aboutsummaryrefslogtreecommitdiffstats
diff options
context:
space:
mode:
authorPhilip Paeps <philip@FreeBSD.org>2018-12-30 08:13:51 +0000
committerPhilip Paeps <philip@FreeBSD.org>2018-12-30 08:13:51 +0000
commit00380ae2d71023dec5083d9fb3a688d8b2283dac (patch)
tree62a3f6439375d002b2105bf31238c36f01826bc7
parentfa550f940d8d5c5407528a8b5618c505f31156a7 (diff)
downloadsrc-00380ae2d71023dec5083d9fb3a688d8b2283dac.tar.gz
src-00380ae2d71023dec5083d9fb3a688d8b2283dac.zip
Import tzdata 2018hvendor/tzdata/tzdata2018h
Notes
Notes: svn path=/vendor/tzdata/dist/; revision=342611 svn path=/vendor/tzdata/tzdata2018h/; revision=342612; tag=vendor/tzdata/tzdata2018h
-rw-r--r--Makefile22
-rw-r--r--NEWS85
-rw-r--r--africa85
-rw-r--r--asia439
-rw-r--r--australasia281
-rw-r--r--leapseconds5
-rw-r--r--leapseconds.awk5
-rw-r--r--northamerica29
-rw-r--r--theory.html7
-rw-r--r--version2
-rw-r--r--ziguard.awk19
-rw-r--r--zone.tab3
-rw-r--r--zone1970.tab3
13 files changed, 818 insertions, 167 deletions
diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index d56a198fb4f2..d8d8e215e26b 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -380,15 +380,18 @@ AWK= awk
# is typically nicer if it works.
KSHELL= /bin/bash
+# Name of curl <https://curl.haxx.se/>, used for HTML validation.
+CURL= curl
+
# The path where SGML DTDs are kept and the catalog file(s) to use when
-# validating. The default should work on both Debian and Red Hat.
+# validating HTML 4.01. The default should work on both Debian and Red Hat.
SGML_TOPDIR= /usr
SGML_DTDDIR= $(SGML_TOPDIR)/share/xml/w3c-sgml-lib/schema/dtd
SGML_SEARCH_PATH= $(SGML_DTDDIR)/REC-html401-19991224
SGML_CATALOG_FILES= \
$(SGML_TOPDIR)/share/doc/w3-recs/html/www.w3.org/TR/1999/REC-html401-19991224/HTML4.cat:$(SGML_TOPDIR)/share/sgml/html/4.01/HTML4.cat
-# The name, arguments and environment of a program to validate your web pages.
+# The name, arguments and environment of a program to validate HTML 4.01.
# See <http://openjade.sourceforge.net/doc/> for a validator, and
# <https://validator.w3.org/source/> for a validation library.
# Set VALIDATE=':' if you do not have such a program.
@@ -488,6 +491,7 @@ MANTXTS= newctime.3.txt newstrftime.3.txt newtzset.3.txt \
COMMON= calendars CONTRIBUTING LICENSE Makefile \
NEWS README theory.html version
WEB_PAGES= tz-art.html tz-how-to.html tz-link.html
+CHECK_WEB_PAGES=check_tz-art.html check_tz-how-to.html check_tz-link.html
DOCS= $(MANS) date.1 $(MANTXTS) $(WEB_PAGES)
PRIMARY_YDATA= africa antarctica asia australasia \
europe northamerica southamerica
@@ -799,9 +803,15 @@ check_tzs: $(TZS) $(TZS_NEW)
fi
touch $@
-# This checks only the HTML 4.01 strict page.
-# To check the the other pages, use <https://validator.w3.org/>.
-check_web: tz-how-to.html
+check_web: $(CHECK_WEB_PAGES)
+check_tz-art.html: tz-art.html
+check_tz-link.html: tz-link.html
+check_tz-art.html check_tz-link.html:
+ $(CURL) -sS --url https://validator.w3.org/nu/ -F out=gnu \
+ -F file=@$$(expr $@ : 'check_\(.*\)') -o $@.out && \
+ test ! -s $@.out || { cat $@.out; exit 1; }
+ mv $@.out $@
+check_tz-how-to.html: tz-how-to.html
$(VALIDATE_ENV) $(VALIDATE) $(VALIDATE_FLAGS) tz-how-to.html
touch $@
@@ -1068,7 +1078,7 @@ zic.o: private.h tzfile.h version.h
.PHONY: ALL INSTALL all
.PHONY: check check_time_t_alternatives
-.PHONY: check_zishrink
+.PHONY: check_web check_zishrink
.PHONY: clean clean_misc dummy.zd force_tzs
.PHONY: install install_data maintainer-clean names
.PHONY: posix_only posix_packrat posix_right public
diff --git a/NEWS b/NEWS
index d4cb7236579c..c79f5d617f52 100644
--- a/NEWS
+++ b/NEWS
@@ -1,14 +1,91 @@
News for the tz database
+Release 2018h - 2018-12-23 17:59:32 -0800
+
+ Briefly:
+ Qyzylorda, Kazakhstan moved from +06 to +05 on 2018-12-21.
+ New zone Asia/Qostanay because Qostanay, Kazakhstan didn't move.
+ Metlakatla, Alaska observes PST this winter only.
+ Guess Morocco will continue to adjust clocks around Ramadan.
+ Add predictions for Iran from 2038 through 2090.
+
+ Changes to future timestamps
+
+ Guess that Morocco will continue to fall back just before and
+ spring forward just after Ramadan, the practice since 2012.
+ (Thanks to Maamar Abdelkader.) This means Morocco will observe
+ negative DST during Ramadan in main and vanguard formats, and in
+ rearguard format it stays in the +00 timezone and observes
+ ordinary DST in all months other than Ramadan. As before, extend
+ this guesswork to the year 2037. As a consequence, Morocco is
+ scheduled to observe three DST transitions in some Gregorian years
+ (e.g., 2033) due to the mismatch between the Gregorian and Islamic
+ calendars.
+
+ The table of exact transitions for Iranian DST has been extended.
+ It formerly cut off before the year 2038 in a nod to 32-bit time_t.
+ It now cuts off before 2091 as there is doubt about how the Persian
+ calendar will treat 2091. This change predicts DST transitions in
+ 2038-9, 2042-3, and 2046-7 to occur one day later than previously
+ predicted. As before, post-cutoff transitions are approximated.
+
+ Changes to past and future timestamps
+
+ Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda) oblast in Kazakhstan moved from +06 to
+ +05 on 2018-12-21. This is a zone split as Qostanay (aka
+ Kostanay) did not switch, so create a zone Asia/Qostanay.
+
+ Metlakatla moved from Alaska to Pacific standard time on 2018-11-04.
+ It did not change clocks that day and remains on -08 this winter.
+ (Thanks to Ryan Stanley.) It will revert to the usual Alaska
+ rules next spring, so this change affects only timestamps
+ from 2018-11-04 through 2019-03-10.
+
+ Change to past timestamps
+
+ Kwajalein's 1993-08-20 transition from -12 to +12 was at 24:00,
+ not 00:00. I transcribed the time incorrectly from Shanks.
+ (Thanks to Phake Nick.)
+
+ Nauru's 1979 transition was on 02-10 at 02:00, not 05-01 at 00:00.
+ (Thanks to Phake Nick.)
+
+ Guam observed DST irregularly from 1959 through 1977.
+ (Thanks to Phake Nick.)
+
+ Hong Kong observed DST in 1941 starting 06-15 (not 04-01), then on
+ 10-01 changed standard time to +08:30 (not +08). Its transition
+ back to +08 after WWII was on 1945-09-15, not the previous day.
+ Its 1904-10-30 change took effect at 01:00 +08 (not 00:00 LMT).
+ (Thanks to Phake Nick, Steve Allen, and Joseph Myers.) Also,
+ its 1952 fallback was on 11-02 (not 10-25).
+
+ This release contains many changes to timestamps before 1946 due
+ to Japanese possession or occupation of Pacific/Chuuk,
+ Pacific/Guam, Pacific/Kosrae, Pacific/Kwajalein, Pacific/Majuro,
+ Pacific/Nauru, Pacific/Palau, and Pacific/Pohnpei.
+ (Thanks to Phake Nick.)
+
+ Assume that the Spanish East Indies was like the Philippines and
+ observed American time until the end of 1844. This affects
+ Pacific/Chuuk, Pacific/Kosrae, Pacific/Palau, and Pacific/Pohnpei.
+
+ Changes to past tm_isdst flags
+
+ For the recent Morocco change, the tm_isdst flag should be 1 from
+ 2018-10-27 00:00 to 2018-10-28 03:00. (Thanks to Michael Deckers.)
+ Give a URL to the official decree. (Thanks to Matt Johnson.)
+
+
Release 2018g - 2018-10-26 22:22:45 -0700
Briefly:
- Morocco switches to permanent +01 on 2018-10-27.
+ Morocco switches to permanent +01 on 2018-10-28.
Changes to future timestamps
- Morocco switches from +00/+01 to permanent +01 effective 2018-10-27,
- so its clocks will not fall back on 2018-10-28 as previously scheduled.
+ Morocco switches from +00/+01 to permanent +01 effective 2018-10-28,
+ so its clocks will not fall back as previously scheduled.
(Thanks to Mohamed Essedik Najd and Brian Inglis.)
Changes to code
@@ -119,7 +196,7 @@ Release 2018f - 2018-10-18 00:14:18 -0700
localtime.c no longer ignores TZif POSIX-style TZ strings that
specify only standard time. Instead, these TZ strings now
override the default time type for timestamps after the last
- transition (or for all time stamps if there are no transitions),
+ transition (or for all timestamps if there are no transitions),
just as DST strings specifying DST have always done.
leapseconds.awk now outputs "#updated" and "#expires" comments,
diff --git a/africa b/africa
index a26b91bc118b..a83c3875ee1d 100644
--- a/africa
+++ b/africa
@@ -847,8 +847,41 @@ Zone Indian/Mauritius 3:50:00 - LMT 1907 # Port Louis
# From Mohamed Essedik Najd (2018-10-26):
# Today, a Moroccan government council approved the perpetual addition
# of 60 minutes to the regular Moroccan timezone.
-# From Brian Inglis (2018-10-26):
-# http://www.maroc.ma/fr/actualites/le-conseil-de-gouvernement-adopte-un-projet-de-decret-relatif-lheure-legale-stipulant-le
+# From Matt Johnson (2018-10-28):
+# http://www.sgg.gov.ma/Portals/1/BO/2018/BO_6720-bis_Ar.pdf
+#
+# From Maamar Abdelkader (2018-11-01):
+# We usually move clocks back the previous week end and come back to the +1
+# the week end after.... The government does not announce yet the decision
+# about this temporary change. But it s 99% sure that it will be the case,
+# as in previous years. An unofficial survey was done these days, showing
+# that 64% of asked peopke are ok for moving from +1 to +0 during Ramadan.
+# https://leconomiste.com/article/1035870-enquete-l-economiste-sunergia-64-des-marocains-plebiscitent-le-gmt-pendant-ramadan
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-01):
+# For now, guess that Morocco will fall back at 03:00 the last Sunday
+# before Ramadan, and spring forward at 02:00 the first Sunday after
+# Ramadan, as this has been the practice since 2012. To implement this,
+# transition dates for 2019 through 2037 were determined by running the
+# following program under GNU Emacs 26.1.
+# (let ((islamic-year 1440))
+# (require 'cal-islam)
+# (while (< islamic-year 1460)
+# (let ((a (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 9 1 islamic-year)))
+# (b (calendar-islamic-to-absolute (list 10 1 islamic-year)))
+# (sunday 0))
+# (while (/= sunday (mod (setq a (1- a)) 7)))
+# (while (/= sunday (mod b 7))
+# (setq b (1+ b)))
+# (setq a (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute a))
+# (setq b (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute b))
+# (insert
+# (format
+# (concat "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 3:00\t-1:00\t-\n"
+# "Rule\tMorocco\t%d\tonly\t-\t%s\t%2d\t 2:00\t0\t-\n")
+# (car (cdr (cdr a))) (calendar-month-name (car a) t) (car (cdr a))
+# (car (cdr (cdr b))) (calendar-month-name (car b) t) (car (cdr b)))))
+# (setq islamic-year (+ 1 islamic-year))))
# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Morocco 1939 only - Sep 12 0:00 1:00 -
@@ -892,13 +925,53 @@ Rule Morocco 2017 only - May 21 3:00 0 -
Rule Morocco 2017 only - Jul 2 2:00 1:00 -
Rule Morocco 2018 only - May 13 3:00 0 -
Rule Morocco 2018 only - Jun 17 2:00 1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2019 only - May 5 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2019 only - Jun 9 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2020 only - Apr 19 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2020 only - May 24 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2021 only - Apr 11 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2021 only - May 16 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2022 only - Mar 27 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2022 only - May 8 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2023 only - Mar 19 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2023 only - Apr 23 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2024 only - Mar 10 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2024 only - Apr 14 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2025 only - Feb 23 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2025 only - Apr 6 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2026 only - Feb 15 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2026 only - Mar 22 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2027 only - Feb 7 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2027 only - Mar 14 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2028 only - Jan 23 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2028 only - Feb 27 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2029 only - Jan 14 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2029 only - Feb 18 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2029 only - Dec 30 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2030 only - Feb 10 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2030 only - Dec 22 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2031 only - Jan 26 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2031 only - Dec 14 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2032 only - Jan 18 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2032 only - Nov 28 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2033 only - Jan 9 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2033 only - Nov 20 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2033 only - Dec 25 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2034 only - Nov 5 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2034 only - Dec 17 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2035 only - Oct 28 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2035 only - Dec 2 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2036 only - Oct 19 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2036 only - Nov 23 2:00 0 -
+Rule Morocco 2037 only - Oct 4 3:00 -1:00 -
+Rule Morocco 2037 only - Nov 15 2:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
0:00 Morocco +00/+01 1984 Mar 16
1:00 - +01 1986
- 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 27
- 1:00 - +01
+ 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 28 3:00
+ 1:00 Morocco +01/+00
# Western Sahara
#
@@ -913,8 +986,8 @@ Zone Africa/Casablanca -0:30:20 - LMT 1913 Oct 26
Zone Africa/El_Aaiun -0:52:48 - LMT 1934 Jan # El Aaiún
-1:00 - -01 1976 Apr 14
- 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 27
- 1:00 - +01
+ 0:00 Morocco +00/+01 2018 Oct 28 3:00
+ 1:00 Morocco +01/+00
# Mozambique
#
diff --git a/asia b/asia
index 48b4c652997d..31652031a75f 100644
--- a/asia
+++ b/asia
@@ -586,12 +586,82 @@ Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928
# obtained from
# http://www.hko.gov.hk/gts/time/Summertime.htm
-# From Arthur David Olson (2009-10-28):
+# From Phake Nick (2018-10-27):
+# According to Singaporean newspaper
+# http://eresources.nlb.gov.sg/newspapers/Digitised/Article/singfreepresswk19041102-1.2.37
+# the day that Hong Kong start using GMT+8 should be Oct 30, 1904.
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-17):
+# Hong Kong had a time ball near the Marine Police Station, Tsim Sha Tsui.
+# "The ball was raised manually each day and dropped at exactly 1pm
+# (except on Sundays and Government holidays)."
+# Dyson AD. From Time Ball to Atomic Clock. Hong Kong Government. 1983.
+# <https://www.hko.gov.hk/publica/gen_pub/timeball_atomic_clock.pdf>
+# "From 1904 October 30 the time-ball at Hong Kong has been dropped by order
+# of the Governor of the Colony at 17h 0m 0s G.M.T., which is 23m 18s.14 in
+# advance of 1h 0m 0s of Hong Kong mean time."
+# Hollis HP. Universal Time, Longitudes, and Geodesy. Mon Not R Astron Soc.
+# 1905-02-10;65(4):405-6. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/65.4.382
+#
+# From Joseph Myers (2018-11-18):
+# An astronomer before 1925 referring to GMT would have been using the old
+# astronomical convention where the day started at noon, not midnight.
+#
+# From Steve Allen (2018-11-17):
+# Meteorological Observations made at the Hongkong Observatory in the year 1904
+# page 4 <https://books.google.com/books?id=kgw5AQAAMAAJ&pg=RA4-PA4>
+# ... the log of drop times in Table II shows that on Sunday 1904-10-30 the
+# ball was dropped. So that looks like a special case drop for the sake
+# of broadcasting the new local time.
+#
+# From Phake Nick (2018-11-18):
+# According to The Hong Kong Weekly Press, 1904-10-29, p.324, the
+# governor of Hong Kong at the time stated that "We are further desired to
+# make it known that the change will be effected by firing the gun and by the
+# dropping of the Ball at 23min. 18sec. before one."
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18):
+# See <https://mmis.hkpl.gov.hk> for this; unfortunately Flash is required.
+
+# From Phake Nick (2018-10-26):
+# I went to check microfilm records stored at Hong Kong Public Library....
+# on September 30 1941, according to Ta Kung Pao (Hong Kong edition), it was
+# stated that fallback would occur on the next day (the 1st)'s "03:00 am (Hong
+# Kong Time 04:00 am)" and the clock will fall back for a half hour. (03:00
+# probably refer to the time commonly used in mainland China at the time given
+# the paper's background) ... the sunrise/sunset time given by South China
+# Morning Post for October 1st was indeed moved by half an hour compares to
+# before. After that, in December, the battle to capture Hong Kong started and
+# the library doesn't seems to have any record stored about press during that
+# period of time. Some media resumed publication soon after that within the
+# same month, but there were not much information about time there. Later they
+# started including a radio program guide when they restored radio service,
+# explicitly mentioning it use Tokyo standard time, and later added a note
+# saying it's half an hour ahead of the old Hong Kong standard time, and it
+# also seems to indicate that Hong Kong was not using GMT+8 when it was
+# captured by Japan.
+#
+# Image of related sections on newspaper:
+# * 1941-09-30, Ta Kung Pao (Hong Kong), "Winter Time start tomorrow".
+# https://i.imgur.com/6waY51Z.jpg (Chinese)
+# * 1941-09-29, South China Morning Post, Information on sunrise/sunset
+# time and other things for September 30 and October 1.
+# https://i.imgur.com/kCiUR78.jpg
+# * 1942-02-05. The Hong Kong News, Radio Program Guide.
+# https://i.imgur.com/eVvDMzS.jpg
+# * 1941-06-14. Hong Kong Daily Press, Daylight Saving from 3am Tomorrow.
+# https://i.imgur.com/05KkvtC.png
+# * 1941-09-30, Hong Kong Daily Press, Winter Time Warning.
+# https://i.imgur.com/dge4kFJ.png
+# Also, the Liberation day of Hong Kong after WWII which British rule
+# over the territory resumed was August 30, 1945, which I think should
+# be the termination date for the use of JST in the territory....
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-17):
# Here are the dates given at
-# http://www.hko.gov.hk/gts/time/Summertime.htm
-# as of 2009-10-28:
+# https://www.hko.gov.hk/gts/time/Summertime.htm
+# as of 2014-06-19:
# Year Period
-# 1941 1 Apr to 30 Sep
+# 1941 15 Jun to 30 Sep
# 1942 Whole year
# 1943 Whole year
# 1944 Whole year
@@ -602,7 +672,7 @@ Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928
# 1949 3 Apr to 30 Oct
# 1950 2 Apr to 29 Oct
# 1951 1 Apr to 28 Oct
-# 1952 6 Apr to 25 Oct
+# 1952 6 Apr to 2 Nov
# 1953 5 Apr to 1 Nov
# 1954 21 Mar to 31 Oct
# 1955 20 Mar to 6 Nov
@@ -631,25 +701,25 @@ Zone Asia/Urumqi 5:50:20 - LMT 1928
# 1978 Nil
# 1979 13 May to 21 Oct
# 1980 to Now Nil
-# The page does not give start or end times of day.
-# The page does not give a start date for 1942.
-# The page does not givw an end date for 1945.
-# The Japanese occupation of Hong Kong began on 1941-12-25.
-# The Japanese surrender of Hong Kong was signed 1945-09-15.
-# For lack of anything better, use start of those days as the transition times.
+# The page does not give times of day for transitions,
+# or dates for the 1942 and 1945 transitions.
+# The Japanese occupation of Hong Kong began 1941-12-25.
+# The Japanese surrender of Hong Kong was signed 1945-09-16; see:
+# Heaver S. The days after the Pacific war ended: unsettling times
+# in Hong Kong. Post Magazine. 2016-06-13.
+# https://www.scmp.com/magazines/post-magazine/article/1852990/days-after-pacific-war-ended-unsettling-times-hong-kong
+# For lack of anything better, use start of those days as the
+# transition times.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule HK 1941 only - Apr 1 3:30 1:00 S
-Rule HK 1941 only - Sep 30 3:30 0 -
Rule HK 1946 only - Apr 20 3:30 1:00 S
Rule HK 1946 only - Dec 1 3:30 0 -
Rule HK 1947 only - Apr 13 3:30 1:00 S
Rule HK 1947 only - Dec 30 3:30 0 -
Rule HK 1948 only - May 2 3:30 1:00 S
Rule HK 1948 1951 - Oct lastSun 3:30 0 -
-Rule HK 1952 only - Oct 25 3:30 0 -
+Rule HK 1952 1953 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 -
Rule HK 1949 1953 - Apr Sun>=1 3:30 1:00 S
-Rule HK 1953 only - Nov 1 3:30 0 -
Rule HK 1954 1964 - Mar Sun>=18 3:30 1:00 S
Rule HK 1954 only - Oct 31 3:30 0 -
Rule HK 1955 1964 - Nov Sun>=1 3:30 0 -
@@ -659,9 +729,11 @@ Rule HK 1973 only - Dec 30 3:30 1:00 S
Rule HK 1979 only - May Sun>=8 3:30 1:00 S
Rule HK 1979 only - Oct Sun>=16 3:30 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:42 - LMT 1904 Oct 30
- 8:00 HK HK%sT 1941 Dec 25
- 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 15
+Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:42 - LMT 1904 Oct 30 0:36:42
+ 8:00 - HKT 1941 Jun 15 3:30
+ 8:00 1:00 HKST 1941 Oct 1 4:00
+ 8:30 - HKT 1941 Dec 25
+ 9:00 - JST 1945 Sep 16
8:00 HK HK%sT
###############################################################################
@@ -1057,6 +1129,16 @@ Zone Asia/Dili 8:22:20 - LMT 1912 Jan 1
# India
+# British astronomer Henry Park Hollis disliked India Standard Time's offset:
+# "A new time system has been proposed for India, Further India, and Burmah.
+# The scheme suggested is that the times of the meridians 5½ and 6½ hours
+# east of Greenwich should be adopted in these territories. No reason is
+# given why hourly meridians five hours and six hours east should not be
+# chosen; a plan which would bring the time of India into harmony with
+# that of almost the whole of the civilised world."
+# Hollis HP. Universal Time, Longitudes, and Geodesy. Mon Not R Astron Soc.
+# 1905-02-10;65(4):405-6. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/65.4.382
+
# From Ian P. Beacock, in "A brief history of (modern) time", The Atlantic
# https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2015/12/the-creation-of-modern-time/421419/
# (2015-12-22):
@@ -1227,12 +1309,65 @@ Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov
# leap year calculation involved. There has never been any serious
# plan to change that law....
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-30):
# Go with Shanks & Pottenger before Sept. 1991, and with Pournader thereafter.
-# I used Ed Reingold's cal-persia in GNU Emacs 21.2 to check Persian dates,
-# stopping after 2037 when 32-bit time_t's overflow.
-# That cal-persia used Birashk's approximation, which disagrees with the solar
-# calendar predictions for the year 2025, so I corrected those dates by hand.
+# I used the following code in GNU Emacs 26.1 to generate the "Rule Iran"
+# lines from 2008 through 2087. Emacs 26.1 uses Ed Reingold's
+# cal-persia implementation of Birashk's approximation, which in the
+# 2008-2087 range disagrees with the the astronomical Persian calendar
+# for Persian years 1404 (Gregorian 2025) and 1437 (Gregorian 2058),
+# so the following code special-case those years. See Table 15.1, page 264, of:
+# Edward M. Reingold and Nachum Dershowitz, Calendrical Calculations:
+# The Ultimate Edition, Cambridge University Press (2018).
+# https://www.cambridge.org/fr/academic/subjects/computer-science/computing-general-interest/calendrical-calculations-ultimate-edition-4th-edition
+# Page 258, footnote 2, of this book says there is some dispute over what will
+# happen in 2091 (and some other years after that), so this code
+# stops in 2087, as 2088 and 2089 agree with the "max" rule below.
+# (cl-loop
+# initially (require 'cal-persia)
+# with first-persian-year = 1387
+# with last-persian-year = 1466
+# ;; Exceptional years in the above range,
+# ;; from Reingold & Dershowitz Table 15.1, page 264:
+# with exceptional-persian-years = '(1404 1437)
+# with range-start = nil
+# for persian-year from first-persian-year to last-persian-year
+# do
+# (let*
+# ((exceptional-year-offset
+# (if (member persian-year exceptional-persian-years) 1 0))
+# (beg-dst-absolute
+# (+ (calendar-persian-to-absolute (list 1 1 persian-year))
+# exceptional-year-offset))
+# (end-dst-absolute
+# (+ (calendar-persian-to-absolute (list 6 30 persian-year))
+# exceptional-year-offset))
+# (next-year-beg-dst-absolute
+# (+ (calendar-persian-to-absolute (list 1 1 (1+ persian-year)))
+# (if (member (1+ persian-year) exceptional-persian-years) 1 0)))
+# (beg-dst (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute beg-dst-absolute))
+# (end-dst (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute end-dst-absolute))
+# (next-year-beg-dst (calendar-gregorian-from-absolute
+# next-year-beg-dst-absolute))
+# (year (calendar-extract-year beg-dst))
+# (range-end (if range-start year "only")))
+# (setq range-start (or range-start year))
+# (when (or (/= (calendar-extract-day beg-dst)
+# (calendar-extract-day next-year-beg-dst))
+# (= persian-year last-persian-year))
+# (insert
+# (format
+# "Rule\tIran\t%d\t%s\t-\t%s\t%2d\t24:00\t1:00\t-\n"
+# range-start range-end
+# (calendar-month-name (calendar-extract-month beg-dst) t)
+# (calendar-extract-day beg-dst)))
+# (insert
+# (format
+# "Rule\tIran\t%d\t%s\t-\t%s\t%2d\t24:00\t0\t-\n"
+# range-start range-end
+# (calendar-month-name (calendar-extract-month end-dst) t)
+# (calendar-extract-day end-dst)))
+# (setq range-start nil))))
#
# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2005-03-30), writing about future
# discrepancies between cal-persia and the Iranian calendar:
@@ -1267,61 +1402,113 @@ Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov
# thirtieth day of Shahrivar.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 1979 only - Sep 19 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 1980 only - Sep 23 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 1991 only - May 3 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 1991 1995 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 1996 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 1996 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2000 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2000 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2005 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2005 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2024 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2024 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
-Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 22 0:00 0 -
-#
-# The following rules are approximations starting in the year 2038.
-# These are the best post-2037 approximations available, given the
-# restrictions of a single rule using a Gregorian-based data format.
+Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 1979 only - Sep 18 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 1980 only - Sep 22 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 1991 only - May 2 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 1992 1995 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 1991 1995 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 1996 only - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 1996 only - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 1997 1999 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2000 only - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2000 only - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2005 only - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2005 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2024 only - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2024 only - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2038 2039 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2038 2039 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2040 2041 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2040 2041 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2042 2043 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2042 2043 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2044 2045 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2044 2045 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2046 2047 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2046 2047 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2048 2049 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2048 2049 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2050 2051 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2050 2051 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2052 2053 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2052 2053 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2054 2055 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2054 2055 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2056 2057 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2056 2057 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2058 2059 - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2058 2059 - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2060 2062 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2060 2062 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2063 only - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2063 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2064 2066 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2064 2066 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2067 only - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2067 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2068 2070 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2068 2070 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2071 only - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2071 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2072 2074 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2072 2074 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2075 only - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2075 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2076 2078 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2076 2078 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2079 only - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2079 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2080 2082 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2080 2082 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2083 only - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2083 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2084 2086 - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2084 2086 - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2087 only - Mar 21 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2087 only - Sep 21 24:00 0 -
+#
+# The following rules are approximations starting in the year 2088.
+# These are the best post-2088 approximations available, given the
+# restrictions of a single rule using ordinary Gregorian dates.
# At some point this table will need to be extended, though quite
# possibly Iran will change the rules first.
-Rule Iran 2036 max - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 -
-Rule Iran 2036 max - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
+Rule Iran 2088 max - Mar 20 24:00 1:00 -
+Rule Iran 2088 max - Sep 20 24:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916
@@ -1691,7 +1878,9 @@ Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sat>=1 24:00 1:00 D
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u
9:00 Japan J%sT
-# Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo.
+# Since 1938, all Japanese possessions have been like Asia/Tokyo,
+# except that Truk (Chuuk), Ponape (Pohnpei), and Jaluit (Kosrae) did not
+# switch from +10 to +09 until 1941-04-01; see the 'australasia' file.
# Jordan
#
@@ -1981,8 +2170,10 @@ Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
# and in Byalokoz) lists Ural river (plus 10 versts on its left bank) in
# the third time belt (before 1930 this means +03).
-# From Paul Eggert (2016-12-06):
-# The tables below reflect Golosunov's remarks, with exceptions as noted.
+# From Alexander Konzurovski (2018-12-20):
+# Qyzyolrda Region (Asia/Qyzylorda) is changing its time zone from
+# UTC+6 to UTC+5 effective December 21st, 2018. The legal document is
+# located here: http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P1800000817 (russian language).
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
#
@@ -1996,8 +2187,6 @@ Zone Asia/Almaty 5:07:48 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Alma-Ata
6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
6:00 - +06
# Qyzylorda (aka Kyzylorda, Kizilorda, Kzyl-Orda, etc.) (KZ-KZY)
-# This currently includes Qostanay (aka Kostanay, Kustanay) (KZ-KUS);
-# see comments below.
Zone Asia/Qyzylorda 4:21:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
@@ -2008,21 +2197,22 @@ Zone Asia/Qyzylorda 4:21:52 - LMT 1924 May 2
5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
6:00 RussiaAsia +06/+07 1992 Mar 29 2:00s
5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
- 6:00 - +06
-# The following zone is like Asia/Qyzylorda except for being one
-# hour earlier from 1991-09-29 to 1992-03-29. The 1991/2 rules for
-# Qostanay are unclear partly because of the 1997 Turgai
-# reorganization, so this zone is commented out for now.
-#Zone Asia/Qostanay 4:14:20 - LMT 1924 May 2
-# 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
-# 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
-# 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
-# 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
-# 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
-# 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
-# 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
-# 6:00 - +06
+ 6:00 - +06 2018 Dec 21 0:00
+ 5:00 - +05
#
+# Qostanay (aka Kostanay, Kustanay) (KZ-KUS)
+# The 1991/2 rules are unclear partly because of the 1997 Turgai
+# reorganization.
+Zone Asia/Qostanay 4:14:28 - LMT 1924 May 2
+ 4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
+ 5:00 - +05 1981 Apr 1
+ 5:00 1:00 +06 1981 Oct 1
+ 6:00 - +06 1982 Apr 1
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia +04/+05 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia +05/+06 2004 Oct 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 - +06
+
# Aqtöbe (aka Aktobe, formerly Aktyubinsk) (KZ-AKT)
Zone Asia/Aqtobe 3:48:40 - LMT 1924 May 2
4:00 - +04 1930 Jun 21
@@ -2116,21 +2306,43 @@ Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
# started at June 1 in that year. For another example, the article in
# 1988 said that DST started at 2:00 AM in that year.
+# From Phake Nick (2018-10-27):
+# 1. According to official announcement from Korean government, the DST end
+# date in South Korea should be
+# 1955-09-08 without specifying time
+# http://theme.archives.go.kr/next/common/viewEbook.do?singleData=N&archiveEventId=0027977557
+# 1956-09-29 without specifying time
+# http://theme.archives.go.kr/next/common/viewEbook.do?singleData=N&archiveEventId=0027978341
+# 1957-09-21 24 o'clock
+# http://theme.archives.go.kr/next/common/viewEbook.do?singleData=N&archiveEventId=0027979690#3
+# 1958-09-20 24 o'clock
+# http://theme.archives.go.kr/next/common/viewEbook.do?singleData=N&archiveEventId=0027981189
+# 1959-09-19 24 o'clock
+# http://theme.archives.go.kr/next/common/viewEbook.do?singleData=N&archiveEventId=0027982974#2
+# 1960-09-17 24 o'clock
+# http://theme.archives.go.kr/next/common/viewEbook.do?singleData=N&archiveEventId=0028044104
+# ...
+# 2.... https://namu.wiki/w/대한민국%20표준시 ... [says]
+# when Korea was using GMT+8:30 as standard time, the international
+# aviation/marine/meteorological industry in the country refused to
+# follow and continued to use GMT+9:00 for interoperability.
+
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule ROK 1948 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule ROK 1948 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
-Rule ROK 1949 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule ROK 1949 1951 - Sep Sun>=8 0:00 0 S
-Rule ROK 1950 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule ROK 1951 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule ROK 1955 only - May 5 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule ROK 1955 only - Sep 9 0:00 0 S
-Rule ROK 1956 only - May 20 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule ROK 1956 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 S
-Rule ROK 1957 1960 - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule ROK 1957 1960 - Sep Sun>=18 0:00 0 S
-Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun>=8 3:00 0 S
+Rule ROK 1948 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule ROK 1948 only - Sep 12 24:00 0 S
+Rule ROK 1949 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule ROK 1949 1951 - Sep Sat>=7 24:00 0 S
+Rule ROK 1950 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule ROK 1951 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule ROK 1955 only - May 5 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule ROK 1955 only - Sep 8 24:00 0 S
+Rule ROK 1956 only - May 20 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule ROK 1956 only - Sep 29 24:00 0 S
+Rule ROK 1957 1960 - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule ROK 1957 1960 - Sep Sat>=17 24:00 0 S
+Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun>=8 3:00 0 S
# From Paul Eggert (2016-08-23):
# The Korean Wikipedia entry gives the following sources for UT offsets:
@@ -2920,6 +3132,11 @@ Zone Asia/Hebron 2:20:23 - LMT 1900 Oct
# no information
# Philippines
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18):
+# The Spanish initially used American (west-of-Greenwich) time.
+# It is unknown what time Manila kept when the British occupied it from
+# 1762-10-06 through 1764-04; for now assume it kept American time.
# On 1844-08-16, Narciso Clavería, governor-general of the
# Philippines, issued a proclamation announcing that 1844-12-30 was to
# be immediately followed by 1845-01-01; see R.H. van Gent's
@@ -3005,8 +3222,8 @@ Link Asia/Qatar Asia/Bahrain
# going to run on Higgins Time.' And so, until last year, it did." See:
# Antar E. Dinner at When? Saudi Aramco World, 1969 March/April. 2-3.
# http://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/196902/dinner.at.when.htm
-# newspapers.com says a similar story about Higgins was published in the Port
-# Angeles (WA) Evening News, 1965-03-10, page 5, but I lack access to the text.
+# Also see: Antar EN. Arabian flying is confusing.
+# Port Angeles (WA) Evening News. 1965-03-10. page 3.
#
# The TZ database cannot represent quasi-solar time; airline time is the best
# we can do. The 1946 foreign air news digest of the U.S. Civil Aeronautics
diff --git a/australasia b/australasia
index 87ba620d9f73..dfe73d3f9dc5 100644
--- a/australasia
+++ b/australasia
@@ -402,10 +402,44 @@ Zone Pacific/Tahiti -9:58:16 - LMT 1912 Oct # Papeete
# it is uninhabited.
# Guam
+
+# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
+# http://guamlegislature.com/Public_Laws_5th/PL05-025.pdf
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-59-7-Guam-Daylight-Savings-Time-May-6-1959.pdf
+Rule Guam 1959 only - Jun 27 2:00 1:00 D
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-61-5-Revocation-of-Daylight-Saving-Time-and-Restoratio.pdf
+Rule Guam 1961 only - Jan 29 2:00 0 S
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-67-13-Guam-Daylight-Savings-Time.pdf
+Rule Guam 1967 only - Sep 1 2:00 1:00 D
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-69-2-Repeal-of-Guam-Daylight-Saving-Time.pdf
+Rule Guam 1969 only - Jan 26 0:01 0 S
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-69-10-Guam-Daylight-Saving-Time.pdf
+Rule Guam 1969 only - Jun 22 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Guam 1969 only - Aug 31 2:00 0 S
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-70-10-Guam-Daylight-Saving-Time.pdf
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-70-30-End-of-Guam-Daylight-Saving-Time.pdf
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-71-5-Guam-Daylight-Savings-Time.pdf
+Rule Guam 1970 1971 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Guam 1970 1971 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-73-28.-Guam-Day-light-Saving-Time.pdf
+Rule Guam 1973 only - Dec 16 2:00 1:00 D
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-74-7-Guam-Daylight-Savings-Time-Rescinded.pdf
+Rule Guam 1974 only - Feb 24 2:00 0 S
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-76-13-Daylight-Savings-Time.pdf
+Rule Guam 1976 only - May 26 2:00 1:00 D
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-76-25-Revocation-of-E.O.-76-13.pdf
+Rule Guam 1976 only - Aug 22 2:01 0 S
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-77-4-Daylight-Savings-Time.pdf
+Rule Guam 1977 only - Apr 24 2:00 1:00 D
+# http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-77-18-Guam-Standard-Time.pdf
+Rule Guam 1977 only - Aug 28 2:00 0 S
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Guam -14:21:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
9:39:00 - LMT 1901 # Agana
- 10:00 - GST 2000 Dec 23 # Guam
+ 10:00 - GST 1941 Dec 10 # Guam
+ 9:00 - +09 1944 Jul 31
+ 10:00 Guam G%sT 2000 Dec 23
10:00 - ChST # Chamorro Standard Time
Link Pacific/Guam Pacific/Saipan # N Mariana Is
@@ -427,31 +461,56 @@ Zone Pacific/Kiritimati -10:29:20 - LMT 1901
# Marshall Is
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Majuro 11:24:48 - LMT 1901
- 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct
- 12:00 - +12
-Zone Pacific/Kwajalein 11:09:20 - LMT 1901
- 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct
- -12:00 - -12 1993 Aug 20
- 12:00 - +12
+Zone Pacific/Majuro 11:24:48 - LMT 1901
+ 11:00 - +11 1914 Oct
+ 9:00 - +09 1919 Feb 1
+ 11:00 - +11 1937
+ 10:00 - +10 1941 Apr 1
+ 9:00 - +09 1944 Jan 30
+ 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct
+ 12:00 - +12
+Zone Pacific/Kwajalein 11:09:20 - LMT 1901
+ 11:00 - +11 1937
+ 10:00 - +10 1941 Apr 1
+ 9:00 - +09 1944 Feb 6
+ 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct
+ -12:00 - -12 1993 Aug 20 24:00
+ 12:00 - +12
# Micronesia
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Chuuk 10:07:08 - LMT 1901
- 10:00 - +10
-Zone Pacific/Pohnpei 10:32:52 - LMT 1901 # Kolonia
- 11:00 - +11
-Zone Pacific/Kosrae 10:51:56 - LMT 1901
- 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct
- 12:00 - +12 1999
- 11:00 - +11
+Zone Pacific/Chuuk -13:52:52 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
+ 10:07:08 - LMT 1901
+ 10:00 - +10 1914 Oct
+ 9:00 - +09 1919 Feb 1
+ 10:00 - +10 1941 Apr 1
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug
+ 10:00 - +10
+Zone Pacific/Pohnpei -13:27:08 - LMT 1844 Dec 31 # Kolonia
+ 10:32:52 - LMT 1901
+ 11:00 - +11 1914 Oct
+ 9:00 - +09 1919 Feb 1
+ 11:00 - +11 1937
+ 10:00 - +10 1941 Apr 1
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug
+ 11:00 - +11
+Zone Pacific/Kosrae -13:08:04 - LMT 1844 Dec 31
+ 10:51:56 - LMT 1901
+ 11:00 - +11 1914 Oct
+ 9:00 - +09 1919 Feb 1
+ 11:00 - +11 1937
+ 10:00 - +10 1941 Apr 1
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug
+ 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct
+ 12:00 - +12 1999
+ 11:00 - +11
# Nauru
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Nauru 11:07:40 - LMT 1921 Jan 15 # Uaobe
- 11:30 - +1130 1942 Mar 15
- 9:00 - +09 1944 Aug 15
- 11:30 - +1130 1979 May
+ 11:30 - +1130 1942 Aug 29
+ 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 8
+ 11:30 - +1130 1979 Feb 10 2:00
12:00 - +12
# New Caledonia
@@ -552,8 +611,9 @@ Zone Pacific/Norfolk 11:11:52 - LMT 1901 # Kingston
# Palau (Belau)
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Pacific/Palau 8:57:56 - LMT 1901 # Koror
- 9:00 - +09
+Zone Pacific/Palau -15:02:04 - LMT 1844 Dec 31 # Koror
+ 8:57:56 - LMT 1901
+ 9:00 - +09
# Papua New Guinea
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -815,7 +875,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see
# the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution.
-# From Paul Eggert (2017-02-10):
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18):
#
# Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is:
# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
@@ -840,6 +900,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is
# Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997).
#
+# I invented the abbreviation marked "*".
# The following abbreviations are from other sources.
# Corrections are welcome!
# std dst
@@ -847,7 +908,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# 8:00 AWST AWDT Western Australia
# 9:30 ACST ACDT Central Australia
# 10:00 AEST AEDT Eastern Australia
-# 10:00 GST Guam through 2000
+# 10:00 GST GDT* Guam through 2000
# 10:00 ChST Chamorro
# 11:30 NZMT NZST New Zealand through 1945
# 12:00 NZST NZDT New Zealand 1946-present
@@ -1546,28 +1607,70 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# Kwajalein
-# In comp.risks 14.87 (26 August 1993), Peter Neumann writes:
-# I wonder what happened in Kwajalein, where there was NO Friday,
-# 1993-08-20. Thursday night at midnight Kwajalein switched sides with
-# respect to the International Date Line, to rejoin its fellow islands,
-# going from 11:59 p.m. Thursday to 12:00 m. Saturday in a blink.
+# From an AP article (1993-08-22):
+# "The nearly 3,000 Americans living on this remote Pacific atoll have a good
+# excuse for not remembering Saturday night: there wasn't one. Residents were
+# going to bed Friday night and waking up Sunday morning because at midnight
+# -- 8 A.M. Eastern daylight time on Saturday -- Kwajalein was jumping from
+# one side of the international date line to the other."
+# "In Marshall Islands, Friday is followed by Sunday", NY Times. 1993-08-22.
+# https://www.nytimes.com/1993/08/22/world/in-marshall-islands-friday-is-followed-by-sunday.html
+
+# From Phake Nick (2018-10-27):
+# <https://wiki.suikawiki.org/n/南洋群島の標準時> ... pointed out that
+# currently tzdata say Pacific/Kwajalein switched from GMT+11 to GMT-12 in
+# 1969 October without explanation, however an 1993 article from NYT say it
+# synchorized its day with US mainland about 40 years ago and thus the switch
+# should occur at around 1950s instead.
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18):
+# The NYT (actually, AP) article is vague and possibly wrong about this.
+# The article says the earlier switch was "40 years ago when the United States
+# Army established a missile test range here". However, the Kwajalein Test
+# Center was established on 1960-10-01 and was run by the US Navy. It was
+# transferred to the US Army on 1964-07-01. See "Seize the High Ground"
+# <https://history.army.mil/html/books/070/70-88-1/cmhPub_70-88-1.pdf>.
+# Given that Shanks was right on the money about the 1993 change, I'm inclined
+# to take Shanks's word for the 1969 change unless we find better evidence.
# N Mariana Is, Guam
+# From Phake Nick (2018-10-27):
+# Guam Island was briefly annexed by Japan during ... year 1941-1944 ...
+# however there are no detailed information about what time it use during that
+# period. It would probably be reasonable to assume Guam use GMT+9 during
+# that period of time like the surrounding area.
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18):
# Howse writes (p 153) "The Spaniards, on the other hand, reached the
# Philippines and the Ladrones from America," and implies that the Ladrones
# (now called the Marianas) kept American date for quite some time.
# For now, we assume the Ladrones switched at the same time as the Philippines;
# see Asia/Manila.
-
+#
+# Use 1941-12-10 and 1944-07-31 for Guam WWII transitions, as the rough start
+# and end of Japanese control of Agana. We don't know whether the Northern
+# Marianas followed Guam's DST rules from 1959 through 1977; for now, assume
+# they did as that avoids the need for a separate zone due to our 1970 cutoff.
+#
# US Public Law 106-564 (2000-12-23) made UT +10 the official standard time,
# under the name "Chamorro Standard Time". There is no official abbreviation,
# but Congressman Robert A. Underwood, author of the bill that became law,
# wrote in a press release (2000-12-27) that he will seek the use of "ChST".
+# See also the commentary for Micronesia.
-# Micronesia
+
+# Marshall Is
+# See the commentary for Micronesia.
+
+
+# Micronesia (and nearby)
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18):
+# Like the Ladrones (see Guam commentary), assume the Spanish East Indies
+# kept American time until the Philippines switched at the end of 1844.
# Alan Eugene Davis writes (1996-03-16),
# "I am certain, having lived there for the past decade, that 'Truk'
@@ -1583,6 +1686,95 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# that Truk and Yap are UT +10, and Ponape and Kosrae are +11.
# We don't know when Kosrae switched from +12; assume January 1 for now.
+# From Phake Nick (2018-10-27):
+#
+# From a Japanese wiki site https://wiki.suikawiki.org/n/南洋群島の標準時
+# ...
+# For "Southern Islands" (modern region of Mariana + Palau + Federation of
+# Micronesia + Marshall Islands):
+#
+# A 1906 Japanese magazine shown the Caroline Islands and Mariana Islands
+# who was occupied by Germany at the time as GMT+10, together with the like
+# of German New Guinea. However there is a marking saying it have not been
+# implemented (yet). No further information after that were found.
+#
+# Japan invaded those islands in 1914, and records shows that they were
+# instructed to use JST at the time.
+#
+# 1915 January telecommunication record on the Jaluit Atoll shows they use
+# the meridian of 170E as standard time (GMT+11:20), which is similar to the
+# longitude of the atoll.
+# 1915 February record say the 170E standard time is to be used until
+# February 9 noon, and after February 9 noon they are to use JST.
+# However these are time used within the Japanese Military at the time and
+# probably does not reflect the time used by local resident at the time (that
+# is if they keep their own time back then)
+#
+# In January 1919 the occupying force issued a command that split the area
+# into three different timezone with meridian of 135E, 150E, 165E (JST+0, +1,
+# +2), and the command was to become effective from February 1 of the same
+# year. Despite the target of the command is still only for the occupying
+# force itself, further publication have described the time as the standard
+# time for the occupied area and thus it can probably be seen as such.
+# * Area that use meridian of 135E: Palau and Yap civil administration area
+# (Southern Islands Western Standard Time)
+# * Area that use meridian of 150E: Truk (Chuuk) and Saipan civil
+# administration area (Southern Islands Central Standard Time)
+# * Area that use meridian of 165E: Ponape (Pohnpei) and Jaluit civil
+# administration area (Southern Islands Eastern Standard Time).
+# * In the next few years Japanese occupation of those islands have been
+# formalized via League of Nation Mandate (South Pacific Mandate) and formal
+# governance structure have been established, these district [become
+# subprefectures] and timezone classification have been inherited as standard
+# time of the area.
+# * Saipan subprefecture include Mariana islands (exclude Guam which was
+# occupied by America at the time), Palau and Yap subprefecture rule the
+# Western Caroline Islands with 137E longitude as border, Truk and Ponape
+# subprefecture rule the Eastern Caroline Islands with 154E as border, Ponape
+# subprefecture also rule part of Marshall Islands to the west of 164E
+# starting from (1918?) and Jaluit subprefecture rule the rest of the
+# Marshall Islands.
+#
+# And then in year 1937, an announcement was made to change the time in the
+# area into 2 timezones:
+# * Area that use meridian of 135E: area administered by Palau, Yap and
+# Saipan subprefecture (Southern Islands Western Standard Time)
+# * Area that use meridian of 150E: area administered by Truk (Chuuk),
+# Ponape (Pohnpei) and Jaluit subprefecture (Southern Islands Eastern
+# Standard Time)
+#
+# Another announcement issued in 1941 say that on April 1 that year,
+# standard time of the Southern Islands would be changed to use the meridian
+# of 135E (GMT+9), and thus abolishing timezone different within the area.
+#
+# Then Pacific theater of WWII started and Japan slowly lose control on the
+# island. The webpage I linked above contain no information during this
+# period of time....
+#
+# After the end of WWII, in 1946 February, a document written by the
+# (former?) Japanese military personnel describe there are 3 hours time
+# different between Caroline islands time/Wake island time and the Chungking
+# time, which would mean the time being used there at the time was GMT+10.
+#
+# After that, the area become Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands
+# under American administration from year 1947. The site listed some
+# American/International books/maps/publications about time used in those
+# area during this period of time but they doesn't seems to be reliable
+# information so it would be the best if someone know where can more reliable
+# information can be found.
+#
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18):
+#
+# For the above, use vague dates like "1914" and "1945" for transitions that
+# plausibly exist but for which the details are not known. The information
+# for Wake is too sketchy to act on.
+#
+# The 1906 GMT+10 info about German-controlled islands might not have been
+# done, so omit it from the data for now.
+#
+# The Jaluit info governs Kwajalein.
+
# Midway
@@ -1600,6 +1792,29 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# started DST on June 3. Possibly DST was observed other years
# in Midway, but we have no record of it.
+# Nauru
+
+# From Phake Nick (2018-10-31):
+# Currently, the tz database say Nauru use LMT until 1921, and then
+# switched to GMT+11:30 for the next two decades.
+# However, a number of timezone map published in America/Japan back then
+# showed its timezone as GMT+11 per https://wiki.suikawiki.org/n/ナウルの標準時
+# And it would also be nice if the 1921 transition date could be sourced.
+# ...
+# The "Nauru Standard Time Act 1978 Time Change"
+# http://ronlaw.gov.nr/nauru_lpms/files/gazettes/4b23a17d2030150404db7a5fa5872f52.pdf#page=3
+# based on "Nauru Standard Time Act 1978 Time Change"
+# http://www.paclii.org/nr/legis/num_act/nsta1978207/ defined that "Nauru
+# Alternative Time" (GMT+12) should be in effect from 1979 Feb.
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-19):
+# The 1921-01-15 introduction of standard time is in Shanks; it is also in
+# "Standard Time Throughout the World", US National Bureau of Standards (1935),
+# page 3, which does not give the UT offset. In response to a comment by
+# Phake Nick I set the Nauru time of occupation by Japan to
+# 1942-08-29/1945-09-08 by using dates from:
+# https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_occupation_of_Nauru
+
# Norfolk
# From Alexander Krivenyshev (2015-09-23):
@@ -1615,6 +1830,9 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# other than in 1974/5. See:
# https://www.timeanddate.com/time/australia/norfolk-island.html
+# Palau
+# See commentary for Micronesia.
+
# Pitcairn
# From Rives McDow (1999-11-08):
@@ -1779,6 +1997,9 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# From Paul Eggert (2003-03-23):
# We have no other report of DST in Wake Island, so omit this info for now.
+# See also the commentary for Micronesia.
+
+
###############################################################################
# The International Date Line
diff --git a/leapseconds b/leapseconds
index 148aa8ee3ef5..325f3a1d1383 100644
--- a/leapseconds
+++ b/leapseconds
@@ -19,9 +19,12 @@
# See: Levine J. Coordinated Universal Time and the leap second.
# URSI Radio Sci Bull. 2016;89(4):30-6. doi:10.23919/URSIRSB.2016.7909995
# <https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7909995>.
+
# There were no leap seconds before 1972, because the official mechanism
# accounting for the discrepancy between atomic time and the earth's rotation
-# did not exist.
+# did not exist. The first ("1 Jan 1972") data line in leap-seconds.list
+# does not denote a leap second; it denotes the start of the current definition
+# of UTC.
# The correction (+ or -) is made at the given time, so lines
# will typically look like:
diff --git a/leapseconds.awk b/leapseconds.awk
index ea0567cd7f68..242e9d64098f 100644
--- a/leapseconds.awk
+++ b/leapseconds.awk
@@ -24,9 +24,12 @@ BEGIN {
print "# See: Levine J. Coordinated Universal Time and the leap second."
print "# URSI Radio Sci Bull. 2016;89(4):30-6. doi:10.23919/URSIRSB.2016.7909995"
print "# <https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/7909995>."
+ print ""
print "# There were no leap seconds before 1972, because the official mechanism"
print "# accounting for the discrepancy between atomic time and the earth's rotation"
- print "# did not exist."
+ print "# did not exist. The first (\"1 Jan 1972\") data line in leap-seconds.list"
+ print "# does not denote a leap second; it denotes the start of the current definition"
+ print"# of UTC."
print ""
print "# The correction (+ or -) is made at the given time, so lines"
print "# will typically look like:"
diff --git a/northamerica b/northamerica
index 9d5bad2f7bc6..faaf97920efe 100644
--- a/northamerica
+++ b/northamerica
@@ -599,6 +599,17 @@ Zone America/Los_Angeles -7:52:58 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:07:02
# between AKST and AKDT from now on....
# https://www.krbd.org/2015/10/30/annette-island-times-they-are-a-changing/
+# From Ryan Stanley (2018-11-06):
+# The Metlakatla community in Alaska has decided not to change its
+# clock back an hour starting on November 4th, 2018 (day before yesterday).
+# They will be gmtoff=-28800 year-round.
+# https://www.facebook.com/141055983004923/photos/pb.141055983004923.-2207520000.1541465673./569081370202380/
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-12-16):
+# In a 2018-12-11 special election, Metlakatla voted to go back to
+# Alaska time (including daylight saving time) starting next year.
+# https://www.krbd.org/2018/12/12/metlakatla-to-follow-alaska-standard-time-allow-liquor-sales/
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Juneau 15:02:19 - LMT 1867 Oct 19 15:33:32
-8:57:41 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00
@@ -625,6 +636,8 @@ Zone America/Metlakatla 15:13:42 - LMT 1867 Oct 19 15:44:55
-8:00 - PST 1969
-8:00 US P%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
-8:00 - PST 2015 Nov 1 2:00
+ -9:00 US AK%sT 2018 Nov 4 2:00
+ -8:00 - PST 2019 Mar Sun>=8 3:00
-9:00 US AK%sT
Zone America/Yakutat 14:41:05 - LMT 1867 Oct 19 15:12:18
-9:18:55 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00
@@ -785,6 +798,22 @@ Zone America/Boise -7:44:49 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:15:11
# For a map of Indiana's time zone regions, see:
# https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time_in_Indiana
#
+# From Paul Eggert (2018-11-30):
+# A brief but entertaining history of time in Indiana describes a 1949 debate
+# in the Indiana House where city legislators (who favored "fast time")
+# tussled with farm legislators (who didn't) over a bill to outlaw DST:
+# "Lacking enough votes, the city faction tries to filibuster until time runs
+# out on the session at midnight, but rural champion Rep. Herbert Copeland,
+# R-Madison, leans over the gallery railing and forces the official clock
+# back to 9 p.m., breaking it in the process. The clock sticks on 9 as the
+# debate rages on into the night. The filibuster finally dies out and the
+# bill passes, while outside the chamber, clocks read 3:30 a.m. In the end,
+# it doesn't matter which side won. The law has no enforcement powers and
+# is simply ignored by fast-time communities."
+# How Indiana went from 'God's time' to split zones and daylight-saving.
+# Indianapolis Star. 2018-11-27 14:58 -05.
+# https://www.indystar.com/story/news/politics/2018/11/27/indianapolis-indiana-time-zone-history-central-eastern-daylight-savings-time/2126300002/
+#
# From Paul Eggert (2007-08-17):
# Since 1970, most of Indiana has been like America/Indiana/Indianapolis,
# with the following exceptions:
diff --git a/theory.html b/theory.html
index e9c9716cc6d5..a8da06547603 100644
--- a/theory.html
+++ b/theory.html
@@ -406,7 +406,7 @@ in decreasing order of importance:
EAT East Africa,
EST/EDT/EWT/EPT/EDDT Eastern [North America],
EET/EEST Eastern European,
- GST Guam,
+ GST/GDT Guam,
HST/HDT/HWT/HPT Hawaii,
HKT/HKST Hong Kong,
IST India,
@@ -1238,7 +1238,7 @@ Some people's work schedules
use <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timekeeping_on_Mars">Mars time</a>.
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) coordinators kept Mars time on
and off during the
-<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Pathfinder#End_of_mission">Mars
+<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Pathfinder">Mars
Pathfinder</a> mission.
Some of their family members also adapted to Mars time.
Dozens of special Mars watches were built for JPL workers who kept
@@ -1261,8 +1261,7 @@ meridian</a> of Mars goes through the center of the crater
honor of the British astronomer who built the Greenwich telescope that
defines Earth's prime meridian.
Mean solar time on the Mars prime meridian is
-called <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars_Coordinated_Time">Mars
-Coordinated Time (<abbr>MTC</abbr>)</a>.
+called Mars Coordinated Time (<abbr>MTC</abbr>).
</p>
<p>
diff --git a/version b/version
index df68c8c7f944..40354a0ab6f7 100644
--- a/version
+++ b/version
@@ -1 +1 @@
-2018g
+2018h
diff --git a/ziguard.awk b/ziguard.awk
index e3c729832dd3..e8ef49e16f14 100644
--- a/ziguard.awk
+++ b/ziguard.awk
@@ -54,7 +54,7 @@ DATAFORM != "main" {
}
}
- # If this line should differ due to Namibia using Rule SAVE suffixes,
+ # If this line should differ due to Namibia using negative SAVE values,
# uncomment the desired version and comment out the undesired one.
Rule_Namibia = /^#?Rule[\t ]+Namibia[\t ]/
Zone_using_Namibia_rule \
@@ -87,6 +87,23 @@ DATAFORM != "main" {
sub(/Sat>=8/, "Sun>=9")
sub(/25:00/, " 1:00")
}
+
+ # In rearguard format, change the Morocco lines with negative SAVE values
+ # to use positive SAVE values.
+ if (!vanguard && $1 == "Rule" && $2 == "Morocco" && $4 == 2018 \
+ && $6 == "Oct") {
+ sub(/\t2018\t/, "\t2017\t")
+ }
+ if (!vanguard && $1 == "Rule" && $2 == "Morocco" && 2019 <= $3) {
+ if ($9 == "0") {
+ sub(/\t0\t/, "\t1:00\t")
+ } else {
+ sub(/\t-1:00\t/, "\t0\t")
+ }
+ }
+ if (!vanguard && $1 == "1:00" && $2 == "Morocco" && $3 == "+01/+00") {
+ sub(/1:00\tMorocco\t\+01\/\+00$/, "0:00\tMorocco\t+00/+01")
+ }
}
# If a Link line is followed by a Zone line for the same data, comment
diff --git a/zone.tab b/zone.tab
index dcb6e1da60b2..27e1dee61efc 100644
--- a/zone.tab
+++ b/zone.tab
@@ -239,6 +239,7 @@ KW +2920+04759 Asia/Kuwait
KY +1918-08123 America/Cayman
KZ +4315+07657 Asia/Almaty Kazakhstan (most areas)
KZ +4448+06528 Asia/Qyzylorda Qyzylorda/Kyzylorda/Kzyl-Orda
+KZ +5312+06337 Asia/Qostanay Qostanay/Kostanay/Kustanay
KZ +5017+05710 Asia/Aqtobe Aqtobe/Aktobe
KZ +4431+05016 Asia/Aqtau Mangghystau/Mankistau
KZ +4707+05156 Asia/Atyrau Atyrau/Atirau/Gur'yev
@@ -332,9 +333,9 @@ RS +4450+02030 Europe/Belgrade
RU +5443+02030 Europe/Kaliningrad MSK-01 - Kaliningrad
RU +554521+0373704 Europe/Moscow MSK+00 - Moscow area
RU +4457+03406 Europe/Simferopol MSK+00 - Crimea
-RU +4844+04425 Europe/Volgograd MSK+00 - Volgograd
RU +5836+04939 Europe/Kirov MSK+00 - Kirov
RU +4621+04803 Europe/Astrakhan MSK+01 - Astrakhan
+RU +4844+04425 Europe/Volgograd MSK+01 - Volgograd
RU +5134+04602 Europe/Saratov MSK+01 - Saratov
RU +5420+04824 Europe/Ulyanovsk MSK+01 - Ulyanovsk
RU +5312+05009 Europe/Samara MSK+01 - Samara, Udmurtia
diff --git a/zone1970.tab b/zone1970.tab
index 7c86fb69110c..9a8e4244fa30 100644
--- a/zone1970.tab
+++ b/zone1970.tab
@@ -211,6 +211,7 @@ KP +3901+12545 Asia/Pyongyang
KR +3733+12658 Asia/Seoul
KZ +4315+07657 Asia/Almaty Kazakhstan (most areas)
KZ +4448+06528 Asia/Qyzylorda Qyzylorda/Kyzylorda/Kzyl-Orda
+KZ +5312+06337 Asia/Qostanay Qostanay/Kostanay/Kustanay
KZ +5017+05710 Asia/Aqtobe Aqtöbe/Aktobe
KZ +4431+05016 Asia/Aqtau Mangghystaū/Mankistau
KZ +4707+05156 Asia/Atyrau Atyraū/Atirau/Gur'yev
@@ -289,9 +290,9 @@ RS,BA,HR,ME,MK,SI +4450+02030 Europe/Belgrade
RU +5443+02030 Europe/Kaliningrad MSK-01 - Kaliningrad
RU +554521+0373704 Europe/Moscow MSK+00 - Moscow area
RU +4457+03406 Europe/Simferopol MSK+00 - Crimea
-RU +4844+04425 Europe/Volgograd MSK+00 - Volgograd
RU +5836+04939 Europe/Kirov MSK+00 - Kirov
RU +4621+04803 Europe/Astrakhan MSK+01 - Astrakhan
+RU +4844+04425 Europe/Volgograd MSK+01 - Volgograd
RU +5134+04602 Europe/Saratov MSK+01 - Saratov
RU +5420+04824 Europe/Ulyanovsk MSK+01 - Ulyanovsk
RU +5312+05009 Europe/Samara MSK+01 - Samara, Udmurtia