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authorBaptiste Daroussin <bapt@FreeBSD.org>2017-03-27 20:57:12 +0000
committerBaptiste Daroussin <bapt@FreeBSD.org>2017-03-27 20:57:12 +0000
commit896ba7c2e1d28e31e0e64a38a2aee490396a6bf1 (patch)
tree8d5c068bcfa6bfedf363e72c19beab4abdb163b1
parent2e0a58c987923e28aa962a9fa506b79c9b31b946 (diff)
downloadsrc-896ba7c2e1d28e31e0e64a38a2aee490396a6bf1.tar.gz
src-896ba7c2e1d28e31e0e64a38a2aee490396a6bf1.zip
Import tzdata 2017bvendor/tzdata/tzdata2017b
Notes
Notes: svn path=/vendor/tzdata/dist/; revision=316058 svn path=/vendor/tzdata/tzdata2017b/; revision=316059; tag=vendor/tzdata/tzdata2017b
-rw-r--r--Makefile15
-rw-r--r--NEWS240
-rw-r--r--Theory29
-rw-r--r--africa126
-rw-r--r--antarctica3
-rw-r--r--asia312
-rw-r--r--australasia159
-rw-r--r--backward1
-rw-r--r--backzone138
-rw-r--r--europe204
-rw-r--r--iso3166.tab4
-rw-r--r--leap-seconds.list8
-rw-r--r--leapseconds4
-rw-r--r--northamerica95
-rw-r--r--southamerica554
-rw-r--r--version2
-rw-r--r--zone.tab2
-rw-r--r--zone1970.tab1
18 files changed, 1052 insertions, 845 deletions
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 1b714a8dfafd..8067ba087b43 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -72,11 +72,11 @@ MANDIR= $(TOPDIR)/man
LIBDIR= $(TOPDIR)/lib
-# If you always want time values interpreted as "seconds since the epoch
-# (not counting leap seconds)", use
+# If you want only POSIX time, with time values interpreted as
+# seconds since the epoch (not counting leap seconds), use
# REDO= posix_only
-# below. If you always want right time values interpreted as "seconds since
-# the epoch" (counting leap seconds)", use
+# below. If you want want only "right" time, with values interpreted
+# as seconds since the epoch (counting leap seconds), use
# REDO= right_only
# below. If you want both sets of data available, with leap seconds not
# counted normally, use
@@ -85,7 +85,10 @@ LIBDIR= $(TOPDIR)/lib
# normally, use
# REDO= right_posix
# below. POSIX mandates that leap seconds not be counted; for compatibility
-# with it, use "posix_only" or "posix_right".
+# with it, use "posix_only" or "posix_right". Use POSIX time on systems with
+# leap smearing; this can work better than unsmeared "right" time with
+# applications that are not leap second aware, and is closer to unsmeared
+# "right" time than unsmeared POSIX time is (e.g., 0.5 vs 1.0 s max error).
REDO= posix_right
@@ -165,7 +168,7 @@ GCC_DEBUG_FLAGS = -Dlint -g3 -O3 -fno-common -fstrict-aliasing \
-Wshadow -Wstrict-prototypes -Wsuggest-attribute=const \
-Wsuggest-attribute=format -Wsuggest-attribute=noreturn \
-Wsuggest-attribute=pure -Wtrampolines \
- -Wunused -Wwrite-strings \
+ -Wundef -Wunused -Wwrite-strings \
-Wno-address -Wno-format-nonliteral -Wno-sign-compare \
-Wno-type-limits -Wno-unused-parameter
#
diff --git a/NEWS b/NEWS
index a3d158306713..f986cf6f0f67 100644
--- a/NEWS
+++ b/NEWS
@@ -1,5 +1,129 @@
News for the tz database
+Release 2017b - 2017-03-17 07:30:38 -0700
+
+ Briefly: Haiti has resumed DST.
+
+ Changes to past and future time stamps
+
+ Haiti resumed observance of DST in 2017. (Thanks to Steffen Thorsen.)
+
+ Changes to past time stamps
+
+ Liberia changed from -004430 to +00 on 1972-01-07, not 1972-05-01.
+
+ Use "MMT" to abbreviate Liberia's time zone before 1972, as "-004430"
+ is one byte over the POSIX limit. (Problem reported by Derick Rethans.)
+
+
+Release 2017a - 2017-02-28 00:05:36 -0800
+
+ Briefly: Southern Chile moves from -04/-03 to -03, and Mongolia
+ discontinues DST.
+
+ Changes to future time stamps
+
+ Mongolia no longer observes DST. (Thanks to Ganbold Tsagaankhuu.)
+
+ Chile's Region of Magallanes moves from -04/-03 to -03 year-round.
+ Its clocks diverge from America/Santiago starting 2017-05-13 at
+ 23:00, hiving off a new zone America/Punta_Arenas. Although the
+ Chilean government says this change expires in May 2019, for now
+ assume it's permanent. (Thanks to Juan Correa and Deborah
+ Goldsmith.) This also affects Antarctica/Palmer.
+
+ Changes to past time stamps
+
+ Fix many entries for historical time stamps for Europe/Madrid
+ before 1979, to agree with tables compiled by Pere Planesas of the
+ National Astronomical Observatory of Spain. As a side effect,
+ this changes some time stamps for Africa/Ceuta before 1929, which
+ are probably guesswork anyway. (Thanks to Steve Allen and
+ Pierpaolo Bernardi for the heads-ups, and to Michael Deckers for
+ correcting the 1901 transition.)
+
+ Ecuador observed DST from 1992-11-28 to 1993-02-05.
+ (Thanks to Alois Treindl.)
+
+ Asia/Atyrau and Asia/Oral were at +03 (not +04) before 1930-06-21.
+ (Thanks to Stepan Golosunov.)
+
+ Changes to past and future time zone abbreviations
+
+ Switch to numeric time zone abbreviations for South America, as
+ part of the ongoing project of removing invented abbreviations.
+ This avoids the need to invent an abbreviation for the new Chilean
+ new zone. Similarly, switch from invented to numeric time zone
+ abbreviations for Afghanistan, American Samoa, the Azores,
+ Bangladesh, Bhutan, the British Indian Ocean Territory, Brunei,
+ Cape Verde, Chatham Is, Christmas I, Cocos (Keeling) Is, Cook Is,
+ Dubai, East Timor, Eucla, Fiji, French Polynesia, Greenland,
+ Indochina, Iran, Iraq, Kiribati, Lord Howe, Macquarie, Malaysia,
+ the Maldives, Marshall Is, Mauritius, Micronesia, Mongolia,
+ Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Niue, Norfolk I, Palau,
+ Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Pitcairn, Qatar, Réunion, St
+ Pierre & Miquelon, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Singapore,
+ Solomon Is, Tokelau, Tuvalu, Wake, Vanuatu, Wallis & Futuna, and
+ Xinjiang; for 20-minute daylight saving time in Ghana before 1943;
+ for half-hour daylight saving time in Belize before 1944 and in
+ the Dominican Republic before 1975; and for Canary Islands before
+ 1946, for Guinea-Bissau before 1975, for Iceland before 1969, for
+ Indian Summer Time before 1942, for Indonesia before around 1964,
+ for Kenya before 1960, for Liberia before 1973, for Madeira before
+ 1967, for Namibia before 1943, for the Netherlands in 1937-9, for
+ Pakistan before 1971, for Western Sahara before 1977, and for
+ Zaporozhye in 1880-1924.
+
+ For Alaska time from 1900 through 1967, instead of "CAT" use the
+ abbreviation "AST", the abbreviation commonly used at the time
+ (Atlantic Standard Time had not been standardized yet). Use "AWT"
+ and "APT" instead of the invented abbreviations "CAWT" and "CAPT".
+
+ Use "CST" and "CDT" instead of invented abbreviations for Macau
+ before 1999 and Taiwan before 1938, and use "JST" instead of the
+ invented abbreviation "JCST" for Japan and Korea before 1938.
+
+ Change to database entry category
+
+ Move the Pacific/Johnston link from 'australasia' to 'backward',
+ since Johnston is now uninhabited.
+
+ Changes to code
+
+ zic no longer mishandles some transitions in January 2038 when it
+ attempts to work around Qt bug 53071. This fixes a bug affecting
+ Pacific/Tongatapu that was introduced in zic 2016e. localtime.c
+ now contains a workaround, useful when loading a file generated by
+ a buggy zic. (Problem and localtime.c fix reported by Bradley
+ White.)
+
+ zdump -i now outputs non-hour numeric time zone abbreviations
+ without a colon, e.g., "+0530" rather than "+05:30". This agrees
+ with zic %z and with common practice, and simplifies auditing of
+ zdump output.
+
+ zdump is now buildable again with -DUSE_LTZ=0.
+ (Problem reported by Joseph Myers.)
+
+ zdump.c now always includes private.h, to avoid code duplication
+ with private.h. (Problem reported by Kees Dekker.)
+
+ localtime.c no longer mishandles early or late timestamps
+ when TZ is set to a POSIX-style string that specifies DST.
+ (Problem reported by Kees Dekker.)
+
+ date and strftime now cause %z to generate "-0000" instead of
+ "+0000" when the UT offset is zero and the time zone abbreviation
+ begins with "-".
+
+ Changes to documentation and commentary
+
+ The 'Theory' file now better documents choice of historical time
+ zone abbreviations. (Problems reported by Michael Deckers.)
+
+ tz-link.htm now covers leap smearing, which is popular in clouds.
+
+
Release 2016j - 2016-11-22 23:17:13 -0800
Briefly: Saratov, Russia moves from +03 to +04 on 2016-12-04.
@@ -13,7 +137,7 @@ Release 2016j - 2016-11-22 23:17:13 -0800
Changes to past time stamps
The new zone Asia/Atyrau for Atyraū Region, Kazakhstan, is like
- Asia/Aqtau except it switched from +04/+05 to +05/+06 in spring
+ Asia/Aqtau except it switched from +05/+06 to +04/+05 in spring
1999, not fall 1994. (Thanks to Stepan Golosunov.)
Changes to past time zone abbreviations
@@ -911,16 +1035,16 @@ Release 2014i - 2014-10-21 22:04:57 -0700
been fixed. (Thanks to Christos Zoulas for reporting most of
these problems and for suggesting fixes.)
- If USG_COMPAT is defined and the requested time stamp is standard time,
+ If USG_COMPAT is defined and the requested timestamp is standard time,
the tz library's localtime and mktime functions now set the extern
- variable timezone to a value appropriate for that time stamp; and
+ variable timezone to a value appropriate for that timestamp; and
similarly for ALTZONE, daylight saving time, and the altzone variable.
This change is a companion to the tzname change in 2014h, and is
designed to make timezone and altzone more compatible with tzname.
The tz library's functions now set errno to EOVERFLOW if they fail
because the result cannot be represented. ctime and ctime_r now
- return NULL and set errno when a time stamp is out of range, rather
+ return NULL and set errno when a timestamp is out of range, rather
than having undefined behavior.
Some bugs associated with the new 2014g functions have been fixed.
@@ -937,7 +1061,7 @@ Release 2014i - 2014-10-21 22:04:57 -0700
Release 2014h - 2014-09-25 18:59:03 -0700
- Changes affecting past time stamps
+ Changes affecting past timestamps
America/Jamaica's 1974 spring-forward transition was Jan. 6, not Apr. 28.
@@ -945,8 +1069,8 @@ Release 2014h - 2014-09-25 18:59:03 -0700
not 1920-01-06. The old entry was based on a misinterpretation of Shanks.
Some more zones have been turned into links, when they differed
- from existing zones only for older time stamps. As usual,
- these changes affect UTC offsets in pre-1970 time stamps only.
+ from existing zones only for older timestamps. As usual,
+ these changes affect UTC offsets in pre-1970 timestamps only.
Their old contents have been moved to the 'backzone' file.
The affected zones are: Africa/Blantyre, Africa/Bujumbura,
Africa/Gaborone, Africa/Harare, Africa/Kigali, Africa/Lubumbashi,
@@ -958,7 +1082,7 @@ Release 2014h - 2014-09-25 18:59:03 -0700
not merely on platforms defining TM_GMTOFF.
The tz library's localtime and mktime functions now set tzname to a value
- appropriate for the requested time stamp, and zdump now uses this
+ appropriate for the requested timestamp, and zdump now uses this
on platforms not defining TM_ZONE, fixing a 2014g regression.
(Thanks to Tim Parenti for reporting the problem.)
@@ -998,13 +1122,13 @@ Release 2014h - 2014-09-25 18:59:03 -0700
Release 2014g - 2014-08-28 12:31:23 -0700
- Changes affecting future time stamps
+ Changes affecting future timestamps
Turks & Caicos is switching from US eastern time to UT -04
year-round, modeled as a switch on 2014-11-02 at 02:00.
[As noted in 2014j, this switch was later delayed.]
- Changes affecting past time stamps
+ Changes affecting past timestamps
Time in Russia or the USSR before 1926 or so has been corrected by
a few seconds in the following zones: Asia/Irkutsk,
@@ -1014,7 +1138,7 @@ Release 2014g - 2014-08-28 12:31:23 -0700
Vladimir Karpinsky.)
The Portuguese decree of 1911-05-26 took effect on 1912-01-01.
- This affects 1911 time stamps in Africa/Bissau, Africa/Luanda,
+ This affects 1911 timestamps in Africa/Bissau, Africa/Luanda,
Atlantic/Azores, and Atlantic/Madeira. Also, Lisbon's pre-1912
GMT offset was -0:36:45 (rounded from -0:36:44.68), not -0:36:32.
(Thanks to Stephen Colebourne for pointing to the decree.)
@@ -1022,7 +1146,7 @@ Release 2014g - 2014-08-28 12:31:23 -0700
Asia/Dhaka ended DST on 2009-12-31 at 24:00, not 23:59.
A new file 'backzone' contains data which may appeal to
- connoisseurs of old time stamps, although it is out of scope for
+ connoisseurs of old timestamps, although it is out of scope for
the tz database, is often poorly sourced, and contains some data
that is known to be incorrect. The new file is not recommended
for ordinary use and its entries are not installed by default.
@@ -1030,8 +1154,8 @@ Release 2014g - 2014-08-28 12:31:23 -0700
Isle of Man entries.)
Some more zones have been turned into links, when they differed
- from existing zones only for older time stamps. As usual,
- these changes affect UTC offsets in pre-1970 time stamps only.
+ from existing zones only for older timestamps. As usual,
+ these changes affect UTC offsets in pre-1970 timestamps only.
Their old contents have been moved to the 'backzone' file.
The affected zones are: Africa/Bangui, Africa/Brazzaville,
Africa/Douala, Africa/Kinshasa, Africa/Libreville, Africa/Luanda,
@@ -1082,7 +1206,7 @@ Release 2014g - 2014-08-28 12:31:23 -0700
but does not cause other problems such as traps.
If TM_GMTOFF is defined and UNINIT_TRAP is 0, mktime is now
- more likely to guess right for ambiguous time stamps near
+ more likely to guess right for ambiguous timestamps near
transitions where tm_isdst does not change.
If HAVE_STRFTIME_L is defined to 1, the tz library now defines
@@ -1155,7 +1279,7 @@ Release 2014g - 2014-08-28 12:31:23 -0700
Release 2014f - 2014-08-05 17:42:36 -0700
- Changes affecting future time stamps
+ Changes affecting future timestamps
Russia will subtract an hour from most of its time zones on 2014-10-26
at 02:00 local time. (Thanks to Alexander Krivenyshev.)
@@ -1206,20 +1330,20 @@ Release 2014f - 2014-08-05 17:42:36 -0700
These abbreviations are now used for time in Korea, Taiwan,
and Sakhalin while controlled by Japan.
- Changes affecting past time stamps
+ Changes affecting past timestamps
China's five zones have been simplified to two, since the post-1970
differences in the other three seem to have been imaginary. The
zones Asia/Harbin, Asia/Chongqing, and Asia/Kashgar have been
removed; backwards-compatibility links still work, albeit with
- different behaviors for time stamps before May 1980. Asia/Urumqi's
+ different behaviors for timestamps before May 1980. Asia/Urumqi's
1980 transition to UT +08 has been removed, so that it is now at
+06 and not +08. (Thanks to Luther Ma and to Alois Treindl;
Treindl sent helpful translations of two papers by Guo Qingsheng.)
Some zones have been turned into links, when they differed from existing
zones only for older UTC offsets where data entries were likely invented.
- These changes affect UTC offsets in pre-1970 time stamps only. This is
+ These changes affect UTC offsets in pre-1970 timestamps only. This is
similar to the change in release 2013e, except this time for western
Africa. The affected zones are: Africa/Bamako, Africa/Banjul,
Africa/Conakry, Africa/Dakar, Africa/Freetown, Africa/Lome,
@@ -1364,7 +1488,7 @@ Release 2014f - 2014-08-05 17:42:36 -0700
Release 2014e - 2014-06-12 21:53:52 -0700
- Changes affecting near-future time stamps
+ Changes affecting near-future timestamps
Egypt's 2014 Ramadan-based transitions are June 26 and July 31 at 24:00.
(Thanks to Imed Chihi.) Guess that from 2015 on Egypt will temporarily
@@ -1376,7 +1500,7 @@ Release 2014e - 2014-06-12 21:53:52 -0700
temporarily switch to standard time at 03:00 the last Saturday before
Ramadan, and back to DST at 02:00 the first Saturday after Ramadan.
- Changes affecting past time stamps
+ Changes affecting past timestamps
The abbreviation "MSM" (Moscow Midsummer Time) is now used instead of
"MSD" for Moscow's double daylight time in summer 1921. Also, a typo
@@ -1394,7 +1518,7 @@ Release 2014d - 2014-05-27 21:34:40 -0700
Changes affecting code
- zic no longer generates files containing time stamps before the Big Bang.
+ zic no longer generates files containing timestamps before the Big Bang.
This works around GNOME bug 730332
<https://bugzilla.gnome.org/show_bug.cgi?id=730332>.
(Thanks to Leonardo Chiquitto for reporting the bug, and to
@@ -1407,7 +1531,7 @@ Release 2014d - 2014-05-27 21:34:40 -0700
Release 2014c - 2014-05-13 07:44:13 -0700
- Changes affecting near-future time stamps
+ Changes affecting near-future timestamps
Egypt observes DST starting 2014-05-15 at 24:00.
(Thanks to Ahmad El-Dardiry and Gunther Vermier.)
@@ -1421,7 +1545,7 @@ Release 2014c - 2014-05-13 07:44:13 -0700
Changes affecting code
zic now generates transitions for minimum time values, eliminating guesswork
- when handling low-valued time stamps. (Thanks to Arthur David Olson.)
+ when handling low-valued timestamps. (Thanks to Arthur David Olson.)
Port to Cygwin sans glibc. (Thanks to Arthur David Olson.)
@@ -1432,7 +1556,7 @@ Release 2014c - 2014-05-13 07:44:13 -0700
Release 2014b - 2014-03-24 21:28:50 -0700
- Changes affecting near-future time stamps
+ Changes affecting near-future timestamps
Crimea switches to Moscow time on 2014-03-30 at 02:00 local time.
(Thanks to Alexander Krivenyshev.) Move its zone.tab entry from UA to RU.
@@ -1471,12 +1595,12 @@ Release 2014b - 2014-03-24 21:28:50 -0700
Release 2014a - 2014-03-07 23:30:29 -0800
- Changes affecting near-future time stamps
+ Changes affecting near-future timestamps
Turkey begins DST on 2014-03-31, not 03-30. (Thanks to Faruk Pasin for
the heads-up, and to Tim Parenti for simplifying the update.)
- Changes affecting past time stamps
+ Changes affecting past timestamps
Fiji ended DST on 2014-01-19 at 02:00, not the previously-scheduled 03:00.
(Thanks to Steffen Thorsen.)
@@ -1540,13 +1664,13 @@ Release 2014a - 2014-03-07 23:30:29 -0800
Release 2013i - 2013-12-17 07:25:23 -0800
- Changes affecting near-future time stamps:
+ Changes affecting near-future timestamps:
Jordan switches back to standard time at 00:00 on December 20, 2013.
The 2006-2011 transition schedule is planned to resume in 2014.
(Thanks to Steffen Thorsen.)
- Changes affecting past time stamps:
+ Changes affecting past timestamps:
In 2004, Cuba began DST on March 28, not April 4.
(Thanks to Steffen Thorsen.)
@@ -1570,7 +1694,7 @@ Release 2013i - 2013-12-17 07:25:23 -0800
Release 2013h - 2013-10-25 15:32:32 -0700
- Changes affecting current and future time stamps:
+ Changes affecting current and future timestamps:
Libya has switched its UT offset back to +02 without DST, instead
of +01 with DST. (Thanks to Even Scharning.)
@@ -1578,7 +1702,7 @@ Release 2013h - 2013-10-25 15:32:32 -0700
Western Sahara (Africa/El_Aaiun) uses Morocco's DST rules.
(Thanks to Gwillim Law.)
- Changes affecting future time stamps:
+ Changes affecting future timestamps:
Acre and (we guess) western Amazonas will switch from UT -04 to -05
on 2013-11-10. This affects America/Rio_Branco and America/Eirunepe.
@@ -1629,7 +1753,7 @@ Release 2013h - 2013-10-25 15:32:32 -0700
Release 2013g - 2013-09-30 21:08:26 -0700
- Changes affecting current and near-future time stamps
+ Changes affecting current and near-future timestamps
Morocco now observes DST from the last Sunday in March to the last
Sunday in October, not April to September respectively. (Thanks
@@ -1662,7 +1786,7 @@ Release 2013g - 2013-09-30 21:08:26 -0700
Release 2013f - 2013-09-24 23:37:36 -0700
- Changes affecting near-future time stamps
+ Changes affecting near-future timestamps
Tocantins will very likely not observe DST starting this spring.
(Thanks to Steffen Thorsen.)
@@ -1709,7 +1833,7 @@ Release 2013f - 2013-09-24 23:37:36 -0700
Release 2013e - 2013-09-19 23:50:04 -0700
- Changes affecting near-future time stamps
+ Changes affecting near-future timestamps
This year Fiji will start DST on October 27, not October 20.
(Thanks to David Wheeler for the heads-up.) For now, guess that
@@ -1727,13 +1851,13 @@ Release 2013e - 2013-09-19 23:50:04 -0700
Use ART (UT -03, standard time), rather than WARST (also -03, but
daylight saving time) for San Luis, Argentina since 2009.
- Changes affecting Godthåb time stamps after 2037 if version mismatch
+ Changes affecting Godthåb timestamps after 2037 if version mismatch
Allow POSIX-like TZ strings where the transition time's hour can
range from -167 through 167, instead of the POSIX-required 0
through 24. E.g., TZ='FJT-12FJST,M10.3.1/146,M1.3.4/75' for the
new Fiji rules. This is a more-compact way to represent
- far-future time stamps for America/Godthab, America/Santiago,
+ far-future timestamps for America/Godthab, America/Santiago,
Antarctica/Palmer, Asia/Gaza, Asia/Hebron, Asia/Jerusalem,
Pacific/Easter, and Pacific/Fiji. Other zones are unaffected by
this change. (Derived from a suggestion by Arthur David Olson.)
@@ -1751,12 +1875,12 @@ Release 2013e - 2013-09-19 23:50:04 -0700
embedded TZ-format string, and the tz file format version number
has therefore been increased from 2 to 3 as a precaution.
Version-2-based client code should continue to work as before for
- all time stamps before 2038. Existing version-2-based client code
+ all timestamps before 2038. Existing version-2-based client code
(tzcode, GNU/Linux, Solaris) has been tested on version-3-format
- files, and typically works in practice even for time stamps after
+ files, and typically works in practice even for timestamps after
2037; the only known exception is America/Godthab.
- Changes affecting time stamps before 1970
+ Changes affecting timestamps before 1970
Pacific/Johnston is now a link to Pacific/Honolulu. This corrects
some errors before 1947.
@@ -1764,7 +1888,7 @@ Release 2013e - 2013-09-19 23:50:04 -0700
Some zones have been turned into links, when they differ from existing
zones only in older data entries that were likely invented or that
differ only in LMT or transitions from LMT. These changes affect
- only time stamps before 1943. The affected zones are:
+ only timestamps before 1943. The affected zones are:
Africa/Juba, America/Anguilla, America/Aruba, America/Dominica,
America/Grenada, America/Guadeloupe, America/Marigot,
America/Montserrat, America/St_Barthelemy, America/St_Kitts,
@@ -1774,11 +1898,11 @@ Release 2013e - 2013-09-19 23:50:04 -0700
link is better for WWII-era times.)
Change Kingston Mean Time from -5:07:12 to -5:07:11. This affects
- America/Cayman, America/Jamaica and America/Grand_Turk time stamps
+ America/Cayman, America/Jamaica and America/Grand_Turk timestamps
from 1890 to 1912.
Change the UT offset of Bern Mean Time from 0:29:44 to 0:29:46.
- This affects Europe/Zurich time stamps from 1853 to 1894. (Thanks
+ This affects Europe/Zurich timestamps from 1853 to 1894. (Thanks
to Alois Treindl).
Change the date of the circa-1850 Zurich transition from 1849-09-12
@@ -1796,7 +1920,7 @@ Release 2013e - 2013-09-19 23:50:04 -0700
data can't be summarized using a TZ string, and uses a 402-year
window rather than a 400-year window. For the current data, this
affects only the Asia/Tehran file. It does not affect any of the
- time stamps that this file represents, so zdump outputs the same
+ timestamps that this file represents, so zdump outputs the same
information as before. (Thanks to Andrew Main (Zefram).)
The 'date' command has a new '-r' option, which lets you specify
@@ -1828,7 +1952,7 @@ Release 2013e - 2013-09-19 23:50:04 -0700
Changes affecting the zdump utility
zdump now outputs "UT" when referring to Universal Time, not "UTC".
- "UTC" does not make sense for time stamps that predate the introduction
+ "UTC" does not make sense for timestamps that predate the introduction
of UTC, whereas "UT", a more-generic term, does. (Thanks to Steve Allen
for clarifying UT vs UTC.)
@@ -1839,7 +1963,7 @@ Release 2013e - 2013-09-19 23:50:04 -0700
Remove from zone.tab the names America/Montreal, America/Shiprock,
and Antarctica/South_Pole, as they are equivalent to existing
- same-country-code zones for post-1970 time stamps. The data entries for
+ same-country-code zones for post-1970 timestamps. The data entries for
these names are unchanged, so the names continue to work as before.
Changes affecting code internals
@@ -1899,7 +2023,7 @@ Release 2013e - 2013-09-19 23:50:04 -0700
There is a new section about the accuracy of the tz database,
describing the many ways that errors can creep in, and
- explaining why so many of the pre-1970 time stamps are wrong or
+ explaining why so many of the pre-1970 timestamps are wrong or
misleading (thanks to Steve Allen, Lester Caine, and Garrett
Wollman for discussions that contributed to this).
@@ -1934,7 +2058,7 @@ Release 2013e - 2013-09-19 23:50:04 -0700
Release 2013d - 2013-07-05 07:38:01 -0700
- Changes affecting future time stamps:
+ Changes affecting future timestamps:
Morocco's midsummer transitions this year are July 7 and August 10,
not July 9 and August 8. (Thanks to Andrew Paprocki.)
@@ -1942,7 +2066,7 @@ Release 2013d - 2013-07-05 07:38:01 -0700
Israel now falls back on the last Sunday of October.
(Thanks to Ephraim Silverberg.)
- Changes affecting past time stamps:
+ Changes affecting past timestamps:
Specify Jerusalem's location more precisely; this changes the pre-1880
times by 2 s.
@@ -1980,7 +2104,7 @@ Release 2013d - 2013-07-05 07:38:01 -0700
Release 2013c - 2013-04-19 16:17:40 -0700
- Changes affecting current and future time stamps:
+ Changes affecting current and future timestamps:
Palestine observed DST starting March 29, 2013. (Thanks to
Steffen Thorsen.) From 2013 on, Gaza and Hebron both observe DST,
@@ -1991,7 +2115,7 @@ Release 2013c - 2013-04-19 16:17:40 -0700
by moving the end of DST to the 4th Sunday in March every year.
(Thanks to Carlos Raúl Perasso.)
- Changes affecting past time stamps:
+ Changes affecting past timestamps:
Fix some historical data for Palestine to agree with that of
timeanddate.com, as follows:
@@ -2025,10 +2149,10 @@ Release 2013c - 2013-04-19 16:17:40 -0700
Release 2013b - 2013-03-10 22:33:40 -0700
- Changes affecting current and future time stamps:
+ Changes affecting current and future timestamps:
Haiti uses US daylight-saving rules this year, and presumably future years.
- This changes time stamps starting today. (Thanks to Steffen Thorsen.)
+ This changes timestamps starting today. (Thanks to Steffen Thorsen.)
Paraguay will end DST on March 24 this year.
(Thanks to Steffen Thorsen.) For now, assume it's just this year.
@@ -2052,7 +2176,7 @@ Release 2013a - 2013-02-27 09:20:35 -0800
The zone offset at the end of version-2-format zone files is now
allowed to be 24:00, as per POSIX.1-2008. (Thanks to Arthur David Olson.)
- Changes affecting current and future time stamps:
+ Changes affecting current and future timestamps:
Chile's 2013 rules, and we guess rules for 2014 and later, will be
the same as 2012, namely Apr Sun>=23 03:00 UTC to Sep Sun>=2 04:00 UTC.
@@ -2061,7 +2185,7 @@ Release 2013a - 2013-02-27 09:20:35 -0800
New Zones Asia/Khandyga, Asia/Ust-Nera, Europe/Busingen.
(Thanks to Tobias Conradi and Arthur David Olson.)
- Many changes affect historical time stamps before 1940.
+ Many changes affect historical timestamps before 1940.
These were deduced from: Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899
Feb;13(2):173-94 <http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359>.
@@ -2193,7 +2317,7 @@ Release 2012e - 2012-08-02 20:44:55 -0700
Release code2012c-data2012d - 2012-07-19 16:35:33 -0700
- Changes for Morocco's time stamps, which take effect in a couple of
+ Changes for Morocco's timestamps, which take effect in a couple of
hours, along with infrastructure changes to accommodate how the tz
code and data are released on IANA.
@@ -2337,12 +2461,12 @@ Release 2011e - 2011-03-31 16:04:38 -0400
Release 2011d - 2011-03-14 09:18:01 -0400
- changes that impact present-day time stamps in Cuba, Samoa, and Turkey
+ changes that impact present-day timestamps in Cuba, Samoa, and Turkey
Release 2011c - 2011-03-07 09:30:09 -0500
- These do affect current time stamps in Chile and Annette Island, Canada.
+ These do affect current timestamps in Chile and Annette Island, Canada.
Release 2011b - 2011-02-07 08:44:50 -0500
@@ -3807,7 +3931,7 @@ few (e.g., code2012c-data2012d) have tarballs with mixed version
numbers. Recent releases also come in an experimental format
consisting of a single tarball tzdb-R.tar.lz with extra data.
-Release time stamps are taken from the release's commit (for newer,
+Release timestamps are taken from the release's commit (for newer,
Git-based releases), from the newest file in the tarball (for older
releases, where this info is available) or from the email announcing
the release (if all else fails; these are marked with a time zone of
diff --git a/Theory b/Theory
index ea4b35d8137f..33e46069ba23 100644
--- a/Theory
+++ b/Theory
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@ international standard for UNIX-like systems. As of this writing, the
current edition of POSIX is:
The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7
- IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition
+ IEEE Std 1003.1-2008, 2016 Edition
<http://pubs.opengroup.org/onlinepubs/9699919799/>
@@ -209,6 +209,19 @@ in decreasing order of importance:
If there is no common English abbreviation, use numeric offsets like
-05 and +0830 that are generated by zic's %z notation.
+ Use current abbreviations for older timestamps to avoid confusion.
+ For example, in 1910 a common English abbreviation for UT +01
+ in central Europe was 'MEZ' (short for both "Middle European
+ Zone" and for "Mitteleuropäische Zeit" in German). Nowadays
+ 'CET' ("Central European Time") is more common in English, and
+ the database uses 'CET' even for circa-1910 timestamps as this
+ is less confusing for modern users and avoids the need for
+ determining when 'CET' supplanted 'MEZ' in common usage.
+
+ Use a consistent style in a zone's history. For example, if a zone's
+ history tends to use numeric abbreviations and a particular
+ entry could go either way, use a numeric abbreviation.
+
[The remaining guidelines predate the introduction of %z.
They are problematic as they mean tz data entries invent
notation rather than record it. These guidelines are now
@@ -226,7 +239,7 @@ in decreasing order of importance:
for double summer time append 'DST'; etc.
Otherwise, take the first three letters of an English place
name identifying each zone and append 'T', 'ST', etc.
- as before; e.g. 'VLAST' for VLAdivostok Summer Time.
+ as before; e.g. 'CHAST' for CHAtham Summer Time.
Use UT (with time zone abbreviation '-00') for locations while
uninhabited. The leading '-' is a flag that the time
@@ -360,12 +373,12 @@ Errors in the tz database arise from many sources:
* Civil time was not based on atomic time before 1972, and we don't
know the history of earth's rotation accurately enough to map SI
seconds to historical solar time to more than about one-hour
- accuracy. See: Morrison LV, Stephenson FR.
- Historical values of the Earth's clock error Delta T and the
- calculation of eclipses. J Hist Astron. 2004;35:327-36
- <http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/2004JHA....35..327M>;
- Historical values of the Earth's clock error. J Hist Astron. 2005;36:339
- <http://adsabs.harvard.edu/full/2005JHA....36..339M>.
+ accuracy. See: Stephenson FR, Morrison LV, Hohenkerk CY.
+ Measurement of the Earth's rotation: 720 BC to AD 2015.
+ Proc Royal Soc A. 2016 Dec 7;472:20160404.
+ http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2016.0404
+ Also see: Espenak F. Uncertainty in Delta T (ΔT).
+ http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/SEhelp/uncertainty2004.html
* The relationship between POSIX time (that is, UTC but ignoring leap
seconds) and UTC is not agreed upon after 1972. Although the POSIX
diff --git a/africa b/africa
index f30c910f429d..dcc20b9b1c33 100644
--- a/africa
+++ b/africa
@@ -6,15 +6,15 @@
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-31):
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-20):
#
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
# Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
#
-# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
-# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
+# Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
+# for time zone data was the International Air Transport
# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
@@ -31,39 +31,33 @@
# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
#
+# European-style abbreviations are commonly used along the Mediterranean.
+# For sub-Saharan Africa abbreviations were less standardized.
# Previous editions of this database used WAT, CAT, SAT, and EAT
-# for +0:00 through +3:00, respectively,
-# but Mark R V Murray reports that
-# 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +2:00 in the country of South Africa,
-# 'CAT' is commonly used for +2:00 in countries north of South Africa, and
-# 'WAT' is probably the best name for +1:00, as the common phrase for
+# for UT +00 through +03, respectively,
+# but in 1997 Mark R V Murray reported that
+# 'SAST' is the official abbreviation for +02 in the country of South Africa,
+# 'CAT' is commonly used for +02 in countries north of South Africa, and
+# 'WAT' is probably the best name for +01, as the common phrase for
# the area that includes Nigeria is "West Africa".
-# He has heard of "Western Sahara Time" for +0:00 but can find no reference.
-#
-# To make things confusing, 'WAT' seems to have been used for -1:00 long ago;
-# I'd guess that this was because people needed _some_ name for -1:00,
-# and at the time, far west Africa was the only major land area in -1:00.
-# This usage is now obsolete, as the last use of -1:00 on the African
-# mainland seems to have been 1976 in Western Sahara.
-#
-# To summarize, the following abbreviations seem to have some currency:
-# -1:00 WAT West Africa Time (no longer used)
-# 0:00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
-# 2:00 CAT Central Africa Time
-# 2:00 SAST South Africa Standard Time
-# and Murray suggests the following abbreviation:
-# 1:00 WAT West Africa Time
-# I realize that this leads to 'WAT' being used for both -1:00 and 1:00
-# for times before 1976, but this is the best I can think of
-# until we get more information.
+#
+# To summarize, the following abbreviations seemed to have some currency:
+# +00 GMT Greenwich Mean Time
+# +02 CAT Central Africa Time
+# +02 SAST South Africa Standard Time
+# and Murray suggested the following abbreviation:
+# +01 WAT West Africa Time
+# Murray's suggestion seems to have caught on in news reports and the like.
+# I vaguely recall 'WAT' also being used for -01 in the past but
+# cannot now come up with solid citations.
#
# I invented the following abbreviations; corrections are welcome!
-# 2:00 WAST West Africa Summer Time
-# 2:30 BEAT British East Africa Time (no longer used)
-# 2:45 BEAUT British East Africa Unified Time (no longer used)
-# 3:00 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
-# 3:00 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
-# 3:00 EAT East Africa Time
+# +02 WAST West Africa Summer Time
+# +03 CAST Central Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
+# +03 SAST South Africa Summer Time (no longer used)
+# +03 EAT East Africa Time
+# 'EAT' also seems to have caught on; the others are rare but are paired
+# with better-attested non-DST abbreviations.
# Algeria
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -121,17 +115,17 @@ Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
# Cape Verde / Cabo Verde
#
-# Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to CVT.
+# Shanks gives 1907 for the transition to +02.
# Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
-# http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
+# https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
# merely made it official?
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Atlantic/Cape_Verde -1:34:04 - LMT 1907 # Praia
- -2:00 - CVT 1942 Sep
- -2:00 1:00 CVST 1945 Oct 15
- -2:00 - CVT 1975 Nov 25 2:00
- -1:00 - CVT
+ -2:00 - -02 1942 Sep
+ -2:00 1:00 -01 1945 Oct 15
+ -2:00 - -02 1975 Nov 25 2:00
+ -1:00 - -01
# Central African Republic
# See Africa/Lagos.
@@ -388,7 +382,7 @@ Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
Rule Ghana 1920 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
- 0:00 Ghana %s
+ 0:00 Ghana GMT/+0020
# Guinea
# See Africa/Abidjan.
@@ -397,20 +391,20 @@ Zone Africa/Accra -0:00:52 - LMT 1918
#
# Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
# evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
-# http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
+# https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
# with the date that it took effect, namely 1912-01-01.
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Bissau -1:02:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
- -1:00 - WAT 1975
+ -1:00 - -01 1975
0:00 - GMT
# Kenya
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Nairobi 2:27:16 - LMT 1928 Jul
3:00 - EAT 1930
- 2:30 - BEAT 1940
- 2:45 - BEAUT 1960
+ 2:30 - +0230 1940
+ 2:45 - +0245 1960
3:00 - EAT
Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Addis_Ababa # Ethiopia
Link Africa/Nairobi Africa/Asmara # Eritrea
@@ -426,18 +420,25 @@ Link Africa/Nairobi Indian/Mayotte
# See Africa/Johannesburg.
# Liberia
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
-# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
-# from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
-# Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
-# Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan;
-# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
-# For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and
-# Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-03-02):
+#
+# The Nautical Almanac for the Year 1970, p 264, is the source for -0:44:30.
+#
+# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch from a UTC offset
+# that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes. The 1972 change was on
+# 1972-01-07, according to an entry dated 1972-01-04 on p 330 of:
+# Presidential Papers: First year of the administration of
+# President William R. Tolbert, Jr., July 23, 1971-July 31, 1972.
+# Monrovia: Executive Mansion.
+#
+# Use the abbreviation "MMT" before 1972, as the more-accurate numeric
+# abbreviation "-004430" would be one byte over the POSIX limit.
+#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
-0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
- -0:44:30 - LRT 1972 May # Liberia Time
+ -0:44:30 - MMT 1972 Jan 7 # approximately MMT
0:00 - GMT
###############################################################################
@@ -596,7 +597,7 @@ Rule Mauritius 2008 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Mauritius 2009 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
- 4:00 Mauritius MU%sT # Mauritius Time
+ 4:00 Mauritius +04/+05
# Agalega Is, Rodriguez
# no information; probably like Indian/Mauritius
@@ -915,14 +916,14 @@ Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
# since most of it was then controlled by Morocco.
Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
- -1:00 - WAT 1976 Apr 14
+ -1:00 - -01 1976 Apr 14
0:00 Morocco WE%sT
# Mozambique
#
# Shanks gives 1903-03-01 for the transition to CAT.
# Perhaps the 1911-05-26 Portuguese decree
-# http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
+# https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
# merely made it official?
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -949,16 +950,19 @@ Link Africa/Maputo Africa/Lusaka # Zambia
# the country are close to 40 minutes earlier in sunrise than the rest
# of the country.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2007-03-31):
-# Apparently the Caprivi Strip informally observes Botswana time, but
-# we have no details. In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-22):
+# Although the Zambezi Region (formerly known as Caprivi) informally
+# observes Botswana time, we have no details about historical practice.
+# In the meantime people there can use Africa/Gaborone.
+# See: Immanuel S. The Namibian. 2017-02-23.
+# http://www.namibian.com.na/51480/read/Time-change-divides-lawmakers
# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Windhoek 1:08:24 - LMT 1892 Feb 8
- 1:30 - SWAT 1903 Mar # SW Africa Time
+ 1:30 - +0130 1903 Mar
2:00 - SAST 1942 Sep 20 2:00
2:00 1:00 SAST 1943 Mar 21 2:00
2:00 - SAST 1990 Mar 21 # independence
@@ -985,7 +989,7 @@ Link Africa/Lagos Africa/Porto-Novo # Benin
# Réunion
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
- 4:00 - RET # Réunion Time
+ 4:00 - +04
#
# Crozet Islands also observes Réunion time; see the 'antarctica' file.
#
@@ -1020,7 +1024,7 @@ Zone Indian/Reunion 3:41:52 - LMT 1911 Jun # Saint-Denis
# Seychelles
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
- 4:00 - SCT # Seychelles Time
+ 4:00 - +04
# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
# Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches, originally dependencies of the
# Seychelles, were transferred to the British Indian Ocean Territory
diff --git a/antarctica b/antarctica
index 6da1aef87f17..3332d6684252 100644
--- a/antarctica
+++ b/antarctica
@@ -110,7 +110,8 @@ Zone Antarctica/Mawson 0 - -00 1954 Feb 13
# O'Higgins, Antarctic Peninsula, -6319-05704, since 1948-02
# Prat, -6230-05941
# Villa Las Estrellas (a town), around the Frei base, since 1984-04-09
-# These locations have always used Santiago time; use TZ='America/Santiago'.
+# These locations employ Region of Magallanes time; use
+# TZ='America/Punta_Arenas'.
# China - year-round bases
# Great Wall, King George Island, -6213-05858, since 1985-02-20
diff --git a/asia b/asia
index c6f63b52059b..35774c6d7edd 100644
--- a/asia
+++ b/asia
@@ -6,15 +6,15 @@
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
-# From Paul Eggert (2015-08-08):
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-01-13):
#
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
# Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
#
-# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
-# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
+# Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
+# for time zone data was the International Air Transport
# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
@@ -35,29 +35,24 @@
# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
#
-# I invented the abbreviations marked '*' in the following table;
-# the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
-# Corrections are welcome!
+# The following alphabetic abbreviations appear in these tables:
# std dst
# LMT Local Mean Time
# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern European Time
# 2:00 IST IDT Israel
-# 3:00 AST ADT Arabia*
-# 3:30 IRST IRDT Iran*
-# 4:00 GST Gulf*
# 5:30 IST India
-# 7:00 ICT Indochina, most times and locations*
# 7:00 WIB west Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Barat)
# 8:00 WITA central Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Tengah)
# 8:00 CST China
-# 8:00 IDT Indochina, 1943-45, 1947-55, 1960-75 (some locations)*
-# 8:00 JWST Western Standard Time (Japan, 1896/1937)*
-# 8:30 KST KDT Korea when at +0830*
-# 9:00 JCST Central Standard Time (Japan, 1896/1937)
+# 8:30 KST KDT Korea when at +0830
# 9:00 WIT east Indonesia (Waktu Indonesia Timur)
# 9:00 JST JDT Japan
# 9:00 KST KDT Korea when at +09
# 9:30 ACST Australian Central Standard Time
+# Otherwise, these tables typically use numeric abbreviations like +03
+# and +0330 for integer hour and minute UTC offsets. Although earlier
+# editions invented alphabetic time zone abbreviations for every
+# offset, this did not reflect common practice.
#
# See the 'europe' file for Russia and Turkey in Asia.
@@ -65,7 +60,7 @@
# Incorporates data for Singapore from Robert Elz' asia 1.1, as well as
# additional information from Tom Yap, Sun Microsystems Intercontinental
# Technical Support (including a page from the Official Airline Guide -
-# Worldwide Edition). The names for time zones are guesses.
+# Worldwide Edition).
###############################################################################
@@ -86,8 +81,8 @@ Rule RussiaAsia 1996 2011 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
# Afghanistan
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890
- 4:00 - AFT 1945
- 4:30 - AFT
+ 4:00 - +04 1945
+ 4:30 - +0430
# Armenia
# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
@@ -230,18 +225,17 @@ Rule Dhaka 2009 only - Dec 31 24:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Dhaka 6:01:40 - LMT 1890
5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
- 6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time
- 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
- 6:30 - BURT 1951 Sep 30
- 6:00 - DACT 1971 Mar 26 # Dacca Time
- 6:00 - BDT 2009
- 6:00 Dhaka BD%sT
+ 6:30 - +0630 1942 May 15
+ 5:30 - +0530 1942 Sep
+ 6:30 - +0630 1951 Sep 30
+ 6:00 - +06 2009
+ 6:00 Dhaka +06/+07
# Bhutan
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Thimphu 5:58:36 - LMT 1947 Aug 15 # or Thimbu
- 5:30 - IST 1987 Oct
- 6:00 - BTT # Bhutan Time
+ 5:30 - +0530 1987 Oct
+ 6:00 - +06
# British Indian Ocean Territory
# Whitman and the 1995 CIA time zone map say 5:00, but the
@@ -251,14 +245,14 @@ Zone Asia/Thimphu 5:58:36 - LMT 1947 Aug 15 # or Thimbu
# then contained the Chagos Archipelago).
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Indian/Chagos 4:49:40 - LMT 1907
- 5:00 - IOT 1996 # BIOT Time
- 6:00 - IOT
+ 5:00 - +05 1996
+ 6:00 - +06
# Brunei
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan
- 7:30 - BNT 1933
- 8:00 - BNT
+ 7:30 - +0730 1933
+ 8:00 - +08
# Burma / Myanmar
@@ -267,9 +261,9 @@ Zone Asia/Brunei 7:39:40 - LMT 1926 Mar # Bandar Seri Begawan
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Yangon 6:24:40 - LMT 1880 # or Rangoon
6:24:40 - RMT 1920 # Rangoon Mean Time?
- 6:30 - BURT 1942 May # Burma Time
- 9:00 - JST 1945 May 3
- 6:30 - MMT # Myanmar Time
+ 6:30 - +0630 1942 May
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 May 3
+ 6:30 - +0630
# Cambodia
# See Asia/Bangkok.
@@ -332,7 +326,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# (could be true), for the moment I am assuming that those two
# counties are mistakes in the astro.com data.
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-06-30):
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-01-05):
# Alois Treindl kindly sent me translations of the following two sources:
#
# (1)
@@ -390,28 +384,26 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# mainly observed in coastal areas), the five zones were:
#
# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area) UT +08:30
-# Asia/Harbin (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai)
+# Now part of Asia/Shanghai; its pre-1970 times are not recorded here.
# Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin
#
# Zhongyuan Time ("Central plain Time") UT +08
-# Asia/Shanghai
+# Now part of Asia/Shanghai.
# most of China
-# This currently represents most other zones as well,
-# as apparently these regions have been the same since 1970.
# Milne gives 8:05:43.2 for Xujiahui Observatory time; round to nearest.
# Guo says Shanghai switched to UT +08 "from the end of the 19th century".
#
-# Long-shu Time (probably due to Long and Shu being two names of the area) UT +07
-# Asia/Chongqing (currently a link to Asia/Shanghai)
+# Long-shu Time (probably as Long and Shu were two names of the area) UT +07
+# Now part of Asia/Shanghai; its pre-1970 times are not recorded here.
# Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Ningxia, Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Yunnan;
-# most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; west Qinghai; and the Guangdong
+# most of Gansu; west Inner Mongolia; east Qinghai; and the Guangdong
# counties Deqing, Enping, Kaiping, Luoding, Taishan, Xinxing,
# Yangchun, Yangjiang, Yu'nan, and Yunfu.
#
# Xin-zang Time ("Xinjiang-Tibet Time") UT +06
-# Asia/Urumqi
-# This currently represents Kunlun Time as well,
-# as apparently the two regions have been the same since 1970.
+# This region is now part of either Asia/Urumqi or Asia/Shanghai with
+# current boundaries uncertain; times before 1970 for areas that
+# disagree with Ürümqi or Shanghai are not recorded here.
# The Gansu counties Aksay, Anxi, Dunhuang, Subei; west Qinghai;
# the Guangdong counties Xuwen, Haikang, Suixi, Lianjiang,
# Zhanjiang, Wuchuan, Huazhou, Gaozhou, Maoming, Dianbai, and Xinyi;
@@ -422,7 +414,7 @@ Rule PRC 1987 1991 - Apr Sun>=10 0:00 1:00 D
# Fukang, Kuitun, Kumukuli, Miquan, Qitai, and Turfan.
#
# Kunlun Time UT +05:30
-# Asia/Kashgar (currently a link to Asia/Urumqi)
+# This region is now in the same status as Xin-zang Time (see above).
# West Tibet, including Pulan, Aheqi, Shufu, Shule;
# West Xinjiang, including Aksu, Atushi, Yining, Hetian, Cele, Luopu, Nileke,
# Zhaosu, Tekesi, Gongliu, Chabuchaer, Huocheng, Bole, Pishan, Suiding,
@@ -523,7 +515,7 @@ Zone Asia/Shanghai 8:05:43 - LMT 1901
# Xinjiang time, used by many in western China; represented by Ürümqi / Ürümchi
# / Wulumuqi. (Please use Asia/Shanghai if you prefer Beijing time.)
Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928
- 6:00 - XJT
+ 6:00 - +06
# Hong Kong (Xianggang)
@@ -742,30 +734,29 @@ Rule Taiwan 1979 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# Taipei or Taibei or T'ai-pei
Zone Asia/Taipei 8:06:00 - LMT 1896 Jan 1
- 8:00 - JWST 1937 Oct 1
+ 8:00 - CST 1937 Oct 1
9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 21 1:00
8:00 Taiwan C%sT
# Macau (Macao, Aomen)
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
-Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 -
-Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
-Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 -
-Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 S
-Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
-Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 -
-Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 -
-Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 S
-Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 -
+Rule Macau 1961 1962 - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D
+Rule Macau 1961 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 S
+Rule Macau 1963 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Macau 1964 only - Mar Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D
+Rule Macau 1965 only - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Macau 1965 only - Oct 31 0:00 0 S
+Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Apr Sun>=16 3:30 1:00 D
+Rule Macau 1966 1971 - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 S
+Rule Macau 1972 1974 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Macau 1972 1973 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 S
+Rule Macau 1974 1977 - Oct Sun>=15 3:30 0 S
+Rule Macau 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=15 3:30 1:00 D
+Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Apr Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Macau 1978 1980 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Macau 7:34:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
- 8:00 Macau MO%sT 1999 Dec 20 # return to China
- 8:00 PRC C%sT
+ 8:00 Macau C%sT
###############################################################################
@@ -881,11 +872,10 @@ Zone Asia/Tbilisi 2:59:11 - LMT 1880
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
- 8:00 - TLT 1942 Feb 21 23:00 # E Timor Time
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
- 9:00 - TLT 1976 May 3
- 8:00 - WITA 2000 Sep 17 0:00
- 9:00 - TLT
+ 8:00 - +08 1942 Feb 21 23:00
+ 9:00 - +09 1976 May 3
+ 8:00 - +08 2000 Sep 17 0:00
+ 9:00 - +09
# India
@@ -900,9 +890,9 @@ Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Kolkata 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
5:53:20 - HMT 1941 Oct # Howrah Mean Time?
- 6:30 - BURT 1942 May 15 # Burma Time
+ 6:30 - +0630 1942 May 15
5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
- 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15
+ 5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 15
5:30 - IST
# The following are like Asia/Kolkata:
# Andaman Is
@@ -953,33 +943,33 @@ Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10
# Shanks & Pottenger say the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,
# but this must be a typo.
7:07:12 - BMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Batavia
- 7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time
- 7:30 - WIB 1942 Mar 23
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
- 7:30 - WIB 1948 May
- 8:00 - WIB 1950 May
- 7:30 - WIB 1964
+ 7:20 - +0720 1932 Nov
+ 7:30 - +0730 1942 Mar 23
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 23
+ 7:30 - +0730 1948 May
+ 8:00 - +08 1950 May
+ 7:30 - +0730 1964
7:00 - WIB
# west and central Borneo
Zone Asia/Pontianak 7:17:20 - LMT 1908 May
7:17:20 - PMT 1932 Nov # Pontianak MT
- 7:30 - WIB 1942 Jan 29
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
- 7:30 - WIB 1948 May
- 8:00 - WIB 1950 May
- 7:30 - WIB 1964
+ 7:30 - +0730 1942 Jan 29
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 23
+ 7:30 - +0730 1948 May
+ 8:00 - +08 1950 May
+ 7:30 - +0730 1964
8:00 - WITA 1988 Jan 1
7:00 - WIB
# Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, east and south Borneo
Zone Asia/Makassar 7:57:36 - LMT 1920
7:57:36 - MMT 1932 Nov # Macassar MT
- 8:00 - WITA 1942 Feb 9
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 23
+ 8:00 - +08 1942 Feb 9
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 23
8:00 - WITA
# Maluku Islands, West Papua, Papua
Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov
- 9:00 - WIT 1944 Sep 1
- 9:30 - ACST 1964
+ 9:00 - +09 1944 Sep 1
+ 9:30 - +0930 1964
9:00 - WIT
# Iran
@@ -1011,8 +1001,6 @@ Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov
# for at least the last 5 years. Before that, for a few years, the
# date used was the first Thursday night of Farvardin and the last
# Thursday night of Shahrivar, but I can't give exact dates....
-# I have also changed the abbreviations to what is considered correct
-# here in Iran, IRST for regular time and IRDT for daylight saving time.
#
# From Roozbeh Pournader (2005-04-05):
# The text of the Iranian law, in effect since 1925, clearly mentions
@@ -1119,9 +1107,9 @@ Rule Iran 2036 max - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916
3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time
- 3:30 - IRST 1977 Nov
- 4:00 Iran IR%sT 1979
- 3:30 Iran IR%sT
+ 3:30 - +0330 1977 Nov
+ 4:00 Iran +04/+05 1979
+ 3:30 Iran +0330/+0430
# Iraq
@@ -1164,8 +1152,8 @@ Rule Iraq 1991 2007 - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890
2:57:36 - BMT 1918 # Baghdad Mean Time?
- 3:00 - AST 1982 May
- 3:00 Iraq A%sT
+ 3:00 - +03 1982 May
+ 3:00 Iraq +03/+04
###############################################################################
@@ -1464,8 +1452,6 @@ Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u
- 9:00 - JST 1896 Jan 1
- 9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1
9:00 Japan J%sT
# Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo.
@@ -1741,7 +1727,23 @@ Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
# Kazakh 1992-01-13 act appears to provide the same rules and 1992-03-27
# act was to be enacted on the last Sunday of March 1992.
-# From Paul Eggert (2016-11-07):
+# From Stepan Golosunov (2016-11-08):
+# Turgai reorganization should affect only southern part of Qostanay
+# oblast. Which should probably be separated into Asia/Arkalyk zone.
+# (There were also 1970, 1988 and 1990 Turgai oblast reorganizations
+# according to wikipedia.)
+#
+# [For Qostanay] http://www.ng.kz/gazeta/195/hranit/
+# suggests that clocks were to be moved 40 minutes backwards on
+# 1920-01-01 to the fourth time belt. But I do not understand
+# how that could happen....
+#
+# [For Atyrau and Oral] 1919 decree
+# (http://www.worldtimezone.com/dst_news/dst_news_russia-1919-02-08.html
+# and in Byalokoz) lists Ural river (plus 10 versts on its left bank) in
+# the third time belt (before 1930 this means +03).
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-12-06):
# The tables below reflect Golosunov's remarks, with exceptions as noted.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -1771,7 +1773,7 @@ Zone Asia/Qyzylorda 4:21:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
6:00 - +06
# The following zone is like Asia/Qyzylorda except for being one
# hour earlier from 1991-09-29 to 1992-03-29. The 1991/2 rules for
-# Qostenay are unclear partly because of the 1997 Turgai
+# Qostanay are unclear partly because of the 1997 Turgai
# reorganization, so this zone is commented out for now.
#Zone Asia/Qostanay 4:14:20 - LMT 1924 May 2
# 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
@@ -1808,7 +1810,7 @@ Zone Asia/Aqtau 3:21:04 - LMT 1924 May 2
# Atyraū (KZ-ATY) is like Mangghystaū except it switched from
# +04/+05 to +05/+06 in spring 1999, not fall 1994.
Zone Asia/Atyrau 3:27:44 - LMT 1924 May 2
- 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
5:00 - +05 1981 Oct 1
6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
@@ -1820,7 +1822,7 @@ Zone Asia/Atyrau 3:27:44 - LMT 1924 May 2
# From Paul Eggert (2016-03-18):
# The 1989 transition is from USSR act No. 227 (1989-03-14).
Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk
- 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 3:00 - +03 1930 Jun 21
5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
@@ -1926,14 +1928,12 @@ Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun>=8 3:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1908 Apr 1
8:30 - KST 1912 Jan 1
- 9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1
9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 8
9:00 - KST 1954 Mar 21
8:30 ROK K%sT 1961 Aug 10
9:00 ROK K%sT
Zone Asia/Pyongyang 8:23:00 - LMT 1908 Apr 1
8:30 - KST 1912 Jan 1
- 9:00 - JCST 1937 Oct 1
9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 24
9:00 - KST 2015 Aug 15 00:00
8:30 - KST
@@ -1988,30 +1988,29 @@ Rule NBorneo 1935 1941 - Dec 14 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:46 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T.
- 7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time
- 7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1
- 7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1
- 7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12
- 7:30 - MALT 1982 Jan 1
- 8:00 - MYT # Malaysia Time
+ 7:00 - +07 1933 Jan 1
+ 7:00 0:20 +0720 1936 Jan 1
+ 7:20 - +0720 1941 Sep 1
+ 7:30 - +0730 1942 Feb 16
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 12
+ 7:30 - +0730 1982 Jan 1
+ 8:00 - +08
# Sabah & Sarawak
# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-12):
# The data entries here are mostly from Shanks & Pottenger, but the 1942, 1945
# and 1982 transition dates are from Mok Ly Yng.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar
- 7:30 - BORT 1933 # Borneo Time
- 8:00 NBorneo BOR%sT 1942 Feb 16
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12
- 8:00 - BORT 1982 Jan 1
- 8:00 - MYT
+ 7:30 - +0730 1933
+ 8:00 NBorneo +08/+0820 1942 Feb 16
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 12
+ 8:00 - +08
# Maldives
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
4:54:00 - MMT 1960 # Male Mean Time
- 5:00 - MVT # Maldives Time
+ 5:00 - +05
# Mongolia
@@ -2138,37 +2137,41 @@ Rule Mongol 1983 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
# correction of 02:00 (in the previous edition) not being done correctly
# in the latest edition; so ignore it for now.
+# From Ganbold Tsagaankhuu (2017-02-09):
+# Mongolian Government meeting has concluded today to cancel daylight
+# saving time adoption in Mongolia. Source: http://zasag.mn/news/view/16192
+
Rule Mongol 1985 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Mongol 1984 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
# IATA SSIM (1999-09) says Mongolia no longer observes DST.
Rule Mongol 2001 only - Apr lastSat 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Mongol 2001 2006 - Sep lastSat 2:00 0 -
Rule Mongol 2002 2006 - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S
-Rule Mongol 2015 max - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S
-Rule Mongol 2015 max - Sep lastSat 0:00 0 -
+Rule Mongol 2015 2016 - Mar lastSat 2:00 1:00 S
+Rule Mongol 2015 2016 - Sep lastSat 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
# Hovd, a.k.a. Chovd, Dund-Us, Dzhargalant, Khovd, Jirgalanta
Zone Asia/Hovd 6:06:36 - LMT 1905 Aug
- 6:00 - HOVT 1978 # Hovd Time
- 7:00 Mongol HOV%sT
+ 6:00 - +06 1978
+ 7:00 Mongol +07/+08
# Ulaanbaatar, a.k.a. Ulan Bataar, Ulan Bator, Urga
Zone Asia/Ulaanbaatar 7:07:32 - LMT 1905 Aug
- 7:00 - ULAT 1978 # Ulaanbaatar Time
- 8:00 Mongol ULA%sT
+ 7:00 - +07 1978
+ 8:00 Mongol +08/+09
# Choibalsan, a.k.a. Bajan Tümen, Bajan Tumen, Chojbalsan,
# Choybalsan, Sanbejse, Tchoibalsan
Zone Asia/Choibalsan 7:38:00 - LMT 1905 Aug
- 7:00 - ULAT 1978
- 8:00 - ULAT 1983 Apr
- 9:00 Mongol CHO%sT 2008 Mar 31 # Choibalsan Time
- 8:00 Mongol CHO%sT
+ 7:00 - +07 1978
+ 8:00 - +08 1983 Apr
+ 9:00 Mongol +09/+10 2008 Mar 31
+ 8:00 Mongol +08/+09
# Nepal
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Kathmandu 5:41:16 - LMT 1920
- 5:30 - IST 1986
- 5:45 - NPT # Nepal Time
+ 5:30 - +0530 1986
+ 5:45 - +0545
# Oman
# See Asia/Dubai.
@@ -2317,10 +2320,10 @@ Rule Pakistan 2009 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
- 5:30 - IST 1942 Sep
- 5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 15
- 5:30 - IST 1951 Sep 30
- 5:00 - KART 1971 Mar 26 # Karachi Time
+ 5:30 - +0530 1942 Sep
+ 5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 15
+ 5:30 - +0530 1951 Sep 30
+ 5:00 - +05 1971 Mar 26
5:00 Pakistan PK%sT # Pakistan Time
# Palestine
@@ -2685,15 +2688,15 @@ Rule Phil 1978 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Manila -15:56:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
8:04:00 - LMT 1899 May 11
- 8:00 Phil PH%sT 1942 May
- 9:00 - JST 1944 Nov
- 8:00 Phil PH%sT
+ 8:00 Phil +08/+09 1942 May
+ 9:00 - +09 1944 Nov
+ 8:00 Phil +08/+09
# Qatar
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Qatar 3:26:08 - LMT 1920 # Al Dawhah / Doha
- 4:00 - GST 1972 Jun
- 3:00 - AST
+ 4:00 - +04 1972 Jun
+ 3:00 - +03
Link Asia/Qatar Asia/Bahrain
# Saudi Arabia
@@ -2720,7 +2723,7 @@ Link Asia/Qatar Asia/Bahrain
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Riyadh 3:06:52 - LMT 1947 Mar 14
- 3:00 - AST
+ 3:00 - +03
Link Asia/Riyadh Asia/Aden # Yemen
Link Asia/Riyadh Asia/Kuwait
@@ -2730,14 +2733,13 @@ Link Asia/Riyadh Asia/Kuwait
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
6:55:25 - SMT 1905 Jun 1 # Singapore M.T.
- 7:00 - MALT 1933 Jan 1 # Malaya Time
- 7:00 0:20 MALST 1936 Jan 1
- 7:20 - MALT 1941 Sep 1
- 7:30 - MALT 1942 Feb 16
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 12
- 7:30 - MALT 1965 Aug 9 # independence
- 7:30 - SGT 1982 Jan 1 # Singapore Time
- 8:00 - SGT
+ 7:00 - +07 1933 Jan 1
+ 7:00 0:20 +0720 1936 Jan 1
+ 7:20 - +0720 1941 Sep 1
+ 7:30 - +0730 1942 Feb 16
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 12
+ 7:30 - +0730 1982 Jan 1
+ 8:00 - +08
# Spratly Is
# no information
@@ -2796,8 +2798,8 @@ Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880
5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time
5:30 - +0530 1942 Jan 5
- 5:30 0:30 +0530/+06 1942 Sep
- 5:30 1:00 +0530/+0630 1945 Oct 16 2:00
+ 5:30 0:30 +06 1942 Sep
+ 5:30 1:00 +0630 1945 Oct 16 2:00
5:30 - +0530 1996 May 25 0:00
6:30 - +0630 1996 Oct 26 0:30
6:00 - +06 2006 Apr 15 0:30
@@ -2979,7 +2981,7 @@ Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Bangkok 6:42:04 - LMT 1880
6:42:04 - BMT 1920 Apr # Bangkok Mean Time
- 7:00 - ICT
+ 7:00 - +07
Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Phnom_Penh # Cambodia
Link Asia/Bangkok Asia/Vientiane # Laos
@@ -2995,7 +2997,7 @@ Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad
# United Arab Emirates
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Dubai 3:41:12 - LMT 1920
- 4:00 - GST
+ 4:00 - +04
Link Asia/Dubai Asia/Muscat # Oman
# Uzbekistan
@@ -3068,15 +3070,15 @@ Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:11 - LMT 1924 May 2
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Ho_Chi_Minh 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jul 1
- 7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1
- 7:00 - ICT 1942 Dec 31 23:00
- 8:00 - IDT 1945 Mar 14 23:00
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2
- 7:00 - ICT 1947 Apr 1
- 8:00 - IDT 1955 Jul 1
- 7:00 - ICT 1959 Dec 31 23:00
- 8:00 - IDT 1975 Jun 13
- 7:00 - ICT
+ 7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1 # Phù Liễn MT
+ 7:00 - +07 1942 Dec 31 23:00
+ 8:00 - +08 1945 Mar 14 23:00
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 2
+ 7:00 - +07 1947 Apr 1
+ 8:00 - +08 1955 Jul 1
+ 7:00 - +07 1959 Dec 31 23:00
+ 8:00 - +08 1975 Jun 13
+ 7:00 - +07
# Yemen
# See Asia/Riyadh.
diff --git a/australasia b/australasia
index 0bca53e2ee3f..d389ae134ab7 100644
--- a/australasia
+++ b/australasia
@@ -44,8 +44,8 @@ Zone Australia/Perth 7:43:24 - LMT 1895 Dec
8:00 Aus AW%sT 1943 Jul
8:00 AW AW%sT
Zone Australia/Eucla 8:35:28 - LMT 1895 Dec
- 8:45 Aus ACW%sT 1943 Jul
- 8:45 AW ACW%sT
+ 8:45 Aus +0845/+0945 1943 Jul
+ 8:45 AW +0845/+0945
# Queensland
#
@@ -212,7 +212,8 @@ Rule LH 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
Rule LH 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 0:30 D
Zone Australia/Lord_Howe 10:36:20 - LMT 1895 Feb
10:00 - AEST 1981 Mar
- 10:30 LH LH%sT
+ 10:30 LH +1030/+1130 1985 Jul
+ 10:30 LH +1030/+11
# Australian miscellany
#
@@ -250,19 +251,19 @@ Zone Antarctica/Macquarie 0 - -00 1899 Nov
0 - -00 1948 Mar 25
10:00 Aus AE%sT 1967
10:00 AT AE%sT 2010 Apr 4 3:00
- 11:00 - MIST # Macquarie I Standard Time
+ 11:00 - +11
# Christmas
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Indian/Christmas 7:02:52 - LMT 1895 Feb
- 7:00 - CXT # Christmas Island Time
+ 7:00 - +07
# Cocos (Keeling) Is
# These islands were ruled by the Ross family from about 1830 to 1978.
# We don't know when standard time was introduced; for now, we guess 1900.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Indian/Cocos 6:27:40 - LMT 1900
- 6:30 - CCT # Cocos Islands Time
+ 6:30 - +0630
# Fiji
@@ -375,16 +376,16 @@ Rule Fiji 2014 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Fiji 2015 max - Jan Sun>=15 3:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Fiji 11:55:44 - LMT 1915 Oct 26 # Suva
- 12:00 Fiji FJ%sT # Fiji Time
+ 12:00 Fiji +12/+13
# French Polynesia
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Gambier -8:59:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Rikitea
- -9:00 - GAMT # Gambier Time
+ -9:00 - -09
Zone Pacific/Marquesas -9:18:00 - LMT 1912 Oct
- -9:30 - MART # Marquesas Time
+ -9:30 - -0930
Zone Pacific/Tahiti -9:58:16 - LMT 1912 Oct # Papeete
- -10:00 - TAHT # Tahiti Time
+ -10:00 - -10
# Clipperton (near North America) is administered from French Polynesia;
# it is uninhabited.
@@ -399,15 +400,15 @@ Link Pacific/Guam Pacific/Saipan # N Mariana Is
# Kiribati
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Tarawa 11:32:04 - LMT 1901 # Bairiki
- 12:00 - GILT # Gilbert Is Time
+ 12:00 - +12
Zone Pacific/Enderbury -11:24:20 - LMT 1901
- -12:00 - PHOT 1979 Oct # Phoenix Is Time
- -11:00 - PHOT 1995
- 13:00 - PHOT
+ -12:00 - -12 1979 Oct
+ -11:00 - -11 1995
+ 13:00 - +13
Zone Pacific/Kiritimati -10:29:20 - LMT 1901
- -10:40 - LINT 1979 Oct # Line Is Time
- -10:00 - LINT 1995
- 14:00 - LINT
+ -10:40 - -1040 1979 Oct
+ -10:00 - -10 1995
+ 14:00 - +14
# N Mariana Is
# See Pacific/Guam.
@@ -415,31 +416,31 @@ Zone Pacific/Kiritimati -10:29:20 - LMT 1901
# Marshall Is
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Majuro 11:24:48 - LMT 1901
- 11:00 - MHT 1969 Oct # Marshall Islands Time
- 12:00 - MHT
+ 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct
+ 12:00 - +12
Zone Pacific/Kwajalein 11:09:20 - LMT 1901
- 11:00 - MHT 1969 Oct
- -12:00 - KWAT 1993 Aug 20 # Kwajalein Time
- 12:00 - MHT
+ 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct
+ -12:00 - -12 1993 Aug 20
+ 12:00 - +12
# Micronesia
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Chuuk 10:07:08 - LMT 1901
- 10:00 - CHUT # Chuuk Time
+ 10:00 - +10
Zone Pacific/Pohnpei 10:32:52 - LMT 1901 # Kolonia
- 11:00 - PONT # Pohnpei Time
+ 11:00 - +11
Zone Pacific/Kosrae 10:51:56 - LMT 1901
- 11:00 - KOST 1969 Oct # Kosrae Time
- 12:00 - KOST 1999
- 11:00 - KOST
+ 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct
+ 12:00 - +12 1999
+ 11:00 - +11
# Nauru
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Nauru 11:07:40 - LMT 1921 Jan 15 # Uaobe
- 11:30 - NRT 1942 Mar 15 # Nauru Time
- 9:00 - JST 1944 Aug 15
- 11:30 - NRT 1979 May
- 12:00 - NRT
+ 11:30 - +1130 1942 Mar 15
+ 9:00 - +09 1944 Aug 15
+ 11:30 - +1130 1979 May
+ 12:00 - +12
# New Caledonia
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -450,7 +451,7 @@ Rule NC 1996 only - Dec 1 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule NC 1997 only - Mar 2 2:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Noumea 11:05:48 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 # Nouméa
- 11:00 NC NC%sT
+ 11:00 NC +11/+12
###############################################################################
@@ -491,8 +492,8 @@ Zone Pacific/Auckland 11:39:04 - LMT 1868 Nov 2
11:30 NZ NZ%sT 1946 Jan 1
12:00 NZ NZ%sT
Zone Pacific/Chatham 12:13:48 - LMT 1868 Nov 2
- 12:15 - CHAST 1946 Jan 1
- 12:45 Chatham CHA%sT
+ 12:15 - +1215 1946 Jan 1
+ 12:45 Chatham +1245/+1345
Link Pacific/Auckland Antarctica/McMurdo
@@ -514,8 +515,8 @@ Rule Cook 1979 1991 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
Rule Cook 1979 1990 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 HS
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Rarotonga -10:39:04 - LMT 1901 # Avarua
- -10:30 - CKT 1978 Nov 12 # Cook Is Time
- -10:00 Cook CK%sT
+ -10:30 - -1030 1978 Nov 12
+ -10:00 Cook -10/-0930
###############################################################################
@@ -523,29 +524,29 @@ Zone Pacific/Rarotonga -10:39:04 - LMT 1901 # Avarua
# Niue
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Niue -11:19:40 - LMT 1901 # Alofi
- -11:20 - NUT 1951 # Niue Time
- -11:30 - NUT 1978 Oct 1
- -11:00 - NUT
+ -11:20 - -1120 1951
+ -11:30 - -1130 1978 Oct 1
+ -11:00 - -11
# Norfolk
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Norfolk 11:11:52 - LMT 1901 # Kingston
- 11:12 - NMT 1951 # Norfolk Mean Time
- 11:30 - NFT 1974 Oct 27 02:00 # Norfolk T.
- 11:30 1:00 NFST 1975 Mar 2 02:00
- 11:30 - NFT 2015 Oct 4 02:00
- 11:00 - NFT
+ 11:12 - +1112 1951
+ 11:30 - +1130 1974 Oct 27 02:00
+ 11:30 1:00 +1230 1975 Mar 2 02:00
+ 11:30 - +1130 2015 Oct 4 02:00
+ 11:00 - +11
# Palau (Belau)
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Palau 8:57:56 - LMT 1901 # Koror
- 9:00 - PWT # Palau Time
+ 9:00 - +09
# Papua New Guinea
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 - LMT 1880
9:48:32 - PMMT 1895 # Port Moresby Mean Time
- 10:00 - PGT # Papua New Guinea Time
+ 10:00 - +10
#
# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-13):
# Base the Bougainville entry on the Arawa-Kieta region, which appears to have
@@ -560,28 +561,26 @@ Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 - LMT 1880
# and seem to have controlled it until their 1945-08-21 surrender.
#
# The Autonomous Region of Bougainville switched from UT +10 to +11
-# on 2014-12-28 at 02:00. They call +11 "Bougainville Standard Time";
-# abbreviate this as BST. See:
+# on 2014-12-28 at 02:00. They call +11 "Bougainville Standard Time".
+# See:
# http://www.bougainville24.com/bougainville-issues/bougainville-gets-own-timezone/
#
Zone Pacific/Bougainville 10:22:16 - LMT 1880
9:48:32 - PMMT 1895
- 10:00 - PGT 1942 Jul
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Aug 21
- 10:00 - PGT 2014 Dec 28 2:00
- 11:00 - BST
+ 10:00 - +10 1942 Jul
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug 21
+ 10:00 - +10 2014 Dec 28 2:00
+ 11:00 - +11
# Pitcairn
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Pitcairn -8:40:20 - LMT 1901 # Adamstown
- -8:30 - PNT 1998 Apr 27 0:00
- -8:00 - PST # Pitcairn Standard Time
+ -8:30 - -0830 1998 Apr 27 0:00
+ -8:00 - -08
# American Samoa
Zone Pacific/Pago_Pago 12:37:12 - LMT 1879 Jul 5
-11:22:48 - LMT 1911
- -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr # N=Nome
- -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering
-11:00 - SST # S=Samoa
Link Pacific/Pago_Pago Pacific/Midway # in US minor outlying islands
@@ -662,17 +661,17 @@ Rule WS 2012 max - Sep lastSun 3:00 1 D
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Apia 12:33:04 - LMT 1879 Jul 5
-11:26:56 - LMT 1911
- -11:30 - WSST 1950
- -11:00 WS S%sT 2011 Dec 29 24:00 # S=Samoa
- 13:00 WS WS%sT
+ -11:30 - -1130 1950
+ -11:00 WS -11/-10 2011 Dec 29 24:00
+ 13:00 WS +13/+14
# Solomon Is
# excludes Bougainville, for which see Papua New Guinea
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Guadalcanal 10:39:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Honiara
- 11:00 - SBT # Solomon Is Time
+ 11:00 - +11
-# Tokelau Is
+# Tokelau
#
# From Gwillim Law (2011-12-29)
# A correspondent informed me that Tokelau, like Samoa, will be skipping
@@ -693,8 +692,8 @@ Zone Pacific/Guadalcanal 10:39:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Honiara
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Fakaofo -11:24:56 - LMT 1901
- -11:00 - TKT 2011 Dec 30 # Tokelau Time
- 13:00 - TKT
+ -11:00 - -11 2011 Dec 30
+ 13:00 - +13
# Tonga
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -713,7 +712,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Tongatapu 12:19:20 - LMT 1901
# Tuvalu
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
- 12:00 - TVT # Tuvalu Time
+ 12:00 - +12
# US minor outlying islands
@@ -737,10 +736,11 @@ Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
# Johnston
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-03-11):
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-10):
# Sometimes Johnston kept Hawaii time, and sometimes it was an hour behind.
# Details are uncertain. We have no data for Johnston after 1970, so
-# treat it like Hawaii for now.
+# treat it like Hawaii for now. Since Johnston is now uninhabited,
+# its link to Pacific/Honolulu is in the 'backward' file.
#
# In his memoirs of June 6th to October 4, 1945
# <http://www.315bw.org/Herb_Bach.htm> (2005), Herbert C. Bach writes,
@@ -760,8 +760,6 @@ Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
# See the table on page 4 where he lists GMT and local times for the tests; a
# footnote for the JI tests reads that local time is "JI time = Hawaii Time
# Minus One Hour".
-#
-# See 'northamerica' for Pacific/Johnston.
# Kingman
# uninhabited
@@ -775,7 +773,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901
# Wake
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Wake 11:06:28 - LMT 1901
- 12:00 - WAKT # Wake Time
+ 12:00 - +12
# Vanuatu
@@ -788,12 +786,12 @@ Rule Vanuatu 1992 1993 - Jan Sun>=23 0:00 0 -
Rule Vanuatu 1992 only - Oct Sun>=23 0:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Efate 11:13:16 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 # Vila
- 11:00 Vanuatu VU%sT # Vanuatu Time
+ 11:00 Vanuatu +11/+12
# Wallis and Futuna
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
- 12:00 - WFT # Wallis & Futuna Time
+ 12:00 - +12
###############################################################################
@@ -804,15 +802,15 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-31):
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-10):
#
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
# Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
#
-# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
-# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
+# Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
+# for time zone data was the International Air Transport
# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
@@ -829,28 +827,19 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
#
-# I invented the abbreviations marked '*' in the following table;
-# the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
+# The following abbreviations are from other sources.
# Corrections are welcome!
# std dst
# LMT Local Mean Time
# 8:00 AWST AWDT Western Australia
-# 8:45 ACWST ACWDT Central Western Australia*
-# 9:00 JST Japan
# 9:30 ACST ACDT Central Australia
# 10:00 AEST AEDT Eastern Australia
+# 10:00 GST Guam through 2000
# 10:00 ChST Chamorro
-# 10:30 LHST LHDT Lord Howe*
-# 11:00 BST Bougainville*
# 11:30 NZMT NZST New Zealand through 1945
# 12:00 NZST NZDT New Zealand 1946-present
-# 12:15 CHAST Chatham through 1945*
-# 12:45 CHAST CHADT Chatham 1946-present*
-# 13:00 WSST WSDT (western) Samoa 2011-present*
-# -11:30 WSST Western Samoa through 1950*
# -11:00 SST Samoa
# -10:00 HST Hawaii
-# - 8:00 PST Pitcairn*
#
# See the 'northamerica' file for Hawaii.
# See the 'southamerica' file for Easter I and the Galápagos Is.
diff --git a/backward b/backward
index aa23dd844eb5..09f2a31b685d 100644
--- a/backward
+++ b/backward
@@ -96,6 +96,7 @@ Link Pacific/Auckland NZ
Link Pacific/Chatham NZ-CHAT
Link America/Denver Navajo
Link Asia/Shanghai PRC
+Link Pacific/Honolulu Pacific/Johnston
Link Pacific/Pohnpei Pacific/Ponape
Link Pacific/Pago_Pago Pacific/Samoa
Link Pacific/Chuuk Pacific/Truk
diff --git a/backzone b/backzone
index 4a5085f42295..9ce78316c2b3 100644
--- a/backzone
+++ b/backzone
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@ Link Africa/Asmara Africa/Asmera
# Mali (southern)
Zone Africa/Bamako -0:32:00 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
- -1:00 - WAT 1960 Jun 20
+ -1:00 - -01 1960 Jun 20
0:00 - GMT
# Central African Republic
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ Zone Africa/Bangui 1:14:20 - LMT 1912
# Gambia
Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912
-1:06:36 - BMT 1935 # Banjul Mean Time
- -1:00 - WAT 1964
+ -1:00 - -01 1964
0:00 - GMT
# Malawi
@@ -93,18 +93,18 @@ Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
# Guinea
Zone Africa/Conakry -0:54:52 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
- -1:00 - WAT 1960
+ -1:00 - -01 1960
0:00 - GMT
# Senegal
Zone Africa/Dakar -1:09:44 - LMT 1912
- -1:00 - WAT 1941 Jun
+ -1:00 - -01 1941 Jun
0:00 - GMT
# Tanzania
Zone Africa/Dar_es_Salaam 2:37:08 - LMT 1931
3:00 - EAT 1948
- 2:45 - BEAUT 1961
+ 2:45 - +0245 1961
3:00 - EAT
# Djibouti
@@ -122,14 +122,14 @@ Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
# The International Hydrographic Bulletin, 1932-33, p 63 says that
# Sierra Leone would advance its clocks by 20 minutes on 1933-10-01.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST
-Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT
-Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST
+Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 -0020
+Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -01
+Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 +01
Rule SL 1957 1962 - Sep 1 0:00 0 GMT
Zone Africa/Freetown -0:53:00 - LMT 1882
-0:53:00 - FMT 1913 Jun # Freetown Mean Time
-1:00 SL %s 1957
- 0:00 SL %s
+ 0:00 SL GMT/+01
# Botswana
# From Paul Eggert (2013-02-21):
@@ -153,8 +153,8 @@ Zone Africa/Juba 2:06:24 - LMT 1931
# Uganda
Zone Africa/Kampala 2:09:40 - LMT 1928 Jul
3:00 - EAT 1930
- 2:30 - BEAT 1948
- 2:45 - BEAUT 1957
+ 2:30 - +0230 1948
+ 2:45 - +0245 1957
3:00 - EAT
# Rwanda
@@ -177,11 +177,11 @@ Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
#
# Shanks gives 1911-05-26 for the transition to WAT,
# evidently confusing the date of the Portuguese decree
-# http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
+# https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
# with the date that it took effect, namely 1912-01-01.
#
Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
- 0:52:04 - AOT 1912 Jan 1 # Angola Time
+ 0:52:04 - +005204 1912 Jan 1
1:00 - WAT
# Democratic Republic of the Congo (east)
@@ -216,19 +216,19 @@ Zone Africa/Mbabane 2:04:24 - LMT 1903 Mar
# Somalia
Zone Africa/Mogadishu 3:01:28 - LMT 1893 Nov
3:00 - EAT 1931
- 2:30 - BEAT 1957
+ 2:30 - +0230 1957
3:00 - EAT
# Niger
Zone Africa/Niamey 0:08:28 - LMT 1912
- -1:00 - WAT 1934 Feb 26
+ -1:00 - -01 1934 Feb 26
0:00 - GMT 1960
1:00 - WAT
# Mauritania
Zone Africa/Nouakchott -1:03:48 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
- -1:00 - WAT 1960 Nov 28
+ -1:00 - -01 1960 Nov 28
0:00 - GMT
# Burkina Faso
@@ -264,19 +264,19 @@ Zone America/Antigua -4:07:12 - LMT 1912 Mar 2
# The name "Comodoro Rivadavia" exceeds the 14-byte POSIX limit.
Zone America/Argentina/ComodRivadavia -4:30:00 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3
- -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 20
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 - ART 2004 Jun 1
- -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 20
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1991 Mar 3
+ -4:00 - -04 1991 Oct 20
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 - -03 2004 Jun 1
+ -4:00 - -04 2004 Jun 20
+ -3:00 - -03
# Aruba
Zone America/Aruba -4:40:24 - LMT 1912 Feb 12 # Oranjestad
- -4:30 - ANT 1965 # Netherlands Antilles Time
+ -4:30 - -0430 1965
-4:00 - AST
# Cayman Is
@@ -365,12 +365,12 @@ Zone America/Montserrat -4:08:52 - LMT 1911 Jul 1 0:01 # Cork Hill
# Formosa (FM), La Pampa (LP), Chubut (CH)
Zone America/Rosario -4:02:40 - LMT 1894 Nov
-4:16:44 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Jul
- -3:00 - ART 1999 Oct 3 0:00
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3 0:00
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1991 Jul
+ -3:00 - -03 1999 Oct 3 0:00
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3 0:00
+ -3:00 - -03
# St Kitts-Nevis
Zone America/St_Kitts -4:10:52 - LMT 1912 Mar 2 # Basseterre
@@ -403,12 +403,12 @@ Link Antarctica/McMurdo Antarctica/South_Pole
# Milne says 2:59:54 was the meridian of the saluting battery at Aden,
# and that Yemen was at 1:55:56, the meridian of the Hagia Sophia.
Zone Asia/Aden 2:59:54 - LMT 1950
- 3:00 - AST
+ 3:00 - +03
# Bahrain
Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Manamah
- 4:00 - GST 1972 Jun
- 3:00 - AST
+ 4:00 - +04 1972 Jun
+ 3:00 - +03
# India
#
@@ -431,7 +431,7 @@ Zone Asia/Bahrain 3:22:20 - LMT 1920 # Manamah
# counties Deqing, Enping, Kaiping, Luoding, Taishan, Xinxing,
# Yangchun, Yangjiang, Yu'nan, and Yunfu.
Zone Asia/Chongqing 7:06:20 - LMT 1928 # or Chungking
- 7:00 - LONT 1980 May # Long-shu Time
+ 7:00 - +07 1980 May
8:00 PRC C%sT
Link Asia/Chongqing Asia/Chungking
@@ -442,43 +442,43 @@ Link Asia/Chongqing Asia/Chungking
# October 1954, with exact date and time unspecified.
Zone Asia/Hanoi 7:03:24 - LMT 1906 Jul 1
7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1
- 7:00 - ICT 1942 Dec 31 23:00
- 8:00 - IDT 1945 Mar 14 23:00
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2
- 7:00 - ICT 1947 Apr 1
- 8:00 - IDT 1954 Oct
- 7:00 - ICT
+ 7:00 - +07 1942 Dec 31 23:00
+ 8:00 - +08 1945 Mar 14 23:00
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 2
+ 7:00 - +07 1947 Apr 1
+ 8:00 - +08 1954 Oct
+ 7:00 - +07
# China
# Changbai Time ("Long-white Time", Long-white = Heilongjiang area)
# Heilongjiang (except Mohe county), Jilin
Zone Asia/Harbin 8:26:44 - LMT 1928 # or Haerbin
- 8:30 - CHAT 1932 Mar # Changbai Time
+ 8:30 - +0830 1932 Mar
8:00 - CST 1940
- 9:00 - CHAT 1966 May
- 8:30 - CHAT 1980 May
+ 9:00 - +09 1966 May
+ 8:30 - +0830 1980 May
8:00 PRC C%sT
# far west China
Zone Asia/Kashgar 5:03:56 - LMT 1928 # or Kashi or Kaxgar
- 5:30 - KAST 1940 # Kashgar Time
- 5:00 - KAST 1980 May
+ 5:30 - +0530 1940
+ 5:00 - +05 1980 May
8:00 PRC C%sT
# Kuwait
Zone Asia/Kuwait 3:11:56 - LMT 1950
- 3:00 - AST
+ 3:00 - +03
# Oman
# Milne says 3:54:24 was the meridian of the Muscat Tidal Observatory.
Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:24 - LMT 1920
- 4:00 - GST
+ 4:00 - +04
# India
# From Paul Eggert (2014-08-11), after a heads-up from Stephen Colebourne:
# According to a Portuguese decree (1911-05-26)
-# http://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
+# https://dre.pt/pdf1sdip/1911/05/12500/23132313.pdf
# Portuguese India switched to UT +05 on 1912-01-01.
#Zone Asia/Panaji [not enough info to complete]
@@ -491,12 +491,12 @@ Zone Asia/Muscat 3:54:24 - LMT 1920
# transitions there.
Zone Asia/Phnom_Penh 6:59:40 - LMT 1906 Jul 1
7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1
- 7:00 - ICT 1942 Dec 31 23:00
- 8:00 - IDT 1945 Mar 14 23:00
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2
- 7:00 - ICT 1947 Apr 1
- 8:00 - IDT 1953 Nov 9
- 7:00 - ICT
+ 7:00 - +07 1942 Dec 31 23:00
+ 8:00 - +08 1945 Mar 14 23:00
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 2
+ 7:00 - +07 1947 Apr 1
+ 8:00 - +08 1953 Nov 9
+ 7:00 - +07
# Israel
Zone Asia/Tel_Aviv 2:19:04 - LMT 1880
@@ -511,16 +511,16 @@ Zone Asia/Tel_Aviv 2:19:04 - LMT 1880
# this is probably wrong but it's better than guessing no transition.
Zone Asia/Vientiane 6:50:24 - LMT 1906 Jul 1
7:06:30 - PLMT 1911 May 1
- 7:00 - ICT 1942 Dec 31 23:00
- 8:00 - IDT 1945 Mar 14 23:00
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 2
- 7:00 - ICT 1947 Apr 1
- 8:00 - IDT 1955 Apr 15
- 7:00 - ICT
+ 7:00 - +07 1942 Dec 31 23:00
+ 8:00 - +08 1945 Mar 14 23:00
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 2
+ 7:00 - +07 1947 Apr 1
+ 8:00 - +08 1955 Apr 15
+ 7:00 - +07
# Jan Mayen
# From Whitman:
-Zone Atlantic/Jan_Mayen -1:00 - EGT
+Zone Atlantic/Jan_Mayen -1:00 - -01
# St Helena
Zone Atlantic/St_Helena -0:22:48 - LMT 1890 # Jamestown
@@ -663,15 +663,13 @@ Zone Pacific/Johnston -10:00 - HST
# " 3:00P Ar. MIDWAY ISLAND . . . . . . . . . M.L.T. Lv. 6:00A "
#
Zone Pacific/Midway -11:49:28 - LMT 1901
- -11:00 - NST 1956 Jun 3
- -11:00 1:00 NDT 1956 Sep 2
- -11:00 - NST 1967 Apr # N=Nome
- -11:00 - BST 1983 Nov 30 # B=Bering
- -11:00 - SST # S=Samoa
+ -11:00 - -11 1956 Jun 3
+ -11:00 1:00 -10 1956 Sep 2
+ -11:00 - -11
# N Mariana Is
Zone Pacific/Saipan -14:17:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
9:43:00 - LMT 1901
- 9:00 - MPT 1969 Oct # N Mariana Is Time
- 10:00 - MPT 2000 Dec 23
+ 9:00 - +09 1969 Oct
+ 10:00 - +10 2000 Dec 23
10:00 - ChST # Chamorro Standard Time
diff --git a/europe b/europe
index bf3bf06446ad..558b9f168f36 100644
--- a/europe
+++ b/europe
@@ -6,15 +6,15 @@
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-31):
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-10):
#
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
# Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
#
-# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
-# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
+# Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
+# for time zone data was the International Air Transport
# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
@@ -56,26 +56,23 @@
# History of Summer Time
# <http://pcdsh01.on.br/HISTHV.htm>
# (1998-09-21, in Portuguese)
-
#
# I invented the abbreviations marked '*' in the following table;
-# the rest are from earlier versions of this file, or from other sources.
-# Corrections are welcome!
-# std dst 2dst
-# LMT Local Mean Time
-# -4:00 AST ADT Atlantic
-# -3:00 WGT WGST Western Greenland*
-# -1:00 EGT EGST Eastern Greenland*
-# 0:00 GMT BST BDST Greenwich, British Summer
-# 0:00 GMT IST Greenwich, Irish Summer
-# 0:00 WET WEST WEMT Western Europe
-# 0:19:32.13 AMT NST Amsterdam, Netherlands Summer (1835-1937)*
-# 0:20 NET NEST Netherlands (1937-1940)*
-# 1:00 BST British Standard (1968-1971)
-# 1:00 CET CEST CEMT Central Europe
-# 1:00:14 SET Swedish (1879-1899)*
-# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern Europe
-# 3:00 MSK MSD Moscow
+# the rest are variants of the "xMT" pattern for a city's mean time,
+# or are from other sources. Corrections are welcome!
+# std dst 2dst
+# LMT Local Mean Time
+# -4:00 AST ADT Atlantic
+# 0:00 GMT BST BDST Greenwich, British Summer
+# 0:00 GMT IST Greenwich, Irish Summer
+# 0:00 WET WEST WEMT Western Europe
+# 0:19:32.13 AMT* NST* Amsterdam, Netherlands Summer (1835-1937)
+# 1:00 BST British Standard (1968-1971)
+# 1:00 CET CEST CEMT Central Europe
+# 1:00:14 SET Swedish (1879-1899)
+# 1:36:34 RMT* LST* Riga, Latvian Summer (1880-1926)*
+# 2:00 EET EEST Eastern Europe
+# 3:00 MSK MSD MDST* Moscow
# From Peter Ilieve (1994-12-04),
# The original six [EU members]: Belgium, France, (West) Germany, Italy,
@@ -475,7 +472,7 @@ Link Europe/London Europe/Isle_of_Man
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Dublin -0:25:00 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
- -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00
+ -0:25:21 - DMT 1916 May 21 2:00 # Dublin MT
-0:25:21 1:00 IST 1916 Oct 1 2:00s
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1921 Dec 6 # independence
0:00 GB-Eire GMT/IST 1940 Feb 25 2:00
@@ -1064,16 +1061,16 @@ Rule Thule 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Danmarkshavn -1:14:40 - LMT 1916 Jul 28
- -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
- -3:00 EU WG%sT 1996
+ -3:00 - -03 1980 Apr 6 2:00
+ -3:00 EU -03/-02 1996
0:00 - GMT
Zone America/Scoresbysund -1:27:52 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Ittoqqortoormiit
- -2:00 - CGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
- -2:00 C-Eur CG%sT 1981 Mar 29
- -1:00 EU EG%sT
+ -2:00 - -02 1980 Apr 6 2:00
+ -2:00 C-Eur -02/-01 1981 Mar 29
+ -1:00 EU -01/+00
Zone America/Godthab -3:26:56 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Nuuk
- -3:00 - WGT 1980 Apr 6 2:00
- -3:00 EU WG%sT
+ -3:00 - -03 1980 Apr 6 2:00
+ -3:00 EU -03/-02
Zone America/Thule -4:35:08 - LMT 1916 Jul 28 # Pituffik air base
-4:00 Thule A%sT
@@ -1488,7 +1485,7 @@ Rule Iceland 1950 1966 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00s 0 -
Rule Iceland 1967 only - Oct 29 1:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:28 - LMT 1908
- -1:00 Iceland IS%sT 1968 Apr 7 1:00s
+ -1:00 Iceland -01/+00 1968 Apr 7 1:00s
0:00 - GMT
# Italy
@@ -1952,7 +1949,7 @@ Rule Neth 1945 only - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:32 - LMT 1835
0:19:32 Neth %s 1937 Jul 1
- 0:20 Neth NE%sT 1940 May 16 0:00 # Dutch Time
+ 0:20 Neth +0020/+0120 1940 May 16 0:00
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00
1:00 Neth CE%sT 1977
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -2169,16 +2166,34 @@ Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:45 - LMT 1884
0:00 W-Eur WE%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s
1:00 EU CE%sT 1996 Mar 31 1:00u
0:00 EU WE%sT
+# This Zone can be simplified once we assume zic %z.
Zone Atlantic/Azores -1:42:40 - LMT 1884 # Ponta Delgada
-1:54:32 - HMT 1912 Jan 1 # Horta Mean Time
- -2:00 Port AZO%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Azores Time
- -1:00 Port AZO%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
- -1:00 W-Eur AZO%sT 1992 Sep 27 1:00s
+ -2:00 Port -02/-01 1942 Apr 25 22:00s
+ -2:00 Port +00 1942 Aug 15 22:00s
+ -2:00 Port -02/-01 1943 Apr 17 22:00s
+ -2:00 Port +00 1943 Aug 28 22:00s
+ -2:00 Port -02/-01 1944 Apr 22 22:00s
+ -2:00 Port +00 1944 Aug 26 22:00s
+ -2:00 Port -02/-01 1945 Apr 21 22:00s
+ -2:00 Port +00 1945 Aug 25 22:00s
+ -2:00 Port -02/-01 1966 Apr 3 2:00
+ -1:00 Port -01/+00 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
+ -1:00 W-Eur -01/+00 1992 Sep 27 1:00s
0:00 EU WE%sT 1993 Mar 28 1:00u
- -1:00 EU AZO%sT
+ -1:00 EU -01/+00
+# This Zone can be simplified once we assume zic %z.
Zone Atlantic/Madeira -1:07:36 - LMT 1884 # Funchal
-1:07:36 - FMT 1912 Jan 1 # Funchal Mean Time
- -1:00 Port MAD%sT 1966 Apr 3 2:00 # Madeira Time
+ -1:00 Port -01/+00 1942 Apr 25 22:00s
+ -1:00 Port +01 1942 Aug 15 22:00s
+ -1:00 Port -01/+00 1943 Apr 17 22:00s
+ -1:00 Port +01 1943 Aug 28 22:00s
+ -1:00 Port -01/+00 1944 Apr 22 22:00s
+ -1:00 Port +01 1944 Aug 26 22:00s
+ -1:00 Port -01/+00 1945 Apr 21 22:00s
+ -1:00 Port +01 1945 Aug 25 22:00s
+ -1:00 Port -01/+00 1966 Apr 3 2:00
0:00 Port WE%sT 1983 Sep 25 1:00s
0:00 EU WE%sT
@@ -2536,10 +2551,8 @@ Zone Europe/Moscow 2:30:17 - LMT 1880
3:00 - MSK
-# From Tim Parenti (2014-07-03):
-# Europe/Simferopol covers...
-# ** **** Crimea, Republic of
-# ** **** Sevastopol
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-12-06):
+# Europe/Simferopol covers Crimea.
Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
2:16 - SMT 1924 May 2 # Simferopol Mean T
@@ -3232,46 +3245,77 @@ Link Europe/Prague Europe/Bratislava
# See Europe/Belgrade.
# Spain
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-12-14):
+#
+# The source for Europe/Madrid before 2013 is:
+# Planesas P. La hora oficial en España y sus cambios.
+# Anuario del Observatorio Astronómico de Madrid (2013, in Spanish).
+# http://astronomia.ign.es/rknowsys-theme/images/webAstro/paginas/documentos/Anuario/lahoraoficialenespana.pdf
+# As this source says that historical time in the Canaries is obscure,
+# and it does not discuss Ceuta, stick with Shanks for now for that data.
+#
+# In the 1918 and 1919 fallback transitions in Spain, the clock for
+# the hour-longer day officially kept going after midnight, so that
+# the repeated instances of that day's 00:00 hour were 24 hours apart,
+# with a fallback transition from the second occurrence of 00:59... to
+# the next day's 00:00. Our data format cannot represent this
+# directly, and instead repeats the first hour of the next day, with a
+# fallback transition from the next day's 00:59... to 00:00.
+
+# From Michael Deckers (2016-12-15):
+# The Royal Decree of 1900-06-26 quoted by Planesas, online at
+# https://www.boe.es/datos/pdfs/BOE//1900/209/A00383-00384.pdf
+# says in its article 5 (my translation):
+# These dispositions will enter into force beginning with the
+# instant at which, according to the time indicated in article 1,
+# the 1st day of January of 1901 will begin.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-# For 1917-1919 Whitman gives Apr Sat>=1 - Oct Sat>=1;
-# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
-Rule Spain 1917 only - May 5 23:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1917 1919 - Oct 6 23:00s 0 -
-Rule Spain 1918 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1919 only - Apr 5 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1921 Feb 28 - Oct 14; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
-Rule Spain 1924 only - Apr 16 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1924 Oct 14; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
-Rule Spain 1924 only - Oct 4 23:00s 0 -
-Rule Spain 1926 only - Apr 17 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman says no DST in 1929; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
-Rule Spain 1926 1929 - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 -
-Rule Spain 1927 only - Apr 9 23:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1928 only - Apr 14 23:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1929 only - Apr 20 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1937 Jun 16, 1938 Apr 16, 1940 Apr 13;
-# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
-Rule Spain 1937 only - May 22 23:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1937 1939 - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 -
-Rule Spain 1938 only - Mar 22 23:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1940 only - Mar 16 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman says no DST 1942-1945; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
-Rule Spain 1942 only - May 2 22:00s 2:00 M # Midsummer
-Rule Spain 1942 only - Sep 1 22:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1943 1946 - Apr Sat>=13 22:00s 2:00 M
-Rule Spain 1943 only - Oct 3 22:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1944 only - Oct 10 22:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1945 only - Sep 30 1:00 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1946 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
+Rule Spain 1918 only - Apr 15 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1918 1919 - Oct 6 24:00s 0 -
+Rule Spain 1919 only - Apr 6 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1924 only - Apr 16 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1924 only - Oct 4 24:00s 0 -
+Rule Spain 1926 only - Apr 17 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1926 1929 - Oct Sat>=1 24:00s 0 -
+Rule Spain 1927 only - Apr 9 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1928 only - Apr 15 0:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1929 only - Apr 20 23:00 1:00 S
+# Republican Spain during the civil war; it controlled Madrid until 1939-03-28.
+Rule Spain 1937 only - Jun 16 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1937 only - Oct 2 24:00s 0 -
+Rule Spain 1938 only - Apr 2 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1938 only - Apr 30 23:00 2:00 M
+Rule Spain 1938 only - Oct 2 24:00 1:00 S
+# The following rules are for unified Spain again.
+#
+# Planesas does not say what happened in Madrid between its fall on
+# 1939-03-28 and the Nationalist spring-forward transition on
+# 1939-04-15. For lack of better info, assume Madrid's clocks did not
+# change during that period.
+#
+# The first rule is commented out, as it is redundant for Republican Spain.
+#Rule Spain 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1939 only - Oct 7 24:00s 0 -
+Rule Spain 1942 only - May 2 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1942 only - Sep 1 1:00 0 -
+Rule Spain 1943 1946 - Apr Sat>=13 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1943 1944 - Oct Sun>=1 1:00 0 -
+Rule Spain 1945 1946 - Sep lastSun 1:00 0 -
Rule Spain 1949 only - Apr 30 23:00 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1949 only - Sep 30 1:00 0 -
-Rule Spain 1974 1975 - Apr Sat>=13 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1949 only - Oct 2 1:00 0 -
+Rule Spain 1974 1975 - Apr Sat>=12 23:00 1:00 S
Rule Spain 1974 1975 - Oct Sun>=1 1:00 0 -
Rule Spain 1976 only - Mar 27 23:00 1:00 S
Rule Spain 1976 1977 - Sep lastSun 1:00 0 -
-Rule Spain 1977 1978 - Apr 2 23:00 1:00 S
-Rule Spain 1978 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -
+Rule Spain 1977 only - Apr 2 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1978 only - Apr 2 2:00s 1:00 S
+Rule Spain 1978 only - Oct 1 2:00s 0 -
+# Nationalist Spain during the civil war
+#Rule NatSpain 1937 only - May 22 23:00 1:00 S
+#Rule NatSpain 1937 1938 - Oct Sat>=1 24:00s 0 -
+#Rule NatSpain 1938 only - Mar 26 23:00 1:00 S
# The following rules are copied from Morocco from 1967 through 1978.
Rule SpainAfrica 1967 only - Jun 3 12:00 1:00 S
Rule SpainAfrica 1967 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
@@ -3283,11 +3327,11 @@ Rule SpainAfrica 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
Rule SpainAfrica 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule SpainAfrica 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Madrid -0:14:44 - LMT 1901 Jan 1 0:00s
- 0:00 Spain WE%sT 1946 Sep 30
+Zone Europe/Madrid -0:14:44 - LMT 1900 Dec 31 23:45:16
+ 0:00 Spain WE%sT 1940 Mar 16 23:00
1:00 Spain CE%sT 1979
1:00 EU CE%sT
-Zone Africa/Ceuta -0:21:16 - LMT 1901
+Zone Africa/Ceuta -0:21:16 - LMT 1900 Dec 31 23:38:44
0:00 - WET 1918 May 6 23:00
0:00 1:00 WEST 1918 Oct 7 23:00
0:00 - WET 1924
@@ -3296,7 +3340,7 @@ Zone Africa/Ceuta -0:21:16 - LMT 1901
1:00 - CET 1986
1:00 EU CE%sT
Zone Atlantic/Canary -1:01:36 - LMT 1922 Mar # Las Palmas de Gran C.
- -1:00 - CANT 1946 Sep 30 1:00 # Canaries T
+ -1:00 - -01 1946 Sep 30 1:00
0:00 - WET 1980 Apr 6 0:00s
0:00 1:00 WEST 1980 Sep 28 1:00u
0:00 EU WE%sT
@@ -3709,7 +3753,7 @@ Zone Europe/Uzhgorod 1:29:12 - LMT 1890 Oct
# spelling, except omit the apostrophe as it is not allowed in
# portable Posix file names.
Zone Europe/Zaporozhye 2:20:40 - LMT 1880
- 2:20 - CUT 1924 May 2 # Central Ukraine T
+ 2:20 - +0220 1924 May 2
2:00 - EET 1930 Jun 21
3:00 - MSK 1941 Aug 25
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1943 Oct 25
diff --git a/iso3166.tab b/iso3166.tab
index 0c79cab38c7d..c2e0f8eafc01 100644
--- a/iso3166.tab
+++ b/iso3166.tab
@@ -9,8 +9,8 @@
# All text uses UTF-8 encoding. The columns of the table are as follows:
#
# 1. ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code, current as of
-# ISO 3166-1 Newsletter VI-16 (2013-07-11). See: Updates on ISO 3166
-# http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes/updates_on_iso_3166.htm
+# ISO 3166-1 N905 (2016-11-15). See: Updates on ISO 3166-1
+# http://isotc.iso.org/livelink/livelink/Open/16944257
# 2. The usual English name for the coded region,
# chosen so that alphabetic sorting of subsets produces helpful lists.
# This is not the same as the English name in the ISO 3166 tables.
diff --git a/leap-seconds.list b/leap-seconds.list
index 22fa78575105..d0903e7e0ebd 100644
--- a/leap-seconds.list
+++ b/leap-seconds.list
@@ -199,10 +199,10 @@
# current -- the update time stamp, the data and the name of the file
# will not change.
#
-# Updated through IERS Bulletin C52
-# File expires on: 28 June 2017
+# Updated through IERS Bulletin C53
+# File expires on: 28 December 2017
#
-#@ 3707596800
+#@ 3723408000
#
2272060800 10 # 1 Jan 1972
2287785600 11 # 1 Jul 1972
@@ -247,4 +247,4 @@
# the hash line is also ignored in the
# computation.
#
-#h dacf2c42 2c4765d6 3c797af8 2cf630eb 699c8c67
+#h 62cf8c5d 8bbb6dcc c61e3b56 c308343 869bb80d
diff --git a/leapseconds b/leapseconds
index b4411f98ca45..1ebf70fcf61e 100644
--- a/leapseconds
+++ b/leapseconds
@@ -58,5 +58,5 @@ Leap 2012 Jun 30 23:59:60 + S
Leap 2015 Jun 30 23:59:60 + S
Leap 2016 Dec 31 23:59:60 + S
-# Updated through IERS Bulletin C52
-# File expires on: 28 June 2017
+# Updated through IERS Bulletin C53
+# File expires on: 28 December 2017
diff --git a/northamerica b/northamerica
index e1ed9e4a8720..6ede9dcd96be 100644
--- a/northamerica
+++ b/northamerica
@@ -178,22 +178,6 @@ Zone CST6CDT -6:00 US C%sT
Zone MST7MDT -7:00 US M%sT
Zone PST8PDT -8:00 US P%sT
-# From Bob Devine (1988-01-28):
-# ...Alaska (and Hawaii) had the timezone names changed in 1967.
-# old new
-# Pacific Standard Time(PST) -same-
-# Yukon Standard Time(YST) -same-
-# Central Alaska S.T. (CAT) Alaska-Hawaii St[an]dard Time (AHST)
-# Nome Standard Time (NT) Bering Standard Time (BST)
-#
-# ...Alaska's timezone lines were redrawn in 1983 to give only 2 tz.
-# The YST zone now covers nearly all of the state, AHST just part
-# of the Aleutian islands. No DST.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19):
-# The tables below use 'NST', not 'NT', for Nome Standard Time.
-# I invented 'CAWT' for Central Alaska War Time.
-
# From U. S. Naval Observatory (1989-01-19):
# USA EASTERN 5 H BEHIND UTC NEW YORK, WASHINGTON
# USA EASTERN 4 H BEHIND UTC APR 3 - OCT 30
@@ -250,6 +234,21 @@ Zone PST8PDT -8:00 US P%sT
# Samoa standard time
# The law doesn't give abbreviations.
#
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-12-19):
+# Here are URLs for the 1918 and 1966 legislation:
+# http://uscode.house.gov/statviewer.htm?volume=40&page=451
+# http://uscode.house.gov/statviewer.htm?volume=80&page=108
+# Although the 1918 names were officially "United States Standard
+# Eastern Time" and similarly for "Central", "Mountain", "Pacific",
+# and "Alaska", in practice "Standard" was placed just before "Time",
+# as codified in 1966. In practice, Alaska time was abbreviated "AST"
+# before 1968. Summarizing the 1967 name changes:
+# 1918 names 1967 names
+# -08 Standard Pacific Time (PST) Pacific standard time (PST)
+# -09 (unofficial) Yukon (YST) Yukon standard time (YST)
+# -10 Standard Alaska Time (AST) Alaska-Hawaii standard time (AHST)
+# -11 (unofficial) Nome (NST) Bering standard time (BST)
+#
# From Paul Eggert (2000-01-08), following a heads-up from Rives McDow:
# Public law 106-564 (2000-12-23) introduced ... "Chamorro Standard Time"
# for time in Guam and the Northern Marianas. See the file "australasia".
@@ -305,6 +304,15 @@ Zone PST8PDT -8:00 US P%sT
# Roberts, city administrator in Phenix City. as saying "We are in the Central
# time zone, but we do go by the Eastern time zone because so many people work
# in Columbus."
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-22):
+# Four cities are involved. The two not mentioned above are Smiths Station
+# and Valley. Barbara Brooks, Valley's assistant treasurer, heard it started
+# because West Point Pepperell textile mills were in Alabama while the
+# corporate office was in Georgia, and residents voted to keep Eastern
+# time even after the mills closed. See: Kazek K. Did you know which
+# Alabama towns are in a different time zone? al.com 2017-02-06.
+# http://www.al.com/living/index.ssf/2017/02/do_you_know_which_alabama_town.html
# From Paul Eggert (2014-09-06):
# Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 44, 4 (1884-02-08), 208
@@ -482,7 +490,7 @@ Zone America/Los_Angeles -7:52:58 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:07:02
-8:00 US P%sT
# Alaska
-# AK%sT is the modern abbreviation for -9:00 per USNO.
+# AK%sT is the modern abbreviation for -09 per USNO.
#
# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-30):
# Howse writes that Alaska switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar,
@@ -588,10 +596,8 @@ Zone America/Yakutat 14:41:05 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-9:00 US AK%sT
Zone America/Anchorage 14:00:24 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-9:59:36 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00
- -10:00 - CAT 1942
- -10:00 US CAT/CAWT 1945 Aug 14 23:00u
- -10:00 US CAT/CAPT 1946 # Peace
- -10:00 - CAT 1967 Apr
+ -10:00 - AST 1942
+ -10:00 US A%sT 1967 Apr
-10:00 - AHST 1969
-10:00 US AH%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
-9:00 US Y%sT 1983 Nov 30
@@ -680,7 +686,6 @@ Zone Pacific/Honolulu -10:31:26 - LMT 1896 Jan 13 12:00
-10:30 1:00 HDT 1945 Sep 30 2:00
-10:30 - HST 1947 Jun 8 2:00
-10:00 - HST
-Link Pacific/Honolulu Pacific/Johnston
# Now we turn to US areas that have diverged from the consensus since 1970.
@@ -1068,15 +1073,15 @@ Zone America/Menominee -5:50:27 - LMT 1885 Sep 18 12:00
################################################################################
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-31):
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-10):
#
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
# Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
#
-# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
-# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
+# Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
+# for time zone data was the International Air Transport
# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
@@ -2734,15 +2739,15 @@ Zone America/Barbados -3:58:29 - LMT 1924 # Bridgetown
# Belize
# Whitman entirely disagrees with Shanks; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Belize 1918 1942 - Oct Sun>=2 0:00 0:30 HD
-Rule Belize 1919 1943 - Feb Sun>=9 0:00 0 S
-Rule Belize 1973 only - Dec 5 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Belize 1974 only - Feb 9 0:00 0 S
-Rule Belize 1982 only - Dec 18 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Belize 1983 only - Feb 12 0:00 0 S
+Rule Belize 1918 1942 - Oct Sun>=2 0:00 0:30 -0530
+Rule Belize 1919 1943 - Feb Sun>=9 0:00 0 CST
+Rule Belize 1973 only - Dec 5 0:00 1:00 CDT
+Rule Belize 1974 only - Feb 9 0:00 0 CST
+Rule Belize 1982 only - Dec 18 0:00 1:00 CDT
+Rule Belize 1983 only - Feb 12 0:00 0 CST
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Belize -5:52:48 - LMT 1912 Apr
- -6:00 Belize C%sT
+ -6:00 Belize %s
# Bermuda
@@ -3014,16 +3019,16 @@ Zone America/Havana -5:29:28 - LMT 1890
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule DR 1966 only - Oct 30 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule DR 1967 only - Feb 28 0:00 0 S
-Rule DR 1969 1973 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 HD
-Rule DR 1970 only - Feb 21 0:00 0 S
-Rule DR 1971 only - Jan 20 0:00 0 S
-Rule DR 1972 1974 - Jan 21 0:00 0 S
+Rule DR 1966 only - Oct 30 0:00 1:00 EDT
+Rule DR 1967 only - Feb 28 0:00 0 EST
+Rule DR 1969 1973 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 -0430
+Rule DR 1970 only - Feb 21 0:00 0 EST
+Rule DR 1971 only - Jan 20 0:00 0 EST
+Rule DR 1972 1974 - Jan 21 0:00 0 EST
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Santo_Domingo -4:39:36 - LMT 1890
-4:40 - SDMT 1933 Apr 1 12:00 # S. Dom. MT
- -5:00 DR E%sT 1974 Oct 27
+ -5:00 DR %s 1974 Oct 27
-4:00 - AST 2000 Oct 29 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT 2000 Dec 3 1:00
-4:00 - AST
@@ -3134,6 +3139,12 @@ Zone America/Guatemala -6:02:04 - LMT 1918 Oct 5
# http://www.vantbefinfo.com/changement-dheure-pas-pour-haiti/
# http://news.anmwe.com/haiti-lheure-nationale-ne-sera-ni-avancee-ni-reculee-cette-annee/
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2017-03-12):
+# We have received 4 mails from different people telling that Haiti
+# has started DST again today, and this source seems to confirm that,
+# I have not been able to find a more authoritative source:
+# https://www.haitilibre.com/en/news-20319-haiti-notices-time-change-in-haiti.html
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Haiti 1983 only - May 8 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Haiti 1984 1987 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 D
@@ -3146,6 +3157,8 @@ Rule Haiti 2005 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Haiti 2005 2006 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 S
Rule Haiti 2012 2015 - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Haiti 2012 2015 - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
+Rule Haiti 2017 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Haiti 2017 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Port-au-Prince -4:49:20 - LMT 1890
-4:49 - PPMT 1917 Jan 24 12:00 # P-a-P MT
@@ -3313,8 +3326,8 @@ Zone America/Puerto_Rico -4:24:25 - LMT 1899 Mar 28 12:00 # San Juan
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Miquelon -3:44:40 - LMT 1911 May 15 # St Pierre
-4:00 - AST 1980 May
- -3:00 - PMST 1987 # Pierre & Miquelon Time
- -3:00 Canada PM%sT
+ -3:00 - -03 1987
+ -3:00 Canada -03/-02
# St Vincent and the Grenadines
# See America/Port_of_Spain.
diff --git a/southamerica b/southamerica
index 532145172f0a..6038c3b65c26 100644
--- a/southamerica
+++ b/southamerica
@@ -6,15 +6,15 @@
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
-# From Paul Eggert (2014-10-31):
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-12-05):
#
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
# Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
#
-# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
-# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
+# Many years ago Gwillim Law wrote that a good source
+# for time zone data was the International Air Transport
# Association's Standard Schedules Information Manual (IATA SSIM),
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990. Except where otherwise noted,
@@ -24,32 +24,10 @@
# Milne J. Civil time. Geogr J. 1899 Feb;13(2):173-94.
# http://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359
#
-# Earlier editions of these tables used the North American style (e.g. ARST and
-# ARDT for Argentine Standard and Daylight Time), but the following quote
-# suggests that it's better to use European style (e.g. ART and ARST).
-# I suggest the use of _Summer time_ instead of the more cumbersome
-# _daylight-saving time_. _Summer time_ seems to be in general use
-# in Europe and South America.
-# -- E O Cutler, _New York Times_ (1937-02-14), quoted in
-# H L Mencken, _The American Language: Supplement I_ (1960), p 466
-#
-# Earlier editions of these tables also used the North American style
-# for time zones in Brazil, but this was incorrect, as Brazilians say
-# "summer time". Reinaldo Goulart, a São Paulo businessman active in
-# the railroad sector, writes (1999-07-06):
-# The subject of time zones is currently a matter of discussion/debate in
-# Brazil. Let's say that "the Brasília time" is considered the
-# "official time" because Brasília is the capital city.
-# The other three time zones are called "Brasília time "minus one" or
-# "plus one" or "plus two". As far as I know there is no such
-# name/designation as "Eastern Time" or "Central Time".
-# So I invented the following (English-language) abbreviations for now.
-# Corrections are welcome!
-# std dst
-# -2:00 FNT FNST Fernando de Noronha
-# -3:00 BRT BRST Brasília
-# -4:00 AMT AMST Amazon
-# -5:00 ACT ACST Acre
+# These tables use numeric abbreviations like -03 and -0330 for
+# integer hour and minute UTC offsets. Although earlier editions used
+# alphabetic time zone abbreviations, these abbreviations were
+# invented and did not reflect common practice.
###############################################################################
@@ -384,12 +362,6 @@ Rule Arg 2008 only - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
#
# So I guess a new set of rules, besides "Arg", must be made and the last
# America/Argentina/San_Luis entries should change to use these...
-#
-# I'm enclosing a patch that does what I say... regretfully, the San Luis
-# timezone must be called "WART/WARST" even when most of the time (like,
-# right now) WARST == ART... that is, since last Sunday, all the country
-# is using UTC-3, but in my patch, San Luis calls it "WARST" and the rest
-# of the country calls it "ART".
# ...
# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2010-04-09):
@@ -428,11 +400,11 @@ Rule Arg 2008 only - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
# Buenos Aires (BA), Capital Federal (CF),
Zone America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires -3:53:48 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Córdoba Mean Time
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02
#
# Córdoba (CB), Santa Fe (SF), Entre Ríos (ER), Corrientes (CN), Misiones (MN),
# Chaco (CC), Formosa (FM), Santiago del Estero (SE)
@@ -446,113 +418,113 @@ Zone America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires -3:53:48 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
#
Zone America/Argentina/Cordoba -4:16:48 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3
- -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 20
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1991 Mar 3
+ -4:00 - -04 1991 Oct 20
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02
#
# Salta (SA), La Pampa (LP), Neuquén (NQ), Rio Negro (RN)
Zone America/Argentina/Salta -4:21:40 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3
- -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 20
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1991 Mar 3
+ -4:00 - -04 1991 Oct 20
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 2008 Oct 18
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Tucumán (TM)
Zone America/Argentina/Tucuman -4:20:52 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3
- -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 20
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 - ART 2004 Jun 1
- -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 13
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1991 Mar 3
+ -4:00 - -04 1991 Oct 20
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 - -03 2004 Jun 1
+ -4:00 - -04 2004 Jun 13
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02
#
# La Rioja (LR)
Zone America/Argentina/La_Rioja -4:27:24 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 1
- -4:00 - WART 1991 May 7
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 - ART 2004 Jun 1
- -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 20
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1991 Mar 1
+ -4:00 - -04 1991 May 7
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 - -03 2004 Jun 1
+ -4:00 - -04 2004 Jun 20
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 2008 Oct 18
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# San Juan (SJ)
Zone America/Argentina/San_Juan -4:34:04 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 1
- -4:00 - WART 1991 May 7
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 - ART 2004 May 31
- -4:00 - WART 2004 Jul 25
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1991 Mar 1
+ -4:00 - -04 1991 May 7
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 - -03 2004 May 31
+ -4:00 - -04 2004 Jul 25
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 2008 Oct 18
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Jujuy (JY)
Zone America/Argentina/Jujuy -4:21:12 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1990 Mar 4
- -4:00 - WART 1990 Oct 28
- -4:00 1:00 WARST 1991 Mar 17
- -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 6
- -3:00 1:00 ARST 1992
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1990 Mar 4
+ -4:00 - -04 1990 Oct 28
+ -4:00 1:00 -03 1991 Mar 17
+ -4:00 - -04 1991 Oct 6
+ -3:00 1:00 -02 1992
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 2008 Oct 18
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Catamarca (CT), Chubut (CH)
Zone America/Argentina/Catamarca -4:23:08 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1991 Mar 3
- -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 20
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 - ART 2004 Jun 1
- -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 20
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1991 Mar 3
+ -4:00 - -04 1991 Oct 20
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 - -03 2004 Jun 1
+ -4:00 - -04 2004 Jun 20
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 2008 Oct 18
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Mendoza (MZ)
Zone America/Argentina/Mendoza -4:35:16 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1990 Mar 4
- -4:00 - WART 1990 Oct 15
- -4:00 1:00 WARST 1991 Mar 1
- -4:00 - WART 1991 Oct 15
- -4:00 1:00 WARST 1992 Mar 1
- -4:00 - WART 1992 Oct 18
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 - ART 2004 May 23
- -4:00 - WART 2004 Sep 26
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1990 Mar 4
+ -4:00 - -04 1990 Oct 15
+ -4:00 1:00 -03 1991 Mar 1
+ -4:00 - -04 1991 Oct 15
+ -4:00 1:00 -03 1992 Mar 1
+ -4:00 - -04 1992 Oct 18
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 - -03 2004 May 23
+ -4:00 - -04 2004 Sep 26
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 2008 Oct 18
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# San Luis (SL)
@@ -561,44 +533,44 @@ Rule SanLuis 2007 2008 - Oct Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 S
Zone America/Argentina/San_Luis -4:25:24 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
-4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1990
- -3:00 1:00 ARST 1990 Mar 14
- -4:00 - WART 1990 Oct 15
- -4:00 1:00 WARST 1991 Mar 1
- -4:00 - WART 1991 Jun 1
- -3:00 - ART 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 1:00 WARST 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 - ART 2004 May 31
- -4:00 - WART 2004 Jul 25
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Jan 21
- -4:00 SanLuis WAR%sT 2009 Oct 11
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1990
+ -3:00 1:00 -02 1990 Mar 14
+ -4:00 - -04 1990 Oct 15
+ -4:00 1:00 -03 1991 Mar 1
+ -4:00 - -04 1991 Jun 1
+ -3:00 - -03 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 1:00 -03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 - -03 2004 May 31
+ -4:00 - -04 2004 Jul 25
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 2008 Jan 21
+ -4:00 SanLuis -04/-03 2009 Oct 11
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Santa Cruz (SC)
Zone America/Argentina/Rio_Gallegos -4:36:52 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
- -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Córdoba Mean Time
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 - ART 2004 Jun 1
- -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 20
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 - -03 2004 Jun 1
+ -4:00 - -04 2004 Jun 20
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 2008 Oct 18
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur (TF)
Zone America/Argentina/Ushuaia -4:33:12 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
- -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May # Córdoba Mean Time
- -4:00 - ART 1930 Dec
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1999 Oct 3
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 2000 Mar 3
- -3:00 - ART 2004 May 30
- -4:00 - WART 2004 Jun 20
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 2008 Oct 18
- -3:00 - ART
+ -4:16:48 - CMT 1920 May
+ -4:00 - -04 1930 Dec
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1999 Oct 3
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 2000 Mar 3
+ -3:00 - -03 2004 May 30
+ -4:00 - -04 2004 Jun 20
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 2008 Oct 18
+ -3:00 - -03
# Aruba
Link America/Curacao America/Aruba
@@ -608,7 +580,7 @@ Link America/Curacao America/Aruba
Zone America/La_Paz -4:32:36 - LMT 1890
-4:32:36 - CMT 1931 Oct 15 # Calamarca MT
-4:32:36 1:00 BOST 1932 Mar 21 # Bolivia ST
- -4:00 - BOT # Bolivia Time
+ -4:00 - -04
# Brazil
@@ -960,12 +932,12 @@ Rule Brazil 2038 max - Feb Sun>=15 0:00 0 -
#
# Fernando de Noronha (administratively part of PE)
Zone America/Noronha -2:09:40 - LMT 1914
- -2:00 Brazil FN%sT 1990 Sep 17
- -2:00 - FNT 1999 Sep 30
- -2:00 Brazil FN%sT 2000 Oct 15
- -2:00 - FNT 2001 Sep 13
- -2:00 Brazil FN%sT 2002 Oct 1
- -2:00 - FNT
+ -2:00 Brazil -02/-01 1990 Sep 17
+ -2:00 - -02 1999 Sep 30
+ -2:00 Brazil -02/-01 2000 Oct 15
+ -2:00 - -02 2001 Sep 13
+ -2:00 Brazil -02/-01 2002 Oct 1
+ -2:00 - -02
# Other Atlantic islands have no permanent settlement.
# These include Trindade and Martim Vaz (administratively part of ES),
# Rocas Atoll (RN), and the St Peter and St Paul Archipelago (PE).
@@ -978,119 +950,119 @@ Zone America/Noronha -2:09:40 - LMT 1914
# In the north a very small part from the river Javary (now Jari I guess,
# the border with Amapá) to the Amazon, then to the Xingu.
Zone America/Belem -3:13:56 - LMT 1914
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1988 Sep 12
- -3:00 - BRT
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 1988 Sep 12
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# west Pará (PA)
# West Pará includes Altamira, Óbidos, Prainha, Oriximiná, and Santarém.
Zone America/Santarem -3:38:48 - LMT 1914
- -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1988 Sep 12
- -4:00 - AMT 2008 Jun 24 0:00
- -3:00 - BRT
+ -4:00 Brazil -04/-03 1988 Sep 12
+ -4:00 - -04 2008 Jun 24 0:00
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Maranhão (MA), Piauí (PI), Ceará (CE), Rio Grande do Norte (RN),
# Paraíba (PB)
Zone America/Fortaleza -2:34:00 - LMT 1914
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1990 Sep 17
- -3:00 - BRT 1999 Sep 30
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2000 Oct 22
- -3:00 - BRT 2001 Sep 13
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2002 Oct 1
- -3:00 - BRT
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 1990 Sep 17
+ -3:00 - -03 1999 Sep 30
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 2000 Oct 22
+ -3:00 - -03 2001 Sep 13
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 2002 Oct 1
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Pernambuco (PE) (except Atlantic islands)
Zone America/Recife -2:19:36 - LMT 1914
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1990 Sep 17
- -3:00 - BRT 1999 Sep 30
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2000 Oct 15
- -3:00 - BRT 2001 Sep 13
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2002 Oct 1
- -3:00 - BRT
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 1990 Sep 17
+ -3:00 - -03 1999 Sep 30
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 2000 Oct 15
+ -3:00 - -03 2001 Sep 13
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 2002 Oct 1
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Tocantins (TO)
Zone America/Araguaina -3:12:48 - LMT 1914
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1990 Sep 17
- -3:00 - BRT 1995 Sep 14
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2003 Sep 24
- -3:00 - BRT 2012 Oct 21
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2013 Sep
- -3:00 - BRT
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 1990 Sep 17
+ -3:00 - -03 1995 Sep 14
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 2003 Sep 24
+ -3:00 - -03 2012 Oct 21
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 2013 Sep
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Alagoas (AL), Sergipe (SE)
Zone America/Maceio -2:22:52 - LMT 1914
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1990 Sep 17
- -3:00 - BRT 1995 Oct 13
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1996 Sep 4
- -3:00 - BRT 1999 Sep 30
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2000 Oct 22
- -3:00 - BRT 2001 Sep 13
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2002 Oct 1
- -3:00 - BRT
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 1990 Sep 17
+ -3:00 - -03 1995 Oct 13
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 1996 Sep 4
+ -3:00 - -03 1999 Sep 30
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 2000 Oct 22
+ -3:00 - -03 2001 Sep 13
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 2002 Oct 1
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Bahia (BA)
# There are too many Salvadors elsewhere, so use America/Bahia instead
# of America/Salvador.
Zone America/Bahia -2:34:04 - LMT 1914
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2003 Sep 24
- -3:00 - BRT 2011 Oct 16
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 2012 Oct 21
- -3:00 - BRT
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 2003 Sep 24
+ -3:00 - -03 2011 Oct 16
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 2012 Oct 21
+ -3:00 - -03
#
# Goiás (GO), Distrito Federal (DF), Minas Gerais (MG),
# Espírito Santo (ES), Rio de Janeiro (RJ), São Paulo (SP), Paraná (PR),
# Santa Catarina (SC), Rio Grande do Sul (RS)
Zone America/Sao_Paulo -3:06:28 - LMT 1914
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT 1963 Oct 23 0:00
- -3:00 1:00 BRST 1964
- -3:00 Brazil BR%sT
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02 1963 Oct 23 0:00
+ -3:00 1:00 -02 1964
+ -3:00 Brazil -03/-02
#
# Mato Grosso do Sul (MS)
Zone America/Campo_Grande -3:38:28 - LMT 1914
- -4:00 Brazil AM%sT
+ -4:00 Brazil -04/-03
#
# Mato Grosso (MT)
Zone America/Cuiaba -3:44:20 - LMT 1914
- -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 2003 Sep 24
- -4:00 - AMT 2004 Oct 1
- -4:00 Brazil AM%sT
+ -4:00 Brazil -04/-03 2003 Sep 24
+ -4:00 - -04 2004 Oct 1
+ -4:00 Brazil -04/-03
#
# Rondônia (RO)
Zone America/Porto_Velho -4:15:36 - LMT 1914
- -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1988 Sep 12
- -4:00 - AMT
+ -4:00 Brazil -04/-03 1988 Sep 12
+ -4:00 - -04
#
# Roraima (RR)
Zone America/Boa_Vista -4:02:40 - LMT 1914
- -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1988 Sep 12
- -4:00 - AMT 1999 Sep 30
- -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 2000 Oct 15
- -4:00 - AMT
+ -4:00 Brazil -04/-03 1988 Sep 12
+ -4:00 - -04 1999 Sep 30
+ -4:00 Brazil -04/-03 2000 Oct 15
+ -4:00 - -04
#
# east Amazonas (AM): Boca do Acre, Jutaí, Manaus, Floriano Peixoto
# The great circle line from Tabatinga to Porto Acre divides
# east from west Amazonas.
Zone America/Manaus -4:00:04 - LMT 1914
- -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1988 Sep 12
- -4:00 - AMT 1993 Sep 28
- -4:00 Brazil AM%sT 1994 Sep 22
- -4:00 - AMT
+ -4:00 Brazil -04/-03 1988 Sep 12
+ -4:00 - -04 1993 Sep 28
+ -4:00 Brazil -04/-03 1994 Sep 22
+ -4:00 - -04
#
# west Amazonas (AM): Atalaia do Norte, Boca do Maoco, Benjamin Constant,
# Eirunepé, Envira, Ipixuna
Zone America/Eirunepe -4:39:28 - LMT 1914
- -5:00 Brazil AC%sT 1988 Sep 12
- -5:00 - ACT 1993 Sep 28
- -5:00 Brazil AC%sT 1994 Sep 22
- -5:00 - ACT 2008 Jun 24 0:00
- -4:00 - AMT 2013 Nov 10
- -5:00 - ACT
+ -5:00 Brazil -05/-04 1988 Sep 12
+ -5:00 - -05 1993 Sep 28
+ -5:00 Brazil -05/-04 1994 Sep 22
+ -5:00 - -05 2008 Jun 24 0:00
+ -4:00 - -04 2013 Nov 10
+ -5:00 - -05
#
# Acre (AC)
Zone America/Rio_Branco -4:31:12 - LMT 1914
- -5:00 Brazil AC%sT 1988 Sep 12
- -5:00 - ACT 2008 Jun 24 0:00
- -4:00 - AMT 2013 Nov 10
- -5:00 - ACT
+ -5:00 Brazil -05/-04 1988 Sep 12
+ -5:00 - -05 2008 Jun 24 0:00
+ -4:00 - -04 2013 Nov 10
+ -5:00 - -05
# Chile
@@ -1235,6 +1207,18 @@ Zone America/Rio_Branco -4:31:12 - LMT 1914
# to mean 24:00 mainland time, not 24:00 local time, so that Easter
# Island is always two hours behind the mainland.
+# From Juan Correa (2016-12-04):
+# Magallanes region ... will keep DST (UTC -3) all year round....
+# http://www.soychile.cl/Santiago/Sociedad/2016/12/04/433428/Bachelet-firmo-el-decreto-para-establecer-un-horario-unico-para-la-Region-de-Magallanes.aspx
+#
+# From Deborah Goldsmith (2017-01-19):
+# http://www.diariooficial.interior.gob.cl/publicaciones/2017/01/17/41660/01/1169626.pdf
+# From Paul Eggert (2017-01-19):
+# The above says the Magallanes change expires 2019-05-11 at 24:00,
+# so in theory, they will revert to -04/-03 after that, which means
+# they will switch from -03 to -04 one hour after Santiago does that day.
+# For now, assume that they will not revert.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Chile 1927 1931 - Sep 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Chile 1928 1932 - Apr 1 0:00 0 -
@@ -1275,22 +1259,35 @@ Rule Chile 2016 max - Aug Sun>=9 4:00u 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Santiago -4:42:46 - LMT 1890
-4:42:46 - SMT 1910 Jan 10 # Santiago Mean Time
- -5:00 - CLT 1916 Jul 1 # Chile Time
+ -5:00 - -05 1916 Jul 1
-4:42:46 - SMT 1918 Sep 10
- -4:00 - CLT 1919 Jul 1
+ -4:00 - -04 1919 Jul 1
-4:42:46 - SMT 1927 Sep 1
- -5:00 Chile CL%sT 1932 Sep 1
- -4:00 - CLT 1942 Jun 1
- -5:00 - CLT 1942 Aug 1
- -4:00 - CLT 1946 Jul 15
- -4:00 1:00 CLST 1946 Sep 1 # central Chile
- -4:00 - CLT 1947 Apr 1
- -5:00 - CLT 1947 May 21 23:00
- -4:00 Chile CL%sT
+ -5:00 Chile -05/-04 1932 Sep 1
+ -4:00 - -04 1942 Jun 1
+ -5:00 - -05 1942 Aug 1
+ -4:00 - -04 1946 Jul 15
+ -4:00 1:00 -03 1946 Sep 1 # central Chile
+ -4:00 - -04 1947 Apr 1
+ -5:00 - -05 1947 May 21 23:00
+ -4:00 Chile -04/-03
+Zone America/Punta_Arenas -4:43:40 - LMT 1890
+ -4:42:46 - SMT 1910 Jan 10
+ -5:00 - -05 1916 Jul 1
+ -4:42:46 - SMT 1918 Sep 10
+ -4:00 - -04 1919 Jul 1
+ -4:42:46 - SMT 1927 Sep 1
+ -5:00 Chile -05/-04 1932 Sep 1
+ -4:00 - -04 1942 Jun 1
+ -5:00 - -05 1942 Aug 1
+ -4:00 - -04 1947 Apr 1
+ -5:00 - -05 1947 May 21 23:00
+ -4:00 Chile -04/-03 2016 Dec 4
+ -3:00 - -03
Zone Pacific/Easter -7:17:28 - LMT 1890
-7:17:28 - EMT 1932 Sep # Easter Mean Time
- -7:00 Chile EAS%sT 1982 Mar 14 3:00u # Easter Time
- -6:00 Chile EAS%sT
+ -7:00 Chile -07/-06 1982 Mar 14 3:00u # Easter Time
+ -6:00 Chile -06/-05
#
# Salas y Gómez Island is uninhabited.
# Other Chilean locations, including Juan Fernández Is, Desventuradas Is,
@@ -1310,9 +1307,10 @@ Zone Pacific/Easter -7:17:28 - LMT 1890
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Antarctica/Palmer 0 - -00 1965
- -4:00 Arg AR%sT 1969 Oct 5
- -3:00 Arg AR%sT 1982 May
- -4:00 Chile CL%sT
+ -4:00 Arg -04/-03 1969 Oct 5
+ -3:00 Arg -03/-02 1982 May
+ -4:00 Chile -04/-03 2016 Dec 4
+ -3:00 - -03
# Colombia
@@ -1325,7 +1323,7 @@ Rule CO 1993 only - Apr 4 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Bogota -4:56:16 - LMT 1884 Mar 13
-4:56:16 - BMT 1914 Nov 23 # Bogotá Mean Time
- -5:00 CO CO%sT # Colombia Time
+ -5:00 CO -05/-04
# Malpelo, Providencia, San Andres
# no information; probably like America/Bogota
@@ -1349,7 +1347,7 @@ Zone America/Bogota -4:56:16 - LMT 1884 Mar 13
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Curacao -4:35:47 - LMT 1912 Feb 12 # Willemstad
- -4:30 - ANT 1965 # Netherlands Antilles Time
+ -4:30 - -0430 1965
-4:00 - AST
# From Arthur David Olson (2011-06-15):
@@ -1364,19 +1362,32 @@ Link America/Curacao America/Kralendijk # Caribbean Netherlands
#
# Milne says the Central and South American Telegraph Company used -5:24:15.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2007-03-04):
-# Apparently Ecuador had a failed experiment with DST in 1992.
-# <http://midena.gov.ec/content/view/1261/208/> (2007-02-27) and
-# <http://www.hoy.com.ec/NoticiaNue.asp?row_id=249856> (2006-11-06) both
-# talk about "hora Sixto". Leave this alone for now, as we have no data.
+# From Alois Treindl (2016-12-15):
+# http://www.elcomercio.com/actualidad/hora-sixto-1993.html
+# ... Whether the law applied also to Galápagos, I do not know.
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-12-15):
+# http://www.elcomercio.com/afull/modificacion-husohorario-ecuador-presidentes-decreto.html
+# This says President Sixto Durán Ballén signed decree No. 285, which
+# established DST from 1992-11-28 to 1993-02-05; it does not give transition
+# times. The people called it "hora de Sixto" ("Sixto hour"). The change did
+# not go over well; a popular song "Qué hora es" by Jaime Guevara had lyrics
+# that included "Amanecía en mitad de la noche, los guaguas iban a clase sin
+# sol" ("It was dawning in the middle of the night, the buses went to class
+# without sun"). Although Ballén's campaign slogan was "Ni un paso atrás"
+# (Not one step back), the clocks went back in 1993 and the experiment was not
+# repeated. For now, assume transitions were at 00:00 local time country-wide.
+#
+# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
+Rule Ecuador 1992 only - Nov 28 0:00 1:00 S
+Rule Ecuador 1993 only - Feb 5 0:00 0 -
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Guayaquil -5:19:20 - LMT 1890
-5:14:00 - QMT 1931 # Quito Mean Time
- -5:00 - ECT # Ecuador Time
+ -5:00 Ecuador -05/-04
Zone Pacific/Galapagos -5:58:24 - LMT 1931 # Puerto Baquerizo Moreno
- -5:00 - ECT 1986
- -6:00 - GALT # Galápagos Time
+ -5:00 - -05 1986
+ -6:00 Ecuador -06/-05
# Falklands
@@ -1476,25 +1487,24 @@ Rule Falk 2001 2010 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Atlantic/Stanley -3:51:24 - LMT 1890
-3:51:24 - SMT 1912 Mar 12 # Stanley Mean Time
- -4:00 Falk FK%sT 1983 May # Falkland Is Time
- -3:00 Falk FK%sT 1985 Sep 15
- -4:00 Falk FK%sT 2010 Sep 5 2:00
- -3:00 - FKST
+ -4:00 Falk -04/-03 1983 May
+ -3:00 Falk -03/-02 1985 Sep 15
+ -4:00 Falk -04/-03 2010 Sep 5 2:00
+ -3:00 - -03
# French Guiana
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Cayenne -3:29:20 - LMT 1911 Jul
- -4:00 - GFT 1967 Oct # French Guiana Time
- -3:00 - GFT
+ -4:00 - -04 1967 Oct
+ -3:00 - -03
# Guyana
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Guyana -3:52:40 - LMT 1915 Mar # Georgetown
- -3:45 - GBGT 1966 May 26 # Br Guiana Time
- -3:45 - GYT 1975 Jul 31 # Guyana Time
- -3:00 - GYT 1991
+ -3:45 - -0345 1975 Jul 31
+ -3:00 - -03 1991
# IATA SSIM (1996-06) says -4:00. Assume a 1991 switch.
- -4:00 - GYT
+ -4:00 - -04
# Paraguay
#
@@ -1586,9 +1596,9 @@ Rule Para 2013 max - Mar Sun>=22 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Asuncion -3:50:40 - LMT 1890
-3:50:40 - AMT 1931 Oct 10 # Asunción Mean Time
- -4:00 - PYT 1972 Oct # Paraguay Time
- -3:00 - PYT 1974 Apr
- -4:00 Para PY%sT
+ -4:00 - -04 1972 Oct
+ -3:00 - -03 1974 Apr
+ -4:00 Para -04/-03
# Peru
#
@@ -1615,12 +1625,12 @@ Rule Peru 1994 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Lima -5:08:12 - LMT 1890
-5:08:36 - LMT 1908 Jul 28 # Lima Mean Time?
- -5:00 Peru PE%sT # Peru Time
+ -5:00 Peru -05/-04
# South Georgia
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Atlantic/South_Georgia -2:26:08 - LMT 1890 # Grytviken
- -2:00 - GST # South Georgia Time
+ -2:00 - -02
# South Sandwich Is
# uninhabited; scientific personnel have wintered
@@ -1630,9 +1640,8 @@ Zone Atlantic/South_Georgia -2:26:08 - LMT 1890 # Grytviken
Zone America/Paramaribo -3:40:40 - LMT 1911
-3:40:52 - PMT 1935 # Paramaribo Mean Time
-3:40:36 - PMT 1945 Oct # The capital moved?
- -3:30 - NEGT 1975 Nov 20 # Dutch Guiana Time
- -3:30 - SRT 1984 Oct # Suriname Time
- -3:00 - SRT
+ -3:30 - -0330 1984 Oct
+ -3:00 - -03
# Trinidad and Tobago
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -1735,11 +1744,16 @@ Rule Uruguay 2006 only - Mar 12 2:00 0 -
# [dated 2015-06-29; repeals Decree 311/006 dated 2006-09-04]
Rule Uruguay 2006 2014 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Uruguay 2007 2015 - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 0 -
-# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
+
+# This Zone can be simplified once we assume zic %z.
Zone America/Montevideo -3:44:44 - LMT 1898 Jun 28
-3:44:44 - MMT 1920 May 1 # Montevideo MT
- -3:30 Uruguay UY%sT 1942 Dec 14 # Uruguay Time
- -3:00 Uruguay UY%sT
+ -3:30 Uruguay -0330/-03 1942 Dec 14
+ -3:00 Uruguay -03/-02 1968
+ -3:00 Uruguay -03/-0230 1971
+ -3:00 Uruguay -03/-02 1974
+ -3:00 Uruguay -03/-0230 1974 Dec 22
+ -3:00 Uruguay -03/-02
# Venezuela
#
@@ -1773,7 +1787,7 @@ Zone America/Montevideo -3:44:44 - LMT 1898 Jun 28
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Caracas -4:27:44 - LMT 1890
-4:27:40 - CMT 1912 Feb 12 # Caracas Mean Time?
- -4:30 - VET 1965 Jan 1 0:00 # Venezuela T.
- -4:00 - VET 2007 Dec 9 3:00
- -4:30 - VET 2016 May 1 2:30
- -4:00 - VET
+ -4:30 - -0430 1965 Jan 1 0:00
+ -4:00 - -04 2007 Dec 9 3:00
+ -4:30 - -0430 2016 May 1 2:30
+ -4:00 - -04
diff --git a/version b/version
index 72ca0d0ed199..c5bbdc4ead5d 100644
--- a/version
+++ b/version
@@ -1 +1 @@
-2016j
+2017b
diff --git a/zone.tab b/zone.tab
index f3ff0b6a2dba..204048cc5a63 100644
--- a/zone.tab
+++ b/zone.tab
@@ -142,6 +142,7 @@ CH +4723+00832 Europe/Zurich
CI +0519-00402 Africa/Abidjan
CK -2114-15946 Pacific/Rarotonga
CL -3327-07040 America/Santiago Chile (most areas)
+CL -5309-07055 America/Punta_Arenas Region of Magallanes
CL -2709-10926 Pacific/Easter Easter Island
CM +0403+00942 Africa/Douala
CN +3114+12128 Asia/Shanghai Beijing Time
@@ -397,7 +398,6 @@ UA +5026+03031 Europe/Kiev Ukraine (most areas)
UA +4837+02218 Europe/Uzhgorod Ruthenia
UA +4750+03510 Europe/Zaporozhye Zaporozh'ye/Zaporizhia; Lugansk/Luhansk (east)
UG +0019+03225 Africa/Kampala
-UM +1645-16931 Pacific/Johnston Johnston Atoll
UM +2813-17722 Pacific/Midway Midway Islands
UM +1917+16637 Pacific/Wake Wake Island
US +404251-0740023 America/New_York Eastern (most areas)
diff --git a/zone1970.tab b/zone1970.tab
index dc50f6d0540a..2bcdc64b888f 100644
--- a/zone1970.tab
+++ b/zone1970.tab
@@ -135,6 +135,7 @@ CH,DE,LI +4723+00832 Europe/Zurich Swiss time
CI,BF,GM,GN,ML,MR,SH,SL,SN,ST,TG +0519-00402 Africa/Abidjan
CK -2114-15946 Pacific/Rarotonga
CL -3327-07040 America/Santiago Chile (most areas)
+CL -5309-07055 America/Punta_Arenas Region of Magallanes
CL -2709-10926 Pacific/Easter Easter Island
CN +3114+12128 Asia/Shanghai Beijing Time
CN +4348+08735 Asia/Urumqi Xinjiang Time