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authorGarrett Wollman <wollman@FreeBSD.org>2006-05-12 01:09:19 +0000
committerGarrett Wollman <wollman@FreeBSD.org>2006-05-12 01:09:19 +0000
commitc8b0c915cc3e6fea726d49e675bf9035728c1926 (patch)
treedf19ce2b1bcd08af8aa789e3e8acecf323407b32
parent690a1b72a14200b206021a5cf712eea24dd6f2bf (diff)
downloadsrc-c8b0c915cc3e6fea726d49e675bf9035728c1926.tar.gz
src-c8b0c915cc3e6fea726d49e675bf9035728c1926.zip
Merge tzdata2006g from vendor branch. At this point, HEAD, RELENG_6,
and RELENG_5 should have the same data. Approved by: re (kensmith)
Notes
Notes: svn path=/stable/5/; revision=158461
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/africa64
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/antarctica10
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/asia239
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/australasia46
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/backward2
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/etcetera2
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/europe203
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/factory2
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/leapseconds2
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/northamerica560
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/southamerica97
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/systemv2
-rwxr-xr-xshare/zoneinfo/yearistype.sh2
-rw-r--r--share/zoneinfo/zone.tab20
14 files changed, 773 insertions, 478 deletions
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/africa b/share/zoneinfo/africa
index 153e2546b306..6d5c9fb3bb23 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/africa
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/africa
@@ -1,15 +1,15 @@
-# @(#)africa 7.40
+# @(#)africa 8.3
# <pre>
# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-03-22):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
#
# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
-# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
-# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
+# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
+# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
#
# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
@@ -17,8 +17,8 @@
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990.
#
-# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990,
-# and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
+# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
+# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
#
# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
@@ -65,7 +65,7 @@
# Algeria
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Algeria 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun<=7 23:00s 0 -
+Rule Algeria 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
Rule Algeria 1917 only - Mar 24 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Algeria 1918 only - Mar 9 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Algeria 1919 only - Mar 1 23:00s 1:00 S
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ Rule Algeria 1921 only - Mar 14 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Algeria 1921 only - Jun 21 23:00s 0 -
Rule Algeria 1939 only - Sep 11 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Algeria 1939 only - Nov 19 1:00 0 -
-Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon<=7 2:00 1:00 S
+Rule Algeria 1944 1945 - Apr Mon>=1 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Algeria 1944 only - Oct 8 2:00 0 -
Rule Algeria 1945 only - Sep 16 1:00 0 -
Rule Algeria 1971 only - Apr 25 23:00s 1:00 S
@@ -86,7 +86,8 @@ Rule Algeria 1978 only - Mar 24 1:00 1:00 S
Rule Algeria 1978 only - Sep 22 3:00 0 -
Rule Algeria 1980 only - Apr 25 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Algeria 1980 only - Oct 31 2:00 0 -
-# Shanks gives 0:09 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's more precise 0:09:21.
+# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
+# more precise 0:09:21.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Algiers 0:12:12 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
@@ -106,7 +107,8 @@ Zone Africa/Luanda 0:52:56 - LMT 1892
1:00 - WAT
# Benin
-# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1946, not 1934;
+# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Porto-Novo 0:10:28 - LMT 1912
0:00 - GMT 1934 Feb 26
@@ -130,7 +132,7 @@ Zone Africa/Bujumbura 1:57:28 - LMT 1890
2:00 - CAT
# Cameroon
-# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman says they switched to 1:00 in 1920; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Douala 0:38:48 - LMT 1912
1:00 - WAT
@@ -229,9 +231,9 @@ Zone Africa/Asmera 2:35:32 - LMT 1870
3:00 - EAT
# Ethiopia
-# From Paul Eggert (1997-10-05):
-# Shanks writes that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones between
-# 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger write that Ethiopia had six narrowly-spaced time zones
+# between 1870 and 1890, and that they merged to 38E50 (2:35:20) in 1890.
# We'll guess that 38E50 is for Adis Dera.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Addis_Ababa 2:34:48 - LMT 1870
@@ -252,7 +254,8 @@ Zone Africa/Banjul -1:06:36 - LMT 1912
# Ghana
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present''; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman says DST was observed from 1931 to ``the present'';
+# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Sep 1 0:00 0:20 GHST
Rule Ghana 1936 1942 - Dec 31 0:00 0 GMT
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -288,13 +291,14 @@ Zone Africa/Maseru 1:50:00 - LMT 1903 Mar
2:00 - SAST
# Liberia
-# From Paul Eggert (2001-07-17):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# In 1972 Liberia was the last country to switch
# from a UTC offset that was not a multiple of 15 or 20 minutes.
# Howse reports that it was in honor of their president's birthday.
-# Shanks reports the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan; go with Shanks.
-# For Liberia before 1972, Shanks reports -0:44, whereas Howse and Whitman
-# each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
+# Shank & Pottenger report the date as May 1, whereas Howse reports Jan;
+# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
+# For Liberia before 1972, Shanks & Pottenger report -0:44, whereas Howse and
+# Whitman each report -0:44:30; go with the more precise figure.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Monrovia -0:43:08 - LMT 1882
-0:43:08 - MMT 1919 Mar # Monrovia Mean Time
@@ -324,7 +328,7 @@ Zone Africa/Tripoli 0:52:44 - LMT 1920
1:00 Libya CE%sT 1959
2:00 - EET 1982
1:00 Libya CE%sT 1990 May 4
-# The following entries are all from Shanks;
+# The following entries are from Shanks & Pottenger;
# the IATA SSIM data contain some obvious errors.
2:00 - EET 1996 Sep 30
1:00 - CET 1997 Apr 4
@@ -403,8 +407,8 @@ Zone Africa/Maputo 2:10:20 - LMT 1903 Mar
2:00 - CAT
# Namibia
-# The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks.
-# Shanks reports no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
+# The 1994-04-03 transition is from Shanks & Pottenger.
+# Shanks & Pottenger report no DST after 1998-04; go with IATA.
# RULE NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Namibia 1994 max - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Namibia 1995 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 0 -
@@ -488,7 +492,7 @@ Zone Indian/Mahe 3:41:48 - LMT 1906 Jun # Victoria
# Sierra Leone
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-# Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives Mar 31 - Aug 31 for 1931 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule SL 1935 1942 - Jun 1 0:00 0:40 SLST
Rule SL 1935 1942 - Oct 1 0:00 0 WAT
Rule SL 1957 1962 - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 SLST
@@ -557,7 +561,6 @@ Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
# Tunisia
# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-30):
-#
# My correspondent, Risto Nykanen, has alerted me to another adoption of DST,
# this time in Tunisia. According to Yahoo France News
# <http://fr.news.yahoo.com/050426/5/4dumk.html>, in a story attributed to AP
@@ -571,6 +574,12 @@ Zone Africa/Lome 0:04:52 - LMT 1893
# <http://www.lapresse.tn/archives/archives280405/actualites/lheure.html>
# ... DST for 2005: on: Sun May 1 0h standard time, off: Fri Sept. 30,
# 1h standard time.
+#
+# From Atef Loukil (2006-03-28):
+# The daylight saving time will be the same each year:
+# Beginning : the last Sunday of March at 02:00
+# Ending : the last Sunday of October at 03:00 ...
+# http://www.tap.info.tn/en/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1188&Itemid=50
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Tunisia 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
@@ -596,8 +605,11 @@ Rule Tunisia 1989 only - Mar 26 0:00s 1:00 S
Rule Tunisia 1990 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
Rule Tunisia 2005 only - May 1 0:00s 1:00 S
Rule Tunisia 2005 only - Sep 30 1:00s 0 -
-# Shanks gives 0:09 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's more precise 0:09:21.
-# Shanks says the 1911 switch occurred on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
+Rule Tunisia 2006 max - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
+Rule Tunisia 2006 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
+# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
+# more precise 0:09:21.
+# Shanks & Pottenger say the 1911 switch was on Mar 9; go with Howse's Mar 11.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Africa/Tunis 0:40:44 - LMT 1881 May 12
0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/antarctica b/share/zoneinfo/antarctica
index f3efe19b683d..0efde3842c48 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/antarctica
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/antarctica
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)antarctica 7.30
+# @(#)antarctica 8.2
# <pre>
# From Paul Eggert (1999-11-15):
@@ -34,12 +34,12 @@ Rule RussAQ 1996 max - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 -
Rule ArgAQ 1964 1966 - Mar 1 0:00 0 -
Rule ArgAQ 1964 1966 - Oct 15 0:00 1:00 S
Rule ArgAQ 1967 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 -
-Rule ArgAQ 1967 1968 - Oct Sun<=7 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule ArgAQ 1968 1969 - Apr Sun<=7 0:00 0 -
+Rule ArgAQ 1967 1968 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S
+Rule ArgAQ 1968 1969 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
Rule ArgAQ 1974 only - Jan 23 0:00 1:00 S
Rule ArgAQ 1974 only - May 1 0:00 0 -
-Rule ArgAQ 1974 1976 - Oct Sun<=7 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule ArgAQ 1975 1977 - Apr Sun<=7 0:00 0 -
+Rule ArgAQ 1974 1976 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S
+Rule ArgAQ 1975 1977 - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
Rule ChileAQ 1966 1997 - Oct Sun>=9 0:00 1:00 S
Rule ChileAQ 1967 1998 - Mar Sun>=9 0:00 0 -
Rule ChileAQ 1998 only - Sep 27 0:00 1:00 S
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/asia b/share/zoneinfo/asia
index 59e62dde4f16..0d4c8838e0cc 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/asia
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/asia
@@ -1,15 +1,15 @@
-# @(#)asia 7.90
+# @(#)asia 8.4
# <pre>
# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-03-22):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
#
# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
-# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
-# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
+# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
+# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
#
# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
@@ -17,8 +17,8 @@
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990.
#
-# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990,
-# and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
+# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
+# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
#
# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@
# These rules are stolen from the `europe' file.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule EUAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 1:00u 1:00 S
+Rule EUAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 1:00u 0 -
Rule EUAsia 1996 max - Oct lastSun 1:00u 0 -
Rule E-EurAsia 1981 max - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
Rule E-EurAsia 1979 1995 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
@@ -82,10 +83,11 @@ Zone Asia/Kabul 4:36:48 - LMT 1890
4:30 - AFT
# Armenia
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
-# Shanks has Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST) in spring 1991,
-# then to 4:00 with no DST in fall 1995, then readopting Russian DST in 1997.
-# Go with Shanks, even when he disagrees with others. Edgar Der-Danieliantz
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger have Yerevan switching to 3:00 (with Russian DST)
+# in spring 1991, then to 4:00 with no DST in fall 1995, then
+# readopting Russian DST in 1997. Go with Shanks & Pottenger, even
+# when they disagree with others. Edgar Der-Danieliantz
# reported (1996-05-04) that Yerevan probably wouldn't use DST
# in 1996, though it did use DST in 1995. IATA SSIM (1991/1998) reports that
# Armenia switched from 3:00 to 4:00 in 1998 and observed DST after 1991,
@@ -194,13 +196,15 @@ Zone Asia/Phnom_Penh 6:59:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9
# CHINA 8 H AHEAD OF UTC ALL OF CHINA, INCL TAIWAN
# CHINA 9 H AHEAD OF UTC APR 17 - SEP 10
-# From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19):
-# Shanks writes that China has had a single time zone since 1980 May 1,
-# observing summer DST from 1986 through 1991; this contradicts Devine's
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger write that China (except for Hong Kong and Macau)
+# has had a single time zone since 1980 May 1, observing summer DST
+# from 1986 through 1991; this contradicts Devine's
# note about Time magazine, though apparently _something_ happened in 1986.
-# Go with Shanks for now. I made up names for the other pre-1980 time zones.
+# Go with Shanks & Pottenger for now. I made up names for the other
+# pre-1980 time zones.
-# From Shanks:
+# From Shanks & Pottenger:
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Shang 1940 only - Jun 3 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Shang 1940 1941 - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
@@ -266,7 +270,7 @@ Zone Asia/Hong_Kong 7:36:36 - LMT 1904 Oct 30
# Taiwan
-# Shanks writes that Taiwan observed DST during 1945, when it
+# Shanks & Pottenger write that Taiwan observed DST during 1945, when it
# was still controlled by Japan. This is hard to believe, but we don't
# have any other information.
@@ -423,7 +427,7 @@ Zone Asia/Calcutta 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
# Indonesia
#
-# From Gwillim Law (2001-05-28), overriding Shanks:
+# From Gwillim Law (2001-05-28), overriding Shanks & Pottenger:
# <http://www.sumatera-inc.com/go_to_invest/about_indonesia.asp#standtime>
# says that Indonesia's time zones changed on 1988-01-01. Looking at some
# time zone maps, I think that must refer to Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat
@@ -431,7 +435,7 @@ Zone Asia/Calcutta 5:53:28 - LMT 1880 # Kolkata
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Jakarta 7:07:12 - LMT 1867 Aug 10
-# Shanks says the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,
+# Shanks & Pottenger say the next transition was at 1924 Jan 1 0:13,
# but this must be a typo.
7:07:12 - JMT 1923 Dec 31 23:47:12 # Jakarta
7:20 - JAVT 1932 Nov # Java Time
@@ -498,8 +502,8 @@ Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov
# leap year calculation involved. There has never been any serious
# plan to change that law....
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2005-04-05):
-# Go with Shanks before September 1991, and with Pournader thereafter.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Go with Shanks & Pottenger before Sept. 1991, and with Pournader thereafter.
# I used Ed Reingold's cal-persia in GNU Emacs 21.2 to check Persian dates,
# stopping after 2037 when 32-bit time_t's overflow.
# That cal-persia used Birashk's approximation, which disagrees with the solar
@@ -519,6 +523,14 @@ Zone Asia/Jayapura 9:22:48 - LMT 1932 Nov
# Reingold's/Dershowitz' calculator gives correctly the Gregorian date
# 2058-03-21 for 1 Farvardin 1437 (astronomical).
#
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# The above comments about post-2006 transitions may become relevant again,
+# if Iran ever resuscitates DST, so we'll leave the comments in.
+#
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-03-22):
+# Several of my users have reported that Iran will not observe DST anymore:
+# http://www.irna.ir/en/news/view/line-17/0603193812164948.htm
+#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Iran 1978 1980 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Iran 1978 only - Oct 21 0:00 0 S
@@ -537,38 +549,8 @@ Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Iran 2001 2003 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
Rule Iran 2004 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Iran 2004 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2005 2007 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2005 2007 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2008 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2008 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2009 2011 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2012 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2012 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2013 2015 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2016 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2016 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2017 2019 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2020 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2020 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2021 2023 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2024 only - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2024 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2025 2027 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2028 2029 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2030 2031 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2032 2033 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2034 2035 - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
-Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Mar 21 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Iran 2036 2037 - Sep 21 0:00 0 S
+Rule Iran 2005 only - Mar 22 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Iran 2005 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tehran 3:25:44 - LMT 1916
3:25:44 - TMT 1946 # Tehran Mean Time
@@ -601,7 +583,8 @@ Rule Iraq 1984 1985 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Iraq 1985 1990 - Sep lastSun 1:00s 0 S
Rule Iraq 1986 1990 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 D
# IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says Apr 1 12:01am UTC; guess the `:01' is a typo.
-# Shanks says Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997 or 1999 on; ignore this.
+# Shanks & Pottenger say Iraq did not observe DST 1992/1997; ignore this.
+#
Rule Iraq 1991 max - Apr 1 3:00s 1:00 D
Rule Iraq 1991 max - Oct 1 3:00s 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -635,7 +618,7 @@ Zone Asia/Baghdad 2:57:40 - LMT 1890
# high on my favorite-country list (and not only because my wife's
# family is from India).
-# From Shanks:
+# From Shanks & Pottenger:
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Zion 1940 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Zion 1942 1944 - Nov 1 0:00 0 S
@@ -874,14 +857,15 @@ Zone Asia/Jerusalem 2:20:56 - LMT 1880
# of the Japanese wanted to scrap daylight-saving time, as opposed to 30% who
# wanted to keep it.)
-# Shanks writes that daylight saving in Japan during those years was as follows:
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger write that DST in Japan during those years was as follows:
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Japan 1948 only - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Japan 1948 1951 - Sep Sat>=8 2:00 0 S
Rule Japan 1949 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
# but the only locations using it (for birth certificates, presumably, since
-# Shanks's audience is astrologers) were US military bases. For now, assume
+# their audience is astrologers) were US military bases. For now, assume
# that for most purposes daylight-saving time was observed; otherwise, what
# would have been the point of the 1951 poll?
@@ -906,8 +890,9 @@ Rule Japan 1950 1951 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
# I wrote "ordinance" above, but I don't know how to translate.
# In Japanese it's "chokurei", which means ordinance from emperor.
-# Shanks claims JST in use since 1896, and that a few places (e.g. Ishigaki)
-# use +0800; go with Suzuki. Guess that all ordinances took effect on Jan 1.
+# Shanks & Pottenger claim JST in use since 1896, and that a few
+# places (e.g. Ishigaki) use +0800; go with Suzuki. Guess that all
+# ordinances took effect on Jan 1.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u
@@ -934,6 +919,10 @@ Zone Asia/Tokyo 9:18:59 - LMT 1887 Dec 31 15:00u
# From Paul Eggert (2005-11-22):
# Starting 2003 transitions are from Steffen Thorsen's web site timeanddate.com.
#
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2005-11-23):
+# For Jordan I have received multiple independent user reports every year
+# about DST end dates, as the end-rule is different every year.
+#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Jordan 1973 only - Jun 6 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Jordan 1973 1975 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
@@ -975,11 +964,11 @@ Zone Asia/Amman 2:23:44 - LMT 1931
# Guess that Aqtau and Aqtobe diverged in 1995, since that's the first time
# IATA SSIM mentions a third time zone in Kazakhstan.
-# From Paul Eggert (2001-10-18):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# German Iofis, ELSI, Almaty (2001-10-09) reports that Kazakhstan uses
# RussiaAsia rules, instead of switching at 00:00 as the IATA has it.
-# Go with Shanks, who has them always using RussiaAsia rules.
-# Also go with the following claims of Shanks:
+# Go with Shanks & Pottenger, who have them always using RussiaAsia rules.
+# Also go with the following claims of Shanks & Pottenger:
#
# - Kazakhstan did not observe DST in 1991.
# - Qyzylorda switched from +5:00 to +6:00 on 1992-01-19 02:00.
@@ -1059,7 +1048,7 @@ Zone Asia/Oral 3:25:24 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ural'sk
5:00 - ORAT
# Kyrgyzstan (Kirgizstan)
-# Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks.
+# Transitions through 1991 are from Shanks & Pottenger.
# From Paul Eggert (2005-08-15):
# According to an article dated today in the Kyrgyzstan Development Gateway
@@ -1092,12 +1081,12 @@ Zone Asia/Bishkek 4:58:24 - LMT 1924 May 2
# Daylight Savings Time was not observed until 1987. He did not know
# at what time of day DST starts or ends.
-# From Shanks:
+# From Shanks & Pottenger:
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule ROK 1960 only - May 15 0:00 1:00 D
Rule ROK 1960 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
-Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun<=14 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun<=14 0:00 0 S
+Rule ROK 1987 1988 - May Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule ROK 1987 1988 - Oct Sun>=8 0:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Seoul 8:27:52 - LMT 1890
@@ -1180,8 +1169,8 @@ Zone Asia/Kuala_Lumpur 6:46:46 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
7:30 - MALT 1982 Jan 1
8:00 - MYT # Malaysia Time
# Sabah & Sarawak
-# From Paul Eggert (2003-11-01):
-# The data here are mostly from Shanks, but the 1942, 1945 and 1982
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# The data here are mostly from Shanks & Pottenger, but the 1942, 1945 and 1982
# transition dates are from Mok Ly Yng.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Kuching 7:21:20 - LMT 1926 Mar
@@ -1199,8 +1188,8 @@ Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
# Mongolia
-# Shanks says that Mongolia has three time zones, but usno1995 and the CIA map
-# Standard Time Zones of the World (1997-01)
+# Shanks & Pottenger say that Mongolia has three time zones, but
+# usno1995 and the CIA map Standard Time Zones of the World (2005-03)
# both say that it has just one.
# From Oscar van Vlijmen (1999-12-11):
@@ -1270,11 +1259,19 @@ Zone Indian/Maldives 4:54:00 - LMT 1880 # Male
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Mongol 1983 1984 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Mongol 1983 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
-# IATA SSIM says 1990s switches occurred at 00:00, but Shanks (1995) lists
-# them at 02:00s, and McDow says the 2001 switches also occurred at 02:00.
-# Also, IATA SSIM (1996-09) says 1996-10-25. Go with Shanks through 1998.
-Rule Mongol 1985 1998 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
-Rule Mongol 1984 1998 - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
+# Shanks & Pottenger and IATA SSIM say 1990s switches occurred at 00:00,
+# but McDow says the 2001 switches occurred at 02:00. Also, IATA SSIM
+# (1996-09) says 1996-10-25. Go with Shanks & Pottenger through 1998.
+#
+# Shanks & Pottenger say that the Sept. 1984 through Sept. 1990 switches
+# in Choibalsan (more precisely, in Dornod and Sukhbaatar) took place
+# at 02:00 standard time, not at 00:00 local time as in the rest of
+# the country. That would be odd, and possibly is a result of their
+# correction of 02:00 (in the previous edition) not being done correctly
+# in the latest edition; so ignore it for now.
+
+Rule Mongol 1985 1998 - Mar lastSun 0:00 1:00 S
+Rule Mongol 1984 1998 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 -
# IATA SSIM (1999-09) says Mongolia no longer observes DST.
Rule Mongol 2001 only - Apr lastSat 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Mongol 2001 max - Sep lastSat 2:00 0 -
@@ -1400,8 +1397,8 @@ Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
# I guess more info may be available from the PA's web page (if/when they
# have one).
-# From Paul Eggert (1998-02-25):
-# Shanks writes that Gaza did not observe DST until 1957, but we'll go
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger write that Gaza did not observe DST until 1957, but go
# with Shapir and assume that it observed DST from 1940 through 1947,
# and that it used Jordanian rules starting in 1996.
# We don't yet need a separate entry for the West Bank, since
@@ -1433,6 +1430,12 @@ Zone Asia/Karachi 4:28:12 - LMT 1907
# From Paul Eggert (2005-11-22):
# Starting 2004 transitions are from Steffen Thorsen's web site timeanddate.com.
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2005-11-23):
+# A user from Gaza reported that Gaza made the change early because of
+# the Ramadan. Next year Ramadan will be even earlier, so I think
+# there is a good chance next year's end date will be around two weeks
+# earlier--the same goes for Jordan.
+
# The rules for Egypt are stolen from the `africa' file.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule EgyptAsia 1957 only - May 10 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -1445,7 +1448,7 @@ Rule EgyptAsia 1966 only - Oct 1 3:00 0 -
Rule Palestine 1999 max - Apr Fri>=15 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Palestine 1999 2003 - Oct Fri>=15 0:00 0 -
Rule Palestine 2004 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -
-Rule Palestine 2005 max - Oct 4 1:00 0 -
+Rule Palestine 2005 max - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct
@@ -1463,7 +1466,21 @@ Zone Asia/Gaza 2:17:52 - LMT 1900 Oct
# Philippines, issued a proclamation announcing that 1844-12-30 was to
# be immediately followed by 1845-01-01. Robert H. van Gent has a
# transcript of the decree in <http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/idl/idl.htm>.
-# The rest of this data is from Shanks.
+# The rest of the data are from Shanks & Pottenger.
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-04-25):
+# Tomorrow's Manila Standard reports that the Philippines Department of
+# Trade and Industry is considering adopting DST this June when the
+# rainy season begins. See
+# <http://www.manilastandardtoday.com/?page=politics02_april26_2006>.
+# For now, we'll ignore this, since it's not definite and we lack details.
+#
+# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-04-26):
+# ... claims that Philippines had DST last time in 1990:
+# http://story.philippinetimes.com/p.x/ct/9/id/145be20cc6b121c0/cid/3e5bbccc730d258c/
+# [a story dated 2006-04-25 by Cris Larano of Dow Jones Newswires,
+# but no details]
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Phil 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Phil 1937 only - Feb 1 0:00 0 -
@@ -1523,6 +1540,49 @@ Zone Asia/Singapore 6:55:25 - LMT 1901 Jan 1
# With effect from 12.30 a.m. on 26th October 1996
# Sri Lanka will be six (06) hours ahead of GMT.
+# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-04-14), quoting Sri Lanka News Online
+# <http://news.sinhalaya.com/wmview.php?ArtID=11002> (2006-04-13):
+# 0030 hrs on April 15, 2006 (midnight of April 14, 2006 +30 minutes)
+# at present, become 2400 hours of April 14, 2006 (midnight of April 14, 2006).
+
+# From Peter Apps and Ranga Sirila of Reuters (2006-04-12) in:
+# <http://today.reuters.co.uk/news/newsArticle.aspx?type=scienceNews&storyID=2006-04-12T172228Z_01_COL295762_RTRIDST_0_SCIENCE-SRILANKA-TIME-DC.XML>
+# [The Tamil Tigers] never accepted the original 1996 time change and simply
+# kept their clocks set five and a half hours ahead of Greenwich Mean
+# Time (GMT), in line with neighbor India.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-04-18):
+# People who live in regions under Tamil control can use TZ='Asia/Calcutta',
+# as that zone has agreed with the Tamil areas since our cutoff date of 1970.
+
+# From K Sethu (2006-04-25):
+# I think the abbreviation LKT originated from the world of computers at
+# the time of or subsequent to the time zone changes by SL Government
+# twice in 1996 and probably SL Government or its standardization
+# agencies never declared an abbreviation as a national standard.
+#
+# I recollect before the recent change the government annoucemments
+# mentioning it as simply changing Sri Lanka Standard Time or Sri Lanka
+# Time and no mention was made about the abbreviation.
+#
+# If we look at Sri Lanka Department of Government's "Official News
+# Website of Sri Lanka" ... http://www.news.lk/ we can see that they
+# use SLT as abbreviation in time stamp at the beginning of each news
+# item....
+#
+# Within Sri Lanka I think LKT is well known among computer users and
+# adminsitrators. In my opinion SLT may not be a good choice because the
+# nation's largest telcom / internet operator Sri Lanka Telcom is well
+# known by that abbreviation - simply as SLT (there IP domains are
+# slt.lk and sltnet.lk).
+#
+# But if indeed our government has adopted SLT as standard abbreviation
+# (that we have not known so far) then it is better that it be used for
+# all computers.
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-04-25):
+# One possibility is that we wait for a bit for the dust to settle down
+# and then see what people actually say in practice.
+
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880
5:19:32 - MMT 1906 # Moratuwa Mean Time
@@ -1531,7 +1591,8 @@ Zone Asia/Colombo 5:19:24 - LMT 1880
5:30 1:00 IST 1945 Oct 16 2:00
5:30 - IST 1996 May 25 0:00
6:30 - LKT 1996 Oct 26 0:30
- 6:00 - LKT
+ 6:00 - LKT 2006 Apr 15 0:30
+ 5:30 - IST
# Syria
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
@@ -1566,7 +1627,7 @@ Rule Syria 1993 only - Sep 25 0:00 0 -
# IATA SSIM (1998-02) says 1998-04-02;
# (1998-09) says 1999-03-29 and 1999-09-29; (1999-02) says 1999-04-02,
# 2000-04-02, and 2001-04-02; (1999-09) says 2000-03-31 and 2001-03-31;
-# ignore all these claims and go with Shanks.
+# ignore all these claims and go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Syria 1994 1996 - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Syria 1994 max - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Syria 1997 1998 - Mar lastMon 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -1576,7 +1637,7 @@ Zone Asia/Damascus 2:25:12 - LMT 1920 # Dimashq
2:00 Syria EE%sT
# Tajikistan
-# From Shanks.
+# From Shanks & Pottenger.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Dushanbe 4:35:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
5:00 - DUST 1930 Jun 21 # Dushanbe Time
@@ -1591,13 +1652,13 @@ Zone Asia/Bangkok 6:42:04 - LMT 1880
7:00 - ICT
# Turkmenistan
-# From Shanks.
+# From Shanks & Pottenger.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Ashgabat 3:53:32 - LMT 1924 May 2 # or Ashkhabad
4:00 - ASHT 1930 Jun 21 # Ashkhabad Time
5:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
4:00 RussiaAsia ASH%sT 1991 Oct 27 # independence
- 4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
+ 4:00 RussiaAsia TM%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00
5:00 - TMT
# United Arab Emirates
@@ -1611,24 +1672,24 @@ Zone Asia/Samarkand 4:27:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
4:00 - SAMT 1930 Jun 21 # Samarkand Time
5:00 - SAMT 1981 Apr 1
5:00 1:00 SAMST 1981 Oct 1
- 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00 # Tashkent Time
- 5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
+ 6:00 - TAST 1982 Apr 1 # Tashkent Time
+ 5:00 RussiaAsia SAM%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
- 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1993
5:00 - UZT
Zone Asia/Tashkent 4:37:12 - LMT 1924 May 2
5:00 - TAST 1930 Jun 21 # Tashkent Time
- 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
+ 6:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00
5:00 RussiaAsia TAS%sT 1991 Sep 1 # independence
5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1992
- 5:00 RussiaAsia UZ%sT 1993
5:00 - UZT
# Vietnam
+
# From Paul Eggert (1993-11-18):
# Saigon's official name is Thanh-Pho Ho Chi Minh, but it's too long.
# We'll stick with the traditional name for now.
-# From Shanks:
+
+# From Shanks & Pottenger:
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Asia/Saigon 7:06:40 - LMT 1906 Jun 9
7:06:20 - SMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Saigon MT?
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/australasia b/share/zoneinfo/australasia
index 6cf976101211..2be83380aa3b 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/australasia
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/australasia
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)australasia 7.78
+# @(#)australasia 8.2
# <pre>
# This file also includes Pacific islands.
@@ -210,7 +210,7 @@ Zone Indian/Christmas 7:02:52 - LMT 1895 Feb
7:00 - CXT # Christmas Island Time
# Cook Is
-# From Shanks:
+# From Shanks & Pottenger:
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Cook 1978 only - Nov 12 0:00 0:30 HS
Rule Cook 1979 1991 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
@@ -308,7 +308,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Nauru 11:07:40 - LMT 1921 Jan 15 # Uaobe
Rule NC 1977 1978 - Dec Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule NC 1978 1979 - Feb 27 0:00 0 -
Rule NC 1996 only - Dec 1 2:00s 1:00 S
-# Shanks says the following was at 2:00; go with IATA.
+# Shanks & Pottenger say the following was at 2:00; go with IATA.
Rule NC 1997 only - Mar 2 2:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Pacific/Noumea 11:05:48 - LMT 1912 Jan 13
@@ -507,10 +507,10 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
-# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
-# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
+# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
+# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
#
# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
@@ -518,8 +518,8 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990.
#
-# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990,
-# and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
+# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
+# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
#
# Another source occasionally used is Edward W. Whitman, World Time Differences,
# Whitman Publishing Co, 2 Niagara Av, Ealing, London (undated), which
@@ -669,7 +669,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# understood in Australia.
# From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19):
-# Shanks reports 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and New Zealand.
+# Shanks & Pottenger report 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and NZ.
# Mark Prior writes that his newspaper
# reports that NSW's fall 1995 change will occur at 2:00,
# but Robert Elz says it's been 3:00 in Victoria since 1970
@@ -842,14 +842,14 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# current DST ending dates, no worries.
#
# Rule Oz 1971 1985 - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 -
-# Rule Oz 1986 max - Oct Sun<=24 2:00 1:00 -
+# Rule Oz 1986 max - Oct Sun>=18 2:00 1:00 -
# Rule Oz 1972 only - Feb 27 3:00 0 -
# Rule Oz 1973 1986 - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 -
-# Rule Oz 1987 max - Mar Sun<=21 3:00 0 -
+# Rule Oz 1987 max - Mar Sun>=15 3:00 0 -
# Zone Australia/Tasmania 10:00 Oz EST
# Zone Australia/South 9:30 Oz CST
# Zone Australia/Victoria 10:00 Oz EST 1985 Oct lastSun 2:00
-# 10:00 1:00 EST 1986 Mar Sun<=21 3:00
+# 10:00 1:00 EST 1986 Mar Sun>=15 3:00
# 10:00 Oz EST
# From Robert Elz (1991-03-06):
@@ -875,7 +875,7 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# ...
# Rule AS 1971 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
# Rule AS 1972 1985 - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 C
-# Rule AS 1986 1990 - Mar Sun<=21 3:00 0 C
+# Rule AS 1986 1990 - Mar Sun>=15 3:00 0 C
# Rule AS 1991 max - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 C
# From Bradley White (1992-03-11):
@@ -1068,9 +1068,9 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# shown on clocks on LHI. I guess this means that for 30 minutes at the start
# of DST, LHI is actually 1 hour ahead of the rest of NSW.
-# From Paul Eggert (2001-02-09):
-# For Lord Howe dates we use Shanks through 1989, and Lonergan thereafter.
-# For times we use Lonergan.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# For Lord Howe dates we use Shanks & Pottenger through 1989, and
+# Lonergan thereafter. For times we use Lonergan.
###############################################################################
@@ -1101,16 +1101,16 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# rather than the October 1 value.
# From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19);
-# Shanks reports 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and New Zealand.
+# Shank & Pottenger report 2:00 for all autumn changes in Australia and NZ.
# Robert Uzgalis writes that the New Zealand Daylight
# Savings Time Order in Council dated 1990-06-18 specifies 2:00 standard
# time on both the first Sunday in October and the third Sunday in March.
# As with Australia, we'll assume the tradition is 2:00s, not 2:00.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2003-05-26):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# The Department of Internal Affairs (DIA) maintains a brief history,
# as does Carol Squires; see tz-link.htm for the full references.
-# Use these sources in preference to Shanks.
+# Use these sources in preference to Shanks & Pottenger.
#
# For Chatham, IATA SSIM (1991/1999) gives the NZ rules but with
# transitions at 2:45 local standard time; this confirms that Chatham
@@ -1185,8 +1185,8 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# ``I am certain, having lived there for the past decade, that "Truk"
# (now properly known as Chuuk) ... is in the time zone GMT+10.''
#
-# Shanks writes that Truk switched from UTC+10 to UTC+11 on 1978-10-01;
-# ignore this for now.
+# Shanks & Pottenger write that Truk switched from UTC+10 to UTC+11
+# on 1978-10-01; ignore this for now.
# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
# The Federated States of Micronesia Visitors Board writes in
@@ -1279,8 +1279,8 @@ Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901
# on the World Day of Prayer, you would be the first people on Earth
# to say your prayers in the morning."
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-08-12):
-# Shanks says the transition was on 1968-10-01; go with Mundell.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger say the transition was on 1968-10-01; go with Mundell.
# From Eric Ulevik (1999-05-03):
# Tonga's director of tourism, who is also secretary of the National Millenium
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/backward b/share/zoneinfo/backward
index 4ddfe41e9993..66fbf3061889 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/backward
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/backward
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)backward 7.30
+# @(#)backward 8.1
# This file provides links between current names for time zones
# and their old names. Many names changed in late 1993.
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/etcetera b/share/zoneinfo/etcetera
index 431206ec3d20..cddbe8a294e6 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/etcetera
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/etcetera
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)etcetera 7.12
+# @(#)etcetera 8.1
# These entries are mostly present for historical reasons, so that
# people in areas not otherwise covered by the tz files could "zic -l"
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/europe b/share/zoneinfo/europe
index 8782860e86a2..3a0ae107ff24 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/europe
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/europe
@@ -1,14 +1,14 @@
-# @(#)europe 7.96
+# @(#)europe 8.3
# <pre>
# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
-# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
-# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
+# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
+# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
#
# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
@@ -16,8 +16,8 @@
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990.
#
-# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1991,
-# and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
+# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
+# entries through 1991, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
#
# Other sources occasionally used include:
#
@@ -221,11 +221,12 @@
# (Lords Hansard 11 June 1997 columns 964 to 976)
# </a>.
-# From Paul Eggert (2001-07-18):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
#
-# For lack of other data, we'll follow Shanks for Eire in 1940-1948.
+# For lack of other data, follow Shanks & Pottenger for Eire in 1940-1948.
#
-# Given Ilieve and Myers's data, the following claims by Shanks are incorrect:
+# Given Ilieve and Myers's data, the following claims by Shanks & Pottenger
+# are incorrect:
# * Wales did not switch from GMT to daylight saving time until
# 1921 Apr 3, when they began to conform with the rest of Great Britain.
# Actually, Wales was identical after 1880.
@@ -237,18 +238,19 @@
# Actually, that date saw the usual switch to summer time.
# Standard time was not changed until 1968-10-27 (the clocks didn't change).
#
-# Here is another incorrect claim by Shanks:
+# Here is another incorrect claim by Shanks & Pottenger:
# * Jersey, Guernsey, and the Isle of Man did not switch from GMT
# to daylight saving time until 1921 Apr 3, when they began to
# conform with Great Britain.
# S.R.&O. 1916, No. 382 and HO 45/10811/312364 (quoted above) say otherwise.
#
-# The following claim by Shanks is possible though doubtful;
+# The following claim by Shanks & Pottenger is possible though doubtful;
# we'll ignore it for now.
# * Dublin's 1971-10-31 switch was at 02:00, even though London's was 03:00.
#
#
-# Whitman says Dublin Mean Time was -0:25:21, which is more precise than Shanks.
+# Whitman says Dublin Mean Time was -0:25:21, which is more precise than
+# Shanks & Pottenger.
# Perhaps this was Dunsink Observatory Time, as Dunsink Observatory
# (8 km NW of Dublin's center) seemingly was to Dublin as Greenwich was
# to London. For example:
@@ -418,7 +420,7 @@ Rule GB-Eire 1990 1995 - Oct Sun>=22 1:00u 0 GMT
# See EU for rules starting in 1996.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1
+Zone Europe/London -0:01:15 - LMT 1847 Dec 1 0:00s
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1968 Oct 27
1:00 - BST 1971 Oct 31 2:00u
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1996
@@ -476,7 +478,7 @@ Rule C-Eur 1942 only - Nov 2 2:00s 0 -
Rule C-Eur 1943 only - Mar 29 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule C-Eur 1943 only - Oct 4 2:00s 0 -
Rule C-Eur 1944 only - Apr 3 2:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1944 Oct 7; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1944 Oct 7; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule C-Eur 1944 only - Oct 2 2:00s 0 -
Rule C-Eur 1977 1980 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule C-Eur 1977 only - Sep lastSun 2:00s 0 -
@@ -596,12 +598,12 @@ Zone Europe/Andorra 0:06:04 - LMT 1901
# Austria
-# From Paul Eggert (2003-02-28): Shanks gives 1918-06-16 and
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22): Shanks & Pottenger give 1918-06-16 and
# 1945-11-18, but the Austrian Federal Office of Metrology and
# Surveying (BEV) gives 1918-09-16 and for Vienna gives the "alleged"
# date of 1945-04-12 with no time. For the 1980-04-06 transition
-# Shanks gives 02:00, the BEV 00:00. Go with the BEV, and guess 02:00
-# for 1945-04-12.
+# Shanks & Pottenger give 02:00, the BEV 00:00. Go with the BEV,
+# and guess 02:00 for 1945-04-12.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Austria 1920 only - Apr 5 2:00s 1:00 S
@@ -713,7 +715,7 @@ Zone Europe/Brussels 0:17:30 - LMT 1880
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Bulg 1979 only - Mar 31 23:00 1:00 S
Rule Bulg 1979 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -
-Rule Bulg 1980 1982 - Apr Sat<=7 23:00 1:00 S
+Rule Bulg 1980 1982 - Apr Sat>=1 23:00 1:00 S
Rule Bulg 1980 only - Sep 29 1:00 0 -
Rule Bulg 1981 only - Sep 27 2:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -813,10 +815,10 @@ Zone Atlantic/Faeroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # Torshavn
# East Greenland and Franz Josef Land, but we don't know their time zones.
# My source for this is Wilhelm Dege's book mentioned under Svalbard.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-11-22):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# Greenland joined the EU as part of Denmark, obtained home rule on 1979-05-01,
# and left the EU on 1985-02-01. It therefore should have been using EU
-# rules at least through 1984. Shanks says Scoresbysund and Godthab
+# rules at least through 1984. Shanks & Pottenger say Scoresbysund and Godthab
# used C-Eur rules after 1980, but IATA SSIM (1991/1996) says they use EU
# rules since at least 1991. Assume EU rules since 1980.
@@ -871,17 +873,21 @@ Zone Atlantic/Faeroe -0:27:04 - LMT 1908 Jan 11 # Torshavn
# I heard back from someone stationed at Thule; the time change took place
# there at 2:00 AM.
-# From Paul Eggert (2001-11-19):
-# The 1997 CIA map shows Danmarkshavn on GMT; the 1995 map as like Godthab.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# From 1997 on the CIA map shows Danmarkshavn on GMT;
+# the 1995 map as like Godthab.
# For lack of better info, assume they were like Godthab before 1996.
# startkart.no says Thule does not observe DST, but this is clearly an error,
-# so go with Shanks for all Thule transitions.
+# so go with Shanks & Pottenger for Thule transitions until this year.
+# For 2007 on assume Thule will stay in sync with US DST rules.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Thule 1991 1992 - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Thule 1991 1992 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Thule 1993 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Thule 1993 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Thule 1993 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Thule 1993 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Thule 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Thule 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Danmarkshavn -1:14:40 - LMT 1916 Jul 28
@@ -963,13 +969,13 @@ Zone Europe/Tallinn 1:39:00 - LMT 1880
# Finland
#
-# From Hannu Strang (25 Sep 1994 06:03:37 UTC):
+# From Hannu Strang (1994-09-25 06:03:37 UTC):
# Well, here in Helsinki we're just changing from summer time to regular one,
# and it's supposed to change at 4am...
#
-# From Paul Eggert (25 Sep 1994):
-# Shanks says Finland has switched at 02:00 standard time since 1981.
-# Go with Strang instead.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger say Finland has switched at 02:00 standard time
+# since 1981. Go with Strang instead.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Finland 1942 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -999,7 +1005,7 @@ Link Europe/Helsinki Europe/Mariehamn
#
-# Shanks seems to use `24:00' ambiguously; we resolve it with Whitman.
+# Shank & Pottenger seem to use `24:00' ambiguously; resolve it with Whitman.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule France 1916 only - Jun 14 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule France 1916 1919 - Oct Sun>=1 23:00s 0 -
@@ -1013,7 +1019,7 @@ Rule France 1921 only - Oct 25 23:00s 0 -
Rule France 1922 only - Mar 25 23:00s 1:00 S
# DSH writes that a law of 1923-05-24 specified 3rd Sat in Apr at 23:00 to 1st
# Sat in Oct at 24:00; and that in 1930, because of Easter, the transitions
-# were Apr 12 and Oct 5. Go with Shanks.
+# were Apr 12 and Oct 5. Go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule France 1922 1938 - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 -
Rule France 1923 only - May 26 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule France 1924 only - Mar 29 23:00s 1:00 S
@@ -1034,8 +1040,8 @@ Rule France 1938 only - Mar 26 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule France 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule France 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
Rule France 1940 only - Feb 25 2:00 1:00 S
-# The French rules for 1941-1944 were not used in Paris, but Shanks writes
-# that they were used in Monaco and in many French locations.
+# The French rules for 1941-1944 were not used in Paris, but Shanks & Pottenger
+# write that they were used in Monaco and in many French locations.
# Le Corre writes that the upper limit of the free zone was Arneguy, Orthez,
# Mont-de-Marsan, Bazas, Langon, Lamotte-Montravel, Marouil, La
# Rochefoucault, Champagne-Mouton, La Roche-Posay, La Haye-Decartes,
@@ -1043,7 +1049,7 @@ Rule France 1940 only - Feb 25 2:00 1:00 S
# Paray-le-Monial, Montceau-les-Mines, Chalons-sur-Saone, Arbois,
# Dole, Morez, St-Claude, and Collognes (Haute-Savioe).
Rule France 1941 only - May 5 0:00 2:00 M # Midsummer
-# Shanks says this transition occurred at Oct 6 1:00,
+# Shanks & Pottenger say this transition occurred at Oct 6 1:00,
# but go with Denis Excoffier (1997-12-12),
# who quotes the Ephemerides Astronomiques for 1998 from Bureau des Longitudes
# as saying 5/10/41 22hUT.
@@ -1056,21 +1062,21 @@ Rule France 1944 only - Apr 3 2:00 2:00 M
Rule France 1944 only - Oct 8 1:00 1:00 S
Rule France 1945 only - Apr 2 2:00 2:00 M
Rule France 1945 only - Sep 16 3:00 0 -
-# Shanks gives Mar 28 2:00 and Sep 26 3:00;
+# Shanks & Pottenger give Mar 28 2:00 and Sep 26 3:00;
# go with Excoffier's 28/3/76 0hUT and 25/9/76 23hUT.
Rule France 1976 only - Mar 28 1:00 1:00 S
Rule France 1976 only - Sep 26 1:00 0 -
-# Shanks gives 0:09 for Paris Mean Time, and Whitman gives 0:09:05,
+# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time, and Whitman 0:09:05,
# but Howse quotes the actual French legislation as saying 0:09:21.
# Go with Howse. Howse writes that the time in France was officially based
# on PMT-0:09:21 until 1978-08-09, when the time base finally switched to UTC.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Paris 0:09:21 - LMT 1891 Mar 15 0:01
0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 0:01 # Paris MT
-# Shanks gives 1940 Jun 14 0:00; go with Excoffier and Le Corre.
+# Shanks & Pottenger give 1940 Jun 14 0:00; go with Excoffier and Le Corre.
0:00 France WE%sT 1940 Jun 14 23:00
# Le Corre says Paris stuck with occupied-France time after the liberation;
-# go with Shanks.
+# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Aug 25
0:00 France WE%sT 1945 Sep 16 3:00
1:00 France CE%sT 1977
@@ -1121,23 +1127,23 @@ Zone Europe/Berlin 0:53:28 - LMT 1893 Apr
# Gibraltar
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Gibraltar -0:21:24 - LMT 1880 Aug 2
+Zone Europe/Gibraltar -0:21:24 - LMT 1880 Aug 2 0:00s
0:00 GB-Eire %s 1957 Apr 14 2:00
1:00 - CET 1982
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Greece
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-# Whitman gives 1932 Jul 5 - Nov 1; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1932 Jul 5 - Nov 1; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Greece 1932 only - Jul 7 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Greece 1932 only - Sep 1 0:00 0 -
-# Whitman gives 1941 Apr 25 - ?; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1941 Apr 25 - ?; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Greece 1941 only - Apr 7 0:00 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1942 Feb 2 - ?; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1942 Feb 2 - ?; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Greece 1942 only - Nov 2 3:00 0 -
Rule Greece 1943 only - Mar 30 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Greece 1943 only - Oct 4 0:00 0 -
-# Whitman gives 1944 Oct 3 - Oct 31; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1944 Oct 3 - Oct 31; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Greece 1952 only - Jul 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Greece 1952 only - Nov 2 0:00 0 -
Rule Greece 1975 only - Apr 12 0:00s 1:00 S
@@ -1157,7 +1163,7 @@ Zone Europe/Athens 1:34:52 - LMT 1895 Sep 14
2:00 Greece EE%sT 1941 Apr 30
1:00 Greece CE%sT 1944 Apr 4
2:00 Greece EE%sT 1981
- # Shanks says they switched to C-Eur in 1981;
+ # Shanks & Pottenger say it switched to C-Eur in 1981;
# go with EU instead, since Greece joined it on Jan 1.
2:00 EU EE%sT
@@ -1220,10 +1226,10 @@ Zone Europe/Budapest 1:16:20 - LMT 1890 Oct
# might be a reference to the Julian calendar as opposed to Gregorian, or it
# might mean something else (???).
#
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
-# The Iceland Almanak, Shanks and Whitman disagree on many points.
-# We go with the Almanak, except for one claim from Shanks, namely that
-# Reykavik was 21W57 from 1837 to 1908, local mean time before that.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# The Iceland Almanak, Shanks & Pottenger, and Whitman disagree on many points.
+# We go with the Almanak, except for one claim from Shanks & Pottenger, namely
+# that Reykavik was 21W57 from 1837 to 1908, local mean time before that.
#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Iceland 1917 1918 - Feb 19 23:00 1:00 S
@@ -1261,15 +1267,16 @@ Zone Atlantic/Reykjavik -1:27:24 - LMT 1837
# But these events all occurred before the 1970 cutoff,
# so record only the time in Rome.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-05-06):
-# For Italian DST we have three sources: Shanks, Whitman, and F. Pollastri
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# For Italian DST we have three sources: Shanks & Pottenger, Whitman, and
+# F. Pollastri
# <a href="http://toi.iriti.cnr.it/uk/ienitlt.html">
-# Day-light Saving Time in Italy (1996-03-14)
+# Day-light Saving Time in Italy (2006-02-03)
# </a>
# (`FP' below), taken from an Italian National Electrotechnical Institute
# publication. When the three sources disagree, guess who's right, as follows:
#
-# year FP Shanks (S) Whitman (W) Go with:
+# year FP Shanks&P. (S) Whitman (W) Go with:
# 1916 06-03 06-03 24:00 06-03 00:00 FP & W
# 09-30 09-30 24:00 09-30 01:00 FP; guess 24:00s
# 1917 04-01 03-31 24:00 03-31 00:00 FP & S
@@ -1325,7 +1332,7 @@ Rule Italy 1978 only - Oct 1 0:00s 0 -
Rule Italy 1979 only - Sep 30 0:00s 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Rome 0:49:56 - LMT 1866 Sep 22
- 0:49:56 - RMT 1893 Nov # Rome Mean Time
+ 0:49:56 - RMT 1893 Nov 1 0:00s # Rome Mean
1:00 Italy CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1944 Jul
1:00 Italy CE%sT 1980
@@ -1467,7 +1474,8 @@ Zone Europe/Vilnius 1:41:16 - LMT 1880
2:00 EU EE%sT
# Luxembourg
-# Whitman disagrees with most of these dates in minor ways; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman disagrees with most of these dates in minor ways;
+# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Lux 1916 only - May 14 23:00 1:00 S
Rule Lux 1916 only - Oct 1 1:00 0 -
@@ -1514,7 +1522,7 @@ Rule Malta 1975 1979 - Apr Sun>=15 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Malta 1975 1980 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 0 -
Rule Malta 1980 only - Mar 31 2:00 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 # Valletta
+Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 0:00s # Valletta
1:00 Italy CE%sT 1942 Nov 2 2:00s
1:00 C-Eur CE%sT 1945 Apr 2 2:00s
1:00 Italy CE%sT 1973 Mar 31
@@ -1523,9 +1531,9 @@ Zone Europe/Malta 0:58:04 - LMT 1893 Nov 2 # Valletta
# Moldova
-# From Paul Eggert (2001-02-11):
-# A previous version of this database followed Shanks, who writes that
-# Tiraspol switched to Moscow time on 1992-01-19 at 02:00.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# A previous version of this database followed Shanks & Pottenger, who write
+# that Tiraspol switched to Moscow time on 1992-01-19 at 02:00.
# However, this is most likely an error, as Moldova declared independence
# on 1991-08-27 (the 1992-01-19 date is that of a Russian decree).
# In early 1992 there was large-scale interethnic violence in the area
@@ -1550,7 +1558,8 @@ Zone Europe/Chisinau 1:55:20 - LMT 1880
2:00 EU EE%sT
# Monaco
-# Shanks gives 0:09 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's more precise 0:09:21.
+# Shanks & Pottenger give 0:09:20 for Paris Mean Time; go with Howse's
+# more precise 0:09:21.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone Europe/Monaco 0:29:32 - LMT 1891 Mar 15
0:09:21 - PMT 1911 Mar 11 # Paris Mean Time
@@ -1633,7 +1642,8 @@ Zone Europe/Amsterdam 0:19:32 - LMT 1835
1:00 EU CE%sT
# Norway
-# http://met.no/met/met_lex/q_u/sommertid.html (2004-01) agrees with Shanks.
+# http://met.no/met/met_lex/q_u/sommertid.html (2004-01) agrees with Shanks &
+# Pottenger.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Norway 1916 only - May 22 1:00 1:00 S
Rule Norway 1916 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 -
@@ -1704,9 +1714,10 @@ Link Europe/Oslo Atlantic/Jan_Mayen
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Poland 1918 1919 - Sep 16 2:00s 0 -
Rule Poland 1919 only - Apr 15 2:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1944 Nov 30; go with Shanks.
+Rule Poland 1944 only - Apr 3 2:00s 1:00 S
+# Whitman gives 1944 Nov 30; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Poland 1944 only - Oct 4 2:00 0 -
-# For 1944-1948 Whitman gives the previous day; go with Shanks.
+# For 1944-1948 Whitman gives the previous day; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Poland 1945 only - Apr 29 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Poland 1945 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
# For 1946 on the source is Kazimierz Borkowski,
@@ -1762,9 +1773,9 @@ Zone Europe/Warsaw 1:24:00 - LMT 1880
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
# DSH writes that despite Decree 1,469 (1915), the change to the clocks was not
# done every year, depending on what Spain did, because of railroad schedules.
-# Go with Shanks.
+# Go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Port 1916 only - Jun 17 23:00 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1916 Oct 31; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1916 Oct 31; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Port 1916 only - Nov 1 1:00 0 -
Rule Port 1917 only - Feb 28 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1917 1921 - Oct 14 23:00s 0 -
@@ -1780,24 +1791,23 @@ Rule Port 1927 only - Apr 9 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1928 only - Apr 14 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1929 only - Apr 20 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1931 only - Apr 18 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1931 Oct 8; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1931 Oct 8; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Port 1931 1932 - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 -
Rule Port 1932 only - Apr 2 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Shanks gives 1934 Apr 4; go with Whitman.
Rule Port 1934 only - Apr 7 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1934 Oct 5; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1934 Oct 5; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Port 1934 1938 - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 -
-# Shanks gives 1935 Apr 30; go with Whitman.
+# Shanks & Pottenger give 1935 Apr 30; go with Whitman.
Rule Port 1935 only - Mar 30 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1936 only - Apr 18 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1937 Apr 2; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1937 Apr 2; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Port 1937 only - Apr 3 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1938 only - Mar 26 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1939 Oct 7; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1939 Oct 7; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Port 1939 only - Nov 18 23:00s 0 -
Rule Port 1940 only - Feb 24 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Shanks gives 1940 Oct 7; go with Whitman.
+# Shanks & Pottenger give 1940 Oct 7; go with Whitman.
Rule Port 1940 1941 - Oct 5 23:00s 0 -
Rule Port 1941 only - Apr 5 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1942 1945 - Mar Sat>=8 23:00s 1:00 S
@@ -1811,8 +1821,8 @@ Rule Port 1946 only - Apr Sat>=1 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1946 only - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 -
Rule Port 1947 1949 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1947 1949 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
-# Shanks says DST was observed in 1950; go with Whitman.
-# Whitman gives Oct lastSun for 1952 on; go with Shanks.
+# Shanks & Pottenger say DST was observed in 1950; go with Whitman.
+# Whitman gives Oct lastSun for 1952 on; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Port 1951 1965 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1951 1965 - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 0 -
Rule Port 1977 only - Mar 27 0:00s 1:00 S
@@ -1824,7 +1834,7 @@ Rule Port 1980 only - Mar lastSun 0:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1981 1982 - Mar lastSun 1:00s 1:00 S
Rule Port 1983 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 1:00 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-# Shanks says that the transition from LMT to WET occurred 1911-05-24;
+# Shanks & Pottenger say the transition from LMT to WET occurred 1911-05-24;
# Willett says 1912-01-01. Go with Willett.
Zone Europe/Lisbon -0:36:32 - LMT 1884
-0:36:32 - LMT 1912 Jan 1 # Lisbon Mean Time
@@ -1877,11 +1887,12 @@ Zone Europe/Bucharest 1:44:24 - LMT 1891 Oct
# Russia
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-11-12):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# Except for Moscow after 1919-07-01, I invented the time zone abbreviations.
# Moscow time zone abbreviations after 1919-07-01, and Moscow rules after 1991,
-# are from Andrey A. Chernov. The rest is from Shanks, except we follow
-# Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat 23:00, not Sun 02:00s.
+# are from Andrey A. Chernov. The rest is from Shanks & Pottenger,
+# except we follow Chernov's report that 1992 DST transitions were Sat
+# 23:00, not Sun 02:00s.
#
# From Stanislaw A. Kuzikowski (1994-06-29):
# But now it is some months since Novosibirsk is 3 hours ahead of Moscow!
@@ -1989,7 +2000,7 @@ Zone Asia/Novosibirsk 5:31:40 - LMT 1919 Dec 14 6:00
6:00 - NOVT 1930 Jun 21 # Novosibirsk Time
7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1991 Mar 31 2:00s
6:00 Russia NOV%sT 1992 Jan 19 2:00s
- 7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1993 May 23 # says Shanks
+ 7:00 Russia NOV%sT 1993 May 23 # say Shanks & P.
6:00 Russia NOV%sT
#
# From Oscar van Vlijmen (2001-08-25): [This region consists of]
@@ -2085,7 +2096,7 @@ Zone Europe/Belgrade 1:22:00 - LMT 1884
1:00 1:00 CEST 1945 Sep 16 2:00s
# Metod Kozelj reports that the legal date of
# transition to EU rules was 1982-11-27, for all of Yugoslavia at the time.
-# Shanks doesn't give as much detail, so go with Kozelj.
+# Shanks & Pottenger don't give as much detail, so go with Kozelj.
1:00 - CET 1982 Nov 27
1:00 EU CE%sT
Link Europe/Belgrade Europe/Ljubljana # Slovenia
@@ -2101,28 +2112,30 @@ Link Europe/Prague Europe/Bratislava
# Spain
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-# For 1917-1919 Whitman gives Apr Sat>=1 - Oct Sat>=1; go with Shanks.
+# For 1917-1919 Whitman gives Apr Sat>=1 - Oct Sat>=1;
+# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Spain 1917 only - May 5 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Spain 1917 1919 - Oct 6 23:00s 0 -
Rule Spain 1918 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Spain 1919 only - Apr 5 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1921 Feb 28 - Oct 14; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1921 Feb 28 - Oct 14; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Spain 1924 only - Apr 16 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1924 Oct 14; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1924 Oct 14; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Spain 1924 only - Oct 4 23:00s 0 -
Rule Spain 1926 only - Apr 17 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman says no DST in 1929; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman says no DST in 1929; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Spain 1926 1929 - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 -
Rule Spain 1927 only - Apr 9 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Spain 1928 only - Apr 14 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Spain 1929 only - Apr 20 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman gives 1937 Jun 16, 1938 Apr 16, 1940 Apr 13; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1937 Jun 16, 1938 Apr 16, 1940 Apr 13;
+# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Spain 1937 only - May 22 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Spain 1937 1939 - Oct Sat>=1 23:00s 0 -
Rule Spain 1938 only - Mar 22 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Spain 1939 only - Apr 15 23:00s 1:00 S
Rule Spain 1940 only - Mar 16 23:00s 1:00 S
-# Whitman says no DST 1942-1945; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman says no DST 1942-1945; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Spain 1942 only - May 2 22:00s 2:00 M # Midsummer
Rule Spain 1942 only - Sep 1 22:00s 1:00 S
Rule Spain 1943 1946 - Apr Sat>=13 22:00s 2:00 M
@@ -2149,7 +2162,7 @@ Rule SpainAfrica 1977 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 -
Rule SpainAfrica 1978 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule SpainAfrica 1978 only - Aug 4 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone Europe/Madrid -0:14:44 - LMT 1901
+Zone Europe/Madrid -0:14:44 - LMT 1901 Jan 1 0:00s
0:00 Spain WE%sT 1946 Sep 30
1:00 Spain CE%sT 1979
1:00 EU CE%sT
@@ -2171,7 +2184,7 @@ Zone Atlantic/Canary -1:01:36 - LMT 1922 Mar # Las Palmas de Gran C.
# Sweden
-# From Ivan Nilsson (2001-04-13), superseding Shanks:
+# From Ivan Nilsson (2001-04-13), superseding Shanks & Pottenger:
#
# The law "Svensk forfattningssamling 1878, no 14" about standard time in 1879:
# From the beginning of 1879 (that is 01-01 00:00) the time for all
@@ -2232,7 +2245,7 @@ Zone Europe/Stockholm 1:12:12 - LMT 1879 Jan 1
# From Whitman (who writes ``Midnight?''):
Rule Swiss 1940 only - Nov 2 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Swiss 1940 only - Dec 31 0:00 0 -
-# From Shanks:
+# From Shanks & Pottenger:
Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 S
Rule Swiss 1941 1942 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -2251,7 +2264,8 @@ Rule Turkey 1921 only - Apr 3 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Turkey 1921 only - Oct 3 0:00 0 -
Rule Turkey 1922 only - Mar 26 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Turkey 1922 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
-# Whitman gives 1923 Apr 28 - Sep 16 and no DST in 1924-1925; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1923 Apr 28 - Sep 16 and no DST in 1924-1925;
+# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Turkey 1924 only - May 13 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Turkey 1924 1925 - Oct 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Turkey 1925 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -2260,7 +2274,8 @@ Rule Turkey 1940 only - Oct 5 0:00 0 -
Rule Turkey 1940 only - Dec 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Turkey 1941 only - Sep 21 0:00 0 -
Rule Turkey 1942 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 S
-# Whitman omits the next two transition and gives 1945 Oct 1; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman omits the next two transition and gives 1945 Oct 1;
+# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Turkey 1942 only - Nov 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Turkey 1945 only - Apr 2 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Turkey 1945 only - Oct 8 0:00 0 -
@@ -2357,11 +2372,13 @@ Zone Europe/Simferopol 2:16:24 - LMT 1880
3:00 Russia MSK/MSD 1990
3:00 - MSK 1990 Jul 1 2:00
2:00 - EET 1992
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-11-12):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# The _Economist_ (1994-05-28, p 45) reports that central Crimea switched
# from Kiev to Moscow time sometime after the January 1994 elections.
-# Shanks says ``date of change uncertain'', but implies that it happened
-# sometime between the 1994 DST switches. For now, guess it changed in May.
+# Shanks (1999) says ``date of change uncertain'', but implies that it happened
+# sometime between the 1994 DST switches. Shanks & Pottenger simply say
+# 1994-09-25 03:00, but that can't be right. For now, guess it
+# changed in May.
2:00 E-Eur EE%sT 1994 May
# From IATA SSIM (1994/1997), which also says that Kerch is still like Kiev.
3:00 E-Eur MSK/MSD 1996 Mar 31 3:00s
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/factory b/share/zoneinfo/factory
index ebcc92b3967f..36b3263a31e5 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/factory
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/factory
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)factory 7.3
+# @(#)factory 8.1
# For companies who don't want to put time zone specification in
# their installation procedures. When users run date, they'll get the message.
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/leapseconds b/share/zoneinfo/leapseconds
index a1078837d7f8..d2b506bab59d 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/leapseconds
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/leapseconds
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)leapseconds 7.20
+# @(#)leapseconds 8.1
# Allowance for leapseconds added to each timezone file.
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/northamerica b/share/zoneinfo/northamerica
index 9f9b98b09cb0..cc0ff49ae467 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/northamerica
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/northamerica
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)northamerica 7.87
+# @(#)northamerica 8.6
# <pre>
# also includes Central America and the Caribbean
@@ -30,12 +30,12 @@
# That 1883 transition occurred at 12:00 new time, not at 12:00 old time.
# See p 46 of David Prerau, Seize the daylight, Thunder's Mouth Press (2005).
-# From Paul Eggert (1995-12-19):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# A good source for time zone historical data in the US is
# Thomas G. Shanks, The American Atlas (5th edition),
# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1991).
# Make sure you have the errata sheet; the book is somewhat useless without it.
-# It is the source for most of the pre-1991 US and Puerto Rico entries below.
+# It is the source for most of the pre-1991 US entries below.
# From Paul Eggert (2001-03-06):
# Daylight Saving Time was first suggested as a joke by Benjamin Franklin
@@ -229,7 +229,7 @@ Zone PST8PDT -8:00 US P%sT
# Public law 106-564 (2000-12-23) introduced the abbreviation
# "Chamorro Standard Time" for time in Guam and the Northern Marianas.
# See the file "australasia".
-
+
# From Arthur David Olson, 2005-08-09
# The following was signed into law on 2005-08-08.
#
@@ -274,7 +274,7 @@ Zone PST8PDT -8:00 US P%sT
# set their watches and clocks on Eastern time." It quotes H.H. "Bubba"
# Roberts, city administrator in Phenix City. as saying "We are in the Central
# time zone, but we do go by the Eastern time zone because so many people work
-# in Columbus."
+# in Columbus."
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
Rule NYC 1920 only - Mar lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
@@ -301,6 +301,13 @@ Zone America/New_York -4:56:02 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:03:58
# Nebraska, eastern North Dakota, Oklahoma, eastern South Dakota,
# western Tennessee, most of Texas, Wisconsin
+# From Larry M. Smith (2006-04-26) re Wisconsin:
+# http://www.legis.state.wi.us/statutes/Stat0175.pdf ...
+# is currently enforced at the 01:00 time of change. Because the local
+# "bar time" in the state corresponds to 02:00, a number of citations
+# are issued for the "sale of class 'B' alcohol after prohibited
+# hours" within the deviated hour of this change every year....
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
Rule Chicago 1920 only - Jun 13 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Chicago 1920 1921 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
@@ -321,6 +328,16 @@ Zone America/Chicago -5:50:36 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:09:24
Zone America/North_Dakota/Center -6:45:12 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:14:48
-7:00 US M%sT 1992 Oct 25 02:00
-6:00 US C%sT
+# Morton County, ND, switched from mountain to central time on
+# 2003-10-26, except for the area around Mandan which was already central time.
+# See <http://dmses.dot.gov/docimages/p63/135818.pdf>.
+# Officially this switch also included part of Sioux County, and
+# Jones, Mellette, and Todd Counties in South Dakota;
+# but in practice these other counties were already observing central time.
+# See <http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/EPA-IMPACT/2003/October/Day-28/i27056.htm>.
+Zone America/North_Dakota/New_Salem -6:45:39 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:14:21
+ -7:00 US M%sT 2003 Oct 26 02:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT
# US mountain time, represented by Denver
#
@@ -399,7 +416,8 @@ Zone America/Yakutat 14:41:05 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
Zone America/Anchorage 14:00:24 - LMT 1867 Oct 18
-9:59:36 - LMT 1900 Aug 20 12:00
-10:00 - CAT 1942
- -10:00 US CAT/CAWT 1946
+ -10:00 US CAT/CAWT 1945 Aug 14 23:00u
+ -10:00 US CAT/CAPT 1946 # Peace
-10:00 - CAT 1967 Apr
-10:00 - AHST 1969
-10:00 US AH%sT 1983 Oct 30 2:00
@@ -519,9 +537,9 @@ Zone America/Boise -7:44:49 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:15:11
# For a map of Indiana's time zone regions, see:
# <a href="http://www.mccsc.edu/time.html">
# What time is it in Indiana?
-# </a> (2005-05-03)
+# </a> (2006-03-01)
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2005-08-22):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# Since 1970, most of Indiana has been like America/Indiana/Indianapolis,
# with the following exceptions:
#
@@ -533,11 +551,15 @@ Zone America/Boise -7:44:49 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:15:11
# - Clark, Floyd, and Harrison counties have been like
# America/Kentucky/Louisville.
#
-# - Crawford, Starke, and Switzerland counties have their own time zone
+# - Daviess, Dubois, Knox, Martin, Perry, and Pulaski counties
+# have been like America/Indiana/Vincennes.
+#
+# - Crawford, Pike, Starke, and Switzerland counties have their own time zone
# histories as noted below.
#
-# Shanks partitions Indiana into 345 regions, each with its own time history,
-# and writes ``Even newspaper reports present contradictory information.''
+# Shanks partitioned Indiana into 345 regions, each with its own time history,
+# and wrote ``Even newspaper reports present contradictory information.''
+# Those Hoosiers! Such a flighty and changeable people!
# Fortunately, most of the complexity occurred before our cutoff date of 1970.
#
# Other than Indianapolis, the Indiana place names are so nondescript
@@ -545,11 +567,21 @@ Zone America/Boise -7:44:49 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:15:11
# So we reluctantly put them all in a subdirectory `America/Indiana'.
# From Paul Eggert (2005-08-16):
-# http://www.mccsc.edu/time.html says that Indiana will use DST starting 2006,
-# and that many counties may switch either to Central or to Eastern time.
-# The county-by-county decisions have not been made yet, so for now assume
-# that no counties will switch: this assumption is most likely wrong,
-# but it's the best we can do for now.
+# http://www.mccsc.edu/time.html says that Indiana will use DST starting 2006.
+
+# From Nathan Stratton Treadway (2006-03-30):
+# http://www.dot.gov/affairs/dot0406.htm [3705 B]
+# From Deborah Goldsmith (2006-01-18):
+# http://dmses.dot.gov/docimages/pdf95/382329_web.pdf [2.9 MB]
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-01-20):
+# It says "DOT is relocating the time zone boundary in Indiana to move Starke,
+# Pulaski, Knox, Daviess, Martin, Pike, Dubois, and Perry Counties from the
+# Eastern Time Zone to the Central Time Zone.... The effective date of
+# this rule is 2:OO a.m. EST Sunday, April 2, 2006, which is the
+# changeover date from standard time to Daylight Saving Time."
+# Strictly speaking, this means the affected counties will change their
+# clocks twice that night, but this obviously is in error. The intent
+# is that 01:59:59 EST be followed by 02:00:00 CDT.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
Rule Indianapolis 1941 only - Jun 22 2:00 1:00 D
@@ -568,8 +600,8 @@ Zone America/Indiana/Indianapolis -5:44:38 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:15:22
-5:00 - EST 2006
-5:00 US E%sT
#
-# Part of Crawford County, Indiana, last observed DST in 1975,
-# and left its clocks alone in 1974.
+# Eastern Crawford County, Indiana, left its clocks alone in 1974,
+# as well as from 1976 through 2005.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
Rule Marengo 1951 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Marengo 1951 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
@@ -586,7 +618,45 @@ Zone America/Indiana/Marengo -5:45:23 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:14:37
-5:00 - EST 2006
-5:00 US E%sT
#
-# Starke County, Indiana
+# Daviess, Dubois, Knox, Martin, Perry, and Pulaski Counties, Indiana,
+# switched from eastern to central time in April 2006.
+# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
+Rule Vincennes 1946 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Vincennes 1946 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Vincennes 1953 1954 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Vincennes 1953 1959 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Vincennes 1955 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Vincennes 1956 1963 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Vincennes 1960 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Vincennes 1961 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Vincennes 1962 1963 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
+Zone America/Indiana/Vincennes -5:50:07 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:09:53
+ -6:00 US C%sT 1946
+ -6:00 Vincennes C%sT 1964 Apr 26 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 1969
+ -5:00 US E%sT 1971
+ -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT
+#
+# Pike County, Indiana moved from central to eastern time in 1977,
+# then switched back in 2006.
+# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
+Rule Pike 1955 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Pike 1955 1960 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Pike 1956 1964 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Pike 1961 1964 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
+Zone America/Indiana/Petersburg -5:49:07 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:10:53
+ -6:00 US C%sT 1955
+ -6:00 Pike C%sT 1965 Apr 25 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 1966 Oct 30 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT 1977 Oct 30 2:00
+ -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT
+#
+# Starke County, Indiana moved from central to eastern time in 1991,
+# then switched back in 2006.
# From Arthur David Olson (1991-10-28):
# An article on page A3 of the Sunday, 1991-10-27 Washington Post
# notes that Starke County switched from Central time to Eastern time as of
@@ -603,10 +673,10 @@ Zone America/Indiana/Knox -5:46:30 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:13:30
-6:00 Starke C%sT 1962 Apr 29 2:00
-5:00 - EST 1963 Oct 27 2:00
-6:00 US C%sT 1991 Oct 27 2:00
- -5:00 - EST 2006
- -5:00 US E%sT
+ -5:00 - EST 2006 Apr 2 2:00
+ -6:00 US C%sT
#
-# Switzerland County, Indiana, last observed DST in 1972.
+# Switzerland County, Indiana, did not observe DST from 1973 through 2005.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Indiana/Vevay -5:40:16 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:19:44
-6:00 US C%sT 1954 Apr 25 2:00
@@ -636,7 +706,7 @@ Zone America/Kentucky/Louisville -5:43:02 - LMT 1883 Nov 18 12:16:58
-6:00 1:00 CDT 1974 Oct 27 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT
#
-# Wayne, Clinton, and Russell Counties, Kentucky
+# Wayne County, Kentucky
#
# From
# <a href="http://www.lake-cumberland.com/life/archive/news990129time.shtml">
@@ -733,7 +803,8 @@ Zone America/Detroit -5:32:11 - LMT 1905
-5:00 - EST 1975 Apr 27 2:00
-5:00 US E%sT
#
-# The Michigan border with Wisconsin switched from EST to CST/CDT in 1973.
+# Dickinson, Gogebic, Iron, and Menominee Counties, Michigan,
+# switched from EST to CST/CDT in 1973.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER
Rule Menominee 1946 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Menominee 1946 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
@@ -760,10 +831,10 @@ Zone America/Menominee -5:50:27 - LMT 1885 Sep 18 12:00
################################################################################
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
-# A good source for time zone historical data outside the US is
-# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
-# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
+# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
+# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
#
# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
@@ -771,8 +842,8 @@ Zone America/Menominee -5:50:27 - LMT 1885 Sep 18 12:00
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990.
#
-# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990,
-# and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
+# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
+# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
#
# Other sources occasionally used include:
#
@@ -820,9 +891,16 @@ Zone America/Menominee -5:50:27 - LMT 1885 Sep 18 12:00
# From Paul Eggert (1994-11-22):
# Alas, this sort of thing must be handled by localization software.
-# Unless otherwise specified, the data for Canada are all from Shanks.
+# Unless otherwise specified, the data for Canada are all from Shanks
+# & Pottenger.
+
+# From Chris Walton (2006-04-01):
+# The British Columbia government announced yesterday that it will
+# adjust daylight savings next year to align with changes in the
+# U.S. and the rest of Canada....
+# http://www2.news.gov.bc.ca/news_releases_2005-2009/2006AG0014-000330.htm
-# From Paul Eggert (2005-12-21):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-04-25):
# H. David Matthews and Mary Vincent's map
# <a href="http://www.canadiangeographic.ca/Magazine/SO98/geomap.asp">
# "It's about TIME", _Canadian Geographic_ (September-October 1998)
@@ -836,23 +914,14 @@ Zone America/Menominee -5:50:27 - LMT 1885 Sep 18 12:00
# Its unofficial information is often taken from Matthews and Vincent.
#
# CBC News reported that Ontario and Manitoba have announced plans to
-# follow the US change, and that Nova Scotia is considering it; see
+# follow the US change; see
# <http://www.cbc.ca/news/background/daylightsavingtime/> (2005-10-21).
# CBC news also reported that Prince Edward Island is the first
# province in Atlantic Canada to follow the US change, and that Quebec
# had agreed; see <http://www.cbc.ca/pei/story/pe_daylight_20051207.html>
-# (2005-12-07).
-#
-# To reflect all this, the Canada and Winn rules have been adjusted to
-# agree with the 2007 US change. This means we assume most of Canada
-# will fall into line. However, Alberta, British Columbia,
-# Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, and Yukon already have separate
-# rules in our database, so for now we'll leave them alone, which
-# means that we currently assume these regions will not change their
-# rules and will disagree with the US starting in 2007. This
-# assumption is probably incorrect, with the possible exception of
-# Newfoundland. We plan to adjust the Edm, Vanc, StJohns, and NT_YK
-# rules as the corresponding provinces make their announcements.
+# (2005-12-07). It also reported that Alberta will fall into line; see
+# <http://www.cbc.ca/calgary/story/ca_daylight20060202.html> (2006-02-02).
+# For now, assume all of Canada will fall into line.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Canada 1918 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 D
@@ -878,20 +947,21 @@ Rule Canada 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 0 S
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule StJohns 1917 only - Apr 8 2:00 1:00 D
Rule StJohns 1917 only - Sep 17 2:00 0 S
-# Whitman gives 1919 Apr 5 and 1920 Apr 5; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1919 Apr 5 and 1920 Apr 5; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule StJohns 1919 only - May 5 23:00 1:00 D
Rule StJohns 1919 only - Aug 12 23:00 0 S
-# For 1931-1935 Whitman gives Apr same date; go with Shanks.
+# For 1931-1935 Whitman gives Apr same date; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule StJohns 1920 1935 - May Sun>=1 23:00 1:00 D
Rule StJohns 1920 1935 - Oct lastSun 23:00 0 S
-# For 1936-1941 Whitman gives May Sun>=8 and Oct Sun>=1; go with Shanks.
+# For 1936-1941 Whitman gives May Sun>=8 and Oct Sun>=1; go with Shanks &
+# Pottenger.
Rule StJohns 1936 1941 - May Mon>=9 0:00 1:00 D
Rule StJohns 1936 1941 - Oct Mon>=2 0:00 0 S
# Whitman gives the following transitions:
# 1942 03-01/12-31, 1943 05-30/09-05, 1944 07-10/09-02, 1945 01-01/10-07
-# but go with Shanks and assume they used Canadian rules.
+# but go with Shanks & Pottenger and assume they used Canadian rules.
# For 1946-9 Whitman gives May 5,4,9,1 - Oct 1,5,3,2, and for 1950 he gives
-# Apr 30 - Sep 24; go with Shanks.
+# Apr 30 - Sep 24; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule StJohns 1946 1950 - May Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
Rule StJohns 1946 1950 - Oct Sun>=2 2:00 0 S
Rule StJohns 1951 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
@@ -901,9 +971,15 @@ Rule StJohns 1960 1986 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# INMS (2000-09-12) says that, since 1988 at least, Newfoundland switches
# at 00:01 local time. For now, assume it started in 1987.
Rule StJohns 1987 only - Apr Sun>=1 0:01 1:00 D
-Rule StJohns 1987 max - Oct lastSun 0:01 0 S
+Rule StJohns 1987 2006 - Oct lastSun 0:01 0 S
Rule StJohns 1988 only - Apr Sun>=1 0:01 2:00 DD
-Rule StJohns 1989 max - Apr Sun>=1 0:01 1:00 D
+Rule StJohns 1989 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 0:01 1:00 D
+# From Chris Walton (2006-04-05):
+# http://www.releases.gov.nl.ca/releases/2006/mpa/0331n01.htm
+# [This says Newfoundlandland expects to follow step with the US.]
+Rule StJohns 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 0:01 1:00 D
+Rule StJohns 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 0:01 0 S
+#
# St John's has an apostrophe, but Posix file names can't have apostrophes.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/St_Johns -3:30:52 - LMT 1884
@@ -929,62 +1005,63 @@ Zone America/Goose_Bay -4:01:40 - LMT 1884 # Happy Valley-Goose Bay
-4:00 StJohns A%sT
-# west Labrador, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward I
+# west Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward I
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-06-12):
-# Shanks writes that since 1970 most of this region has been like Halifax.
-# Many locales did not observe peacetime DST until 1972;
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger write that since 1970 most of this region has been like
+# Halifax. Many locales did not observe peacetime DST until 1972;
# Glace Bay, NS is the largest that we know of.
-# Shanks also writes that Liverpool, NS was the only town in Canada to observe
-# DST in 1971 but not 1970; for now we'll assume this is a typo.
-
-# From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02):
-# INMS (2000-09-12) says that, since 1988 at least, New Brunswick switches
-# at 00:01 local time. FIXME: verify and create a new Zone for this.
+# Shanks & Pottenger also write that Liverpool, NS was the only town
+# in Canada to observe DST in 1971 but not 1970; for now we'll assume
+# this is a typo.
+# From Chris Walton (2006-04-25):
+# Daylight saving time will be extended by four weeks starting in 2007....
+# Here is a news release which was issued today by the Nova Scotia government:
+# http://www.gov.ns.ca/news/details.asp?id=20060425004
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule Halifax 1916 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1916 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1920 only - May 9 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1920 only - Aug 29 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1921 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1921 1922 - Sep 5 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1922 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1923 1925 - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1923 only - Sep 4 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1924 only - Sep 15 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1925 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1926 only - May 16 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1926 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1927 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1927 only - Sep 26 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1928 1931 - May Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1928 only - Sep 9 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1929 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1930 only - Sep 15 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1931 1932 - Sep Mon>=24 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1932 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1933 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1933 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1934 only - May 20 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1934 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1935 only - Jun 2 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1935 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1936 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1936 only - Sep 14 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1937 1938 - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1937 1941 - Sep Mon>=24 0:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1939 only - May 28 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1940 1941 - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1946 1949 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1946 1949 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1951 1954 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1951 1954 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1956 1959 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Halifax 1956 1959 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1962 1973 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Halifax 1962 1973 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1916 only - Apr 1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1916 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1920 only - May 9 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1920 only - Aug 29 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1921 only - May 6 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1921 1922 - Sep 5 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1922 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1923 1925 - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1923 only - Sep 4 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1924 only - Sep 15 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1925 only - Sep 28 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1926 only - May 16 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1926 only - Sep 13 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1927 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1927 only - Sep 26 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1928 1931 - May Sun>=8 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1928 only - Sep 9 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1929 only - Sep 3 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1930 only - Sep 15 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1931 1932 - Sep Mon>=24 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1932 only - May 1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1933 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1933 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1934 only - May 20 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1934 only - Sep 16 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1935 only - Jun 2 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1935 only - Sep 30 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1936 only - Jun 1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1936 only - Sep 14 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1937 1938 - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1937 1941 - Sep Mon>=24 0:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1939 only - May 28 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1940 1941 - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1946 1949 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1946 1949 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1951 1954 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1951 1954 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1956 1959 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1956 1959 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Halifax 1962 1973 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Halifax 1962 1973 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Halifax -4:14:24 - LMT 1902 Jun 15
-4:00 Halifax A%sT 1918
@@ -1000,12 +1077,49 @@ Zone America/Glace_Bay -3:59:48 - LMT 1902 Jun 15
-4:00 Halifax A%sT 1974
-4:00 Canada A%sT
+# New Brunswick
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-01-20):
+# New Brunswick's Time Definition Act
+# <http://www.gnb.ca/0062/PDF-acts/t-06.pdf> says they change at 00:01, and
+# <http://www.canlii.org/nb/laws/sta/t-6/20030127/whole.html> makes it
+# clear that this has been the case since at least 1993.
+# For now, assume it started in 1993. The Office of the Premier announced
+# <http://www.gnb.ca/cnb/news/pre/2005e1737pr.htm> (2005-12-23)
+# that they will bring forward proposed amendments to harmonize with the US;
+# for now assume that this will happen, but they'll still switch at 00:01.
+
+# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
+Rule Moncton 1933 1935 - Jun Sun>=8 1:00 1:00 D
+Rule Moncton 1933 1935 - Sep Sun>=8 1:00 0 S
+Rule Moncton 1936 1938 - Jun Sun>=1 1:00 1:00 D
+Rule Moncton 1936 1938 - Sep Sun>=1 1:00 0 S
+Rule Moncton 1939 only - May 27 1:00 1:00 D
+Rule Moncton 1939 1941 - Sep Sat>=21 1:00 0 S
+Rule Moncton 1940 only - May 19 1:00 1:00 D
+Rule Moncton 1941 only - May 4 1:00 1:00 D
+Rule Moncton 1946 1972 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Moncton 1946 1956 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Moncton 1957 1972 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule Moncton 1993 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 0:01 1:00 D
+Rule Moncton 1993 2006 - Oct lastSun 0:01 0 S
+Rule Moncton 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 0:01 1:00 D
+Rule Moncton 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 0:01 0 S
+# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
+Zone America/Moncton -4:19:08 - LMT 1883 Dec 9
+ -5:00 - EST 1902 Jun 15
+ -4:00 Canada A%sT 1933
+ -4:00 Moncton A%sT 1942
+ -4:00 Canada A%sT 1946
+ -4:00 Moncton A%sT 1973
+ -4:00 Canada A%sT 1993
+ -4:00 Moncton A%sT
# Ontario, Quebec
-# From Paul Eggert (1996-06-12):
-# Shanks writes that since 1970 most of Ontario has been like Toronto,
-# and most of Quebec has been like Montreal.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger writes that since 1970 most of Ontario has been like
+# Toronto, and most of Quebec has been like Montreal.
# Thunder Bay skipped DST in 1973.
# Many smaller locales did not observe peacetime DST until 1974;
# Nipigon (EST) and Rainy River (CST) are the largest that we know of.
@@ -1035,7 +1149,9 @@ Zone America/Glace_Bay -3:59:48 - LMT 1902 Jun 15
# says that Ontario east of 90W uses EST/EDT, and west of 90W uses CST/CDT.
# Officially Atikokan is therefore on CST/CDT, and most likely this report
# concerns a non-official time observed as a matter of local practice.
-# For what it's worth, Shanks says that Atikokan has agreed with
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# For what it's worth, Shanks & Pottenger say that Atikokan has agreed with
# Rainy River ever since standard time was introduced.
# From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02):
@@ -1086,7 +1202,8 @@ Rule Toronto 1920 only - Sep 26 0:00 0 S
Rule Toronto 1921 only - May 15 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Toronto 1921 only - Sep 15 2:00 0 S
Rule Toronto 1922 1923 - May Sun>=8 2:00 1:00 D
-# Shanks says 1923-09-19; assume it's a typo and that "-16" was meant.
+# Shanks & Pottenger say 1923-09-19; assume it's a typo and that "-16"
+# was meant.
Rule Toronto 1922 1926 - Sep Sun>=15 2:00 0 S
Rule Toronto 1924 1927 - May Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
# The 1927-to-1939 rules can be expressed more simply as
@@ -1110,9 +1227,10 @@ Rule Toronto 1949 only - Nov lastSun 0:00 0 S
Rule Toronto 1950 1973 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Toronto 1950 only - Nov lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Toronto 1951 1956 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
-# Shanks says Toronto ended DST a week early in 1971, namely on 1971-10-24,
-# but Mark Brader wrote (2003-05-31) that he checked the 1971-10-30 issue
-# of the Toronto Star, and it said that DST ended 1971-10-31 as usual.
+# Shanks & Pottenger say Toronto ended DST a week early in 1971,
+# namely on 1971-10-24, but Mark Brader wrote (2003-05-31) that he
+# checked the 1971-10-30 issue of the Toronto Star, and it said that
+# DST ended 1971-10-31 as usual.
Rule Toronto 1957 1973 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# From Paul Eggert (2003-07-27):
@@ -1166,6 +1284,30 @@ Zone America/Rainy_River -6:17:56 - LMT 1895
# Manitoba
+# From Chris Walton (2006-04-05):
+# Here is a copy of the new official time act ...
+# http://web2.gov.mb.ca/laws/statutes/ccsm/o030e.php
+# The act indicates that daylight savings ends at 2:00am.
+
+# From Rob Douglas (2006-04-06):
+# the old Manitoba Time Act - as amended by Bill 2, assented to
+# March 27, 1987 ... said ...
+# "between two o'clock Central Standard Time in the morning of
+# the first Sunday of April of each year and two o'clock Central
+# Standard Time in the morning of the last Sunday of October next
+# following, one hour in advance of Central Standard Time."...
+# I believe that the English legislation [of the old time act] had =
+# been assented to (March 22, 1967)....
+# Also, as far as I can tell, there was no order-in-council varying
+# the time of Daylight Saving Time for 2005 and so the provisions of
+# the 1987 version would apply - the changeover was at 2:00 Central
+# Standard Time (i.e. not until 3:00 Central Daylight Time).
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-04-10):
+# Shanks & Pottenger say Manitoba switched at 02:00 (not 02:00s)
+# starting 1966. Since 02:00s is clearly correct for 1967 on, assume
+# it was also 02:00s in 1966.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Winn 1916 only - Apr 23 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Winn 1916 only - Sep 17 0:00 0 S
@@ -1188,18 +1330,13 @@ Rule Winn 1959 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Winn 1960 only - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Winn 1963 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Winn 1963 only - Sep 22 2:00 0 S
-Rule Winn 1966 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Winn 1966 1986 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Winn 1987 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D
-# From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02):
-# INMS (2000-09-12) says that, since 1988 at least, Manitoba switches from
-# DST at 03:00 local time. For now, assume it started in 1987.
-Rule Winn 1987 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 S
-Rule Winn 2007 max - Mar Sun>=8 2:00s 1:00 D
-Rule Winn 2007 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S
+Rule Winn 1966 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D
+Rule Winn 1966 2005 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 0 S
+Rule Winn 1987 2005 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Winnipeg -6:28:36 - LMT 1887 Jul 16
- -6:00 Winn C%sT
+ -6:00 Winn C%sT 2006
+ -6:00 Canada C%sT
# Saskatchewan
@@ -1218,8 +1355,8 @@ Zone America/Winnipeg -6:28:36 - LMT 1887 Jul 16
# Willett (1914-03) notes that DST "has been in operation ... in the
# City of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, for one year."
-# From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02):
-# Shanks writes that since 1970 most of this region has been like Regina.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger say that since 1970 this region has mostly been as Regina.
# Some western towns (e.g. Swift Current) switched from MST/MDT to CST in 1972.
# Other western towns (e.g. Lloydminster) are like Edmonton.
# Matthews and Vincent (1998) write that Denare Beach and Creighton
@@ -1305,17 +1442,18 @@ Rule Edm 1967 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Edm 1969 only - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Edm 1969 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule Edm 1972 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule Edm 1972 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Edm 1987 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Edm 1972 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Edmonton -7:33:52 - LMT 1906 Sep
- -7:00 Edm M%sT
+ -7:00 Edm M%sT 1987
+ -7:00 Canada M%sT
# British Columbia
-# From Paul Eggert (2000-10-02):
-# Shanks writes that since 1970 most of this region has been like Vancouver.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger write that since 1970 most of this region has
+# been like Vancouver.
# Dawson Creek uses MST. Much of east BC is like Edmonton.
# Matthews and Vincent (1998) write that Creston is like Dawson Creek.
@@ -1328,11 +1466,11 @@ Rule Vanc 1945 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 S
Rule Vanc 1946 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
Rule Vanc 1946 only - Oct 13 2:00 0 S
Rule Vanc 1947 1961 - Sep lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Vanc 1962 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule Vanc 1987 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule Vanc 1962 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Vancouver -8:12:28 - LMT 1884
- -8:00 Vanc P%sT
+ -8:00 Vanc P%sT 1987
+ -8:00 Canada P%sT
Zone America/Dawson_Creek -8:00:56 - LMT 1884
-8:00 Canada P%sT 1947
-8:00 Vanc P%sT 1972 Aug 30 2:00
@@ -1341,7 +1479,7 @@ Zone America/Dawson_Creek -8:00:56 - LMT 1884
# Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# Dawson switched to PST in 1973. Inuvik switched to MST in 1979.
# Mathew Englander (1996-10-07) gives the following refs:
# * 1967. Paragraph 28(34)(g) of the Interpretation Act, S.C. 1967-68,
@@ -1350,7 +1488,8 @@ Zone America/Dawson_Creek -8:00:56 - LMT 1884
# * C.O. 1973/214 switched Yukon to PST on 1973-10-28 00:00.
# * O.I.C. 1980/02 established DST.
# * O.I.C. 1987/056 changed DST to Apr firstSun 2:00 to Oct lastSun 2:00.
-# Shanks says Yukon's 1973-10-28 switch was at 2:00; go with Englander.
+# Shanks & Pottenger say Yukon's 1973-10-28 switch was at 2:00; go
+# with Englander.
# From Rives McDow (1999-09-04):
# Nunavut ... moved ... to incorporate the whole territory into one time zone.
@@ -1458,6 +1597,10 @@ Zone America/Dawson_Creek -8:00:56 - LMT 1884
# From Paul Eggert (2005-07-26):
# For lack of better information, assume that Southampton Island observed
# daylight saving only during wartime.
+#
+# From Chris Walton (2006-04-25):
+# Daylight saving time will be extended by four weeks starting in 2007....
+# http://www.cbc.ca/north/story/nor-nwt-time-change.html
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule NT_YK 1918 only - Apr 14 2:00 1:00 D
@@ -1470,8 +1613,8 @@ Rule NT_YK 1945 only - Sep 30 2:00 0 S
Rule NT_YK 1965 only - Apr lastSun 0:00 2:00 DD
Rule NT_YK 1965 only - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
Rule NT_YK 1980 1986 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D
-Rule NT_YK 1980 max - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
-Rule NT_YK 1987 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
+Rule NT_YK 1980 2006 - Oct lastSun 2:00 0 S
+Rule NT_YK 1987 2006 - Apr Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 D
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Pangnirtung -4:22:56 - LMT 1884
-4:00 NT_YK A%sT 1995 Apr Sun>=1 2:00
@@ -1496,16 +1639,20 @@ Zone America/Cambridge_Bay -7:00:20 - LMT 1884
-6:00 - CST 2001 Apr 1 3:00
-7:00 Canada M%sT
Zone America/Yellowknife -7:37:24 - LMT 1884
- -7:00 NT_YK M%sT
+ -7:00 NT_YK M%sT 1980
+ -7:00 Canada M%sT
Zone America/Inuvik -8:54:00 - LMT 1884
-8:00 NT_YK P%sT 1979 Apr lastSun 2:00
- -7:00 NT_YK M%sT
+ -7:00 NT_YK M%sT 1980
+ -7:00 Canada M%sT
Zone America/Whitehorse -9:00:12 - LMT 1900 Aug 20
-9:00 NT_YK Y%sT 1966 Jul 1 2:00
- -8:00 NT_YK P%sT
+ -8:00 NT_YK P%sT 1980
+ -8:00 Canada P%sT
Zone America/Dawson -9:17:40 - LMT 1900 Aug 20
-9:00 NT_YK Y%sT 1973 Oct 28 0:00
- -8:00 NT_YK P%sT
+ -8:00 NT_YK P%sT 1980
+ -8:00 Canada P%sT
###############################################################################
@@ -1519,16 +1666,12 @@ Zone America/Dawson -9:17:40 - LMT 1900 Aug 20
# history of Mexican local time (in Spanish)
# </a>.
#
-# Here are the discrepancies between Shanks and the MLoC.
+# Here are the discrepancies between Shanks & Pottenger (S&P) and the MLoC.
# (In all cases we go with the MLoC.)
-# Shanks reports that Baja was at -8:00 in 1922/1923.
-# Shanks says the 1930 transition in Baja was 1930-11-16.
-# Shanks reports no DST during summer 1931.
-# Shanks reports a transition at 1932-03-30 23:00, not 1932-04-01.
-# Shanks does not report transitions for Baja in 1945 or 1948.
-# Shanks reports southern Mexico transitions on 1981-12-01, not 12-23.
-# Shanks says Quintana Roo switched to -6:00 on 1982-12-02, and to -5:00
-# on 1997-10-26 at 02:00.
+# S&P report that Baja was at -8:00 in 1922/1923.
+# S&P say the 1930 transition in Baja was 1930-11-16.
+# S&P report no DST during summer 1931.
+# S&P report a transition at 1932-03-30 23:00, not 1932-04-01.
# From Gwillim Law (2001-02-20):
# There are some other discrepancies between the Decrees page and the
@@ -1536,10 +1679,6 @@ Zone America/Dawson -9:17:40 - LMT 1900 Aug 20
# the researchers who prepared the Decrees page failed to find some of
# the relevant documents.
-# From Paul Eggert (2000-07-26):
-# Shanks gives 1942-04-01 instead of 1942-04-24, and omits the 1981
-# and 1988 DST experiments. Go with spin.com.mx.
-
# From Alan Perry (1996-02-15):
# A guy from our Mexico subsidiary finally found the Presidential Decree
# outlining the timezone changes in Mexico.
@@ -1739,7 +1878,8 @@ Zone America/Tijuana -7:48:04 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:11:56
-8:00 - PST 1931 Apr 1
-8:00 1:00 PDT 1931 Sep 30
-8:00 - PST 1942 Apr 24
- -8:00 1:00 PWT 1945 Nov 12
+ -8:00 1:00 PWT 1945 Aug 14 23:00u
+ -8:00 1:00 PPT 1945 Nov 12 # Peace
-8:00 - PST 1948 Apr 5
-8:00 1:00 PDT 1949 Jan 14
-8:00 - PST 1954
@@ -1749,12 +1889,13 @@ Zone America/Tijuana -7:48:04 - LMT 1922 Jan 1 0:11:56
-8:00 Mexico P%sT 2001
-8:00 US P%sT 2002 Feb 20
-8:00 Mexico P%sT
-# From Paul Eggert (2001-03-05):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# Formerly there was an America/Ensenada zone, which differed from
# America/Tijuana only in that it did not observe DST from 1976
-# through 1995. This was as per Shanks. However, Guy Harris reports
+# through 1995. This was as per Shanks (1999). But Shanks & Pottenger say
+# Ensenada did not observe DST from 1948 through 1975. Guy Harris reports
# that the 1987 OAG says "Only Ensenada, Mexicale, San Felipe and
-# Tijuana observe DST," which contradicts Shanks but does imply that
+# Tijuana observe DST," which agrees with Shanks & Pottenger but implies that
# DST-observance was a town-by-town matter back then. This concerns
# data after 1970 so most likely there should be at least one Zone
# other than America/Tijuana for Baja, but it's not clear yet what its
@@ -1798,7 +1939,7 @@ Zone America/Barbados -3:58:28 - LMT 1924 # Bridgetown
-4:00 Barb A%sT
# Belize
-# Whitman entirely disagrees with Shanks; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman entirely disagrees with Shanks; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Belize 1918 1942 - Oct Sun>=2 0:00 0:30 HD
Rule Belize 1919 1943 - Feb Sun>=9 0:00 0 S
@@ -1827,7 +1968,8 @@ Zone America/Cayman -5:25:32 - LMT 1890 # Georgetown
Rule CR 1979 1980 - Feb lastSun 0:00 1:00 D
Rule CR 1979 1980 - Jun Sun>=1 0:00 0 S
Rule CR 1991 1992 - Jan Sat>=15 0:00 1:00 D
-# IATA SSIM (1991-09) says the following was at 1:00; go with Shanks.
+# IATA SSIM (1991-09) says the following was at 1:00;
+# go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule CR 1991 only - Jul 1 0:00 0 S
Rule CR 1992 only - Mar 15 0:00 0 S
# There are too many San Joses elsewhere, so we'll use `Costa Rica'.
@@ -1853,12 +1995,12 @@ Zone America/Costa_Rica -5:36:20 - LMT 1890 # San Jose
# From Evert van der Veer via Steffen Thorsen (2004-10-28):
# Cuba is not going back to standard time this year.
-# From Paul Eggert (2004-10-28):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# http://www.granma.cu/ingles/2004/septiembre/juev30/41medid-i.html
# says that it's due to a problem at the Antonio Guiteras
# thermoelectric plant, and says "This October there will be no return
# to normal hours (after daylight saving time)".
-# For now, let's assume that it's a one-year temporary measure.
+# For now, let's assume that it's a temporary measure.
# From Carlos A. Carnero Delgado (2005-11-12):
# This year (just like in 2004-2005) there's no change in time zone
@@ -1943,6 +2085,16 @@ Zone America/Santo_Domingo -4:39:36 - LMT 1890
-4:00 - AST
# El Salvador
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-05-05):
+# worldtimezone.com reports a 2006-05-02 Spanish-language AP article
+# saying Honduras will start using DST midnight Saturday, effective 4
+# months until September, and a 2006-05-03 NACION article saying El
+# Salvador will follow suit. However, ignore this for now, because:
+# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2005-05-05):
+# Change of DST perhaps postponed in El Salvador:
+# http://www.laprensagrafica.com/lodeldia/883.asp
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Salv 1987 1988 - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Salv 1987 1988 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 S
@@ -1963,6 +2115,14 @@ Zone America/Guadeloupe -4:06:08 - LMT 1911 Jun 8 # Pointe a Pitre
-4:00 - AST
# Guatemala
+#
+# From Gwillim Law (2006-04-22), after a heads-up from Oscar van Vlijmen:
+# Diario Co Latino, at
+# http://www.diariocolatino.com/internacionales/detalles.asp?NewsID=8079,
+# says in an article dated 2006-04-19 that the Guatemalan government had
+# decided on that date to advance official time by 60 minutes, to lessen the
+# impact of the elevated cost of oil.... Daylight saving time will last from
+# 2006-04-29 24:00 (Guatemalan standard time) to 2006-09-30 (time unspecified).
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Guat 1973 only - Nov 25 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Guat 1974 only - Feb 24 0:00 0 S
@@ -1970,6 +2130,8 @@ Rule Guat 1983 only - May 21 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Guat 1983 only - Sep 22 0:00 0 S
Rule Guat 1991 only - Mar 23 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Guat 1991 only - Sep 7 0:00 0 S
+Rule Guat 2006 only - Apr 30 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Guat 2006 only - Oct 1 0:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Guatemala -6:02:04 - LMT 1918 Oct 5
-6:00 Guat C%sT
@@ -1994,26 +2156,53 @@ Zone America/Guatemala -6:02:04 - LMT 1918 Oct 5
# October 2005.
#
# "Port-au-Prince, March 31, 2005"
+#
+# From Steffen Thorsen (2006-04-04):
+# I have been informed by users that Haiti observes DST this year like
+# last year, so the current "only" rule for 2005 might be changed to a
+# "max" rule or to last until 2006. (Who knows if they will observe DST
+# next year or if they will extend their DST like US/Canada next year).
+#
+# I have found this article about it (in French):
+# http://www.haitipressnetwork.com/news.cfm?articleID=7612
+#
+# The reason seems to be an energy crisis.
+
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Haiti 1983 only - May 8 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Haiti 1984 1987 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Haiti 1983 1987 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 S
-# Shanks says AT is 2:00, but IATA SSIM (1991/1997) says 1:00s. Go with IATA.
+# Shanks & Pottenger say AT is 2:00, but IATA SSIM (1991/1997) says 1:00s.
+# Go with IATA.
Rule Haiti 1988 1997 - Apr Sun>=1 1:00s 1:00 D
Rule Haiti 1988 1997 - Oct lastSun 1:00s 0 S
-Rule Haiti 2005 only - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Haiti 2005 only - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 S
+Rule Haiti 2005 max - Apr Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Haiti 2005 max - Oct lastSun 0:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Port-au-Prince -4:49:20 - LMT 1890
-4:49 - PPMT 1917 Jan 24 12:00 # P-a-P MT
-5:00 Haiti E%sT
# Honduras
-# Shanks says 1921 Jan 1; go with Whitman's more precise Apr 1.
+# Shanks & Pottenger say 1921 Jan 1; go with Whitman's more precise Apr 1.
+
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-05-05):
+# worldtimezone.com reports a 2006-05-02 Spanish-language AP article
+# saying Honduras will start using DST midnight Saturday, effective 4
+# months until September. La Tribuna reported today
+# <http://www.latribuna.hn/99299.html> that Manuel Zelaya, the president
+# of Honduras, refused to back down on this. For lack of better info,
+# assume they'll use the same end-of-DST rules as in 1987 and 1988.
+
+# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
+Rule Hond 1987 1988 - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Hond 1987 1988 - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 S
+Rule Hond 2006 only - May Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 D
+Rule Hond 2006 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 0 S
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Tegucigalpa -5:48:52 - LMT 1921 Apr
- -6:00 Salv C%sT
+ -6:00 Hond C%sT
#
# Great Swan I ceded by US to Honduras in 1972
@@ -2025,7 +2214,7 @@ Zone America/Tegucigalpa -5:48:52 - LMT 1921 Apr
# From U. S. Naval Observatory (1989-01-19):
# JAMAICA 5 H BEHIND UTC
-# From Shanks:
+# From Shanks & Pottenger:
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Jamaica -5:07:12 - LMT 1890 # Kingston
-5:07:12 - KMT 1912 Feb # Kingston Mean Time
@@ -2042,18 +2231,16 @@ Zone America/Martinique -4:04:20 - LMT 1890 # Fort-de-France
-4:00 - AST
# Montserrat
-# From Paul Eggert (1997-08-31):
-# Recent volcanic eruptions have forced evacuation of Plymouth, the capital.
-# Luckily, Olveston, the current de facto capital, has the same longitude.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# In 1995 volcanic eruptions forced evacuation of Plymouth, the capital.
+# world.gazetteer.com says Cork Hill is the most populous location now.
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
-Zone America/Montserrat -4:08:52 - LMT 1911 Jul 1 0:01 # Olveston
+Zone America/Montserrat -4:08:52 - LMT 1911 Jul 1 0:01 # Cork Hill
-4:00 - AST
# Nicaragua
#
-# From Steffen Thorsen (1998-12-29):
-# Nicaragua seems to be back at -6:00 but I have not been able to find when
-# they changed from -5:00.
+# This uses Shanks & Pottenger for times before 2005.
#
# From Steffen Thorsen (2005-04-12):
# I've got reports from 8 different people that Nicaragua just started
@@ -2067,8 +2254,7 @@ Zone America/Montserrat -4:08:52 - LMT 1911 Jul 1 0:01 # Olveston
#
# From Paul Eggert (2005-05-01):
# The decree doesn't say anything about daylight saving, but for now let's
-# assume that it is daylight saving and that they'll switch back on the
-# 3rd Sunday in September.
+# assume that it is daylight saving....
#
# From Gwillim Law (2005-04-21):
# The Associated Press story on the time change, which can be found at
@@ -2086,20 +2272,28 @@ Zone America/Montserrat -4:08:52 - LMT 1911 Jul 1 0:01 # Olveston
# http://www.presidencia.gob.ni/presidencia/files_index/secretaria/comunicados/2005/septiembre/26septiembre-cambio-hora.htm
# (2005-09-26)
#
+# From Jesper Norgaard Welen (2006-05-05):
+# http://www.elnuevodiario.com.ni/2006/05/01/nacionales/18410
+# (my informal translation)
+# By order of the president of the republic, Enrique Bolanos, Nicaragua
+# advanced by sixty minutes their official time, yesterday at 2 in the
+# morning, and will stay that way until 30.th. of september.
+#
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Nic 1979 1980 - Mar Sun>=16 0:00 1:00 D
Rule Nic 1979 1980 - Jun Mon>=23 0:00 0 S
-Rule Nic 1992 only - Jan 1 4:00 1:00 D
-Rule Nic 1992 only - Sep 24 0:00 0 S
Rule Nic 2005 only - Apr 10 0:00 1:00 D
-Rule Nic 2005 only - Oct 2 0:00 0 S
+Rule Nic 2005 2006 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 0 S
+Rule Nic 2006 only - Apr 30 2:00 1:00 D
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Managua -5:45:08 - LMT 1890
-5:45:12 - MMT 1934 Jun 23 # Managua Mean Time?
-6:00 - CST 1973 May
-5:00 - EST 1975 Feb 16
- -6:00 Nic C%sT 1993 Jan 1 4:00
- -5:00 - EST 1998 Dec
+ -6:00 Nic C%sT 1992 Jan 1 4:00
+ -5:00 - EST 1992 Sep 24
+ -6:00 - CST 1993
+ -5:00 - EST 1997
-6:00 Nic C%sT
# Panama
@@ -2113,7 +2307,7 @@ Zone America/Panama -5:18:08 - LMT 1890
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Puerto_Rico -4:24:25 - LMT 1899 Mar 28 12:00 # San Juan
-4:00 - AST 1942 May 3
- -4:00 1:00 AWT 1945 Sep 30 2:00
+ -4:00 US A%sT 1946
-4:00 - AST
# St Kitts-Nevis
@@ -2142,8 +2336,8 @@ Zone America/St_Vincent -4:04:56 - LMT 1890 # Kingstown
-4:00 - AST
# Turks and Caicos
-# From Paul Eggert (1998-08-06):
-# Shanks says they use US DST rules, but IATA SSIM (1991/1998)
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger say they use US DST rules, but IATA SSIM (1991/1998)
# says they switch at midnight. Go with IATA SSIM.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule TC 1979 1986 - Apr lastSun 0:00 1:00 D
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/southamerica b/share/zoneinfo/southamerica
index eb7b5c7d8492..3503074ab899 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/southamerica
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/southamerica
@@ -1,14 +1,14 @@
-# @(#)southamerica 7.66
+# @(#)southamerica 8.3
# <pre>
# This data is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better,
# go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to
# tz@elsie.nci.nih.gov for general use in the future).
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-07-07):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# A good source for time zone historical data outside the U.S. is
-# Thomas G. Shanks, The International Atlas (5th edition),
-# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (1999).
+# Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition),
+# San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003).
#
# Gwillim Law writes that a good source
# for recent time zone data is the International Air Transport
@@ -16,8 +16,8 @@
# published semiannually. Law sent in several helpful summaries
# of the IATA's data after 1990.
#
-# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks is the source for entries through 1990,
-# and IATA SSIM is the source for entries after 1990.
+# Except where otherwise noted, Shanks & Pottenger is the source for
+# entries through 1990, and IATA SSIM is the source for entries afterwards.
#
# Earlier editions of these tables used the North American style (e.g. ARST and
# ARDT for Argentine Standard and Daylight Time), but the following quote
@@ -92,8 +92,6 @@ Rule Arg 1988 only - Dec 1 0:00 1:00 S
# obtaining the data from the:
# Talleres de Hidrografia Naval Argentina
# (Argentine Naval Hydrography Institute)
-#
-# Shanks stops after 1992-03-01; go with Otero.
Rule Arg 1989 1993 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
Rule Arg 1989 1992 - Oct Sun>=15 0:00 1:00 S
#
@@ -150,12 +148,12 @@ Rule Arg 2000 only - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
# It's Law No. 7,210. This change is due to a public power emergency, so for
# now we'll assume it's for this year only.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2002-01-22):
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
# <a href="http://www.spicasc.net/horvera.html">
-# Hora de verano para la Republica Argentina (2000-10-01)
+# Hora de verano para la Republica Argentina (2003-06-08)
# </a> says that standard time in Argentina from 1894-10-31
# to 1920-05-01 was -4:16:48.25. Go with this more-precise value
-# over Shanks.
+# over Shanks & Pottenger.
#
# From Mariano Absatz (2004-06-05):
# These media articles from a major newspaper mostly cover the current state:
@@ -202,8 +200,8 @@ Rule Arg 2000 only - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
# http://www.sanjuan.gov.ar/prensa/archivo/000426.html
# http://www.sanjuan.gov.ar/prensa/archivo/000441.html
-# Unless otherwise specified, data are from Shanks through 1992, from
-# the IATA otherwise. As noted below, Shanks says that
+# Unless otherwise specified, data are from Shanks & Pottenger through 1992,
+# from the IATA otherwise. As noted below, Shanks & Pottenger say that
# America/Cordoba split into 6 subregions during 1991/1992, but we
# haven't verified this yet so for now we'll keep it a single region.
#
@@ -222,7 +220,7 @@ Zone America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires -3:53:48 - LMT 1894 Oct 31
# Formosa (FM), Salta (SA), Santiago del Estero (SE), Cordoba (CB),
# San Luis (SL), La Pampa (LP), Neuquen (NQ), Rio Negro (RN)
#
-# Shanks also makes the following claims, which we haven't verified:
+# Shanks & Pottenger also make the following claims, which we haven't verified:
# - Formosa switched to -3:00 on 1991-01-07.
# - Misiones switched to -3:00 on 1990-12-29.
# - Chaco switched to -3:00 on 1991-01-04.
@@ -712,7 +710,7 @@ Zone America/Rio_Branco -4:31:12 - LMT 1914
# It clearly confirms my earlier suggestion, that DST begins at 22:00
# on Easter Island.... But it also seems to be saying that the
# observance of DST in Chile began in 1966, rather than 1969 as
-# ... [Shanks] has it....
+# ... [Shanks & Pottenger have] it....
#
# My translation:
#
@@ -724,8 +722,8 @@ Zone America/Rio_Branco -4:31:12 - LMT 1914
# to Easter Island and Sala y Gomez Island, will be set forward at
# midnight and at 22:00, respectively, by 20 minutes."
-# From Paul Eggert (2001-05-04):
-# Go with this article in preference to Shanks's 1969 date for modern DST.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Go with Law in preference to Shanks & Pottenger's 1969 date for modern DST.
# Assume this rule has been used since DST was introduced in the islands.
# From Paul Eggert (2002-10-24):
@@ -752,7 +750,7 @@ Zone America/Santiago -4:42:40 - LMT 1890
-4:00 Chile CL%sT
Zone Pacific/Easter -7:17:28 - LMT 1890 # Mataveri
-7:17:28 - MMT 1932 Sep # Mataveri Mean Time
- -7:00 Chile EAS%sT 1982 Mar 14 # Easter I Time
+ -7:00 Chile EAS%sT 1982 Mar 13 21:00 # Easter I Time
-6:00 Chile EAS%sT
#
# Sala y Gomez Island is like Pacific/Easter.
@@ -760,11 +758,9 @@ Zone Pacific/Easter -7:17:28 - LMT 1890 # Mataveri
# San Felix, and Antarctic bases, are like America/Santiago.
# Colombia
-# Shanks specifies 24:00 for 1992 transition times; go with IATA,
-# as it seems implausible to change clocks at midnight New Year's Eve.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-Rule CO 1992 only - May 2 0:00 1:00 S
-Rule CO 1992 only - Dec 31 0:00 0 -
+Rule CO 1992 only - May 3 0:00 1:00 S
+Rule CO 1993 only - Apr 4 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Bogota -4:56:20 - LMT 1884 Mar 13
-4:56:20 - BMT 1914 Nov 23 # Bogota Mean Time
@@ -773,10 +769,21 @@ Zone America/Bogota -4:56:20 - LMT 1884 Mar 13
# no information; probably like America/Bogota
# Curacao
-# Shanks says that Bottom and Oranjestad have been at -4:00 since
-# standard time was introduced on 1912-03-02; and that Kralendijk and Rincon
-# used Kralendijk Mean Time (-4:33:08) from 1912-02-02 to 1965-01-01.
-# This all predates our 1970 cutoff, though.
+#
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger say that The Bottom and Philipsburg have been at
+# -4:00 since standard time was introduced on 1912-03-02; and that
+# Kralendijk and Rincon used Kralendijk Mean Time (-4:33:08) from
+# 1912-02-02 to 1965-01-01. The former is dubious, since S&P also say
+# Saba Island has been like Curacao.
+# This all predates our 1970 cutoff, though.
+#
+# By July 2007 Curacao and St Maarten are planned to become
+# associated states within the Netherlands, much like Aruba;
+# Bonaire, Saba and St Eustatius would become directly part of the
+# Netherlands as Kingdom Islands. This won't affect their time zones
+# though, as far as we know.
+#
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
Zone America/Curacao -4:35:44 - LMT 1912 Feb 12 # Willemstad
-4:30 - ANT 1965 # Netherlands Antilles Time
@@ -793,9 +800,9 @@ Zone Pacific/Galapagos -5:58:24 - LMT 1931 # Puerto Baquerizo Moreno
# Falklands
-# From Paul Eggert (2001-03-05):
-# Between 1990 and 2000 inclusive, Shanks and the IATA agree except
-# the IATA gives 1996-09-08. Go with Shanks.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Between 1990 and 2000 inclusive, Shanks & Pottenger and the IATA agree except
+# the IATA gives 1996-09-08. Go with Shanks & Pottenger.
# From Falkland Islands Government Office, London (2001-01-22)
# via Jesper Norgaard:
@@ -878,9 +885,9 @@ Zone America/Guyana -3:52:40 - LMT 1915 Mar # Georgetown
-4:00 - GYT
# Paraguay
-# From Paul Eggert (1999-10-29):
-# Shanks (1999) says that spring transitions are from 01:00 -> 02:00,
-# and autumn transitions are from 00:00 -> 23:00. Go with earlier
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger say that spring transitions are from 01:00 -> 02:00,
+# and autumn transitions are from 00:00 -> 23:00. Go with pre-1999
# editions of Shanks, and with the IATA, who say transitions occur at 00:00.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Para 1975 1988 - Oct 1 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -915,9 +922,9 @@ Rule Para 1996 only - Mar 1 0:00 0 -
# http://gateway.abc.com.py:8000/pub/pag04.mbr/artic?FHA=2001-03-03-02.24.52.900592
#
Rule Para 1996 2001 - Oct Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 S
-# IATA SSIM (1997-09) says Mar 1; go with Shanks.
+# IATA SSIM (1997-09) says Mar 1; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Para 1997 only - Feb lastSun 0:00 0 -
-# Shanks says 1999-02-28; IATA SSIM (1999-02) says 1999-02-27, but
+# Shanks & Pottenger say 1999-02-28; IATA SSIM (1999-02) says 1999-02-27, but
# (1999-09) reports no date; go with above sources and Gerd Knops (2001-02-27).
Rule Para 1998 2001 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
# From Rives McDow (2002-02-28):
@@ -949,8 +956,8 @@ Zone America/Asuncion -3:50:40 - LMT 1890
# When we were in Peru in 1985-1986, they apparently switched over
# sometime between December 29 and January 3 while we were on the Amazon.
#
-# From Paul Eggert (2003-11-02):
-# Shanks doesn't have this transition. Assume 1986 was like 1987.
+# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
+# Shanks & Pottenger don't have this transition. Assume 1986 was like 1987.
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
Rule Peru 1938 only - Jan 1 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -961,7 +968,7 @@ Rule Peru 1986 1987 - Jan 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Peru 1986 1987 - Apr 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Peru 1990 only - Jan 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Peru 1990 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 -
-# IATA is ambiguous for 1993/1995; go with Shanks.
+# IATA is ambiguous for 1993/1995; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Peru 1994 only - Jan 1 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Peru 1994 only - Apr 1 0:00 0 -
# Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL]
@@ -994,23 +1001,23 @@ Zone America/Port_of_Spain -4:06:04 - LMT 1912 Mar 2
# Uruguay
# From Paul Eggert (1993-11-18):
# Uruguay wins the prize for the strangest peacetime manipulation of the rules.
-# From Shanks:
+# From Shanks & Pottenger:
# Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S
-# Whitman gives 1923 Oct 1; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1923 Oct 1; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Uruguay 1923 only - Oct 2 0:00 0:30 HS
Rule Uruguay 1924 1926 - Apr 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Uruguay 1924 1925 - Oct 1 0:00 0:30 HS
Rule Uruguay 1933 1935 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 HS
-# Shanks gives 1935 Apr 1 0:00 and 1936 Mar 30 0:00; go with Whitman.
+# Shanks & Pottenger give 1935 Apr 1 0:00 & 1936 Mar 30 0:00; go with Whitman.
Rule Uruguay 1934 1936 - Mar Sat>=25 23:30s 0 -
Rule Uruguay 1936 only - Nov 1 0:00 0:30 HS
Rule Uruguay 1937 1941 - Mar lastSun 0:00 0 -
-# Whitman gives 1937 Oct 3; go with Shanks.
+# Whitman gives 1937 Oct 3; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
Rule Uruguay 1937 1940 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 HS
# Whitman gives 1941 Oct 24 - 1942 Mar 27, 1942 Dec 14 - 1943 Apr 13,
-# and 1943 Apr 13 ``to present time''; go with Shanks.
-Rule Uruguay 1941 only - Aug 1 0:00 0 -
-Rule Uruguay 1942 only - Jan 1 0:00 0:30 HS
+# and 1943 Apr 13 ``to present time''; go with Shanks & Pottenger.
+Rule Uruguay 1941 only - Aug 1 0:00 0:30 HS
+Rule Uruguay 1942 only - Jan 1 0:00 0 -
Rule Uruguay 1942 only - Dec 14 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Uruguay 1943 only - Mar 14 0:00 0 -
Rule Uruguay 1959 only - May 24 0:00 1:00 S
@@ -1036,7 +1043,7 @@ Rule Uruguay 1988 only - Mar 14 0:00 0 -
Rule Uruguay 1988 only - Dec 11 0:00 1:00 S
Rule Uruguay 1989 only - Mar 12 0:00 0 -
Rule Uruguay 1989 only - Oct 29 0:00 1:00 S
-# Shanks says no DST was observed in 1990/1 and 1991/2,
+# Shanks & Pottenger say no DST was observed in 1990/1 and 1991/2,
# and that 1992/3's DST was from 10-25 to 03-01. Go with IATA.
Rule Uruguay 1990 1992 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 -
Rule Uruguay 1990 1991 - Oct Sun>=21 0:00 1:00 S
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/systemv b/share/zoneinfo/systemv
index a5b4209c3f26..6cf9645de026 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/systemv
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/systemv
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)systemv 7.5
+# @(#)systemv 8.1
# Old rules, should the need arise.
# No attempt is made to handle Newfoundland, since it cannot be expressed
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/yearistype.sh b/share/zoneinfo/yearistype.sh
index d3a248032ebd..bba14a94297c 100755
--- a/share/zoneinfo/yearistype.sh
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/yearistype.sh
@@ -1,6 +1,6 @@
#! /bin/sh
-: '@(#)yearistype.sh 7.8'
+: '@(#)yearistype.sh 8.1'
case $#-$1 in
2-|2-0*|2-*[!0-9]*)
diff --git a/share/zoneinfo/zone.tab b/share/zoneinfo/zone.tab
index 57dadf062424..874f9b4114ed 100644
--- a/share/zoneinfo/zone.tab
+++ b/share/zoneinfo/zone.tab
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-# @(#)zone.tab 1.32
+# @(#)zone.tab 8.3
#
# TZ zone descriptions
#
@@ -100,8 +100,9 @@ BW -2545+02555 Africa/Gaborone
BY +5354+02734 Europe/Minsk
BZ +1730-08812 America/Belize
CA +4734-05243 America/St_Johns Newfoundland Island
-CA +4439-06336 America/Halifax Atlantic Time - Nova Scotia (most places), NB, W Labrador, E Quebec & PEI
+CA +4439-06336 America/Halifax Atlantic Time - Nova Scotia (most places), W Labrador, E Quebec & PEI
CA +4612-05957 America/Glace_Bay Atlantic Time - Nova Scotia - places that did not observe DST 1966-1971
+CA +4606-06447 America/Moncton Atlantic Time - New Brunswick
CA +5320-06025 America/Goose_Bay Atlantic Time - E Labrador
CA +4531-07334 America/Montreal Eastern Time - Quebec - most locations
CA +4339-07923 America/Toronto Eastern Time - Ontario - most locations
@@ -256,7 +257,7 @@ MO +2214+11335 Asia/Macau
MP +1512+14545 Pacific/Saipan
MQ +1436-06105 America/Martinique
MR +1806-01557 Africa/Nouakchott
-MS +1644-06213 America/Montserrat
+MS +1643-06213 America/Montserrat
MT +3554+01431 Europe/Malta
MU -2010+05730 Indian/Mauritius
MV +0410+07330 Indian/Maldives
@@ -370,13 +371,16 @@ US +404251-0740023 America/New_York Eastern Time
US +421953-0830245 America/Detroit Eastern Time - Michigan - most locations
US +381515-0854534 America/Kentucky/Louisville Eastern Time - Kentucky - Louisville area
US +364947-0845057 America/Kentucky/Monticello Eastern Time - Kentucky - Wayne County
-US +394606-0860929 America/Indiana/Indianapolis Eastern Standard Time - Indiana - most locations
-US +382232-0862041 America/Indiana/Marengo Eastern Standard Time - Indiana - Crawford County
-US +411745-0863730 America/Indiana/Knox Eastern Standard Time - Indiana - Starke County
-US +384452-0850402 America/Indiana/Vevay Eastern Standard Time - Indiana - Switzerland County
+US +394606-0860929 America/Indiana/Indianapolis Eastern Time - Indiana - most locations
+US +382232-0862041 America/Indiana/Marengo Eastern Time - Indiana - Crawford County
+US +411745-0863730 America/Indiana/Knox Eastern Time - Indiana - Starke County
+US +384452-0850402 America/Indiana/Vevay Eastern Time - Indiana - Switzerland County
US +415100-0873900 America/Chicago Central Time
-US +450628-0873651 America/Menominee Central Time - Michigan - Wisconsin border
+US +384038-0873143 America/Indiana/Vincennes Central Time - Indiana - Daviess, Dubois, Knox, Martin, Perry & Pulaski Counties
+US +382931-0871643 America/Indiana/Petersburg Central Time - Indiana - Pike County
+US +450628-0873651 America/Menominee Central Time - Michigan - Dickinson, Gogebic, Iron & Menominee Counties
US +470659-1011757 America/North_Dakota/Center Central Time - North Dakota - Oliver County
+US +465042-1012439 America/North_Dakota/New_Salem Central Time - North Dakota - Morton County (except Mandan area)
US +394421-1045903 America/Denver Mountain Time
US +433649-1161209 America/Boise Mountain Time - south Idaho & east Oregon
US +364708-1084111 America/Shiprock Mountain Time - Navajo