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authorHiroki Sato <hrs@FreeBSD.org>2010-07-17 00:12:41 +0000
committerHiroki Sato <hrs@FreeBSD.org>2010-07-17 00:12:41 +0000
commit49869ef0b624e17fedee652671aa1561f56147b7 (patch)
treed617d958320c9e5c9645005c081f0b95a654fe80
parentd5406806abdc46dbb99934f5001d3b4bf18c8ee4 (diff)
downloadsrc-49869ef0b624e17fedee652671aa1561f56147b7.tar.gz
src-49869ef0b624e17fedee652671aa1561f56147b7.zip
Clean-up old contents and bump version numbers for 8.1R.
Approved by: re (implicitly)
Notes
Notes: svn path=/releng/8.1/; revision=210180
-rw-r--r--release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/errata/article.sgml18
-rw-r--r--release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/hardware/article.sgml1
-rw-r--r--release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/readme/article.sgml2
-rw-r--r--release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/relnotes/article.sgml2377
-rw-r--r--release/doc/share/sgml/release.dsl48
-rw-r--r--release/doc/share/sgml/release.ent21
6 files changed, 27 insertions, 2440 deletions
diff --git a/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/errata/article.sgml b/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/errata/article.sgml
index 32a6bdac4358..97c51e4e7f87 100644
--- a/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/errata/article.sgml
+++ b/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/errata/article.sgml
@@ -16,7 +16,7 @@
<!ENTITY % release PUBLIC "-//FreeBSD//ENTITIES Release Specification//EN">
%release;
-<!ENTITY release.bugfix "8.0-RELEASE">
+<!ENTITY release.bugfix "8.1-RELEASE">
]>
<article>
@@ -40,7 +40,7 @@
<pubdate>$FreeBSD$</pubdate>
<copyright>
- <year>2009</year>
+ <year>2010</year>
<holder role="mailto:doc@FreeBSD.org">The &os; Documentation Project</holder>
</copyright>
@@ -129,6 +129,7 @@
For more information, consult the individual advisories available from
<ulink url="http://security.FreeBSD.org/"></ulink>.</para>
+ <!--
<informaltable frame="none" pgwide="0">
<tgroup cols="3">
<colspec colwidth="1*">
@@ -144,18 +145,6 @@
<tbody>
<row>
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:17.freebsd-update.asc"
- >SA-09:17.freebsd-update</ulink></entry>
- <entry>03&nbsp;December&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>Inappropriate directory permissions in freebsd-update(8)</para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:16.rtld.asc"
- >SA-09:16.rtld</ulink></entry>
- <entry>03&nbsp;December&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>Improper environment sanitization in rtld(1)</para></entry>
- </row>
- <row>
<entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:15.ssl.asc"
>SA-09:15.ssl</ulink></entry>
<entry>03&nbsp;December&nbsp;2009</entry>
@@ -164,6 +153,7 @@
</tbody>
</tgroup>
</informaltable>
+ -->
</sect1>
diff --git a/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/hardware/article.sgml b/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/hardware/article.sgml
index 3f8c8e264381..7e5e5a547dea 100644
--- a/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/hardware/article.sgml
+++ b/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/hardware/article.sgml
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@
<year>2007</year>
<year>2008</year>
<year>2009</year>
+ <year>2010</year>
<holder role="mailto:doc@FreeBSD.org">The &os; Documentation Project</holder>
</copyright>
diff --git a/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/readme/article.sgml b/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/readme/article.sgml
index 33ae82c567e9..d6b4e4bb656f 100644
--- a/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/readme/article.sgml
+++ b/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/readme/article.sgml
@@ -24,6 +24,8 @@
<year>2006</year>
<year>2007</year>
<year>2008</year>
+ <year>2009</year>
+ <year>2010</year>
<holder role="mailto:doc@FreeBSD.org">The &os; Documentation Project</holder>
</copyright>
diff --git a/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/relnotes/article.sgml b/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/relnotes/article.sgml
index ca6ec0fae976..c3f9702b28f8 100644
--- a/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/relnotes/article.sgml
+++ b/release/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/relnotes/article.sgml
@@ -15,16 +15,7 @@
<pubdate>$FreeBSD$</pubdate>
<copyright>
- <year>2000</year>
- <year>2001</year>
- <year>2002</year>
- <year>2003</year>
- <year>2004</year>
- <year>2005</year>
- <year>2006</year>
- <year>2007</year>
- <year>2008</year>
- <year>2009</year>
+ <year>2010</year>
<holder role="mailto:doc@FreeBSD.org">The &os; Documentation Project</holder>
</copyright>
@@ -105,2368 +96,8 @@
<sect1 id="new">
<title>What's New</title>
- <para>This section describes the most user-visible new or changed
- features in &os; since &release.prev;, and changes shown in
- Release Notes for the previous releases are marked as
- <literal>[7.1R]</literal> and <literal>[7.2R]</literal>.</para>
-
- <para>Typical release note items document recent security
- advisories issued after &release.prev;, new drivers or hardware
- support, new commands or options, major bug fixes, or
- contributed software upgrades. They may also list changes to
- major ports/packages or release engineering practices. Clearly
- the release notes cannot list every single change made to &os;
- between releases; this document focuses primarily on security
- advisories, user-visible changes, and major architectural
- improvements.</para>
-
- <sect2 id="security">
- <title>Security Advisories</title>
-
- <para>Problems described in the following security advisories have
- been fixed. For more information, consult the individual
- advisories available from
- <ulink url="http://security.FreeBSD.org/"></ulink>.</para>
-
- <informaltable frame="none" pgwide="0">
- <tgroup cols="3">
- <colspec colwidth="1*">
- <colspec colwidth="1*">
- <colspec colwidth="3*">
- <thead>
- <row>
- <entry>Advisory</entry>
- <entry>Date</entry>
- <entry>Topic</entry>
- </row>
- </thead>
-
- <tbody>
- <row role="7.1">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-08:05.openssh.asc"
- >SA-08:05.openssh</ulink></entry>
- <entry>17&nbsp;April&nbsp;2008</entry>
- <entry><para>OpenSSH X11-forwarding privilege escalation</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.1">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-08:06.bind.asc"
- >SA-08:06.bind</ulink></entry>
- <entry>13&nbsp;July&nbsp;2008</entry>
- <entry><para>DNS cache poisoning</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.1">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-08:07.amd64.asc"
- >SA-08:07.amd64</ulink></entry>
- <entry>3&nbsp;September&nbsp;2008</entry>
- <entry><para>amd64 swapgs local privilege escalation</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.1">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-08:08.nmount.asc"
- >SA-08:08.nmount</ulink></entry>
- <entry>3&nbsp;September&nbsp;2008</entry>
- <entry><para>&man.nmount.2; local arbitrary code execution</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.1">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-08:09.icmp6.asc"
- >SA-08:09.icmp6</ulink></entry>
- <entry>3&nbsp;September&nbsp;2008</entry>
- <entry><para>Remote kernel panics on IPv6 connections</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.1">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-08:10.nd6.asc"
- >SA-08:10.nd6</ulink></entry>
- <entry>1&nbsp;October&nbsp;2008</entry>
- <entry><para>IPv6 Neighbor Discovery Protocol routing vulnerability</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.1">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-08:11.arc4random.asc"
- >SA-08:11.arc4random</ulink></entry>
- <entry>24&nbsp;November&nbsp;2008</entry>
- <entry><para>&man.arc4random.9; predictable sequence vulnerability</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.1">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-08:12.ftpd.asc"
- >SA-08:12.ftpd</ulink></entry>
- <entry>23&nbsp;December&nbsp;2008</entry>
- <entry><para>Cross-site request forgery in &man.ftpd.8;</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.1">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-08:13.protosw.asc"
- >SA-08:13.protosw</ulink></entry>
- <entry>23&nbsp;December&nbsp;2008</entry>
- <entry><para>netgraph / bluetooth privilege escalation</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.2">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:01.lukemftpd.asc"
- >SA-09:01.lukemftpd</ulink></entry>
- <entry>07&nbsp;January&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>Cross-site request forgery in
- &man.lukemftpd.8;</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.2">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:02.openssl.asc"
- >SA-09:02.openssl</ulink></entry>
- <entry>07&nbsp;January&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>OpenSSL incorrectly checks for malformed
- signatures</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.2">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:03.ntpd.asc"
- >SA-09:03.ntpd</ulink></entry>
- <entry>13&nbsp;January&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>ntpd cryptographic signature
- bypass</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.2">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:04.bind.asc"
- >SA-09:04.bind</ulink></entry>
- <entry>13&nbsp;January&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>BIND DNSSEC incorrect checks for
- malformed signatures</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.2">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:05.telnetd.asc"
- >SA-09:05.telnetd</ulink></entry>
- <entry>16&nbsp;February&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>telnetd code execution
- vulnerability</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.2">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:06.ktimer.asc"
- >SA-09:06.ktimer</ulink></entry>
- <entry>23&nbsp;March&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>Local privilege escalation</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.2">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:07.libc.asc"
- >SA-09:07.libc</ulink></entry>
- <entry>04&nbsp;April&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>Information leak in &man.db.3;</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="7.2">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:08.openssl.asc"
- >SA-09:08.openssl</ulink></entry>
- <entry>22&nbsp;April&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>Remotely exploitable crash in
- OpenSSL</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="8.0">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:09.pipe.asc"
- >SA-09:09.pipe</ulink></entry>
- <entry>10&nbsp;June&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>Local information disclosure via direct pipe writes</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="8.0">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:10.ipv6.asc"
- >SA-09:10.ipv6</ulink></entry>
- <entry>10&nbsp;June&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>Missing permission check on SIOCSIFINFO_IN6 ioctl</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="8.0">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:11.ntpd.asc"
- >SA-09:11.ntpd</ulink></entry>
- <entry>10&nbsp;June&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>ntpd stack-based buffer-overflow vulnerability</para></entry>
- </row>
-
- <row role="8.0">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:12.bind.asc"
- >SA-09:12.bind</ulink></entry>
- <entry>29&nbsp;July&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>BIND &man.named.8; dynamic update message remote DoS</para></entry>
- </row>
- <row role="8.0">
- <entry><ulink url="http://security.freebsd.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-09:14.devfs.asc"
- >SA-09:14.devfs</ulink></entry>
- <entry>2&nbsp;Oct&nbsp;2009</entry>
- <entry><para>Devfs / VFS NULL pointer race condition</para></entry>
- </row>
- </tbody>
- </tgroup>
- </informaltable>
- </sect2>
-
- <sect2 id="kernel">
- <title>Kernel Changes</title>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; <filename>GENERIC</filename> kernel now
- includes Trusted BSD MAC (Mandatory Access Control) support.
- No MAC policy module is loaded by default.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="i386">A loader
- tunable <varname>hw.clflush_disable</varname> has been added
- to avoid panic (trap 9)
- at <function>map_invalidate_cache_range()</function> even if
- Intel CPU is used. This tunable can be set
- to <literal>-1</literal> (default), <literal>0</literal> and
- <literal>1</literal>. The <literal>-1</literal> is same as
- the current behavior, which automatically
- disables <literal>CLFLUSH</literal> on Intel CPUs without
- <literal>CPUID_SS</literal> (this should occurr on Xen
- only). You can specify <literal>1</literal> when this panic
- happens on non-Intel CPUs (such as AMD's). Because disabling
- <literal>CLFLUSH</literal> can reduce performance, you can try
- with setting <literal>0</literal> on Intel CPUs
- without <literal>SS</literal> to
- use <literal>CLFLUSH</literal> feature.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.jail.8; subsystem has been updated. Changes include:</para>
-
- <itemizedlist role="7.2">
- <listitem>
- <para role="8.0">A new virtualization container
- named <quote>vimage</quote> has been implemented. This is
- not enabled by default. To enable this, add the following
- kernel options to your kernel configuration file and
- rebuild the kernel:</para>
-
- <programlisting>options VIMAGE</programlisting>
-
- <para>Note that <literal>options SCTP</literal> in the
- <filename>GENERIC</filename> kernel is not compatible with
- <literal>options VIMAGE</literal>. This limitation will
- be fixed in the next release.</para>
-
- <para>The vimage is a jail with a virtualized instance of
- the &os; network stack. It can be created by using
- &man.jail.8; command like this:</para>
-
- <screen>&prompt.root; jail -c vnet name=<replaceable>vnet1</replaceable> host.hostname=<replaceable>vnet1.example.net</replaceable> path=/ persist</screen>
-
- <para>The vimage has own loopback interface and a separated
- network stack including the L3 routing tables. Network
- interfaces on the system can be moved by using
- &man.ifconfig.8; <option>vnet</option> option between the
- different vimage jails and outside of them.</para>
-
- <para>Furthermore, the &man.epair.4; pseudo-interface driver
- has been added to help communication between vimage jails.
- It emulates a pair of back-to-back connected Ethernet
- interfaces. For example, the following commands create an
- interface pair of &man.epair.4;:</para>
-
- <screen>&prompt.root; ifconfig epair0 create
-epair0a
-&prompt.root; ifconfig epair0a
-epair0a: flags=8842&lt;BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
- ether 02:c0:64:00:07:0a
-&prompt.root; ifconfig epair0b
-epair0b: flags=8842&lt;BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST&gt; metric 0 mtu 1500
- ether 02:c0:64:00:08:0b</screen>
-
- <para>The &man.epair.4; pseudo-interfaces and any physical
- interfaces on the system can be moved between vimage jails
- by using &man.ifconfig.8; <option>vnet</option> option as
- described above. Even after half of an &man.epair.4; pair
- is moved, the back-to-back connection still valid and can
- be used for inter-jail communication.</para>
-
- <para>Note that vimage is still considered as an
- experimental feature.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>A jail can now have arbitrary named parameters similar
- to environmental variables and the fixed jail parameters
- in the previous releases have been replaced with them.
- The jail name can now be used for identifying the jail in
- &man.jexec.8; and &man.killall.1;.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Multiple IPv4 and/or IPv6 addresses per jail are now
- supported. It is even possible to have jails without
- an IP address at all, which basically gives one a chrooted
- environment with restricted process view and no
- networking.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>SCTP (&man.sctp.4;) with IPv6 in jails has been
- implemented.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Specific CPU binding by using &man.cpuset.1; has been
- implemented. Note that the current implementation allows
- the superuser inside of the jail to change the CPU
- bindings specified.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>A &man.jail.8; can start with a specific route
- FIB now.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The &man.ddb.8; kernel debugger now supports a
- <literal>show jails</literal> subcommand.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Compatibility support which permits 32-bit jail
- binaries to be used on 64-bit systems to manage jails has
- been added.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Note that both version numbers of
- <literal>jail</literal> and <literal>prison</literal> in
- the &man.jail.8; have been updated for the new
- features.</para>
- </listitem>
- </itemizedlist>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.ksyms.4;, kernel symbol table
- interface driver has been added. It creates a character
- device <filename>/dev/ksyms</filename> and provides
- read-only access to a snapshot of the kernel symbol
- table.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="amd64,i386">The &os; Linux emulation
- layer has been updated to version 2.6.16 and the default Linux
- infrastructure port is
- <filename>emulators/linux_base-f10</filename> (Fedora
- 10).</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="arm">The &os;/&arch.arm; now
- supports mini dump.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="powerpc">The &os;/&arch.powerpc; now
- supports kernel core dump.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="amd64,i386">The &os; virtual memory
- subsystem now supports fully transparent use of
- <application>superpages</application> for application memory;
- application memory pages are dynamically promoted to or
- demoted from superpages without any modification to
- application code. This change offers the benefit of large
- page sizes such as improved virtual memory efficiency and
- reduced TLB (translation lookaside buffer) misses without
- downsides like application changes and virtual memory
- inflexibility. This can be enabled by setting a loader tunable
- <varname>vm.pmap.pg_ps_enabled</varname> to
- <literal>1</literal> and is enabled by default on
- &arch.amd64;.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ddb.8; kernel debugger now supports a
- <command>show mount</command> subcommand.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &os; DTrace subsystem now supports a probe for
- process execution.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2" arch="amd64">The &os; kernel virtual address
- space has been increased to 6GB. This allows subsystems to use
- larger virtual memory space than before. For example, the
- &man.zfs.8; adaptive replacement cache (ARC) requires large
- kernel memory space to cache file system data, so it benefits
- from the increased address space. Note that the ceiling on
- the kernel map size is now 60% of the size of physical memory
- rather than an absolute quantity.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.kld.4; now supports installing 32-bit
- system calls to the &os; syscall translation layer from kernel
- modules.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ktr.4; now supports a new KTR tracepoint in the
- <literal>KTR_CALLOUT</literal> class to note when a callout
- routine finishes executing.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">Types of variables used to track the amount of allocated
- System V shared memory have been changed from
- <literal>int</literal> to <literal>size_t</literal>. This
- makes it possible to use more than 2 GB of memory for shared
- memory segments on 64-bit architectures. Please note the new
- BUGS section in &man.shmctl.2; and
- <filename>/usr/src/UPDATING</filename> for limitations of this
- temporary solution.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.sysctl.3; leaf nodes have a flag to tag
- themselves as MPSAFE now.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &os; 32-bit system call translation layer now
- supports installing 32-bit system calls for
- <literal>VFS_AIO</literal>.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.clock.gettime.2; and the related system calls now
- support a clock ID <literal>CLOCK_THREAD_CPUTIME_ID</literal>,
- as defined in POSIX.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.cpuset.2; system call has been added. This is an
- API for thread to CPU binding and CPU resource grouping and
- assignment.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The DTrace, a comprehensive dynamic tracing framework and
- &man.dtrace.1; userland utility have been imported from
- OpenSolaris. DTrace provides a powerful infrastructure to
- permit administrators, developers, and service personnel to
- concisely answer arbitrary questions about the behavior of the
- operating system and user programs.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ddb.4; kernel debugger now has an output capture
- facility. Input and output from &man.ddb.4; can now be captured
- to a memory buffer for later inspection using &man.sysctl.8; or
- a textdump. The new <command>capture</command> command controls
- this feature.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ddb.4; debugger now supports a simple scripting
- facility, which supports a set of named scripts consisting of a
- set of &man.ddb.4; commands. These commands can be managed from
- within &man.ddb.4; or with the use of the new &man.ddb.8;
- utility. More details can be found in the &man.ddb.4; manual
- page.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ddb.4; <command>ex</command> command now supports
- an <option>/S</option> mode which interprets and prints the
- value at the requested address as a symbol. For example,
- <userinput>ex /S <replaceable>aio_swake</replaceable></userinput>
- prints the name of the function currently registered in
- via <replaceable>aio_swake</replaceable> hook.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ddb.4; <command>show conifhk</command> command has
- been added. This lists hooks currently waiting for completion
- in <function>run_interrupt_driven_config_hooks()</function>.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.fcntl.2; system call now supports
- <literal>F_DUP2FD</literal> command. This is equivalent to
- &man.dup.2;, and compatible with the Sun Solaris and the IBM
- AIX.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &os;'s &man.linux.4; ABI support now implements
- <function>sched_setaffinity()</function> and
- <function>sched_getaffinity()</function> using real CPU affinity
- setting primitives.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.procstat.1; utility has been added. This is a
- process inspection utility which provides some of the missing
- functionality from &man.procfs.5; and new functionality for monitoring
- and debugging specific processes.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The client side functionality of &man.rpc.lockd.8; has been
- implemented in the &os; kernel. This implementation provides the
- correct semantics for &man.flock.2; style locks which are used
- by the &man.lockf.1; command line tool and the &man.pidfile.3;
- library. It also implements recovery from server restarts and
- ensures that dirty cache blocks are written to the server before
- obtaining locks (allowing multiple clients to use file locking
- to safely share data). Also, a new kernel option
- <literal>options NFSLOCKD</literal> has been added and enabled
- by default. If the kernel support is enabled, &man.rpc.lockd.8;
- automatically detects and uses the functionality.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &os; kernel now supports a new textdump format of kernel
- dumps. A textdump provides higher-level information via
- mechanically generated/extracted debugging output, rather than a
- simple memory dump. This facility can be used to generate brief
- kernel bug reports that are rich in debugging information, but
- are not dependent on kernel symbol tables or precisely
- synchronized source code. More information can be found in the
- &man.textdump.4; manual page.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.wait4.2; system call now supports
- <option>WNOWAIT</option> flag to keep the process whose status
- is returned in a waitable state and <option>WSTOPPED</option>
- which is equivalent to <option>WUNTRACED</option>.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1" arch="amd64,i386,sparc64">The &os; kernel now has
- initial support of binding interrupts to CPUs.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1" arch="amd64,i386"> The &man.sched.ule.4; scheduler is now the default
- process scheduler in <filename>GENERIC</filename>
- kernels.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The sysctl
- variables <varname>kern.features.compat_freebsd[456]</varname>
- have been added. These are corresponding to the kernel options
- <literal>COMPAT_FREEBSD[456]</literal>.</para>
-
- <sect3 id="boot">
- <title>Boot Loader Changes</title>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <application>boot0</application> boot
- loader now preserves volume ID at offset
- 0x1b8 used in other operating systems </para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.boot0cfg.8; utility now supports a
- new <option>-i</option> option to set the volume ID.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="arm,powerpc">The &man.loader.8; now
- supports U-Boot support library.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.boot.8; now supports 4-byte volume ID that
- certain versions of &windows; put into the MBR and invoking
- PXE by pressing the F6 key on some supported BIOSes.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2" arch="i386">The &man.boot.8; BTX loader has been
- improved. This fixes several boot issues on recent machines
- reported for 7.1-RELEASE and before.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.loader.8; is now able to obtain DHCP options
- from network boot via &man.kenv.2; variables.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">A bug in the &man.loader.8; has been fixed. Now the
- following line works as expected:</para>
-
- <programlisting>loader_conf_files="<replaceable>foo</replaceable> <replaceable>bar</replaceable> ${<replaceable>variable</replaceable>}"</programlisting>
-
- <para role="7.1" arch="amd64,i386">The BTX kernel used by the boot
- loader has been changed to invoke BIOS routines from real
- mode. This change makes it possible to boot &os; from USB
- devices.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1" arch="amd64,i386">A new gptboot boot loader has
- been added to support booting from a GPT labeled disk. A
- new <command>boot</command> command has been added to
- &man.gpt.8;, which makes a GPT disk bootable by writing the
- required bits of the boot loader, creating a new boot
- partition if required.</para>
- </sect3>
-
- <sect3 id="proc">
- <title>Hardware Support</title>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; now includes experimental support
- for &arch.mips; platform.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">Support for RTC on Dallas Semiconductor chips
- has been improved. The DS133x and DS1553 are now
- supported.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="arm">The &os;/&arch.arm; now supports
- Feroceon and Sheeva embedded CPU, Marvell Orion (88F5281),
- Kirkwood (88F6281), Discovery Innovation (MV-78100)
- systems-on-chip CPU.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="powerpc">The &os;/&arch.powerpc; now
- supports SMP machines</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="powerpc">The &os;/&arch.powerpc; now
- supports E500 (Book-E) embedded CPU and Freescale
- PowerQUICCIII MPC85xx system-on-chip (including single and
- dual-core).</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.acpi.4; subsystem now supports the System
- Resource Affinity Table (SRAT) used to describe affinity
- relationships between CPUs and memory, ACPI 3.0 fields in
- the MADT including X2APIC entries and UIDs for local SAPICs, and
- ACPI 3.0 flags in the FADT.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="powerpc">The &man.cpufreq.4; framework now
- supports PowerPC G5, along with a skeleton SMU driver in order to slew
- CPU voltage during frequency changes.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The sec(4) driver has been added to provide
- support for the integrated security engine found in
- Freescale system-on-chip devices.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; TTY layer has been replaced with a
- new one which has better support for SMP and robust resource
- handling. A tty now has own mutex and it is expected to
- improve scalability when compared to the old implementation
- based on the Giant lock.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="amd64,i386">The &man.uart.4; driver is now the
- default driver for serial port devices in favor of the
- &man.sio.4; driver. Note that the device nodes have been
- renamed from
- <filename>/dev/cuad<replaceable>N</replaceable></filename> and
- <filename>/dev/ttyd<replaceable>N</replaceable></filename> to
- <filename>/dev/cuau<replaceable>N</replaceable></filename> and
- <filename>/dev/ttyu<replaceable>N</replaceable></filename>.</para>
-
- <important>
- <para>Users who are upgrading will need to change their
- kernel configurations and possibly also
- <filename>/boot/loader.conf</filename> and
- <filename>/boot/device.hints</filename>.</para>
- </important>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; USB subsystem has been reimplemented
- to support modern devices and better SMP scalability. The
- new implementation includes Giant-lock-free device drivers,
- a Linux compatibility layer, &man.usbconfig.8; utility, full
- support for split transaction and isochronous transaction,
- and more. Device node names for USB devices are now in a
- the form
- of <filename>/dev/usb/<replaceable>bus</replaceable>.<replaceable>dev</replaceable>.<replaceable>endpoint</replaceable></filename>,
- and <filename>/dev/usbctl</filename> is the master device
- node. Note that the &man.ugen.4; driver has nodes for each device as <filename>/dev/ugen<replaceable>bus</replaceable>.<replaceable>dev</replaceable></filename> for backward compatibility.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2" arch="sparc64">&os; now supports Ultra SPARC III
- (Cheetah) processor family.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.acpi.4; subsystem now supports a &man.sysctl.8;
- variable <varname>debug.batt.batt_sleep_ms</varname>. On
- some laptops with smart batteries, enabling battery
- monitoring software causes keystrokes from &man.atkbd.4; to
- be lost. This sysctl variable adds a delay in millisecond
- to the status checking code as a workaround.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.acpi.asus.4; driver now supports Asus A8Sr
- notebooks.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2" arch="powerpc">Support for the AltiVec, a floating point
- and integer SIMD instruction set has been added.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.cpuctl.4; driver, which provides a special
- device <filename>/dev/cpuctl</filename> as an interface to
- the system CPU has been added. The &man.cpuctl.4;
- functionality includes the ability to retrieve CPUID
- information, read/write machine specific registers (MSR),
- and perform CPU firmware updates.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.cpufreq.4; driver now supports an
- <varname>hw.est.msr_info</varname> loader tunable. When
- this is set to <literal>1</literal>, it attempts to build a
- simple list containing just the high and low frequencies if
- it cannot obtain a frequency list from either ACPI or the
- static tables. This is disabled by default.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2" arch="amd64,i386">CPU frequency change notifiers are now
- disabled when the TSC is P-state invariant. Also, a new
- loader tunable
- <varname>kern.timecounter.invariant_tsc</varname> has been
- added to force this behavior by setting it to
- non-zero.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.atkbd.4; driver now disables the interrupt
- handler which is called from the keyboard callback function
- when polled mode is enabled. This fixes the problem of
- duplicated/missing characters at the mountroot prompt on
- multi CPU systems while &man.kbdmux.4; is enabled.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">In the &man.pci.4; subsystem INTx is now disabled when
- MSI/MSIX is enabled. This change fixes interrupt storm
- related issues.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2" arch="sparc64">The schizo(4) driver for Schizo
- Fireplane/Safari to PCI 2.1 and Tomatillo JBus to PCI 2.2
- bridges has been added.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.u3g.4; driver for USB based 3G cards and
- dongles including Vodafone Mobile Connect Card 3G, Qualcomm
- CDMA MSM, Huawei E220, Novatel U740, Sierra MC875U, and more
- has been added. This provides support for the multiple
- USB-to-serial interfaces exposed by many 3G USB/PC Card
- modems, and the device is accessed through the &man.ucom.4;
- driver which makes it behave like a &man.tty.4;.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.sched.ule.4; scheduler now supports
- the loader tunable
- <varname>machdep.hyperthreading_enabled</varname> just like
- &man.sched.4bsd.4;. Note that it cannot be modified at
- run-time.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.cmx.4; driver, a driver for Omnikey CardMan 4040
- PCMCIA smartcard readers, has been added.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1" arch="sparc64">The &man.kbdmux.4; driver now
- supports &arch.sparc64;. The &man.sunkbd.4; driver now
- supports &man.atkbd.4; emulation like &man.ukbd.4;.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <filename>nvram(4)</filename> driver is now
- MPSAFE.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">An option of the &man.puc.4;
- driver, <literal>PUC_FASTINTR</literal>, is no longer
- supported.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.psm.4; driver now attempts detection of Synaptics
- touchpad before IntelliMouse. Some touchpads will pretend to
- be IntelliMouse causing the IntelliMouse probe to work and the
- Synaptics detection never to be done.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.uslcom.4; driver, a driver for Silicon
- Laboratories CP2101/CP2102-based USB serial adapters, has been
- imported from OpenBSD.</para>
-
- <sect4 id="mm">
- <title>Multimedia Support</title>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; audio subsystem has been improved.
- The changes include volume per channel, high quality
- fixed-point band-limited SINC sampling rate converter,
- bit-perfect mode, transparent/adaptive virtual channel,
- and exclusive stream. For more details, see the
- &man.snd.4; manual page.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.agp.4; driver now supports Intel G4X series
- graphics chipsets.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The Direct Rendering Manager
- (<application>DRM</application>), a kernel module that
- gives direct hardware access to DRI clients, has been
- updated. Support for AMD/ATI r500, r600, r700, and IGP
- based chips, XGI V3XE/V5/V8, and Intel i915 chipsets has
- been improved.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">A new loader tunable <varname>hw.drm.msi</varname> has
- been added to control if DRM uses MSI or not. This is set
- to <literal>1</literal> (enabled) by default.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The snd_au88x0(4) driver for Aureal Vortex
- 1/2/Advantage PCI has been removed because it has been
- broken for a long time.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.snd.hda.4; driver has been updated. These
- changes include support for multiple codecs per HDA bus,
- multiple functional groups per codec, multiple audio
- devices per functional group, digital (SPDIF/HDMI) audio
- input/output, suspend/resume, and part of multichannel
- audio.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">Note that due to added HDMI audio and
- logical audio devices support, the updated driver often
- provides several PCM devices. This means that in some
- cases the system default audio device no longer
- corresponds to the users's habitual audio connectors. In
- such cases the default device can be specified in audio
- applications' setup or defined globally via
- <varname>hw.snd.default_unit</varname> sysctl variable, as
- described in the &man.sound.4; manual page.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.agp.4; driver now supports the
- Intel G33 and G45.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1" arch="i386">The <filename>dpms(4)</filename> driver has
- been added to use the VESA BIOS for DPMS during suspend and
- resume.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <application>DRM</application> kernel driver now
- supports i915 GME devices.</para>
- </sect4>
-
- <sect4 id="net-if">
- <title>Network Interface Support</title>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.bwi.4; driver has been added to
- provide support for Broadcom BCM43xx IEEE 802.11b/g wireless
- network interfaces.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="sparc64">The &man.cas.4; driver has
- been added to provide support for Sun Cassini/Cassini+ and
- National Semiconductor DP83065 Saturn Gigabit Ethernet
- devices.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.cxgbtool.8; now supports an
- interactive mode for scripting of repeatedly performed
- tasks.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.fxp.4; driver has been improved. Changes include:</para>
-
- <itemizedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para role="8.0">The multicast filter re-programming
- is now more robust.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para role="7.2">The checksum offload feature can be controlled by
- &man.ifconfig.8; now.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para role="7.2">Rx checksum offload support for 82559 or later
- controllers has been added.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para role="7.2">TSO (TCP Segmentation Offload) support for 82550
- and 82551 controllers has been added.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para role="7.2">WoL (Wake on LAN) support for 82550, 82551, 82558,
- and 82559-based controllers has been added. Note that
- ICH based controllers are treated as 82559, and 82557,
- earlier revisions of 82558, and 82559ER have no WoL
- capability.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para role="7.2">VLAN hardware tag insertion/stripping support and
- Tx/Rx checksum offload for VLAN frames support has
- been added. Note that the VLAN hardware assistance is
- available only on 82550 or 82551-based
- controllers.</para>
- </listitem>
- </itemizedlist>
-
- <para role="8.0" arch="arm,powerpc">The mge(4) driver has
- been added to provide support for Marvell Gigabit Ethernet
- controllers found on ARM-based SOCs (Orion, Kirkwood,
- Discovery), as well as on system controllers for PowerPC
- processors (MV64430, MV6446x).</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.miibus.4; driver now supports
- the Marvell 88E3016.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.msk.4; driver now supports Yukon
- FE+ A0 including 88E8040, 88E8040T, 88E8048 and
- 88E8070.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.mwl.4; driver has been added to
- provide support for Marvell 88W8363 IEEE 802.11n wireless
- network devices.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.mxge.4; driver now supports some newer
- revisions and 10GBASE-LRM and 10GBASE-Twinax media
- types. The firmware version has been updated to 1.4.43.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.nge.4; driver has been improved and
- now works on all platforms.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The tsec(4) driver has been added to
- provide support for Freescale integrated Three-Speed
- Ethernet Controller (TSEC). This driver also works with
- the enhanced version of the controller (eTSEC).</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.uath.4; driver for USB wireless LAN
- adapter based on Atheros AR5005UG and AR5005UX chipsets
- has been added. The &man.uathload.8; utility, a firmware
- loader for the Atheros USB wireless driver has also been
- added.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.urtw.4; driver has been added to
- provide support for Realtek RTL8187B/L USB IEEE 802.11b/g
- wireless network devices.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.xl.4; driver now supports TX
- checksum offload.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ae.4; driver now supports WoL
- (Wake on LAN).</para>
-
- <para role="7.2" arch="amd64,i386">The &man.ale.4; driver is now
- included in the <filename>GENERIC</filename>
- kernel.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ath.hal.4;, Atheros Hardware Access Layer,
- has been updated to the open source version.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.axe.4; driver has been improved in
- performance by eliminating extra context switches and now
- supports the Apple USB Ethernet adapter.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.bce.4; driver's firmware has been updated to
- the latest version (4.6.X).</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The ciphy(4) driver now supports Vitesse VSC8211
- PHY.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.cxgb.4; driver has been updated to firmware
- revision 4.7 and now supports hardware MAC
- statistics.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">A bug in the &man.igb.4; driver, which prevented the
- loader tunable <varname>hw.igb.ave_latency</varname> from
- working, has been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ixgbe.4; driver has been updated to
- version 1.7.4.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.jme.4; driver now supports newer JMicron
- JMC250/JMC260 revisions.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.msk.4; driver has been improved. An issue
- which made it hang up in a certain condition has been
- fixed. Hardware MAC statistics support has been added
- and users can get the information via sysctl variables
- named
- <varname>dev.msk.<replaceable>N</replaceable>.stats</varname>.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.nfe.4; driver now supports hardware MAC
- statistics.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.re.4; driver has been improved. It now
- detects the link status. A new loader tunable
- <varname>hw.re.prefer_iomap</varname> has been added, to
- disable memory register mapping. This tunable is
- <literal>0</literal> for all controllers except RTL8169SC
- family.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.rl.4; driver has been improved. It now
- detects the link status and a bug which prevented it from
- working on systems with more than 4GB memory has been
- fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">A bug in &man.sis.4; on VLAN tagged frame handling has
- been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.txp.4; driver now works on all supported
- architectures. Support has been added for &man.altq.4;,
- WoL, checksum offload when VLAN enabled, and link state
- change handling has been improved, and new sysctl
- variables
- <varname>dev.txp.<replaceable>N</replaceable>.stats</varname>
- for MAC statistics have been added. New sysctl variables
- <varname>dev.txp.<replaceable>N</replaceable>.process_limit</varname>
- has been added, to control how many received frames should
- be served in Rx handler (set to 64 by default and valid
- ranges are 16 to 128 in unit of frames). The firmware has
- been updated to the latest version.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ae.4; driver has been added to provide
- support for the Attansic/Atheros L2 FastEthernet
- controllers.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.jme.4; driver has been added to
- provide support for PCIe adapters based on JMicron JMC250
- gigabit Ethernet and JMC260 fast Ethernet controllers.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.age.4; driver has been added to
- provide support for Attansic/Atheros L1 gigabit Ethernet
- controller.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.malo.4; driver has been added to
- provide support for Marvell Libertas 88W8335 based PCI network
- adapters.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The bm(4) driver has been added to
- provide support for Apple Big Mac (BMAC) Ethernet controller,
- found on various Apple G3 models.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The et(4) driver has been added to
- provide support for Agere ET1310 10/100/Gigabit Ethernet
- controller.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.glxsb.4; driver has been added
- to provide support for the Security Block in AMD Geode LX
- processors.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ale.4; driver has been added to provide support
- for Atheros AR8121/AR8113/AR8114 Gigabit/Fast Ethernet controllers.
- This driver is not enabled in <filename>GENERIC</filename>
- kernels for this release.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.em.4; driver has been split into two drivers
- with some common parts. The &man.em.4; driver will continue
- to support adapters up to the 82575, as well as new
- client/desktop adapters. A new &man.igb.4; driver
- will support new server adapters.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.hme.4; driver has been improved.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A bug in some of the &man.miibus.4; supported drivers that
- IEEE 802.3 auto-negotiation was performed in a wrong order,
- has been fixed. Now it chooses the correct technologies
- supported by IEEE 802.3 in the order described in Annex
- 28B.3.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A workaround has been added for a bug in TCP/UDP
- hardware checksum offload of the &man.msk.4; driver for
- short frames. Note that for frames that requires hardware
- VLAN tag insertion, the checksum offload workaround does not
- work due to changes of checksum offset in mbuf after the
- VLAN tag. So disabling hardware checksum offload for the
- VLAN interface is needed in such cases.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ndis.4; NDIS miniport driver wrapper has been
- improved.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.sf.4; driver has been improved and now supports
- checksum offloading.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.stge.4; driver now supports WOL (Wake on
- LAN).</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.vr.4; driver has been improved.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1" arch="amd64,i386"> The &man.wpi.4; driver has
- been updated to include a number of stability fixes.</para>
- </sect4>
- </sect3>
-
- <sect3 id="net-proto">
- <title>Network Protocols</title>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; netisr framework has been
- reimplemented for parallel threading support. This is a
- kernel network dispatch interface which allows device
- drivers (and other packet sources) to direct packets to
- protocols for directly dispatched or deferred processing.
- The new implementation supports up to one netisr thread per
- CPU, and several benchmarks on SMP machines show substantial
- performance improvement over the previous version.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">A bug in the &man.gif.4; that EtherIP packets
- sent by combination of &man.if.bridge.4; and &man.gif.4;
- have a reversed version field has been fixed. If you need
- to communicate with older &os; releases via EtherIP, use new
- flags <literal>accept_rev_ethip_ver</literal>
- and <literal>send_rev_ethip_ver</literal> to control
- handling the reversed version field. These can be set by
- &man.ifconfig.8 utility to &man.gif.4; interfaces. The
- EtherIP implementation found on &os; 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 7.0,
- 7.1, and 7.2 had an interoperability issue because it sent
- the incorrect EtherIP packets and discarded the correct
- ones. For more details, see &man.gif.4; manual page.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The IGMPv3 and SSM (Source-Specific Multicast)
- including IPv6 SSM and MLDv2 have been added. Although the
- old KAME MLDv2 hooks have been replaced with the new
- implementation, the related kernel programming interfaces have been
- preserved.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The multicast routing code has been improved
- and the IPv4 and IPv6 support has been split.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; now supports the upcoming Wireless
- Mesh standard, IEEE 802.11s. The current implementation is
- based on the March 2009 D3.0 draft version.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The wireless network support layer (net80211)
- now uses pseudo-interfaces named as
- <literal>wlan<replaceable>N</replaceable></literal> instead
- of a device driver name like <literal>em0</literal>
- directly. The
- <literal>wlan<replaceable>N</replaceable></literal>
- interface is created by &man.ifconfig.8; as an instance of
- the parent interface and used for actual communication
- similar to &man.vlan.4, IEEE 802.1Q VLAN network interface.
- Note that multiple instances (to realize multiple BSSes with
- a single AP device, for example) can be created if the
- parent interface supports it. For more details, see
- &man.ifconfig.8; manual page.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The net80211 layer now supports TDMA for long
- distance point-to-point links using &man.ath.4;
- devices.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">An infrastructure for caching flows as a means
- of accelerating L2 and L3 lookups has been added. This is
- called <quote>flow table</quote> and enabled by default on
- &arch.amd64 and &arch.i386; platforms. This also provides
- stateful load balancing when used
- with <literal>RADIX_MPATH</literal>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; L2 address translation table has been
- reimplemented to reduce lock contention on parallel
- processing and simplify the routing logic. The new
- implementation has L2 address translation tables for both
- ARP (for IPv4) and NDP (for IPv6) which are separated from
- the L3 routing tables, and supports flow table caches for both
- the routing table and the L2 information. One of the
- user-visible changes is that a concept of cloned route (a
- route generated by an entry
- with <literal>RTF_CLONING</literal> flag) is deprecated.
- This means routing flags <literal>RTF_CLONING</literal>,
- <literal>RTF_WASCLONE</literal>,
- and <literal>RTF_LLINFO</literal> are obsolete.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.ipsec.4; subsystem now supports
- NAT-Traversal (RFC 3948). This is disabled by default. To
- enable this add the following kernel option and rebuild the
- kernel:</para>
-
- <programlisting>device crypto
-options IPSEC
-options IPSEC_NAT_T</programlisting>
-
- <para role="7.2">IPv4 source address selection for unbound sockets has
- been implemented as follows:</para>
-
- <orderedlist>
- <listitem>
- <para>If we found a route, use the address corresponding
- to the outgoing interface.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para role="7.2">Otherwise we assume the foreign address is reachable
- on a directly connected network and try to find a
- corresponding interface to take the source address
- from.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para role="7.2">As a last resort use the default jail address.</para>
- </listitem>
- </orderedlist>
-
- <para role="7.2">This also changes the semantics of selecting the IP for
- processes within a &man.jail.8; as it now uses the same
- logic as outside the &man.jail.8;.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The TCP MD5 Signature Option (RFC 2385) for IPv6 has
- been implemented in the same way it has been implemented for
- IPv4.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ng.netflow.4; Netgraph node now includes
- support for generating egress netflow instead or in addition
- to ingress. An <literal>NGM_NETFLOW_SETCONFIG</literal>
- control message has been added to control the new
- functionality.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.tap.4; Ethernet tunnel software network
- interface now supports a new <literal>TAPGIFNAME</literal>
- character device ioctl. This is a convenient shortcut to
- obtain the network interface name using a file descriptor to
- a character device.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.tap.4; now supports
- <literal>SIOCSIFMTU</literal> ioctl to set a higher MTU than
- 1500 (ETHERMTU). This allows &man.tap.4; devices to be
- added to the same bridge (which requires all interface
- members to have the same MTU) with an interface configured
- for jumbo frames.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The domains list for handling the list of supported
- domains in the &man.unix.4; (UNIX domain protocol family)
- subsystem is now MPSAFE.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.arp.8; utility now
- supports <literal>reject</literal>
- and <literal>blackhole</literal> keywords. In the entry
- marked as <literal>reject</literal>, traffic to the host will
- be discarded and the sender will be notified the host is
- unreachable. In the entry marked as <literal>blackhole</literal>,
- traffic is discarded but the sender is not notified.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.bpf.4; now supports an
- ioctl <literal>BIOCSETFNR</literal>. This is just like
- <literal>BIOCSETF</literal>, but it does not drop all the
- packets buffered on the descriptor and reset the
- statistics.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.if.bridge.4; interface can limit the
- number of source MACs that can be behind a bridge interface
- via <literal>ifmaxaddr</literal> parameter of
- &man.ifconfig.8;.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A bug in the &man.carp.4; interface configuration which
- leads to a system panic has been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.dummynet.4; subsystem now supports
- <literal>fast</literal> mode operation which allows certain
- packets to bypass the dummynet scheduler. This can achieve
- lower latency and lower overhead when the packet flow is under
- the pipe bandwidth, and eliminate recursion in the subsystem.
- The new sysctl variable
- <varname>net.inet.ip.dummynet.io_fast</varname> has been
- added to enable this feature.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.enc.4; interface now supports sysctl
- variables to control whether the firewalls or &man.bpf.4;
- will see inner and outer headers or just inner or outer
- headers for incoming and outgoing IPsec packets.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.gre.4; now supports
- ioctls <literal>GRESKEY</literal>
- and <literal>GREGKEY</literal> which allows set or get GRE
- key used for outgoing packets.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A bug in the &man.ipsec.4; subsystem that PMTU was broken
- in those cases when there was a route with a lower MTU than
- the MTU of the outgoing interface, has been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The netatm subsystem has been removed due to
- lacking multiprocessor support.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ng.nat.4; now supports redirect functionality
- in <filename>libalias</filename>. For more details, see the
- manual page.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ng.pptpgre.4; now supports multiple hooks like
- &man.ng.l2tp.4;, to use one pair of pptpgre and ksocket nodes for all
- calls between two peers.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.resolver.3; now allows underscore in domain
- names. Although this is a violation of RFC 1034 [STD 13], it is
- accepted by certain name servers as well as other popular operating
- systems' resolver library.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A socket option <literal>TCP_CONGESTION</literal> for TCP
- sockets has been added. This is for setting and retrieving the
- congestion control algorithm. The name used is to allow
- compatibility with Linux.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.rwlock.9; has been used throughout
- the <varname>inpcbinfo</varname> and <varname>inpcb</varname>
- infrastructure, and protocols that depend on that
- infrastructure, including UDP, TCP, and IP raw sockets to
- reduce the lock contentions.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &os; now supports multiple routing tables. To
- enable this, the following steps are needed:</para>
-
- <itemizedlist role="7.1">
- <listitem>
- <para>Add the following kernel configuration option and
- rebuild the kernel. The <literal>2</literal> is the number
- of FIB (Forward Information Base, synonym for a routing
- table here). The maximum value is 16.</para>
-
- <programlisting>options ROUTETABLES=2</programlisting>
-
- <para>The procedure for rebuilding the &os; kernel is
- described in the <ulink
- url="http://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/makeworld.html#AEN30408">&os;
- Handbook</ulink>.</para>
-
- <para>This number can be modified on boot time. To do so, add
- the following to <filename>/boot/loader.conf</filename> and
- reboot the system:</para>
-
- <programlisting>net.fibs=6</programlisting>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Set a loader tunable <varname>net.my_fibnum</varname> if
- needed. This means the default number of routing tables.
- If not specified, <literal>0</literal> will be used.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Set a loader tunable
- <varname>net.add_addr_allfibs</varname> if needed. This
- enables to add routes to all FIBs for new interfaces by
- default. When this is set to <literal>0</literal>, it will
- only allocate routes on interface changes for the FIB of the
- caller when adding a new set of addresses to an interface.
- Note that this tunable is set to <literal>1</literal> by
- default.</para>
- </listitem>
- </itemizedlist>
-
- <para>To select one of the FIBs, the new &man.setfib.1; utility
- can be used. This set an associated FIB with the process. For
- example:</para>
-
- <screen>&prompt.root; setfib -3 ping target.example.com</screen>
-
- <para>The FIB #3 will be used for the &man.ping.8; command.</para>
-
- <para>The FIB which the packet will be associated with will be
- determined in the following rules:</para>
-
- <itemizedlist role="7.1">
- <listitem>
- <para>All packets which have a FIB associated with them will
- use the FIB. If not, FIB #0 will be used.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>A packet received on an interface for forwarding uses
- FIB #0.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>A TCP listen socket associated with an FIB will generate
- accept sockets which are associated with the same FIB.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>A packet generated in response to other packet uses the
- FIB associated with the packet being responded to.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>A packet generated on tunnel interfaces such as
- &man.gif.4; and &man.tun.4; will be encapsulated using the
- FIB of the process which set up the tunnel.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>Routing messages will be associated with the process's
- FIB.</para>
- </listitem>
- </itemizedlist>
-
- <para>Also, the &man.ipfw.8; now supports an action rule
- <literal>setfib</literal>. The following action:</para>
-
- <programlisting>setfib <replaceable>fibnum</replaceable></programlisting>
-
- <para>will make the matched packet use the FIB specified in
- <replaceable>fibnum</replaceable>. The rule processing
- continues at the next rule.</para>
- </sect3>
-
- <sect3 id="disks">
- <title>Disks and Storage</title>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; CAM SCSI subsystem (&man.cam.4;) now
- includes experimental support for ATA/SATA/AHCI-compliant
- devices. This is disabled by default. To enable this,
- adding the following kernel options to your kernel
- configuration file and rebuild the kernel:</para>
-
- <programlisting>device ahci
-device siis</programlisting>
-
- <para role="8.0">The current implementation supports
- AHCI-compliant controllers and SiliconImage
- SiI3124/SiI3132/SiI3531 controllers. The device node of an
- ATA drive is <literal>ada</literal> and an ATAPI
- drive is <literal>cd</literal>.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; iSCSI initiator implementation has
- been improved and supports IPv6.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">A userland utility &man.mfiutil.8; for the
- &man.mfi.4; devices has been added. This includes basic
- features to monitor controller, array, and drive status,
- change basic attributes, create/delete arrays and spares,
- and flush the controller firmware. Note that this is a
- small utility, not a replacement of MegaCLI in the Ports
- Collection which is supported officially and provides more
- functionality.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">A userland utility &man.mptutil.8; for the
- &man.mpi.4; devices has been added. This includes basic
- features to monitor controller, array, and drive status,
- change basic attributes, and create/delete arrays and
- spares.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.siis.4; driver has been added to
- provide support for SiliconImage SiI3124/3132/3531 SATA2
- controllers. It supports Serial ATA and ATAPI devices, port
- multipliers (including FIS-based switching), hardware
- command queues (31 commands per port) and Native Command
- Queuing.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ata.4; driver now supports Marvell PATA M88SX6121.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ata.4; driver now recognizes nForce MCP67 and
- MCP73 SATA controllers as AHCI.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ataraid.4; driver now includes preliminary support
- for DDF metadata found on Adaptec HostRAID controllers.
- Note that spares and rebuilds are not supported yet.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.cam.4; SCSI subsystem now supports a new sysctl
- variable <varname>kern.cam.cd.retry_count</varname>. This
- controls the number of retries for the CD media. When
- trying to read scratched or damaged CDs and DVDs, the
- default mechanism is sub-optimal, and programs like
- <application>ddrescue</application> do much better if you
- turn off the retries entirely since their algorithms do it
- by themselves. This value is set to <literal>4</literal>
- (for a total of 5 attempts) by default. Setting it to
- <literal>0</literal> turns off all retry attempts.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">A bug in the &man.ciss.4; driver which caused low
- <quote>max device openings</quote> count and led to poor
- performance has been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.glabel.8; GEOM class now supports a new
- UFS-based label called <literal>ufsid</literal> that can be
- used to reference UFS-carrying devices by the unique file
- system ID. This file system ID is automatically generated
- and detected when the &man.glabel.8; GEOM class is enabled. An
- example of this new label is:
- <filename>/dev/ufsid/48e69c8b5c8e1b43</filename>. The
- benefit of using GEOM labels in general is to avoid problems
- of device renaming when shifting drives or
- controllers.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.gjournal.8; GEOM class now supports the root
- file system. Previously, an unclean shutdown would make it
- impossible to mount the root file system at boot.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.gpart.8; utility has been updated. The APM
- scheme now supports Tivo Series 1 partitions (read only), a
- new EBR scheme to support Extended Boot Records has been
- added, the BSD scheme now support bootcode, and bugs in the
- PC98 and VTOC8 schemes have been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">An issue in &man.gvinum.8; with access permissions
- to underlying disks used by a gvinum plex has been fixed.
- If the plex is a raid5 plex and is being written to, parity data might
- have to be read from the underlying disks, requiring them to be opened for
- reading as well as writing.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.hptmv.4; driver has been updated to version
- 1.16 from HighPoint.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.mmc.4; and &man.mmcsd.4; drivers now support MMC
- and SDHC cards, high speed timing, wide bus, and multiblock
- transfers.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2" arch="sparc64">The &man.mpt.4; driver is now in the
- <filename>GENERIC</filename> kernel.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.sdhci.4; driver has been added. This supports
- PCI devices with class 8 and subclass 5 according to the SD
- Host Controller Specification.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.sdhci.4; driver now supports kernel dumping and
- a sysctl variable <varname>hw.sdhci.debug</varname> for debug
- level.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.twa.4; driver now supports 64-bit DMA.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.mmc.4; &man.mmcsd.4;, and &man.sdhci.4; driver
- are now included as kernel modules.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.aac.4; driver now supports 64-bit array support
- for RAIDs larger than 2TB and simultaneous opens of the device
- for issuing commands to the controller.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ata.4; driver now supports a loader variable
- <varname>hw.ata.ata_dma_check_80pin</varname>. This can be
- used to disable the 80pin cable check on broken systems such
- as certain laptops and Soekris boards. The default value is
- <literal>1</literal>.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A data corruption problem of the &man.ata.4; driver on
- ServerWorks HT1000 chipsets has been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ciss.4; driver now supports a loader tunable
- <varname>hw.ciss.nop_message_heartbeat</varname> for
- NOP-message polling in <function>ciss_periodic()</function>.
- This can be used as a workaround for
- <literal>ADAPTER HEARTBEAT FAILED</literal> issue.
- The default value is <literal>0</literal> (disabled).</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <filename>geom_part</filename> GEOM class can be built
- as a kernel module.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <filename>geom_linux_lvm</filename> GEOM class can be
- built as a kernel module.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.hptrr.4; driver has been updated to version 1.2
- from Highpoint.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A buffer overflow in the &man.iir.4; driver has been
- fixed. This likely fixes a great number of weird problems
- that have been reported with this driver.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.mpt.4; driver now supports <literal>mpt_user</literal>
- personality.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.rr232x.4; driver has been superseded by
- &man.hptrr.4; driver.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.twa.4; driver has been improved with regard to
- stability on machines with a plenty of memory and high CPU
- load.</para>
- </sect3>
-
- <sect3 id="fs">
- <title>File Systems</title>
-
- <para role="8.0"><quote>dangerously dedicated</quote> mode for
- the UFS file system is no longer supported.</para>
-
- <important>
- <para>Such disks will need to be reformatted to work with
- this release.</para>
- </important>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.gvinum.8; now supports commands
- found in the old vinum implementation including
- <command>attach</command>, <command>detach</command>,
- <command>start</command>, <command>stop</command>,
- <command>concat</command>, <command>mirror</command>,
- <command>stripe</command>, and
- <command>raid5</command>.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.gvinum.8; now
- supports <literal>grow</literal> command to make it easier
- for users to extend plexes without having to understand all
- of the implementation internals.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; NFS subsystem now
- supports <literal>RPCSEC_GSS</literal> authentication on
- both the client and server. This replaces the RPC
- implementation of the NFS client and server with the newer
- RPC implementation originally developed to support the NFS
- Lock Manager. It supports both the new RPC implementation
- and the older legacy implementation inherited from the
- original NFS codebase and the default is to use the new one.
- To use <literal>RPCSEC_GSS</literal> on either client or
- server, you must build a kernel which includes
- the <literal>KGSSAPI</literal> option and the &man.crypto.4;
- device. For more details, see &man.gssd.8; manual
- page.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; NFS subsystem now includes a new,
- experimental implementation with support for NFSv2, NFSv3, and
- NFSv4. This is not enabled by default. To enable this, add
- the following kernel options to your kernel configuration
- file and rebuild the kernel:</para>
-
- <programlisting role="8.0">options NFSCL # for NFS client
-options NFSD # for NFS server</programlisting>
-
- <para role="8.0">The fstype for &man.mount.8; program is
- <literal>newnfs</literal>, and &man.mount.newnfs.8; program
- has also been added. The old, unmaintained NFSv4 client
- based on an implementation from the University of Michigan was
- removed from the &os; source tree.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &os; NFS subsystem now uses TCP as the
- default transport.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The shared vnode locking for pathname lookups
- in the &man.VFS.9; subsystem has been improved. This is
- enabled by default. Setting a sysctl variable
- <varname>vfs.lookup_shared</varname> to <literal>0</literal>
- disables it. Note that the
- <literal>LOOKUP_SHARED</literal> kernel option equivalent to
- the sysctl variable has been removed.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <application>ZFS</application> file system
- has been updated to version 13. The changes include ZFS
- operations by a regular user, L2ARC, ZFS Intent Log on
- separated disks (slog), sparse volumes, and so on.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The semantics of &man.acl.3; extended access control
- lists has been changed as follows:</para>
-
- <itemizedlist role="7.2">
- <listitem>
- <para>The inode modification time (mtime) is not updated
- when extended attributes are added, modified, or removed.</para>
- </listitem>
-
- <listitem>
- <para>The inode access time (atime) is not updated
- when extended attributes are queried.</para>
- </listitem>
- </itemizedlist>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &os; NFS file system now supports a sysctl variable
- <varname>vfs.nfs.prime_access_cache</varname> to determine
- whether or not <function>nfs_getattr()</function> will use
- an ACCESS RPC to prime the access cache instead of a simple
- GETATTR RPC. This is because on many NFS servers an ACCESS
- RPC is much more expensive to service than a GETATTR RPC for
- files in an NFSv3 mount. The sysctl variable is enabled by
- default to maintain the previous behavior.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &os; UDF file system now supports a fifo.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.fdescfs.5; is now MPSAFE.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.gpart.8; now supports BSD disklabels (option
- <literal>GEOM_PART_BSD</literal>) and
- VTOC8 disklabels (option
- <literal>GEOM_PART_VTOC8</literal>).</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.gvinum.8; now accepts <replaceable>volume</replaceable>
- parameter when creating a plex.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A pathname lookup bug of a UNIX domain socket in the
- <filename>unionfs(7)</filename> has been fixed.</para>
- </sect3>
- </sect2>
-
- <sect2 id="userland">
- <title>Userland Changes</title>
-
- <para role="8.0">The GCC stack protection (also known as
- ProPolice) has been enabled in the &os; base system.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">A BSD-licensed &man.ar.1; utility has been added
- in favor of one in <application>GNU binutils</application> and
- it is now the default utility for building the &os; base
- system.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.awk.1; utility now supports 64 files.
- The upper limit was 20 in prior releases.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.bsnmpd.1; program now supports OIDs
- for ZFS.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.camcontrol.8; program now supports a
- new modularized ATA kernel module and various ATA
- commands.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.cat.1; and &man.cp.1; now use a larger
- buffer if the number of pages of the physical memory on the
- system is grater than 32k. This reduces the number of context
- switches.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">A new BSD-licensed &man.cpio.1; utility has been
- added in favor of <application>GNU cpio</application> and it
- is now the default utility in the &os; base system.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">A script for the &man.crashinfo.8; utility for
- simple analysis of crash dump has been added. It generates a
- text file containing the output of several commands run against
- the core dump such as &man.kgdb.1; (stack trace), &man.ps.1;,
- &man.netstat.1;,
- &man.vmstat.8;,
- &man.iostat.8;,
- &man.dmesg.8;,
- and
- &man.fstat.1;.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.df.1; utility's <option>-h</option>
- flag now supports displaying inode counts in a human-readable
- format when a flag <option>-i</option> is specified.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.df.1; utility now supports
- a <option>-T</option> flag to display file system type in each
- entry.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">A bug in the &man.dhclient.8; that can create a
- malformed <filename>/etc/resolv.conf</filename> has been
- fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.dhclient.8; now uses an
- <option>-n</option> flag when invoking &man.route.8; command.
- This eliminates a long delay in the case that it gets a lease
- but DNS service is not working.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.dhclient.8; utility now
- uses <literal>68</literal> (bootpc) as the source port for
- unicast <literal>DHCPREQUEST</literal> packets instead of
- allowing the protocol stack to pick a random source port.
- This fixes the behavior where &man.dhclient.8; would never
- transition from <literal>RENEWING</literal>
- to <literal>BOUND</literal> without going
- through <literal>REBINDING</literal> in some networks which
- has a tight policy on DHCP spoofing.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.env.1; utility now supports a
- <option>-u <replaceable>name</replaceable></option> option
- that completely unsets the given name instead of setting it to
- a null value.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.find.1; utility now supports a number
- of primaries found in <application>GNU find</application>
- including <option>-ignore_readdir_race</option>,
- <option>-noignore_readdir_race</option>,
- <option>-noleaf</option>, <option>-gid</option>,
- <option>-uid</option>, <option>-wholename</option>,
- <option>-iwholename</option>, <option>-mount</option>,
- <option>-d</option>, <option>-lname</option>,
- <option>-ilname</option>, <option>-quit</option>,
- <option>-samefile</option>, and <option>-true</option>.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.fsck.8; utility now supports a
- <option>-r</option> flag to free up excess unused inodes.
- Decreasing the number of preallocated inodes reduces the
- running time of future runs of fsck and frees up space that
- can allocated to files. This flag is ignored when running in
- preen mode.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.freebsd-update.8; now supports backing
- up the old kernel when installing a new kernel. The backup
- kernel will be written
- to <filename>/boot/kernel.old</filename> if the directory does
- not exist or the directory was created by freebsd-update in a
- previous backup. Otherwise the &man.freebsd-update.8; will
- generate a new directory name for use by the backup. This is
- enabled by default.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.gdbserver.1; now supports &arch.arm;
- and &arch.powerpc; platforms.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.gpt.8; program has been removed in
- favor of &man.gpart.8;.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.gzip.1; utility now supports
- uncompressing files which are created
- by <application>pack</application> found in some commercial
- UNIX-like systems.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.i2c.8; utility for diagnostics of I2C has
- been added.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.ifconfig.8; now
- supports <option>vnet</option> and <option>-vnet</option>
- option to allow moving interfaces between jails with
- vimage.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">A BSD-licensed <filename>libdwarf</filename>
- library has been added for DTrace clients.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <filename>libmsun</filename> library now supports
- <function>acosl()</function>,
- <function>asinl()</function>,
- <function>atanl()</function>,
- <function>atan2l()</function>,
- <function>cargl()</function>,
- <function>csqrtl()</function>,
- <function>fmodl()</function>,
- <function>hypotl()</function>,
- and
- <function>remquol()</function>
- functions.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <filename>libproc</filename>
- library has been added for DTrace clients.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.mtest.8; utility now supports IPv6.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.mount.8; program now supports
- an <option>-o
- mountprog=<replaceable>filename</replaceable></option> option
- to allow an alternative program to be used for mounting a file
- system. This is useful for non-&man.nmount.2; based file
- systems such as FUSE.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.nfscbd.8;, &man.nfsuserd.8;,
- &man.nfsdumpstate.8;, and &man.nfsrevoke.8; utilities for the
- new NFSv4 subsystem has been added.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.pmcannotate.8; utility has been added.
- This prints out sources of a tool (in C or assembly) with
- inlined profiling informations retrieved by a prior
- &man.pmcstat.8; analysis.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.route.8; utility now
- supports <command>show</command>,
- <command>weights</command>, and <command>sticky</command>
- commands. For more details, see the &man.route.8; manual
- page.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.rtld.1; now supports a new
- environment variable <varname>LD_ELF_HINTS_PATH</varname> for
- overriding the rtld hints file. This environment variable
- would be ignored if the process uses setuid and/or setgid.
- This feature gives a convenient way to use a custom set of
- shared library that is not in the default location.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.rtld.1; now supports the dynamic
- string token substitution in the rpath and soneeded pathes. The
- <varname>$ORIGIN</varname>,
- <varname>$OSNAME</varname>,
- <varname>$OSREL</varname>
- and <varname>$PLATFORM</varname>
- tokens are supported. Enabling
- the substitution requires <literal>DF_ORIGIN</literal>
- flag in <literal>DT_FLAGS</literal> or
- <literal>DF_1_ORIGIN</literal> if
- <literal>DF_FLAGS_1</literal>, that may be set
- with <option>-z</option> origin <application>GNU
- ld</application> flag. This translation is unconditionally
- disabled for setuid/setgid processes.
- The <varname>$ORIGIN</varname> translation relies on
- the <literal>AT_EXECPATH</literal> auxinfo supplied by the
- &os; kernel.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">It is no longer possible to create UFS
- filesystems in <quote>dangerously dedicated</quote> mode using
- &man.sysinstall.8; since this mode is no longer supported.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">&man.sysinstall.8; menus have been simplified
- to reduce confusion and duplication with other parts of the
- system. The <application>Xorg</application> window system
- should be installed just like any other package.
- Configuration of <application>Linux</application> and
- <application>OSF/1</application> emulation should be done via
- kernel rebuilds. Support for installation from tape media was
- removed as it was believed to be broken. Obsolete code to
- support <literal>OLDCARD</literal> was also
- removed.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">&man.sysinstall.8; now understands how to use
- unsliced USB drives as installation source media via
- <filename>/dev/da<replaceable>X</replaceable><replaceable>a</replaceable></filename></para>
-
- <para role="8.0">&man.sysinstall.8; now recognizes the new
- <filename>/dev/ada<replaceable>X</replaceable></filename> disk
- devices, if compiled into the kernel.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">&man.sysinstall.8; now uses the
- <filename>freebsd-doc-<replaceable>*</replaceable></filename>
- packages for localized documents.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">&man.sysinstall.8; now ejects the CDROM after
- installation if it was used as source media.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.traceroute.8; and &man.traceroute6.8;
- now support an
- <option>-a</option> flag to display AS number corresponding to
- the lookup IP address on each hop. It will query the number to
- WHOIS server specified in <option>-A</option> option. If
- no <option>-A</option> is
- specified, <hostid>whois.radb.net</hostid> will be used as the
- default value.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.tzsetup.8; now supports
- an <option>-s</option> flag to skip the question about
- adjusting the clock to UTC.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.wake.8; utility, a tool to send Wake on
- LAN frames to hosts on a local Ethernet network has been
- added.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.ypserv.8; program now
- supports <filename>shadow.byname</filename>
- and <filename>shadow.byuid</filename> maps.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">A bug in the &man.atacontrol.8; utility, which prevents it
- from working when <filename>/usr</filename> is not mounted or
- invoked from <filename>/rescue</filename>, has been
- fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.btpand.8; daemon from NetBSD has been added.
- This daemon provides support for Bluetooth Network Access
- Point (NAP), Group Ad-hoc Network (GN) and Personal Area
- Network User (PANU) profiles.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.cpucontrol.8; utility has been added to
- control &man.cpuctl.4; pseudo-device.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ncal.1; utility now supports multibyte
- characters.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.newfs.8; utility now supports
- operations on a regular file.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.config.8; utility now supports
- multiple <varname>makeoption</varname> lines.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.csup.1; utility now supports CVSMode to fetch a
- complete CVS repository. Note that the rsync transfer mode is
- currently disabled.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.dirname.1; utility now accepts multiple arguments
- in the same way that &man.basename.1; does.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.du.1; utility now supports an <option>-l</option>
- flag. When specified, the &man.du.1; utility counts a file
- with multiple hard links as multiple different files.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.du.1; utility now supports an <option>-A</option> flag
- to display the apparent size instead of the disk usage. This can be
- helpful when operating on compressed volumes or sparse files.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.du.1; utility now supports a <option>-B
- <replaceable>blocksize</replaceable></option> option to
- calculate block counts in blocks of
- <replaceable>blocksize</replaceable> bytes. This is different
- from the <option>-k</option> or <option>-m</option> options or
- setting <varname>BLOCKSIZE</varname> and gives an estimate of
- how much space the examined file hierarchy would require on a
- file system with the given
- <replaceable>blocksize</replaceable>. Unless in
- <option>-A</option> mode, <replaceable>blocksize</replaceable>
- is rounded up to the next multiple of 512.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.dumpfs.8; utility now supports an
- <option>-f</option> flag, which causes it to list all free
- fragments in the file system by fragment (block) number. This
- new mode does the necessary arithmetic to generate absolute
- fragment numbers rather than the cg-relative numbers printed
- in the default mode.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">If <option>-f</option> is passed once, contiguous fragment
- ranges are collapsed into an X-Y format as free block lists
- are currently printed in regular dumpfs output. If specified
- twice, all block numbers are printed individually, allowing
- both compact and more script-friendly representation.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.fetch.1; utility now supports an
- <option>-i</option> flag which supports the If-Modified-Since
- HTTP 1.1 request. If specified it will cause the file to be
- downloaded only if it is more recent than the mtime of the
- local file. Also, <application>libfetch</application> now
- accepts the mtime in the url structure and a flag to indicate
- when this behavior is desired.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.fsck.8; utility now supports a
- <option>-C</option> flag for <literal>check clean</literal>
- mode. This checks if the file system was dismounted cleanly
- first and then skip file system checks if true. Otherwise it
- does full checks.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.fsck.8; utility now supports a
- <option>-D</option> flag for damaged recovery mode, which will
- enable certain aggressive operations that can make
- &man.fsck.8; to survive with file systems that has very
- serious data damage. This is a useful last resort when on
- disk data damage is very serious and causes &man.fsck.8; to
- crash.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.getaddrinfo.3; function now supports SCTP.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">A bug was fixed in the &man.ipfw.8; utility which displays
- extra messages for a NAT rule even when a <option>-q</option>
- flag is specified.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.ln.1; utility now supports a <option>-w</option>
- flag to check if the source file actually exists. When the
- flag is specified and the file does not exist, &man.ln.1; will
- issue a warning message.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.ln.1; utility now allows creating hard
- links to symbolic links because the POSIX.1-2008 requires this
- behavior for <option>-L</option> and <option>-P</option>
- flag.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.lpr.1; utility now support
- an <option>-m</option> flag to send an email after the job is
- completed and a <option>-t</option> option to set the job
- title.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.make.1; utility now supports a
- <option>-p</option> flag to print the input graph only,
- without executing any commands. The output is the same as
- <option>-d g1</option>. When combined with <option>-f
- /dev/null</option>, only the built-in rules of make are
- displayed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.make.1; utility now supports a
- <option>-Q</option> flag to cause file banners not to be
- generated in addition to the same effect of a
- <option>-q</option> flag when a <option>-j</option> option is
- specified.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.make.1; utility now supports the
- <varname>.MAKE.JOB.PREFIX</varname> variable. If
- <option>-j</option> and <option>-v</option> are specified, its
- output for each target is prefixed with a token <literal>---
- <replaceable>target</replaceable> ---</literal> the first part
- of which can be controlled via the variable.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.make.1; utility now supports
- <varname>.MAKE.PID</varname> and <varname>.MAKE.PPID</varname>
- variable. These are set to process ID of the &man.make.1;
- process and its parent process respectively.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.makefs.8; utility to create a file system image
- from a directory tree has been added.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.mergemaster.8; utility now supports an
- <option>-F</option> option to automatically install files that
- differ only in their version control ID strings.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.mount.8; utility now supports an <option>-o
- mountprog=<replaceable>/somewhere/mount_xxx</replaceable></option>
- option to force it to use the specified program to mount the
- file system instead of calling &man.nmount.2; directly. This
- is useful when you want to use third party programs such as
- FUSE, for example.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.netstat.1; utility now reports &man.unix.4;
- sockets' listen queue statistics when an <option>-L</option>
- flag is specified.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">A bug in the &man.netstat.1; utility has been fixed. It
- crashed with the following options in the previous
- versions:</para>
-
- <screen role="7.2">&prompt.user; netstat -m -N foo</screen>
-
- <para role="7.2">A bug in the &man.netstat.1; utility has been fixed. The
- <option>-ss</option> option now works in the icmp6 section as
- expected.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.pciconf.8; utility now supports a
- <option>-b</option> flag, which lists any base address
- registers (BAR) that are assigned resources for each
- device.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.powerd.8; program has been improved. Changes
- include reasonable CPU load estimation on SMP systems and a
- new mode named as <literal>hiadaptive</literal> for AC-powered
- systems. The <literal>hiadaptive</literal> mode raises the
- CPU frequency twice as fast as <literal>adaptive</literal>, it
- drops the CPU frequency 4 times slower, prefers twice lower
- CPU load and has an additional delay before leaving the
- highest frequency after the period of maximum load.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.revoke.1; utility has been added. This
- is a wrapper of &man.revoke.2; syscall.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.stat.1; utility now displays an octal
- representation of suid, sgid and sticky bits when the
- <option>-x</option> flag is specified.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.strndup.3; function has been added.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The &man.tftpd.8; program now supports
- a <option>-W</option> option. This is almost the same as
- a <option>-w</option> option but will generate unique named
- based on the submitted filename, a &man.strftime.3; format
- string, and a two digit sequence number. The time format
- string can be set by an <option>-F</option> option.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &man.wc.1; utility now supports an <option>-L</option>
- flag to output the number of characters in the longest input
- line.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">A bug in the &man.rpc.yppasswdd.8; program, which causes
- it to leave a zombie process when a password or default shell
- is changed, has been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.adduser.8; utility now supports
- a <option>-M</option> option to set the mode of a new user's
- home directory.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.atacontrol.8; utility now supports
- a <command>spindown</command> command to set or report timeout
- after which the device will be spun down.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.chflags.1; now supports a <option>-v</option> flag for
- verbose output, a <option>-f</option> flag to ignore errors,
- and <option>-h</option> to allow setting flags on symbolic links
- with the same semantics as (for example) &man.chmod.1;.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.cp.1; now supports a <option>-a</option> flag, which is
- equivalent to <option>-RpP</option> flags.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A bug in the &man.cp.1; utility which prevents POSIX.1e ACL (see
- also &man.acl.3;) from copying properly has been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.cron.8; utility now supports <option>-m</option> flag which
- overrides the default mail recipient for cron mails unless explicitly
- provided by <literal>MAILTO=</literal> line in <filename>crontab</filename>
- file.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.dhclient.8; now supports more options described in
- &man.dhcp-options.5;.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.dhclient.8; now
- supports <function>is_default_interface()</function> function
- which determines if this interface is one with the default
- route.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A bug in the &man.dhclient.8; that prevents removal of the
- default route from working has been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.environ.7;, environment array of strings now
- supports unsetting a variable by setting the first character to
- NULL. This is required by third-party software such as
- <application>Dovecot</application>
- and <application>Postfix</application>.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.fdisk.8; now supports a <option>-q</option> flag to
- not display any warnings.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.fetch.1; program and <filename>libfetch</filename>
- library now supports a <varname>NO_PROXY</varname> environment
- variable. This specifies comma- or whitespace-separated list of
- host names for which proxies should not be used. If a single
- asterisk is specified, the use of proxies is disabled.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ffsll.3; and &man.flsll.3; functions have been added.
- These functions are the same as &man.ffs.3; and &man.fls.3; except that
- they accept long long as the arguments.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.fortune.6; program now supports
- <varname>FORTUNE_PATH</varname> environment variable to specify
- search path of the fortune files.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A bug in the &man.fortune.6; program that prevents
- <option>-e</option> option with multiple files from working has
- been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.freebsd-update.conf.5; now supports
- <literal>IDSIgnorePaths</literal> statement.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.fwcontrol.8; utility now supports <option>-f
- <replaceable>node</replaceable></option> option which specifies
- <replaceable>node</replaceable> as the root node on the next bus
- reset.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1" arch="sparc64"> The &man.gcc.1; now
- accepts <option>-mcpu</option> option properly; it was hardcoded
- as <option>-mcpu=ultrasparc</option>.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ifconfig.8; command now supports
- display of WPS IE (Wireless Provisioning Services Information
- Element).</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.kgdb.1; command now supports
- an <command>add-kld <replaceable>kld</replaceable></command>
- command to locate a &man.kld.4; and load its symbols.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.kgdb.1; command now has a shared library backend for kernel
- files that treats &man.kld.4; as shared libraries and
- auto-loading symbols for &man.kld.4; on startup.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.kgdb.1; now supports a <command>tid</command> command
- and other kernel module related commands even for a remote
- target.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.kvm.getcptime.3; function to obtain the global CPU
- time statistics from the kernel has been added.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <filename>libalias</filename> library now supports
- <literal>PORT</literal> and
- <literal>EPRT</literal>
- FTP commands in lowercase.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.man.1; now includes a limited support of
- &man.bzip2.1;-compressed manual pages.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.mdconfig.8; command now supports a
- <option>-v</option> (verbose) flag to <option>-l</option>
- command. It shows size and backing store of all &man.md.4;
- devices at one time.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.memrchr.3; function has been added. This behaves
- like &man.memchr.3; except that it locates the last occurrence
- of the specified character in the string.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The incorrect output grammar of &man.morse.6; program has
- been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.mountd.8; utility now supports <option>-h
- <replaceable>bindip</replaceable></option> option which
- specifies IP addresses to bind to for TCP and UDP requests.
- This option may be specified multiple times. If no
- <option>-h</option> option is specified,
- <literal>INADDR_ANY</literal> will be used. Note that when
- specifying IP addresses with this option, it will
- automatically add <literal>127.0.0.1</literal> and if IPv6 is
- enabled, <literal>::1</literal> to the list.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.moused.8; utility now supports <option>-L</option>
- flag which changes the speed of scrolling and changes
- <option>-U</option> option behavior to only affect the scroll
- threshold.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.mv.1; command now support POSIX
- specification when moving a directory to an existing directory
- across devices.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.periodic.8; now supports
- <varname>daily_status_mail_rejects_shorten</varname>
- configuration variable in &man.periodic.conf.5;. This allows
- the rejected mail reports to tally the rejects per blacklist
- without providing details about individual sender hosts. The
- default configuration keeps the reports in their original
- form.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ping6.8; now uses exit status of
- <literal>0</literal> and <literal>2</literal> in the same manner
- as &man.ping.8;.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ping6.8; now supports an <option>-o</option> flag,
- which makes &man.ping6.8; exit successfully after receiving one
- reply packet.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ping6.8; now supports <option>-r</option>
- and <option>-R</option> flags, which are equivalent to
- &man.ping.8;'s <option>-a</option> and <option>-A</option>
- flags, respectively.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The minimum allowed interval of &man.ping6.8; has been
- decreased to 0.000001 from 0.01.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.realpath.1; utility now supports
- a <option>-q</option> flag to suppress warnings and
- accepts multiple paths on its command line.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.rfcomm.pppd.8; now supports a <option>-D</option>
- flag to register DUN (Dial-Up Networking) service in addition to
- the LAN (LAN Access Using PPP) service.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.sdpd.8; now supports a <literal>NAP</literal>,
- <literal>GN</literal>, and <literal>PANU</literal>
- profiles.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.setkey.8; utility now accepts
- <literal>esp</literal> as a protocol name
- for the <command>spdadd</command> command.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">A bug in &man.telnetd.8; that caused it to
- attempt authentication even when <option>-a off</option>
- option is specified has been fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.top.1; and &man.vmstat.8; commands now
- support <option>-P</option> flag which displays per-CPU
- statistics.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.uuid.enc.le.3;, &man.uuid.dec.le.3;,
- &man.uuid.enc.be.3;, and &man.uuid.dec.be.3; functions have been
- added. These functions encode/decode a binary representation of
- a UUID.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.watch.8; utility now supports more than 10
- &man.snp.4; devices at a time.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.ypserv.8; daemon now supports a
- <option>-P</option> option to specify the port number on which
- it should listen.</para>
-
- <sect3 id="rc-scripts">
- <title><filename>/etc/rc.d</filename> Scripts</title>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.rc.conf.5; now supports
- <varname>dummynet_enable</varname> variable which allow
- &man.dummynet.4; kernel module to be loaded when
- <varname>firewall_enable</varname> is <literal>YES</literal>.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <filename>ntpd</filename> &man.rc.8; script
- can work with no configuration file
- <filename>/etc/ntp.conf</filename> now.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <filename>ppp</filename> &man.rc.8;
- script now supports multiple instances. For more details,
- see the description of <varname>ppp_profile</varname>
- variable in &man.rc.conf.5;.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <filename>sysctl</filename> &man.rc.8; script now
- supports loading <filename>/etc/sysctl.conf.local</filename> in
- addition to <filename>/etc/sysctl.conf</filename>.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.rc.conf.5; now supports configuration of
- interfaces and attached networks for firewall rule set by
- <filename>rc.firewall</filename> when
- <varname>firewall_type</varname> is <literal>simple</literal> or
- <literal>client</literal>. See
- <varname>firewall_client_net</varname>,
- <varname>firewall_simple_iif</varname>,
- <varname>firewall_simple_inet</varname>,
- <varname>firewall_simple_oif</varname>, and
- <varname>firewall_simple_onet</varname>.</para>
- </sect3>
- </sect2>
-
- <sect2 id="contrib">
- <title>Contributed Software</title>
-
- <para role="8.0"><application>ISC BIND</application> has been updated to
- version 9.6.1rc1.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <application>ACPI-CA</application> has been
- updated to 20090521.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <application>ee</application> (easy editor) has
- been updated to 1.5.0. This version is now licensed under a
- 2-clause BSD license, instead of the Artistic license.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <application>hostapd</application> has been updated to
- version 0.6.8 + radius ACL support.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <application>less</application> has been updated to
- version v436.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <filename>libarchive</filename> library has
- been updated to version 2.7.0.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <filename>libexpat</filename> library has
- been updated from version 1.95.5 to version 2.0.1.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <filename>ncurses</filename> library has been updated
- to version 5.7-20081102.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0"><application>OpenBSM</application> 1.1 from
- Trusted BSD Project has been merged.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0"><application>TCPDUMP</application> has been
- updated to 4.0.0.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The timezone database has been updated
- to the <application>tzdata2009f</application> release.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0"><application>wpa_supplicant</application> has been updated to
- version 0.6.8</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The <application>ZFS</application> file system
- has been updated from version 6 to version 13.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <application>am-utils</application> has been updated from
- version 6.0.10p1 to version 6.1.5.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <application>awk</application> has been updated from 1 May
- 2007 release to the 23 October 2007 release.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <application>bzip2</application> has been updated from
- version 1.0.4 to version 1.0.5.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The <application>CVS</application> has been updated to
- version 1.11.22.1.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1"><application>NTP</application> has been updated to version
- 4.2.4p5.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1"><application>OpenPAM</application> has been updated from the
- Figwort release to the Hydrangea release.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1"><application>OpenSSH</application> has been updated from
- version 4.5p1 to version 5.1p1.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1">The &man.resolver.3; library has been updated to
- one of <application>ISC BIND</application> 9.4.3.</para>
-
- <para role="7.1"><application>sendmail</application> has been updated from
- version 8.14.2 to version 8.14.4.</para>
- </sect2>
-
- <sect2 id="ports">
- <title>Ports/Packages Collection Infrastructure</title>
-
- <para role="7.2">A bug in the &man.pkg.create.1; utility, which
- prevented the <option>-n</option> flag from working has been
- fixed.</para>
-
- <para role="7.2">The &os; Ports Collection now supports multiple
- &man.make.1; jobs in some supported ports. This is
- automatically enabled when a port is marked as
- <varname>MAKE_JOBS_SAFE</varname> and improves CPU utilization
- at the build stage by passing an option
- <option>-j<replaceable>X</replaceable></option> to the top
- level <filename>Makefile</filename> from the vendor. The
- number <replaceable>X</replaceable> is set to the number of
- CPUs by default, and can be set by users via a &man.make.1;
- variable <varname>MAKE_JOBS_NUMBER</varname>. For more
- details, see <filename>ports/Mk/bsd.port.mk</filename>.</para>
- </sect2>
-
- <sect2 id="releng">
- <title>Release Engineering and Integration</title>
-
- <para role="8.0">The supported version of
- the <application>GNOME</application> desktop environment
- (<filename role="package">x11/gnome2</filename>) has been
- updated to 2.26.3.</para>
-
- <para role="8.0">The supported version of
- the <application>KDE</application> desktop environment
- (<filename role="package">x11/kde4</filename>) has been
- updated to 4.3.1.</para>
- </sect2>
- </sect1>
-
- <sect1 id="upgrade">
- <title>Upgrading from previous releases of &os;</title>
-
- <para arch="amd64,i386">Upgrades between RELEASE versions (and
- snapshots of the various security branches) are supported using
- the &man.freebsd-update.8; utility. The binary upgrade
- procedure will update unmodified userland utilities, as well as
- unmodified GENERIC or SMP kernels distributed as a part of an
- official &os; release. The &man.freebsd-update.8; utility
- requires that the host being upgraded has Internet
- connectivity.</para>
-
- <para>An older form of binary upgrade is supported through the
- <command>Upgrade</command> option from the main
- &man.sysinstall.8; menu on CDROM distribution media. This type
- of binary upgrade may be useful on non-&arch.i386;,
- non-&arch.amd64; machines or on systems with no Internet
- connectivity.</para>
-
- <para>Source-based upgrades (those based on recompiling the &os;
- base system from source code) from previous versions are
- supported, according to the instructions in
- <filename>/usr/src/UPDATING</filename>.</para>
-
- <important>
- <para>Upgrading &os; should, of course, only be attempted after
- backing up <emphasis>all</emphasis> data and configuration
- files.</para>
- </important>
+ <para>This document contains no information. Please see the
+ online version at <ulink
+ url="http://www.FreeBSD.org/releases/8.1R/relnotes.html"></ulink>.</para>
</sect1>
</article>
diff --git a/release/doc/share/sgml/release.dsl b/release/doc/share/sgml/release.dsl
index 4a19a837c6ef..cbee985af2ee 100644
--- a/release/doc/share/sgml/release.dsl
+++ b/release/doc/share/sgml/release.dsl
@@ -121,14 +121,7 @@
((or (equal? arch #f)
(equal? arch "")
(equal? arch "all"))
- (make sequence
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.1"))
- (literal " [7.1R]")
- (empty-sosofo))
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.2"))
- (literal " [7.2R]")
- (empty-sosofo))
- (process-children-trim))
+ (process-children-trim))
(else
(make sequence
(literal "[")
@@ -142,12 +135,6 @@
(loop (car rest) (cdr rest)))
(empty-sosofo))))
(literal "] ")
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.1"))
- (literal " [7.1R] ")
- (empty-sosofo))
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.2"))
- (literal " [7.2R] ")
- (empty-sosofo))
(process-children-trim))))
(if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "merged"))
(literal " [" merged-string "]")
@@ -171,14 +158,7 @@
((or (equal? arch #f)
(equal? arch "")
(equal? arch "all"))
- (make sequence
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.1"))
- (literal " [7.1R] ")
- (empty-sosofo))
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.2"))
- (literal " [7.2R] ")
- (empty-sosofo))
- (process-children-trim)))
+ (process-children-trim))
(else
(make sequence
(literal "[")
@@ -192,16 +172,10 @@
(loop (car rest) (cdr rest)))
(empty-sosofo))))
(literal "] ")
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.1"))
- (literal " [7.1R]")
- (empty-sosofo))
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.2"))
- (literal " [7.2R]")
- (empty-sosofo))
(process-children-trim))))
(if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "merged"))
(literal " [" merged-string "]")
- (empty-sosofo))))))))
+ (empty-sosofo)))))))
]]>
<![ %output.html; [
@@ -251,24 +225,10 @@
((or (equal? arch #f)
(equal? arch "")
(equal? arch "all"))
- (make sequence
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.1"))
- (literal " [7.1R] ")
- (empty-sosofo))
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.2"))
- (literal " [7.2R] ")
- (empty-sosofo))
- (process-children)))
+ (process-children))
(else
(sosofo-append
(make sequence
- (make sequence
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.1"))
- (literal " [7.1R] ")
- (empty-sosofo))
- (if (and (not (null? role)) (equal? role "7.2"))
- (literal " [7.2R] ")
- (empty-sosofo)))
(literal "[")
(let loop ((prev (car (split-string-to-list arch)))
(rest (cdr (split-string-to-list arch))))
diff --git a/release/doc/share/sgml/release.ent b/release/doc/share/sgml/release.ent
index c9311554f148..684a08402e5e 100644
--- a/release/doc/share/sgml/release.ent
+++ b/release/doc/share/sgml/release.ent
@@ -6,21 +6,21 @@
<!-- Version of the OS we're describing. This needs to be updated
with each new release. -->
-<!ENTITY release.current "8.0-RELEASE">
+<!ENTITY release.current "8.1-RELEASE">
<!-- The previous version used for comparison in the "What's New"
section. For -CURRENT, we might point back to the last
branchpoint. -->
-<!ENTITY release.prev "7.0-RELEASE">
+<!ENTITY release.prev "8.0-RELEASE">
<!-- The next version to be released, usually used for snapshots. -->
-<!ENTITY release.next "8.1-RELEASE">
+<!ENTITY release.next "8.2-RELEASE">
<!-- The name of this branch. -->
-<!ENTITY release.branch "8-STABLE">
+<!ENTITY release.branch "8.0-STABLE">
<!-- The URL for obtaining this version of FreeBSD. -->
-<!ENTITY release.url "ftp://ftp.FreeBSD.org/">
+<!ENTITY release.url "http://www.FreeBSD.org/">
<!-- The type of release (usually this will be either "snapshot"
or "release" -->
@@ -31,10 +31,10 @@
<!-- The manpaths for man page references -->
<!ENTITY release.man.url "http://www.FreeBSD.org/cgi/man.cgi">
-<!ENTITY release.manpath.xorg "7.4">
-<!ENTITY release.manpath.netbsd "5.0.1">
+<!ENTITY release.manpath.xorg "7.5">
+<!ENTITY release.manpath.netbsd "5.0.2">
<!ENTITY release.manpath.freebsd-ports "Ports">
-<!ENTITY release.manpath.freebsd "8.0-RELEASE">
+<!ENTITY release.manpath.freebsd "8.1-RELEASE">
<!-- Text constants which probably don't need to be changed.-->
@@ -48,8 +48,11 @@
<!ENTITY arch.arm "arm">
<!ENTITY arch.i386 "i386">
<!ENTITY arch.ia64 "ia64">
-<!ENTITY arch.mips "MIPS">
+<!ENTITY arch.mips "mips">
<!ENTITY arch.pc98 "pc98">
<!ENTITY arch.powerpc "powerpc">
<!ENTITY arch.sparc64 "sparc64">
<!ENTITY arch.sun4v "sun4v">
+
+<!-- The marker for MFCs. -->
+<!ENTITY merged "MERGED">