like Kiev.
- 3:00 E-Eur MSK/MSD 1996 Mar 31 3:00s
- 3:00 1:00 MSD 1996 Oct 27 3:00s
+ 3:00 E-Eur MSK/MSD 1996 Mar 31 3:00s
+ 3:00 1:00 MSD 1996 Oct 27 3:00s
# IATA SSIM (1997-09) says Crimea switched to EET/EEST.
# Assume it happened in March by not changing the clocks.
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1997
- 3:00 - MSK 1997 Mar lastSun 1:00u
+ 3:00 - MSK 1997 Mar lastSun 1:00u
# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-03-17):
# time change at 2:00 (2am) on March 30, 2014
# http://vz.ru/news/2014/3/17/677464.html
@@ -2338,17 +2368,17 @@ Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
# Simferopol and Sevastopol reportedly changed their central town clocks
# late the previous day, but this appears to have been ceremonial
# and the discrepancies are small enough to not worry about.
- 2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 2:00
- 4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 2:00
+ 4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
3:00 - MSK
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
# Europe/Volgograd covers...
-# 30 RU-AST Astrakhan Oblast
-# 34 RU-VGG Volgograd Oblast
-# 43 RU-KIR Kirov Oblast
-# 64 RU-SAR Saratov Oblast
+# 30 RU-AST Astrakhan Oblast
+# 34 RU-VGG Volgograd Oblast
+# 43 RU-KIR Kirov Oblast
+# 64 RU-SAR Saratov Oblast
# From Paul Eggert (2006-05-09):
# Shanks & Pottenger say Kirov is still at +0400 but Wikipedia says +0300.
@@ -2358,93 +2388,101 @@ Zone Europe/Volgograd 2:57:40 - LMT 1920 Jan 3
3:00 - TSAT 1925 Apr 6 # Tsaritsyn Time
3:00 - STAT 1930 Jun 21 # Stalingrad Time
4:00 - STAT 1961 Nov 11
- 4:00 Russia VOL%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Volgograd T
- 3:00 Russia VOL%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 4:00 - VOLT 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
- 3:00 Russia MSK 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 4:00 Russia VOL%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Volgograd T
+ 3:00 Russia VOL%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 - VOLT 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 Russia MSK 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 - MSK 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
3:00 - MSK
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Europe/Samara covers...
-# 18 RU-UD Udmurt Republic
-# 63 RU-SAM Samara Oblast
+# 18 RU-UD Udmurt Republic
+# 63 RU-SAM Samara Oblast
+
+# Byalokoz 1919 says Samara was 3:20:20.
-Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:36 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00
+Zone Europe/Samara 3:20:20 - LMT 1919 Jul 1 2:00
3:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21
4:00 - SAMT 1935 Jan 27
- 4:00 Russia KUY%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Kuybyshev
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 2:00 Russia EE%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
- 3:00 - KUYT 1991 Oct 20 3:00
- 4:00 Russia SAM%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s # Samara Time
- 3:00 Russia SAM%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 4:00 Russia KUY%sT 1989 Mar 26 2:00s # Kuybyshev
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 2:00 Russia EE%sT 1991 Sep 29 2:00s
+ 3:00 - KUYT 1991 Oct 20 3:00
+ 4:00 Russia SAM%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s # Samara Time
+ 3:00 Russia SAM%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
4:00 - SAMT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Yekaterinburg covers...
-# 02 RU-BA Bashkortostan, Republic of
-# 90 RU-PER Perm Krai
-# 45 RU-KGN Kurgan Oblast
-# 56 RU-ORE Orenburg Oblast
-# 66 RU-SVE Sverdlovsk Oblast
-# 72 RU-TYU Tyumen Oblast
-# 74 RU-CHE Chelyabinsk Oblast
-# 86 RU-KHM Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra
-# 89 RU-YAN Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
+# 02 RU-BA Bashkortostan, Republic of
+# 90 RU-PER Perm Krai
+# 45 RU-KGN Kurgan Oblast
+# 56 RU-ORE Orenburg Oblast
+# 66 RU-SVE Sverdlovsk Oblast
+# 72 RU-TYU Tyumen Oblast
+# 74 RU-CHE Chelyabinsk Oblast
+# 86 RU-KHM Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Yugra
+# 89 RU-YAN Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
#
# Note: Effective 2005-12-01, (59) Perm Oblast and (81) Komi-Permyak
# Autonomous Okrug merged to form (90, RU-PER) Perm Krai.
-# Milne says Yekaterinburg time was 4:02:32.9; round to nearest.
+# Milne says Yekaterinburg was 4:02:32.9; round to nearest.
+# Byalokoz 1919 says its provincial time was based on Perm, at 3:45:05.
+# Assume it switched on 1916-07-03, the time of the new standard.
+# The 1919 and 1930 transitions are from Shanks.
-Zone Asia/Yekaterinburg 4:02:33 - LMT 1919 Jul 15 4:00
+Zone Asia/Yekaterinburg 4:02:33 - LMT 1916 Jul 3
+ 3:45:05 - PMT 1919 Jul 15 4:00
4:00 - SVET 1930 Jun 21 # Sverdlovsk Time
- 5:00 Russia SVE%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 4:00 Russia SVE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 5:00 Russia YEK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 6:00 - YEKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 5:00 Russia SVE%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 Russia SVE%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 5:00 Russia YEK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 6:00 - YEKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
5:00 - YEKT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Omsk covers...
-# 04 RU-AL Altai Republic
-# 22 RU-ALT Altai Krai
-# 55 RU-OMS Omsk Oblast
+# 04 RU-AL Altai Republic
+# 22 RU-ALT Altai Krai
+# 55 RU-OMS Omsk Oblast
-Zone Asia/Omsk 4:53:36 - LMT 1919 Nov 14
+# Byalokoz 1919 says Omsk was 4:53:30.
+
+Zone Asia/Omsk 4:53:30 - LMT 1919 Nov 14
5:00 - OMST 1930 Jun 21 # Omsk Time
- 6:00 Russia OMS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 5:00 Russia OMS%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia OMS%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 7:00 - OMST 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia OMS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 5:00 Russia OMS%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia OMS%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - OMST 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
6:00 - OMST
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
# Asia/Novosibirsk covers...
-# 54 RU-NVS Novosibirsk Oblast
-# 70 RU-TOM Tomsk Oblast
+# 54 RU-NVS Novosibirsk Oblast
+# 70 RU-TOM Tomsk Oblast
# From Paul Eggert (2006-08-19): I'm guessing about Tomsk here; it's
# not clear when it switched from +7 to +6.
-Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00
+Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00
6:00 - NOVT 1930 Jun 21 # Novosibirsk Time
- 7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1993 May 23 # say Shanks & P.
- 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
6:00 - NOVT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
# Asia/Novokuznetsk covers...
-# 42 RU-KEM Kemerovo Oblast
+# 42 RU-KEM Kemerovo Oblast
# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2009-10-13):
# Kemerovo oblast' (Kemerovo region) in Russia will change current time zone on
@@ -2472,73 +2510,77 @@ Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00
# The Kemerovo region will remain at UTC+7 through the 2014-10-26 change, thus
# realigning itself with KRAT.
-Zone Asia/Novokuznetsk 5:48:48 - NMT 1920 Jan 6
+Zone Asia/Novokuznetsk 5:48:48 - LMT 1924 May 1
6:00 - KRAT 1930 Jun 21 # Krasnoyarsk Time
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s # Novosibirsk T
- 7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia NOV%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s # Novosibirsk
+ 7:00 - NOVT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
7:00 - KRAT # Krasnoyarsk Time
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Krasnoyarsk covers...
-# 17 RU-TY Tuva Republic
-# 19 RU-KK Khakassia, Republic of
-# 24 RU-KYA Krasnoyarsk Krai
+# 17 RU-TY Tuva Republic
+# 19 RU-KK Khakassia, Republic of
+# 24 RU-KYA Krasnoyarsk Krai
#
# Note: Effective 2007-01-01, (88) Evenk Autonomous Okrug and (84) Taymyr
# Autonomous Okrug were merged into (24, RU-KYA) Krasnoyarsk Krai.
-Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:20 - LMT 1920 Jan 6
+# Byalokoz 1919 says Krasnoyarsk was 6:11:26.
+
+Zone Asia/Krasnoyarsk 6:11:26 - LMT 1920 Jan 6
6:00 - KRAT 1930 Jun 21 # Krasnoyarsk Time
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 8:00 - KRAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 Russia KRA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia KRA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 8:00 - KRAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
7:00 - KRAT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Irkutsk covers...
-# 03 RU-BU Buryatia, Republic of
-# 38 RU-IRK Irkutsk Oblast
+# 03 RU-BU Buryatia, Republic of
+# 38 RU-IRK Irkutsk Oblast
#
# Note: Effective 2008-01-01, (85) Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug was
# merged into (38, RU-IRK) Irkutsk Oblast.
-# Milne says Irkutsk time was 6:57:15.
+# Milne 1899 says Irkutsk was 6:57:15.
+# Byalokoz 1919 says Irkutsk was 6:57:05.
+# Go with Byalokoz.
-Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:15 - LMT 1880
- 6:57:15 - IMT 1920 Jan 25 # Irkutsk Mean Time
+Zone Asia/Irkutsk 6:57:05 - LMT 1880
+ 6:57:05 - IMT 1920 Jan 25 # Irkutsk Mean Time
7:00 - IRKT 1930 Jun 21 # Irkutsk Time
- 8:00 Russia IRK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia IRK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia IRK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 9:00 - IRKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia IRK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 7:00 Russia IRK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia IRK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 9:00 - IRKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
8:00 - IRKT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06):
# Asia/Chita covers...
-# 92 RU-ZAB Zabaykalsky Krai
+# 92 RU-ZAB Zabaykalsky Krai
#
# Note: Effective 2008-03-01, (75) Chita Oblast and (80) Agin-Buryat
# Autonomous Okrug merged to form (92, RU-ZAB) Zabaykalsky Krai.
Zone Asia/Chita 7:33:52 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
8:00 - IRKT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
# Asia/Yakutsk covers...
-# 28 RU-AMU Amur Oblast
+# 28 RU-AMU Amur Oblast
#
# ...and parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:
# 14-02 **** Aldansky District
@@ -2570,33 +2612,37 @@ Zone Asia/Chita 7:33:52 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
# Since the surrounding districts of Sakha are all YAKT, assume this is, too.
# Also assume its history has been the same as the rest of Asia/Yakutsk.
-Zone Asia/Yakutsk 8:38:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
+# Byalokoz 1919 says Yakutsk was 8:38:58.
+
+Zone Asia/Yakutsk 8:38:58 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
9:00 - YAKT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
# Asia/Vladivostok covers...
-# 25 RU-PRI Primorsky Krai
-# 27 RU-KHA Khabarovsk Krai
-# 79 RU-YEV Jewish Autonomous Oblast
+# 25 RU-PRI Primorsky Krai
+# 27 RU-KHA Khabarovsk Krai
+# 79 RU-YEV Jewish Autonomous Oblast
#
# ...and parts of (14, RU-SA) Sakha (Yakutia) Republic:
# 14-09 **** Verkhoyansky District
# 14-31 **** Ust-Yansky District
-# Milne says Vladivostok time was 8:47:33.5; round to nearest.
+# Milne 1899 says Vladivostok was 8:47:33.5.
+# Byalokoz 1919 says Vladivostok was 8:47:31.
+# Go with Byalokoz.
-Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:34 - LMT 1922 Nov 15
+Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:31 - LMT 1922 Nov 15
9:00 - VLAT 1930 Jun 21 # Vladivostok Time
- 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 9:00 Russia VLA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia VLA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
10:00 - VLAT
@@ -2616,18 +2662,18 @@ Zone Asia/Vladivostok 8:47:34 - LMT 1922 Nov 15
Zone Asia/Khandyga 9:02:13 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
- 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 9:00 Russia YAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 8:00 Russia YAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
9:00 Russia YAK%sT 2004
- 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 11:00 - VLAT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
- 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia VLA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - VLAT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
+ 10:00 - YAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
9:00 - YAKT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
# Asia/Sakhalin covers...
-# 65 RU-SAK Sakhalin Oblast
+# 65 RU-SAK Sakhalin Oblast
# ...with the exception of:
# 65-11 **** Severo-Kurilsky District (North Kuril Islands)
@@ -2635,17 +2681,17 @@ Zone Asia/Khandyga 9:02:13 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
Zone Asia/Sakhalin 9:30:48 - LMT 1905 Aug 23
9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1
9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 25
- 11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T.
- 10:00 Russia SAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia SAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 11:00 - SAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s # Sakhalin T
+ 10:00 Russia SAK%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia SAK%sT 1997 Mar lastSun 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia SAK%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 11:00 - SAKT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
10:00 - SAKT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2009-11-29):
# Asia/Magadan covers...
-# 49 RU-MAG Magadan Oblast
+# 49 RU-MAG Magadan Oblast
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-06), per Alexander Krivenyshev (2014-07-02):
# Magadan Oblast is moving from UTC+12 to UTC+10 on 2014-10-26; however,
@@ -2656,10 +2702,10 @@ Zone Asia/Sakhalin 9:30:48 - LMT 1905 Aug 23
Zone Asia/Magadan 10:03:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
10:00 - MAGT
@@ -2709,11 +2755,11 @@ Zone Asia/Magadan 10:03:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
Zone Asia/Srednekolymsk 10:14:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
10:00 - MAGT 1930 Jun 21 # Magadan Time
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
- 11:00 - SRET # Srednekolymsk Time
+ 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - MAGT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 11:00 - SRET # Srednekolymsk Time
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
@@ -2733,17 +2779,17 @@ Zone Asia/Srednekolymsk 10:14:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
Zone Asia/Ust-Nera 9:32:54 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
8:00 - YAKT 1930 Jun 21 # Yakutsk Time
9:00 Russia YAKT 1981 Apr 1
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
- 12:00 - MAGT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
- 11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 10:00 Russia MAG%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia MAG%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 - MAGT 2011 Sep 13 0:00s # Decree 725?
+ 11:00 - VLAT 2014 Oct 26 2:00s
10:00 - VLAT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03), per Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25):
# Asia/Kamchatka covers...
-# 91 RU-KAM Kamchatka Krai
+# 91 RU-KAM Kamchatka Krai
#
# Note: Effective 2007-07-01, (41) Kamchatka Oblast and (82) Koryak
# Autonomous Okrug merged to form (91, RU-KAM) Kamchatka Krai.
@@ -2752,24 +2798,24 @@ Zone Asia/Ust-Nera 9:32:54 - LMT 1919 Dec 15
# Asia/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, but these are too long.
Zone Asia/Kamchatka 10:34:36 - LMT 1922 Nov 10
11:00 - PETT 1930 Jun 21 # P-K Time
- 12:00 Russia PET%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia PET%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 12:00 Russia PET%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia PET%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 12:00 Russia PET%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia PET%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 12:00 Russia PET%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia PET%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
12:00 - PETT
# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
# Asia/Anadyr covers...
-# 87 RU-CHU Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
+# 87 RU-CHU Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
Zone Asia/Anadyr 11:49:56 - LMT 1924 May 2
12:00 - ANAT 1930 Jun 21 # Anadyr Time
- 13:00 Russia ANA%sT 1982 Apr 1 0:00s
- 12:00 Russia ANA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia ANA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 12:00 Russia ANA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
- 11:00 Russia ANA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
+ 13:00 Russia ANA%sT 1982 Apr 1 0:00s
+ 12:00 Russia ANA%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia ANA%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 12:00 Russia ANA%sT 2010 Mar 28 2:00s
+ 11:00 Russia ANA%sT 2011 Mar 27 2:00s
12:00 - ANAT
@@ -2781,7 +2827,7 @@ Zone Asia/Anadyr 11:49:56 - LMT 1924 May 2
Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884
1:00 - CET 1941 Apr 18 23:00
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945
- 1:00 - CET 1945 May 8 2:00s
+ 1:00 - CET 1945 May 8 2:00s
1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
# Metod Koželj reports that the legal date of
# transition to EU rules was 1982-11-27, for all of Yugoslavia at the time.
@@ -2861,13 +2907,13 @@ Zone Africa/Ceuta -0:21:16 - LMT 1901
0:00 1:00 WEST 1918 Oct 7 23:00
0:00 - WET 1924
0:00 Spain WE%sT 1929
- 0:00 SpainAfrica WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
+ 0:00 SpainAfrica WE%sT 1984 Mar 16
1:00 - CET 1986
1:00 EU CE%sT
Zone Atlantic/Canary -1:01:36 - LMT 1922 Mar # Las Palmas de Gran C.
- -1:00 - CANT 1946 Sep 30 1:00 # Canaries Time
- 0:00 - WET 1980 Apr 6 0:00s
- 0:00 1:00 WEST 1980 Sep 28 0:00s
+ -1:00 - CANT 1946 Sep 30 1:00 # Canaries T
+ 0:00 - WET 1980 Apr 6 0:00s
+ 0:00 1:00 WEST 1980 Sep 28 0:00s
0:00 EU WE%sT
# IATA SSIM (1996-09) says the Canaries switch at 2:00u, not 1:00u.
# Ignore this for now, as the Canaries are part of the EU.
@@ -2920,9 +2966,9 @@ Zone Atlantic/Canary -1:01:36 - LMT 1922 Mar # Las Palmas de Gran C.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1879 Jan 1
- 1:00:14 - SET 1900 Jan 1 # Swedish Time
+ 1:00:14 - SET 1900 Jan 1 # Swedish Time
1:00 - CET 1916 May 14 23:00
- 1:00 1:00 CEST 1916 Oct 1 01:00
+ 1:00 1:00 CEST 1916 Oct 1 1:00
1:00 - CET 1980
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -2991,7 +3037,7 @@ Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1879 Jan 1
# From Pierre-Yves Berger (2013-09-11):
# the "Circulaire du conseil fédéral" (December 11 1893)
-# <http://www.amtsdruckschriften.bar.admin.ch/viewOrigDoc.do?id=10071353> ...
+# http://www.amtsdruckschriften.bar.admin.ch/viewOrigDoc.do?id=10071353
# clearly states that the [1894-06-01] change should be done at midnight
# but if no one is present after 11 at night, could be postponed until one
# hour before the beginning of service.
@@ -3023,7 +3069,7 @@ Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Mon>=1 1:00 1:00 S
Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Mon>=1 2:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Zurich 0:34:08 - LMT 1853 Jul 16 # See above comment.
- 0:29:46 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time
+ 0:29:46 - BMT 1894 Jun # Bern Mean Time
1:00 Swiss CE%sT 1981
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -3145,10 +3191,10 @@ Zone Europe/Istanbul 1:55:52 - LMT 1880
2:00 Turkey EE%sT 1978 Oct 15
3:00 Turkey TR%sT 1985 Apr 20 # Turkey Time
2:00 Turkey EE%sT 2007
- 2:00 EU EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 1:00u
- 2:00 - EET 2011 Mar 28 1:00u
- 2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 1:00u
- 2:00 - EET 2014 Mar 31 1:00u
+ 2:00 EU EE%sT 2011 Mar 27 1:00u
+ 2:00 - EET 2011 Mar 28 1:00u
+ 2:00 EU EE%sT 2014 Mar 30 1:00u
+ 2:00 - EET 2014 Mar 31 1:00u
2:00 EU EE%sT
Link Europe/Istanbul Asia/Istanbul # Istanbul is in both continents.
@@ -3230,8 +3276,8 @@ Zone Europe/Kiev 2:02:04 - LMT 1880
2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21
3:00 - MSK 1941 Sep 20
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1943 Nov 6
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 Jul 1 2:00
- 2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 3:00
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990 Jul 1 2:00
+ 2:00 1:00 EEST 1991 Sep 29 3:00
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1995
2:00 EU EE%sT
# Ruthenia used CET 1990/1991.
@@ -3243,8 +3289,8 @@ Zone Europe/Uzhgorod 1:29:12 - LMT 1890 Oct
1:00 1:00 CEST 1944 Oct 26
1:00 - CET 1945 Jun 29
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990
- 3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00
- 1:00 - CET 1991 Mar 31 3:00
+ 3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00
+ 1:00 - CET 1991 Mar 31 3:00
2:00 - EET 1992
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1995
2:00 EU EE%sT
@@ -3258,7 +3304,7 @@ Zone Europe/Zaporozhye 2:20:40 - LMT 1880
2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21
3:00 - MSK 1941 Aug 25
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1943 Oct 25
- 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00
+ 3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1991 Mar 31 2:00
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1995
2:00 EU EE%sT
@@ -3284,7 +3330,7 @@ Zone Europe/Zaporozhye 2:20:40 - LMT 1880
# ...
#
# ...the European time rules are...standardized since 1981, when
-# most European coun[tr]ies started DST. Before that year, only
+# most European countries started DST. Before that year, only
# a few countries (UK, France, Italy) had DST, each according
# to own national rules. In 1981, however, DST started on
# 'Apr firstSun', and not on 'Mar lastSun' as in the following
diff --git a/northamerica b/northamerica
index 7074d319ec65..07f527fe9b7e 100644
--- a/northamerica
+++ b/northamerica
@@ -3,9 +3,10 @@
# also includes Central America and the Caribbean
-# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
+# This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
-# tz@iana.org for general use in the future).
+# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
+# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
# From Paul Eggert (1999-03-22):
# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
@@ -59,8 +60,8 @@
#
# For more about the first ten years of DST in the United States, see
# Robert Garland, Ten years of daylight saving from the Pittsburgh standpoint
-# (Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, 1927)
-# <http://www.clpgh.org/exhibit/dst.html>.
+# (Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, 1927).
+# http://www.clpgh.org/exhibit/dst.html
#
# Shanks says that DST was called "War Time" in the US in 1918 and 1919.
# However, DST was imposed by the Standard Time Act of 1918, which
@@ -79,8 +80,8 @@
# From Arthur David Olson (2000-09-25):
# Last night I heard part of a rebroadcast of a 1945 Arch Oboler radio drama.
# In the introduction, Oboler spoke of "Eastern Peace Time."
-# An AltaVista search turned up
-# <http://rowayton.org/rhs/hstaug45.html>:
+# An AltaVista search turned up:
+# http://rowayton.org/rhs/hstaug45.html
# "When the time is announced over the radio now, it is 'Eastern Peace
# Time' instead of the old familiar 'Eastern War Time.' Peace is wonderful."
# (August 1945) by way of confirmation.
@@ -268,7 +269,7 @@ Zone PST8PDT -8:00 US P%sT
# From Paul Eggert (2005-08-26):
# According to today's Huntsville Times
-# <http://www.al.com/news/huntsvilletimes/index.ssf?/base/news/1125047783228320.xml&coll=1>
+# http://www.al.com/news/huntsvilletimes/index.ssf?/base/news/1125047783228320.xml&coll=1
# a few towns on Alabama's "eastern border with Georgia, such as Phenix City
# in Russell County, Lanett in Chambers County and some towns in Lee County,
# set their watches and clocks on Eastern time." It quotes H.H. "Bubba"
@@ -276,6 +277,12 @@ Zone PST8PDT -8:00 US P%sT
# time zone, but we do go by the Eastern time zone because so many people work
# in Columbus."
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-09-06):
+# Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 44, 4 (1884-02-08), 208
+# says that New York City Hall time was 3 minutes 58.4 seconds fast of
+# Eastern time (i.e., -4:56:01.6) just before the 1883 switch. Round to the
+# nearest second.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
Rule NYC 1920 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule NYC 1920 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
@@ -323,15 +330,15 @@ Rule Chicago 1955 1966 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Chicago -5:50:36 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:09:24
-6:00 US C%sT 1920
- -6:00 Chicago C%sT 1936 Mar 1 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 1936 Nov 15 2:00
+ -6:00 Chicago C%sT 1936 Mar 1 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 1936 Nov 15 2:00
-6:00 Chicago C%sT 1942
-6:00 US C%sT 1946
-6:00 Chicago C%sT 1967
-6:00 US C%sT
# Oliver County, ND switched from mountain to central time on 1992-10-25.
Zone America/North_Dakota/Center -6:45:12 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:14:48
- -7:00 US M%sT 1992 Oct 25 02:00
+ -7:00 US M%sT 1992 Oct 25 2:00
-6:00 US C%sT
# Morton County, ND, switched from mountain to central time on
# 2003-10-26, except for the area around Mandan which was already central time.
@@ -340,8 +347,8 @@ Zone America/North_Dakota/Center -6:45:12 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:14:48
# Jones, Mellette, and Todd Counties in South Dakota;
# but in practice these other counties were already observing central time.
# See <http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-IMPACT/2003/October/Day-28/i27056.htm>.
-Zone America/North_Dakota/New_Salem -6:45:39 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:14:21
- -7:00 US M%sT 2003 Oct 26 02:00
+Zone America/North_Dakota/New_Salem -6:45:39 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:14:21
+ -7:00 US M%sT 2003 Oct 26 2:00
-6:00 US C%sT
# From Josh Findley (2011-01-21):
@@ -358,8 +365,8 @@ Zone America/North_Dakota/New_Salem -6:45:39 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:14:21
# at 47 degrees 15' 51" N, 101 degrees 46' 40" W, which yields an offset
# of 6h47'07".
-Zone America/North_Dakota/Beulah -6:47:07 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:12:53
- -7:00 US M%sT 2010 Nov 7 2:00
+Zone America/North_Dakota/Beulah -6:47:07 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:12:53
+ -7:00 US M%sT 2010 Nov 7 2:00
-6:00 US C%sT
# US mountain time, represented by Denver
@@ -475,9 +482,9 @@ Zone America/Juneau 15:02:19 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-8:00 - PST 1942
-8:00 US P%sT 1946
-8:00 - PST 1969
- -8:00 US P%sT 1980 Apr 27 2:00
- -9:00 US Y%sT 1980 Oct 26 2:00
- -8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
+ -8:00 US P%sT 1980 Apr 27 2:00
+ -9:00 US Y%sT 1980 Oct 26 2:00
+ -8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
-9:00 US Y%sT 1983 Nov 30
-9:00 US AK%sT
Zone America/Sitka 14:58:47 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
@@ -485,7 +492,7 @@ Zone America/Sitka 14:58:47 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-8:00 - PST 1942
-8:00 US P%sT 1946
-8:00 - PST 1969
- -8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
+ -8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
-9:00 US Y%sT 1983 Nov 30
-9:00 US AK%sT
Zone America/Metlakatla 15:13:42 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
@@ -493,7 +500,7 @@ Zone America/Metlakatla 15:13:42 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-8:00 - PST 1942
-8:00 US P%sT 1946
-8:00 - PST 1969
- -8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
+ -8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
-8:00 - PST
Zone America/Yakutat 14:41:05 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-9:18:55 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00
@@ -509,7 +516,7 @@ Zone America/Anchorage 14:00:24 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-10:00 US CAT/CAPT 1946 # Peace
-10:00 - CAT 1967 Apr
-10:00 - AHST 1969
- -10:00 US AH%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
+ -10:00 US AH%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
-9:00 US Y%sT 1983 Nov 30
-9:00 US AK%sT
Zone America/Nome 12:58:21 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
@@ -518,7 +525,7 @@ Zone America/Nome 12:58:21 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-11:00 US N%sT 1946
-11:00 - NST 1967 Apr
-11:00 - BST 1969
- -11:00 US B%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
+ -11:00 US B%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
-9:00 US Y%sT 1983 Nov 30
-9:00 US AK%sT
Zone America/Adak 12:13:21 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
@@ -527,7 +534,7 @@ Zone America/Adak 12:13:21 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-11:00 US N%sT 1946
-11:00 - NST 1967 Apr
-11:00 - BST 1969
- -11:00 US B%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
+ -11:00 US B%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
-10:00 US AH%sT 1983 Nov 30
-10:00 US HA%sT
# The following switches don't quite make our 1970 cutoff.
@@ -545,7 +552,7 @@ Zone America/Adak 12:13:21 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
# Minutes of the Unalaska City Council Meeting, January 10, 1967:
# "Except for St. Paul and Akutan, Unalaska is the only important
# location not on Alaska Standard Time. The following resolution was
-# made by William Robinson and seconded by Henry Swanson: Be it
+# made by William Robinson and seconded by Henry Swanson: Be it
# resolved that the City of Unalaska hereby goes to Alaska Standard
# Time as of midnight Friday, January 13, 1967 (1 A.M. Saturday,
# January 14, Alaska Standard Time.) This resolution was passed with
@@ -578,7 +585,7 @@ Zone America/Adak 12:13:21 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
# year, the standard time of this Territory shall be advanced one
# hour...This Act shall take effect upon its approval. Approved this 26th
# day of April, A. D. 1933. LAWRENCE M JUDD, Governor of the Territory of
-# Hawaii." Page 172: "Act 163...Act 90 of the Session Laws of 1933 is
+# Hawaii." Page 172: "Act 163...Act 90 of the Session Laws of 1933 is
# hereby repealed...This Act shall take effect upon its approval, upon
# which date the standard time of this Territory shall be restored to
# that existing immediately prior to the taking effect of said Act 90.
@@ -588,14 +595,14 @@ Zone America/Adak 12:13:21 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
# Note that 1933-05-21 was a Sunday.
# We're left to guess the time of day when Act 163 was approved; guess noon.
-Zone Pacific/Honolulu -10:31:26 - LMT 1896 Jan 13 12:00 #Schmitt&Cox
- -10:30 - HST 1933 Apr 30 2:00 #Laws 1933
- -10:30 1:00 HDT 1933 May 21 12:00 #Laws 1933+12
- -10:30 - HST 1942 Feb 09 2:00 #Schmitt&Cox+2
- -10:30 1:00 HDT 1945 Sep 30 2:00 #Schmitt&Cox+2
- -10:30 - HST 1947 Jun 8 2:00 #Schmitt&Cox+2
+# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
+Zone Pacific/Honolulu -10:31:26 - LMT 1896 Jan 13 12:00
+ -10:30 - HST 1933 Apr 30 2:00
+ -10:30 1:00 HDT 1933 May 21 12:00
+ -10:30 - HST 1942 Feb 9 2:00
+ -10:30 1:00 HDT 1945 Sep 30 2:00
+ -10:30 - HST 1947 Jun 8 2:00
-10:00 - HST
-
Link Pacific/Honolulu Pacific/Johnston
# Now we turn to US areas that have diverged from the consensus since 1970.
@@ -621,10 +628,11 @@ Link Pacific/Honolulu Pacific/Johnston
# Shanks says the 1944 experiment came to an end on 1944-03-17.
# Go with the Arizona State Library instead.
+# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Phoenix -7:28:18 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 11:31:42
- -7:00 US M%sT 1944 Jan 1 00:01
- -7:00 - MST 1944 Apr 1 00:01
- -7:00 US M%sT 1944 Oct 1 00:01
+ -7:00 US M%sT 1944 Jan 1 0:01
+ -7:00 - MST 1944 Apr 1 0:01
+ -7:00 US M%sT 1944 Oct 1 0:01
-7:00 - MST 1967
-7:00 US M%sT 1968 Mar 21
-7:00 - MST
@@ -648,16 +656,15 @@ Zone America/Phoenix -7:28:18 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 11:31:42
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Boise -7:44:49 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:15:11
- -8:00 US P%sT 1923 May 13 2:00
+ -8:00 US P%sT 1923 May 13 2:00
-7:00 US M%sT 1974
- -7:00 - MST 1974 Feb 3 2:00
+ -7:00 - MST 1974 Feb 3 2:00
-7:00 US M%sT
# Indiana
#
# For a map of Indiana's time zone regions, see:
-# What time is it in Indiana? (2006-03-01)
-# <http://www.mccsc.edu/time.html>
+# http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_in_Indiana
#
# From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
# Since 1970, most of Indiana has been like America/Indiana/Indianapolis,
@@ -683,9 +690,6 @@ Zone America/Boise -7:44:49 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:15:11
# that they would be ambiguous if we left them at the 'America' level.
# So we reluctantly put them all in a subdirectory 'America/Indiana'.
-# From Paul Eggert (2005-08-16):
-# http://www.mccsc.edu/time.html says that Indiana will use DST starting 2006.
-
# From Paul Eggert (2014-06-26):
# https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2006/01/20/06-563/standard-time-zone-boundary-in-the-state-of-indiana
# says "DOT is relocating the time zone boundary in Indiana to move Starke,
@@ -707,13 +711,13 @@ Rule Indianapolis 1941 only - Jun 22 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Indianapolis 1941 1954 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Indianapolis 1946 1954 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Indiana/Indianapolis -5:44:38 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:15:22
+Zone America/Indiana/Indianapolis -5:44:38 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:15:22
-6:00 US C%sT 1920
-6:00 Indianapolis C%sT 1942
-6:00 US C%sT 1946
- -6:00 Indianapolis C%sT 1955 Apr 24 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 1957 Sep 29 2:00
- -6:00 - CST 1958 Apr 27 2:00
+ -6:00 Indianapolis C%sT 1955 Apr 24 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 1957 Sep 29 2:00
+ -6:00 - CST 1958 Apr 27 2:00
-5:00 - EST 1969
-5:00 US E%sT 1971
-5:00 - EST 2006
@@ -729,10 +733,10 @@ Rule Marengo 1954 1960 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Indiana/Marengo -5:45:23 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:14:37
-6:00 US C%sT 1951
- -6:00 Marengo C%sT 1961 Apr 30 2:00
+ -6:00 Marengo C%sT 1961 Apr 30 2:00
-5:00 - EST 1969
- -5:00 US E%sT 1974 Jan 6 2:00
- -6:00 1:00 CDT 1974 Oct 27 2:00
+ -5:00 US E%sT 1974 Jan 6 2:00
+ -6:00 1:00 CDT 1974 Oct 27 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT 1976
-5:00 - EST 2006
-5:00 US E%sT
@@ -753,11 +757,11 @@ Rule Vincennes 1962 1963 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Indiana/Vincennes -5:50:07 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:09:53
-6:00 US C%sT 1946
- -6:00 Vincennes C%sT 1964 Apr 26 2:00
+ -6:00 Vincennes C%sT 1964 Apr 26 2:00
-5:00 - EST 1969
-5:00 US E%sT 1971
- -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
- -6:00 US C%sT 2007 Nov 4 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT 2007 Nov 4 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT
#
# Perry County, Indiana, switched from eastern to central time in April 2006.
@@ -774,10 +778,10 @@ Rule Perry 1962 1963 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Indiana/Tell_City -5:47:03 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:12:57
-6:00 US C%sT 1946
- -6:00 Perry C%sT 1964 Apr 26 2:00
+ -6:00 Perry C%sT 1964 Apr 26 2:00
-5:00 - EST 1969
-5:00 US E%sT 1971
- -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
-6:00 US C%sT
#
# Pike County, Indiana moved from central to eastern time in 1977,
@@ -790,11 +794,11 @@ Rule Pike 1961 1964 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Indiana/Petersburg -5:49:07 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:10:53
-6:00 US C%sT 1955
- -6:00 Pike C%sT 1965 Apr 25 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 1966 Oct 30 2:00
- -6:00 US C%sT 1977 Oct 30 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
- -6:00 US C%sT 2007 Nov 4 2:00
+ -6:00 Pike C%sT 1965 Apr 25 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 1966 Oct 30 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT 1977 Oct 30 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT 2007 Nov 4 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT
#
# Starke County, Indiana moved from central to eastern time in 1991,
@@ -812,10 +816,10 @@ Rule Starke 1959 1961 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Indiana/Knox -5:46:30 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:13:30
-6:00 US C%sT 1947
- -6:00 Starke C%sT 1962 Apr 29 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 1963 Oct 27 2:00
- -6:00 US C%sT 1991 Oct 27 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
+ -6:00 Starke C%sT 1962 Apr 29 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 1963 Oct 27 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT 1991 Oct 27 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
-6:00 US C%sT
#
# Pulaski County, Indiana, switched from eastern to central time in
@@ -828,17 +832,17 @@ Rule Pulaski 1957 1960 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Indiana/Winamac -5:46:25 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:13:35
-6:00 US C%sT 1946
- -6:00 Pulaski C%sT 1961 Apr 30 2:00
+ -6:00 Pulaski C%sT 1961 Apr 30 2:00
-5:00 - EST 1969
-5:00 US E%sT 1971
- -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
- -6:00 US C%sT 2007 Mar 11 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT 2007 Mar 11 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT
#
# Switzerland County, Indiana, did not observe DST from 1973 through 2005.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Indiana/Vevay -5:40:16 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:19:44
- -6:00 US C%sT 1954 Apr 25 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT 1954 Apr 25 2:00
-5:00 - EST 1969
-5:00 US E%sT 1973
-5:00 - EST 2006
@@ -859,16 +863,16 @@ Zone America/Kentucky/Louisville -5:43:02 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:16:58
-6:00 US C%sT 1921
-6:00 Louisville C%sT 1942
-6:00 US C%sT 1946
- -6:00 Louisville C%sT 1961 Jul 23 2:00
+ -6:00 Louisville C%sT 1961 Jul 23 2:00
-5:00 - EST 1968
- -5:00 US E%sT 1974 Jan 6 2:00
- -6:00 1:00 CDT 1974 Oct 27 2:00
+ -5:00 US E%sT 1974 Jan 6 2:00
+ -6:00 1:00 CDT 1974 Oct 27 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT
#
# Wayne County, Kentucky
#
# From Lake Cumberland LIFE
-# <http://www.lake-cumberland.com/life/archive/news990129time.shtml>
+# http://www.lake-cumberland.com/life/archive/news990129time.shtml
# (1999-01-29) via WKYM-101.7:
# Clinton County has joined Wayne County in asking the DoT to change from
# the Central to the Eastern time zone.... The Wayne County government made
@@ -887,7 +891,7 @@ Zone America/Kentucky/Louisville -5:43:02 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:16:58
# From Paul Eggert (2001-07-16):
# The final rule was published in the
# Federal Register 65, 160 (2000-08-17), pp 50154-50158.
-# <http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2000_register&docid=fr17au00-22>
+# http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=2000_register&docid=fr17au00-22
#
Zone America/Kentucky/Monticello -5:39:24 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:20:36
-6:00 US C%sT 1946
@@ -913,7 +917,7 @@ Zone America/Kentucky/Monticello -5:39:24 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:20:36
# West Wendover, NV officially switched from Pacific to mountain time on
# 1999-10-31. See the
# Federal Register 64, 203 (1999-10-21), pp 56705-56707.
-# <http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=1999_register&docid=fr21oc99-15>
+# http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=1999_register&docid=fr21oc99-15
# However, the Federal Register says that West Wendover already operated
# on mountain time, and the rule merely made this official;
# hence a separate tz entry is not needed.
@@ -951,12 +955,12 @@ Rule Detroit 1967 only - Jun 14 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Detroit 1967 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Detroit -5:32:11 - LMT 1905
- -6:00 - CST 1915 May 15 2:00
+ -6:00 - CST 1915 May 15 2:00
-5:00 - EST 1942
-5:00 US E%sT 1946
-5:00 Detroit E%sT 1973
-5:00 US E%sT 1975
- -5:00 - EST 1975 Apr 27 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 1975 Apr 27 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT
#
# Dickinson, Gogebic, Iron, and Menominee Counties, Michigan,
@@ -969,8 +973,8 @@ Rule Menominee 1966 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Menominee -5:50:27 - LMT 1885 Sep 18 12:00
-6:00 US C%sT 1946
- -6:00 Menominee C%sT 1969 Apr 27 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 1973 Apr 29 2:00
+ -6:00 Menominee C%sT 1969 Apr 27 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 1973 Apr 29 2:00
-6:00 US C%sT
# Navassa
@@ -1050,7 +1054,7 @@ Zone America/Menominee -5:50:27 - LMT 1885 Sep 18 12:00
# From Paul Eggert (1994-11-22):
# Alas, this sort of thing must be handled by localization software.
-# Unless otherwise specified, the data for Canada are all from Shanks
+# Unless otherwise specified, the data entries for Canada are all from Shanks
# & Pottenger.
# From Chris Walton (2006-04-01, 2006-04-25, 2006-06-26, 2007-01-31,
@@ -1097,17 +1101,16 @@ Zone America/Menominee -5:50:27 - LMT 1885 Sep 18 12:00
# An amendment to the Interpretation Act was registered on February 19/2007....
# http://action.attavik.ca/home/justice-gn/attach/2007/gaz02part2.pdf
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-04-25):
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-18):
# H. David Matthews and Mary Vincent's map
# "It's about TIME", _Canadian Geographic_ (September-October 1998)
-# <http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/Magazine/SO98/geomap.asp>
+# http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/Magazine/SO98/alacarte.asp
# contains detailed boundaries for regions observing nonstandard
# time and daylight saving time arrangements in Canada circa 1998.
#
-# INMS, the Institute for National Measurement Standards in Ottawa, has
-# information about standard and daylight saving time zones in Canada.
-# <http://inms-ienm.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/en/time_services/daylight_saving_e.php>
-# (updated periodically).
+# National Research Council Canada maintains info about time zones and DST.
+# http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/services/time/time_zones.html
+# http://www.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/eng/services/time/faq/index.html#Q5
# Its unofficial information is often taken from Matthews and Vincent.
# From Paul Eggert (2006-06-27):
@@ -1220,7 +1223,7 @@ Zone America/Goose_Bay -4:01:40 - LMT 1884 # Happy Valley-Goose Bay
-3:30 - NST 1936
-3:30 StJohns N%sT 1942 May 11
-3:30 Canada N%sT 1946
- -3:30 StJohns N%sT 1966 Mar 15 2:00
+ -3:30 StJohns N%sT 1966 Mar 15 2:00
-4:00 StJohns A%sT 2011 Nov
-4:00 Canada A%sT
@@ -1281,7 +1284,7 @@ Rule Halifax 1962 1973 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
Zone America/Halifax -4:14:24 - LMT 1902 Jun 15
-4:00 Halifax A%sT 1918
-4:00 Canada A%sT 1919
- -4:00 Halifax A%sT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
+ -4:00 Halifax A%sT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
-4:00 Canada A%sT 1946
-4:00 Halifax A%sT 1974
-4:00 Canada A%sT
@@ -1361,18 +1364,10 @@ Rule Mont 1922 only - Apr 30 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1924 only - May 17 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1924 1926 - Sep lastSun 2:30 0 S
Rule Mont 1925 1926 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
-# The 1927-to-1937 rules can be expressed more simply as
-# Rule Mont 1927 1937 - Apr lastSat 24:00 1:00 D
-# Rule Mont 1927 1937 - Sep lastSat 24:00 0 S
-# The rules below avoid use of 24:00
-# (which pre-1998 versions of zic cannot handle).
-Rule Mont 1927 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Mont 1927 1932 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 S
-Rule Mont 1928 1931 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Mont 1932 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Mont 1933 1940 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Mont 1933 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
-Rule Mont 1934 1939 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 S
+Rule Mont 1927 1937 - Apr lastSat 24:00 1:00 D
+Rule Mont 1927 1937 - Sep lastSat 24:00 0 S
+Rule Mont 1938 1940 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Mont 1938 1939 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 S
Rule Mont 1946 1973 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Mont 1945 1948 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Mont 1949 1950 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
@@ -1386,7 +1381,7 @@ Zone America/Blanc-Sablon -3:48:28 - LMT 1884
Zone America/Montreal -4:54:16 - LMT 1884
-5:00 Mont E%sT 1918
-5:00 Canada E%sT 1919
- -5:00 Mont E%sT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
+ -5:00 Mont E%sT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
-5:00 Canada E%sT 1946
-5:00 Mont E%sT 1974
-5:00 Canada E%sT
@@ -1419,7 +1414,7 @@ Zone America/Montreal -4:54:16 - LMT 1884
# says that Atikokan, Ontario currently does not observe DST,
# but will vote on 11-10 whether to use EST/EDT.
# He also writes that the Ontario Time Act (1990, Chapter T.9)
-# <http://www.gov.on.ca/MBS/english/publications/statregs/conttext.html>
+# http://www.gov.on.ca/MBS/english/publications/statregs/conttext.html
# says that Ontario east of 90W uses EST/EDT, and west of 90W uses CST/CDT.
# Officially Atikokan is therefore on CST/CDT, and most likely this report
# concerns a non-official time observed as a matter of local practice.
@@ -1509,26 +1504,26 @@ Zone America/Montreal -4:54:16 - LMT 1884
# ing in 1930. The information for the province of Quebec is definite,
# for the other provinces only approximate:
#
-# Province Daylight saving time used
+# Province Daylight saving time used
# Prince Edward Island Not used.
# Nova Scotia In Halifax only.
# New Brunswick In St. John only.
# Quebec In the following places:
-# Montreal Lachine
-# Quebec Mont-Royal
-# Lévis Iberville
-# St. Lambert Cap de la Madelèine
-# Verdun Loretteville
-# Westmount Richmond
-# Outremont St. Jérôme
-# Longueuil Greenfield Park
-# Arvida Waterloo
-# Chambly-Canton Beaulieu
-# Melbourne La Tuque
-# St. Théophile Buckingham
+# Montreal Lachine
+# Quebec Mont-Royal
+# Lévis Iberville
+# St. Lambert Cap de la Madelèine
+# Verdun Loretteville
+# Westmount Richmond
+# Outremont St. Jérôme
+# Longueuil Greenfield Park
+# Arvida Waterloo
+# Chambly-Canton Beaulieu
+# Melbourne La Tuque
+# St. Théophile Buckingham
# Ontario Used generally in the cities and towns along
-# the southerly part of the province. Not
-# used in the northwesterly part.
+# the southerly part of the province. Not
+# used in the northwesterly part.
# Manitoba Not used.
# Saskatchewan In Regina only.
# Alberta Not used.
@@ -1597,7 +1592,7 @@ Rule Toronto 1957 1973 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Toronto -5:17:32 - LMT 1895
-5:00 Canada E%sT 1919
- -5:00 Toronto E%sT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
+ -5:00 Toronto E%sT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
-5:00 Canada E%sT 1946
-5:00 Toronto E%sT 1974
-5:00 Canada E%sT
@@ -1610,16 +1605,16 @@ Zone America/Thunder_Bay -5:57:00 - LMT 1895
-5:00 Canada E%sT
Zone America/Nipigon -5:53:04 - LMT 1895
-5:00 Canada E%sT 1940 Sep 29
- -5:00 1:00 EDT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
+ -5:00 1:00 EDT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
-5:00 Canada E%sT
Zone America/Rainy_River -6:18:16 - LMT 1895
-6:00 Canada C%sT 1940 Sep 29
- -6:00 1:00 CDT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
+ -6:00 1:00 CDT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
-6:00 Canada C%sT
Zone America/Atikokan -6:06:28 - LMT 1895
-6:00 Canada C%sT 1940 Sep 29
- -6:00 1:00 CDT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
- -6:00 Canada C%sT 1945 Sep 30 2:00
+ -6:00 1:00 CDT 1942 Feb 9 2:00s
+ -6:00 Canada C%sT 1945 Sep 30 2:00
-5:00 - EST
@@ -1755,12 +1750,12 @@ Rule Swift 1959 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Swift 1960 1961 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Regina -6:58:36 - LMT 1905 Sep
- -7:00 Regina M%sT 1960 Apr lastSun 2:00
+ -7:00 Regina M%sT 1960 Apr lastSun 2:00
-6:00 - CST
Zone America/Swift_Current -7:11:20 - LMT 1905 Sep
- -7:00 Canada M%sT 1946 Apr lastSun 2:00
+ -7:00 Canada M%sT 1946 Apr lastSun 2:00
-7:00 Regina M%sT 1950
- -7:00 Swift M%sT 1972 Apr lastSun 2:00
+ -7:00 Swift M%sT 1972 Apr lastSun 2:00
-6:00 - CST
@@ -1818,16 +1813,16 @@ Zone America/Edmonton -7:33:52 - LMT 1906 Sep
# Unfortunately the exact date for the time change in June 1918 remains
# unknown and will be difficult to ascertain. I e-mailed Tammy a few months
# ago to ask if Sunday June 2 was a reasonable guess. She said it was just
-# as plausible as any other date (in June). She also said that after writing the
-# article she had discovered another time change in 1916; this is the subject
-# of another article which she wrote in October 2010.
+# as plausible as any other date (in June). She also said that after writing
+# the article she had discovered another time change in 1916; this is the
+# subject of another article which she wrote in October 2010.
# http://www.creston.museum.bc.ca/index.php?module=comments&uop=view_comment&cm+id=56
# Here is a summary of the three clock change events in Creston's history:
# 1. 1884 or 1885: adoption of Mountain Standard Time (GMT-7)
# Exact date unknown
# 2. Oct 1916: switch to Pacific Standard Time (GMT-8)
-# Exact date in October unknown; Sunday October 1 is a reasonable guess.
+# Exact date in October unknown; Sunday October 1 is a reasonable guess.
# 3. June 1918: switch to Pacific Daylight Time (GMT-7)
# Exact date in June unknown; Sunday June 2 is a reasonable guess.
# note#1:
@@ -1867,7 +1862,7 @@ Zone America/Vancouver -8:12:28 - LMT 1884
-8:00 Canada P%sT
Zone America/Dawson_Creek -8:00:56 - LMT 1884
-8:00 Canada P%sT 1947
- -8:00 Vanc P%sT 1972 Aug 30 2:00
+ -8:00 Vanc P%sT 1972 Aug 30 2:00
-7:00 - MST
Zone America/Creston -7:46:04 - LMT 1884
-7:00 - MST 1916 Oct 1
@@ -1895,7 +1890,7 @@ Zone America/Creston -7:46:04 - LMT 1884
# From Rives McDow (1999-09-04):
# Nunavut ... moved ... to incorporate the whole territory into one time zone.
# Nunavut moves to single time zone Oct. 31
-# <http://www.nunatsiaq.com/nunavut/nvt90903_13.html>
+# http://www.nunatsiaq.com/nunavut/nvt90903_13.html
#
# From Antoine Leca (1999-09-06):
# We then need to create a new timezone for the Kitikmeot region of Nunavut
@@ -1903,7 +1898,7 @@ Zone America/Creston -7:46:04 - LMT 1884
# From Paul Eggert (1999-09-20):
# Basic Facts: The New Territory
-# <http://www.nunavut.com/basicfacts/english/basicfacts_1territory.html>
+# http://www.nunavut.com/basicfacts/english/basicfacts_1territory.html
# (1999) reports that Pangnirtung operates on eastern time,
# and that Coral Harbour does not observe DST. We don't know when
# Pangnirtung switched to eastern time; we'll guess 1995.
@@ -1932,8 +1927,8 @@ Zone America/Creston -7:46:04 - LMT 1884
# the current state of affairs.
# From Michaela Rodrigue, writing in the
-# Nunatsiaq News (1999-11-19)
-# <http://www.nunatsiaq.com/archives/nunavut991130/nvt91119_17.html>:
+# Nunatsiaq News (1999-11-19):
+# http://www.nunatsiaq.com/archives/nunavut991130/nvt91119_17.html
# Clyde River, Pangnirtung and Sanikiluaq now operate with two time zones,
# central - or Nunavut time - for government offices, and eastern time
# for municipal offices and schools.... Igloolik [was similar but then]
@@ -1980,10 +1975,7 @@ Zone America/Creston -7:46:04 - LMT 1884
# [Also see <http://www.nunatsiaq.com/nunavut/nvt10309_06.html> (2001-03-09).]
# From Gwillim Law (2005-05-21):
-# According to maps at
-# http://inms-ienm.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/images/time_services/TZ01SWE.jpg
-# http://inms-ienm.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/images/time_services/TZ01SSE.jpg
-# (both dated 2003), and
+# According to ...
# http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/Magazine/SO98/geomap.asp
# (from a 1998 Canadian Geographic article), the de facto and de jure time
# for Southampton Island (at the north end of Hudson Bay) is UTC-5 all year
@@ -1992,9 +1984,11 @@ Zone America/Creston -7:46:04 - LMT 1884
# predates the creation of Nunavut, it probably goes back many years....
# The Inuktitut name of Coral Harbour is Sallit, but it's rarely used.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2005-07-26):
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-17):
# For lack of better information, assume that Southampton Island observed
-# daylight saving only during wartime.
+# daylight saving only during wartime. Gwillim Law's email also
+# mentioned maps now maintained by National Research Council Canada;
+# see above for an up-to-date link.
# From Chris Walton (2007-03-01):
# ... the community of Resolute (located on Cornwallis Island in
@@ -2081,47 +2075,47 @@ Rule NT_YK 1987 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# aka Panniqtuuq
Zone America/Pangnirtung 0 - zzz 1921 # trading post est.
- -4:00 NT_YK A%sT 1995 Apr Sun>=1 2:00
- -5:00 Canada E%sT 1999 Oct 31 2:00
- -6:00 Canada C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
+ -4:00 NT_YK A%sT 1995 Apr Sun>=1 2:00
+ -5:00 Canada E%sT 1999 Oct 31 2:00
+ -6:00 Canada C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
-5:00 Canada E%sT
# formerly Frobisher Bay
Zone America/Iqaluit 0 - zzz 1942 Aug # Frobisher Bay est.
- -5:00 NT_YK E%sT 1999 Oct 31 2:00
- -6:00 Canada C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
+ -5:00 NT_YK E%sT 1999 Oct 31 2:00
+ -6:00 Canada C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
-5:00 Canada E%sT
# aka Qausuittuq
Zone America/Resolute 0 - zzz 1947 Aug 31 # Resolute founded
- -6:00 NT_YK C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 2001 Apr 1 3:00
- -6:00 Canada C%sT 2006 Oct 29 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 2007 Mar 11 3:00
+ -6:00 NT_YK C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 2001 Apr 1 3:00
+ -6:00 Canada C%sT 2006 Oct 29 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 2007 Mar 11 3:00
-6:00 Canada C%sT
# aka Kangiqiniq
Zone America/Rankin_Inlet 0 - zzz 1957 # Rankin Inlet founded
- -6:00 NT_YK C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 2001 Apr 1 3:00
+ -6:00 NT_YK C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 2001 Apr 1 3:00
-6:00 Canada C%sT
# aka Iqaluktuuttiaq
Zone America/Cambridge_Bay 0 - zzz 1920 # trading post est.?
- -7:00 NT_YK M%sT 1999 Oct 31 2:00
- -6:00 Canada C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 2000 Nov 5 0:00
- -6:00 - CST 2001 Apr 1 3:00
+ -7:00 NT_YK M%sT 1999 Oct 31 2:00
+ -6:00 Canada C%sT 2000 Oct 29 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 2000 Nov 5 0:00
+ -6:00 - CST 2001 Apr 1 3:00
-7:00 Canada M%sT
Zone America/Yellowknife 0 - zzz 1935 # Yellowknife founded?
-7:00 NT_YK M%sT 1980
-7:00 Canada M%sT
Zone America/Inuvik 0 - zzz 1953 # Inuvik founded
- -8:00 NT_YK P%sT 1979 Apr lastSun 2:00
+ -8:00 NT_YK P%sT 1979 Apr lastSun 2:00
-7:00 NT_YK M%sT 1980
-7:00 Canada M%sT
Zone America/Whitehorse -9:00:12 - LMT 1900 Aug 20
- -9:00 NT_YK Y%sT 1966 Jul 1 2:00
+ -9:00 NT_YK Y%sT 1966 Jul 1 2:00
-8:00 NT_YK P%sT 1980
-8:00 Canada P%sT
Zone America/Dawson -9:17:40 - LMT 1900 Aug 20
- -9:00 NT_YK Y%sT 1973 Oct 28 0:00
+ -9:00 NT_YK Y%sT 1973 Oct 28 0:00
-8:00 NT_YK P%sT 1980
-8:00 Canada P%sT
@@ -2134,7 +2128,7 @@ Zone America/Dawson -9:17:40 - LMT 1900 Aug 20
# The Investigation and Analysis Service of the
# Mexican Library of Congress (MLoC) has published a
# history of Mexican local time (in Spanish)
-# <http://www.cddhcu.gob.mx/bibliot/publica/inveyana/polisoc/horver/>.
+# http://www.cddhcu.gob.mx/bibliot/publica/inveyana/polisoc/horver/
#
# Here are the discrepancies between Shanks & Pottenger (S&P) and the MLoC.
# (In all cases we go with the MLoC.)
@@ -2179,8 +2173,8 @@ Zone America/Dawson -9:17:40 - LMT 1900 Aug 20
# -------------- End Forwarded Message --------------
# From Paul Eggert (1996-06-12):
# For an English translation of the decree, see
-# "Diario Oficial: Time Zone Changeover" (1996-01-04)
-# <http://mexico-travel.com/extra/timezone_eng.html>.
+# "Diario Oficial: Time Zone Changeover" (1996-01-04).
+# http://mexico-travel.com/extra/timezone_eng.html
# From Rives McDow (1998-10-08):
# The State of Quintana Roo has reverted back to central STD and DST times
@@ -2205,7 +2199,7 @@ Zone America/Dawson -9:17:40 - LMT 1900 Aug 20
# January 17, 2000 - The Energy Secretary, Ernesto Martens, announced
# that Summer Time will be reduced from seven to five months, starting
# this year....
-# <http://www.publico.com.mx/scripts/texto3.asp?action=pagina&pag=21&pos=p&secc=naci&date=01/17/2001>
+# http://www.publico.com.mx/scripts/texto3.asp?action=pagina&pag=21&pos=p&secc=naci&date=01/17/2001
# [translated], says "summer time will ... take effect on the first Sunday
# in May, and end on the last Sunday of September.
@@ -2219,13 +2213,13 @@ Zone America/Dawson -9:17:40 - LMT 1900 Aug 20
# observation of Daylight Saving Time.
# Official statute published by the Energy Department
-# <http://www.conae.gob.mx/ahorro/decretohorver2001.html#decre>
+# http://www.conae.gob.mx/ahorro/decretohorver2001.html#decre
# (2001-02-01) shows Baja and Chihauhua as still using US DST rules,
# and Sonora with no DST. This was reported by Jesper Nørgaard (2001-02-03).
# From Paul Eggert (2001-03-03):
#
-# <http://www.latimes.com/news/nation/20010303/t000018766.html>
+# http://www.latimes.com/news/nation/20010303/t000018766.html
# James F. Smith writes in today's LA Times
# * Sonora will continue to observe standard time.
# * Last week Mexico City's mayor Andrés Manuel López Obrador decreed that
@@ -2341,17 +2335,17 @@ Zone America/Monterrey -6:41:16 - LMT 1921 Dec 31 23:18:44
-6:00 US C%sT 1989
-6:00 Mexico C%sT
# Central Mexico
-Zone America/Mexico_City -6:36:36 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:23:24
+Zone America/Mexico_City -6:36:36 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:23:24
-7:00 - MST 1927 Jun 10 23:00
-6:00 - CST 1930 Nov 15
-7:00 - MST 1931 May 1 23:00
-6:00 - CST 1931 Oct
-7:00 - MST 1932 Apr 1
- -6:00 Mexico C%sT 2001 Sep 30 02:00
+ -6:00 Mexico C%sT 2001 Sep 30 2:00
-6:00 - CST 2002 Feb 20
-6:00 Mexico C%sT
# Chihuahua (near US border)
-Zone America/Ojinaga -6:57:40 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:02:20
+Zone America/Ojinaga -6:57:40 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:02:20
-7:00 - MST 1927 Jun 10 23:00
-6:00 - CST 1930 Nov 15
-7:00 - MST 1931 May 1 23:00
@@ -2359,7 +2353,7 @@ Zone America/Ojinaga -6:57:40 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:02:20
-7:00 - MST 1932 Apr 1
-6:00 - CST 1996
-6:00 Mexico C%sT 1998
- -6:00 - CST 1998 Apr Sun>=1 3:00
+ -6:00 - CST 1998 Apr Sun>=1 3:00
-7:00 Mexico M%sT 2010
-7:00 US M%sT
# Chihuahua (away from US border)
@@ -2371,7 +2365,7 @@ Zone America/Chihuahua -7:04:20 - LMT 1921 Dec 31 23:55:40
-7:00 - MST 1932 Apr 1
-6:00 - CST 1996
-6:00 Mexico C%sT 1998
- -6:00 - CST 1998 Apr Sun>=1 3:00
+ -6:00 - CST 1998 Apr Sun>=1 3:00
-7:00 Mexico M%sT
# Sonora
Zone America/Hermosillo -7:23:52 - LMT 1921 Dec 31 23:36:08
@@ -2435,7 +2429,7 @@ Zone America/Bahia_Banderas -7:01:00 - LMT 1921 Dec 31 23:59:00
-6:00 - CST 1942 Apr 24
-7:00 - MST 1949 Jan 14
-8:00 - PST 1970
- -7:00 Mexico M%sT 2010 Apr 4 2:00
+ -7:00 Mexico M%sT 2010 Apr 4 2:00
-6:00 Mexico C%sT
# Baja California (near US border)
@@ -2531,8 +2525,8 @@ Rule Barb 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Barb 1979 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 S
Rule Barb 1980 only - Sep 25 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Barbados -3:58:29 - LMT 1924 # Bridgetown
- -3:58:29 - BMT 1932 # Bridgetown Mean Time
+Zone America/Barbados -3:58:29 - LMT 1924 # Bridgetown
+ -3:58:29 - BMT 1932 # Bridgetown Mean Time
-4:00 Barb A%sT
# Belize
@@ -2562,15 +2556,15 @@ Zone America/Belize -5:52:48 - LMT 1912 Apr
# http://www.theroyalgazette.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060529/NEWS/105290135
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Atlantic/Bermuda -4:19:18 - LMT 1930 Jan 1 2:00 # Hamilton
- -4:00 - AST 1974 Apr 28 2:00
+Zone Atlantic/Bermuda -4:19:18 - LMT 1930 Jan 1 2:00 # Hamilton
+ -4:00 - AST 1974 Apr 28 2:00
-4:00 Canada A%sT 1976
-4:00 US A%sT
# Cayman Is
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Cayman -5:25:32 - LMT 1890 # Georgetown
- -5:07:11 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time
+Zone America/Cayman -5:25:32 - LMT 1890 # Georgetown
+ -5:07:11 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time
-5:00 - EST
# Costa Rica
@@ -2587,7 +2581,7 @@ Rule CR 1991 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 S
Rule CR 1992 only - Mar 15 0:00 0 S
# There are too many San Josés elsewhere, so we'll use 'Costa Rica'.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Costa_Rica -5:36:13 - LMT 1890 # San José
+Zone America/Costa_Rica -5:36:13 - LMT 1890 # San José
-5:36:13 - SJMT 1921 Jan 15 # San José Mean Time
-6:00 CR C%sT
# Coco
@@ -2831,8 +2825,8 @@ Rule DR 1972 1974 - Jan 21 0:00 0 S
Zone America/Santo_Domingo -4:39:36 - LMT 1890
-4:40 - SDMT 1933 Apr 1 12:00 # S. Dom. MT
-5:00 DR E%sT 1974 Oct 27
- -4:00 - AST 2000 Oct 29 02:00
- -5:00 US E%sT 2000 Dec 3 01:00
+ -4:00 - AST 2000 Oct 29 2:00
+ -5:00 US E%sT 2000 Dec 3 1:00
-4:00 - AST
# El Salvador
@@ -2843,7 +2837,7 @@ Rule Salv 1987 1988 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 S
# There are too many San Salvadors elsewhere, so use America/El_Salvador
# instead of America/San_Salvador.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/El_Salvador -5:56:48 - LMT 1921 # San Salvador
+Zone America/El_Salvador -5:56:48 - LMT 1921 # San Salvador
-6:00 Salv C%sT
# Grenada
@@ -2864,7 +2858,7 @@ Zone America/El_Salvador -5:56:48 - LMT 1921 # San Salvador
# From Paul Eggert (2006-06-22):
# The Ministry of Energy and Mines, press release CP-15/2006
# (2006-04-19), says DST ends at 24:00. See
-# <http://www.sieca.org.gt/Sitio_publico/Energeticos/Doc/Medidas/Cambio_Horario_Nac_190406.pdf>.
+# http://www.sieca.org.gt/Sitio_publico/Energeticos/Doc/Medidas/Cambio_Horario_Nac_190406.pdf
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Guat 1973 only - Nov 25 0:00 1:00 D
@@ -2967,8 +2961,8 @@ Zone America/Port-au-Prince -4:49:20 - LMT 1890
# http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_honduras04.html
# From Paul Eggert (2006-08-08):
-# Also see Diario El Heraldo, The country returns to standard time (2006-08-08)
-# <http://www.elheraldo.hn/nota.php?nid=54941&sec=12>.
+# Also see Diario El Heraldo, The country returns to standard time (2006-08-08).
+# http://www.elheraldo.hn/nota.php?nid=54941&sec=12
# It mentions executive decree 18-2006.
# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-08-17):
@@ -2995,17 +2989,28 @@ Zone America/Tegucigalpa -5:48:52 - LMT 1921 Apr
# Shanks & Pottenger give -5:07:12, but Milne records -5:07:10.41 from an
# unspecified official document, and says "This time is used throughout the
# island". Go with Milne. Round to the nearest second as required by zic.
+#
+# Shanks & Pottenger give April 28 for the 1974 spring-forward transition, but
+# Lance Neita writes that Prime Minister Michael Manley decreed it January 5.
+# Assume Neita meant Jan 6 02:00, the same as the US. Neita also writes that
+# Manley's supporters associated this act with Manley's nickname "Joshua"
+# (recall that in the Bible the sun stood still at Joshua's request),
+# and with the Rod of Correction which Manley said he had received from
+# Haile Selassie, Emperor of Ethiopia. See:
+# Neita L. The politician in all of us. Jamaica Observer 2014-09-20
+# http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/columns/The-politician-in-all-of-us_17573647
+#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Jamaica -5:07:11 - LMT 1890 # Kingston
+Zone America/Jamaica -5:07:11 - LMT 1890 # Kingston
-5:07:11 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time
- -5:00 - EST 1974 Apr 28 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 1974
-5:00 US E%sT 1984
-5:00 - EST
# Martinique
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Martinique -4:04:20 - LMT 1890 # Fort-de-France
- -4:04:20 - FFMT 1911 May # Fort-de-France MT
+Zone America/Martinique -4:04:20 - LMT 1890 # Fort-de-France
+ -4:04:20 - FFMT 1911 May # Fort-de-France MT
-4:00 - AST 1980 Apr 6
-4:00 1:00 ADT 1980 Sep 28
-4:00 - AST
@@ -3034,7 +3039,7 @@ Zone America/Martinique -4:04:20 - LMT 1890 # Fort-de-France
# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-21):
# The Associated Press story on the time change, which can be found at
# http://www.lapalmainteractivo.com/guias/content/gen/ap/America_Latina/AMC_GEN_NICARAGUA_HORA.html
-# and elsewhere, says (fifth paragraph, translated from Spanish): "The last
+# and elsewhere, says (fifth paragraph, translated from Spanish): "The last
# time that a change of clocks was applied to save energy was in the year 2000
# during the Arnoldo Alemán administration."...
# The northamerica file says that Nicaragua has been on UTC-6 continuously
@@ -3072,7 +3077,7 @@ Zone America/Managua -5:45:08 - LMT 1890
-5:45:12 - MMT 1934 Jun 23 # Managua Mean Time?
-6:00 - CST 1973 May
-5:00 - EST 1975 Feb 16
- -6:00 Nic C%sT 1992 Jan 1 4:00
+ -6:00 Nic C%sT 1992 Jan 1 4:00
-5:00 - EST 1992 Sep 24
-6:00 - CST 1993
-5:00 - EST 1997
@@ -3081,13 +3086,13 @@ Zone America/Managua -5:45:08 - LMT 1890
# Panama
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Panama -5:18:08 - LMT 1890
- -5:19:36 - CMT 1908 Apr 22 # Colón Mean Time
+ -5:19:36 - CMT 1908 Apr 22 # Colón Mean Time
-5:00 - EST
# Puerto Rico
# There are too many San Juans elsewhere, so we'll use 'Puerto_Rico'.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Puerto_Rico -4:24:25 - LMT 1899 Mar 28 12:00 # San Juan
+Zone America/Puerto_Rico -4:24:25 - LMT 1899 Mar 28 12:00 # San Juan
-4:00 - AST 1942 May 3
-4:00 US A%sT 1946
-4:00 - AST
@@ -3099,7 +3104,7 @@ Zone America/Puerto_Rico -4:24:25 - LMT 1899 Mar 28 12:00 # San Juan
# St Pierre and Miquelon
# There are too many St Pierres elsewhere, so we'll use 'Miquelon'.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Miquelon -3:44:40 - LMT 1911 May 15 # St Pierre
+Zone America/Miquelon -3:44:40 - LMT 1911 May 15 # St Pierre
-4:00 - AST 1980 May
-3:00 - PMST 1987 # Pierre & Miquelon Time
-3:00 Canada PM%sT
@@ -3110,7 +3115,7 @@ Zone America/Miquelon -3:44:40 - LMT 1911 May 15 # St Pierre
# Turks and Caicos
#
# From Chris Dunn in
-# <http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=415007>
+# http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/bugreport.cgi?bug=415007
# (2007-03-15): In the Turks & Caicos Islands (America/Grand_Turk) the
# daylight saving dates for time changes have been adjusted to match
# the recent U.S. change of dates.
@@ -3123,20 +3128,17 @@ Zone America/Miquelon -3:44:40 - LMT 1911 May 15 # St Pierre
# Clocks are set back one hour at 2:00 a.m. local Daylight Saving Time"
# indicating that the normal ET rules are followed.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-05-01):
-# Shanks & Pottenger say they use US DST rules, but IATA SSIM (1991/1998)
-# says they switch at midnight. Go with Shanks & Pottenger.
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-19):
+# The 2014-08-13 Cabinet meeting decided to stay on UTC-4 year-round. See:
+# http://tcweeklynews.com/daylight-savings-time-to-be-maintained-p5353-127.htm
+# Model this as a switch from EST/EDT to AST on 2014-11-02 at 02:00.
#
-# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule TC 1979 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule TC 1979 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule TC 1987 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule TC 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule TC 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Grand_Turk -4:44:32 - LMT 1890
- -5:07:11 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time
- -5:00 TC E%sT
+ -5:07:11 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time
+ -5:00 - EST 1979
+ -5:00 US E%sT 2014 Nov 2 2:00
+ -4:00 - AST
# British Virgin Is
# Virgin Is
diff --git a/southamerica b/southamerica
index de1f15e86dd2..e2466461dd34 100644
--- a/southamerica
+++ b/southamerica
@@ -1,9 +1,10 @@
# This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of
# 2009-05-17 by Arthur David Olson.
-# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
+# This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
-# tz@iana.org for general use in the future).
+# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
+# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
@@ -11,8 +12,8 @@
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
#
# For data circa 1899, a common source is:
-# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94
-# <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
+# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
+# http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
#
# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
@@ -187,8 +188,8 @@ Rule Arg 2000 only - Mar 3 0:00 0 -
# So there is no summer time in Argentina for now.
# From Mariano Absatz (2008-10-20):
-# Decree 1693/2008 applies Law 26.350 for the summer 2008/2009 establishing DST in Argentina
-# From 2008-10-19 until 2009-03-15
+# Decree 1693/2008 applies Law 26.350 for the summer 2008/2009 establishing DST
+# in Argentina from 2008-10-19 until 2009-03-15.
# http://www.boletinoficial.gov.ar/Bora.Portal/CustomControls/PdfContent.aspx?fp=16102008&pi=3&pf=4&s=0&sec=01
#
@@ -197,14 +198,16 @@ Rule Arg 2000 only - Mar 3 0:00 0 -
# Pampa, Neuquén, Rio Negro, Chubut, Santa Cruz and Tierra del Fuego
# http://www.boletinoficial.gov.ar/Bora.Portal/CustomControls/PdfContent.aspx?fp=17102008&pi=1&pf=1&s=0&sec=01
#
-# Press release 235 dated Saturday October 18th, from the Government of the Province of Jujuy saying
-# it will not apply DST either (even when it was not included in Decree 1705/2008)
+# Press release 235 dated Saturday October 18th, from the Government of the
+# Province of Jujuy saying it will not apply DST either (even when it was not
+# included in Decree 1705/2008).
# http://www.jujuy.gov.ar/index2/partes_prensa/18_10_08/235-181008.doc
# From fullinet (2009-10-18):
# As announced in
# http://www.argentina.gob.ar/argentina/portal/paginas.dhtml?pagina=356
-# (an official .gob.ar) under title: "Sin Cambio de Hora" (english: "No hour change")
+# (an official .gob.ar) under title: "Sin Cambio de Hora"
+# (English: "No hour change").
#
# "Por el momento, el Gobierno Nacional resolvió no modificar la hora
# oficial, decisión que estaba en estudio para su implementación el
@@ -225,9 +228,9 @@ Rule Arg 2008 only - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
# It's Law No. 7,210. This change is due to a public power emergency, so for
# now we'll assume it's for this year only.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# Hora de verano para la Republica Argentina (2003-06-08)
-# <http://www.spicasc.net/horvera.html>
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-09):
+# Hora de verano para la República Argentina
+# http://buenasiembra.com.ar/esoterismo/astrologia/hora-de-verano-de-la-republica-argentina-27.html
# says that standard time in Argentina from 1894-10-31
# to 1920-05-01 was -4:16:48.25. Go with this more-precise value
# over Shanks & Pottenger.
@@ -300,7 +303,7 @@ Rule Arg 2008 only - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
# confirms that upon request the provinces San Juan and Mendoza
# refused to follow San Luis in this change.
#
-# The change is supposed to take place Monday the 21.st at 0:00
+# The change is supposed to take place Monday the 21st at 0:00
# hours. As far as I understand it if this goes ahead, we need
# a new timezone for San Luis (although there are also documented
# independent changes in the southamerica file of San Luis in
@@ -332,9 +335,9 @@ Rule Arg 2008 only - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
# back in 2004, when these provinces changed to UTC-4 for a few days, I
# mailed them personally and never got an answer).
-# From Paul Eggert (2008-06-30):
-# Unless otherwise specified, data are from Shanks & Pottenger through 1992,
-# from the IATA otherwise. As noted below, Shanks & Pottenger say that
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-12):
+# Unless otherwise specified, data entries are from Shanks & Pottenger through
+# 1992, from the IATA otherwise. As noted below, Shanks & Pottenger say that
# America/Cordoba split into 6 subregions during 1991/1992, one of which
# was America/San_Luis, but we haven't verified this yet so for now we'll
# keep America/Cordoba a single region rather than splitting it into the
@@ -394,7 +397,7 @@ Rule Arg 2008 only - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
# ...
# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-04-09):
-# According to news reports from El Diario de la Republica Province San
+# According to news reports from El Diario de la República Province San
# Luis, Argentina (standard time UTC-04) will keep Daylight Saving Time
# after April 11, 2010 - will continue to have same time as rest of
# Argentina (UTC-3) (no DST).
@@ -414,7 +417,7 @@ Rule Arg 2008 only - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
# Perhaps San Luis operates on the legal fiction that it is at UTC-4
# with perpetual summer time, but ordinary usage typically seems to
# just say it's at UTC-3; see, for example,
-# <http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hora_oficial_argentina>.
+# http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hora_oficial_argentina
# We've documented similar situations as being plain changes to
# standard time, so let's do that here too. This does not change UTC
# offsets, only tm_isdst and the time zone abbreviations. One minor
@@ -427,8 +430,8 @@ Rule Arg 2008 only - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
#
# Buenos Aires (BA), Capital Federal (CF),
-Zone America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires -3:53:48 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
- -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Córdoba Mean Time
+Zone America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires -3:53:48 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
+ -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Córdoba Mean Time
-4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
-4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
-3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
@@ -578,8 +581,8 @@ Zone America/Argentina/San_Luis -4:25:24 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-3:00 - ART
#
# Santa Cruz (SC)
-Zone America/Argentina/Rio_Gallegos -4:36:52 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
- -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Córdoba Mean Time
+Zone America/Argentina/Rio_Gallegos -4:36:52 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
+ -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Córdoba Mean Time
-4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
-4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
-3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
@@ -590,8 +593,8 @@ Zone America/Argentina/Rio_Gallegos -4:36:52 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-3:00 - ART
#
# Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur (TF)
-Zone America/Argentina/Ushuaia -4:33:12 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
- -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Córdoba Mean Time
+Zone America/Argentina/Ushuaia -4:33:12 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
+ -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Córdoba Mean Time
-4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
-4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
-3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
@@ -685,7 +688,7 @@ Zone America/La_Paz -4:32:36 - LMT 1890
# Oficial da União"...) in Brazil there are changes in the timezones,
# effective today (00:00am at June 24, 2008) as follows:
#
-# a) The timezone UTC+5 is e[x]tinguished, with all the Acre state and the
+# a) The timezone UTC+5 is extinguished, with all the Acre state and the
# part of the Amazonas state that had this timezone now being put to the
# timezone UTC+4
# b) The whole Pará state now is put at timezone UTC+3, instead of just
@@ -722,8 +725,8 @@ Zone America/La_Paz -4:32:36 - LMT 1890
# From Paul Eggert (2002-10-10):
# The official decrees referenced below are mostly taken from
-# Decretos sobre o Horário de Verão no Brasil
-# <http://pcdsh01.on.br/DecHV.html>.
+# Decretos sobre o Horário de Verão no Brasil.
+# http://pcdsh01.on.br/DecHV.html
# From Steffen Thorsen (2008-08-29):
# As announced by the government and many newspapers in Brazil late
@@ -986,7 +989,7 @@ Zone America/Belem -3:13:56 - LMT 1914
# West Pará includes Altamira, Óbidos, Prainha, Oriximiná, and Santarém.
Zone America/Santarem -3:38:48 - LMT 1914
-4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1988 Sep 12
- -4:00 - AMT 2008 Jun 24 00:00
+ -4:00 - AMT 2008 Jun 24 0:00
-3:00 - BRT
#
# Maranhão (MA), Piauí (PI), Ceará (CE), Rio Grande do Norte (RN),
@@ -1041,7 +1044,7 @@ Zone America/Bahia -2:34:04 - LMT 1914
# Espírito Santo (ES), Rio de Janeiro (RJ), São Paulo (SP), Paraná (PR),
# Santa Catarina (SC), Rio Grande do Sul (RS)
Zone America/Sao_Paulo -3:06:28 - LMT 1914
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1963 Oct 23 00:00
+ -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1963 Oct 23 0:00
-3:00 1:00 BRST 1964
-3:00 Brazil BR%sT
#
@@ -1082,14 +1085,14 @@ Zone America/Eirunepe -4:39:28 - LMT 1914
-5:00 Brazil AC%sT 1988 Sep 12
-5:00 - ACT 1993 Sep 28
-5:00 Brazil AC%sT 1994 Sep 22
- -5:00 - ACT 2008 Jun 24 00:00
+ -5:00 - ACT 2008 Jun 24 0:00
-4:00 - AMT 2013 Nov 10
-5:00 - ACT
#
# Acre (AC)
Zone America/Rio_Branco -4:31:12 - LMT 1914
-5:00 Brazil AC%sT 1988 Sep 12
- -5:00 - ACT 2008 Jun 24 00:00
+ -5:00 - ACT 2008 Jun 24 0:00
-4:00 - AMT 2013 Nov 10
-5:00 - ACT
@@ -1117,12 +1120,12 @@ Zone America/Rio_Branco -4:31:12 - LMT 1914
# (they should have been 1990-09-15 and 1990-09-16 respectively), but
# anyhow it clears up some doubts too.
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-12-27):
-# The following data for Chile and America/Santiago are from
+# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-12):
+# The following data entries for Chile and America/Santiago are from
# <http://www.horaoficial.cl/horaof.htm> (2006-09-20), transcribed by
-# Jesper Nørgaard Welen. The data for Pacific/Easter are from Shanks
+# Jesper Nørgaard Welen. The data entries for Pacific/Easter are from Shanks
# & Pottenger, except with DST transitions after 1932 cloned from
-# America/Santiago. The pre-1980 Pacific/Easter data are dubious,
+# America/Santiago. The pre-1980 Pacific/Easter data entries are dubious,
# but we have no other source.
# From Germán Poo-Caamaño (2008-03-03):
@@ -1146,10 +1149,10 @@ Zone America/Rio_Branco -4:31:12 - LMT 1914
#
# This is breaking news. There should be more information available later.
-# From Arthur Daivd Olson (2010-03-06):
+# From Arthur David Olson (2010-03-06):
# Angel Chiang's message confirmed by Julio Pacheco; Julio provided a patch.
-# From Glenn Eychaner (2011-03-02): [geychaner@mac.com]
+# From Glenn Eychaner (2011-03-02):
# It appears that the Chilean government has decided to postpone the
# change from summer time to winter time again, by three weeks to April
# 2nd:
@@ -1250,7 +1253,7 @@ Rule Chile 2012 max - Sep Sun>=2 4:00u 1:00 S
# (1996-09) says 1998-03-08. Ignore these.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Santiago -4:42:46 - LMT 1890
- -4:42:46 - SMT 1910 # Santiago Mean Time
+ -4:42:46 - SMT 1910 # Santiago Mean Time
-5:00 - CLT 1916 Jul 1 # Chile Time
-4:42:46 - SMT 1918 Sep 1 # Santiago Mean Time
-4:00 - CLT 1919 Jul 1 # Chile Time
@@ -1259,7 +1262,7 @@ Zone America/Santiago -4:42:46 - LMT 1890
-4:00 Chile CL%sT
Zone Pacific/Easter -7:17:44 - LMT 1890
-7:17:28 - EMT 1932 Sep # Easter Mean Time
- -7:00 Chile EAS%sT 1982 Mar 13 21:00 # Easter I Time
+ -7:00 Chile EAS%sT 1982 Mar 13 21:00 # Easter Time
-6:00 Chile EAS%sT
#
# Salas y Gómez Island is uninhabited.
@@ -1300,7 +1303,7 @@ Zone America/Bogota -4:56:16 - LMT 1884 Mar 13
# though, as far as we know.
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Curacao -4:35:47 - LMT 1912 Feb 12 # Willemstad
+Zone America/Curacao -4:35:47 - LMT 1912 Feb 12 # Willemstad
-4:30 - ANT 1965 # Netherlands Antilles Time
-4:00 - AST
@@ -1325,10 +1328,10 @@ Link America/Curacao America/Kralendijk # Caribbean Netherlands
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Guayaquil -5:19:20 - LMT 1890
-5:14:00 - QMT 1931 # Quito Mean Time
- -5:00 - ECT # Ecuador Time
+ -5:00 - ECT # Ecuador Time
Zone Pacific/Galapagos -5:58:24 - LMT 1931 # Puerto Baquerizo Moreno
-5:00 - ECT 1986
- -6:00 - GALT # Galápagos Time
+ -6:00 - GALT # Galápagos Time
# Falklands
@@ -1427,10 +1430,10 @@ Rule Falk 2001 2010 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
Rule Falk 2001 2010 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Atlantic/Stanley -3:51:24 - LMT 1890
- -3:51:24 - SMT 1912 Mar 12 # Stanley Mean Time
- -4:00 Falk FK%sT 1983 May # Falkland Is Time
+ -3:51:24 - SMT 1912 Mar 12 # Stanley Mean Time
+ -4:00 Falk FK%sT 1983 May # Falkland Is Time
-3:00 Falk FK%sT 1985 Sep 15
- -4:00 Falk FK%sT 2010 Sep 5 02:00
+ -4:00 Falk FK%sT 2010 Sep 5 2:00
-3:00 - FKST
# French Guiana
@@ -1441,7 +1444,7 @@ Zone America/Cayenne -3:29:20 - LMT 1911 Jul
# Guyana
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Guyana -3:52:40 - LMT 1915 Mar # Georgetown
+Zone America/Guyana -3:52:40 - LMT 1915 Mar # Georgetown
-3:45 - GBGT 1966 May 26 # Br Guiana Time
-3:45 - GYT 1975 Jul 31 # Guyana Time
-3:00 - GYT 1991
@@ -1478,8 +1481,8 @@ Rule Para 1996 only - Mar 1 0:00 0 -
# (10-01).
#
# Translated by Gwillim Law (2001-02-27) from
-# Noticias, a daily paper in Asunción, Paraguay (2000-10-01)
-# <http://www.diarionoticias.com.py/011000/nacional/naciona1.htm>:
+# Noticias, a daily paper in Asunción, Paraguay (2000-10-01):
+# http://www.diarionoticias.com.py/011000/nacional/naciona1.htm
# Starting at 0:00 today, the clock will be set forward 60 minutes, in
# fulfillment of Decree No. 7,273 of the Executive Power.... The time change
# system has been operating for several years. Formerly there was a separate
@@ -1506,7 +1509,7 @@ Rule Para 2002 2003 - Sep Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S
# From Steffen Thorsen (2005-01-05):
# Decree 1,867 (2004-03-05)
# From Carlos Raúl Perasso via Jesper Nørgaard Welen (2006-10-13)
-# <http://www.presidencia.gov.py/decretos/D1867.pdf>
+# http://www.presidencia.gov.py/decretos/D1867.pdf
Rule Para 2004 2009 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Para 2005 2009 - Mar Sun>=8 0:00 0 -
# From Carlos Raúl Perasso (2010-02-18):
@@ -1538,7 +1541,7 @@ Rule Para 2013 max - Mar Sun>=22 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Asuncion -3:50:40 - LMT 1890
-3:50:40 - AMT 1931 Oct 10 # Asunción Mean Time
- -4:00 - PYT 1972 Oct # Paraguay Time
+ -4:00 - PYT 1972 Oct # Paraguay Time
-3:00 - PYT 1974 Apr
-4:00 Para PY%sT
@@ -1571,7 +1574,7 @@ Zone America/Lima -5:08:12 - LMT 1890
# South Georgia
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Atlantic/South_Georgia -2:26:08 - LMT 1890 # Grytviken
+Zone Atlantic/South_Georgia -2:26:08 - LMT 1890 # Grytviken
-2:00 - GST # South Georgia Time
# South Sandwich Is
@@ -1581,9 +1584,9 @@ Zone Atlantic/South_Georgia -2:26:08 - LMT 1890 # Grytviken
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Paramaribo -3:40:40 - LMT 1911
-3:40:52 - PMT 1935 # Paramaribo Mean Time
- -3:40:36 - PMT 1945 Oct # The capital moved?
+ -3:40:36 - PMT 1945 Oct # The capital moved?
-3:30 - NEGT 1975 Nov 20 # Dutch Guiana Time
- -3:30 - SRT 1984 Oct # Suriname Time
+ -3:30 - SRT 1984 Oct # Suriname Time
-3:00 - SRT
# Trinidad and Tobago
@@ -1657,7 +1660,7 @@ Rule Uruguay 1990 1991 - Oct Sun>=21 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Uruguay 1992 only - Oct 18 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Uruguay 1993 only - Feb 28 0:00 0 -
# From Eduardo Cota (2004-09-20):
-# The uruguayan government has decreed a change in the local time....
+# The Uruguayan government has decreed a change in the local time....
# http://www.presidencia.gub.uy/decretos/2004091502.htm
Rule Uruguay 2004 only - Sep 19 0:00 1:00 S
# From Steffen Thorsen (2005-03-11):
@@ -1677,8 +1680,8 @@ Rule Uruguay 2006 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Uruguay 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Montevideo -3:44:44 - LMT 1898 Jun 28
- -3:44:44 - MMT 1920 May 1 # Montevideo MT
- -3:30 Uruguay UY%sT 1942 Dec 14 # Uruguay Time
+ -3:44:44 - MMT 1920 May 1 # Montevideo MT
+ -3:30 Uruguay UY%sT 1942 Dec 14 # Uruguay Time
-3:00 Uruguay UY%sT
# Venezuela
@@ -1694,6 +1697,6 @@ Zone America/Montevideo -3:44:44 - LMT 1898 Jun 28
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Caracas -4:27:44 - LMT 1890
-4:27:40 - CMT 1912 Feb 12 # Caracas Mean Time?
- -4:30 - VET 1965 # Venezuela Time
- -4:00 - VET 2007 Dec 9 03:00
+ -4:30 - VET 1965 # Venezuela Time
+ -4:00 - VET 2007 Dec 9 3:00
-4:30 - VET
diff --git a/zone.tab b/zone.tab
index 92b9c981e895..a7373f177df5 100644
--- a/zone.tab
+++ b/zone.tab
@@ -17,8 +17,8 @@
# that of zone1970.tab.
#
# This table is intended as an aid for users, to help them select time
-# zone data appropriate for their practical needs. It is not intended
-# to take or endorse any position on legal or territorial claims.
+# zone data entries appropriate for their practical needs. It is not
+# intended to take or endorse any position on legal or territorial claims.
#
#country-
#code coordinates TZ comments
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@ AQ -6736+06253 Antarctica/Mawson Mawson Station, Holme Bay
AQ -6835+07758 Antarctica/Davis Davis Station, Vestfold Hills
AQ -6617+11031 Antarctica/Casey Casey Station, Bailey Peninsula
AQ -7824+10654 Antarctica/Vostok Vostok Station, Lake Vostok
-AQ -6640+14001 Antarctica/DumontDUrville Dumont-d'Urville Station, Terre Adelie
+AQ -6640+14001 Antarctica/DumontDUrville Dumont-d'Urville Station, Adelie Land
AQ -690022+0393524 Antarctica/Syowa Syowa Station, E Ongul I
AQ -720041+0023206 Antarctica/Troll Troll Station, Queen Maud Land
AR -3436-05827 America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires Buenos Aires (BA, CF)
@@ -307,7 +307,8 @@ PE -1203-07703 America/Lima
PF -1732-14934 Pacific/Tahiti Society Islands
PF -0900-13930 Pacific/Marquesas Marquesas Islands
PF -2308-13457 Pacific/Gambier Gambier Islands
-PG -0930+14710 Pacific/Port_Moresby
+PG -0930+14710 Pacific/Port_Moresby most locations
+PG -0613+15534 Pacific/Bougainville Bougainville
PH +1435+12100 Asia/Manila
PK +2452+06703 Asia/Karachi
PL +5215+02100 Europe/Warsaw
diff --git a/zone1970.tab b/zone1970.tab
index c39380c97ef2..e971bc7f5a21 100644
--- a/zone1970.tab
+++ b/zone1970.tab
@@ -28,8 +28,8 @@
# most populous zones first, where that does not contradict (1).
#
# This table is intended as an aid for users, to help them select time
-# zone data appropriate for their practical needs. It is not intended
-# to take or endorse any position on legal or territorial claims.
+# zone data entries appropriate for their practical needs. It is not
+# intended to take or endorse any position on legal or territorial claims.
#
#country-
#codes coordinates TZ comments
@@ -44,7 +44,7 @@ AQ -6736+06253 Antarctica/Mawson Mawson Station, Holme Bay
AQ -6835+07758 Antarctica/Davis Davis Station, Vestfold Hills
AQ -6617+11031 Antarctica/Casey Casey Station, Bailey Peninsula
AQ -7824+10654 Antarctica/Vostok Vostok Station, Lake Vostok
-AQ -6640+14001 Antarctica/DumontDUrville Dumont-d'Urville Station, Terre Adelie
+AQ -6640+14001 Antarctica/DumontDUrville Dumont-d'Urville Station, Adélie Land
AQ -690022+0393524 Antarctica/Syowa Syowa Station, E Ongul I
AQ -720041+0023206 Antarctica/Troll Troll Station, Queen Maud Land
AR -3436-05827 America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires Buenos Aires (BA, CF)
@@ -264,7 +264,8 @@ PE -1203-07703 America/Lima
PF -1732-14934 Pacific/Tahiti Society Islands
PF -0900-13930 Pacific/Marquesas Marquesas Islands
PF -2308-13457 Pacific/Gambier Gambier Islands
-PG -0930+14710 Pacific/Port_Moresby
+PG -0930+14710 Pacific/Port_Moresby most locations
+PG -0613+15534 Pacific/Bougainville Bougainville
PH +1435+12100 Asia/Manila
PK +2452+06703 Asia/Karachi
PL +5215+02100 Europe/Warsaw
@@ -315,7 +316,7 @@ SY +3330+03618 Asia/Damascus
TC +2128-07108 America/Grand_Turk
TD +1207+01503 Africa/Ndjamena
TF -492110+0701303 Indian/Kerguelen Kerguelen, St Paul I, Amsterdam I
-TH,KH,LA,VN +1345+10031 Asia/Bangkok
+TH,KH,LA,VN +1345+10031 Asia/Bangkok most of Indochina
TJ +3835+06848 Asia/Dushanbe
TK -0922-17114 Pacific/Fakaofo
TL -0833+12535 Asia/Dili
@@ -323,7 +324,7 @@ TM +3757+05823 Asia/Ashgabat
TN +3648+01011 Africa/Tunis
TO -2110-17510 Pacific/Tongatapu
TR +4101+02858 Europe/Istanbul
-TT,AG,AI,BL,DM,GD,GP,MF,LC,KN,MS,VC,VG,VI +1039-06131 America/Port_of_Spain
+TT,AG,AI,BL,DM,GD,GP,KN,LC,MF,MS,VC,VG,VI +1039-06131 America/Port_of_Spain
TV -0831+17913 Pacific/Funafuti
TW +2503+12130 Asia/Taipei
UA +5026+03031 Europe/Kiev most locations
@@ -363,6 +364,7 @@ UY -3453-05611 America/Montevideo
UZ +3940+06648 Asia/Samarkand west Uzbekistan
UZ +4120+06918 Asia/Tashkent east Uzbekistan
VE +1030-06656 America/Caracas
+VN +1045+10640 Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh south Vietnam
VU -1740+16825 Pacific/Efate
WF -1318-17610 Pacific/Wallis
WS -1350-17144 Pacific/Apia