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.\" @(#)shutdown.8 8.2 (Berkeley) 4/27/95
.Dd January 11, 2020
.Dt SHUTDOWN 8
.Nm shutdown ,
.Nd "close down the system at a given time"
.Fl c | Fl h | Fl p |
.Fl r | Fl k
.Op Fl n
.Op Ar warning-message ...
utility provides an automated shutdown procedure for super-users
to nicely notify users when the system is shutting down,
saving them from system administrators, hackers, and gurus, who
would otherwise not bother with such niceties.
The following options are available:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.It Fl c
The system is power cycled (power turned off and then back on)
at the specified time.
If the hardware doesn't support power cycle, the system will be
At the present time, only systems with BMC supported by the
.Xr ipmi 4
driver that implement this functionality support this flag.
The amount of time the system is off is dependent on the device
that implements this feature.
.It Fl h
The system is halted at the specified
.Ar time .
.It Fl p
The system is halted and the power is turned off
(hardware support required, otherwise the system is halted)
at the specified
.Ar time .
.It Fl r
The system is rebooted at the specified
.Ar time .
.It Fl k
Kick everybody off.
does not actually halt the system, but leaves the
system multi-user with logins disabled (for all but super-user).
.It Fl o
If one of the
.Fl c ,
.Fl h ,
options are specified,
.Xr halt 8
.Xr reboot 8
instead of sending a signal to
.Xr init 8 .
.It Fl n
option is specified, prevent the file system cache from being flushed by passing
.Xr halt 8
.Xr reboot 8 .
This option should probably not be used.
.It Ar time
is the time at which
will bring the system down and
may be the case-insensitive word
(indicating an immediate shutdown) or
a future time in one of two formats:
.Ar +number ,
.Ar yymmddhhmm ,
where the year, month, and day may be defaulted
to the current system values.
The first form brings the system down in
minutes and the second at the absolute time specified.
may be specified in units other than minutes by appending the corresponding
.Dq Li s ,
.Dq Li sec ,
.Dq Li m ,
.Dq Li min ,
.Dq Li h ,
.Dq Li hour .
If an absolute time is specified, but not a date,
and that time today has already passed,
will assume that the same time tomorrow was meant.
(If a complete date is specified which has already passed,
will print an error and exit without shutting the system down.)
.It Ar warning-message
Any other arguments comprise the warning message that is broadcast
to users currently logged into the system.
is supplied as an option, the warning message is read from the standard
At intervals, becoming more frequent as apocalypse approaches
and starting at ten hours before shutdown, warning messages are displayed
on the terminals of all users logged in.
Five minutes before
shutdown, or immediately if shutdown is in less than 5 minutes,
logins are disabled by creating
and copying the
warning message there.
If this file exists when a user attempts to
.Xr login 1
prints its contents and exits.
The file is
removed just before
At shutdown time a message is written to the system log, containing the
time of shutdown, the person who initiated the shutdown and the reason.
The corresponding signal is then sent to
.Xr init 8
to respectively halt, reboot or bring the system down to single-user state
(depending on the above options).
The time of the shutdown and the warning message
are placed in
and should be used to
inform the users about when the system will be back up
and why it is going down (or anything else).
A scheduled shutdown can be canceled by killing the
created will be removed automatically.
When run without options, the
utility will place the system into single user mode at the
.Dq Nm poweroff
is equivalent to running:
.Bd -literal -offset indent
shutdown -p now
.Bl -tag -width /var/run/nologin -compact
.It Pa /var/run/nologin
.Xr login 1
not to let anyone log in
Reboot the system in 30 minutes and display a warning message on the terminals
of all users currently logged in:
.Dl # shutdown -r +30 \&"System will reboot\&"
The hours and minutes in the second time format may be separated by
a colon (``:'') for backward compatibility.
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr kill 1 ,
.Xr login 1 ,
.Xr wall 1 ,
.Xr nologin 5 ,
.Xr halt 8 ,
.Xr init 8 ,
.Xr reboot 8
command was originally written by Ian Johnstone for UNSW's modified
.At "6th Edn" .
It was modified and then incorporated in
.Bx 4.1 .