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authorAndrey A. Chernov <ache@FreeBSD.org>1997-01-05 13:01:53 +0000
committerAndrey A. Chernov <ache@FreeBSD.org>1997-01-05 13:01:53 +0000
commitb29a08bf10533847eec8595efaffc02857b5b353 (patch)
tree850d6f90cfb84df3740804b0ebf3b19f41182c2e
parentc7765a607ba09e92f3a3d5326bf357fcd7470147 (diff)
downloadsrc-b29a08bf10533847eec8595efaffc02857b5b353.tar.gz
src-b29a08bf10533847eec8595efaffc02857b5b353.zip
Add manpage from another bash directory
Notes
Notes: svn path=/vendor/libreadline/dist/; revision=21336
-rw-r--r--contrib/libreadline/doc/readline.31103
-rw-r--r--contrib/libreadline/readline.31103
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+.\"
+.\" MAN PAGE COMMENTS to
+.\"
+.\" Chet Ramey
+.\" Information Network Services
+.\" Case Western Reserve University
+.\" chet@ins.CWRU.Edu
+.\"
+.\" Last Change: Mon Jul 8 13:07:48 EDT 1996
+.\"
+.TH READLINE 3 "1996 July 8" GNU
+.\"
+.\" File Name macro. This used to be `.PN', for Path Name,
+.\" but Sun doesn't seem to like that very much.
+.\"
+.de FN
+\fI\|\\$1\|\fP
+..
+.SH NAME
+readline \- get a line from a user with editing
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.LP
+.nf
+.ft B
+#include <readline.h>
+#include <history.h>
+.ft
+.fi
+.LP
+.nf
+.ft B
+char *readline (prompt)
+char *prompt;
+.ft
+.fi
+.SH COPYRIGHT
+.if n Readline is Copyright (C) 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996 by the Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+.if t Readline is Copyright \(co 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996 by the Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+.LP
+.B readline
+will read a line from the terminal
+and return it, using
+.B prompt
+as a prompt. If
+.B prompt
+is null, no prompt is issued. The line returned is allocated with
+.IR malloc (3),
+so the caller must free it when finished. The line returned
+has the final newline removed, so only the text of the line
+remains.
+.LP
+.B readline
+offers editing capabilities while the user is entering the
+line.
+By default, the line editing commands
+are similar to those of emacs.
+A vi\-style line editing interface is also available.
+.SH RETURN VALUE
+.LP
+.B readline
+returns the text of the line read. A blank line
+returns the empty string. If
+.B EOF
+is encountered while reading a line, and the line is empty,
+.B NULL
+is returned. If an
+.B EOF
+is read with a non\-empty line, it is
+treated as a newline.
+.SH NOTATION
+.LP
+An emacs-style notation is used to denote
+keystrokes. Control keys are denoted by C\-\fIkey\fR, e.g., C\-n
+means Control\-N. Similarly,
+.I meta
+keys are denoted by M\-\fIkey\fR, so M\-x means Meta\-X. (On keyboards
+without a
+.I meta
+key, M\-\fIx\fP means ESC \fIx\fP, i.e., press the Escape key
+then the
+.I x
+key. This makes ESC the \fImeta prefix\fP.
+The combination M\-C\-\fIx\fP means ESC\-Control\-\fIx\fP,
+or press the Escape key
+then hold the Control key while pressing the
+.I x
+key.)
+.PP
+Readline commands may be given numeric
+.IR arguments ,
+which normally act as a repeat count. Sometimes, however, it is the
+sign of the argument that is significant. Passing a negative argument
+to a command that acts in the forward direction (e.g., \fBkill\-line\fP)
+causes that command to act in a backward direction. Commands whose
+behavior with arguments deviates from this are noted.
+.PP
+When a command is described as \fIkilling\fP text, the text
+deleted is saved for possible future retrieval
+(\fIyanking\fP). The killed text is saved in a
+\fIkill ring\fP. Consecutive kills cause the text to be
+accumulated into one unit, which can be yanked all at once.
+Commands which do not kill text separate the chunks of text
+on the kill ring.
+.SH INITIALIZATION FILE
+.LP
+Readline is customized by putting commands in an initialization
+file (the \fIinputrc\fP file).
+The name of this file is taken from the value of the
+.B INPUTRC
+environment variable. If that variable is unset, the default is
+.IR ~/.inputrc .
+When a program which uses the readline library starts up, the
+init file is read, and the key bindings and variables are set.
+There are only a few basic constructs allowed in the
+readline init file. Blank lines are ignored.
+Lines beginning with a \fB#\fP are comments.
+Lines beginning with a \fB$\fP indicate conditional constructs.
+Other lines denote key bindings and variable settings.
+Each program using this library may add its own commands
+and bindings.
+.PP
+For example, placing
+.RS
+.PP
+M\-Control\-u: universal\-argument
+.RE
+or
+.RS
+C\-Meta\-u: universal\-argument
+.RE
+into the
+.I inputrc
+would make M\-C\-u execute the readline command
+.IR universal\-argument .
+.PP
+The following symbolic character names are recognized while
+processing key bindings:
+.IR RUBOUT ,
+.IR DEL ,
+.IR ESC ,
+.IR LFD ,
+.IR NEWLINE ,
+.IR RET ,
+.IR RETURN ,
+.IR SPC ,
+.IR SPACE ,
+and
+.IR TAB .
+In addition to command names, readline allows keys to be bound
+to a string that is inserted when the key is pressed (a \fImacro\fP).
+.PP
+.SS Key Bindings
+.PP
+The syntax for controlling key bindings in the
+.I inputrc
+file is simple. All that is required is the name of the
+command or the text of a macro and a key sequence to which
+it should be bound. The name may be specified in one of two ways:
+as a symbolic key name, possibly with \fIMeta\-\fP or \fIControl\-\fP
+prefixes, or as a key sequence.
+When using the form \fBkeyname\fP:\fIfunction-name\fP or \fImacro\fP,
+.I keyname
+is the name of a key spelled out in English. For example:
+.sp
+.RS
+Control\-u: universal\-argument
+.br
+Meta\-Rubout: backward\-kill\-word
+.br
+Control\-o: ">&output"
+.RE
+.LP
+In the above example,
+.I C\-u
+is bound to the function
+.BR universal\-argument ,
+.I M-DEL
+is bound to the function
+.BR backward\-kill\-word ,
+and
+.I C\-o
+is bound to run the macro
+expressed on the right hand side (that is, to insert the text
+.I >&output
+into the line).
+.PP
+In the second form, \fB"keyseq"\fP:\fIfunction\-name\fP or \fImacro\fP,
+.B keyseq
+differs from
+.B keyname
+above in that strings denoting
+an entire key sequence may be specified by placing the sequence
+within double quotes. Some GNU Emacs style key escapes can be
+used, as in the following example.
+.sp
+.RS
+"\eC\-u": universal\-argument
+.br
+"\eC\-x\eC\-r": re\-read\-init\-file
+.br
+"\ee[11~": "Function Key 1"
+.RE
+.PP
+In this example,
+.I C-u
+is again bound to the function
+.BR universal\-argument .
+.I "C-x C-r"
+is bound to the function
+.BR re\-read\-init\-file ,
+and
+.I "ESC [ 1 1 ~"
+is bound to insert the text
+.BR "Function Key 1" .
+The full set of escape sequences is
+.RS
+.TP
+.B \eC\-
+control prefix
+.TP
+.B \eM\-
+meta prefix
+.TP
+.B \ee
+an escape character
+.TP
+.B \e\e
+backslash
+.TP
+.B \e"
+literal "
+.TP
+.B \e'
+literal '
+.RE
+.PP
+When entering the text of a macro, single or double quotes should
+be used to indicate a macro definition. Unquoted text
+is assumed to be a function name. Backslash
+will quote any character in the macro text, including " and '.
+.PP
+.B Bash
+allows the current readline key bindings to be displayed or modified
+with the
+.B bind
+builtin command. The editing mode may be switched during interactive
+use by using the
+.B \-o
+option to the
+.B set
+builtin command. Other programs using this library provide
+similar mechanisms. The
+.I inputrc
+file may be edited and re-read if a program does not provide
+any other means to incorporate new bindings.
+.SS Variables
+.PP
+Readline has variables that can be used to further customize its
+behavior. A variable may be set in the
+.I inputrc
+file with a statement of the form
+.RS
+.PP
+\fBset\fP \fIvariable\-name\fP \fIvalue\fP
+.RE
+.PP
+Except where noted, readline variables can take the values
+.B On
+or
+.BR Off .
+The variables and their default values are:
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B bell\-style (audible)
+Controls what happens when readline wants to ring the terminal bell.
+If set to \fBnone\fP, readline never rings the bell. If set to
+\fBvisible\fP, readline uses a visible bell if one is available.
+If set to \fBaudible\fP, readline attempts to ring the terminal's bell.
+.TP
+.B comment\-begin (``#'')
+The string that is inserted in \fBvi\fP mode when the
+.B insert\-comment
+command is executed.
+This command is bound to
+.B M\-#
+in emacs mode and to
+.B #
+in vi command mode.
+.TP
+.B completion\-query\-items (100)
+This determines when the user is queried about viewing
+the number of possible completions
+generated by the \fBpossible\-completions\fP command.
+It may be set to any integer value greater than or equal to
+zero. If the number of possible completions is greater than
+or equal to the value of this variable, the user is asked whether
+or not he wishes to view them; otherwise they are simply listed
+on the terminal.
+.TP
+.B convert\-meta (On)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, readline will convert characters with the
+eighth bit set to an ASCII key sequence
+by stripping the eighth bit and prepending an
+escape character (in effect, using escape as the \fImeta prefix\fP).
+.TP
+.B disable\-completion (Off)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, readline will inhibit word completion. Completion
+characters will be inserted into the line as if they had been
+mapped to \fBself-insert\fP.
+.TP
+.B editing\-mode (emacs)
+Controls whether readline begins with a set of key bindings similar
+to \fIemacs\fP or \fIvi\fP.
+.B editing\-mode
+can be set to either
+.B emacs
+or
+.BR vi .
+.TP
+.B enable\-keypad (Off)
+When set to \fBOn\fP, readline will try to enable the application
+keypad when it is called. Some systems need this to enable the
+arrow keys.
+.TP
+.B expand\-tilde (Off)
+If set to \fBon\fP, tilde expansion is performed when readline
+attempts word completion.
+.TP
+.B horizontal\-scroll\-mode (Off)
+When set to \fBOn\fP, makes readline use a single line for display,
+scrolling the input horizontally on a single screen line when it
+becomes longer than the screen width rather than wrapping to a new line.
+.TP
+.B keymap (emacs)
+Set the current readline keymap. The set of legal keymap names is
+\fIemacs, emacs-standard, emacs-meta, emacs-ctlx, vi, vi-move,
+vi-command\fP, and
+.IR vi-insert .
+\fIvi\fP is equivalent to \fIvi-command\fP; \fIemacs\fP is
+equivalent to \fIemacs-standard\fP. The default value is
+.IR emacs ;
+the value of
+.B editing\-mode
+also affects the default keymap.
+.TP
+.B mark\-directories (On)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, completed directory names have a slash
+appended.
+.TP
+.B mark\-modified\-lines (Off)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, history lines that have been modified are displayed
+with a preceding asterisk (\fB*\fP).
+.TP
+.B meta\-flag (Off)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, readline will enable eight-bit input (that is,
+it will not strip the high bit from the characters it reads),
+regardless of what the terminal claims it can support.
+.TP
+.B output\-meta (Off)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, readline will display characters with the
+eighth bit set directly rather than as a meta-prefixed escape
+sequence.
+.TP
+.B show\-all\-if\-ambiguous (Off)
+This alters the default behavior of the completion functions. If
+set to
+.BR on ,
+words which have more than one possible completion cause the
+matches to be listed immediately instead of ringing the bell.
+.TP
+.B visible\-stats (Off)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, a character denoting a file's type as reported
+by \fBstat\fP(2) is appended to the filename when listing possible
+completions.
+.PD
+.SS Conditional Constructs
+.PP
+Readline implements a facility similar in spirit to the conditional
+compilation features of the C preprocessor which allows key
+bindings and variable settings to be performed as the result
+of tests. There are three parser directives used.
+.IP \fB$if\fP
+The
+.B $if
+construct allows bindings to be made based on the
+editing mode, the terminal being used, or the application using
+readline. The text of the test extends to the end of the line;
+no characters are required to isolate it.
+.RS
+.IP \fBmode\fP
+The \fBmode=\fP form of the \fB$if\fP directive is used to test
+whether readline is in emacs or vi mode.
+This may be used in conjunction
+with the \fBset keymap\fP command, for instance, to set bindings in
+the \fIemacs-standard\fP and \fIemacs-ctlx\fP keymaps only if
+readline is starting out in emacs mode.
+.IP \fBterm\fP
+The \fBterm=\fP form may be used to include terminal-specific
+key bindings, perhaps to bind the key sequences output by the
+terminal's function keys. The word on the right side of the
+.B =
+is tested against the full name of the terminal and the portion
+of the terminal name before the first \fB\-\fP. This allows
+.I sun
+to match both
+.I sun
+and
+.IR sun\-cmd ,
+for instance.
+.IP \fBapplication\fP
+The \fBapplication\fP construct is used to include
+application-specific settings. Each program using the readline
+library sets the \fIapplication name\fP, and an initialization
+file can test for a particular value.
+This could be used to bind key sequences to functions useful for
+a specific program. For instance, the following command adds a
+key sequence that quotes the current or previous word in Bash:
+.RS
+.nf
+\fB$if\fP bash
+# Quote the current or previous word
+"\eC-xq": "\eeb\e"\eef\e""
+\fB$endif\fP
+.fi
+.RE
+.RE
+.IP \fB$endif\fP
+This command, as you saw in the previous example, terminates an
+\fB$if\fP command.
+.IP \fB$else\fP
+Commands in this branch of the \fB$if\fP directive are executed if
+the test fails.
+.SH SEARCHING
+.PP
+Readline provides commands for searching through the command history
+for lines containing a specified string.
+There are two search modes:
+.I incremental
+and
+.IR non-incremental .
+.PP
+Incremental searches begin before the user has finished typing the
+search string.
+As each character of the search string is typed, readline displays
+the next entry from the history matching the string typed so far.
+An incremental search requires only as many characters as needed to
+find the desired history entry.
+The Escape character is used to terminate an incremental search.
+Control-J will also terminate the search.
+Control-G will abort an incremental search and restore the original
+line.
+When the search is terminated, the history entry containing the
+search string becomes the current line.
+To find other matching entries in the history list, type Control-S or
+Control-R as appropriate.
+This will search backward or forward in the history for the next
+line matching the search string typed so far.
+Any other key sequence bound to a readline command will terminate
+the search and execute that command.
+For instance, a \fInewline\fP will terminate the search and accept
+the line, thereby executing the command from the history list.
+.PP
+Non-incremental searches read the entire search string before starting
+to search for matching history lines. The search string may be
+typed by the user or part of the contents of the current line.
+.SH EDITING COMMANDS
+.PP
+The following is a list of the names of the commands and the default
+key sequences to which they are bound.
+Command names without an accompanying key sequence are unbound by default.
+.SS Commands for Moving
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B beginning\-of\-line (C\-a)
+Move to the start of the current line.
+.TP
+.B end\-of\-line (C\-e)
+Move to the end of the line.
+.TP
+.B forward\-char (C\-f)
+Move forward a character.
+.TP
+.B backward\-char (C\-b)
+Move back a character.
+.TP
+.B forward\-word (M\-f)
+Move forward to the end of the next word. Words are composed of
+alphanumeric characters (letters and digits).
+.TP
+.B backward\-word (M\-b)
+Move back to the start of this, or the previous, word. Words are
+composed of alphanumeric characters (letters and digits).
+.TP
+.B clear\-screen (C\-l)
+Clear the screen leaving the current line at the top of the screen.
+With an argument, refresh the current line without clearing the
+screen.
+.TP
+.B redraw\-current\-line
+Refresh the current line.
+.PD
+.SS Commands for Manipulating the History
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B accept\-line (Newline, Return)
+Accept the line regardless of where the cursor is. If this line is
+non-empty, add it to the history list. If the line is a modified
+history line, then restore the history line to its original state.
+.TP
+.B previous\-history (C\-p)
+Fetch the previous command from the history list, moving back in
+the list.
+.TP
+.B next\-history (C\-n)
+Fetch the next command from the history list, moving forward in the
+list.
+.TP
+.B beginning\-of\-history (M\-<)
+Move to the first line in the history.
+.TP
+.B end\-of\-history (M\->)
+Move to the end of the input history, i.e., the line currently being
+entered.
+.TP
+.B reverse\-search\-history (C\-r)
+Search backward starting at the current line and moving `up' through
+the history as necessary. This is an incremental search.
+.TP
+.B forward\-search\-history (C\-s)
+Search forward starting at the current line and moving `down' through
+the history as necessary. This is an incremental search.
+.TP
+.B non\-incremental\-reverse\-search\-history (M\-p)
+Search backward through the history starting at the current line
+using a non-incremental search for a string supplied by the user.
+.TP
+.B non\-incremental\-forward\-search\-history (M\-n)
+Search forward through the history using a non-incremental search
+for a string supplied by the user.
+.TP
+.B history\-search\-forward
+Search forward through the history for the string of characters
+between the start of the current line and the current cursor
+position (the \fIpoint\fP).
+This is a non-incremental search.
+.TP
+.B history\-search\-backward
+Search backward through the history for the string of characters
+between the start of the current line and the point.
+This is a non-incremental search.
+.TP
+.B yank\-nth\-arg (M\-C\-y)
+Insert the first argument to the previous command (usually
+the second word on the previous line) at point (the current
+cursor position). With an argument
+.IR n ,
+insert the \fIn\fPth word from the previous command (the words
+in the previous command begin with word 0). A negative argument
+inserts the \fIn\fPth word from the end of the previous command.
+.TP
+.B
+yank\-last\-arg (M\-.\^, M\-_\^)
+Insert the last argument to the previous command (the last word of
+the previous history entry). With an argument,
+behave exactly like \fByank\-nth\-arg\fP.
+.PD
+.SS Commands for Changing Text
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B delete\-char (C\-d)
+Delete the character under the cursor. If point is at the
+beginning of the line, there are no characters in the line, and
+the last character typed was not
+.BR C\-d ,
+then return
+.SM
+.BR EOF .
+.TP
+.B backward\-delete\-char (Rubout)
+Delete the character behind the cursor. When given a numeric argument,
+save the deleted text on the kill ring.
+.TP
+.B quoted\-insert (C\-q, C\-v)
+Add the next character that you type to the line verbatim. This is
+how to insert characters like \fBC\-q\fP, for example.
+.TP
+.B tab\-insert (M-TAB)
+Insert a tab character.
+.TP
+.B self\-insert (a,\ b,\ A,\ 1,\ !,\ ...)
+Insert the character typed.
+.TP
+.B transpose\-chars (C\-t)
+Drag the character before point forward over the character at point.
+Point moves forward as well. If point is at the end of the line, then
+transpose the two characters before point. Negative arguments don't work.
+.TP
+.B transpose\-words (M\-t)
+Drag the word behind the cursor past the word in front of the cursor
+moving the cursor over that word as well.
+.TP
+.B upcase\-word (M\-u)
+Uppercase the current (or following) word. With a negative argument,
+do the previous word, but do not move point.
+.TP
+.B downcase\-word (M\-l)
+Lowercase the current (or following) word. With a negative argument,
+do the previous word, but do not move point.
+.TP
+.B capitalize\-word (M\-c)
+Capitalize the current (or following) word. With a negative argument,
+do the previous word, but do not move point.
+.PD
+.SS Killing and Yanking
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B kill\-line (C\-k)
+Kill the text from the current cursor position to the end of the line.
+.TP
+.B backward\-kill\-line (C\-x Rubout)
+Kill backward to the beginning of the line.
+.TP
+.B unix\-line\-discard (C\-u)
+Kill backward from point to the beginning of the line.
+.\" There is no real difference between this and backward-kill-line
+.TP
+.B kill\-whole\-line
+Kill all characters on the current line, no matter where the
+cursor is.
+.TP
+.B kill\-word (M\-d)
+Kill from the cursor to the end of the current word, or if between
+words, to the end of the next word. Word boundaries are the same as
+those used by \fBforward\-word\fP.
+.TP
+.B backward\-kill\-word (M\-Rubout)
+Kill the word behind the cursor. Word boundaries are the same as
+those used by \fBbackward\-word\fP.
+.TP
+.B unix\-word\-rubout (C\-w)
+Kill the word behind the cursor, using white space as a word boundary.
+The word boundaries are different from
+.BR backward\-kill\-word .
+.TP
+.B delete\-horizontal\-space (M\-\e)
+Delete all spaces and tabs around point.
+.TP
+.B kill\-region
+Kill the text between the point and \fImark\fP (saved cursor position).
+This text is referred to as the \fIregion\fP.
+.TP
+.B copy\-region\-as\-kill
+Copy the text in the region to the kill buffer.
+.TP
+.B copy\-backward\-word
+Copy the word before point to the kill buffer.
+.TP
+.B copy\-forward\-word
+Copy the word following point to the kill buffer.
+.TP
+.B yank (C\-y)
+Yank the top of the kill ring into the buffer at the cursor.
+.TP
+.B yank\-pop (M\-y)
+Rotate the kill ring, and yank the new top. Only works following
+.B yank
+or
+.BR yank\-pop .
+.PD
+.SS Numeric Arguments
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B digit\-argument (M\-0, M\-1, ..., M\-\-)
+Add this digit to the argument already accumulating, or start a new
+argument. M\-\- starts a negative argument.
+.TP
+.B universal\-argument
+Each time this is executed, the argument count is multiplied by four.
+The argument count is initially one, so executing this function the
+first time makes the argument count four.
+.PD
+.SS Completing
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B complete (TAB)
+Attempt to perform completion on the text before point.
+The actual completion performed is application-specific.
+.BR Bash ,
+for instance, attempts completion treating the text as a variable
+(if the text begins with \fB$\fP), username (if the text begins with
+\fB~\fP), hostname (if the text begins with \fB@\fP), or
+command (including aliases and functions) in turn. If none
+of these produces a match, filename completion is attempted.
+.BR Gdb ,
+on the other hand,
+allows completion of program functions and variables, and
+only attempts filename completion under certain circumstances.
+.TP
+.B possible\-completions (M\-?)
+List the possible completions of the text before point.
+.TP
+.B insert\-completions (M\-*)
+Insert all completions of the text before point
+that would have been generated by
+\fBpossible\-completions\fP.
+.PD
+.SS Keyboard Macros
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B start\-kbd\-macro (C\-x (\^)
+Begin saving the characters typed into the current keyboard macro.
+.TP
+.B end\-kbd\-macro (C\-x )\^)
+Stop saving the characters typed into the current keyboard macro
+and store the definition.
+.TP
+.B call\-last\-kbd\-macro (C\-x e)
+Re-execute the last keyboard macro defined, by making the characters
+in the macro appear as if typed at the keyboard.
+.PD
+.SS Miscellaneous
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B re\-read\-init\-file (C\-x C\-r)
+Read in the contents of the \fIinputrc\fP file, and incorporate
+any bindings or variable assignments found there.
+.TP
+.B abort (C\-g)
+Abort the current editing command and
+ring the terminal's bell (subject to the setting of
+.BR bell\-style ).
+.TP
+.B do\-uppercase\-version (M\-a, M\-b, M\-\fIx\fP, ...)
+If the metafied character \fIx\fP is lowercase, run the command
+that is bound to the corresponding uppercase character.
+.TP
+.B prefix\-meta (ESC)
+Metafy the next character typed.
+.SM
+.B ESC
+.B f
+is equivalent to
+.BR Meta\-f .
+.TP
+.B undo (C\-_, C\-x C\-u)
+Incremental undo, separately remembered for each line.
+.TP
+.B revert\-line (M\-r)
+Undo all changes made to this line. This is like typing the
+.B undo
+command enough times to return the line to its initial state.
+.TP
+.B tilde\-expand (M\-~)
+Perform tilde expansion on the current word.
+.TP
+.B set\-mark (C\-@, M-<space>)
+Set the mark to the current point. If a
+numeric argument is supplied, the mark is set to that position.
+.TP
+.B exchange\-point\-and\-mark (C\-x C\-x)
+Swap the point with the mark. The current cursor position is set to
+the saved position, and the old cursor position is saved as the mark.
+.TP
+.B character\-search (C\-])
+A character is read and point is moved to the next occurrence of that
+character. A negative count searches for previous occurrences.
+.TP
+.B character\-search\-backward (M\-C\-])
+A character is read and point is moved to the previous occurrence of that
+character. A negative count searches for subsequent occurrences.
+.TP
+.B insert\-comment (M\-#)
+The value of the readline
+.B comment\-begin
+variable is inserted at the beginning of the current line, and the line
+is accepted as if a newline had been typed. This makes the current line
+a shell comment.
+.TP
+.B glob\-expand\-word (C\-x *)
+The word before point is treated as a pattern for pathname expansion,
+and the list of matching file names is inserted, replacing the word.
+.TP
+.B glob\-list\-expansions (C\-x g)
+The list of expansions that would have been generated by
+.B glob\-expand\-word
+is inserted into the line, replacing the word before point.
+.TP
+.B dump\-functions
+Print all of the functions and their key bindings to the
+readline output stream. If a numeric argument is supplied,
+the output is formatted in such a way that it can be made part
+of an \fIinputrc\fP file.
+.TP
+.B dump\-variables
+Print all of the settable variables and their values to the
+readline output stream. If a numeric argument is supplied,
+the output is formatted in such a way that it can be made part
+of an \fIinputrc\fP file.
+.TP
+.B dump\-macros
+Print all of the readline key sequences bound to macros and the
+strings they ouput. If a numeric argument is supplied,
+the output is formatted in such a way that it can be made part
+of an \fIinputrc\fP file.
+.TP
+.B emacs\-editing\-mode (C\-e)
+When in
+.B vi
+editing mode, this causes a switch to
+.B emacs
+editing mode.
+.TP
+.B vi\-editing\-mode (M\-C\-j)
+When in
+.B emacs
+editing mode, this causes a switch to
+.B vi
+editing mode.
+.PD
+.SH DEFAULT KEY BINDINGS
+.LP
+The following is a list of the default emacs and vi bindings.
+Characters with the 8th bit set are written as M\-<character>, and
+are referred to as
+.I metafied
+characters.
+The printable ASCII characters not mentioned in the list of emacs
+standard bindings are bound to the
+.I self\-insert
+function, which just inserts the given character into the input line.
+In vi insertion mode, all characters not specifically mentioned are
+bound to
+.IR self\-insert .
+Characters assigned to signal generation by
+.IR stty (1)
+or the terminal driver, such as C-Z or C-C,
+retain that function.
+Upper and lower case
+.I metafied
+characters are bound to the same function in the emacs mode
+meta keymap.
+The remaining characters are unbound, which causes readline
+to ring the bell (subject to the setting of the
+.B bell\-style
+variable).
+.SS Emacs Mode
+.RS +.6i
+.nf
+.ta 2.5i
+.sp
+Emacs Standard bindings
+.sp
+"C-@" set-mark
+"C-A" beginning-of-line
+"C-B" backward-char
+"C-D" delete-char
+"C-E" end-of-line
+"C-F" forward-char
+"C-G" abort
+"C-H" backward-delete-char
+"C-I" complete
+"C-J" accept-line
+"C-K" kill-line
+"C-L" clear-screen
+"C-M" accept-line
+"C-N" next-history
+"C-P" previous-history
+"C-Q" quoted-insert
+"C-R" reverse-search-history
+"C-S" forward-search-history
+"C-T" transpose-chars
+"C-U" unix-line-discard
+"C-V" quoted-insert
+"C-W" unix-word-rubout
+"C-Y" yank
+"C-]" character-search
+"C-_" undo
+"\^ " to "/" self-insert
+"0" to "9" self-insert
+":" to "~" self-insert
+"C-?" backward-delete-char
+.PP
+Emacs Meta bindings
+.sp
+"M-C-G" abort
+"M-C-H" backward-kill-word
+"M-C-I" tab-insert
+"M-C-J" vi-editing-mode
+"M-C-M" vi-editing-mode
+"M-C-R" revert-line
+"M-C-Y" yank-nth-arg
+"M-C-[" complete
+"M-C-]" character-search-backward
+"M-space" set-mark
+"M-#" insert-comment
+"M-&" tilde-expand
+"M-*" insert-completions
+"M--" digit-argument
+"M-." yank-last-arg
+"M-0" digit-argument
+"M-1" digit-argument
+"M-2" digit-argument
+"M-3" digit-argument
+"M-4" digit-argument
+"M-5" digit-argument
+"M-6" digit-argument
+"M-7" digit-argument
+"M-8" digit-argument
+"M-9" digit-argument
+"M-<" beginning-of-history
+"M-=" possible-completions
+"M->" end-of-history
+"M-?" possible-completions
+"M-B" backward-word
+"M-C" capitalize-word
+"M-D" kill-word
+"M-F" forward-word
+"M-L" downcase-word
+"M-N" non-incremental-forward-search-history
+"M-P" non-incremental-reverse-search-history
+"M-R" revert-line
+"M-T" transpose-words
+"M-U" upcase-word
+"M-Y" yank-pop
+"M-\e" delete-horizontal-space
+"M-~" tilde-expand
+"M-C-?" backward-delete-word
+"M-_" yank-last-arg
+.PP
+Emacs Control-X bindings
+.sp
+"C-XC-G" abort
+"C-XC-R" re-read-init-file
+"C-XC-U" undo
+"C-XC-X" exchange-point-and-mark
+"C-X(" start-kbd-macro
+"C-X)" end-kbd-macro
+"C-XE" call-last-kbd-macro
+"C-XC-?" backward-kill-line
+.sp
+.RE
+.SS VI Mode bindings
+.RS +.6i
+.nf
+.ta 2.5i
+.sp
+.PP
+VI Insert Mode functions
+.sp
+"C-D" vi-eof-maybe
+"C-H" backward-delete-char
+"C-I" complete
+"C-J" accept-line
+"C-M" accept-line
+"C-R" reverse-search-history
+"C-S" forward-search-history
+"C-T" transpose-chars
+"C-U" unix-line-discard
+"C-V" quoted-insert
+"C-W" unix-word-rubout
+"C-Y" yank
+"C-[" vi-movement-mode
+"C-_" undo
+"\^ " to "~" self-insert
+"C-?" backward-delete-char
+.PP
+VI Command Mode functions
+.sp
+"C-D" vi-eof-maybe
+"C-E" emacs-editing-mode
+"C-G" abort
+"C-H" backward-char
+"C-J" accept-line
+"C-K" kill-line
+"C-L" clear-screen
+"C-M" accept-line
+"C-N" next-history
+"C-P" previous-history
+"C-Q" quoted-insert
+"C-R" reverse-search-history
+"C-S" forward-search-history
+"C-T" transpose-chars
+"C-U" unix-line-discard
+"C-V" quoted-insert
+"C-W" unix-word-rubout
+"C-Y" yank
+"\^ " forward-char
+"#" insert-comment
+"$" end-of-line
+"%" vi-match
+"&" vi-tilde-expand
+"*" vi-complete
+"+" next-history
+"," vi-char-search
+"-" previous-history
+"." vi-redo
+"/" vi-search
+"0" beginning-of-line
+"1" to "9" vi-arg-digit
+";" vi-char-search
+"=" vi-complete
+"?" vi-search
+"A" vi-append-eol
+"B" vi-prev-word
+"C" vi-change-to
+"D" vi-delete-to
+"E" vi-end-word
+"F" vi-char-search
+"G" vi-fetch-history
+"I" vi-insert-beg
+"N" vi-search-again
+"P" vi-put
+"R" vi-replace
+"S" vi-subst
+"T" vi-char-search
+"U" revert-line
+"W" vi-next-word
+"X" backward-delete-char
+"Y" vi-yank-to
+"\e" vi-complete
+"^" vi-first-print
+"_" vi-yank-arg
+"`" vi-goto-mark
+"a" vi-append-mode
+"b" vi-prev-word
+"c" vi-change-to
+"d" vi-delete-to
+"e" vi-end-word
+"f" vi-char-search
+"h" backward-char
+"i" vi-insertion-mode
+"j" next-history
+"k" prev-history
+"l" forward-char
+"m" vi-set-mark
+"n" vi-search-again
+"p" vi-put
+"r" vi-change-char
+"s" vi-subst
+"t" vi-char-search
+"u" undo
+"w" vi-next-word
+"x" vi-delete
+"y" vi-yank-to
+"|" vi-column
+"~" vi-change-case
+.RE
+.SH "SEE ALSO"
+.PD 0
+.TP
+\fIThe Gnu Readline Library\fP, Brian Fox and Chet Ramey
+.TP
+\fIThe Gnu History Library\fP, Brian Fox and Chet Ramey
+.TP
+\fIbash\fP(1)
+.PD
+.SH FILES
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.FN ~/.inputrc
+Individual \fBreadline\fP initialization file
+.PD
+.SH AUTHORS
+Brian Fox, Free Software Foundation (primary author)
+.br
+bfox@ai.MIT.Edu
+.PP
+Chet Ramey, Case Western Reserve University
+.br
+chet@ins.CWRU.Edu
+.SH BUG REPORTS
+If you find a bug in
+.B readline,
+you should report it. But first, you should
+make sure that it really is a bug, and that it appears in the latest
+version of the
+.B readline
+library that you have.
+.PP
+Once you have determined that a bug actually exists, mail a
+bug report to \fIbug\-readline\fP@\fIprep.ai.MIT.Edu\fP.
+If you have a fix, you are welcome to mail that
+as well! Suggestions and `philosophical' bug reports may be mailed
+to \fPbug-readline\fP@\fIprep.ai.MIT.Edu\fP or posted to the Usenet
+newsgroup
+.BR gnu.bash.bug .
+.PP
+Comments and bug reports concerning
+this manual page should be directed to
+.IR chet@ins.CWRU.Edu .
+.SH BUGS
+.PP
+It's too big and too slow.
diff --git a/contrib/libreadline/readline.3 b/contrib/libreadline/readline.3
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..e122cb7a7385
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/libreadline/readline.3
@@ -0,0 +1,1103 @@
+.\"
+.\" MAN PAGE COMMENTS to
+.\"
+.\" Chet Ramey
+.\" Information Network Services
+.\" Case Western Reserve University
+.\" chet@ins.CWRU.Edu
+.\"
+.\" Last Change: Mon Jul 8 13:07:48 EDT 1996
+.\"
+.TH READLINE 3 "1996 July 8" GNU
+.\"
+.\" File Name macro. This used to be `.PN', for Path Name,
+.\" but Sun doesn't seem to like that very much.
+.\"
+.de FN
+\fI\|\\$1\|\fP
+..
+.SH NAME
+readline \- get a line from a user with editing
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.LP
+.nf
+.ft B
+#include <readline.h>
+#include <history.h>
+.ft
+.fi
+.LP
+.nf
+.ft B
+char *readline (prompt)
+char *prompt;
+.ft
+.fi
+.SH COPYRIGHT
+.if n Readline is Copyright (C) 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996 by the Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+.if t Readline is Copyright \(co 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996 by the Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+.LP
+.B readline
+will read a line from the terminal
+and return it, using
+.B prompt
+as a prompt. If
+.B prompt
+is null, no prompt is issued. The line returned is allocated with
+.IR malloc (3),
+so the caller must free it when finished. The line returned
+has the final newline removed, so only the text of the line
+remains.
+.LP
+.B readline
+offers editing capabilities while the user is entering the
+line.
+By default, the line editing commands
+are similar to those of emacs.
+A vi\-style line editing interface is also available.
+.SH RETURN VALUE
+.LP
+.B readline
+returns the text of the line read. A blank line
+returns the empty string. If
+.B EOF
+is encountered while reading a line, and the line is empty,
+.B NULL
+is returned. If an
+.B EOF
+is read with a non\-empty line, it is
+treated as a newline.
+.SH NOTATION
+.LP
+An emacs-style notation is used to denote
+keystrokes. Control keys are denoted by C\-\fIkey\fR, e.g., C\-n
+means Control\-N. Similarly,
+.I meta
+keys are denoted by M\-\fIkey\fR, so M\-x means Meta\-X. (On keyboards
+without a
+.I meta
+key, M\-\fIx\fP means ESC \fIx\fP, i.e., press the Escape key
+then the
+.I x
+key. This makes ESC the \fImeta prefix\fP.
+The combination M\-C\-\fIx\fP means ESC\-Control\-\fIx\fP,
+or press the Escape key
+then hold the Control key while pressing the
+.I x
+key.)
+.PP
+Readline commands may be given numeric
+.IR arguments ,
+which normally act as a repeat count. Sometimes, however, it is the
+sign of the argument that is significant. Passing a negative argument
+to a command that acts in the forward direction (e.g., \fBkill\-line\fP)
+causes that command to act in a backward direction. Commands whose
+behavior with arguments deviates from this are noted.
+.PP
+When a command is described as \fIkilling\fP text, the text
+deleted is saved for possible future retrieval
+(\fIyanking\fP). The killed text is saved in a
+\fIkill ring\fP. Consecutive kills cause the text to be
+accumulated into one unit, which can be yanked all at once.
+Commands which do not kill text separate the chunks of text
+on the kill ring.
+.SH INITIALIZATION FILE
+.LP
+Readline is customized by putting commands in an initialization
+file (the \fIinputrc\fP file).
+The name of this file is taken from the value of the
+.B INPUTRC
+environment variable. If that variable is unset, the default is
+.IR ~/.inputrc .
+When a program which uses the readline library starts up, the
+init file is read, and the key bindings and variables are set.
+There are only a few basic constructs allowed in the
+readline init file. Blank lines are ignored.
+Lines beginning with a \fB#\fP are comments.
+Lines beginning with a \fB$\fP indicate conditional constructs.
+Other lines denote key bindings and variable settings.
+Each program using this library may add its own commands
+and bindings.
+.PP
+For example, placing
+.RS
+.PP
+M\-Control\-u: universal\-argument
+.RE
+or
+.RS
+C\-Meta\-u: universal\-argument
+.RE
+into the
+.I inputrc
+would make M\-C\-u execute the readline command
+.IR universal\-argument .
+.PP
+The following symbolic character names are recognized while
+processing key bindings:
+.IR RUBOUT ,
+.IR DEL ,
+.IR ESC ,
+.IR LFD ,
+.IR NEWLINE ,
+.IR RET ,
+.IR RETURN ,
+.IR SPC ,
+.IR SPACE ,
+and
+.IR TAB .
+In addition to command names, readline allows keys to be bound
+to a string that is inserted when the key is pressed (a \fImacro\fP).
+.PP
+.SS Key Bindings
+.PP
+The syntax for controlling key bindings in the
+.I inputrc
+file is simple. All that is required is the name of the
+command or the text of a macro and a key sequence to which
+it should be bound. The name may be specified in one of two ways:
+as a symbolic key name, possibly with \fIMeta\-\fP or \fIControl\-\fP
+prefixes, or as a key sequence.
+When using the form \fBkeyname\fP:\fIfunction-name\fP or \fImacro\fP,
+.I keyname
+is the name of a key spelled out in English. For example:
+.sp
+.RS
+Control\-u: universal\-argument
+.br
+Meta\-Rubout: backward\-kill\-word
+.br
+Control\-o: ">&output"
+.RE
+.LP
+In the above example,
+.I C\-u
+is bound to the function
+.BR universal\-argument ,
+.I M-DEL
+is bound to the function
+.BR backward\-kill\-word ,
+and
+.I C\-o
+is bound to run the macro
+expressed on the right hand side (that is, to insert the text
+.I >&output
+into the line).
+.PP
+In the second form, \fB"keyseq"\fP:\fIfunction\-name\fP or \fImacro\fP,
+.B keyseq
+differs from
+.B keyname
+above in that strings denoting
+an entire key sequence may be specified by placing the sequence
+within double quotes. Some GNU Emacs style key escapes can be
+used, as in the following example.
+.sp
+.RS
+"\eC\-u": universal\-argument
+.br
+"\eC\-x\eC\-r": re\-read\-init\-file
+.br
+"\ee[11~": "Function Key 1"
+.RE
+.PP
+In this example,
+.I C-u
+is again bound to the function
+.BR universal\-argument .
+.I "C-x C-r"
+is bound to the function
+.BR re\-read\-init\-file ,
+and
+.I "ESC [ 1 1 ~"
+is bound to insert the text
+.BR "Function Key 1" .
+The full set of escape sequences is
+.RS
+.TP
+.B \eC\-
+control prefix
+.TP
+.B \eM\-
+meta prefix
+.TP
+.B \ee
+an escape character
+.TP
+.B \e\e
+backslash
+.TP
+.B \e"
+literal "
+.TP
+.B \e'
+literal '
+.RE
+.PP
+When entering the text of a macro, single or double quotes should
+be used to indicate a macro definition. Unquoted text
+is assumed to be a function name. Backslash
+will quote any character in the macro text, including " and '.
+.PP
+.B Bash
+allows the current readline key bindings to be displayed or modified
+with the
+.B bind
+builtin command. The editing mode may be switched during interactive
+use by using the
+.B \-o
+option to the
+.B set
+builtin command. Other programs using this library provide
+similar mechanisms. The
+.I inputrc
+file may be edited and re-read if a program does not provide
+any other means to incorporate new bindings.
+.SS Variables
+.PP
+Readline has variables that can be used to further customize its
+behavior. A variable may be set in the
+.I inputrc
+file with a statement of the form
+.RS
+.PP
+\fBset\fP \fIvariable\-name\fP \fIvalue\fP
+.RE
+.PP
+Except where noted, readline variables can take the values
+.B On
+or
+.BR Off .
+The variables and their default values are:
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B bell\-style (audible)
+Controls what happens when readline wants to ring the terminal bell.
+If set to \fBnone\fP, readline never rings the bell. If set to
+\fBvisible\fP, readline uses a visible bell if one is available.
+If set to \fBaudible\fP, readline attempts to ring the terminal's bell.
+.TP
+.B comment\-begin (``#'')
+The string that is inserted in \fBvi\fP mode when the
+.B insert\-comment
+command is executed.
+This command is bound to
+.B M\-#
+in emacs mode and to
+.B #
+in vi command mode.
+.TP
+.B completion\-query\-items (100)
+This determines when the user is queried about viewing
+the number of possible completions
+generated by the \fBpossible\-completions\fP command.
+It may be set to any integer value greater than or equal to
+zero. If the number of possible completions is greater than
+or equal to the value of this variable, the user is asked whether
+or not he wishes to view them; otherwise they are simply listed
+on the terminal.
+.TP
+.B convert\-meta (On)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, readline will convert characters with the
+eighth bit set to an ASCII key sequence
+by stripping the eighth bit and prepending an
+escape character (in effect, using escape as the \fImeta prefix\fP).
+.TP
+.B disable\-completion (Off)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, readline will inhibit word completion. Completion
+characters will be inserted into the line as if they had been
+mapped to \fBself-insert\fP.
+.TP
+.B editing\-mode (emacs)
+Controls whether readline begins with a set of key bindings similar
+to \fIemacs\fP or \fIvi\fP.
+.B editing\-mode
+can be set to either
+.B emacs
+or
+.BR vi .
+.TP
+.B enable\-keypad (Off)
+When set to \fBOn\fP, readline will try to enable the application
+keypad when it is called. Some systems need this to enable the
+arrow keys.
+.TP
+.B expand\-tilde (Off)
+If set to \fBon\fP, tilde expansion is performed when readline
+attempts word completion.
+.TP
+.B horizontal\-scroll\-mode (Off)
+When set to \fBOn\fP, makes readline use a single line for display,
+scrolling the input horizontally on a single screen line when it
+becomes longer than the screen width rather than wrapping to a new line.
+.TP
+.B keymap (emacs)
+Set the current readline keymap. The set of legal keymap names is
+\fIemacs, emacs-standard, emacs-meta, emacs-ctlx, vi, vi-move,
+vi-command\fP, and
+.IR vi-insert .
+\fIvi\fP is equivalent to \fIvi-command\fP; \fIemacs\fP is
+equivalent to \fIemacs-standard\fP. The default value is
+.IR emacs ;
+the value of
+.B editing\-mode
+also affects the default keymap.
+.TP
+.B mark\-directories (On)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, completed directory names have a slash
+appended.
+.TP
+.B mark\-modified\-lines (Off)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, history lines that have been modified are displayed
+with a preceding asterisk (\fB*\fP).
+.TP
+.B meta\-flag (Off)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, readline will enable eight-bit input (that is,
+it will not strip the high bit from the characters it reads),
+regardless of what the terminal claims it can support.
+.TP
+.B output\-meta (Off)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, readline will display characters with the
+eighth bit set directly rather than as a meta-prefixed escape
+sequence.
+.TP
+.B show\-all\-if\-ambiguous (Off)
+This alters the default behavior of the completion functions. If
+set to
+.BR on ,
+words which have more than one possible completion cause the
+matches to be listed immediately instead of ringing the bell.
+.TP
+.B visible\-stats (Off)
+If set to \fBOn\fP, a character denoting a file's type as reported
+by \fBstat\fP(2) is appended to the filename when listing possible
+completions.
+.PD
+.SS Conditional Constructs
+.PP
+Readline implements a facility similar in spirit to the conditional
+compilation features of the C preprocessor which allows key
+bindings and variable settings to be performed as the result
+of tests. There are three parser directives used.
+.IP \fB$if\fP
+The
+.B $if
+construct allows bindings to be made based on the
+editing mode, the terminal being used, or the application using
+readline. The text of the test extends to the end of the line;
+no characters are required to isolate it.
+.RS
+.IP \fBmode\fP
+The \fBmode=\fP form of the \fB$if\fP directive is used to test
+whether readline is in emacs or vi mode.
+This may be used in conjunction
+with the \fBset keymap\fP command, for instance, to set bindings in
+the \fIemacs-standard\fP and \fIemacs-ctlx\fP keymaps only if
+readline is starting out in emacs mode.
+.IP \fBterm\fP
+The \fBterm=\fP form may be used to include terminal-specific
+key bindings, perhaps to bind the key sequences output by the
+terminal's function keys. The word on the right side of the
+.B =
+is tested against the full name of the terminal and the portion
+of the terminal name before the first \fB\-\fP. This allows
+.I sun
+to match both
+.I sun
+and
+.IR sun\-cmd ,
+for instance.
+.IP \fBapplication\fP
+The \fBapplication\fP construct is used to include
+application-specific settings. Each program using the readline
+library sets the \fIapplication name\fP, and an initialization
+file can test for a particular value.
+This could be used to bind key sequences to functions useful for
+a specific program. For instance, the following command adds a
+key sequence that quotes the current or previous word in Bash:
+.RS
+.nf
+\fB$if\fP bash
+# Quote the current or previous word
+"\eC-xq": "\eeb\e"\eef\e""
+\fB$endif\fP
+.fi
+.RE
+.RE
+.IP \fB$endif\fP
+This command, as you saw in the previous example, terminates an
+\fB$if\fP command.
+.IP \fB$else\fP
+Commands in this branch of the \fB$if\fP directive are executed if
+the test fails.
+.SH SEARCHING
+.PP
+Readline provides commands for searching through the command history
+for lines containing a specified string.
+There are two search modes:
+.I incremental
+and
+.IR non-incremental .
+.PP
+Incremental searches begin before the user has finished typing the
+search string.
+As each character of the search string is typed, readline displays
+the next entry from the history matching the string typed so far.
+An incremental search requires only as many characters as needed to
+find the desired history entry.
+The Escape character is used to terminate an incremental search.
+Control-J will also terminate the search.
+Control-G will abort an incremental search and restore the original
+line.
+When the search is terminated, the history entry containing the
+search string becomes the current line.
+To find other matching entries in the history list, type Control-S or
+Control-R as appropriate.
+This will search backward or forward in the history for the next
+line matching the search string typed so far.
+Any other key sequence bound to a readline command will terminate
+the search and execute that command.
+For instance, a \fInewline\fP will terminate the search and accept
+the line, thereby executing the command from the history list.
+.PP
+Non-incremental searches read the entire search string before starting
+to search for matching history lines. The search string may be
+typed by the user or part of the contents of the current line.
+.SH EDITING COMMANDS
+.PP
+The following is a list of the names of the commands and the default
+key sequences to which they are bound.
+Command names without an accompanying key sequence are unbound by default.
+.SS Commands for Moving
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B beginning\-of\-line (C\-a)
+Move to the start of the current line.
+.TP
+.B end\-of\-line (C\-e)
+Move to the end of the line.
+.TP
+.B forward\-char (C\-f)
+Move forward a character.
+.TP
+.B backward\-char (C\-b)
+Move back a character.
+.TP
+.B forward\-word (M\-f)
+Move forward to the end of the next word. Words are composed of
+alphanumeric characters (letters and digits).
+.TP
+.B backward\-word (M\-b)
+Move back to the start of this, or the previous, word. Words are
+composed of alphanumeric characters (letters and digits).
+.TP
+.B clear\-screen (C\-l)
+Clear the screen leaving the current line at the top of the screen.
+With an argument, refresh the current line without clearing the
+screen.
+.TP
+.B redraw\-current\-line
+Refresh the current line.
+.PD
+.SS Commands for Manipulating the History
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B accept\-line (Newline, Return)
+Accept the line regardless of where the cursor is. If this line is
+non-empty, add it to the history list. If the line is a modified
+history line, then restore the history line to its original state.
+.TP
+.B previous\-history (C\-p)
+Fetch the previous command from the history list, moving back in
+the list.
+.TP
+.B next\-history (C\-n)
+Fetch the next command from the history list, moving forward in the
+list.
+.TP
+.B beginning\-of\-history (M\-<)
+Move to the first line in the history.
+.TP
+.B end\-of\-history (M\->)
+Move to the end of the input history, i.e., the line currently being
+entered.
+.TP
+.B reverse\-search\-history (C\-r)
+Search backward starting at the current line and moving `up' through
+the history as necessary. This is an incremental search.
+.TP
+.B forward\-search\-history (C\-s)
+Search forward starting at the current line and moving `down' through
+the history as necessary. This is an incremental search.
+.TP
+.B non\-incremental\-reverse\-search\-history (M\-p)
+Search backward through the history starting at the current line
+using a non-incremental search for a string supplied by the user.
+.TP
+.B non\-incremental\-forward\-search\-history (M\-n)
+Search forward through the history using a non-incremental search
+for a string supplied by the user.
+.TP
+.B history\-search\-forward
+Search forward through the history for the string of characters
+between the start of the current line and the current cursor
+position (the \fIpoint\fP).
+This is a non-incremental search.
+.TP
+.B history\-search\-backward
+Search backward through the history for the string of characters
+between the start of the current line and the point.
+This is a non-incremental search.
+.TP
+.B yank\-nth\-arg (M\-C\-y)
+Insert the first argument to the previous command (usually
+the second word on the previous line) at point (the current
+cursor position). With an argument
+.IR n ,
+insert the \fIn\fPth word from the previous command (the words
+in the previous command begin with word 0). A negative argument
+inserts the \fIn\fPth word from the end of the previous command.
+.TP
+.B
+yank\-last\-arg (M\-.\^, M\-_\^)
+Insert the last argument to the previous command (the last word of
+the previous history entry). With an argument,
+behave exactly like \fByank\-nth\-arg\fP.
+.PD
+.SS Commands for Changing Text
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B delete\-char (C\-d)
+Delete the character under the cursor. If point is at the
+beginning of the line, there are no characters in the line, and
+the last character typed was not
+.BR C\-d ,
+then return
+.SM
+.BR EOF .
+.TP
+.B backward\-delete\-char (Rubout)
+Delete the character behind the cursor. When given a numeric argument,
+save the deleted text on the kill ring.
+.TP
+.B quoted\-insert (C\-q, C\-v)
+Add the next character that you type to the line verbatim. This is
+how to insert characters like \fBC\-q\fP, for example.
+.TP
+.B tab\-insert (M-TAB)
+Insert a tab character.
+.TP
+.B self\-insert (a,\ b,\ A,\ 1,\ !,\ ...)
+Insert the character typed.
+.TP
+.B transpose\-chars (C\-t)
+Drag the character before point forward over the character at point.
+Point moves forward as well. If point is at the end of the line, then
+transpose the two characters before point. Negative arguments don't work.
+.TP
+.B transpose\-words (M\-t)
+Drag the word behind the cursor past the word in front of the cursor
+moving the cursor over that word as well.
+.TP
+.B upcase\-word (M\-u)
+Uppercase the current (or following) word. With a negative argument,
+do the previous word, but do not move point.
+.TP
+.B downcase\-word (M\-l)
+Lowercase the current (or following) word. With a negative argument,
+do the previous word, but do not move point.
+.TP
+.B capitalize\-word (M\-c)
+Capitalize the current (or following) word. With a negative argument,
+do the previous word, but do not move point.
+.PD
+.SS Killing and Yanking
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B kill\-line (C\-k)
+Kill the text from the current cursor position to the end of the line.
+.TP
+.B backward\-kill\-line (C\-x Rubout)
+Kill backward to the beginning of the line.
+.TP
+.B unix\-line\-discard (C\-u)
+Kill backward from point to the beginning of the line.
+.\" There is no real difference between this and backward-kill-line
+.TP
+.B kill\-whole\-line
+Kill all characters on the current line, no matter where the
+cursor is.
+.TP
+.B kill\-word (M\-d)
+Kill from the cursor to the end of the current word, or if between
+words, to the end of the next word. Word boundaries are the same as
+those used by \fBforward\-word\fP.
+.TP
+.B backward\-kill\-word (M\-Rubout)
+Kill the word behind the cursor. Word boundaries are the same as
+those used by \fBbackward\-word\fP.
+.TP
+.B unix\-word\-rubout (C\-w)
+Kill the word behind the cursor, using white space as a word boundary.
+The word boundaries are different from
+.BR backward\-kill\-word .
+.TP
+.B delete\-horizontal\-space (M\-\e)
+Delete all spaces and tabs around point.
+.TP
+.B kill\-region
+Kill the text between the point and \fImark\fP (saved cursor position).
+This text is referred to as the \fIregion\fP.
+.TP
+.B copy\-region\-as\-kill
+Copy the text in the region to the kill buffer.
+.TP
+.B copy\-backward\-word
+Copy the word before point to the kill buffer.
+.TP
+.B copy\-forward\-word
+Copy the word following point to the kill buffer.
+.TP
+.B yank (C\-y)
+Yank the top of the kill ring into the buffer at the cursor.
+.TP
+.B yank\-pop (M\-y)
+Rotate the kill ring, and yank the new top. Only works following
+.B yank
+or
+.BR yank\-pop .
+.PD
+.SS Numeric Arguments
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B digit\-argument (M\-0, M\-1, ..., M\-\-)
+Add this digit to the argument already accumulating, or start a new
+argument. M\-\- starts a negative argument.
+.TP
+.B universal\-argument
+Each time this is executed, the argument count is multiplied by four.
+The argument count is initially one, so executing this function the
+first time makes the argument count four.
+.PD
+.SS Completing
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B complete (TAB)
+Attempt to perform completion on the text before point.
+The actual completion performed is application-specific.
+.BR Bash ,
+for instance, attempts completion treating the text as a variable
+(if the text begins with \fB$\fP), username (if the text begins with
+\fB~\fP), hostname (if the text begins with \fB@\fP), or
+command (including aliases and functions) in turn. If none
+of these produces a match, filename completion is attempted.
+.BR Gdb ,
+on the other hand,
+allows completion of program functions and variables, and
+only attempts filename completion under certain circumstances.
+.TP
+.B possible\-completions (M\-?)
+List the possible completions of the text before point.
+.TP
+.B insert\-completions (M\-*)
+Insert all completions of the text before point
+that would have been generated by
+\fBpossible\-completions\fP.
+.PD
+.SS Keyboard Macros
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B start\-kbd\-macro (C\-x (\^)
+Begin saving the characters typed into the current keyboard macro.
+.TP
+.B end\-kbd\-macro (C\-x )\^)
+Stop saving the characters typed into the current keyboard macro
+and store the definition.
+.TP
+.B call\-last\-kbd\-macro (C\-x e)
+Re-execute the last keyboard macro defined, by making the characters
+in the macro appear as if typed at the keyboard.
+.PD
+.SS Miscellaneous
+.PP
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.B re\-read\-init\-file (C\-x C\-r)
+Read in the contents of the \fIinputrc\fP file, and incorporate
+any bindings or variable assignments found there.
+.TP
+.B abort (C\-g)
+Abort the current editing command and
+ring the terminal's bell (subject to the setting of
+.BR bell\-style ).
+.TP
+.B do\-uppercase\-version (M\-a, M\-b, M\-\fIx\fP, ...)
+If the metafied character \fIx\fP is lowercase, run the command
+that is bound to the corresponding uppercase character.
+.TP
+.B prefix\-meta (ESC)
+Metafy the next character typed.
+.SM
+.B ESC
+.B f
+is equivalent to
+.BR Meta\-f .
+.TP
+.B undo (C\-_, C\-x C\-u)
+Incremental undo, separately remembered for each line.
+.TP
+.B revert\-line (M\-r)
+Undo all changes made to this line. This is like typing the
+.B undo
+command enough times to return the line to its initial state.
+.TP
+.B tilde\-expand (M\-~)
+Perform tilde expansion on the current word.
+.TP
+.B set\-mark (C\-@, M-<space>)
+Set the mark to the current point. If a
+numeric argument is supplied, the mark is set to that position.
+.TP
+.B exchange\-point\-and\-mark (C\-x C\-x)
+Swap the point with the mark. The current cursor position is set to
+the saved position, and the old cursor position is saved as the mark.
+.TP
+.B character\-search (C\-])
+A character is read and point is moved to the next occurrence of that
+character. A negative count searches for previous occurrences.
+.TP
+.B character\-search\-backward (M\-C\-])
+A character is read and point is moved to the previous occurrence of that
+character. A negative count searches for subsequent occurrences.
+.TP
+.B insert\-comment (M\-#)
+The value of the readline
+.B comment\-begin
+variable is inserted at the beginning of the current line, and the line
+is accepted as if a newline had been typed. This makes the current line
+a shell comment.
+.TP
+.B glob\-expand\-word (C\-x *)
+The word before point is treated as a pattern for pathname expansion,
+and the list of matching file names is inserted, replacing the word.
+.TP
+.B glob\-list\-expansions (C\-x g)
+The list of expansions that would have been generated by
+.B glob\-expand\-word
+is inserted into the line, replacing the word before point.
+.TP
+.B dump\-functions
+Print all of the functions and their key bindings to the
+readline output stream. If a numeric argument is supplied,
+the output is formatted in such a way that it can be made part
+of an \fIinputrc\fP file.
+.TP
+.B dump\-variables
+Print all of the settable variables and their values to the
+readline output stream. If a numeric argument is supplied,
+the output is formatted in such a way that it can be made part
+of an \fIinputrc\fP file.
+.TP
+.B dump\-macros
+Print all of the readline key sequences bound to macros and the
+strings they ouput. If a numeric argument is supplied,
+the output is formatted in such a way that it can be made part
+of an \fIinputrc\fP file.
+.TP
+.B emacs\-editing\-mode (C\-e)
+When in
+.B vi
+editing mode, this causes a switch to
+.B emacs
+editing mode.
+.TP
+.B vi\-editing\-mode (M\-C\-j)
+When in
+.B emacs
+editing mode, this causes a switch to
+.B vi
+editing mode.
+.PD
+.SH DEFAULT KEY BINDINGS
+.LP
+The following is a list of the default emacs and vi bindings.
+Characters with the 8th bit set are written as M\-<character>, and
+are referred to as
+.I metafied
+characters.
+The printable ASCII characters not mentioned in the list of emacs
+standard bindings are bound to the
+.I self\-insert
+function, which just inserts the given character into the input line.
+In vi insertion mode, all characters not specifically mentioned are
+bound to
+.IR self\-insert .
+Characters assigned to signal generation by
+.IR stty (1)
+or the terminal driver, such as C-Z or C-C,
+retain that function.
+Upper and lower case
+.I metafied
+characters are bound to the same function in the emacs mode
+meta keymap.
+The remaining characters are unbound, which causes readline
+to ring the bell (subject to the setting of the
+.B bell\-style
+variable).
+.SS Emacs Mode
+.RS +.6i
+.nf
+.ta 2.5i
+.sp
+Emacs Standard bindings
+.sp
+"C-@" set-mark
+"C-A" beginning-of-line
+"C-B" backward-char
+"C-D" delete-char
+"C-E" end-of-line
+"C-F" forward-char
+"C-G" abort
+"C-H" backward-delete-char
+"C-I" complete
+"C-J" accept-line
+"C-K" kill-line
+"C-L" clear-screen
+"C-M" accept-line
+"C-N" next-history
+"C-P" previous-history
+"C-Q" quoted-insert
+"C-R" reverse-search-history
+"C-S" forward-search-history
+"C-T" transpose-chars
+"C-U" unix-line-discard
+"C-V" quoted-insert
+"C-W" unix-word-rubout
+"C-Y" yank
+"C-]" character-search
+"C-_" undo
+"\^ " to "/" self-insert
+"0" to "9" self-insert
+":" to "~" self-insert
+"C-?" backward-delete-char
+.PP
+Emacs Meta bindings
+.sp
+"M-C-G" abort
+"M-C-H" backward-kill-word
+"M-C-I" tab-insert
+"M-C-J" vi-editing-mode
+"M-C-M" vi-editing-mode
+"M-C-R" revert-line
+"M-C-Y" yank-nth-arg
+"M-C-[" complete
+"M-C-]" character-search-backward
+"M-space" set-mark
+"M-#" insert-comment
+"M-&" tilde-expand
+"M-*" insert-completions
+"M--" digit-argument
+"M-." yank-last-arg
+"M-0" digit-argument
+"M-1" digit-argument
+"M-2" digit-argument
+"M-3" digit-argument
+"M-4" digit-argument
+"M-5" digit-argument
+"M-6" digit-argument
+"M-7" digit-argument
+"M-8" digit-argument
+"M-9" digit-argument
+"M-<" beginning-of-history
+"M-=" possible-completions
+"M->" end-of-history
+"M-?" possible-completions
+"M-B" backward-word
+"M-C" capitalize-word
+"M-D" kill-word
+"M-F" forward-word
+"M-L" downcase-word
+"M-N" non-incremental-forward-search-history
+"M-P" non-incremental-reverse-search-history
+"M-R" revert-line
+"M-T" transpose-words
+"M-U" upcase-word
+"M-Y" yank-pop
+"M-\e" delete-horizontal-space
+"M-~" tilde-expand
+"M-C-?" backward-delete-word
+"M-_" yank-last-arg
+.PP
+Emacs Control-X bindings
+.sp
+"C-XC-G" abort
+"C-XC-R" re-read-init-file
+"C-XC-U" undo
+"C-XC-X" exchange-point-and-mark
+"C-X(" start-kbd-macro
+"C-X)" end-kbd-macro
+"C-XE" call-last-kbd-macro
+"C-XC-?" backward-kill-line
+.sp
+.RE
+.SS VI Mode bindings
+.RS +.6i
+.nf
+.ta 2.5i
+.sp
+.PP
+VI Insert Mode functions
+.sp
+"C-D" vi-eof-maybe
+"C-H" backward-delete-char
+"C-I" complete
+"C-J" accept-line
+"C-M" accept-line
+"C-R" reverse-search-history
+"C-S" forward-search-history
+"C-T" transpose-chars
+"C-U" unix-line-discard
+"C-V" quoted-insert
+"C-W" unix-word-rubout
+"C-Y" yank
+"C-[" vi-movement-mode
+"C-_" undo
+"\^ " to "~" self-insert
+"C-?" backward-delete-char
+.PP
+VI Command Mode functions
+.sp
+"C-D" vi-eof-maybe
+"C-E" emacs-editing-mode
+"C-G" abort
+"C-H" backward-char
+"C-J" accept-line
+"C-K" kill-line
+"C-L" clear-screen
+"C-M" accept-line
+"C-N" next-history
+"C-P" previous-history
+"C-Q" quoted-insert
+"C-R" reverse-search-history
+"C-S" forward-search-history
+"C-T" transpose-chars
+"C-U" unix-line-discard
+"C-V" quoted-insert
+"C-W" unix-word-rubout
+"C-Y" yank
+"\^ " forward-char
+"#" insert-comment
+"$" end-of-line
+"%" vi-match
+"&" vi-tilde-expand
+"*" vi-complete
+"+" next-history
+"," vi-char-search
+"-" previous-history
+"." vi-redo
+"/" vi-search
+"0" beginning-of-line
+"1" to "9" vi-arg-digit
+";" vi-char-search
+"=" vi-complete
+"?" vi-search
+"A" vi-append-eol
+"B" vi-prev-word
+"C" vi-change-to
+"D" vi-delete-to
+"E" vi-end-word
+"F" vi-char-search
+"G" vi-fetch-history
+"I" vi-insert-beg
+"N" vi-search-again
+"P" vi-put
+"R" vi-replace
+"S" vi-subst
+"T" vi-char-search
+"U" revert-line
+"W" vi-next-word
+"X" backward-delete-char
+"Y" vi-yank-to
+"\e" vi-complete
+"^" vi-first-print
+"_" vi-yank-arg
+"`" vi-goto-mark
+"a" vi-append-mode
+"b" vi-prev-word
+"c" vi-change-to
+"d" vi-delete-to
+"e" vi-end-word
+"f" vi-char-search
+"h" backward-char
+"i" vi-insertion-mode
+"j" next-history
+"k" prev-history
+"l" forward-char
+"m" vi-set-mark
+"n" vi-search-again
+"p" vi-put
+"r" vi-change-char
+"s" vi-subst
+"t" vi-char-search
+"u" undo
+"w" vi-next-word
+"x" vi-delete
+"y" vi-yank-to
+"|" vi-column
+"~" vi-change-case
+.RE
+.SH "SEE ALSO"
+.PD 0
+.TP
+\fIThe Gnu Readline Library\fP, Brian Fox and Chet Ramey
+.TP
+\fIThe Gnu History Library\fP, Brian Fox and Chet Ramey
+.TP
+\fIbash\fP(1)
+.PD
+.SH FILES
+.PD 0
+.TP
+.FN ~/.inputrc
+Individual \fBreadline\fP initialization file
+.PD
+.SH AUTHORS
+Brian Fox, Free Software Foundation (primary author)
+.br
+bfox@ai.MIT.Edu
+.PP
+Chet Ramey, Case Western Reserve University
+.br
+chet@ins.CWRU.Edu
+.SH BUG REPORTS
+If you find a bug in
+.B readline,
+you should report it. But first, you should
+make sure that it really is a bug, and that it appears in the latest
+version of the
+.B readline
+library that you have.
+.PP
+Once you have determined that a bug actually exists, mail a
+bug report to \fIbug\-readline\fP@\fIprep.ai.MIT.Edu\fP.
+If you have a fix, you are welcome to mail that
+as well! Suggestions and `philosophical' bug reports may be mailed
+to \fPbug-readline\fP@\fIprep.ai.MIT.Edu\fP or posted to the Usenet
+newsgroup
+.BR gnu.bash.bug .
+.PP
+Comments and bug reports concerning
+this manual page should be directed to
+.IR chet@ins.CWRU.Edu .
+.SH BUGS
+.PP
+It's too big and too slow.